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r -. -r_: —.—--- - ■ -- —- - .:-•-. . . - "tr.:; . .-- •.r.r. •:£:.• —-—■.-■■ —; ■ rrr ." —=3 .7 V >f i:S K. BATrEXFIELD, Editor, j DEVOTED TO LOCAL, POLITICAL, COMMERCIAL, AGRICULTURAL AND LITERARY INTELLIGENCE. | B. F. JOBE, Bmincu Manager. '.VOL. 1. RUSSELLVILLE, ARK., THURSDAY, JANUARY 6, 1870. NO. 50. * 18 7 0. “Hrenthes then* the man with soul ho dead, U jn» never t«» himself hath said— This i> my own, n»v native land?" If so. to him alone will the. birth of 1870, the centennial year of ' our existence as one of the na tions of the earth, fail to bring a *> thrill of joy and pride. In his .small soul alone will there be no tlirob of patriotic pride, as he be holds the glorious sunlight from the mighty orb of day bathe our land of freedom in a flood of glory and splendor on the morn that marks the first hundred years of the existence of the American I'uion. To his dull, leaden soul alone will the joyous ringing of the bells and the lou/I peal of the booming guns with which our nation’s birthday is welcomed in, oc meauinsrlcss and destitute of joy-inspiring power. One Huneked Years! With what a tin-ill of joy may we gaze upon eur Star Spangled Banner, as unfurled it flutters from ten thousand start’s, the emblem in 1 ^very land of Freed >tn and Liber ty! With what pride may we contemplate the progress we have made! With what veneration does the names of our revolution an iieroes rise up before ns to dav surrounded by a halo of brightness and glory! One hundred years have passed and from the cradle of our weak l ness Columbia is to-day in truth and reality, therein of the Ocean, * and the. Pride of the Sea—a mighty monument of what the spirit of freedom sacredly en shrined in the hearts of a poople can do. From weakness we have grown to power. From a hand ful of struggling patriots we have grown to a nation known and res pected by the whole world. In 1770 the nations of the earth beheld ns, a new born nation, great in nothing but our spirit ol '*■ ' Libert v and if^ependencc—ill Jk7(i they will assemble from all the globe to behold our greatness, | power and prosperity, and to ac knowledge the power of l nion and Liberty. THK !><><; LAW. .Inst as we expected, there has developed not a little dissatisfac , tion and disapproval among a por tion of our people in regard to the law passed by our last legislature imposing a tax on dogs. This, of course, was to lie ex pected, although it should not be the ease. Why should a man be anv more unwilling to pay a tax on his dog, than on his sheep, hogs or cattle? Why is not a dog as mum a piece in peisumn erty as a hog, sheep or cow ♦ Ami if so, why should it he ex * empt, and the latter taxed? The rate of tax—one dollar per iiog, payable in county scrip, wnich is equivalent to not over twenty-five cents in currency—is a very small sum to pay on a dog. If a man needs a dog at all he is worth more th^i this to him. II he don’t need such a piece ot property, lie ought not to keep one, and lie will then have no dog tax to pav. ^ The tax being payable in conn ( ty scrip, will have a tendency to enhance the value of our scrip; the number of canines will be de creased and the loss of sheep killed by dogs will be lessened, so that really we see no room foi so much complaining. We think the county will be largely the gainer by the operation of thb law. THIJ ACTS OF THE I-AS'l s LEGI9LATUBE. Believing that we can give on; readers no other matter whicl will be so profitable and instruct ive to them, we will devote a por lion of our space each week frou now on to the publication of tin acts passed by our last legislature Very lew have an opportunity ti get the Acts without paying i very extravagant P'WT^t'iT and as we wish jsT TOuclit ou readers all we can, we will gi' -* one or two acts each week. Sul seribers by keeping a file of thei papers can have the law hand ► % for reference at any time and tlia* too, without any expense further than the subscription price ofoui paper. We believe that the bet ter the masses can be made ac quainted with the laws nndei which they ilve, the fewer will he the violations of law; and as the promotion of order and peace in even- community should be the aim of every good citizen, we trust those who are already sub scribers will induce others to add their names to our list and avail themselves of our paper to get the new laws passed by the recent session of the legislature. con victTabok. About fifty State prison con victs are now employed at tlie i Spadra coal mine in Johnson Co. The State ought to have a place tc j keep their prisoners in, and then keep them there. This thing ol , scattering them around is had policy, if nothing worse.