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OLD SERIES, Vol. XI.) T TmmT ^ -=
" ~ -I _LITTLE ROCK, ARKANSAS, WEDNESDAY MORNING, SEPTEMBER 13, 1854. NO. 48. SCOURING AND RENOVATING. THE undersigned offers liis services to the public as a Scourer and Renovater of Broad-cloths, Silks, Kid Gloves, etc., etc. Only patronize me and the most perfect satisfaction is promised. Main and Rock street above Mr. Dot ter’s jeweler store. L. GOUNART. August 9, 1854. 3m __ AUCTION ROOM-J. D. FITZGERALD, Auctioneer, ATS. Johnson’s store next door to S. Jaseph's old XX stand. Main street, Little Rock, Ark. Particular attention paid to selling Merchandize, Furniture. Horses, etc., at Auction on private sale.— A share of public patronage is solicited. T. BRADBURY, House and Sign Pointer and Glazier: IMITATOR of Fancy Woods and Marble; Paper X Hanger, etc. Paint shim adjoining his residence on Mulberry street, Little Rock. July 26,1854. ly UNIVERSITY OF NASHVILLE. Medical Department. THE Fourth Annual Course of Lectures in this In stitution will commence on Monday the 30th of October next, and continue till the first of the en suing March. ROBERT M. PORTER, M. D., General and Special Anatomv. J. BERRIEft LINDSLEY, M. D., Chemistry and Pharmacy. C. K. WINSTON. M. D., Materia Medica and Me dical Jurisprudence. A. II. BUCHANAN, M. D., Surgical and Patholo gical Anatomv. THOMAS R. JENNINGS, M. D., Institutes of Me dicine and Clinical Medicine. W. K. BOWLING, M. D.. Theory and Practice of Medicine. JOHN M. WATSON. M.D.. Obstetrics and the Dis eases of Women and Children. PAUL F. EVE, M. D., Principles and Practice of Surgerv. WILLIAM T. BRIGGS, M. D., Demonstrator of Anatomy. The Anatomical rooms will be opened for students, on the first Monday of October. A full I’rt-lindaai-y orurte of Lectures, free to all Students, will be given bv the Professors, commenc ing also on the first Monetae of October. A Clinique has been established, in connection with the University, at which operations are performed and I cases prescribed for and lectured upon in presence of the Class. Arrangements have been made to accommodate all patients requiring surgical operations. Amount nf Fee- lor Lectures in the University is $165. Matriculating Fee. ( paid once only.) $5; Prac tical Anatomy. $10; Graduating Fee, $25. _ Ex ellent Board can be obtained for $3 per week. Further information can be obtained bv addressing the Dean. J. B. LINDSLEY. M. D., Dean of the Faculty, No. 33. College st. Nashville, Tenti.. March. 18541 42-6t* COMMISSION AND FORWARDING. IMIE undersigned would respectfully remind the . community that he is still doing a Commission and Forwarding business at DEV ALL'S BLUFF. ON WHITE RIVER, the most convenient and available point by far. for the merchants and citizens of Little Rock and vicinity. I am provided with a safe and commodious ware-house, and can generally procure tie o-er-land transportation of merchandize, etc., in good order and on the shortest notice. To travelers I would say. come this way; it is the nearest and best an l I am always provided, with su pevi r accommodations for man and horse. A 1 gust. 23, 1854. 3m P. II. WHEAT. TWENTY-FIVE DOLLARS REWARD. OTKAYLD oi stolen from the undersigned, living O on Amos Bayou in De.-ha county, Ark., about the first of June last, one bay horse, six years old. one hind toot white, a small sore in the forehead, plain paddle marks, about 16 hands high, works well. Also one dark sorrel mare, about 16% hands high, blind in the right eye. first rate plow nag. but not good to worit anywhere else, has a white mark across the rump, about half way between the coupling and root -of the tail, about 3 inches long and 'Ye inches wide, has a scare on the right fore foot at the top of the hoot, branded with the letter S. on one shoulder, I think the right, but am not certain. 1 will give the above reward for any information so that I can get them. Address David Ripley. Napoleon, or J. B. Rose or Wm. Taylor. Amos Bayou. August 23,1854. 12m .TAS. B. ROSE. LAND ATTORNEY’S NOTICE. ^pHE undersigned will be at the following places at _L the times specified, for the purpose of collecting money due the State of Arkansas for “ Internal Im provement ” and ” Seminary lands." to wit: At the Circuit Court of Dallas county, on the 1st! M oiday in Sept., 1854. At Jacksonport, Jackson county, on the 12th and j 13th Sept., 1854. At Batcsville, Independence county, on the 14th and 15th Sept.. 1354. At Searcy, White county, on the 18th and 19th Sept.. Is54. At Brownsville. Prairie countv, on the 20th Sept.. IS 54. At the Circuit Court of Drew county, on the 4th Monday in Sept.. 1854. At V. anen. Bradley county, on the 30th Sept., 1854. At the Circuit Court of Ashley county, on the 1st Monday in October, 1854. At the Circuit Court of Chicot county, on the 2d Monday in October, 1854. At the Circuit Court of Desha county, on the 3d j Monday ill October. 1S54. At the Circuit Court of Arkansas county, on the 4th Monday in Oct.. 1354. At the Circuit Court of Jefferson county, on the 1st Monday in November. 1354. At which times and places he hopes to meet all persons in the counties named who owe for State Lands, prepared to ray up arrears. Otherwise they may expect suits to be commenced against them for collection of amounts due. JOHN T. TRIGG. Land Att’y and State Collector for Ark. August 23. 1854. lot THE MEDICAL DEPARTMENT OF THE UNIVERSITY of the STATE of MO. THE regular Lectures of the Medical Department of the Missouri University will commence on the 1st nf November, 1304. and will continue until the 1st of March. 1305.' A course of preliminary lectures will be delivered by the Profess'• rs of the Institution, free of any extra charge.'m subjects intimately connected with their re spective departments beginning < n tlie 1st of October and ending on the 1st of November. Ulinicul lectures will, also be delivered cither at the Cry Hospital or the City Dispensary, every day dur ing the month ot October, as well as during the en tire regular session. Admittance to the clinical lec tures free of extra t harge. Medical Faculty. JOHN S. MOORE. M. D., Professor of Theory and Practice. JOSEPH X. M’DOWELL. M. D.. Professsrof Sur gery and Surgical Anatomy. ABNER IIOPTON, M. D., Professor of Cliemistry and Pharmacy. JOHN BARNES. M. D.. Professorof MateriaMedica, Therapeutics and Medical Botany. E. DEM1NG. M. D., Professor of Pathology and Clinical Medic ins. J. R. ALLEN. M. D., Professor of Obstetrics and Diseases of Women and Children. PAYTON SPENCE. M. D.. Professorof Physiology and Compare ive Anatomy. JOHN T. HODGEN, M. D.’. Professor of Anatomy, General and Special. 