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Sfjje RuesrlUiillc jpcmocrat.
■h » * ___■J \ , JAMES E. B ITTEXFIELD, Editor. [ DEMOTED TO LOCAL, POLITICAL, COMMERCIAL,^AGRICULTURAL AND LITERARY INTELLIGENCE. j B. F. JOBE, Business Manager. VOL. 1._RUSSELLVILLE, ARK., THUtiSDAY, DECEMBER 23, 1875,_NO. 4H. WHAT IS THE MATTER? Those who witnessed the exe cution of buck Thompson at Lew-1 jui u-g last Friday, say that lie ; game.” The terrible death I ; was to die seemed to have no j 4 «error to him. and instead of ex hihiting the humble, broken spir it and contrite bearing of a felon, ; convicted of tbe gravest crime ; against the laws of God and man which it is possible to perpetrate, ! be displayed tbe most stolid in - ’ difference to bis fate and really 1 seemed to bear himself more like the hero of some great occasion than like a doomed felon. This j is becoming of late years no unu sual characteristic of great crim inals. Were it only once in a great while that this failure of the sternest punishment known to our statutes to strike terror to criminals occurred, it might not call for the train of thought that this article will awaken; but when public executions are becoming i to appear to great criminals gener ally, as a kind of a fete given in j honor ot some great achievement on their part, the thinking man j will pause and—involuntarily al most—ask, What is the matter? j Is human nature gradually lie-! coming more and more depraved? Is the lleinousness of murder be j coining less of a crime in tbe eyes I k of the public, that men guilty of j it, and even on their way to exe * cution assume the lofty bearing! and hauteur of men deserving | rather the admiration of their fellow man than tlicir scorn and condemnation? Is the failure ofj public executions to break the! spirit of haughtiness in criminals I owing to the times, or is it in the j method of the punishment? These are questions for the so ber consideration of philanthro- j pists. The demoralizing effect of a public execution like that of; Thompson; an execution which' seems to have no terror to the ! criminal and impresses upon him no sense of-the enormity of his crime, and the intensity of his dis grace, may not be realized by the casual observer, but is neverthc less tremendous and tremendous ly disastrous. Would it not be ; well for us to ask ourselves if we * have not got too nice about our executions? In our great philan thropy for the criminal do we not cease to be philanthropists by en tailing disaster upon thousands of innocents, that we may spare pain to the condemned guilty? Is our devising of nice methods of executions having a salutary in fluence, or otherwise? The stocks and the pillory, the knout and the guillotine, the severe punish t * incuts of the thirteenth century arc condemned by modern philan .. i. . • » .nilmmfin - ami harsh—but do these gentle men realize and behold in the ab solute failure of our modern exe cutions to make crime odious, one of the evils of their system of nice punishments? May not the in human punishments ol the thir teenth century have been the most philanthropical after all? —After a lapse of live or six • weeks since we received the sec ond number of the Indian Pro gress, we have received number three. It will be remembered there was au attempt made by the ( reck Council to suppress the paper by conllscating the material and ofllcc at Muscogee. We are glad to know that the nefarious designs of the conspirators against a free press have failed and been t thwarted by the indomitable per severance of Boudiuot. paper will hereafter be published r at Viuila and wc wish it an abundant success. _According to the \\ bite Coun ty Record, lots and scores of peo ple arc visiting that county with a view of looking out homes, t Jood; we hope they may all find homes to their liking, locate and be happy and prosperous. „ N. 15. And if they fail to find lands and homes to their liking in White, we extend a cordial invi „ tatiou to them to come over tc • Pope uud take a look and a ho)'*i —The Committee appointed by lie Senate to investigate the mau ler in which Senator Dorsey ch ained his seat, has reported as 'ollows: Mu. President: The joint se cet committee, appointed to in restigate the manner of the elec ion of S. VV. Dorsey to a seat in die United States Senate, ask cave to report that they have, T’om time to time, examined a arge number of witnesses, and lave, as yet, failed to procure any lireet proof that bribery or any corrupt means were used by Mr. Dorsey to secure his election. IVe therefore, present the written evidence of tnc various witnesses, as taken down by onr reporter, and ask that it lie taken as a part of the report, and that the com mittee be discharged from further ?crvicc. | Signed] C. E. Tobey, Chairman of joint committee. —Where is the Russellvillc Democrat? We have not seen our dear old friend in several weeks. We miss her. We hope she will not desert us.—Boone County Record. The Democrat is all right and is mailed regularly and punctu ally every week to our esteemed contemporary. We are at a loss to know why it does not reach its destination. The Record is gen erally about two weeks old when we get it, and we cannot but be lieve that the management of the mail route from there to this place is a great fraud. We regret that we have no more reliable and speedy communication with our Boone county neighbors, for we love to hear from them. —Ill to-days paper we publish a circular from the commissioner of state lands giving a summary of the changes which the recent legislature made in the land laws of this state. This is a matter of importance to many of our readers and as it is the province of our paper to watch and work for the interests of its patrons and the people in general, wc have pub lished the Commissioner’s circu lar in full. —Buck Thompson, the murder er of Mrs. Stover, was publicly executed at Lewisburg on last Friday- He seemed perfectly dead to all feelings of remorse for the dreadful crime he had com mitted, and met his terrible fate with that stolid indifference which so frequently has been man ifested by condemned criminals of late years. —In the United States Senate, Senator Clayton and Doiisey are ou committees us follows: The former ou those of Military affairs, Indian affairs, Civil service and Retrenchment and on the Levees of the Mississippi river; the latter is on Appropriations, District of Columbia and posl-otli ces and post-roads. These are all important committees. —The time is speedily approach ing when the campaign of 1876 will be commenced, and when all bickerings and strife and personal predilections among democratic newspapers must cease, and all work together in the bonds of uni ty for the common good. Arc you ready? —Now is the time to subscribe for the Russellville Democrat. It will be worth many times the cost of subset iptiou to any man who desires to be intelligent on the important events which will : transpire within the next twelve months. —From present indications it appears highly probable that the next national democratic conven tion will be held in St. Louis. —We sec it stated that ex'Gov. Baxter has been appointed Regis ter of the land ofllce at Little Rock, vice Geo. W. Dennison, resigned, —Messrs. Jamison A lire, will get out the first number of tlicii new paper—the Arkansaw Travel j er—at Conway on next Saturday j Success to them. _Gov. Garland lias vetoed tin act removing the blind institute to Arkadclphia. -•— - ■■ -l-J-J! —The Aug usta Bulctiu is offer ed for sale. J,otter from Ban IHtti. Dover, Auk., Dec. 11,1875. Mu. Editor: Now, as the old year is fast dying out, and the new year will soon he upon us, bringing in its bir-5 new hopes and aspirations, we can think of no time so fitting as the present to impress ui>on our peo ple the importance of taking steps forward on the road that leads to wealth and power. One of the j most important of these is to urge ; upon our farmers to bury what is known as the “Mortgage System,” in the grave of the old year. That has been one or the greatest