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_ 6^^ k jMfltracg, Jfnragn ante §tat$ltt |ktos, Internal Intprnknwtte, ^iterator, Jpntltarr, (faintrtt, ^kcalton, ^riente, ete. OLD SERIES, Vol. XI./ -p -rmmT ^ „ —— "EW “»“■ ™- °*_LITTLE ROCK, ARKANSAS, WEDNESDAY MORNING, SEPTEMBER 6, 1854. NO 47. SCOURING AND RENOVATING. THE undersigned offers his services to the public as a Scourer and Renovater of Broad-cloths, Silks, Kid Gloves, etc., etc. Only patronize me and the most perfect satisfaction is promised. Main and Rock street above Mr. Dot ter s jeweler store. L. GOUNART. August 9, 1854. 3m AUCTION ROOJM-J. D. FITZGERALD, Auctioneer, AT S. Johnson’s store next door to S. Jaseph’s old stand. Main street, Little Rock, Ark. Particular attention paid to selling Merchandize, Furniture, Horses, etc., at Auction on private sale.— A share of public patronage is solicited. _ T. BRADBURY, House and Sign Painter and Glazier; IMITATOR'of Fancy Woods and Marble; Paper Hanger.etc. Paintshop adjoining his residence oh Mulberry street, Little Rock. July 26,1854. ly UNIVERSITY OF NASHVILLE. Medical Department. THE Fourth Annual Course of Lectures in this In stitution will commence on Monday the 30th of October next, and continue till the first of the en suing March. ROBERT M. PORTER, M. D., General and Special Anatomy. J. BERRIEN LINDSLEY, M. D., Chemistry and Pharmacy. C. K. WINSTON. M. D., Materia Medica and Me dical Jurisprudence. A. II. BUCHANAN, M. D., Surgical and Patholo gical Anatomy. THOMAS R. JENNINGS, M. D., Institutes of Me dicine and Clinical Medicine. W. K. BOWLING, M. D., Theory and Practice of Medicine. JOHN M. WATSON, M.D.. Obstetrics and the Dis eases of Women and Children. PAUL F. EVE, M. D., Principles and Practice of Surgery. WILLIAM T. BRIGGS, M. D., Demonstrator of Anatomy. The Anatomical rooms will be opened for students, on the first Monday of October. A full Preliminary course of Lectures, free to all Students, will be given bv the Professors, commenc ing also on the first Monday of October. A Clinique has been established, in connection with the University, at which operations are performed and cases prescribed for and lectured upon in presence of the Class. Arrangements have been made to accommodate all patients requiring surgical operations. Amount of Fees for Lectures in the University is $105. Matriculating Fee, (paid once only,) $5; Prac tical Anatomy, $10; Graduating Fee, $25. Excellent Board can be obtained for $3 per week. Further information can be obtained bv addressing the Dean. J. B. LINDSLEY.'M..D., Dean of the Faculty, No. 83. College st. Nashville, Tenn., March, 1854. ' 42-6t* COMMISSION AND FORWARDING. THE undersigned would respectfully remind the community that he is still doing a Commission and Forwarding business at DEVALL'S BLUFF. ON WHITE RIVER, the most convenient and available point by far. for the merchants and citizens of Little E >ck and vicinity. I am provided with a safe and commodious ware-house, and can generally procure the over-land transportation of merchandize, etc., in good order and on the shortest notice. To travelers I would say, come this way; it is the nearest and best and I am always provided with su perior accommodations for man'and horse. August 23, 1854. 3m P. H. WHEAT. TWENTY-FIVE DOLLARS REWARdT STRAIED or stolen from the undersigned, living on Amos Bayou in Desha county, Ark., about the first of June last, one bay horse, six vears old, one hind toot white, a small sore in the forehead, plain saddle marks, about 16 hands high, works well. Also one dark sorrel mare, about 16% hands high, blind in the right eye, first^ate plow nag, but not good to work anywhere else, has a white mark across the rump, about half way between the coupling and root of the tail, about 3 -inches long and % inches wide, has a scare on the right fore foot at the top of the hoof, branded with the letter S. on one shoulder, I think the right, but am not certain. 1 will give the above reward for any information bo that I can get them. Address David Ripley, Napoleon, or J. B. Rose or Win. Taylor, Amos Bayou. August 23, 1854. 12m JAS. B. ROSE. LAND ATTORNEY’S NOTICE. TIIE undersigned will be at the following places at the times specified, for the purpose of collecting money due the State of Arkansas for “ Internal Lm prcrvement " and " Seminary Lands'' to wit: At the Circuit Court of Dallas county, on the 1st Monday in Sept., 1S54. At Jacksonport. Jackson county, on the 12th and 13th Sept., 1854. At Batesville, Independence county, on the 14th and 15th Sept.. 1854. At Searcy, White county, on the 18th and 19th Sept., 1854. At Brownsville. Prairie countv, on the 20th Sept., 1854. At the Circuit Court of Drew county, on the 4th Monday in Sept., 1854. At Warren. Bradley county, on the 30tliSept., 1854. At the Circuit Court of Ashley county, on the 1st Monday m October, 1854. At the Circuit Court of Chicot county, on the 2d Monday in October. 1854. At the Circuit Court of Desha county, on the 3d Monday in October, 1854. At the Circuit Court of Arkansas county, on the 4th Monday in Oct., 1854. At the Circuit Court of Jefferson county, on the 1st Monday in November, 1854. At whicli times and places he hopes to meet all Ersons in the counties named who owe for State mils, prepared to nay up arrears. Otherwise they may expect suits to be commenced against them for collection of amounts due. JOHN T. TRIGG. Land Att’y . and State Collector for Ark. August 23, 1854. lot THE MEDICAL DEPARTMENT OF THE UNIVERSITY ol the STATE of MO. THE regular Lectures of the Medical Department of the^Missouri University will commence on the 1st of November, 1854, and will continue until the 1st of March, 1855. A course of preliminaiy lectures will be delivered bv the Professors of the Institution, free of any extra charge, on subjects intimately connected with their re spective departments, beginning on the 1st of October and ending on the 1st of November. Clinical lectures will also be delivered either at the City Hospital or the City Dispensary, every dav dur ing the month of October, as well as during