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GLORY OF C.BSAR BUT THE WELFARE OF ROME
BURLINGTON, VERMONT, FRIDAY, JUNE 9, 1843.
ET The following cheerful s r.iin of poetry is
a portion of "The Old Man's Poem," by
Horace Smith, which appears in the London
Monthly Magazine, for March :
Vainly, ye libellers, your pago
Assaults and vilifies old age,
"Tis slill life's golden era )
Its pleasures, wisely understood,
An unalloy'd, unfading good,
Its evil a chimera.
Time's victim, I am victim still,
Holding the privilege at will,
To seize him by the forelock,
On me would he return the grasp
He finds there's nothing left to clasp,
Not e'en a single hoar lock.
We blame th' idolatrous divine,
Who gilds and decorates his shrine,
Its Deity nci-lected !
Yet our self-adoration Mind
Is body-worship; to the mind
No reverence directed.
Grey beards there arc, who, thinking art
Can conquer nature, play the part
Of adolescent friskers,
Swindlersand counterfeits of truth,
They strive to cheat us by false youth,
False teeth, hair, eyebrows, whiskers.
While to the frame due care I give,
No masquerader will I live.
No vain appearance pander j
But rather seek to save from blight
My mind, in all its pristine plight
Of cheerfulness and candor.
A youthful cheer sustains us old.
As arrows best their course uphold,
Wing'd by the lightsome feather.
Happy the younaold man who thus
Bears, like a human arbutus,
Life's flowers and fruits together.
To dark oblivion I bequeath
The ruddy cheek, brown hair, white teeth,
And eyes that briahtly twinkle ;
Crows' feet inavplouzli with furrows deep
My features, if I can but keep
My heart without a wrinkle.
Youns, I was never free my soul
Still masler'd by the stern control
Of some tj rannic passion i
While my poor body, servile tool,
Theliiery wore of fnp nnd fool,
An object slave of fashion.
Thanks to tby welcome touch, old age!
Which strongest chains can disengage,
The bondsman's manumitted,
Released from labor, thraldom, strife,
I pasture in the park of life,
Unsaddled and unhittcd.
From the Dublin University Magazine for May.
A QUEEN FOR A DAY.
On a cold and rainy day in tho nionlli of
April, 191, a post chaise with four horses,
was seen lo travel the road between Lons-le-Saulnicr
and Besancon. Two persons
occupied tho carriage one of them, a tall,
handsome, and decant figure, reclined alone
in the back, while in the front was seated a
young woman whose dress and manner at
once bespoke the waiting-maid.
' What o'clock is it?' asked tho mistress
of the maid.
Four o'clock, madame.'
Wc shall never arrive the postilions aro
' The road is very bad, madame.'
What a horrible delay 1 was sure my
nerves would play mo some disagreeable
trick; detained three daysjit Lons-lo-Saul-nier,
ill and unfit to continue my route,
with such serious reasons to wish it ended ;
and to add to my misery, to go so slowly ;
I believe at each change of horses they have
given me the most miserable beasts possible
But, madame, unfortunately wo are gal
loping the whole way,for the jolts art! enough
to ilislocatts our joints ; it is your uneasi
ness and impatience prevents your fueling it
This country is pretty, but the day is so wet
I am sum that young man who follows us
finds wp go too fat.
' How! is he there still V
Yes, mad line, but a few paces from the
carriage ; he has not lost an inch of ground.
He is a vcrv good horseman.'
He must bo a most determined idler to
make a journey of seven or eight leagues,
in weather like this.'
Say, rather, madame, that he must be
very much in love.
no must do maa to follow a person
whom he scarcely has seen, and never spo-
It only proves that they have still a rem
nant of chivalry in the provinces. I should
like to seo our fashionables of Versailles or
Paris gallop in that way in weather like this.
and a road bad enough to break one's neck :
trust me they do not give themselves much
trouble, they are expert at talking nonsense,
or in following up an easy intrigue, but most
assuredly they would not do as this honest
And they aro perfectly right, for what
can mi young man gam out a uroKen hack
or a pleurisy r
Poor fellow !'
You pity him, Suzanne has ho bought
you over i
1 You know mo too well, madame, to sus
pect such a thing, the chevalier'
' Ah ! it is a chevalier !'
1 Did 1 not tell yuu so, and moreover, be
fore you tore his totters, you read them, and
they were, signed ; his nanio is Do Maillcttcs
and of a good lamily.'
Why, this is a conquest really flatter
Ho saw you enter the inn at Lons-lc
Sauluier, he saw you again when you wont
to the window, nnd ho tell in love with vou
You must know, madame, (hero aro hearts
in the world capable of love at first sight
ami you should neither no oiieudcd nor
surprised at having inspired a sudden pas
But I hopo you have been discreet,
You have not told him who I am? You
know that I have pood reasons for nreserv
ing the incognito in this journoy ; it is for
that reason 1 did not permit tho Due do
l the Marquis de C , nor any of
my laiimui vassals' to attend me.'