evils that has befallen our country. It has covered our producers in a mass of debt, from which it some times seems almost impossible for them to extricate themselves. Now let us look at the matter as it really is: A farmer will go to his merchant and execute a mort gage upon his crop, that is to be, and also upon his horses, cows, wagon stock, and tools of all kinds, lie begins to trade, and before lie is aware of the fact he has made a debt that will sweep all his crop and a part, if not all his stock into the vortex of ruin that waits to engulph them. Then besides he is entirely in the hands of one man; of course lie cannot expect! others to give him accommoda-1 tions when he has everything he ; possesses in the hands of some ; one else. The eonsequesces arc that lie has to pav in proportion t<> the elasticity of his merchants conscience. He can take no ad vantage of bargains. Hi- must pay just what he is asked for what he buys and get what he can for what he sells. His inde pendence is gone. Even the horse lie rides to town belongs to some one else and is liable to be takeu and sold when money is scarce and hard to get, consequently it will not bring hall its worth. Now if there is a class of people | over anil above all others that should be free it is tho farmer. He is at work starting the founda tion of all wealth. He is the grand moving power that sets the machinery of commerce in mo tion. We are all dependent upon him. He should be the lord of creation and dictate terms to the rest of mankind. Now I ask you can he be so if every bale of cot ton be raises, if every car of corn that the husbandman of the uni verse lets grow belongs to the merchant even before the silk is ! formed or the bloom come to life, j Now, gentlemen, for the sake of ' Arkansas be independent. Live upon your farms, and avoid this | canker that is gradually eating j out your life. It will be hard perhaps for the first year. But if you will deny yourselves for one 1 year, pay attention to your liogs and corn, have your own meat and bread at home, then you are sale, uie mercuimt wiu uuvc vu solicit your trade, ,and you will not have to seek and ask him to j let you sell out to him, lock, stock and barrel, and throw in the ram I rod to get him to take you. Now, farmers, as a parting in junction, 1 would impress it upon you, he freemen; assert your 1 nobility of nature; place yourself | where the God of Heaven intend ' ed you should be—upon the broad basis of independence. Ah! but 1 some of you will say; we are poor, how can we be independent, when poverty is pinching us at all points? I answer, deny your selves. If you own what you have around you, and that is unencum ; bored, is it not yours? Are you not the noblest work of God—an honest man? Arc you under ob ligations to anyone? Then, even ! if you do have to work hard, and your table is not bounteously sup plied, and you wear clothes that your good wives have made for you, aud u patch appears here and there, if the cold of winter is kept out, you are as good as he who wears his line linen and broad cloth. And men can see from the face of you that there God has set his stamp and made a creature after his own image, and you are entitled to the respect and esteem of the virtuous and intelligent. What do you care for the opln ion of the contemptible portion of mankind, the making of whom God has left to the tailor. Let them pass their way, you and they have nothing in common. The tailor when lie made them made a mistake, and put their brains in their belly instead of their head; can such cattle as this effect you, you who are the benefactors of your race; you who make not only two blades of grass grow, where one only grew before, but make the woods fall before you, and where all was barrenness, now is fields of suowy cotton or yellow grain. Appreciate your calling and be men. Yours Truly, BAN DITTI. NEW LAND LAWS. Changes Made by the General Asseinnly at the Adjourned Session, 1875. OFFICE OF COMMISSION'K OF STATE LANDS* Little Ruck, December 15, 1875. i In order that the people of the state who have business with this otlice, may understand the changes in the land laws, made by the legislature at its recent session, this circular is issued: Hereafter no one will be enti tled to the benefit of the donation law except heads of families, and they will be required to live on and place in cultivation five acres, or, in lieu thereof, place in culti vation ten acres ol the land donat ed. The law requiring proof to be made to the auditor remains unchanged. 