Newspaper Page Text
gsWiisjst-ata .' i " 1
VOL. X-WI WTIOLK NO.
iDcckln .free Lives
llii-l neiii, IV.
w. iu:m:di t,
Eiitinn ssr rnurnti'tiir!.
Tern cf Sti1crlptimi.
For Vlllfl-e Suh-crtl't ri, mm-linl l-v Hie
Carrier y A"
Tf jtiilfl ttrntlv in n'Unticc, ... 1' 00
For Mull uWri.er? nti'l tin tnkr it
t tli Office - O'l
If p.iM ntnrtlif In rl.nncr, ... 1 ,Vl
M lin is,r !i"t In n di ntn.'1 luit lnfMrc t month, I 7 t
Aftrt"t itmnth, tut
Interim, clmrjcnhic iiftrr tin .lent? nl
Term o( S u r I M ion for Dtiilj 1'irr Prf.
To Vi 1 1 n ft uhcrl1ttr, per ntimim, " no
To thoH'Whort'rriw it by Mnil, f-i ix MMtitlii 2 no i
Or per finmiin, 4 no
IWAIS IV AI'V m t. I
jsT N" S'l'i-'orlplion Muiitr.t until il! urn a Mr
r(f pi id, rtfrpt t the nptlmi nt (! p.iMi-lifr, r ;
Hi-C'jntinucl iititci hr pnsiHc enter I
Frlci" lor (hrrliK in WrrMj. '
?" pqtmrr, 10 Hn,t or I"1 In minimi srilM, 1
thrrr inTtlnn. - $1 no
Tieh (n"rtion nftir tf tliir!, 2 t-. prr lin". j
Lpnl notice- tin ei'ntu .i linr, mr r If , for
Yearly m erti'-cr- "cnpytns finir n,uarpp or 1
more with rrM1" of thanjrr. At n fair ilijcount.
H7Th privtlcof venrh adverti-ers h limited j
t" theiroti immi'illntp lmln-,ln thrlr own name:
nd nil athrrtitTinintf" f"r the h?rn fit nf other pr
nn, ob well n jnhrTtlscniiHtf niul Hthrtise
picnts of owtion m1o, nl n'Uerltt in,nti' with the !
nsme of other pcron, m nt In hy thcin, miit be
pi'l for at thf ummI rnt.
Nn report, rc-olutlona or prrtcerHn of nnv cor
poration, 0"cirty, nnoinli'n or pnhlk iiifftiiic. ml
no eonimiinlrntion iVftiieti in cull .ittenti"ii to ,iny
matter of limited nr inH. Mniil Internet chh he in
rUd, unleM paid for an mhcrtlfcinont.
No adrirtienient cm hi- iii?frteil jjrittu.touM.r for J
rharttdhle or other ucietie puhlk' i,ititutioii t
Contrnotp for jcurh crti-ln.r ill t't H
rnttniu-d, unit-'" otn-i'drr U that i flVct ! lelt nt th"
r-ffic, nnd when di'continfn-il in r than i year, M
pritt of n wh'fr yrtf wilt It rh'irgnl..
v it i: i: i it i: s s
BOOK . JOB PRINTING OFFICE.
No, b Colliyc St., liurHnstnn Vt.
Pfitp, Pa m rm kt, HAMtDii.t.o, PniinnHMri,
Cirtci Luis Bunks Hii.mikvus, CHr-,.U.,
Peuted in both Plain and OrnJiuental etyle, with
BtneBs, accuracy nnd promptitude.
3-. G. Benedict,
COMMISSIONER m TllV, i'VATll 01' ,
Ofict, h'nr ' rji llnoim, Ifiirllnglnn, t'trmonl.
C. Ii. Bcjicdict,
nOMMISSIONKJI VOW rilKSTATK OF
VERMONT, IN NEW YORK.
Of'FlCK 7(1 Walt Slrrrl.
R E A I, K f T
.t r k a a a:.v ,
1.1 rr-iK's Bin.niM,,
nunt.lNGTON V Hit MONT
Partieuhr attention ginn to t!i purclias and
.ale of Rest K-t.it, tlio ins estimation uf Land Title,
Laming, Cnllcctin;; Rent-, In-iiiin, I'uvitic Taxes,
.tc.. It., Ac.
BROADWAY, NKW YOKK.
