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VOIi. X No. 501
BY H. B. ST ACT? .
Of all the productions f Ibis B'cal nntl
original ponton, thero are none porlinpa
tAioro moveing or morn lender than the Kl
cy tipnn Highland Mary. There is, in.
lcicd, in the event upon which tho iiumi
tab le eons i- founded, something deeply
pncPicnl on well n" melancholy. Of l hie
first Jovo ofthe Seotlish Inrd, Mr. Cro
meek, in his "Reliques of Burn," gives n
brief belt very striking nccouul from the
pen of I he poet liimpcif vide I'M. ltev.
No. 21. In n note on an early song in
scribed to litis fair oiip, he hnd recorded in
a manuscript hool;--"My Highland lassie
w a wnrui hearted charming young crea
Mire a- ever blessed a man with generous
love. After a pretty long tract of the
most ardent reciprocal attachment, we met
bv omioini moult on the second Sunday in
May, m a sequestered spot by the bunks of
Avr, where wo spent tin- day in taking n
farewell, bef.irc she should embark for the
West Highland--, to arrange mailers
among her friends for our projected change
of life. At the close of Autumn following,
ihe crossed the tea to meet me at. Green
ock, where she had scarce lauded when
ehc was seized with a malignant fever,
which hurried my dear girl to the grave in
a few days before I could even hear of
her ilness." ' M r.Cromeck adds the fol
lowing interesting particular. "This
ndi.Mi was perlormed with all those simple
und striking ceremonials which ru-ticsoir
tim.Mil has ib-vised to prolong tender cum
lions and In nwpiro awe. The lovers stood
4in each side of a small purling brook ; they
laved their bauds in it- limped .-treain, and
hohlunr a l)ibl! between them, pronnuced
I in ir vows to be laiiliful to each oilier.
They parted -never to meet again! The
Anniversary of Jhry Campbell's death (for
that was her name) awakening in the sen
fcltive mind of Burns tho most lively emo
lions, he retired Iron) his family, then re
Hilling on the farm of lilislnnd. ami wan
lered solitary, nn the banks of the Mitli,
rind about the fann-yard, in tho extremesi
ngilntion of mind, nearly the whole of ihe
ff.ght. Hi- agiinlion va- so great, that
he threw hnn-elf on tho side of a corn stack.
and there conceived his sublime and tender
clergy Ins odd'os- to .Mary in Heaven."
'J'lion liiinin i-l.n-, wilh Ic-si'iiiii;' my,
Th. n 1-n'i.i In Kif.il '!' e.nly muni,
Again iliuii ti-liei'sl i" ilioday
My iMiiij I'iiiiii my null mis loin.
O Mmy ! ili- o- ili-pailfil sIi.hIi- !
" line w iliy iUre nf hli-rhil icst
fjrp'st ilimi lliv lov-r lnwly l.iiil I
He.o'ti iliii'u ilii! i-iiiiiii lli. u icml hi- hie.isl 1
'J'iiat Kurieil limn-cm I fnrcjft.
Cm I loi"!'! th" h illmu-d nnp,
licit' l) i lie uimlii A) r ue "'t.
To Iuk'i lay nf p miiis l'nu
Etmiilv will not ('(T.in!
Those ipcoriU di'.ir of iraii'pnrt pnl J
Thy im.ij;i' in oar l.i-l ciiihiiu i; ;
Ah ! Iillle itiuuglu wh 'twas our last !
Ayr Riiiglini; kisnl his prhhled slime,
OVrliiing with wild woods, ihikpning green 1
Tim finaraiil hinli, and hiiutlmin hoar,
Twin'd iimorniM lound llie nipiuied scene.
The llnwrrs Hpranj wsuitnn in he pipseiSy
The liirdi sant; line on 'crv spray,
Till ton, loo sunn, lll! lluw in if ui'st
1'ioclaiiiiL'd the speed of winged day.
filill n'er these seenes inv nir-ni'rv waken,
And fondly lirood unh tn'n-cr roi c ;
Tiinu hut llie iinpiession sliniigfr niaUes,
As flieann ihi'ir cIi.iiiiipU deeper near.
My Mnry, dcardepaitcd shiido !