—Arkan sas Traveler. From twenty five to thirty more convicts are kept at work at the ; Ouita coal mine in our county. While we cannot blame the own ers of these mines for employing the cheapest labor they can get, nor the lessee of the State Pene Itentinry for employing the con victs in that manner which will he most hrofitable to him, wc can not but regard it as a very unfor tunate thing for honest, free labor, that the laws of our state permit convict labor to supplant other honest, free labor. It is our law makers whom we feel disused to censure for this state of aliairs. They it is who are guilty of forc ing the honest laborer, who has a family and children to support by the sweat of his brow, to compete with the labor of convicts, who are fed upon bread and water. We are surprised that our last legis 1 Into re did not see the evil result.* of this system and adopt mens uivsto prohibit it in the future. They certainly have neglected a duty here, which gives the lion est laboring masses ot the State great room to find fault with theii legislative work. The voice ol the people has been against con i viet labor being admitted to com petition with free labor all the time, and the people had a right to expect that their demand* in this respect should be heard and heeded. We fully agree with our con temporary that it is bad policy— exceeding bad policy—to admit convict labor into the field tc Compete with free labor. What inducement is there for honest industrious miners to move to our state with their families when they know they will have to com pete with convict labor? Were it not for this convict laoor Johnson and Pope counties might soon ac | quire something like a hundred iamuics oi nonesc, nmu hihmu; miners, who would become pro duoers and tax-payers and add ti our wealth. But of what advan tage to us is these convicts' What would we be benefited ifev ' cry acre of our eoalj fields were mined by them? The de velopmcnt of our mineral wealtl; i will do us but little good if it if to be done by convict labor. A1 most as well had the coal to li< I buried in the bowels of the earth ! as to he extracted without adding anything to the prosperity of thi | country. In the State Prison is the prop i er place for convicted felons, am j to have their labor peddled out ii I competition with free labor if nothing short of an outrage upoi 1, the honest laboring men of tin State. Our law-makers are stan ding in the way of the true inter ests of honest free labor, as Ion; 1 as they permit it They are stan ding likewise in the way of imrni gration to our Mtate. The labor 1 j ing freeman don’t care abou competing with convicted felons. Let our next legislature 1> * compelled by the voice of tli 1 press and the people to reined ’ tli is evil. > _tijC Augusta Bulletin come ■ to us this week with a patent ou! r side. The inside is so dim ths wc found it difficult to read it. DELINQUENT LANDS. Since the change in our land I laws has reduced the price of, lands forfeited to the state to a very low figure, it is quite likely j tiiat there will be large quantities of these lands sold during the ! next year or two. Our state is now the center of attraction to those seeking new holnes in the southwest; our great advantages ; are becoming known far and wide, and we are already receiving daily additions to our population from other states. All these new com ers will want homes and lands, and thousands and thousands of acres of land which has been for feited on account of non-payment of taxes wilt be purchased by them. The more of these lands , sold and thus rendered sources of revenue to the state again, the better, but there is no doubt many tracts of land on the delinquent lists on which the taxes have been paid. Errors of this kind have been very numerous during the past few years. Many lands on which the taxes have been regularly paid have been reported delinquent, and these are as lia ble as any others to be sold. Al though such a sale as this could never deprive the