Newspaper Page Text
Friday, Jan. 5.
Tin' Si'iu'i; n t
in FUss.nn in. day, it having
iJ. i.irnoil nior voKtcril.iv in Mninl.iv nonl.
'.' .f c of lleprrssnUilixc. Aflurlha reading
r th" j.iurn.tl of yi'Jlonliy'H pritrucilings, thu
i I n I'l-il: up 1I10 rt'L'iil.irorili'r of tliu d.iy, cun.
I 'I nn I concluded tho call for resolutions.
I. .-I'iiiiitiiiK xv.rc limn presented fruni (lie
'I 1 w 0 , of no pirlic.il.ir intoicst; attlircon.
( . -in cif winch.
..1 . C .1. luuersnlt moved lint t lie House ro
i 1 ('umir.'.tico uf the Whole on Gen. Jackson's
"'If Ail.nn r.ise lo a point of order not so
).i 1 '1 a point of order, as to the irnod f.iith of llm
J I 10; Ihu tionlloiiian fioin I'onnsyivniiia, C.
.1. 'I.i.-ur-iiill. hiving, 111 his motion, comniitcd .1
0 i-'itf f.ii'h.
'I'll' I'm;: Mik;r II t i liir bach llio imputations
xv ' 1 Hit! rinituiii;il lielnnjrin to ihoiii, into the
t . i'f h 111 xvlm m ult tliem. I xvill have him,
f 1 !i tun! llio 1 1 mo In kinnv that I am loss
1 1 0 in llu eh itl'O ol breach iff.thh, than he is
1 ,1 I c itn.i t c.ill In oritur, a 1 care so litllc
f . . v Ih 112 In sny. I Ml-'1-' no notice of hi?
1 ' ,. t!. "(Mi Ad.uiK ' I don't care") Ah
1 ! .'(. iiioni 111 does not cam. I nit is a very
cim-. omi'iit w.iv to l'.'I nut of ihn dilemma. It
1 a ' .( vav to sueik out of the scrape. Me
Ji v r.ot c ire ! Ah, h.i ! I'll nuke linn care !
M . A.h:ii. 1 itafv Inn).
;i:s? rcmirks ivero made under groat fecl
1 s ol eve. tomunt by hotli parlies, anil the whole
t mo xv .tx ijr.imitie ioa high decree thofpeak
rrs rlonoliiinjlliuir tins, extending their arm?,
n id directing their reiiiirk-f at each oilier. Mr
A l.uns writhitiT, during his rnimrkp, with
I :r iroin-, nt'd .Mr lugxrsoll xvithering under
h '..in.'fMii re'j. .
' n ' 1 it-: diupoM-il of and'quicted hy
t 1 of !! Siit'.-Iior, not, however,
1 ! ! .j.i.I li..s ins (rn ml thu Peace Maker
x s , juiiii i d'i's voiul !iri.t as usual, whenever ho
111 Msurcs ttienulh with Mr Adams ; Jlr Iror.
1 then xx ilhdroxv his inolion, and I lie House
I 11 'tided to act up in a m itioti that the resold.
I k 1 appointing ,1 day specially for the considera
I 1 ol the report Iroui llm Committeo on the
liu'es and Orilfrt of the House be taken up.
1 xx.is the desire to carry nut that previous do.
i -.'l'Tition of the llou.'o which had brought up
" ' A !.i o'i ',!.. ni.ition of .Mr Ingcrsoll. Yes
t !, 1' g !i 'en th.i day a.-signed for the con-r-
'. limn nl (he report, Mr Adams very cour.
t -o.irly jinvn xvav 111 order that the call for reso.
I .t'ons in.ght I) j prooeoded In ; the unanimous
iiiuJersMiidiiig of the House being that it sliould
1.113 up iurnudi.iti'ly on the conclusion of the
'I for tCMilutmns. 'JL'ho resolution to recou.
f 1 vas adopted by llio vute, as follows : Yeas
Mr Adams moved that Tuesday next be as
s j 1 'd as thu diy for reconsidering the report.
Too Spmkor rem.irked that it required a vote
rVlr Ad.ims said that it did not require txvo
th .1-, !i'-t,him it xvas a privileged question.
.Mi- IJionmo do, a member ol the Committee
on 11 lie.-, tjv.) xv tilled the report to-committed
to the c iiimnltec, as il comes from the minority
in truth, and not the tnij.irily, a usual, members
xx'oru not present when it xx as adopted. Mr I),
xx ,s .-0 circumstanced, probably, as not to bo able
In ho pre.-ent at the time He now undoubted,
ly deMres tin; opportunity of bestowing upon it
"ase-ond subjr thought." He moved to re
01 ; lit .
Mr White insisted tint il xvas a privileged
q in.-'iiin.inrlM.-in'h iking precedence of all
1 ti-is. V'lie eport of 11 committee of rules and
( d rs wis not governed hy the rules and or-
u -rs ot tne House, mo would doTy any one
1 1 show llio disciis-ion as out of order, and the
consideration ol the subject as contrary to the
rules, to point to 11 single instance on the jour
nal where the House had ever been g verned
by the rules, when a report was to i)0 consider
ed irom a committee 011 llial subject. It xvas a
privileged question, and as such he demanded
its immediate cnnt'tluralion.
Mr Divis of Indiana, made some foxv remarks
explaining Ins position on the subject, having
previou-ly misconceived Hie purpose of thcUlsl
(now .Ml) rule, when ho recordud his vote
against its continuance. Ho xvas a member of
the committee making llio report, and should
ask the House lo excuse him, in order that some
one 111 g!it be appointed in his pi ice, who would
nut prejudice the committee in its alter action,
should llio report he re-referred, as proposed,
by previous iiriuitontioii.il misconceptions and
errois, as xvas his case.
Mr lliac.k of Georgia, made a southern demo,
cratic speech 0:1 the subject, thrcatcnim; in ad
vtn-o, Hut if the House rejected the rule, he
:i id the oulli mu-t and should do sr. and so,
r (i. nver iimike,! 1 he House to keen con in
c"- f'leiit'g the sabjoc', and patticularly the
g. lineman irom uoorgia.
Mr lil.ixl; sai that lie cniild only keep cool
xvhen his censtiti -. and the Southern rights
and Interests were ...perly respected and pro
sci veil. "Co.ii ! win-, sir, I cannot ho made
coil until tho torch of the incenliary makes
Hi's cold !" (L'i'id laughter.)
I can follow tins day's proceedings 110 further.
Q iOsiioh. of 1 .-ilcr without number worn receiv
r,!, uniil they haxo now hoco.ne so confused, hy
being piled one upon the other, lint it vxere 'a
useless cfi'irl In dissect ard sialo ihein all.