1 lie lollowing torin of application has been adopted: Litti.k Rock, Auk.,-, 18 < Sin: I hereby apply fur a do nation of the right of tin* State of Aikansasto the -—— iptarter of seel,ion , in township . of the base line, in range-of the fifth principal meridian, eontaiu ing - acres of land, in - county, Arkansas.-. To the Commissioner of State Lands of the State of Arkansas. THE STATE OF ARKANSAS. I,-, do solemnly swear that I am a bona fide citizen of the State of Arkansas, the head of a family, and that the donation land applied for by me is for the exclusive use and benefit of my self, and for no other use or pur pose; and that I have never had the benefit of any act donating land to actual settlers so help me God. -. Sworn to and subscribed before me, this-day of-, 187-. [Note.—Affidavit must be wade before a county clerk or the com missioner of state lands. J Lands forfeited to the state for the non-payment of taxes are sub ject to donatiou or sale. In case of sale they are disposed of at fifty cents per acre—sixty per cent, of this amount can be paid in tbe scrip of the county wherein the lands arc situated, and the remainder in state scrip—or the entire payment can be made in state scrip. The following form for application to purchase has been adopted by this ollice. No. Little Rock, Auk.,-, 187-. Sir:-hereby apply to pur chase from the state ol Arkansas, the following described tracts of land situate in the county of ——, and which remained forfeited to the state for the non-payment of taxes for the year 187 , to-wit: - U1 SUCUUU -, iu tunnom|j -, of the base Hue, In range -of the fifth principal meridi an, containing - acres, for which I offer to pay fifty cents per acre, in accordance with an act of the general assembly ap proved December 13, 1875. To the commissioner of state lands for the state of Arkansas. The fee for a donation deed is five dollars. The fee for a deed to forfeited lands sold is one dol lar. The commissioner of state lands executes all deeds to saline, semi nary, internal improvement, six teenth section, swamp and over flowed, and forfeited lands. The fee is one dollar on each deed, except donations. Owners of Real estate Bank lands, after the samo has been appraised and advertised as the law directs, have the eeiuity ol redemption for ninety days from the date of advertisement at the appraised value. The swamp and overflowed and forfeited lands, lying iu the coun ties of Franklin, Crawford, Wash ington, Benton, Carroll, Madison and Boone, have been donated to the Northwestern railroad o' m puny, lor the purpose ol aiding iu the construction o( a railroad from some point on the Little Bock and Fort Smith railroad to the Missouri line. No forfeited lands iu. these counties arc sub Ijcotto sale or donation.nor can | unv swamp lands be disposed ol i therein. All lamls hereafter forfeited to the state lor non-payment of taxes will be advertised and offered at public sale before they can he dis posed of at private sale or become subject to donation. All sales of swamp lands here tofore made,in which the fuil price lfas paid in swamp land I scrip or United States currency, arc confirmed, whether such laud < has been approved to the state, and offered at public sale or not. The sales of all school lands | made during the war are confirm I ed, and the attorney general direc ted to dismiss all suits for tiic recovery of the purchase money, where the same was paid during that period. Where no deeds were made, and evidence is pro- | seated showing that the lands