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THE RIGHTS AND PMVILKQES OP THK
EVRRAL STATKS is RKQAUD to SLAVER V
Being a series of Essays, published in the Western
Kmtrn Chronicle, Ohio,) afterthe election 1842.
r a vino or otuo.
crratsstOM or domgbtIc violence.
The frsmcrs of our Federal Constitution act forth,
in the preamble of that instrument, Iho objects for
which It was entered into. One of these oblccts is
"to Meets to ourselves and phostehity the slis
iinos or iibesty." Mr. Webster, in his lute letter
to Lord Ashburton. says, " Slavery exists in the
southern States of this Union under the guaranty of
our Federal Constitution.,' The patriots who fram
ed the Constitution, declared thiir object was "to se
turslheblessingscf Liberty." Mr. Wchstcrs affirms
tint they "guarantied slavery." Did Madison and
Washington, nnd Franklin tay one thing, and do an
other, or is Mr. Webster mistaken in the assertion
contained in his letter 7 IT this doctrine of Mr. Web
ster bo correct, it follows, of course, that the frco
States are involved in all the until, disgrace and re
sponsibility of slavery) and the position assumed in
mr first communication, "that the free States are no
more liable to support slavery, than the slave Statca
are to abolish it, is erroneous and unfounded. This
doctrino of Mr. Webster is often asserted by south
ern stakeholders, as well as bv northern men, who
appear anxious to impress our people with the idea
mat me uec oiaii'sare inus Buusitiiary lo mu siavc
States, and involved in all the hateful consequences
of slavery. I will not call such men dough Jaces :
with them I have nothing to do my business is with
their arguments. Our country and posterity will
hold them responsible for their attempts to induce
our people to yield up their own constitutional rights,
and to become the voluntary supporters of slavery,
tnd the slavo trade. To arouse our people to the in
vestigation ot our constitutional rights in regard to
this subject, and to inspiro them to a patriotic and
firm maintenance of our interests and donor, is the
duty of the public press, and of public men.
To the people of Ohio, and of 1 lie free States, I de
clare thisdoctrine unsupported by any clause in our
Constitution. No such imarnntv is found in that in
strument. The patriots who framed that "bond of
union, mane no sucn degrading stipulation on tne
part of northern freemen. If that instrument had
contained any clause susceptible of a doubtful con
struction, in this rewcti oil will agree, that it would.
uid ought to be so construed, as "lo secure the bles
linrs oflibertv." rather than to vervetuate slarerv.
Rut there is no clause that can, in tho opinion of the
writer, be deemed doubtful, or that hv any strained
construction, can bo said to puaranty slavery. The
fth section of the 4 th article is, however, quoted in
uppori ui me uocinuu ieierrcn iu. ii rcaus as 101
lows: "Tho united StntcsBinll guaranty to every
State in this Union, a republican form of Govern
ment, and shall nrotcet them onanist invasion, and
on application of the executive, when the Legislature
cannot oe convened, against domestic rwlence."
The word guaranty is used in connexion with a
"republicanform of government" and not with slave
ry. It can hardly he expected that any one will sup.
poss these terms to be synonymous. It is believed,
however, that those who adherotn the doctrine now
contended against, rely upon Iho last rlinc, which
pledges the protection uf the United Slates against
The history concerning the insertion of tliis provi
aion is this! In 1735, tlie"Shay'sr( hellion" hrokc out
in tho State of Massachusetts This insurrection
threatened theovprthrnw, not only of the government
of that State, I ut portended the downfall of all the
other Slato governments. While they were thus en
dangered, it was discovered Ihat no authority existed
in the old articles of confederation, by which the
troops of one Slate could lie employed to suppress an
insurrection in nnniher. This difficulty cave rise to
the adoption of this clause for suppressing domestic
violence. Massachusetts was then the only State
that had abolished slavery. In this history it is diffi
cult to trace out any intention to guaranty slavery.
It is impossible to sec how any legal mind can tor
ture this clause into such a guaranty. It is simply a
provision for suppressing insurrection. It applies is
much to the free State os to slaves States, and would
have been adopted, had no slavery existed in either
oi the states.
Democratic, or Liberty party. All are desiroua that
our ptesa and public men should apeak fotlh, in plain
and respectful language, our constitutional "jhts.
They neither wish nor desire that language, oflensivo
to southern men, anouid oeempioycu. un inn con
trary, they would have them treated wilh respect and
kindness. It is proper that the public mind should
lie fullv informed in resard to our riehts. And that
these rights should be respectfully and firmly, main-
inert. I there Whiff who would nut do this ? Is
there an editor or elector in tho Whig ranks, who feels
toolrfeticaff to assert our rights, or too jinfriolt'c to
maintain them 'I I make these remarks in consc
nuence of the feeline ao often exorcssed. that the agi
tation of our rights is impolitic. Tho idea is one
which should meet with universal disapprobation.
Wc ought never to remain silent when our nghta and
interests are invaded. ,
Having examined the two paragraphs in otu uon
tilittinn whirl, are minted tn nrnvnthnt wc ore Involv
ed in trie support of slavery, I trust the reader wi'l be
nrenfippn in a.iv wnn me. inni inn i-eticrni uuveiii-
merit, nnd the free Slate, h.ivft the constitutional tight
to be separate and totally exempt from the support of
slavery and tne slave irauc i and mat mis nam 13
auprcme, absolute, and unconditional, aais the right
nf ibe bUva Stales to msintnin them.
In my next I shall ask the attention of my readers
to some of the instances in which their rights have
been invaded. PACIKltus.
LATES FROM CANTON.
Tho rhip Charleston arrived front Canton yea
terday, bringing dates to November 29. seven
davs later than were received by tho Great
Western. Every thing was quiet in the city,
though ono or two popular tumults hud been
The Press of tho 19th represents the feelings
of the Chinese at Canton as decidedly hostile to
foreigners. The Chinese had commenced re
building tho Bogue forts, but desisted on re
ceiving a message from tho captain of ono of
the British snips ot war that tho rewinding could
not be permitted until tho ratiftfnions of the
treaty had been exchanged.
sir Henry I'ottinger lias issued a proclama
tion declaring that no British merchant vessel
can be allowed to go to any of tho ports (Can
ton excepted) that are to bo opened in accor
dance with tho late treaty, until the tariffs and
scale of duties shall be fixed and consular offi
cers appointed. In the moan time tho ports of
Tinghae (Uliusanj and that of Hoolongspo
(Amoy) are, as heretofore, open to all vessels
wishing to visit them. At the latter place a
dreadful sickness prevails among the troops,
01 of whom have died since July. Letters from
Amoy stato that accounts had been received
there to the effect that only 9 persons still exis
ted of the many who were shipwrecked on the
coast of Formosa, in tho Nerbudda and the Ann,
of whom Capt. Denham of tho Ann is one.
