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Burlington free press. (Burlington, Vt.) 1827-1865, May 23, 1851, Image 2

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JUr, Sumner's I.ottcr.
Wo gave our renders, in Friday' Daily, the
welNwriiten and patriotically expressed letter
of Mr. Sumner to the MnsBachusctts Lcgisla
ture, accepting the office of U. S. Senator con'
ferred upon him by the Iocotocos und Free
Soilcrs of that body. We gave the letter "with
out note or comment," thinking we would like
to hear from the Burlington Courier on the
tnliiprt Worn " poinmilliiiL'" ourselves. But
i . n
un the whole wo will say a word in anticipa
lion of our lively neighbor.
Il id certainly difficult to Imagine what the
Courier can pay in commendation of Mr. oum
sEvi'd manifesto thoui'h WO 6Upposo that
flexible paper will attempt gracefully to ac
commodate itself to the " change of circitm
stances." The letter of Sir. Sumner is as far
as can possibly be conceived from tho highfa
lutin "doctrines" and practises of the " Freo
TWinr.rMr.v" of Vermont, and the " Free
Soilcrs" of Massachusetts ! Mr. Sumner
speaks of tho Union " whereof we are an in
dissoluble 1'art;" a sentiment that hli.u
Wright t- Co., will find it hard to swallow.
He accepts the office " as the servant of Tin:
Union,-' hound " to dicntintenanco every effort
to loosen any of those ties by which our fellow
ship of Slates is held in fraternal company, and
to oppose all sectionalism;1' a sentiment that
will " grate harsh thunder" on the ears of the
ranting, raving school of gas fixtures known as
v. D. Burlier Co. lie speaks of" the de
lusion of the hour," evidently meaning thereby
tho "wrath and cabbage" set afloat, on one
side, by the South Carolina Seccders, and on
ihe other, by their co delusionistF, the political
rantipole Freo Soilers of the Ninth. What
vill Judge Thompson say to this! lie speaks
plainly of his intention to "decline rccogni
zing, lis his guides, any of the wen of to-day ;v
which manifestly includes all the mushroom
philanthropists and politicians who have sprang
up, unknowing and unknown, " to witch the
world with noble horsemanship," (or rather
assmarship,) since the nomination of Gnn.
Taylor, and about all of whom wero once
rallied on a certain humbug remembered as the
Buffalo Platform," and the residuum of whom
.. l. r.. ....ir... In .,., lit. (I neii.r iwrfipii"
Illily Uf 1UUI1U lllll It' fci-i "I' -. ...........
and stealing other people's names, in Vermont,
and furming coalitions with anybody that has a
sufficiently small developement of sell-rcspect
for the operation, in Massachusetts. This class
of patriots, Mr. Sumner concludes to "decline."
He has evidently " done taking rye !"
These are the prominent topics
" the salient point." of Mr. Sumner's beauti
fully written letter. They may be compressed
into two positions : 1st. lie is a firm and in
flexible Unionist ; and, 2d. 11c holds in great
contempt the "delusions of the hour" and "the
men or to-day." Now, ns the " Freo Soil
ers" in Vermont anil Massachusetts are not Un
ionists at all, are tho concoctors of all manner
of "delusions," und cleurly hold "tho men of
to-day" to be about the biggest kind of men
fuiperior to any that have lived before or since
Agamemnon it is apparent that .Mr. SfMNr.R s
ship and theirs are sailing for different ports
the first towards Fraternal Love and Harmony,
the other towards Discord and Hatred !
Mr. Sumner is a highly cultivated mm a
Scholar and a closet thinker, by his own admis
sion, rather than a practical Statesman, or a
Student of politics. He thuorizes and philoso
phizes on legislation, and has standards of mor
al excellence to which ho will attempt to con
form his practice, doubtless. It is evident, cer
tainly, that he is not a man to run the risk of an
archy anil misrule by aiming to overthrow what
is good in the hope of establishing something
that appears in theory better. Reaching after
the best absolutely, he will be content with the
best attainable. SVe think so, and wo believe
he will bo found, tdivayi, in the U. S. Senate
voting side by side with John Davis, his hon
ored colleague, Seward, Fish, and other sound
Wlntr Statesmen, who do not love their conn
try less because they hope confidently, one day
to see it consistently t Free. Country, as Harrt
Cur nobly said, " without war, without
or the it.oi'm: 1"
But tho Courier will be eloquently
grandiloquent over Mr. Sumner's letter. There
is no reasonable doubt, cf it. And there U one
obscure hint in it that will command tho 'outlcst
applause from this discouraged organ of "Fres
Democracy." The strength of the Courier will
be put forth in a misty glorification of the only
portion of the letter that is undeniably ridicu
lous. .Mr. Sumner intimates (rather than says,
he is a prudent man!) that his election was
brought about by nnr.i.iTV to it.incii'le on
the part of tho-c who elected him ; while ev
erybody knows that it was the result of nothing
hut a political triick-and-dickor, horsc-swap-pmg,
political bargain, between n couple
of discordant factions in Massachusetts, wjioe
principle was a tolerably equitable division of
"the Hpoilf." This is the fact, and Mr. Sum
m:r alludes to it as briclly and blindly as his
decent obligations to "the high contracting par
tics" would permit. But universal Freo Soil
doin will grab this obscure hint, as a Shark
grabs a red rag, and swear that it is "the ring
of the true coin I" Wo refer our readers to the
forth-coming Courier for "further particulars."
leucines meit.
Wo have repeatedly said, as wo have be
lieved, that the ultra pro-Slavery itcs of the
South and tho ultra anti-Slaveryites of the
North, are working together to bring about the
same result. The extremes of funat'eism nl
wayg meet; tho fanatic who would wrest the
( (institution into a pro-slavery agent, is no fur
ther wrong than the fanatic who would wrest
tnat instrument into an anti-Slavery ngent as
respects the South ; and they meet at a common
goal, and that is disunion. The only true po
sillon of safely is tho middle uiioukd, always
occupied by the great Whig Party ; which has
been and will be as just to tho actual consti
tutional righto of the Shtveholding States of
the Union, as it will be faithful to tho cause of
l-roeilpni. I lio lugs have never sought t)
interfere with domestic Slavery where it con-
ftitutionally exists. 1 hoy leave State institu-
lions to tin- set fral State'. They remember
that nidii' 'i'irj of tlie rSoith- now I'rcr, wrrs
JF r c c
Ct I I I' . fl .1 . 111 I 1 A .