1. DRAKE M DOWELL. M. D., Demonstrator. . Fees. Fees for a full course of Lectures $H>0. Fee for the Diploma $2d; for admission to the Disseeing room and Demonstrations $lo; Matriculation fee $5. Good boarding can be obtained within a short dis tance of the College, for from $g to $h per week. Students and others, desiring further information, will please address the Dean of the Faculty. jos. n. McDowell, m. £>., Dean of the Medical Faculty. August 80. 1354 Cm WESTERN MILITARY INSTITUTE. Tyree S nings. Sumner Canity, Tennessee. rPHE I- IEST T ERM of the next Annhul Session of -L this College commences on the 1st Monday in September next; the second term on the 3nd Monday in the following January. Charges for tuition, servants’attendance, field mu sic and use of arms $30,00; surgeon's fee $3,00 per term of 20 weeks. The boarding, washing, fuel, rooms. and tbe use of furniture, towels and kidding (each cadet furnishing his own blankets) have been contracted for, pavable bv cadet to contractor at $67. 00 per term: or $<>0.00 when the cadet provides his own furniture, making a total, in the former case, of $100,00', and in the latter, of $93.00 per term. Pay ments must be made for each term in advance. No deduction will be made for absence, except in ease of protracted illness or death. Students are received at any time during the term. Bqpks. uniform, and ■other necessary articles will he furnished at the Insti tute at Nashville prices for cash; but no credit will lie •allowed. . For further information address B. R. JOHNSON. Superintendent, or RICHARD OWEN. Consmaadaut, August R0. '54 5t“ Tyree Springs. Teen. THE TRUE DEMOCRAT IS PUBLISHED EVERY WEDNESD.XB* JOHNSON & YERKES. Terms of Subscription. For one copy, one year, in advance,.. 2 00 At the expiration of the year. 3 ttmittS (DT HVimTOSB®, Transient advertisements will be inserted for$] per snnare (ten lines or less,) for the first insertion and 50 cents for each subsequent insertion. 11 Merchants advertising by the year will be charged $30 Professional cards and other advertisements, not exceed!... one square, $10 per annum. ceeatng job Work. Our facilities^for doing all descriptions of Job Work can not be surpassed by any printing establishment in the count™' V\e have procured, at a cost of over s.xteen hundred dot' lars, one of Isaac Adams’mammoth printing machin. u u enables us to do book and pamphlet work if whlt;h and at very low prices. 8 snPer,°f style Agents for the True Democrat rARIPVbRllTvi?^a*hington connty; \ J HtVSLt ’ Jackson county. A- .“p’ Ashley county; R.' l.'philups’w°'lnt 0live’lzard C0l,nt> - J T MU FH4YI ashington, Hemp.tead county; > Ptanklin county; W m. M. BOWERS, Fayetteville* JOHN°A. UNDSAV%Bpowhatetan”dCPendCnCe C°UDty; Desha C0U;“v; \VM R r 4 fvC!?ELi’ c,ainsvi,le, Green county; LEWIS 4 i/r’v* °» a,‘ontas’ Randolph county; ROOF H Ho^,B.0hver- Poi^ett county; * J S Cover, P°Pe county; THO’d Rir4« ’ pMo,ntlcello> Crew county; WY! MRV4VVi'. yytH'f,llliSWood'- Izaid county; GREEN* R mv,4L4LNBP,jB’ Wa"«". Bradley co; L 11 VFVARi’f"v Es?i'’ ‘ mithville> Lawrence county; ,A„L v ABLE, \ an Buren county; 3 JH ^ HAVIs, Bradley connty; \VvV‘ iAnDit?«4. Mn°“nt Penson, Jackson connty; I CRAWFORD, Saline connty; A 'j • b'rook ALm HEY’ «errcy’ " h,te co,,nt-v; , • Bloomer. Sebastian county; JAMES M. MONTGOMERY, Lewisville, Lafayettecu- ! Capt- U; LANDERS, Sulphur Rock, Independence co; Si , CL Ag, Dover, Pope county; THV9.-P; AUSTIN, Yellville, Marion county; ”• ” • BERNARD, Xorrostown, Pope county’; •JA;S R. BERRY- P. m Huntsvilfe, Madison county; ! r T VtVFC'r'’^’ P-M., Friendship, Saline county; Ji’.. ‘ . ELI, Sweetvtlle, Crittenden county; THOS MILLS, Polk county; JOHN YY’. FULLERTON, Hot Springs; JOHN YY. YY ILDER, Valley Grove; ROB’T ATKINSON, Leek’s Store, Ouachita county; vr tL ihtI4R4,1'!i’ Eog Vie«v, Ashley county; ’ N. L. BAKER, Fulton county; JACOB PATE, t*. si., Pleasant Plains, Independence co j XV. tAKblLL, Lon way county. Religion and Politics. Letter front Hubert Tyler. ■t'kitu. phia, July 14,1854. To the Editors of the Argus.—On Tues- ! day evening last I received, a slip cut from the ! Evening Bulletin newspaper of July 8th, pur- ’ porting—under the caption, “Religion and Pol- j itic»”—to be an epistolary communication to the editor ot that paper trom a correspondent j over the signature, “An American Citizen.” 1 The slip in question was sent to me anonv- ' mouslv. and did not at the moment attract my attention, beyond a casual glance at its contents. I have since ascertained from whom it caine, and have been requested to make such public comment on it as the matter of its statement might Miggest. Although it is my mi&lortune to differ with the friend who has honored me with his notice on this occasion on most jxditi cal questions, and especially in reference to the present subject matter, 1 readily acknowledge his full claim to my personal confidence anti respect; and further, having no disposition to conceal my opinions on this subject, I shall not hesitate to express them with entire free dom. In the first place, let me say a word or two on the general subject. It is evident that the i communication signed “ An American Citi zen,” is intended as an apology for and de fence of Know Nothingism. The apparent candor of its projosition, and its moderation of tone and style, have been adopted merely for a purpose. It is in point of fact, a weak at tempt to excuse and defend what cannot be i justified on any true American principle, and what can never be tolerated with safety in any portion of our country. For it is perfectly plain to my mind, that if every bare and unproved assertion of the Bulletin’s correspondent were true and doubly true, all that he alleges would not excuse, muoh less justifiy, the usurpation and actual appropriation of the functions and pow ers of government in this free State by a sworn secret political society, which disdains or fears to make the public avowal of a single principle on which its organization is based. It our in- j stitutions are right, such a state of things must be wrong. It is notpossible that any citizen in sane mind believes that those who founded our social policy and made our constitution and laws, ever intended that the government of Pennsylvaniashould be conducted under the im mediate suspices and control of a secret politi- ; cal society—a political society representing a portion only of our people—making no public avowal of any principle or object, while its prin ciples and objects—whatever they may be— are only known (except by inferences or guess work) to those initiated in its mysteries. Who cannot perceive that if such a society succeeded in