A nii'i iu was linilly mill) in lav the whole
F i 'j 'it 011 ihu lali'e, as llio mo-t ready xvay ol
(1 .jnHiug of i, ixhich, liiug l.iken hv vo.is and
111, , ics'.iiied a follows : Yo.i.73.'iiiivs 103.
il 1 the Mil'joct xvns ii'il la.d mi the table.
As 1 cliuo ihis lellc, a controversy is going
on helwcen Mrlllacliof (ieo. ai.d Mr' U.viriMov
nrN. Y., in xvhich the latter genlleinan is taking
bold, sirong and honorable grounds in defence
ot t 'so North on this question, and casting into
tliesnx-crrst ridicule tho tirade and braggadocia
of black, and all tuch other Southern doTenders
Correspondence of tho Journal of Commerce.
Saturday, Jan. 6th.
Tho House to-day resumed the discussion of
the report on ihe iu!, j. livery thing xvent nfl
i'.i' n'v a. nl quietly, bliowniglli.it some things
r ' h il scus-e.l a well at oihers, and that the
I' 1 "1 t.i 1 . , i i-.iavery qiiesliiiu has been
1 un We h ive a new tot of men, iii'jlly
j nog men, xvlio am Iron from prejudice. I
I ; 0 much from this House yet. Mr Adams,
xviili his characteristic, sneer, said, the nlhei
d.y, ' I do riot know shill ha much gratified
!.y the clnqurncr, or instructed by the ichihm 0!
this House." It I am not mistaken, ho ha,
keen a little of 110H1 in llio speeches of Kto
p.hens, (Jhngiinn, Il.virdsly, and others. The
n1 1 gcnllf r tti his gneii the 11101 unequivecal
; o; grni iIi. miiimi at thn.e speeches', to sav
II 'i.nig of those of Davis and Dune hi, to which
I. 'five the piri.'t.jst attention. It there is a
1: 11 in this tiii'inn who Inn cause lo ha gratilied
i the indications slioxvn by ibis House, it is Mr
A1' eis. 'i'Jio mui'id courtesy has been evton.
il I to him, so f.r as that goes. Tho Speaker
put him in llio jdaco xvhero ho inot xvished to
In in opposition lo the wishes of the xvhole
Kiiith Clialiinan of tho committee on Rules.
In that committee, ho had every advantage thai
he cottl.l po-sihly desire and found, greatly to
lis surprise, a mijorityiii his favor. Ho has
won ,1 victory thu greatest victory over
achieved in legishtion in this country ; a victo.
iy that would alone, h'olting o il nil Ins previ
ous history, carry Irs name lo posterity, lie
has detested, after a ten year's struggle, all leg.
islatun restriction on the right ol petilinn, and
opened llm xvhole subject of slavery 10 free and
calm discnss'ou in Iho House of Hepresenta
lives, Mr Adam's xvhole course .11 this session
ha3 been a snccessdii of triumphs.
Tin! i-fei ale xvas not in sossinn to-day. In
the lltiu'blhu subject of 'tho Report on Rules
xvas again take.i ip 5lr Duncan, of Ohio,
8,0'io at length on Ihu sol j id, and in a miiiner
I' .1 arrct'.cil mnrli atleut.on. Ho came nut in
(. .,, .-itlon lo lb... reslriclioii on the reception
a 1 d svn--ion of slavery petitions, hut Hill
, ,1 'ii 'ern ,.'nl in, and pointed out very
r i. , il." ill eficcts that would result from thn
ci ii 1 ition of three million" f slaves.
' 11-oxvt), of TeuneEsee, followed 011 the
. er b J , hut,aftcr the rvnir '(hoiuorn-
ing hour, xvas obliged to (jive way to the order
of the day, which xvas
This stale subject occunicd the llmnw dnrinir
the rouiaiiidcr of the sitting. I take it that you
have "something heard" of Gen. Jackson's vie
lory at New Orleans but we hoard "more dis
linclly" from Mr Weller, who fought the fight
over again in a maimer that phexved him to be
at once 11 Wellington and a Napoleon, a fncfi.
ci'art and a htraltaitl. He closed ah I xvhat a
step from the sublime w ith an allusion to the
approaching anniversary supper. The House
lo 1 1 the matter undecided.
Monday, Jan. 8th.
The Calhoun manifesto arrainst tho Van Da
ren Convention has not yet arrived, hut I learn
that is in print, and xxill soon be here. It lias
had thecftbet, in anticipation, tn shake the con.
fidenreof the Van Duron men in the strength
of their position. It is not at all improbable
lli.it the Irienus or Cass and Jn'inson will also
keep aloof from the packed convention. 7'lic
people seem disposed to take the matter of the
next election into their oivn hands, and will
care liltle for the dictation of old political
Whoever may happen to bo elected at the
coiiiingclection.it xxiiilav on the shelf a number
of old candidates. The "travels history" of
some six or seven veterans xvill lie ended. A
now set of names xvill bo brought boforo the
country, and noxv princinlos and inlercMs will
.become the subiectof nohticnl nnitation.
Mr Wise has iust returned from an absence
of a fortnight, lie looks rather bettor, but is in
bad I101.I1I1. Ho has been and xvill bo very qui-
ex ai mis session. 11c lias not yet been re-nom-inatcd
fur France, but probably xvill be. The
Senate, hnxvever, xvill reject him for that mis.
sion. I hey xvill confirm him for Austria
or Mexico, if ho ivould take cither of those
It is quite settled that Mr Spencer will be
nominated for tho vacant seat on the bench of
tho Supreme Court. Mr Hiram Kctchum has
been strongly urged upon the President for the
Ftntion, and particularly by Mr Webster. The
oonaic win not conlirm the nomination of Mr
Spencer, unless ho first resign the office of
Secretary of the Treasury, and it is pretty cer-
Ifiln fl.f l.n ...ill ,,. A M--
"" " ii .v ..... 11. .t lesion, k i,ir un-eii, ai
torney-general or district attorney, in New Jcr.
soy, has been mentioned for the office of Sec
retary of the Treasury. He is said tn be
strongly urged on tho President by Captain
oiockiou aiiu oiners.
In tho Senate, to-dav, MrSemple, of Illinois,
introduced a joint resolution renuestinr the
President to communicate the provisions of the
convention with Great Britain of 1818, res
peeling the occupation of the Oregon Territo
ry, xvhich provisions w ere continued indefinitely
by the convention of 1827.
Oregon Territory Xcgotialion nl Washington.