The ssbcriber- haru tai.ru tiie above nell.V.uonn
Hotel, and will kc'.lt open (on tlio European plan) I
for tile accoinuuidation of tin: public, lite House i
ti ennitMently lare to iiecoininodato .11)0 persons, is I
font cniently .itnattfd near llie sutive hu-lties por- j
tionuof the City, md anipij proridud itii whatever '
can proiuoto tue coinlort 01 guests, n ho mar be
assured of ererj attention.
.1. .v p. o'cn.voY.
(Fnrmirly of liitlir ChamplttiH,)
nucccssom to Ci nils Jci'sos.
lOITN O'tiKAIll, )
rrsics D'Oainr, Fcb.23.IS.il. d.ltf
'S. rm; 1H53.
IMOCI.' I3 3'!. I..
.Votrc Damn Strrrl, M O N T It I'. A I,
T. IS. DALY.
WINES a.m. LIQUORS,
V.l Troiil Sircrl,
( 7"u'i diitl J'ftm Ci'nU'n SI'P,)
a v. - v o n k .
Majl, Mil. dtistf
New England Type
ST li It KOT V I li I'O UN DRY,
Established in Mil.
HOnART V: ROltniAS,
KO. 6 CO.VHRESS PTltKEf,, ROSTON, MASS.
Ehrtrotijping Typ Cnjipfrfafed
CSBr R, HnSlRT. JOSKril IV. RODBIS'h.
MareV 25, IBM. dAislj-
PKOCTOK sV VOOI,
GENKRAL COMMISSION .MIIUCIIAM'S
lOR THE SVI.F ni-
worth A.xn cmrxriiY rnnuvcr.,
NO 136 ST A I'F.HTKKKT.
: ; r;,?onor- nT
rpiIKV oli"it eon-i-rninrnt, nf nil lindof Coun
JL trv Produce, fur which inh advnnfpi will hn
mi-i. mi tu t!ie tla n rtturn of which prompt ,
itoninn win nc given.
Messrs. Hitchcock, Cobli & Yv'in.Inw,
" R. F. Fletcher A Co.,
" Blanchard, Conrerse A Co..
' F. .t F. Itlce.
" fi. X. ?evmour .1 s?ons,Oidensburi!, .V. YJ
wii uuooeu, i oisoain, . v.
" Meins YV'ead, Malene, X. V.
" Kurt, .1 Ftet-ein, Cincinnati, Obio.
llodei A Owen, Rutland, Vt.
" H. R. Sowles, Kiq., Pt. .Albans, I.
' Samuel Morgan, E')., Vergeunes, Vt.
" P. V. LanLton, Agent,
dAwtf Ounrstsnrnnn .V. Y.
Maith 11, 1S51.
C. F. DA.VEY,
ATTOR.VEV A.N'H COT.YSKU.HiI AT LAW AMI
SOUCimil IS ClI.lSfKKV
3T Offios North west cornsr of new Town Hull.
Ilurllnclnn, ..... Vermont,
Maj 'Jld. dinly
George F. Etlmunrts,
ATTORNEY A,XJ rOI'.XSEU.OR AT
"-s k. VifV ,
SOI.ICITOn IN CIIANCEUY.
Office over Cninineiclnl llitnlf, llurliiiKtan,
March 10. d.twtf
KM.'LAM), lUKUV!) & SCOTLWJ)
Bills of LxcliSlie.lruwn upon
tieurze IV.ilioilv A: Co.,
For ny r jra from on H,tiiid upwards, piratls in
Louden. Liverpool, or Hiil liu. For mlo it tlio rat,
ol lire Pillar, tlie pound Hi'llinir, liv
ii milks i' iisiVrr, c.-ss,
CilMH'IICUL llass, i
riurltiitoii, VI., )darili H, I4.,l. ( dAwtf
EUR.VITI'IU: IV A IIKUOVSK.
nini.i'.s t m; s.vii itt:r ml hl.m.lh ini-',d.
lilrfli, Tl'te-ll-ll t'., lltlellltin., UliOMiiy
and r,-i, ..,nt 1,'hjir, ltil, r. Pier und Card Till, I,,
with VI i l,le, M,ily,iii.v id lll.u k U'ulniit T... J
Fiilintnr ,ol nil kinds, I'.ilntid I 'I, a ,,..'! - I Is, V'nl.