"Where is thy place nf blissful rest 'i
J?eft't ihou lliv lover lowlv laid ?
Hcai'st ihou iho gid.owlhal rend my urcaat I
'Ollapnd," iii the last No. of the Knick
erbocker, gives un amusing sketch of n
'l was exceedingly amused at tho air
nml manner nf n decided loafer, a senti
mentalist withul, and a toper, who iind
come out of his way from Buffalo lo sec
the Falls. Landlord!' said he, lo ihe
Jionifacii of the Cataract, 'ami yon, gen
tlemen. who stand on I his porch, witnessing
this pitiless rain, yon see before you one
who ban n tempest of sorrow a healin' lip
ids head cnnlinuallv. wmnl I was
wo'lh twenty thousand dollars, and I driv
the saddling prolesston. (,ireiiiiistaiiecn
niters cases : now I wish for to solicit
charily. Home of you seems benevolent ,
rind I do believe I nm not not deslined lo
rnnk myself among those who could travel
from Dan to Beurshcba, and say nil is
barren. No I scorn lo brag but I nm
intelligent beyond my year, and mv ctluca
has been complete. "I have read Wolney's
Ruins, Marshall's Lifu of Washington, mid
I'opo'a Essay on Man, and most of tho lit
oroturu of the duy, as cnntiilne'd in the
small newspapers.. But the woy I'm situ
my heart in broke, and I'm just Ishiimeli-
zing nuout luo gioue, wun u soniure urow.
and a bosom laden with wo. Who will
help mc Bpeak singly; gcnilemen who
will 'coie my griefs, and drive my cares
away?" as Isaac Walts says, in one of bis
devotional, porun.'
"No answer was returned. II general
laasli arose. The pride ol the mendicant
was excited: rage got tlio better of liia'alae!" said Hans, "who would liavo thought
humility ; and -kaking his fist in the fuco
of the by standers, he roared out:
" 'You're all a pack of poor or'nary
common people. You insult honest pover
ty; but I do not 'bang my head for a' thai,'
ns Burns says' I will chaslise any man
here, for two three cent drinks ol .Wotwgo
hale whishey: yes, though I have but late
lv escaped shipwreck, coming from Michi
gan to Buffalo, and am weak from loss of
strength; yet 1 will whip mc ucst oi you.
Lot nnv onu vn come over to tho Black
Rock Rail road Dec-pott, and I'll lick him
like a dn!'
Never mind that part of it,' said one;
I ell ih about I he shipwreck.'
Ah! he continued, 'that was a scene!
Tweulv miles out at sea. on the lake the
storm biisiin' upon tho deck the waves,
like mad tailors, making breeches over it
continually the lightnings a buslin' over
head, and hissing m the water the clouds
meeting theearlh ihe land jint over the
Ice-bow every mast in splinters every
sail in rag wiunun a.screecliin' farmers'
wives, uinigratin' lo the west, calling for
Ihoir hurband-and hell yatinin' all around!
A good many wa- dreadfully sen sick; and
one man, ulier casting forth ocry thing
beside, Willi a violent retch, threw up In
boots. Oh. "I'liileuien. it was awful! At
length came ihe last and destructives! hil
low. It. .-truck ihu rdiip on the left side,
in the neighborhood of the poop and all
at wanst, 1 felt something under us breakm
awav. The vessel was parting ! One
half.tbo crow was drowned -passengers
were praying, and commending i huniselves
to heaven. 1 alone essped the waterv
" 'And how did you manage to redeem
ijnurself from destruction?, was the gener
al inquiry.
" 'Why, gentlemen, tho fact is. I seen
how things was agc-in', and 1 look my hut
and went tisiLorc
"The last 1 saw of Ibis Manchauscn,
was as our coach wheeled awav. He had
achieved a drink' nnd was perambulatinj
through the mud, iightencd, momentarily
ol hit sorrows,"
IIANS1N luck
Hans I, Mil served Ins master seven years,
and at last said to him, "Master, my tunc
H up. I should like to go home and see my
mother ; so give me my wages." And Ihe
master said. "You have been a faithful
goodservant,sn your pay shall be hand
some." Then he gave him a piece ofsilver
thai was a- big as Ins head
llatw look not Ins pocket handkerchief,
put the piece of silver into n, threw n over
Ins shoulder, and jogged oil" homewards.