Bo assured he knows no more than any
one elsei and it is not his fault, for ho did
not spare questions. I answered him as I
did every ono else, that vou wern calle
Madame de Pryne, and that you travelled
lor pleasure, uui mis aid not satisfy him
his curiosity was strong enough lo make
him shake a purso of gold, hoping tho sound
of it would make mo more communicative.
When he saw that his offers wounded my
uuuvevj, mat my uiscroiiuu was incorruptl'
ble, he tried conjectures ; no doubt, said he
it is a person of coniequeice whom the
troubles nnd misfortunes of Franco have !
obliged lo seek safety in flight, bul I shall
follow her lo the end of tho world.'
1 Yuu sec that this foolish fellow will end
by compromising me.'
They stopped to change horses, and after
a moment's silence, Suzanne recommended
See,' said she, ' this poor chevalier, who
still pursues us, and bears his welling with a
patience quite praiseworthy.'
Does it continue to rain V replied Mad
ame Pryne. Then drawing ihc glove offher
white and beautifully-formed hand, covered
with diamonds, she ran her fingers through
the curls of her fair hair, arranged tho lace
of her cap, and, notwithstanding tho rain,
leaned her head a littlo out of tho window
of the carriage,so true is it that zeal and de
votion, and obstinacy aro always rewarded
in the end.
1 Where aro wo V asked tho handsome
traveller of tho postilion.
And the next stagel'
Is it a good place to stop V
Certainly a town of seven thousand
souls, and at the hotel of the Lion d Argent
you aro as well treated as in a palace.
That will do very well.'
In this little dialogue tho words wero for
tho postilion, and tho look for the chevalier,
tor Madame de Pryne was not a woman
without pity, and, after this act of charity
she closed the carriage window.
1 Docs madame intend to pass the night at
Jougno 1 asked aiizanne.
' No, no, wo shall contiiiuo our journey
to-night; you know that I ought to beat
uesancon to morrow morning ; we shall on
ly stop for supper at the Lion iV Argent,
where you arc as well treated as in a palace,
then wo shall conlinuu our route.
Scarcely were the two travellers seated at
a table, in the famous inn of Lion d' Argent,
when a functionary wearing a tri-colorod
scarf entered the dining-room and fixud up
on Madame dc Pryne a scrutinizing look,
and seemed to compare her features with
something written on a paper which ho held
in his hand. After this examination, by
which ho seemed profoundly occupied, the
functionary, who was no less than tho mayor
of Jougne, desired the travellers to show
him their passports.
Madame do Pryne seemed embarrass
ed ' Could you spare us, sir,' said she, this
ormality ; all our papers arc shut up in one
of our portmanteaus.'
' I am very sorry, drily replied the officer,
but no ono can avoid submitting to a pro
cedure so important at present to this coun
try. Your trunks must be opened.' And
notwithstanding tho ill humor shown by the
ladies, tho trunks wcro taken from the car
riage, and brought into tho great room of the
Lion d' Argent. The largest was first open
ed, nnd what was the astonishment of the
mayor on finding a tolerably large bag full
What is this i cried the officer, aston
You see very well, sir,' replied Madame
do Pryno, smiling; they aro louis. Is it
not allowable to carry such, travelling?'
1 hat s as it may be, madame there ap
pears to bo a largo amount.'
' Uh! but thirty thousand francos at tho
1 Thirty thousand franccs looks very like
li U 11111
Indeed, do you think so V
uh ! you are qnito right to alloct in-
diflerencc : but 1 am not so easily deceiv
I seo that there is no necessity for my in
terference, for you seem to manage very
well for yourself.'
' A truco to raillery, if you please, mad
ame, my character and the msigna of my
office is to be respected.
1 Mclievo me, sir, they have my most pro-
Very well, madame ; but with your
permission 1 must continue my exanuna
' Just as you please, sir.'
The mayor of Jougne was going to re
ply, when in lifting up a linen cloth, he saw
a quantity of rich embroidery, and drew
from the portmanteau two dresses cov
ered with gold, and a velvet cloak trimmed
with ermine, and fastened with a clasp of
1 Ha !' said ho, ' these coincide exactly
with my suspicions.'
Will you bo good enough to tell me what
these same suspicions may be 1
' Confess first that the name of Pryne,
which you havo written in the book of tho
inn is a feigned one.'
1 acknowledge it.
That is enough you need not tell mo
' W hero Is the harm in travelling under a
feigned name, when tho incognito conceals
' We shall see that, madame.'
' Let us end this scone, sir; I will show
you my passport.
1 ' l is not world while ; your pnsport
signifies nothing to me now, and 1 will dis
pense with your showing it. Doubtless it is
easy enough lo procure false papers but
stay, hero wc have enough to confound all
dissimulation and destroy tho mystery with
which you try to surround yourself.'
' And as ho spoke ho lilted his arms tri
umphant in the uir, holding in ono hand a
crown, and in tho other a sceptro of gold.