Cant. Morton, his second officer, and 10 of
the crew of the ship Maulmcin, have arrived
here. J he vessel was lost on her voyage irom
Calcutta to China. Tho brig Mary Stewart of
Madras was also lost. A bottle was picked up
containing a note signed by the Captain, and
stating that at the time nf writing April 33th
the vessel was last sinking.
J he Tress complains b.ttcrlly of a proclama
tion circulated at Amoy and Koolungsoo, sign
cd 'The Americans,' and inviting dealers to
come to them with supplies of tea, to tho
amount of about 10,000 chests. It is said hy
the Press to have been put forth by the Ameri
can missionaries at Amoy, acting as agents for
a Canton firm. Tho chief transactions for teas
had been on English account. Prices had open
ed very high. Tribune.
St JoiiNsntiRT April 4th. Since we noticed
the epidemic two weeks since, it has raged in
some places with considerable violence, owing,
doubtless, to the sudden changes in mo we airier,
from a comparatively mild slate to severe cold.
11 nas aiso sprcan tntu sumo sciiuunB whciu u
had never before reached. Hut we are happy
to be able to say. as we did then, there have
been fewer deaths, the cases, with some excep
tions havo been of a milder character, and re
suited less fatally. At tho present time the in
formation we have warrants tne neiiei tnai 11 is
generally very much abated, and the appearance
is, should the weather bo warm and mild, that
tho disease may soon leave us; at least so all
fond v hone.
tn the southern half of this town there have
not been any new cases, tor 10 or 12 days, and
those persons thai nave ocen sick are ncany
well or aro doing well. And in the whole town,
we havo not heard of only two or three now ca
ses for the samo length of time : and the sick
rrencrallv are in a state of convalescence. The
overntions are at tho East Villaeo in this town,
where there is jess abatement of the disease
than in any other section of tho town.
Tho last Star notices as follows the effect and
present aspect of the discaio in Danville and
Wc are happy in being enabled to state that
the disease which has been so prevalent in this
vicinity for the last two or three months, gener
ally known as the Eyrsipelas, is subsiding.
There are lareo numbers now sick with the ep
identic, but it appears to have assumed a milder
aspect, yields more readily to medical treatment,
and it is thoutrht in a large majority of cases,
the patients will recover. What this change is
owing to, whether to the approach of the vernal
season, or the exoenence ana sum oiourpnysi-
cians, is a matter which we will not attempt to
decide. Probably both causes have operated to
-1 k.i 1 . :.i . v.
CHUCK llie UIBCaHC. ni UI1U puriuu, II1U laiaiib
which attended it. was truly alarming. In our
town it has carried to their "long homes" several
of our most worthy and cstecmea residents. Wc
are informed from an authentic source, that the
whole number of deaths in Danville since the
first of January last, has been thirty seven ! and
it is believed about two. thirds, if not a still
greater proporlion,havo died of Erysipelas. The
nonulalion of D in 1840. was little rising 2,600;
taking 20 as the number who have fallen by the
epidemic, and we have one to every hundred of
the inhabitants.which shows a greater mortality
in proportion to tho population, than prevailed in
Now York during the cholera season. The
neighboring towns have also been severely afflicted.
In view of these solemn dealings of Providence
the kindred ties which Death has riven the
fond expectations it has blighted the tears, the
anguish, the gloom it has occasioned in family
circles, and indeed throughout the entire com.
munity, with what force docs tho reflections
come home to our minds
"What shadows we are
And what shadows we pursue."
A RICH OLD MAID.
A correspondent of the Indiana American,
writing from Natchez, Miss, after remarking
that a largo portion of the business in that city
is done by females, and that they are capitalists
and active members' Of the business firms, gives
as an instance of the pranks played by dame
Fortune to those who won her favor by industry
and economy, tho following sketch of a rather
antique maiden a Alias Lydia 1J .
About fifteen years since, she came to this
place from Philadelphia, alone, poor, friendless,
and unrccommended, and commenced business
in the humble canaeitv of huckster selling an.
pics, candy, &c,at the corners of the streets-
next a small shop a retail store, &c, gradually
roso up until her property is now valued at three
hundred thousand dollars. For some years her
operations in Natchez and Vicksburgh have
been very large. She owns some dozen or the
finest houses in Vicksburgh, and is now a rich
old maid, and what is a rare circumstance, ac
cumulated by her own industry. She has none
of the contracted notions and love of small mat
ters peculiar to old maids; but has a strong,
grasping, masculine nronensity for heavy busi
ness transactions, with all the care ana econo
my of a strict housewife. When in Vicksburg.
the other day, sho was pointed out to us, and we
pursued her several sauarcs until she entered a
storehouse on business. Her features arc rig
id with care and calculation. There is none of
that sweet smile of loveliness which plays about
the sweet countenance of woman her voice
has assumed a hard and commanding tone, in
stead of the soft cadence of love and gentleness
her step is hurried, instead 01 light and grace
ful. Her action, look, and air is that of business,
instead of the graces of lovely women.
sue only Knows one impulse 01 action mon
ey. As an illustration of her character, we will
namo one instance of her attempting to woo the
powers of Cupid. Having accidentally discov
ered that she was alone in the world, about four
years since, she determined upon purchasing n
husband. Une day as J udge finKnara was pass,
ing her establishment at Vicksburgh, she want
ed him to count some money for her. The read
er will recollect Judge Pinkard is an old bach
elor. The Judge, at her request, stepped into
the counting room, where she had one hundred
thousand dollars lying upon the table. When
the Judgo had finished counting the love pile,
she informed him in ouitc a business manner
that he could have the control of it, if he would
take her with it! History does not mention
whether the Judge took the question under con
sidcralinn, or whether ho rendered the opinion
of tho Court instautlv. But we are glad Ins de
cision has been presented. He has decided that
the one hundred thousand dollars was quite tie
sirablc; but the incumbrance was greater thin
the nctt value. So the petitioner was rumsuil
ed. Wc should suppose she was about forty
years of age, but it is hard to judge the ago of
an old maul.
Navv Depautment, March 27, 1813.
Six swords prepared in obcdieiien to various
resolutions of Congress, and intended to havo
been presented to officers of the Navy for gal
lantry and good conduct in the actions with the
enemy in which they wcro engaged, have re
cently been found in the Navy Department.
These omccrs being not now in the service,
and perhaps not living, the swords properly be
long, and will bo delivered upon the production
of satisfactory evidence, to the nearest male
The names of tho officers to whom voted and
the actions in which they distinguished them
selves, arc subjoined :
James Bliss, Midshipman,
Lake Erie, Sept,
Sent. 11. 1914.
Tho'a Grccves, jr. Midshipman, Capture llritish
Richardson Prick ...do---- - do Reindeer.
