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Burlington free press. (Burlington, Vt.) 1827-1865, April 08, 1836, Image 2

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DAVID M. CASH, of Dciby.
Tlio followlnj intcrcstim loiter fom Captain
Hitchcock, was addressed la his moilicr, in this
town to whoso politeness wo lira indebted for
permission lu l.iy it before our readers. Allliongh
I lie public nrc ulrc.uly in poejiicm of some of its
fuels, it will nevertheless bo read with rnucli satis
faction by ilia numerous friends of Capt. 11. in litis
FonT DnNE ( Gen'l Clinch's Plantation,) )
March 12, 183G. $
I wrote to you from Fort Kins a bout l',a
22J nit. nnd told you of tlio inlcnlion of Gen'l
Guinea lo go romli towards T.unpt D.iy, nnd tu
Tampa if not inlerrnpled by the Indians.
We marched south in the 2Gih, nnd on the 27ili
ht'ln battle with iho Indians at the place whore
Gcn'l Clinch fought litem ihe 31st of December.
We changed position on the 2Stli and went lower
down, where we had another battle. Iloih of these
fijhls look place across the river, tho Indians bcin;;
on one side and wo on tlio other side, the liter be
ing nbotit 40 yards ftidc. On tlio 29th tlio Indian
cropscd the river and attacked us in our camp ami
fought two hours and more. We drove litem oft"
nnd hold our position, On the 1st of Much iheio
was no filiting, but on the 2d. 3d, -1th and Glh,
there was fi.iliiin,; every day, especially on tho 3 1
nnd Gili . On the niuht of the 5di the India is sent
lo nsk for peace. The ines-enger was told lo come
in the morning, and on the 6th several of the Chiefs
with nn interpreter came within 200 yard of camp
nnd I was sent to hear litem nnd make answer.
The result was, thai the Indians iciptcstcd lime to
consult their Chief Micanopi, who ihcy consider n
Governor, nnd the Gcn'l told them, by ine. that if
they would promise lo ceise from all tins of hostil
ity nnd remain sotilh of the river uml mtend a
council when required to do so, he would not in test
litem. They promised till this J and after lite or
six days we came here. I h ive written n condensed
ncoount of the movement of Gcn'l G. from the lime
of his leaving New Orleans, nnd have diieclcd an
editor to send you a paper rontainin;; it, l'ho In
dians admit we killed thirty and ihe prc-umplion
is they have lost many moic, for they always lie
about their losses. W o hud aliotil 7 days fi'dninj,
and on our part have lost one officer, Lieut. Izard,
nnd four men, besides about TO wounded. I am
very much pleased with Ihe expedition, but am
writing in gteal haste for I am m iking preparations
to return with Gen. G. to JMbhile.
The war is certainly checked, if not ended. The
Indians undoubtedly wish to make pence, but lite
terms intcaded to be imposed upon them by ihe
Gov't they may think too hard to comply with and
they tntiy break nut again. I slnll have nothing
more to do with them, and not even honored with a
wound, though I was standing by Gcn'l G. when he
received n ball through his lower lip, which knock
ed out one of his lower teeth. Wo have had all
tho varieties of n campaign marching in cold and
hot weather, in wel and dry weather on plenty
nnd on nothing, till we tried Ihe meat of our
borfcs, kc. tire.
Yours, &c.
The justice, morality, and regard for the
opinion of tho decent and respectable por
tion of tho public, of Jlr. Van Harm's
parly, wcro never exhibited p-Jrhcps quite
go palpably, as in thoscrno sketched in the
annexed letter.
The question of tho contested seat of one
of the North Carolina Representatives,
which has been long under discussion, was,
it would seem, to have boon finally deter
mined, in spito of any and all efforts to the
contrary, on Saturday. The party full had
gono forth, and no considerations of cour"
tcsy, or justice, or regard for a day, by com
mon consent every whero kept holy, could
nvoil to cause a reckless party majority to
relax. It was only the slate of desperation
and violence into which tho Houso was
eventually urged, that induced an adjourn.
mciit, without the consummation of tho gross
injustice which is meditated. ami willbeac
'complishcd, of turning out tho sitting mem
ber, without allowing him to adduce evi
dence wliifjli ho is ablo and anxious to pro
duce, to mako good tflo validity of his
Tho house of Representatives of tho U.
States Bat" till half pastour on Sundiy
morning, that is, as the National Intelligen
cer well remarks,
"Tho sitting extended to more hours on
tht Sabbath morning than tho House usually
sits on week days. And all for what?
