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Burlington free press. (Burlington, Vt.) 1827-1865, April 01, 1836, Image 1

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not t ii i: r: i, o k y o v c a: s a k ; n ft t t if k v k i. v a ke o f n o ai k.
FKM)A, A 1? El Mb 1, 1830.
VOBv. IXNo. 005.
I ov
A inl'l I lif pompon crowd
Of rich ntloicri', cime n humble film ;
A widow, met k ns poieny dudi nuko
Her rliililirn ! wiih 11 look of (ail conlcnt
Ilcr mile uilliin llie Ire.isure-heiip she cast
Then, liiiiiilly lis bashful twilighl. stole
From oul tlie Temple. But lier lowly gift
Was witnessed by an Eje uliosc merry Ucus
In motive, nil dial consecrates n deed
To goodness : lie lilr-ssed die widow's mile
Beyond die gifts abounding wraith bestowed,
Thus is it, Lord ! nidi dice ; die heart is thine,
Anil nil the world nf hidden action tlieto
Woihsin thy fight, like waxes beneath iheetin,
Conspicuous ! and 11 thousand namekvs nets
That lurk in lowly secrecy, nnJdie
Unnoticed, like ilia trodden (lowers dial fill
Beneath a proud man's foot, to thee are known,
And written with a sunbeam in the Hook
Of Life, where mercy (ills the biiglilcst page !
The Saviour's JVight nf Prvjer. He
ought Eolitudc.hc shrunk frnni observation;
in fact almost the only enjoyment which he
seemed really to love.wns his lonely ramble
nt midnight, for rest and prayer. He Fpent
whole nights thus, wc arc told And it is
not surprising, tlint after the healed crowds
nnd exhausting labors of the day, lie should
love to retire to silence end seclusion, ti
enjoy the cool nnd balmy air, the refreshing
FtilhiijfF, nnd all 1 lie beauties and glories nf
midnight, nmotip the folitudcs nf t tic 0 alii
lea" hills ; to find there happy communion
with his Father, and to gather fresli
strength for the labors and trials, that yet
IV have not ilwscn j;ie. Christ taught
Ins disciples that divine influence upon the
hearts of men was e.-scntial to their re
ticntanoe nnd salvation. ) n hnvn not
chosen me,' Faid he, '1 have chosen you
What a occlarntion ! How solitary it
mails the Saviour in the world he had come
to redeem. More than thirty years he had
'firlniminrr nfTerfi nf rnroneilifitinn nnd
Wn. and now. on the last niirlit of ii is
.'rrputidcd b? 'nvetcrstc foe., already
l-t- . . I I.... i
iiy sini io iiieui, nnu wnn iiui u itw
tra n! lihorlv ritmntnintr. hp irMhers on-
itcly Imi twelve friends that he may have
...n lr.1 --ml inlnii' mil li I t w,.n. nnH Iif
t' fnn.wtc nmntirr Inn tliniicnml nnnmino Jirttl
not chnien him ; he had chosen them. lie
stood nlono. after all : the only example o'
independent, original holiness The nni.
vcrsal reign of ungodliness and -in, hod
been broken only where he had rhmcn in
dividuals to be saved, and trained them, by
his own power, to moral fruitfulncss and
Idea nf the Divinity. Banish all material
ideas of a Deity, end do not let your imagi
nation Ft niggle to find in way upward to
Fome material heaven, with indefinite and
idle conceptions of u monarch Fcntcd on a
throne. The striking and beautiful rneta
pliore of the Bible never were intended to
give us this idea. God is n Spirit, it tnys
in its most emphatic tone. Where ho sets,
there only can wo sou him. He is the
wide spread omnipresent power, which is.
every whore employed but winch we can
never see, and never know, except m far
ns'hu thall manifest himself by his doings.
Cnii.nni:N. Early, active, and steady
employment l the way to bring up clul
dn.'ii well. No matter at what occupation
rr tin te h.nv laborious, so Inn ;f ' the
tit 1 11 tl is eniolnycd as long ni attention it
durcted to proper objects of business bad
examples nud bad company arc nvoided.