were paid for during that time, r the auditor is directed to execute a deed to the same. Owners of land forfeited to the state for the non-payment of i taxes, may redeem the same with | in one year on the payment of the ! taxes, penalty and cost due there on. Other purchasers are requir ed to pay fifty cents per acre. The right of redemtion does not apply to the lands granted to the Northwestern railroad company. Parties who hold pre-emption , on any of the swamp and overflow- j ed lands, which have not been i patented by the general govern ment to the state, have the light to come forward and enter the same upon payment oi me price fixed by law ($2 per acre), where upon a deed will be executed to said land relinquishing all title or claim of the state thereto. Where original papers have been lost or destroyed, oral proof may lie made of the fact. Parties ^ availing themselves of this right have no claim or demand on the state tor purchase money should ; the general government fail to : patent said land to the state. J- N. Smithee, Com’r of State Lands. VICTORIOUS AGAIN, 1874 -—-- , Missouri Stove Foundry. Gage & IIouton, Prop’rs. Manufacturer, of the Celebrated “GENERAL” WOOD COOK STOVE. -m m - STAN DS WITHOUT a RIVAL } Having taken the FIRST FRKMIUM at the f>T. LOUIS FAIR for Best Bread six . years in succession, J : For 1869,1870,1871.1872,1873, and 1874. The Pest is The Cheapest. You want the Best Get the General. ■ Our “<iFN KR A L” for Coal is upon the same principle, aud gives uniform satisfac tion, and is the most economical Coal Cook Stove in use. WE MAKE A COMPLETE LINE OF | Cooking it Heating Stoves. For Sale by J. B. ERWIN. MEMPHIS & LITTLE ROCK RAILWAY Tin: ONLY DIRECT .VI.I. RAM. ROUTE TO MEMPHIS, CHATTANOOCA, NASHVILLE, KNOXVILLE, ! ATLANTA, RICHMOND, LYNCHBURG, HUNTSVILLE, DECATUR, MONTGOMERY, SELMA, GRENABA, , CANTON, JACKSON, MISS., And all Principal Points in the 1 SOUTHEAST. AND VIA MEMPHIS, -TO- ; LOUISVILLE, I CINCINNATI, i PITTSBURG. WASHINGTON, PHILADELPHIA, , NEW YORK, BOSTON, And nil the Principal NORTHERN AND EASTERN CITIES! —-o CONNEUIT0.NH MADK AT MEMPHIS anil CHARLES TON, LOUISVILLE, NASHVILLE an,l GREAT SOUTHERN, MISSISSIPPI & TENNESSEE And Paducah A Mkmimus Rai.roads i minimum j To the Celebrated Springs of i VIRGINIA. JNO. H. PERRA', Uen’I Ticket Agent. W. E. SMITH, 48-tf Aet'g General Supt. t K. a. Darr, PlaUitif, 7 warnl.i* |J. F. Bowden, daft.) Otdcr. Before W. 1. Pollock, Justice of tile Peace. The defendant., .1. F. Bowden, is warned to appear within | thirty days, and answer the com-. i plaint of the plaintiff, E. A. Darr. I. November 27th, 1875. j W. 1. 1VU.OUK, J. P. I O. or. HANKS, —Representing— BROOKS, NEELY & CO Wholesale Grocers & Cotton Factors, 807 Front Street. Memphis, TeVWi MiiyO-yl._ For Cheap Groceries, Go To RENFROW * MOSELEY, THACH BUILDING, MAIN STREET, Russellville,.Arkansas. [hey keep constantly on hand a splendid assortment of the actual necessities of life, which they offer very low for CASH. I, 11, MANDEVILLE, COL. WM. ALLEN. J. II. DoWKI.L. J. H. DOWELL & CO., COTTON FACTORS, —AND— North-west Corner 3d and Locust street, Aug. -*>tfST- l',,t IS’ MO~ DAN T. REYNOLDS, —with— \LFRED C. REYNOLDS * CO., General Commission Merchants, And Dealers in Western Produce. Agents for the Milbtrrn and llamnicl Wagons, Buggies Carriages, Ac. 102 N. COMMERCIAL STREET, ST. LOUIS, MO. Inwell A ’Howell Agts for Milbnrn A Hammers wagons.Ae. Russellville Saddlery—Bridles—Harness. ROBT. C. BONDS, OX BUCIIA NON STREET—RUSSELLVILLE, ARKANSAS. lanufacturer of Saddles, Bridles, Harness, single and double. Also keeps Whips, Collars, Saddlery, Hardware, Ae. n connection with his harness shop Mr. Ronds keeps first-class boot and slice makers, and a full stock of best french boot material. Satisfaction Cuaranteed---Chare;es Moderate. (^Repairing done with neatness and dispatch. F. E. BARROW’S Variety Store, is HEADQUARTERS 2 BARGAINS in Dry Goods, Notions, Boots and Shoes, Hats and Caps, Groceries, Glass & Queensware, Hardware, tfco„ cfco. RUSSELLVILLE, PORK