RICHARD H. JOHNSON, Editor.
LITTLE ROCK, SEPT- 20, 1854.
0^7" Ihe large circulation of the True Demo
crat makes it the most desirable advertising me
dium in the State. It has more readers in Ar
kansas than any other paper—its number of sub
scribers being almost equal to that of both the other
Little Rock papers combined.
03- We trust our subscribers will bear in
mind that many of them are in arrears to us
for the True Democrat. The heavy expense
to which we have been subjected in the re
establishment of our paper necessarily compels
us to require punctual payments at their hands.
Those of our friends who are indebted to us
for subscription or advertising will confer
a favor by remitting the amount by mail imme
To those who pay in advance, the True De
mocrat is furnish«d at cheaper rates than any
other paper in the State—$2 00per annum.
New Books.—Me. John E. Reardon, some
time since, placed upon our table a very inter
esting work by J. G. M. Ramsey, entitled—
“ The Annals of- Tennessee.”
This very interesting book gives an accu
rate and detailed history of the State of Ten
nessee, comprising its settlement as the Watau
ga Association from 1769 to 1777; a part of
Forth Carolina from 1777 to 1784; the State of
Franklin from 1784 to 1788; again a irt of
North Carolina from 1788 to 1790; as a territo
ry of the United States, south of the Ohio; and
as the State of Tennessee from 1796 to 1800.
This history of Tennessee, containing 744
pages large octavo, abounds in scenes and charac
ters full of interest. We have perused it with
both pleasure and profit, and can safely recom
mend it as a work of great merit. It can be
had at the book store of John F. Reardon in
this city. Price 3$, in cloth; $3 50 in leather.
1 he Increase of Votes.—By reference to
the Governor’s proclamation it will be observed
that the number of votes cast in the State, at
the recent election for representatives in Con
gress, is upwards of thirty-one thousand! This
is by far the largest vote ever polled in the
State, and shows an increase, within the last
two years, of a voting population of at least ten
This promises well for the speedy settle
ment of Arkansas.
River and Weather.—During the last 24
hours we have had an almost uninterrupted
ram. Though it comes too late to benefit the
crops, it is to be hoped it will produce some
impression upon our river. If the same rains
extend very far up, we think it probable we
shall have a rise-sufficient to let up some of the
smaller boats. A steamboat arrival would in
deed be a cheering sight to the denizens of Lit
• tie Rock.
1 he editor of the Gazette becomes very ner
vous when we allude to the subject of the large
vote by which his darling project of a conven
tion to remodel the constitution -was rejected.
He appears extremely solicitous to show that
it was not a democratic triumph and recites the
\otes of two whigs against it anti one democrat
/or it, to prove his assertions. What over
As a general vote, the democrats of this
county are recorded against and the whigs for
the convention. But supposing it not to° be a
democratic triumph; it then follows that our
individual triumph over the Gazette is ail the
more marked. The question wras voted upon
without reference to party, and the people en
masse decided in our favor and against the Ga
zette. Let him take it as he pleases. We will
not stop to spilt hairs with him.
in noticing this subject, it is but just that we
should award to the South West Independent
its share of the triumph. The bold decided
course it pursued upon the question of “ a con
vention to remodel the constitution” increased
largely the majority against it. The editor of
that paper, always liberal in his views, is very
generally correct. Washington county went
almost unanimously against the convention_
1,402 majority against it!
0^7” A new post office has been established
at Table Rock, Izard county, Ark., and John
A. Leek has been appointed post master.
0^7“ Gen. S. H. Montgomery, who has re
cently become associated with Mr. Wheeler, as
a partner in the Fort Smith Herald, thus de
clines the appointment tendered him by the
“The Presidentmoi the United States has
honored us with the commission to go (at our
o\\n expense) to )\ew Mexico, as Indian agent.
We have declined the honor, believing, from
our knowledge of living in New Mexico, that
the salary is not sufficient; and believing that
the persons who act in that capacit}", in order to
make two ends meet, must cheat either the go
vernment or the Indians, and in that alterna
tive, we say as somebody else said long before
our day “ Lo! the poor Indian! ” And we
think it our duty toourselt to decline the honor
of doing wrong to either party. We have some
little knowledge of how things are done bv
Indian agents in many instances, and speak of
the corruptions of that office with a knowledge
of the facts. 6
Senator Elect from Crawford & Sebastian.
It affords us pleasure to announce the elec
tion of Mr. J. J. Green, dem., as State Senator,
to fill out the unexpired term of Gen. G. W.
Clarke, appointed Indian Agent. Mr. Green
had no opposition, and of course was elected
without any contest.
Death of G. W. Uuderhill.
It is wifch deep regret we learn from the Mem
phis papers the death of Mr. Underhill. He
died at Louisville, on his return home, on Fri
day, the 8th September. Mr. Underhill was
an old citizen of the State, and at the time of
his death was the Senator elect from Crittenden
and Mississippi counties.
OCT Kossuth and Pulsky are both residing in
London with their families. Kossuth’s two
sons, aged 10 and 13 years, are attending school.