the en tire regular session. Admittance to the clinical lec tures free of extra charge. Medical Faculty. JOHN S. MOORE, M. D., Professor of Theory and Practice. JOSEPH N. M’DOWELL, M. D., Professsr of Sur gery and Surgical Anatomv. ABNER HOPTON, M. D., Professor of Chemistry and Pharmacy. J^HN BARNES. M. D., Professor of Materia Medica, 1 heraneuties and Medical Botany. ■DEMING, M. D., Professor of Pathology and Clinical Medicine. J. R. ALLEN, M. D., Professor of Obstetrics and Diseases of Women and Children. PA1 ION SPENCE. M. D., Professor of Physiology and Comparative Anatomy. JOHN T. HODGEN, M. D., Professor of Anatomy, General and Special. I. DRAKE M DOWELL, M. D.,Demonstrator. Fees. Fees for a full course of Lectures $105. Fee for the Diploma $20; for admission to the Dissecing room and Demonstrations $10; Matriculation fee $5 Good boarding can be obtained within a short dis tance of the College, for from $2 to $3 per week. Students and others, desiring further information, will please address the Dean of the Faculty jos. n. McDowell, M. D., Dean of the Medical Faculty. August 30, 1854 6m_^ NOTICE. 'T'O our Customers and Citizens of Little tit R??k generally. Finding it a difficult mat ter to collect our bills, we have r.e ^essarily determined to discontinue the system of shaving by the month after the 1st day of October, 1854. E. L. BRADLEY, 1 J. HOPSON. [ Barbers. . M. RICHISON. Aug. 80, ’54 tf vv liig and Gazette please copy. T SILKS I SILKS!! HE finest, and best, and largest stock of SILKS i'er brought to this market, imported by tele praph, can now be found at August 80,1854 D B. MANDEL’S. THE TRUE DEMOCRAT IS PUBLISHED EVERY WEDNESDAY BY JOHNSON & YEKKES. Terms of Subscription. For one copy, one year, in advance,.0 2 00 In six month...7 2 50 At the expiration of the year.3 ‘OEMS (DIP ABIHEmTOItS!©. Transient advertisements will be inserted for *1 per square, (ten lines or less,) for the first insertion and 50 cents for each subsequent insertion. Merchants advertising by the year will be charged *30 JOS "work. facillties/°r do,nS nil descriptions of Job Work can notbe surpassed bv any printing establishment in the country We have procured, at a cost of over sixteen hundred dol lars, one of Isaac Adams’ mammoth printing machines, which enables us to do book and pamphlet work in a superior style and at very low prices. 3 Agents for the True Democrat ARKANSAS. L. M. STROUD, Carroll county; WM. E. SMITH, Washington county; GARLEN SILVEY, Jackson county. A. J. HAYS, Ashley county; D. W. JEFFREY, Mount Olive, Izard county. R. L. PHILLIPS, Washington, Hempstead county; J. T. MILEHAM, Franklin county; Wm. M. BOWERS, Fayetteville; GIDEON TUCKER, Batesville, Independence county; JOHN A. LINDSAY, Powhattan; ELIHU RANDOLPH, Desha county; JOHN M. MITCHEL, Gainsville, Green county; \\ M. R. CAIN, Pocahontas, Randolph county; LEWIS SUTFIN, Boliver, Poinsett county; ROOF H. HOWELL, Dover, Pope county; J. S. JORDAN, Monticello, Drew countv; THO’S RIGGS, Postmaster at Richwoods, Izard county; WM. M. VAN VALKENBURGII, Warren, Bradley co; GREEN R. JONES, Esq., Smithville, Lawrence county; L. B. VENABLE, Van Buren county; JOHN HAVIS, Bradley county; C. H. JACKSON, Mount Penson, Jackson county; WM. A. CRAWFORD, Saline county; J. W. McCONAUGHEY, Searcy, White county; A. J. BROOKS, Bloomer, Sebastian county; JAMES M. MONTGOMERY, Lewisville, Lafayetteco; ( apt. W. LANDERS, Sulphur Rock, Independence co; W. B. YOUNG, Dover, Pope countv; TIIO’S F. ALTSTIN, Yellville, Marion county; J. W. BERNARD, Norrostown, Pope county; JA’S R. BERRY, P. M., Huntsville, Madison connjv; J A S N. JOHNSON, P. M., Friendship, Saline county: C. L. SYYrEET, Sweetville, Crittenden county; THU’S MILLS, Polk county; JOHN Y\T. FULLERTON, Hot Springs; JOHN YV. YVILDER, Y'alley Grove; ROB’T ATKINSON, Leek’s Store, Ouachita county; Dr. L. L. MARTIN, Long \riew, Ashley county; N. L. BAKER, Fulton county; JACOB PATE, p. M., Pleasant Plains, Independence co. R. L. CARGILE, Conway county. From the Cummins Philadelphia Bulletin. El Paso Del Norte. I In our article yesterday we endeavored to i trace the causes which will give the Pacific i Railroad enterprise, as now projected at St. | Louis, a southern deflection. If the conse quences of this tendency were to prevent or im pede the connection of our cities with the Pa cific seaboard, we should regard it as a tenden cy to be deplored and resisted; but it will ap pear that this collateral agency leads to the most direct approximation to an air line to San Francisco, which practical men, anxious to approach what is difficult by finishing what is easy, can possibly contemplate. The first great point to be attained is, mani festly, the avoidance of the unshipment and reshipment of goods and passengers between the west coast and the east. We cannot ex pect, for a long time to come, to connect all the ports of the Pacific with those of the atlantic, I by means of railways, and thus dispense en tirely with navigation in the transportation from ocean to ocean; we aspire to nothing more than to reach onepoint on the Pacific coast, whence to have a complete connection by railway with the Atlantic, and by sea with the other Pacific ports. In making the selection of this partic ular spot, we must strike a balance between conflicting considerations. San Francisco nat urally suggests itself in preference to all oth ers, as being already the seat of the greates commerce, and, doubtless, ultirruitely destined to concentrate all the rays of Western inter •course. But there are overwhelming reasons | against making it the immediate goal of our ef ! forts. It is situated at the westermost point i of the continent, precisely where the continent is of the greatest width from west to east, and where, consequently, the longest expanse in tervenes between the west coast and the eas tern settlements. San Francisco is 46 deg. west from Washington. Not many degrees south of it, the west coast suddenly sweeps eastward, approaching to within 41 deg. west from Wash ington, at San Diego. Here then is a saving, in point of longitude, of