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The true Democrat. [volume] (Little Rock, Ark.) 1852-1857, September 20, 1854, Image 1

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ttm: kock feu ale seminary.;
S p. kibst SESSION of this Institution willcom
,ne0 .1). V.) on the second Monday in Septem
Ttlie current year, and terminate on the 4th of
K 1855, embracing two terms of twenty-one weeks
u,uird of Instruction will consist of four mem
Th tau of each sex) exclusive of Teachers of Vocal
, h!; instrumental Music. 1'he Principal has engaged
a ikx Ellett, of Virginia, as Chief-Assistunt in
: i itcrarv Department—a graduate of distinguished
' . and* an experienced Teacher.
j l0Jhe Course of Study will be thorough compre
L , and eminently practical. It will be the earnest
.r uniform aim of the Principal and his Assistants,
* Fi««fcn of immortal mind, to develop and dis
" the Intellectual and Moral faculties of their
‘S in order to train them for the high and re
risible duties of life.
xpminarv Building is commodious, andadvan- |
taJi'usIv sSd for study. The Principal will be I
to accommodate a number of young ladies 1
, his familv. as b< .ai ders. The strictest attention will
1!. paid to the health, habits, manners and morals of
tB„se who may be entrusted to his care.
Expenses per Term of Twenty-one weeks.
Tuition in the Primary Department.$12 00 |
>. “ “ Preparatory.14 to 16 00
.i “ “ Academic. 20 00 j
Board, Washing, Fuel and Lights. 60 00
Extra Charges.
Ancient Languages— . -u
M odern Languages, each. 10 U0
Linear and Perspective Drawing. 10 00
Painting in Oil and \\ ater colors. 12 00
Instrumental Music. • •. 8o 00
V „-ai Music (Sacred and Secular, in classes... 3 00
pse of Piano...; - •>>
P .ements one halt in ua! unre the rem..inner at
ti ' ■of tile tel Hi.
Ur iii rements are beiug made to secure the
, Us mgiiishe 1 readier of InsMomental
li • Sc i.inaiy will be provided with IiaStrn
rh- A - ijiatiiiy and no pains w ill be. spared
, .’a- laiisi al talent > f the pupils to the uc
ffj . » lit _ ,
j; •;,n- .ml fiiends of education generally,
i--.... fu i' iu' ited to visit the "School, whenever
■, . m ; Jicil" pleasure and convenience.
A ir-uiar developing lully the object and
iiis ln>iitucion can be procured on applicu
i ::i- undersigned, by whom any special mfor
ai a ill be promptly rendered.
.1. D. PICKETT, A. M.. Principal,
l.ttl li d. Art.. August 30, 1854 tf
THE undersigned offers his services to the public
as a> urerand Renovater of Broad-cloths, Silks,
A;! (il'ces. etc., etc.
< i , \ patronize me and the most perfect satisfaction
. cr.missed. Main and Rock street above Mr. Dig
it's jeweler store. L. GOUNART.
August 9, 1 s.”)4. 3m
ITS. Johnson’s store next d.ror to S. Jaseph's old
FX*stand. Main street, Little Rock. Ark.
Particular attention paid to selling Merchandize,
furniture. Horses, etc., at Auction on private sale.—
A share of public patronage is solicited.
House and Sign Painter and Glazier;
IMITATOR of Fancy Woods and Marble; Paper
1 Hanger, etc. Paint shop adjoining his residence
ti Mulberry street. Little Rock. July 26,1354. ly
rFHE undersigned would respectfully remind the
i 1 community that he is still doing a Commission
and F< rwarding business at DEVALL'S BLUFF. ON
WHITE RIVER, the most convenient and available
I-, inf by far. for the merchants and citizens of Little
Rock and vicinity. 1 am provided with a safe and
commodious ware-house, and can generally procure
the >ver-land transportation of merchandize, etc., in
good order and on the shortest notice.
To travelers I would say, come this way; it is the
rarest and best and I am always provided with su
perior accommodations for man’and horse.
August 23. 1854. 3m _ P. H. WHEAT.
O TRAY ED or stolen from the undersigned, living
fJ on Amos Bayou in Desha county, Ark., about the
rirst of June last, one bay horse, six years old. one
hind foot white, a small sore in the forehead, plain
.saddle marks, about 16 hands high, works well. Also
one dark sorrel mare, about 16}^ hands high, blind
in the right eye, first rate plow nag. but not good to
work anywhere else, has a white mark across the
rump, about half way between the eouplirlg and root
of the tail, about 3 inches long and % inches wide,
nas a scare on the right fore foot at the top of the
>of. branded with the letter S. on one shoulder, I
' nk the right, but am not certain,
i wiil give the above reward for any information
so that I can get them.
Address David Ripley. Napoleon, or J. B. Rose or
Wm. Taylor, Amos Bayou.
August 28, 1854. lgm_JAS. B. ROSE.
fpiiE regular Lectures of the Medical Department j
_L of the Missouri University will commence on i
the 1st of November. 1854. and will continue until the I
1st of March. 1S55.
A course of preliminary lectures will he delivered
bv the Professors of the Institution, free of any extra
charge, on subjects intimately connected with their re
spective departments, beginning on the 1st of October
and ending on the 1st of November.
Clinical lectures will also be delivered either at the j
City Hospital or the City Di^jiensary. every day dur
ing the mouth of October, as well as during the en
tire regular session. Admittance to the clinical lec
tures free of extra charge.
Medical Faculty.
JOHN S. MOORE. M. D., Professor of Theory and
JOSEPH X. M’DOWELL. M. D.. Professsr of Sur
gery and Surgi«l Anatomy.
ABN El. HOP'D »N. -\1. D.. Professor of Chemistry
n i Pharma y.
JiXl.N uaKNES M. D. Professor of Materia Medic:;.
I'ii uaieutics and Medit al Botany.
E. Di'.MlNU. M. D., Professor of Pathology and
' ini al Medit in".
•L R ALLEN M. 1).. Professor of Obstetrics and
liivase of Women and Children.
PA) FON SPENCE M. J). Professor of Physiology
an 1 C-unpara ive Anatomy.