Why, in caie puroly judicial, to prevent
ono of the parties from taking testimony
which he is ready to make oatn will indis
putably establish his right. Was such n
thing ever before heard of? Which may
be answered by another question : Did it
ever before happen that on tho eve of a
Presidential election expected to depend
upon tho House ot Representatives, the
scat of a member was contested, by ousting
whom, the vote of an cntiro State, and by
that means possibly tho aggrogato vota of
all tho States represented in tho House,
would bo changed.'"
Mr. Van Huron knows, or gravely np
jHchenda, that ho cannot be elected ('resi
dent by the people that the olections must
goto tho House. Tha North Carolina dele
gation now is, by one vote, opposed to him ;
change that one vote, this delegation be-
comcK favorable. Tu uccotiiiill.lt tht
changc.VVr. Graham's soul jj to bo vacal-
ed. in mile of evidence, and such li thoiicct U any 'l'lvtMon bein;; iiiudt', on that
Iliastu to do evil, that "tl.c Sabbath of the I
! Lord our Hud," which, from childhood up,
we nro all taught to keep holy, iy to be
desecrated in ordor to force a, vota on tho
question. Yot these nro virttiom men,
who, because they do not bco Mr. Van
Daren's porsal agency in such matters, arc
c?ntont on believe him innocent of them,
and shutting their eyes that they may not
hear, nro willing to go, as mole? blinded"
and os addors deaf, into the support, for
the Presidency, of a man allied and stained
with every sort of politicil corruption, and
utterly regardless of all political principle
JV. Y. American.
Washington, Monday morning.
After I had mailed my letter nf Saturday
night, in which I stated my boliof that the
election subject would bo terminated by
unseating Mr. Graham, in favor ol Mr
Nswland before the twelfth hour that
night, the proceedings b;camc of much in
terest. AflPr tho day's proceedings, Mr.
Graves, of Kentucky, epoltc in support (if
Graham's right to tho seat until ho was
completely exhausted. The House, not
withstanding, repeatedly refusing to ad
journ, or suspend tho rules for the purpose
ol lixing anottior nay lor mo consioerauon
i .i i l.. i i !..i v.:
of the subject, ho resumed, and raised h'm
voice with some utuicuity bo as to oenearu
from the confusion which prevailed, and
charecd "tho party" with deliberately
sacrificiii!? for party objects tho riehts of
the sittinff member, who had only from in
disposition required from their courtesy and
justice, but one day more to address tnem.
but which request they had detctmincd not
to erant. Ho knew "tho party" was in
the majority, and he called on them to givo
tho minority somo fair play, or even the
appearance of justice. In tho course of
his caustic remarks on tho party, every at,
tempt was made by uproar, laughter and
c nfusion to prevent his bcin;; heard.
Having- submitted somo extracts for the
purpose uf reading, soma members object
cd ; nnd amongst the most prominent was
Mr. Camhrclenrj. The House on motion,
could not however stand this: and leave
home (riven, they wore ; after which, Mr.
G. renewed his course with vigor, charging
Mr Cnmbrulenrr in this way with having
inlcnded to suppress the truth, by orders
given underhand to the lieges. The decree
ho said had cone forth oarly that nifjlit, nt
tho suggestion of tho Attorney General of
New York, who had insisted that further
time should not bo civen, &c. Mr., Cam
brclcnrr of Ky., next obtained tho floor;
and twelve o'clock having arrived, he gave
wav to Mr.Wiso to move an adjournment.
Mr Lnwder inquired if it was in ordor to
proceed nftcr twelve? The Spcnkur said
on pressing and urgent occasions tho House
hud continued in session. Mr J. Q. Adams
referred to various instances i.i which tho
House had sal. but insisted that they had
never done so knowingly, oxcept upon
nronosition to that effect deliberated upon
nnd voted for by both houses; he avowed
that he would lint sit there to do business
unlnss the Iluuso would declare that tho
nrceonl eubicct was one that would not ad
mil nt dnlnv: nnd rcntiired Ihtit this should
bn nrcviouslv recorded on the journal. If
thov should not agree to a motion men
made bv him. to ndiourn. The House re
fused at half vast I'i o'clock lo adjourn!