appropriating the powers of government, that ! consequences immediately arise of the most ominions and menacing character. What is the precise condition of those who may be elected to office under such circumstances? They no longer remain, as our constitution and laws re quire, the servants of the whole people, but be come the mere agents of a cabal, unknown and irresponsible to the laws; and the government itself in all its brances is converted by the same influence into the creature of a worse than the Star-chamber In juisition. Is not this the clear, bare, earnest truth? liow then can any intelligent American citizen with proper feelings of patriotism and an ordinary regard for his true interest, assume Know Nothingism to be a right remedy for any political grievance whatever? At this very time too, while the Bulletin let ter writer is indulging in his apology, there is imminent danger of a practical realization ot a government conducted on a secret society prin ciple. Already has Know Nothingism seized its first spoil and trophy in the city of Phila delphia, and our public offices are filled with its sworn agents. And not only is Philadel phia under its control, but this secret society j confidently expects to elect, in October next, a Know Nothing Governor, a Know Nothing Judge of the Supreme Court, and a Know Nothing Danal Commissioner. If such should be the case, the grave importance of that con dition ot things can only be estimated by com prehending the fact and weighing that fact in all its bearings, that every Know Nothing elect ed to office has already had an oath adminis tered to him, of the nature of which the pub lic has no knowledge, except that it is political, in comparison with wlr.ch the constitutional oath of office neccessarily becomes secondary, or, it may be, is taken with a mental reserva tion. In view of such means and results ac companying and following the triumphs of Know Nothingism; even if the evils complain ed of by the Bulletin's correspondent really ex isted requiring redress, the people of this State should never be persuaded to resort to a reme dy that militates against public law and public liberty, that is utterly inconsistent with our so cial theory—and can be justly described as be ing from beginning to end, a political conspi racy against our honest, just and noble Ameri can institution. No case has yet been presen ted or can ever arise to which a remedy^ at once so preposterous and dangerous, ought to be ap plied. In truth, if every member of such a so ciety were a Solomon in wisdom, and a Wash ington m patriotism, the principle of substitu ing a secret political society as the constituen cy of our government in the place of the peo ple acting on known measures and principles, would be abhorrent in its every aspect. But to descend to particulars. 1 he letter in its general scope and point, as well as in special allegation of facts [?] contain ed in sundry paragraphs numbered from one to seven, is at the same time a defence of Know Kothingism, and an insiduous attack on the democratic party. In accounting for the present condition of things in Pennsylvania, the writer assumes two grounds. 1st. “ The deep distrust and apprehension in the country growing out of the action ol the Roman Catholic Church :n respect to some pub lic measures, which have for many years been considered the settled policy of the American people.” 2d. A corrupt combination between the Ro man Catholic Church and the Democracy. Now, in confining himself to these grounds the writer affects to account for the supposed ar ticle of the Know Nothing faith, viz: hostility towards the Roman Catholic Church. But he totally fails to account for the second and per haps chief article, viz: the deprivation of all adopted citizens as well Protestants as Catholics, of a portion of their rights, franchises and liber ties, by excluding them altogether from public offices and emplovments. To sustain the first proposition let the corres pondent speak for himself. He says— 1. 1 think there can be no doubt but that there exists deep distrust and apprehension in the country, growing out of the action of the Roman Catholic Church in respect to some public measures which have, for many years, been considered the policy of the American people; such as their resistance to the common public school system—their attempts (and with large success, too,) to have each of their Bish ops an incorporation to hold the whole Church property in his diocese, and transmit to his successor their combined action in local and gen eral elections—their uniform attempts to place men of their Church, because they were of their Church, in public positions of influence. And in all these respects they have acted as a body, under invisible leadership, and not as in dividual citizens.” Here then, we have in a nut-shellt, that pro- j found and truth/ul argument which seems to satisfy our letter-writer, that Protestants na tive born American citizens should, bvencoura' ing Know Kothing societies, at once hasten to destroy the spirit of American institutions, and even to trample the laws under their feet to prevent the Catholics at some day from injur- 1 ing them? We should hasten it seems, to put the government in the hands of a secret politi cal society, filled with bigotry, prejudice, and party rage because Catholics have “ resisted the Common school system,” atid because Catholic congregations have preferred, that the Bishops of each Diocese, rather than trustees, should be the custodians of their property. 1 hardly need remark that I am sincerely Prot estant (so born and educated) in all my relig ious sentiments, and that I consider our Com mon school system a most admirable institution. But I heartily detest injustice and cant, wheth er political or religious; and notwithstanding the broad assertion of the Bulletin correspond ent, he could scarcely be ignorant of the fact that'the Catholic church in Pennsylvania has never taken the slightest step of “ resistance to the Common public schools.” In truth, it is my decided impression that the Catholic church as a body, in tins country, has never acted on the subject at all. I cannot speak with pre cision (being uninformed) of^what has occurred in certain localities out of this State. But it is certain that whatever has been done, has been proposed without any pretence of concealment, and transpired in the open day. And pray is not the school system like any other public measure, a fair subject for discussion among American citizens? Do citizens, whether Cath olics or Protestants, invade any legislative en actment, any principle of liberty, any declara tion in the Bill of Bights, or any provision of the constitution when expressing their appro bation or disapprobation of the measure?