Tho debate on Mr Allen's resolution, calling
for the instructions given to our Miniitcr at
London in reference to the title to, and occupa
tion of, the Oregon Territory, and the corres
pondenco relative to the subject, xvas continued
in the Senate for some hours, and resulted
in the rejection of the resolution, yeas 14,
Mr Archer, chairman of tho committee on
Foreign Affairs, stated, officially, for the infor
mation of thu Senate, that there had been no
negotiation as yet on the subject of the Oregon
boundary ; that instructions had been given as
the basis of a negotiation by this government;
that the British Government preferred to treat
hero j that tho negotiation was transferred to
Washington city ; and that a minister specially
charged with the ajustiiicnt'ol the matter would
be here and commence the negotiation in a fexv
xveeks. This seemed to give groat satisfaction
tolhe Senate. The passage of the resolution
xvas opposed on several grounds. It would be
unnecessary, because there had boon no nego.
tiation, and the only effect of it would be lo pro.
inulgale our Instructions, to the great detriment
of our interests, that it would appear, under the
circumstances, to be designed to thwart the ne
gotiation by taking it out of the President's
hands or interfering in his conduct of it; and,
finally, that it xvas a matter for consideration
in Executive session, if it xvere considered
Mr Allen said tho government would never
alloxv any more land on this continent to bo
ceded to any foreign government, more espe
cially that of England. He predicted a great
xvar with England during the next genera
Tho House to-day, concluded the debate on
Jen. Jackson's Fine! at 1-2 past 4 o'clock. Tho
bill xvas reported and was passed ; yeas 153,
Tuesday. Jan. 9th.
House. After tho reading of the journal,
Mr Hunt, of Nexv York, introduced a resolu
tion, asking for inform ition from the War De-
partmont. Alter a fexv moments spent in the
consideration of other miscellaneous resolutions
and other business of an uninteresting nature
lo record, the subject of tho report of the Com
mittoo on Rules came up in order. Mr Wise
requested to bo permitted lo make a minority
report, from the fame Committee. Mr Adams
opposed tho granting of his request, on the
ground that it would delay action, and xvas
wholly unprecedented in i:s characlcr hut the
Ilo.ise gave him permission. Inconsequence
of Ihis report from Wise, a motion xvas made tn
postpone tho consideration of this subject a fort
night. In reply to an iuouiry whether a vote
of two thirds was not necessary, the Speaker
icemen uiai 11 xvas not
From this decisiou.Mr Adams appealed. Mr
While made a very clear cvinc of tho incor-
redness of the Speaker's decision, the rules of
Iho House reading, " nor shall the order if busi
ness be postponed, or changed, except by a vole of
at least two thirds if the members present." At
this juncture, a motion xvas made to lay the
xvhole subject on tho table. It xvas Inst ayes
70, noes 107, thirty majority. After this, the
morning hour having expired, tho House went
into Ciuimitlee of the Whole, and discussed
the reference of that portion of the President's
Message xvhich relates to the improvement of
the Western Waters, whether tn the Commit,
tee on commerce or a select Committee.
Senate. Soxeral private petitions and me.
morials wore presented and referred. ,lfr Hen
dcrson reported a bill to adjust certain land
claims. .Vr Evans, from tho committee on Fi.
nance, requested that they might be discharged
from the further consideration of McDufiie's
resolution on tho Tariff, 011 tho ground that it
imposed a hill to originate revenue, xvhich the
Senate had not tho power to do. The subject
ol the Oregon Territory xvas then resumed, by
a resolution ollered bySemple, of Illinois. Af
ter brief remarks, in "support of his resolution,
MrS. moved that it bo laid over, until next
.lnnday. Tho Senate then xvent into Execu.
live business, probably on tho subject of the ap
pointmant ol John C. Spencer.
Wednesday, January 10.
In tho House of Representatives, Air ;lcKay,
Chairman pf the committee of xvays and moans,
reported the usual anual appropriation bills fur
the prcrent fiscal year, viz: for tho support of
ute inoian Department, 01 the military Acadc.
my; of the Army; and the general bill for the
civil and diplomatic expenses of Government.
Mr Barnard's resolution, calling for the re
port of the Topographicul bureau, of the survey
of the Hudson above and bcloxv Albany, was
The resolution of MrG. Divis, of Ky., Inquir
ing of the President whether Jesso floyt. late
Collector of N. York, has not violated tho act to
lepcal Iho Sub-Treasury and to provide for the
punishment of public embezzlers. Mr Woller
moved in lay on tho table; refused, yeas 3Ti,
nays lit."). The previous question, however, not
being seconded, tho Biilijuct xvas throxvn over,
I lio donate on Western improvement xvas
continued in a western speech in Committee of
Iho Whole on the Union, Mr Fickhn of III, ; and
without action upon tho subject, tho House ad
In Sr.NATE, lion. James A. Pearce, Senator
cUct from .iil. was qualified and took his scat.
Mr Woodbridge, from Iho Committee on Pub.
lie Lund., reported bill, appropriating' certain al.
tcrnato sections of lands in Mich, for internal im
provements ; and confining the survey and loca
tion of claims to public lands in Mi.
Mr Barrow, from the same committee, reported
a bill for the survey of tho mouth of Red River
The bill granting land for improving the nav.
igation of Fox and Wisconsin rivers, after con
sideration in committee of tho whole, was post
poneu 1111 lu-inorroxv.
The Clav meeting at the Assembly rooms.
last evening, passed off with much enthusiasm.
Animating and eloquent speeches were deliver,
cd by Hon. Messrs. Stephens of Ga.. Jarneifan
of Tc., Chilton of Va., M. Brown of 7'c., Colla.
mcr ot Vf, and homasson of Ky. A Clay
Club was organized. Tribune.
Nrw York, Jan. 13. The Pomeroy Robe
ry Trunk and Money found. We are happy
to have it in our power to stale that tho mystc.
ry attending this robbery has been at last coin,
plctely dissipated, and that the trunk has been
discovered, and the robber arrested. The man
ner of the detection and arrest of the bold rob
ber is as folloxvs: Yesterday about txvo
o'clock the Bank of Neiv York sent to the Man
hattan Bank a large amount of their bills xvhich
h id been taken that day on deposits. Among
them was a $500 bill xvhich the cashier of the
Manhattan Bank recognised as one that had
been in Pomerey's trunk. Information xvas im.
mediately despatched to tho Mayor, xvlio sent for
Justice Taylor, and on instituting inquiries at
the liank ol Nexv York, it xvas ascertained that
the bill was received from Mr. Van Seht, whole
sale importing merchant, No. 14 Cedar street,
up stairs, un going to his p'ace of business he
informed the Mayor that he had received it from
a German named B. Lcchncr in payment for a
bill of goods. The residence of this individual
xvas ascertained to be No. 32 River street, in
the basement, and officer McGralh with Justice
Taylor were despatched tn xvatchin the vicinity
until he should return home. In the meantime,
it xvas ascertained that he xvas in the habit of
spending much time at the office of Mr. Risch
muller, No. 109 Cedar street, agent for for.