owner of his lands, it might put him to a good deal of trouble, lie might be at trouble and expense in defending his title against him who might buy the lands as delinquent land. In order to bar any such trouble as this it would be well for land owners to ascertain at once if any of their lands are erroneously on ! the lists of delinquent lands. If so, they should procure the clerk’s certificate that the taxes have al ways been paid on said lands, and forward the same to the commis sioner of state lands to be stricken from the list. Such a course would save both the proper owner ! and an innocent purchaser much ! trouble and expense, and would also enable the land commissioner to get from off his lists all lands which do uet belong there. We have been assured by an altogether reliable informant who has inquired into this matter, that the Commissioner of lands will promptly strike from his lists all lands improperly placed there, upon the presentation of such proof as we have named, that the taxes have always been paid. EDITORIAL NOTES. —The war on crooked whisky has been opened in Chicago by the seizure of seven large distil ! lcrics. —The Iteeelier scandal is likely to he again before the country, ; Moulton having instituted suit against him for false prosecution, | claiming $50,000 damages. I —Hon. T. M. Gunter has lieeu made chairman of the House Com mittee on Private Land Claims, and Col. E. C. Boudinot. editor of the Indian Progress, is clerk for the committee. —The new year, marking the ' first century of our national exist ence, was ushered in in most of the cities by the ringing of bells, the display of flags and the firing of salutes. —A large convention of labor- i ers was held at Tyrone, Pa., a few days ago. The convention con sisted of 132 delegates from all parts of the state and from New York anil Massachusetts. Resolu tions against a third term were adopted. —A correspondent of the Hele na Mail reports the way-laying of two men, Robt. Park and James ' Grant, near Holly Grovo on the 11th of December. Grant was killed dead. Park was still alive and said he recognized his ussas L . sins. z —The New School Law.—In i': next week's paper we shall en i dcavor to give our readers the text of this important act of our last legislature. The act is quite s lengthy anil we may not be able ... to get space in next issue for the t complete law, but if we should I not, we will continue it in the week following. Every school trustee and officer should make himself thoroughly conversant with this law, and even the citizen and ordinary tax payer would 4® well to read the law. —Some one, perhaps the author of the bill, has kindly sent us a draught of the bill introduced ki the house of representatives $f the United States by Mr. WS shire, donating the public lnnift ia the stiitc of Ai'ka'nfrfs to tfcle state for the purpose of supp ing Free Public Schools. The bill was read twice and referred to Committee on Educa tion and Labor. We would be glad to see the bill become a law*. —Rail Road Nkws.—The nai> row guage road to Hot Spring! will be completed to that place in ! a few days. The Ft. Smith Railway Co. will commence work on the line oftheit road between Van Buren anil Ft 1 Smith early in this mouth. The Little Rock, Pine Blut and New Orleans Ry., and the Miss. Ouachita and Red River Ry., wert a short time ago sold under a de | crec of the U. S. Court, the formet for $35,000, and the latter for $25,i 000. Both roads go into the same hands that now own the Ft. Smith road. FROM ARIZONA. A Flattering Opinion of Ar-j kunsns. A friend permits us to make the following extracts from a letter recently received from a kinsman in Arizona. We give it verbatim sj Ceriiot, Arizona,) November 27, 1875. j’ * * * * “I would like tujj see you all once more. In fact If would like to wind up this life among my relatives iu that coun try, and I often think that I will sometime return to Arkansas and' make it my last resting place. That is the best country I have ever seen, and I have seen all from Central America to British Columbia. You wish me to give you a de scription of this Territory. I will n< t attempt it at present, suf fice it to say that one-third is a desert, the balance tolerable fair grazing, with very little agricul tural land and badly watered, and were it not for the mines the whole country would be almost