As ho went hrdy on, dragging one font
nth.T another, n oiun came in sight trotting
along gaily mi a capital horse. "Ah !" said
Hans, aloud, "what a line thing it is to ride
on horseback! there he sits as if ho was al
Ilium; in Ins enair; lie trips against no
stones, spar'- Ins shoe--, nnd yet gels on he
hardly knmv- how." The horseman heard
litis and said. "Well, Hans, why do yon go
on font then?" "Ah!" said he, "1 have
Hits load to carry lo he sure il is si ver,
bill il is so heavy thai I can't hold op my
head, and it hurts my shoulder sadly."
"What do ymi ,-ay lo changing," said the
horseman "I will give yon my hor-e, and
you shall give me the silver" "Willi all
my heart. "said Hans; "but i lell you one
thing you'll have a weary task to drag it
along." Tie1 horseman gol oil', look the
silver, helped II. ins up, give the bridle in
to hi.- hand.-, nnd said, "when you want to
go very fast, you must smack jour !ip loud,
and cry ".lip."
Hao- i"ns dehghipil as he sat on his
horse, and rode merrily on. After a lime
he thought h should like to go a little fas
ler, so he smacked his hps, and said ".Tip."
Away went the horse full gallop, and be
fore Hans knew what he was about, he wa
thrown oil" and lay in a ditch by Ihe road
side; and ':i- horse would have run nil' if a
shepherd who was coming by, driving a
cow, had not stopi it. Hans soon came lo
himself, nnd oi utmn his legs again. He
was sadly vexed and said to the shepherd.
'This riding i- no joke when a man gels on
a heasi like tins, that stumbles and llings
bin: oil' a-, il i.e would break his neck,--However,
I am ofl'tiow once for all; I like
your cow a great ileal be'ter; one can
walk nlong at one's leisure behind her, ami
have milk, butter and cheese into the bar
gain. What would I give to have such a
cow!" "Well." said the shepherd, "if
you arc so (ond of her, 1 will change my
cow lor your horse." "Done!" said Hans,
merrily. The shepherd jumped upon thu
horse and away he rode.
Hans drove off his cow quietly, and
thought Ins bargain a very lucky one. "If
I have only a piece of bread (and I certain
ly shall be able lo get that) I can whenever
I like eat my butter and cheese with it;
nnd when I am ihirsty, I can milk my cow,
and drink Ihe milk ; what can I wish for
more'" When he came lo nil inn, he tin I
ted, nie up his bread, nnd gavu away his
Inst penny for n glass of beer; then he drove
his cow towards'hiK mother's village; and
ihe bent grew greater ph noon came on,
till at last iie found himself on a wide heath
that would take him more I ban an hour to
cross, and he began lo bo mi hot and narch
ed that his tongue clave to the roof of his
mouth, "1 can liud a euro for this," thought
uc; -now win i mint my cow and tpiouch
my thirst;" so ho lied her to the stump ol
a tree, and held his leaihern cap lo milk
into; but not u drop was to be had.
While ho was trying his luck and man
aging tho matter very clumsily, the uneasy
beast gave bun n kick on thu head that
knocked him down, and I hero he lay a long
wline senseless. Luckily a butcher soon
came by driving n pig in a wheelbarrow.
"Whnt is thu mailer with you?" 6aid tho
butcher as he helped him up. Hans told
him what had happened, and ihe butcher
gnvo him u flask, soymg, "there drink and
refresh yourself; your cow Willi give you
no milk, she is nn old beast, good for noth
ing but tlio slaughter house." "Aloe,
it? If I kill her what will she bo good for?
I halo cow beef, il is tint tender enough for
me. If it were n pig now, nn could do
something with it, it would at any rate
make soino sausages." "Well," snid tho
butcher, "to please you, I'll change and
give you tho pig lor tho cow." "tienvcn
reward you for your kindness !" said Hans,
as hu gave tho butcher tho cow, and took
the pig off the wheelbarrow, and drove it
off, holding by the string that was tied to
its leg.
bo on ho togged, nnd all sccmcu to go
right with him : ho had met with some
misfortunes, to bo sure ; but ho was now
well repaid for nil. The next person ho
met was a countryman carrying a finu
white gonso under his arm- Tho coutry
man stopped to ask what wns o'clock, and
Hans told him nil his luck, nnd how ho had
made so many good bargains. The coun
tryman snid ho was going to take the goose
to a christening ; "Feel," said he, "how
heavy it is. und yet it is only eight weeks
old. Whoever roasts and cats it may cul
plenty of fat. off it, it has lived so well!"
