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l>EVoTH> To Lk II , l*o|.ITH Al, < oMMEIICIAL, AGRICULTURAL, AND LlTKHAKY INTELLIGENCE. VOL. 1. Kl'SSKLLV IL LE, A R K.. T111; RSI) A Y,MAK€ 0 25,187^ ~ NO. ■> r ......— * THE DEMOCRAT. —1! BEISIIF.D AT— RUSSELLVILLE, ARKANSAS, I;very Thursday Morning, By the Ru.sellvUle Printing Association ' RATES OF ADVERTISING. IM. | * M* | 6 M. | 1*2 M : -.mare_ $ 8 (JO | $ 7 oo | $1*2 oo (U ‘ - 4 •.:*»«•«* ... 4 <»> 0 00 I 18 00 <8# , - Mian‘« ... « HI 1*2 oo | *24 00 40 >1 i -humret ... MU 15 00 | *21* 00 50 00 ] i ..l,iurn . . . 38 <*0 00 00 | IN* 00 IRO * * special nolle*’.* double ilie* above rates Editorial notice* twenty-five cents a line f..i the flr»t and fifteen rents for each addi tion insertion. All transient advertisement* ca-h in advance. Marriage and obitnary j mdices not to exceed four lines, free; over j f.>nr twenty centt per line. p < nrda or communieations of a personal ! character, if admissible at all, double the iiHiml rates, and strictly in advance. TMXMS: l year (in advance).$1 .V) f. months. 75 | 3 m Tilth*.40 j Single copy, 5 cents. Tin; Democrat i- the best advertising sheet , in the state. Its extensive circulation in the Southwest, among the planters, mer chant* and business men, renders it espe cially desirable to those who wish to reach 4 the general and Hiibstaftcial public by ad vertising their respective business and in terests. The Democrat lias the largest circulation of any paper in the State, outside of Little Rork. and is not surpassed hv any other paper In the South west being circulated in nearly every town and city in the south ami west, and read by an intelligent, enterprising people. No man’s name put cn our new Subscrip ( tiou book, without the money paid down. Don’t ask us to send the Democrat without • he money, for you w ill positively be re- t fused, —one ami all. i All bills with our advertisers an? to be * settled at the end of every month without fail, aud advertisements not settled for at 1 that time will be discontinued, without no- i tice, unless special arrangements are made. ' All local notices must bo paid for at the rate of ten cents per line, for each insertion. This rule is imperative and must be ad hered to. MAIL SCHEDULE. EAST: Arrives - • - - - 2:55 p. m Departs ------ 8:15 ». in WEST: Arrives ----- 8:15 a. m Departs - - - - 2:55 p. m NORTH: Arrives, Mon., Wed., aud Fit., 11:00 a. m Departs “ “ “ 1:00 p. m SOUTH: Arrives - - - - - 8:00 a. m Departs - 3:15 p. m The Eastern, Western and Southern mails arrive and depart daily, Sundays excepted. .J. ARTHUR ERWIN, I*. M. RELIGIOUS NOTICES. CUMBERLAND PRESBYTERIAN CUfRCH— On Main street. Services every llrst Suu< lav at 10 o’clock a. m. and 7J„ o’clock p. in. All are invited. H. SMITH, Pastor. 1 Baptist Ciil'ttCH—on Main street. Ser vices every third Sabbath. All are invited to attend. Rev. M. M. Crawford Pastor. Methodist Uiu rchs South—every second Sabbath. All are invited to attend. Rev. W. J. DODSON, Pastor. Methodist Episcopal t 11 i rcii.—Every second and fourth Sunday at 11 o’clock a. 111. and at 7>* o’clock p. in. All are invited. Rev. ENOCH JONES, Pastoi.V SUNDAY SCHOOL at the Presbyterian church every Sabbath at ft oVleck a. in. All children and parents arc respectfully invited to attend. R. J. WILSON, Superintendent. Christian UiirRCH.—Elder J. B. Dalton, preaches every second Lord’s day in each month, and Saturday night bolore, at the Prairie Grove church, one mile cast ol Russellville. Fraternal. MAhonb—Meet on Main Street on the il't and third Saturday* in eaeh Month. J. W . Ituascll, \V. M. J. B. Erwin Sec’ty. I. O. G. T. Meet every Wednesday night of each week. J. \V. ItiuMell, W,. C. T. J. F. Monday. Secretary. STATE OFFICERS._ Governor, A. II. tJAKI.AN 1) See ret ary of State, II. B. BEAN EltS. Auditor, Win. It. Nil EEElt Treasurer. ..T. ,1. ClIl’Rt HILL.’ Attorney Generul. s. 1* HPGIIES. 4 oui'r. Male lands, .1. N. SMITH EE. 4 nancellor,.I. It. EAKIN. «. lerk of < haneery < ourt, A. It. WITT. Adjutant (ieneral, < . II. Wool). 4 hief Juutic4*,.E. H. ENGLISH. Associate*, W. M. Harrison, and David AV a iker. 6th Judicial District._ <om posed of the counties «»f Pope, John- , hon, Franklin, t rawford, Sebastian, Suiher •'i'l'i'lUJiKlKO.W. W. NIAN'snM.I). | l'ros. Alt').>• 1 • ■" h l:r 4th Senatoriai Diet._ Senator,.t' 11 AS. E. T< )B E A • COUNTY OFFICERS. Itepresentative, ...,.N. D. SlIJNN. Sheriff.I os. PETTY. ( 4 hi k. A. J. BAY EISS. tountv fudge, FHANK THA< II. x G. W. O. DAVIS, j / l i-o /*-/) n. It. PA It K KB. k 4 oror 'ifV ' .J No. I*. K A N4« Folt I >. \ Sill v . yoj|E V_.JAS. I. POTTS. CITY OFFICERS.