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Burlington free press. [volume] (Burlington, Vt.) 1827-1865, June 29, 1838, Image 1

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FRIDAY, JTUJVB 29, 1838.
Oil I fluin the bowl! the draught bewnro
Whose smile but mocks the lipa of man;
When foaming high with wniers rare
Oh ! never touch the goblet then.
Willi friends wo love, llio' sweet to sip
, Tlio neclar'd juice ut close of day,
Yet trust yc not the syren lip
That wins to client, and lures to slay,
Dh ! slum the bowl, and ihou shall know
A deeper spell than swims in wine ;
Tho' bright its hours of sunset glow.
Their crimson cloud as briefly thine.
i few short days in madness past,
And thou will sink unknown to years;
Vilhout a hope beyond the blast,
, Which moans ubovo thy grave of tears
?hl leave the bowl if thou art wise
. To shun the path of guilty fame ;
The burning road where anguish lies,
I And perjured honor weeps for shame,
n after years some cheering ray
f From Virtue's smile will o'er thee spread,
Anil ihou wilt bless the better way
Thy errirg steps were loth to tread.
li!fhun the bowl as thou wouldst leave
I The poisoned spot where reptiles tread,
est wiilow'd hearts for fViee should grieve
! For thee, untimely I ears be shed.
Tea 1 thine may be the fearful lot
To prove, ere Time hath dimm'd thy brow,
I sire and yd the witness not
Of them who weep his broken vow.
last thou a bride whose every sigh
i Deep trembles wilh the joy it gives ?
.last thou a child whose meek mild eye
' Lives in the light its Father lives 1
Then, shun the bowl the draught beware,
1 Whose smile but mocks (he lips of men;
jjVhen foaming high with waters rate
i Oh ! never touch the goblet then.
? For the Burlington Free Press.
JMb. St act : The following lctter,takcn
fpm a recent number of the Concord (Mass.)
Iazclta, has struck me as being worthy
e increased circulation which a republi
cation in your columns would give it, both
on tlio ground of its own merits, and of
thd grnvity of its subject. The decision
of Ihis Cherokee question must implicate
the! moral character of our Government
mofe directly and more deeply than per
hais any other which has arisen in its his.
toy. This decision is yet pending. If on
eu;h a subject, at such a juncture, there
be, any virtue in the manly expression of
manly sentiments, a publication like this
cat hardly fail of interest and value.
Moral considerations pressed homo with
eucb earnestness and plainness of speech
may reasonably be supposed to have had
some part in bringing matters to their
present issuo.
To anticipate a very natural inquiry, it
may bo appropriately added, that the au.
thor, Mr. Emerson, is a man of letters,
who, of late years, has gained an enviable
tiamo in the region of Boston by his do
VQtednoB8 to all humane studies, and the
peculiar eloquence of his public discourses
It is t,o him that the public ore indebted
for the republication, in this country, of
Sarttr Resarlus and other works of his
frienj Carlylo the English philosopher.
J Y.
2 Martin Van Buren,
President of the United Slates.
I Concord, Mass.. April 23, 1030.
SirfThe seat you fill, places you in a
relativi of credit and dcarncss to every
citizei By right, and natural position,
every 'citizen is your friend. Before any
acts cntrary to his own judgment or in
terest lave repelled tho affections of any
man, ach m,ay look with '.rust and loving
nnticimions to your government. Each
lias thJiighest right to call your attention
to sucljeubjcctB as are of a public nature
and prberly belong to the chief magis
trate ;jnd the good magistrate will feel a
joy in pceting such confidence. In this
pelief.Jid at tho instance of a few of my
friendind neighbors, I crave of your pa
tience! short hoaring for their sentiments
and njown; and the circumstance that
my nwe will be utterly unknown to you
will dy give tho fairer chanco to your
cquitllo construction of what I havo to
Sijrny communication respects tho sin
jsterjimoura that fill this part of the coun
try diccrning tho Cherokee people. The
intejat always felt in tho Aboriginal pop.
ulath an interest naturally growing as
thalecays has been heightened in ro
garjto this tribe. Even in our distant
'etal some good rumor of their worth and
ciyty has arrived. Wo have learned
witjoy their improvement in social arts.