Mr. A. thereupon renewed an appeal taneii
bv Mr. Lawdcr. from the docision of tho
Speaker, as to their right to proceed after
12,as ho wished to know.by what rule of the
House, absent members could be compelled
to vote on the Sabbath da ! (this was :
poser) and whether, if tho minority wit h-
drew, leaving no quorum, thero was any
power to compel their attendance ? The
Speaker was understood to have declined
answering, on the ground that there would
bo more appeals than one pending, if he
did answor. JMr. llawes moved tno pro.
vious nucstion. to arrest debate on Mr.
Adams' nnnea . Tho nuostion whereon
being nut, a now difficulty was started
Mr Adams' namo being first on the list, be
again having denied the right of the House
to rcnuire his vote. Mr. llawes rose and
moved tn excuse the member from Massa
chusctts. Mr. J. Q. Adams here still fur
titer perplexed tho matter by exclaiminc
"but I do not ask to be excused
After much laughter at tho dilemma in
which tho Saiiiiatii Bruakeos were thii:
nlncod. and much disorder in consequence
the Speaker threatened to call the members
bv their names who did not resume their
seats. A groat mlny lud bolted from the
Hall upon this hint, soma fairly worn out
with fatigue : for the twentieth tunc n mo
tion to adjourn was made by Mr. Lay. On
this motion thero was no nuorum! ami n call
of tho House being then ordered, Mr Ad
ams again refused to answer to his namo
Mr Wise suggested, that, by the rule, eve
rv member was compelled to answer, and
he put it as a matter of orderifor the Huusc
to decide whether they would compel or
not, on tho Sabbath day ? Thu Speaker
said no question could arise when the House
was dividing. Alter the roll was gone
through, Mr W. renewed his objection.
Mr Bcardsley said as tho member Irom
Massachusetts acted on conscientious scru
ples he ought to be excused. Mr Adams
repeated that he did not want to he excu
sed, but that he did want to record his vote
on the question, that on the Sabbath the
Houso had no authority over its members,
and for one ho did not feel himself bound to
obey nny rulo. Mr Peyton desired to
know whero tho gentleman's conscience
was, when ho assailed tho character of a
distinguished Senator whero was it, on
tho mcmorablo night that the fortification
bill was murdered, lie aiding and abetting
therein? &c. Tho Speaker called Mr l.
to order, his remarks not being pertinent to
tho qnestion. Mr P. subsequently pro
ceeded to inquire whero was tho conscience
of tho Attorney General of New York,
which eocmed to have deserted him to
night, and whore it was on that meraornblo
night. Conscience eocmed to be a thing
with somo honorable mcmbors, that got
better for long use ! Ho wished to know if
tho gentleman from Massachusetts was to
bo ii leader of tho party on this, as on other
occtitious? Mr Adami, much galled at the
turn ol the debate, und in much oxcitometit,
buid the muinbur from New York hud mis-
lukun Ins motives for declining lo answer
iu, iMB IUR, am 1B IMUSl cunouiiucutly ob-
motive. Mr Mercer imistcd that the Sab
bath ought to bo kopt holy. Mr Ilynum
entered warmly into the general merits of
tho election subject, net! animadverting
upon tho debnto which hod taken plncc, ho
1 . .i I..'.. l . .1 . -!...
came to tnu conclusion mai, nicy wwc um
ono step from n revolution. He insisted
that too much was mado of Blylit'g them
the nartv." nnd that the republican doc-
Irino was, that tho majority should rule.
If n proposition was made to postponn the
ubiect until Monday, he Imped "the party 1
would vote for it. Mr Wise faid ho felt
bound to press his question to n docision,
whether or not Mr A. couiti no cojipcucu
to vote or to sit there on God's holy day ?
Why was it that I hoy witnessed what they
now did ? He would tell the worlJ it was
because too many plain truths wcro eont
forth lo tho people, that tho otdcr had cone
forth to despatch every thing, so that they
might go about thai r business, go to their
Homes, go to tno n i miner man in uro
'tho party" in tho estimation ol the public
on the ovo oi'n Presidential election. Was
not said in high plnco3 it was timo for
tho Chairmm of the Committee nf Ways
and Means to resign that ho did not pro
gress as fast as he ought with the business
of tho Houso? Tho Speaker said those
remarks wcro not relevant. Mr Wisosnid
he should remember that word " relevant"
lo the day of his death. Ho believed they
wore to bo gncd. They must ho sent
homo at party behest, forsooth. God'a law
was to succomb lo man b lav, ant, mey
wore told in terms, that the minority ought
not to complain, ought not to resist when
treated oven on this question, in a tyranni
cal manner never before witnessed in that
hall ! Ho inquired if this was not true ?
tho present majority had baen tho most tyr
annical that over ruled in debate, or that
over disgraced a country. Nay, they had
been the most weak, the most bungling as
n parly, that had ever disgraced that hall.
