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NOT THE GLORY OP CJHSAR V T THE WELFARE OP ROME.
BY H. B. STACY. FRIDAY, .TULY 6, 1838. VOL. XII No. 576 From the London Evangelical Magazine. T HE COM PASS. Tlio dorm wa louil bcfjru llie blast Ourgall.ini l.it k was tlritcn: Their foaming eicsi the billows renr'd; And not emu friendly star appeal M Through nil l lm vault ol licavcn. Yet dauntless still l lie steersman stood, Ami gii.M willintit n sifin, "When-, pois'd on needle bright and slim, Ami 1 i t 1 1 1 u-1 1 by a lantern dim, Tliu compass meets hid eye. Thence taught Ilia d.irkgomo course to slccr, He bro.ilh'd no viah for day I Hut bravM the whirlwind's headlong might, IN or once throughout t lie dismal night To fear or doubt gave way. And what ia oft the Christian's life, Dut slorm as dat k and drear, Thro' which, without one bliicsomo ray Of worldly blisa to cheer his way, Ho must his vessel etecr. Yet let him ne'er to sorrow yield, lo r in the eacrcd page A compass shines, divinely true, Anil pelf-illumined greets his view, Amidst the tempest's rage. Then firmly let him grap the helm, Though loud the billows roar ; And soon, his toil and I roubles pact, His anchor he shall safely cast On Canaans happy shore. PETER. SNUG. A SPECULATION 6T0IIY. Thcro is something nftcr all in n name that hns always struck us forcibly in mat ters involving dollars and cunts or what is commonly cnHcd finance, and it may be well by way of preface to call attention to this tuaUer. though it may have little to do with the fads about to be stated, further than to carry conviction to the minds ol the skeptical. 'Tis said on very high authority, that "a rose by any other name will smell as sweet ;" this may bo so ns regards roses, but so sure arc we as respects men that a name given in infancy has so much to do with the future worldly destiny of its owner, that wc deem it of the utmost im portance that parents should "look to it," especially those parents who look forward to the hope of seeing their children prosper in the world. Wo put the question to you, gentle reader, and ask if in tho wide range of your acquaintance, either personal or by liear eay, you ever knew or heard of a person by the name of Algernon, Morti- more, bdgorton, Frederick, Augustus, Lu gene, Alonzo, and the like, who proved capable of earning a dollar, or whose note on bis own credit was ever discounted in a bank ? There is neither 'credit' 'hard currency' in sdi names ; they may onswer very well in a halt room, or m poems or novels, and thus far arc found useful but in Wall street on ' Change in Banks, any where in fact where things arc weighed accurately, they are not worth a cent, and never have been within our memory, and we never expect to see any chango in this estimate. To give a boy then a fair chance, don't trammel him with n name call him John, James, George, Thomas, Samuel, Joseph, Robert, or above nil these Piter. He may Eticcced with cither of these names, and as he becomes old, slip into that metallic charm of rccog nition, 'as good B3 old 'Jonny,' 'Jimmy,' 'Tommy,' 'Sammy,' 'Josey,' and 'Hobby,' but to make sure of entire success, a name that has never yet failed to our knowledge, coll him Peter, leach him the simple rules of arithmetic 03 lar as the 'rule of three, nnd that is all he will ask or require in the Ehapc of patrimony. It may be that a latno foot, a cock eve a hump back or an extremely ugly face from childhood, may answer nearly as well, but to make assurance doubly sure by all means call one of your boys Pclcr, nnd if you have moro than one, keep ns near to Pclcr as possible,, and if by accident Peter Bhould die young' (an instance by the- way of a rare occurrence) fill his place immedi ately, and never let n family grow to man hood without the advantages of that all important name so powcrlul do we con eider its influence on tho energies of its possessor, that it will save even the most fanciful name from discredit if permitted to stand first that is you may 'track on' to Peter almost any name, from 'Augustus' to 'Alonzo,' and it will save it from discredit or injury Peter in fact is liko salt, pre- ecrvalivc and conservative, and now wc think of it, and it never perhaps, to this end has been before noticed. Even salt with all its claims, fails to perform the superior duties of 'Salt Peter' but to our ctory. It may bo remembered that a few years fiincc a serious misunderstanding aroso between England anil tho Dutch, at tho period when Antwerp was invested by tho French, and when old Uliasso dclcnded liimeelf so nobly in tho citadel. It may bo remembered that at that timo also, our Hanks were paying specio, JNicho las Biddlc ami tho Dank of the United States wcro in full feather, nnd money in ioci was bb cheap as cats meat, nnd capi talist8 wore put to their trumps to find