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BURLINGTON FRJflR PRESS, FRIDAY MORNING, DECEMBER 27, 1850. x c c J r c 0 0 , IIUKMNCTON, VT. 1 UlDAY MOIININC-, DEOEMHER 27, 1850 v Mr. . I'KTTINIill.l,!,. ur nullioiiI-il nrtvrttiKiiit! Mini johsciipiion net-ill In Itcislmi uinl t- evliere, of ihi paper (ty5 On looking over our exchanges, filler ton day absence from ntir post, wo liiul lli.il tliu staunch nml steady old (iroen Mountain State Ii.-i.h become tin- object of reproachful at tack from a variety of quarters. From the .V. In k lliratd, (and wo can start from no lower pit ntl up to the .Yational Intelligencer, (mid we cm etui at no higlur,) objurgations have boon showered upon our State, it. Legislature and its Governor, with a freedom tint usually pro ceeds fro n a comeiousnes.s of rectitude,) by the. W iishingtnn lie nblic ami Union, X. Y ( 'nmmtrci I . Iilrcrtiser, the (7 nrier and YVirt Irr of oilo , the Albany llcgistcr, and the south ern pro-sl.-iory papers generally, besides 11 miscellany ot country papers which appear to h no the safety an 1 welfare of tho Union ospo ei i ly at heart, all on account of a law passed nt the recent session of our Legislature, -'relating to the writ of llabcus Corpus and the right of Trial by Jury." 'I he papers named and re ferred to have gone into paroxysms of lamenta tion ami regret, th it lrermat the 'most re spectable and hentnfoix always big State ol Vermont," as the National Intelligencer cour-teoii-ly siy.s should h ive rc-atlirmcd the Co sriinio a i. right of nil her " inhabitants" to the writ of llabeus Corpus, and Trial by .Jury! It appears to us th it the outcry is uncalled-for. V e think tint Vermont lias, as yet, done nothing th.it, a a Sovereign State in tin Confederacy, it was not hor right and her iii'ty to do. W o Inve read the strictures ol the papers which we hive mentioned, and, wnile we admit tint those strictures evince the highest order of patriotism and love for tlu Union, (a patriotism and love which we hope to imitate, at a humble distance, by our co iilo i ,) we arc wholly unable to perceive their applica tnnto the legislative action of Vermont. Vermont ranks herself among the most laws loving and law-abiding States in the Union. She never voted for. I 'cksoii, nor Van Huron, nor I'olk, nor Cass! She has .w.wus, imllinching mid " unterrilied," pl.iccd herself beside Ken tucky an I North Carolina in her devotion to the Nftio ai. W mo Ca.mhiiatf, whether he might be from the North or the South. She h is ii"ver de:n indod tint a President f the United States should be a Northern or a South ern, but a N vno a i. N big. She reveres th memory of President Taylor. She adopted his jil.it ft nn and asked no better. She has never suii"ht. (and wo anneal to her action at the polls and in the 1 legislature, to sustain the a; snrtimri she Ins r.Ti;a sought to interfere with the constitutional rights of Slavery, NKV Kit! She his n-vor asked, nor dominled llntSlaverv shall bo deprived of any privilegr orri'dittlnt the Constitution of this glorious republic secures to ii; .mil she n-jvor will. But she has recently passed a law to grunt more certain protection to her oil's citi zens and " inhabitants " against u.M.Awrut. ex griives. , sir. cannot seal; for others; but lor myself I would rather meet my final Judge with the guilt or him who has gone to, his account than of hltn who sets in yonder Cabinet." And this is the man who is looked upon, by certain cla., as a " leader III salutary reform" In this countrX! A more odious, and, wc thank fully believe, a less dangerous, demagogue, ne ver existed. It appears to bo a benignant pro. vision of Providence that men like Joshua 11 (i '(Mings arc blessed with certain obliquities of conduct that render them harmless. Tlio world progresses, in all tho asscntials of Irccdom and humanity, in spite of Mr. Giddings ! The Hull uiul (he Ox. On the 1 1 tb inst. the Rutland Union Whin held the following language : Tho following temperate and judicious re marks are from the Sew York Tribune, k pa per which can speak sense, perhaps, without being supposed by agitating whigs to be acting under administration or silver-grey intlueiice. " As a general proposition, we esteem it un round and perilous to assume or argue popu larly that a legislative act is unconstitutional, with the intent to deprive it of tho obedience and rtspccl to which every valid law is entitled, unless you art preparing to contest the point before tho proper tribunal, intending to abide its decision. On the 18th inst. tho same paper speaks of the law passed by our own Legislature, rela ting to llabeus Corpus and Trial by Jury, as folluws : " The legislature of our hitherto much-rc- spected Stale, passed an act, at its last session, intended by the mover to over-rule the law of Con 'rcss "respecting fugitives from labor. We have lefrained from all allusion to tins most unfortunate enactment, from mere cha grin and shame. It was whirled through the two Houses on the last day of the session, in the tempest of legislation which was concen trated into the closing hours passing the sev eral formalities of law. making without notice or remark. It is not strictly true to say that it was "ill-considered, for, in strictest truth, it was not considered at all. For the substance and scope of the law, no dffen.-c or excuse can bo made. It attempts to repeal certain portions ol the late law ol Congress, in r.ns; and instructs cerium estate Ollicers and Magistrates to treat that law, as to such portions of it, with utter disregard. Tuis is not the treatment which the dignity or or sclf-re.