The family live in a very plain and economical
style. Pulsky and his wife by their joint writ
ings, it is stated in a London letter to the New
York Times, have made this year about four
hundred pounds. They have five children.—
Madame Pulskv’s father is a wealthy banker at
Vienna, but is forbidden to give his only daugh
ter a cent. Her mother is also living. Pul- '
sky’s splendid estate in Hungary was seized by
the Austrians at the time of his arrest, and his '
beautiful castle subsequently converted into a
Cairo and Fulton Railroad and its
Under the caption of “ Cairo and Fulton Road
—Roswell Beebe Schuylerizing,” the Memphis
Eagle & Enquirer devotes an article of slander
to the President of the Cairo and Fulton rail
road company. Following we give it in full;
and that our people might comprehend the
force and seriousness of the charge it prefers
against Mr. Beebe, we will state that the word
“ Schuylerizing” is intended as the synonym of
Cairo and Fulton Road—Roswell Beebe
Wc perceive from a discussion going on in the Ar
kansas journals, that the President of this road, Kos
wei.l Beebe, has been detected in illegally using the
internal improvement fund of Pulaski county. He
was County Commissioner, as well as President of the
road, and,'in disregard of law. and the rules and re
gulations therein provided, took the money out of the
Commissioner’s pocket to put into the President’s wal
let, and has been ever since using it to defray the ex
penses of his very topicftieal efforts to puff himself
and road into importance in the popular estimation
We have ourselves, seen sundry manifestoes which
were doubtless printed and paid for out of the internal
improvement fund of Pulaski county, thus illeeallv
appropriated by Mr. Beebe. b *
\V e regret that this great enterprize sh®ld have
had such an incubus as this man Beebe applars to be
fastened upon it. For a long time lie has been re
garded as a sort of hair-brained enthusiast, unstable
as the wmd—having once been just as crazy about
the Memphis road as he is now about the Cairo and
i niton. Lilt this thing of “ Schuylerizing” other
people s funds, is a rather more serious defect in a
railroad President. There can be no confidence,
where there are such premonitions of insecurity. The
stockholders in that road would do well to look to it.
It will be perceived that the editor of the
Memphis Eagle and Enquirer gathers the facts,
upon which he predicates h^s charge of swiml
ling, from “ a discussion going on in the Arkan
1 hough our paper is one ol the journals al
luded to, the startling developments of the
Eagle and Enquirer are news to us. The “dis
cussion going on” has brought out no such facts,
aud warrants no such conclusions, as those af
firmed by that paper. In all the acts of Mr.
Beebe, as President, he has been, as far as our in
formation extends, fully sustained and endorsed
by the voice of the people; and in the particu
lar act alluded to, the subscription of the inter
nal improvement fund to the Cairo and Fulton
railroad company, he has the unqualified ap
proval of the Gazette, the paper now denounc
ing him, made at the time the fund was so sub
scribed. Such are the facts elicited in the “dis
cussion.” If the editor of the Eagle and En
! quirer has found others, he has drawn them
| from the store-house of his own perverted
imagination. No fact has been disclosed which
' casts the slightest stigma upon Mr. Beebe in
| the application of the funds intrusted to his
We hav e had access to the books and papers
of the Cairo and Fulton company. We have
admired the perspicuity and simplicity with
which they have been kept, and above all, the
correctness with which everything has been re
corded. There is a full and accurate account
and a duplicate receipt, as given, filed, of every
cent received into the treasury; and also a
voucher, explaining the manner and object of
every cent paid out.
Nor has the president ever acted in any mat
ter of importance, particularly in the disburs
ment of the funds of the company, without the
advice and consent of the executive committee
appointed by the company and associated with
I hese facts the books and records of the
company will show, and they are now and al
ways have been open to the inspection of any
and every stockholder. There is no secrecy
about them—nothing to be concealed in the op
j orations ol the president and directorv.
1 he Memphis Eagle and Enquirer in prefer
ing the grave charges it has against the, Cairo
! and Fulton railroad company, exhibits either'a
j wilful disregard of the truth, or an utterly un
pardonable ignorance of the manner in which
the funds of the Cairo and Fulton railroad com
pany have been appropriated. Even the Ga
zette, with all of its insatiate burning hatred of
the Cairo and Fulton company* and its presi
dent, has not the effrontery to make such
charges as those of the Eagle and Enquirer._
Its own course in regard to the internal im
provement fund, has been, it is true, a sufficient
outrage, but it has not dared to go as far as the
Memphis paper, in charging swindling arid cor
ruption against Mr. Beebe. Inconsistent as it
has been, in recommending the various internal
l improvement commissioners to subscribe the
i county funds to railroad projects, and then in
•afterwards invoking the horrors of a law suit
against them for having done so, it has not the
| hardihood to go farther and charge them with
defrauding and robbing.
The#destruction of the bright prospects of
the Caii$) and Fulton railroad is the leading
object of the assailants of the company and
its president. To those who have watched
their manceuvering, and followed them through
the intricate detail of their hostility, the con
viction is irresistible. They dare not assume
open grounds of opposition to the road, because
they know it to be a favorite project with the
people of Arkansas. They* know thev can ac
complish nothing by a straightforward, manly
attack, and hence their insiduous efforts. Their
object, disguise it as they rnay, by* empty, hol
low professions, is to destroy the Cairo and
I Fulton road by undermining the character and
integrity of the company*. The recklessness
with which they assail the president, and the
i avidity w ith which they publish anonymous cor
respondence, denying the practicability of the
road, are proofs positive of their hostility.
We shall go into no argument to show the
I importance of the Cairo and Fulton railroad to
; the great Mississippi valley, and particularly to
Arkansas. Every one who has reflected upon
i the subject is alive to its importance. It is a
| road destined to ride down all opposition. Let1
its enemies do their worst. We bid them de
QCT'Phe Washington Star comments as fol
lows on the statement, by a liverpool paper, of
the distances Russia has extended her frontiers
within half a century.
Within the same space of time, Uncle Sam
has extended his dominions from the Mississip
pi to the Pacific. At the present time, the old
gentleman has one foot upon Central America
and the other upon Cuba; one eye cocked at
Canada, and the other leering impudently at
the belligerents of Europe. As his appetite is
always sharp set, theieisa talk of his soon
swallowing a Sandwich, and other savory slices
to be furnished by His Serene Highness of
Mexico and the Autocrat of all the Russias.
OCrW illiam Middleton, mate of the steamer
Forest Rose, shot and killed a man at St Louis
on the 29th ult., and stabbed and dangerously
wounded officer Alfred B. Holsten, who at
tempted to arrest him. Middleton is in jail.
Keep it before the People.
In July, 1853, when the county court rtf
Pulaski county, upon the recommendation of the
internal improvement commissioner, made the
order to subscribe the Pulaski internal improve
ment fund to the Cairo and Fulton railroad, the
Gazette approved and commended the order,
and “ earnestly recommended the counties along
the lines of all the roads to follow the example.”