Mr Iiynum, who was writhing under this
lah, bo unsparingly applied, rose to ordor,
and inquired if the majority were to be thus
ptigmntizod. Mr Wise continued hisstrain
until compellod to take his peat, Mr Bv
num, waxing more angry, said the member
from Virginia should not refer to him, in or j
ntit nf lltn Hnnsp. ns nun of the mninritv. or
t .l- ... . i. i.,i I
"s V , u 1 , ,y'. , "
uonc. jiu Etirjimi iiql uuny nun. itir u isu
paid ho wished to be reepcctful to the
House. As to bullying the gentleman from
Nortii Carolina, ho is the last man I should
think of bullying; I should as soon bully a
fly, ns you ai'dresning him.
jlr. iiynum said, it the gentleman wants
to insult me, let him do so out of the House,
if ho dare. Somo other words wore ban
died to and fro, which could not bo distinct
ly heard or recorded, from the excitement
which the manner of the two members
made contagious lo every auditor. Mr.
Mercer tried to interpose. Mr. l?ynum
lost all control of himself, rose from his peal,
and, shaking his fist, exclaimed, "You d d
scoundrel," proceeded towards the peat oc
cupied by Mr. W. Many members nrrcst
ed his course. The Speaker promptly di
reeled the Sergeant at-Arms to tuke him
into custody, amid.it loud cries of order, or
der. The friendly offices of Mr. .Mercer
and Mr. Thomas were, however, ubse
quently happily successful in nllaying the
angry feeling of the disputants; mutual con
cessions, explanations and apologies wore
mado, and tho House having adopted n res
olution setting opart Monday and Tuesday
next for the further consideration of the
subject, after a sitting of sixteen hours, at
half past 4 o'clock on tho Sabbath morn
ing, adjourned ! I ! Comment is unneces
sary on the Fcencs I havo endeavored to
The regulars havo boon defeated. Con
trary to nil expectation, the "King's Own"
have lutt Mr Ncwland, who is sent back to
North Carolina to settle the matter with
the people, and there can bo no doubt that
they will settle tho question altogether to
his dissatisfaction. Wo copy from the
Courier & Enquirer.
Washington, D C, March 29, 1G3G.
Tho Houso of Representatives have been
eiirragcd today about seven hours on the
Norih Carolina Contested Election.
Mr Ncwland, tho gentleman claiming
tho scat, was entitled to the floor. Ho
commented on the testimony, &c for more
than an hour. As soon as he took Iii3 seat
tho previous question was moved. This
was considered by iho minority a violation
oftha implied pledge made nn Sunday mor
ning, thai tliH day should be devoted to
tho subject; whereupon they commenced n
systematic opposition to the demand fir the
previous question. This opposition was
carried on, by means of various motions,
such as to adjourn, to lay the subject on tho
tabln, to have n call of the Houjc, Sec. on
each of which motions tho yeas and nays
were called. The scene was ono of great
confusion, and much embarrassment to tho
Speaker, who conducted himself with calm
ness, propriety nnd fairness. After a con
loat of about four hours, und which tho mi
nority possessed ihe power of continuing
for as many months, if they had so chosen,
they offote'd a resolution proposing, by way
of compromise, that the question should bo
immediately taken, without debate, oo toe
motion to receive the nets testimony which
Mr Graham had in his possesion; nnd if
the testimony was rejected, then that the
main question nsto the rightsnftho parties
should, in like manor, bo taken without de
bate. To this the majority would not lis
ten. They had not the firmness 10 rtjed
tho testimony, at that moment within roach
of the House, nor tho liberality to adopt it.
They could not bring up their troops, with
all their discipline, to this destructive chargo.
If brought to the role, they knew that this
testimony would bo admitted; and if admit
ted, Mr Graham would havo been sustained
in his seat by a majority of moro lUunJifty.
Their salvation consisted in urging tho pre
vious question, by moans of which nil a
mendmcnts wcro cut off, nnd tho volo ns to
tho new testimony evaded. At length a
bout half-past G o'clock, tho minority coir
seated to come to tho vote; and the previ
ous question was curried.
Thero were two rcsolutioaa on which the
Houso wcro now called to vote;
First; That Mr Graham is not entitled
tu tt feat on Iho lloor, Thid wits caned in
h'" ulhrmative ayos -I I. mica 7.
ivcund -That Mr N.-whnd u entitled
to a ecat on tho floor. This was lost nycs j
00, noes 100.