-pcct of Vermont should lead her to bestow upon tho legislation ol Congress. II iws of Congress arc unwise, or even uncon stitutional, it is not lor Vermont or any ouier State to nullify or repeal them. We have pla ced ourselves by this act, in a position in which wo have no defence against the jinlgmenl ol the whole country. We were " thrice armed'' when we had our "ouurrel just, Why did we throw awtiv our strength I The influence of Vermont was by no means iuconsideiablo upon ilus veiy sul'j' ct ol slavery. As a constitution al opponent of that evil institution, the was si Mug as a pettish nulhlierof the constitution and the laws, she will become weak and con temptiblc indeed. In every view, the passage of this act is denlorabL'. Tho severity of coi.dcmnation which this mis-step has drawn upon our State from nuar lers wbcr.' a wise man would be proudest of approval, is most pinilul to us. We had in dulged the hope, (a somewhat fond one we confess ) that the act would sink at once into its appropriate oblivion. We encouraged that obliwon by t' o charity of our silence. The hope was vain." In the latter case, it was your ox that gored my bull, and that makes all the difference in not have conceived such " perlect joy," ua the Committee ol Arrangements of the Hannibal Guards prepared for llicir guests! Nothing was omitted, from a Snipe to nn Ox, from a lozongo to a pyramid ! Ten "courses" scarcely finished the Dinner Table, and the Supper Table absolutely blazed with transparent Foun tain of Jelly navigated by li.fo-liko fish, and flanked by amphibious oysters. Al 9 o'clock P. M. the grand ceremony of Presentation of the Sword (which Sword we have ourselves seen and handled) took place. The llantiib.il Guaids, by their Orator, made a speech that has not yet been reported, nnd Colonel Van Sciiaiok replied as follows, as we learn from the Troy 1'ost: Captain : I reecho with great pleasure this evidence of regard from the Hannibal Uunrds. This acknowledgement of my cllbrts to elevate our oppressed race, and to organize a colored force, fills my heart with great joy. Allow me also to express my great gratification at the beauty and order of this African Company, ll shows what can bo done by our race. It proves that we are not ilestituto ol Dial moral capacity and power, which are necessary to redeem and protect our mother country. Your name Indicates your character. Han nibal was a colored man, and yet ho was the greatest captain of his, or any Ego. Tins tjcautitul sword 1 shall value above an price, as a testimonial of your appreciation of my humble cllbrts to render you comfurtable while upon your recent visit to Troy. 1 shall cling to it while this arm lias strength to wield it. It shall never be drawn but for a good cause, nor sheathed in dishonor. If the rights of our country require it, it shall never know its scabbard till victory crowns our effort, or Death prostrates its possessor. Wo call this a neat nnd appropriate speech, and in the highest degree creditable to the Troy City Guards, and their Commander. Of the Supper and Ball, we can only speak from rumor, which pronounces t lie former sumpiHtuoiis, and tho latter elegant to tho re motest point of perspiration. Ilefor wo left Troy, Colonel Van Sciiaick had returned to that City, nnd had resumed bis customary pacific avoca tions, lie and his superb Sword Seward and Silver Grey can be seen at the office of Mr. Rich. with the vote or one Whig ndm lustration Hena I Vt''y 'oo' Democratic paper) lirtvo sped;, n t irf.oiii the Free States, but against their a -1 cnndomnulion ol tlio nullifying net ol iiitncnts nnd votes. It wa never recommend-j one Legislature. Union Whig. ol to Congress by the ndiniii'tration. Itpi-- Wo aro sorry lor it. Tho Legislature Ul, 1 till, i.lUn M.llli lli ..i.l ..I tutll. Utrfin IVMI-.. ' S3 them W hiir members, while it had some fifty iNortliorn Whig nilunntslrntioii votes ngiitint it. It. was called up fiom tho Speaker's tab'c by M Linn Hoyd of Kentucky, a lo iding Loeofo o. It was advocated by Mr. Thompson of Pennsylvania tlio Locoloco Chairman of tho J idiciary Committee, who cl sod with inovin tho previous question, w hich doing sustained tho bill was hurried through tho House as wo hue stated, by Locoloco votes, nnd against the almost tin unions Northern administration votes. Mr. Fillmore nnd tlio Whig ndininistration were in no wise rcqionsiblo for it. It was Lost cofoco from bogining to end. Tho Prosidon, (in m ionod tho constitutionality of the tneastiru and before ho would nlix his signituro to it, ho required of his law ollicor a written opinion in regard to his constitutionality. lie evidently signed it reluctantly. Mduaukie Sentinel. Tho attempt to iinko President Fir,i..Moar. responsible for tho Fugitive Have Law is as unjust :is it is ridiculous It is a Locoloco Law, " body and brooches " and tho very fact that President Fii.i.Moar. refused lo njiprovo it till ho h to the opinion of tho Attorney General of the United States that it doo.s sot abridge the nalionablo r ght of every human being in this country to tho Writ of 1 labia Corpus, prove his fidelity to the Constitution. Wo have no doubt hu would take articular ploisuro in approving in ait ol'Co:igi-'3s hum inly ainin lin.',or oven rip'nling, it. It is tiiid.niably a disgrace t the Na ion, and the Ago. (Washington Correspondence of the Atlas.) A .Siliu'Ulur llvcut. WAsm.Nurt.v, Dec. llth, J550. A circumstance happened here last session, whic , wore wo inclined to superstition, or" dis posed to put faith in omens, might startlo us not a little, and certainly cause curium appro heiHions for tho future. It was during a lio.it of Vermont, in our prior opinion, never passed ii inoro proper or just law tlmn the one stigmatized u.s 'Mho nullifying not." Tlicru is not even "tlio odor" of nullifica tion nbottt it. Wc cannot congratulate our friends of tlio llogistcr and Kuglu on the company they keep. Major Isiiaf.i, lticu wiiiao.v of the U. 8'. Army, mid lady arrived in town two days since, from Mexico, on a visit to his Father, Hon Is rael P. lllclrtrdson. Tho Major was a gradu ate of West Point, nnd in tho late war with .Mexico distinguished himself as a bravosoldier. When volunteers wore called for 1 1 load a for- reformation in it, the less such papers were c rcuktod, the better. Mr. Tnylor advocated tho thrco nnd .1 cei t postage rates. I lo gave