profitable employment; (and times by tho way never ore worse than when capital goca a begging,) it ,vas at this particular period that our eastern lirnthrnn worn on the sharp look out ; and brushing tho dust from their spccloclcs every arrival from j-iuropo brought accounts of tho 'sicgo of "'""' I'- a"o achcldt was blockaded, and John Bull was bringing into port richly loaded Dutch ships from Batnvia ntid hold mg mum ln'duranco vile;' whilo at tho eamO timo sevcrnl lnrrro frlnnio inl,;n chips under Dutch flags and deeply loadod with cofloc and upiccs, took refuge in New York to await coming event. Every thing in fact looked forward with strong hopes nnd promises that nmratime difficul. lies wcro on the tapis; and Jonathan was 'wulo nwake.' Such events could scarcoly bo expected to pass him liko a summer's cloud nnd not excite his special wonder; be thought ho saw that good things wcro about to drop somnwhoro, nnd in, such a ense hew-as unwilling that his lisli should be bottom upwards. At such a period it is worth n journey on foot, to go 'down cast' and sec how things nioyo nmoiig men ; how a wortl or question or opinion is turned and twisted nnd scanned. It is nt such periods in n word, when all I ho old Peters are wnichcd by the young Peters anil when a wink is ns good as a nod. Well, it was at that identical period when our hero, old 'Peter Snug' made a movement which furnished the matter for this history ; we say history, not story, for it is all tact, and wo pttv tlw man who doubts it. Pctor Snug, had been in his day among the most active in his native city; be began when it was only n totcn and lived to sco it a city and lives to hear it called in its just pride the 'Emporium;' long may he live, nnd if further honors are in store for it may ho livo to enjoy them. I'ctcr tiling was all Ins name implied, lie was horn to it or thanks to his parents, ho was moat fortunately christened to it. He wns rich, very rich, nnd of that happv class who acquire wealth without being charged by any with having obtained it by treading on other people's toes; a sure evidence that ho obtained hi3 wealth by asking simply n contribution to his honest industry, prudence and sagacity. Peter had a pretty country place a lew miles from the city, and there of late years he devoted a portion of tho hours of his leisure, if so they might be called, for ho was as busy there as in the city, which ho visited daily nnd was as early in bis office ns the rosi dent citizen. lie was not exactly engaged in commerce at the timo, but he was re cognized ns ready for any thing that looked reliable, if not fur himself nt least for his sons, who wore strung along the continent from the Homestead to the Creek nation ; he was supposed at least to keep a close view of passing events; hence, in the stirring times ol that day, an enquiry or remark, or opinion of his did not escape notice. On the arrival of every mail he was watched by every attention, his track from the post office to the insurance office, where he would retire to read his letters, would be followed by tho seemingly casual friend, who would accidentally drop in to inquire tho news. On Ecveral occasions he was positively seen to open letters dated at Antwerp, via London ; ho would "ive the dates, but gave no further information He used to go on 'change and ask freely regarding 'news from Antwerp,' and his most pointed enquiries wcro such as con cerned tho 'probable continuance of the blockade of tho Scheldt ;' and it was nsccr tained that so deeply was be interested in this matter, that he actually had extended bis inquiries to Washington nnd to the highest authorities there. What did all this mean ? What could it mean in fact, but that he had some deep laid plan, in volving vast speculations dependent upon coming events for days he spoke of foreign affairs only in connection with the Scheldt and Antwerp and although vorious qacs- lions were put to him touching Isatavia and cofl'oe voyages ns connected therewith, tho very disregard he seemingly manifested wns only a stronger evidence of the querist that the Scheldt and Antwerp where the mere incidents to something deeper and more distant. There was no resisting the self-evident fact that he must have some thing on foot of deep importance, having positive connection with tho blockade which was a contingent at least -but what thai was involved a puzzle a man of mil lions and a clear head and a circle of sons and one bearing bis own name and Peter himself a deep one never known to waste timo or words upon idlo gossip, it was clear that something was on loot that was worth knowing it was to clearly ascertain what this something wns that furnished tho "quid nuncs" with full em ployment ; they could not yet plainly see a chnnco of a 'Vyge,' but tho air was full of tliroatcnings and promise, nnd