worthless. ******** NEW LAWS. NO. 6. An Act to Amend the Attachment Laws of Arkansas. Section 1, That all actions of attachment now pending, or here after instituted, in which the de fendant shall recover judgment for the discharge of the attach ment, the court or jury trying such attachment shall assess the dam ages sustained by the defendant In* rmiann fif HBfh Jit t Jll'll mont and the court shall render judg ment against the plaintiff and his sureties in the attachment bond for tbs amount of such damages and costs of the attachment. But if the plaintiff shall recover against the defendant, and the attachment shall have been dis charged upon the execution of a bond as provided by section 41(1 of Gantt’s Digest, then the court shall redder judgment against said defendant and his sureties in said bond, for the amount recovered and the costs of said suit. But if the defendant shall have given bond for the retention of the prop erty attached, as provided by sec tion 406 of Gantt’s Digest, and the attachment shall be sustain ed, the court or jury, in addition to finding the amount of debt or damages done to the plaintiff, also assess the value of the prop erty attached, and the court shall, in addition to judgment ugaiust said defendant for the amount found due to the plaintiff and costs, render further judgment that, in case said property shall not be delivered up to the proper officer to be sold and said officer shall not be able to make said judgment out of the property of said defendant, execution shall then issue aguinst the property of said sureties for so much of said judgment as shall not exceed the value of said property, which execution shall be enforced us in other cases. Sec. 2. This act shall take effect and be in three from its passage. I Approved November 10, leTo. NO. 7. An Act providing for change oi Venues in Criminal Cases be fore Justices Courts: Section 1. That any criminal cause pending before any justice of the peace in any county of this state may be removed to some other township within the coun ty in which the cause is tbeu pending; provided, the defeudaaf shall first file with such justice lit affidavit setting forth that ||fae justice is a material witaeas^npf him, or is so prejudicial .aggNtpi him, or that' the inhabitants of the township are so prejudicial against him that he cannot obtain a fair and impartial trial in such township. Sec. 2. Such order of removal shall be made on the application of the defendant setting forth the foregoing facts, versified by afli davit, supported by the affidavit of some other creditable person. Sec. 3. Every order for the removal of a criminal cause shall specify the cause of removal and designate the township and jus tice to which the cause is to be re moved. Such order shall also be entered on the docket of the jus tice granting the order, and all the papers in the cause shall be by him transmitted to the justice to whom the cause has been re moved. See. 4. All laws in conflict with this act are hereby repealed; and this act shall take effect and be in force from and after its passage. Approved November 10, 1875. J>U. ,1. An Act to permit sheriffs to take bail in certain cases. Provides that a prisoner, after commitment to jail, may give bond to the sheriff in the amount fixed, the same as he might have done before commitment. NO. 11. Repeals section 2783 of chapter 57 of Gantt's Digest. From Atkins. Mk. E oitok: Will you please publish the following for the ben efit of Atkins? Christmas has come and gone. The nativity and incarnation of Christ was cel ebrated in various ways. Some got drunk, as if Belial had con ferred special blessings; others danced—I do not know the name of the God who presides over this amusement; while some “prayed and praised”—lit tribute to him who bore the sins of the whole world on the “tree of the cross.” In no town did the day pass away siorc quietly. So far as 1 judge but little will have to be repented of by our citizens. Time has sanctioned the custom of egg nogs ana Christmas drams. A few took advantage of this and got tipsy, as if to show what they could do: while the majority chose the better way: attending first, prayer-meeting. At no time during the year have I seen so many out. The services, conse quently were devotional. That nun nil WprlnPRflhv niirht.. Fri day was a grand day. I do not know the number