arise between the parties hcroafler, they shall
" endeavor in Hie mo-t sincere and earnest uwn
ner" to settle tliotn peacefully, and tlm party con
sidering itself aggrieved shall mt resort to renn
kali or liotilitic, nnlil il has maturely consider
rd whether it would not bo better to fCltlo the
mutter bv arbitration, Sic.
Am. ii'J. 1'rovidus certain rules tn be oWry.
nl il war (which tio.t forbid) should cut again
take place. 1. Merchant nl'eilhcr country re
siding in tlio oilier, tiro to bo allowed lime In
collect their ilcbls-, scttlo up their allairs am
leave the country with all their propcity. AH
n,.r.,iiie iiluiiii their own business are not to lie
molested In tlio invading army, ami all good
moicpieu uy uiu iiiiiininf- .nm., ...... .... h
liken are to bo paid lor. X I'risnncrs of w.ir are
io bo kindly treated, ii I lowed todepait on their
parole of honor, and fed with tlio sumo rations
as It liiey iieiongcti 10 ine muiy wiutn him.-.-Ihcm
captive. Il p.irolo is broken the laws of
war arc to take effect. The rations furiiHicd
to prisoners are to be paid for by the other party
iis.i epaiato account when peace is restored.
This "solemn covenant" cannot bu suspended
by a state of war.
Akt. '23. Provides for tlio exchange or ratifi
cations lu the city of WVhinglon within four
months from the ilatc of its signature, or sooner
It is signed I'eb. 1!, 1813, by N. 1). Tri-t, I.ui
i. Cueva, Iternardo Conto anil Mig. Attistain.
There was an additional secret article to the
iirtity, which was e.ipungd by the Senate, pro
fling that no delay ol ratification should all'erl
I'll' tre.itv unless it'sliould e.ceed eight month.
FRIDAY MOHNlMi, MAKC1I 31, 1818.
" In Tiin nAr.K ."D Tt'iwiiu:n muiu ima r is
i'.mn ik, thci'.k is.niiSrAii aimivxiiii: ium:i.ii
"imIIVE USA UI.CA.M OK I.KIIlr, F.M.T.I-IIMI HIE
t . ri'.i.Miir.NT, I'ATKiime Winn j-aiitv or-iiii.
ll .uni) Statij." Danid Wiln.br.
l'or Vico President,
MILL1KI) r I li h JI 0 It I ,
OK ALVV YORK,
Subject lo the decision of the Whig National Con
Daily Free Press.
We shall comnience, to-morrow, tlio publica
tion of a Daily paper, In conformity w ith the in
tentluils set forth in the 1'iospeclns wo issued
(oiiie weeks since. As therein proposed, the
1 tiily I'rec Press will bo issued cicry anting.
Our citizens will, therefore, possess the advan
tage (should it prove to ho one) of a Daily morn
ing and evening paper; an arrangement which
will certainly tend lo keep them quite up with
the marcli of events, both at home and abroad.
The terms of subscription, as heretofore an
nounced, will be 8 per annum, ijj-l for three
months, and 37!, cents per month ; invariably
in advance. The paper will be somewhat larg
er than tlio Daily Sentinel, and wc may take
occasion to say that the price at which it is af
forded Is to small as to preclude the expectation
of jn-eftt, without such patronage as appears, at
rwscnt at least, little likely to be bestowed upon
I'. S. Since the above was wiitlctl, vtc no
trco that our friend of tlio Sentiwl announces
hi intention to change hi hour of publication,
and to make his, alo, an evening paper. Ill's
success, wo are glad to learn, has been so ou
coun'ginj;,'that he will enlarge the Daily Senti
nel, at the commencement of the ensuing month.
News hy flic Caledonia!
puor.iinss of" thi: pkcnch involution.
Immense lU'iliitiou nil over I'uiopc,
Just as wo wore going to press wo received,
by tlio politeness of Mr. llknnlcK, of Cm: vnt
&, CVs Kxpres, a copy of the oo D.iily
Mail, containing full details of the highly inter
esting and important news brought hy the Cale
donia, which arrived at Ilo-ton on Tnc-day last.
We issued an llxtr.i on Tue-day, giving the
Telegraphic Despatch of this intelligence. The
Daily Mail's account fully confirms tlio state
ments of the Despatch, nnd give, with great
particularity, the details of the wonderful work
ing of the Democratic sentiment throughout the
Monarchies of Kurope. Franco appears to bo
thoroughly cleansed and purified from the leaven
of legitimacy, and all over Lurope, among the
time-honored and blood-ceineutcd Regal ilimiF.
tics of that Continent, thu opinion seems to have
acquired both vitality and strength, that Ihc
people of this World need, after all, but one
Ktxci to rule over tbeiii, and that Ills In rune is
appropriately in Heaven!
Wo give ull the details for which wo have
The Ciircrican Times sav s : The revoluiion in Prance
is now (li l.iir accompli, j lie aituicauoii oi j,o
1'hithppe, the appointment and rejection of a regt n
Ihc coini.Vte triumph ol the l'nri"i'in over the an
the rstablishiiivni ofa ProviMuiml Government,
is now (ii fait accompli. The abdication ot Loui
erection ol a Kepin.ie. the oveilhrow ol the Hoiw ol
1'ter.s and titles ol iIimihuiiiii, the precipitate, almc
I belli ot a 1 the luciiibtrs ol the (l,Uiw l.i,,il uiil.
ihcir inisguuted Ministers to our own shores, or to
uiner pwivci tn e.ni-, ine iinmeoinie recognition o lhe
new Hcpuuucoi t ranee uy li real llritani, lielgiimi
nwiieriaiin.anu lire iiuurii t-taics have all (nllune,
ill such raiiid succession, that the cvcnls of an hour'
age- " doth hiss ihc speaker'1 each minute leeiniin:
with some mighty occurrence alleeiiug ihedeniuiiHot
whole nations ami dynastic. Th, MM.,iilnii,.na r..n.
Iiecting lhe. causes, incidents, and probable icsuhsof
ibis mighty social coiiviiUon, are v.niom and inliniie.
The lacts stand out m historical boldness ol ouiline,
iltpicled in such indelible tlm meters, thai liny iuut
indure "nil lhe lasl syllable ul recorded time,"
The National, ( French mper) says:
A friend who hasjiihi come from (lie I Mil tic Ville
where the Provinonul Government is siiliii'',K,iisthal'
all lhe parties ihereare perl'ictly snti-hcd wuh the
inarcli ol event. There was grot apprehension fur
this day i but hilherlo the uceuunis leeeneil Iruni all
the districts "I Pan, ami In in the pru hires, describe
(lie leelings ol ihc piovns cs to lie lavornble lo ilie new
orderof things. Adhesions liaie come in Inmia large
nunilierol towns to-day, where lhe Kepuklic has been
M. Arago, lhe rcpiiblieou Minisler of lhe Murine
last night sent lor lhe French admirals in Paris, '''hey
II attended, lie then addiessed iheui, and asked it
Ibere vcre any ol them willing lo serve lhe itepiibhct
'1'1,,'u riM,tied."all." lie iheu said he reoiiircd u uinn
o( courage and steadiness I hat he knew them all to
be soond that he was irady lo appoint to the com
mand ol Ihc Heel of lhe Republic any one lliey might
cliorsr lo Kclccl.---They declared their wdliiiguess to
abii'e by his own decision.
1M. Arago then said that he had equal confidence
in ill, but that there was une among llieni who enjoyed
adrintage which determined Ins chuicc that ol pop.
ulirily lie then-lore appointed Admiral Hamlin lo the
command ol the Touluu licet, The iioiuiuatioii was
81 once opprovc d ol by nil the admiral present,
This morning Admiral lluiuhu led Puns for Ton
Ion. lie is immediately to take lhe command, and sail
(or Algiers. His instruclionsare lo toke possession ol
any ships he may lind m lhe port ol Algiers, and to
proclaim Algeria an integral ol the French Kepiibhu.
The Chateau of Neuilly was sacked last night and
burnt to the ground.
There are ihousands of caricatures against luis
Philipiie in all the print shops oi Piris. They hove
appeared os il by nuie.