So the Hnusc havo decided that neither
of litem is duly elected, and tho subject in
again referred lo tho people.
iNo language can desenbo or depict tho
chagrin, disappointment, mortification and
dismay, which spread through tho ranks
of what was, but o. fow minutes previous,
on ovcrbaring, oppressive and haughty ma
jority. Hut would bo far more difficult lo
speak ol tho gallant nnd triumphant mi
nority. in terms Bufficiant laudatory. They
have indeed dofeuded tho rights of tho pco
pic, and the sacrcdncse of the ballot-box,
with a zeal, n perseverance and n bravery,
which nothing but tho justice of their cause
could have inspired. Great praise is due
to tho honorable men, who, scorning llie
trammels of party, refused to record their
votes m favor of Mr Ncwland, as being
duly elected a member of the Hoii3C. This
second defeat tends lo prove, that the ranks
ol the majority on great and vital questions
can no longdr bo kcth unbroken by mcan3
of political intolerance and proscription
Tho Albany Regency is losing its control
mg power over tho Houso of Represent."!
lives; and if they continue lo boast at Al
banv that they have n subicrvicnt major!
tyat Washington, bo pleased to say to them
ucnticmcn, you nro mistnken! "The seep
tcr has departed from Judah!"
Washington, March Q9
The previous question was brought to
our aid to-day, and Mr Graham, as was
anlicpatcd on all hand.s, was ousted from
Ins seat by a majority of twenty seven. But
the hard fortune of Mr. Ncwland, who was
elected on While principles and only hoisted
tho Van ISurcn flag when he thought it his
best interest to do so, has not been co-ex-tensivo
with tho evil fortuno of his rival.
Tho House, contrary to every expectation
and contrary to the decision which would
undoubtedly havo been pronounced had the
vote been taken on Saturday, have declar .
cd by the one solitary vote, that Mr. New-
land t-liall not lake his seal: and thus the
election has been ordered back to tho
proper tribunal under the circumstances ol
tho casethe people of North Carolina.
Tlio vote on tho question ofMr. Newland's
title to a seat was first, a tie standing
ninctynino against tiinety-nino; and the
final decision of tho question was nbanl to
depend on tho casting vote of iho Speaker
Hut behold! Mr. Clnlils, of New York,
who-o name had been omitted, rose in his
seat, and recorded n negative vote: thus
blasting by ono monosylablo woar J the high
est liopw ol ilr. iNcwland. lie may now
return to his constituents to run another tilt
against Mr. uraham, and lo reconcile, as
he best can, Iiij While-Van ISurcn prinoi
ciples. There let him go!
I never remember to have witnessed a
moment of more anxious suspense then that
during which the votes wore counting and
re-counting, over and over again, to bco
whether tho Speaker, in the discharge of
I113 mist high duty, would bo compelled to
vote. No man who had baen present at
that moment, could envy him cither his sit
uation or his feelings.
During the entire day, tho House has
been the scene of most violent disorder and
confusion. I cannot attempt even a sketch
of it, for tlio hour is laic. There was a
clapping of hands on the annunciation of Mr
Newland's failure; and in tho previous part
of tho day, there was hissing from several
quarters. Tho rules of tho House were
act at nought, from timo to time, by every
conceivable manifestation of disorder.
Altianv, April 4.
There was an indication, this morning
that Gen. Jack Frost, by whom wo have
been for months beleaguered, is about to
raise his rcigo. In other words, the ico
opposite this city moved some ten rods.
Tho river is up full banks, and rising grad-,
ually. If it be true as reported, that tlu
river is breaking up at Newburgh, Pough-
kecpsie and Hudson, wo shall, in all the
present week, have a frco navigation.
P. S. Since the nbovo was written, the
Ice at interval, has moved about half a
mile, but wc have no belief that it will go
off entirely withuut rain. The Mohawk
has not yet broken up.
Tlio Antimascns of AddiKin County
have rccntly held a Mooting in reference to
the approaching election. The following
arc among tlio rct-olutiotis adopted. Ther's
no mistaku about Addison County,
Resolved, That freemasonry is an insti
union which irom tno unmoral diameter
of its oaths, and their tavagc penalties,
from its secrecy, its power, its spirit ol
favouritism nnd monopoly, its irrrcsponsi
bilitv to public opinion, the slavish subser
viency ol its members to tho mandates ol
the order, is to bo ranked with tho worst
evils of tlio limes, is at war with tho equal
rirrbts nnd privileges of tho people, and
Jvigcrous to our republican institutions.