Wfbave read their newspapers. We
ha seen some of them in our schools and
co ges. In common with the great body
of o American people wo havo witnessed
w sympathy tho painful labors of these
re nen to redeem their own race from tho
dt n of eternal inferiority, and to borrow
ai domesticate in the tribe, tho arts and
caoms.of tho Caucasian race. And not
wjistanding tho unaccountablo apathy
u which of late years tho Indians have
Wo sometimes abandoned to their eno
ws, it is not to bo doubted that it is the
jod pca6uro and tho understanding oft
all humane persons in the republic of the
men and tho matrons sitting in tho thriving
independent families all over (he land, that
they ehall be duly cared lor, that they shall
taste justice and love from all to whom we
have delegated tho ofiico of dealing with
The newspopors now inform us, that, in
December 1035, a treaty contracting for
tho exchange of all tho Cherokee territory,
was pretended to be made by an agent on the
part of (he United States, with some per
sons appearing on tho part of the Chcrokees;
thnt the fact afterwards transpired that
these deputies did by no means represent
the will of the nation, and that out of eigh
teen thousand souls composing tho nation,
fifteen thousand six hundred and 6ixty
eight havo protested against the so called
Treaty. It now appears that the Govern,
tnent of the United States choose to hold
the Chorokces to this sham treaty, and arc
proceeding to execute the same. Almost
tho entire Cherokee nation stand up and
say, "This is not our act. Behold us
there are wo Do not mistako that hand
ful of deserters for us ;" and tho American
President and his Cabinet, the Senate and
the House of Representatives neither hear
these men nor see them, and are contract
ing to put this nation into caitsand boats
and to drag them over mountains and rivers
to a wilderness at a vast distance beyond
the Mississippi. And a paper purporting
to be an army order, fixes a month from
this day, as the hour for this doleful re.
In the name of God, Sir, wo ask you if
this is so i J)o the newspapers rightly in
form us ? Men and women with pale and
perplexed faces meet one another in streets
and churches here, and ask if this be so ?
We have inquired if this be a gross misrep
resentation from tho party opposed to the
Government and anxious to blacken it with
the people. Wo have looked in newspa
pers of different parties, and find a horrid
confirmation of the tale. We are slow to
believe it. We hoped the Indians were
misinformed, and their remonstrance was
premature, and will turn out to be a need
less act of terror. The piety, the principle
that is left in these United States, if only
its coarsest form, a regard to tho speech of
men, forbid us to entertain it as a fact.
Such a dereliction of all laith and virtue,
such a denial of justice, and such deafness
to screams for mercy, were never heard of
in times of peace, and in the dealing of a
nation with its awn allies and wards, since
tho earth was made. Sir, does this Gov
ernment think that the peoplo of the Uni
ted States are becomn savage and mad?
From their mind arc the sentiments of love
and of n good nature wiped clean out?
The soul of man, the justice, the mercy,
that is the heart's hcatt in all men from
Maine to Georgia, does abhor this business.
In speaking thus the sentiments of my
neighbors and my own, perhaps I overstep
the bounds of decorum. But would it not
be a higher indecorum, coldly to arguo a
matter like this? We only stato the fact
that a crime is projected that confounds
our understandings by its magnitude, a
crime that really deprives us as well as the
Cherokces of a country, for how could we
call the conspiracy that should crush these
poor Indians, our Government, or the land
that was cursed by their parting and dying
imprecations, our country, any more ? You,
sir, will bring down that renowned chair in
which ynu sit into infamy, if your seal is
set to this instrument of perfidy; and the
name of this nation, hitherto tho sweet
omen of religion and liberty, will slink to
the world.
You will not do us tho injustice of con
necting this remonstrance with any section
al or party feeling. It is in our hearts tho
simplest commandment of brothorly love.
Wo will not havo this great and solemn
claim upon national and human justice
huddled aside under tho flimsy plea of its
being a party act. Sir, to us the ques
tions upon which the govornmont and the
peoplo have been agitated during the past
year touching tho prostration of tho cur.
rencyand of trade, seem moles in the com
parison. Tho hard times, it is true, have
brought this discussion homo to every
farmhouse and poor mans table in this town;
but it is the chirping of grasshoppers be
side the immortal question whether justice
shall be done by the race of civilized, to
the race of savage man ; whether all the
attributes of reason, of civility, of justice,
and even of mercy, shall bo put off by tho
American peoplo, and bo vast nn outrage
upon the Cherokee nation, and upon hu
man naturo, shall be consummated.
