Newspaper Page Text
fttoltb to '§tmcmq, Jfwtign attb Smttesfit |lttos, intend Impfawfa, 1'iltraiiirt, ^grioUme, €mmttt. ikraiimt, Stimcc, tit.
_LITTLE ROCK, ARKANSAS, WEDNESDAY MORNING, AUGUST 23,1854. jgO. 45. ! THE TRUE DEMOCRAT IS PUBLISHED EVERY WEDNESDAY BY JOHNSON & YERKES. Terms of Subscription. For one copy, one year, in advance,.$ 2 00 In six months... 2 50 At the expiration of the year. 3 TP3E3BS ©IF AWEBmiSKB. Transient advertisements will be inserted for $1 per square, I (ten lines or less,) for the first insertion and 50 cents for each I subsequent insertion. Merchants advertising by the year will be charged $30. (Professional cards and other advertisements, not exceeding one square, $10 per annum. JOB WOBK. Our facilities for doing all descriptions of Job Work can not he surpassed by any printing establishment in the country. W e have procured, at a cost of over sixteen hundred dol lars, one of Isaac Adams’mammoth printing machines, which enables us to do book and pamphlet work in a superior style and at very low prices. Agents for the True Democrat. ARKANSAS. I. . M. STROUD, Carroll county; WM. E. SMITH, Washington county; GARLEN SILVEY, Jackson county. A. J. HAYS, Ashley county; 1). W. JEFFREY, .Mount Olive, Izard county. R. L. PHILLIPS, Washington, Hempstead county; J. T. MILEHAM, Franklin county; Wm. M. BOWERS, Fayetteville; GIDEON TUCKER, llaiesville, Independence county; JOHN A. LINDSAY, Powhattan; ELI HU RANDOLPH, Desha county; JOHN M. MITCHEL, Gainsville, Green county; WM. R. CAIN, Pocahontas, Randolph county; LEWIS SUTFIN, Boliver, Poinsett county; ROOF H. HOWELL, Dover, Pope county; .1. S. JORDAN, Monticello, Drew county; I'HOV RIGGS, Postmaster at RicKwoods, Izard county; WM. M. VAN VALKENBURGH, Warren, Bradley co; GREEN R. JONES, Esq., Smithville, Laurence county; L. B. VENABLE, Van lluren county; JOHN IIA VIS, Bradley county; <’ H. JACKSON, Mount l’enson, Jackson county; WM. A. CRAWFORD, Saline county; J. VV. McCONAUGHEY, Searcy, White county; \. J. BROOKS, Bloomer, Sebastian county; JAMES M. MONTGOMERY, Lewisville, Lafayette co; • 'apt. \\ . LANDERS, Sulphur Rock, Independence co; U. B. YOUNG, Dover, Pope county; THO’S F. AUSTIN, Yellville, Marion county; J. W. BERNARD, Norrostown, Pope county; JA’S R. BERRY’, P. M., Huntsville, Madison county; ■l A’S N. JOHNSON, P. M., Friendship, Saline county; C. L. SWEET, Sweetville, Crittenden county; THO’S MILLS, Polk countv; JOHN YV. FULLERTON, Hot Springs; ROUT ATKINSON, Leek’* Store, Ouachita county; Dr. L. L. MARTIN, Long View, Ashley county; N. L. BAKER, Fulton county; JACOB PATE, p. m., Pleasant Plains, Independence co. R. L. CARGILE, Conway county. Progress of Mormonism. Copies of the Deseret News of April 13th and 27th have been received. The first number is principally filled with the proceedings of the General Conference which had just been held, and from the mi nutes ot which we gather the following items. President Brigham Young was presented as the President of the Church of Jesus Christof Latter Day Saints in all the world, and as pro phet, priest, andrevelator, and was unanimous ly sustained. Heber C. Kimball was sustained as hrst Counsellor, John Smith as Patriarch I and Orson Hyde as President of the Twelve j Apostles. Missionaries were appointed to go to Eng- ! land, United States, Pacific Islands, Ireland,; and British North America. Parley P. Pratt! was appointed to go to San Jose to establish a ! gathering place for the saints. Among the minutes of the Conference is the following: President Young presented a ream of 6trong brown paper, also a sample of pasteboard, made 1 in Great Salt Lake City; and called upon the bishops to gather up all the rags in their wards for the manufactory. The Eleventh Geucral Epistle of the Church 1 is published in the same paper. The epistle ; congratulates the Saints upon the general pros perity of the church. In the Sandwich Islands ! up to November 20th, 1853, over 3,000 natives had been baptized, and the native Elders were j engaged in preaching. The Book of Mormon is being translated. From Australia, the most cheering accounts j are given. A paper called the Zion’s Watch man had been established at Sydney. The 1 missions had also been successful at Calcutta ! and various parts of the Birman Empire and in Ceylon. Two Elders are laboring at Siam, and one at Cape Town. In Europe the Mormons have all been sue- : cessful, with the exception of those in Prussia, and the Book of Mormon has been translated and published in the Welsh, German, French, ; italiau, and Danish languages. The epistle goes on to state that common schools have been established, a dictionary of the Utah and Shoshone dialects published, a uew English alphabet formed, and a dramatic association established. The city wall is pro gressing, and would be finished during the sea son, and the Saints are advised to build walls - and forts, and be constantly prepared to repel the aggressions of the Indians. Finally, the Saints within are exhorted to pay their tithing, and the Sainst throughout the world to come j to Zion. On the 6th of May a formal treaty of peace j Yvas entered into between Governor Young and the Chiefs, Walker and Kanoshe, the nature of which was that, on no occasion whatever, Yvere the Indians to make any attack either on Ame ricans or Mormons, and that they would use all j their influence to prevent any depredations on the property of emigrants and settlers. 