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I _«_ ESTABLISHED 1871._“FEAR COD. TELL THE TRUTH AND MAKE MONEY." B; LANDVOIGT & VADAKInT VOL. XL. FOKHKST CITY. AUK.. FRIDAY AFTERNOON. APRIL 7. 1011. NoTso. CONGRESS BEGINS ITS EXTRA SESSION CONFLICT IS IN SIGHT OVER RE VISION OF TARIFF SCHEDULE. Champ Clark Displaces Joseph Can non as Speaker of the House of Representatives. Washington, I). C.—The Sixty-sec ond congress met in extraordinary g-isi-ii.!; Tuesday. What the session vi hi.i.g forth in the way of legisla tion or when it will adjourn are mat ter- on which no one cares to venture an r,| uiion. TST HON. CHAMP CLARK, Who Succeeds Joseph G- Cannon as Speaker of the House. The Democrats took full possession of the house and put Champ Clark ot Missouri in the speaker’s chair. In his speech accepting the honor, Mr. Clark warned the Democrats that the eyes of the country were upon them; that the party was on trial and that It had an opportunity for the first time in It; years to prove its worthi ness for a still higher expression of confidence on the part of the Ameri can people. William J. Bryan of Nebraska and Governor Harmon of Ohio were prominent figures on the floor of the house during the opening ceremonies and both stiared in the Democratic demonstrations that marked the day. The senate's opening was sedate as usual. And while the leadership of the upper branch of the new congress remains in Republican hands, the change in the personnel of those as suming command was almost as marked as in the house. Republican leaders of the senate have announced that there shall be no tariff legislation at the extra session. Tariff revision is included in plans of the Democrats. This difference of opinion promises soon to bring the two brandies into sharp conflict. A leg islative deadlock is freely predicted, and the length of the session seems now to depend upon how long the Democratic house will bombard the • Republican senate with general leg islation bills. From a political stand Point it is likely that one of the most important things the Democratic house will do will be to order a thorough Investigation of the various depart meats and branches of the govern ment service. The Democrats assert there has been no such investigation for twenty years, and that much good campaign materials as well as mudi savings to the people will result from them. nuis were introduced providing for changes in tariff, pensions, improve rui-nts in the postal service, an income tux and many other matters. Sever il hundred public bills and more than private ones were presentee! during the three hours the house was lu session. Harrison Elected Again in Chicago. - Carter H. Harrison, rpu.'or of Chicago from 1897 until and son of Carter H. Harrison, *■' "'ho occupied the mayor's office rom is,!* to 1887, and was assassl nated during the world's fair, was elected mayor for the fifty time. Ho defeated Charles E. Merriam. his Re publican opponent, by 17,082 votes, Saining a total of 177,358 votes. Rates From Malvern Cut. Washington, D. C.—The Interstate ommerce Commission deciued that e through rate of 49 cents per 100 P°un(l* on chairs from Malvern, Ark.. 0 Milwaukee, Wls., is excessive, and reduced t lit? rate to 39 cents. A re un,i ,0 'he Hartman Furniture Com au* of Malvern, complainant, was or eieit The Cliicago, Rock Island and R(lfk' 1111 d other roads are involved. Suspends Publication. m 'Oden—Owing to the inability of p °*ner of the Cherokee Headlight, Weekly paper published at Riggers. 'Iph county, to secure competent distance, its publication hus been l^spended indefinitely. Mrs. Willie 8- who has been editing the pa r or the past year, has relinquished r ease on the plant. LIFE’S DISAPPOINTMENTS. -yfntr .son tmaf"* J IRfcf 5 OEtIH Pfrt? i ntion 20 itflf} Six M TQ tS Q CE’A'S'Q @ M (Copyright, lijll.t IS S A 0 S Q @ £3 AN EARTHQUAKE ; SHOCKS ARKANSAS DISTINCT SHOCKS ARE EXPE RIENCED IN EAST AND SOUTH EAST ARKANSAS. Great Excitement Was Caused in a Number of Towns, but No One Was Injured. Little Rock.