Ir -.s, -,,,t,rs, VM.v.re, H indo J'..rnl,-e,
'"'sliix-'H st I, s I'lcinp, FrHinc., llirilt'aKia,
' l'.'11'.llsii',. Ill,, .te Al.o, Piano Forlia,
"boudoir l'i, -U" and r.Uirc from Ilia Mauufai lo.
nea of Ilia most crlebmli-d lliutsn makers.
IW Wl lid of LWt-tioiuo S,iur
llarllnjtoii, Vt , April 7, lust wif
iVolri tho Sontiiichl
rin: tiu,iu:.v n sv,.
Wrtitlti- at Jlenien'i golden jjntp
There PtnoI n mortal, bathed in tear,
hofe sorrowing bmw the hand of fate
Had marked with many hadowy fi'flti
In lleatenc ancl nft lieM praycil ;
"Open to me thvtli.lden (iak- ;
lon upon Carth weary ?trnyed.'
Hut 'larili.m ani-l nHered "wnit
"ithin thy shndnw -ate ha pncdt
The flowers of mv carthlv Ine ;
!! .loilli tlulr huMing form did Wat,
'I ran-plantihrr thnn t't court abote,
'I In- Hiile answered " Ilinrt he trons ,
'I he trial" of Dettli, oh. mrekly beat ,
Wo re nriiUng vreth without n thorn,
)'"r tr-nrful ?mtj ol Kirth tu wear."
Hi utumn eHtni. Th reapers so
N h iraftrd ' mid its pjldcn nheat ;
At lpjtTen' jf.ito, whin morning dawned,
I li At tnr rlAl kiiri Id death's shaft to meet.
The harvest rnyon lu heinty rose ;
I pm a new."idi' rme theca
Her mellow rnyf, , n had closed
A noul the tloldn (late h-id passed.
mhv f. FEU..
Tftm? North, and South, and East, and M?.
Four Jge? to a mountain crest.
Each row'd ot seareb the wide world ro'ind,
t ntll the Wondrou Well be found.
And herrt n hnplr thrpherd f 11
,k'g clear and iktp the ondrou Uell.
Hefore the cra they made their tat,
The polished wHttnit their Icet,
."aid one, "This well is small and inejn .
To petty for a tillage green."
Ho mth and dumb,
deep centre can it com 1
Tho third, "This wnter jri-ui not rre,
Not cen bright, but pule hi air.''
The fourth, (t A fane I lik'd to aer ,
S here the true well 1, that mut b-."
Ihry roe and left the inomttiiin creft ;
One North, one Suth, one Knst, one est.
Thtough many fea nnd ilerrt" wide,
'Jhey iiu IcrM, thirting, till they died.
The fhepherd" by the Mountain dwrtl.
And dip their pitchers in th Wondr-Mis W!1.
The Uoinlinrilnient of Otlrssn,
I ''crrcspoudcnce of the London Timet,
CosSTVNTisru'i i , Thursday. April 27.
The Tirrihh has justiirrived with startling
' news. Odessa has been attacked, the duck-
yard burnt, the Imperial Mole and 1mg.17.inc
uiovvn up, anil a nuinlier nl liussian ships of
war destroyed. The following is .1 detailed
account derived from an officer 011 board the
' Tirrilih- At o o'clock on the morning uf
tho 1231 of April, the signal was made for the
steamers to commence an attack on the I111.
' pcrial Mole, anil the fortifications in its neigh-
1 borhood. Orders were given not to tire at
too 1 ranouc .Mole, wlici-o the J ritish ship-
I I"n7 we.re '"'linro'l, and as lunch as possible 1
toal.stain from wanton destruction oi private
I The steamers entered in two divisions.
The fir-t consisted of the Samtnn, Funaui
I autjan llll'l .Ira,, mrui . -in, ..., riiruino
' first shot at the Imperial Mole, ami tho firo
j was instantly returned. Theaetion continued
about two hours without cessation, hut w itli
1 out any derided success. The Hussi.m em-
brasiiri's were much knocked about, and
. several of their guns silenced.