03* Nicholas, Autocrat of all the Russias, is reported to have in his imperial scepter a po lished diamond weighing 195 carats, valued at 4,8U0,000 pounds sterling. It was formely one of the eyes of a Brakira Idol, stolen therefrom by a French Grenadier who sold it to a ship-mas ter for a mere trifle, and after being re-sold many times, it was purchased from a Greek merchaut by Catharine of Russia, for $416,000, j and an annuity of $16,000. Of late it has been j valued at $23,232,000. It is represented to be ; a flatted oval about the size of apidgeon’s egg, and cut in a pyramidal from, a remarkable ! peculiarity of shape, w'ell calculated to lead a judge of brilliants to suspectithas in fact never , been submitted to the cutting and polishing j wheels of a lapidary, but is one of the extreme- j Jy limpid India diamonds, in the same uncut and unpolished condition as when it emerged from nature’s laboratory. Among the crown jewels of France, is the "Pittor Regent diamond, said to be cut in form of a brilliant, weighing 186% carats, measuring 14 lines long, 13% lines thick, and cost the French Treasury $600,000; its latest valuation being $700,000. * The Koh i-Xoor, and Durla-i-Noor, it is believed, have no estimated value, although they could not be purchased short of several million of dollars. The faraous-in-history-diamond of the by gone Grand Mogul, whoso daughter, while on shipboard was captured and plundered by Cap. Kidd, of buccaneer fame and memory, is said to have weighed 197 3-16 carats, and resembl ed in from and size half a hen’s egg. The Bajah of Tattan in Borneo is reported to have in his possession a diamond that was found on that island, and that weighs 367 ca rats, is of an egg form, has a cavity near the thinner end and is of the first water. The largest of all known diamonds is claimed to be among the crown jewels of little Portugal. It j was found in Brazil in the Diamond Distrct of that Empfrc—is still in a rough state—is equal in size to a hen’s egg, weighs 1680 carats and j has by way of jest been valued at $276,460, 000. Its genuineness is questioned by dia mond connoisseurs, who agree in pronouncing it to be nothing more than a magnificent white Topaz.—Richmond Enquirer. From the Buffalo Advertiser, July 14. Snobism in New York. The fate of Mr. Schuyler furnishes a whole sermon to snobs everywhere, and especially in New York, which may be listened to with profit by that large and increasing class of persons. The family of Schuyler is one of the most respectable in the country, and so far this man differs from most of those who build extravagant houses, drive expensive equipages, I and dash and spend the money of other people, I in that most snobbish of all cities—the great, ! noisy, dirty city of New York. Occasionally i one of the “aristocracy” comes down with a rush, and then there opens a scene of extrav agance, folly and fraud, that appals the pub lic who live in quiet country villages, or dwell upon the broad farms in the rural districts, who have heard with wonder of the noble mansions, and the many servants, and the gold and silver of these city lords. And so it is that extravagance and a foolish desire to live in large houses, and own grand carriages—to outdo one another in these things, besides being ridiculous in itself, brings the miserable family who try it down to beggary and ruin, or entail upon their children habits and notions of life that utterly destroy them. It is the great prevailing vice of this time—it may indeed be called the great characteristic of 1 the times. It is manifested more or less in all I our cities and villages, and its influences is I seen in the debasement of men and women, and the complete ruin of children. Every ! successful speculator, or fortune operator, must imitate, and if possible excel his neighbor, the ; I lucky banker or money-making grocer ; and ! t° do this, without regard to expense, away j they go into the marble and satin, the rose | wood and silver, keep extravagant carriages \ with horses to match, and give parties where Brussels and Wilton outvie in their color the i silks and the wine which make up the chief part of the entertainment. Up goes the new house, with all the decoration which a vulgar or a refined taste may suggest. Up it goes into the air a huge pile, or a fantastic residence, but not a room in it for the comfort of the own er and his family—all of it for show and the public gaze. The women flaunt about in lace and lazi ness, or recline upon soft cushions in line car riages, neither knowing nor caring whether the money that keeps them up be stolen or honest ly gained. They are happy in Fifth avenue glory, and the fact that they dash as much as the richest of their neighbors. For an Ameri can of fortune—real solid fortune—to dash into all this extravagance, is folly; but that man is guilty of downright wickedness who, upon a little money, goes to such foolish expense ; for he must rob somebody to carry out his plans ; or if he has enough to warrant it all, his children, when his fortune is divided among them, will hav» all the silly and ex travagant notions of their father, without his j money to give them reality. Out of this mis-1 erable life there springs evils worse than i bankruptcy. The sins of the father are vis ited upon the children to the third generation. Of what use to society the children of such people ? Sons who have been educated to believe that all this splendor constitutes the bestol lite; and that fast horses and chain- j page are emblematic of high life. Daughters brought up by a silly, ridiculous mother, who glories in her carpets and curtains, her carriage and her parties, and the fashionable training of her children. Nice creatures these for a life battle, in a world where energy, and industry, and endu rance are worth to them more than all the airs, graces and style that they learned in the paternal drawing of foreign masters. Out of this struggle to excel in this sort of life, there sprii.gs. too, fraud and chicanery, and all man ner of crime ; for in the contest, gold, gold, is the end and aim of all—the means are not tegarded. The sensible part of the commu nity laugh at this folly, and laugh loudly, too, at coarse vulgarity parading itself in gay equip ages; and moving about with all the airs and affectations of snobbish high life—people ele vated above their lellows bv a stock operation or a rise in town lots, and rejoicing thereafter in flashy vehicles and in gaudy houses. It they made fools of themselves alone, it would all be proper enough. But the effect upon their families and on society is most to be dreaded. In a country where the law di vides among a man’s heirs all his estate after death, unless disposed of by will, and where the chances are that property will not remain in the family beyond the second generation, it is utter folly to build palaces to live in; far better would it be to expend the same money in building schools or founding asylums, the benefit of which the rich man’s heirs mav need. On, on, goes our American life ! helter skelter—burly burly—on it goes ? Dash— make a sensation—get money—honestly if you can—but get money—educate children after the same fashion, and then die and be forgot ten. The Sabbath in France.