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NOT THE O L O It V OF C JR S A U ; HUT THE WELFARE O F ROM E.
FUIDAY, JANUARY 27, 1837. VOIi. X No. 501 BY H. B. ST ACT? . ROBERT BURNS. Of all the productions f Ibis B'cal nntl original ponton, thero are none porlinpa tAioro moveing or morn lender than the Kl cy tipnn Highland Mary. There is, in. lcicd, in the event upon which tho iiumi tab le eons i- founded, something deeply pncPicnl on well n" melancholy. Of l hie first Jovo ofthe Seotlish Inrd, Mr. Cro meek, in his "Reliques of Burn," gives n brief belt very striking nccouul from the pen of I he poet liimpcif vide I'M. ltev. No. 21. In n note on an early song in scribed to litis fair oiip, he hnd recorded in a manuscript hool;--"My Highland lassie w a wnrui hearted charming young crea Mire a- ever blessed a man with generous love. After a pretty long tract of the most ardent reciprocal attachment, we met bv omioini moult on the second Sunday in May, m a sequestered spot by the bunks of Avr, where wo spent tin- day in taking n farewell, bef.irc she should embark for the West Highland--, to arrange mailers among her friends for our projected change of life. At the close of Autumn following, ihe crossed the tea to meet me at. Green ock, where she had scarce lauded when ehc was seized with a malignant fever, which hurried my dear girl to the grave in a few days before I could even hear of her ilness." ' M r.Cromeck adds the fol lowing interesting particular. "This ndi.Mi was perlormed with all those simple und striking ceremonials which ru-ticsoir tim.Mil has ib-vised to prolong tender cum lions and In nwpiro awe. The lovers stood 4in each side of a small purling brook ; they laved their bauds in it- limped .-treain, and hohlunr a l)ibl! between them, pronnuced I in ir vows to be laiiliful to each oilier. They parted -never to meet again! The Anniversary of Jhry Campbell's death (for that was her name) awakening in the sen fcltive mind of Burns tho most lively emo lions, he retired Iron) his family, then re Hilling on the farm of lilislnnd. ami wan lered solitary, nn the banks of the Mitli, rind about the fann-yard, in tho extremesi ngilntion of mind, nearly the whole of ihe ff.ght. Hi- agiinlion va- so great, that he threw hnn-elf on tho side of a corn stack. and there conceived his sublime and tender clergy Ins odd'os- to .Mary in Heaven." TO MA'.IY IN IIE.WT.N. 'J'lion liiinin i-l.n-, wilh Ic-si'iiiii;' my, Th. n 1-n'i.i In Kif.il '!' e.nly muni, Again iliuii ti-liei'sl i" ilioday My iMiiij I'iiiiii my null mis loin. O Mmy ! ili- o- ili-pailfil sIi.hIi- ! " line w iliy iUre nf hli-rhil icst fjrp'st ilimi lliv lov-r lnwly l.iiil I He.o'ti iliii'u ilii! i-iiiiiii lli. u icml hi- hie.isl 1 'J'iiat Kurieil limn-cm I fnrcjft. Cm I loi"!'! th" h illmu-d nnp, licit' l) i lie uimlii A) r ue "'t. To Iuk'i lay nf p miiis l'nu Etmiilv will not ('(T.in! Those ipcoriU di'.ir of iraii'pnrt pnl J Thy im.ij;i' in oar l.i-l ciiihiiu i; ; Ah ! Iillle itiuuglu wh 'twas our last ! Ayr Riiiglini; kisnl his prhhled slime, OVrliiing with wild woods, ihikpning green 1 Tim finaraiil hinli, and hiiutlmin hoar, Twin'd iimorniM lound llie nipiuied scene. The llnwrrs Hpranj wsuitnn in he pipseiSy The liirdi sant; line on 'crv spray, Till ton, loo sunn, lll! lluw in if ui'st 1'ioclaiiiiL'd the speed of winged day. filill n'er these seenes inv nir-ni'rv waken, And fondly lirood unh tn'n-cr roi c ; Tiinu hut llie iinpiession sliniigfr niaUes, As flieann ihi'ir cIi.iiiiipU deeper near. My Mnry, dcardepaitcd shiido ! "Where is thy place nf blissful rest 'i J?eft't ihou lliv lover lowlv laid ? Hcai'st ihou iho gid.owlhal rend my urcaat I 'Ollapnd," iii the last No. of the Knick erbocker, gives un amusing sketch of n loafer. 