Tho's N. Bonneville, - do .... . do do
Alexander Storct, do - - - -Rogers
Carter, - Sailing-master,
PROSI ECTS OF TRADE.
Wc stated a few days since that the prospects
of an improvement in the business of .ho coun.
try were beginning to manliest tnctnseiucs in
various sections of the country. We aro now
It has no relaton to the character of gratified to perceive that this opinion is confirm
the insurcente. whether thev bo black or white bond'
men or freemen, viasters ot slaves. If an insurrection
actually take place, the power of tho Federal Gov
crnment must be employed to put it down, if milder
measures will not ellect that object. But the Presi.
dent, when callednforaiJ to stinDressan insurrec.
lion, cannot stop toinnuirointolhe cause from which
it arose. Ha is entirely unauthorized to withhold
such aid, in caso it ausc from ho abolition of slavery.
The truth is, the Federal Constitution considers slaves
aapenon; and draws no distinction in regard to
the character of the insurgents. When the United
States troops arrive upon the theatre of action, they
must uircci meirejiuris 10 bupiirr&suii; ino violence.
It is their duty to slay nil persons found in arms
against the public tranquility. The inasler and slavo
fighting 6ide by sioc against the public authority, must
ootn De stain wunoui uisunciiun. unu wiuioui inquir
ing into their relations to each other.
When tho violence is suppressed, the duty of the
trooDS will be performed. If, then, every slave in
the nation peaceably leaves his master, and strrts for
Canada, there is nb power in tho Federal Govern
ment to send our troops after them, or to set them as
aguard to prevent their es -ape. I he duly orthe Pres
ident and of the troops, is to suppress the violence.
and not lo support slavery. Such escape of slaves
would prove a total abolition of slavery. Where then
would he the cuarantu? Hut stinnnse die slaves en
gage in, and continue the violence i it would then be
theduly of our troops 10 slay them. Would such kil
ling of slaves be a support 0 slavery? It would be so
far an abolition ofslatery,and if all the slaves be thus
slain, slavery would bi abolished (for no new minor'
tations can be made under our laws). Where then
will be our guaranty? Agai-. : if the slavis should
stubbornly refuse to labor or to o'e their masters,
they would tnereDy worn tne nnoiinnn 01 slavery.
Out would such act obligate the t'eilcral Government
to furnish obedient scnnnlal orshnuld thev commit
suicide, and thereby nbolMi the institution, would the
United States become liihle ns cuarantorsl Or, were
they to pursue a course of secret destruction of their
mister's nronertv. and thus compel their owners tn
emancipate them, could the slaveholders demand in
demnity of the Federal Government 1 Or, should the
slave pursue any other course which would inevitably
destroy tho t institution, would the Federal Govern-
msnt be held re-ponsiuie 1 1 opprcnena out one an
swer can be given to these interrogatories. But some
politicians tiive n more loose and indefinite construc
tion to this section. They hold that, ns Congress is
bound to lend its protection when called on to sun-
press domes'ic io'ence, it is their duty, in lime of
peace, to protiue arms, irnops, ana loriincanons tor
that purpose, and to have thorn so distributed as to in
timidate the slaves to obedience. If this construction
be correct, it is certainly one that w as not foreseen or
intended by the framers of the Constitution. If it be
correct, the freemen of the north may be taxed to
ract a fortifi-ation on every wantniion south of "Jl.
son and Dixon's line," and to furnish a body euard
ta ever slaveholder and overseer in theUnited States.
Indeed, such construction would render it the duty
ef our freemen of the north to go to the slave States.
and act as life-guards to the slaveholders. Rut there
is, in this section, no authority far the Federal liov
ernmcnt to act on the subject until actual violence
takes place. Theriesidentcatinotorderout thctroopi
of the United States to suppress an insurrection, even
when actual violence has occurred, unless his aid be
invoked by the State authority. F.verv reader will
see that two things arc necessary to authorize the
President 10 interfere
1st. There must be actual violence.
2d. There must be a damand of aid from the Fed
cral Government by the state authorities.
Without these the President has no power to act.
If violence arise, it is the ntivilc're of the State gov
ernment to suppress it, and to enforce their own laws
if they please. In such case the President has no
power to order the troops of the United States into
tne neia. 11 tne siarenoioers nnncipaie violence Irom
iheir slaves, they are at full liberty to remove all dan
ger by emancipating them. Hut the President has
no power to send our troops to the slave States to
euard the masters and overseers, while they whin, and
course, nnd torture their slaves, to comoel them lo
labor for the support, and to promote the luxury, of
1IIC1I UWIICIP. 1 Ci la, OH UB IMtl ll'lll J, I lie II' "t 1 1 111C
avowed nnd inculciieil hysnme northern politicians
as well as southern slaveholders : and Ihe Question
comes home to our editors and public men, whether
such views shall be pressed upon tho public mind,
without examination nnd contradiction
I have nowexamined the only clause in our Con
dilution relied upon bv those who tirce that "slavery
exists in Ihe southern Stales under the guaranty of
our reoerui compact. 1 ne cioi-irine lias no tounoa
lien except in the servile disposition of those who an-
pear anxious to involve the people of tho free States
in me t;uni niiu uis'iii'ii u, un iiisiuuiiuij, wiui wuwu
we are constitutionally unconnected.
Mr. Webster, prohablv. without deliberation or
close examination nf the subject, wrote his letter of
directions 10 .11 r. t-.tercit, under the dictation 01 a
staveholding President, givinp 10 that minister orders
to exert our national influence, lo obtain indemnity
for the slave dealers who claimed the earco of the Cra.
ole. In this manner he involved the people of the free
States in the disgrace of that accursed traffic in hu
man flesh. HaviiiR done this, it became necessary
that he should sustain the doctrine in his correspon
dence with Lord Ashburton. In his letter addressed
to that functionary, upon tho subject of the Creole, he
substantially declares ihe people of ihe free Stateato
ed by that of Mr. Appleton of Boston, one of the
soundest and mo.st sagacious merchants in the
country. II) the early part of the winter, the
Secretary of tho Treasury, in obedience to an
order from the House of Representatives ad
dressed circulars to the collectors of the reve
nue, in which he requested the opinions of the
prominent mercantile men on several points re
lating to the Commerce of the Union. Among
me onjecis 01 tne imjuiry were 111c prouauie
amount of imports during the present and ensu
ing year, aud the expediency of establishing a
ware-house system. Among those who at tho
request of the Collector of tne port of lioston
furnished answers to the inquiries of the Sec
retary, was Mr. Appleton, and wo find by his
letter WHICH 1 puuiisuuu 111 uit; uuuy iiuvcm-
ser, that he believed the period of stagnation
and depression has nearly reached its term, lie
says, "Tho country is not in debt abroad.