five degrees. But San Diego itself is nearly opposite that remarkable indentation of the coast, which migh be sup posed to be a friendly approach of the ocean itself to meet the advances of its eager visitors; the Gulf of California brings the navigation of the Pacific to the thirty-seventh degree of west longitude, being full ten degrees farther east than the point which is usually kept in view. If it were required to designate the point of Pacific navigation nearest to St. Louis, Balti more, Philadelphia, New York, Boston,Charles ton and New Orleans, the answer could be none other than the head of navigation on the Colo rado of the West, or the outlet of that river in to the California Gulf. To build a railroad to that point is, therefore, certainly the most prac ticable method of ultimately obtaining a rail road to San Francisco. Besides being immeasurably longer, the di rect route to San Franisco labors under this disadvantage, that it will be entirely unremu nerative so long as any portion of it remains unfinished. We have shown that the product iveness of all roads depends upon their being short cuts between points connected by more circuitous routes. Now, no point on the line of the direct route from St. Louis to San Francis co is already connected, by any route worth mentioning, with any other, except only the final termini of the entire line. In reference to the Texas route, we have shown already that the section from St. Louis to Galveston will be remunerative, if nothing beyond it should ever be finished, and would be remu nerative if the Pacific ocean were entirely in accessible. So far as the difficulties of the main project go, the Texas route therefore of fers none beyond those incident to the inter val between Houston and the mouth of the Colorado, while the direct route imposes on us the whole task of building from St. Louis to San Francisco. In adopting the direct route the advantages to be derived from the Pacific commerce must be the sole stimulus to build 2,500 miles of road; in going by way of Hous ton they are only needed to stimulate the con struction of 1,100 miles, the average distance from Houston to the head of the Gulf of Cali fornia. If, then, the cost in either case were $30 000 per mile, the speculation would cost, in the former case.... .$75,000,000 And in the latter.33,000,000 Difference in favor of the Texas route, or 56 per cent.142,000,000 This calculation assumes that Houston would be the westernmost point to which railroads would ever extend, if the Pacific schemes had not been entertained. That such is not the case appears from the fact that a company have commenced, and will probably complete, the next two years, a road from that city to Austin, which will bring the railroad within 1000 miles of the point designated. But this is not all. The road from Austin to El Paso del Norte has also been undertaken on the calculation that it will support itself, independent of the income it may possibly receive as a link in the great continental chain. On this point our cor respondent, quoted yesterday, is very full: “ Thus far everthing is hopeful. An easy route can be had as far as 100 miles above Aus tin; there are no more difficulties than from Camden to Jersy city. The entire distance from Galveston to El Paso is 750 miles; for 300 miles the country is well settled towards El Paso. The trade that will descend the Rio Grande, as well as that which will ascend from the Rio Grande Valley, also from Santa Fe, New Mexico, Sonora, Chihuahua, will ren der the road self-supporting and highly remu nerative; also, the lead, silver and copper mines m the vicinity of El Paso, together with the whole country being well adapted to the cul ture of cereal grains, cotton of peculiar texture the tropical plants, fine grasses. On the line between Houston and El Paso exists marbles ot as fine a quality as the world produces. I he bottoms of the Colorado of Texas are cov ered with an inexhoustible supply of the fin est red cedar in the world. Every engineer will at once appreciate this as one of the most valuable acquisitions possible for a company building a railway.” J The territory of the state of Chiliauhau is rich in different metals. Gold, silver, copper, lead, iron, zinc and manganese exist in its mountains in very considerable quantities.— Some of the silver mines have been, at certain periods, among the richest on record in the his tory of mining. Placeres, or deposits of gold sand, are said to exist on the Gila river—The whole amount of silver which the mines have yielded was estimated, in the year 1833 at 43, 000,000 marcs of silver or $430,000,000. The Rio Grande, from recent explorations made under the directions of the War Depart ment by Major W. W. Chapman, of the United States army, is found to be navigable, for small i steamboats, to the mouth of Devil’s river, 150 miles from the Gulf of Mexico, and for large class keel boats to Brooks’ Falls, 1040 miles, and only 150 miles below the town of El Paso, which is in the longitude of Fort Laramie. 1 he distance from El Paso to the mouth of the Colorado is about 600 miles. If we have shown that a railroad connecting this point with the east may be built and supported without di rect reference to the continental project, then we have reduced the length of the Pacific Rail road proper, by locating it at what appears to us the most judicous locality, to the paltry dis tance of 6(J0 statute miles;—making less than 20 miles to each member of the Union. Ripening of the Irish Pear. Mr. John Mitchel, the Irish exile, who edits the Citizen, at New l:ork, publishes the pro gramme of next year’s assured operations in Ireland, for the deliverance of that island from the government of the British Queen. “ For,” says he, “ as surely as the European war lasts another year, so surely to the shores of Ireland i shall find their way, singly and in companies, | certain men, more or less; also revolvers not a ' few; also pike-heads and shafts, a goodly num ber.” This, he apprehends, is not too much to promise. “ And shall our countrymen in Ire land be