notice th t ho shoit'd introduce nn amendment to abolish postage ( n nmispiper.s in tho county wore published, m d ;l() miles beyond. I lo was opposed to tho abt 1 ition of tlio franking privilege, because it af forded n connecting link bet a ecu Representa tives and their constituents Mr. Hob ird spoko n few minutes in favr r of reducing tho size of n iwspipers, to be circu lated free in the counties of their ubliealion, to 1 '.2,(10 H-pinrc inches. Without concluding, ho gave way for uii-adjournmeiit. The debate ill tho Hints'1, on the Postage bill, will jirobably close next Tunsd'iy. A vigorous effort will then be m ulu for the consideration of tho Kiveraiid Habror bill. A strong parly is organizing hero, among tho W hig.s to In lug forward (ion Scott as tl.eir next Prosidenti'i! candidate Tho ('hair laid before the Scntae the Kef or lorn hope in storming tho almost impregnable , of ,lie Superintendent of the coast survey fortress or t licpiilteicc Col. Knnsoni, Capt. 'rll resolution offered by Mr. Cass on Men- Iloberts, and then Lieutenant Richardson, were fit1 '''"''"Mpon.lonco between the , ' , , . . ' , United Slates and Austrian Charge, about IIuu- lotind af the licit ol d ingur sustaining thcclnr gllriau affairs was taken up. nctoi- of Green Mountain Roys Tho valliant ; " Mr. Cass said ho had received informal!- n Ransom foil, covered with wounds Roberts which pleased him much. He understood ho sustained by Richardson and their associates, Charge, nppointcd to Austria some moi.ths .... . . . .Qinrn (mil MM Infl llmnn.i.iln. nn.l ..a It ... .t H-nrn in Il't til (mm in ultlmtilt ti- int-n llin ' ,v ,v-- "n-winnil, .luu ..a it .io Stars and Stripes wore first planted by Cujit. Roberts. cited in little ustonlshment. It Is hoped that Congress will make the collodion district bill In accordance with the wishes of the people. joiiiuii uuucuiiies continue, out not of a se rious nature. Several skirmish linen Htnn place, with the loss of hut hv n fir ihrnn live nn either side. The Sacreinento Times savs we h.ivn nnn persi ns from various portions of the mines, Irom whom wc learn that the cholera hasspicad to but a very limited extent. A few cues havo occurred at Novaita City, Rough and Ready, and other towns. I'bo tib.l mines have rrnnprailir vi.l,UI luntl the aicraips nor mini Imimr h ..,! om .tn.. ari'e number of mmnr tvill ...I.. ii.. Vt,ln, "urn., uo uiu Governor Harnett ban Usnmt n citing forth tho aoih .Vnvn ' "" ,. rhanksgiviiig, and Praise and Prayer. I he number of passengers that nrriiol by sea (mi October lM, lSlO.tr. October 1st. ir.w was .13.015, the number that left from October s.i in wciouor j isl, was OOU'J. The Intel business in San I-VannUm t it the Union the rates were $10 per week it private houses 25 am! AM), t J,i,ti 1 . . "ui.iviiiij. voa on tho increase, as also robberies. improvements were rapidly profressing olonol rremont is said inl.ow.,,, ., .V King will probably bo elosled Senator. The H lugs have tho maioritv. but do not inm t in force. cd debate upon the compromise measures ono I shier it so dangerous ?" ... .. . . .i tradition. She lias pas-ed a law that leans, it ..,nri,i , 0llr fr:L.nus (.rt. i; ii- . yon please, towards the Cause of Freedom a Luit .idMed to find the New York Tribune recommending "respect nnd obedience" to tho j Law which gives to Southern Slaveholders the jaw whoso only possible ''error" is that it "'leans lo virtue's side!" It is a CoNsTiTuno.N.u, Law ! in Vrn.iio.sT at least. It simply intends to en force the plain guaranty of her Constitution and that of the I'liian, in favor of Freedom ; that is nl!. If her law is unconstitutional, the Su ri;r..ME Counr of tiiu Umtud Status, on a proper issue presented, will so decide; and with this Vermont will bo content. In the mean time, Vermont does not mean that her citizens or "inhabitants " shall be 'delivered up'' to Slavery, unless they aro Slaves. When her laws shall be pronounced unconstitutional by the Supreme Court (not by tho Washington llepublif nor by any other newspappr) she will cheerfully and unhesitatingly submit. She proposes neither disunion, rebellion, treason, nor nullification. She leaves that kind of "dt inonstration" to South Carolina. She has ' cast her lot '' witli the Union, and will abide by it. Hut she will, by every means not prohibited by the Constitution, i'kotf.ct iikr own cm.GNs We hall refer to this topic again. Wc maintain that the recent Law of our State which is so extensively denounced, is consti tutional and proper, a thousand times more so than the "Fugitive Slave Law " of Congress which deprives " bum in beings " of the right ol Habeas Corpus and Trial by Jury. When the contest coui-'s which is to settle the limit less application of Titr.hr. rights, we trust in Goo that we shall bo found " on tho side ol Ficedom !'' power lo ''grab" anybody they may ple.uo to 'claim" as a "fog:tivo Slave," but they look "with chagrin and shame" upon a Vermont Law whoso only intent is to protect the right of her "inhabitants'' to personal freedom ! Hut what does the Whig mean by speak ing of "our hitherto much respected State ?" U'e claim that the glorious old State of Ver mont has done nothing, thus far, that should 0"A Union Meeting was held at Hath, Me. on Monday evening, h was very respectably ind numerously attended. hpcerhcj were made bv Gov. Hubbard, Gen. T. Curtiu, F.mj., of this citv, Hon. Nathan Clifford, L. W. ! air- lee, I'iso,., Hon Charles Andrews, Manasseb Smith, Esq. and Hun. David Hronson. Let ters were received fiom Hon. George Hvans, Hon. Lewis Cass, Hon. ltiifus Clioate, lion. Daniel Goodenow, Hon J. W. Bradbury, Judge Tcnney, and F.ther Sbeply, Esq., who bad re coiled invitations to be present, .but were unable to attend. A series of resolutions was adopt ed. llostt n All is. This is tho first wc have heard of any thing like disun o i in Maine. It is a dreadfully Loco foco State, to be sure, but wo had al ways supposed that every body in it was in favor of the Union. Perhaps the .lllas can tell us where the trouble is. Hy the way, wo hope Lew is Cass's letter will be published. 