—A Paris letter writer talks as follows : “It would be a great relief to see this government, with its despotic power, arrested for one day whether on the Sabbath or another, all secular employments, and all these immoral exebitions which every where abound especially on those days. It is a well-known fact that the emperor is, and has always been in favor of making the Sabbath a day respected, and strong movements have been making by certain individuals ofinfluence, with approbation, to bring on a change in the public mind on this subject. Circulars were distributed, demanding from each family or manufactory, how many persons in that family or establishment were in favor of closing their shops and ceasing work on the Sabbath. Yes terday I heard a celebrated Catholic Abbe preach a sermon on the subject, in which he pointed to the maternal and spiritual prosperi ty of England and the United States as examples of the results of an observance of the Sabbath day. The Emperor, whose views and opin ions were verymuch modified by his long resi dence with the English, now openly expresses himself in favor of this moral change in the habits of French people, but it is 0ne of those changes which even Louis Napoleon, 'with his rod of iron, dares not thrust suddenly upon his subjects, for you can take from a true French man his political rights, the right of speech and almost of thought, but when you take from him his amusements, a word that to him ex presses many things not recognized in the ten commandments, he begins to talk at once about crushed rights, strangled liberty and barri cades.” Many Ports but few Custom Houses.—At the present time we have in the United States one hundred and twenty-nine ports of entry and delivery, and only twenty-five finished custom houses, with eleven more under con struction. The Stolen Hides. vv uliam Savery, an eminet preacher among the Quakers, was a tanner by trade, and known by all as “one who walketh humbly with his God.” One night a quantity of hides was stolen from his tannery, and he had reason to beleive that the thief was a quarrelsome drunken neigh bor, whom I shall call John Smith, The next week the following advertisement appeared in the country paper. “Whoever stole a quantity of hides on the j fifth of the present month, is hereby informed that the owner has a sincere wish to be his friend. If poverty tempted him to this false step, the owner will keep the whole transac tion secret, and will gladly put him in the way of obtaining money by means more likely to bring him peace of mind.” This singular advertisement attracted con siderable attention; but the culprit alone knew who had made the kind offer. When he read it, his heart melted within him, and he was filled with sorrow for what he had done. A few nights afterwards, as the tanner’s family were about retiring to rest, they heard a timid knock, and, when the door was opened, there stood John Smith, with a load of hides on his shoulder.—Without looking up he said— “I have brought those back, Mr. Savery.— Where shall I put them ?” •‘Wait till I get a lantern, and I will go to the barn with thee,” he replied, “then perhaps, thou wilt come in and tell me how this happen ed ; we will see what can be done for thee.” As soon as they were gone out, his wife pre pared some hot coflee, and placed pies and meat on the table. When they returned home from the barn, she said— “Neighbor Smith, I thought some hot supper would be good for thee.” He turned his back towards her, and he did not speak. After leaning against the fireplace in silence a few moments, he said, in a choked vuice— “It is the first time I ever stole anything, and I have felt very bad about it. I am sure I didn’t once think that I should ever come to what I am. But I took to drinking, and then quarrel ing. Since I began to go down hill, every body gives me a kick. You are the first man that has ever offered me a helping hand. My wife is sickly, and my children are starving. You have sent them many a meal—God bless you; and yet I stole the hides. But I tell you the truth, when I say it is the first time that I was ever a thief.” “Let it be the last, my friend,” repliep Wil liam Savery. “The secret remains between ourselves. Thou art still young, and it is in thy power to make up for lost time. Promise ine that thou wilt not drink any intoxicating liquor for a year, and I will employ thee to-morrow on good wages. The little boy can pick stones. But eat a bit now, and drink some coffe. Per haps it will keep thee from craving anything stronger to-night. Doubtless thou wilt'find it hard abstain at first, but keep up a brave heart for the sake of thy wife and children, anpit will soon become easy. When thou hast need of coffee, tell Mary, and she will always give it: thee.” Mhe poor fellow tried to eat and drink, but the food seem to choke him. After vainly try- ! ing to compose his feelings, he bowed his head on the table and wept like a child. After a I while he ate and drank, and his host parted ! with him for the night, wiili the friendly words : “Try to do well, John, and thou wilt always find a friend in me.’ He entered into his employ the next day, and remained with him many years a sober, honest, and faithful man. The secret of the theft was kept between them, but after John’s death William Savery sometimes told the sto ry, to prove that evil might be overcome with good. Slavery at the North. Slavery exists heae—slavery which is in voluntary—it exists among the white labor ers of_the North. Thousands are compelled, by circumstances which bind them like fet ters of iron, to yield their independence of thought and action to the rule of other men. —Springfield (Mass.) Republican. In the South, when a slave escapes from his master, he is advertised, hunted, and gen erally returned to servitude. In the North, when a factory laborer—or a white slave, if you please—leaves his employer for more freedom, he, too, is advertised, by a circular being sent to all other manufacturing establish ments, his or her name given, and thus hun ted, he is proscribed—labor being refused him —and he,too, is compelled, in too many cases to retnrn to the wearing servitude of his mas ter. All over New England this slavery exists; and with tens of thousands of white men and women, well-read and intelligent people, so intolerant and proscriptive are the “Lords of the Cotton Mill,” it is a slavery almost as ab jectasifthey were black people, and held in bondage on Southern plantations. And yet, Pankeedom, with a big beam in its own eve, is eternally clamoring to have removed the mote which it sees in the eye of its Southern neighbor. Like old England, with its myriads of white slaves, forever canting upon the bles sings of human freedom, and setting up to be monitor for all the world, to teach what hu man freedom is, New England sees in its own society no social evils to cure, but with a Phari saical pretention, as bold as it is shameless, first advises all other sections what reform is for their good, then urges, then demands, and now threatens to subvert the organizations of political society, and demolish even the pillars of the Union, unless its self-wise and arrogant exactions are meekly conceded. Out upon such festering hypocrisy!—Cin. Enquirer. A Poor Prospect.—An itinerant preacher recently traveled among the northern counties of Alabama. He was mounted on an animal whose appearance betokened very bad keep ing—the mere frame-work of what had once been a horse. Riding up to the door of a coun try inn, he inquired of the landlord the dis tance to the next town. The host, coming out, was forcibly struck with the appearance of the animal on which the querist sat, and he walked around him twice before giving the ruquired information. He then inquired: “Who might you be, if its a fair question?” “I am a follower of the Lord,” he answered. “Follerin the Lord eh?” demanded the host. “Well, I’ll tell you what it is, old feller, (eying the horse again,) there’s one thing sar tain, if you stop often on the road you’ll never ketch him with that hoss?” Antoinette Brown in the Pulpitt—Miss Antoinette Brown filled the pulpit of Rev. Luther Lee, on Sunday, according to arrange ment, and had a crowded house morning and af ternoon. She was neatly dressed, with rather a dashing watch establishment, and after throw ing off her crape shawl presented herself at the desk, made her prayer a long one, after Pres byterian usage; and spreading the the Bible open before her, took her text and walked into her discourse. Her subject in the morn ing was one on which a woman might he ex pected to speak with some feeling. It was Lot>« !—Syiracuse Chran. Death of Capt. Brinkley.—Capt. Geo. A. Brinkley, who was shot day before yesterday by Mr. Charles May, died yesterday morning at 5 o’clock,—leaving a wife and three interest ing children to lament his loss. His death is universally and deeply regretted by a numerous circle of friends and acquintances whom his many virtues and high social qualities had gathered about him; and, in fact, a general sorrow is evinced throughout the community as to the melancholy fate of one who had been cut off so unexpectedly, in the midst of hope, life and happiness. His remains were depos ited in the Centotaph yesterday evening at 4 o’clock.—Memphis Eeacjle Enquirer. August 5th. Awful Mortality—Death of Fifty Nor wegians on a Propeller.—On the last up trip of the propeller Oriental, a large number of Nor wegian emigrants were on board, among whom the ship fever suddenly broke out, and, before the trip was ended, carried off about fifty of them. They had endured a long and tedious journey from their fatherland, the confinement of close ly packed cars overland, and were fully pre pared for the incursions of a disease which is never satisfied with a few. Eevery attention was paid to their wants by Cap. Squires and his crew, but for which many more must have perished. The deaths occurred principally on Lake Michgan and Lake Huron.—Buffalo Ex press. Shrewd Answer.—A fellow seeing a far mer boy riding a miserable old horse, asked him. “ What’s that horse out of sonny?” “ Why, he’s out of condition,” said the lad, grinning. 0^7“ The best “sewing machine” in the world is one about seventeen years old, that wears gaiter boots, and a pocket to put her wages in. John Mitchel’s Reply to Brownson. Dr. Brownson:—In your Quarterly Review, and the current number thereof, you think fit to nickname me a “ Radical,” (page 346.)— Hereupon I shall have some remarks to make presently; but, in the meantime, I apply my self to the extraordinary article in which that nickname is applied, entitled “ Native Ame ricanism.” When you, Doctor, take up Native Ameri canism, or anything else, you “ run it into the ground.” When you were a “ Radical,” you preached, as yourself with contrition admit, “ preached, in the name of the gospel, the most damnable radicalism.” (See your Review, Jan. 1840, p. 103.) At the time when you were a Quaker, you must have been the most exagge rated of Broadbrims. When you were a Bab tist, you thought man must be saved hydro pathically by plunging the whole world into cold water; you undoubtedly seceded from the Mormons, (if I err in enumerating your antece dent religions, you can set me right,) because Joseph Smith did not go far enough; and, now that you are a Catholic, you are a better Catho lic than your own Bishop, and out-pontiff the Pope of Rome. Native Americans, also, now you have fairly embarked in that cause, you drive to romantic lengths, after a very peculiar fashion; and it is certain, in your hands to grow into a philoso phy, almost into a