JOHN T. IIODGKN. M. 1).. Professor of Anatomy,
X : .1 mid SjK-rial.
1. DRAKE M'DOWELL. M. 1).,Demonstrator.
Fe •> for a full course of Lectures $10.5. Fee fir the
Dipl >ma $2 >; for admission to the Dissecing room
anil Demonstrations $10; Matriculation fee $5.
1L od luiarding can be obtained within a short dis- j
lance - if the College, for from $2 to $8 per week.
idents and others, desiring further information,
" ill please address the Dean of the Faculty.
JOS. N. McDOW’ELL. M. fx.
Dean of the Medical Faculty.
August 30. 1854 6m
Tyree Springs. Sumner Grunty, Tennessee.
THE FIRST TERM of the next Annual Session of j
this College commences on the 1st Monday in I
September next; the second term on the 3rd Monday \
in t/ie following January.
Charges for tuition, servants’attendance, field mu- ■
sic and use of arms $3<'.00; surgeon's fee $8.00 pier
term of 20 weeks. The boarding, washing, fuel, |
rooms, and the use of furniture, towels and bedding 1
each cadet furnishing his own blankets) have been I
contracted for, payable bv cadet to contractor at $67,- !
00 per term; or $60,00 when the cadet provides his
own furniture, making a total, in the former case, of
1100,00, and in the latter, of $93,00 per term. Pay
ments must be made for each term in advance. So
deduction will he made for absence, except in ease of
protracted illness or death. Students are received at
any time during the term. Books, uniform, and
other necessary articles will be furnished at the Insti
nte at Nashville prices for cash; but no credit will be
For further information address
Superintendent, or
RICHARD OWEN. Commandant.
August 3o. ’54 5t* Tyree Springs, Teen.
Runaway Negro.
mo WAS «*?Uveredtotke contractors ol
E? J* , tiw Arkansas Penitentiary, on Fridav,
TL Mar("h *lst. 1654. by the Sheriff of Deshacoun
•12.‘y. a negro man who calls himself HENRY be
Sima* Kek<jvbon’ Moulden, Russell coimty,
Faid negro man is five feet seven U inches high
uas a soar on the back of his right hand, medium size'
.. uule co.puleat. cock eyed, and stammers when talk
inf ■ W(3ghs 1631b. says iie is 30 yearn of age.
i he owner is hereby requested to prove 'property
„ P«y charges, or the said negro will be dealt with
according to law. GEORGE <fe ROBINS
irk Bacon ! Bacon !!
OECEINED and on hand
A-V 8,000 lbs Clear Sides;
1.000 lbs Plain Hams;
600 lbs Sugar Cured Hams;
t , urd' et0-’ etc., and for sule bv
■fly JHL 1854. ' M. OSBORN.
Terms of Subscription.
For one copv, one year, in advance,.0 2 UC
In six months. o 5(j
At the expiration of the year.3
TPij&ifig ©y AwiemOTEK®.
Transient advertisements will be inserted for $1 per square,
(ten lines or less,) for the first insertion and 50 cents for each
subsequent insertion.
Merchants advertising by the year will be charged $30.
Professional cards and other advertisements, not exceeding
one square, $10 per annum. **
job Work,
Our facilities for doing all descriptions of Job Work can
not be surpassed bv any printing establishment in the country.
IV e have procured, at a cost of over sixteen hundred dol
lars, one of Isaac Adams’mammoth printing machines, whivh
enables us to do book and pamphlet work in a superior style
and at very low prices.
Agents for the True Democrat
t ' it P^KERMAN, esq., Franklin and £cott counties;
L-)1- STROUD, Carroll county;
rt dt Washington county;
GARLEN slLYtv, Jack *„ county/’
Ashley county;
rj , Olive, Izard county.
j.'t; mileham, hVaSco";,";;"1’ ,eadc’"un,y:
DtHN A. LInSIayf P*wha,e,’a|lndependence "yi
EUHU RANDOLPH, Desha county;
’N uM/.VI11Cn E1JL’ ; ‘ai,1>v>lle, Green county;
_V- \ocahonta,, Randolph county;
LLvNIi St 1 t*IN, Boliver, Poin ett county;
RAIDr H. How LLL, Dover, pope county;
i. S. JORDAN, Vfonticeilo, ure., county;
i RIGGS, Postula te.- ai Rich,roods, Izard comity;
^ / 1 N ^ ALKEMic R iH, \\ arren, Bradley co
GRELN u. JONEs, Lsq., r mithville, La.uence county;
L. I:. VE.s ABLE, Van l>nren county;
JOHN H AVIs, Bradiey county;
C. H. j ACKfcON, tloun I’en-on, Jackson county;
UV. A. UR AW FORD, Saiine county;
J. \\ . McUONAUgHEY, Feaiev, A\ liite county;
A. .1. CIvUUKS, Bloomer, Feba-tian county;
JAMEs '1. M( tNTtiOMER A . Eeu isville, Eafavetteco;
P apt. \A . L ANDERS, Sulphur Rock, Independence co;
\\ . B. YOUNG, Dover, Pope county;
THO’S F. AUSTIN, Yellvtlle, Marion connty;
J. A\ . BERNARD. Norrostown, Pope county;
J A’S R. BERRY, P. M.. Huntsville, Madison county;
J.A’S N. JOHNSON, P. M., Friendship, Saline county;
U. L. SWEET, Sweetville, < rittenden county;
THO’S MILLS. Polk county,
JOHN W. WILDER, Valley Grove;
RdB'T ATKINSON, Keek's Store, Ouachita county;
Dr. E. E. MARTIN, Long View, Ashley county;
N. I,. BAKER, Fulton county;
JACOB l’ YTE, p. M., Pleasant Plains, Independence co.
R. E. CARGILE, Conway connty.
VV M. C. NORTON, Relf’s Bluff', Drew county.
Sketches of Rich Men.
Stephen Girard—Baring & Brothers.
Extracts from the Forthcoming Autobiography oj
\incent Nolte, the Great Cotton Speculator.
I cannot let this opportunity slip by without
saying something of another mercantile cele
brity of the United States, viz: Stephen Girard.
