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FRIDAY M O It N fN 0, JULY 12 .
SILAS II. JEJVISOIV.
For Lieut. Governor,
DAVID 31. CAMP.
HENRY F. JANES.
SENATORS FOR CHITI'KNDEN COUNTY
4TII OF JULY.
Agreeable tn previous arrangements this
evcr-mcmorablo anniversary was celebra
ted by tho inhabitants of this and the
neighboring towns with suitable demon,
straiten? of joy and festivity; and if wo
may credit the concurrent testimony of all
who participated, tho satisfaction was uni
vorsal. A fine shower the evening pre
vious hod prepared our streets for the
occasion, nnd amid the roar of cannon and
tho chimo of bolls a happy community
nwokc to the glorious realization that the
63d anniversary of tho nation's birth. doy
etill found them free, independent and hap
py. At an early hour our town was filled
with men women and children in coaches,
in carts, and on horsebacksingly, and in
pairs all bent on the enjoyment of a day
of real independence, We know not when
we have witnessed so much of the parapher.
nalia of an old fashioned "high day " Tin
pedlars, street musicians, dancing dogs,
nnd other "kickshows" were to bo met
t every corner. Each had his merry au
dience, received his share of applause,
and doubtless pocketed a sprinkling of the
At nino o'clock the Sunday School chil
dren, to the number of several hundred,
assembled at tho mothodist Chapel, where
they were addressed by the Rev. Mr. Con
terse, in a very happy strain, Adapting
himself to the capacity of his audience, he
gave a brief history of the discovery of this
continent, its first settlement, the causes
of the revolution, its results, and an expla
nation ol the reasons for tho days obser
vance; while he endeavored to impress
upon them the impoitanco of being honest
intelligent and upright, for they too would
Eoon bo called to take active part in the
great drama, in which they now formed
but a minor, though not uninteresting fea
ture. The subject was at once interesting
and instructive, and the interest with which
.it was listened to by the little juveniles, but
clearly proved it was not altogether in
vain. At the conclusion of the exercises,
tho children, accompanied by their teachers
and parents formed in procession, and es
corted by the band, marched to the Court
House, whore they were regaled with
cakes, lemonade, and other suitable re
freshments. At eleven o'clock the grand procession
formed on tho Fquare, under the direction
of Col. ThomaB, assisted by some thirty
young men on horsebsck, as deputy mar
shals, who, dressed in dark coats and white
pantaloons, made a fine appearance, nnd
Tendered very acceptable service. The
'old soldiers," in a barouche, were placed
in front, next the committee of arrange
ments, strangers of distinction, and citizens
penerally. In this order the procession
marched up Main-street, thro' Willard.st.
to the Academy, where it received the
officers and students of tho College and a
platoon of lads from Mr. Eastman's ecIiooI
thence down Peorl and St. Paul streets,
into Church. st. whore it was joined by an
Interesting group of ladies from Miss
Greon's Seminary, and proceeded to the
Brick Church, cheered by a merry peal of
bells, and the discharge of artillery from
(ho battery. The effect was fine. Indeed
we havo seldom witnessed a more spirit
stirring scene. Tli06ervices at the church
wore as follows:voluntary on tho organ
national air, by the band reading of
tho Declaration of Independence, by C.
Adams, Esq.--music, by tho choirprayer,
by President Wheeler -anthem from tho
choir Oration, by Rev. G. G. Ingoreoll.
Of tho oration it is not our purpose hero to
epcok particularly, nor shall we attempt an
nnalysif, bb we understand it is 60on to be
published. It was wholesome in its doc
trinee, stern in morality, and elevated ii
entimcnt. Tho bare nnmo of its author
in connection with an occasion ol this kind
w,aa auflicient to excite the highest antici
pations; and in the present instance we
hive (ho satisfaction of knowing tliot no
one was disappointed. For seventy. two
minutes he held a wrapt and admiring
udienee literally hanging upon his lips
a living example of the magic power ol
Tho exercises ot tho church concluded,
the company repaired to the sevorol Hotels,
where bountiful tables had been spread for
the occasion. This part of tho celebration
wos designedly informal. Each individual
wont where proference or accident led him'
and each table mado its own arrangements.