found asleep and dreaming on that day,” he asks, “ sitting eontendedly under the i shadow of the Parliament’s wings? trusting in the brigade, or in the Indep3r.dent Opposition? or thinking more about the Pope than about! their own land and life? While European ci ties on all sides shall be grimed with smoke or lurid with flame in the very passion of a man ful struggle, or jubilant with all their cathe dral bells in the tumult of their joy, shall Dub lin still be simpering in a Crystal Palace, where Ireland’s enemies display their wealth?” lie adds: “We know not, but we say that there are some meu in America w’ho mean to go and see.” Mr. Mitchel, in the meantime, under the heading, “ \\ hat Irishmen may do?” lays down a possible, and, we suppose, as he means to be understood, a probable course of “ legal and safe action” in the direction indicated. °It is as follows: 1. Every man may of course purchase a re volver, (with needful powder and lead,) for | his own use, and as many more as he can af- ! ford for the use of those whom he might think fit to give the same. 2. Rifles are also a good invention; and there being no arm acts in this country, there is no thing to hinder any honest man to possess a rifie, or in fact any otherweapon or instrument good for shooting, cutting or stabbing. But we do not advise any common fund to be made up, or any depot of arms in any large quantity to be established. 3. Any man, and of course any number of men, as individuals, may take ship and go any where he or they may choose. Once out of American territory, Mr. Mitchel goes on significantly to say, he cannot violate any American law except by hoisting the Ame rican flag—a thing which must in no case be done unless the United States by happy chance be at war with “ our enemy”—that is, Great Britain. As to “the liabilities of those independent filibasteros,” the editor of the Citizen thus plainly discourses: If they happen to stray to Ireland, and shall break the “ law,” (what passes there for law,) even though they bejAmerican citizens, the pro tection of the American flag shall in no case be extended over them, in case of the English taking them alive. Now in going to Ireland at all, of course their intention will be to break, to ride over and to trample under foot the thing called law there; and it will, therefore be better for nobody to think of going except those who do not mean to be taken alive. Having intimated to them that there is a question to be previously settled with con science, and that it behooves them to consider well what they are going about, the writer lays down the following sequence of things to be done in Ireland, when they get there: Proclamation of a republic: a provisional go vernment to be named by the filibusteros: pro clamation of absolute forfeiture into the hands of the government of all the lands and goods of every man who shall dare to bear arms against his country, or shall fly out of the li mits of the republic, or who, being then abroad, shall not return home and swear to maintain the republic within a given number of days: instant stoppage or ejectment from whatsoever court; and proclamation that rent-paying shall forthwith cease until there be in every parish a valuation for rent, made by representatives of the parish or county: proclamation that every occupant of every farm who actually cultivates the same shall forthwith be entitled to pur chase that farm for his own fee-simple forever: an “ Arms Bill,” that is, not the British sort, but a proclamation for all men between the ages of-and-to enrol themselves and bear arms in local militia regiments, or in the regular army: these few and simple measures, together with such as would be needful for pre servation of order, and prompt and sure pun ishment of all violence or depredation—and such others as should provide (foreign enemies being first fully cleared out) for a speedy vot ing in all electoral districts to bring together a national assembly and end the temporary au thority of the provisional government, seem enough. And all this, if the present European war lasts another year, Mr. Mitchel tells us will “ surely” be—attempted! The Constitution and Guerriere. Our readers, says the N. 0. Picayune, will readily recognize these names as being connect ed with one of the most brilliant naval feats ever chronicled. Yesterday, the 19th of Au gust, was the forty-second anniversary of the gallant and glorious battle between the Ameri can frigate Constitution and the British frigate (caj tured from the French) Guerriere, the first commanded by the brave Hull, the latter bv the proud, dashing Dacres. As suitable to the day, and as a pleasant re miniscence, we copy the following particulars of the action, which was sommunicated to the Boston Gazette, by an officer of the Constitu tion, soon after its occurrence: A La\4lki2, ?•’ !onS’ 55> 33, w., Thursday, August 20th, fresh breeze from N W and doudy; at 2 P M. discovered a vess'el to the soutWrd; made all sail in chase; at 3 perceiv rln0thu C^V° ue a shiP on the starboard tack, close hauled to the wind; hauled S. S. W.; at hall-past 3, made out the chase to be a frigate at 4, coming up with the chase very fast- at rr,rore?'the,ch^iaid h«top. sail to the mast; took in our top gallant sails staysails, and flying jib; took a second reef in the topsails, hauled the courses up; sent the royal yards down, a*>d got all clear for action beat to quarters, on which the crew gave three cheers; at o, the chase hoisted three English en signs, at five minutes past 5, the enemy com mencing firing, at 20 minutes past 5, set our co lors, one at each mast head, and one at the mi zen peak, and began firing on the enemy, and continued to fire occasionally, he wearing verv often, and we manoeuvring to close with him and avoid being raked; at 6, set the main top-’ gallant sail, the enemy having bore up; at five minutes past 6, brought the enemv to close action, standing before the wind; at fifteen mi nutes past 6, the enemy’s mizen mast fell over on the starboard side; at twenty minutes past 6, finding we were