This man was born in a village near the banks
of the Garonne. He was the sou of a peasant,
and had left his own country as a common
sailor. Having gradually risen to the post of
second mate, he came as such to Philadelphia,
where he remained and opened a tavern on the
banks of the Deleware for such of hisconntrv
men as were engaged in the West India trade,
particularly that with St. Domingo. The
revolution in St. Domingo caused an emi
gration which continually brought him fresh
customers, and, having built some small ves
sels to bring his fugitive countrymen away in
safety from the island, he bartered flour and
meal for coffee, until his capital, which had been
scarcely worth mentioning at first, gradually
increased, and enabled him to build larger ves
sels, and extend his spirit of enterprise in all
directions. His frugality bordered on avarice.
Sailor’s fare was to him the best, and the freight
ing of vessels his favorite pursuit. The suc
cess which attended his exertions at length be
came unexampled; for he never had his ships
insured, but always chose skilful and experienc
ed captains, thus saving himself the heavy ex
pense of taking out insurance policies, and con
tinued acting on this principle, gradually in
creasing his capital more and more, until it
had finally swelled to an enormous amount.—
Illiterate, as a French common sailor must needs
be, and scarcely able to write his own name,
he called all his ships after the great authors
of his native country, and thus enjoyed the
sensation of beholding the American flag wav
ing altove a Montesquieu, a Voltaire, a Helve
tius, and a Jean Jacques Rousseau. His ships,
which he was iu the habit of sen ling succes
sively to the Island Mauritius, at that time the
Isle de France, to Calcutta and Canton, and
each of which cost from forty to sixty thousand
dollars, brought back cargoes worth from one
to two hundred thousand dollars to Philadel
phia, and thence to Europe, particularly to
Messrs. Hope & Co., at Amsterdam, and were
never insured. Remarkable good fortune at
tended all these enterprises. Until the year
1815, not one of his ships was ever lostor cap
tured. It will be easy to form an itlaa of the
amount of capital accumulated by this saving
of insurance premiums, when one reflects that
the latter went as high as from ten to fifteen,
and even twenty per cent.
Girard’s rijjht hand man was a countryman
of his, named Roberjeot, who, however, had
received his mercantile education entirely at
Hamburg, under the tutelage of Professor
Bunch. This Roberjeot was the only man
whom he now and then, and only now and
then, took into his especial confidence, and he
worked in the house of Girard for a respecta
ble, yet very moderate salary, during the lapse
of twenty years; frequently something was said
about increasing it, but nothing of the sort was
ever done. Roberjeot, who had some desire
to betaken care of in old age, resolved to let his
patron know that if he desired to keep him
any longer, he must take that matter into seri
ous consideration, and give him a handsome
sum, that he might put aside and turn to good
account. Girard, a little nettled by this, re
plied that he would give him ten thousand dol
lars, but Roberjeot demanded sixty. He was
told to wait until the next day, when, without
hearing another word in relation to the matter,
he received what he asked for—sixty thousand
Magnanimous as Girard could be in many
things, he was, on the other hand, equally petty
in many others. Of his numerous relatives in
France, who were all poor peasant folks, he
would never hear a syllable mentioned. When
some of them upon one occasion ventured to
cross the ocean and visit him in Philadelphia,
he immediately sent them away again, with a
trifling present. In one particular instance he
exhibited unusual hard-he&rtedness. His cap
tains ,bad received the strictest orders not to
bring either strange goods, passengers or letters
back with them. One of his ships was return
ing ftom Bordeaux, and through another which
had hurried on before it, he learned that it was
conveying him some relations of his as passen
gers; he instantly sent to New Castle, on the
Delaware, where the ships coming from sea
usually touch, an order to the captain, forbid
ding him to land any passenge-s, but to remain
at that point until another had been procured
to take them back to Bordeaux, when he might
come up to Philadelphia with his cargo. The
captain was then replaced by another person.
He, however, made an exception in favor of
two nieces, the orphaned daughters of a brother
who had died in poverty. He allowed these
girls to come to him, and gave one of them
permission, along with some twenty thousand
dollars, to marry the brother of General Lalle
mont, who had emigrated to America upon the
restoration of the Bourbons, after the battle of
Waterloo. In his will he bequeathed to the
other an equal sum.
I will take this opportunity of saying some
thing about the Baring family, particularly its
most distinguished members, Sir Francis aud
his second son Alexander, as well as the hono
rable chief of the Amsterdam house, Mr. Henry
Hope, whom I have already named. The last
of these, when I first made his acquaintance,
had reached his seventieth year, and was some
what deaf. He had never been married. It
was he who opened the way for the autocratic
power of Russia, under the Empress Catharine
II., to the confidence of the then wealthiest
capitalists in Europe, the Dutch, and thereby
laid the foundation of Russian credit. Always
treated by the Empress with great distinction,
he had been honored with the gift, from her
own hand, of her portrait, the full size of life,
i This picture occupied the place of honor in the
superb gallery of paintings fitted up by him in
I his place “ t’ Huys ten Bosch,” (now a royal
pleasure palace,) which he had built in the
woods oi Harlem. Ujion his emigration to
England, he had taken this splemlid gallery,
entirely composed of cabinet pieces with hiri$
| and I had the pleasure of seeiug it frequently.
! at his residence in Cavendish square, 'io the
: tone of a refined gentleman and man of the
; world he united a certain affability which spoke
I to and won every heart. The whole-souled
! cordiality with which he always met me when
i I came to his dwelling in the city, or to his
country seat, Eastsheen, in the neighborhood of
Richmond, has always remained fresh in me
mory. Yet a secret trouble seemed to be
weighing on his mind. This annoyance arose
i from the notorious relations of his niece, Ma7
: dame Williams Hope, with a Dutch officer of
dragoons, by the name of Doptf. I had attract
i ed iiis confidence, and he one day seized me
| suddenly by the hand, led me to the window,
i ar>d could not restrain his tears, as he told me
he must close the door of his house against her
; it she ventured to bring this man with her to
England. The larger part of his considerable
fortune, which he had bequeathed to Henry,
the eldest son of this niece, and who died un
unmarried, passed, at the decease of the latter,
to Adrain, the second son, who left no male
heirs, but from whom it descended to Francis,
the third son, born several years afterwards.