'l was exceedingly amused at tho air nml manner nf n decided loafer, a senti mentalist withul, and a toper, who iind come out of his way from Buffalo lo sec the Falls. Landlord!' said he, lo ihe Jionifacii of the Cataract, 'ami yon, gen tlemen. who stand on I his porch, witnessing this pitiless rain, yon see before you one who ban n tempest of sorrow a healin' lip ids head cnnlinuallv. wmnl I was wo'lh twenty thousand dollars, and I driv the saddling prolesston. (,ireiiiiistaiiecn niters cases : now I wish for to solicit charily. Home of you seems benevolent , rind I do believe I nm not not deslined lo rnnk myself among those who could travel from Dan to Beurshcba, and say nil is barren. No I scorn lo brag but I nm intelligent beyond my year, and mv ctluca has been complete. "I have read Wolney's Ruins, Marshall's Lifu of Washington, mid I'opo'a Essay on Man, and most of tho lit oroturu of the duy, as cnntiilne'd in the small newspapers.. But the woy I'm situ my heart in broke, and I'm just Ishiimeli- zing nuout luo gioue, wun u soniure urow. and a bosom laden with wo. Who will help mc Bpeak singly; gcnilemen who will 'coie my griefs, and drive my cares away?" as Isaac Walts says, in one of bis devotional, porun.' "No answer was returned. II general laasli arose. The pride ol the mendicant was excited: rage got tlio better of liia'alae!" said Hans, "who would liavo thought humility ; and -kaking his fist in the fuco of the by standers, he roared out: " 'You're all a pack of poor or'nary common people. You insult honest pover ty; but I do not 'bang my head for a' thai,' ns Burns says' I will chaslise any man here, for two three cent drinks ol .Wotwgo hale whishey: yes, though I have but late lv escaped shipwreck, coming from Michi gan to Buffalo, and am weak from loss of strength; yet 1 will whip mc ucst oi you. Lot nnv onu vn come over to tho Black Rock Rail road Dec-pott, and I'll lick him like a dn!' Never mind that part of it,' said one; I ell ih about I he shipwreck.' Ah! he continued, 'that was a scene! Tweulv miles out at sea. on the lake the storm biisiin' upon tho deck the waves, like mad tailors, making breeches over it continually the lightnings a buslin' over head, and hissing m the water the clouds meeting theearlh ihe land jint over the Ice-bow every mast in splinters every sail in rag wiunun a.screecliin' farmers' wives, uinigratin' lo the west, calling for Ihoir hurband-and hell yatinin' all around! A good many wa- dreadfully sen sick; and one man, ulier casting forth ocry thing beside, Willi a violent retch, threw up In boots. Oh. "I'liileuien. it was awful! At length came ihe last and destructives! hil low. It. .-truck ihu rdiip on the left side, in the neighborhood of the poop and all at wanst, 1 felt something under us breakm awav. The vessel was parting ! One half.tbo crow was drowned -passengers were praying, and commending i huniselves to heaven. 1 alone essped the waterv doom.' " 'And how did you manage to redeem ijnurself from destruction?, was the gener al inquiry. " 'Why, gentlemen, tho fact is. I seen how things was agc-in', and 1 look my hut and went tisiLorc "The last 1 saw of Ibis Manchauscn, was as our coach wheeled awav. He had achieved a drink' nnd was perambulatinj through the mud, iightencd, momentarily ol hit sorrows," IIANS1N luck Hans I, Mil served Ins master seven years, and at last said to him, "Master, my tunc H up. I should like to go home and see my mother ; so give me my wages." And Ihe master said. "You have been a faithful goodservant,sn your pay shall be hand some." Then he gave him a piece ofsilver thai was a- big as Ins head llatw look not Ins pocket handkerchief, put the piece of silver into n, threw n over Ins shoulder, and jogged oil" homewards. As ho went hrdy on, dragging one font nth.T another, n oiun came in sight trotting along gaily mi a capital horse. "Ah !" said Hans, aloud, "what a line thing it is to ride on horseback! there he sits as if ho was al Ilium; in Ins enair; lie trips against no stones, spar'- Ins shoe--, nnd yet gels on he hardly knmv- how." The horseman heard litis and said. "Well, Hans, why do yon go on font then?" "Ah!" said he, "1 have Hits load to carry lo he sure il is si ver, bill il is so heavy thai I can't hold op my head, and it hurts my shoulder sadly." "What do ymi ,-ay lo changing," said the horseman "I will give yon my hor-e, and you shall give me the silver" "Willi all my heart. "said Hans; "but i lell you one thing you'll have a weary task to drag it along." Tie1 horseman gol oil', look the silver, helped II. ins up, give the bridle in to hi.