Here is the language it used:
“ The county ol" Pulaski has subscribed
the amouut of her distributive share of the
internal improvement iuiid to the Cairo
hud Fulton railroad.
44 We would earnestly recommend the i
counties along the lines of ail the routes
to follow the example set by Pulaski. Let
those on the Memphis, Helena, Cairo, Fort i
Smith and Gaiues’ Landing routes, all sub- i
scribe for the construction of their resuec- i
five roads.” #
In August, 1854, little more than one year
later, its advice to the new commis6ionners, j
elected to fill the places of the old ones, was 1
directly the opposite. It condemned the ac- i
tion of the county courts making the orders,
and recommended the institution of suits, for
the recovery of the money subscribed, against
the old commissioners. Here is the language
it used, in bold contrast to its language in July,
44 The first official act of the new com
missioner, after he qualifies in his office,
should be, to have this decision of the
County Court taken up to the higher courts, i
by certiorari or otherwise, and there cor
rect the errors committed by the County
Court. \\ hen that is done, his next duty
should be to institute suit aguiuit his pre
decessor iu office, and his securities, for
the money of the people of Pulaski coun
appropriated by him so manifestly with
out tne warrant of the law.”
Such is the record of the editor of the Ga
zette—the Solon of Arkansas—the reviser of
our laws and constitution! !
Wonder what prank he will play next ?—
Fellow citizens, give him room.
Prairie Co—Clerk’s Office Burnt.
In a letter from the Clerk of Prairie county,
E. M. Williams, esq., dated Sept. 17th, we get
the following information:
“ This county met with a serious calamity last
| night between midnight and daylight. The
! clerk’s office is in ashes, and not a hook or pa
per saved. It was, doubtless, the work of an
incendiary, as no fire lias been about the house
for a week—not even flighted candle. The
loss to the county is severe beyond computa
tion—rav own loss is about §1,500; all my fee
books and private accounts being destroyed.
How important that every county in the State
should, without delay, procure fire proof safes
for preserving their records from such calami
The suggestion in the last sentance of Mr.
Williams’ note to us is worthy the attention of
every county. By the fire which has laid her
clerk’s office in ruins, Prairie county has sustain
ed a loss that can never be replaced. Fire proof
sates should be provided for every county, gnd
that too “ without delay.” Their importance
must be apparent to all.
i he Arkansas 1 ever ’Ionic.—We invite
attention to the advertisement of Mr. Wood
son, of Van Buren, Arkansas, to be found in
We have the authority of a gentleman of
this city for stating that, in trying I)r. Wood
1 son’s fever tonic, he found it to be a most valu
able and efficient medicine in the treatment of
: diseases for which it is recommended. The
; experiment he made of it was perfectly suc
It can be procured in this city at the drug
store oi Dr. V . W. Adams; also in the various
drug stores throughout the State.
Mr. VV m. It. Miller, on Saturday last, the
; 16th inst., took the oath of office and entered
upon the discharge of his duties as Auditor ot
In noticing the appointment of Mr. Miller
as Auditor, the Ba esville Standard of 3<Jth of
August, pays him the following handsome and
V\ in. 1.. Mi.ler. usq., oi thi* p ai; v has- Ivon ap
p- m.od by I he Executive oi ih Mate. .» ,u the vu
i car.cy in die oftk-i- if Auditor, inh.Ic by th lesign;^
1 tion of Capt. Danley. A be:o-r anpoimnu-i.;, could
i nui have been luade; nor one wuk h would render
more general satislaction witii th .'e wiio .\n v him.
j We confidently predict that hi.- official ot nout t will
| commend him to the favorable opinion of by his
urbanity ol manners and faithful, elikient,* and
prompt discharge of even- duty.
A correapond<*)t of the Gazette says that, in
our notice of the appointment, we did injustice
to Mr. Miller by speaking of him as an appli
cant for the office. Such errors we always
We are informed that Mr. Miller did not ap
ply for the appointment; that, unsolicited on
his part, it was tendered to him by the Gover
nor in a letter written the day after the receipt
of the resignation of the former incumbent.
03” Mrs. Swisshelm, the editor or rather edi
tress of the Pittsburg Visiter, thus speaks of
what she seems to regard as the abominable
practice of wives “ telling their husbands” of
| every rudeness and insult offered to them:
“While we were in Louisville, a lady went
home and told her husband that a clerk wink
ed at her. The husband, who was a stout me
chanic, laid down his plane, went and bought a
cowhide, proceeded to his store, dragged the
puny clerk into the street, and whipped him in
presence of a crowd. It was the first time we
knew that winking was a crime, and one not to
be winked at; and from the talk attending the
affair, we concluded the lady could not be both
a sensible and modest woman—that she must
be either a semi-idiot or no better than she
should be. No woman of ordinary intelligence,
who loved her husband or respected herself,
should ever carry away such a tale. No virtu
ous woman could need such protection as these
combats afford. There can be no danger of vi
olence in such cases, and the small imperti
nence of a look or word a woman should scorn
to see or hear, much less run to retail it.”
Upon the above, the Washington Star com
ments as follows:
From the above, the inference is legitimate
that the “strong minded women” have no ob
jection to being “winked at” by puny, imper
tinent clerks. So go ahead, ye men of the
yard stick and ye polishers of the street pave
ments, in your impertinences! The Swiss
helms and Bloomerites will not tell their hus
Now we think Mrs. Swiss!: elm considerably
more than half right, and we think the widow
of Weigert, who was recently hung in Kentuckjr, 1
will coincide with us. We by no means advo
cate a tolerance of insult, but we are in favor
of a little discretion.
Dry Weather Sixty Years Ago.—In O're
illy’s history of western New York, Dr. Coven
try, who settled in 1790 with h s family at the
outlet of Seneca lake, furnishes a sketch of the
seasons and the health of this region lor a se
ries of years. He says that “ in 1795 no rain
fell either in June or July; the water in the
lakes lowered more than a foot, the heavens
seemed on fire, the earth scorched and the air
saturated with pestilence.” Jn 1816, the cold
year, the season was very healthful.