At 7 A. M. the second division received the
signal to stand in. It consisted or the Ter
rible, ''ii',-, Retribution, and the three Trench
steamers. The Itelrilmfion led the way, close
ly followed by the other steamers. 'I'lie Rus
sians had laid down n "lump," that is. an
old vessel was anchored to mark the distances
their guns would carry. I lie allied division
went within this mark, and therefore exposed
themselves to loss from tho shot oT the one
my. At lit st, however, their shot did not
reach our ships, althuugh thoy suffered se
verely under our fire. Tho "Trmblr stood
Turthcr in than the rest, and commenced fir
ing red-hot shot.
After a time, a loud explosion was heard.
The Imperial magazine had blown up by a
shot from the Trrnblc, and a great part oT
the mole on which it stood was rent in pieces
by the violence or tho explosion. This re
lieved the Anglo-French squadron from tho
most formidabloopponcnt, the battery on the
Imperial Mole. The Terrible continued to
fire red-hot shot. A liussian frigate in the
harlior took fire, burnt to the water's edgo,
and blew up. Two new frigates on the stocks
were soon in flames, and from 20 to 3(J mer.
chantmen, and it is believed some smaller
vessels or war were soon sunk or burnt.
Each of the vessels which remained out or
action had sent a rocket boat, bring '24. pound
rockets, and these caused a terrible destruc
tion. The dockyard was tho chief object of
these missiles, and it was soon in flames.
The seamen of the Terrible, which remained
on the spot till the following Tuesday, de
clare that it burnt Tor two dajs and two
nights, and this vast eollectionornaval stores
must have been totally destroyed.
When the liupcri.tf.Mule blew up, the fleet
gave three cheers, the French commencing
Signals were then made to stand in further,
anu continue 1110 attncK. .t tins moment
I thobauerie, on the Upper or IV.i,(ue Mole,
near which tho Knglish ship, were anchored, j
opened fire, and, according to the accounts I
, roceiveil. the Kno-llKh amines ennl.l n.. . 1
1 . . r n v
1 nrcvented frino roliirmn.r I ,n fir.. TI... I... '
tt'rios huflcred snvi relv, but cro not silcncci.
, . ........ w ..... ...... ...t- ..a,-
In tho meantime tlio rocket boats hml o
1 on nrc uie lower part oi the town. This
., . , , . - ,
the most melancholy part of the transaction. I
I lie who 0 (it IhlS Isllt 111 t ier I- . ..........
. i r . i .1 , i ' r V -'..."j- ,
ed In fact, less than liiilf of what was once
Oih-ssa. now reiiiinns. r.iotiiri.. o r. ...... c '
,l.l sl, er i,l,.., 1. '
. v .......... i
, ' " s......,.u ,
TI... r.: t.r. .i , ,
r, ' .TV""".' " pu" :c" " woy
il . r i
m, 8 wl nuoie
"'''. , now, that by unanimous consent this new law
La, ' ' V' 'C"i "r" ac !U" I"Kt0,i 1 wi" 1,0 repcnl.ible statute, exposed to all
121 hours, the si2iia (if recall was made it I. .'.r.i.vi: : . ..
. Tl.T. ,.,.,:,...... V .1 . ' II I i . 1
, O.DL'11, MIU lllllUll naviii' lost
I two men killed nnd live wounded, tho Jrn
bution three, and the .Samson fivo wounded
These were nil the disutilities that I was
I ablo to ascertain. Lnlcss the Itussi.uis es
j raped from their burning frigate beforo its
I ojjdosion, their loss must have been terrific
t in this one spot. All attempts, however, to
estimate tho niimbei or their kilhd and
. wounded must be mere guesswork
F.XVMIV.VTI0V Dvv. It was examination
day in our school we had "read nnd spelt,"
1 told the sounds of all the letters that had
any sunn 's said the " LreiLitinii," and
I mortification table" without tiiisingu word
, md then were ranged on the tl.ior in front
of "visjtni" to be looked at and to nnsuei
such questions as they or the teacher saw lit
1 to ask. Where was John Itogers burnt tn
death '" said the teacher to me in a coin
mauiliug voici-. I could'nt tell-to the next
no answer "Joshua knows," said a little
i girl at the loot of the i-liss, Well," siid
the teacher, " il Joshua know he nuv tell,"
, "lu the li-er," said Joshua, looking virv sol.
...nil tiiiii wise. a uui wus mo last miction
had liberty In in ike all the nuise
pleased Tor live minutes, and go I,, one.