Large crops are in tne process 01 nnuing a mar
ket which even at the present low prices, pre
pare the way for an increased consumption. A
great check upon importation has existed fur six
months anil the stocK 01 lorcign goods is uy no
It is inevitable that very considerable im
provement in trade should take place during the
first half of the year 1843.
The importations, however, during this period
will bo moderate; but tho year commencing
with July, 1843, will doubtless bo one of ave
rage activity, and the importations of foreign
merchandize reach their average amount, which
I should estimate at 120,000,000. From the un-
ports into New York and lioston, with which I
have been furnished, I suppose the whole im
port of merchandize into the United States (ex
clusive of specie) will not exceed $33,000,000
for the last halt ol the present year, 181 J, on
which the nett revenue will not probably vary
much from 80,000,000. The imports for tho
six months ending 0UU1 June, low, will, I
think, bo somewhat greater say from 40,000,-
000 to 45,000,000, which should give a revenue
of from 81U,00O,0UO to $ I'.!, OO0.0O0.'
Mr. Abbott Lnvrencc, another merchant and
manufacturer, was also addressed by the collec
tor at Boston. From his reply we make the fol
lowing extract :
u The causes for low prices mav be found in
large stocks on hand after the passage of the tar-
in. Many persons imported goods in anticipa
tion of higher duties ; and others, from France
England, were brought in under the expecta
tion of low duties or no duties at all. There
has been, too, a severe disappointment in the
amount of business done the present season.
The demand from the South and West lias been
very small, and the Middle and Northern States
much less than was anticipated. These causes
have produced a general depression, which tunc
only can relieve.
I am inclined to believe that those large
stocks of merchandize will have cleared off by
the first of July next, when importations will
then be free, and the revenue gradually increas
ed to the end of the vcar. I should not deem it
safe to estimate the revenuo for the first half yea
at more than three tilths ot tho amount ol the
corresponding period of the last year ; and for
the year ending on the 30th of June, 1844, 1
should estimate tho revenue at S'J 1,000,000.
At this period, I have no doubt that a larger
amount will bo realized."
With the opinions of Messrs. Appleton and
Lawrence, our business men generally concur,
we believe, 111 all our chief commercial cities,
If, therefore, their anticipations shall be real
zed, wc may look forward to a return nf " hctte
times," during the next six months, so far as the
general business of tho country is concerned.
There are some sections, however, in wliic
the revivalof business will probably be pompon
ea 10 a more instant uate,
Verdict of the Coroner in the case of
Corlies. Tho New York Commercial of
Wednesday evening has the following para
"Tho protracted inquiry into the circum-
stances attending the murder in Leonard street
was brought to a close last evening. A num
ber of witnesses were examined, most of whom,
, ....u .1 1 t'l.
nowever, ctiuiu tnrow no atiuitinnai ugui upon
the transaction. The purchaser of the pistol
sold by Mr. Cooper in 1839 had called upon that
gentleman, and convinced him that the pistol
he bought was not the ono found near the body.
A female witness deposed that immediately
after the shot she saw a woman run down Leon
ard street a woman with a light hat and dark
veil : another swore that she saw a man run
ning in the same direction. A witness named
Dixon swore that a Miss Stewart came to him,
some two months ago, with bitter complaints
against the deceased, by whom she said sho was
with child, and threatened to destroy him and
The testimony being closed the jury retired
and soon came back with the verdict, killed by
some person unknown.
Mr. and Mrs. Colton were thereupon dis
charged from custody.
Mischievous Radicalism. Among the acts
of bad legislation by the present Legislature of
this State, and such as are destined to have an
extensive and very mischievous effect, are ll
act to tax rail roads as real estate in the towns
where they are situated ; and the repeal of 1I1
act of 16th April, 1841, in relation to nianufac
luring corporations, by which we are throwi
back upon the law of 1630, under which the pri
vate property of stockholders to an amount equal
tn tbftir Btm-ua. la buhl linhln fnp nil flehtfl nf slirli
be the guarantors of slavery, and the supporters of iuch corDoratiolli Under that law we need not
I UO law iiouc, which nicy rxcuiaic inu uctrsi 1 iu 1 .. i,ABiMAn . ..rn.. .:..
Mtinp of Mr. Webster will be quoted hy thousands fff ?l investment of manufacturing
ofnorlhern Touihfaces; to establish this unfounded
doctrine. It is believed (bat every such effort, to com
mil us tn Ihe support of slavery, should ba promptly
MMt, and exposed by our public press. They are at
tempts to surrender up our constitntionnl rights, and
should. b disea rdod by every friend of l.berly, and by
JM&VS IS w'? of i-PorUnce, exhibit.
ur people, wheiher toey b-long to the Whij, the , Credentials ' ignorance.
in this State. The repeal is an act of unmixed
and unmitigated folly, for it is not pretended that
any creditor of a manufacturing corporation has
lost a dollar or a cent under the operation of the
law 01 iCHi. nenneoec Me.) Journal.
A Curious Scene. A
young man by the name of Towar, better I
iri this city as the ' President of the U. S,'
cd on Saturday into an empty lumber sleigh
belonging to a brewery in Albany, and api
tho whip to a powerful pair of horses, dashed
iff at full speed for tho Troy road. The snow
being ery deep nnd much drifted, renders turn
gout a rather difficult operation. It happened
Iso that the road, at the time of which wc
peak, was crowded with sleighs. 'I he dismay
of their occupants, therefore, can be better
imagined than described, when they beheld this
crazv charioteer thundering along -vith his heavy
eigh and elephantine horses in the middle of
he track. I hose at a distance were first warn
cd that something unusual was going on, by
perceiving the sleighs in front of them turii
quickly nut into the snow drifts. Before they
had tunc to speculate upon wnat this might
mean, the ' President was down upon them
standing up in the sleigh, bareheaded, althougli
it was as cold as Lapland, and shouting to his
horses at the top of his voice. In such a state
f things resistance would have been perilous
All therefore hastened to get out of tho way
of the lunatic car as rapidly as possible ; to save
themselves trom broken limbs or necks. M il 11
leaving the 'President' the 'right of way,' with
out even attempting to dispute it.
The 'President' drove on until he reached
Port Schuyler, where he stopped, and was soon
overtaken by the owner of the team, who knock
cd him down without the least ceremony, and
resumed possession 01 nis property. Troy
Revolting Murder. The New Orleans
Picayune contains an account of a most horrible
murder, which seems too outrageous to have
been perpetrated by any human being. A man
named Stewart, at Cypress Bend, Arkansas,
being robbed ol a negro, as he supposed, bv
wood-chopper, swore that ' his dogs should eat
the first wood-chopper that ventured upon his
ground.- coon alter ono called and reauested
a night's lodging, which Stewart granted ; and,
Darring tne aoors, lei in upon mm a number ot
young dogs, which, however, the stranger kept
at Day. etewari men turneu in a parcel ol full
grown dogs ; and nnding they, too, were foiled
in the attack he got a gun and shot the man,
leaving his corpse there to be devoured bv the
dogs. Stewart instantly fled, and a reward of
81,000 was offered by the Governor for his apprehension.