; 1 his third inheritor is the rich and well-known
Mr. Hope, now settled in Paris, and the only
| surviving member of that branch of the whole
j family.
A close examination into the origin of the
1 Baring family traces it back to a certain Peter
Baring, who lived in the years from 1666 to
| 1670, at Groningen, in the Dutch province of
! Overyssel. One of his ancestors, under the
i name of Francis Baring, was pastor of the
I Lutheran church at Bremen, and in thatcapaci
j tv was called to London, where, among others,
he had a son named John. The latter, well
j acquainted with cloth making, settled at Lark
beer, in Devonshire, and there put up an estab
lishment lor the manufacture of that article.—
He had five children—four sons, John, Thomas,
Francis, Charles, and a daughter, called Eliza
beth. 1 wo of these sons, John and Francis,
established themselves, under the firm of John
& Francis Baring, at London, ongi. ally with a
view of facilitating their father’s trade in dis
; ponsing of his goods, and so as to be in a posi
| tion to import the raw material to be required,
■ such as wool, dye-stufls, etc., themselves direct
j lv from abroad. Thus was established the
j house which—after the withdrawal of the elder
i brother John, who retired to Exeter—gradually,
I under the firm-name of Francis Baring & Co.,
. and eventually, under the firm-name of Baring,
Brothers & Co., rose to the highest rank of mer
cantile eminence in the commerce of the world.
Sir Francis, who, under the Ministry of the
i Count Shelburn, father of the present Marquis
of Lansdrowne. had become his intimate friend
and adviser in financial matters, having in the
year 17u3, received the title of Baronet, was
already styled by the latter the Prince of Mer
chants. He had become somewhat feeble, and
very deaf, when I first got personally acquaint
ed with him.
On the occasion of one of my visits to him
he told me that he had kept at his business for
thirty years before he considered himself enti
tled to keep an equipage. Upon another oc
| casion, when I sj»oke to him of my project in
i establishing myself in New Orleans, after the
] termination of my mission, he remarked: “Usu
j ally, my young friend, that commission busi
j ness is the best in which the commissions take
this direction”—here he made a motion with
his hands as if throwing something towards
him—“but where the business goes thus!”—
motioning as if he was throwing something
from him. This amounted to saying, in other
words, that receiving consignments was a better
business than executing commissions. Three
of his sons, Thomas, Alexander, and Henry,
entered the London establishment; but the first,
who was intended to have carried on the father’s
name, after the death of the latter on the 12th
of September, 1810, assumed the name of Sir
Thomas, and withdrew from the house, as the
third also found occasion to doat a latter period.
The latter was passionately fond of play, and
indulged in it with so much success that he
sometimes-broke “Enterprise Generate des
Jeux ” of Paris. But the sight of one of the
heads of such a house, one night after another,
in the great gambling establishments, produced
a bad effect; and even if it did not impair his
credit, it in no slight degree damaged his re
spectability. This was felt at headquarters, and
an understanding was come to for his with
drawal from the firm.
• Alexander Baring, the second son of Sir
Francis, had received a portion of his educa
tion in Hanau, bad then completed it in Eng
land, and commenced his mercantile career in
the house of Messrs. Hope, where a friendship
Bprung up between him and Mr. P. C. Labou
chere, which led to the latter’s marriage, at a
later period, with his sister, Maria Bariug.
When the Messrs. Hope retired to England, in
consequence of the occupation of Holland by
the revolutionary French army, under Piche
gru, and after Alexander Baring had left the
house, he determined to visit the United States
of North America. At his departure his fath
er confined his advice to two especial recom
mendations, one of which was to purchase no
uncultivated land, and the other notto marry a
wife there: “Because,” said he, “uncultivat
ed lands can be more readily Ixmght than
sold again, and a wife is best suited to the
home in which she was raised, and cannot be
formed, or trained a second time.” However,
Alexander had not passed one year in the Uni
ted States before he forgot both branhces of his
father’s advice.
Not only did he purchase large tracts of land
in the western part of the State of Pennsylva
nia, and lay out a not inconsiderable capital
($100,000 at least) in the then district and now
State of Maine, and that, too, under the an
nexed condition of bringing a number of set
tlers thither within a certain term of years,
but also, in 1798, when just twenty-four years
of age, he married Anna, the eldest daughter
of Mr. William Bingham, in Philadelphia, who
was at that time considered the richest man in
the United States,'and was then a member of
the Senate. The inheritance he had to thank
her for, at the death of her father, amounted
to $900,000. She bore him nine children, of
whom seven are still living. The eldest of
these, called William Bingham, afterhis grand
father, is the present Lord Ashburton, and has
reached the age of fifty-three. His wife is a
Lady Sandwich, and their marriage has re
mained childless. After his death, his title,
along with the greater part of his for. une, will
pass to the second son, Francis, who is mar
ried to a daughter of the Duke Bassano, a form
er State Secretary of Napoleon. This gentle
man usually resides at Paris, and is the eldest
head of the London house, in the management
of whose business, however, he seldom takes
any active part. He has two sons. The fa
vorite, from the first, of his father and mother,
I both title and fortune will pass entirely, accor
! ding to their wishes into the hands of him who,
j in their eyes, deserved the preference.
Just at this very time, 1820, the present
| head of the Barings’ house, Mr. Francis Bar
ing, second son of the deceased Lord Ashburton,
| had arrived in New Orleans, from Havana, and
’ taken his quarters with me in my newly-built
residence. We had nine large vessels receiv
ing cargo at that moment, and he was evident
ly gratified when he took his first walk along
the so-called Levee—the quay on the left bauk
of the Mississippi, in front of the town, where
vessels load and unload their freight—and saw
I it strewn, from the upper to the lower suburb,
with cotton bales, on which were stamped the
marks of my firm. Nothing couhl have given
him a better idea of our activity, and he seem
ed to be pleased that he could take back to
j Europe with him a proof of it, like this one,
imin ms own experience.