to add to this Peter Snug was stirring in tho matter. lie answered no questions savo such, nnd in such a way, ns only lead to a further puzzle, tho end and point of his enquiries boing simply to ascertain from others when they supposed the blockade of the Scheldt would bo raised and what their opinion was of its probable continuance 'their last dates from A"tworp 'from England,' France, Russia, any where in fact that spoke of Antwerp and the Scheldt and tho blockade thereof, would be inquired of by him with tho greatest anxiety. It was of a Saturday, at tho close of morning business, when a whole week of intense curiosity was coming to n cloeo, that a circle of active men of business, who had agreed to "go snacks" In an opera tion based on information obtained from Peter Snug, assembled by appointment, and on comparing notes found that ench had gono just ns far ua his associate, whilst all were euro and unanimous in tho belief, that Bomethintr was to bo ascertained worthv of their efforts, nnd so it was con eluded that two or thrco of the shrewdest of them should follow Peter to his country nlaco. nnd. under tho uuiso of recreation avail themselves of his hospitality, admire i s imnrovoment8. and three IV or inuircctiy worm out tho actual cause nnd motivo of his groat anxiety regarding Antworp, and tho Scheldt, and the blockado thereof; and not to leave linn till thoso facts wore clonrly ascertained ; nnd bo strongly was this duty imposed by soma, that it was shrewdly suspected that already a few of them, unknown to tho rust, had actually jumped at n conclusion and acted on his i own hook and this suspicion may not havo been groundless. However, "the deputa tion" departed, and after an ngrecablo ride, trapped in by accident, just after dinner. Peter was nn early oalcr, nnd never wnstnd timo nt table ho wan out on his grounds. The deputation walked into tho parlor by invitation ol the "help" nnd looking around ono of the deputies discovered a small ad joining room, winch boro tho double name ol ollice and library, and ho just looked in from curiosity, and beckoning to bis asso ciate.", they nil entered, nnd hero wns "con firmation strong as proofs of holy writ." Un Hie table lay a map opened, embra cing Flanders and the Unities and strowed around on the same table, wcro various cuttings from newspapers, nnd newspapers themselves, all containing articles on the subject of tho existing contest. And ns if to conlirm and strengthen tho suspicion further, and to show that Antwerp was uppermost in all things, iffurthcr confirma tion wcro necessary, there lay on the tnblc a book on fruit trees, opened nt the page Antwerp.' One ol the nowspapcrs had evi dently, jut boon received, and of tho latest date, from New York, marked on tho en velope, by tho hand that had sent it, 'latest news regarding Antwerp." As this was not a sealed letter, and newspapers being considered "fair game," and not embraced "in the statutes," ono of them took the liberty of opening it, and found it contained what its superscription indicated, "Latest advices from Antwerp." "What a cun ning fox," exclaimed one. ''He knows, no doubt, every thing regarding the blockade, nnd bus in his possession every information of the latest dates." "No wonder," says another "that he counts his millions when wc sco how many sources of information he puts under requisition whon bo makes a government." "Look here,'' says a third he has here even tables showing the com parative range of tho thermometer of all that region of country, and can (ell to, a day when the Scheldt will probably freeze over." And so alter interchanging their several convictions, they took a new depar ture and traced our hero to his grounds. After a short walk they found him busily engaged in superintending some workmen preparing ground and digging holes along the sunny side of a high wall. Ho wns exceedingly happy to sec bis city friends, and they as warmly reciprocated his kind ness and cordial welcome, JJut a few mo ments past cro tho wholo partv were neck and heels into the stirring subject of the day, "the Suige of Antworp and the block ndc of the Scheldt." "Upon tho whole," says Peter Snug, "1 have about come to the conclusion that that matter is pretty nearly the end of tho bobbin, nnd ns for England taking a hand, in it, I don't sco what she is to gain by capturing Dutch ships and confiscating or detaining them, for I suppose they arc all pretty much in. sunn! at Lloyd's, nnd in that case England might as well bo throwing gildors at Dutch glass lights to break them. In fact,'" says he, ''my last advises give mo every assurance that, the next arrival will bring me my Fruit Trees, and I'm ready for tlieiu Look here," ho continued, "hero I intend planting the pears, and hero tho peaches: they are all 'wall fruit,' the finest fruit in