drawing ahead of the ene my, lufted short round his bows, to rake him; at 26 minutes past 6, the enemy fell on board of us, his bowsprit foul of our mizen rigging. We prepared to board, but immediately afteT, his fore and main masts went by the board’ and it was deemed unnecessary. Our cabin had taken fire from his guns; but was soon extin guished, without material injury; at 30 mi nutes past 6, shot ahead of the enemv, when the firing ceased on both sides; he making the signal of submission, by firing agun to leeward; s^t fore sail and main sail, and hauled to the eastward to repair damage; all our braces and much of our standing and running rigging, and some of our spars, being shot away. At 7, wore ship, and stood under the lee of the prize -sent our boat on board, which returned at 8, with Capt. Dacres, late of his majesty’s ship Guerriere, mounting 49 carriage guns, and man ned with 320 men; got our boats out, and kept them employed in removing the prisoners and baoSaSe *r°m the prize to our own ship. Sent a surgeon’s mate to assist in attending the wounded, wearing ship occasionally to keep in the best position to receive the boats. At 20 minutes before 2, A. M., discovered a sail off the larboard beam, standing to the South; saw all clear for another action; at 3 the sail stood off again, at day-light was hailed bv the lieu tenant on board the prize, who informed us he had four feet of water in the hold, and that she was in a sinking condition; all hands em ployed in removing the prisoners, and repairing our own damage through the remainder of the day. Friday, the 20th, commenced with light breezes from the Northward, and pleasant— our boats and crew still employed as before.— At 3 P. M. made the signal of recall for our boats, (having received all the prisoners;) they immediately left her, on fire, and at a quarter past 3 she blew up* Our loss in the action was 7 killed and 7 wounded; among the former, Lieut. Bush, of Marides, and among the latter, Lieut. Morris, severely; and Mr. Aylwin, the master, slightly. On the part of the enemy, 15 men killed, and 64 wounded. Among the former, Lieut. Beady, 2d of the ship; among the latter1, Capt. Dacres, Lieut. Kent, Lsti Mr. Scott, master; and master’s mate. * * * When the frigates had approached within cannon shot, the firing was commenced bv the Guerriere. Capt. Hull was at the time walk ing the quarter-deck. Shortly after the first fire from the British frigate, Lieut. Morris, who was so severely wounded in the action, came up from the gun-deck, and informed Capt. Hull that “the enemy had fired and killed two men —shall we return the fire?” “No sir,” re plied Hull. Shortly after he again returned—“ Sir, they have fired again and killed two more men— shall we fire?” “ No sir,” was the reply. Ere a few minutes had elapsed, the gallant Morris, impatient for the contest, appeared again and in an earnest tone wished to rknow whether they might now fire. Hull, after pausing a moment and surveying the position of the ships, exclaimed, “Yes, sir, you may now fire.” The order was promptly obeyed, and the ef fect produced by - the first discharge showed with what propriety the American commander had restrained the ardor and impetuosity of his brave crew. When he saw the effectof his fire, he immediately exclaimed “ By—that vessel is ours!” From the Arkansas Magazine. BE CONTENT. BY P. S. ANTHONY. “ All is vanity”—nor wealth, nor pow’r can buy A single mite of bless’d enjoyment here, There is no hoard can sate the quenchless eye, Or avarice cheer. Thus thought the monarch, who, o’er Isarel reign’d From Egypt e’en to Tadmore column-crown’d, Whose ships the treasures of the Indies drain’d, Zion to found. And he, who in his mighty balance weigh’d The pow’r of Europe—sack’d eternal Rome— Scepter and crown relinquish’d—sought the shade, A convent home. Thanks mighty raonarchs for the lesson taught— A lesson all posterity may read, As with the highest human wisdom fraught, Of thought and deed. The gifts of Heaven are far less partial, than The eye of discontent is prone to view;— Whom nature places in enjoyments ban. Indeed, are few. Man, his own misery makes—he heedless strays Beyond the sphere he was design’d to fill; And when he nnds the error of his ways. Arraigns Heav’ns will. His various treasures God hath portioned out Amid the children of his father-care— Wealth, wisdom, happiness, content;—nor doubt Thou hast a share. Why look with envious eye on Dives’ state, Has sumptuous table, and his gorgeous robe; And loathe a Lazarus laid at his gate, Or troubled Job? Did all possess a heap of gilded ore, What value were it more than dust we tread?— If wisdom op’d to all her magic store Herself were dead! Armaatead, Aug. 5th, 1864. A Know Nothing in Disguise. (scene in a cheap boarding house.) [Mrs. Bridget McDoode (late of Squallybog, county Cork, Ireland, now of cherry street, New York, setting the breakfast in her dining room.] Mrs. McD. (to herself aud servant)—“That’s a purty dacent boy that kem here last night.” Servant—“ T’was me cousin, mem, and sure his lolks in Ireland is all ov the hoighth ov quality, and lives in the grandest castle in Mrs. McD.—Is it Tim Fogarty, the rag dea ler, that’s sparking ye, that ye think I am talk ing about, ye moon calf. Shure ye don’t think I’d be laying me thoughts on him at all.” Servant.—Ah, thin, indade it’s no use while I’m to the fore.” [Looks in the glass.] Mrs. McD.—“ Listen to her. and him onlv dead three wakes. Oh, thin, ’tis the lone wo man that never knows how soon she’ll be in sulted by them as isn’t fit to be mentioned in the same breath wi him as was killed, (poor dear, he always fought till he died;) and I wasn’t thinkin’ of looking at any man till I saw him in Paradise, laying in Abraham’s bosom, smoking his pipe.” [Enter the purty dacent boy.] “ The top of the morning to yiz. 1 he boy (a six foot Irishman, red headed and just caught)—“ Good morning, ma’am. I’ll be laving this to-day.” Mrs. McD.