One circumstance lessens tho reluctance
with which I intrude at this time on your
attention, ray conviction that tho govern
ment ought to bo admonished of a new
historical fact which tho discussion of this
question has disclosed, namely that there
exists in a great part of thonorthorn people
a gloomy diffidence in tho moral character
of tho government. On the broaching of
this question, a general expression of des
pondency, -of disbelief that any good will
accrue from a remonstrance on on act of
fraud and robbery, appeared in those men
to whom we naturally turn for aid and
counsel. Will the tho American Govern
ment steal? Will it lio? Will it kill?
we ask it triumphantly. Our wise men
shake their heads dubiously. Our coun
sellors and old statesmen here, say, that,
ten years ago, they would have staked
their lifo on tho affirmation that tho pro
posed Indian measures could not ho execu
ted, that tho unanimous country would put
them down. And now tho steps of this
crimo follow each other 60 fast, at such
fatally quick time that tho millions of
virtuous citizens, whoso agents tho Gov
ernment aro, havo no place to intorpose,
and must shut their eyes until tho last bowl
and wailing of theso poor tormented
villages and tribes ehall afflict tho ear of
the world.
I will not bide from you as an indication
of this alarming distrust that a letter ad
dressed as mino is, and suggesting to the
mind of tho Executive tho plain obligations
of man, has a burlesque character in the
apprehension of some of my friends. I, sir,
will not beforehand treat ynu with tho
contumely of this distrust. I will at least
stato to you this fact and shew you how
plain and humano people whoso lovo would
bo honor, regard tho policy of tho Govern
mcnt, and what injurious inferences they
draw as to the mind of the Governors. A
man with your experience in affairs must
hove seen cause to appreciate tho futility of
opposition to the moral sentiment. How
ever feeble the sufferer, and however great
the oppressor, it is in tho nature of things
that the blow bIiouIJ recoil on the aggres
sor. For God is in the sentiment, and it
cannot bo withstood. Tho potentate and
the people perish before it; but with it,
and as its executors, they ate omnipotent.
I write thus, sir, to inform you of the
stato of mind these Indian tidings have
awakened here, and to pray with one voice
moro that you whoso hands aro strong wilh
tho delegated power of fificen millions of
men will avert with that might the terrific
injury which threatens tho Cherokee tribe.
Wilh great respect, Sir,
I am your fellow-citizen,
Cast thy bread upon the waters ; for thou slink
find it after many days. Eccl. xi.
Some years ago one of the preachers of
tho Mohcgan tribe of Indians, which tribe
is situated on tho Thames, between Nor
wich and New London, was preaching on
tho obnvc text. To illustrate his subject
and enforce the doctrine of Charity, he
brought forward a circumstance that trans
pired in his early days. To use his lan
guage, he observed "A certain man was
going from Norwich to London with a
loaded team ; on attempting to ascend the
hill where Indian lives, he found his team
could not draw his load, he came to Indian
and got him to help him up with his oxen.
After he had got up he asked Indian what
was to pay. Indian tell him to do as much
for somebody cleo. Sometime afterward,
Indian wanted a canoe he went up She
tucket river, found a tree and made him
one When he got it done ho could not
get it into the river. Accordingly he went
to a man and offered him all tho money ho
had if ho would go and draw it into the
river for him. Tho man observed, he
would go. After getting it lo tho river,
Indian offer to pay him. No, said the
man; Don't you recollect so long an-o
helping n man up the hill by your housli.
Yes. Well, I am tho mnn there take
your canoo and go home." So I find it
after many days. ltd. Messenger.
The eloquence of Lord Brougham is
very peculiar. It does not oppeoMo pos
sess tho close, compact, systematic reason
ing of the eloquence of Pitt, its elevated
style, and lofty imposition : nor has it the
abundant current and impetuous flow which
distinguish tho eloquence of Fox; nor the
metaphorical and splendid imaginary of
Burke, his apothegmatic conclusions" and
his instructive dogmatisms drawn from
life and books ; nor tho classic art of Can
ning, his skilful application of ancient his
tory to modern poets, and his specious
reasoning. It is distinct from nil these.