— Would there be any true liberty in America, if all citizens were not permitted, without the right ofany to curb their speech, to approve or disapprove of all public measures involving their own welfare as well as that of the general community, according to their best judgement and conscience? If any desire a division of the school fund, I for one will not consent to it. No doubt a large majority of our people concur with me in this? But it by no means follows that we have the right to accuse all who may differ with us of dishonest purposes, or that we have a right to impose our Opinions, wishes or feelings on others, and to visit them with actual violence or mortal menance, if they decline accepting them. In point of fact, does not an American citizen inflict a vital stab on American institutions, when by threats, per secution, and secret political combinations, he attempts to overawe others in the exercise of full enjoyment of freedom of speech on every subject of legitimate discussion. There is no grievance to redress and no end t6 attain which can justify such means. In this gonnection the most ridiculous part of the business is, that in point of numbers the Catholics, all told, are about as one to twenty five Protestants in the country; and whatever may have been their peculiar views and desires in reference to the school fund at any particular place, without the limits of our ow n State, they7 have been, for the most part, without hesitation, overruled and flatlv refused. According to the *old rule which allows a disappointed or a losing party to complain, it strikes me the voice of com plaint should be from another quarter. I think, too, tho author of the Bulletin letter is mistaken in supposing that there exists in this country any real apprehension or distrust of the Catholics. It is mere idle rant, and all who indulge in it intend to insult the intelli gence of those to whom they speak. On what occasion or at what point has there existed cause for apprehension and distrust? In the absence of any fact by way of evidence, I may be referred, perhaps, to the present condition of things, politically, here or elsewhere. Clearly, such evidence is not sufficient even if we did not know that the first object of Know Noth ingism is to obtain political importance and power, rather than any sincere opposition to Catholicism. But is plain that the same spir it of attack and persecution that directs itself against the Catholics, reaches, and is moreover intended to reach the Protestants adopted citi zens with nearly or quite the same force. In deed, it is clear that the movement is designed to unite the whole native-borne population, as far as practicable, against every class and creed of adopted Americans; and the Protestant adopted citizens are not persecuted in respect to their religion, simply because thay happen to be Protestant. I am perfectlv aware that there is a deep and bitter prejudice against Catholicism, but rather because of the larger portion of Catho lics being adopted citizens, than for any other reason. Unhappily it has been the habit of politicians and enthusiasts, both lay and cleri cal, to encourage this miserable prejudice in the popular mind, without any sufficient regard to consequences, except the attainment of tempo rary and interested ends, say there is no real apprehension or distrust of our Catholic fellow j citizens, and I ask any candid man, why should there be? Was there a Catholic in the country at the period of the Revolution, who was not a friend of liberty? Were not Charles Carroll, of Carrollton, and Catholic Maryland as true to the cause of the Revolution, as John Adams and Protestant Massachusetts? Did not Catho lic and Protestant hearts, throughout the coun try, unite in sympathetic aspirations for the es tablishment of the Union, and the organization of Republican freedom in the Constitution of the United States? Have not the Catholics, ever since the government was founded, paid their taxes, contributed to the general prosperity, been obedient to the laws, and fought as wil lingly and as bravely the battles of the Repub lic, by sea and land, as our Protestants and people have done; have not Protestants and Catholics done these things everywhere up to this hour, like friends and brothers, side by side? I don’t like either an assertion or a fabrication, and I respectfully request some proof of any instance in which the Catholic Church has ever attempted to encroach on the principles of the American constitution, or in which a majority of Catholic citizens, native and adopted, have not supported those public measures calculated to promote the power and prosperity of our common country. On the contrary, did ever a Catholic clergyman petition Congress to repeal the fugitive slave law? Did ever a set of Catho lic clergymen threaten the Senate of the United States in the name and authority of Almighty God; and entering boldly the po litical arena, attempt to coerce Senators sent there by the States and people, in the discharge of their political duties? Is not the Catholic church, judging from all the evidence before us, devotedly attached to the Union? While other religious bodies have separated and gone North and South upon that question, the Catho lic church has been entirely and wisely conser vative on the subject of slavery. It does not; attempt to construe the constitution or to judge of its provisions, but leaves all those matters to the citizens, in tireir civil and political character, j each to judge for himself. In addition to this, | let the Catholic church proselyte as it may, and surely this is not illegal—the Catholic popula tion can never equal or nearly equal, the Pro- j testant. From all this I mean to deduce the conclusion that there is no reason for apprehen-1 sion or distrust, much less for the encourage-1 ment of a malevolent and purely mischievous j temper in the country, and that dangerous ex citement sought to be produced, no doubt for 1 political purposes, under this humbug cry of Catholic encroachment. I believe the good ; sense of the people will soon make it a stale and unprofitable business for the politicians, many of whom have only obtained a title to j consideration by vociferating this nonsense.