State in our glorious Confederacy. They arc
equi-distnnt between the fanaticism which would
destroy the Union to preserve Slavery, and that
which would destroy the Union to abolish Slave
ry, between tho ultraism of tho followers of
Calhoun, on one hand, and of the followers and
co workers of Kli.ur Wright &. Co., on the
The Whigs of the North will certainly
never surrender their hostility to Slavery but
they will hold with equal firmness their attach
ment to the Union. They will not bo fright
enod from assciting their constitutional right to
oppose at all times the aggressions of Slavery,
by the idle cry that the " Union is in danger."
The treasonable and seditious course of South
Carolina may dissolve the Union; the course
of thc Whigs of tho North ami West, never!
Those thnt dissolve this Union must suffer the
consequences; they cannot attach them to tho
skirts of thc Free States. Who, we desire to
ask, has invaded or denied the constitutional
rights of South Carolina ? Who lias denicd,or
attempted to wrest from her, her right to hold
Slaves ? .Vooo !y, excepting a faction of fanat
ical abolitionists of the Garrison und Wright
stamp, who have never had intrinsic strength
enough among the People in any State in this
Union to carry an election !
But the political abolitionists, and the po
litical Secessionists arc, and have been, as wo
began by saying, u-orking together. Both aim
at disunion, both claim the right of any State
to secede one for the sake of Freedom, tho
other for thc sake of Slavery! We give them
joy of the companionship!
A few days ago, we laid before our read
ers the traitorous Resolutions adopted by the
Disunion Convention lately held m Charleston,
S. C. One of them is as follows:
" llemilvcd, That we bold tin; riht il secession ti
be eential to the suvcremulv and treedum of the
Slates l tin Conlederacy ; und tint the denial of
Hint rmlit, would turniMi to an injured tftate the
strongest additional caii'e lor ils excicise."
Now then turn we to the "Abolition Conven
tion,'" held week before last at Syracuse, N. Y.
One ol the Resolutions adopted by that body of
Diaunioiusts is as follows. We invite the at
tcntion of thu Wmus of Vermont to thc co-inci
dence of sentiment and purpose it discloses;
"Ucsolied, That odious ns are the envcrning; prin
ciples nf .Snulh Caiolma, we cairwt withhold
" the praise justly diif In her cnnistent ninintenanee
" of (Ac gieat cardinal dnctiine of the right of se-
.. ........... ... 1.1
..luu.u,. vij oiHjjic niiiii j midline won ui liuer-
ty, and tho unly safeguard of the several sovereign
ties from the tyranny of a jraspiiii! centralization'"
"Odious as arc the governing principles" of
this squad of South Curolina fanatics, an equal
squad of fanatics at the North arc quite w illing
to join hands with them, to pull down thc fab
ric of the Union ! And then the unparalleled
nonsense and twaddle of these Syracuse patri
ots about "the tyranny of a grasping centrali
zation," in a Republic like this, where the Peo
ple elect their own National Legislatures every
twenty-four months ! It has its only counter
part in South Carolina !
Wilms or Vermont! you see dailv cause
to rejoice in your adherence to your tiine-hon-
ored and patriotic Party; and daily reason to j
tandhiTii by thc banner under whose folds you 1
nave so long conquered. l ou have no occa
sion to go to Charleston or to Syracuse for gui
dance or instruction. Stand bv the rood old
Wmo Party, its Principles and its Men, and !
you will find the fanaticism of the Seccders of
h Knil, nn,1 tl,n "I.Vn,. s.,il ,.ci. v..i.
which Mr. Sumner eloquently calls "the he
lusio.ns or the hour," soon passing away !
(Q?3 Without claiming that it is any of our
particular business, further than we think the
IHiig Parly in Vermont may he afftctcd by it,
we cannot holp suggesting to our friend of thc
Montpetier Watchman, that his elaborate and
able vindication of the truism that a State has
the Right and the Power to protect the liberty
of its inhabitants, is unnecessary, to say the
least. Thc Haiieas Conrus act of our last
Legislature, (whether it be pronounced uncon
stitutional or not) may be better trusted to the
judgment of the World, when "the delusions of
tho hour" shall have passed away, than to the
best defence of its ablest friends, during times
of angry excitement. When it was first at
tacked abroad, by papers in other States which
appeared to consider it an infringement upon
the rights of Slavery, because it was found to
be an additional guaranty for tho rights of Free
dom, we were prompt, as our readers will hear
testimony, to undertake its defence ; and so
was tho tl'alchm n. Wo hope neither of us
will over commit a greater fault than to assume
and argue that a law, whoso only purpose is to
protect "inhabitants" of this State ugainst being
unlawtuj.ly consigned to Slaicry, is in pre
cise agreement with thc letter and spirit of thc
Constitution of tho United Slates !
But the temporary excitement thc "delu
sion of the hour" has long since passed awny.
Vermont was never further from being a nulli
fying "Free Soil" Stale than she is now ; her
intelligent Whigs wero never further from he
illff deluded by tho huckstering politicians w ilh
in her borders who have long striven to weaken
their fidelity by stealing and mutilating their
principles, and attempting to make merchandize
of them under the sign of "Democracy." Our
friend of the Watchman, therefore, it seems to
us, "is enrrying co ils to Newmarket."
But this is not all: tho Watchman has got
:ir : . .. . ... , .,
asm! iiiuihii uiqiroin.iuiu quarrel witii two or
three of tho fourteen or fifteen Whig papers in
Vermont, simply'by insisting upon w hat ninety
ninc-onc-hundredths of the Whigs of Vermont
hold to wit, that the "Compromise Measures,'
so called, aro not omnipotent ; hut arc liable to
bo "altered, amended, or repealed," just as any
other human laws are. Tho question between
tho Watchman and tho Union Whig, Windsor
Journal and Bellows Falls Cazette, docs not,
alter all, nppcar to be so much a matter of prin
eiplo as of expediency. The Whig, certainly,
and, wo believe, the Journal iV, (Jazetto, (though
as regards tho latter we are sorry not to romcm
her so distinctly !) desiro and Iiopo to co thc
Fugitive Slave Law amended into some sem-
Man c of decency. Tho difference, wo repeat,
seems to bo as to crpediency. Now, this is not
worth fighting about. If tho Whig, or Gazette,
or Journal, think tho Fugitive Law all right,
let it think so. Who cares! Pretty much ho
body else thinks so, in Vermont, und thoso re
spoctahle journals may bo allowed to enjoy the
comfort of their opinion unmolested! So, at
lmat, it srems to u If the.' null' think tliev
u..i.u oiurenuming- owira, ami nicy Know now 10 nro right, let them ask their suhscriher.i ; or lot
exercise Charity with tho Faith and Hope that t10 Whig enquire of Senator Foot, tho Jour
no distant future will witness the entire ren.o-1 lmi of Mr. URBAnn anJ thc Gazcll0 of Mr.
val ot the stain of human servitude from every Miner !