The eloquence of Brougham is abrupt and
sudden. Ho appears to need little prepa
ration.and to come directly upon his subject.
Ho brings all his forces to bear, liko Napo
leon, upon a weak point, and overwhelms
by the mighty vigor of his attack- He has
a manner of iterating successive blows nn
a particular point, which fall, liko balls
propelled from a brenching battery, with
irresistablo effect. Ho has a most extra
ordinary knack of loading his adversary
with contempt and ridicule; of placing him
in a ridiculous position, and convincing the
world that he 'ta ft fnnl. Ilia cenrn io mnn
dcrfully scornful ; his sarcasm moro than
ourtuBuu ; ne can do cruel in language,
cutting in reproach, ironical in praise, but
to bo insipid, languid, or trifling, do not
appear to be in the possibility of his char.
aCtOr. Lord RrOllflhnni hflQ Innrninr- anI
great knowledge of men and books; but
mo puiiuijm reliance is on nature. Art
has done but littln in mnkmn. hi n ...in.
. , ..in. uuuiaiui,
industry much, and nature a vast deal.
iiia uimruuiur may uo compared to the
hide of the rhinoceros, imnnnntrnhln n ml
his sarcasm to its horn, terrific Weekly
Passage THROUGH TIIR P.nrirv Mhttm.
tains The journal of an exploring tour
uiruugu uiu uocKy Mountains, by Samuel
Parker. Cives the fnllnwinrr enrinna nnonnni
of a broad defile through those mountains,
which affords a commodious and easy pas
sago from tho country lying east of this
great range to tho torritory on tho coast of
the Pacific. Tho existence of such a pas.
eogo increases mo importance of tho steps
in contemplation bv our Govommnnt m
occupy tho torritory on the Oregon.
I'Tho passago through theso mountains
is in a valley, so gradual in tho ascent and
descent, that I should not have known wo
wore passing them, had it not boon that as
wo advanced tho atmosphcro became cool
Or, and at length WO found thn nnrnnlnnl
6nows upon our right hand and upon oui
iuii, uiovaicu many thousand loot above us
in some nlacos tnn thousand. Tim hirh.
est parts of theso mountains aro found by
measurement io do eigtitoon thousand feet
above tho level of tho sea. This valley
was not discovered until some years Bince.
"Mr. Hunt and his party, moro than
twenty years ago, went near it, but did not
find it, though in 6oarch of some favorable
passage. It varies in width from five to
twelve miles ; and, following its course,
tbo distance through tho Mountains is
about eighty miles, or four days' journey.
Though there aro somo elevations and de
pressions in this valley, yet, comparatively
speaking, it is level. Thero would bo no
difficulty in tho way of constructing a rail
road from tho Atlantic to tlio Pacific ; nnd
probably the timo may not bo far distant
when trips will be made across the conti
nent, 08 tllCV havo been Innde to Nisnnrn
falls, to seo Nature's wonders."
'Good afternoon, Squiro Jones!' 'Good
afternoon, friend Darby; como walk in.'
'Well, Squire, how is your lovely darter,
Snl, to-day, and tho rest of tho family?'
'Why they aro all up and abcut, particular
ly Sal, eho is very heart), has a good np
petite and cats a right smart chance, and
the way eho smokes her old pipo is tho
right way, and sings lord man, she sinrs
like a martingale, she is a buster!' 'Well,
Squire, I'm glad lo hear so much in praise
of Sal, for I lovo her mightily, and mean to
court her too.' 'Why, that's plain, honest
and clever. I'll go and call Sal.' Sure
enough he did, and she soon made her ap.
pearance 'How aro you, Sal? says I.
'Oh, sorttcr middling, how do you feel, Mr
Darby? ' Why, Sal, I aitit well, I'm lovo
sick.' 0 hush ; you don't say so well
do tell me who she is ?' With that I sorter
elided up to Sal. and Sal she kinder slided
off. Says I, 'Sal, don't bo so darnation
skittish, for you aro the very gal I'm arter.'
Geet out, you don't soy, 'Yes, I do, and
I'm in as hard earnest as ever my old dog
Lion was at a Coon. That picased Sal
mightily, and she kinder tossed her head
and looked as proud as some of our town
gals do when they get into a ball room.