The (light of 1-ouls rhllipiio to Knglaml Is
fully conlirined. The King disguised himself,
to escape detection, by sliming his whiskers,
discarding his wig, &c. 'J'ho Royal, party pro
ceeded from llarlleur to llavrcitinbo.it, and
thence to New Haven, (I'.ng.,) In the. Express,
Steamer. They were hospitably received.
"The King was very poorly attired, lie wore
a rough pea jacket, which he borrowed of the
Captain nT the Express, and grey trowsers. On
liia head, a close blue cloth cap. His appear
ance was not at all improved by a beard of a
... . i
week s growth. In other repcct, though al
ircntly much fatigued, thu Ex-Monarch was
pretty much like hinifelf." lie proceeded, with
hi party, from New Haven to Claremont, the
residence, of the late princess Charlotte and l,co
pold, now King of llclgium. All the other
blanches of the itoyal family, except the Duch
ess of Oilcans, who is at Kins, bavo arrived
safely in England.
To the signal honor of Ihc Trench People, and
of the cause of Itepnblicanism, this Revolution,
so sudden and complete, has been, compara
tively, bloodless, without rioting or extraordinary
excesses, and peaceful. Pr.iur.cT order itnov
tv Paiii. It i a triumph of Principles.
The Republican Provisional !overnment liav
issued numerous Decrees and Proclamation,
among which is the following, which will be
hailed with universal delight, but which no
American can read without a sense of humility!
Libei ty1'.qualily Vialei uily.
The Provisional Covcrnnicnt nl tlio Ill-public, con
ndcring llint no l-'ri'iiclt land should nny loiter hear
slaves, decrees --a fuiiiiniioii is instituted under the
provisional .M ui'Mer ul Colonies nnd the .Marine, to
prepare williin the shortest delay ihc act lor the iiiunc
iliate emancipation of the slaves in all the colonics of
the Kepulilie. T. A 1100.
Pari, .March I.
'J'ho Representatives of the United States,
England, Switzerland, &c. itc. havo formally
acknowledged tho Provision!! Government.
The Atilitiihil of the 7th says :
To-diy,at two o'clock, the representative Minister
from the I'niled Stale, .Mr. liiHi.wcut to the Hotel
de Ville, in loriii.il rccogniliou of the I'roviiional (iov
eminent. Il win appropriate tn the representative of
the American Union lo be the liisi to welcome our in
t.int Republic, lor llirrc is no bond more powertul le
tween ualioim than eniniiiunity ot sentiment. The
sli p taken by the Mmi-ler ot the United Htalrs has
under eitioieirciimt!iiice, erinus importance. Al
lhoiili hilly awaited, it ha touched acutely the mem
ber ol the Provisional Government, mid niter an in
terv lew, in v Inch were exehaiiKed the noblest expres
sion, lliey, in a body, accompanied this representative
ol a great iinlion to the threshold ol'thc Hotel de Villi-,
na proot ot the commi aitcctioii whiclt inn-! ever ex
it between the American and French republics.
Mr. ltiiih made a brief address, lo which M.
Arago replied, after which,
M. Dnpout del'llure, addressing the ainbassidor,
siitl. " lVrmil me, ir, in ollerinc you my hand, to as-
siue you 1 1 if 1 1 the I rem h people tenders u hand of
IrietuUhip to the American nation,"
When lln-e ueiulemcu ipiitied the Hotel de. Ville,
uie Kiiaru pre,'iueii nriii, ami cni' ol l ire In l!r
imlli'iue tic til Unix ! " saluted llie anibassador.
The Chamber of Peers is " suppressed." The
Chamber of Deputies has been dissolved, and a
now election ordered, in which " every citizen
is an elector." " Tho Nation, from the present
moment," says the Proclamation, "is constitu
ted a Republic."
Park. 1'VIiIjiv. 1Tnf..i IS
The forth coming elections in France excite great j p
trillion. The Government were aware of the lear-1
lul importance ;ol the matter, find were with the temper
and the sngicity llint had hitherto characterised their
hitherto e hnrnrt,.rih..l I
nieasurcs, preparing lor me criis.
The Liverpool Touch a8 llint the tccelll K,ilicnl
events uhirh b.'ive tnknn nl.-lrr. hi IVnnpp n.,.1 nra
.Ull.. ...... ....I.... i., (.!....,, ll ..nP,a f .1...
Lurnpe. coinbiiied wild the turbulent proceedings ot
mob which have linradcd the streets ol London. .Man.
t-. .-,.,., 17 .....I, ...I , '
Chester, I 'ahniwrgh, ami (lngow, during lhe course of
ll wcck, invc imu un injurious eneci Uion llie irauc
ol the country.
Ireland remain oboui the same. The new of the
revolution in France had created the wildest excite
ment, but no outbreak had occurred.
The Jesuit, alarmed by the hostile dc ministrations
made against theni by the people, by whom thev are
le,Tvcdlv detested, have a read v ouiitcd the cuv of
Lclter from Home of the 2th u It.. tnte thai the
L-oniuntlee alilioililcd bv the Pone to nrennre lhe ran.
stitiiiioii was actively engaged on that tn-k. There
iiietotM. tw'o chiinitier ; the one composed of cardi
nal and clergymen, and the other of representatives
ot the people.
unit; i A.
The aecounl from lhe Au-lrian possessions in Italy
lecome daily more alarming, lleriramo ha been the
scene of v inleut tumult ; and dHiurbauces have taken
place at Venice.
I'rince Mctteinirh has resigned the picsidency of
me yi iiii tan councils.
The new of lhe French Revolution produced coin
letestuiior at Berlin A cabinet council was inime-
liatelv convoked, and It was rCMilte.l In maLc milunrv
preparaiion on a large wale, in order to re I any ag
gression, and quell any attempt lo dituibthcieuce.
The German, in general, appear to lie favorably dis
iomm! in ih idea oUi Republic in France.
Ill sollli ot the German slaten lit the Rhine niiblie
opinion ha been i ldd lo w uhout even on attempt
in ii-M-miHr, t'liiiru, in,- .uuosieroi ine irauit
Dacby ol lladen.ho publinhed llie following procla
I. 1 lie rrnsoHiip of the pre i alsilMied.
". 'The ualiuiial iiiiard sdl ),,. im I,ni..lv nr.
i.ed. ' "
J. The Government will submit to the Chamber a
law establishing trial by jury.
As uiiglii have been ejiH-cied, the greatest excite.
lnenl prevail m the Gr.md Duchy ol Posen. 'l'be
Poles look uuxiourly forward lo the course of evem,
and iheir heart throb with hopes though they dare
liui gie iuiiii uiivi.iiH,: in inelll,
Aecounl Iroui Frankfori, luted March 1, inform
in lliat the llnrgher Guard bad lunied out, and that a
gieui number ol peoile had assembled in dillerent narls
ol lhe town and paraded the streets, uttering cries of
I ire t licpimi'iiic :
A serious insurrection has occurred in Munich. On
the Ull lust , the King relusiug lo convoke lhe Cham
ber ol Deputies, and grant the lilierly ol the pres,the
ars'-mil was attacked aUiut 'J o'clock by the people,
ond captured after a short engngeineni. .More than
6000 men armed with mukets, sabres, hatchets, lan
ces, and hallierio, niarihed again! lhe linval Palace.
Having nnlved at the Murkt t. place the crowd met
IhetriHis; but neither the cuirusiers nor the troops
ol lhe hue would charge when commanded to do so.
fries of " the Republic lorever" were raised, Al
length the King ) icldcd to all the demands oi the m-u
p'e, J'ruice i hnrlcs, the Mug s liroi her, rode up to
the crowd, and assured them, on his word of honor,
inui ine mug nan conseiueii io convolve llie l liaiu
liers lor the Tt'uli ot the present luonih, and lliat he
gratiteuuu mat the ieople iitsireu,
The news of the revolution in France has produced
the deepest alarm at .Madrid. 'The Government
seems determined lo make preparations against ull
iontiii"encies. rciM-uicd councils of .Ministers were
lu Id, and some iuiioriout determinations are said lo
nave ihcii conic lo.
On lhe night of the lltli.u mob attempted to nke
down (lie arm over lhe Austrian embassy, but were
tcpulscd by the Hihce, On the same night the house
ol IM Corrctto was attacked und the windows bro-
seii, 1 here was a cry ol Down vvii litlie iiiuusiry.'