From the Democratic Star, Sept. 6.
Agreeable to previous notice quite a number
of the citizens df Helena and Phillips county
met at the court-house in Helena, on Saturday,
the 2d September, 1854, for the purpose of
consulting on the best means of presenting the
claims of Helena to the next Legislature, for
the terminus of the Mississippi branch of the
Cairo and Fplton railroad.
On motion of Judge Hornor, Dr. Jeffeeies
was called to the chair, and J. J. JackscJn ap
pointed secretary. Op taking the chair Dr.
Jefferies explained the object of the meeting,
after which Col. Redmond, of Monroe, was
called on for a speech. He took the floor, and
made some very appropriate remarks, pledging
himself to the support of Helena for the ter
minus of said branch, all of which was receiv
ed by his audience with enthusiastic applause.
On motion of Judge Horner, the following
resolutions were unanimously adopted:
Resolved, That the chair appoint a committee
of five, to draft a memorial to the Legislature,
at the next session earnestly requesting them
to make the Mississippi branch of the Cairo
and Fulton railroad terminate at Helena, Phil- :
lips county, Arkansas.
Resolved, That a committee of eleven be ap- ;
pointed, aud each requested to take a copy of
said memorial, and obtain signers, and return the'
same to J. M. Cleveland, editor of the Demo
cratic Star, on or before the 25th of October
next, to be presented to the next Legislature, ;
by our members.
Agreeably to the first resolution the chair
appointed the following named gentlemen a
committee for drafting memorial to the Legis
lature, viz: John S. Horner, James M. Cleve
land, Henry M. Grant, Q. K. Underwood, and
John C. 0. Smith. On motion lion. Thomas
B. Hanlv and M. B. Hewson, esq., were added
to said committee.
The chair then appointed the following
named gentlemen for the purpose of obtaining
signatures to the memorial to the Legislature:
J. S. Horner, J. M. Cleveland, Dr. Henry M.
Grant, Q. K. Underwood, J. C. 0. Smith,
Thomas B. Hanlv, M. B. Hewson, Col. Burke,
Albertis Wilkins, J. W. Sinizer and B. W.
On motion of Col. Redmond, the following
named gentlemen, citizens of Monroe county,
were added to said committee and requested to
procure signers to said memorial in Monroe
county, viz: A. A. Burton, G. W. Baldwin, J.
A. Harvick, E. 11. Bryan, Jones Wilbourn, and
Green B. Atkins.
James T. Moore, esq., was next called to the
floor, and made a most eloquent speech. Verv
sensible and appropriate remarks were also
made by Dr. George Jefferies, Hon. John S.
Ilorner, R. F. Sutton, esq., and Hon. Thomas
From the Brownsville Flag, of Acg. 19th.
Highly Interesting from Mexico.
Tamaulipas in Arms—Terrible Battle near Ma
tamoras— Great Loss on the side of the Govern
ment Troops—None on that of the Insurgents—
Glorious Victory to the Liberators.
As we stated in our last issue, the coals of ci
j vil war in Mexico has at last been fanned into a
I consuming flame, which is sweeping everything
j betore it. The State of Tamaulipas is now
almost wholly in possession of the insurgent
forces. Victoria has for weeks been held by
them and a popular government formed under
| the gubernatorial direction of San Juan J. de
la Garza. He has been joined by the towns of
Tula, Jimenes, San Fernando, Sota de la Mari
na, etc., m the southern portion of the State,
i and the probability is that by tiiis date the cities
of Matamoras and Tampico alone hold out
faithful for the Santa Anna administration—the
former ot which is even now being menaced bv
a large and enthusiastic insurgent force, render
ed confident of success from rhe result of a
signal victory gained over their enemies near
the gates of the city. The State of Guerrero,
notwithstanding the busily circulated rumors of
the death ^f Alvarez, is now in the exclusive
| possession of that intrepid chieftain, and every
arrival brings fresh intelligence of other out
\\ ith those of our neighbors immediately
I contiguous to us, the aspect of afl’airs are assum
' ing quite an interesting shape. On the morning
of the 13th instant, a furious and bloody battle
was fought between the insurgents, and a por
i tion of the government troops of Matamoras,
at a distance so short from the city that the
sound of the cannons could be distinctly heard
from the Plaza. The insurgent force was about
240 strong, composed of undisciplined recruits,
picked up from the plow and from their pur
suits; imperfectly armed and wholly unskilled
in the subtle art of war. They were attacked
by a force of 180 men, of the regular troops of
Mexico, led by Col. Cruz, a chieftain renowned
for his skill and his courage in battle, and he
w as backed by at least one piece (some sav
tw o) of artillery, while the half armed citizens
had none. But the result clearly demonstrated
1 the heroic courage, confidence and enthusiasm
w hich tin; sacredness of their cause had inspir
ed. They met their veteran enemies and en
tirely routed them, with a loss of five of their
[officers, one of whom was left dead on the
field of battle, two others have since died and
the remaining two badly wounded. The num
ber of soldiers killed and wounded in this en
I gagement is unknown. It has been variouslv
■ estimated from three to forty-eight—more pro
; bably the latter number will be found to be
nearest correct. The insurgents lost not a man
killed, and had only one wounded.
This fight, as we are credibly iuformed, was
wholly unsolicited on the part of the insurg
ents. Their plans were not to molest the force
garrisoning at Matamoras, lor the present—but
to possess themselves of the arms and muni
tions contained in the government arsenals at
the town of Reynosa and Gomargo; which be
ing done, they would then have felt themselves
equal to the contest with the valorous General
Woll, of Texas memory, and his horde of hire
ling despots even within the walls of Matamo
ras. General Woll has decreed it otherwise,
however. Counting on the easy butchery of
these patriots, which he, and even some on
this bank of the Bravo, (where the public ex
pression of sentiment is rightly as unrestrain
ed as the balmy wind that fans the cheeks of
the “liberal” political praters) is pleased to de
signate as “an unorganized piratical rabble!”
he despatched a force for the slaughter.