Another Patriot Gone. John Johnson, an
old Revolutionary soldier, died on the I2th inst.
in Alleghany township, Westmoreland county.
I'ctin., in the one hundred and third year of his
age. He served in the continental army during
the wholo of the Revolutionary War, fought at
the battles nf the White Plains, Trenton,
Princeton, Ur.indywinc, Oermantown, Mon
mouth, Stony Point, Guilford Court House, and
Yurktown, where Lord Cornwallis capitulated
and surrendered loGcn. Washington, in all the
battles and skirmishes of Gen. Anthony Wayne,
and at tho storming of Stony Point hy lVayne.
he formed one of the " forlorn hope."
FRIDAY MORNING, APRIL 7, 1943.
charge upon tlio government,) wcro S18,
532,921, GO. From this slutcinunt, ns well
as from that of Mr. Buriiard, our readers will
be enabled to decide how much reliance can
bo placed upon tho absurd and ridiculous
clamor nbout "Whig cxtravncinco" uud
1 broken promises."
Tho papers aro filled with rumors of Cab
inet quarrels, removals from office Scc. &c.
Wo givo no credit In any of ilium. Among
tho flying reports of last week, win ono to
the efffct that Gov. Van Ness had been np-
poinlcd collector of tho port of New York.
In commenting upon this rumor Cot,. Stokr.
of llm Commercial Advertisnr,snys that "Mr.
Van Ness not only has not been nppuintcu,
but ho is not n candidate, nnd would not ac
cept the office if it should be offered to him" !!
A Nr.w Political Movement. A mcmbe
of tho Committee on Internal improvement.
tho House of Representatives of Illinois, has in
troduccd some important resolutions into that
body. 1 hey recommend the States of Loutsi
ana, Mississippi, Alabama, Keutueky, Tonnes
sec, Arkansas, Missouri, Illinois, Ohio, and
Michigan, to meet by representatives in Gene
ral Convention at Joncaboro, Illinois, on tho 4th
f July next, to consider nrj(, the best means to
be adopted tn secure the admission into the U
ion of all new States, on an equal footing in all
respects with the old members ol this lie pub I
and like them possess the right of eminent do.
minion. Second, the best means of preventing
the slaves of the slaveholding States from de.
serting from their masters, and restoring such
as shall desert at convenient places to their
A correspondent of the Madisonian, says that
the Convention will be held, when the whole
question of the public lands will be discussed,
and an effort will bo made to unite the South-
West and Western States in support of such
propositions as may be agreed upon.
The way to make a Doctor. A doctor
in Ohio writes lo his father thus : ' dear
Daddv I conclawded Ido cum down an cit
grinded into a Doctur, 1 hardly dont think I
was moru than M ours, aloro 1 cum out as
slick n wun as ever was seen.
HaleColumhy happy land;
If I aint a Doctor, I'll be hanged t
I pukes, I purees an I sweata em,
Then if they di, wi, I lets em.
I cots plonte of custom, because they savs
they di7.o easy. When you rite, dont forget
to put IJoctor alore my name.' .Uau.
Anecdote of Mn. Audubon. During
our groat naturalist's stay in London he paid
a visit to the Parliament House, and after
listening to tho debates fr several hours,
went to refresh himself al Uclami s, the Par
liamcnt Kefectorv. lie modestly called lor
a steak, which was brought and quickly de
spatched. Eager to hear the continuation of
the argument, he called the waiter and gave
linn hall n crown. 1 he latter bowed and
observed that there were just eighteen shil
lings nnd sixpence wanting to make up the
account. "What," cried Mr. Audubon.
"eighteen and sixpence 1" "Yes, sir, iho
price of a steak is a guinea, to keop out the
country members." Mr. Audubon saw there
was no uso in making any resistance, and
taking back his half crown and handing the
waiter a sovereign and a shilling, was about
to inako his exit ; when he was again slopped
by n polite insinuation "to remember ihe
waiter." "By the Lord I will romember
you!" cried Audubon, and slapped through
Mr. Hume having since dined there and
threatened lo brine this enormous imposition
befuro the House, the price ofaiteak has
been reduced to lOi. and brf.
Storm. In ancient chronicles it is recorded,
as a remarkable fact, Ihat on the 28th March
17G5. snow fell in some parts of New England
to the depth of two feet : but this has been
caualled this year. On Monday evening last
the '27th March, it commenced snowing here,
and fell to the depth of one foot in the forenoon
of the 28th, when the falling snow turned to
rain. At Chelsea, wo have been told, snow fell
totho depth of two feet. Travelling was made
exceedingly difficult on account of the depth
and dampness of the snow, particularly where
it had drifted as it fell. On Tuesday, the Bur
lincton mail was brought through in time by
the way, it always is, rrry extraordinary calami
ties excepted, and was brought part of. the way
on horseback. The Southern, due at 2 o'clock,
P. M, was delayed until after five. WafcAmon.
Murderer Arrested. Rockwell, who
attempted to assassinate ex-Governor Ooggs
last summer, has been arrested. Rockwell
is ono nf Joo Smith's hired assassins, ant!
I was no doubt instigated hy his patron to nt-
iciuJi inu ui.-ou lur wintn 110 is to uo ineu.
Damages for Mob Violence. Thr
African Presbyterian church in Philadelnlua
have recovered $5,650, from iho city and
county of Philadelphia, for damages done in
tne tiestruction ol their mceting-liouse by
lire, uy a mob in August last.
It has been decided in Missouri, a slavo
State, that ' a negro slave' cannot commit
forgery, not being recognized at persons!
iiLj liiKu guou care 10 witip ana scar llient
for thcfi.or for running away, and hang them
for insurrection. Why, if they are not per
biNGULAn Case or Desperation We
find the following alarming case of violence re
corded in the St Louis Ledger :
'Pete, what makes you look so awful?'
'Jake, 1 m agitated,. and unlets my spirits
grown canncr, 1 11 nan uo something despcrate
I'll rush out and fear a board of Ihe pig-pen !"
A furious wife, like a musket, may do a great
deal of execution in her houte, but then she
makes a great-noise' jn it at the same time. A
mild wife will, like an air gun, act with as much
power wunoui oeiug heard.
LrotoN, or Honor. This body consists of
iimmo memDcrs, 01 wnom ai,o tpjoy pensions
The population .of France fs' about t hirtv-fivr
millions. It, fol pws that one in every seven
hundred fad-four of the whole number, men.
wonien and children-reninys Ihe decoration of
hid jjegiuii. nuany uuuu crowes were QlStriDU
ted during the year ItH'i
. Slanderers' are' like fties, that leap over
man's1 good parts loligbt only upon his seres.