- hand.-, nnd said, "when you want to go very fast, you must smack jour !ip loud, and cry ".lip." Hao- i"ns dehghipil as he sat on his horse, and rode merrily on. After a lime he thought h should like to go a little fas ler, so he smacked his hps, and said ".Tip." Away went the horse full gallop, and be fore Hans knew what he was about, he wa thrown oil" and lay in a ditch by Ihe road side; and ':i- horse would have run nil' if a shepherd who was coming by, driving a cow, had not stopi it. Hans soon came lo himself, nnd oi utmn his legs again. He was sadly vexed and said to the shepherd. 'This riding i- no joke when a man gels on a heasi like tins, that stumbles and llings bin: oil' a-, il i.e would break his neck,--However, I am ofl'tiow once for all; I like your cow a great ileal be'ter; one can walk nlong at one's leisure behind her, ami have milk, butter and cheese into the bar gain. What would I give to have such a cow!" "Well." said the shepherd, "if you arc so (ond of her, 1 will change my cow lor your horse." "Done!" said Hans, merrily. The shepherd jumped upon thu horse and away he rode. Hans drove off his cow quietly, and thought Ins bargain a very lucky one. "If I have only a piece of bread (and I certain ly shall be able lo get that) I can whenever I like eat my butter and cheese with it; nnd when I am ihirsty, I can milk my cow, and drink Ihe milk ; what can I wish for more'" When he came lo nil inn, he tin I ted, nie up his bread, nnd gavu away his Inst penny for n glass of beer; then he drove his cow towards'hiK mother's village; and ihe bent grew greater ph noon came on, till at last iie found himself on a wide heath that would take him more I ban an hour to cross, and he began lo bo mi hot and narch ed that his tongue clave to the roof of his mouth, "1 can liud a euro for this," thought uc; -now win i mint my cow and tpiouch my thirst;" so ho lied her to the stump ol a tree, and held his leaihern cap lo milk into; but not u drop was to be had. While ho was trying his luck and man aging tho matter very clumsily, the uneasy beast gave bun n kick on thu head that knocked him down, and I hero he lay a long wline senseless. Luckily a butcher soon came by driving n pig in a wheelbarrow. "Whnt is thu mailer with you?" 6aid tho butcher as he helped him up. Hans told him what had happened, and ihe butcher gnvo him u flask, soymg, "there drink and refresh yourself; your cow Willi give you no milk, she is nn old beast, good for noth ing but tlio slaughter house." "Aloe, it? If I kill her what will she bo good for? I halo cow beef, il is tint tender enough for me. If it were n pig now, nn could do something with it, it would at any rate make soino sausages." "Well," snid tho butcher, "to please you, I'll change and give you tho pig lor tho cow." "tienvcn reward you for your kindness !" said Hans, as hu gave tho butcher tho cow, and took the pig off the wheelbarrow, and drove it off, holding by the string that was tied to its leg. bo on ho togged, nnd all sccmcu to go right with him : ho had met with some misfortunes, to bo sure ; but ho was now well repaid for nil. The next person ho met was a countryman carrying a finu white gonso under his arm- Tho coutry man stopped to ask what wns o'clock, and Hans told him nil his luck, nnd how ho had made so many good bargains. The coun tryman snid ho was going to take the goose to a christening ; "Feel," said he, "how heavy it is. und yet it is only eight weeks old. Whoever roasts and cats it may cul plenty of fat. off it, it has lived so well!" "You'r right," said Hans, as he weighed it in his hand ; "but my pig is no trifle. "' Meantime l ho countryman began lo look grave and shook his head. "Hark ye," soidhe, "my good friend; your pig may get you into a scrape : in the villiago I just come from, the squire has had a pig stolen out of his stye. I' was dreadfully afraid, when I saw you, that you had got the squire's pig : it will be a bad job if they catch you; the leaat they'll do, will bo to throw you into the horse pond." Poor Hans was sadly frightened, "Good