Col. Cruz, the officer sentin command, sound
ed no parley—offered no terms to the insur
gents, other than those which was destined for
them from the mouth of the murderous can
non, or the equally relentless steel of the sword,
the bayonet and lance. He is said to have or
dered the murderous charge of extermination
at once. But he was met by tho^e <vho fought
not for “ filthy lucre,” or the approving smiles
ot a tyrant master, but lor that priceless boon to
the hearts of freemen—that lost liberty, which
had been wrested from them by their oppres
sors. Col. Cruz soon saw the determined spirit
of the men with whom he had to contend, and
his self-confident charges resulted in an inglo
rious defeat. His veteran troops were driven
back to the city in disgrace, and this “ unorga
nized piratical rabble,” being victorous, were
left in the quiet possession of the field, there to
remain or pursue their former plans as best suit
ed their in<Jinations.
Rumors were current here, on Thursday last,
that Comargo had already fallen into .the
hands of the insurgents—that it was captured
by another army of them under the command
of Carvajal and a Juan Villareal. We know
not how true this rumor may prove, but we
place credence in it, from the fact that we have
positive knowledge that a considerable force has
been for some time in progress of organization
for that object.
The insurgents, in the battle near Matamoras,
wrere commanded by E. Gausier Valdomar, as
commander in chief, with the aid of Col. Ma
cedonia Capistrain and his son-in-law, Guada
lupe Garcia; the latter of whom with the rank
of Commander of the Staff' and the former
that of Col. of Cavalry. The minor officers '
weie almost wholly composed of citizens of
Matamoras. . Since their very signal victory
they have planted themselves in a ranch near
Matamoras where their ranks are being hourly
augmented with fresh recruits, and it would
not surprise us if in our next issue we were called
upon to record the fact of their having taken
that city. Everything at present seems certain
ly to denote their complete success. The deep
discontent is so general against the existing go
vernment that its administrators dare not move
the force which garrison the cities of the re
public, through fear that the inhabitants them
selves will rise against them, so soon as the
cause is removed which forces them to subjec
A Family of Fiends.
Under this head the Lewisburg (Greenbrier)
Era of Saturday last contains the following no
tice of the fiendish and murderous doings of a
family of Grahams residing in that part of the
State, some particulars of which we have here
In Monroe county, Virginia, on the Green
brier river, and about fourteen miles below Lew
isburg lives a man named Joseph Graham.
He has three or four grown up sons living be
neath his roof, and (until the 27th ult.) one un
married daughter, Miss Jane Graham, aged
about 45. This daughter had an illegitimate
daughter by a man who recently died in Mis
souri, leaving the sum of $3,000 to this child,
who is now married to a Mr. Miller, of Nicholas
county. Quarrels of the most violent charac
ter are represented to have been common in this
family. A recent quarrel had taken place, and
one of brothers sought to injure the character of
his sister by leaving anonymous and defama
tory letters upon the highway, and also bv writ
in ^o Mr Miller, of Nicholas, giving the mother
of his wife a character as “ black as hell and rot
ton as carrion,” and asserting that her daughter
(Mrs. Miller) was no better.
Without any knowledge ox this, Miss Jane
Graham a few weeks ago went to Nicholas
county to visit her daughter—found that she
and her husband had separated, were living
apart, and learned that the cause was the anon
ymous letter which Miller had received. Miss
Graham, full of the violence and determina
tion which characterized her, immediately re
turned home. A violent quarrel ensued be
tween her and the brother who wrote the let
ter, into which the old man and woman were
drawn (they siding with the son)—the upshot
of which was the forcible ejectment of Miss
Graham from the house. 8lie went to the
house of a brother-in-law—one Mr. Nolan,
who lives hard by—who gave her shelter and
protection. On the night of the 27th of July,
Nolan and wife went to visit a neighbor, leav
ing Miss Graham to take care of the children.
After they were gone—(about nine o’clock,
and as the children of Nolan—one or two of
whom are competent witnesses)—Miss Gra
ham dressed herself and went out. 8he took
a bonnet belonging to her neice. and a pair of
stockings belonging either to her neice or to her
sister. (Remember this.) Nolan and wife
soon returned, and were surprised to find Miss
Graham gone. At a little pastlU o’clock they
were aroused by the cry of fire, caused by the
burning of the barn of Mr. Joseph Graham.
From her well-known vindictive temper, it was
at once suspected that she burnt the barn, and
hence her absence was not noted as anything
remarkable after such an act.
The Grahams made no effort to learn any
thing of the absent member of their family—
never even suggested pursut or revenge lor the
Their conduct in this respect added strength
to the rumor that was beginning to find tongues
—a rumor charging the family with putting
Miss Graham “out of the way.” This rumor
grew so strong, that on Friday last, 4th inst., a
party of neighbors gathered together for the
purpose of searching for the body of the absent
woman.. They went to the house of Graham
to ask his permission to search for the body on
the premises; his answer was, “ Go look in the
ashes of the barn—if her bones ain’t there, they
are in hell.” The party went forward on their
search. A few rods below the ruins of the
barn, they found indications of ascuffle—then
of a running fight—then, again, of a more se
vere scuffle, in which a person appeared to have
been thrown down. The ground was imprint
ed thicklv with footmarks of human beings
and of a dog. From this place they detected
such signs as indicated the drawing of a human
body along the ground toward the creek. This
trail they followed to the creek, where it was
lost; but on the other side they re-discovered it.
Here dark stains, which appeared to be of blood,
co\ered over with fresh ashes, were occasion
ally detected’ This trail was followed with
tolerable ease until they reached the bank of
another creek or brooklet beyond. Here there
were such appearances as induced the search
ing party to think the bodv, before dragged,
had been rested a moment and then shouldered.