. .
Now, brolher Watchman, be good enough to
sheath your sword and put nway yourold blun
derbuss. You nro not doing any good with
cither. The zealous, hut mistaken, Whig pa
pers yon are blazing away, and culling and
slashing away, at, do not agree with the Free
Press any bettor than they do with tho Watch
man. They think ice are wrong, while, like
you, we know they arc ; but what of it ? About
all the difference between us and them is that
they think it is best to stand by tho Fugitive
Law, while we think it is uwji;both, in tho
mean time, lcoking only to lawful remedies.
What should you care, dear Watchman, for the
silly and impettinent Fletcher Webstor endorse
ment of the orthodoxy of the Union Whig, in
Boston, got up to get away advertisements from
you and mo 7 Nothing. Tho Union Whig,
everybody knows, ought to bo called tho "Cas
tle Garden Union Advertiser." Its subscription
list is smaller than oven the St. Jolmsbiiry Cal
edonian has any notion of. It sends its num
bers, weekly, up among your subscribers and
ours, "free, gratis, for nothing," because it is
"so nominated in tho bond" with its City adver
tisers. The Fletcher Webster endorsement
says it has a hard row to hoc, politically, among
tho common-senso Whigs of Vermont, and
that's the very fact! So let it alone. Lotus
fight our enemies, not our friends. This makes
fighting a duty, and Victory an honor. Nothing
else docs.
Mr. Onr.Ei.r.r,ofthoTribune,is writing char
acteristic Letters to that paper from London,
under the heading of "Glances at Europe."
No. i, dated May I, appears in the last Tri
bune, and is mainly devoted to an account of,
and rellcctions upon, tho great Fair. Ho thus
speaks of the American part of the grand show
Our Manufactures are in many departments
urossly deficient, in others inferior to tho best
rival productions of Hurope. In Mlks and Lin
ens, we hac nothing now to show: I trust the
case w ill be br..vely altered within a low years.
In Broadcloths, we are behind and going be
hind, but in Satinets, Flannels, (woolen)Sh nvls
Do Iiinos, tiinghams, Drills and most plum
Cottons, we are producing as cll'ectivoly as our
rivals, and in many departments gaining upon
them. But few of these are goods which mikf
much show in a Fair; three cases of Parishn
gewgaws will outs,jc in an exhibition a null
um of dollars' worth of admirable and cheap
Muslins, Drills, Flannels. &c. And besides
our maniiiaciuicrs, nj, lna themselves met at
every turn, and often supplanted at their o.vn
doors by showy fabrics from abro-id. are shv of
calling attention in Kuiopo to the few articles
which, ny the help ot valuable American in.
volitions, they are able to make and sell at a
profit. I know this consilient ion has kept
some gnd and more m ichinery at home which
would otherwise have been here The manu
facturers arc hero or are coming, to see what
knowledge or skill they can pick up, but they
are not so ready to tell all they know. They
think the odds in favor of tiio.-c who wori;
against them backed by the cheap Labor and
abundant Capital of F.uropo, are quite sufficient
Still, there arc seme Yankee Notions that 1
wish had been sent over. I think our Cut
Nails, nor I'in. rnr Wnnd Krrnu's' Ap.. dw-iiil,l
have been represented. India Rubber is abun-
''""t "ore, but I have seen no uiitta J'ercha,
mid our New York Company (Hudson Mann
faeturing) might have put a new wrinkle on
John Hull's forehead by sending over an assor
ted case of their fabrics. The Brass and kin-
dred fabrics of Waterbury (Conn.) ought not to
'''ve pome up missing, and .1 set of samples of
"u J' 11,1 ''auieleil are' ot erinont, I would
have been proud of for Vermont's sake. A
light Jersey wagon, u Yankee ox-cart, and two
or three sets of American Farming Implements,
would have been exactly in play here. Our
Scythes, Cradles, Hoes, itakes, Axes, Sowing,
Reaping, 1 hreslinig and innowing machines.
&.., &c, aro a longdistance ahead of the Brit
ish so the best judges say ; and where their
machines arc good they cost too much over to
come into general u-e. There is a pretty good
set of Yankee Plows here, and they are likely
to do good. I believe Connecticut " 'locks und
.Maine (North Wayne) Axes arc also well rep
resented. l!ut either Rochester, Syracuse, or
Albany could have beaten the whole show in
Farming Tools generally.
l et there are main good thing m the Amer
ican department. In Daguerreotypes, it seems
to bo conceded that we beat the world, when ex
cellence and cheapness are both considered at
II events, I'.uglanii is no where in comparison
-and our Dagucrreotynists make a great show
here. Now Jersey Zinc, Lake Superior Cop
per, Adirondack Iron and Steel, are well rep
resented either bv ores or fabrics, and I believe
California Gold is to bo. But I am spcakiii"
on the strength of a very haty examination.
hall continue in attendance Irom day to day
mil hope to glean fiom the show some ideas
that may bo found or :midc useful.
Opcniirn- of the Clmmbly Ciinid.
Wo believe wo had tho pleasure to make the
first public announcement, last Fall, of the in
tention of tho Canadian Government to deepen
tho Chambly Canal, and otherwise increase its
capacity for business, during tho coming
winter. By the courtesy of the gentleman to
whom we were indebted for that authentic in
formation, we aro gratified in being now able
to say that the work is completed. Tun Canal
will 1K opened, TOM011UOW, tho 1 Til) inst.,
and will conluln Jfien feci depth uf wntcr, being
an enlargement of its capacity of forty per cent.
Tho importance of this improvement in the
facilities forthc accommodation of the rapidly
growing trado between Like Cnamplain and
her big sisters of the West, can scarcely be
ovor-eMiinatcd. Our shippers and business
mpn will appreciate it.