Says I. 'Sal, will you havo mo." I reckon
us how I will, you don't catch this child
refusing to do that thing when sho has so
good a chance.' So off we went to the
parson's, and Sal and I frot mnrrind: nnrl
now we live as kinder happy together as
can dp, onty sometimes she bawls out to
me, Mr. Darby don't bo a spitting your
tobacco iuico on the fire dos. and stickinir
your feet on tho fender ; may I be burnt (
i can Keep any thing decent loryou, plague
on all tobacco chawers, I say, that are as
nasty about it as you arc' And tho way
she raps my toes with the tongs wheo she
sees my feet on the fender, is no ways com.
mnn, I tell you ; however, I live as happy
asl can expect with a woman that's a
fact. Post.
Astonishing Curiosity. On the even
ing of 13th ult. a gentleman in this village
found in his wina cc-llnr, a livo striped
snake, 9 inches long, suspended between
two shelves, by the tail by a spider's web.
The snake hung so that ho could not reach
the shelf below him by about an inch ; and
several largo spiders were then upon him
sucking his juice. The shelves were about
two feet apart ; the lower one was just bo
low the bottom of tho cellar window, thro'
which the snake nrobablv Dossed th
into it. From the Bhelf above in the shape
oi an inverted cone, u or 10 inches in diam
eter at the top and concentrated to a focus
about C or 8 inches from tho under side of
this shelf. From this focus there was a
strong cord mado of tho multiplied thread
of spider's wob, apparently as largo as
common sewing silk, and by this cord tho
snake was suspended.
Upon a critical examination through a
magnifying glass, tho following curious
facts appearod. The mouth of the snake
was fast tied up, by n great number of cords
wound around it, so light that he could not
run out his tonguo. His tail was tied in a
knot, so as to leave a small loop or ring,
through which the cord was fastened; and
tho end of the tail above the loop to the
lonfflh of somethinir like over hnlf nn inrli
was lashed fast to tho cord, to keep it from
slipping. As the snake hung, tho length
of the cord, from the tail to tho focus" to
winch it was lastened, was about six inch
est a little above the tail thprn w.-ia nhaoru
cd a round ball about the size of a pea.
Upqn inspection, this appeared to be a green
fly around which a cord had been fastened
to ihe cords above, and from tho rolling
tide of tho ball to keep it from unwinding
and letting the snako down. Tho cord
therefore, must havo extended from the
locus ot tlio web to tho shelf below, where
tho snako wbb lying when first captured
and being mado fast to the loop in his tail
the fiv was carried and fnstpnnd nhnnt mill
way to the side of the cord. And then by
ouwiiuif mis iiy over anu over, it wound
around it, both from above and below, until
ine sqako was raised to the proper height,
and thelff was fastened as before mentioned.
In this situation tho noor snnkn Inmrr
alive and furnishing a continued feast for
several large 6pidcrs, until Saturday after
noon the 16th, when scmo person, by play.
ing wiiii nun, Drone the web above the lo
cus, so as to let part of his body rest on tho
fiholf below. In this Rilnntinn hn linn-nrnil
the spiders taking no notice of him, until
Thursday last, eight days after ho was dis
covered, when some lariro ants wore found
devouring his dead body. Batavia (N. Y.)
i tmes.
When a solution of potash or lye is
deprived of carbonic acid, or rendered
caustic, it readily combines with animal
fat, and forms tho compound, called soft
soap, wncii uoui mo ingredtonts arc, in
a propor condition, and in duo quantity,
lucre is nc ijiuiuuiiy in iiiaKiug soap.
Tho strength of tho lyo, to combine
readily with the grease, should be such as
to float a now laid hen'urg.
In order to have 6oajPhild as possible,
there should be as much greaso as tho lyo
will dissolve, in which caeo tho soap will
bo smooth or bulvo-like, and more conve
nient for washing Ihan whon it is hard, or
livcr-like Soap ia mado thus hard, like
iVOr. bV addimr ta wnll mmln unnn nlim.i
an enual nunntitv nf wntnr. in,', ..,i,.
eonp makers call sophisticating it.