The print of a person’s knees and the toes ot
two booted feet were seen plainly imprinted in
the soft earth, exactly as they would have been
had a person got down upon his knees. From
this point blood was occasionally detected on
the leaves two or three feet from the ground—
adding fresh conviction to the suspicions of the
parly that the body had been shouldered.—
Ashe.) were still occasionally seen to be scatter
ed along the path. Hut about half a dozen
rods from the place where the bo ly was sup
posed to have been shouldered all traces of the
trail were lost. One of the party looking in the
direction of the sun, saw an unusual number of
blue or carrion flies flying about, lie took it as
an indication, and by using a switch succeeded
in establishing aline of b zzing flies toward a
blown-down tree, below, on the bank of the
ereek. The instinct of liies was superior to
that of man, and enabled them to detect signs
that might have otherwise escaped them.—
Coming to the tree, they found footsteps lead
ing into the water, and by going into the water
and following down so as to get a view into
the thick topof the tree and surrounding hedge,
they discovered the dead body of Miss Jane
. The body was extricated from tho bushes af
ter much difficulty. It was considerably put
recent. The dress she wore had been taken off,
and lay beside her, having the appearance of
having been washed and throvvd up with the
body without being wrung. Some signs of
blood were still detected upon it, and it was
much torn as by a dog. Her shoes were also
taken off and thrown up after the body, as was
also the bonnet before spoken of. The stock
ings before mentioned were upon her feet.
There were signs of violence about the neck, as
though the body had been dragged by a rope.
A rope about eight feet long was afterward
I found near the place of concealment. Some
| signs of her having been worried by a dog were
also upon her person, but the blood is supposed
to have come from her nose or mouth.
The family Grahams showed no sign of fa
vor or affection for the murdered, and looked
with an eye that boded no good upon the
searchers, whom they deemed meddling with
a matter that was •* none of their business.”
An inquest was held upon the body last
Monday 7th inst. The evidence then given in
on the part of the searching party w as in accor
dance with the above recital. One witness
spoke of being on the ground early next morn
ing, and saw a large negro, who belongs to the
family, coming from the direction wrhere the
body was found with a bucket on his arm; made
him return to search for tracks of the incendia
ry; saw where some one (supposed to be the
negro) had scattered fresh ashes along, but saw
nothing then of the body. After hearing all
the evidence, the jury came to the conclusion
that Miss Jane Graham lired the barn; that in
doing so, she roused the fierce dog belonging to
the family; that the dog followed her, and that
some of the family pursued in the same direc
tion; that some of them came up with her
where the first indications of a scuffle occured,
that she then escaped, but was overt iken where
the indications of a second scuffle were found,
and there murdered.
The jury, we understand, were unanimously
of a conviction that this was the manner of her
death yet (will it be believed in the land of chi
valry, and in the 19th contury?) they brought
in a verdict on paper that she “ came to her
death by some unknown means!” One of the
jurymen, whom a friend of ours conversed with,
said they dared do nothing more—the Grahams
were such a desperate set that the whole neigh-!
borhood feared them.
On the morning after the murder, one of the
Grahams and the negro man before spoken of, i
early began to build a hay-stack near the house,
and all the bustle, inquiry and confusion about j
the premisses did not a moment delay their
work until it was done. The circumstance has
given rise to a suspicion that there is something j
connected therewith, and a determination has
been expressed to have the hay removed. If
anything more of this affair transpires, our rea
ders shall hear the particulars.
General views of Generalship.
Kossuth, speaking of the proposed taking of
Sebastopol, that monster of fortification, said:
I don’t think you can take Sebastopol by the
sea. The opportune foment of a coup cle main
I being lost, it would require sacrifices which you
j neither can afford nor risk. And as to taking it
! by laud, to taken fortress accessible by trenches,
and having but a gairison to defend it, that is
hut a matter ot art and comparative sacrifices.
It can be calcula:ed to tha hour.
But, to take an intieuohed camp, linked by
| terrible fortresses,and anaimy for a garrison in j
; it, and new armies pouring upon your dank and j
rear and you m the plains of the Crimea, with
also no cavalry to resist them, is an undertak
ing, to succeed in which, more forces are neces
sary than England and France ever can unite
in that quarter for such an aim. Ask about it
whichever staff officer who has learned some
thing about tactics and strategy And in that
position is Sebastopol, thanks to your Austrian j
alliance, which having interposed herself be
tween you and your enemy in Wallachia, made
the Czar free send such numbers to Sebastopol |
as he likes.
You will be beaten, remember my word. ;
Your braves will fall in vain under Russian (
bullets and Crimean air—as the Russians fell
under Turkish bullets and Damibian fever.
Xot one out of five of your braves, immolated
| in vain, shall see Albion or Gallia again. But I
■ I well tell you in what manner Sebastopol is to
be taken. It is at Warsaw that you can take
Sebastopol. Napier landing at Tamoglia, and
■ brave I’uland rising at the gallant call, will,
1 at the very first moment, engage 100,0U0 Rus
The first report of Poland’s insurrection can
| but spread dissolution in the Polish ranks of
the Russian army; in three weeks the Czar shall
have 300,000 men less, and shall want 300,000
men more. 11 is bravest provinces, 12,000,000
of Poles, will have not only slipped from his
grasp, but be fighting against him—12,000,000
left, by your impolicy, to be the source of his
power and the tools of his ambition. Was there
ever evidence, if this is not? And that’s not all.
Poland, with your authority and with your
aid in arms, will assure King Oscar of Sweden
that he is not to be left a sacrifice in the hands of
an over-powerful Russia. Poland in arms,
| gives you Sweden for anally; and Sweden,
again, occupies at least 100,Ot*.) Russians in Fin
land, and. seconded by your tleet, pushes on to
ward St. Petersburg. Thus you may take Se
bastopol under these conditions. It will be but
a fortress with a garrison. Your 30,<JOO braves
will do the work.