Five or six years of a young man's lime
thus closely occupied, will confirm him in
habits of industry : and his own resources
of mind and body, his own inquiry and
enterprise will advance him honorably and
prosperously in life. A rich father should
always heir his child when he proves his
obilities to help himself, and no sooner-
Wc have no nobility, nor titled families,
nor aristocratic distinctions; yet how fro
quenlly do we find an indulgent rich father
who, from humble life, has raised himself
in the world, indulging his ton in extrava
fjont and' idle habits giving him money to
spend in gaiety and fashion at the raco
course, the hotel, or tho billiard room
under the delusion that lie never will want,
nnd that he must merit an ample fortune.
What is tho result? Idleness begets vice,
difeipation follows, and loss nf health, of
fortune and character, is the inevitable re
sult. A rich man instead of giving his son
a few hundred now and tnen for what arc
called his contingent expenses, and under
th falcious idea that he must make an ap
pemnee liko a gentleman, ibould ay
him : 'For every thousand dollar you earn
by entcrptizj nud industry. ) will ndd a
tlinu-and safely invested for yon, to be
used at that advanced period of life when
you knuw the value of ni'iney, and arc en-
tilled to en-e nnd comit.r . The very fa'
cility which young men have fur obtaining
money lead ihein into ruinous extravagance
and when from design or accident, their
means ere checked, they resort to crime to
lurnish them the sources of enjoyment.
llrandy und water and cigars a fast
trotting hntEe a pocket book with hank
notes, gaming and late hours are the
rocks on which arc shipwrecked many
bright hopes and alluring prospects the
fond anticipations of good parents, and the
realization of anxiously desired lilessinc's.
Plie Election Sermon of the Rev. An-
nnciv IlifiEi.otv of Taunton, is one of the
most able discourses, that has been pro
nounced fur many years, and on reading it
wc marked a few extracts, fur publication
have been deferred by the press of other
matter. In reference to the attempts of
a certain class of the community to excite
the prejudice of the poor against tho rich
the au'.hur remarks: Boston Palladium.
"I cannot leave this topic without adver
ting to a feature of unfairness charged
upon our Fystcnis of Legislation. Our laws
are said to operate uiirqually. A class
pnlmcal seers has risen up in our times,
who pretend to have spied out this blemish
though tliey leave unexplained how it
chances to escape the penetration of ante
cedent examiners. Their notable discovery
purports to ub this: I hat our laws are
chk'flv contrivances for tho benefit, of tho
rich, to the aggravated grievance and dam
age of the poor; that they are the off
spring ofs cruel conspiracy to exalt the one
and depress the other; that ihey are the
ministers of a stern and jealous monopoly
perversely acting upon the maxim, "that
whosoever hath to him shall ho given, and
who--nover hath not, from him shall bo
taken away even thnt which he hath."