Thnen ivlin tin'. I. , i i i
iv munu mini or oar
soap for family use, can easily do it. They
havo only lo tako a quantity of clean, well
uiuuc, mm Buap, doii it, antl by degrees odd
common salt till it curdles, nficr which they
should allow it to cool, when tho hard
soap will be upon tho lop ; this may now
bo taken off. and thn Imiinn ni 1 r.
those impurities which oro apt to adhere fi
Ifl It ! ntlfl lllltn :..! r , ..... !..
to it; and then cut into bars for drying.
Or it will ban litllo moro uniform in its
composition, if vou nut it imn n,
again with a vcrv little wntnr nn.) i,n. it i
again; afterward allowing it to eool nJa
i.nrn.n "
Soap for use in tho families of most I
(armors is commonly prepared by loaching
ashes mado bv the fiimitv flllrinn I tin uiin
tcr. As this is a noint. in tvhini, imn.n
,,, , ,ylv; ijuust:-
Keepers sometimes fail, it may bo worth
Wllllo tn rrivn. in Ihiu nl... r i
while to give, in this nlncn. n rntv mn..,i i
ilirnelinnc fa
. . . ... .
A oarrel with one heod is usually mado
- . . -'uui.jf lliuuu
USO Of a9 B nnr-. l. Inln lhl l,..l.l U ...
- cuuuiu uu "in
ono peek of fresh burnt slacked lime, nnd
the barrc flllml with nclmo w
, - .ui.v-o. ..uiui annum
bo put upon the top, and allowed to filter
through till most of the potash contained
in t hpm hna hnnn onn I ni.
in them has been snnarntcd. Tim nhiom
in putting the lime at the bottom of the
cask i3 that iho lye may pass through it,
and that thus it may deprive it of any car
bonic acid it may contain, and which would
prevent it from combining with tho grease
and forming soap. Lime has a stronger
affinity fto use tho lunaim nf ihn
ists, and making soap is a chemical process)
iur uuruomc aciu man potash ha, there
fore it will retain it when leached through
it and allow the potash or lyo to run offln
its pure caustic state.
There is one thing moro, besides car
bonic acid, which is in tho wav of making
good soop. It is tho salt which is often
mixed wilh the grease. This should be
carefully separated by boiling it in a kettle
with a quantity of water, by which means
the salt will unite with thn 'wfitpr. nm! Innup
the grease in a nroner condiiinn fur mivinrr
with the lye With proper care to free
ine lye irom carDonic acid, and the grease
from salt, a barrel of fino annn mm; tin
made to every fifteen or twenty poundd of
If tllOSO who mnU-n ennn iunnt.1 el.,,l
chemistry thoroughly, nnd attend to tho
luiufjuuig pinm ruies, wo should probably
hear little moro about "bad luck," "the
wrong time of the moon." "ivimlimr
and half a dozen other supposed causes of
uuu soap. reopie's Magazine.
If you would avoid a waste in vour fam
My, attend to the following rules ; and do
not despiso them because they appear so
umiiiMoriuiu, "many a uitio makes a
When ivory handled knives turn yellow,
rub them with nice sand paper or emery j
it will take off spots, and restore tho white
ness.' Silk pocket handkerchiefs, nnd deep blue
factory, will not fade if dipped in salt
vvuii-i wiiim now.
Lamps will have a less disagreeable
smcii, it you dip iho wick yarn in slron
hot vinegar and let it drv.
Clean a brass kettle before using it fo
cooking, with salt and vinegar.
The oftcner carocta arn shnknn ilm
longer they wear; the dirt that collects
unucr mem grtnus ine inroad.
Linen ras?3 should be narnfull" cnoml
they are useful in sickness; if dirty or
worn, wasn uicm anu scrape them into lint
Vials which have been used for medicine
should bo put into cool ashes and water
boiled and suffered to cool before rinsed.