A gentleman nf Manchester, KuoUn.l, mj.
aosorf a III Clio nf sin II all 'Mriinr(llliar) cilH
iicicr, lint iiioinnogis,s i niov not what t,,
I nl nfit, "I s'loii'd s,y ' ol,.orved .Mr.Curlis,
l lli 1, -1 ii"t. 1 1 itf nl 'iie London Ethnologic ,
Socle V," h.iM iho ln .d of i tor oi.o. Iho luska
il a wiiu- Hut loo; nfn k.iiii.'ii rim, mi. I certiiin-
i uiu Mtengui ui a "iiiin- piohuhlv a l.uliilrt d slave autm and the lieu SWtcs ill Congress,
1 J"""'" Kioolor, in Innpuilmii in it, site, ihiiu an iriepe.ilablii law not oren to be qiiea
llul ol an elophsit," li,,i,e,, alihoiigh it violated the Constitution
In tlit fnnl dilate on thr Kansas-Xcbrniki
Hill, drhrtrrii in the Senate at mirlniirht. oh
Thumlay, MmjZMh. S '
Mr. Smvarii Mid Mr. Ireiil'nt I rise
witli no purjioso or Tiirtlicr roniiting or otcii
dpUyitiR tho p.ifsaSnnf this Mil l,.t it, d
oratco hfioonlyn littlo mt;cnci, nnd tliey
will fimn rca.-li the nttninmcnt of tho olijoi't
fur which thor have FtniRgled m earnestly
anil so Inn?;. The nan has rt for tlio InU
time ujion the frnnranteeil and cortiiln lihor
tlcsuf all the nrmottled and imorganired por
tion hi' the Americnn rontineiit that lio
yVlnn th'. .jiiridii'tion of the United Staton.
T(i-iii(ntnw 'a iin will rise in dim eclipse mcr
them. Ilnw long tliatolipcuratiun Khali last,
is knnnn only to tho Power that directs and
controls nil human events.
Mr. Seward went on to say that tire refusal
to lit the fiirtion go to the country, isa con
clusive proof that the fclavo SUtcs exncitfrom
tho iMssngp or tins hill what, tlie Free States
insist Unit they will l0jt hy it, a material
advantage, and nut a Merc abstraction, and
that there is suspended on tho issuo of this
contest the political equilibrium between tho
Free nnd the Shuo Stntes. He spoko also
against tho Tlajton amendment, rorbidding
to aliens in the territory thcrightor suffrage,
and went on as follows .
Thero ar advocates or this bill equally
earnett who do not expect and who, I sup
pose, do not desire that Slavery shall gain
possession or Nebraska. What Jo they ex
poet to gain ' Tho honorablu Senator from
Indiana, (.Mr. J'cttit,) says that by thus
obliterating the Missouri Compromise res
triction tboy will gain atabula rasa, on which
the Inhabitants of Kansas and Nobrnska may
write whatever they will. This is the great
tirinciplo or the bill, as he understood it.
Well, what gain is there in that ! Vou
obliterate a Constitution or frcpdotn. IT they
write a new Constitution or freedom, can the
new be better that tho old ! If they write a
Constitution oI'Mau'ry, will it not bo a worse
one! I ask the honorable Senator tiiat !
Hut tho honorable Senator sas that the
i-tuiiiu ui 1-111111.1111 win nine me nrm eo nl
..r v..i t :n i
establishing iiistitutionsrortheiiis,d,es. They
hac now tho privilege of establishing free
establish bhnery ' If so, what a mockery aro
all our Constitutions which prevent the inha
bitants from capriciously subverting frn. in.
ii n iriMicEo, men. to
stitntions ami establishing institution:) of
Slavery ! Sir. it is a sophism, a subtletv, to
talk nl conferring ii,u a country already se
cure in the blessings of freedom the power of
Holl'-dcstruction. What mankind even where
Mailt is not tin; removal of constitution or
I freedom that they may make at their pleasure
, . :, ; . . 1
but the pnv l ege of retaining constitutions
of freedom when they already have them, and
ine ri-nmv.ti ui cuusuuiiions oi biavery, when
they have them, that thoy may establish con
stitutions of freedom in their place. We
hold on tenaciously to all existing constitu
tions of freedom. Who denounces any man
for diligently adhering to such constitutions'
Who would dare to denounce any one for dis
loyalty to our existing Constitutions if they
were constitutions of despotism and slavery'
Jlut it is supposed by some that the applica
tion of this principle is less important in re
gard to Kansas nnd Nebraska than as a gene-
ral principle applicable to all other present
and future Territories or tho I nited States
Do honorable .Senators then indeed suppose
., .., ... ..it .