'lint who are I lie riclir Men nurung
from the mixed multitude thrown up from
the indicriniinato classes ol society. Lvcry
walk ol lite leads naiurallv on, or it open
into innumerable hy-palh--. which conduct
to rase, or conipoli'iice. or niliiience. In
dustry, intelligence, frugality and upright'
ncss are e er sure of a fair recompense
L"gislaiiou influences wealth not wealth,
lf il jt njii. U is llie object uf the former
10 n id the general acquisition of properly,
nut, of course, by narrow ing and s hulling
up, but digtiing open and multiplying its
springs fjr t ho accommodation of all. Such
policy is dictated by sound interest, confur
mably to the homely but curnmnn-sense
nnngc, that every man. to be a good citizen
mutt have a tlnkc in the hedge. A needy
and starving population, 011 the other hand,
having nothing to loe. would never fear
the consequences of public turmoils and
" The most conclusive evidence of the
efficacy of our laws, is the crlaiNom" picture
ol" content nud prusperousncss spread a-
broad over the cominun'Uv : tho means of
social comfort so liberally provided and dis
pensed ; the rapid accumulation nnd unmo
lested Fccurily of the gains of honest toil
and enlerpii-e; the many institutions, so
blessed and bles'ing 111 their character and
influence nourished into being by the self
same spirit winch produced our combined
system of law and government ; the miilti
form associations for the relief of human
need and enduring, whether moral or phy
sical. teeming on every hand ; innumerable
instrumentalities for tho encouragement of
the diversified 'arts winch make for peace,'
establishments opened up for the dissemiN
nation of knowledge, tlie promolion ol
science, the disperMon of the bUssings of
religion ; our nMninnrics and lycrutn. our
schools nnd colleges, our churches and tem
ples; Oh, these arc the living witnesses
these the elu-lering fruits of the wHilnm,
piety and patriotism of our fathers, which
dislil thf richest lr i'"aiet' on their tneino
rv, and shed a grnei 11111 glory over New
Kuglatid. WHat though wo boast no yinc
clad, laughing fhores, like the sunny re-
ions of poclic song some fairy ' land of
the rose and Hie myrtle, where nature
wantons in exhaustless fertility, and pours
fur Ii bur ripened stnriM ili'dinnlul ol'lho aid
of man? Ours is n soil which kindly repays
the toils of culture; and human skill and
painstaking exertion have developed ro ni
gard resources; and beauty nnd luxuriance
have been made to duck our rugged lulls
and wu have drawn " from the abundance
of tho sens, and the treasures hid in the
sands." What though we boast no classic
fields, no long-drawn lino of storied gener
ations, no pomp of heraldry nor race of
Kings? Wo can look back with pride on
an honored lineage, deduced from a pious
ancestry, and ennobled by Pilgrim blood.
Wo can turn to a history brief but crowded,
brightened with deeds of lofty heroism and
virtues of pure and spotless excellence.
Wo can point to n Binning roll ot names
themselves tho titles of a deathless renown
which children's children will revere and
blnzon, and
" Set them down with gold on Luting pillars."
The influence of New F.ngland through
out I he nation, is depicted in the following
eloquent passage :
" Every man is emulous to overtop his
follows. Every grade ol lilo down in Uiu
poorest and humblest, is pressing upon the
Hkirts. ami Ftrivinir for an equality per
linn to sornct nil'' more, on the score 01
wenlth and privilege with that next above
tol Expenditures are suited not lo the standard
nf one's means, nor yet of one's raliom1
wants but the meauro of other tnen s
hursi'mcnts. Difference in tho length"!
purse by no means produces alwayi 11 pro
portionate difference in tho oulgoc. To
remedy the inconvenience! so surely 10 toi
low, even where the darker feelings of
envy and sullen ill will may nni do iiiuui-
cd, a passion for wealth inordinately
cherished. Man is in haste to grow rich-
lie hears of sudden and blllliant iieqtn-otiotH
of property, and covets like fortunes for
himself. Small gams no longer comein
him. Frugality, or a wise and prudent
thrift, he unhappily despises. He embarks
cnpital, pawns credit, and in a luckless
hour launches lortli on the tea 01 specula
tion. All is nut to hazard, lie is afloat on
trencherous piemen whore fur one
chance of making it prosperous venture, he
is exposed to fearful odds. Highblow in,
hope nnu commence, lie sports awnue 11 e
wanton boys in summer s"ns ;' hut rnon th"
sky darkens n tempest lowers the deep
braves and swells the port is far distant
s canvass flutters to the n-ing breeze
he Fkims awhile along the curling waves
hut a fiercer blast cumes rushing on sud
denly it falls, ond whelms his bark, his
hopes, his all."
"No man in his senses can seriously be
lieve that all distinction? of privileges mid
possessions can he melted down in mio
promiscuous mass, to continue so under
any compuU-ory state of civilized society.