'The attitude and lunguage ol the people was incna
Switzerland is in cxtacy al lhe late events in France,
in- uimounecineiiioi a i remii iicpublie was greet
mm ,uun,ln" " II II il Silline oi iui guns.
1 lie Council of Mime ind Vaud melon the 27lh ult
anil OUoptedu reMlllllimi ill luvnr of It..,,,. I.I...
whiih hbs officially coiiuuuuicatcd lo the French
A llerlin corresioiident,"iin,lcr date of February 59,
,. . ....h....u,h ..in, Muiea inai iiisiutpaucti
lud bruken out in lhe Ruxsiau capital, ami that an at
icuipi uuu ih-cii inane on ine l.lliicror s lite.
The Ihatthlmiu' J'luenijc, in an articlo on
" I'renidential Candidates," in which it lakes oc-
casion to deprecate what certainly seems to us
to bo imaginary dissensions in the Whig ranks,
In this blnte our cotempornrie of the Burlington
tree tress and Montpelicr Watchman, wo see, arc
comiiienciiig the same kind of warfare. The Watch
man came out for Alcl.cnn, ond the Free Press (ol
,'f . li" C'"y while tlio Bennington limner prelcis
()hl Hough and Heady." The candidates are lorin
Hate ill having such powerful odvocntes as cither of
these papers, ami so lonR as tlicy conlinc themselves
to panegyrics upon their respective favorites.tlicy will
detcrvc the thanks of tho Whig parly i Imtnhrnlkrv
li Imminence la one, hy ilejaminn other of
their fricnth, theubeenmc the worst encmie of their
oifttimrlg. Within this limitation, tho expression of
ou ierciice. seems to u usetul and proper. IM
lenrc to political mlrcmirlcii, who me crcr npl ami
t can if at it, the limit of calumny and detraction, or of
utKiituiing oatnt comparison.
Wo hopo our contemporary had lto Jetign to
misrepresent its. Wc are quite stiro it is inca
pable of such a purpose, lint the sentences,
above, that wo havo marked In italicsdo so, most
emphatically. Wo have never breathed a word
in disparagement of Judge McLean, for whom
wo entertain tho highest respect j nor have wc
seen in tho Watchman, a syllable derogatory to
Mr. Ct.AV. Wo know, on tho contrary, that
tho Watchman and ourselves cordially agree in
our opinions of these eminent Whig Statesmen.
17 Vassius M, Clay, who was among tho
first to buckle on his sword, and carry tlio w ar
into Mexico for the benefit of Slavery, has writ
'n a letter to tho A. 1 . Courier il r.nnmrcr.
which ho takes ground against tho nomina'
lion of Hi:sr,v Clay, by the Whig National
Convention, as the said Cassius sagaciously
thinks, ho "cannot bo elected." And why, friends
of freedom and humanity at tho North, whj does
this blunderbuss of a Taylor-man think Mr,
Clay cannot bo elected ? Because, he says.
"Mr. Clay's advocates arc driven off by ihsnak-
ltow rash or a Treaty, and his anti-wak
tovi." lt this bo remembered in the free
North l,ot it bo noted that this famous anti
slavery rcasoncr and pro-slavery fighter, Vilnius
M, day, opposes the nomination of the foremost
man in tho Republic, because he (Hr.Niiy Ci.av)
was opposed to the acquisition of a foot of JIcx
ican territory upon which to build up tho ac
cursed system of American Slavery, (this is his
" narrow basis of a Treaty"), and was opposed
to this miserable war, both in the beginning and
end I These arc not the opinions (or which
IIk.np.y Clay is to bo condemned at the NoitTit.
Northern Whigs arc not yet tired of hearing
Ari-tidcs called "the Just," and will refuse to
ostraci-e him for the sake of making w ay for his
military rival. IIcnky Clay is a true-hearted,
clear-headed, straight-forward Winn, who is al
ways known to'iaieopinionsonallgrcatmcasures
of National concern, and is always ready, frank
ly and fearlessly, to avow them. lie is a Whig
after our own hearts wo love him for his prin
ciples, and, more than all, for his unhesitating
avowal of thctn at all appropriate times and
places. Wo support him the moro ardently be
cause he eicr fears to commit himsilf lie
think this war unconstitutionally commenced:
odious and unjust, and ho says so. He thinks wo
hould not be cursed by the acquisition ol a foot
of Mexican Teritory by means of an aggressive
War; and ho says so. Ho thinks Slavery a
wrong, an evil, and a reproach to the American
people, that it should not bo permitted in any
errilory wo may acquire, and that all practica.
bio steps should 1)0 taken for its abolition evorv
where ', and he says so. Regardless of human
opinion, and careless of short-lived motives of
policy, at the North or the South or the Kast or
rlllm Wnct l. , ,n ,..,,.,,,-., lll,
... . .. .... . .
Christian man and a Patriot. And, Titr.ni:toi'i:
we will never surrender our attachment or our
pretence for ilbiMIV tJIAY. Wc (eel our
own self-respect increased when wc support such
a man. We foci that wo thus do justice to the
honesty and the dignity of our principles. Vcr
mont is a Clay State by birth and by inheritance.
Her unconquerable attachment to Whig Priuci
pies makes her so. She cares less for mere men
than any Stato in the Union. No man can
count upon her support who does not come
square up to her Politics. And she prefers IIck
itv Clav because he does that very thing !
If our advice vvcro worth any thing it would
bo that this Mr. Cassius M. Clav, should let
President-making alone, and re-enlist to fight the
future wars of Slavery in Mexico. He has passed
one campaign a prisoner in "the Halls of the
Monlezumas," ami is now an applicant, in the
Halls of Vtmres,fur remuneration for his"tinu
anil ftrwcj" thus inehrhmslu os.' At the
date of his letter to the Courier nnd F.miuirer,
ho was at Washington, personally attending to
tho progress of his claim. Ho ekes out hi
leisure, it seems, by writing electioneering letter
in favor of the nomination of a " no-party man,'
(Jen. Taylor, for tho Presidency, and hy inous
ing calculations on the AVAiLAisiLiTVof HllXKY
CLAY. With him, and such as him, succes
is every tiling, principles nothing. In his point
no-point letter to tho Courier and J'nquirer, lie
never onco allirms that den. Taylor is a Whig,
Ho talks about the " Whig friends of (Jen
Taylor," and tho " Whig Taylor men" as far
as wo can see into tilings, a plain contradiction
in terms, an absurdity. All he says about the
principles of his favorite is contained ill the fol
lowing rhetorical flourish at the close of his
The attempts lo di-oarane (ien'1. Tailor's patriotic
aiij noiiesi principles in Kentucky, at least, meet
Willi nothing but burning mdiguaiion and contempt
I he V tugs ul IienoieKy see III llllll the prim, iples of
couhdeuce ol a Washington's magnanimity and true
llie mil il . w iiiisl ine isriiiucrni remirii linn Willi nil
i nave ine honor to oe,
Your ub t serv't. C. M. CLAY.
This, show of virtuous indignation is mani
festly for lluiicnmbe! Nobody in Kentucky, or
any wheru else, that we havo seen or heard of,
has ever disparaged or attempted to disparage
"(ion. laylors patriotic and honest principles'
llio great, ami, thus far, unsuccessful, cll'ort
has been to find out what thoso principles aro
Hut again: "Tho Whigs of Kentucky see in
him tlio principles of tho party what parly ?)
whilst the Democrats regard him with tlio con
fidence ofa Washington's magnanimity, etc"
Why, this flummery is neither sense nor Kng
IU!i! It is worse than ono of Mississippi Foote'
speeches in tlio Seuato !
Hut let us look a moment at one of Gen, 'Pay
tor's last letters relative to tlio presidency. It i
as follows :
IIitov Itorni-. La.. Jan. 30. IS II.
V : ..r .1... .. I. ... ,
been recfiwdjantl the suemionatlierein ollered duly
i imu cuiiiiouin, iiiioii ui ine i.mii lieu.