of bales of cot ton received on that day, nor the amount of money paid out by our worthy merchants therefor. For fear of being exagkrativk I’ll venture no guess. On Friday uight everybody and the children, came to see Mr. Tucker’s Christ mas-tree. It was costly—more than two hundred dollars of pres ents were distributed. They ranged from a nicklc jewsharp to a sixty-dollar cake-basket. All went away happy, and, I may say, benefltted; for these social gath erings conduce to union, and “in union” of neighbors “there is strength.” Saturday was golden letter day. How bright the sun shone! Come, many such days. Our Lodge of Good Templars had resolved to have a public meeting at two o’clock. The Messrs. Stout and F. W. Thompson were present, the former were violinists, the latter banjoist. Uight well did the violinists perform their part, whilo the inimitable Thompson 1 cannot be excelled ns a banjo ^ picker. The exercises opened j with the “Opening Ode” by the lodge after which Mr. W. J. Matthc.vs was introduced and I spoke on the subject of temper ! ante. 11 is speech was received with applause by the large audi j enec. Then came more music | an,', a speech from Mr. A. I). Key nolds—subject, “The work of the temperance order considered apart from the work of Religion.” IIow well he handled his subject let the appreciation manifested bj- the audience be the index. Mr. Thomas Mourning recited the “Temperance Flag” in fine style, when Mrs. Hollcdger, Miss Bcttic Watlington and Misses Amanda and Julia Reynolds were intro duced, and snug the touching ipdecc, “The Drunkard’s Dream. The effect was witnessed all over the house—many shed tears as the poor drunkard was thought to be seen bending over the pale corpse of an injured wife, pathet ically pleading for one word from his darling Nettie—reciting the many wrongs done her and ask ing pardon. Oh, how the heart pulsates with joy when Nettie speaks, and grants the asked for ; pardon. Col. S. II. Whitthorne, orator par excellence, was introduced, and made the grandest speech I ; ever heard. Sweet cider was I stripped of its pleasing garb and j all its deformity and death- was ' made apparent to all eyes. “No | man,” said the speaker, “would i give the snap of his finger for | sweet cider if it were not for its alcoholic properties.” He next ! made a successful ..ttnek norm I “the dram drinker”—showing the greater evil of the two, i. e., drunk enness and dram-drinking. The poor dram-drinker was not safe anywhere: his fireside afforded him no retreat; his presence at church was likewise exposed— “he worshipped God if at all,"With breath perfumed with the distilla tions of hell—mockery! blasphe my!!” thundered Whitthorne, “Oh I could be a consistent Christian,” he roared, “if it were not for the devilish hypocrisy of the church j member! Very spiritual they ere.1 ; indeed, when the foul spirit is within.” The effect was electric al—he sat down amid thundering applause. The writer exhorted and called for cold water seldiers —TWENTY SIX ENLISTED. We nOW hare a lodge numbering more than fifty, with a fair prospect of rapid increase. On Tuesday night, Dec. 28, Rev. O. II. Tucker, who has charge of our school, had an “entertain ment.” This consisted of short essays, speeches and dialogues, all of which were well performed, and reflocted much credit upon our teachers—Mr. Tucker and wife. Miss Amanda Reynolds as pre ceptor in the piece “School Exam ination," mnst have had an excel lent memory, else how could she speak all those scientific terms? Miss Kate Roberts deserves spe cial mention for the grace and perfection of her performance of the Diece. “I am not mad.” Whv will parents remain so blindly and stupidly ignorant ot their : children’s talents? Why will they I not watch the opening bud and i ascertain its kind, its genera and species, and train it accordingly. Instead of bestowing special care to bring out and develop some most prominent fruit of the child, they smother it and kill it by bringing the child along the path they have come through life; j Their’s have been a failure, so j must they expect the life of the j child; provided, they make no i effort to bring it up in a different | way. I am confident of having seen the germs of greatness in many children at these examina tions; and my heart bleeds because those seed will never be permitted to germinate, and