—“it’s laving ye are. Ah. thin I’d not have expected it. Shure, ’tis the most ulegant accommodashuns in the city, and I’ve got thim here as has been in the Astor House. (Looking at him tenderly.) “ Ye hav but to ask; I could refuse nothing to an honest, da cent boy like yerself. Shure I could make ve comfortable. \ e might fancy yerself in your own house, and not know the differ.” 1 he bov—“ The accommodashuns are ille gant for them as they suits, but meself is crowd ed out.” Mrs. McD.—“ Musha! what do I hear? Is it crowded out ye are—and there’s only six beds in the attic, and three in a bed, with a fa mily of greenhorns at the landing.” The boy—“The bugs is too many for me; ’tis them as crowd me out.” Mrs. McD. (with Irish indignity.)“—I’ll thank ye to lave the premises, young man.— Arrah, thin, a dirty Cmadhaun, as hasn’t the bog dirt out iv his toes, and enough ov dacencv to hide his Kerry brogue, to be coming to a free country and running down his institushins!— Bugs is it! and what else? Ye oughn’t to have darkened me doors. Shure, if himself was alive as was waked a week ago, ye’d said there was anything less dacent than yerself in this house.” The boy— “ Shure the bugs are dacent enough. They gave me the best ov advice.— They said it wasn’t for the likes of a foreign er, such as me, to be crowding out native Americans.” Mrs. McD.—“Oh, thin, bad luck to yiz, to be coming here himself is in his coffin, to be insulting a lone woman. ’Tis a Know Nothing in disguise ye are, and ye had intelligence of : me, and are come to see what ye can plun der when ’yer faction rises. Git out ov my house. Hurry now!” Grand Finale.—Irish howl; breakfast table : upset; oat scalded; stove knocked over, and a [ free fight extended through the house, down the street and into the next,—A7! Y Mercury. EXCAVATIONS AT HERCULANEUM. Our Neapolitau correspondent says: “ As the season for excavating has in several spots drawn to a close, it will be well to give a glance at what has been done within the last few months, and at the altered position of the various scenes of antiquarian interest in the kingdom of the Two Sicilies. The excavations, which were renewed in Herculaneum about a year or two since have been continued, and the ground floor of the houses situated on the declivitv leading to the sea are being loid open. The recent re sults, however, have been unimportant. At Pompeii the works were for a long time sus pended. A bronze statute of Apollo had been brought to light, a little larger than life, Ro man in style; it was found near the small thea ter. The excavations are now being prosecut ed very feebly, but with a view to discover the lower part of the boundary walls of the an cient city. Feebly, however, as the works are conducted, the wonder is, not that so little is done, when it is considered that the entire re venue of the country is insufficient for the main tenance of the army. The point of greatest interest, however, has been, and still continues to be Canosa, in Pugha—and the excavations of Greek tombs have been carried on under the able direction of Signor Carlo Bonucci.— These tombs are in the form of small chambers, decorated with columns and paintings. Here have been found objects of quite a novel and in teresting character, in arms, tea - cottas, and glass; ornaments of gold, as necklaces, bracelets, diadems, ear-rings, rings, cameos and vases which are remarkable for the beauty of their paintings, and the interest and the grandeur of the subjects. I have already spoken of the wonderful vase on which is represented the wars between the East and the West, or Asia and Greece, in which Darius is seated in the midst of his satraps, while various provinces of Asia, personified by beautiful women, bring their offerings for the war; and I only allude to it now for the reason I have just seen some fragments of these beautiful productions of art. When I speak of fragments, it should be known that no part is wanting, and that the vase will be restored to perfection. Signor Bonuc ci returned to Conosa at the end of last month, in order to send over to the Royal Bourbon Museum at Naples all the wonders he had col lected. At Capua, too, something has been done in antiquarian research, and the result is that a Samnitic tomb has been found. It is in the form of a chamber; on the walls are painted two young women, who are playing on the pipes, and other figures. Some black vases also were discovered here, with gilded orna ments, as also rings and other ornaments in gold.” An Arkansas Poet.—An “ original contri butor” of the Fayettville (Ark.) Independent, furnishes for its columns the following “ gem of poetry.” Warum Weather and Warum Love.—Translated from the jormon expressly fur grayhams maggy sin by Reuben. the weather groze quite warrum. And theswet roles tricklen trom my neck and arrums and boddy clean down to my feet, and wet is every stich of close, which spiles my charrums. i sez to jane, jane the weathers mightv hot and she sez Reuben thats a sartin tact, and jane side like a bilen cofy pot and her sole seamed in hard pane rackt. ; sez i jane sposc a mad K 9 broot beast should run at you, and ope his mouth and put his pizen teeth upon you savedgely, at least 6 inches jest abuv yer little foot! jane sez, you wood beat him Reuben that i no; sez i, i wood whip him if i had to follor him clean to the rio grand in mexico, ide beat him with a club and make him hollor. jane lookt at me so swete, i lookt at jane, and we both felt considerably nonplussed; we was both happy ’nough to go insane and we set there and for a snort time bussed! That Military Execution. The Mobile “boys” are sad wags when they have a mind to be so. The last story of their “ saws” runs something after this fashion:— Everybody knows that a large party from Mo bile, including the military, went out to Win chester by the railroad, to celebrate the Fourth and rejoice over the progress of the road to that point. These were met by hundreds and thou sands of people—men, women and children_ from the adjacent counties of Alabamaand Mis sissippi, and the whole had a grand barbecue and jollification. The fun of eating and drinking, singing, speechifying and toasting being