they uro establishing a principle at all ' If
so, I think they egregiously err whether the
principle is either good or bad, richt or
v,rniig. Miey .11 u nuiT'siuniisiniig it and can
not establish it in this wnv. You subvert
one law capriciously by making another law
in its place. That is all. Will your new
law have any nioie weight, authority, solem
nity, or binding f'urco on ruturo Congresses
than the first bad ' ou abrogate the law of i union thus forged and welded together ' 1
your predeccssurs others will have eipual have always heard, with equal pitr nnd dis
povver and ennui liberty to abrogato jours, i gust, threats, of disunion in the free States
You allow no barriers raised nrnunil tho old nnd similar threats in the slave-holdin'
law to protect it from abrogation. You erect i States. I know that men may rave in thl
; ; r . i
ol ttituie innovator-. On what ground do
you expect the new law; to stand ' IT, vou are
candid, you will conless that you rest your
noli,. 11 roll ml t'iiiii nu.t- n . at n , I... 1... ...I
hoj.es on tho ground that tho frco Statis
never agitato repeal, but alwav s ncriuiesce
It may uo that you aro right. I am not
going to predict the course of the free States.
1 claim no authority to sneak lor them nnd
less to pay what they will do. lint I may
venture to say that it they shall not repeal
this law it will not be because they are not
strong enough to do it. They have'povver in
the llouse of Representatives greater than
that of the Slave States, and, when they
chooso to exercise it, a power greater even
hero in the Senate. 1 will tell you another
thing ; tho frco States are not dull scholars
even in practical political strategy. When you
shall have taught them thataCouipromisolaw
establishing Freedom can be abrogated nnd
tho Union nevertheless stand, you will have
let them into another secret, namely ; that a
law permitting or establishing Slavery can be
repealed and the Vnion nevertheless remain
firm. If you inquire why they do not stand
by their rights and their interests more firm
ly, I will tell you to tho best of my ability.
It is because they are conscious or their
strength, and thercfijre unsuspecting and
slow to approhend danger. The reason why
you prevail in so many contosts, is because
you aro in perpetual fear. Theru cannot be
a convocation or AlsilitionistH, however im.
practicable, in Fancuil Hull or the Taber.
nacle, though it consists or men and women
who have sejiarated themselves from all effec
tive political parties, and who have renounced
nil nitili..nt n .h...!..b ... -i .1 . . .
lv', that thrill VutVfo n.Zfv" n t " ,"n
for themselves, to carry out th-ir puri.i.cs
and though thoy practice on that resolution!
1.... .V . . 1 . . '"..v..,
"ul juu vniso aiarm Hnu, your acitation ren.
.1 . .. .. h"'" no
uers necessary sucn Lomtiri
ders necessary such Compromises as those of
K-ii ami oi ip.ju. ,t n arc voting in the arts
I ui pontics you nre oiu. vt o are stroii"
em uic 1H-.IH, o are, increiore. over-cun-
fident, careless and indiffcrent-you aro vi" i-
I ,.. jili0l
you are weak. o are, therefore, over-con-
i.iiii. nii.i iicuvn. i non,, nro an triti tbot
redound to your praise. They aro Mn not
: . . . I '
in vuur uiskirugemcni. i only
" rhs.. rv lui.limro
nn.,l I ... .1
iv uo an exieni ol intervintion on vour
,i,i;. ,,r,.re.-;n .:.i.. .... .
.- --- )"'. -i'"--, miicn iiiny
inuuce the .Nortliat s iino lime, cither
r in this 1
loot vour l
or in some rutiirc generation, tu ml
i.iciics nnd loiiuw vour exiiiiin i).