^ X,— .11- XV. I I I. X X KK. U. . ..r.l.i.•... II. I-. XX II rn:. I...,.....IN", x. KKXX IN. ••i ri’i't i mnumsioner.. . J \> NS . It t »!■ I I.. I'm n Mar'Iial.1 * I PKI.IL , % Spring is Coining. llo! oli! ho! the w inds are saying— ‘•Spring is coming, full of mirth, Yottinnv hear her footsteps patter Lightly on the frozen earth. Storms may wake and winds he w ailing. Ootids he black with icy rain; Yet be sure the grass is creeping l pw ard to the light again. ’ - -- Happiness. If solid happiness we prize, Within our breast this jewel lies. And they are fools who roam; The world' hath nothing to bestow,— From ouK own selves our bliss must flow And that dear hut, our home.—Cotton. A Discontented Poet. Man's a fool! When it’s hot he wants it cool; When it’s cool lie wants it hot— Ne'er contented with his lot. When it’s dry lie for showers is heard to sigh; When—to meet his wish—it rains. Of the wet the fool complains. Hot or cold, dry or wet. Nothing suits that he can get; I consider, as a rule, Man's a fool. Forever Fading. The verdure of the leaf, fl he rtrinrit of the rose; Alas! alas! how very brief Their beauty glows. The brilliant summer sky, How soon ’tis overcast; The lov mg and the lustrous eye Finds time to rest at last. Ambition's glorious dream Kails of its loftiest goal; ’Tis ?o with every w orldly scheme, Only! survives’the soul. Progress. llow beautifully has the Quaker poet, Whittier, expressed the mighty iiiarrh of events—the lightning-like progress of the age. Behind the squaw’? light birch canoe, The steamer rocks and raves; And city lots are staked for sale Abtveold Indian graves 1 hear the tread of pioneers— Of nations yet to be— The first low w a^h of waves where soon shall roam a human sea. The rudiments of Umpire here Yrc plastic yet and warm: The chaos of a mighty world Is rounding into form. Written for tin* Democrat.] Ol'lt PROSPECTS. Coon Valley, Arkansas,) March 15th, 1875. j" Editor of the Democrat: Dear Sir: If you will allow me a little Space in your valuable columns, 1 will in brief, give you the prospects of our fanners in ('oon Valley. There never was a spring that opened to us with brighter prospects than the pres ent one, though we have had an uncommon cold winter for this country, the mercury sinking as low as zero and freezing the ground to the depth of four inches, and the spring is a little later than common, still every indication is good for a splendid crop year. Hut still better than all is the bright prospects of a settled and quiet government, which has brought joy and gladness to the heart of every man, woman and child. May God bless our gov ernor, and give him a clear and sound mind in all of his otticial duties, is a prayer that the majori ty of the people of Arkansas can say Amen to. The farmers here appear to all be in the best of spirits, and are settling down to business in right good earnest, and each one appears to be fully determined that' his crop shall be the earliest crop in the ncighltorlteod,—but there is still a disposition to plant too much cotton. I hope our farmers will bear this in mind, and plant a little more corn, more jMitatoes, more vegetables, and by ull means u puu'u oi cane, nui says one we can’t get the need. lie has not read the advertisement in your paper of cane seed for sale at the Hardware store in your town. So much lie looses for not taking the paper and reading the advertise ments. There is now a good prospect for a large immigration to this part of Arkansas. 1 learn that already there has been quite a number of inquiries from differ ent states about this part of the country. The extreme cold weath er in northern states will cause thousands of farmers to look for a milder climate. The climate that they are longing for, we have, and in this valley we have thousands of acres of as fertile soil as the sun ever shone upon, which can be bought at n low price, and on easy terms. Now we want the practical farmer, the thorough going energetic man that is not afraid of hard work and the me chanics to come and settle with us, to all such wc will give the hand and a hearty welcome. Bring your wives, your children, your tools, your stock, and possess flic land that will give you the best returns of any soil in the l' ion. Jolts Lsocs. Her lliisbiiml'H letter. A middle aged woman had n letter handl'd* her at the genera delivery it: the |>ost oHloe yester day, and she sat down on a window sill ami read it» Her interest wai 1 intense from the start, and sh( spoke up and said: “He calls me his little darling. That's good!” After reading a few more lines she said: “And lie misses my society st much !’