man," cried he, "pray get mc out of this scrape; you know tins country bet tor than 1, take my pig nnd give mo the goose." "I ought to have something into the bargain," said the countryman; "how ever I will not bear hard upon you, as you an- in trouble." Then he took ihe string in his hand, and drove off ihe pig by a side pat h ; while Hans went on the way home wards free from care. "After nil," thought he, "I have the best of the bargain: first, there will bo a capital roast; then the fat will find me in goose grense for six months ; and then there will he tho beautiful white feathers; I will put them into my pillow, and then I mn sure I shall sleep soundly without rocking. How happy my mother will be!" As he came to the last village, ho saw n scissors grinder, with his wheel, working and singing O'er hill and o'er dale so happy I roam, Wink lilii & liiotvell, nil i In: world U my home Who so hljilie, so merry us I ? Hans stood looking for a while, and at last said, "You must be well off, mnster grin di r, you seem so happy at your work." "Yes," said the other, "mine is a golden trade; n good grinder never puts his hands in his pocket without finding money in it; but where did you gel thai beautiful goose?" "1 did not buy it, but changed n pig for rt." "And where did you gel the pig?" "I gave a cow lor it." "And Ihe cow?" "I gave a horse for il." "And (lie horse?,' "I gave a piece ofsilver os big n my head lor thai." "And the silver ?" "Oh I worked hard for I lint seven long years." "You have thriven well in the world hith erto," said the grinder ; "now if you could find money in your pocket whenever yfNi pel. your huud niio il, your fortune would bti Hindi'." "Very true; bill how is thai to b. managed?'' "You must turn grind er like me," said the oilier, "yon only want a grindstone; the rest will come of itsell. Here is one that is a hlilu the worse for wear; I would not a-k more than the value of your gonse for it : will you buy?" "How can you ask such a question ?" rcphded Han-; "I should be the happiest man in the world, if I could have money when ever 1 put my hand in my pocket ; what could I wont more ? Thero's the goose!" "Now," said the grintlor, ns he gave him n common rough stone that lay by tins side, "this is u most capital stone; do but man ago it cleverly, and you can mane an old nail cut with it." Hans took tho stone and went off with n light heart; his eyes sparkled for joy, and he said to himself, "I must hnvo been horn in a lucky hour; every thing I want, or wis.li for, comes lo me of itself." Meanwhile he began to bo tired, for ho had been travelling ever since day break; he was hungry loo, lor ho had given awny bis last penny in his joy at getting the cow. At last ho could go no further, nnd the stono nlnno tired him terribly : ho dragged himself lo the side of a pond, that he might drink some water, and rest awhile; so he laid the stone carefully by his side on the hank; but as ho stooped down lo drink, he forgot it. pushed it n little, and down if went plump into the pond. For n while he watched it sinking in the deep clear wa tor, then sprung up (or joy, and ogam fell upon his knees, nnd thanked heaven with l curs in his eyes for its kindness in taking away hi only plnguo the ugly heavy stone. "How happy nm I!" cried he. "no mor tal was ever so lucky ns I am." Then up ho gol wilh it light nnd merry heart, and walked on free from all his troubles, till he reached his mother's house. Potash fuom Bkkt Root. Those per sons in our country who have embarked in Ihe business of making Sugar from Beet Root, will in nil probability be remunerated for their onierprizo in more wnys I ban that derived from the mere profit of tho sale of the Sugar. Il appears that a new disco very has been mado in Franco a process which eMracts potash in such large quan lilies from tho residuum of beet root after muking tho sugar, as to threaten a rivalry with the produco of the Americnn forests. M. Diibrunfniit is the discovoror. Tho molnsses, nftor serving for the making of sugar, is distilled lo ohlnin alcohol. The remainder then, instead of being thrown away, is manufactured into