creation if they succeed, and this I think is a grand position for them, don't you think so?" nnd with that he drew from bis pock et a parcel of letters and among them the identical dates before alluded to and otic of the deputies with "green spectacles and side lights," recognized the same letters he had before seen in a sly glance at N. E. Insurance Office, and which contained ns he supposed, a "prcfortna" nc't sales, was now frankly read over and proved to con tain n list of sundry "wall fruit tress" po. culiar Antwerp, and a long and accurate description of tho mode nnd method of planting and trw'mthcm. "By the yenr 1033, gentlemen." continued Peter Snug. I'll have great pleasure in giving you a bite of some of the finest fruit within 20 miles of Boston. But I havo been con foundedly puzzled of late about this unfnr. tunato interruption, nud until within a day or two I wns afraid that what with block ades of the Scholdt by tho English, and the investment of tho citadel by tho French and old Gen. Ghassc's stubborness, some plnugy difficulty would grow up eo as to prevent my trees coming at all; but 1 be Itcve it is now drawing to a close, and my son at New York writer- mo that ho is sure they will como bv the "Susan and Caroline" expected to leave Antwerp on the 15th of this month. "Uouloiind their folly," added ho, "getting up troubles just as my trees wcro packed and ready for shipment. 1 don't know when I have been so. much aiinnyeu nnu puzzled, i would not miss having those trees this spring for all tho cofl'un ships England has detained, and as for that old blockhead Chasso, ho might known thcro was no resisting the French and why on earth has lie attempted it; upon the wholo," concluded Potor Snug, "I don't know that I ever beforo foil so sen sibly tho importance of free trade, and no obstructions and blockaucs to rivers Having said thus much,' ho turned and gavo his workmen further directions regarding tho depth of holes, and to be careful to supply a sufficient quantity of garden soil, and then kindly invited his visitors to return to tho houso nnu tnko a dish of tea, as tho sun was just beginning to get dust in its oyes, jiut strange to say tho' nbundanco of timo permitted, they wcro all desirous to got back to town bo foro mail closing and as early as practieu bio, and so they bado 'good afternoon' and cut stick ;' ono chaiso taking tho road via Cambridge and over tho ' Mill dam" road and tho other via Charles River ' free bridgo.1 What their occupation wns that night or tho next day (being Sunday) 1 wont pro tend to say; it is presumed (hey wont to church somewhere, though their usual scalt wcro vacant, and it was reported that bud dry express riders wcro teen passing to neighboring cities, nnd for a few days there after n considerable amount of rascals were forced and charters annulled, and excitement incident to unknown cauies prevailed for nine dnys or moro "hithoi nnd yon." About a month nftcrwards fiuu enough "a lot of fruit trees," snugly packed in straw arrived in the 'Susan and Caroline,' at New York, marked P. S. in a diamond, direct from Antwerp, and wore forwarded to their destination, nhnut which time this story leaked out, and which would have been before told but for the fear that pri vate credit would have been shaken in quarters where injury might come unneces sarily. The only percnution Peter Snug acted on and which ho took occasion to bint to his Pons when enquiry was made of him was "Dont trust so and so till nftcr you have had a tastoof my Antwerp wall fruit, by which timo wc shall all know the result ol speculations Hint may have taken place based on the sicgo of Antwerp and the blockado of the Scheldt." SPEECH OF MR. SEVIER, Of Arkansas, in reply to Mr. Allen, of Ohio, upon resolutions calling for infor mation as to the debtors to the Hanks in the District, of Columbia, their official station in the Government, S;c. Mr. Scvcirsaid that for tho last ton years no Mibjoct in this country, go far as bis knowledge extended, bad been so complete ly exhausted in the way of argument, nnd want of argument, by politicians, by editors, by Fniatterers, and by party hacks, as the everlasting topic of banks and their abuses. The Senate, 1 think, (said Mr. S.) will bear mo witness, that for that length of time, at least, the public havo been permit ted to think of but little if anything else. Sir, it has been a bank fight nil the time. Having arraigned, tried, convicted, nnd hung by the neck, ns a felon, tho Bank of tho United Stales, and having no other Cte-ar to encounter, wo are now to be led. it seems, into a crusade against tho local banks of this District. Yes, sir, upon the question of ro-cbartcring a half dozen banks in this District, with a capital of about a million and a half of dollars, it seems wc are to have a full discussion upon