Cotton, wet with sweet oil and paragnric
relieves the car a alio very soon. Jllrs
The Borax lairnnna nf Tnar-nnu nm
pntll nil tn n llntn ml Jncn. nlmn 'ni
aro unioue ill Etiron. if not in th ivnrM'
- - Mwoi.1 ifuuu. inuyiuu; uuu uuu uiiuiiiimi, 01 considerable emi
------ r -..-w ui
equal importance to Great Britain, as an
imnnrt. and tn Tusnnnu. na nn nvnn.i
anu meir produce nas oecomc an article o
ImDOrt. and to lusennv. na nil nvnnri
They are spread over a surfaco of about
thirty miles, and exhibit, from the distance,
columns of vapor, more or less according
to tho season of the year and state of the
weather, which nso in largo volumes
amongst the recesses of Iho mountains
as you approacu me lagoons, tho earth
upiit-uio iu piiui uui uuiiuig waiur as irom ing oiaio 'All, Jemmy, vjiu needn't do
Volcanoes of Various sizes, in n vnrir.lv nCLnisn ilin uihunl ('... i n a
volcanoes of various sizes, in a variety o
son, out principally oi chalK and sand
run iinnr. in inn immmiinin m iinnnmi
intolerable, and you aro drenched by tho
vapour which impregnates tho atmosphero
wiiu a nnuiiu uuu Buinewnai su inniirnin
smell. The whole sceno is one of ternhln
violence and confusion tho noisv ouihrnnk
nf tho boilinir clement tho rummd n nrl
agitated surfaco the volumes of vapour
iho iinprcgnatod atmosphere the rush of
waters among the bleak and solitary moun
tains. Tho ground, which burns and
shakes beneath your fool, is covered with
beautiful crvstalizations of suluhnr nnd
other minorals. Tho character bonoath
tho surface at Mount Cerbole is that of
the black marl streaked with chalk, irivinir
it at a short distance tho oppearanco of
variegated marble. Formerly tho nlaco
WrH mirnriliwl llV llm nrnicnnlia' na Ilin nn.
trnno.n In hull, n snnniaiiiinn ilariviul. nn
doubt from vory ancient times; for the
principal lagoons ami mo neignuunu vui-
cano elill bear the namo of Monte Oerorne,
(JUons Cerberi.) Tho peasantry never
quarts Ijeruen.) ino pco-oam. j imvui INDIA KOSHER N E WSPAP F.K3. Id tfOSt'ln
paaa by the 6pot without turning their. Courier h.ia cimmeneed publish iur; some of us co
heads and praying for Iho protection oft pica on tins ui.ncriall Wh.it next t 1'hcy ate lo
tho virgin. Tho borax lagoons havo boon1 1,0 etl,t 10 11,0 Com oi' Euiopo.
brought into their present profit
wiintn a very tew years ; scoit
immense district, t hoy havei
property ol "an active tndivj
derel, to whom they arc a ai
more valuable, perhaps, ac
capricious than any tnina
fy less
Br that
t.ui.u vm i uiu uii93UB8i:s-r(ie process
nf manufacture is simple, and is effectou
Mexico or I'eru rmsscsscS
those instruments which tho neiirhhnr-
od itself nrcs'jnts. In llmsn snnta nrli.
cial lagoons are formed bv tho introduc-
Hon or tho mountain .streams. Tho
vapour keeps tho walerconinually
Tho hot
toiling cbulition, and after it has received
is impregnation during twenty-four hours
t the most elevated laroon. tho contents
ire allowed to descend to the noeond
igoon, where n second impregnation takos
place, and then to the third, &c, till it
reaches tho lowest rncontnnln. nnd hnvinrr
.1. . .. . . ' - . ."."
r muo usai;u lllluull iruuirjix IO Ullll IB-
goons, it has reached one half per cent, of
I , , l,.: i r
inus passeu mrough troin six lo oight la-
he boracic acid.
Tl ia lUn l.n,r 1 .U !
I iuii.iiui iuu iu w,u ruHt-rvuirs,
from whence, alter a few hours rest 'it is
I U, IUH IIUUIB lUObllb 19
xr.ntmitn.1 In lk. .: ...l
I ww.i.wjwu in uiu cvuuuruiiu pans, wnero
the hot vapor concentrates the strength of
ilm n;.i h., i 1" i...
v.. v. mm, u iui-ainjr ullucr MlilHUW leauctl
vessels, from the boiling fountains above,
which it quits at a heatof eighty degrceaof
Dn. ...... I :. ri ' b. .
iviiuuiuiii, mm 19 uisuiiargeii ai a neat 01
sixty degrees. There arc from ten to twen-
V nans, in each of which thn rnncpntrnlinn
becomes greater at every descent, till it
passes to the crystallizing vessels, from
whence it is carried to tho drying-rooms.