"You'r right," said Hans, as he weighed
it in his hand ; "but my pig is no trifle. "'
Meantime l ho countryman began lo look
grave and shook his head. "Hark ye,"
soidhe, "my good friend; your pig may
get you into a scrape : in the villiago I just
come from, the squire has had a pig stolen
out of his stye. I' was dreadfully afraid,
when I saw you, that you had got the
squire's pig : it will be a bad job if they
catch you; the leaat they'll do, will bo to
throw you into the horse pond."
Poor Hans was sadly frightened,
"Good man," cried he, "pray get mc out
of this scrape; you know tins country bet
tor than 1, take my pig nnd give mo the
goose." "I ought to have something into
the bargain," said the countryman; "how
ever I will not bear hard upon you, as you
an- in trouble." Then he took ihe string
in his hand, and drove off ihe pig by a side
pat h ; while Hans went on the way home
wards free from care. "After nil," thought
he, "I have the best of the bargain: first,
there will bo a capital roast; then the fat
will find me in goose grense for six months ;
and then there will he tho beautiful white
feathers; I will put them into my pillow,
and then I mn sure I shall sleep soundly
without rocking. How happy my mother
will be!"
As he came to the last village, ho saw n
scissors grinder, with his wheel, working
and singing
O'er hill and o'er dale so happy I roam,
Wink lilii & liiotvell, nil i In: world U my home
Who so hljilie, so merry us I ?
Hans stood looking for a while, and at last
said, "You must be well off, mnster grin
di r, you seem so happy at your work."
"Yes," said the other, "mine is a golden
trade; n good grinder never puts his hands
in his pocket without finding money in it;
but where did you gel thai beautiful goose?"
"1 did not buy it, but changed n pig for
rt." "And where did you gel the pig?"
"I gave a cow lor it." "And Ihe cow?"
"I gave a horse for il." "And (lie horse?,'
"I gave a piece ofsilver os big n my head
lor thai." "And the silver ?" "Oh I
worked hard for I lint seven long years."
"You have thriven well in the world hith
erto," said the grinder ; "now if you could
find money in your pocket whenever yfNi
pel. your huud niio il, your fortune would
bti Hindi'." "Very true; bill how is thai
to b. managed?'' "You must turn grind
er like me," said the oilier, "yon only want
a grindstone; the rest will come of itsell.
Here is one that is a hlilu the worse for
wear; I would not a-k more than the value
of your gonse for it : will you buy?" "How
can you ask such a question ?" rcphded
Han-; "I should be the happiest man in
the world, if I could have money when
ever 1 put my hand in my pocket ; what
could I wont more ? Thero's the goose!"
"Now," said the grintlor, ns he gave him n
common rough stone that lay by tins side,
"this is u most capital stone; do but man
ago it cleverly, and you can mane an old
nail cut with it."
Hans took tho stone and went off with
n light heart; his eyes sparkled for joy,
and he said to himself, "I must hnvo been
horn in a lucky hour; every thing I want,
or wis.li for, comes lo me of itself."
Meanwhile he began to bo tired, for ho
had been travelling ever since day break;
he was hungry loo, lor ho had given awny
bis last penny in his joy at getting the cow.
At last ho could go no further, nnd the
stono nlnno tired him terribly : ho dragged
himself lo the side of a pond, that he might
drink some water, and rest awhile; so he
laid the stone carefully by his side on the
hank; but as ho stooped down lo drink, he
forgot it. pushed it n little, and down if
went plump into the pond. For n while
he watched it sinking in the deep clear wa
tor, then sprung up (or joy, and ogam fell
upon his knees, nnd thanked heaven with
l curs in his eyes for its kindness in taking
away hi only plnguo the ugly heavy stone.