The plan of a community ot goods lias been
tried over and over again, nnd resulted in
disastrous failure. If in name or form.
the system has ever maintained its gronni!
beyond the hour ofi'.s unpromising birth.
it has only been 111 some petty societies,
the regulation ol winch could not fur a
moment exist among tho complicated rcla
tinns ol populous states. The experiment
was made, under the best auspices of
which it was susceptible in the infancy of
our own Commonwealth. Lands in fee
were withheld from all the original settlers
Every thing was then common. The avails
of husbandry and the products of the fish
eries were thrown into n general Ftoc'c,
from which supplies of food and other nc
ccssarie.) were again issued like rations in
a garrison. The consequence was, thai
as the idle were sure lo he fed if bread
there was from the public storehouse,
they wore little nnxious to contribute their
share of toil and exertion to meet the com
mon exigencies; nnd the industrious wero
overtasked for the purpose of furnishing
the requisite sutliciency. Same improve
ment was made when, three years after the
settlement nt Plymouth, acre lots were as
signed to colonists in usufruct ; and more,
when four years later, these lots were ex
tended to sections of twenty ncres. The
absolute property I herein continued lo In
some lime longer withhold-'shut out by rig
orous interdict ; nor was it till every con
trivance was resort d to, short of 1 ho one
inevitable though long deprecated is-ue,
that the whole policy was abandoned.
U"al estate was then created; full title
lo possessions were granted; lands dislri
butcd in clear severalty :-trndo was thrown
to the fair rivalry of all ; and every man's,
gains were guaranteed for his sole, exclu
sive behoof and disposal. And what fol
lowed? Spurs were at once put to rnter
prize. Rusincss no longer languished.
Useful occupations multiplied and tluiirili
ed. The hum nf cheerful industry rcsnun
ded on all sides. The tide of wealth bngnn
to set into the little, roleny--at first fed by
scanty swelled by ampler streams, till it
rills, thcnrolled at length its broad nnd si!,
very current through the smiling land-cape,
transmiting, like n second l'actolus, its
very sands into gold."
We publish to-day, as promised same
days since a condensed view of tho character
of II.Anrtno.N' If the reader docs not rise
from its perusal with feelings of attachment
and admiration of the man, we will be will
ing to admit of our want of comprehension
of those qualities in man, which endea,- him
to Ins fellow men. It is from Judgo Il.n.i.'s
Memoir. No one will deny he justice of
the character, or doubt its truth. Pouhon
We must nuw review some of the ground
that we have passed over, for the purpose
ot presenting in another point of view, the
public services 1 1 1 1 lie distinguished individ
ual, v hose eventful career has occupied our
attention. Wo have tnoro than once ol-
lulled to the integrity and disintercsteiiiiess
of Geir Harrison ; wo have noticed Ins pa
triotism anil devoleilnesss to his country;
and we now propose lo oiler some proofs
of the display of these qualities in addition
lo the evidence afforded by his public acts.
Wo have neon that Gen. Hanson never
contemplated the military service- ns a
permanent profession. When the first war
for independence had terminated by the
victory of Wayne, nnd the delivery of the
Rritish posln in the north-west, lie threw
aside the habiliments nf a soldier nud ac
cepted a civil office. Ho passed from mm
grade to another, enjoying successfully the
coinfiilence of the eldr Adams. Jefferson,
and Madison, and of the people of Ohio
and Indiana. As Gnvcrnor of Indiana, and
suprcintendent nf Indian nflairs. for thir
teen years, largo sums of money passed
through his hands, to bo dispurscd at his
discretion, and subjected to few of the
checks which are now provided, tinder the
admirable arrangement of office.-, nt Wash
ington, Ho gave no security; nor had the
government any other guarantee fur Hie
faithful application of those funds, hut his
prudence ami honesty. That he was true
to his trust, is obvious from tho fact, thai
he remained poor, nud did nol become the
debtor of tho government- Humado 110
speculation upon the public money or lands.