— Catholic encroachment, indeed! So far as it has fallen within my observation, Catholic en croachment consists in the blowing up of Catho lic churches with gunpowder, of their destruc tion bv fire, without resistance, to sav nothing of the constant iteration of the most insulting suspicions, without any sufficient reason, reject ing equally on the intellencc and patriotism of the Catholic citizens. As to the second speci fication, I believe that every religious body in 1 this country have a right, within the limits of the law, to manage their own domestic con cerns, free from impertiment observation and intension. As regards the sapient correspondent’ssecond main proposition, in which he charges a corrupt coalition between the Catholic church and the democratic party, really I feel I ought not to make a reply, lie refers to the case of J udge Campbell as being strictly in point, but never theless fails to present a single fact in support of the allegation. If the charge has any mean ing at all, it is, that Campbell’s nomination first, and subsequent appointments, were the result of a political understanding or negotiation be tween the democratic and the Catholic church. But this is the gibberish of a madman or idiot. Who concocted the negotiation and effected the arrangement? By whom, , when and where was all this done? It is notorious that Judge Campbell lost his election on account of certain |x>litical animosities, which seized on his Catho licism as a successful point of attack against i him. No one could deny that he had always been a sound and useful democrat to the best' of his ability, and his official qualifications had been backed by the democratic State conven tion, and by numerous professional endorse ments from individuals of eminence throughout the State, who had a right to speak authorita tively on the point? And the correspondent knows that immediately after his defeat, by the treacherous defection of certain democrats, the position was openly taken every w here—with out any particular interest forjudge Campbell as an individual—that heoughttobe apjiointcd Attorney General by Governor Bigler, because the party jhad been betrayal at the election by dishonest men, and because the party, itself the victim of betrayed, required the vindication flf its discipline, not only as amatterof neces sity, but in reference to a great principle that had been insulted in his person. I have reason to believe that there was no pecular intimacy at the time between Gov. Bigler and J udge Camp bell, but he yielded to a request preferred, on the grounds I have described, by most of the prominent men, ami all ot tlie prominent jour nals of the party throughout the State. While I need not pursue this subject further, I cannot but remark that the ascription of an improper motive to the President and those who may have advised with him in the selection of Judge Campbell for the office of postmaster-general is equally groundless—I will not say equally malicious and false. Gen. Pierce is, I believe, a Presbyterian in his religious views; and al though many may suppose they have reason to find fault with his a:ts, no one has any reason to question his sense of honor. When Gen. Jackson appointed Roger B. Taney chief justice of the supreme court of the United States—at a time too when more Catholics voted the de mocratic ticket than either before or since—a great man to a great office—there was no one wicked or foolish enough to prefer a similar charge against him. But the charge might have been presented with just as much truth and force. Here is a charge, that coucerns the honesty and patriotism of a groat party—the integrity and dignity of a Christian church, and the honor and truth, both moral and political, of anuinberof our most distinguished citizens? It should not have been preferred, unless capa ble of being sustained by overwhelming proof. But the author of it disdains the production of a single fact. It is true a majority of the Catho lic citizens, in the State voted for Judge Camp bell, but the same men voted with eagerness for the rest of the ticket, though all the nomi nees were Protestants. The same men had voted the democratic ticket, in all probability, I for five or ten or twenty years before. Is it fair i then, to allege that their votes were given to Judge Campbell merely because he has a j Catholic? Can it be denied that a large and ! influential body of democratic Catholics, in the j city and county of Philadelphia, opposed his ' nomination, or that the whig Catholics, in a ' mass, opposed him at the polls just as deliber ately and decidedly as they did the other de ! mocratic candidates? The Bulletin correspond ent knows well, that since the days of Jefferson the larger portion of the Catholic vote—without reference to any “invisible leadership”—has been democratic, and he is just as well informed : that there has always been a respectable body i of Catholic federalists or whigs in the country, and that what was the condition of things, in i this respect, forty or fifty years ago, is precisely the state of things now. But having written thus much in vindication of my party from ca lumny, I dismiss the subject. Know Nothingism is easily seen through._ It is partly a religious, and partly a political movement. But while I admit there is a vast deal of smoke, there is after all, very little flame. The authors and leaders of this move ment have no more real fear of Catholic than they have of Protestant adopted citizens. It only suits their purpose to indulge in this thing partly as amusement, but principally as busi ness. The Protestant clergy U3e the Catholic church as a foil or bug-bear, never failing to stir up by this means the extra piety and zeal of Protestant congregations. The politicians are engaged in it as a means of making a Fill more or Clayton presidential party for 1856.— The discordant piebald opposition in the north ern States are all agreed to break down the de mocratic party, first, but they differ as to future proceeding. Some desire, such as Messrs. Sew ard, Greeley, Weed & Co., to cut loose from the southern whigs altogether, and to make the next Presidency a purely northern movement, and thus to precipitate the crisis of emancipa tion or disunion. The friends of Mr. Fillmore, as well as those of Mr. Clayton, have all along perceived that they have no manner of chance in a purely free State party. Hence thev insist on a national convention, and a southern repre sentation in it, and all the old issues having disappeared upon which to effect such an ar rangement, they have cunningly resorted to this anti-Catholic and anti-foreigner agitation with the view of constituting an American union party tor Presidential objects. It is no bad idea—considered merely as a spoils and office making machine, but it is my solemn con- j viction such a party can only succeed at the j sacrifice of the law—the constitution, and Ame- j rican liberty. Very