"How happy nm I!" cried he. "no mor
tal was ever so lucky ns I am." Then up
ho gol wilh it light nnd merry heart,
and walked on free from all his troubles,
till he reached his mother's house.
Potash fuom Bkkt Root. Those per
sons in our country who have embarked in
Ihe business of making Sugar from Beet
Root, will in nil probability be remunerated
for their onierprizo in more wnys I ban that
derived from the mere profit of tho sale of
the Sugar. Il appears that a new disco
very has been mado in Franco a process
which eMracts potash in such large quan
lilies from tho residuum of beet root after
muking tho sugar, as to threaten a rivalry
with the produco of the Americnn forests.
M. Diibrunfniit is the discovoror. Tho
molnsses, nftor serving for the making of
sugar, is distilled lo ohlnin alcohol. The
remainder then, instead of being thrown
away, is manufactured into potash. Tho
qunntity of potash furnished by M. Duhrun
tnut's process is equal to one Bixlh uf iho
quantity of sugar extracted from the beet
root. Thus, says the Journal ties Debatt,
taking tho amount of indigenous sugar
manufactured each year at 40,000,000 kil
ngrnnimes, there may besides, bccxtraclcd
from the beet root which has served for
that production, seven millions kilogrammes
of 9aiine matter, comparnblo to the best po
tosh ol commerce, and this ton, without the
loss of the nlcohol, and the other produce,
the fabrication of which may be continued
simultaneously. According to present pri.
ccs, the 7,000,000 of kilogrammes represent
a value of from 8,000,000 to 9,000,000
francs. lialtimnrc American.
Tho following contains a statement of
tho most horrid, deliberate murder which
we have heard of in modem times. It
may be relied on as authentic. Knoxville
Sir. A murder was committed in Clai
borne county, near this place, on the rond
leading to Kentucky, last week, in self
defence, under the following circumstan
ces : William Hurst shot Thomas J.
Berry, who expired in a short time after.
Tho parties were brothers-in-law; bad
fcolings had existed between them; the
deceased had occupied the house where
Hurst now lives; had removed to tho
Crab Orchard, in Kentucky, with his family;
returned in a few days back to this neigh
borhood, as staled, with a view to have
satisfaction. On the day of the fatal deed
Berry whose father lives in this neighbor
hood) borrowed a gun of one of his broth
thcrs, walked past Hursts house several
times, and stopped out of sight. Hurst's
eldest son discovered him, and halooed to
his father that Berry intended mischief.
Berry then came in sight, and walked
toward Hurst and his wife, both then elan
ding in the road. On nearing, Berry
levelled his rifile. Hurst got behind his
wife, and used her as a shield. Berry still
dodging to get an aim or sight to shoot
Hurst. In the mean time, Hurst 6ent his
son to borrow a rifle. This Indian strug
gle lasted fifteen or twenty minutes, the
contending parties being some three feet
opart. Berry, finding he could not get a
shoot at Hurst, without probably hitting
his wife, which he did not want to do, took
tho rifle in one hand, and drew his butcher
knife with the other. In the act of doing
so, Hurst's son handed his father a loaded
rifle, who instantly shot Berry through the
body mortally. Berry also fired, but missed
the ball grazing the side of Mrs Hurst's
head. The two rifles cracked within a
second of each other, Hurst firing first.
After being struck. Berry omdo on "".. n
to reload, in n few minutes took off his
shot pouch, laid his rifle against the fence
and soon fell and expired. After falling,
water was handed to him; he spoke a few
words that he had come to kill Hurst, but
Hurst had killed him. Hurst nsked his
forgiveness, and Berry gave him Ins hand
in token, and, in doing so, expired. Hurst
gave himself up was tried by a called court
next day, nnd acquitted.
Berry has left a widow and small family
in Kentucky.
The following letter, which wo9 read in
evidence in n snit arising out of the late
Mr. Randolp's various wills, is going the
rounds nf the newspapers. That eccen
tric; person had such strange intellectual
habits, nnd acted upon impulses so singular
and rjiiaccouuinble, Hint he forms a must
interesting philosophical study. We have
always hoped that some diary or scries of
memoranda would be found among his pa
pers which, together with his letters and
speeches, might be made the basis of a
biography. Such a book would mako the
fori one of the publisher.