Iu reply lo your inquiries, I hue ncain to repeat,'
il,.V l ,, .1,1 nrns, J , C.j "
" .. " V".' I'! ?'"?. l'ie'iu''';'r.e 6U,C. result.tl.ey
A" ii....'.i n r A " V " ",:".!"
musi auopt llie means uest sillied, 111 tlieir opinion, to
l ie ronsuininaliouofihe pur,; and Iflliey .l ink
" .1... '.. K. 1. . "" ""'"'""yuli "'oir
legislatures, juass mceliugs, or conventions, I cannot
object to their desiBriaiuig these as whig, democratic,
or native, but m being thus nominated. 1 must insist
. " -
on the condition.
ond my position on the point is mi.
niuiable THAT I SHALL NOT HE HltOIIC.HT
lOOUWAU BY THEM AS THE CANDIDATE
Al III' I lib ImUUlflll
fir Tltt'.tt! PAIITV
on roNsior.itr.u as
TIIJJ HXl'ONHNT Ol
TIII'Ill I'AHTY DUU-
i ui. i,r
III conclusion. 1 1mv in t,r.nl. llint If t wprp nomi
nated for the presidency by any body of my ii llow
citiens, deignnted by any name they might chooo
aiiopt, i should cRlcciii it an honor, and would ac
nt such liominaiint,. rnv,led it lmd been made en
tirely independent oi patty considerations. I am, sir,
very rcspcctlully, your obeihenlscivant,
Piter Skcn Smith, iV. Philadelphia.
II Ibis is what Mr. Cassius M. Clay means by
aylitg that "tho Whigs of Kentucky sec In him
(cn. P. tlio principles of the Whig party,"
wo know less about tho Whigs of Kentucky
than we supposed wc did the Whigs of Now
ngland, wo undertake to say, sec no such thing,
and wc know scores of them who aro quite an
cuto as Cassius M Clay.
Away, with this miserable humbug about a
no-party" nomination I If the Whig Party of
this Union cannot triumph Kith their principles,
let them not place tliemclvcslii the humiliating
position of tlcscniiig defeat by abandoning Ihein
for tlio hnpo of the lucre "spoils" and plunder of
Ollico and Power 1
Tho subjoined affectionate epistle to our wide
awake Postmaster, came to us accompanied by
responsible signature, and with the request
that wo would give, it a place in our columns,
by way of doing Ilia good pcoplo of Richmond a
kindness." Wo suppose it would havo an
swered tho same purpose if "Pluriini Untis"
(which, hy tho way, is a piece of latin tliat vvill
about take tho lifo of Mr. Miirem!) had sent
his letter, in a private am! confidential manner,
directly to the Postmaster. Rut as ho has not
lio.-cn to do so, and as tho l'ot Ollico is one
of the "glorioas institutions" of our country,
and its functionaries aro public property, wo, of
course, have no objection lo their being over
hauled, " pro lono publko," as it is expressed ill
tho original Hebrew.
Richmond, March 89,
linn Cn1 lmd ahvilVH siioniised. the freotlellt
hltiiwinii nt teu-s and knowledge I1IIIOII1I ihc people to
bra matter of peculiar desire and inlcicst, with lhe
Democrat, until I nave laieiy seen, in common w mi
this community, llie extraordinary care and precaution
which yol seem to lake, lest too much knowledge
noniii ecu ouriaiiii.
Soinepmes, Ihc mail bag arrives here, a iree a
nlr"li...l ill nellcroiH Clllll alloll ol l'dUlia!! Sltllpll-
cily, vvim a flaxen string, giving timely and iinuii.
Ilkeallle llOUCC, iu;il OIC uwie-r e- nH "iiiiiii, iiiki
anon, us a geiille corrective lor me laic iiuuugence, me
crowded bag i " a a sealed book" to u: lhe stubborn
jock (intended for wine other route) sullenly resisting
all the cllbrts of nur inodest key, seeming to say, as
the Scripture ln h it, 1 Know ye not.
Now, .Sir, if, "on mature deliberation, you should
think lhe" gentle distillation ol the dew" of intelli
gence may not prove "iuimicum iiitifn'' to jour
Fiiciuls iu ihisvitinily, you w ill merit our ladling grati
tude, bv either fastening the mail bag with Mich locks
a the key at tliNollice will inatcr, or sending hilher
a key that w ill it your lock ;"rt l)ii libi pi ic mm
.1 OV..I.. ........
uigim jeiuni. a mi, jhi.-i
I 1.11,1311 1.NV5.
Wii.i.ivm KonLn. r.u . )
I'ounaster, Ihuhngtou, Vt. S
.Mr. Vllttcilllltc ,S)stem of .Scicllliliennd I.it-
Main of otir readers are aware that the dis
tinguished anil indefatigable philanthropist, M.
Alexandre Vattemaue, of Pari, visited Mont
pelicr, during the last session of the legislature,
for the purpoe of explaining and commending
to the favorable notice of tlio Stato Authorities,
liis noble and well-established System of Inter
national Scientific and Literary Exchanges.
He was received with llie attention and sjmpa.
beneficent and harmonising tendencies of his
pian oi Aauonai ixciianges. i lie Joint Libra -
ry Committee, to WllOIll the whole subject w as
referred, made an able and unanimous Itenort.
warmly approbatory of his System, and rccom-
mcnJcJ tho passage of an accompanying bill
maliin all tho necessary provisions for its adop
tion on tho part of Vermont. M. Vattemahh,
before leaving MuntpcHer, presented to the State,
in tho name of some of tho lleaiUof Depart
ments and Public Institutions of Franco, a vari
ety ot interesting and valuable publications, cn-
'ravings, med.ils &c. which arc depoMted in tho
Library, and constitute a very desirable addition
Tlif Iiccitlattiro ilirectcd tlio nrintin; of 500
. " ,, .1
copies ol ti paui'iniet, to contiim instructions as
to the beft met hod of co ccting and prOMTiinj,'
, . , r ! . i
!icciiiioii in ,iiiiiinii),ivv, iui ji.mii.iii.
,'es, tho Address of M. Vattemaue, tho Ueport
of the Committee, and all tho documents elunv-
iii'r the action of the General Assembly in tho
preini-cs to be distributed by tho Governor.
MM 1.11 A..,.,l.,n.l n...l A .. .Ant
1 Ills liauilHiiei io .u,i,n. ii.u, uuu, in a ijiciv
I I ii, h
extent, aircauy circui.ticu on um pian uuopicti
. I . I ..I... !... ..
) um, nan j v..
en 10 too invvii wii'in ui cvuiy xuwn 111 ino
-I .. ri f'l.i. r.t . 'i' :..
Ht.ite, and this remaining copies be!n; Distribu
ted iu a manner that is suppocd to bo best cal
culated tu awaken public interest in the matter,
and tn suhservo tho admirable and beneficial aim
of Al. Vattemabe.
1 ho duty of preparing) aw! siipenntciuling the
nttblication, of this pamphlet, was vcrv iudi-
Clutisly assigned by doiernor Katun, t
llcv. Kaduck Tiiompso.v, of lliirlington.
ciultsly assigned by (Joicrnor Katun, to the
work of arranging, explaining and editing tho
various interesting documents embraced, has
been done in a mnimcr that reflects credit ujion
tho tar-acity that led to the appointment, as well
" ' . ... "H"'"1""-"!"3"13"
n nnnn llio SJlnl Mr Tuiraitm'o re,.-, ml-!.,-
menis 111 .Miturai 11 storv nccu tariv nua iiv inm
for tlio excellent peiformanco of tho duty as -
1 i j
signed to him, and render liis own suggestions
(few as they are) of great practical value.
Wo trust tho system of M. Vattemahe, fo
directly and cogently tending, as, it does, to
multiply the motives and means of frieiid-hip
and brotherly union among tho great family of
Nations, will bo widely mado known in Vermont
through tins publication, llio l'rcss, we aro
sure, will give it a cordial welcome and support.
We cannot better conclude this notico than
hy copying tho " Introductory llcinarhs " of Mr.
Ttiii.Mi-s.o, which will bo read with interest and
pleasure. They explain cry forcibly at what
a slight expense of time, attention and material
tho philanthropic views and purposes of JI,
Vattemare may lo carried out, Tlicy are as
At the last session of the legislature of Vermont,
ll, ct..-..i ..I 1... .I.... .1 I tl..rnru on. I ,.;...,l i ll.. lu
brought belore that Issly by a special
.... r.i.jmui iiiiriiiiiuuiiui n,n ,. .'., I..,, a
.mcssu ge lrom the I iov cmor, iruiisiiiiiiu g 11 coininun 1.