grow up and astonish the world. “My son or daughter must appear well in so ciety,” say the “rich. “I am too poor to afford it,” say the poor. Indeed! What is society and what is poverty? Give the child tools, give him books, give him time; don't throw obstacles in his way —he will rise—let him alone. R. Ex-Senator Henderson, assict ant counsel in the prosecution of the whisky frauds in St. Louis, has been discharged from further service, on account of some strict ures on the President in the i course ot his argument in the Av I cry case. O. X. BANKS, —Representing— BROOKS. NEELY & CO Wholesale Grocers & Cotton Factors, an7F™,ltiUrcct- Memphis, Term. JIJiy'Hfr I. «MII'H,"UL-M ■ 111 _ ■■■'■. .. P' ' .. " , Tor Cheap Groceries, Go To RENFROW * MOSELEY, THACH BUILDING, MAIN STREET, Russellville,.Arkansas. They keep constantly on hand a splendid assortment of the actual necessities of life, which they offer very low for CASH. hTm. MAXDKVH.r.K, COL. WM. ALLEN. J. H. DOWELL. J. H. DOWELL & CO., COTTON FACTORS, —AND— North-west Corner 3d and Locust street, Aug. 2fitf ST. LOUIS, MO. DAN T. REYNOLDS, —with— ALFRED C. REYNOLDS 9c CO., General Commission Merchants, And Dealers In Western Produce Agents for the Milbnrn and Uannnci Wagons, Buggies Carriages, Ac. 102 N. COMMERCIAL STREET, ST. LOUIS, MO. Howell A.Howell Agfs for Milbnrn A Hummel's wagons.Ae. Russell villtv . - ■■ ■ ' -g. - J1IH- g,i ■ - Saddlery-Bridles-Harness ROBT. C. BONDS, ON BUCHANON STREET—RUSSELLVILLE, ARKANSAS. Manufacturer of Saddles, Bridles, Harness, single and double. Also keeps Whips, Collars, Saddlery, Hardware, Ac. • 111 connection with his harness shop Mr. Ronds keeps tlrst-eluss boot and shoe makers, and a full stock of best french boot material. Satisfaction Cuaranteed--*Charges Moderate. ty Repairing done with neatness and dispatch. F. E. BARROW’S Varioty Store, ia HEADQUARTERS I BARGAINS in Dry Goods, Notions, Boots and Shoes, Hats and Gaps, Groceries, Glass 1c Queensware, Hardware, ttoc., tfcc. RUSSELLVILLE,. PORE COUNTY..ARKANSAS. ENGLISH FEMALE BITTERS, Down to One Dollar. -fT,or Bpvcral years tho rrv lino lieen greeting us from all parts of the country, “Itmlnce 17 vour Kngliidi Female liitter* to one dollar, and we can sell immense i|uanfitieB.” We'have now complied with that general request, bo that no one can poHsihly complain of qualitr or price. A Ten large proportion of our profits are thus yielded for ilie hern lit of the* coiiMiuier, the size of the hottle mnamug the same. It will eure all teems ot chronic female complaint*. Rruggi*t$ and dealers w ill please notify their ciiKtoiiieui of the reduction. Price $1 per bottle, or six for *">. Sold by dealer* every whore. Does your Hair fall Out? NO HAIR. NO PAY. Wc have taken full control of the most wonderful preparation for the hair ever otter oil to tlic public. II « ill positively promote the new growth of hair .m bald heads; it will immediately Mop ladies’hair from falling out and cans, a rapid growth o! long and luxuriant ties-es by the use of l)r. .1. Newton Smith's Hair l.’estorative. I nqut tlumible proofs aud doc’umenti mailed free to any address. Price it per bottle or SIX fog sold by druggists. „ D O YOU S H A K E. Chills cured, or money Refunded. most positively ansert that “I>ayrg Ague Tonic” will never fail to cure th© chills W oriiKiiu ami fever; it doe* not contain arsenic, strychnine, or any other potsnn; it ia pleasant to the taste, and operate* tluclv upon the liver aud bowel* without the u*« of any other medicine; that it doe* not produce uny nervous.disturbance, such a? hv.'/.ing, deafness, impaired vision, Ac..; anil is so harmless that im^nts nnd delicate females wan use it without harm. l>ayf* Ague Tonic can be used at all tune*, during or after fever, while at work or play. Onr agents arc authorized to refund the money in every ca.*c of failure. l*rice |1 per bottle, or six for $5. hold by druggists. The above medicines are sold in Russellville, by J. M. Harkey fc Bro. TO THE MEDICAL PROFESSION. A Itotiablti ami Pleasant Saline Purgative. You have long desired for those cases which require such a combination* and we call your attention to BAILEY’S SALINE APERIENT, AS THE BEST AND ONLY M CENT APERIENT BEFORE THE PUBLIC. The bottle- arc fulls a> lar^e a* anv in ihe market, ami we guarantee every one to give ,i“ u V1'u SAWYER & CO., PROPRS.,..«*. v..