11c, as the world knows, is in favor of "diffusing" slav ery for its own good, and is strongly commit ted against any thing liko " noise and confu sion'' in this extensive country. We aro sorry to feel obliged to say, that when wc see Gen. Cass's name associated with these " Union .Meetings," we aro strongly apprehensive that there is trouble ahead. Perhaps bis letter will dispel our fears ; " Tinieo D.inaos , ct dona fcrrntcs," which means, in tho vernacular, that when Gen. Cass is anxious about the Republic, the Republic had better look out for him ! Tree Soiltrs tnlio notice ! night, and before California was admitted, that, soato in the Hall ol Repre-ent itne.s, my at tention was about equally divided between the noisy declamation around mo, and tho beauty and brilliancy of the chandelier suspended over head, which throw out a volume of light upon ono of tho most impressive, solemn, and ox' iting scenes that ever was witnessed in that chamber, or probably over will bo again. Tho galleries wen: crowded, nnd every heart was intent upon 'ho turn of ullairs, when Mr Hurt, of South Cirolmi, took the floor; for then tho novelty of discussion gave p aco to actual suspense, ho caii-o it was known be intended to deline the Excitement Dvinc Awav. The sig nal defeat that the disuiiioiiists have met with, wherever they have attempted n gathering, has considerably cooled their excitement. The governor put oil' the calling of the legislature altogether too long. Unless lie does something the agi tation will eeaso hforo it outi assemble. A fidgetty man once called in a doctor to prescribe for n very slight wound. When it was examined hu told his hoy to run with all his might for u sticking pl.ister. ''DoLtoty said the patient, "do you con. r-o, but i! lie don't gut hack soon, the wound will honl!' Mississippi pa per. Thirty-firhl Coiigrc. "d .SVs.MuK. Washington, Dec. 17th. Senate. The Cliair laid before tho .Senate the report of tho board of olliceis called to consider tho propiitty of creating tho rank of Lieut, tlonoral, and what measures are necessary to prevent mili. ultimatum of" his State, and to tho woids ho tury oIl'iefTs from exercising civil uutlioii. might utter, she would stand, as Mr Vcinblo ' v." Referred to the .Military Cummi.toe, h id previously declared, "until the crack of doo ii." I was still gazing at the ch in lolier, ' at tho instant -Mr. If., delivered the memorable sentt-n-n, " scrcsilon and (Insolation at ivrry It'tzard," when ono of the guibled stars studding , tb crcsc int of tho dome, an 1 nearly over here Mr 1!., was st in ling, give way, and fell lo tho floor, without attracting any .special rein irk, (from th" fact, peril ips tint very few observed tho incident) an I tho speaker continued Ins speech uninterrupted, until, by the rule ol tho House, limiting his time to one hour ho again resinned his seat. I noticed the circumstance in connection with his words " secession and dissolution nt cverv ha.zird." To dav, in counting tho stars, including the fallen ono, I discovered they und or lcretl to ho printed. .Mr. Footc arose ami said : "I hold in my hand certain resolutions of censure up ill myself, which have been passed hy tho Legislature of MNsis-ippi, and which havo been sent to mo to bo pic-ontcil to tho S"imle. I do so hut desire lo say one wunl in regard to them. Tlio Legis. lut tiro oi" Mississippi is a body compiscd of high. minded and h iiornldo gentlemen, but th"V have wholly mistaken the public sentiment of the Slate, and I think thai, hy n x nut'iiim, they, and all the world, will have evidence ol this fact." Tho Chair asked what motion was pro- "CiiAnt.F.s Fi-.AScis Adams at the recent Free Soil Convention in Norfolk county, said he ' legged leave to signify, and prayed that the fact might be communicated to ail the Free Snilnra lh:il lie would never consent to be a not txcr.EASE the "respect" of any ol her ch ll- Ciln,j,!,,i0 ur Hn office which is tho result of Her Habeas Corpus drcn for her good namo. and Trial by Jury Law, of the last Session, is combination, lie icoiild ueier fardel the ultra ciliei of the Democratic party, and could iKier ' i i. i ir . ...... ..r ii..,:, ...;.... ' a just, proper, constitutional, humane, ad.nira-1 ", "7 , " ' , .. ., , ... I Mr. Charles Francis Adams was the I' rce 'in terms" or any other way, "certain portions of the lato law of Congress." And wo deny that it was passed without consideration. It was pa-sed calmly, deliberately. It first pass ed tho House in due form ; and was referred, in the Senate, to the Judiciary Committee of that body, who reported favorably upon it. It is not for the Whig, or any body else, to assert that this report was made with "no considera tion at nil." It was made on due considera tion, and unanimously cousurrod in by tho Son ate, ii h it ought to havo boon. Vermont seeks neither to "nullify" nor 'repeal " nny "law of Congress," and if she ever becomes "weak and con'emptible indeed," it will be when she deserts the Cause uf Free- aniounted to just thirty, the number ol sfit.M , ,( l!ip0!,in,r (,f ,lt.m. i;uiiMuiiLiii tin- t-uoiu.iur.ii-y i iiol ll oiii-i ou i , . - i ,i i- , i ? i .i . i .i " r' . i . I .Mr. ruoto sin t nev wore sent to him borne in iiiiuil tint when the Capitol was erect- , , , , , , ,. , . , ,.,l ..;.,i....,. ... n.,....i .t. ii..;..,. .,,.1 to be presented, and ho had complied with hence them rmihl b ivp linen im .ln-doo (unless tlio remiiM. 1 lie Senate might prophetic) in pi icing lint number theic. -Hut ' it thought proper with the resolutions. tins was not all. Enumerating from tho lnnb ' lis coll-'iiguo might make any mo'.ion lie of the croscont nearest to here Mr Hurt, (tho ' p(..ls(,,. Representative from South nrolin i was stand I ,, , ,,. . , .. , ., ing, I found the fallen starto bo tho thirteenth, I 'Ml -' iorson Davis moved that the ir- ao,wnrin.r I,, I,-, nmr.ml thirteen states. . 