We think it due to undoubted merit to add,
that very great praise is duo to the acenm
pIMred and energetic head of the Canadian
Board of Trade, the Hon. Hamilton Meeuitt,
fur the successful prosecution of this, as well
as other works, for tho facilitation of business
communication between tho West and the
Fast. Mr. Meriutt is not apt to undertake
anything that he does not complete. His
plodges in regard to the Wetland, the St. Iiw
rencc, and thc Chambly Canals have been faith
fully fulfilled. He is well known to be a warm
friend of tho St. Lawrence and Chaiuplain
S.iir Canal, and wo havo very little hebitaii in
in guarantying tho early completion of that
great work, under his endorsement. Wo loam
that strong petitions aro in circulation through
out the portions of the Province interested in
this project, in favor of its being undertaken
as a Government Work. Our friend, Charles
Seymour Ksq., of St. Johns, is also actively
engaged for tho niccesg of this undertaking,
and we have no rational doubt of its succors.
Lako Chaiuplain is fast becoming something
better than a body uf water to fight battles on
Wo understand that the new Tow Boat, "11.
T. UxoLKsnv," will bo launched from the Ship
Yard ofOscar Spear, IJsq,, opposite to Shelburn
Harbor, on Monday at fi o'clock, P. M., A
Steamer will leave the South Dock at ! 1-U
o'clock for the accommodation of those who
may desire to witness the interesting ceremony.
This is the first of six Tow Boats, now build
ing by Messrs. Bradley & Canfield, nt the
sama yard, for tho Merchants' Western
Tranm-oiitation Line, to run In connection
with tho Rutland Railroad to Rouse's Point,
St. Johns and .Montreal.
The 13. T. Knolesbt is the Irst vessel of tho
kind built on Like Chaiuplain, capable of stow
ing 3000 bbls. Flour, under deck, and at the
same time constructed with reference to navi
gating the Canada Canals ; baing able to run
with a full cargo, from Kingston, on Lako On
tario, to Buillngtoii without trans-shipment.
Messrs. 13. & J.G. Sun-soy, of Bath, Maine,
aro the Builders of this and another Tow B.iat,
tho "John Howard," which will be ready to
launch next week. It is not ninety days since
tho tiniber from which these boats wore built
was standing in the forest, and wo can furnish
no better evidence than this simple fact, of the
competency and energy of tho Messrs. Simmon
as Ship Builders.
Messrs. Braev & Canfield have also
made arrangements with the new Steamer "Bos
ton," (now receiving her Engine and Ma
chinery at Shelbiini Harbor,) to Tow the above
Boats, thus forming a Daily Lino from Burling
to St. Johns.
The more we think nf it, and appreciate the
extrpmcly discreditable fact (discreditable both
in view of the immense Water Power that
is unemployed, and tho abundance of Raw
Material, in Burlington and its immediate
vicinity) that there is nothing worth naming as
a Mamtacturi.m; 13stari.isiimf.nt among us,
the higher does tho importance of making some
effort appear. Wo verily believe that the
value of the productions of Mc-srs. C itlin and
P.:x:;i.man's Lime Kiln, in Colchester, is
gieater than all the Manufactures in our whole
We welcome U. V. W. to our columns, and
commend bis communication, to our readers.
It is idlo to attempt to avoid tho question :
llurlington must become a Manufacturing
Town or she will stand a fair average of
chances of becoming nothing ! Railroads, if
there wero foity of them, well never build her
up beyond a certain point. Like an individual,
she must depend for prosperity and growth upon
her own energy and enterprise. U. V. W.
touches upon but one ot the various reforms
that might be effected on the " mutual advan
tage" principle; though it is unquestionably
an important one. Nothing can be truer than
his remark that a dollar earned is worth more
than five dollars pegged, both to beggars and
bfgercs. L.urniv.iiE.NT, remunerating 13i
1'lov.ment, is the great civiluer and hnmanizer
of the world ; the beggar has neither his own
respect nor that of the man who yields to his
importunity. Both, consequently, are injured !
Nothing can bo more true; and wo wish peo
ple would think more of it !
But we give place to U. V. W. Wo hope
X. Y. V.. will not be far behind ; and then wo
will begin the alphabet again :
(For the 1'iee Press.)
.tlnnufiicluics or Hurliiigton.
Gin. Ci.akke: Your correspondent, "O. P. Q.,"
nsk many pertinent questions, which I shall he ;lad
lot-e an-wered s-paiately, as he sa js it is only a
part o! ihe index.
lie n-ks why t'le starvin; children in town ennui t
be employed ill braiJmir straw and palm lent ! la
my boyhood, in Mass-icliu-etl-, it was a part of my
yearly buiiicssuo,io with niauiilnuturers of straw
and select mid see fields and parts ol fields ol unripe
It ye, on ihe old llwstca.l, io be cut and cuied for
ibis purpose ; and employment was Kiveu lo nil chil
dren disposed to woik ill biaiding. Now I happen
to know that mm w, in any di sirable quantity, can be
had near liurlingtim lor tiiis purpose, at one linll ihe
price paid lor it in Massachusetts; and, until the
business inciea-e so as to create a competition
bpiduineni hen-be done at a much le.-s price, li
is undoubtedly Hue, tint SI earned by honest labor,
is won h to the earner, $j legged, und to the true
philanthropist, the one ho furnishes employment
miner tlnu the one w ho ucca-mnally gives, without
n ma himself any larlher trouble.
A woman with four or live children , rneh Irivinz
Gets, daily, in straw braidum, could teed, clothe and
aclunl them, when without ihi small addition to le r
means she would either ruin her own health by exira
labor; or apply to the town for assistance often both
and the children are lallhi' rapidly into vicious
h ibiis iu-tead of ac'iuirin' an education with habits
of indu-try and sell respect. Pass through the town,
any warm day, ami more tlnn 'j'M childien ol thi-
cluss may be counted. Will some of our merchants
ormmiiFiuK'n look to this part ol Home .Manufac
tures, or shall we still depend ou Massachusetts for
our supply, and have our streets filled with children
wlio have no employment, nor can gel any. II noth
ing can be done otherwise, jusl appeal lo ihe I.Atucs
to use their combined efforts to start some business
to employ them, and it will be done.
U- V. V.