religion, and to wear such a strange aspect, and affect so deep a significance, that the kuowingest Know Nothing in the land will not know it when he sees it. At the first glance, indeed, it will seem to j every Know-Nothing reader that you are ex pounding precisely his principle, and that so broad and clear as to leave no shade of doubt j on your genuine Nativeism. You say— “ For foreigners to claim, as a natural right, to be placed on an equal footing with natural born citizens, is entirely to misinterpret Ame rican republicanism, and to assert that abom inable doctrine of the solidarity of peoples, maintained by the infamous revolutionists of Europe.” Again— “ So it is with a nation, when, from hospita lity, it opens its doors to foreigners. It will never be pleased to find them forgetting that they are its guests, assuming the airs of natural born citizens, and proceeding at once to take the management of its affairs upon themselves, or even volunteering their advice.’' * * * “We do nor, and cannot easily bring j ourselves to feel that they have the same right! to interfere in our national or political affairs ! that is possessed by natural born citizens.” I do not know, indeed, that any foreigner j ever claimed naturalization “ as a natural right,” not even an “infamous revolutionist.” Neither have 1 been informed what are those “ airs” becomiug in a native citizen, which ano ther citizen may not assume. When have “ fo reigners” (by which term you mean adopted citizens) taken the management of your affairs? Or wherein is the advice of one citizen admis sable and the advice of auother not?—unless, indeed, the one citizen have more sense or knowledge than the other—a distinction which is not, perhaps, universally in favor of the na tive. You do not, however, stop with general and vague Know Nothing observations of this sort. You undertake to define (what, unfor tunately, the laws of your country have left a casus omissus,) the precise powers and pri vileges which a naturalized citizen is to exer cise: “ They may vote at elections freely, accord ing to their own honest convictionss but they may not make themselves violent partizans, and enter with ardor into the heated action and en venomed contests of political parties. They may be voters, but not canvassers.” A calm, sweet, and philosophic serenity, it seems, you prescribe to mere adopted citizens; they are to wait in their own houses to be can vassed:—if they have an opinion on any public question, they are not to presume to whisper; but having selected their “ ticket,” they are to exercise their franchise “ with a certain mode ration and prudent reserve,” holding themselves aloof from heated action, keeping themselves cool, leaving all the cheering, all the groaning, all the foul names and “ envenomed contests” to you, Doctor, and your brother natives. Moreover, if any public servant misbehave himself in his office, the privilege of censuring him is for natives only, according to your doc trine. It is true, the interests of adopted citi zens are equally concerned in the case:—it is true, they have, by their" votes, (given with extreme reserve and charming modesty), help ed to place him in the office he has misused:— it is true, their money helps to pay him his salary: still he is not to “censure” or “inter fere.” You say— “ A man may scold his own wife, for she is his, and it is all in the family; but let a stran ger attemp the same thing, and the husband, if half a man, will knock him down.” By “ a stranger” you mean one who, after a residence of five years, after duly renouncing all allegiance to kings and queens, and after taking upon him all the responsibilities of his ' new condition, has become by the operation of J the laws an American citizen, as fully and ab ' solutely as you, Dr. Orestes Brownson. This > is the “ stranger” whom you recommend to be knocked down if he offer an opinion about the affairs of the nation, which are his own affairs. Thus far, you write genuine Nativeism, pure and simple: it fits the Know Nothings pre cisely. In a fit of moderation, to be sure, you say a few words in behalf of the “ foreign po pulation”—meanig all the time naturalized ci tizens— “ They are too numerous to be massacred, too numerous to be ^driven from the country; and native Americans, we hope, have too much self-respect, if nothing else, to seek to make them bond-slaves.” There is some comfort in this; but at the same time you warn them very fairly what is likely to become of them unless exceedingly well-behaved— “ The Anglo Americans are abundantly able to take care of themselves, and if provoked to extreme measures, the population of foreign birth would find themselves wholly at their mercy. AY e speak to warn our foreign popu lation.” 1 hank you, Doctor. The case then seems to stand thus—unless the naturalized citizens of America shall henceforth exercise their fran chises, with modesty, decorum, silence and re serve—if they persist not only in voting but in canvassing—it they presume to censure any public officer, member of the government, or policeman—in short, if they “ take airs,” then the time will have come for “ extreme mea sures.” They will lie wholly at the mercy of their fellow-citizens born in America, and will thereafter be massacred, driven from the coun try or reduced to bondage, as shall to such fel low-citizens seem most expedient. In this whole article of yours, you utterly ignore the law. It is nothing to you that the naturalized citizen holds his citizenship by the same tenure, and under the same sanction as yourself—namely, the law of the land. If it be so, that the law makes none of those dis tinctions which you have enacted above, about voting but not canvassing, discussing public questions but not discussing them with ardor, and so forth; you care not; you knowing no thing. You require something more than obe dience to law—namely, a submissive demeanor in the presence of one’s native American su periors, and a conformity “ to the character of the Anglo American race.” You say— “You should understand in the outset if they