"on Iron .Mous. Alexandre Vateinarc, lhe distinguish
t..l founder of the svstem of Kvclianges already in sue.
cessfnl onerniin in P r,,,.. nml to some eilent lii
. iiiiiiiriiiatPiir rcturr
, iuunedioiefv referred to thu Joint I.ibiary Coinmiitce
ol ,he lH ,0USI.; , lhe mcaiiiune, if. Valten.ure,
in address, delivered before the inc.nbersol llie Leg.
ifatur. aj MOIlllM,i,.r. exnlaiucd lhe nrni.
rilli ,, .i,,.l .i.. nri'.sl,;,..u i. i,,.i.i
1 ami nnie Koni s...... ,,i nl wloil had ahi..iile Iit.f.i ni.
my 10 which ms enonsin me greai ,.'';"'':";,' m have neen ne 111 nirious pan 01 ine union win-
espoused entitled him. He delivered an Addrets, I , Vi.v. n.ul haVing' served .heir tbm pWm P"r-, fa c S'flWi'.'S ' ,. ,
bv special invitation of the IMUlnturcbeforo ll o , e. ihey were eiiher d.sirojc.l r thrown . . e will, I 'mra V n a nunc da h u. . a it uu to , l gcn
members of tho two Houses and others, in the , KSX' , words u,. a subject which ll-w seen TV ,'
11..II r .t, n.,s nl lter, ! ...i.t-i, i hi', . ,i , u , Z f "l. hi, , nnf !l"s'd t?. pwpone. We premise that the Whig of I" he oiIk
. ., , ,. ' .. , . ' , tin State, (not even our StatiM
in 1110 ciearesi aim iwi saus.aciory maiinor, lie Coniplele set ol the published laws and journal ol our , "" "'" , V": oenc.r .1 ,. uie oest, tnc saiest, pel)lli,.i
olneidated both ihn nr.ic.lie.il nnoration. and the 1 Lenlslalure. Yet ill believed that copies of all these 1 lhc ,",l!"il ' :'.Mra,,JV V1) ; ?,-d "rge hisnoium- , '
- i r -
Tlicsu principles were t
MORNING, " MARCH
ed, and a general desiie manifested that meosure 1
should be immediately taken to secure the advantages
of the system In Vermont. The Joint Library Com
mitter, through their chiirin.ni, 11. Seymour, Ksq-,
brought hi an interesting and hvorable report, accom
panied by several resolution and a bill, the passage of
which tlicy recommended in furtherance ol the impor
tant objects presented in ,M. Vateniare's communica
tion and addrc. Thc-e were paed with great una
nimity, and live bundled copies of ,M. Vateniare's Ad
drc. and the Instruction tor collecting, preserving
and transporting object ol Natural History, were or
dered to be printed, under the superintendence of some
suitable peron appointed by llie Governor, lo be dis
tributed a the Governor should direct,
'The undersigned, having been honored with theap
iioiutmcnt above mentioned, ha in lhe dicharge of
Id duty, endeavored so to arrange the cotimiunica
lion and proceeding, in connection Willi ,M. Vatte
mare'. Address, os to the present svstctu of Kxchang-
e in the clearest light ; and, when well understood in
"H I'' bearing, he ha no don lit it w ill commend iief
to the approbation ol every benevolent mind. The
value of the production interchanged, whether of leg-
iMation, ol literature, of science, or of art, though great
iu themselves, and though vastly increased in value by
Ihc intcichange, i still very small iu comparison with
iiioe niguer iiuvauiagcs, wiutll rciill 11 run llie recip
rocation ol lavor, and ol kind and lilendly feeling
'The lull realization of the sytem of M. Vateinarc
would unite all the nations of the earth into one great
brotherhood, its tendency is the promotion of univer
sal peace hy the removal of that exclusive cllihncs,
and lluwe prejudice ami jealousies, which have too
olien rendered people enemies to each olhcr, only be
cause they happcncil to live upon opposite sides of an
arbitrary line, w lib h bad been established as a nation
al boiunlarv. lu place ol rivtdrv ill arm and iu the
artsol peace a rivalry in literature and the sciences,
in wim; legislation anil gooil government, in oiiiee oi
kindness and generosity, and m that enlarged and dit
tuscd iiliilanthronv which would he instrumental in ex
tending ihc bles-uig ol liberty, and knowledge, and of
L,nrisiinn couitesy ami rtlniement, to every portion ol
the human laiiuly.
Hut while llnssvstem ofoxchaliffcs mav bo recall
ed a important to the older nation of I'uropc, whose
production iu legislation, literature, science and the
art, have been accumulating lor ages, it may be tho't
that our own comparatively new country, and especi
ally lhe small interior Slale of Vermont, can posse.
nothing worthy to be. ollereil in exchange for the splen
did tonic of l'urnpe. It i very true that the publica
tions in Vermont have been lew iu numlier, small in
size, and co'ire and rude iu fabric , but still they serve
well to illuslrate lhe condition ofa pcoplo entcringnp.
on the experiment of sell goverciucut, and, beneath an
unpoh-lied exterior, they embody principle which,
properly dillused, might serve to n novate the decayed
government of the old world, nnd, accompanied by
literature, sctiico nnd the nrl-, and, especially, by the
elevating power ol Christianity, might setve to raise
ihc barbarous and savage hordes ol both hemispheres
lrom Iheir low degradation, to the coudi lain of well
organized, cnhghieiicd and happy communities.
Among thes'tntcsol the American Union, Vermont
i peculiar in her origin and early history. All the
other original .State had a prcvinu colonial orgnii
7ation. Hut imt so w ith Vermont. 'The inlnluiant,
located upon her lertile s.iil, were collected here lrom
the various colonic, but were bound togitlier by no
civil compact. Vet common sjmputhus and com
togaher by no;
mon intcrc-H soon led Ihcni to mine lor common pro
li ciion and lhe promotion of the common wellaie
Their organization, limit r committees nt sate ly, was
at lirst rude nnd imperlcct ; but it delects were soon
corrected, and, a early a lTTtt, Vermont was a sell
organized, independent, well governed republic! and
lrom that lime nil she joined lhe American Union, in
lT'lt. she evereisi'i I nil lhe attributes of a sovereign
Slate, uncontrolled and unawed by any oilier power
upon earth. And hence it is that every reconl.anil
document, and pamphlet relative to our cany History,
1 invested with peculiar inqiortance, asshowing the
maimer of development lrom a state of nature to a
well organized and illicictit government
'l'be material, which Vermont ha il 111 her power
to olli-r in participating in the sjstcm of International
Literaty and Scientific llxehanges, may, lor the most
part, be unbraced in the lollowing list :
1. Pamphlet relating to the controversy with New
Yolk and New Hampshire, and the organization ot 1
our State Government '
J. 'l'be published Journals and acts ol the Legisla-
ture of Vermont.
3. Hook and Pamphlets, especially Hum written
or published 111 Vetnioiii.includiugour historical w oiks,
legal report, executive messages, legislative docu-
incut and report, political Fpeeehc, orations, election
sermon. n riodical, Vermont Registers, etc.
I. Indian relics, sucu us arrow unu spear niuu.-,
cmseis, uec, n.. . .
a. .Specimens iiiusirauvc 01 our iuurui niMoiy.iu-
chiding mineralogy, geology, botany and oology.
uu"i. ..... - , --- - -
theiii lotth ; nnd lliey were
lhe. Islate iu old munber. winch are wholly u-elcss.o
! meir iwv'sora ; am nun. o niev mi o,- i (i.
liieir possessors ; am uiai, 11 nicy couiu an o- couec!-
,,rnr,- could imt i nk- be M.oohed. but valuable sets
1 could be lormcd lor international exchange.