There is no doubt now ; 1 know who you
' You will perhaps tell then V
1 Marie Antoinette of Austria !'
' Tho Queen V
J Yes, madamo; and you wish to emi
grate to Switzerland, I was prepared for
' Really, you know that tho Queen, Ma
rie Antoinette, intended lo make her escape,
and pass through here V
Certainly ; they suspected your inten
tions at Paris, and sent mo word, and yon
see that my vigilance did not sleep. And
now in the name of the law I arrest you.'
' Without further proofs V
I need no other.'
And if I Hgiiin bog of you to examine
my passport (
"lis useless; what signtlics a passv
1 Then nothing will shako your convic
1 In that case, sir, I must submit.'
Suzanne had several times attempted to
interrupt iho conversation, but with an im
perious gesture her mistress commanded her
The Queen and her maid wero now lodg
ed in the be3t apartment of the Lion d Ar
gent, with two sentinels placed at their
door ; the tattoo was beat ; all tho influen
tial persons of the placo were summoned ;
the national guard were under arms, and the
local authorities established themselves in the
largo room of the inn. When all the no
tabilics of Jougne were united, they delib
erated upon what they should do in a case
of such political consequence. A furious
demagogue, the chief of their party, com
menced speaking in these terms :
' Citizens : Wo havo just mado a great
capture : but as a famous general once said,
it is not enough to conquer, you must profit
by the victory. In a few days the eyes
of all Franco will bo upon us ; for proud
Jougno is one of tho number of illustrious
cities which belong to history. Let us raise
ourselves to tho grandeur of our ne.w posi
tion, and let us merit tho approbation of the
nation which shall soon behold us ; may the
wisdom of Cato and the patriotism of Bru
tus inspires us; may our decision be thought
worthy lo bo placed side by side with tho
sublime sentences of the Greek Areopagus
and the Roman Senate. 'Tis thus I pro
pose: ihc pattiots of Jougne shall form
themselves into a battalion, place Mario
Antoinette of Austria in tho middle of the
ranks, and conduct her to the bar of the na
tional assembly ; each of us to carrv ono of
the insignia of thu royally that wo have ar
rested in flight this sceptro, this crown,
this royal mantle and all this golden frippery
which wound our republican eyes ; wc shall
placo our spoils upon the altar of our coun
try, and wo shall return gloriously to our
firesides, after having received the felicita
tions, of our brothers and tho thanks of lib
erty. And that it cost nothing to the na
tion, I demand that the thirty thousand fran
cos seized upon tho fugitive should be
employed in paying tho expenses of our
I his speech caused a great sensation ;
but the more moderate, who always spoilod
the finest flights, proposed and carried, by a
majority of voicos, that they should await
the orders ol the national assembly.
At tins moment, the Chevalier de Maillet
tes, who had been delayed by a fall, arrived
in tho hotel of the Lion d' Argent, wet,
splashed, and weaned. I ho first thing he
asked on entering was, had they seen two
ladies pass in a yellow carriage 1 At this
question tho landlord seized him by the col
lar and dragged him before the committee.
'Who are you?' said the president.
' What is your name?'
Isidore dc Maillcttcs.'
' What appointment do you hold under
those persons, for whom you asked on your
arrival here V
' I don't know them.'
' You don't know them, and you pursue
them in this fashion ! You don't know them
and ynt you seek lliem ! An unhappy at
tempt to conceal the truth!'
' I don't understand on, sir.'
1 Undoubtedly,' said the chief of the Ja
cobins of Jougne, ' this man conceals his
real name and rank; ho is some noble of
Versailles the Prince of Lamballo or Pn
lignac, perhaps the Count d'Artois himself,
secretly returned to France searrh him.'
They found upon tho chevalier four louis,
a watch, and a love-letter folded, scaled,
but without address : this letter was the sub
ject of profound examination.
They sought to find a mysterious and po
litical meaning in the phrases of gallantry
which it contained, but it was time lost ; for
the Ooucrnmcnt of Jougne did not under
stand the science of interpretation.
' We shall send this letter to the national
assembly,' said the president, ' who will, per
haps, bo more fortunate than we arc, and
find a key to those tender hieroglyphics.'
1 Can you deny, sir, that this letter was
for the Queen V
What Queen Y
' Deceit is useless : we came here to ar
rest Mario Antoinette of Austria.'
1 Arrest ! here ! The Queen, Mario An
1 Yes, you seo concealment is out of the
question, and 'twould be better for your own
sake to hide nothing from us. VVJiat can
you tell us of our prisoner V
Mo I I havo never seen her.'
' You still persist in your absurd system,
nnd declaro that you do not know tho pur
sons, whom you asked after, on coming into
the inn 1 '
' What ! llm lady in tho yellow carriage
whom I have followed all tho way from Lous-lo-S.iulnier,
tho Queen of France ? '
' Citizen,' replied iho president, in astern
voice, ' I suspect you wish to mock us ; hut
if so, know that wo shall make you repent
As tho chevalier did not reply, ihoy thought
it usolesss to question him further, and de
termined on keeping him a prisoner.