—Distinct earthquake shocks were felt Friday morning throughout east and southeast Arkan sas, the disturbance being confined to that locality of the state exclusive ly. In many towns two shocks were felt and in some as many as three, but. not much damage was done any where except in Pine Bluff, where i many w indows were broken, and in ; DeWitt, where the courthouse and all two and three-story buildings were more or less damaged. In all of the towns where the shocks were the most distinct there was great excitement, people rushing from their homes, and in many in stances refusing to go back for some time. Reports show that no shocks were felt in any place in north, north east or northwest Arkansas. As near as can be learned, the disturbances began about 11 o’clock, lasting sever al seconds each time. In Little Rock a distinct shock was felt by hundreds of persons shortly bel’ore 11 o'clock. The shock was not severe, however, and did little dam age. It was not severe enough to cause general alarm. It was noticed in several of the school buildings, but no undue excitement was caused. In Argenta plaster was shaken from the ceiling of the high school build ing, causing considerable alarm, but no other damage w-as done. Pine Bluff Was Badly Shaken. Pine Bluff.—Two distinct earth quake shocks were felt here. They were so severe that buildings rumbled and swayed, and hundreds of excited residents crowded the streets in a panic. Many of them feared to return to their homes, and in the downtown districts the excitement was intense. Windows were broken in various parts of the city. At the Sixth Aven ue school building the walls were ciacked and plastering fell upon the pupils. In the new $100,000 high school building plastering fell from the ceiling of the big auditorium. Three Shocks Felt at Rison. Bison.—What is supposed to have been a severe earthquake shock was felt here, throwing the entire town into a panic. Men, women and ohil dren hurried out into the streets, thinking the houses were fa’imp. All the clocks in town stopped, bottles were broken, flues toppled over and fell. Several brick buildings in town cracked and a number of glass win dows were broken. Three distinct shocks were felt. : Causes Wild Excitement at Warren. Warren.—Wild excitement was caused in Warren by two earthquake shocks. Both times the shock caused the ringing of the be!! in the court house and occupants of the building rushed forth in terror. In the public school building the stove pipes were thrown down by the shock and the children made a mad rush out of the building. Articles were knocked from the shelves of stores. Shock Was Slight at Hot Springs. Hot Springs.—if there was really »t. earthquake shock felt here it was so slight that but few people realized there was a disturbance in the section until telepgraph and telephone mes sages began pouring in from other sections of the country to friends and relatives, asking for assurances that Hot Springs had not been visited anu that they were all safe THE GOVERNMENT LOSES LAND SUITS VALUE OF PROPERTY INVOLVED RANGES UPWARD FROM $100,000,000. The Defendants in the Suit Were Indicted on Charges of Conspiracy. Seattle. Wash.—The government lost its first battle in the effort to punish the alleged fraudulent locators of Alaska coal lands. Judge Hanford in the United States district court overruled the motion to instruct the jury to acquit. C. F. Mundan, E. E. Siegle and Arch Shields, yet he sus tained all the vital points contended for by the defendants. The ground on which the court re fused to grant the motion to acquit was not raised by counsel for either side in the suit, but by the judge him self. It leaves the government so lit tle room to stand on that it is said to be practically assured the prosecu tion will be dropped. The lands in question are the Eng lish or Sir Edward Stracey group. They are said to be richer even than the Cunningham claims. Estimates of their value range from $100,000,000 to a much larger sum. The defendants, together with Algy Stracey, a brother of Sir Edward Stracey, were indicted at Tacoma last fall, charged with conspiracy to defraud the govern ment. Stracey remained in Vancouv er, B. C., and avoided arrest. Corral Asks for Leave of Absence. Mexico City.—Ramon Corral, vice president of Mexico, has petitioned congress for an indefinite leave of absence. As a reason for his action he stated that he considered it ad visable for him to leave the country for a time on account of the bad con dition of his health. Germany was famed as his destination. By asking congress for a leave of absence, the \ ice president quieted the rumors that he intends to resign soon. If he re signs at 'all it will not he for many months, and on good authority it is stated that he has no intention now of doing so at any time. Ask Heavy Damages From Railroad. New Orleans.