respectfully, vour friend and ob’t. serv’t. _ RO. TYLER. Ballou’s History of Cuba. We make a few extracts from this new work, recently issued from the press of Messrs. S. j G. Courtenay & Co., New York: A CUBAN MILKMAN. Few ma'ters strike the observant stranger with a stronger sense of their peculiarity than the Cuban milkman’s mode of supplying that necessary aliment to his town or city custo mers. He has no cart filled with shining cans and they in turn filled with milk, (or what pur ports to be milk, but which is apt strongly to ' savor of Cochituate or Croton,) so there can be j no deception as to the genuine character of th e j article which he supplies. Driving his sobers kine from door to door, he deliberately milks just the quantity required by each customer, delivers it, and drives on to* the next. The patient animal becomes as conversant with the residenceof her master’s customers as heis him self, and stops unbidden at regular intervals before the proper houses, often followed bv a pretty little calf, which amuses itself bv gazing at the process, while it wears a leather'muzzle to prevent its interference with the supply of milk intended for another quarter. There are doubtless two good reasons for this mode of de livering milk in Havana and the large towns in Cuba. First, there can be no diluting of the article; and second, it is sure to be sweet and fresh—this latter is a particular desideratum in a climate where milk without ice can be kept only a brief period without spoiling. Of course the effect upon the animals is by no means sa lutary, and a Cuba cow gives but about one third as much milk as our own. Goats are driven about and milked in the same manner. EXAGGERATION* OF SPANISH MANNERS. The Spaniards receive credit for being a very hospitable people, and to a certain extent this is due to them; but the stranger soon learns to re gard the extravagant manifestations, which too j often characterize their etiquette, as quite emp- | tv and heartless. Let a stranger enter the house of a Cuban for the first time, and the ho.-<t or hostess of the mansion says at once, either in such words or their equivalent, “All that we have is at your service; take what you will and our right hand with it.” Yet no one thinks of understanding this literally. The family volante is at your order, or a saddle ; horse, and in such small kindnesses they are in- i deed polite; but when they beg of you to ac cept a ring, a book, a valuable toy, because you , have happened to praise it, you are by no means to do so. Another trait of character which suggests itself in this connection, is their uni versal habit of profuse compliment. The la dies listen to them, as a matter of course, from their countrymen, or from such Frenchman as have become domesticated in the island; but if an American takes occasion to compliment them, they are at once delighted for they be lieve them to be sincere, and the matter is se cretly treasured to be repeated. The Cuban ladies, with true feminine acute ness, estimate correctly the high-flown compli ments of their countrymen; and the kindred French, Castilian and Parisian politeness is of about equal value, and means the same thing; that is, nothing. To strangers it is very plea sant at first, but the moment it is apparent that these profuse protestations of friendship and of fers of services are transparent devices, and that if you take them at their word they are embarrassed, perhaps offended, that you must be constantly on your guard, and be very care ful to consider every fine phrase as a flower of rhetoric, it becomes positively disagreeable.— Good manners go a great way; and if a person does you a favor, the pleasure you experience is much enhanced by the graiice with which the obligation is conferred; but there is a vast difference between true and false politeness.— The former springs only from a good and true heart; the latter is especially egotistical. Both the French and Spanish are extremely gallant to women; and yet the condition of women in both France and Spain is vastly inferior to that of our fair countrymen, notwithstanding the Spanish caballero and the Parisian elegent can couch their heartless compliments in terms our plain people would vainly attempt to imitate. But what cares a woman for fine phrases, if she knows that the respect due to her sex is wanting? The condition of the women of Cu ba is eminently Spanish, and she is here too often the slave of passion and the victim of jealousy. KATli tvAju rttUDUCTIONS. Cuba lias been justly styled the garden of the world, perpetual summer smiling upon its favored shores, and its natural wealth almost baffling the capacity of estimation. The wa ters which surround it, as we have already intimated, abound with a variety of fishes, whose bright colors, emulating the tints of pre cious stones and the prismatic hues of the rain bow, astonish the eye of the stranger. Stately trees of various species, the most conspicuous being the royal palm, rear their luxuriant foliage against the azure heavens, along the sheltered bays, by the way-side, on the swells of the ha ciendas, delighting the eye of the traveler, and diversifying the ever charming face of the tro pical landscape. Through the woods and groves flit a variety of birds, whose dazzling co lors defy the palette of the artist. Here the loquacious parrot utters his haish natural note; there the red flamingo stands patiently by the shore of the lagoon, watching in the waters, dyed by the reflection of his plumage, for his unconscious prev. It would require a volume i to describe the vegetable, animal and mineral kingdoms of Cuba. Among the most familiar birds, and those the names of which even the casual observer is apt to learn, are the Cuba robin, the blue bird, the cat bird, the Spanish woodpecker, the gaudy-plumed parrot, the pe doreva, with its red throat and breast and its pea-green head and body. There is also a great variety of wild pigeons, blue, gray and white; the English lady-bird, as it is called, with a blue head and scarlet breast, and green and white back; the indigo-bird, the golden winged woodpecker, the ibis, the flamingo, and many smaller species, like the humming bird. Parrots settle on the sour orange trees when the fruit is ripe, and fifty may be secured by a net at a time. The Creoles stew and eat them as we do the pigeon; the flesh is rather tough; and as there are plenty of fine water and marsh birds about the lagoons, which are most tender and palatable, one is at a loss to account for the I taste that leads the people to eat the parrot.