potash. Tho qunntity of potash furnished by M. Duhrun tnut's process is equal to one Bixlh uf iho quantity of sugar extracted from the beet root. Thus, says the Journal ties Debatt, taking tho amount of indigenous sugar manufactured each year at 40,000,000 kil ngrnnimes, there may besides, bccxtraclcd from the beet root which has served for that production, seven millions kilogrammes of 9aiine matter, comparnblo to the best po tosh ol commerce, and this ton, without the loss of the nlcohol, and the other produce, the fabrication of which may be continued simultaneously. According to present pri. ccs, the 7,000,000 of kilogrammes represent a value of from 8,000,000 to 9,000,000 francs. lialtimnrc American. Tho following contains a statement of tho most horrid, deliberate murder which we have heard of in modem times. It may be relied on as authentic. Knoxville Register. Sir. A murder was committed in Clai borne county, near this place, on the rond leading to Kentucky, last week, in self defence, under the following circumstan ces : William Hurst shot Thomas J. Berry, who expired in a short time after. Tho parties were brothers-in-law; bad fcolings had existed between them; the deceased had occupied the house where Hurst now lives; had removed to tho Crab Orchard, in Kentucky, with his family; returned in a few days back to this neigh borhood, as staled, with a view to have satisfaction. On the day of the fatal deed Berry whose father lives in this neighbor hood) borrowed a gun of one of his broth thcrs, walked past Hursts house several times, and stopped out of sight. Hurst's eldest son discovered him, and halooed to his father that Berry intended mischief. Berry then came in sight, and walked toward Hurst and his wife, both then elan ding in the road. On nearing, Berry levelled his rifile. Hurst got behind his wife, and used her as a shield. Berry still dodging to get an aim or sight to shoot Hurst. In the mean time, Hurst 6ent his son to borrow a rifle. This Indian strug gle lasted fifteen or twenty minutes, the contending parties being some three feet opart. Berry, finding he could not get a shoot at Hurst, without probably hitting his wife, which he did not want to do, took tho rifle in one hand, and drew his butcher knife with the other. In the act of doing so, Hurst's son handed his father a loaded rifle, who instantly shot Berry through the body mortally. Berry also fired, but missed the ball grazing the side of Mrs Hurst's head. The two rifles cracked within a second of each other, Hurst firing first. After being struck. Berry omdo on "".. n to reload, in n few minutes took off his shot pouch, laid his rifle against the fence and soon fell and expired. After falling, water was handed to him; he spoke a few words that he had come to kill Hurst, but Hurst had killed him. Hurst nsked his forgiveness, and Berry gave him Ins hand in token, and, in doing so, expired. Hurst gave himself up was tried by a called court next day, nnd acquitted. Berry has left a widow and small family in Kentucky. ECCENTRIC LRTTHIl OF JOHN RANDOLPH The following letter, which wo9 read in evidence in n snit arising out of the late Mr. Randolp's various wills, is going the rounds nf the newspapers. That eccen tric; person had such strange intellectual habits, nnd acted upon impulses so singular and rjiiaccouuinble, Hint he forms a must interesting philosophical study. We have always hoped that some diary or scries of memoranda would be found among his pa pers which, together with his letters and speeches, might be made the basis of a biography. Such a book would mako the fori one of the publisher. Roa.nokr, Saturday, Dec. 17, 1831, ) Half past 18. ( Dear M : On Inking out my chariot this morning, for the first lime since I got home, from your house, to clenn it nnd the harness (for this dreadful spell of weather has frozen us all up until to day,) the knife was found in the bottom of the carri age, where it must have dropped from n shallow waistcoat pocket, ns I got in at your door, for I missed the knife soon af terwards. When 1 got home, I had the pockets of the carriage searched, and every thing hero