xvarding emigrants, and Mr. Clark the first
Marshall, was despatched thither to xvatch for
him there. He was soon observed to come out
and xvas arrested in Cedar street, as ho was
leaving that place. Information of his arrest
was despatched to Justice Taylor and McGrath
by air. Livingston, (the partner of Mr. Tome
roy here,) and they xverc directed to search his
nrprnlsns. line vvna
Tins was soon done, and nicely
stowed axvav in ono corner was the identical
trunk covered with a buffalo skin. It xvas ta
ken at once to the siaxw's Office, where Lech-
nor had previously been conveyed, and xvas
there opened, xvhen besides tl.c valuable papers,
xverc found about 810 000 in hank bills, the
properly of the banks and brokers xvlio had
forxvarded them. An examination xvas at once
gone into, xvhich resulted in the full committal
of Lcchner, and the discharge of Rischmullcr,
xvlio it was fully ascertained had no connection
whatever with tho robbery, and ,xvas only acting
as a friend to Lechner by assisting him in the
purchase of goods. The discox'ery has led to
the arrest of the Gorman previously suspected
at the Mayor's Office, as all the evidence the
Mayor had collected went to fasten the guilt up.
on a German, xvlio xvas seen with a large trunk
covered with a buffalo skin. Lcchncr is a
German, xvho arrived here in June last, and
proceeded immediately to Milwaukie, xvhere he
intended tn settle he returned to this city
seven xveeks since, and xvas married on the 18th
of December, only three days after the robbery.
He was xvhen arrested, engaged in purchasing
goons totaKe with rum to MilxvauKic, where he
says he is established with a partner in the
merchantile business. The greatest credit is
due to the Mayor and the Magistrate and officers
engaged xvith him, for the zeal, fidelity and as.
siduity xvith xvhich they have pursued the in
vestigation, which has resulted thus happily.
P. S. The day after Ills commitment,
Leschner committed suicide, by hanging
himself in his cell.
DESPERATE CONFLICT WITH
In the latest papers from Holhind is found
I lie folloxving account of an expedition sent
by the Notherland Government to the East
Indies against the pirates which infest the
xvatcrs east of Java and among the Molucca
and the Calebcs Islands:
The expedition consisted of one stcam-frigale, (ihe
Hccla,) one brig, and throe schooners, commanded
by dpt. Cocrlson. In the spring of last year these
vessels left Sourabaya, and being joined hy I wo ves
sels of war (Prown) belonging lo the Suhan ofSj
manap, sailed to the Island of Kangelang lo receive
the crexv and pnssangers of a Dutch vessel lately
xvrceked on that coast. The Hecla approaching
alone look these persons on board, with a larire sum
of money saved from the wreck. The remainder of
the cargo, with more than 830,000 in money, having
been taken by ihe nalivcs, they were commanded to
reitorc il, and on their refusing to do so an attack
was made upon them, their dwellings burned, and
many of them taken prisoners, and aficrxvards sent
to the Sultan of Sumanap. The cargo and money, it
xvas ascertained, had been throxvn into the sea upon
the first approach of ihe expedition.
Lieutenant C. p. Gevcrs, first officer of the Hecla,
xras then rent with n parly of sailors and mariner in
small boats 10 a neighboring islmd, xvhich, uficrnn
obstinate resistance he succeeded in taking at ihe
point of ihe bayonet.
The expedition then sailed to llinjocivangie. xvhere
they met with five vessels stronalv armed, each with
nio.e than thirty men, bavins the appearance of
pirnies; 11111 auer examining uipir papers nnu una.ng
idem siiling under a friendly flag, the Dutch, xveie
compell.'il to suffer litem 10 pass.
From thence ihey visited some small islands con
tiguous, known hau'nls ofihe pirates, but xvhich were
found uninhabited, though exhibiting signs of having
been recently occupied.
in me slrails 01 .xiaccassar iney xisiled Hie I1.1v or
Ooni, the island of Slavery, and further souih Ton
nak Dampen, xx here they xvere informed ilialon th
western coast of that island there xvero five larpe pi
rale vessels xvhich intended to attack the merchant
vessels coining from Macassar and Timor. A com
mand of about sixty marines, seventy sailors, and
some islanders, with altogether only eighty bayonets,
xvas riven 10 Lieut. Gevers, who left the Heel, and
with his men, in six boils, set out for the small bay
in which were iho pirate xessels preparing lo go to
sea. He reached there about half past eight in Ihe
morning, after twelve hours of difficult rowing ihro'
narrow and shiliow creeks, xvhere ha xvn immediate
ly attacked. At eleven Ihe respective forces xvero in
presence of each other. The pirate vessels were lying
with their slcrn seawards, Iheir largo cannon in bat
tery on the shore, and by the side of this one xveie
five other batteries of small guns. When the Dutch
were atabout half a cannon shot disiance, the tiring,
with round and crape shot, continued uninterruptedly
on the part of the pirates. Thcx had also a Iroop of
rinernen hid in small Dusncs. nut, notwithstanding
their superior force, Lieut. (Severs attacked them with
Ihe bayonet and xvas soon master of their fortifica
tions. One battery after another xvas token, after con
tinued and ihs mist severe fuhling ; at length Lieut,
Schevink pulled doxvn the pirate flag. The dwellings
on hore were burned, and the pirate vessels captured
xviih twenty four cannons. In the evening Lieut.
Gevers returned xviih his boa's luthe fleet.
Two days aficrxvards ibe Hecla (having left the
other vessels) discovered a pirate fleet of ceventeen
sail, each xviih txvo hank of oirs, having sixty to
eighty roxvers besides twenty-five to thirty fighting
men. Tho Hecla piusiind lliem, and hnxing come up
with litem , n desperate fight ensued, xvhich lasted for
2 hours and a half. One of the largest of thei pirate
vessels, (mounted xviih thirteen guns, txvo of xvhich
xvere six pounders,) after being diimsled, fought xvith
extraordinary braverv. Lieut. Gevers. mhre in Imiiil
boarded ihis xcssel, hut was repulsed by the spears
01 hid iirnu'B alio lorci'u m ore upon it, i-onv ueaa
bodies tvere aflerxvards found upon Ihe vessel, with
thirty-eight slaves, tvomen and children 1 four pirates
(trying to save ihcmcelves by swimming) were picked
up and made prisoners. A second vessel of this pirat
ical fleet was sunk, Ihe rest taxed themselves, favored
by the approaching darkness and a strong wind.
sixteen cannon anil manv small dins were token.
Somedayi laler, Ihe island of Knlatos, in the bay
of Doni, was visited in boils by Lieut. Gevers. lo as
certain whether pirates hirbnred there. No sooner
had these boats appeared in Ihe bay than they were
urea upun ny me iiiiiiiiiiiiiihhj n general lire men en
sued, and a landing was effected with great difficulty.
Tho nirntes fled, leaving Ixxenlv-tbree of their vessel
onshore) forty cannon were token, their dwellings
and Ihe vessels xvero burned, and the whole island
devastated. Forty pers ns were delivered from sla
very, who xviih six of tho pirate vessels afloat, were
lOKcn 10 macassar.