—Alleging that by un reasonable and unjustly discrimina tory rates of the Illinois Central and Yazoo & Mississippi Valley railroads it has suffered a great loss, being forced to move half of its plant to Shreveport, the American Creosote Works of South Port, La., filed a pe tition in the United States circuit court seeking $556,000 damages. Osceola Marshal Killed by Bootlegger Osceola, Ark.—R. L. Ferguson, mar shal at this place, was killed, and Robert Dean, a deputy sheriff, was wounded, perhaps fatally, when they endeavored to arrest Henry Coltes, charged with operating a “blind tiger " Tlie shooting occurred on the bank of the Mississippi river near Wilson, 10 miles south of Osceola. New Counterfeit $10. Washington.—A new counterfeit $lo Cnlted States note, a photographic production of the buffalo note, not very cleverly executed, was announced by the secret service. It is of tne 1901 series, bearing the portraits of Lewis and Clark, the back of the note being reddish—brown instead of green. Lightning Strikes Big Tower. Hot Springs.—During a heavy rain and electrical storm here, lightning j struck the big steel observatory tower on the crest of Hot Springs moun tain, burning away the lower struc ture, but leaving the steel structural work intact. No one was injured. The financial loss is about $7,000. >AYS THAT JAPAN IS PREPARING FOR WAR c:\ h s^ COUNT ERNEST VON REVENTLOW great German strategical expert, ami naval authority, who says Japan is pteparing for war on the United States, and that she will come through the campaign victorious. The count says that naval supremacy in the Pa cific and control of the China trade is necessary to the life of Japan; that by seizing the unfortified United States islands in the Pacific she would make herself secure from American attack. He believes Japan, in sencling her citi zens to colonize in the island posses sions of the United States, is follow ing the same tactics she did with Rus sia before the Russian-Japanese war. LIGHT ON JAPAN’S PLANS IN MEXICO — STATEMENT OF BARON ISHII, MADE SEVERAL YEARS AGO, IS RECALLED. — How Japs Secured Control of Tehuan tepec Railroad Across Isthmus. _ Houston. Tex.—Baron Ishii, when in the United States from Japan in Sep tember, 1907, as the special envoy of his imperial government, and who at the time was chief of the bureau of commerce and communication for the Japanese government, made a state ment to a Houston Post representa tive which, though an apparently in nocent statement at that time, taken in connection with events now going on, wras very significant. This statement disclosed that Japan was on a deal at that time to secure control of the Tehuantepec National railway in connection with a line of I Japanese steamships from Santa Cruz to Japan. That the deal was consum mated later developments would seem to prove. "It can readily be seen,” stated Baron Ishii, discussing the question, "that there will be a great saving by a shortening of the route when it is stated that by this route there is a saving of from thirty to sixty days from New York to San Francisco by I ship, this route cutting off the long | haul around South America. It will he | tlie same saving from Galveston to J Japan.” \\ ithin a few months after Baron Ishii made the above statement a Jap anese steamship line between Mexican ports and Japan was installed, and Texas cotton began to move over the Tehuantepec National railway for delivery to the steamship line. This service has been In operation ever since that time. This signifies that the deal discussed by Ishii was con summated. Recently a special telegram to the Post from the City of Mexico, purport ing to be from the authority of a finan cier close to Diaz, and who, it was stated, knew everything that was go ing on, b"ought the intelligence that there was a secret treaty in exist between the governments of Japan and Mexico, and that the Mexican gov ernment hud grant'd certain conces sions and railway rights and port rights to the Japanese government. Ail these things, taken in connec tier, with the rush movement of the | United States troops and vessels of the navy, and more especially bring ing of heavy artillery to Galveston, is an evidence that the Washington offi cials deem ttie situation of more grav ity than the mere patrolling of the border to prevent the sending in of contraband of war from this country to the aid of the Mexican insurgents. Southerner Gets Contract. New Orleans. La.