taken nut; and it was not until John had searched strictly into my port manteau and bag, tuking out every nrticlc therein, that I becamo perfectly convinced, of what I was before fully persuaded, that I had left the knife in my chamber at your house on Tuesday, the Cth; and when I heard it had not been seen. I took it for granted that your little yellow boy, having "found il," had, according to thu negro code of morality, apprupnatcd it to him self. In this, it seems, I was mistaken, nnd I nsk his pardon ns the best amends that I can make Mm, nnd at the same time to relievo you and Mrs. M, from the un pleasant feeling thnt such a suspicion would occasion, I despatch tins nolo by a special messenger, although I have a certain con veyance tomorrow. I make no apology to yourself or Mrs, M. tor the frank expression of my suspi cion, because Truth is the godess at whose shrine I worship, and no Ilugenot in Franco, or Morisco, in Spain, or Juadizing Christian in Portugal, ever paid moro Jenr. ly for Ins heretical schism, than I have done in leaving the established church of False hood nnd yrimnnce. 1 am well aware thai ladies are delicate as they are charming creatures, and that in our intercourse with them we must strain tho truth as far as possible. Brought up from their earliest infancy lo disguise, their real sentiments, (for n woman would bo a monster who did not practise this disguise,) Il is their pri vi. ledge lo be insincere and wo should de spise them, and justly too, if they hod that manly frankness and unreserve which con stitutes tho ornament of our character as tho very reverse does of theirs. Wo must thuroforo keep this in view in our inter course with them, and recollect that as our point or honor is courage and frankness, theirs is chastity, and dissimulation; for, as I said before, a woman who docs not dissemble her real feelings is n monster of impudence. Now, therefore, il docs Imp pen, (as Mr, Canning would say,) that truth Is very otlensivc to tho cars ol a lady, when lo those of a gentleman (her husband for instance) it would he not nt all so. To illustrate Mrs. R. of B., my broth er's widow, was beyond all comparison the nicest and best housewife that I ever saw. Not ono drop nf water was over suffered to stand upon her sideboard, except what was in the pitcher: the house from cellar to garret, and in every pail, ns clean ns hands could make it, nnd every thing ns il should be, to suit evan my fastidious lasto. I lived there after my brothers death, from 1796 to 1810 inclusive, nnd never did I see or smell nny thing lo offend my sen scs, or my imagination, but once. Except in autumn, I would defy you lo find a leaf or a leather in the yard. ISo poultry were permitted to come into it, nnd we had no dirty children, white or negro, to make lit ter or filth. A strong enclosure of sawn plank, eight feci high, fenced in the kitch en, smoke house, ice house, veal house and wood house, (in which the wood for Ihe use of the houo was stacked away under lock and key,) the turkey and hen house were in the same enclosure, which had two doors, one noxl the dwelling house for the use of the mistress and house servants, and one large etioiih to admit n wagon on the back or north side, beyond which was a built quarter, wilh two brick chimnies, and two rooms with firo places, and four rooms without, for servants. There was also (what I had forgot,) n spinning nnd wea ving house. At night the doors of this enclosure were Incked up not n servant being allowed to sleep within it, although every one of them was within sound ot the ladv s boll. On ono unhappy day in a very hot nnd damp spell of weather of long continuance, a piece of cold lamb was brought lo ihe la ble that was spoiled the first and last in stance, in nearly fifteen years, of'ihe slight. est neglect in household economy, i or dered thu waiter to take it awav, it bei spoiled. Mrs. It. resented tins, and flatly contrndictetl ine ; nntl although the lamb absolutely slunk, she ate apart ofk to prove her words true, and was affronted with me almost past forgiveness. I dare say that il I had not noticed the lamb, she might