.o.roonil , o,,,,roi,iiK'.
stands an minutely worse chance of endu
rance, llie Missouri Compromise was a
transaction which wise, learned, patriotic
siaiesineii ngrceii to burrouud und lortify
with the principles of a compact for mutual
considerations, passed, executed, and there,
: " ""sv ""l nej.ciiiauie in i,ui, i
...,j,v.i,,u iionoi nun laiiiscieute, anu
duw nut least until this very sessiuu of the
Congress of the United Stutis, it has had the
foice and authority not merely ul nn act ul
Congicss, but of a covenant between the free
States and the slave Slates scaiccly less
sacred than tho Cunstiiiitioi, wk..ir v....
then who are your lontriuting parties in the
law establishing guverinueiit ill Kanias and '
Nebraska and uhroguting the Missouri Com-
piuiiiiac ' What ure tho equivalents in this
law I What hits the North given and what '
, has the Smith gut back that makes this u con- I
, tract ' vv ho pntenda thut thisiaa contiuit'
i Who prclcnda that it is anything moie than
l the exercise of an ordinary ait of legislation !
If. then, a law which has all the forms ami I ed
I anriamiii. rciiiguii. u m cunuuou consent as
a iiimpail, uud i-ovirnl with traditions, can-
nni siatiii umni the shut'.'.ing ul this tnilatno
between the free Stutis und the slave Slutca,
till mo what chance this new law I hut you I
are pa-sing will have I Y'iiii are, moreover, ,
eltiiigi, pioivdciit which abingatea all cum.
I ju.iph,,, inn u laineil in,-
coiiwiil uf a portion ol Ihe tree States
enough tu render the ctl'irl at immediate re
peal nr resistance uliku impossible to what
we icgaided im an uiiconstiiutlidial act Tor the
siiiii'ii, 'ci uf fugitive slaies That wusde
claivd, bj the i .iniiiijii consent 0 iho p'l.ou
.ii-rilio in tl,o i,.i.,a of II,.. I.... ....;.... ,i.
In establishing this new principle.
,. ...... m mu xo lno cnances ol repeal.
10U not only so expose the FugithoShuoIuw,
but there is no solemnity ateut tho articles
for tho annexation or Texas which does not
hang about the .Missouri Compromise ; and
when you hac shown that tho Missouri Com
promise can ho repealed, then the articles Tor
tho annexation or Texas aro subject to tho
will and pleasuronnd tho caprice of a tempo
rary majority In Congress. Do you, then,
expect that tho frco Mates aro to observe
compacts and you to be at liberty to break
them ' that they aro to submit to laws and
lw;o them on the statute-book, lioweicr
grievous, and that you are to rest under no
such obligation ' I think it is not a reason
able expectation. Say, then, who from the
North will be bound to admit Knnsis and say
Kansas shall romo in here if she comens'a
slae Stale' Tho honorable Senator from
(ieorgia (.Mr. Toombs) and I know he is as
sincere as he is ardent, says that if ho shall
be hero when Kansas come as a free St.tto he
willuitc Tor her admission I doubt not
that ho would ; but he will not be hero Tor
the very reason, ir thero bo no other, that ho
in vote that way. When Oregon or Minne
sota einnes for admission within one vcr.
or two years, or threo years from this time
we shall then see what your new principle is
worth in its obligation upon tho slaveliolding
Slates. No you establish no principle you
only abrogate a principle which was estab
lished for your own security as well as ours,
and while you think you aro abrogating and
resigning all power and all authority on this
subject into tho hands of the people of tho
Territories, you are only getting over a diffi
cultyin settling this question in tho organiza
tion of two new Territories by K)stponing it
until they come here to be admitted as States,
Slave or free. Sir, in saying that your new
tirinciplo will not be established by this bill,
1 reason from obuous, clear, well settled prin
ciples ofhuman nature. Slavery and Freedom
aro antagonistical elements in this Gotcin
ment. The founders of tho Constitution
framed it with a knowledge of that ant (-
nim, and suffered it to continue, th.ifn
might work its own end. There is it com-
meri'iai antagonism, an irreconcilable one
between the systems of Free labor and Slave
Ubor. They hao been at war with p..I.
i . ' . "ul
other twr since tha iiir.rm,.nni . .-...
I lifhcd, and that war is to continue foronr"
The contest, when it ripens between these
i two antagonistic eleinentn. (,. I. ..i..i
somewhere ; it is to bo settled in the seat or
central power in the Federal Legislature.
The Constitution renders it thodutv nf Cm.
gross to determine questions as often as thev
shall arise in favor ol one or the other narlv.
and refers the decision of them to the ins jor-
ity or the votes in the two Houses or Con-
gress. It will come back hero, then, in suite
(, 1'nll til,, efforts !,.,.,.,,,., r,.., 1. Ti 1 ...