I'otir Days .iier from Huropo,
Tho U. S. Stpannhip Franklin arrived at
New York yesterday morning from Havre Gib,
via Southampton 7lh inst., with four days later
intelligence. Her voyage from tho hitter place
lias, therefore occupied 11 1-2 days. She
brings tho London mails of the morning of the
7ih, which wero taken from Southampton to
Cowes by special steamer.
Tho Africa reached Liverpool on tho 4th
inst., in IS days :i hours and A! minutes.
Tho U. S. Ste.unsr Washington had lelt
Cowes for Bremen.
Cotton has improved in price, and the rates
of Corn wero with difficulty maintained.
Tho news by this arrival, which is rather im
portant, was telegraphed to tho evening jour
nals. KsriLASD. In the House o Commons, on
the 5th inst., Lord John Russell inform 'd the
House of tho course tho Covcrumcnt proposed
to pursue in consequence of their defeat by a
majority oi lounccn on motion ot .ur. i nunc
against the renewal of the income tax for three
yv.it. His Lordship said that tho Cabinet
wee prepared in bow to the decision ot the
House, and to submit to tho appointment of a
select committee of inrjuiry, to consider the de
tails of tho obnoxious lax.
On tho evening of the fiih inst., tho ministry
wero again virtually defeated in tho House ol
Commons, on a motion introduced with refe
rence to tlio spirit trade.
Mr. Roebuck said that ho would put it to tlie
iinbin Lord whether alter tins Uh defeat ho
would still retain the reins of (lovcrnmcnt. and
urged him to resign for the sake of his personal
n-puia;ioii. ixiru joim uusseii somewhat tar,
y replied that ho would take caro of his per
nnal character ami reputati on without Mr.
I v ie" ti' I, a aid or omiijel
The Crystal Palace continues to be thronged
with thousand of admiring and wondering vis
itors. On Monday, the 5ih, price of admission
fell from Jl to fls u head. About G 100 persons
wero admitted at that price, and .C1000 sterling
were taken at tho doors. The demand for sea
son tickets also continued, and tho receipts al
together were cttitnatrd at jCSOOO a day.
Tho following Americans were presented to
tho Queen at her drawing room or leevce bv
the American Minister, IIou. Abbott Lawrence',
onthoGtli inst.: Hon. Charles 1!. Haddock,
Charge d'Allairs of the United States to Por
tugal, Cap). Jo-htia SaiuW, Lieut. L. L. Avorv,
Lieut. John K. Duor, and Lieut. Gen. H. Pre
ble. of the United States tVgato St. Liwrcncc.
The London correspondent of the Commer
cial Advertiser writes as follows, under date of
May Gth:
Nothing further has been donn with the bill
against the Papal aggression. The vote against
the Ministers ou thu income tax caused them
to postpone it or it would have been proceeded
with early this week. It is now to be taken up
next week.
The effect produced by tho brilliant opening
of tho exhibition appears to havo been univer
sal, and tho daily receipts aro beyond previous
The money market is without alteration, but
thcro is still considerable depression in prices
in our various manufacturing districts.
The Board ol Trado returns for tho month
ending on the 5lh of April last have been Is
sued, and aro again remarkably favorable.
They show an increase of JC1, 181,411 on the
declared value of our expositions ; the total
being JCG,'JG5,1'J0, agaiu-t Jj5.783,7fl2 in the
corresponding mouth of last vear. Tho total
increase in the first quarter i f tho present year
over the first quarter ofthu previous year lbUO,
is Xl,8G3,191.
France. From Paris wo loam that tho 4th
of .May, tho anniversary of the proclam ition of
thc republic, had passed oll'without the slightest
attempt at disturbance. The weather was very
unfavorable for the spectacle, but the crowds
of spectators were very great. The fireworks
were a failure, in consequence of tho heavy
rain. Thc intended Bonapartist banquet in
the suburbs was prohibited by the authorities.
The festival also pissed off in Lyons, and the
other chief cities of France, with profound tran
quility. Portugal. From Portugal wo havo late
intelligence, with accounts from Lisbon to the
2Mi, and Oporto to the 30th ult. The tele
graphic despatches received by way of Paris
und Madrid, announciii'r tho insnrrretinii nf il,..
0,iorto garriso-i on tho UOtli April, aro fully
uooiirinen. io co mosi. mivevnr Inn . n
and but thrre lives were Inst, viz: two soldiers
and Col. Cardoso ol the 'Jd Infantry, who was
shot by his own men, while trying to quell the
Marshal Saldnnha entered Oporto on the 27th
ult., and was greeted w ith the most enthusi
astic icception by the entire city, which turned
out to meet him. The insurectioti in his favor
was spreading in all parts of tho kingdom.
Everywhere the troops were uniniinius for his
course, and were marching to join him from all
The King had left Coimbra, and was retreat
ing from Lisbon, mo-t of the forces under his
command having pronounced for the revolution.
Immediately after the news of tho Orpoto re
volt was known in the capital, Count Thomar's
ministry resigned, and the Count himself fled
from Lisbon, having been conveyed from thence
to Vigo in the British mail steamer Montrose,
where tie remained, watching the turn of events.
The (ueen thereupon entrusted the formation
of a ministry to the Duke of Tcrceira, but it
was thought the I'uke would decline.
FearS Were OlltPriainod nf I'm riinif nf tlir.
popular or Junta party, unless tho Queen should
quickly ttiko steps to clothe the victorious Sal
ilatiha w ith foil uruvoM .-. 1'...,,
. . i w- iw .ui,,, iiiiiiiiii , ,
and it w as further feared that Waldanlm's party
would require the abdication ot tho (lucoii, amt
the proclamation of a regency. A Spanish
army of observation was boitiir collected on the
Austria. From Vinnm II is stntml flint n
IlOtO liail linon forwrmlpd t, f'mwtimtinnnln In.
lirtndiiig the detention for two years longer, of
fourteen of tho Hungarian fugitives. Austria
oilers to bear the expense.
The now press law of Prussia, as nmended
by the debates going on in tliesecond chamber,
promised to be equal to the seierest press laws
in Lurope.
It is stated in some of the Gorman journals
(says (ialign uii's Messenger) hostile to the
Austrian Government, that tresh symptoms of
agitation are perceptible in Hungary. A let
ter from Vienna states that tho agitation is con
lined to tho question of the tobacco monopoly,
which encounters much opposition; hut that
otherwise, the suppression of tho late revolt
h is produced n feeling of attachment to the
Austrian Government on the part of the peas
antry, as it has reln-ved theni from the tyrarny
and exactions of thu Hungarian noble.-," many
ot wnom lmi kilicn part in the insurrection only
111 the bono of ouiaticinatin'r thnoHnleix frnm
the control of Austria, which was beginning to
ospou-o tho cause of the productive classes
P..,-.-,.,. '!'!. IV. ' . ... 1.