1 ttit-Ti'lnrt; Like it uhdii mo rarnotlv tn urce th
people nt Vvniiuiit to lake this matter, which imuKe's
botli (he honor nnd ltiu-rot nt the -Stnlo, tutu heiioua
coicttlerotion, hi far, nt leri-t, as to undertake n
tlioronh evil minn Hon , c.ttli ut UU own premiMs, und
Iu colfct nil lhe political p.niipiilt.s i-pi't?cltcs, t-lcciion
sermon-?, rt port, net--, journals and other lei-luue
ilocumcuti', and ch pcriudicnU anl hooks ut may
tone to illustrate the history, the legMalioii, nr the li- ,
teraturc ut the itatc, ainl.il no opportunity occur he
fore that time, caret idly forward th m to the tate
librarian at .MmitiM lier,' hy the town reprt"entaiie,
i M..I..UP A.l 1 .. ,,,,1.1
i un iri inkf it ninin uw i-nr H'si iv 111 iirrjn inn
, larly deniable, ihc political pamphlets of Kthan nnd
' A,It'n! "(:Iml''M the Oliu- Uranch and Hmory ot
i erillont til' lr.1 A en. I he Almi'iit n i.rmntil loin,
World by .Sieiiheu I! llnulley, i'rinciiilcs oi Cotcru-
meni by Naihaniel (Jhiiiinan, Kural liepojitory, and
History ol ennont by l)r hauiucl illiauiv, l ltera
upon Vermont by .1. A. (iraham, CpulemuK ol Ver-,
'.'' A.i'oiiin.tiie.iii-er,nu.i me Ke-rtory
pnbli-hed nt .Inldlebiiry, lhe lawn and legi-latue
jouiuai preMous to iMJO.nuil tlie Venuoni Kegi-ter,
'"-'"ally the early one, publiKhed at Kuiland. .Mid-
lunn-lisoineihing wh'u h i desirable, and, if it be nu-
"lore inan n sing e -.online, or poinpiiiei, or re
tiling more man n single volume, nr pamphlet, or re-
gistcr, let him not neglect lo do it because the thing
may n,Wnr tuliitn tu 1m xuiall.niiU tnlliiii!, ami in.
luelcss 111 itself, I'erhaps lliat vcrv trifle may lie all
,i. i .1. 1 . 1 ii
that would be wauled tu Co unlete oine. aluab esc
' . '
Hut the system of eiclnnges embraces not only
11, 1 ..... 1 1 1 ..if.
iKilttical and litemrv. but scieuulic inaleriuU- not only
1 , , .
oooks ami ciuer tmiiucaiioti'i, out speciiueiis 111 iiiuier
alogy, geology botauyaud zoology ; aiid.ifoursupply
ol lhe loriuer should be delieient, vve iniil make it up
from the eiuU-raiiee ol lhe latter. When .M. Vatte
.MAnrj was told that Vermont had nothing worthy lo
be ollered iu exchange lor tlio publications ol l!uroie,
1 1 1 .... . 1. . 1 .i.n. ,1 .. ' .
lie, 1 111 iiiucn Cll icslliess, 11111KU inui llie rci u xiuncs
in on, si, eels would be slo'lly leceired- thai sjieri-
mens ot the minerals, vegetables and animals ol Ver-
mont would procure lor iMulliho-e valuable I'uropean
men arc luruwie.i in exenange i,,r tne po.
Iniinl . lii-mru cs,..i,ii,. ,,l.l i,., - . .1,1. .......,'
try j and these, iu Vermont, will cost only the trouble
preparation. 1 ne iiisiniciions, prepared liy the
rol,unrM ,,l il.., M,,w.-ii. ..I Vftt,,,,,! II.. rli,.
us icrsen inrou
' and contained in the following pages, will lurllisll'theV',c." ,. , . "
l,1':!'"" I CtWett ?mW
! change, and the names and description ul inosi oftiie
'lwS".".",",r bo, ft111"1 '" lht' ,"1la!ur?L' L'',v'l
Heal llisiory of enn0111, published by the undersign,
,.. in IK '. l'nr I n. .-,,,,v. .,1 ,l...t.. .. 1...
ill ISIS. I'orlhe conieniene,. oiil,,. IL
wi.h 10 extend their knowledge of any ol the depatf
' ... k'... 1 ..... . 1 . , v .r
. oii-iiis 01 minimi 1 i.s orv. 1 uav e nwr . in r n,.
1 pendix, a list ol the principal modern wotksupon the
p.i.'jvv,, ,,,,111 i.iv win iiiinsiit-ii ill llllS COUlllfV.
llarhngtoii, Jan. H, HH.
aj A great ma ny simple-minded people havo '
got themselves into awkward and expensive
scrapes, hy supposing that the AW mCilii jUsl
. Ul " "'V '-wl,crC!l3. " 'eans what tho i
i.urt Sl.- . .ni,a 1 . 1 .1 .1
Court says it tays. Tlio Uw and tho Court
havo their own vcrnactil.tr, and it is, often, an
apt illustration of the "glorious uncertainly."
nle In hiCZ """ ' the lliKh JHidge, in cotnpanvvith several ...cm
plo, Iu the Daily Sentinels report of bers of the Common Council, and was highly
the doings of our County Court, a day or two
ago, is tne lollowing paragraph:
"McDonald and Mills lh,kcr. I'gglestouA: Co.,
wasruHiiirHff,, but, on aecounl ol sonic delect lu the
proceedings, was continued:'
Now this, to a plain reading man, looks a lit
tle like a juinblo of terms. Hut it N O. K.
The Court of I aw and tho Court of C'u;iiJhavo
both sanctiimed tho rulo which construes a
certain description of "declarations," an Kory
O'Moro construed Kathleen's dream, " by con
thrairics :" and the paragraph we havo quoted
abovo means, simply, that tlio trial was com
menced anil ttof continue-!. It won't bo contin
ued till next term, ami if it should happen to bo
"continued" fficu, it won't be continued till the
term after. We hopo wo have made this small
matter perfectly clear!
Opening ol' .Viiviguti'on.
To the Ktiias At.t.r.N, Captain Pno' ToR, be
longs the honor of having "broken tho ice" for
the Navigation of the season. She loft her berth,
at Nye's Wharf, on Wednesday last, (the l!9th
inst.,) and gallantly ploughed her way into tho
open Lake, where she " astonished tlio natiies "
by her rough-und-rcady inanrmivcring. Wc un
derstand Captain PitWTon commenced his reg
ular trips, between lliirlington and Port Kent,
yesterday, and will e.tcnd his operations as cir
cumstances may require. The craft that bears
the name of lUhan Allen, in Vermont, will bo
quite apt to lower her flag to nothing short of
" the Continental Congress."
i;icction i( Council of Censors,
The election passed on", without riot or blood
shed, on Wednesday, and willi the following
peaceful result :
Indgo Williams, (nn all ticket)
Air. Shafler, (oil two tickets)
Average Whig vole,
" Loco "
" 3d Party "
Rurlinglon can cast from 000 to 1,000 votes!
The excitement was not unusually great.
3Tlt is quite apparent that Doctor Cobb has
been employed to superintend the poetical col
umn ofourlittlo friend, tho Daily; though hi
contribution, in tho Wednesday's number,
is not quite up to his usual vein and vigor.
In the following lines, for instance, the Doctor
docs'nt do himself justice :
" As I go travelling upand down
The streets of this remarkable town,
Some thing I see, that I like to sec
And olliers improper as't scans to me,"
Tho following couplet, however, is better :
" Of all the town in the State of Vermont,
Know of another I ccitainlydo not,
Wo call that rather touching, and il the -SVit-timl
Sr. goes on improvingin this fashion, some
thing will give way somewhere !
irWc give, on our lir.-t page an accurate
abstract of the Treaty with Mexico, as modified
by tlio Senate, and sanctioned. I ho I reaty
itself is as long and elaborate as though it were
a good one, anil creditable to the diplomacy of
this administration which it assuredly is not,
From '.lie Rochester (N. Y ) American.
The I'resiilentiiil (tuestioii.
Our readers arc aware that wc have not deemed it
necessary or profitable to precipitate the discu ion ol
llie question who the presidential candidate ought to
iie. Yttourown preference hant notirne been con
cealed ha indeed been trcely and frankly avowed.
While llllNHY CLAY lives, and there i ground lor
hope that he will consent to bear our dig, wo can
neither doubt nor hesitate in declaring nut, More all
iivni" men, our choice Many other names belong 10
the Whig party, but the Country ha n.t: only who i
lieVotUl Comparison nr ritany im-cuimcm ill jiuirio-
..ri,,' V..n.,..- ..inen. That one it is utterlv needli .
I sin. 1111 He service, nig" ucM-ii, 111111 01 lie-an
( ) Wherever there i a Whig heart il beats
hMiat the slightest allusion to IIr.Nr.v Guv.