Since there can be but little that relates to
this establishment, which occupies and has oc
cupied so lofty a position, that is devoid of all
interest to the mercantile reader, I may ven
ture to say a few words concerning Mr. Baring
who was quite a young man when he visite'd
New Orleans. I do so with the greater reason,
that he yields a proof the more of the fact|
how rarely the combination of qualities belong
ing to a distinguished father descends to his
sons. Bountiful nature had endowed this man
destined at so early a period of life to become
the head and manager of the London house,
with so lavish a hand, that it might almost be
termed spendthrift profusion, in summing up
the list of capacities and talents he possessed.
To his mental wealth belonged most unusual in
tellectual superiority, rare keenness of percep- j
tion, and an almost instinctive penetration of
the opposite and diverse characters with which
he was brought in contact; to these was added
a remarkable memory, which did not lose the
minutest circumstances; and iron strength of
will, whenever he made up his mind to per
form any act; a perseverance in carrying out
his enterprises, notwithstanding every obstacle;
and, finally, the facility of expressing his ideas !
and convictions in a few words, the knack of
conveying the whole force and point of a close j
analysis, or criticism, in a happily selected
phrase or two, which m ght be called “ hitting
the nail on the head.”
This latter talent, which is hy no means av
indispensable one in the list of perfections de
sirable for a man of tal nevertheless has its
value in dialectic debates, particularly on the
parliamentary floor, wh ere young Baring hoped
to stand before any great length of time, a: 1 1
in all instances of common life where brief a !
; rapid expla"ations are desirable. An exam, i • I
will suffice to illustrate this remark. You g 1
Baring was traveling through the western part '
■ of Virginia, which was at that time peopled bv 1
the roughest class of Americans, ami the vehi
cle he used was a very handsome and newlv
varnished traveling carriage. In accordance ■
with the favorite custom of these wild fellows, i
who usually carried a penknife or a nail in their
pockets, one of the idlers, who stood and lean- 1
ed about the door of the tavern where he had
alighted for refreshment, amused himself bv
scratching with a nail, all sortsof ridiculous fig
ures on the varnish of the carriage doors.
Baring, who came out of the inn and caught
our friend engaged in this agreeable and polite
occupation, the instant he saw what was going
on, very sharply expressed his disapprobation.
The loiterer responded, “ Look here, sir don’t
be saucy: we make no ceremony. T’other day
we had a European fellow here, like yourself,
who was mighty saucy, so I pulled out my
pistol and shot him dead, right on the spot.
There he lies!” Baring rejoined, in the cool
est manner imaginable, by asking, “ And did
you scalp him, too?” The American was so
struck with this, and felt this reproach upon
his savage rudeness so keenly, that, after gaz
ing at Baring suddenly and earnestly for a mo
ment in silence, he exclaimed, “By God! sir,
you must be a clever fellow! let’s shake hands!”
It would not have been easy to give a sharper
Translated from the French.
The Circassians and the Sale of
Beautiful Slave Girls.
Trebizond, May 26, 1854.
A few days ago there arrived at the quaran
tine of Trebizond about two hundred Circas
sians with a live cargo of great variety, but
which they found some difficulty in disposing
of by reason of the pecuniary straits in which
purchasers are just now placed. The traders,
who are steady friends of Shamyl, the Maho
met of the Caucasus, and the bitter and deter
mined enemies of Nicholas, whom in their figu
rative language they call the Vulture of the
Snows, had for sale forty packages of human
flesh. They were made up of a dozen chil
dren of from four to eight years old, and of
thirty females ranging between 15 and 30.—
The quarantine doctor asked me to accompa
ny him on his visit to this strange spectacle.—
The superintendent of the Lazaretto made the
merchants and t.heir wares stand in a line, so
that we had an opportunity of making tho
rough examination of the parties. The Cir
cassians were all very fine men, large, tall and
strong. Their figure was as exquisitely beau
tiful as that of a woman; their limbs were
plump and muscular, their hands and feet were
small; their complexion was swart hy—produc
ed by exposure to the mountain air—but their
countenances, notwithstanding, bore the im
press of a gentleness and manly courage; their
chests were full and rounded, and their step as
proud as that of a monarch upon the stage.—
Their cost&mi was very picturseque. It con
sisted of a great coat ornamented with the
lambskin, and which fitted closely; of trousers
cut after the Turkish fashion, and made of
light-colored cloth; of a cap of grey felt with
a band of lambskin, the wool of which was
long and curled. They wore red slippers with
out stockings, and a cloak of lambskin or of
felt, with which they wrapped themselves with
the utmost dignity.
After having visited the merchants we ap
proached the individuals they had for sale, as
near as the guards would permit us. The little
Circassians and the females were ranged before
the doors of the cells, and from their anxious
air seemed to inquire if we were about to pur
chase them. The children were beautiful,
both in form and in countenance. Yet the lat
er did not exhibit that infantile grace which is
so observable in Europeans. They had an ex
pression of gravity not unmixed with care
which almost made us regard them as little men
who had already experienced the trials and dif
ficulties of life. Young as they were, they
seemed as if they had already passed through
the term of their existence. Their look was
that of deep reflection, their gait was slow and
staid, their stare was piercing and inquisitive,
their mouth] pinched and serious. All these
; peculiarities filled us with as much surprise as
| sorrow, for they forced on us the conviction
| that this anxious air or precocious intellect
! sprang from fear of the future or from regret at
being separated from those mountain scenes
| around which they had so far passed theiryouth.
! They were clad in tattered clothes of no parti
I cular cut or color, and wore no covering ou
: their heads or feet. Their food was the same
as that of their parents, and of the coarsest and
least substantial kind. It consisted of millet
cakes and of spring water, and notwithstand
ing this innutritious fare they all had blooming
cheeks and the appearance of health and
strength. We next proceeded to make a close
inspection of two females. They were, with
the oxception of two young girls, all considera
bly advanced in years, and destined to become
servants or bath tenders. Their faces, which
had a faded air, produced undoubtedly more
by fatigue and hardship than by age, bore an
expression of profound sadness and of vague
inquietude. Their looks seemed to interro
gate us as to our intentions respecting them.