This has been tho themo upon vliicli, more
than any other, tho Loco Foco press and
politicians have been harping ever since tho
election of 1840. " You promised lo reduce
tho expenditures of the government," say
they, and then thuy attempt to make their
followers believe that this has not been ac
complished. But what nro tho facts 1 Sim-
nlv these. During the administration of
John Qoincy Adams, Undo Sam's family
expenses ranged from twelve lo thirteen mil
ions of dollars per annum. Tho Loco Fo-
cos insisted that this was an extravagant and
profligate expenditure, nnd told Uncle Sam,
if he would dismiss Mr. Adams from his ser
vice, nnd employ Old Hickory and Van Du
ron, thai these two worthies would straighten
out his affairs, " reform " all abuses and "re
trench " his enormous family expenses.
Now Undo Sam, being nn easy, good Matur
ed oltl gentleman, listened to the oily, smooth
tongncd professions of tho Loco Focos, dis
missed Mtt. Adams, and, desirous nf prac
tising frugality, employed Old Hickory and
littlo Martin to manage, his affairs. Every
body knows the result. Instead of reducing
tho old gentleman's rxpnnses, they increased
tliPm to tho enormous sum uf nearly S40,
000,000 n year. Undo Sam thought this
was ;t curious sort of "refreicAmenf." It
was a cutting down of expenditures which ho
did not much relish. Out this was not all.
The old gentleman recollected, that, wliilo
Mr. Adams superintended his affairs, he al
ways contrived to make his income exceed his
outlays, aud invariably nut soma loose
change in Ins jacket pocket, at the end of the
year. Besides this, Mn. Adams always kept
his fortifications in excellent repair, laid out
1 good deal every year to iidd to tho conve
nietico of his bays and harbors, and iniprovo
tho navigation of his rivers, and, to crown
the wholo, uniformly paid up his workmen
promptly, at tho end of tivery month. Not so
under 1I10 management of VanBurnii. He not
only tripled tho outlays of Mr. Adams, but
made Undo bam J expenditures greater tlian
his income by an annual excess of about 8,
000,000, of dollars ! In addition to this he
allowed the old gentleman's fortifications to
go to ruin, refused to expend a dollar for
internal improvements, and employed a set
of unprincipled renegades to make his dis
bursements, who pocketed all the cash thai
camo into their possession, and then cut for
Texas. Tho consequence was that when
Van's time was out, tho Oltl gentleman found
this Loco Foco " retrenchment " had been
carried so far, th it it had not only increased
his expenses to nn enormous amount, and
ikoi 1111" nil Ins noso c inii"P. hut it had
bsoltitcly involved him in n debt of millions,
nd reduced him to bankruptcy and ruin !
For a time ho was compelled to stop pay
ment. His neighbors began to look upon
him with suspicion. They doubted his hon
esty, and some ol litem even refused to trust
him any longer. This grieved the old man
to the heart. His credit had never beforo
been questioned. He began to look around
for the cause of his embarrassment and dis
tress, lie callod tn mind his condition when
Mr. Adams superintended his affairs, con
trasted it with his present situation, nnd enmn
to the conclusion that his reverses were lo bn
imputed solely cither lo the dishonesty or
incompetency of his chief ocrseor. Hu ac
cordingly resolved to dismiss liini. Van
begged most piteously lo bo retained for
another term, but tho old gentleman, with a
significant shakoof his head, pointing his cann
towards " Kintlerliook," directed tho " littlo
dandy " to quit his promises nnd proceed
'thitherward wilh all convenient des
patch. Wo npprehond.thercfore, that what
ever clamors the Loco Focos may raise
about "Whig extravagance," "broken prom
ises," &c, the old gentleman will pay
precious lilllo heed to llicm, so long as ho re
collects iho manner in which they gulledMin
But, in truth, there is no more ground for
llieso Loco Foco complaints of extravaganco
than there was under Mr. Adams' adminis
tration. As wo havo already informed onr
readers, Mn. Barnard of Now York, proved
in a speech which ho recently made in thu
House of Representatives, that the Arrno-
rniATioNs ron this year, would not ex
CEF.D EIOIITKKN, AND MIGHT NOT DE MORE
THAN SEVENTEEN AND A HALF MILLIONS OF
dollars : whilu DuniNo Mn. Van Buren's
administration THEY AVERAGED
THIRTY SEVEN MILLIONS OF DOL
LARS PER ANNUM. They were now,
less than one half what they were under Mr.
Wo havo also seen a table of cxpondiliirea
from 1829 lo 1842 inclusive, which was pre
pared hy the Clerk of iho Houso of Repre
senlaiives, nnd published in tho National In
telligencer, from which it appears thai the
expenses nf Van Buren for tho year 183G
wcro S37,755,G06,11, wliilo those of the
Whigs for 1842, (deducting ihe expenses of
the Post Offico, which are paid by tho revo
nue of the Department, and art, therefore no
f7"Tlio election in Rhodo Island took
place on Wednesday of this week. Of
course we have, as yet, received no returns,
The contest has undoubtedly been a very an
imated one, and wo hope the friends of law
AED order havo como out of it unscathed.
If thuy aro defeated, however, it will not be
an indication favorablo to Dorr, as even tho
Locos in that Stale twin disclaim any con
unction with tho renegade. Wo are surpri
scd at his. Thoy ought to have nominated
him for Governor again ho is so good to
Tho Montpclier Patriot is grtimlling tor
ribly about the ' hard times,' and thinks the
Whigs ought to havo made llient belter be
foro this time. Tho truth is Van Buren left
the country in such a sorry plight that it will
require yoars for tho wisest councils which
any party can supply to restore it its former
stato of health and prosperity. Van ruined
the currency, broke down tho Tariff, dried
up almost every sourco of revenue, plunged
tho country in debt, and crippled every
branch of industry. Ho then marched ofi" to
Kinderliook.and the People aro now enjoy
ing tho fruits of Ins wickedness and folly.
Let tho Locos renominate thu 1 Dandy' if
tt7Contn'cticut held her annual election
lor blate omcers last Monday. Wo havo as
yet heard nothing of ihe result. Tho State
was Loco Foco last year Governor, Legisla
ture, and all. Of course it cannot bo any
worst: this year wc havo strong hopes, in
deed, that it will bo much better. Wo pre
dict thu Loco Governor will ho defeated,
whether the Whig candidate is elected or not.
hood, but slop no tvlirro long enough lo ob
tain a settlement under the pauper u;t. Tom
Campbell, who is said to liTlvo been an As
tronomer, as well as u poet, illustrates tho
unknown wanderings of the soul by tho still
more devious voyages of Comets thus :
" Soul of the just I companion of the 'leid I
Where is thy home, nnd whither art thou tied 1
Hack to its hcivenly source thy b ing lines,
Swift as the I'omct wheels to whence it rose,
Doomed on its nirv course awhile lo burn,
And doomed, lilte'thce, to travel nnd return.