These different expeditions (hy which the Dutch
nan to aepiore seven men Killed and ixvenlv-six woun
ded) were considered so imnorlint in their rendu
nnd conducted with so much gallantly, that at Ma
cossnr a day of ihonkseiving xvas set apart.
The above occountsoro 1111 to the 1st of July, IRI3.
when the expedition intended to set r.irili .-i..m nn
another cruise, and 10 extend us operations cast of
CURIOUS REVOLUTIONARY DOCU-
We give the following very curious docu
mentthe confession of an English Tory as
affording a specimen of the character of many of
the men who filled tho English ranks during
our struggles for independence. It is noxv we
believe, printed for the first time, and will be
read with interest:
The Life, Confession, and Dying Words, ot Capt.
xiiuiin Vyunningnam, lormeny nritisn rrovost
Marshall in the City of Now York, who was exe
cuted in London, the 10th August, 1791.
I, William Cunninaham, was born in Dublin
Darracks, in the year 1738. My Father was
trumpeter in the Rlue Dragoons ; and at the age
of eigh: years I was placed with an officer as his
servant, 'in which station I continued until I xvas
sixteen, and beins proficient in horsemanship.
xvas taken as an assistant tn the riding master of
mo troop, and in the year 177U was made ser
geant of dragoons ; but the peace cnminir the
year folloxving, I xvas disbanded. Being bred to
no proicssion, I took up with a woman who kept
a gin shop, in a blind alley, near the Cole Quay;
nut tne nouse being searched for stolen goods,
and my doxy taken to Ncxx'gate, I thought it most
prudent to decamp; accordingly I set off for the
north, and arrived at Drogheda, xvhere in a fexv
monius aner, 1 married the daughter ol an ex
ciseman, by xvhom I had three sons.
About the year 1772, xvc removed to Nexvory,
xvnere 1 commenced the profession of scaxvban.
ker, xvhich is that of cnticinir mechanics and
country people to shin themselves for America.
on promise of great advantage, and then artfully
geiiing an niueiuuro upon them, in consequence
of xvhich, on their arrival in America thev xvere
sold, or obliged to servo a term of years for their
passage. I embarked at Nexve'V in the ship
Needham. for Nexv York, and arrived at that
port the lourth day of August, 1774, with some
indented servants I kidnanned in Ireland, but
they xvere liberated in Nexv York, on account of
the bad usage thev received from me durinir the
passage. In that City I used the profession of
breaking the horses, and tcachin? vnuns ladies
and gentlemen to ride ; but rendering myself
oonoxious to tne citizens in their infant struggle
for freedom, I was obliged to fly on board the
Asia man-ot. war, and Irom thence to lioston
xvhere my own opposition to the measures nur
sued by the Americans, in support of their
rights, xvas the first tiling that recommended me
to the notice of General Gage ; and xvhen the
xvar commenced, I xvas appointed Provost-Mar-shall
to the royal army xvhich placed mo in a
situation to xvreaitmy vengeance on Americans.
I shudder to think of the murder I have been
accessory to, both xvith and without orders from
government, especially while in Noxv York, du
rins xvhich time there ivere more than txvo thou
sand prisoners starved in the different churches
by slopping their rations, xvhich I sold.
There vx'orc also txx-o hundred and sex'entv.
five American prisoners and obno.virxis persons
executed, out of all xvhich number there xverc
only about one dozen public executions, xvhicl
chieny consisted of Uritish and Hessian descr
tcrs. 1 he mode lor private executions xvas
thus conducted. A guard xvas despatched from
the Provost, about half past txvelvc at night, to
the barrack street, and the neighborhood of the
upper barracks to order the people to shut their
xvindows and doors on pain of death, after which
the unfortunate prisoners xverc conducted, car-
ged.just behind the upper barracks, and hung
xvitnoui ceremony, and there buried by the b ack
pioneer 01 me rrovost.
At the end of the xvar, I returned tn England
xvitn tne army, and settled in Wales, as bcinj
a cheaper place of livint? than in anv of the non
ulous cities, but being at last persuaded to go
10 ionuon, 1 entered so xvarmry into tho dissi.
sipations of that capitol, that I soon found my cir.
eumstnnces much embarraesod. to rcliox'o which
I morlaged my half pay to an army agent ; but
that boins soon nxpended. I forced a draft for
three hundred pounds sterling on the Board of
ordinance, but being detected in presenting 1
for acceptance,! xvas apprehendcd.tried and con
victcd, and for that offence am here to suffer an
I bee the prayers ol'al! good christians, and
also pardon and forgiveness of God for the many
horrid murdors 1 have been accessory to.
FRIDAY MORNING, JAN?. 19, im.
Wo givo to-day the proceedings of the
meeting nt tho Court Houso on Saturday.
The weather being very unfavorable, tho at
tendance was not so large as it would other
wise have been. It was, however, very
respectable in point of numbers all the
towns but two being represented and there
wero evident indications of the right spirit
abroad. Among the distinguished gentle
men present, wo wero pleased to notice the
President of the University, n number of
clergyman, and other individuals of wealth
and education, not directly connected with
agricultural pursuits, but nil of whom mani
fested a lively interest in the enterprise, nnd
expressed a cordinl willingness to lend il
every aid. Nor xvero xvo less gratified to
find the occasion dignified by tho presence
of such men us Chittenden, Loomis, others,
who, ripe in years and rich in experience,
came to lend us the aid of their counsels,
and bid us God speed in our labors.
The selections for officers we regard as
judicious, and calculated lo give it force and
efficency. Tho President and Vice Presi
dents are enterprising aciivo men, whose in
terests ore peculiarly identified with the soil,
and who will take pride in promoting the
interests of tho Society. Tho Secretary,
as all aro aware, wields " the 'pen of a
ready writer," and if he has not got the best
native heifer in tho county, wc shall take
great satisfaction in surveying the one that
bears tho palm. Our Treasurer will taku
good care of Iho money ; and if it docs not
even accumulate in his hands, it it ill bo bo
causo he is less successful in nursing it, than
he is usually with his otvn. The Board of
managers was selected xvith rcferenco to
ability, zeal, and sound discretion all of
which will bo called in requisition, ns upon
thorn xvill devolve tho responsible direction
of all tho society's concerns.
Subscription papers will shortly be fur
nished to the committees in llio several
toxvni, and we hopo to see them promptly
tilled up of which we have no doubt. Our
quota of the stato bounty, will be about
$150, to secure which, we must raise an
equal amount. But nobody is disposed to
rest there. Five hundred is tho least sum
we ought to talk about for distribution in
premiums, and unless wo mistako tho indi
cations, there will bo no difficulty in raising
it at once. And hero we would again urgo
tho necessity hv prompt action, inasmuch as
tho Board of Managers aro required to an
nounce (he preiiiinums by the 1st of March:
lo do xvhich thny must understand their re
sources to begin xvith. Much of thu future
success of thu enterprise, depends upon
giving it a good start to begin with, and to
do this, it is only necussary to follow prompt
ly and judiciously tho impulse it hat already
Tho meeting In Montpelier was held on
the 8th inst., Gov. Paino presiding. Pro
fessor Haddock of Dartmouth College, deliv
ered, at is said, a rery able address.