One would suppose that they wished to fa
thom our characters in order to loresee their
own destiny, and when they saw that our visit
was one merely of curiosity, they cast their eyes
upon the ground and waited until they should
be allowed to withdraw. One of these females
was exceedingly beautiful. She might be fif
teen or sixteen years old; .the look she gave us
was that of a proud and haughty soul, but in
her manner there was nothing of the pensive
agitation which we had remarked in her com
panions and even in the little children. Her
large, open and lustrous eyes were expressive
of a mind that was at once both bold and
calm. Siie no doubt imagined that her beauty
would be her protection, and that even her fu
ture master could not help but feel its influ
ence. It would indeed be difficult to give any
thing like an adequate description of this wo
man. But I have seen portraits which have
a strong resemblance to her; they were, how
ever, the works of great masters which I then
believed to have been the creations of their
fancy and not the representation of any human
being. A great master does not, however, deal
merely in the fanciful, 1^ delineates what he
sees or what he recollects that he has seen.—
\\ hat I admired in the young woman was not
so much her exquisite proportions, her grace
and her charming countenance, as her noble
and queenly attitude. Her mein was some
thing like that of Cleopatra, had she a dindem
on her head one could have taken her for one
of those queens we real of in ancient historv,
or had she on an oaken chaplet, she might have
passed for a priestess among the Druids. This
lovely mountain maid, who h id passed her
lile amid the snows ol the C mcasus, and whose
lot it may be to become one day the wife of a
Sultan, wore a sorry garment of coarse blue
cloth, which was faded and much stained. It
was made after the Turkish f.ishi > , upon in
front, and exhibited to view an under garment
very much soiled, but embroidered .viliisilkof
many colors. This garni mt showed so well
the graceful development of he im.~. th.r mu
would have almost sworn that ; u .... p„a,v-. ,
her. It is quite clear that their tn ^ i..- u
superior seamstresses in the Ciue..-u- S . •
More a white muslin veil, casc bar-k, . ;,i , u. *
stui .ed and torn, bur so i i ndie i a.-, (,,
uer like a vest, when > 10 pleased. \. ...j
had contemplated this specimen ol o,..uti , so
rare in any country, we proceeded to inspect
the men who were the fathers or uncles of fe
males and children for sale. The greater par:
ol the Circassians speak and u deisiai.d the
language of the Turks, and it was in tin, lan
guage that the doctor interrogated them, and
received their answers. I shall merely give
the translation of my guide:
“What is the price of this child?” said he
to one of the Circassians.
I hree thousand piasters,” replied the
other; a sum equal to about six hundred
“And what do'you ask for the girl?” said
the doctor, pointing to the individual just de
scri bed.
twenty-five thousand piasters—neither
more nor less;” and seeing that the doctor was
1 saving something to me in a whisper, he add
j e<^: “ 1 hat is not too dear, for her entire person
! is as free from defects as her face. When the
! quarantine is over you may make yourself sure
j on that head. It is only a year ago since I sold
| her sister, who is not in any way her superior,
and yet she brought me thirty-two thousand
j piasters; but as we are at present in greater
i want of money than we usually are, we shall
j lower the price to get away the sooner.”
“ And why have you more want of money
now than last yeat?”
“ Because we want to buy muskets, and pow
der, and balls.”
“ W hat! and is it for the purpose of buying
arms and ammunition that you are going to sell
your children?”
“Certainly; we wish to drive the Russians
from our country, and we have nothing else to
sell but our children.”
The idea that these men would engage in
such a traffic for the purpose of enabling them
to struggle against the Russians made me re
flect gravely for a moment. I looked at the
doctor of the quarantine to see if he shared
my emotion; but he had been so accustomed
to these scenes, that the present one made
little or no impression on him, and he now con
fined his attention to whether there were any
individuals among the lot who required his
services. But in what light was I to regard
these people? Could I admire those men who
carried their patriotism and love of liberty to
such a pitch as to sell their children? Admi
ration, no doubt I felt, but not without a sen
timent of deep sorrow. Unfortunately, how
ever, on reflection, I came to learn that it was
not since the war began that these men have en
gaged in this detestable traffic, and that it was
not merely for the purpose of buying arms
with a noble and heroic intention that they
were in the habit of selling their daughters,
their sisters, rheir sons, and their brothers, but
that it has been practiced by them from time
immemorial, for the purpose of satisfying the
commonest wants. I felt a thrill of horror run
through me when I looked at those obdurate
and heartless men, smoking and laughing, and
coolly talking about the fate of their own flesh
and blood. I wished to leave the odious scene,
but the doctor begged me to stop and not con
demn these men before I heard them in justi
fication of their conduct. He took aside a
hale old man, the quick flashes of whose eye
denoted birth, intelligence and communicative
ness. The latter being interrogated by the doc
tor, said that it was from a sentiment of ten
derest affection for their children that he and
his countrymen were addicted to this traffic.
“ It is no trifling sacrifice that we make,”
said he, “ in thus separating ourselves from our
dear children; but, we are consoled by the
thought that this separation will be useful to
them. In the mountainous regions where we
live our daughters are subjected to the greatest
hardships. We have neither bread nor cloth
ing to give them. But once that they are sold
they become ladies; they enter the harems of
the Turks, they lead a quiet and easy life, they
feel no want of clothing in winter, and they
have always bread to eat. And those who
chance to get into the harems of the great peo
ple have not only clothes and bread at their
command, but also luxury, grandeur and pow
er. Tney amuse themselves in baths of am
ber. They have head dresses of pearls.—
They have perfumes and musK, and every
thing that the tenderness and love of tueir
musters can procure lor them. By their side
our sons, who have been received by the Turks, -
may become officers in the army, captains, ca j
i dis, pashas and viziers. They then bless their
parents, who have had the courage and good
sense to emancipate them from a life of hard
ships, of struggles, and of cruel labors. And
then, when we rear them with the intention of
selling them, they know that no happiness
awaits them in their own country, and there
fore they leave it without regret. The Rus
sians who wish to enslave us, under the pretense ,
that we follow an inhuman trade, are not bet
ter than we are. The great Prince, (Shamyl,)
who knew them well, who has lived in their
cities, andfktudied their manners and their
laws, has ofteu told us of the horrible deeds
committed among them. We sell our children,
because the soil of our country is unfruitful,
i because we cannot afford them any other life
j than that of constant labor and of misery that
j cannot be removed. Yet we have gentle man
j ners, we love each other, and we oblige and
i assist each other. Among us you will not find
j the knout, neither will you see prisoners nor
} executioners. The wishes of our old men are j
i always attentively listened to and respected.