Those who wanted wine called for it, and
thoso who prcferrod cold water, were not
required to pay for wino which others
drank. Thero wero of course no sot toasts,
but quitu a number of volunteers at each
table, of which wo havo collected tho fol
lowing. At IIowAnD'sCharles Adorns, Esq.
Tkc day we celebrate--It proclaimed n
new principle, the right and the power of
selj-government, and calls on all who love
the name of republicanism to carry the
principle out in practice.
The Heroes of the Revolution. TIipv
acted upon tlie principles they professed
Let us do (lie same.
The United Stales, Its government is
founded on tho perfcctability of man, and
wo best show our fealty to the government
in tho pcrlection of ourselves,
By J. I. Cutler. The State of Vermont.
It sought to join the Union as a matter of
principle. Let us show our principles by
defending the Union.
Bv J. N. Pomf.rot. Lovo of country
evinced by love of truth, of law, and of
Bv T. F. Strono. The Stale Govern
ments, and the U. S, Government. Let us
not fall into the error of making the State
subsidiary to the general Government
Tho proposition should bo scouted, and the
stato have the first place in our interest and
By Wyi.lis Lyman. True Patriotism
An enlargement ot private virtue an
emanation from that Godlike principle, the
spirit ot universal benevolence.
By H. B. Stacy. Tho Plough, the
Spindle, and the Pen honured rivals, in
furnishing plentiful harvests, fino fubrics,
and salutary sentiments.
By C. Russell. Political prejudice
fast wearing off. May tho anniversary ol
the 4th of July 1840 find us entirely with
By C. Adams. The Naturalization Laic
The benevolence that invites tho oppressed
of other nations to our shores, will be best
shown by greater caution in admitting them
to participate in the elective franchise.
By President Wheeler. The Insti
tutions of our Country. They are rendered
most perfect by tho practical influence of
religion and science in the affairs of the
By Bishop HorrciNs. Great Britain and
the United Stales. They have both one
aim, tho prosperity of the people; and let
tho rivalry between them be, to seo which
will most effectually secure the object
Br H. B. Stacv. Mechanics party
spirit and ardent spirit hav&was'cd enough
of their earnings; a better spirit is now
teaching us that knowledge, temperance,
and virtue, are true power.
Hon. Heman Lowry presided, assisted
by Geo. A. Allen Esq,
By Heman Lowry. Our Republican
Institutions tounded bv the wisdom and
patriotism of our forefathers, they can only
be perpetuated by the virtue, intelligence,
and vigilance ot the people.
By Col. Hyde. Tho farmers, mechan
ics and manufacturers of every country
tho only legitimate regulators of the cur
By Guy Catlin. May tho electric
spark which kindled the fire on the alla'r u
Freedom, on the 4th of July '70, be exten
ded to ull the nations of the earth, and
never bo extinguished while the earth
bears a plant or the sea rolls a wavo.
By G. A. Allen. The Hon. C. P. Van
Ness The able Jurist a nil Statesman, tho
honorable gentleman, tho kind and generous
neighbor, tho warm hearted friend, we
meet him at this national festival with feel
ings of tho highest respect and heart felt
To which Mr. Van Ness replied
Gentlemen: I feel pxtremely oblieed for
the honorable notico just taken of me, and
particularly lor the manner in which it has
One of the last occasions upon which I
had the pleasure of meeting with many of
my menus previous 10 my departure Irom
this country, was at a celpbration of the
4th of July. One of tho first upon which
it has been my fortune to meet monv of
them since my return, is nt a like celebra
tion. 1 ho former was attended oxclusive
ly by persons who professed the same politi
cal sentiments which I cntertoined. At
this tune our assemblage is composed of
gentlemen ot ditterent political opinions;
and I rejoice that it is so, I can sinceroly
assure you that it is altogether more grati
fying to my feelings tn ronow my inter
course with my old friends and ncnunint-
ances independently of all party cnnsidern
Hons. And whatever may heretofore hovo
token placo between any individual and my.