Roa.nokr, Saturday, Dec. 17, 1831, )
Half past 18. (
Dear M : On Inking out my chariot
this morning, for the first lime since I got
home, from your house, to clenn it nnd the
harness (for this dreadful spell of weather
has frozen us all up until to day,) the
knife was found in the bottom of the carri
age, where it must have dropped from n
shallow waistcoat pocket, ns I got in at
your door, for I missed the knife soon af
terwards. When 1 got home, I had the
pockets of the carriage searched, and every
thing hero taken nut; and it was not until
John had searched strictly into my port
manteau and bag, tuking out every nrticlc
therein, that I becamo perfectly convinced,
of what I was before fully persuaded, that
I had left the knife in my chamber at your
house on Tuesday, the Cth; and when I
heard it had not been seen. I took it for
granted that your little yellow boy, having
"found il," had, according to thu negro
code of morality, apprupnatcd it to him
self. In this, it seems, I was mistaken,
nnd I nsk his pardon ns the best amends
that I can make Mm, nnd at the same time
to relievo you and Mrs. M, from the un
pleasant feeling thnt such a suspicion would
occasion, I despatch tins nolo by a special
messenger, although I have a certain con
veyance tomorrow.
I make no apology to yourself or Mrs,
M. tor the frank expression of my suspi
cion, because Truth is the godess at whose
shrine I worship, and no Ilugenot in
Franco, or Morisco, in Spain, or Juadizing
Christian in Portugal, ever paid moro Jenr.
ly for Ins heretical schism, than I have done
in leaving the established church of False
hood nnd yrimnnce. 1 am well aware thai
ladies are delicate as they are charming
creatures, and that in our intercourse with
them we must strain tho truth as far as
possible. Brought up from their earliest
infancy lo disguise, their real sentiments,
(for n woman would bo a monster who did
not practise this disguise,) Il is their pri vi.
ledge lo be insincere and wo should de
spise them, and justly too, if they hod that
manly frankness and unreserve which con
stitutes tho ornament of our character as
tho very reverse does of theirs. Wo must
thuroforo keep this in view in our inter
course with them, and recollect that as our
point or honor is courage and frankness,
theirs is chastity, and dissimulation; for,
as I said before, a woman who docs not
dissemble her real feelings is n monster of
impudence. Now, therefore, il docs Imp
pen, (as Mr, Canning would say,) that truth
Is very otlensivc to tho cars ol a lady, when
lo those of a gentleman (her husband for
instance) it would he not nt all so.
To illustrate Mrs. R. of B., my broth
er's widow, was beyond all comparison the
nicest and best housewife that I ever saw.
Not ono drop nf water was over suffered
to stand upon her sideboard, except what
was in the pitcher: the house from cellar
to garret, and in every pail, ns clean ns
hands could make it, nnd every thing ns il
should be, to suit evan my fastidious lasto.
I lived there after my brothers death,
from 1796 to 1810 inclusive, nnd never did
I see or smell nny thing lo offend my sen
scs, or my imagination, but once. Except
in autumn, I would defy you lo find a leaf
or a leather in the yard. ISo poultry were
permitted to come into it, nnd we had no
dirty children, white or negro, to make lit
ter or filth. A strong enclosure of sawn
plank, eight feci high, fenced in the kitch
en, smoke house, ice house, veal house and
wood house, (in which the wood for Ihe
use of the houo was stacked away under
lock and key,) the turkey and hen house
were in the same enclosure, which had two
doors, one noxl the dwelling house for the
use of the mistress and house servants, and
one large etioiih to admit n wagon on the
back or north side, beyond which was a
built quarter, wilh two brick chimnies, and
two rooms with firo places, and four rooms
without, for servants. There was also
(what I had forgot,) n spinning nnd wea
ving house.
At night the doors of this enclosure were
Incked up not n servant being allowed to
sleep within it, although every one of them
was within sound ot the ladv s boll.