In tho expedition of Tippecanoe, ho led
the militiu of Ins own territory, and a few
volunteers from Kentucky, into the field,
as governor of Indiana, and commander-in-
chief, o ils inililia. The command that he I for
nitorwi'ds held on the iiertwctcrnirronttor.
was gift'ji mm nt the spontaneous call ot
lb" weiltrn people. He did not seek the
ollico lr the cinohiin 'tits of 11 gencal: hut,
willingly led his fellow ci'izans to battle,
sharing with tliem the la' r-. the danger s
and ihlionors of war, and retiring with,
them It private life when the contest ceas
ed. As tomnmnder-in chief, he was subjee
ted lo leavy expenses. His command was
spread over fo wide a territory, that ho was
obliged to travel inces'aullv and to enter
tain a lirgesuit. Nearly all his operations
wero curried on with militia and all the
incasuri'S neces-ary to draw out these
troops to the field, ot conciliate them white I
there, and to retain Ihein in service, nbligeu
him to mtr nam an extensive intercourse
wilh inllientinl t.znns, and to receive
nnny.of Item nt his head quarters. Unlike
the leadei ofregu'nr nrr.iy, who is provi
ded with troops nnd supplies, und is it?
dependent of the country, Gun. Harrison
was placed in a kind of political relation to
the people which required that he should
possess their confidence and good will. It
vas requisite therefore that ho should keep
free quarters for the reception of fiicIi of
his lellow-citizcns us visited him on busi
ncFS, or come lo see their friends in the
army. His expense so fur exceeded his pay,
that he was obliged to sell a fine tract of
land during the war to meet them; so that
he tint rply exposed Ins life and gave his
labors lo his country, but contributed a
portion of his small estate to sustain her in
onis of the darkest periods of her cxi-tence.
lie had purchased from the government
several fine tracts of land, in Indiana, on
ihcOhioRiver.on which, under the system
of the sale practised, only part of the pur
chase money was paid. Tlie find payment
became due while the General was on the
frontier; and for want of money lo meet it
the land was forfeited It is true that tin
dor a subsequent law, he received back the
sum he had actually paid in: but this was
no compensation for I he loss of a body of
fine land, which is now perhaps wnrlh
licentii dollars per acre, and would have
placed him in easy circumstances, could he
have retained it.
At the time that our distinguished friend
was tliU3 devoting his private fortune to
public service, sacrificing that which though
small in value then would have risen with
the rapid apprcciationofproperty in the west
into an ample estate, he had liberty to draw
on the L'oveintnent lo an unlimited amount
and was daily pasinglargo sums of public
money through Ins hands. During me war
he drew on tho government for more than
six hundred thousand dollars for public
iiurnoEes. not n cent of winch was ever di
ven. d to his own use: and a' the clo--e of
his military service, there was on charge
ngainst him on the books of the accounting
nflicer.-at U a-lungiou, except 11 lew bun
drrd dollars, which he had expended as
secret service money. and which was prompt
ly allowed by the President.
Since the war, Gen?ral Harrison has been
the principal, and almost the only, ropre
sentatiyo nflhe military class of our citizens
111 the region in which ho lived; nnd the old
soldiers crowded about him. The veterans
who had served under Wayne, St. Clair,
and others of the early commanders, came
lo him lo present their claims for land ond
for pensions. Those who had served in
the late war under him came t'i him. of
course, ns their next friend. Horn in Vir
ginia nnd bred in the west' he was hnspita
bin by nature, and by habit and the old
soldier always found a welcome at his fire
side. Not only were his expenses increased,
but a vast deal of his time employed, in the
duties of charity or frinilslup towards this
deserving class of citizens.