Documents and surveys wero exhibited to
the meeting showing tho practicability of the
enterprise, and the number of passengers and
quantity of freight which would probably
pass over the route. An Engineer who has
recently passed over tho txvo routes contem
plated for tho extension of tho Concord Rail
Rotd, through Lebanon, to wit., Union and
While rivers route, via Williamstown, and
the samo through Roxbury and Dog river, is
of opinion that the maximum grado trill no
where exceed SO feet per mile. By recent
curvey through from Connecticut river to
Concord thu route proves highly favorable
and the engineer reports the maximum grade
at only 53 feet per mile.
Tho products of Vermont which will bear
transportation by rail road 10 Boston as con
tained in tho census of 1840 amounts to 30
millions of dollars, nnd the number of pas
sengers by stiige, through Montpelier villago
thu past year 10,644. Tho Watchman says,
the advantages of the contral route must and
will be shown, and that if so, tho road will
bo built. Galaxy.
The following committees were appoint
Central Committee. Charles Paine,
Daniel Biildxvin, E. P. Jewell.
Orange County. John McDuffie, J. K
Parish, Darius Pride, Aaron Clonveliind.
TViwiW.-Simeon Lyman, Foster Slurtc-
vant, Hon. John Porter.
Chittenden. Doct. John Peck, Horace
Nichols, William Rhodes.
The business coinmilteo reported the fol
loxving resolution, which xvas udoptcd, viz..
Iltsolccd, That the Central Corresponding and Fi
nancial Coinmittec be authorized to cause a survv to
be made from Conneciicul River 10 Like Chainpbun,
through the vallcysuf Onion and While Rivers, and
an examination ol the routes on the Western side of
Ihe mountain i olsoto oppointan agent to raise funds
for the same : and to reuort in relation to the mrvev.
either through the public cress, or by calling meetings
ai any luiure lime.
From a "Chanticllcr" paragraph in the
last Democrat, xvo infer that that paper has
said something recently that xvas intended to
penetrate our sides ; but really, it has es
caped our notice, and if our cotcmporary will
jog our rccolloction a little, wo will be much
obliged to him. If ho has indeed hurled a
poisoned arrow, wo will endeavo- to lash our
self up to as much passion as would have been
appropriate had he possessed tho power to
drivo it home.
Harpcn1 Illuminated and Pictorial
Bible. Wo aro indebted to our nuiyiibu.
Edwards for tho first No. of this splendid
publication. We have seen manv fine spc
cimens of letter press printing, and some
wood engraving that xvould almost challenge
competition with copper; but among them
all we have never' seen any thing to compare
with the execution of this truly magnificent
work. It will be completed in fifty num
bers, quarto, at 25 cents each, issuing once
in two xveeks, and containing xvhen complc
ted, the Bible as published by (ho American
Society, with marginal references, tho
apocraphy, a concordance, chronological
table, list of proper names, general index,
table of weights and measures &c. But
what constitutes the peculiar feature of this
work, is, its beautiful illustrations being em
bellished with sixteen hundred historical
engravings, exclusive of an ornamental ini
tial letter to each chapter ; largo and finely
engraved Irontispicces and titles to the
Old and New Testaments, Family Rec
ord, Presentation Plate, dec. &c. These
engravings, as mcro specimens of the
art, aro worth tho price of each number;
but representing as they do, with fine effect,
some of tho most striking events in sacred
history, lliey cannot but bo of essential aid,
particularly to the young, in fixing important
points in tho mind,nnd giving nexv interest to
xvliat is but too often regarded, hy occasion
al readers, as rather a dry record. Each
number is richly "put up" in ornamented
covers, beautifully inwraught xviih colors, and
set out with appropriate devices. The pa
per is fine, and tho execution unequal
led by any thing that we havo ever seen
from the power press. If the succeeding
numbers equal the present, il will furnish
when completed, altogether the finest edition
of the Bible ever published in this country.
Cull at Edward's and exumino it ; nnd if
you aro not inspired xvith nexv interest in Bi
bo History, takeit for grained, at once,
that you possess neither religion, poetry, nor
a taste for the lino arls.
Tho President has nominated John C.
Spencer to fiil the vacancy on the bench of
Iho Supremo Court. The senaio has not
yet acted upon it.
The Senate has rejected the nomination
ofProflit; Henshaxv of Boston, and Porter
of Hartford xvill share tho samo fate, and it
is currently rumoured that Hyde and Wins
low will hardly cscapo the council.
BREACH OF PROMISE.
A novel case of alleged breach of prom
ise of marriage engaged the attention of the
Circuit Court of New York last week. The
suit was instituted by a Mr. Cutler, recently
married lo a Miss Curtis, against a married
lady named Oatman, formerly a Mrs. Cole,
and was commenced by the plaintiff two
days befuro his marriago lo Miss Curtis. A
number of witnesses were examined, and
only two of these, a lady and her husband,
had ever seen the parties together at any
time or place. Mr. Gerard, Iho counsel for
tliu defence, stated in his speech beforo Iho
jury, that it had been proved that at the very
time the prosecutor said he was engaged lo
the widow, (Mrs. Colo,) he boasted he wa
couitinj a number of other women. " He,
(Mr. Gerard,) had a list of them, and he
found they amounted to the exact number of
Blue Beard's wives. First, there was a Miss
Russell, who he thought had $500, but as
this expectation turned out to be false he
would not marry her. Miss Russell stood
in his affections as high as $500, but tho
money gone, the love disappeared jumped
out of the windoxv. Thu noxt was Ellen
Hoffman, since marriedwhom he familiar
ly addressed by tho name of his " lovely
woman" and her brother by the cognomen
of" brother-in-law." She was a very good
looking woman. The third was Mrs, Tasek
but who she was, ho (Mr. Gerard) did not
know. Then there was Miss Holmes ; the
names of tho fifth and sixth ho could not re
member; and the seventh was Miss Curtis,
who had now the happiness of sharing his
bed and board ; and he, (Mr. Gerard) hoped
hu had got his match ! Could any thing
better shoxv the real character of the man
than his wholesale courtship t All this was
nt llio time ho xvas courting Mrs. Culo, and
he was only waiting for her till after her
We subjoin a report of tho charge of
Judge Kent to the Jurv.