. i.i sal. i im iu-c as iu iiiuui ui i rami
fort JOth May. There was probability of ilif-
licilltV 111 till! rii'tllnoilMll nf tlin Sebln.u-i.r Ill.
stoill allilir.S! Dnnmrirk linvimr clwui-n kviir.
turns of exacting more than the Prussian" and
Austrian Commissioner:! w ere willing to con
cede. Savovv. A ntpnriri- mnrtinn. nf t,n r,.,
ference look place on 'Jd May, at which the re
port oi inc lour great committees were dis
tributed tO tllO llll'llilHltl'llli.'irii.J ill nrdni- ll,.,l
j . I 1 ' -- , ' IIIUl
they might be sent on to their several irovcrn.
The South Carolina Agitation Tl.n
Washington correspondent of the Journal of
Commerce writes
Mr. Pettinrup. the II. Kt n;c;. .,,
r o .in i. fiiiiiii. iiiiurney
from booth Carolina, is burn !,,! i. i. ..
fluent! v with the I'msbl nnl ami (Ja.i r
btate, during tho last few days. Many persons
who havo the best opportunities of formin" a
judgment as to the results of tho South Caroli
..jj.i.uw, ui.ii mere win, ultimately, be
a strong ru-action in public sentiment, there
against the extreme measures now urced.
. ..Uv,w!. a , uer in a southern paper
remarks that tho course of the General Govern
incut, and a verv ed'erik'.. r..,n , ..i i. ... ..
Carolina, in case of her practical secession, will
Mil lit 111 nl it In n is. I .. '
,u ..,,,, uurporiaot entry. This
would be a more simple ..,,,1 rlfeclual measure
than to collect the duties, by placing olf the
present ports some U. S. vessels to collect the
duties. A floating custom-house of this sort
will be inconvenient and unnecessary. Hut
until Congress, by w, shall abolish tho port
of entry at Charleston, Beaufort, and GeiV'c
tmvn, tho Executive will, of course, see that
tho duties are, in some mode, and in Ihe mode
cast provocaliic of a collision of arms, lo col
lected. If Congress abolish tho Ports of Entry
m the Slate, it will then bo only necessary to
enrorco tho penalties of existing buys for pre.
venting any cargo from entering therein. The
penalty is forfeiture ol vessel ami car.Fo, and
can be easily enforced by u few revemio cutter
and by tho wholo power of tho Navy, if need
Iteciisant Scuiitosr Ile-.omiiinicil,
Messrs. Mann, Stanton, Skinner and Ssy
liRR, who resigned their Seats in tho Setiale,
have been nominated for re-election.
Bosido tho los of time and money in their
respectivo Districts, incident lo a Special Elec
tion, tho course of these gentlemen !inpo-cs u
burthen of about 810,000 each on the State
And. should the v bn rp.rleiml
fact as an approval of the Resignation doctrine,
they muit, when the Bill comes up for consi
deration, at the Extra Sesidoii, region asa's '
l "any i4c urn"'
-Tho Courier of this morning advisor
, , . t
every body who "has a sneaking kindness for
Whli'irerv vet Inmtltin In I, tin i
whiggeryyet lingering In him," to remember
I IK ' I . ts .
uiai rrcsiucni r ir.LMORE has "guillotined every
Whig paper in Vermont, Maine, New Hamp
shire and Massachusetts, which did not come
square up to the mark and sustain tho Fugitive
Slave Bill." Nobody but a 'sneaking' man would
try to remember what never occurred. The
Courier knows what class of people lo address
its paragraphs to ! We believe the Free Press
has not come square up to the mark named, and
yet tho Courier will find a liltlo "Government
advertising" in our columns, just received and
handsomely paid for. Tho Courier concludes
its paragraph with the expressive word, "bah !''
a very natural "wooly head" utterance, and
an appropriate commentary on what precedes it.
The arrangement of Trains on the Sar
atoga & Washington, Rensselaer & Saratoga,
and Saratoga and Schenectady Rallroads,"in
connection willi the Steamboats and the con
necting lines of Railroad, will bo found in our
advertising columns this evening.
C'ol. James J. Dana, heretofore an En
gineer on the Vermont Central and the Ogdcns
burgh Railroads, is en-raced, with a n.irte nf
assistants, in locating a Plank Road from Si.
Albans to Richfbrd, Franklin County. We
are glad to see our Plank Road Companies
availing themselves of the services of educated
and competent Engineers.
Somebody, having been much troubled
to learn the keys of the Piano Forte.
the following lines us an alleviation of tlie
iaoor :
All the (J and A keys
Are between the liluck threes,
And 'tween the twos are all tho D's.
I hen on the i side ol the threes
W 111 be found ll'saud C's;
Hut on the left side of the threes
Ale all the F'siiudall theE's.
Mr. ItnL-nmn,! ...!.l l.. :. :..
plation lu edit a -ni;iU paper iu this city, Willi Aboli-tloui-h
telideneies. iiiuui ln rninn, Ir,.,., I'..,..,,., ...
e-labhth which the lutlerieh coterie in tins city,' well
tUUWII Wit Unit ti.il, lin. r 1... I I....
I i i , , t : 1'iuiillSCU U iille tfllU
lavish fund. A . 1'. Lsiets.
. ThU is as near the truth as the Express comes in
Us political statements. 'n,e paper which Air. Uay-
Mnvii ino l,u.. ii. ....... I .-.-I . .i i
"-" hi liiive cuar;c oi, is an enter
prise projected b two active practienl men, ih", be
s.'Jc devotim; Ibeir own tune to the business, invest
their own capital. The ueullemen to whom the
l.jpress lelersare in nu way connected with that en
teipnse. LAlLaiuj Lie. Journal.