'mil Solutions 1)0 lVIld and limited. Agieodto. thus clc'irly iii'iio iting tint, in tho opinion ofj Tho Socictary commenced reading from oni m inis ana rmuie-ro mors, mo inirteentu star was clearlv and uin'ouivocallv, South Cur I not probable bis would remain of bis own ac cord, ho supposed the President had followi d tho course which public sentiment requi ed, and which the Senato had refused to adopt. On his motion his resolution was laid over fi r the present. 1 Mr. llradbnry's resolution about remova's from ollico was taken up. Mr. Whitccunb again took up the cafe of the removal of General Line as Governor of Ore gon, lie defended L ino from charges of de reliction of duty. Mr. Mangtim said that the last administra tion was no favorite of his but ns Lane had made publication in defence of certain troops wiiu Ji went lo the extent ol implicating lion. Taylor's character, if this were so, General Tav'or owed it to himself to remove Line, I ho privato character of Gen. Tavlor h id never beer impeached ; and if Lane bad under- fiUoil this ho deserved removal. Mr. Cass read from law to show, that Mr Weller had not exceeded tho time allowed to make his retutns when be was removed. Mr. Gwin followed defending M. Weller rom. charges made by Mr Ewing, when the fubject was up before in a most elaborate man nor' Mr. Ewing replied, pointing outpoints in Mr, Weller's conduct, which wcrj considered by the adiiiiiuslraiiun in remming turn. Mr. Ca rejoined in defence of Mr. Weller Mr. Gwin aUo replied in ilefcnce. Mr. Hnght followed, vindiotting Mr. Lane Without taking a vote the Sen ite ndjourn 'd . ttofsE. I he joint resolution to hit up a rancios in the board of regents of Smithsonian Institute pissed. Mr. Phoenix introduced a bill to make Whitehall, New York, a port cf entry refer red to committee on commerce. The House then went into committee on the cheap postage bill. The bill provides for pos (age on letters of half an ounce, pro-paid, three cents, unpaid live, (lor any distance,) and re ducing pustage on newspapers. Mr. Potter offered a substitute, namely, the uniform rate to bo tnreo cents on letters ; and on newspapers books, and other descriptions not connected with manuscript, and written matter of no greater weight than two ounce8, one cent ; new-papers delivered in Slate were printed, one-half of tho foregoing rates; letters to Oregon and California, quadruple tho above llirnn pnnls three rent nipenfl In lie pnineil. do wlltlt 1 r,n,l ., million and a h ilf dollnrs annrnoriated In supply any deficiency in post office revenues Mr Ashman moved to amend the first section of the original bill by striking out the 3 and " centrales and inserting the unifcrm rale of 2 cent-'. Mr Venable was willing to reduce to a uniform rate of 3 cents. Mr Sacket gave notice of his intention to tlio papi r.s sent up to him, when M r. I)u is offer an amendment to reduce the pistagenn said those ho was reading were tlio ivso. newspapers. Air Hrowu ol Indiana intended fjyWo find this charming little fui'ilive sorn- tnmbiilist wan-loring about tho newspaper world, wimging us nine nanus, and nnn or n to ha ttksn in. Will not snmn nnn ,,r I.i i uin tauy ruau- crs give the sweet little pilgrim a homo ? Its mother is dead and it was reared with such tenderness, and kept so much away from the hearllessnois it is now sent out to encounter, tint it does not know what to do. If it were a picture, wo would hang it up in our sanctum j . ma, wc can oiny give Hour benediction.. lust listen to it ! I have something sweet to tell you, Hut the secret you must keep ; And rt-ini-oilii-r, ll it irfi riaht, I in' tjluu' in my sleep." For 1 know I nin lint dreaming v lien I think your love is mine ; And I knmv iheynrr but seeuiiii". All Hie linpestlint round iiiesiiuic, rio rein-inher, wln-n t n-H yu h it I cannot longer keep, W e art- none of us r punsililu For what we say in tlcep. My pretty secret's coming, Oil listen wi'h y,,ur heart, And you sh ill hear it humming yotlus,.- 'twill make you sian. Oh, shut your eyes so i nr lest, l )i mine wih'mblly wei-p ; I i.nvi. vnr! I Aiwni. lot .' but I'm talking in my sleep ! HiTtxr. it off snor.T The last number of igiro, a spirited draimtic and literary paper, published in New York, has a parody upon one of Glmi.Mji:i:i3' songs, which closes thus: "Here's a song lo those that love me, l-'ir my Im - .in epiiaui ; And as lor a. I the rest, I do nut cue a Our printer's sudden illness compels U3 to lonve the song unfinished." Mihcaukio Sentinel. Tho song parodied is Lord Byron's- "Here's 1 si.'ll for those who love me, lb-re's a smile lor llio-e who hale, Ac ,c." Iiut that's no matter. Tho most in tense curiosity is excited, in these parts, as to what niotiosylnblo would probably have been used to " fini-.li,' tho song. Parb; thinks it must bo " cuss!" An Inccnillrtry Spirit. Democracy caudidalo for Vice President, in 18-18, playing second fiddle to Martin Van Hu ron! We LoMcve he is tho object of special idolatry with 'the Uurlington Cuuriur. We hope that remarkable papor, which is now a Free Trade, Sab-Treasury, Locofoco organ, will favor the public with Us views of Mr. Adams's views. Tho Courier labored and vot ed, last fall, with Eastman, Vilas &. Co., to st- curo the success of a "combination" which Mr. Adams very explicitly denounces. Will the Courier tell us whether it goos for the combi nation or for "the last Adams?" Tlio I'osl Olliio liill. lutions ol last voar. I ho last on tho pa por were the ones to ho rend. Mr. I'ooto said ho was sr,n-y tho mis. take had been made. lie had not n-ad the papers himself. They were reciivol by him in an interesting epistle from (ion. (Juitiinn, Governor ol' Mississispi. lie read that loiter, nnd nothing more. The resolutions worn then road, su- olina She was the last admitted, if we reverse Georgia, and, consequently, viowod, twisted, contorted, turned, ox imineil in what light w o may, tho incident was singularly and truly ex traordinary. Tho gilded outline remains on the dome, but the body h is drooped ; mi 1 now, since tin circumstance is wholly true, let those d.sunioti patriots weigh well tho moral of the st iry For my ou put I intend to bo a linn believer in omens for tho next twenty years; and you w ill admit lint the features of this in cident coiHtilitto a ifood b isis for credulity. (Correspondence of the l'iee 1'ie.m; L'oi.c.mul's, Omo, Die 1'.', Is.V). Di.ar (t.r.Ki. : I have jusl h-lened lo ihe In augural ol (!jv. Wood. The Hall ol the limine ol liepreseiuaines was ciowded. to a perfect Jim, wnb c(,,ies of the report of tlio Secretary of tlio ! cilic Legnlat.rs, Indies, and ihe Ma-es. The mes,i-e J,n,ils,! Vi Wero ordered to ho printed. 