When they had decided the fato of tho
chevalier, they sought iho Queen, to inform
her of their determination with regard to her.
' Our secretary,' said the orator, ' indites,
at this moment, a letter lo the national as
sembly. You must remain prisoner hero un
111 tho return ol Iho messenger, who will de
pari in an hour.'
' l also havo written to tho national as
sembly,' replied tho Queen ; ' will you havo
the goodness to forward my letter with yourst'
' Willingly ; and until we roccivo a reply
from Paris, thirty-six francs a day shall bo
allowed for your expenses, lakon from tho
money lound in your possession, and twen
ty-four for tho lady who accompanied you,
and lor the young man who lias just arrived.'
A young man did you say! It must bo
the unhappy Chevalier de Maillettoi.'
'Tit such he calls himself; but wo have
no doubt is only assumed to conceal a name'
of more importance. There is nothing to
prevent your seeing tins person ; tl you wish
he shall come to your room.'
I wish it much,' replied tho Queen ; and
then added, in a dignified manner, 'you may
Tho moment after, Do Maillcttcs entered
the room, pale nnd trembling. The Queen
received him with a gracious dignity : while
he knelt lo her, and taking her hand which
she held out to him, touched it respectfully
with his lips.
' Will your majesty deign to pardon the
temerity of my pursuit ? ' said he humbly.
1 My ignorance must be my excuse.'
' 1 pardon you, sir ; and seo nothing in
your conduct but an exalted devotion to our
' Put it to the proof, madame, and I shall
brave the greatest danger to show myself
worthy your clemency.'
' Well, chevalier, you havo not long to
wait an opportunity to show your zeal ; tho
town is in an uproar, the people surround thu
inn : get rid of them, for they worry me
with their noise'
The chevalier went out and returned in a
quarter of an hour, saying
' Your majesty's orders are obeyed. The
crowd is dispersed.'
I shall not forget this service,' said the
Queen ; ' and I hope ono day lo bo ablo to
repay it, and give you a place at my court
when 1 regain my proper rank ; in the mean
time I mako you my chamberlain ; and now
I beg ot you lo order my supper; lor l am
shall 1 confess it? uncommonly hungry.'
What I at such a moment, nnd after such
cruel emotions ! your majesty can feel hun
gry I What grandeur ot soul !
The soul has very little to do in this af
fair. Order three covers, one for me, one
for my faithful Suzanne, and one for yourself.
We shall all sup together ; nil difference of
ranks shall be forgotten in our misfortunes
We will not hold to the etiquette of Versail
les at the hotel of tho Lion d' Argent.
Above all things take care and let the cham
paign bo we, ccd.
The repast was delightful the Queen put
her companions at their ease by telling them
that she wished to banish all ceremony, and
pass the tunc as pleasantly as possible. Su
zanno begged flic chevalier to relate his his
tory, which the young man did with much
' 1 belong lo this country,' said tho chcV'
alier, nnd was twenty years old last Easter
Monday. My father tiled in the king s ser
vice, and my mother intended mo for the
church ; for I had an elder brother Achil
les who wasdestinued to maintain the fam
ily honors ; unfortunately tho poor fellow
was rather quarrelsome, and was killed in a
duel. I was then taken from my studies,
launched into the world, where I quickly for
got all I had learned, and entered eagerly
into Iho lolly and dissipation usual with young
men. I got into debt and difficulty, was
obliged to leave my property and live at
Lons-le-Saulnier, of which I was well wea
ry. I had just resolved to go to Paris.
When you appeared, then my former pro
jects vanished ; I thought of but ono person,
of whoso rank I was ignorant I need not
add how I followed you on horseback, nnd
became prisoner with yourselves.'
The next morning, when the Queen awoke,
Suzanne told her that the anteroom was full
of visitors, who had been there from day
light, and wished to pay their homage.
' Really, Suzanne I but arc they of suffi
cient rank for that ? '
' Hero is a list of their names.'
The names were those of tho highest no
bility, who courageously camo to render hom
agu to persecuted royalty.
Tho Queen received them with a touch
ing kindness of manner nnd reproached them
mildly for the imprudent step they had ta
ken. I thank you,' sho said, ' and feel
deeply tho generous expression of your loy
alty ; but I must insist upen your not expos
ing yourselves further by remaining with
The Queen's remonstrances were useless.
Such was the zeal and enthusiasm of those
who surrounded her, that thoy insisted on
forming a court in the Lion d' Argent, and
it was only by choosing four of tho number
that she could prevail on the rest to leave her.
Those four persons, Suzanne and tho
Chevclicr De Maillcttcs, formed the society
ol the Queen, who excited their admiration
by her grace, her constant serenity and gai
ty, so remarkable under the circumstances
in which sho was placed.
Meanwhile tho mayor and committee of
public saloty of Jougno sent each day to the
national assembly u bulletin with a detailed
account of the manner in which the prisoner
occupied her time.