—P. M. Ixjfton, president and general manager of the | Columbian Iron Works of Chattanooga, is on the way home from Minneapolis, where he won a competitive contract to supply the city of Minneapolis with 500 Are hydrants over bidders from all over thg country. _ _ _ __ . Convicts to Work on State Highway. ' Almost an entire day was spent by tho senate in the discussion of ITesi- i dent Toney’s bill, providing for the 1 ■ employment of 100 convicts on the \ construction of the road between I.it i tie Hock and I’ine liluff. and the bill ] of Senator Johnson, introduced by re 1 Quest, creating the Twelfth chancery i circuit. Strong opposition developed i against both bills. The Toney bill was passed by a vote of It to 10 and i the Johnson bill was defeated by bo ing indefinitely postponed, he motion being made by Senator Watson, who [ was one of the leaders in the fight 1 against its passage. All the senators who spoke In opposition to the pas- i sage of the Toney bill declared them selves in tnvor of the state system ol i building highways, but contended that! the Toney bill discriminated in favor j of one locality against another. Sen- j i ator Toney said that the proposed j , road would lie built through territory that needed development and that those who owned the land were will ing to pay for its construction. When completed, he declared it would be | the best built highway in the state j The road, he said, would lie built through lands which would he great ly enhanced in value when th# road is completed. Provides for a Cotton Weigher. Among the bills introduced in the house was one by Representative Griswood for the election of a county cotton weigher. The weighers are to give bond in the sum of $2,500 and shall receive as salary between $75 and $40 per month out of the fees col lected for weighing. Ten cents is to be charged for each bale weighed, and ten cents for every load of seed weighing 1,200 pounds, paid by the buyer. Smaller loads shall be charged five cents. The residue, after the weigher has taken his salary, shall bo placed to the credit of the cotton yards. The weigher is to he named by the county judge on petition. Failure to patronize the weigher may bo deemed prima facie evidence of fraud. Would Abolish Liquor. Senator White introduced a bill sud- ' mitting the question of statewide pro hibition to the people at the next gen eral election, it provides that the people vote for and against statewide local option. If the ’ >ca! option re-j ceives a majority of the votes cast, j then local option will continue to pre-I vail, but If statewide prohibition re ceives a majority of the votes cast, then statewide prohibition will be in effect from and after the announce ment of the results. The bill provides that if statewide prohibition prevails whiskey and wine shall not be sold in a drug store in any locality of the state, either for medicinal or sacra mental purposes, and that it shall not he sold on the prescription of a phy sician. Juvenile Court Bill Passed in House. With only one dissenting vote, the Black-Calvert Juvenile court bill j passed in the house. The county ami probate judge is given charge of the j court, which has for its purpose the reclaiming and correction of wayward children. A committee may also be appointed to visit children known to be neglected or mistreated, and as sign homes for them. However, in the cases of youthful criminals, the or fender may be turned over to the regular courts. Prohibition Bill Passed in the House. Almost without discussion, the ] Kersh "state-wide" submission bill | passed in the house. The measure submits the question of state-wide 1 prohibition to the people at the Sep ; tcmber election, 1912, and will then be | voted upon as any other measure. , Representative Kersh explained the i ! bill briefly and Representative Yadon made a short temperance talk in fa vor of it. The vote was 56 for, 16 j against. Bradham Education Bill Passed. The Bradham bill, for the creation of a state board of education, came up in the bouse. It creates a super-! visory board, before which matters re lating to the common sc hool system ! comes, and takes some of the powers of the state department of education The vote on the bill was 44 for, 22 I against. Kill Tax Collection Bill. After a most able address against i the bill by Representative Little and by Representative Going, Speaker Mil wee and others, the Logan bill tor the collection of back taxes was postponed lot sixty clays and the vote recoiuid toed and tabled. ; - Exempt Farm Products. Representative Kellogg s bill prohib iling towns or cities charging license for the sale of farm products by farm ere, passed The bill applies only to ! home products, meats, vegetables, etc., and to the growers of the produce Farmers