self, there is none whom I can not now
meet with kind feelings; none whom I can
not meet as a friend, provided ho bo eo
I do not intend, gontlemen, to make any
remarks in relation to tho anniversary we
are celebrating, since after the elegant and
appropriate oration which we havo all
heard, this can neither bo expected nor de
sired. I will conclude, thereforo, by pro
posing a toast, though I havo boon in part
anticipated by a gentleman near mo, As
there is, however, somo difference, if not
in tho principle itself, at least in tho object
and extent of its application, I will not
withhold the sentiment I designed to ex
press. Tho fire that was kindled on tho 4th of
July 1776; may it continuo unextinguished
and unexlinguishablo, until, in due tune, it
shall havo consumed tho last cord by which
this continent is subjected to foreign domi'
The Unilul Stales government. A gov
ernment of laws Emanating from the pcu
pie, tho supremacy of which must bo strict.
ly respected, nnd maintained, or anarchy
with all its horrors will necessarily take
Col. Thomas in tho chair, asssisted by
Win. Noble, Jnn. Bradley, Garrad Burnett,
Carlos Baxter, Hytrin n Lane and Morton
Cole, as Vice Presidents.
Hij Col. Thomas Tho. day wo colebrato.
By John Bradley The Patriots of the
By Garrad Burretl Tho memory of
By Wm. Noblc-Tho Hon. C. P. Van
By Carlos Baxter Agriculture, Com..
merco and Manufactures, tho only "holy
alhnnci'" we acknowledge.
By Himan Lane The Orator of tho day.
By Mr. Tabor Tho Marshal of tho day.
By Dana JPinslowTha spirit in which
we celebrate the day free from the tram
mels of party.
By John Bradley Tho Governor of
By Col. GlcasonThc BurJington Band.
By Morion Cole The. Female Seminary.
By A. B. Lowry Out worthy host of
all Bishops givn us Benjamin Bishop.
By Carlos Baxter The 4th of July,
free and independent may it always find
By E. J. Slimson The ladies of Bur
lington ; moy we never want "their hair
for bow-strings" to animate us to preserve
and hand down to posterity the liberties
bequeathed In us by our forefathers.
By Col. Thomas The President of the
Several other sentimonts wero proposed,
of which we could get no copy.
A numerous parly assembled at Hart's
Exchange Hotel, and with tho committee
and marshals assigned to tho house, filled
two large Tables. The Hon. Heman Jllten,
presided, assisted by Nathan B. Haswell,
Win. A. Griswold and J, Arthur, Esq's.
as Vice President, at this placo the follow
ing toa'ts were drank.
-By II. Allen The day moy the spirit
which snnlified it, animate ovcry American,
to the end of time.
By the Committee Tho surviving Patri
ots of the Rpvulutinn.
By T. Fotlelt The President, and Vice
President of the United States.
By Gen. Arthur. The Governor and
State of Vermont.
By the Committee Our Government
Based on the wisdom of tho people, delega
ted by their free and unbiased suffrages to
our Legislators their power for limited and
short periods to be cherished solely for the
security of the citizen, in his person, in
his liberty, and in his property.
By Alex. L,ee American Independence,
may the present and rising generation ever
keep in mind its cost, nnd worth.
By the Committee Washington hut us
reverence In memory by imitating his vir-
lUbn. (drank ol n mling.)
ByN. B. Haswell Our Country Amid
the Nations of the East, her political insti
tutions stand unrivalled' in the seturily,
freedom and equal rights they give to its
By the Committee Agriculture Com
merce and Manufacturers, mutual supports
to each other, the ground work of our
wealth ond independence.
The late Chief Justice Marshall no less
admired for his moral integrity in private
life, than for his eminent learning and abili
ties in public stations as an expounder of
tho constitution nnd laws of the land, he
has given stability nnd strength to the gov
ernment of the Union.
By Dr. Ileineberg Universal Liberty
may that Almighty Being who has loosen,
ed the chains of despotism in this country,
soon remember all the other nations of the
By the Committee--Patriotism, not can
fined to the East, West, North or South,
but embracing oir whole country.
By Wm. A. Griswold Gou. Winfield
Scott The pacificator soldier and states
man. By Col. Xee--The Gracn Mountain
Boys of Vermont the foremost in the cause
of Liberty, they will be the last to aban
By the Committee Tho great essentials
or a Free Ilepuulicnn b-ovcrnment mild
Lih's, but thoso rigidly executed.
By Hon. C. P. Van Ness
Executing public trust with fidelity, and
in private life the civilian and gentleman.
The Elective franchise. Exorcised with
integrity, a certain security fur the stabili
ty ot our free institutions.