' To-day,' said tho bulletin, the Queen
roso at ten o'clock ; at twelve she dined, with
a very good appetite, with tho persons who
composed her suite ; after dinner her majes
ty wished to bo alono, she paced her cham
ber in a stato ot agitation, pronouncing words
which we could not catch tho exact meaning
of. Bourthold, who is a man of informa
tion, pronounces them blank verse. At
threo o'clock tho Queen demanded her at
tendants and played a game of 'reversis'
with.tho Abbe do Blanzy, tho President du
Bihnts, and Madle Caslerville ; at five
o'clock her majesty stopped playing and con
versed in an under tone with tho soi-disant
Chevalier do Mailluttus, when tho conversa
tion became general, and they talked gaily
on frivolous subjects at oight o'clock tho
citizen du Moriet road a lecture in a loud
voice at nine o'clock supper was served,
which lasted till midnight at twelve the
Queen retired to her apartment.'
This stato of things lasted fivo days, whon
tho Baron do Morict who nassod a portion of
his timo out ol thu hotel, took tho Queen
nsido, and said lo her, All is road) for your
escape. Our friends have re-united secret
ly, nnd a hundred thousand crowns aro at
my disposal. I havo bribed tho sentinels,
nd at midnight a post-chaiso will wait for
you at Iho end of the street. My measures
are taken, so that wo can pass out of the city
and across the ftontier without danger to
morrow your majesty can dine at Fribourg.'
No, replied the Queen. ' 1 o morrow I
shall set out for Besancon or for Paris: for
'tis to-morrow the reply of the national as
sembly will arrive and my futo will then be
decided. I havo no confidence in the result,
and I do not wish to fly ; it would but serve
to expose my friends to new dangers, and
you have already dono enough for me.'
The messenger having arrived from Paris
with despatches for tho authorities of Jougne,
the committee assembled and requested her
majesty might be present at the opening of
thu letter. This letter, addressed to the
mayor of Jougne, ran thus:
Citizen 1 Wc would have you know that
Marie Antoinette of Austria has not quitted
Paris ; and wo would recommend your set
ting your prisoner at liberty, Mademoiselle
Sainval, actress of iho Thcstro Francais,
who is expected at Besancon, where she is
to give several representations.'
Mademoiselle Sainval, cried thu worth
ies of Jougne. ' So, Madame, you have
been mystilying us all this lime!
Gentlemen, replied Mademoiselle oain-
val, ' I am Queen, Queen of Pout, Queen of
Palmyra, of Babylon, ofCarlhage, of lyre,
and of twenty other kingdoms of tragedy.
Is it my fault if tho mayor ol Jougno lias ta
ken the diadem of Melpomene for the crown
of Franco ! You mystified yourselves ; no
thing could dispel your absurd error, and I
submitted. You wished to raise yourself in
history, and you have only made yourselves
ridiculous ; I recommend you to be more cir
cumspect in future; and, with the permis
sion of the national assembly, I will now or
der post horses, resigning a part which I
have played in spite ol mysell ; fo-tnorrow
I shall resume my own, only bo assured the
play-bill of Besancon shall explain Ihccauso
of my delay. Good morning, gentlemen.'
After having given vent to this lively sal
ly, Mademoiselle Sainval turned towards her
' I owe you,' said sho, ' somo justification
of my conduct in assuming a title which I in
vain refused, and by which I hoped to ren
der service to the august person who alone
has a right to it. If tho Queen were to es
cape, and pass through here, as it is suppo
sed, I think they will he in no hurrv lo seek
or detain her. Finally, ladies, you have not
lowered yourself by being in my company;
though I belong to tho theatre, 1 have nohlo
bluod in my veins ; my name is Alziari de
Roquefort, and mv family ono of the most in
fluentiiil in tho province.' Then addressing
Monsieur de Maillelcs, she added ' As to
you, chevalier, this affair may teach you not
to run foolishly after adventures on tho high
way. I promised vou a place at my court
when 1 regained my throne ; I shall keep mv
word: my court is the comcdic rraneaiec;
and when you conic to Paris, tho best box
in it shall bo at your service ! '
iiv Mits. sicoun.vuv.
It was early in tho winter of 1748 that
the levees of Governor Gooch of Va. open
ed with unwonted splendorat Williamsburgh
Many ol tho members ol Assembly took
thither with them a part ol their families
and this session was graced by iho precenco
of several young high-born maidens, who
had never beloro been presented at court.
One among theso was evidently the theme
of general admiration. Some of the statelier
matrons criticised her as deficient in height.
Uut, though somewhat beneath the middle
stature, she possessed that round and exqui
site symetry which the early historians have
ascribed to thu fascinating Anne Bolevn.