would avoid unpleasant collision, that they must ultimately lose their own nationa lity, and become assimilated in general charac ter to the Anglo-American race.” And who are the Anglo-American race? I know who the Americans are; and I know that a naturalized citizen must become a good and true American—but as to becoming an Anglo American, or being assimilated in character to Englishmen, the thing can’t be done; and I find no law for it. On the whole, I advise you, be fore you lecture again on the duties of Ame rican citziens, to look a little into the law and the constitution; and if you find anything Ame rican there, anything against taking airs, or can vassing, be good enough to let us know. But now comes the singular part of your Nativeism. It happens that the strongest el ement in the present actual Native-American party, is its hostility to Catholicism; and that some of the most active Know-Nothings are ; English and Irish Protestants. \ou hasten tocorrect these gross mistakes.— You say to your allies, the Know Nothings— Don’t you see that wc, the Catholics, are your friends, and the friends of American institu tions. It is against those other wretches, those Protestant Germans, that Protestant Radical, John Mitchel, and such as he, you ought to aim your blows. You cry out-« “ Not from Catholic, but from non-Catholic foreigners, comes the principal danger to our institutions.” It is strange and sad; but one not of your allies believes you—notone of them (after all your outrageous nativist talk) believe that you 'care one jot about our institutions in comparison with the institution of the Propaganda. In short it is mainly against you, Doctor Orestes, and your doctrines and disciples, that this Native Americanism has organized itself. In vain you point out their mistake, and tell them they are knocking down the wrong man. lfou tell us that “The party not only discriminates between foreigners, but it discriminates badly.” Nay, what is worse, “It is itself animated by a radi cal spirit, and is hand and glove with foreign radicals.” It is a mad world, Doctor; and the time is out of joint. A Native American party you highly approve; but the Native American party is all wrong. In respect it hates foreigners, you like it very well, but in respect it especially hates Catholic foreigners, it goes much against your stomach. In respect it knocks men down, look you, it fits your humor well; but in respect it knocks down the wrong man, it is tedious.— Why will it set fire to the churches of its friends? Why will it be hand and glove with German and Hungarian Revolutionists? Why hoot Bedini, and cheer Gavazzi, aud hearken to the trump of the Angel Gabriel ? Why ^will it not come to you, and clothe itself in a soutane, and get a small tonsure on the top of its head, and comfort itself like an Anglo-American peni tent before its professor ? It will cost you much pains, I apprehend, to set all this right especially as you, Dr. Orestes, you more than any one living man, have aroused and kindled this strong anti-Catholic, and anti republican teaching and writing. Innumera ble and disgusting “ Shepards of the Valley ” and “Freeman’s Journals ” have been a brood of your begetting; and on the part of my Irish fel low countrymen, I accuse you of so misrepresent ing them and their church before the American people, that any republican nation could not but look on them and all their ways with sus picion and abhorrence. How easy it would be to turn you inside out now, and to point in the pages of your own Re view the very doctrines that have alarmed the genuine republican spirit of this country, and given to the Native party whatever genuine vigor it possesses! Since ’48, you have regu larly enlisted yourself on the side of all the tyrants of Europe, regularly exerted yourself to cry down all attempts of the down-trodden people everywhere to throw off royal and im perial yokes, and become as American republi cans. Who could believe, after this, that you really value republican institutions on either side of the Atlantic. In an article of your Review, against the cause of Hungary, in January, 1851, you say: “European democracy is mere wild anarchy. An American republican can be a good citizen —a European democrat, if consistent, must be a vile demagogue. The former can save his soul [that is to say, an American republican, if he be a Catholic, can save his soul ]—if the latter get into heaven, Satan need not des pair.” But this is not the worst. In an article on “ Civil and Religious Toleration,” in July, 1849, you distinctly assert the right of the State, un der certain circumstances, to punish Infidelity, Heresy and Schism. You say plainly: “When infidelity, heresy and schism, are clearly and directly crimes against society, they | are justly punishable by the civil authorities.” How that case is to arise, or who is to judge whether they are crimes against society or not, you do notinform us; butthe case having arisen, you assert that it is right to imprison, or oth erwise punish, even (of course) to flaying alive, or burning any heretic, say a Protestant.— Throughout that article you take care to place toleration for heresy on the ground of expedien cy; and you never renounce the right, nay, the duty of punishing for that crime. And all your miserable echoes of the Press, from the Mississippi to Boston Bay, vied with you in adulation of Austria, and heaping infa mous names on the gallant republicans of Italy and France; nay, they improve upon your doc trines of intolerance (for you could not restrain the fouls within the bounds of your prudent example) until the land reverberates with ana themas on the liberty; and men might almost fancy they heard the thunders of the Vatican burstiug on the Alleghanies, and saw the tide of the Mississippi reddened by the fires of an Inqusition. This, I say, has been your work, Dr. Ores tes; hence has come whatever of bitterness and ferocity is to be found in the Native American party; this outrageous carcature of Catholicity, held up to Americans by you, (after you had tired of all the