Rebuke of the New England Clergy.—
The Warwick Baptist Association of New
York, at its last meeting, administered a rebuke
to the 3,000 political clergy of New England
who recently assumed to themselves the au
thority to speak the will of the Almighty, con
cerning the Nebraska bill. We quote the
following from a report adopted by the Asser
“ We utterly repudiate all fellowship with
those who impiously assume to protest in the
name of the Almighty God against the passage
of laws for the organization of territorial gov
ernment, or other purposes, and in llis name to
fulminate anathemas against the representatives
of tile people in the discharge of their official
duties: And we regard the assumption tnat
my body of men are divinely instructed to sit
in judge ent upon all questions of amoral and
religious nature as oue which, if recognized by
the people, is calculated to destroy every vest
ige of civil and religions freedom, and pros
trate all the institutions of our land at the feet
ot an irresponsible and arrogant priesthood.”
03” Has the history of even Spanish revolu
tions ever offered more sudden vicissitudes of
fortune than appear in the case of Col. Garrigo,
v ho was taken in an early skirmish, tried bv a
court martial, condemned to death, and saved
by the Queen at the earnest intercession of his
wife, and has now, within only a few days, been
by the same Queen created a general officer, and
appointed to the command of the cavalry of the
garrison at Madrid.
Great Fire in Troy, X. Y.—A lire broke
out in Troy, Xew York, on the afternoon of
the 25th, and spread with irrisistible fury over
a space equal to about eight blocks, consuming
not less than two or three hundred buildings,
and destroying property amounting to not less
than one million of dollars. Owing to the drv
state of everything, it was impossible to check
the fury of the flames. Fortunately no fatal
accidents occurred during the conflagration.
IS7” Resolvtions by- the People.—We hail with
pleasure the increasing popularity of McLEAN’S
yOLCANlt OIL LINIMENT, notwithstanding the
vile and malicious “lies” that were invented and
issued through the pros* to injure its reputation.
*'<</, fhat having tested it, and found it more
offioa. n*us than any other liniment or remedy for the
cure ot Rheumatism, Bruises. Sprains, Pains, Sores.
Eruptions on the Skin, Piles, Burns. Scalds, etc., and
tor Horses, to cure Sweeny, Lameness, Strains, Poll
evil, Fistula, Sores, etc., we will continue to use it;
tor McLean's celebrated Liniment will never fail to
cure any external disease if properly applied.
Read the following exeraet of a
Letter from California.
J. II. McLean—Dear Sir: * * * I and all of
the Company return you our thanks for having sup
plied us with your Volcanic Oil Liniment. It is tru
1 ty the most valuable and useful medicine for a trip
across the Plains. We used it for Rheumatism,
i Bruises, Sprains. Pains, Wounds, Sores, etc., and it
always gave immediate relief. We applied it also to
our Horses und Cattle for Strains, Chafes, Galls and
other injuries, and it invariably performed a speedy
i cure. Yours, etc., J. CUMMINGS.
Sacramento City, Dee. 8th, 1853.
We say, then, to all who may be suffering from
external diseases, obtain a supply at once of J H Me
LEAN S VOLCANIC OIL LINIMENT-it is the
only leliable .remedy.
See advertisement in another column of to
NEW A_DV EJItTsEMINT'S .
Southern Military Academy
By authority of the State of Alabama, conducted
on the Havana plan.
lOOOO Numbers—238 Prices.
Class E—to be drawn 20th of Sept., 1854.
. ‘ 1,500
In all. 238 prizes, amounting to.30,000
Tickets $5,00—Halves and Quarters in proportion.
All communications strictly confidential.
SAMUEL SWAN, Agent and Manager,
| Sign of the Bronze Lions.
Montgomery, Ala., 20th'Aug., 1854. 43-4t
A. F. WOODARD, Attorney at Law, Benton,
Saline county. Arkansas. Sept. 20, 1854. 4m*
WAIT FOR TIIE WAGON.
AS I shall be home about the 20th of Sept., with
the handsomest alnl cheapest stock of goods
ever brought to this market, and which 1 intend to
sell at a verv small advance for the casA, I hope the
: Ladies will 'hold on; and not be in a hurry in making
their selections particularly in Dress Goods J Bonnets,
I Ribons. etc., until they see my stock selected from the
i very lust arrivals.iu Atw Jirjr.
I Sept. 20. 2t . D. C. FULTON.
Murder !—«2,TOO Reward !*
ON the 24th of March, 1853, at the city of CW
ville, Johnson county, Ark., a most a,“k8'
tnurder was committed bv William Rvbott,J? 10n*
the pereon of James Murphy, one of the mosTre!1*011
table moffensive and law-abiding citizens ^
• u- xis about 45 years of age, anri r ,
eight.ineheshigh; strong buift. light hair, bll feet
coarse features, rather short flattish nose, and
the charactenstics of a resolute man s *11
And whereas, tan indictment for murder •
been found by the grand jury of Johnson Cor>
against the said Rubottom, the above reward « un
paid. by the undersigned, to anv person or , ^
who will apprehend and safely lldge him in
house at Little Rock, in this State. ~ n tlle la*i'
RUFUS C. SADDLER
L- O. SADDLER
Clarksville, Ark., March n" ^
0ther ^ P|C"“ ”«i«thisinttat
Of Establishment of Surveyor* General and r
Office* Ji r the Territories of HEW \n.o,an&
ft A SUING VOX, OltEGOX at Jljxfgfr
TN pursuance of law tlie President of the TV
L States has directed that for the present r he toll. ^
shall be the sites of the offices for the Sun ,
Land Districts created by acts passed at the ^ anu
sion of Congress, viz: y We late ses
The office for the Surveyor General of Ne«- \r„ •
to be located at Santa Ft; and that for the Sun 0
General of \\ ashmgton Territoiv at Oi v vn eJw
. The offices for the Register and Recciiwf tV .
mgton rerntory also at Olympia; tlm^t, r '
1 erritory at Orpgon (’n y; those f,,rt|)e Wi[
tnct in Minnesota Territoiy at U'inon , • ! f’1"
Given under my hi nd at the . itv of W» i;
this twenty-fourth day of Aimnst' \ D n ' nptl n
JOHN WILSON GanmiJ r
SePf- 20 Gt '/ Genera! 1 and
DWIGHT FOR MALE.