over, some of the “ boys” of the military conceived a plan for a grand “saw” for the benefit of their country friends, and a drumhead court-martial and exe cution was resolved on. The plan was sug gested and at once adopted. Everything was conducted with the utmost solemnity, and the “green ones” looked on in silence and amaze ment. Two prisoners (well up to the fun) were led out before the court, the charge of de sertion and disobedience to orders was read to them. They made a lame defence, and the evidence against them was conclusive. They were found guilty, and ordered to be shot. Arragements for execution were at once com pleted, and the victims, with the eyes ban daged, were led out into the woods. Here the whole military were mustered in a hollow square around the prisoners, and a file of six men were detailed to carry the order of the court into execution. ihe excitement now became intense! Men and boys filled the trees far and near to witness the tragic scene. Women were dodging and popping about wherever there was an opportu nity to get a sight of the shooting. The “ knowing ones,"” while laughing in their sleeves, assumed the most serious and elongated visages, and everything betokened the near approach of the fatal order to “ fire!” Just at this state ot the affair, an old woman from one of the Mississippi counties, who had taken on” terribly about the matter, not being longer able to control her feelings, rushed up to the commanding officer, Col. T.-, and earn estly exclaimed:—“ Dear Mr. Officer, I never did see a man shot; can’t you get me a place in side of the ring? Do, good Mr. Officer; please do.” The gallant Colonel, who never allows a wo man to plead to him in vain, gave orders to ad mit her into the square; and there she stood and gazed with all the intensity of woman’s curi osity at the preparation for the execution. In a moment the word was given! The file of soldiers fired! and the unfortunate victims tumbled over as “natural as life.” A couple of tablecloths well stained with claret wine, were brought, into which the bodies were rol led, and then carried into a tent. The old lady wras satisfied; she had seen two men shot, as she supposed, and as she still thinks, and will the balance of her natural life. The old lady was not the only “green one” at Winchester who was “sold” by the Mobile jokers. Of course great care was taken that the mus kets were charged with blank cartridges, and the file placed at a safe distance from the two “victims.”—N. 0. Picayune. The Good Old Times in Virginia. Under this head, “J. A. Y.,” a correspondent of the New York Spirit of the Times, tells two or three very good stories, one of which is the following: In those days lived old Ned Carey. Every one living here then recollected old Ned—-a rollicking old free darkey, who never let a mus ter, acock fight or a race pass without being on hand, if possible. Joined to old Ned’s inordi nate love of such sports was what is now-a-days termed by the business part of mankind a great deal of ’cuteness, but what was in fact some tning less creditable. On a certain day a great muster was to come off at some tavern in the county of Henrico, and of course a cock fight or two. At the ap pointed time a great many persons were pres ent, and among them Mr* M., a gentleman of the real old stripe, who had made a few ten dollar bets on the cock fights, and lost every one. He was commenting on his bad luck, when old Ned was seen approaching with a lage bag thrown over his shoulder. “ Halloa, Ned, what have you there?” “ Fust race cock, Massa M.” “ Game, Ned?” “Oh, yes, game as a panter, Massa, M.” “Out with him Ned; out with him.” And Neddrew^ forth a large speckled cock, which, to judge b}’ his size, was a perfect bruiser. “ What’s the price, Ned?” “Five dollars, Massa, an’ cheap at dat; an if any cock on dis ground kill dis cock, I gin you back de money.” The bargain was accordingly struck, and the match made for a fight right away. M. bet about the amount he had already lost, and the cocks were put in the ring. At the first touch of the steel old Ned’s cock gave a most awful squall, and took a strong wing for the woods. M. was furious, while the crowd laughed—fairly screamed—with the enjoyment of the fun. Old Ned was accor dingly hauled up, with the application of some pretty hard epithets. •“ Didn’t I tell you, Massa M.,” savs Ned, “ if any cock here kill dat cock I give you back de five dollars. But dey got to cotch him fus; an’ I neber see any cock outrun ole Skewball in my life. Ya! va.” M. wanted to be very angry, but it was no go; his anger was choked down by the uproari ous laughter of the crowd that met him on eve ry side, and he was forced to enjoy it as a capi tal joke. Old Ned continued to frequent the race courses till his death. A Profound Speculation.—The following dialogue is said to have occurred a few days ago, on the Neutral Ground, where a pair of “colored pussons” were, like Lear with poor Tom in the play, discussing on the causes of thunder: “Dick, Ise like for you to indicate a pint dat’s been lubricatin’ in dis chile’s craninum for dose sebral days—eber since I sweep dat physicum’s shop up town, an’ heard dem cul loquisin’ on de subjec’ of tallagraffs.” “Wall, Mr. Sneese, profound de question.” “Well, Mr. Dick, Ise want you to conform your hon’able sarbent what am de pollyoso phical reason ob de perspicuous quantity ob de ’lectricum fluid bein’ so consmallified dis year?” “ Wh-wh-what’s dat—I don’t understand all dem are big words vou’s larnt from dem ar law yers and pol’ticianers.” “Well, sah, does ya understand dis den? Where has all de lightnin, what has been so perfuse heretofore, gone to dis year?” “ I gibs dat complexed qustion up, Mr. Sneeze.” “Yougibs it up?” “Yes, yes, you’s too lamed for dis chile.” “Why, its all done gone into tallergraffwires.” Ya! ya! ya! A Divine, once praying, said “ 0 Lord give us neither poverty nor riches,” and paus ing solemnly a moment, he added, especially po verty. Is Friday an Unlucky Day? From time immemorial Friday has been frowned upon as a day 0f ill omen. And