1 T Mr. Pooto, from tlio Committee on Mil ilnrv ullairs, reported back the hill to os tablish the Western Aruioi v Mr. Poller oflered a substitute, namely ; 'he uni form rale on leit.is to In- three cents ; newspaper; hunks nod other di scriplinti not connected with lu'iiinri'iipt. ul no uiriiler weight linn lo miner dom, and fails to guaranty to her "inhabitants" the right of Habeas Corpus and Trial by Jury nueeeui. Newspapers deliveied in the Stale where When ihn S,,r.., f '...,, n( il... ITmIio.I ., '' arc printed , one hull ihe I'.reicn rates. The cause of I' re.-don is not imlrrqur-n Iv , . ,1M,;,H,;;i ,.,. J ls 11 vcry B""1 ""provement on the riaina'Til by tho violence ol Us advocales. 1 his I ... . . J " . ' l- J . . . il ... I I tin. I flw.-n ri.ll i l. q r. 0 ni.m.. i at .1 .. ns. .l.n fact has been long anil painiuuy iiemoiisiraieo " - Snoi iuiuiiw, cnu bv ihe violence which distinguishes the course will submit in tlio mean time, she will stand by Ihem. pending bill. Hut it is still exceptionable ; not, however, because it discriminites between nt Mr. liiddiugF, in the House ol llepresenia lives. Though as warmly devoted lo Emanci pation, and ns deeply imbued with its senti ments and sympathies as thai gentleman claim to b-, we have not for years, found anything in his speeches calculated lo facilitate the progress of Emancipation or lo ameliorate the condition of Ihe Slave. On t e contrary, we are compel lid to believe that the iffect of bis act in Con- ,.r..i. for morn than twenty years, has been to darken the hopes of Freedom and to aggravate be evils of Slavery. It is many vears since we have published a tnree.b from Mr. Giddings, for while maintain ing right principles, ll it done in the wrong temper- and spirit. In bis recent spcrr.li, il cor. rrcllv reported there is a most revolting senli nienl. We did not hesitate lo differ wilhMr. Webstpr, and to express strong reL'rcts al his course in regard to the " Peaco Measures." We still belu ve that it rould baio been belter lor tie coiinlry il be bad wustaiuei' General Taylor. Tune, however, will show whether Mr' Webster or General Taylor was right ; and i......ii.-li as ConL'rrss adopted Ihe Peace MiHturor," we are willing to await results Hut there if a ferocity in the parallel which Mr C'old.noB draws between the Ser.relaiy of ,Su e and tl.e niurib ror of Doct. Paikman, oi enpicd about lortv minutes, nnd was, on ihe wboli 1 erj eiedilible piper. The tiovernor is a pleasant and forcible speaker. When puhh-hed, 1 will lor w'trd )uu n copy of hi sptech. You will be struck, i ns we wt ie, v ub some of his eitthnents particular- ly those whi h a-sen that the Democratic party his alwnjs been opposed to the extension of slavery! lie could not help giving his old t-),'i! uistruelor, 1 (Joy. Williiiius, a dig, lor bis views upon the sl ivety i n slior, (Jov. Wood's iews upon ibis (iieslion, are quite catholic amoiu; the Whins ol Ohio. Hut while he recommends the, abolition ol-lavery in the District, the Whigs feel ihat il would not be expedient at ibis pirlietilar time. .Sull.na the Free Hollers save him lery essenlial indirect 'assi'tancr ill bis election, it is but riuht that be should tickle them a lutie : besides, a c-1 lo 1 a amount ol luvaimlc was necessary. Hut lo oiler an amendment for a 5 cents uniform rale, and two for drop letters ; newspipersto circulate free in the county where they were published. Without coming to any conclusion, the committee rose and the House adjourned. LATER FROM CALIFORNIA. The steamer Cherokee arrived at this port this morning, Dec. t!0th, from Chagres via KiiiL'ston, with one million six hundred and taining tin-c iiirso of Senator Davis, nnd eighty thousand one hundred dollars in gold, the Mississippi It-tin sontntives in the , 'l p01 pissengers. House, and disapproving the course nf he cholera had abated at Kingston. It was 1 . . . i . still raging in the interior of Jamacia. The Senator boot.1, on tho tcinlonal question j c,1Pro0tcft Kings'on (!) on the 1 3th. during the hibt session. The steamer Tennessee arrived at Panama On motion ul Mr. beward, 10,(100 extra 0 the 2d tho Antelope on tho -1th. The Pa- had not arriied at Chagres. printed. i no r.ngiisu sicamer ray inn arrived at ranania won oiu passengers irom ncanjo. Gold continued to come into San Francisco from the mines plentifully. It was selling at San Francisco at .$1.". an ounce. also tho bill to refund to Smth Carolina tho moneys advanced, and for lo scs sustained by her during the Florida war Mr. (iwinn's resolution, to print the President' Message in tho Spanish Ian guag", being called up, Mr. Walker mov ed uu iiiiioiidinent, to print tho message also in (Jermun and Norwegian. On motion of Mr. Ilradbury, the reso lution mid amendments were laid on the tablo. A moss-igc was received fiom the House announcing the death of Mr. Ilarniatisou, member from Louisiana. Downo delivered a eulogy on the fX5 0.uito a novel affair came off in Now discrimiintion is not carried fir enough. It is York, hist week. Tho Hannibal Guards are a not right to allow a Xo.v York or Albany pa- 'crack '' Military Company, in that City, com posed, as their name indicates, of colored pco I lo. Hannibal, tho renowned Caithagc des troyer, was unquestionably. a "colored gentle man " without any mixture black