Some years ago, it was ascertained that
a large body of land adjoining Cincinnati,
nnd bordering on the Ohio, which had been
-old long previously for a mere pittance,
under an execution ngniiist the original pro
prietor, ceuld not be held by tho titles de-1
rived from the purchasers, because the pro
cording were irregular. The legal title
was in General Harrison nnd another gen
tleman, who were the heirs at law. Tlie
hundreds of acres included in this tract
would have constituted princely domains
lor bulb these persons, and have nllordci! a
wealthy inheritance for their descendants,
had they chose.i to have insisted on their
legal rights; and they could perhaps have
done justice to the purchasers, by giving
them a small portion ofthe whole for their
equitable claims. Rut General Harrison is
noline man who ever compromises between
his honor and his interest; and immediately
on being informed ofthe situation nf the
property, ho procured the assent of his co
heir and joined him in executing deeds in
fecFimple to the purchasers, without claim
ing any consideration for what he considered
an act of duty, except a few hundred dollars
being the difference between the actual val
ue when sold, and the amount paid at the
sheriff's sale- Included in tho tract, how
ever, wero twelve acres, of the mo-,t
valuable part, which were actually the
property of Mr. Harrison, by donation from
his father-in-law, and in his possession at
tho time of the snlo under tho execution,
and which were improperly included in the
sa'e, in conscquonce ol Ins tille not appear
ing nu record. This ho might have re
tained both legally und equitably, bill such
wos his nice regard for Ins reputation, and
his scrupulous desire to do all the justice
that others were disposed to claim of him,
that he agreed to receive for this portion,
as well astho other a small payment, which
with the amount hr which it was struck
offal tho sale, would make up what was
supposed lo have been its valuu when sold.
The last described portion thus relinquished
is now worth 0110 hundred thousand dol
lars. It is well known, that it has not been tin
common for gentlemen holding high offices,
to avail theunulves of their influence to pro
vide for their relatives. A largo number
uf tho members, of Congress, anil other high
' functionaries', have procured nppoinlmcnls
their sons in the military academy nt
West roint. or in the navy, by means of
which Ihese young gentlemen are educated
nnd provided for. nt an early ngo, at the
cxpct'ic of the government. Many uf those
wlm thus relievo Ihcmsolvoj ol the expens
es of educating their own sons, are wealthy
men. bcncral Harrison has had a numer
ous family, mostly sons, and has never been
wealthy. I lo has always, since his sou?
have been old enough to bo educated, until
very lately, held olliccs of high grade nnd
influence, and could nt any tuna have pro
cured Eiich a favor by asking for it. Hu
had higher claims to such patronage than
most men; his father was a distinguished
patriot of the revolution he himself had
fought through two wars one of his sons
was married to tho daughter of thu lament-
d G.'ii. Pike who fell in battle during tho
hst war ; and tho children of this marriage
became, by thu early death of their father.
peniient on General lurrison. Hut lie
educated his family nt his own expense. 1 1
is true, that moru than once, wlnlo in Uon
gross, ho formed the intention of placing
one of his sons at West Point, or in the an
vy ; but finding th-; application from Ins
own s'ate more numerous than could be
complied with, he disintereslly waived his
own claims in favor of his constituents, and
procured appointments for their sons, in
preference to Ins own. On one occasion
when his straitened circumstances, and h'13
desire to place one of his sons in the mill
tary profession, had induced him to resolve
to ask an appointment for him at West
Point, a poor neighbor brought to him
fine boy, whom hu was wholly unable to
ediicne, nnd bogged hun to place him nt
West Point; the General look the son of
his humble constitucn' under his patronage
procured him a place in Hie military acaibi
my, and Ins had the satisfaction of seeing
bun been ne n valuable citizen, high in of
flee in one ofthe western stales.
In person General Harrison is tall and
slender ; his countenance is expressive of
tho vivacity and benevolence of his charac
tor ; Ins fine dark eye is remarkable lor it
keenness, fire, and intelligence. Althougl
from early manhood he has never had the
appearance of possessing a robust constilu
lion, vet such has boon tho effect of an ac
live life and temperate habits, that few men
enjoy at I113 age so much bodily vigor, or
moral energy. lie seldom or never par
takes of ardent spirits, and does not habit
uallv use even wine. Equally mndcraie in
his diet, he is emphatically a temperate
He is remarkably amiable in his social
and domestic relations. Generous, kind
and affectionate in Ins disposition mild and
forbearing in his temper, plain, easy, anil
unostentatious in Ins manners cheerful
and nffiblo in his intercourse with his
friends and with strangers easily nccossi
ble to nil, and unbounded in his charities
Warm in his affections, he has never been
violent or vindictive in his enmities. Thosi
who know him love him. and I113 enemies
have only been such as have been created
by his political relationsor by the operation
of causes growing nut of party tooling.