The action, the Judge said, was draught lo recover
compensation in damages for Ihe breach of an alleg
ed engagement to marry. The learned counsel fur
ihs defence had mentioned that this was ihe first case
or the kind brought befure a jury of 1 his Stale; it
was only the second instance which he (the Judge)
recollected, of a man suing a woman for ihe breach
of a niomise of marriaee. It was therefore a rare
occurrence, butil nevertheless was a good ground of
action, if mine out.
noff, (o inane 11 o'u, me jury
m"sl he salisfkd rhnl there ha I been n I oni fide and
elU'Ctive engagement or promise of marriagej and
ine promise nuisi oe reciprocal, otnerwise tne emiage
inenl was not binding tn law. If this Ihe first noint
was proved lo the satisfaction of llio jury, the
question xvns, had there been any good cause shown
or ine oreacn 01 nie engigeineui; and, lasiiy, II Hie
jury ueucveu no sucn cause 01 Dreacn nsa occn
snoxvn, ine next inquiry xvas, what amount of dama
ces, thev xvould give a Question entirely for their
consideration. Tho evidence xviih regard to the al
leged promise lay 111 n narrow compass, as ha xvould
point out. The learned judge then xvent over Ihe
xviiole testimony on tins brnn.-h of the case, xvith
some degree of ininutenes, adding some comments
upon the chief feituies in il. Pnnniic of this sort,
he remarked, were Ireiied by our law as contracts j
nur, ai inesniiie tune, tney were contracts xvhich dif
fered a hlllc from those in mercantile pursuits. Here
Hie contract xvis lor noiv niatrnnonv. in xvluch each
parly cngigcd to spend their lives together-, nnd
inereiore tne courts nnu sn 1, tmt 11 telire was a sup
pression of facts upon either side, of a nature to des
troy the future happiness of one or the other, if the
contract xvrre kept, the party so decieved had a right
lo break off the engagement. Herein the contracts
for marriage differed from those of nn ordinary des
cription; nnd if the jury believed there had been in
this case a suppression of truth upon the part of the
plaintiff, they xvould say so. The evidence, as it bore
upon this point, was then read hy ihe Judge, xvho
ronelud.J his charge hy again stating lo Ihe jury the
points to xvhich (heir duty wns directed.
Tho Jury, after consulting togeiliar for a
quarter of an hour, returned a verdict for
the defendant. Dai. Advertiser.
At a meeting of inhabitants of Chittenden
County, held at the Court House in Burling
ton, on tho 8th day of January. 1844, at 10
o'clock in the forenoon, for llio purpose of
organizing an Agricultural Society, under an
an r ,i, eBisaUrCi passed November 1,
1843, the meeting having been calico ,u .....
dor by U. H. Pcnniman, Esq.
The Hon. Truman Chittenden was ap
pointed President pro tern., and Wm. Wes
ton Secretary pro tern.
On motion of U. H. Penniman Esq. voted
to appoint a committee to consist of five
persons, to draft and report a Constitution.
The folloxving persons were thereupon ap
pointed said committee, viz :
Messrs. David Read,
Henhv B. Stacy,
The following persons wero then appoint
ed a committee to nominate officers for the
society, viz: Messrs. David Cook of Char
lotte, Rolla Gleason of Richmond, Peter L.
Allen of Jericho, Nathan Stearns of Willis
ton, Joseph Wells of Underbill, Lemuel B.
Piatt of Colchester, Wm. Bowman of West
ford, John Barstow of Burlington, Bunyan
Bradley of Huntington, C. Smith of Saint
George, Lyman Hall of Shelburn, and Eli
jah G. Stanton of Essex.
Tho meeting adjourned to meet at 2 o'
clock in the afternoon.
Mr. Read, from llie committee'appointed
to draft a constitution, reported the following,
Of Chittenden County Asriculturat Society.
Article 1. This Society shall be denominated,
"Chittde Coesrv Acmcem'SAt. Socictv."
A st. 2. The object of this society shall he the im
provement of Agriculture and Horticulture in the va
rious branches, both practical and scientific, and 0U0
of the Mechanic Arls; according 10 the provisions
of an Act, passed by the legislature of this Stale, on
the 1st day of November, A. D. 1643.
Abt. 3. Kvery citizen of the County, who shall
sign this Constitution and pay Ihe sum of one dollar
In the Treasurer of Iho Society, shall be 11 member
thereof) and such membership shall be continued from
year to year, on ihe payment of one dollar annually in
the month of January : Provided, that any person
fiaying Ihe rum of twenty dollars shall be a life mem
ler of ihe society, and free from any annual contribu
Art. 4. The officers of this meieiy shall consist
of a President, two Vice Presidents, Secretary and
A nr. 5 There shall also be a Board of Mmagtri,
to consist of ihe several officers mentioned in Article
4, and one member chu-en from each town in ihe
County; whoscduiy it shall be, to lake ihe general
supervision of the affairs of ihe society, fix upon such
productions, experiments, discoveiies, or attainments
in Agriculture and Horticulture, and upon such arti
cles of manufacture as shall come in competition for
premiums al iho annual fairs, also upon the number
and amount of the premiums 10 be awarded and Ihe
lime and place of holding such fairs, logeihcr xxiih the
general direction ol the sime. Also, tn appoint the
committees to award the premiums, and all olhar
officers, not herein mined, that may be found neces
sary or expedient, and perform all oilier acts needful
10 promole ibe objects of tho society. Provided that
the committees for awarding premiums ,lshall, so far
as practicable, be selected from persons residing out
of tne county. Provided also, that any five of the
Board of Managers shall constitute a quorum to
Abt. 6. The officers of the society named 111 Arti
cle 4, together with Ihe Ooard of Managers, shall be
cho.cn annually, by ballot or otherwise, as the meet
ing shall direct, by a majority of the members present
and ihe meetings of the society for the election of
officers, shall he holden at Burlington, on the first
Wednesdoy of January, in each year.
Art, 7. Il shall be the duly of the President to
give, at least, ten days public notice, of all annuat
meetings and fairs of ihe society and he shall have
poxver to call any special meeting of the society, or of
the Board of Managers, by giving ten days public no
ties thereof. . , . .
Ait. 8,-It shall be the duly or the Secretory to
keep a true and fair record of all the proceedings of
the Society, and of the Board of Managers; to warn
the annual meetings thereof, and all the special meet
ings directed by Ihe president.
Aht. 9. It shall be the duty of ihe Treasurer to re
ceive and disl'urse all monies belonging to the society j
mnlrA nnd sum all contracts, and affix the seal of the
society thereto, under ihe direction of Ihe Board of
Managers t ani iiioko rcpuii tu luu.innua, ,uirwii
in January. . , ....
Art, 10. On or before the 1st day of March annu
ally, the President of lh society shall give public no
tice of tho premiums to be awarded at the succeeding
fair, and also give notice of the exU!cn:e necessary tc
secure sucn premiums, rrovuica mat no premium
shall be awarded to any pin't.011 xvho is not a mem'
btr of ihe Society.