By James Morse The working men of
By John Van Sicklen, Jr. The Birth!
day of thu nation, which wo unitedly cele
brute. -May wo ovor bo found worihy the
privileges we enjoy, hy a readiness to unite
in defence of our Republic, from whatever
quarter it may be ussailed.
By Mr. Spear May tho spirit of liberty
which animated our fore fathers bo handed
down from generation to generation.
By Mr. T. Wait The Orator of the
day distinguished for his learning Patri
otism and thn Christian virtues.
By Wm. F. Griswold Lafayette Al
though he early left thu country of his
adoption, and his spirit has gone up from
the Innd of his fathers, his memory will
brighten with each anniversary of our na
By the Committee The mothora of tho
Revolution and their desenndents.
By Harrison Warner The United
Slates May foreign squalls never be able
to blow them nssundcr.
America Tho Universal life boat may
her sails never bo caught a.back, but ever
stand full with a strong and leading breeze.
By Dr. Heintberg Tho University of
Vuriuonl May it ever enjoy its high stand,
Virluonnd Scicnco May thoy ever bo
tho fountain of Republicanism.
Our Host His fish, flesh, fowl and
good cheer, cannot be surpassed, even at
the court end of the town.
The tables at all the hotels were well
filled, and the guests boro ample testimony
of entire satisfaction with tho fare. Among
other rarities of the season, wo noticed that
each table was supplied with a fine dish of
fresh salmon, only forty eight hours from
Quebec forwarded by our old friend Don
littlo of tho Exchange Coffee House, Mon
treal, tu Col. Thomas, specially for the
occasion. These landlords know how to
do n civil thing.
Among tho minor displays of tho after
noon, wo wore particularly plcesod with
tho appearance of the Volunteer Engine
Company. This is a fine body of vigorous
enterprizing young men, well disciplined
and handsomely uniformed ; and the dex
terity with which they illustrated their
cold-water propensities, attracted much
At six o'clock n largo number of citizens
repaired to the wharf to receive and wol
come a party of military from Pittsburgh,
consisting of regular officers of the garrison
and the field nnd staff officers of the 42d
regiment of N. Y. militia, accompanied by
a band of music. They wore escorted to
tho American, whero they were introduced
nnd exchanged salutations with nur citizens,
and partook of refreshments. After spend
ing an hour or two among tn, they were
again escorted to tho boat, nnd embarked
amid the cheers of the multitude. Seldom
have we seen finer appearing or more
gentlemanly set of military men together,
and we speak but tho general voice in
saying that their friendly visit has left the
most favorable impression upon tho minds
of our citizens generally.
The display of steam boats and other
craft in the harbor was very fine, and nd
(led an interesting featuro to the day's
amusements. Our steamboat Captains are
entitled to much credit.
In the evening there was a handsomo
display of fire-works in tho the Park, and,
to wind off, about ten o'clock, Mr. Scarl
sent up a very handsomo Balloon. It was
handsomely illuminated, and decorated with
serpents, rockets, &c. which, some 'wo
miles up. shot off in their eccentric courses
with fine effect. As tho aerial bark wing
ed its airy flight up, up, up, how slight an
exorcise of imagination did it require to
anticipate the errand it might bear to
tho upper heavens! and if it be permited
the spirit of a Hancock or nn Adams to
stoop from their high places and tnke cog
nizance of the affairs of men, O what a
thrill of joy to know that the day by them
ordained is still observed, in its original
spirit. On, my little Ariel, on! Tell
Ihom thnt "the day thoy consecrated is elill
"a glorious, an immortal day we their
"children honor it--celebrate with thanks
" giving, with festivity, with bonfires and
" illuminations. And on its annual return,
'often as we name their names, do we
"shed our tears, copious, gushing tears,
" not of subjection nnd slavery, not of
"agony nnd distress, but of exaltation, of
" gratitude, and ol joy."
FIRES & FACTS.
One year ago last May, the Human Calliolic
Chapel, near this village, was dcstiojcd by fire.
Neither the person nor the motive j of die incen
diary have ever been discovered. In the absence
of all known causes, it was natural for tho sufferers
under the education they had received, to suspect
that some opponent of their religion was concerned
in the transaction. But in the facts of the case,
there was no giound for any such suspicions.