a long life of collisionwith men of every
class frequently with the most fierce, tnr
hiilont, and ungovernable, wo have
knowledge of his having been engaged in
personal hostilities, or in a duel : and such
was the effect of his mild and gentlemanly
example, that not a duel was fought in th
north-western nrmv while he commanded
Tho son of one of the signers ofthe Do
claration of Independence, and reared tin
der tho eve and influence ofthe founders of
our government, ho early imbibed a deep
reverence fur the constitution, which has
been evinced in all his public acts through
life. From the house of his father, the
nuardian-liip of Robert. Morris, nnd the
patronage of Washington, he passed into j
the servicn of his country in the enmpan
innslup of Wayne. St. Clair, and other il
lustrious men, "of that noble band who laid
the foundation of our liberty. In civil of.
fice he became associated with Jefferson,
Madison. Monroe, and other master spirits,
who, while they were among the fathers of
the constitution were also th" great kvlers
ofthe democratic party. They professed
the principles which had been distilled into
his irind from early infancy, and which, in
the mature reflcctiun of manhood, he con
sidercd right, and he acted with the demo
cratic party consistently and steadily. From
early associations, therefore, as well ns
from principle, he has retained through all
vicissitudes oflifo an nrdent love and a deep
reverence for the pure maxims ofthe revo
lotion: and has been 111 tho habit of testing
his political opinions by the constitution it
self, and the cun'.cmporacous exposition ot
its friMiiors.
In civil office, and in military command,
he was always just, moderate nnd firm;
avoiding violent and arbitrary measures,
and preferring to govern by persuasion and
The talents and attainments of General
Harrison may bo estimited from his wri
tings, his speeches and Ins acts. Tho mm
who would deny to him a high order of in
tellect, must be regardless of the evidence
ofhiftory. For forty years his name lias
been associated with the most important
transactions of our country, nnd the proofs
of liis intellectual endowments may be found
on its records. The lawyer whose whole
time has been devoted 10 the examination
of a nartirular class of subjects may bo nble
in embody his thoughts on n question of
constitutional or municipal law with more
I'tochtncal precision, nnd mould his language
with greater art und sophistry. 1 lie train
ed politician, whose energies have been de
voted, with unceasing vigilance, to Ins own
elevation, who has watched the temper of
the times, and thu llucluiilinj: opinions of
parties, may bo more expert in inak-ng or
in seizing occasions to display his patriot
ism or address. Jim Geo. Harri-on may be
advantageously compared with any of his
contemporaries as a man of abilities, and
ns a sound nnd uble practical politician.
His writings which nro numerous, speak
for themselves; they arc distinguished by
clearness and facility of composition. Few
men write better or with greater rapidity.
In the many high stations which hs has fil
led, he has never bjen in the habit of cm
ploying a secretary or any amanuensis, to
write his letters, but has always performed
this duty for himself. He is an annulled and
ready speaker, fluent in language, plain but
not graceful in manner. We iiave seldom
seen any one so prompt or so happy tu an
lemDoraneons address. His aptitudu and
readiness in bringing the rcourcss of a
highly cultivated mind to bear, without ap
parent premeditation, upon any subject.
which may bs presented, are singularly
It was this rare union of ability, courtesy.
and moderation, that caused Gen. Harrison
to be so much beloved by tho militia whom
ho conimininil 111 tlie war. These were
the qualities that won for him the friendship
of 1 hi gllnti' nival hero of Erio, who wrote
to hun in 1 .'! 1 3 , 'lou know what has been
my opinion as to the future commander-in-chief
of'tlie army. I pride myself not a lit
tle, I assure you, on seeing my predictions
so near Being verilied; yes, t iv dear fnond.
I expect soon to hail you ns the chiof who
lo redeem tlie honor of our arms at tho
north.'1 The man whose character could
extract such a compliment from tne modest
and unassuming Perry himself a daring
officer, a man of discernment, who, after a
chieving one of the noblest victories that
graced our annals, voluntarily accompanied
Harrison to the field, and acted as his aid at
the battle of the Thames tho man, wo
ay, who could extract such n compliment
from such a source, must have high merits.