have ii'ivnn n him to the servant to lake it away; but the honest naked truth was nm to In borne. We had no company but Dudley and her younger son, then schoolboys, mid an Englishman named Kuowles, who acieti as overseer or steward, nnd timed with u until he took to drink, Mrs. R. siouily denied that the lamb could be spoiled, because it had been boiled only the day before, and had been in the ice house ever since. I admitted her fuels, but denied her logic, which uai truly a wo man's. I maintained that Ihe lughe-l evi dence was that of the senses; thai we must reason yVom facts where we could gel at thorn; and it was only where we could not. that il was fair to argue from probabilities: thnt ihe lamb stunk, ami therefore was mil sound. This she denied, and lo prove her words, actually made a shift to swallow half a mouthful, wh ch under other circum stances she would not have done lor n I hoo. .-and dollars. Somiich for llit'ludies char, tiling creatures, I hu sail of Ihe ea'th. whom, like uncle Toby anil all oilier old b ichelors. I never could thoroughly understand, lor the want of ihe key nf matrimony, which alone can unlock their sccreis mid maki plain, (as many a husband can lell) nil I lit; apparent contradictious in their characters Yes, so much for ihe fairer and bettor part of creation, (as from my soul believe them, lo be,) but who, as the Wnvcrly man says of Kings, arc kittle cattle to shoe behind. And so it ought lo he ; lor it is their poor and almost only privilege to kick, while wo roam whero we will, and they miut sir si ill until they nrc asked. I therefore nm for upholding them in nil their own prnper privileges, eo long as they don't encroach upon those of men. A woman who unset es herself deserves to be treated, and will be treated as a man. As to the honesty of servants, I hnve al ways thought mine "indifferent honest," ns Hamlet says, and yet I should have been very sorry Ihal the boy that bears this let ter should find my knife, or cither of two little urchins thnt you sec hero about the yard, "I didn't take it, master," (fur a ne gro never steals) "I didn't take it, t, I find found it." What virtuo in terms! Corporal Nym n high professor and prae titinner in the art of taking, says, "t wise call it co.nvev,"' See Sliakspear. I never knew but three mulailoes whom I believed to bo honest, and out of near 300 I have not a dozen slaves thnt will not take, or ton veil." John is ns honest ns you nnd I arc. So is old Hetty, I know and several of hor children, I believe. Queen is very honest, she is too lady to steal. Juba is so, so but not strictly honest; he is a finder some times, nnd can bo trusted with anything but money, with which he will buy whin key. My best regards lo Mrs. M. Truly yours, J. R. of Roanoke. A bit of cn.Mr'oiiT for those in a stato of singlo blessedness. M ATM MOM A I. CALCULATION. Stato of Marriages in London, in 1013. Runaway wives 1.132 Runaway husbands 2,3111 Mnrried porsons legally divorced 4,174 Living in open warfare 1 7.3-15 Living m private misunderstanding 13.279 Mutually indifferent 55,240 Regarded as happy 3,175 Nearly happy 1-7 Perfectly huppy 13 Total 00,834 Tho nbovo calculation is not applicable to ihe U. States, For, with us, the happy nnd miserable nro nearly equal in num-bor.-JV. Y. Oat. ftffiifi'ft at ZftlaMjfnflton. Wasiiinoton, Jnn, 1G, ) Ten o'clock, P, M. s The Senate has just adjourned after a session of ten hours, and after having com pleted farce of expunging from their journals by drawing black lines round the mischievous resolution of censure against Gcncrnl Jackson, passed in 1834. To the friends of tho Constition and con stitutional rights, it has been n proud day. The minority so far as they expressed their opinions, sustained the high charoctor for patriotism and intellect, which they have so deservedly acquired. It is impossible at this late hour, to attempt n delineation of the scene or a sketch of the speeches. Jlr Clay addressed the Senate with moro than his usual eloquence. Tho Expunging Resolution has a long preamble, He com pared it to a comet, only that it reversed the order of nature as the tail