On ono unhappy day in a very hot nnd
damp spell of weather of long continuance,
a piece of cold lamb was brought lo ihe la
ble that was spoiled the first and last in
stance, in nearly fifteen years, of'ihe slight.
est neglect in household economy, i or
dered thu waiter to take it awav, it bei
spoiled. Mrs. It. resented tins, and flatly
contrndictetl ine ; nntl although the lamb
absolutely slunk, she ate apart ofk to prove
her words true, and was affronted with me
almost past forgiveness. I dare say that il
I had not noticed the lamb, she might have
ii'ivnn n him to the servant to lake it away;
but the honest naked truth was nm to In
borne. We had no company but Dudley
and her younger son, then schoolboys, mid
an Englishman named Kuowles, who acieti
as overseer or steward, nnd timed with u
until he took to drink,
Mrs. R. siouily denied that the lamb
could be spoiled, because it had been boiled
only the day before, and had been in the ice
house ever since. I admitted her fuels,
but denied her logic, which uai truly a wo
man's. I maintained that Ihe lughe-l evi
dence was that of the senses; thai we must
reason yVom facts where we could gel at
thorn; and it was only where we could not.
that il was fair to argue from probabilities:
thnt ihe lamb stunk, ami therefore was mil
sound. This she denied, and lo prove her
words, actually made a shift to swallow
half a mouthful, wh ch under other circum
stances she would not have done lor n I hoo.
.-and dollars. Somiich for llit'ludies char,
tiling creatures, I hu sail of Ihe ea'th. whom,
like uncle Toby anil all oilier old b ichelors.
I never could thoroughly understand, lor
the want of ihe key nf matrimony, which
alone can unlock their sccreis mid maki
plain, (as many a husband can lell) nil I lit;
apparent contradictious in their characters
Yes, so much for ihe fairer and bettor
part of creation, (as from my soul believe
them, lo be,) but who, as the Wnvcrly man
says of Kings, arc kittle cattle to shoe behind.
And so it ought lo he ; lor it is their poor
and almost only privilege to kick, while wo
roam whero we will, and they miut sir si ill
until they nrc asked. I therefore nm for
upholding them in nil their own prnper
privileges, eo long as they don't encroach
upon those of men. A woman who unset
es herself deserves to be treated, and will
be treated as a man.
As to the honesty of servants, I hnve al
ways thought mine "indifferent honest," ns
Hamlet says, and yet I should have been
very sorry Ihal the boy that bears this let
ter should find my knife, or cither of two
little urchins thnt you sec hero about the
yard, "I didn't take it, master," (fur a ne
gro never steals) "I didn't take it, t, I
find found it." What virtuo in terms!
Corporal Nym n high professor and prae
titinner in the art of taking, says, "t wise
call it co.nvev,"' See Sliakspear. I never
knew but three mulailoes whom I believed
to bo honest, and out of near 300 I have
not a dozen slaves thnt will not take, or ton
veil." John is ns honest ns you nnd I arc. So
is old Hetty, I know and several of hor
children, I believe. Queen is very honest,
she is too lady to steal. Juba is so, so
but not strictly honest; he is a finder some
times, nnd can bo trusted with anything
but money, with which he will buy whin
My best regards lo Mrs. M.
Truly yours, J. R. of Roanoke.
A bit of cn.Mr'oiiT for those in a stato of
singlo blessedness.
Stato of Marriages in London, in 1013.
Runaway wives 1.132
Runaway husbands 2,3111
Mnrried porsons legally divorced 4,174
Living in open warfare 1 7.3-15
Living m private misunderstanding 13.279
Mutually indifferent 55,240
Regarded as happy 3,175
Nearly happy 1-7
Perfectly huppy 13
Total 00,834
Tho nbovo calculation is not applicable
to ihe U. States, For, with us, the happy
nnd miserable nro nearly equal in num-bor.-JV.
Y. Oat.
ftffiifi'ft at ZftlaMjfnflton.
Wasiiinoton, Jnn, 1G, )
Ten o'clock, P, M. s
The Senate has just adjourned after a
session of ten hours, and after having com
pleted farce of expunging from their
journals by drawing black lines round the
mischievous resolution of censure against
Gcncrnl Jackson, passed in 1834.
To the friends of tho Constition and con
stitutional rights, it has been n proud day.
The minority so far as they expressed their
opinions, sustained the high charoctor for
patriotism and intellect, which they have
so deservedly acquired. It is impossible
at this late hour, to attempt n delineation
of the scene or a sketch of the speeches.