There were no sectarian excitement or jealousies ;
no local or temporary reasons then existing on
which to ground nny suspicion that the protestant
communiiy. or that protestant individuals, ns such,
had any thing to do ivilh the destruction of that
building. But it is known and admitted even hy
the Catholics themselves, that there were, at thai
lime, strong feelings of animosity existing between
two different sons ofpeople among themselves, nnd
that llicfc excited feelings hail some referenco to
the chapel that was destroyed.
lint whoever was the agent of tint destruction,
the fact of its being deslrojrd by a villainous
incendiary, was an alarming omen and was lamen
ted alike by iho whole community. For hero the
broad principle is held hy all, that till denominations
shall be entitled to equal privileges nnd protection
from the law. Accuidiugly u general meeting of
our citizens was immediately called at the Court
Houso ; measures were adopted nnd n committee
was appointed to ferret out, if possible, the incen.
diary. Tho funds were subscribed by protestants,
nnd a reward of $300 was offered for his tippre.
hension. Ono or two or moro suspected persons
wero taken up and examined. All this was done
by protestants. It is n fact which wns noticed nnd
talked of nt tho lime, thnt, the Roman Catholics
gava themselves but little trouble about the matter.
Time passed on. In the month of October, the
Green Mountain lloure wns burnt. That this was
set on fire there has never been much doubt ; but
by whom, has not been ascertained. This cstab
lishment wns Intuit on Saturday night a little past
the middle of the night.
Agn in. In October (ho outbuildings of the
American Hotel wetn destroyed by fire. This
occurred between eleven and twelve o'clock on
cuubiith night. How tins tire wns Kindled is not
The burning of the Champlnin I Intel nnd tho
fil.ies Factory buildings aro nccoumud for by ncci
dent. Theso were burnt in the day lime, when
four fifths of oil the accidental fires in tho country
In December, the Bloek Factory nnd Satinett
Factory ut tho Foils wero destroyed, in a manner
wholly unaccountable en the grouod ef accident.
No one of the hands or proprietors, nor olher per. 1
sons who know thn circumstances, over havo be 1
lieved that tho Block Factory took firo by necident.
It has been said that fire had sometimes been pro
duced about tho gudgeons of the power wheel. But
admitting all this, ono fact is certain, viz, i f, rt t tho
fire in tho Block Factory kindled and was burnln"
when first discovered, in entirely another part of
the building, where it could not havo taken from
I ho gudgeon nor directly from tho stoves or furnace,
Tho stiperinlcntlant of the establishment and others
nr(uainted with tho circumstances nnd position of
things averred at tho lime nnd do si "ill aver, that it
was hardly within tho ranga of possibilities, that
tho firo could havo taken accidentally, when and
where it did.
After a short spneo, wo wero again aroused
from our slumbers, on Saturday night by tho cry of
fire. The brewery wag in flames nnd wns com
plclely destroyed. That this fire wns kindled by
nn incendiary has never, wo believe, been gravely
questioned. Thero is only tho possibility ol its
Again, recently , our villago and town havo
bean aroused by another awful conflagration,
kindled on Saturday night by a villainous
incondiary. Of this fact thero is not tho pos
sibility of a doubt. Thero had boon no firo
in tho Whito Church, latoly burnt, for moro
than thrco weeks thero woro no matches and
no igniting materials kept in the building.
Tho windows wero fastened down, tho doors
wero looked nnd bolted, and ono found broken
open after tho firo commenced. But what
gives demonstration to tho fact, is, that the firo
was kindlod insido tho bolfrcy, high up whoro
firo is never carried, just in thnt place and
among unpaintod and unplasicrcd materials.
whore a fire could most easily ho kindled, and
whero its extinction would bu most difficult.
Hero tlion wo havo in tho spaco of a few
months, tho destruction of a large number of
public buildings, and of a vast amount of
property under the following circumstances
1. In most of those buildings, there was no
firo kept, at or noar thu time, when thoy woro
2. In thoso in which firo was kept, the flamos
in ovcry instance woro first discovered in a
part whoro there was tho least probability of
dangor and whoro it could scarcely ho suppn
sed possildo thoy should tako from fires law
fully kept in thorn.
3. It is unaccounlablo that wo should havo
had moro fires in ono ycar,followingooch other
at regular intervals than wo havo had during
tho preceding ton or twenty years, and that
each succcssivo firo, should happen just at tho
time, when tho alarm and excitement created
by the preceding one, had died away.