And the stranger whb risks his person in our
| mountains is always sure of protection and as
! sistance.”
The doctor continued his conversation with
the old Circassian for a few minutes longer.—
He spoke to him about Schamyl, who is a king,
a prophet, a very god throughout all the Cau
casus. Schamyl is a hero even in the eyo of
Europeans, but besides this he is a prophet
among the Circassians.
“Schamyl is inspired by God,” added the
; old man. “ He often retires te the recesses of
! a cavern, where he remains for five or six days j
I at a time to hear the counsels which an angel
i comes to give him. He is a lion in battle.—
! The Russians are not able to bear the glare of
i his countenance, and when they hear the thun
der of his voice they turn their backs and flee.
1 We have slain many of these fellows, and this
I is the reason why the Vulture of the Snows
(Nicholas) is now levying a bloody war against
us. But wait a while; the muskets that we i
are going to buy will do our business better
than the lances. Before long, depend upon j
it, no Russian will dare show his face in our
mountains. The great Prince has predicted
that, and what he predicts always turns out
We left the quarantine, and I carried away
with me a lively impression of all that I had
heard and seen. Here there is a young people,
full of hope and overflowing with vitality, for j
i only has not exhausted its own vigor,
i but it is constantly giving out to a neighboring
; nation the best portions of it. Here is a peo
ple on the borders of Europe, and within four- ,
teen days’ journey of .he highest civilization.
^ c‘!!' fbi* people, >o masculine, so vigorous, so
energetic, so sober, so intelligent, and which,
u;> o the present tune, has been hardly known !
" orlo, has been cast into utter barbarism j
; wanee a i t.i ,iy o Europe. We i
.i.tt mi; oi Mi- s ,.c v- n.ch has now ,
«oniuie ee I bet wee -1 R-ns-ia s<»ma •
i . . ■ i '>me to 11 lost poor tuu ‘tries. Circas- j
h‘'' Abyssyi.ia .-jL.ii sell injir olid- |
-tie .. i ne ieplo. .! - ...a ■ ,,f thing.-, will, , o
doni.r, cease among our allies from the vorv
contac of the French ai l Bri.ish fleets and
a-m, s ; itii them. Nor sh-iil this he tile l..»c
uu * *,-u the diffusion of civilization shall de
1 ’■ • n just as tile l ctilizaiioii of trie
i soil is sum \ uies tne eifec; of the most to -rifle
j storm.
Tom Hood describes an intended duel which
was prevented by an amicable arrangement,
made upon the ground. The parties—Mr.
Brady and Mr. Clay—rivals tor the affections of
Miss Lucy Bell, find it necessary to appeal to
But first they found a friend apiece,
1 His pleasant thought to give—
1 hat when they both were dead, thev’d have
Two seconds yet to live.
1 o measure out the ground, not long
The seconds next forebore;
And having taken one rash step,
They took a dozen more.
They next prepared each pistol pan,
Against the deadly stri e;
By putting in the prime of death,
Against the prime of life.
Now all was ready for the foes:
But when they took their stands,
Fear made them tremble so, they found
They both were shaking hands.
Said Mr. C. to Mr. B. i
“ Here one of us may fall,
And, (ike St. Paul’s Cathedral now,
Be doomed to have a hall
I do confess I did attach
Misconduct to your name! •
I If I withdraw the charge, will then •
Your ramrod do the same?”
Said Mr. B., “I do agree;—
But think of Honor’s courts,—
If we be offwithout a shout,
There will be strange reports.
But look! the morning now is bright,
Though cloudy it begun;
Why can’t we aim above, as if
We had called out the sun?”
So up into the harmless air
Their bullets they did send;
And may all other duels have
That upshot in the end.
Valuable Information Wanted.—The
Chambersburg (Pa.) Sentinel wants to know
the precise time when the whigs became so ter
ribly frightened at the idea of Roman Catholic
usurpations, and the evils created by the for
eigners exercising the right of suffrage and
holding office. Was it within a year and a half,
or two years of the time Gen. Scott heard the
“ rich Irish brogue” and “ sweet German ac
cent,” or was it about the time the whigs sent
a committee to Concord to find out if Gen.
Pierce did not vote to disfranchise Catholics
-for conscience sake?
The Sentinel has caught the whig Know
Nothings )nst in the same predicament that Ge
neral Scott told the ladies of Carrollton, Ky.,
they had caught him in.—Enq.
murderous Assault.
On Saturday night, about 9 o’clock, an as
sault was made, near Lynch’s store, Garrison
Avenue, on the person of James Cornwell, by
three men, with knives and pistols, named
Benjamin and William Harmon, and a man
who goes hy the name of Buck Isham. Corn
well was stabbed in several places, and is con
sidered in a dangerous condition by his phy
sicians. And a man, a friend of Cornwell, by
the name ot Thompson, received a stab, but it
is slight. Cornwell had no arms, and there is
no doubt but the object of these three men was
to kill him, as they made their escape immedi
ately after stabbing him, and are now at large.
A reward of one hundred dollars is offered!
for their arrest, by the authorities of the city,
and a subscription of nearly one hundred dol
lars has also been made up by the citizens *of
the town.—Fort Smith Herald, Sept. 9.
From the N. O. fie cent.
Edgar A. Poe.
W e learn form uur northern exchanges that,
tlie remains o( Edgar A. Poe, the poet, nove
list ai d essayist, are lying in one corner of a
Baltimore Cemetery with hardly a mark by
w hid) tlie spot can be recognized.