other religions,) has been the principal spring, and is the only excuse for the furious anti-Irish spirit which is now raging. One leading idea of the Native American party is alone sufficient to prove this. They say, there must be drawn distinction between “ Citizen of America, ” and “ Subjects of the Pope. ” They have got the idea—it was from you and your echoes they caught it—that a Catholic must be a bad citizen. And if you and your echoes were true exponents of Cath olicity, they would be right. In that case I will make no scruple to avow that no Catholic is lit to be a citizen of any country; and not con tent with disfranchising, I would extermin ate them. It is only by distinctly separating themselves from you, by emphatically denying you and all your works, that Irishmen in America can ever become as one with their native fellow ci tizens. In the meantime I do protest and de clare, on the part of my Catholic fellow-coun trymen—first, that they do not want to burn heretics—secondly, that they do not regard re publicans on either side of the Atlantic, as “in famous wretches, ”—and third, that there is no part of the American Constitution valued by them more highly than the part which makes it impossible for you, Doctor, with all the Pro paganda at your back, ever to “punish ” a sin gle human creature in America for “infidelity, or heresy or schism. ” For the name “Radical” which you are pleased to give me; I was certainly in Ireland a Radical. In America (as soon as I have the honor to be a citizen) I mean to be a steady Conservative. In Ireland the whole govern mental and social system need to be cut up by the roots, in order that some justice might be gin to be done there. Therefore I was a Radi cal. Here, where there are institutions worth conserving, I am a Conservative. Men do not usually preserve worn-out garments, or decay ed offal, or rotten eggs, or dead men’s bones (except occasionally lor reliquaries)—but they try to preserve what is good and fresh and fair —that it may long be a blessing and a glory to mankind. Yes, in America, you must call me conserva tive; and be assured that there is nothing I shall be more solicitous to conserve than the abso lute civil rights of every man to be heretic, in fidel, Catholic, Jew or Mormon, at his good pleasure. I remain, Dr. Brownson, Your obedient servant, JOHN MITCHELL. Domestic Bliss.—TheNew Hampshire Su perior Court, at its late term, held at Concord, heard arguments in eighty-three divorce suits. Thirty-three of the applications were granted, seven denied, and the decision of forty-three reserved. The Superior Court of Rhode Island, at its last term, had seventy-three similar cases before it., of which forty-two received judgment of divorce, four were denied, three settled, and the remainder continued for consideration. More Territories—Indian Representa tives in Congress.—It is said by the Wash ington correspondent of the New York Tribune, that the national administration has sent to the Chickasaw, Choctaw and Cherokee tribes of In dians a proposition, accompanied by bills draft ed in three different tongues, to organize the In dian territories below the southern boundary of Kansas territory, and give them a representa tion in Congress. The wife of a missionary resident among the Chiekasaws, who is now in Washington, furnishes this information, and states that the proposition and bills had arriv ed in the Indian country before she left there, which was in April last. The Chiekasaws were then very suspicious of the affair, and did not know but that it was a scheme of the govern ment at Washington to cheat them out of their lands. According to the letter we quote from, the proposition embraces a plan for three se parate territorial governments, one extending over the Cherokee nation, a second over the Creeks, and a third over the Choctaws and Chiekasaws. These tribes were to be allowed six months to consider the matter, and the go vernment has made glowing promises of their aid fortheir territorial organization in case of their agreement. * * The territory in question comprises nearly all the remaining unorganized territory of the* United States, and extends from the Red river to the thirty-se venth parallel of latitude, w'hich is the boun dary of Kansas, and from Arkansas on the east to Texas on the West. The area covered is about equal to that of the State of Arkansas. The Choctaws and Chiekasaws have been for a number of years consolidated under one go vernment of their own, though latterly there has been some disagreement between them. Growth of the Union. The census of 1850, as compiled by Mr. De Bow, develops some wonderful and interest ing facts in regard to the rapid growth and ex tent of the United States. In 1701 the colo nies contained a population of only 262,000 souls. In 1749 another estimate was made, and the result was a population of 1,046,000. In 1775 the report was 2,803,000—being near ly 300,000 less than the present population of New York! In 1790, under the first census, the population was 3,929,827. There were then seventeen States and territorial govern ments; in 1810, twenty-five; in 1820, twenty seven; in 1830, twenty-eight; in 1840, thirty; and in 1850, thirty-six. We have now thirty nine, having added to the list Nebraska, Kansas and Washington. Our territorial extent, says Mr. De Bow, is nearly ten times as large as that of Great Brit tain and France combined; three times as largo as the whole of France, Britain, Austria, Prus sia, Spain, Portugal, Belgium, Holland, and Denmark together; one and a half times as large as the Russian empire in Europe; one sixth less only than the area covered by the fif ty-nine or sixty Empires, States, and Republics m Europe; of equal extent with the Roman Empire, or that of Alexander, neither of which exceeded three millions of square miles. Wo have an ocean and a gulf shore line of 12,609 miles, an island shore line of 9,247 miles, a tidal flow of 11,213, and an inland river steam boat navigation of 47,355 miles.