Resolved, That while tho organization of
ibo antimasonic party had dutinctlyin view
tho destruction ot freemasonry, Us meinbcru
cama iresu irom too uumuvruuv oi toe
country, retaining in all their energy those
principles of liberty which are essential to
tho security of our froo and happy institu
tions, tho sovereignty of tho people, res
ponsibility to public opinion, freedom in tho
exercise oi tno eicciivc iruueuibu, a pcriect
enualilv of righ'a in contra. distinction to
monopolies of wealth and power, tho sup
port ot tho popular branches ot tno govern
merit in opposition to executivo encroach
mollis, an attachment to the laws and con.
ttitution ot thu country und n Murdy tlelei
munition to maintain their Miprcuiacy.
ml -cd, I lut iiiititui-iif- ill " irryipg
out their principles in their application to
national politics, nave irom tnoir ursi exis
tence ns a party found themselves invol
untarily opposed to many ol thi leading
measures ot tno present auminiswuuuu,
nnd that tho principles contained in the
resolutions passed at an nnumasonic con
vention of tho members oi tno legislature
at their last ecssicn are tho samo in sub
stance ihcy havo over entertained, repeat
edly nvowed nnd still adhere to.
ilcsohcd, That Martin Von ISurcn as one
of tho principal advisors ol the obnoxious
measures ot the present naminisirauon, ua
hnving declared that ho will tread in the
footsteps of General Jockson.nnd as having
nvnr been n "suhtlo nnd uncompromising
enemy" to nntimasonry, is unworthy of
the confidence ot tno noiunosonic pany.
TirMlnnl. That the ntimasons ot Ver
mont will never degrade thcmaolvcs by
abandoning their long cherished principles
to unite with any party lor tno sauo oi ue
inrr in it ccWain maionlil.
Resolved, That wo cordially respond to
the nomination of William IIenhv IlAn
iuson of Ohio, by tho antimasonic slate
convention, of this stnle and that ot l'onn
Bvlvania: That in him wo recognize a re
publican, nn nntimason, a patriot nnd
statesman, honest, capable and faithful to
tho constitution, and who will, it l'residcnt,
mako these qualifications rather than par
tizan services the critcrions of official dis
Ilesolvcd, That few men in existence
have performed more eminent 6crviccs to
his country as Us uolundor against a sav
age foe, and a3 a civiliun, than Wm. H.
Harriton.and in the zeal, ability and patri
otism with which ho has executed the higli
tiublic trusts confided to him. we have ovi-
dence of the qualities of head and hoart
which eminently tit him tor tho more cxai
ted station of President of the Republic.
Resolved. That in Francis Granger of
New York, we discern the unflinching n
timaeon, a man of talents, a patriot and i
statesman, worthy of the tecond station in
tho government ot the United btatcs.
Resolved, That wo have unshaken con
fidence in the stern integrity of principle,
and snund political views of Silas H. Jon
nison: and the intelligence, judgment and
capacity ho has displayed in
the variousi
official stations ho has occupied evince hi.-1 mediately and unconditionally, rent word
fitness lo discharge the dtitiei of chief j back that ha would re.-ist to the last, even
magistrate nf Ihe Mate. if he hid 5000 men with him. A force of
Resolved, That tin fiatf antimasonic , 1'JOO Textans, well armed nnd equipped,
convention, called as it wns by the Male j wcro in the neighborhood. Still Inter in
committcc in tho mobt public manner, formation FtotcH, that the Mexicans have
composed with very fow exceptions of the but 1000 troops besieging Sin Antonio, and
old staid friends of the nntimasonic causo, that Cos commands Ihcrn ihe great body
was n true and auie representation oi ine
anlitnasontc party, and exhibited a fa r
pression of their sentiments.
Resolved, That wo view with indigna
tion the ottcmpt which has been matlu to
degrade the recent antimasonic state con
vention , by representing that its delibera
tions wcro controlled by whig influence
and decided by whig votes
Resolved, That tlio nomination of Wm.
H. Harrison sustains Iho principles which
havo ever guided the nntimasonic patty,
both in relation lo masonry and national
Resolved, That the nllemplfl mauo uy a
small minority of the nntimasonic party
to foist Martin Van Burcn upon iho nnli-
tnasnns as a candidate for President of the
United States, involve an utter surrendct
of our principles and an abandonment of
our party and should bo mat by tlio i.idtg
nant rebuke of every intelligent true heart
ed nntimason.