as the acc of spides and throe limes as potent. It appears oil, the local papers will sutler greatly from the that the Hannibal Guards visited Troy, en mili- city journals. We trust tint no inoiiib r from laire, not long ago, and were received in the this Stato will vote lor any sucli unjust propo- most hospitable maimer in that classical city I sitioti. (classical in itself, and classical on account of Hut, if this proposition is offensive, Ibo ori- its proximity to Mount Ida and tho gods gen- "inal bill is still more so. Neither should re orally) by Col. Tiiojus Van Sciiaicx, and tho ceivo the sanction of Congress Why will Troy City Guards, of w liom he is the justly re- nit tlio people's representatives look at this nowned Commander. The Troy City Guards 'object fairly and impartially ? The country would havedone the Hannibal Guards "brown," prjss ask nothing that is unreason ilile A free if Ihey hadn't been rather more than bruwn to circulation within tbu county or Congression il start with ; so they did them emphatically black. Diitrict would work no mischief, while it would And this the Hannibal Guards did not forget, 'jo an acceptable boon to all classes of comma On reaching home they voted Colonel Van niiy. If there is to hu a Post Ollico reform, let Sciiaick a Swoid, got up a grand Military, it be a rufornt that will amount to something; which cannul fail lo excite universal dsgu-l ; fancy, and Civic Hroakfast, Dinner, Supper and not a roforni directly calculated to make " Sir I was about lo make some comparison-, and Hall, and combining the attractions of the " tho rich richer and tho poor poorer.' .lllian; but perhaps they may be regarded as indelicate, Piesentution nflhe Sivord with the Dance, Mars Juit-n-d. During lai summer io oimioc nr wilb'J Vrpsichore, tiiey otiercd a programme ol t. 1.11111.11111.. mtf alliuion lo (Jov. Wood, let ine sav .1.... I... I.,... .1... ..!..,. , V..I-V- l:,mi,-li I Mr. newspapers delivered in and out of the State;. Whi.imd il we ncsr have a Locofoco Cuvernor,' character of the deceased, and Mr J Daws that discriininition is proper; but because the be is decidedly cur tiisu-hoice. 'also spoko ol his iriuny vtitucs. 1 lie Halls, i soirees, and other fandansnes are now the IloUSO Ihotl mljoliriied. order ol the " ni"bt" All nans of Ohio, il is said. I IOUS1.. ol l iUOIsi-, oi i,U u m. have furnished their representatives, o! " beauty and Uouuucd the dentil ol bis colleague, per to be carried to llitavia us cheaply as a paper mailed at Hocho ter or Huffalo In the one case the mail is burdened through a distance ofJIOOor 100 miles; in the other, 10 or ."i0 miles i ith no other iliscriiiiination than tint propos- Mr. l.isluou"tu ihese meriy goings. i 1 liiriimnson. We bad nil exeiini- debate in the Senate thin , Alter ll eulogy, and adopting 1110 Ustltll morning, upon a lull lor the admission of an uufor- resolutions ol respect, tlio lloust'lldj. lunate stranger Irom eiinoiu (Mr. I.a.ldj lo our l,u- , ualic Asylum, ll was opposed, only o.i the ground thai theie me now- over two hundred petitions peliihn;trouiouro'ii cili.eus, who cannot be iidiiul le.lfor waul of room. Another institution will be eiccled, the coining season, at Clea eland. Cohuuhti, like j our own beautiful vill.igt1, feels the men ol the siuue name occup'ud much ol Ihel ..' ' ,' Tub FuurnvE Si.avk 1,w ho is res- , ddic a'llmlion. One was said to have con.: extraordinary attractiveness. We have now p m.Mo ,Tll0 j,ort M, , furnishes tho fol. inilfd murder, and the other to havo procured before us the "Grand Hill of Fare," for the lowing brief and pluiu exposition of tho Incep- the paHsage of this law. One was hanged lor llreakl.ut, Dinner and huppor, and tlio " Ordei bis crime, Ihe other, lor his ellort', talteii lo inn ,- Djmcinjj" f(ir (he HalL-lho entire proceed Kxecnlive f'abu't. And destroyed the life of , clbraciB an entire U1)y , Nol, 1 ',.!',,,,Vn..sH.'.P of this law; which must cm' lecn published liko it biuce the "delendiics nn bundnds.perpups thousands, to piemutiire C!arthao," nor before ! Othello himself co it t'mii. nroirress. and consiiinatlou of the above bill, which is causing so much trouble through th" country ; Tho law itselfwas drawn up by Mr. Mason f irgini i It was advocated by him and Lo,vi.j uss. It parsed lh Senitu not ou'y Wa-iiing'iov, Dec. ll. ShNA-rr. Mr Douglas, by request, was cv emeil tVom sorviiiL' outlio Co.nmittoe on For eign Atl'iirs. .Mr. Hradbury's resolution, on removals from ollico, came up m order. m. it-;, ,l,i i,.,,t tln dour, hot he lioin" absent. quiekeninginllueueeol her comentratin lion Ways, ect as postponed til! tomorrow. ami bidsiair tobetoiuea gieat Central City. j n j,rotnicted debate in reference to the (ileal doubt bangs over the Senatorial question. Patent Laws, l'he Free SoiU-is hold ibebal ince of power in buib 1 On motion of Mr. Ihdger tho .S'enitc ml llou-es, nnd hence, iheie can be no election without j. turned till Monday - yeas U0, inyslri soineuoinpioniise. We should like to confirm Mrl Tho Houso went into Committo iif tho wholr, Ktiiigiu his pretk'in posiiion, but we regard it as and took up tho Cheap Po tago Hill. nearly oul ofihe ouesiion. It is believed that Mr. Mr. Tbomnson advocated tho free circula- (iiddnigs will beinsisttd upon by the l-'ite .Soileis,' tjon of newspapers in tho counties where pub but be can never be elected by ihe Whij. I lished, and at one half cent out of tlio county (Jov. Ford was in ihe cliair in the Senate Cliaiulier list evening, pres.dnig over a legislative Temperance M eling. Wc- will sunn be williyou on '.hut (iiei li hi, il possible. Too much misery grows oul ol the in oxicuuiig dii'li, The (Joveruor slated tint, out of mure llwii one huudreil and liiiy pennons lor pardon, now on file, iiueven eights ol the cases, intemper ance was ussigued as the cause ol the ciiuies. Hut enough of piosing, Send nlong a little ofyoi r V eruionl niter. e are lued u balmy ilnys. Yours truly, ', (KrTlio Hrattleboro' Fugle, Middlubury