Another distinguished witness of the con
Incl of Harrison Gen. McArthur. who
had served under him, wrote to him in
1814: ' Vou, sir, stand tho highest with
thu rnililia of this Stalb of any General in
ihc service, and I am confidont that no mm
can fight them to so great an advantage ;
and I think their extreme solicitude may
be tho moans of calling you to this fron
General Harrison himselfon being asked
how ho minaged to gain the control which
ho always swayed ovor the militia, answer
ed, " By treating them with affection and
kindness by always recollecting that they
wero my fellow citizens, whose feelings I
was bound to respect, and by sharing on
every occasion the hardships which they
were obliged to undergo."
When Commodore Perry, forgetting his
own recent daring, remonstrated with Gen.
Harrison on his exposure of his own per
son, in an nttack made by the Indians on
the army, at Chatham, shortly before the
action at tho Thames, and also in the bat
tle ofthe Thames, the intrepid lender rc
olied, that "it was necessary that a General
6hould set the example."
Sin Waltbr Scott. Every persnn.the
least acquainted wi'h the history or charac
ter nf mis great man, knows that, in many
strikin'g peculiarities, he stood alone ond
unequalled. Whether wo conseder tho
rrjfW or the aggregate amount of his wri
tings, he foremost among those who have
contributed to the literature of the world.
The January number of Frazer's .Magazine
contains a series of interesting remiuiscen.
ccs relative to the last days of Sir Walter
from which we glean a few interesting par
ticulars. By iho failure of Constable di
Co. in IG25, Scott, who had endorsed their
paper to an unlimited extent, became liablo
to the amount of IlO.OOOr. It was under
these discouraging circumstances that he
commenced the Herculean task of writing
himself nut of debt, in which as is known
he to far succeeded, lint at the time of Ins
death the claims were reduced to one
third, so that in live years ho actually earn
ed more than forty thousand pound sterling.
Tins result, however, was accomplished by
nn intensity nnd constancy of labor, to
which Ins previous efforts had been noih.
ing; at the cost of all his accustomed a-mn-ements,
by the sacrifice of bodily exer-
ercise, and as trequent consequence of
sleep. One of Constable's creditors, hold,
ing a note endorsed by Walter Scott, neai
ly rendered nugatory all the arrangement
for the gradual settlement of the claims, by
absolutely refusing to accept, even pro
tempore, any part of his demand. All or .
nothing was lis ultimatum. This Shylock
nearly experienced ihe fate of his p'rolo
typo, for his debt was set aside 011 the
ground of tieiiary, and he was glad to ac
cept any terms he could obtain. For his
lift- of. Bonnpartf. which lie completed in
one year. Sir Walter received l-l.OOOt.
Among his nther most profitable undertak
ings, was the ninv edition of Ins works nnd
his contributions to Lirdner's Cyclopaedia.
In some instances 500. were oflored linn
for a few trifles lo be ittCmfd in annual.
These facts go to account for a result
which, ns it is unparalleled in the history of
literature, can, witliout explanation, hardly
be credited. '
Politeness in W.sn! Before the bat
tle Yd" Fonlenny, the officers of the British
column, on approaching within fifty paces
ofthe French Guards, saluted Iheir oppo
nents by taking nil' their hats: the French
officers, stepping forth lo the front, re
turned tho coiiiphmont ! Lord Charles
Hay, a captain in thu English Guards, then
advanced from the ranks, and cried, " Gon
tlemen of tho French G uardj.firo !" Comp
to d'Antorochn, a lieutenant of Grenadiers,
replied, in a loud voice, " Gentlemen, firo
yourselves we never firo first !" The
British 11 iw poured in a firo so destructive,
that nineteen officers of the French Guards
ami eleven of tho Swiss fell before it : (100
men ofthe same corps wore killed or woun
ded ; and the Swiss regiment of Courten,
which hid joined the French Guards, wera

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