wneii auer two or mree hours, it becomes
ready to pack for cxDortatinn. Th num
ber of establishments is nine. Tho whole
amount produced varies from 7000lbs. to
OOOOIbs. lof twelve oz.) per day. Tho pro
duce does not appear susceptible of much
extension, as mo wiiolo ot tho water is
turned to account. The atmosphere has,
however, some influence on tho result. In
bright and clear weather, whether in win
ter or summer, ine vapours are less denso
but the depositions of boracic acid in tho
logoons are greater. Increased vapours
indicate unfavorable change of weather,
and the lagoons-are infallible barometers
to the neighborhood, even at a great dis
tance, serving to regulate the proceedings
of tho peasantry in their agricultural pur
suits. It had been lont? sunnosed thnt ihn
boracic acid was not to be found in tho va
pours of the lagoon; and when it is seen
how small the proportion of acid mustori.
ginally bp, it will not bo wondered at that
its existence should have escaped attention.
In tho lowest of the lagoons, after fivo, six,
and in some cases a greater number of im
pregnations, the quantity of boracic acid
given out docs not exceed ono half per cent,
thus, if the produce bo estimated al 75,000
llj3. per day, the quantity of saturated wa
ter daily discharged is l,500,000lbs. Tus
can, or 500 tons of English.
Tho lagoons are ordinarily excavated by
tho mountnineers of Lombardy, who emi
grate into Tuscany during the winter sea
son, when their native Appenines are covn
ercd with snow. They gain about ono
Tuscan lira per day. But tho works aro
conducted, wlnn in operation, by natives,
all married, and who occupy houses attach
ed 10 the evaporating pans. They wear a
common uniform, and their health is "oner
ally good. A great improvement Tn tho
cultivation, and a great increase in tho val.
uo of tho neighboring soil, has naturally
followed the introduction of ihe manufac
ture of tho boracic acid. A xUo of wages
has accompanied the new demand fur labor;
much land has been brought into cultiva
tion by now directions given to the streams
of smaller rivers. Before the boracic lakes
were turnod to profitable account, their fe
tid 6moll, their frightful appearance, agita
ting the earth around them by ceaseless
explosions of boiling water, and not less
ihe terrors with which superstition invest
ed them, made the lagoons to bo regarded
as public nuisances, and gave to the sur
rounding country a character which alien
ated all nttempls at improvement. Nor
were the Ingoons without real and positivo
dangers, for tho loss of life was certain
where man or beast had the misfortune to
tall into any ol those boiling baths. Cases
I (Vnm.niiihi nxn.iJ in i.
.!. I I :.. ..r . . r .
nenco. met a horrible death hv l.ninrr nm.
I cipitatcd into one of the lagoons. Logs
uiimivu mi" uuu ui uiu IllgOOnS. LiOgS
wore not unfrequonlly lost by a false step
ini ii.n cm.lln. I : i . r. K
into tho smaller pit palizze) where before
ihe foot could bo withdrawn, the flesh
would bo scnaraicd from tho bone. Dr.
Bnxorins's Rennrl on. the Statistics nf Tm.
cany, Lucca, &c.
'All. JemmV .' HHII n rmnil mmmn In linr
ep.n, then nn eminent Jud-ro in a neighbor-
if spiso the wheel, fur I spun 'many a day to
buuu you to oonoge.
Spots. It is perhaps not generally
""own mat a pteou ol blotting paper,
Crunmlml Inrrnllipr In inL-r il firm, nml incr
wetted, will tako ink out of mahogany.
KUD me spot hard witn (tie wetted paper,
when it instantly disappears, and tho white
mark from tho operatioii may be immedi
ately romoved by rubbing thu table with a
A Translation The song of tho
thrush has hoen rendered in good English
by Iho N. E. Farinor, as follows .-
Cheerily O. cuecrily O tiveodlo, tweedle, tweedle;
l'Mity Trudy, pretty Pi tidy, pretty I'rudy ;
Sec, see, see I litllo Jo, litilojn,
Kissing Judy, kissing Judy, kissing Judy !
A Goop 'un. -The latest wo have
heard IS of n mnn who ia eii fnl ilmi lin
can't reach his knee, and when a musquito
bites it he has to hire a boy to scratch it
for him.
India Rubber Newspai f.ks, Tha Bost'in

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