A pure complexion, and clear eye, were
finely contrasted with dark, glossy, and re
dundant hair. Still it was found difficult, by
common observers, to analyze her beauty ;
for it rested not on any permanent gift, but
on the consent of the whole movement, and
the melody of voice, wero confessed to be
among its elements. More of animation was
hers, than is wont lo distinguish tho modern
Southern beauty ; but what chiefly won old
nnd young, was a bland cheerfulness, tho si
lent history of the soul's happiness, and an
expressive smile, inspiring every beholder
with confidenco like a beam from the temple
Though sho had scarcely numbered twice
eight summers, there was about her u woman
ly dignity, which chastened former admira
tion into respect.
Among thoso who had paid their devoirs
(o this lovely young creature was Colonel
Custis, one of the most accomplished gentle
men of his timo. His father, the Hon. John
Custis, of Arlington, held iho office of King's
Counsellor, nnd was a man of wealth and
distinction. His attendanco at Williams
burg during the present session had been
somewhat interrupted by ill health; and while
there, the graver duties of the statesman had
so far absorbed him as to render him igno
rant as to what reigning beauties had produc
ed sonsation at court. Not long after the
suspension of tho levees, and the return of
tho burgesses to their homes, tho counsellor
requested a conversation in his cabinet with
his sou, Colonel Daniel Parke Custis.
' I trust I havo always shown that regard
for your welfare which is duo from an affec
tionate father to un only son. I am about
to givo another proof or it. In short, I wish
to turn your attention to a suitable marriage..'
The Colonel bowed.
1 You know Colonel Byrd, of Wcstovcr,
to be my very particular friend. His daugh
ter is ono of the most beautiful and accom
plished ladies in Virginia, It is my desire
that you form with her a matrimonial alli
ance.' He seemed lo wait for a reply, but in vain.
"May 1 inquiro if you havo thus early pre
sumed to decido seriously on tho preference
of any young lady as a companion for life Y
I have, Sir.'
May I bo favored with a knowledge of
her nanio T
'Miss Martha Darnbridge.'
Accoidiug to a happy prcscionce, the lof
ty councc-llor gave his consent to tho nup
tials, and the flower ol the court ol Williams
burg becumo a bride, in tho blush of her sev
Their residence was a retired and roman
tic mansion on tho banks of the Pamunkey.
Il reared its white walls amid a profusion of
vines and flowering trees. Broad planta
tions, and tho wealth of Virginia forests, va
riegated tho grounds. Rural occupation,
and tho delight of each other's society, pre
pared for them what they deemed a para
disc. In visits to their favored dwelling, the
Chancellor learned to appreciate the treas
ures of his new daughter. Her excellence
in tho responsible sphere to which she was
introduced won his regard; and with tho in
genuousness of an honorable mind when con
vinced of an error, ho sought every oppor
tunity of distinguishing her merit, which hB
had once been reluctant to admit. When
he saw the grace and courtliness with which
she maintained a general hospitality ; the
judgement far beyond her years, displayed
in the management of her servants ; tho en
ergy, early rising, the cheerful alacrity with
which sho regulated and beautihed tho inter
nal mechanism of her family ; the disinteres
tedness with which she forgot herself, and
sought the good of others; but, above all,
her untiring devotion to her husband, and
the littlo ones sprung up around her; he
gloried in tho sentiment ol his son, which,
indeed, ho had always believed, though he
was once in danger of swerving from it, that
strong personal affection is essential to the
bias ol matrimonial happiness.
But the scenes of felicity was not long to
last. The death of her two oldest children
prepared her for a deeper loss in her blovcd
and estimable husband. In the trying situation
of a young, beautiful, and wealthy widow, and
mother, she was slill ablo to conduct herself
with unvarying discretion, and faithfully to (lis
charge every important duty.
ft was in the spring ot lioa that two gentle
men, attended by a servant, wero seen riding
through the liixurant scenery with which tho
county of New Lent, in Virginia abounds. Tho
most striking figure nt tho group was a tail,
graceful man, and apparently twenty-five years
of age. He would have been a model for a
statuary when Rome was in her best days. His
companion was an elderly man, in a plain garb,
who, by tho familiarity with which he pointed
out surrounding objects, would seem to be ta-
king Ins daily rounds upon Ins own estate. As
they approached the avenue to an antique man
sions, tic placed his hand on the rein of his i
' Nay, Colonel Washington let it never be
said that you passed the house of your father's
friend without dismounting. I must insist on
the honor of delaying you as my guest.'
' Thanks to you my dear Sir, but I ride in
haste, the bearer of despatches to our Governor
in Williamsburg, which may not brook delay.'
' Is this the noble steed which was given you
by the dying Braddock on the fatal field of Mo
uongahela ! and this the same servant he be
queathed you at the same time V
Washington answered in tho affirmative.
'Then, my dear Colonel, thus mounted and
attended, you may well dine with me, and by
borrowing some of this fine moonlight, reach
Williamsburgh ere his Kxccllcncy shall liavo
shaken ofi'his morning slumbers.'
' Do I understand that I may be excused im
mediately after dinner V
' Then Sir, I except your hospitality.' And
gracefully throwing himself from the charger,
ho resigned the reign to his English servant,
giving at the same time strict orders as to the
timo when he must be ready with the horses to
pursue their journey.