Resolved. That while we firm no coa
lition with any patlv, wo call upon indiv d -
uals of all parties, as men and patriots de-
voted to the interests of our common coun-
try to unite with us in supporting the can-
didatos wo present for their BUllrages, bo-
lieving their election will advance the com
mon wclf.ire; and wc should rejoice should
wo find nnv portion of our fellow citizens
of any party, sacrificing their predilections
on the altar ol me puoic gooa, anu casting
loir votes for candidates whoso success we
believe will rescue thu country and the i
constitution from the appalling
which encompass them.
Resolved. That in tho present overflow,
ing Btato of the Treasury of the ration, the
distribution of Iho public lands among the
Blnles, is a measure founded upon the moit
perfect justice and expediency; and that
Andrew Jackson, by placing his veto upon
a bill to effect this: object, which passed
both bousc3 of congress by larger majori
ties, has shown nn unhappy disregard to
the will of tlio people, and deprived the
btato of Vermont of Five Hundred Thou
sand Dollars,
Resolved, That it is the duly of every
nntimason to use every honorable means
to promote the fiicccps of tho nominations
mado by tho great antimasonic state con
vention nt Montpchor,
And to accomplish tliH object, Resolved
that a true antimasonic paper'be established
in Middlcbury,and that a suitable committee
in each town in the county bo appointed to
promote tho interests oi the nntimasonic
party nnd procure subscriptions for thu pa
per cotitcic plated.
Later rito.M Ki.onitu. A postcript of the
Savannah Republican. 10th ult. contains
extracts from the Jacksonville Courier, of
17lh ult.which state in substanco that Oseola
had, through n negro whom he sent into
camp, asked an interview with Gen. Gaines,
-promising to stop killing white men if Jio
would Mop killing Indians. Oseola was
told to present himself next day with n flag.
Ho did so, approaching iho camp, accom
panied by another chief, within about one
hundred yards, and after waving his flag
Bat down on a log.
Threo ollicers there should only lmve
been two went to meet him, when ho ex
prossod his willingness to lay down arms.
They tried lo persuade him to ngrce to
proceed with his Indian to Tampa Bay,
and thenco embark for the region beyond
tho Mississippi ; but to this he ii said to
havo demurred, insisting on rcnuining in
Florida. Whilo the parley was going on.
Gen. Clinch urrived with his relief the
friendly Indians with hint having discover
ed o'her Indians iround the camp.roiacd ihe
war whoop, which was followed by a firo
from the advancing corps. Thereupon tho
hostile Indians retired, O scot a, at the re
quest of the officers, doing so likewise, un.
til the fire f tho new arrivals could bo
checked, which immediate measures were
taken to effect.
Oseola told tho officers that Gen. Clinch
was ndvoncing to their relief, and when in
reply to an inquiry from him nbout the state
of their provisions, Ihcy said thero was a-
bundancc, he told them ho knew better
that Ihcy were reduced to great straits, and
if they would corns over Iho river, He wonld
givo them two beeves and a bottle of bran-
On arriving in camp, Gen. Clinch found
the command of Gen. Gaines reduced to
the greatest want, having killlcd and eaten
their horses and dogs. Gen. Clinch's re
lief corps consisted of four companies of
mounted 1la:hua militia, two other compa
nies, the uichmond liiucs, somo regulars
and friendly Indians, in all about 700 men.
Oseola is reported lo havo sent in wend
on the evening of tho interview, that Gcri.
Gaines would oond awaj tho moiinloiMa
vhua men, ho would comply with the terms
proposed. This was of course not acceded
to and threo days having elapsed without
any further intelligence from him, and the
provisions running short, Gen. Gaines re
turned with his forces to Fort Drone,
where he give up the command to Gon.
Clinch, ond proceeded by the way of Tat'
lahasscc to New Orleans.