Poor Poe! A brighter genius rearely comes
into the world, passes more painfully through
n or makes a sadder exit from it. IIis whole
lite was one continued elegy and sorrow; a
series of disappointments and mournful fail
ures. An existence that might have been bright
and pleasant was constantly clouded bv his own
follies, and an intellect that might have shone
brilliantly and been rememi>ered Ion* after
death, was dimmed by its possessor’s faults.—
Even as it is, however, Poe’s name occupies no
obscure niche among American authors, and
some of his works are destined, on account of
their originality and power, to live more years
than we may name. It can safely be prophe
cied, without the gift of inspiration, that “ The
Raven” is one of those few compositions that
will keep their place in the world of letters
almost as long as the language lasts in which
they are written. Its strange, fantastic rythm
chimes admirably with the wild and weird ima
gery that it clothes, and some of the lines fall
on the ear with an almost oriental voluptuous
ness of sound. It is unique and original.—
There was nothing like it before, nor have any
of all its numberless imitations equalled it.—
une oi tne most capable of English critics has
pronounced it the strongest, manliest and most
worthy poem of the century. In addition to
the “ Raven” there are “ Annabel Lee,” the
“ Bells,” and sundry otlifer of his prodnctions
as novel and as touching as any of Tom Hood’s.
But it was not in poetry only that Poe ex
celled, nor was it in poetry that he chiefly ex
hibited the powers and peculiarities of his mind.
One must have read his tales and essays to form
any correct opinion of what was tho real
strength of his genius and tho true direction of
his talent. Probably, since the times of Jona
than Edwards, the country has not produced a
more close, analytic and mathematical intellect,
or one more clear and logical. Calhoun had
something of this fine, philosophical taste, but
could not enunciate it with the strength and
lucidity of the poet; nor do we know of any
one except Coleridge, who seemed to be able
in an equal degree to crvstalize and render
transparent as well as forcible, the most abstruse
It is too late, however, to write a review of
Poe. What could be said has been said of him,
most eloquently and appropriately by Griswold,
Willis and other New York writers, who knew
and appreciated him. Abiit ad majores—he is
gone, and has left us only the moral and re
membrance of his life. It is sad. nevertheless,
to think of the promise of his early years and
its realization: to recall what he might have
been and what he was, and, finally, to read a
record so mournful as the following. Poor
•• After life's fitful fever he sleeps well.”
The St. Louis Republican publishes the bil
lowing from a correspondent, who sough: to i
lae {•!>«?;’:• hut al pi .. ».
i I (in.: stun nn the reii’s o’ ' i , t
asked v U-*.‘o v\ ,r :e I, .1 ii 1 a it
his grave . .
a (1 a.-vteU the \ . \ '
g 1 ave ot E i..nr A. i*1'.*. 1
recollect the name *v_su,\i . .11 ) ii.uue . 1
exam.no the Iiooks. It.., u be died
1! 1) <vmh *r, 181d, , .1... -n. V. • looked
over tlie list oi . ■ m >• n lS4r 1S4U a: ii
185U, but Pile’s :. a ill v. - . >. ., 111 - g , aem —
tie was not buried tue. e. 1 nen recollected that
Poe had once been insane, and confined in tho
Asylum; so the next stepof my sad pilgrimage
was to that establishment. The superintend
ent received me most politely, and showed me
through the great building. I was told that
Poe was one of the most terribly uncontrolable
patients they had ever had in the Insane Asy
lum, and well he might have been. When a
mind like his fell, it was like the fall of a Lu
I'told the superintendent that I was search
ing for the grave of Poe, but could not find it.
He said that I had been misinformed. “Como
here,” said he, leading me to the window, “Poe
was buried in the corner of that Potter's Field!”
I could not believe it, and hurried away in
painful doubt. But in the afternoon I met an
old resident of Baltimore, who assured me that
my informant was correct. “It is sad to think
of it,” said he, “and a reproach to my native
city, but it is nevertheless true that our poet is
buried in an obscure corner of the Potter’s Field.
The coffin containing his remains was brought
out of the Alms house, and placed in the pub
lic hearse, and a solitary carriage completed the
funeral array. In silence and sadness the little
party peformed tho sad offices, and the tene
' ment of clay which once enshrined a noble soul
was left to moulder without a mark to point
out its resting place.”
Soda Spring In the Desert.—The Alta
Californian says: “ The party engaged in the
survey of public lands, under Mr. Pool, found
at a point about fifty miles east of San Felip,
in San Diego county, a singular collection of
fountains or springs of soda water situated in a
sandy plain or depression of the surface of the
desert. The spring is in a mound of symme
trical shape, tapering like a sugar loaf, in the
center of the top of which is a hole, unfatho
mable, containing the carbonated beverage fresh
from some natural laboratory below’. Some of
these mounds are six feet high, and clothed
with a luxuriant coat of grass, while others are
shaped like an inverted bowl, and fringed by a
growth of cane. The water is described as
having the same sparkling and effervescing qua
lity as"that ordinarily sold by apothecaries, and
was drank with avidity by both men and ani
mals belonging to the party. When impreg
nated with acid of any kind, it produced instant
effervescence: and in that form is peculiarly re
freshing as a drink. Some of it has been brought
in, in order to be chemically tested, with a view’ to
make the discovery of some practical utility.”
Arkansas Girls—The Memphis Express
tells the following story of a friend of the edi
tor’s who went over into Arkansas recently, to
attend a “break-down,” that is, a dance:
“The ladies, u}x>n the occasion, were arrayed
in their best, with all the gay colors that an
uncultivated taste could suggest. The gentle
men were dressed in homespun, clothes, and
none but our friend had broad-cloth upon his
back. During the evening, sweet potatoes of
an enormous size, roasted in the ashes, were
handed round to the company, together with a
handful of salt for each guest. A beautiful
young lady soon became smitten with our Iriend
(perhaps with his magnified mustaches,) and
resolved to dance with him. She thereupon
turned to a friend, and addressed her in these
“ ‘ Sal, hold my tater while I trotround with
that nice hoss what’s got on store clothe6.'
“Our friend was clinched accordinlgy; he
could not extricate himself from the grip of the
rustic beauty, and was obliged to ‘ trot round'
after har for one mortal hour before he could
obtain a respite from his labors. He made his
escape the first opportunity, resolving that he
would never again go to an Arkansas 4 break
0£r The New York Tribune is opening out
its heaviest batteries upon Nnow Nothingism,
and styles it 44 The Know Nothing conspiracy."

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