T HAVE 320 acre* of good land lying or, F:vnr
J. Bayou on the mam stage road running IV,
hock to \ an Buren ami Fort Smith „ -
the R ck and 80 east of Fort Smith; HmSST* f
I.varmm Hie farm is beautiful and in good mini?'
go* ,, fern-boat and i good springs that no r J- *
different qualities,callebret,freestoneand redJh 1? °*
ad convenient to my buildings, for usimr wamr ‘
[will sell on reasonable terms. Appl/to thek'h
signed at Dwight. Pop countv*. Ark. ’
The survey made by Cape.' Burner for fl„. v ♦
Minth Branch of the Cairo and Fulton r ;>r,, i rt
through the land. JAMES M. l . f ' L™®
Sept. 20,1854. 8t ' KX>^
Patent English \ el I uni, or Tracing ciolb.
A SUBBRIOR article for maps or plats, as cadi*
j. Y- iiUd much more lasting than trad»q
It is thirty-seven inches wide and sold bv the xL\
in any quantity to suit customers, at the' book
“Ypt.so lom *• oi:aci„.n
M Record and Blank Books.
IA)Ic M, Demi and Quarto Records, well bound
and fine paper. Scrap-books. Ledgers. Joum ,]/
Uav-books. ( ash-books. Receiving and Memorandum
books: all sizes and qualities of half bound blank
etc.: latcny received at the book-store of
_ JOHN E. REARDON.
rpVPFS of Mankind, or Ethnological Researches
A Oazateer of the United States, a full and cim*.
hensive review of the present condition, industry and
resources of the American Confederacy.
Jay s Morning and Evening Exercises.
<-,.*'.\ements pf.the Laws, Outlines of the System'of
Civil and Criminal Laws, a valuable work of refer
ence for any body.
American Lawyer and Business Man’s Form-book
suited toeverv State.
Pocket-book of Mechanics and Engineering bv
By strom. => ;
I lie \V , rks of Calhoun. 4 vols.
Baker's Railway Engineering aud Earthwork.
Just received and for salebv
_Jep^_JOHN E. REARDON.
WAGON AND MI LKS.
r|'MiL undersigned offers for sale-two large likelv
A mules, with wagon and harness complete
SePt--'-> ^_ROSWELL BEEBE.
^PIIE co-partnership heretofore existing under the
A firm of V m. M. VanValkenburgh 6: Co., was
on ii.n fir>t tlav of March last, dissolved bv inutu&i
consent. All persons indebted to said firm are re
quested to make immediate payment.
wm. m. van Yalkenburgii,
Sept. 20.1854 It
STATE OF ARKANSAS.
TTTIIEREAS, in compliance with law. an election
t T v as held on the 1st Monday ;u August. 1854,
in the first and second Congressional Districts of the
State of Arkansas, for the election of one Represen
tative in the Congress of the United States from each
of. said Districts; and, whereas, from the returns of
said elec tion made to the office of the Secretary of
State, it appears that in the respective counties com
posing the 1st District, Alfred B. Greenwood received
the following vote, to wit: In the countv of
*8 i >. ‘
o 2 o
* • c c S I A
a Vf « 03 C3 S S|
§ £ * c I = I
® w ” S
^ 77 0L Q ^
_ ^ ^ P ^ a S
Fulton ....... oSu..
Izard . 57a..
Madison. 700.. .. 05
Mississippi ... 13c>.. IS .. .. 43
Phillips. 579..279 ..
Randolph .... 4s8..
St. Francis ... 5-ls .. 19 ..
Van Buren ...
Washington . .1466.. .. .. . ’ ' •>
_ 15374 316 23* 43 84 S -
Makingin the aggregate for Alfred B. Greenwood
fifteen 1 housand tli ree hun l red and seventy - four voU*>:
ten VV illiam 4. Myrtle three hundred aud sixteen
votes: Sam'! E. Kenner twenty-five votes; ter Tho.s
B. Hanley forty-three votes: for W. C. Bovens thir
tv-tour votes; for K. R. Milligan eight votes; ter K.
A. Nuarp two votes.
And, v hcreas. in the 2d District it appears that.
In the county of
U ~ Jz
a t 3
^3 - r
-fed ► _ 1 ' JT
£ fS jS «
t5 < ai
Arkansas. Ill ....205 .... ” ....^
Ashley. 296 .... 72.
Bradley. 845 ....235 .
Clark. 542_141 _
Columbia. 402 223 _
Chicot. 249 56 _ ....
Calhoun. 245 .... 56 .... ....
Desha. 198 ....143 .
Dallas. 849 ....123 .
Hempstead,. 452 257 .... _
Hot Spring. 436 ....113 .... ....
Jefferson. 482 244 _
Lafayette. 130 77 _
Monroe. 234 .... 83 .... _
! Montgomery. 188 .... 71 _
Ouachita.- 485 ....471 .... _
t Perry,. 139 .... S4_ _
Pulaski. 41S 350 _ ....
Prairie. 829 _187_ 12_ 3
Pike. 232 79.
Polk. 73 .... 31.
Saline. 459 119_ _
Sevier. 850 187_ _
Scott. 351 .... 96 .
Sebastian. 898 ....276 _
Union. 739 ....871 !.!.
Yell. 264 899 .
9878 4342 12 *
Making in the aggregate for Albert Rust nine thou
sand three hundred and seventy-eight votes; for E
G. W alker four thousand eight hundred and forty
two votes; for E. A. Warren twelve votes, and for J
S. Bradshaw three votes.
Now, therefore. 1, Emas N. Conway, Governor of
the State of Arkansas, by virtue of the authority in
ine vested, do hereby declare and make known, that
Allred B. Greenwood and Albert Rust have becu du
ly-elected from the respective Congressional District*
aforesaid, Representatives from the State of Arkan
sas in the 84tn Congress of the United States.
In testimony whereof I have hereunto
[t. s.] set my hand and caused the seal of »aiu
State to be affixed.
At Little Rock, vn the 16th September. 1854. r
By the Governor,' ELIAS N. CONWAY
David B. Grkkr,
Secretary of State,
Sept. 20,1854. 2t
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