•’ Half way down the page she spoke again: “And he calls me his sunbeam: his guardian angel!'’ She climbed up. on the sill c little further, turned the lettei over, and mused: “And lie’s lost three pounds ol flesh worrying over my health, j He’s just a dear, loving old dar ling, that’s what he is.” She reached the top of the I fourth page and exclaimed: “What! going to Flint, eh?” Further down she growled; “And lie met that red-headed widow Kcrnshaw on the cars, eh? I’ll see about that. He probably didn't tell her he was married!” She got down to the “P. S.,” glanced over aeouple of lines, and then yelled right out: “Not coining homo until next week! Trains snowed in! Great press ofbusiness! Fll see whether he isn’t coming. Bov, where’s the telegraph officer” And she ran across the street and sent him a dispatch which made the operator’s hair stand up as lie received and read it. llow Often May We Eat. It has been demonstrated that, at certain intervals, when food is received into the stomach, gastric juice is secreted to digest it, and ; that no more gastric juice is se creted than is required for the di gestion of the proper quantity of food. If a person eat twice or thrice a day, at regular periods, the gastric juice is secreted by ' the stomach to digest the food i it lias received. If, while the food is being digested, more food is introduced into the stomach, digestion, in relation to the food j already in the stomach, is arrest ed. Fob- instance a person takes, in the morning, a piece of bread land several potatoes; now it will [ take about three hours for the stomach to dispose of that food. | Suppose tlie person, about an hour after eating this food, takes a piece of bread and an apple or two; what would happen? The diges ; tion that was going on in the stom ach would immediately stop, and not ho resumed until the food that was received last was brought into the condition of the first. * Sup jiose lie took food every hour, what would he the consequence? The stomach would become per. nianently worn out, and could do nothing perfectly—working ai* the time without rest. But if the person possessed a good consti tution ami a large amount of vital power, lie would not feel, at tirst this drain upon his system, but sooner or later be would have to pay the penalty of outraged nature, For instance, a person may have a large capital in a bank; he caiv live upon the interest very well, but he draws upon his capital, lie docs not feel this drain at first because he has so large a bank ' account; but if he keeps on, he will become, sooner* or later a bankrupt. Some persons have an enormous amount of vitality— i good constitutions. It is said of these persons nothing hurts them; I they can eat anil drink anything with impunity. This is a fatal mistake; see how many years of life they are cutting off by such foolishness. If such persons live to the age of seventy or eighty, they might have reached the age ! of one hundred or more years, by better dietetic habits. Pause! young man. You want to get married, and it is about the time you did! Hut recollect that unmarried in n don’t have to sit up all night once a week with a hotgun, watching the clothes j ‘iue, THE NEW PARTY. Where It In—Whnt It Consist!* of—Wliut It Meatus to I>o. Ci.kvki.ani>, Ohio, March 12.— About sixty delegatus, represent ing twelve states and the District of Columbia, assembled at the Hollis hall this afternoon with the view of forming a new independ ent political party. The convention was called to gether by E. II. Olliman, chairman of the national executive commit tee, appointed by a previous con vention held at Indianapolis, No vember, 28, 1874. The call fbr the meeting was read by J. 15. Buchanan, secreta ry of the executive committee. The call sets forth as the objects of the meeting the preparation of a platform for the proposed party, and the fixing of the time and place of holding the future con vention, which shall nominate candidates for president and viee I president upon the following ba sis of union: i First—It is the duty of the gov ! eminent to establish a monetary j system based upon the faith and revenues of the nation, and in : harmony