Vu r(m(.r , ,e eiediency and authority of the
jSl-,ltj,lI,l Convention. Whether it. decision shall bo
)( q n-or or some oilier worthy member ol the
, 'hi" party, we shall yield, not reluctantly or coldly,
cflorls for the election ol the nominee. 'The ti ne
(of ,ie Cuiivcnlion lo assemble is not distant
1 Delegates have aircauy occu appouiieu in some ti is-
,rjct,-nnj many others are moving lor lliat pure.
, popular gathering of the Whig party some
.xprens made h. Terence ,0 U.e fW
several nicciiiigs, sunn- ui meui rt-nuereu un poriaill
I... .1... .l...rsnn. nlhi.Miee n I inu, i, l, . L
1 "' V" "
uec.uc.ny, . r, euoy. c uusiasncaiiy T,,tv
"';,",1 ' JZrtjZ!,
, , ... .. ,-",,, '
, -.- ,i i,r a
-e lives, they will think ol no one else.
, -':,,'; ' "",; , -' ' V" ' ''' .
" . y"."' "r
d,H-s notca-.ly clnngc. Its illumrious obj.Tts.univca
in lull igor of in.iid and body-and hile thev see
him in the tplendor oi'bn fame, (.tillable to serve his
couniryasnuoihercan.andvvbileevery paving day
deinonslrates us nnrivalled power to av the iiunds
and hearts of men, the Wings ol Wencm'New York
will not willingly withdraw their eyeslrouitlie FUn of
our pulitic.il luiiiaincnttoi-eekan) orbof obscurer ray
.l!nb!furcavpXucV.'' "W U'rri'KiU"3 0l' " U"" !'"d
We have taken paui' nay.no pains were needed'
to ascertain public opinion ill this region. It prcst
upon us Ironi 1 every ide. In .Monroe county ibere arc ,
hardly titty- Whigs who contemplate as desinible the
nomination of any other candidate and not five i
w hose individual preferences arc not lor him. In the
icmii 1 01 ousiiirs., 111 cny una coiiniry, at llie II reside
nt the farmer and in lhe 'shop of the artian, the ex.
predion lor Clay is unanimous and rcsitle-.i. Nor is
it coiilined to those who voted for him iu 1811. .Many
who were then political opponents now declare them
selves 111 ins lavor. I ney regard linn as an injured
slandered, gloriutt'ly v indicated statesman and patriot!
lint we are told by some lew indeed that ".Mr,
('lay cannot Im elected.1' Caknot nt tLLcTinl
," "."V '",'- ii.'ruiaui) 1 n u round
in the fact that tor lortv years he has been lhe fore -
1 !'"? ntMnnn nfthe iriuoH r Orare we to look lor
it in lhe deinonirations ol atleetion and admiration,
I I. . I- ' V V oiiiysnnrioi
1 'li:??'ro"', Vl",.e'1 ls" rn" "head of the other
W lllir linuiinallolis 111 everv nimrt.r ol il.o l'.,.n,.
1: .' ,j
... .u..,,v, u IIIC l lllllll .
iieiiien ne wniuiiei'ii,ny detraction ami dihonesiy,
which will not t-tar reietition ; but he slid drew the
largest vote a, corded to any ,nion ol lhe ticket.-
Since that period, whenilhe. Ml the party I. II with
bun, prejudice has died aw ay, and political infatuation
Ven a.?Zn :!i'rnk,',: ca-, e
1 , , ; 1 . -r,"--,' t.iii t-i ciiuiic lull
rnu "nd lolly pilnoliMii at the head of the govern.
!m'm 1 '"'.' their ees instinctively to him who
i.. - - ....... .v.,.vv ,, 1 who
, .. 110 tquai niuong l ie living ana no sus-rior witli
tliedead. 1 he ureal heart ol the nation beaLslneh
at tie name of Clav. and ilvini ,.ri.,- ...J
""'"' hy thou-ands and tens of thousands, rush into liis
1 i"" me noiunge which inev cannot re-
Press. and Vvhuhna other hnmnt, I..,,,. 1...
I ., ...k .-'" .' '"""
I " "lncr ,n!" 'ajvs n nilioof hisiKipulariiy and thai
Jit! ' 'r "'cr caf!! TVt CB" lllu " ' ue half so cer-
lain ol success. 'Uie .Mexican war is now-ended, but
Hot Us ,.,,n..,i,..,... j 'II... n 1 1 '"""i.1""
not its coiwouenees. T I I... !:. '
uccess. 1 lie .vlexiean war i iirtv,. .,.l.l 1....
I l"ng. K.;ichance disosirous. They may shake the
country 10 ilscenire, and endanger the Union itsell.
i.speciaiiy necessary is it, ihcretore, that we should
I have ot lhe head ol all'airs a man adequate to the
eniergeiicy. c require no uutricd or unqualified
eader, no weak, vain or shallow prcleuder 10 states.
inmiship, but one lu wlicui we shall all have the high -
nrvianr iieeeswry is it, tiicreiore, that we should
..i ....i, uii it.,, c 111" 111 ii 11 1
est degree o conhdeiicc. Such a man, beyond possi.
bihiy ol doubt or nuesiion, is lltxcv Clav.
Western .New York will name bun as her choice in1
r.fc ,! !
' I ?ra''';J..'''' ' ho how grateful she is by
an unpiccc-tlenteil imuuniv. If not. t- he uill still Ik:
l ' l. . 1 I . - . . . .
-she knows not how to be otherwise.
Mr. Ci.av on Saturday afternoon visited
irratiiied tilth th. inniriiitlecnt work, lie re
turned to tho City, and was entertained in an
elegant and delightful dinner by J, 1'iiimin
I'ikcmx, Esq. after which ho attended tlioiver
fonuauce of tho Oratorio of tho "creation," by
tho Sacred Music Society. Ho was there in licit
moro tho object of attention to tho audience, than
tho music, and iu tho courso of the evening
briclly and felicitously replied to an address
from tho ladles of tho Society.
Yesterday morning Mr. Clay attended St,
llartholomuvv's Church with his Honor tlio May
or, where an unusually largo congrei'ation
vvero assembled.. On the way thither, wo un.
deretaud, lie was met by a large numlwr of Irish
men, who thus sought the opportunity of quietly
expressing to him tho warm feelings which his
ellurts in behalf of Ireland have roused in tlio
breasts of all her sons,
This morning, at nine, Mr. Clay leaves us on
his way homeward ; lie w ill stop at Newark for
about nn hour, to exchange greetings with liia
fellow citizens of that place, and will reach
Philadelphia, where ho had an imperative en
gagement, at I iu the afternoon. After spending
a day there privately, ho will go homo hy way of
Mr. Ct-AY has been tvith us now for five days,
and through the whole time, has received such
tokens of deep respect and enthusiastic attach
ment as no man but himself could havo elicited.
We now see how firmly he stands in the affec
tions not of a few persons or of any particular
class, but of the whole People. If there wcro
any doubt before, the fact is now undeniable,
that no man lives who is so truly beloved ami
trifled by the people of this City as 1IBNRY
CLAY A'. V. Tribune of the 13A.
For the Free Press.
I am not aware that at any time previous ha there
been so little dicusion in the public papers as it re
spects a candidate for President, as has been since tho
lnt Presidential election, I!ut as the time, of election
is fast approaching, it seems that il it is examined in
a right spirit, a to who shall be lhe Standard Hearer,
it cannot do any harm.
Among so many good, true and capable Whig, it
cannot be supposed that all will bo united on any one
as their first choice. It apiear very evident that tho
first choice of a vast majority of the Whigs of tho
Union is Henry Ci.av, and a large majoriiy of the re
mainder would prefer him to any living man, could
nicy nut Know that ho would be elected, or be the
mot arailahle candidate. Hut his having had so
many unsuccessful trial, lliey have their doubts id-mt
trying him ngain. 'Tin i, to Is- ,irc, an objection
and I propose to examine the same, and let a candid
public judge of the facts. After the niccewful tcnui
nation of the Ian war with treat llritain, the Demo
cratio and Federal panic, became so farainalg.nnated
as to elect Jatne, .Monroe to the Presidency by a vote
of 193 to . ll lor Itufu King, and on his second rice
1,0,,, 1,1 ISJI. there wn only one vote, ogamst him,
and lint for John Q. Adams, rlu ,, eU.clor m Ncw
Iloinpslnre. At the next election, in IMI, there were
four Democratic candidate 111 the Held, viz. Win. II.