4. All those fires, with two exceptions, oc
currod on Saturday night, and almost upon tho
samo hour of the night. Thoy did not happen,
sorno at 8 9 and 10 o'clock, and somo at 5 or
6 o'clock in tho morning but almost all occur
red in that portion of tho night when it is
supposed that our our citizens woro most
universally and soundly asleep. Hero is a
succession of fires on Saturday night. This
is tho timo when loafers, drunkards and other
vilo charactors, who live from hand to mouth
receivo thoir wages ond visit tho grog-shops
and havo their sprees and frolics. This is
tho time, and those tho circumstances, in
which malice, previously existing, is stimula
ted and rendered hold and daring by intoxica
tion, and by tho influence of vilo companions,
5. Moreover, recent dcvelopomonts havo
shown to tho satisfaction of all, that throats
nnd wishes, and hopes, fcc. for tho events
which havo happened woro thrown nut by
gargs and by individuals, in anticipation,
And such throats aro still made.
But Iho communiiy is at length awake.
Let every citizen and ovory friend of law and
order, follow up tho measures that have been
begun, to ferret "out the incendiaries and bring
down tho whole majesty and vongcanco of tho
law upon thorn. Lot certain charactors bo
watched to seo that they do not runaway. Lot
our magistrates awake, and lot thoso who will
not act, or who seek to hido and shelter crimo,
bo turned out, and let tones and truo men bo
put in their placet. Lot our farmers, me
chanics and manufacturers, tako tho ground
which thoy must s.ion tako that thoy will
not trust, nor patronize, nor omploy ,tho known
vilo or even suspicious charactors. Then may
wo bo purified and dwell in safety.
QTWc learn that the Rev. Joseph Tra
cv, of Boston will deliver the annual ad
dress before tho Society for RoligiotiB
Inquiry, nt the approaching commence
ment, and that Professor Lewis, of New
York, will address the Literary Societies.
iLTTho Locu Focos met at Williston on
Tuesday, and renominated their old ticket
for Senators. Some wag has put a story
in circulation that Judge Chittenden has
declined! Truman Chittenden decline an
office ! That's a good one.
We learn that the old agencies for pay
ing pensions in this stato huvc been discon
tinued, and Augustine Clark, of Montpo
tier, appointed general agent. This is cer
tainly a very singular procedure, and un
der any other administration would have
excited somo surprise.
From the New Yoik Times.
During the administration of General
Jackson, and while Mr. B. F. Butler was
Attorney General, a most magnificent
company was formed nt Washington, for
the purpose of speculating in government
lands, Tho capital was millions, and we
have no dnubt, exceoded tho original cani
tal invested by tho Holland company in
tho western part of nur Stato, called the
Holland purchace. Upon so large a scale
was this company formed, that it is said its
expenses annually, in salaries, for ogents
and ollicors, exceed the expanses of many
ot our fctatc governments, Articles of ns
suciution were prepared by, or under tho
supervision of, tho Attorney General. Tho
company wnt called "THE NORTH
AMERICAN LAND COMPANY." Mr
Charles Butler, tho brother of tho Attorney
General, was mnd" President, with an
ainpto salary, Mr. Silas Wrur.iiT, Uni
ted States Senator, mis a heavy shareholder;
Benjamin F. Butler, the cabinet minister
of General Jackson, was a heavy share
holder; Edwin Croswell, tstale printer,
was a heavy shareholder; most, if not all of
tho Albany Recency, were Heavy share
holders. Several oovernment officers
at tho cast were heavy shareholders. Lon.
spicuous locnlbcos throughout the Union,
nnd bank officers and directors olmost innu
merable were shareholders. The business
of tho company was not confined to any
htoto or section of country. The whole
Union wos tho field of its operations.
We ore not of the number of thoso who
unite in general condemnation of all specu
lations or speculators. Speculations aro
commendable when they require great en
terprize, exhibit great skill and industry;
and while they enrich thn speculator, ad.
vance tho interests ot the public, nnd do
no injustice to individuals. Very different,
however, are t he objects of the monopolizing
company of land speculators. They ad
vance nn interests but iei'r oum. They
buy, not to cultivate and improve the land
but merely to extort from the actual settler
a profit. They do indeed live by the sweat
of the poor man's brow.