though this prejudice is less prevalent now than it has been of yore, when superstition had general sway yet there are many even in this matter-of-fact age of ours, who would hesitate on a day so suspicious, to begin an undertake of momentous import. And how manv brave mariners, whose hearts unquailing could meet the wildest fury of their ocean home, would blanch to even bend their sails on Friday! But to show with how much reason this feeling is indulged, let us examine the following immr. tant facts in connection with our new settle ment and greatness as a nation, and we will see how little cause we Americans have to dread the fatal day. On Friday, August 21, 1492, Christopher Columbus sailed on his great vovage of disco very. On Friday, October 12, 1492, he first disco vered land. On h riday, Jan. 4, 1493, he sailed on his re turn to Spain, which if he had not reached in safety, the happy result would never have been known which led to the settlement on this vast continent. On Friday, March 15, 1493, he arrived at Palos in safety. On Friday, Nov. 22, 1493, he arrived at Hispaniola, in his second voyage to America. On Friday, June 13, 1494, he, though un known to himself, discovered the continent of America. On Friday, March 5, 1496, Henry VIII 0f England gave to John Cabot his commission which led to the discovery of North America! This is the first American State paper in Eng-' land. 6 On Friday, Sept. 7, 1565, Melendez founded St. Augustine, the oldest town in the United States by more than forty years. On Friday, Nov. 20, 1620, the May Flower, with the Pilgrims, made the harbor of Pro! \ incetown. And on the same day they signed that august compact, the forerunner of ourpre sent glorious Constitution. On Friday, Dec. 22,1620, the Pilgrims made I their final landing at Plymouth Rock, j On Friday, Feb. 22, George Washington, the i .r ather of A-incrican 1? rGcdom was born. On Friday, June 16, Bunker Hill was seized and fortified. On Friday, Oct. 7, 1777, the surrender of Saratoga was made, which had such power and influence in inducing France to declare for our cause. On Friday, Sept. 22, 1780, the treason of Arnold was laid bare, which saved us from de struction. On 1 riday, October 19, 1781, the surrender at i orktown, the crowning glory of the Ame rican arms, occurred. On Friday, July 7, 1776, the motion in Con gress was made by John Adams, seconded bv Rich. Henry Lee, that the U. S. Colonies were, and of right ought to be, free and indepen dent. r Thus, by numerous examples, we see that however it may be with other nations, Ameri cans need never dread to begin on Friday, any undertaking, however momentous it mav be.— Norfolk Beacon. SHAVING SALOON. Somewhere in the South, a sable knight of the lather and brush was performing the ope ration of shaving a Iloosier with a very dull ; razor. “ Stop,” said the Hosier, “ that won’t do.” “What’s the matter boss?” “ That razor pulls.” ‘Well, no matter for dat, sah. If de handle on de razor don’t break, de baird’s bound to come off” A lady, walking with her husband on the beach, inquired of him the difference be tween exportation and transportation. “Why, my dear,” replied he, “if you were on board yonder vessel, you would be exported, and I should be transported Wholesale Butchery at Greenville Butler County, Alabama.—The Mobile Tri bune states, on the authority of a letter from Greenville, Butler county, that in a general melee on Monday last, Felix Gafford had his throat cut and died the day after. J. Williams and John Caldwell were both cut up shocking ly and are probably dead, and Wm. Williams, Frank Gafibrd and Henry Caldwell were all seriously wounded. Ready Made Graves.—In consequence of the many sudden deaths in Philadelphia among the poor, during the hot weather the cemeteries where they are usually buried, have resorted to the plan of keeping ready made graves for sale. The Bulletin says this is done on ac count of the unusual demands upon the labors of the grave diggers, and it proceeds to describe these “graves” as follows: “ Each morning the superintendent of one of these popular cemeteries causes a grave twelve feet in depth to be dug, taking care to ! have its length and width sufficiently ample to admit a coffin of the largest dimensions. The coffin of the first applicant for admission into the gloomy receptacle is placed at the bottom of the pit, and a slight covering of earth is placed over it, the next comer is placed on top of the first—another coffin—and so on until there are five tenants in the grave, the topmost of which is five feet from the surface of the ground. The earth is then thrown in and the opening mound is all that is left to tell of the spot where the poor, and well nigh friendless repose. ” 0^7=* Senator Douglas’ handsome house, in the neighborhood of the capitol, was struck by lighting in half a dozen places during the storm. The fluid tore the plaster from several of the rooms, nine ot which it entered, broke sundry windows, chandeliers, and done a good deal of mischief. Mr. Douglas says he has been burnt in effigy, hung in effigy, denounced by the clergy, and he is now struck by lightning,—but he adds, “I wasn’t at home.”—-N. F. Express. 0^7” We find the following announcement in a Washington paper: The National Era, the famous anti-slavery organ of this place, has suspended its daily is sues, and will hereafter be published weekly. The editor says: “The daily has fallen far short of defraying its own expenses—much far ther short of it, indeed, than was anticipated— and its publication will not probably be resum ed next winter, unless there be manifested a will to support it.” This does not look as if the cause of abolitionism was flourishing when de cidedly the best, and the only respectable jour nal they possess is not adequately supported. ---»— 0^7"” Wife,” said the victim of a jealous rib, one day,” I intend to go to camp meeting on Tuesday evening, to see the camp break i up.” “ I think you wont,” replied she. “ I’ll go if I see fit!” “ You’ll see Jits if you do go.” He did not go—probably on account of the rain.