— Washington Sentinel. The Greatest General of the War._ According to a statement which appears in an Austrian paper, the Russians lost in tho Dobrudscha no less than 18,000 troops from typhoid fever. Breeding from Broken Down and Dis eased Mares.—This not uncommon practice is one great cause why there are so many horses of unsound constitutions, so ready to break down or take on disease from overworking or other errors in management. True, a horse of the soundest and strongest constitution will break down under bad treatment—such treat ment as it pains us to witness not unfrequentlv —but the produce of an old diseased mare will break down under bad treatment much more readily than that of perfectly sound and heal thy parentage. For example, it is well ascer tained that broken wind can be propagated, when either sire or dam is affected with that di sease; and that when inherited in either case, there is a very high probability that when any produce of such diseased animals is put to work, it will soon become thick in the wind, and become broken-winded at an early age. It is poor policy, therefore, to breed from an old broken down or broken-winded mare. Better to shoot the old creature, and breed from a young and perfectly sound mother. The colts will be worth enough more to cover abundant ly the difference in the cost.—Country Centle man. The Largest Sheep in the World.—Mr. Francis J. Gray, of this country, has presented us with some specimens of wool. Mr. Gray has been engaged in raising sheep about live years, and, we doubt not, is among the most successful in Kentucky; and has not failed to take the premium wherever shown. Some of the specimens shown us of his wool are sev enteen inches long, the finest quality measures five inches. His imported buck two years old, shearedtwenty-four pounds three ounces of wool; and he had a ewe that sheared eighteen pounds. He has a Kantucky raised buck that weighs about 3000, and measures around the girth five feet two inches, fresh sheared. The last named buck took the first premium at Paris fair last fall.—Cynthiana (Kyi) News. Query.—When wine merchants advertise “an excellent article to'lag down, ” do they mean it will speedilv lav their customers under the ta ble ? An Innocent Postmaster.—One of the un informed postmasters out in Suckerdom, who found among the postofiice laws a clause to the effect that each postmaster may be allowed two mills for delivering from his office to a sub scriber each newspaper not chargeable with postage, sent his bill to the department for delivery of the only paper that was sent to his office, and told them that as his wife was out of the article, they might send him a couple of coffee mills. Nothing British.—A Yankee bearing an , inveterate hatred of evervthing British, is liv ing in a neighboring city with a Colonist family. He takes every opportunity to give a slap at Brother Bull, and the Colonist does what he can to defend the old gentleman. “You are arguing,” said Colonist, “against your ances tors. ” “No, I am not.” “Who was your father?” “A Yankee.” “Who were your forefathers ? ” “ Yankees. ” * ‘ Who were AdamaudEve?” “Yankees, by thunder!” The Love of Titles.—A story is told of an old Dutchman, who, for many years, kept the ferry at Oil creek, was one day crossing with a large load of passengers, who, with one excep tion, addressed each other as Colonel, Major Captain, Judge, etc. When the fare came to be paid, he charged the titled men one shilling each. “What is my fare ? ” said the gentleman who had no title after the rest had all paid. •‘Your fare? ” said the Dutchman, “your fare is cliust nothing—you ish de first high private Yankee ever I carried over this creek, and you is velcomo! ” Effects of War on the Supply of Sea men.—It is estimated that some fifty thousand sailors have been withdrawn from commerce in consequence of the present European war ; about 35,000 of the number being taken by the Anglo-French allies in order to man their ileets for the Baltic and Black Sea, and about 20,000 llussian sailors being blockaded in the ports of their own country. There was a scarcity of seamen before this war, but the withdrawal of these 35,000 English and French sailors has greatly augmented the deficiency. The new apprenticeship system of the United States will do much to supply a remedy. Wonders cf Chemistry.—The horseshoe nails dropped in the streets during the daily traffic reappear in the form of swords and guns. The clippings of the traveling tinker are mixed with the parings of horses’ hoofs fromthe smith erv, or the cast-off wollen garments of the poorest inhabitants of a sister isle, and soon af terwards, in the form of days of brightest blue, grace the dress of courtly dames. The main ingredient of the ink with which I now write was possibly once part of the broken hoop of an old beer barrel. The bones of dead animals yield the chief constituent of lncifer matches. The dregs of port wine, carefully rejected by the port wine drinker in decanting his favorite beverage, are taken by him in the morning in the form of seidlitzc powders, to remove the ef fects of his debauclie. The offal of the streets and the washings of coal gas reappear, careful ly preserved in the lady’s smellingbottle, or are used by her to flavor blancmanges for her friends.—Lyon Playfair. Important Occupation.—“Boy,” said a fashionable dressed man, to the servant of one of his companions, “is your master at home?” “Yes sir,” replied the hoy, “but he is confined to his room. He’s a grown’ of moostarashes, and allowed to see nobody but his hairdresser.” A Little Bov witii Delirium Tremens. —A man named Taylor, near Winchester, In diana, has a son only four years old who is a common drunkard! The Emblem says, that on the 18th ultimo, “his father, who had been fishing, gave the boy a bottle of whiskey to carry; he drank too much, and was taken very sick, then with a twiching in one arm and side, which was soon followed by the delirium tre mens that lasted for twelve hours. It was a horrible thing to see the little fellow scream ing at and jumping from the snakes that ho thought he saw.”—Dayton ( Ohio) Empire.