A correspondent of tho Kickerbocker
thus writes: Dear Mr. F.ditor : Of the Le
nevolent schemes of the day, tho mo3t promi
nent just now seems to be sufferine- Woman :'
semstrcsses, poor widows, etc., etc. ; and noble
efforts they are, too : but among them all I
wonder there has never leeii formed a bocicly
for Ameliorating the Condition nf
haie Snoring Husbands .'' If ever there was a
call upon the liner feelings of hu-man-ity, this
is one ; ueing, t believe, a truly masculine ac
complishment. When South Carolina gets fatigued and
. . v, wiuhiici gcu langiieu anu
"Wore down" with iiillifin,;.. , : 1
"" i.vM.i wu , r CUI'SSIUU, HUU
ntlinr lina..., t..1.n.. 1... .1: . . .. .
j lauui.-, sue uiveris ncr patriotic and
SOIlsillli! mind in f..ll ! ...
sensible mind in the following manner. We
copy from the N. V. Tribune
-l Juuniamenl n, South Cmolinn came ofl'at the
i IMl'Vli lfll' . Klin.. i- , ,1... tl.i I .it .
I V l,l.u" '" "Pril. i We'll V-9I
! nijlits nuismfieeutly .Iressed rode ml., the list M
.)', '" " 'ruiiipei.un.i saluteil ilie piJies
iKM-hrr,', " tbe MU2. The first prize wns won
h a knmht trinn St. John, nd he cho-e the belle of
"i -i '- .-lie wus crowned with
while ruse. A bah in He eve, .in.. ..ir. i ,i, .. '
Oh, my !
The poor 'Free Democracy,' after having
stolen the name of the regular Old-liners, are
trying to act as though they felt happv'and
comfortable ! To read the Patriot, Pci and
Conner, one would think that these unfortu
nate " organs" look upon petty larceny as etio
of the "issues"' that haven't been 'settled."
We advise Dewey to be careful bow he leaves
codfish exposed !
Tho New York papers say that Gen.
Houston talks of resiirninf bis bp.h in ibn
Senate. Tho old
J'tw''iuii,- IIUC-UU3 IU 11
through a course of sprouts" preparatory to the
inuuuuiiing rresiuential campaign.
Triumph of Hope over Fxnerienrp. The
Braidon Post hopes thero will be a mighty
annring ol die petty larceny pirty at the
Democratic" State Convention of Freo Soihr
ill llurlington, on the 20th inst. Tho dis
tressed speculators will iind it harder to steal
men man names.
Dai'i: An uv Mr li ir n.. ...i.
, , ..... ' . ' l. IU KALI , !V1U 11113
PeeilSII nn.r mi. ui lf,,.rtp .1.1.. i i. . i
, - ....... ...,i , iien ii ill ii,.-e IIUIIIi.
business iu iow,i, lias hnaly returned from lio-unii,
uiici co-p.irtiitTs.liip with John II. Robinson T.-u
ltiej have fitted up the old Uuie on College sir'et,
in iuu. ru -lyle, and are prepared to wait on custom,
crs to the best ol ever) thins iu their line. Cornier.
.-..v.. ii. is ie-iueu ur 1 ve ir f,r iwn. rim eiitete, I
Mr. Burnett is descnedly popular as a
Mordant among the shoppers of Burl'ngton,
and we doubt not ho will secure a full -hnr,.
of the patronage he solicits. The old store is
certainly very handsomely transformed.
The Boston Commonwealth sava tlmi
when Mr. Senator M'.m.nkr was elected. ho was
it the residence of .Mr. Charles Francis Ailmu.
and when his " peculiar" und nie-bald friends
called on him, to make " a rumpus" on the oc
casion, ho replied that under the circumstances,
' his heart dictated silence."
The trial of the suit bv N. P. Willis
against I3dwin Forest, for assault and battery,
commenced in the New York Superior Court
on ihursday, the eta inst.
Ihe Maine Legislature orcanizd. n
few days ago, all locofoco with tho barnbur
ner tincture. General Scott will sot tlm
matter right a year hence.
Messrs A. F. Whcaton- it Co.. have
commenced receiving their Summer sum.v of
Clothing-. Wo havo noticed nothing more
beautiful, or in better taste, than their selec
tions of goods. In tho m iller of Pasts, Vest
INGS and Cravats, their assortment is can,.
ciaiiy excellent and full. Mr. Wheaton omits
no ciiort lo make his establishment attractive
and satisfactory to his numerous customers.
The following statement of tho earnings
.f t. ...
"i mo nesmro roaJ during tho month of April,
1851, liows a llattuing iucreaso of upwards
of twcnty.fivo per cent, over tho corresponding
month of last year :
Earnings iu April, H51, $10,313 53
" " 1)50. 15,325 Si
After blowing allthe extraordinary mle-
cells ny in town known as dust, into all the
dwelling-houses, and ino all the eyes, cars
and noses of our inhabiting, yesterday, Ihe
wind blew up a rain-stori, last night, which
his continued, at intervals during todiy. We
hope it fuels leiter.
Tlio opening of tho campaign wai signalized
'("-""; ui uiu campaign wai sttrnahzed
as usual, at Theodore Peck's, on Monday by
.,,,,! ii ., . .. . '
summoning all i10 printing fraternity to his
marble counter, to moisten thn linl r .t.
ajsophagus with the sparkling foam of his foun
tain. The operation was decidedly pleasant
and tho patients went away in good spirits
cce signum. Courier.
We didn't happen to bo a member of that
"printins fraternity "though we presume tho
commendations of tho Courier ate wcll-bes-towed.
Our young friend, Theodore, in tho
Kstablishmcnt of Messrs. Noyes di Ward, has
also opened a rich fountain of Soda Water,
which is quite up to anything of tho kind ever
prepared in Burlington. As to " the lining of
the ai'ophagus," that is rather a higher flight
in gas " fijeins" than we feel equal to.
It is understood that " Cuff" Iti.xnv is
an applicant for ndmision into tho North
American Dog Association, and that his ap
plication has been postponed, in consequence of
his having been seen" dreadfully shaied,''
withn ajfow days past.
The line Tow Barge, 13. T. Knolesbt,
was launched, yesterday evening, according to
previous notice, from the Shii, vr.r,l r m.