with the genius of the ' government and adapted to the i demands of a legitimate busine s. i To this end the circulating notes : of all local currency, should be ' withdrawn from circulation, and 1 a paper money issued by the gov . eminent directly to the people without the intervention of any | system of banking corporations; which money' shall be legal tender 1 in payment of all debts, both pub lic and private, and duties on im I ports included. This money to I be interchangeable, at the option of holders, with registered gov ernment bonds bearing a rate of interest not exceeding three per cent, per annum. Second—The interest on the public debt, and that portion of the principal of the same, which ! is, by the express terms of the ; law creating it, payable in coin, | shall be so paid. A permanent organization was effected by the election of Prof. Hoostcn of 111., as chairman; T. ! Campbell of 111., C. \V, Campbell (col.), of Va., and R. J. Treve lock of Mich., as vice presidents; A. C. Cameron of 111., secretary. A committee of one from each state was appointed on resolu tions, to which a number of reso lutions, after being read, were re ferred, including the following, in substance: That congress should provide for river and harbor ap propriations as an object of na tional couccrn, when necessary for the safety and convenience of commerce; that the government should secure to all citizens their i lalienable r ghts, except when by valid IcL'islation thev are denrived thereof by means of crime; that the committee on platform are hereby instructed to confine itself to the subject of national paper monoy, and that the convention limit itself to this matter exclu sively; that the productive indue-, tries of the country should re ceivc the greatest possible protec tion and the support of the gov ernment; that the present revenue : laws are unjust and unequal, and that a more just method of rais ing revenue should be adopted; that the national bauking law lias established a monopoly oppres sive to the people, dangerous to their liberties in its influences on the press and state and national legislation, and demanding its re peal; appealing to the American people to break loose from party trammels and unite on the basis of a government whose legislation and administration shall protect the industries of the nation from the averice of capitalists. Several speeches wore made and the convention took a recess till the afternoon. On reassembling, the conven tion was informed that the com mittee on resolutions would not be ready to report until tomor row morning. A general discus sion of the subjects before the convention then took place. St. Louis was selected ns the place for holding the next meet ing, the time not being decided on. Adjourned till 10 a. m. to mor row. Too Happy to Live The Paris journals iell of a young couple who were too hap ; py to live, at least the accounts | seem to be colored with that idea. IM. Bastein was a young architect I of promise. He had married a ! young lady of beauty and accom plishments, the daughter of a rich merchant, M. Channard. The | couple had been married nine : months on last New Year’s day, aud appeared to be sincerely de j voted to each other. Mine. Bas tein expected soon to become a j mother. On New-Year's day the couple went to dine with M. Chan j nard, and returned home at mid night. M. Channard was engaged ! to dine with them next day. In the morning the lady went out to I make some purchases, and return ed at noon. In the afternoon there were several- rings of their ! doorbell, but no answer was re ! turned. According to appoint ment M. Channard came and I rang—no response. He was told 1 that several other persons had b en equally unsuccessful. A ; locksmith was called and the door was opened. The young people .. i'. I .1 l ■ .1 • i i ’•'“iv. tvutiu uv-rtu m tiicu ijuu< Mine. Bastein, clad in her dress ing gown and her husband in his trousers and waistcoat. The re mains of the "breakfast of which both had evidently partaken were on the table. A bottle of ammo nia and one of sedative water were on the mantelpiece. These were the only answers to blank inquiry and searching grief. Nothing was disarranged in the room, and there the young man and wife lay locked in each other's arms, and death had caught and clutch ed the last smiles on their faces. It was a photograph of love and peace. They were perfectly hap py, and they locked themselves in with their happiness and called