— j The brown pelican is very plenty on the sea coast, like the gull olf our own shores, and may be seen at all times sailing lazily over the sea, and occasionally dip) ing for fish. Here, as among other tropical regions, and even in some southern sections of this country, the lazv-look ing baldheaded vulture is protected bv law, being a sort ol natural scavenger or remover of carrion. Considerable space is devoted to the admi nistration ot Tacon. In accomplishing his pur poses, life was counted of little value, and ma ny of the first people were sacrificed to his unscrupulous zeal. A story which was related to the author in Havana illustrates his roman tic love of justice, and will bear repeating: During the first year of Taeon’s Governor ship there was a young creole girl, named Mi ralda Estalez, who kept a little cigar store in the Calle de Mercaderas, and whose shop was the resort of ali the young men of the town, who loved a choicely made and superior cigar. Miralda was only seventeen, without motheror tather living, and earned an humble though sufficient support by her industry in the manu factory we have named, and by the sales of her little store. She was a picture of ripened tropical beauty, with a finely-rounded form, a lovely face, of soft, olive tint, and teeth that a Tuscarora might envy her. At times, there was a dash of languor in her dreamy eye that would have warmed an anchorite; "and then her cheerful jests were so delicate yet free, that she had unwittingly turned the heads, not to say hearts, of half the young merchants in the Calle ile Mercadares. But she dispensed her favors without partiality; none of the rich and gay exquisites of Havana could say they had ever received any particular acknowledgment from the fair young girl to their warm and constant attention. For this one she had a plea sant smde, for another a few words of pleasing gossip, and tor a third a snatch of Spanish song; b*it to none did she give her confidence, except to young Pedro Mantanez, a fine-looking boat man, who plied between the Punta and Moro Castle, on the opposite side of the harbor. Pedro was a manly and courageous young fellow, rather above his class in intelligence, appearance and association, and pulled his oars with a strong arm and light heart, and loved . the beautiful Miralda with an ardor romantic in its fidelity and truth, lie was a sort of leader among the boatmen in the harbor for reason of ! his superior cultivation and intelligence, and his quick-witted sagacity was often turned for the benefit ot his comrades. Many were the noble deeds he had done in and about the har bor since a boy, for he had followed his calling of a waterman from boyhood, as his fathers had done before him. Miralda in turn ardently loved Pedro, and when he came at night and sat in the back part of her little shop, she had always a neat and fragrant cigar for his lips.— Now and then, whenshecould steal awav from her shop on some holiday, Pedro would hoist a tiny sail in the prow of his boat, and securing the little stern awning over Miralda’s head, would steer out into the Gulf and coast along the romantic shore. There was a famous roue, well known at this time m Havana, named Count Almonte, who had frequently visited Miralda’s shop, and con ceived quite a passion for the girl; and, indeed, he had grown to be one of her most liberal customers. Wiih a cunning shrewdness and knowledge of human nature, the Count besieg ed the heart of his intended victim without ap pearing to do so, and carried on his plan of ope rations for many weeks before the innocent girl even suspected his possessing a partiality for her, until one day she was surprised by a pre sent from him of so rare and costly a nature as to lead her to suspect the donor’s intentions at once, and to promptly decline the offered gift. Undismayed by this, still the Count continu ed his profuse patronage in a way to which Miralda could find no plausible pretext of com plaint. At last seizing upon what he considered a fa vorable moment, Count Almonte declared his passion to Miralda, besought her to come and be the mistress of his broad and rich estates at Cerito, near the city, and offered all the promi ses of wealth, favor and fortune; but in vain. The pure-minded girl scorned his offer, and bade him nevermore to insult her by visiting her shop. Abashed, but not confounded, the Count retired, but only to weave a new suaro whereby he could entangle her, for he was not one to be so easily thwarted. One afternoon, not long after this, as the twi light was settling over the town, a file of sol diers halted just opposite the door of the little cigar-shop, when a young man, wearing a lieu tenant’s insignia, entered and asked the atten dant if her name was Miralda Estalez, to which she timidly responded. “ Then you will please to come with me.” “ By what authority?” asked the trembling girl.” “ The order of the Governor-General.” “ Then I must obey you,” she answered, and prepared to fellow him at once. Stepping to the door with her, the young officer directed his men to march on, and getting into a volante, told Miralda they would drive to the guard-house. But, to the surprise of the girl, she soon after discovered that they were rapidly passing the city gates, and immediately after were dashing off on the road to Cerito.— Then it was that she began to fear some trick had been played upon her, and these fears were soon confirmed by the volante turning down the long alley of palms that led to the estate of Count Almonte. It was in vain to expos tulate now; she felt that she was in the power of the reckless nobleman, and the pretended officer and soldiers were his own people, who had adopted the disguise of the Spanish army uniform. Count Almonte met her at the door, told her to fear no violence, that her wishes should be respected in all things, save her personal liber ty; that he trusted, in time, to persuade her to look more favorably upon him, and that in all things he was her slave. She replied contemp tuously to his words, and charged him with the cowardly trick by which he had gained control of her liberty. But she was left by herself, though watched by his orders at all times to prevent her escape. She knew very well that the power and will of Count Almonte were too strong for any hum ble friend of hers to attempt to thwart; and 1 yet she somehow felt a conscious strength in j Pedro, and secretly cherished the idea that he ! would discover her place of confinement, and j adopt some means to deliver her. The stilet to is the constant companion of the lower classes, and Miralda had been used to wear one even in her store against contingency; but she now regarded the tiny weapon with pe culiar satisfaction, and slept with it iu her bo som. Small was the clue by which Pedro Manta nez discovered the trick of Count Almonte.