Krom planet wheeled to pltinct more remote,
It visits rialms beyond the icich nf thoueht i
Vet turning homeward, when in course is run,
Curbs the red yoke nnd minslcs wilh Ihe sun."
Lord Byron, also, who was a sorl of Com
et himself, for lie certainly moved in a very
eccentric orbit, nnd was probably belter ac
quainted than Campbell with llieranfciof
those ' pilgiim strangers,' thus touches off
their peculiarities, in tho ' Vision of Judg
" The angels nil wore singing out of tune,
And hoarse with having nothing else to do,
Kscepling to wind up the Sun nnd -Moon,
Or curb n run-awny young .Stnr or two,
Or wild colt of a Cornel, which too soon
llrokc nut of bounds o'er the clhercnl blue,
Splitting some plnnet with its playful tail,
As bonis nro sometimes by a wanton whale."
If tin; reader desires to seo a more de'
tailed description of this sidereal straggler,
by an American pool, ho will find ono on
our fourth page, urawn uy mo grannie pen
of Dr. O. W. Holmes.
II iviiw thus given the poetical view of ilia
su iject in general, wis now iis' the readers
nltuntioti to tho f illowmg account, in pl-tin
prose, of' tho liriyht particular star' which
lias just been ' gloaming 111 tlio skv.' And
with this wc dose, lest our tale should becotno
as long as that of tho Comet without being
CCTAn ulection took placo in Massachu
setts last Monthly tt fill llie five vacant pla
ces in the Congression.il delegation of thai
State. Wo have ro:i'ivetl partial returns
from two districts, uliicli show a handsome
Whig gain since the last trial.
THE COMET AGAIN
This" sky-lurking " visitant nf our sphere
or, porhups wo should say, this " loafer" of
tho starrv heavens, after liaxing " blazed
away " for a week or fortnight, nnd wander'
cd about from one parish to another in the
sky, apparently without any business, per
haps on a pleasure excursion, or, it may be
out of mere wantonness, Iris, at length, do
camped. It hecamo qnitn" fiisky " towards
its " latter end," strolling round wilh a per
fect looseness, but it has finally vanished,
' like a tale that is told.' Wo havo been
sorely tempted lo say something severe in
regard to this celestial vagabond, for ho has
treated us denizens of Burlington quite ravil-
carlv, we think, not having exhibited himself
to us morn Hint) two or tnrco tunes during 111s
rerial perigrinalions. But, as wo desiro not
to appear too familiar wilh tho subject, we.
have come In (ho conclusion to treat the wan
derer wilh decorum, ns well from the consid
oration thai ho is a ' stranger among us, as
from a regard lo the maxim ' de mortuis nil
These celestial phenomena, from tho
vaguo notions wo have of their nature and
functions, have, from tho most remoto an
tiquity, given riso to every imaginable spe
cies of conjecture.
'The blind old man of Scio's rocky Isle "
thus expresses the popular feeling of his day,
in thu Iliad :
" As the red Comet, from Silurnius sent,
To frmhl the nitions wilh n v.ist portent,
Wilh swpepins glories glides nlom in nir,
And shakes the spmkles from its fiery hni'.
This proves that stars, which wore ' n'd
. ,1 .i . .........
wigs, wero regartien, wnii great niimm no
tion, even among tho shaggy bearded and
long haired Greeks. Milton, nlso, copying
Homer, hut with a grandeur all Ins own, pre
sents his idea of a Comet to represent the
appearance of Satan when about to engage
in fight with Gabriel :
un ineoiner sine.
Incensed wilh inlinatinn, Solan stood
Unlcinfied. nnd liken Cunift blni-il
That fires the length of Ophi'ichus huge
In the nrctic sky, nnd from his horrid hair
Shnl.es pcslilenco nnd ni."
So Shakspearo's Henry iho Gih opens with
this frightful invocation hy Bedford :
" Hung be the hesvens wilh black I yield day to night !
Conu'is, importing chnne of limes nnd stales,
Rrnndish tour crystal Ircssesin tne sKy,
iml uiili 'tliem scource ihe had revolvini stars,
Thai have conse lied unto Henry's death,"
So in Julius C.-csar his Calphtirnia tells us:
Whim hpTtfirsdie. there ate no Comets seen t
The Heavens thcmseltes blaze Drill the death of
Gray, too, has embodied his conception of
a Comet, wlicro ho paints tho imago of his
Welsh hard standing on a high cliff nbovo
tho army of Edward tho firsl and pouring out
to tho howling of tho storm, his prophetic
curses on tho lineage of iho conqueror of his
' Loose hit beard and hasty .
Streamed, like a meteor, 10 the troubled air."
Thesa extracts show that the pools, as
well as thoiJropAe'! I'ave turned the Comets
to some account.
The notices wo have hem presented, hoW'
ever, refer niainlv lo tho ' personal appear
ance ' of Comets. Two oilmr poets, havo
civen us. in a moro astronomical kind of
wnv. sketches of tho disorderly manners antl
i, .i,ii. nf tlu sn strolling mendicants, who
Htott School OnscnvATosv,
Philadelphia March 23. 1343.
Josenh It. Chandler INa.D. ar Sir Findine Ihat
the dements of Him great comet nf February, "1943,
furnished on the 19ili instant, did not represent the
motion ot 1110 comet suit! icton y, tieingtn taci, ue
lived from making I'e-nl i .u of llie comet, as Feen in
the i nniet searcher, 1 11 Ilarilim;s atlas or the stnrs,
and then roinpiitinj Hu ctomeiils from ihese places,
Pro'cssor Kendall nnd invMfavaiicd ourselves of Iho
niglilsof the 19th, 21st, 22,1,231, an;l21ih, tn mako
nice micrometer measures nt tne postuon pi ine een
tre of the nucleus, from small stars in the sitae field
ot view .if Ihe 0 feet I ratinlioler. The slnr- n'eri on
19 h, 2ii. 2!d, antl 21th, nre found in Ilessel's Zona
Olifervations. Ily means of thnse nf the 19lh. 2IJ,
and 2 Ith, we havo compiitatrd the following si t of ele
ments, which t-orrespiii I pretty well wnh the obser
vations, viz: Vrilit'liun Passage, l ib 2C.1. Olh. Sin.
9s. m.l. Pliilailelnhia.
Ascend.nu' Nude, ITO ueg. I r.i.Zj s.