death to turn the key. The world could not rob them now, and they lay and smiled the smile of victo ry. A medical man said they had poisoned themselves, and gave it as his opinion that the wife died first. Was there just a moment of regret at the separa tion in the husband’s heart? Did he look in her face and smile when he thought that he was about to rejoin her and meet that sweet lace on the other side? A Scotch lady had long been annoyed and fretted by her own town servants, and being no long er nble to bear their manifold tricks and malpractices, she inti mated to her friends her purpose of getting an unsophisticated girl irom me couniry, wnom sue cornu train to her mind; and she was fortimntd enough in securing a young woman from a remote cor ner in the land, and thoroughly recommended for activity, hones ty, and good nature. How the process of training went on may bo judged from tbe following specimen: Tbe girl having seen something very wonderful going on in the street, in a tone of “un sophisticated’' familiarly called to her mistress. “Kh, woman! come here and see this.” “Woman! I)o you presume to call me woman V" “Ay; if ye are uot a woman, what are ye? Are ye a speerit)1" “Where is the Inc, SaralioV” "Wid de rake, Mas*.a" “Well, where is the rake •" "W id de hoe." “But where are lioth?" “Whybof togeder: you 'pears to be her) ttc ular this morning.’’ “Good wine needs no bush, snd my goods need no advertising.” Good wine needs no bush, but how are people to know that yours is “good wine.” Where would you look to find the names of the most successful men you ure acquainted with? In the newspapers? Is your own name beside titeira? Mr. Bergh’s attention is called by tbe Detroit Free Press to the fact that the wolves of Wisconsin • are actually starving. Good gra cious! didn't they gctelcctcd cith er? WASHINGTON. THE DEBATE IN THE SEN ATE ON PINCHBAG'K’S ADMISSION. Effect of the Speech of Sena tor Whyte. Much Scowling and Discon tent. [Special Correspondence ST. Y. Herald.] Washington, March 13, 1875. The admission of Piuchbaek was, if possible, more earnestly debated than heretofore. Senator Thurman leading off in strong legal argument against it, and exhausting the full force of all constitutional objections against it. Senator Morton continued persistently, as heretofore, to re ! sist the determined assaults made upon him, in his position as chair man of the committee of Privileges I and elections, and upon his pro tege, Piuchbaek. Parliamentary ! exchanges occurred between the : Senators which smacked almost , of bitter personality, in which ; Senator Morton, with his usual tenacity, insisted upon having the last word. The feature of to-day's discussion was a vigorous and im passioned phillipic, delivered with considerable oratorical ability, by the newly elected Senator Pinck ney Whyte, of Maryland. He quoted several decisions of the Supreme Court and other legal opinions sustaining the bent of his argument, lyjd with a visible effect aud impression upon the Senate. He said, with crushing vim, in a rapid review of Louis iana affairs, that he blushed with shame as he contemplated the present attempt to seat Pinchbaek on the basis of the re-recognition of the Kellogg government; when he read in contradistinction to it the President’s words in his Mes sage, dated January 15,1875, viz: —“It has been bitterly and per sistently alleged that Kellogg was not elected. The election was a gigantic fraud.” This is regarded here as the most positive home thrust yet made in the debate at President Grant. When Senator Whyte reviewed the case of Mr. Thomas, of Maryland, who was objected to as Senator on grounds • of presumed disloyalty, as the ' bloody shirt of treason was una voidably introduced, there was an ominous contraction of brows and 1 a look of defensive resentment in a small coterie of the Southern Senators composed of Senators ( Cockrell, of Missouri; Withers, of L Virginia, and a few others seated !; by them; and the other side of the ! ■ chamber, where the older republi-1, cans sat, was not lovingly regard- J t-u. Alter uie ciuse ui iui. n 113'ie s , able speech the Senate held a ( short executive session and ad journed. PIKCHBACK AND THE DEMOCRACY. On the democratic side to-day, ] among the Senators, it is asserted that Piuchback will fail of admis- j ( sion by seven votes, a fact of which , they appear confidently assured , by actual canvass. They contin- , uc to watch the varying phases of j ‘ the contest with