the policy of banking; that wc are to be en terlained with violent harangues about bank god3 and bank monsters, and bribery and corruption in the members of Congress. These arc tho "raw heads and bloody bones," the windmills that wc havo to en counter ; nnd for what purpose? Wo arc to reject the applications for these charters, it is said, or encumber them with such onerous conditions that the stock-holders will not accept of them, in order, as we have been told, that we may give the Stales a sulularii lesson upon the subject of bank ing. It is desirable, it is said, to make these charters a model, an example lor the Stntcs to follow. A model! An example for the Stales to follow! Sir, have any of the States solicited our opinion on this sub ject ? Have any of them asked us for mod. els or for examples for them to follow? Have they asked ns to think lor them to roviso, criticise and condemn their legisla tion? No. sir; they have asked no such things at our hands. They want none of our advice, for mmy of them think that wc have already usurped many prerogatives righllv belonging to them ; nnd, in my opinion, they arc not disposed to submit quietly to any farther encroachments upon their sovereignty by us. It is possible that some of tho States may be so confiding, so tame and submissive, as to follow implicitly the ndvice nnd orders promulgated by their Senators from this Chamber. But 1 ilimk I can answer for ono little gallant State who carries the game cod;, nmongothcr devices, upon her coat of arms, thai she will never submit to any such nrrogancc or usurpation i mio never will so lar degrade herself as to permit her benator.-, with im nunitv. tu criticise, revise, or condemn nor legislation. She wants no advice, or cx atopics or models from her servants. She herself will judgo ot t lie propriety or tier own legislative actions. Admit that the States bayc acted indis erectly, docs it become us, who are their creatures, to taunt them lor their mislur tuncp, or chide them for their want of wis dom? No, sir; I for one am for shaping my legislation hero to correspond to the opinions and wishes of my State, so far as I understand them. 1 am not lor sculping and tomahawking the local banking institu lions. On the contrary, I am lor lostoring and protecting them as far ns a generous liberal policy may dictate. I do this that the States may fully understand that wo aro not only not hostile, but nro friendly to their banking institutions. 1 do this, sir to heal tho breaches that havo been inude in our party ranks; to regain our lost con fidcr.ee in the public estimation; and, moro than all, as 1 believe tho truo policy and interest of tho country depend upon it, I do this to presorvu tho ascendency ot the do tnocracy of tho country. I believe, sir. that tho Inlsc impression in the public mi ml that wc arc hostile to tho local banks, has boon mainly tho cause of our lato political disasters. We have been beaten in nearly every quarter. Whole Stales have left us, And tt this false impression is still enter. tained, I consider that wa have witnessed, not the end, mil the beginning of our dy eats, TIiceo tiro my impressions ; good, of course only for what they aro worth. To hcu our party oncu moro united, to sou them again victorious. I mn iirenarcd to make any sac- rificu short of principle, of duty and of honor. Tho Senator from Ohio has introduced his string of resolutions, which 1 tun now consiuuring, with tho doituio view oi uu troying tho Innks nnd o proving that the mends ol thu3o institutions havo noon uriu oil into their support of thorn, tea, sir, bribed ! bribed into their oupport of llicin. Ho wished m conceal from tho people his 1 unconquerable hostility to theso banku, and Ins efforts for their destruction, by nrtfully raising a lino and cry ngainst the Members of Congress and officers of tho Government. Ho seems to take it for granted that no man can vote for a bank charter without a bribe. He seems to think thai patriotism, that disinterested action, on such n subject, is a mere gull trnp, a popular catch, a ghost story that may servo tho valuable purpose of nmusing old women and quieting little children. For myself, sir, 1 have no confi. dencn in such unjust, ungenerous, nnd foul suspicions. I ontortnin a more exalted opinion of my associates in this body ; and, if I wishrd to bo personal, which I do not, I should remind the honorable Senator of the adage, that those who chargo others with a want of virtue ore almost invariably Icslituto ot that commodity themselves. Sir, members of Congress bribed ! I de test such unfounded, stale, and hypocritical insinuations, which every honorable man has but to heat to disbelieve and condemn. If the Senator knows of any Senator who has received a bribe, let him rise in his place nnd point bis finger at the man, and