Crawford, who had been nominated by Congres
sional caucus, John Q. Adams, Andrew Jatkson, and
Henry Clay, who was the youngest, and aluit 17
year o age, many year voungcr than anyone who
Ind been elevated to that high office. 'The latter
had lieen nominated by Ix-gi.laturcs and Conventions
of the people. 'The electoral vote were Ibr Jack.on
0J, Adam 81, Crawford II, and Clay 37; and ns a
choice must be made from one of the time highest
candidates, Clay was excluded in il. Hon,e and
John Q Adams was elected. 'The second tune Mr
Clay was a candidate was in lllti, nnd run a -aiust
President Jackson al his second election Jackson
had bcalen Adams on In first diction, 111 !. ,y
ITS to M. In consequence ol Jackson's ninotal of
the deposit from the II ink of the United States, and
other high handed measures, he had lost some of hi
lonner warm supporters, and many werchd to Ih-Ih-vcs
that the country would not approve of his dome.'.
.Mr. Clay reluctantly coii-ntcd that his name might
be ued 111 oppo-iiion to the re-election of Cicn. Jack
son, it In Iricud were of opinion that it would be of
any use so to do. The result every one knows was
that Jackson was re-elected by an increased majority.
In IS 1 1 .Mr. Clay was unanimou-lv nominated, forth..
third time, as a candidate lor President, bv a Win-
.National Convention j and had it not been that gios
frauds were committed by our opjneim, he would
now be the occupnnlofthe White IIous,; at Washing,
ton, in the place of James K. Polk, who 1 the first
President ever elected in the United State witlwat
the vote of his own State. It is a fact, and can !;
proved, mat Louisiana, Georgia, Indiana, Pennvl-
f , , , - 1 -ji-
' , 1 were carried lor .Vlr. 1'olk, by
I fraudulent and double voiiug ; and Tennessee would
I have l-cn, also, had he been a, popular a, home
1. ...r t.o, L r.. ...... ,i. ., .
tin oennln l.n.l ..... I l.fl .r
s.. .,.,,, c us , olncr Cntts vtlirrn
,.. uiu ui jinn, or nan lurgoiten
person wa m existence. As every inirl.
ron knows liow louisiaua was carried lor
nothing turtlur need be said on thai point.
ier (states mentioned the frauds were ditler-
more universal through the Stale. In
v-diiia, alter the result of the Slate election was
-".".. ic, nan out aiut khhi
'"" .er' "le k"'" 1-"ti-
"uumicu inai .nr. Llay would receive I or Soon vole
,r"'" l""c w" "a" vote" tor Uov. Shuuk, 011 .ccount
I" , " ' " ''"""""" "cnu,s to protection,
...ft,, ...T, T. Z r t" ,t L- '""
",lhl"ou3' lt"'r "m 1'olk lo kniK-. And it turned
nil UI.M l.n.l n.. I . .1
01" r3 -'Ir- "-'ay received -Hill more votes than
Ind been given to .MarUe, the Wlm. candidair for
(!,,i,.rnnr l? 1 r 1 . "iiunira iw
J,,OUrnor' ,'' das Mw- n"1' l an election when
-'u;rl10'', legislature and Members ol Congr- vere
eluwen, and to remedy that Icks of votes ,,,,.
p"gl,t !"r0m 'S!,f 0 "'"'"'S- ' "'i'lmoVs I'.'tln
d'"tr'cl' "ordering 011 the strong l,ocofoco counties ot
oieuln-n and Chemung in Xevv Vork, lhe vote was
increa.-sd HWj. In Mr llrodheTp. itihi.v 1 . .
wlic, h,lr,i ,ra , "roiil u ad (ldih) ilistrul,
ooriurs 011 Delaware, S-ullivan and Orange
counties, "Sew- i ork, and lhe strong 1. hm counties '
stls-ex Olid W;irr.. ,., V... T ..
1 7. . . " Jersey, ine vole wn, in.
creased 1IW. 1 ,,e 15tl, district, bordering on lhe
siroogesi i,ocoiioIils ol .Mar) land, the
!s7. Iu the Hth. .Mr. Siewan'. .Ii.r...,
Hth. .Mr. Slewan's .livir..., .. 1...1
11,. . n iov 11 jium
.Maryland, V irgima and Ohio, mcrco-e ,dy Jin , 0I1j
iu those ditncls bordering on oi.m ui...i. 1
1 rt-sul'-'nt 011 the sjnie day with l'enulvaiua.tlic in-
""-. was small, esccpt m the siroin' L.i,o.,i,. ..r
1 Craw lord, which was f. in l ,i , ""K'"tl
I .;... ,. ,, .. , , "ri,rr 10 '
. , Muesliou had 111 that Stale, tin result
," -.."11-, in me uin district willciplun In
i.-iiii.i, .nr. vautiuren.
nv . ... Kii'f'..
in Hilt, had SJImaior.
Shuuk hid -51'. ...1 11.
., - .. jv-.i.j, uilM .III,
, ' "' n mo same election, elected Jaiucs
, l'ollock, a strong tanlf Win" over c. p,H..L.n .
Iree trade Woloco -
i in , ' ' '1,"aJ""ly-
I . ' uct arSues conclusively that .Mr Cla? did re-
I TV"? 'rom ,ho for tJovcmor
, k:iluiiK,a lew d.'lVS lire V loll,. nn.l it. I . .
' the s,. Ie fu, V IL , ,' " ,0""T
. . . 1K a'"J 1,j!!a'. an cichniige of votrs
'"" '"""uieiy necessary with 1C States .U.imug,
none of which vme.l .... ,i., .1... - , ...
.1 . . " ' ''"P1 i'uninii
' -r,. ."1 , ca"le'l into practice, and an m-
, - - - m un uurucr ciniiu- 111 tne state,
and llie tnti n. I. 11 .
Niocd ixrson that the laTor was fully reuniejTtrheU,r
- k after.
' 'I... ....I... r..l I:.-.- r ,. . .
....,,ul niiiiiiiiiiMuon oi aliens rn the ctty of
ew Yotk, ami a few oilier places 111 lhat Sim.. ....
.1... ,:..: ., ... '
I . . . . ' 10 nias.e me ruajotily ol .Mr I'oll.
, "r ' '" n "le 3s:,'s"a' "ithoul cue rl
I lhuse u"l:,"lul ""cs "mob luid luiBiven from oih,t
1 Stale intu Ncvi
' tu.tc. and vote
' ,, .,. "
1 "" vouM 1,1 "
Mat" ul exenange. Jiany lorcigners went Iroiri il,',
ew 1 ork and were unUwfully lutnraljj., a
oted there, and relumed with their ii,rs
1 alio vow-u in si-iiio v, int.- noenroco lown m il..u
. ... . .., 1-une
the week alter. Had the voles of Stw York 31 k..
given to .Mr. Clay, they would have elected !,,. '
ig him 1W to la? agaimt l,,i Ti
wbichu-e know., .0 .na. an, I h 'i "C
a candid community to s.y how C,r suc)l (xca
to vetuih aziuiist il nm.,.,,.: r ...
I - "iillllMlllil 1)1 II. fl...
w hetlier ,1, aUndomng of bin, a, ,l,c ," J,
would no, have a tend.ncy n, ,"bX ' Z
.....ids of our opponents ,hi, y llai MiwJ ,
by dclatuauon slander, lyuig Bnj fr,uJ( , t
hm. from , he Wd, they could do Uie M w.U .,,y
lrson who might be nominated by .he Whig No-
o slan t he0VV ,n 0Ur P',U-'"' as
d,.t U L JV0U,ar)' f U,s lWrJ. and
Uu ) w il be under the necessity of manufacturing new
oiks, which they Unow it will I hard to make .ny
person believe. I have yet to learn oi the first per,,,
who voted for .Mr. Clay iu 111, and who intend, to
vote for a Whig in 18IM, who will not, most cheer,
fully, give that vote to .Air. Clay, if nominated by the
Whig National Convention. I do not say thctc are
none, but I have yet lo learn who that person is,
i II is objected, by some, to put Mr. Clay in nomina.
lion on account ol his age. That might, with some
persons, be a reasonable objection ; but then are
many at that age who seemingly lte in the prune of
hie. And lrom good information it appears that Mr
Clay is one of them. SEN'EV "
Middlcbury, March, ISIS. '
xml | txt