extreme personal j | concern, if not jealousy; and in , conversation not one of them can . brook with complacency an illu- ( sion to the possibility of his siiCi cess. *“ Senator Morton, who for a long 1 lime has not manifested so much i activity und determination in t lighting his positions, states, to- i night, with confidence and eijua t niniity, that Pinchback will lie ad- j s mitted. The majority sentiment J J mid opinion on the outside indi- [ \ ate that his case is hopeless and : that he is now virtually dead to 11 the fortunes of prospeetive Sena-j Ij torship. Senator Morton will re ply to the arguments made by Sen “ itors Christiaucy und Pinckney o IV byte. li tENATOK JOHNSON AND Lol 181 AN A. *' Mr. Johuaon, of Tennessee, said j) day that he did not think he a s'ould speak on the Louisiana h |Ucation, us he felt there had been ( b enough said upon it. ami lie did not feel called to add to it* fuinc— THE LIST OW PAYMASTERS. Considerable comment is made • as to the list of paymasters sent in and now before the Senate for confirmation. Since it has been recommitted to the Military Coin mittec the history and record of some of the nominees have been made out, and it is said, they do not show very flatteringly for »<>m. of the aspirants aud-their friend* In military circles about the hotel* to night and among ex-army imu, now high officials of the govern inent, a great deal of indignation is expressed that -some pcr*nu* among them, of very discredits ble records, having already been dismissed from the army for drunkenness and other cause*, should have been selected. Th« confirmation of some will, then fore, be resisted, and no doul • their names will lie withdrawn under the pressure, and otb< is sent in before Senators, who have not succeeded in getting tln ir candidates nominated, can be ap pcased. A few lobby agents have been employed by some of the imperilled to canvass the Senate for favoring votes; but they un sure to fail, on account of the tone of the Senate and the lynx eyed circumspection of Senator Logan, who is averse to the appointment of men of niicstiniinbb- < b ir.u t. i to positions of high trust ami will oppose them to the bitter end. -- - - —__ Asked U(h1 to Help Her. The Danville (Ky.) Advocate says: “An interesting little daugh ter of Prof. C., of this city, last summer, in eating a watermelon, got one of the seed lodged in her windpipe. The effort was made to dislodge it, but proved ineffect ual, and it was thought that the child would have to be taken to one of the large cities to have an operation performed by a skillful surgeon. To this she was decid ly opposed, and pleaded with her mamma to tell her if there was no other way of relief. Finally, in order to quiet her childish fears, lier Christian mother told her *to isk God to help her.’ The little one went into an adjoining room, md shortly thereafter came.run ning to lier mamma with the seed n her hand, and her beautiful and ntelligent face lighted up witli oy. In response to the eager in juiry of tile mother, the little one laid she had asked God to help ler, and while she was praying ihe was taken with a severe cough, n which she threw up the seed.” Good Hints—The way to get •redit is to be punctual; the way o preserve it is not to use it much. settle often; have short accounts. ____ >earances are deceitful, perhaps issumed for the purpose vf ch aining credit. Beware of gaudy ■xteriors; rogues usually dress veil. The rich arc plain; trust lim,"if any one who carries but ittle on his back. Merer trust lim who tlies into a passion on leing dunned, but make him pay juickly if there be any virtue in he law. Whenever you meet a nan who is fond of argument, ■on will find one profoundly ig lorant of the operations of the inman heart. Mind your own iffairs. ^,ct all the errors you ee in other management suggest correctness In your own. You Can't Always Tull.— It ras a handsome looking collage nd the passer-by would have said o himself that the angel of bliss nd the dove of peace swung on he door-knobs and turned hand ome springs through every room, inti yet yesterday noon a man's oice was heard calling out: “Jane, oh! Jane—Them perta ;rs hez biled dry! Come in here! last ye, come in! And she was heard replying: tlit up’n take the kettle of, you Id noodlchcnd, and don’t you last me, or I’ll break another rib >r ye!" Josh Billings says: “There ain’t uything that will completely cure iziness though a second wife has ecu kuown to hurry it some."