was placed before instead of behind. He said, that ot some future period, when, the form of our Government should be charged, and n monarch reign over the country, it was probable that a new order of Knighthood would be created, to bo- entitled tho "Knights of the Black linos." Jlr. Bayard and Mr. Lwing of Ohio, delivered most able and eloquent argu ments against the "Black line" resolution, Mr. Strange, of North Carolina, mado a strange speech in favor of itet passage. He spoke of the human mind, and its va rious operuiinn in different beings. He was rather loo metaphysical for my obtuse faculties; but his illustrations were delight ful. I will give you one. He said, thai lat evening tin argument commenced among a number of his friends, and no two of them agreed in opinion as to how "a hoc cake should be baked." Is not this a most extrnord.nary ? and is it not a striking illu?. trillion in discussing a mctnphyical question I presume it was introduced, however, to lei thu Senate understand that he had boeii attending a meeting of ihe "kitchen gentry." Mr. Webster in behalf of himself, and his colleague (Mr. DavU) and of the State of Massaebu-e.il: read a most, powerful and logical protest against expunging. If pos sible its style and argument was surpassed by the manner in winch it was read. The vote on Expunging was then taken and -loud Ayes 24: Noes 19. On motion of Mr Benton, the Journal ws thou brought to the Clerk's desk, $1 the ridiculon-act of drawing black hues around ihe resolution performed, in the presence of 1 lie inn j irtiy. the minority having retired. While ibis ceremony was in operation some per.-m or persons in the gallery his sed: whereupon Mr; Benton belched forth like "a roaring lion,'' clear the galler. ie.; and moved ilmt the Sergeant-nt-Arms bring to thu bar of the Senate the ruffian?; and 1 lieu 111 rones of agony and mortifica' linn, muttered sonie'hing about tho period when the Bank of the United States gov emend the Senate. The Sergeant al Arm? soon returned with a gentlemanly looking man in custody who said that he was ready to undergo an examination; but the whole was so ridicu. Ions, if not disgraceful, that I he intelligent portion of the majority shrunk from any further action, and on motion the person in custody was discharged without being asked any questions; and then the Senate adjourned. X. Y. Z. . THE DESTRUCTION OF THE TARIFF. Wo should find it difficult to express tho feeling produced by a careful examination of tho tariff, winch wo have made, with n view to aeerlain the effect that must result, from the adoption of the new bill brought in by Mr. Cambreleng. Whoever read the compromise bill, must see that it wns dictated by a lender regard for all Iho great interests uf iho country, nnd that ilsnuthor desired to make the changes that had be come necessary, so gradual ns to destroy none of those interest. For that purpose, the period of reduction was 'extended to 1842; thus enabling all to make the ar riingetnenis required lo meet it. That such has been the effect, nnd that such would continue to bo its effect, ns it camo gradually inio operation, no man who has intended to the workings for tho last four years can doubt. Every interest has pros pered miller ii, nnd hnviug had four year experience of its beneficial action, it might havo been supposed that thero was in Con gress, sufficient wisdom lo induce them to refrain from furl hor tinkering, and to per mit every man in pursue hi business in confidence thai the law wns settled, Such, however, is not the doctrine of the pcoplo in power. They hnvo given us experi ments" in banking. 111 currency, in land. jobbing, and now wo are to have an exper' iment thu object ot which is 10 iireni; clown all who have in vested their capital in man ufactures, or 111 tho production of lead; iron, coal, wood, &c. Tho bill is altogether the most exlraor. tlinary that has ever been offered to tho nation for i's approval. Instead of n Pol ishing the diny on Indigo, on India Silks, on Wines, on'Diainond, and on numerous other articles not produced here, and from which revenue i not desired, it attacks all D