We can well imagine thnt a man of n
nice sense of propriety, holding tho offico
of Attorney General of lbs United Stntes.
ond ono of thu guardians uf the public do
main, the legnl adviser in all questions of
law that may arise in the sale of land,
might find his situation somewhat delicate
from being nt the snme time n member nf
a land company, directly and indirectly
engaged in the purchine of Government
lands. Whether Mr. Butler felt that In
situation as Attorney General Bntl land
speculator, wo nmt'whni like being seller
nnd buyer at the same time, and for that
reason determined, for tho present, to
leave to his brother and his political asso
ciates the spoih bv speculation, while ho
held on to the .!)0i7 of qJirc or whether
tho claim of Col. Bcaubien, to certain laud
in Chicago, in some wny conflicting with
the interest of the North American Land
Company, rendered it iiecess-ary for him tn
get riti of hit slock, thnt his opinions as
Attorney General might appear to be dis
interested, we will not undertnko tu decide.
For some cnuso, Mr AHorney General
Butler thought it be-it to dissolve thu tics
between himself ond this land speculating
company. He therefore wished to "sell
out and realize." So pressing was the
necessity, that his brother, as president of
the company, was obliged to buy the Attor.
ney Generals' stoek for the company; ea
that the company became n shareholder
itself with the individuals composing it!
The price paid by the President Chariot
Butler, to the Attorney General, B. F.
Butler, was said to be an advance ol twenty-
five per cent upon the original subscription.
It was nlso said thai the enstern stockhol
ders founil much fault with this transaction.
Perhaps the readur may discover somo
explanation of this matter, in the following
From the MndiLinimi.
Van Buuen Speculators. It appears
from intimations in several quarters, thnt
sundry of the Government olliuers, inclu
ding the highest in rank nnd members of
the Cabinet, have been, or ore somewhat
extensively concerned in land speculations.
Tho precise extent we do not undertake
to define; but they seem to be of a charac.
ter worthy to be regarded ns of a demora
lizing anil vicious tendency. Such specu
lations have been complained nf against tho
people. But if the prnctice is reprehensi
ble in private cit izoiii:, how much more so
is it in high officer of the General Govern,
ment ? We have seen the distresses of
1 830 7, attributed by the Pres'dent in his
messages, and by his partizans in all their
writings and addresses, tu the mania of
speculation, and arguments attempted to
be deduced from the circumstance to ad
vance favorite measures. But did tha
honest people of the country suspget whilo
the public magistrates were warning citi
zens of the evils ol speculation, that thoso
very exemplary magistrates and officers
were themselves deeply and extensively
embrocing tho "evil"' they so gravely de
nounced? That they wero dissuading
others from speculation in order that they
might havo wider scope and greater profitn
We cannot put nur fingers positively
upon the speculations thnt havo been allu
ded to. But we know so much of circum
stances going to prove them, that nothing
but the most direct nnd positive testimony
could shake our belief upon Iho subject.
We are nnt nlnno in our knowledge, nor
in our belief. The Springfield, Illinois
Journal, for example, intimates that tho
great opposition of Attorney General Butler
to the confirmation of the Beaubien claim at
Chicago, teas because of his own interest in
another large tract adjiining the toton, the
value of which would be greatly enhanced
if this claim was kept out of market.
From the Buffalo Commercial Advertiser.
Develoi'ements. Our rendurs will re
member that the Uer.ubien claim case was
lately decided in favor of the United Stalea
by tho Supreme Court. The inntter in
dispute was a piece of land in Chicago,
winch has now become extremely valuable.
Almost ns soon ns the opinion nf tho court
was rendered, tho Secretary of war direc
ted the laud to be sold, and on such condi
tion ns rendered fair competition next to
impossible. Tho order for a peremptory
sale created no little excitement at Chicago,
and the Common Council of that city ad.
dressed a letter to the Secretary, reques.
ting him to postpone the sale, and also if
our memory serves us, to make some alte
ration in the conditions. In reply, tho
Secretary says important and imperative
causes compel him to persist in the sale,
but dues not deign to stato what thoso
reasons are. The reader, however, can
form a guess as to their character by tho
following which we cut from tho Chicago
"It can bo proved that, within a few daya
past in this city, a gentleman in tho em
ployment and confidence of the Govern
ment, and whose situation enables him to
know, informed another gentlemen, in