Jlr Clay addressed the Senate with moro
than his usual eloquence. Tho Expunging
Resolution has a long preamble, He com
pared it to a comet, only that it reversed
the order of nature as the tail was placed
before instead of behind. He said, that ot
some future period, when, the form of our
Government should be charged, and n
monarch reign over the country, it was
probable that a new order of Knighthood
would be created, to bo- entitled tho
"Knights of the Black linos."
Jlr. Bayard and Mr. Lwing of Ohio,
delivered most able and eloquent argu
ments against the "Black line" resolution,
Mr. Strange, of North Carolina, mado a
strange speech in favor of itet passage.
He spoke of the human mind, and its va
rious operuiinn in different beings. He
was rather loo metaphysical for my obtuse
faculties; but his illustrations were delight
ful. I will give you one. He said, thai
lat evening tin argument commenced
among a number of his friends, and no two
of them agreed in opinion as to how "a hoc
cake should be baked." Is not this a most
extrnord.nary ? and is it not a striking illu?.
trillion in discussing a mctnphyical question
I presume it was introduced, however, to
lei thu Senate understand that he had boeii
attending a meeting of ihe "kitchen gentry."
Mr. Webster in behalf of himself, and his
colleague (Mr. DavU) and of the State of
Massaebu-e.il: read a most, powerful and
logical protest against expunging. If pos
sible its style and argument was surpassed
by the manner in winch it was read.
The vote on Expunging was then taken
and -loud Ayes 24: Noes 19.
On motion of Mr Benton, the Journal
ws thou brought to the Clerk's desk, $1 the
ridiculon-act of drawing black hues around
ihe resolution performed, in the presence
of 1 lie inn j irtiy. the minority having retired.
While ibis ceremony was in operation
some per.-m or persons in the gallery his
sed: whereupon Mr; Benton belched forth
like "a roaring lion,'' clear the galler.
ie.; and moved ilmt the Sergeant-nt-Arms
bring to thu bar of the Senate the ruffian?;
and 1 lieu 111 rones of agony and mortifica'
linn, muttered sonie'hing about tho period
when the Bank of the United States gov
emend the Senate.
The Sergeant al Arm? soon returned
with a gentlemanly looking man in custody
who said that he was ready to undergo an
examination; but the whole was so ridicu.
Ions, if not disgraceful, that I he intelligent
portion of the majority shrunk from any
further action, and on motion the person
in custody was discharged without being
asked any questions; and then the Senate
adjourned. X. Y. Z.
Wo should find it difficult to express tho
feeling produced by a careful examination
of tho tariff, winch wo have made, with n
view to aeerlain the effect that must result,
from the adoption of the new bill brought
in by Mr. Cambreleng. Whoever read
the compromise bill, must see that it wns
dictated by a lender regard for all Iho great
interests uf iho country, nnd that ilsnuthor
desired to make the changes that had be
come necessary, so gradual ns to destroy
none of those interest. For that purpose,
the period of reduction was 'extended to
1842; thus enabling all to make the ar
riingetnenis required lo meet it. That
such has been the effect, nnd that such
would continue to bo its effect, ns it camo
gradually inio operation, no man who has
intended to the workings for tho last four
years can doubt. Every interest has pros
pered miller ii, nnd hnviug had four year
experience of its beneficial action, it might
havo been supposed that thero was in Con
gress, sufficient wisdom lo induce them to
refrain from furl hor tinkering, and to per
mit every man in pursue hi business in
confidence thai the law wns settled, Such,
however, is not the doctrine of the pcoplo
in power. They hnvo given us experi
ments" in banking. 111 currency, in land.
jobbing, and now wo are to have an exper'
iment thu object ot which is 10 iireni; clown
all who have in vested their capital in man
ufactures, or 111 tho production of lead;
iron, coal, wood, &c.
Tho bill is altogether the most exlraor.
tlinary that has ever been offered to tho
nation for i's approval. Instead of n Pol
ishing the diny on Indigo, on India Silks,
on Wines, on'Diainond, and on numerous
other articles not produced here, and from
which revenue i not desired, it attacks all

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