not by a sweeping, general insinuation, cast censure upon ihc whole body of which be is a member. Lot us havo no general warrants or indefinite charges. Suppose it should turn out that a member of Con gress bad borrowed or owes a bank, docs it follow that to be in debt to such an insti tutiou is a crime? Is it a crying sin lobe in debt? If it is an evidence of corruption, there a great many corrupt sinners in our country. Wholo States, even General Govern moiits, upon this principle, nrc corrupt and bribed communities; and Ohio amongst the rest. If the Senate is for denouncing Uiofc who may happen to be in debt, let him take the bull by the horns, and denounce his own State; for Ohio is a debtor. I met her agents, a few days ago in Wall-st., INcw York, where 1 had gono on tho same business for my own State, negotiating a loan lor some millions ; and with whom, Mr. President, do you suppose they nego ciatcd their loan ? They sold their State bonds to Prime, Ward and King, the money caterers lor the Bank of England. Yes, sir, with the lords and ladies of Great Britain ; tho same from Mr. Nicholas Bid die obtains bis loans to feed and fatten his monster. Is there any thing corrupt in this in borrowing moncv of a foreign bank ? Or will the Senator attempt to ius, tify it, upon the ground it is roguery and murder for an individual to steal from or kill another, but it is famous, brave, and heroic, if a nation or State murders thou sands and robs a kingdom? It must be justified UDon this principle if upon any fair 1 consider it no crime for ciUicra State, a Government, or citizen, who forms a part ot a btato uovernment. to borrow money ot banks, or from anv other nuartcr. Banks, like merchants, have their custom ers, and they will deal with them as long as it is for their interest to do so, and no longer. Sir, many gentlemen oppose banks on constitutional grounds. Those who hold these opinions, I respect and confined to a certain description of banks, I am with them in opinion. Their opposition is of n high and manly character, and elicits rc spud from ever.v quarter. Others, not en tcrtaining constitutional scruples, oppose bank3 becauso they are so wealthy that they require no aid from them. They aro disposed to turn brokers or shavers them selvo, nnd monnpolizo the trade in money at usurious interest. The hanks aro in their way, and henco their opposition And to these may be added another clajs, who nro opposed to banks. These nre thoso who havo neither property, nor char acter, and on these accounts arc unable to effect a loan of a bank ; aad hence they aro found cursing banks, morning, noon nnd night, and if wo look over the country, we shall find that this latter class frequently make up a considerable portion of the anti b-ink forces. There are others, 1 know, belonging to neither of these classes, who aro against banks upon principle ; they be. lievc banking to be wrong ; yet wo often find that it so happens that some of them find it convenient sometimes to borrow small sums for chnrt periods from banks. Aro they corrupt ? Mr. President, when I camo to my scat in the Senato this morning, I had no idea of making a speech. I voted to lay the resolution upon tho table, and shall vote Wagainst on its passage. I havo troubled the Senatu longer than I expected, lint when I heard tho resolution read, nnd beard the Senator's speech, 1 thought it my duty to rise in my place and enter my protest against tho inquisition it proposes. From the Portsmouth Journal. EXTRAVAGANT EXPENDITURE. Wo cannot wonder at the slato of the National Finances, when wo sco such i waste of public money by the people's scr vants at Washington, as is indicated in the following extract : "The speech of Mr. Ilalstcd unfolds the extravagant expenditures of tho present administration, nnd shows by what methods the people s money is wasted. 1 no statu monls in this speech aro incontrovortfble tho administration papers do not dony nny ono of them, but say that tho exnenses nro just nud economical. Wc shall givu some of tlio items which Mr. Ilalstcd enumer ates." For ii jot d'eau (ornatiicntnl water spouts) UK)0 For papering tlio "East Room," 090 Fur painting tho hall and passage at tlio president's houso, fjix chairs for a room in tho capitol for tho Vico President, nt g30 picco, Two solas for the 3amo room, Two marblo slabs, Besides two uplonded mahogany 1000 100 200 200 Book'Casoa, eplonded curtains, 1 clmntlalior, looking glass, carpet, etc. etc (probably.) 