, - f- juau VI ill I
Spear, in Shelburno Bay. The rain prevented
many from availing themselves of tlienotitom.
vitation of Mr. Ca.nfiei.i., one of the Proprie
tors, ami witnessing tlio launch. A goodly
number, however, were present from Uirrling
ion, nnu we learn from a spectator that tho
Barge glided trracefullv down norm l,nr r,,,
"home on the rolling deep," without a jolt or an
Thc Billows Falls O'alfc of tl,n mil,
inst contains the fellowiiv:
Death nr i stTpv(Im a r. -.
i - - ii jui, ui; niun years
" "' '" 1 An,,""'-n" ""use- in (hi, Tillage-
r- ,.T ' 1 ' ' "'" JyS'sifreti His name as
L nf IN I I.IVer. II,.,! it ,..., .... V. IV.-:.. . .i ,
r - - h'ii, ! i. wurin inc. nigni
he was taken violeiify sick, so much so tlui medical
..... ,!ui.iKir wind!, uiiu on saiurua c morn-
.-..w.v. .. miru .1 iiuist' IO L!0 III WinU-
sor.and hud armed asl.iras this village when he
,,. i rum ins statements it appears that
he ins no nenr re .,... 1: .' v .
,. i V, , , !' .i.ui, riuepi une nrother,
n lined hdward.who was m the employ ol I.yman
Iilc icork.a fanner in Cssex or UurlinKion, Vi ;., ihe
that he was born in U llliatnstown, .Mas
Miould he have friends who may feel interested m
learning lurther particulars. the V (.Till llJt ui hv ml.
dressmg a letter to 13. Do Wolf, Jr. BHlows Vails,
ermoiii. '
Tho Troy Post contains the followiiv'
paragraph :
Merino Shhcp iv VrcinT ti.
r. , . " w... iiiu ruii
Crs ot wool in erinont arc importiii" into that
Stute the full-blooded Merino sheep, and have
already found the great advantage of the en
terprise. A M r. .1 Itinrlj ,.(' ....
, .......... ... .1 !.! llill 'J, 1 1 1 1
ported lately two owes, at an expense of "200
each. They w ill yield, it is said, an average of
IU pounds of wool.
Mr. Jesse Hinds is a thriving anil industri
ous Farmer in Brandon, and will be somewhat
surprised to find himself "aniiexcir to Merindo
a town that never did, and probably neicr
will exist in the Green Mountain State.
i .nun uius --jops a question
I to thn Hnainn f ',.,... .....141. ...1....I. -.,
Tlie Boston Afait thus "jpsa question"'
I ..i.,.i,ituillll) tiuiuilj IlOtWTW-
I ut .11 : . .
uisiaraging conclusion, we should
l.i! lrt , .l....ii...l
be pleased to see thnt "tnlcntoil" paper answer:
i lie "Lommoiiwciiltli" is n grfat piper. It
insists that the "home competition ' is what in
jures the manufacturing business of Neir ring
land ! Let us see. There wore between ten
ty and thirty millions of foreign woolen n-o,,ls
imported into this country the last year, wlulo
more than one half the woolen milU in this
country wero lying idlo. v3 jt the '-homo
competition" that did tho mischief, vou ummi
lguted ignoramus r
'J'I'G 'J'roy Foil contains the following
Telegraphic Dispatch ;
. , ow Vork, Mav U.
? 1 he President and Suite arrived here" at 1 1
o clock. Mr Wcb-tcr addressed the people
lor a short time Thc party on leavir." wero
enthusiastically cheascd.
As "the party" were unquestionably "well
bred," wo don't see why they didn't leave with
a good supply of "bread and cheese."
Our Fanner readers will notice in our
advertising columns that Mr. Mortovn Cole is
prepared to supply them with all descriptions
of Fencing Timber.
-N'ot so Had. John (?. ftixe.lhe poet laureate
pS.iiu, bavin
ui i ermoiii anu ine pans aujjcent lo liaie Cinm-
lieen r..iiii,...l k.. n ..n t..
... ........ , , ,,U,U ,uv 0
nd her .us uutoaraph, wrote and lorwatded as"tol-
l'air strnneer.a lady's command
.ij reaiiy iiui-nnon ensures;
"I'is but an indifferent 'hand,"
lint 'tis very respectfully yours, J. ti. Sase.
A . I). J icmjnne.
We learn that tlie store of James. W.
Iltirlbiit, at Willis-ton village, was destroyed by
lire on Saturday night last, nt about half past
eleven o'clock. All tho letters, papers, & e. be
longing to tho Post Omce, which was in the
same building, were also consumed. His ac
count books were taken out safe. Mr. Hurloot
had an in-urance of $:!,00 on his store aad
goods, und we nro informed received his polity
of insurance the same evening, onlv some two
hours previous to th tire. Tws. c-Ierk?, who
were asleep in the cliambcr,- barely escaped, bv
slipping dow n the rope Usui for hoistiti"
into tlie loll SeiUiml cf to-day.
Mr. IIl'rluut is well known nmongnsasaa
active nnd intelligent Mereliant. lie is- not a
man to "say die" for one fire, however disas
rous. Mr. II. is Postmaster in Willi-ton.
A "gentle nuu" prevailed most of tho
day yesterday, and last night, during the witch
ing hours, a very good beginning was made in
the way of thunder and lightning, ns a an ac
companiment. Our friend .Mr. James Mitcheh, has
removed his Clothing and Gentlemen's Furnish
ing Store to one of tlie New Stores on the Fast
side of Church st., nearly opposite tho Court
House. His ass-ortment is unusually full nnd
extensive, this Spring, and his customers know
that it wiil be sold cheap.
The President's Visit to Boston Mr
Brinley, President of Ihe Common Council re
ported informally to that body last cvenin-' that
the committee appointed to invite tho President
of the United States to visit Boston, waited upon
tbe President in New York on Tuesday even
ing at S o clock, and extended the invitation to
him. Ho replied that ho received the invita
tion with the greatest satisfaction, and ex
pressed great regard for tho citizens of Boston
and fif tlie Statu nf M
t HeBuliueiij nun o lit I'll
that it would afford him much pleasure lo visit
Hoston, but he could not make arrangements
at that time to prolong his journey, but that ho
would answer the invitation at his liret oppor
tunity. Air. Ilriiilni. i.oi. nf il,o,ll.J , .
.1 i . j J "- "I'wiil'Il uiai
tlio rrrsulent ivou d visit lha citv nhn, .k-
17th oi June next. Boston Atlas lGth.
We hope President Fillmore Will A V I AH ,1
bis visit to Vermont. We will niv. l.t . ....
dial and enthusiastic welcome among the Green
.Mountains of thisstedfast and unmoinie Whiu
State. b
The reason why it it tnnnmil il,ut .
Sculptor dies a painful death 1.4 trt l.i 1..
cause he fim nukes heads, ami thuu bn I .

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