Art., II. No premium shall du t.xxurdud without
competition, unless the committeo to whom tht
claim is submitted, shall adjudge tho same to bo high
art. 12. It shall be the duly 01 those members 01
the Board of Managers, selected from the several
toxvns, to solicit subsc.riulions, collect monies, and
superintend the general interests of ihe society, in
ineir respective towns.
Art. 13. The society, at any Annual Meeting, shall
have power, by a vole of two thirds of the members
resent, 10 alter or amend Ihis constitution, as shall
e thought proper.
Art. 14. The first meeting of the society shall ba
hob'en at ihe Court House in Burlington, on Ihe 13th
day of January, A. D. 1814.
The report of the committee having been
accepted, the constitution by them reporter!
was adopted and signed by thu individuals
comprising the meeting.
Mr. Cook, from thu committee on nomi
nations, reported tho names of the following
persons for officers of the society.
For President, UDNEY H. PENNI
MAN, of Colchester.
For Vice Presidents, Elijah G. Stan
ton, of Essex, and Caleb B. Bahton, of
Secretary, HENnr B. Stacy, Hurling ton.
Treasurer, Nathan Stearns, Williston.
Tho report of the committeo having been
accepted, the several nominees were respec
tively elected to said offices.
Tho President and Vice Presidents hav
ing taken their seats as officers of the society,
Mr. Stacy asked to be excused from serving
ns secretary of the society, and thereupon
the society voted to excuse Mr. Stacy from
accepting said office. Wm. Weston was
then elected secretary.
On motion of Mr. Shafier, the sever. if
articles of tho constitution xvere adopted as
tho by-luxvs of tho society, xvith the excep
tion of articles numbered 3, nnd 13.
Article 3 xvas adopted lis ono of tho by
laxvs xvith this alteration, viz., Any person
may become a life member of the society by
paying the sum of fifteen dollars, instead of
txvenly dollars,ns slated in the original article.
The folloxving xvns adopted as the 13ili
article of the liy-luxvs, viz. :
Aixt. 13 The society, at any annual meeting, shall
have poxx'cr, by :i vole of two thirds of Ihe members
presenr, to alter or amend their by-laws, as shall bo
On motion of President Wheeler, tho
folloxving additional articles of by-laws xvera
Art. 14. In case of any vacancy or vacancies ac?
curring in the Board of Managers, from any cause,,
the President and Vice Presidents shall have poxver
to appoint such member or members of ihe society.
as they may select lo fill such vacancy or vacancies.
Ait. IS. It shall be in the power of the board of
managers, at any regular meeting, to appoint a sub
committee of threo members, subject to their regula
tions, itr mepurpusu ut pcnurmtn executive aunt's
belonging to the lioard.
On motion of Mr. P. L. Allen, voted that
a committeo of onn person from each town
in the county be appointed to obtain subscri
bers to tho constitution.
The following persons xvero thereupon
appointed such committee, viz :
Messrs. S. E. Hoxvard of Burlington,
Orvillo Shaw of Jericho, Rolla Gleason of
Richmond, Samuel B. Kennedy of Bolton,
vm. a. A!...o of Colchester, Eli Chit
tenden of Williston, Ira Witters of Milton,
John H. Toxver of Underbill, Alexander
Ferguson of Huntington, Heman H. Newell
of Charlotte, Honry Stanton of Essex,.
Timothy Sibley of Westford, Wm. Harmon,
of Shelburn, Silas Isliam of St. George,,
and Heman R. Smith of Hinesburgh.
Mr. Slacy introduced the following reso
lutions which were adopted unanimously,
Ruotted, That in the opinion of this meeting ag
riculture is the great business of ihe Slate ; that upon
its resources and improvements, the merchant the
mechanic and the manulacturer, and all the members
of society, must mainly depend for subsistence and
for wealtn ; and lhat upon ihe intelligence and vir
tue of those who manage its labors comprising as
they do, the mass of our population must materially
depend our moral and intellectual chaiactcras a peo
ple: henca it is of primary importance lo all. that
this great branch of labor should be specially en
couraged and honored, and that the agriculturist
should himself receixeall those mental aids, and that
stimulus to industry, which are calculated 10 make
him more prosperous in his business, and more useful,
Ruolttd, That all past experience demonstrates,
at home and abroad, that the patronage of the gov
ernment may be advantageously employed in promo
ling the inlercsts of agriculture, and thai wc cordial
ly approve the late action of our legislature in this
behalf regarding it as a distinct recognition of lha
duty which the Slate owes to ihis branch of iis in
dustry, and hailing it as ihs dawn of a " brighter
d.iv," whose meridian sun shall light up .new
hill-lops clothed with verdure, smiling collages
far, up ihe mountain, and a irebled population.
Ihricc prosperous and happy, in dex-elnping and op
plying ihe bounteous resources with which the Crea
tor has sirexvn our path.
Hcsolccd, That in prosecuting our labors as a so
ciety, the aim should bo to call mind in n quisiiion to
lead men lo think, to investigate, to search out and
apply first principles knowing as we do, that for
every process in nature, there is a precise and defi
nite reason, which the cultivator, so f.ir ns applies lo
his peculiar calling, ought to understand : lhat there
fore in offering and axv'nrding premiums, constant re
ference should he had 10 the principle involved in pro
duction, and the economy of the process, xvith the
viexv ot promoting I etter cultivolion through impiov
ed process, rather than to encourage extraordinary
productions by lavish expenditure.
On motion, votett, thnt thp proceedings be
signed by the President, Vice Presidents
and Secretary, and published in all the news
papers printed in the County.
U. H. PENNIMAN, President
Calb BroN, Vice Pr"id"
Wm. Weston, Secretary.
TO THE WHIGS OF VERMONT.
The under.ioncd your Stole Centra! Committee,
having met at Monlptlier, for purposes contemplated
by (heir appointment, embrace Ihe occasion to mas
lo you a brief address. They are impelled 10 do so
both by their attachment to ihe principles of the
party, whom il is iheir pride lo represent, and bv lha
near approach of another period when these princi
ples maintained with extraordinary unanimity by Ihe
great Whig party of the Union, are lo he submitted
for Ihe approval or rejeclian of ihe People of lha
Fellow Whigs, another Presidential election is at
hand. Brief as has been the interval, since ihe stir
ring excitements, and tho glorious triumphs, of 1640,
it has been long enough lo render itself infamous by
ihe most unparalleled treachery which ever disgraced
the political annals of any country, and. to 1 very
great extent, to defeat the good lesulls which those
triumphs' were designed and adapted to secure. It
cannot be doubled that, at Ihe close of the political
campaign of 1840, the people of the United State
expected a long repose from extraordinary political
excitement. Their efforts ihen, were calculated to
produce this desirable end 1 and no ona can doubt, if
Ihoso efforts, eminently successful as ihev xxere, had
met iheir expected reward, lhat ihe condition of Ma
country would have rendered the maintenance of
Whig ascendancy in its councils easy, llulitisbardly