Uigisitr, ami North Star, he latttr a und in tho Stato ; out of the Stato ono cent; transient papers-two, and drop, ono cent, I'he chulera had abated at San Francisco at Sacreinento city, at:d up tho river, it was more latal. Husinesswas very brisk The passengers by the Cherokee have four hundred thousand dollars in gold additional to that on the steamer's iivanilest. Capt. Ilailcv. of tho steamer I'ananvi, is among the passengers by the Cherokee. SECOND DESPATCH Tao Cherokee touched her wharf at 12 O.T She brings 3G1 passengers, and Sl,(iSu;(J00 in specie. Tho Tennessee arrived at Panama on the 2d, with two weeks' later news from Sm Francis-1 co. The mails hid not reached Chagres when the Cherokee left. The Pacific bad not arrived at Chagres Doc. Dili. Steamer Philadelphia arrived 'Mi, from New Orleans, and would sail next day. llotii vessels would be full of passengers. Fi:om the Pacific Nr.w. Since our last issue nothing of particular in terest has occured to mark the progress of Cali fornia. Tlio chulera has made rapid strides in some localities and laid many in the dusj. In this cilv. since its first iiiipoaraucc souio three ' ..nnl. L'liin.i 1 1 w. iiiimlmr nf th n I !: Iifii'it li.ti-in -llll-V, lliu iimiuuv. wi u i. .....i. uwvi. about 135, while at Sacreinento ihey have perhaps reached 1000 ! Tho scourge, however, is abating, and the deaths in either city do not now average over eight or ten per day. This mortality has prostrated in a great measure the business of the largo cities, and consequently ell'ecled cery locality. During the approicbing winter, a much lar ger number of miners will reiniin in tho mines than eer before, and consequently more gold will be taken out than during any previous win ter feison. Much attention is being paid to quartz mines. The Mariposa mines aro yielding a good re turn, notwithstanding tho machinery is not as . -r..l .... .Ir.-ir.il. In VV'ittiio M clinrt limn pOWlTIOI uwii'iw'l fXTThe Drawing of the llurlinglan Ar 1'iiiim took place at Smith's Hook Store, lat evening. Tho prizes were distributed with a strict reference to merit Mr. Hixnv having drawn the tiist and we the second. Fortune is by no moans tlio " blind jide " that she is inju riously represented to ba. Tho Drawing of the AjinntcAN Ar.T Union, in Now York, also took place last eve ning, and wc have been notified by Mr. Peck, be courteous Honorary SeoTetary for Hurling ton, that wo.drew prize No. 207, in that Scheme. All wo hive to say is that Fortune is evidently 'getting her eyes open." (jy We havo omitted longer than we in tended lo call the attention of our readers to an Atlas which is offered for sale at Huntington's Hook Store. We understand it can be obtain ed for a sum much below its actual value, and wo trust it may find a purchaser among our liberal and intelligent citizens. It was publish ed by the Loudon "Society for the dillusisn of Useful Knowledge" of which Lord HnouuiUM is President, and its accuracy and fidelity aio consequently under tho highest guaranties It is unquestionably of indisputable authority: It comprizes 155 Maps, Ancient and Modern, executed in the very best style of .Map engra ving, and under the supervision of a Special Committee of the Society competent to ensuro its accuracy. It contains, also, 5G Plans and Views of the Principal Cities of tlio World, constructed on the most reliable imform.uion. Wo very cordially recommend this splendid Atlas to tlio attention of our readers. The Holidays. Mr. S.mitii has furnished Ids Hookstoro with everything that is attractive in the way of Hol iday Presents and at prices that cannot fail to suit all descriptions of purchasers. Tho Mossrs. Hrixsmaid arc also prepared to gratify all manner of tastes and fancies among thoso who desire to indulge the commcndablo feeling of kindness which the approaching An niversaries always excite. DCrJiici; Phelvs has been appointed to succeed .Mr. Webster in the Senatorial C iniuiiitcc on Foreign Relations, The New York Legislature meets on tho first Tuesday of January, which will be the 7th day of tho month. WfXTAt tho Hoston city election, held on eduesday, to fill tho vacancy in the Hoard 1 1 Aldermen, 'about ,Mi00 votes were cast, and Mr Hillings Hriggs, the whig candidate, was clio-. sen by a majority ot nearly 1000 votes over all other candidates. Within a short lime fyi'lic Cambridge correspondent of tho disiem papers-two, aim urop.o.iu com. ' )Wepr, another quartz vein of great Springfield Republican writes :-" Mr. Webster Mr. Morse said, lint a single argument had r,clliej;s ns been discovered between the South is understood to have been lately the recipient en advanced to induce him to Uvora reduc- i.,ri; uf the Fcullicr and Vnb.i. riicrs. Hen to-' of a generous present in money from somo of in of postage, (ieutleineii h id endeavored furo n,L. niines h.ne only been scratched over, his old and rich friends in Hoston; rumor puts been ailva tion I " , I ,1 IWIU ,ltt IIIIIIV0 .....w . " I to show that a reduction would increase t i.o at(J fcCj(,ltljilc ,nrniug has just comuionccd j it at $25,0 )0," revenue. aow, to test uieir nn.unji - When fully under way, mid (lie renutsilo Ku nut tun appropriation ..... i(mt 0f ci n tal actively ei would move to strike million iindiihilf dollars, to meet any dot'.. ciency in ill receipts. As to eiicuuragi iuoiit of the loc i! press of the cities im os they can i . .i. . i. ... n ta acUVl'lV ompinwu, ine result rr? ll r c;ii.. nod Conner ore lias lieen will bo even more wonderful than ever bofure. discovered about threo miles southwest of tho An extra session of the Legislature is still village of Hrandon, t. 1 he ore is incorpora- t . i. . . I 1. . I .... i ii ,i .,,1 .....ill.,Ar.n al iln furnish hotter ro-iiliinr nnttor Tor tie lienpV, minor iiuuseioeoi, uoo i.ui m.. .-. .. i - .T . Tin' ble.as the uecesities of the State demand it.- An average specimen analyzed by W . II. uZXT : f entry, ha-called .T'd, discussion and c.n pure .dver and 77 00 ol copper.