selling through agents or middlemen are not exempt. A/ould Construct New Constitution. A bill calling fur a constitution.11 ■('it vent Jon, to be held Monday, No ember 27, 1911, in the city of Little took, ft>r the purpose of drafting a tew state constitution, was introduced n the House by Mr. Martin of Fault ier couit.y, and the hill is understood () havel the backing of a number of nttiientBil men on the door of the louse. The convention is ordered inder a direct legislative call and is lot contingent upon an election on hat question by the people, its sug gested mud provided in the Henley jill, already before the house. In the Martin hill it is provided that an •lection, shall be held September 5, 1911, for the purpose of electing del egates (o the proposed convention, ot whom there are to be 138. Each coun ty is entitled to one delegate, with >ne from each congressional district ind a number at large. The more pop llous counties are entitled to a cor •espondlng representation in the con tention. It is eipressly directed In :tie bill that the proposed convention, while drafting a new organic law for the state, shall not Include in that law any provisions that might revive the aid obligations of the state that have been nullified by constitutional amendment, nor shall the new con sul ution afreet any state office now es tablished during the tenure of the present officials. Uniform Text Book Bill Fells. The Davis uniform text book bill failed of passage, but Representative Willems gave notice of reconsidera tion, declaring that its provisions were not thoroughly understood by the house. The bill provides for a text book board, to be appointed by the governor, one member from each con gressional district. Its duty consists in selecting uniform text books for tho state. Special districts, however, and those of the first and second class cities and towns are exempted, la those counties where county uniform ity prevails the present contract is allowed to be completed, after which they must come under the state law. In explaining his bill Representative Davis of Columbia stated that a sim ilar law in Texas had saved the citi zens of that state $3,000,000 In text books, and that $500,000 would be saved to Arkansas tn the lirst few years. To Protect Water Consumers. Senate bill No. 421 was introduced by Senator Holland, and provides for the protection of consumers of water in Arkansas. The act makes it un lawful for any person or corporation doing business in this state to place a water meter on the premises of any person, whether the premises are oc cupied by the owner, tenant or lessee, without the consent of such owner, tenant or lessee. The act makes It unlawful for any council of any city to so change its franchise, grant or charter, to compel any owner, tenant or lessee using water furnished by any person, firm or corporation, to use a meter contrary to its wishes. Signs Free Lunch Bill. Governor Douagney signed the bil! recently passed by the legislature pro hibiting the giving away of lunches :n places where intoxicating liquors aro 8'iid. The bill also makes it unlawful to sell or give away Intoxicants to a person who is drunk. Drunkenness is defined as the degree of intoxica tion which incapacitates a person to reasonably transact business or ren ders one ridiculous in the eyes of the people. Pass Election Board Bill. Senator Williams' bill providing that the state board or election com missioners shall be composed of tho governor, secretary of state, attorney general, state superintendent of pub lic instruction, state treasurer, siato auditor, commissioner of mines, man ufactures and agriculture and state land commissioner, was passed. The present board is composed of the gov ernor, secretary of state and attor ney general. Militia Appropriation Bill Introduced. Representative Lewis of St. Francis introduced the appropriation hill lor the Arkansas National Guard, for $is_ •120. The bill tails for considerably less than that passed by the last leg islature and its heaviest items are Js.fito for armory rent and Id,000 each for the salaries of the assistant adjutant genera! and the assistant quartermaster general. Favor Abolition of Lease System. After almost two entire days spent in discussion, the house, in adopting the Davis resolution prohibiting tho leasing of convicts after June, regis tered itself in favor of the abolition of the lease system. The roll was not called on the final vote, but the speaker declared the resolution to have been adopted on a viva vote vote.