Uy the New Orleans Bee, of March 15th,
wo learn that Santa Anna is before tho
town of San Antonio, the eamo that wad
captured eo gallantly by Milam with .1000
troops. There were but 200 Tcxians in
tho fort under Col. Fravcrs, who, on being
requested by Santa Anna to Burrender im-
i ot banla Anna s army, trom tear ot the A
cx-Jmcrican rilles, having refused to enter Tc
as. A proclamation w published hyiSania
Anna, dated camp on the Iwvcr Nuece-t,
Feb. 17. in which lie calls the Tcx'ans
"ungriiteful adventure's and wretches, who
havo appropriated to themselves cur tern
toriop," and speaks of tho " treacherous"
sacrifice of the Mexicans at Anahuac. (J -Giiadand
Bej.ir. He threatens vengeance
on tho Tex'.ans, and their abetter- of Ntw
Orleans, New York, Boston and .Mobile
Ni:iv Ortt.r ts,March 17. The schoon
er W. A. Turner, arrived yesterday, in 7
days from Matagorda. Through tlio po
litcnosa of Capt. Brookfiold, wo havo ob
tainod tho particulars of the late nege by
the Mexicans of San Antonio de Bthor, aa
ascertained at Matagorda when In; left.
The besieging army was commanded bv
Generals Sesma and Co?. It consi ted rf
10 companies nf infantry, numbering al an
1 nverago of GO or 70 men each ; nnd of
about 1600 cavalry under Folisaros with
500 mules and baggage of all kinds. These
j wcro Eecn and numbered by Capt. Dermit,
lot the lexian army, previous to their en
gagemrnt. I ho 1 exians in the fort were
infantry and somo cavalry for foraging ex
peditinns under the command of Colonels
Bowio and Travers, numbering about twj
The assault nn the fort of Aiamo, in tho
town of San Antonio, coinmonccd obout .'.
o'clock P. M. on tho 23th February, tho
Mexican army hotMirg a black flag aloft.
as indicating no quaricM The garrison
being wcllMtpphcd with 18 pounders plan'
cd on Iho fort, mado them play with drend
ful efl'ect, sweeping companies of the assail
ants before the shot. The Mexicans sur
rounded the fort on all sides, but on all
sides wcro they ealutrd with its arliltorv.
This continued till 7,1. M. when tho
Mexicans thought proper to evaciitutc tho
town, and retire to an encampment within
two miles, after leaving 500 ot their com
rades c lam before the fort.
The provisional government of Texas
being informed of the contest, an immediate
draft ol one third of nil Tcxians capable of
hearing nrms was ordered by the acting
Governor. Lut so eager were tho Texians
in general fur their prompt and certain
triumph, that when the order readied Ma
tagorda, not one third only but nl! able
bodied citizens volunteered". Numerous
companies were immediately on the match
to San Antonio, to drive the Mexicans ba
yond the Rio Grande, or leave thenion t'l '
held ot battle. They will act on the cfl'-n-sivo
in their future operations.
By I lie packet eltip lloscor, PeUni nin?tcr, fioni
l.'nerpoal, ue linvo I.onJon puper." of 2ltli ultimo,
inclusive, with Paris d.uei of the 224.
The new French ministry bad, nficr nn interval
of llirce ncck,bccn re-orciniied. with M. Thurt
aj I'midcnt of the Council. Seveinl of the former
minuter,) remsin ; ilio-c who reiire, ore the Duke
dc llroglie, M, Guitot, und M. IVrsil. We do not
perceive that 11. llumann, though ciuiixg the
cli.inge, profin by it, in tlio tr.iy of phce.
Fieselii, nnd ItU lo acconiplicn, I'cpin and
Sloiey, lud undergone Iho CMremu penalty of llie
law, .Mercy, it ua thought and hoped, would luio
been extended lo the doubtful guilt mid jrny helri n
Moroy, but Louis rtiilippo'a merry li.ii never self
been manifested toward political ullrndera. Tim
culprilu being Ulieadcd, A'ina .atave, Ihe one
ojcJ initttesj of I'icsdii, lud been hired, hi ii fon
sidcrubta salary, us a dtmoittllc dc comptoir, nt
ti 1'arijCMii roileoliouec.
Spaniali affairs do not uppear to approach a net
llement, Tho Curlims tuike headway in the pro
vinces, and Mendiiabci is embari aw cd at Mudrid ;
and if, us is alleged in llie private correspondence
of Ihe London Morning Herald, the new Curtct
shall bo ultra-liberal or radical in its rompoailion,
he will be still inoro so.
In England all seems quiet. I'ailiatnent was in
full occupalion, und umoni; other nuiletp, with
rail road projects, alnia-i as nnmcrouj as in our
rountiy. Schemes weld befoie l'.iib.iiucnt for rail
loids iLiuning I'oi tlu'ir (imiiluion, I3,000,(KW
oteilnig1 iipw.udi "t rtcii hundred milliun' )

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