400 For the "American Turf Register" for tho Secretary or State go vcar, T. 30 lit 104 747 Throe portraits of Van Bilrcn, Ine for tho Treasury Department, For tho newspapers for tho various per year, Totnl, g6,0G9 ''Those nre all small items, to be sure; but from them can bo judged tho general tendency of the administration to a very free expenditure of tho people's money, whilo that, very people arc nearly in a stata of starvation and despair." "Ono Hundred Dollars worth of ico for tho Treasury Department ! Tho riddle is Bolved." Withont doubt every man, woman end child, connected with nny officer of the Treasury Department, is furnisher! with "ICE" at the expense ot tho people! This is a delightful luxury in hot weather: but it is ono which not one man in five thousand habitually enjoys in New Hamp shire ; and wc 6C0 no more reason why tho people should pay for tho Secretary of thoTrcasury'tf 'ICE' than for his ice cream, or his champniguo and oystors! From ihc Mnino Farmer. USE OF SWAMP MUCK. Mr. Holmes: I have noticed in tho forty-fourth number of the present volume ol the Maine Farmer, that a friond wiehes to know whether muck which is composed of decayed leaves, root and other vegeta ble matters, will do as a dressing for land without boing previously mingled with ani mal manure? As I have ucd much of tho muck in years past, I will try and answer "from, actual experience." I hauled direct from tho swamp, one winter, about 200 loads upon a piece of land of different qualities, varying from a mock, or dark black soil, to an open, porous, gravelly elevation. On tho black soil, it has done nothingthe soil naturally abounded in muck. But on the gravelly i-levation it has done much to enrich llie soil. Its benefits vary much on different soils. I should not put it on wet land in any case it is labor thrown away, without it. is mixed with animal manuref; and in that case, the manuro will do aa well without the muck. I should bu in faror of laying the muck in the barn or bog yard for a season, for the purposo of destroying tho weeds and 6ceds with which it abounds. I have found when I havo hauled muck direct from'lbc swamp nn my lands, that I havo introduced many of the wild grasses and weeds that are hard to be subdued. In conversation with one of my neigh borsa farmer who has had 6orao experi ence in muck ho told me that when ho commenced operations on the farm on which he now lives, that be ploughed a light dry piece of ground in the fall of tho year ; and being short of manure, he haul" ed what he had on half of tho piece, and then went to the meadow and hauled muck on the other half, and in the spring following' planted the piece to corn. lie further says, that thai pari of tho piece that was dressed with muck, produced as good corn, and little tho best wheat; and held out as well for grass, as thai dressod with manuro from the barn. I will make an extract from an article in the Oth vol. of the N. E. Farmer, (signed W. II. Catskill, N. Y.. 1030,) page 27. The writer savs, 'Last fall I carted several loads of muck on a knoll of loam, and put it in one heap, though I think it would havo been better to havo dropped ono load only in a place (I think so, too.) In tho spring, prior to planting corn, tho muck was spread and ploughed under- i no crop of corn, where the muck was spread, was large I thought larger than where barn yard manuro was put. A neighboring; farmer hns mado use of muck for several years. Tho first year be thought it equal to barn-yard manure, and its effects wero percciva'blu a much longer timo. Tho soil on which the muck was put, was a warm gravelly loam. Tho muck was used by another neighbor, ing farmer, for manuring corn in tho hill, in tho following manner: A row of each, alternately, ono of muck, one of barn yard manure, and one of bog manure. Ho as sured me the corn was much tho best ma nured willMhe muck. The soil a sandy loam.' Tho, Piehce. Rcadfield, January 1030. Silk Riiuion in great perfection is man. ufactured by Messrs. S. &. T. Whitmarsh, at, their Factory near South Street Bridge. Tho loom used was constructed by Mr. F. Downing, of Enfield, nnd a moro perfoct and beautiful piece of machinery wo have, rarely soon. It is capablo of weaving fourteen picocs of Ribbon of different widths at tho samo timo and it docs weavo exquisiicly. Sonic specimens which wo have in our possession, the product of this machine, aro not surpassed by any Ribbon of Foreign manufacture. This branch of business, ns well as tho manulacture of Scwin" Silk, promises to be a very lucra tive buViucsj to tho enterprising Proprie tors in Northampton. North. Cour, TitEKs. Every ono that read tho Heart of Mid Lothian will remember tho son tonec;--'Jock when ye hao nothing olso lo do ye may bo nye slicking in a tree ; it will bo growing, Jock, when ye're sleeping.' Sir Waller Scott says emnc where that thoso siniplo words induced an Earl to plant a largo tract of country, which, in biich n plucu ns England, would in a few years bo of imineiHo value. Wo only repeat Iho ndvicu given to Jocklet ovory ono who has nothing olso to do be sticking in n tree,' that posterity may reap the benefit of it. nclioiil'ou.