Inclination, 39 ' 0 22
Longitude of the Perihelion, 292 50 31
Perihelion distance, 0 0 0331
Theso element do not agree with those of nny
comet on record, it must, llieiefure, bo new. They
account for thecomrt's hciua seen in tho day-lime on
the23ih of l-Vbriiiiy and 1st of March. Ii had just
niS'ied u perihelion tviodivs before, anil some lime
un ihe 2G1I1, its s peii ir cnnimiclion iih the sun :
and on the 23ui was fir en-mull ea&l nf the stin to ho
seen in the pnition Tinted bv the observers at Wood
stock, Vermont, Portland, lirainliee, New iledford,
The creat comet of February, 1S43, is one or Iho
most remarkable that has cer nppiared in the histo
ry of the world for us physical peculiarities. These
I need not dwell on here. Thoy havebeen admirably
described I v Professor l-o nits nf Wes-ern Reserve
t'nlleje, Hudson, Ohio, in nn article which was repub
lished in the Inquirer of 1 lie 23.1 insi nnd by Proftssor
Olmslead in :i lecture delivered nt New Haven. It is
not les rcinatknhlc 111 i siieomeliioal relalions. Ofall
tin- cornels on record whose ilemenls have been com
puted (about M) in number) ibis of Februaiy, 1843,
approaches neatest the sun, except llie great comet
ol'IGSO, whose pi-rilieion distance, nceonline to the
arcuraic coinpiii.iiions uf Kneks, was nbout ti hun
dred thousand miles from the sun's centre. That of
the present romet is about ciqht Ii ntlred jbnusand.
When we consider thai the sun's eirtare ibur hun
dred nnd forty thousand miles fmm if eplre wp find
that ho h cniiicis approach much r.eai.r the si n's
surface than that surface is 10 its centre. 'I he retiod
of the comet nf 1G?0 is s 1111ewl1.1i remarkable. Kncke
found that one nifonrteen ihousand years would suit
the observations rather hi Iter llian the supposition of
its movint nway in a parabola never 10 iclurn.
This nfl'urds sinnegroitml for conjecture concerning
the nciiod of iheprisint romet.
Astronomers Ivivjilwelt with astonishment on tho
rapidity wiih w hich llie comet of 1G:0 wlmled round
Hie sun ai Hie lilsuuu ui lis ferine mm i;iss.iL'r. i ins
was such lliai if continued, 11 would havo carried it ten
tims ro ind thn sun in cine day. The picsrnt Comet
would have L-one file times round the suni'n the samo
time. In f.ict. it went halfroiir.il in lour hours, irom
two hours before 10 two hnuis afin lis perihelion pas
sage. The elementsofllieprfsent Cornel nq-irenice
observations for their detcrminatim. In fait tho
Comet, though only twenlv-cvcn ilays past its peri
helion, has one hundtnl and s.xtv-nine degreesnf an
omaly in its parabol c orbit. Thi' anomaly is far
renter than ihat. nt w hich all comets except that of
16:0, have disappeared from view. Indeed, so unex
pected is the eireuintanccs ofa comet's beinir seen nt
thisnnnmnly, ihnt Hun khnrdt extended his table of
nnoinnlesof e'Smets only to 161 degrees, in conse
quence nf which, Prolessor Kendall an I myself had to
compute a new tab'10 for our own uefor the occasion.
Some idea of this retnarl.nblc peculiarity may be form
ed hv considering that a comet having nn nvernge
nerih'elion distance, (the mean distance of ihe earth,
for instance.) wou'd bo n whole century in arriving at
that point ol its orbit, to men llie comet 01 its nas
passed m less than a month. This circumsinnce ne
counts for the bad success of the first nllempt to de
termine llie elenif nts from only approximate estimates
of thn cornel's phee a method which, wilh ordinnry
comets, usually nil inl siliiaciory imormauon 01 me
general character of ihe mint. , ,
I will hero indulge in a remark concerning the im
portance of good observations of this comet. Hav
ing passed fir beyond that point of its otbit nt which
ihi ilifl'erenee between llie narabolic nnd the elliptic
orbit begins to be sensible, il will n"brd to nslrono-
er nn opportunity not enjayeil inee iewion s time,
of further extending, ly nctual observations, our
I i-i-v'edge nf ihe motions or lhce lindics in tne ex
trcn -"iris nf their orbit. The twenty or thirty ob-i-r
'iiiies in R irupe nnd Asm, will dnnhtless be
- r le eniageil nn the subject. America will make
i small contribution to the mass of science res
pvin2 llie ihinl great, anil, pe'hsps, most remarks
hie rniiiel of this century. As fir as I nm informed,
nml I m-niion it wilh much rert, (he oily nsitonn.
ii'i-at estn' lihin"nt in lit" United plates capable of
fm n -hinj observations, nf anv velue hy the side of
til K.uropean, are ihe Hi -h choa Obsetva'nry. of
thiseily, nrul ihe Hudson Ohs-rvatnry, uni'er Profess
or Lnntnis, in Ohio. The fitst instalments lor instrn
menls superior tn ours in enps'-itv, have been forwnrd
ed to Munich f ir n National Establishment nl Wash
ington, nnd a siibsi-riniion Observatory nt Cineinnnlt.
The Corpora lion of Harvard have for many years
been talking on lite subject.
I will further take occasion tn expe s n hope, ihat
our prniseworlhv eonlrolers wilt soon find means to
mount iheir excellent Tiansit Instrument, nnd not
suffer the few nbs-rvn lion" that Americans can mle
ol this retnar ableennet, tn he lessened in their value
for want nf a suitable instrument lo determine the
places nl the siars, with which il is compared.
In comoliancn w ith the request nf several astrono
mers, Professor Kendall i entyageil. with the pupils
of (he first class nftbe High School, in enmputine nn
ephemetis from the new element", which, it is hoped,
will serve 10 point out ihe place of Ihe enmet nrter it
ha, disappeared .0 tho nakgi c'
wander from parish to parish in the firm.. CT "'
.ucnt uithout any visible mean, of livdiJaJ after all their fur
' Tur. Pr.nri.r.'s Pnr.ss has not reached ui
for two or three weeks past. Wo dont know
wlml wo havo donn thai neighbor Bell
shnnM neglect us so. Wo can better do
without many oilier papers on our exchango
They have been lr ing to get up nn earlhqnika at
Monipeher and amum" lliernj but it 'twas no (treat
shakes'. Wo fell a shock nbout the same time they
speak of, but our bumps of Mnrvelnuinesn beinr
small we choose to inve-tignte the subject nnd found
Ihnt our Hevil hnd just thrown down an arm full of
The same attempt has been made in this
neighborhood, and with about the ssme success.
Tho Now York Tribune said the shock was so
ttVenf hern in Burlington that several families
toere Miged tn leave their houses . A number of
copies of tho Tribune are taken here, other,
wiso our citizens might have remained in igno
rance on the subject.
fJ7The Millerites diden't "go up" on tho