— rirst this was found out, then that circum stance, and these, being put together, thev led to other results, until the indefatigable lover was fully satisfied that he had discovered her place of confinement. Disguised as a friar of the order of San Felipe, he sought Count Al monte’s gates at a favorable momeut, met Mi ralda, cheered her with fresh hopes, and retired to arrange some certain plan for her delivery. There was time to think now; heretofore he had not permuted himself even an hour’s sleep; but she was, that is, not iu immediate danger, and he could breathe more freely, tie knew* not with whom to advise; he feared to speak to those above him in society, lest they might betray his purpose to the Count, and his own liberty, by some means, be thus jeopardized._ He could only consider with himself; he must be bis own counsellor in this critical case. At last, as if in despair, he started to his feet, one day, and exclaimed to himself, “ Why not go to headquarters at once? why not see the Governor-General, and tell him the whole truth? Ah! see him? How is that to be ef fected? And^ then this Count Almonte is a nobieman! I hey say Tacon loves justice.— We shall see. I will go to the Governor-Ge neral; it cannot do any harm if it does not do any good. I can but try." And Pedro did seek the Governor. True, he did not at once get audience of him—not the first, nor the se cond, nor third time; but he persevered, and was admitted at last. Here he told his story in a free, manly voice, uudisguisedly and open in all things, so that Tacon was pleased. “And the girl?” asked the Governor-Gene ral, over whose countenance a dark scowl had gathered, “ Is she thy sister?" “No, Excelencia, she is dearer still; she is my betrothed.” The Governor, bidding him come nearer, took a golden cross from his table, and handing it to the boatman, as he regarded him searchingly, said, “Swear that what you have related to me is true, as you hope for heaven!” “ I swear,” said Pedro, kneeling and kissing the emblem with simple reverence. . The Governor turned to his table, wrote a few brief lines, and, touching a bell, summon ed a page from an adjoining room, whom he ordered to send the captain of the guard to him. Prompt as were all who had any connection with the Governor’s household, the officer ap peared at once, and received the written order, with directions to bring Count Almonte and a young girl named Miralda immediately before him. Pedro was sent to the ante-room" and the business of the day passed on as usual in the reception hall of the Governor. Less than two hours had transpired when the Count and Miralda stood before Tacon. Nei ther knew the nature of the business which had summoned them there. Almonte half suspected the truth, and the poor girl argued of herself that her fate could not but be im proved by the interference, let its nature be what it might. “Count Almonte, you doubtless know why 1 have ordered you to appear here?” “ Excelencia, I fear that I have been indis creet,” was the reply. “ You adopted the uniform of the guards for your own private purposes upon this young girl, did you not?” “Excelencia, I cannot deny it.” “ Declare upon your honor, Count Almonte, whether she is unharmed, whom you have thus kept a prisoner.” “Excelencia, she is as pure a3 when she en tered beneath my roof,” was the truthful re ply. The Governor turned, and whispered some thing to his page, then continued his questions to the Count, while he made some minutes up on paper. Pedro was now summoned to ex plain some matter, and as he entered the Go vernor-General turned his back for one mo ment as if to seek for some papers upon his table, while Miralda was pressed in the boat man’s arms. It was but for a moment, and the next, Pedro was bowing humbly before Tacon. A few moments more and the Governor’s page returned, accompanied by a monk of the church of Santa Clara, with the emblems of his office. “ Holy father,” said Tacon, “ you will bind the hands of this Count Almonte and Miralda Estalez together in the bonds of wedlock.” “ Excelencia!” exclaimed the Count in amazement. “ N’ot a word, Senor; it is your part to obey!” “ My nobility, Excelencia!” “Is forfeited!” said Tacon. Count Almonte had too many evidences be fore his mind’s eye of Taeon’s mode of admin istering justice and of enforcing his own will to dare to rebel, and he doggedly yielded in silence. Poor Pedro, not daring to speak, was halfcrazed to see the prize he had so long cov eted thus about to be torn from him. In a few moments the ceremony was performed, the trembling and bewildered girl not daring to thwart the Governor’s orders, and the priest declared them husband and wife. The cap tain of the guard was summoned and dispatch ed with some written order, and in a few sub sequent moments Count Almonte, completely subdued and broken-spirited, was ordered to return to his plantation. Pedro and Miralda were directed to remain in an adjoining apart ment to that which had been the scene of this singular procedure. Count Almonte mounted bis horse, and with a single attendnat soon passed out of the city gates. But hardly had he passed the corner of the Paseo, when a doz en muskets fired a volley upon him, and he fell a corpse upon the road. His body was quietly removed, and the cap tain of the guard, who had witnessed the act, made a minute upon his order as to the time and place, and, mounting his horse, rode to the Governor’s palace, entering the presence-cham ber just as Pedro and Miralda were one more summoned before the Governor. “ Excelencia,” said the officer, returning the order, “it is executed!” “ Is the Count dead?” “ Excelencia, yes.” “ Proclaim in the usual manner, the marri age of Count Almonte and Miralda Estaletz, and also that she is his legal widow, possessed of his titles and estates. See that a proper offi cer attends her to the Count’s estate, and en forces this decision.” Then, turning to Pedro Mantanez, he said: : “ No man or woman in this Island is so hum ble but they may claim justice of Tacon!” The story furnishes its own moral. Mr. Ballou closes his volume with a lively i picture of the benefit which would accrue to Cuba from her annexation to the United States. I O^yThe gentlest task-master we ever knew ; of is a blacksmith, who says every evening to his apprentices—“come, boys let’s leave off work and go to sawing wood.” That black smith must be a brother of a farmer down east, who, one season when he was building a new house, used to try and get his hired.men out with him to play dig cellar by moonlight.