COUNTY,.ARKANSAS. ENGLISH FEMALE BITTERS, Down to Ono Dollar. several years tho cry has boon grouting us from all parts of the country, “Reduce ^ your English Female Bitters to one dollar, and we can sell immense quantities.” ©'have now complied with that general request, so that no ono can possibly complain f quality or price. A very large proportion of our profits are thus yielded f"r the heno itof the consumer, tho size of the bottle remaning the sum©. It will cure all forms of hionic female complaints. Druggists and dealers will picas© notify their customers of ho reduction. Tricell per bottle, or six for Sold by dealers every whore. Does your Hair fall Out? NO HAIR, NO PAY. ■ irq. have taken full control of the most wonderful preparation for tho hair everofler VV eel to the public. It will positively promote the new growth of hairon bald heads; t will immediately stop ladios’ hair from falling out and cause a rapid growth of long md luxuriant trcsVes by the use of Dr. J. Newton Smith’s Hair llestoi at ivc. Tuques ionablu proofs and docuiuuutl mailed free to any address. Trice |l per bottle or aix. for b. Sold by druggists. DO YOU SH AK E. Chills cured, or money Refunded. Ur© most positively assert that “Day’s Ague Touic” will never fail to cur© tho chills orague and fever; it docs not contain arsenic, Htryc.iinine, or any other poison; it j.-, deasant to the taste, and operates finely upon the, liver and bowels without the use of kny other medicine; that it docs not produce any nervous disturbance, such a* buzzing, leafnesH, impaired vision, Ac.; ami is so harmless that infants uud delicate females can im> it without' harm. Dav’a Ague Tonic can be. used at all times, during or after fever, vhllcat work or play. Our agents arc authorised U> refund ll»e money tu every case ol allure. Trim* |1 per bottle, or six for $5. .Sold by druggist.. Tho above medicines are sold in Russellville, by J. M. Harkey & Bro. ro TIIE MEmCLVL PROFESSION. A Ill-liable ami Pleasant Saline Purgative. l ou have long desired for those cases which require such a combination, uud wo call your attention to BAILEY’S SALINE APERIENT, AS THE BEST AND ONLY 50 CENT APERIENT BEFORE THE PUBLIC. . file bottles arc fullv as large a- inv in the market, and wo guamfiloo every ouu to give uilk„. vum sawyep & co. mm.. to*.** I FOREIGN ADVT’S. J NO. \V. MORRISON," WITH CROW, HARGAD1NE & CO, IMPORTERS ami JOBBERS OP ! eD G(To^Ei &01, 60s And 505, North Fiftn Street. SAINT LOUIS, MO. MII.ES ST.VND1SII, —WITH— Hill, Terry & Mitchell, WHOLESALE HOOTS, SHOES AND HATS, MEMPHIS, TENN. A pi59ml*i J. H. ltOBINSON, Representing KIRTLAND, HUMPHREY & MlTCHEt Cotton Factors, —ANI)— GENERAL !■ EfflHS No. I 1 I N". C'oiniiM'i-eial .'St.. S'!’. LOITS, MO Orders from Merchants solicited nm ' atlcndcd towitli care and prompt i ness. [10-1 v.] i “ -----—. —— LITTLE ROCK CARDS. ’ A. T. FENG LE.’R, | —vr i t u— MILLERI PENZEL —A N D— LIQUOR AND: TOBACCO DEALERS Corner ok Makkiiam and Commerce St ] (Near the Steamboat Lauding,) LITTLE ROCK,.ARH _HOME CAROS. _j J. it. IIAltKKY. J Dlt. li. W. ItAItKU a J.M.HARKEY&BRO., f DEALERS in ■ DltUCJS. I MKDICIXnS, ■ PAINTS. OILS, ■ DYL-STl I I S. ;■ PFKFUMEK1K> ■ SOAPS, • ■ STATIONERY, ■ FINK ROUACCO, H AND CIGARS. ■ Choice and Pure Liquor* nu I Wines always on hand lor >li:i>ICINAL I‘I KPOSIJS. II North-east < or net- Main ,Ie (Torso H iSlit'PlH. -- - Re.SSELEVILLE.Arc. H M. B. ROYS, I —DKAI.KK in— Hardr/are, Stoves, I TABLE AND POCKET CUTLERY I < arpcnters tool*, Door* uml »V iuilowo, el EH v\A|r///x S&hRr<9 ' I ^OAK * OAK * I Amt for nm Charter Oak store* I have on ham! a l«rKe assortmen* of H M cuss ms STOVE, I Kangii)# hi price from 117 t * * -?!*). I have in councction with my store c TIH SHOP! I In which all mv Tin Ware Is mnnufartt nf the lltsr M itkhiai., Fle»3u remei M her tins. All Job work ■ done prompt I v io order, tiring iue l*i w.luce, and with it \ our ol.m\ \VAUK andhavn CM it repaired. CA All l‘A ID Hilt •/;.!» I nm'll v K l> W. H. Kills, ^ lUu iu;u;:n sUevt, Uuj.scLLy Ulu yi