' I am rejoiced, Colonel Washington,' said
tho hospitable old gentleman, 'fortunately to
have met you on my morning ride ; and the
more 6o as I have some guests who may make
tho request pass pleasantly, and will not fail to
appreciate our young and valiant soldier.
Washington bowed his thanks, and was in
troducod to the company. Virginia's far-famed
hospitality was well set forth in that spacious
baronial hall. Precise in his household regula
tions, the social feast was closed at the time the
hoet had predicted. The servant was alone
punctual he knew the habits of his master.
At the appointed moment he stood with horses
caparisoned at the gate ; and much did ho mar
vel, as listening to every footstep that paced
down the avenue, he saw the sun sink in the
wes', and yet no master appear. At length or
ders came that the horse should be put up for
tho night. Wonder upon wonder ! when his
business with the Governor was so urgent !
7 he sun was high in the heavens the next day
ere Washington mounted for his journey. No
among the guests was a beautiful and youthful
wiilnw. tn wl,n,n rh.-irm hi. l,n:irl l,n,l rosnnnil.
ed. This was further confirmed by his tarry -
ing but a brief space at Williamsburg, retrac-
ing his route with unusual celerity, and becom.
ing a frequent visitor at the house ot the late
Colonel Custis, in the vicinity, where the fol
lowing year, his nuptials wero celebrated.
Henceforth tho life of tho lady of Mount Ver
nonis a part of the history of her country. In
that hallowed retreat, sho was found entering
into tho plans of Washington, sharing his confi
dence, and making his household happy. There
her only daughter, Martha Custis-, mod m the
bloom of youth ; a few years after, when the
troubles of tho country drew her husband to the
post of cominmder-in-chief of iher amies, she
accompanied him to Boston, and witnessed its
siege and evacuation. For eight years he re
turned no more to enjoy his beloved residence
on the banks of tho Potomac. During his ab-
sence, she made tho most strenuous efforts to
discharge the added weight of cares, and to en
dure, with changeless trust in Heaven, conlinu.
ed anxiety for ono so inexpresaibly dear. At
the close of each campaign, she repaired, in com
pliance with his wishes, to head quarters, where
tho ladies of the general officers joined her in
formingsucli society as diffused a cheering in
fluence over even tho gloom of the winter of
Valley Forgo and Morristown. Tho opening
of every campaign was the signal of the return
of Lady Washington (as sho was called in the
army) to her domestic cares at Mount Vornon.
'I heard,' said she, 'the first and last cannon of
the Revolutionary war.' 'i'he rejoicings which
attended thu surrender of Cornwallis, in the au
tumn of 1781, marked for ber a season of the
Her only remaining child, Col. John Custis,
the aid. de-camp of Washington, became, during
his arduous duties at the siege of Vorktown, the
victim of an epidemic fever, and died at the age
of twenty-seven. Ho was but a bjy of five at
the time of her second marriage, and had drawn
forth strongly tho affections and regard of her il
lustrious husband, who shared her afllictions for
his loss, and by the tendorest sympathy strove
to alleviate it.
After the close of tho war, a few years wore
devoted to the enjoyment and embellishment of
their favorite Mount Vernon. Tho peace and
returning prosperity of their country gave pure
and bright ingredients to their cup of happiness.
Their mansion was thronged with guests of dis.
tinction all of whom remarked with admiration
the energy of Mrs. Washington in the compli.
cated duties of a Virginia house wife, end the
elegance and grace with which she presided at
her noble board.
The voice of free nation, conferring on Gen.
Washington the) highest office in its power to
bestow, was not obeyed without sacrifice of feel
ing. It was in the Spring of 1789, that, with
his lady, he bade adieu to his tranquil abode, to
assume the responsibility of the first Presiden
cy. In forming his domestic establishment, ho
mingled the simplicity of a republic with that
dignity which lie felt was necessary to secure
the respect of older governments. Tho furni
turo of his house, the livery of his servants, tho
I entertainment of his guests, displayed elegance,
while they rejected ostentation. In all these ar
rangements; Mrs. Washington was a second
self. Her Friday evening levee.", at which he
was always present, exhibited that perfect eti
quette which marks the intercourse of the dig.
nilteil and high bred. Commencing at seven,
and closing at ten, they lent no more sanction
to late hours than to levity. Tho first lady of
the nation still preserved tho habits of early life.
Indulging in no indolence, sho left her pillow at
dawn, and after breakfast retired to her chamber
for an hour, for the study of the scriptures and
devotion. This practice, it is said, during tho
long period of half a century, she never omitted.
The duties of the Sabbath were dear to her.
The President and herself attended public wor
ship with regularity, and in the evening he read
to her, in her chamber, the scriptures and a ser
mon. Tho Spring of 1797 opened for them with the
most pleasing anticipations. Tho cares of high
office were resigned, ami they were about to re.
tire, for the remainder of their day, to tho belov
ed shades of Mount Vernon. The new turf
springing into fresh greenness wherever they
trod, the vernal blossoms opening to receivo
them, the warbled welcome of the birds, were
never more dear, as Wearied with the toils of
public life, and satiated with its honors, they re
turned to their rural retreat hallowed by tho re
collections of earlier years, and by the conscious
ness of virtue.
But in two years Washington was no more.
The shock of his death, after an illness of only
twenty-four hours, fell like a thunderbolt on tho
bereaved widow. The piety which had long
been her strength continued its support, but her
heart drooped ; and though her cheerfutness did
not utterly forsake her, she discharged her ha.
bitual round of duties, as ono who felt that her
" glory had departed."
How beautiful and characteristic was her re
ply to the solicitations of the highest authority
of the nation, that the remains of her illustrious
husband might be removed to the seat of gov
ernment, and a marble monument erected to
mark the spot of their repose.
" t aught uy the great example winch l navo
had so long before me, never to oppose my pri
vate wishes to the will of my country, 1 consent
to the request made by Congress ; and in doing
this I need not, I cannot, say what a sacrifice of
individual feelings I make to a sense of publio
Tho intentions of the Congress of 1707 have
never been executed, nor the proposed monu
ment erected. 'The enthusiasm of the timo
passed away, and tiro many conflicting cares of
a great nation turned its thought from thus per
petuating his memory, whose image, it trusted,
would be ever enshrined in the hearts of a great
Scarcely two years of her lonely widowhood
were accomplished, ere the lady of Mount Ver
non found death approaching. Gathering her
family around her, Ehe impressed on them the
value of that religion which she had tasted from
youth onward to hoary hairs. Then calmly re
signing her soul into the hands of Him who
gave it, at the age of seventy, full of years and
full honors, she was laid in the tomb of Wash
ington. In this outline of the lineaments of Martha
Washington, we perceive that it was neither tho
beauty, with which she was endowed, nor the
high station which she had attained, that gave
enduring lustre to her character, but her Chris
tian fidelity in thoso duties which devolve upon
her sex. 7'his fitted her to irradiate the home,
to lighten the cares, to cheer the anxieties, to
sublimate the enjoyments of him who, in tho ex
pressive language of the Chief Justice Marshall,
was "so favored of Heaven as to depart without
exhibiting tho weakness of humanity."
Russian Conquests. " The brilliant ca
reer of Muscovite conquests," says Bulga
rin, " began with Peter the Great ; although
the amount, in his time, did not exceed
176,200 geographical square miles, yet their
effect was to lay tho ground work for our
ascendancy over the Baltic and the Euxino.
At tho time of Catherine's accession, our
lominion was spread over an area of 6,917,-
1l Bro n,ll. and,hr re'gn was mark-
''' "V t'e acquisition of CoUrlaild, LlVOnia.
, White Russia, Volhynia, Podolinia, the
( L.rinica, .sopu, uisiijkoi, a largo extent ot
territory between the Bug and Dniester, the
country of the Nogay-Tartars, the Kabar-
das, and part of the north-west coast of
When Paul ascended tho throne, the area
of tho Russian Empire, of which about one
fifth was in Europe, amounted to 7,338,900
squaro miles ; under his brief sway, howev
er, not more than 1010 were added lo iho
mass. During the reign of the Emperor
Alexander, lliero wero incorporated, in the
year 1802 and 1804, Grusia, Mingcrclia,and
Imeritia; by the treaty of Tilsit, in 1807,
ho acquired the province of Bialy stock : by
that of Fredericksham, in 1809, the Isles of
Aland, and West Bothnia, as far as Tornoo ;
the treaty of Schonbrum, in the same year,
gave him tho province of Tarnapol ; and
by that of Bucharest, in 1812, he obtained
Bessarabia, and part of Moldavia, including
the mouths of the Danube.
Tho Russian possessions in America com
prised an area of 504,000 square miles, and
extended, as staled in the Ukase of 1821, to
the 51st degree of northern latitude. By
tho poace of Gulistan, in 1813, ho acquired
Daghestan and Shtrwan; and the settle
ments made at tho Congress of Vienna,
gavo him Poland in its existing extent, and
provided for tho cession of Tarnapol to
Austria. Tho treaties which ho concluded
with tho United Slates, in 1824, and Great
Britain in 1825, extended his possessions in
North America, to fifty-four degrees, forty
one minutes northern latitude
Tho consequence of this gradual accu
mulation of territory was, that the Emperor
Alexander bequeathed to his successor a
sovereignty spread over a surfaco of 7,650
690 squaio miles. Tho brilliant career of
the presont monarch has added the Persian
provinces of Erivan nnd Nakitshevan with
an area of about 10,500 squaro miles, which
now constitute New Armenia, and were ac
quired under tho treaty of Turkmanshy, in
1823: and tho fortresses of Anapa, Poli,
Akalzik, and Akalkalachi, to which a terri
tory of about 2100 square miles is attached,
which wero extorted from Turkey by tha
treaty of Adrianople, in 1829.