1 tagouis,,, must end cither in a separation or
I iiiiiiigunisi panics ine slaveliuliliii"
i States and the free States or, secondly, in
the complete establishment of the infloenco
of the slave power over the freo or else, on
the other hand, in the establishment or tli5
superior influence or Freedom over tho in"
tcrests or Slavery. It will not be termin -ted
by a voluntary secession of either
party. Comuierehl interests bind the
slave States and the free States together in
links of gold that are riveted with iron, aud
they cannot bo broken by passiun or bv am
bition. Kither party will submit to the as
cendancy of the other rather than yield the
..H..H.:.UHr.nt.. . r i.: r ,1 ..
tical ties bind the Union together a common !
necessity, and not merely a common necessity, 1
out too common interests (ii empire of such
empire as the world has never before seen.
The control or this national power is the con
tenl nf thecreat Western Continent, and the
control ot tins I eminent is to ho in a very
few years the controling influence in the
world. Who is thero North that hates
Slavery so much, or who South, that bate,
emancipation so intensely, that he can at
tempt witli uny dope ol success to break u
I. . . r . ! i .. .. i " .
uou ui hsiuii aim uniicr great i)iitical c.
citement , but 1 know that when it conies to
a question whether this Union shall stand
either with Freedom r ;, sin...... n...
mas-es will uphold it, and it will sttiiiil until
sonic inherent vice in its Constitution, not diplomatic missions, of which thecountr; had
yot dibcloscd, shall cause its dissolution. heard much, but not all
Now, entertaining these opinions, there aro Z.F"''1' "IU 'nis-ion of Mr. ( toencN toSvs
rormoonlytwo alternatives, viz - either to tvAsnv. It must have been conceived about
let Slavery gain unlimited snav, or so to ex- tho time thnt tho bill was ; and, according to
eit what little power and influence 1 may transpiring aicounts, must have been a grand
have as to secure the ultimate predominance movement in itself $.i,(J00,(JOU forasmuch
of Froidom. In doing this, 1 do no more Meiican teritory as would mako fivo or six
than those who believe tho slave power is I Suites of the first class. The area of the ae
rightest, wisest and best, are doing, nnd will quisition, as I understand it, was to extend
continue to do, with my free consent, to es. from sea to sea, on n line that would (jive us
tablish its complete supremacy. IT they shall Santander, Monterey, Saltillo, I'arras,Sonora,
succeed, I still shall be, as I have been, a loy- and all Lower California. This was certainly
al citir.cn. K we succeed, 1 know they will a largo movement, in iioint or money and ter
be loyal also, betauso it will be safrst, wisest ritory.anu alsolarge in political consequence ,
and best, for them to be so. Tho question is and clearly furnishing a theatre fur the doc
one not of a day or or a year, but oT many trine or non-intervention, if there should be
years, and. Tor aught I know, many genera- "ny design tu convert the newly acquired let
tions. Like all other great political ques. ritary from jree soil, that it is, into slave soil,
tions, it will bo attended sometimes by ex- that it might be desired to be. Here then, 1
citement, sometimes hy passion, and some-1 believe I have found ono branch nf tho grand
times, perhaps, even by faction; but it is moveiiient; and although Mr. Gvnsntx re
suro to be settled in a constitutional way, turned from his mission with a small slice
without any violent shuck to society or to only of the desir! territory, yet he has re
any or ita groat interests. It is, moreover, turned to his post, and may have better luck
suro to bo settled rightly ; bocnuso it will be on a second trial if Santa Anna escapes
seitiea tinner tnc nenin influence of Kepub.
uranism anu Christianity, according to tin
princiiilcs or truth and luntico and human
reason. In pursuing such a course, it seems
to mo obviously as wise us it is necessary to
save all existing laws and constitutions wim-li
are conservative or freedom, and to permit as
far as possible tho establishment of no new
ones in favor of Slavery, and thus to turn
away tho thoughts of tho States which tole
rate Slavery frum political efforts to perotu
ate what in its nature cannot be perpetual, tu
the more wise and benign policy ol imanci
ration. Thin, in my Tiumble "iiidznicnt. is
the simple, easy path of duty for the Ameri
can statesman, I will not coiitoinnlalo that t
other alternative Iho greater ascendancy or I
the clove poster. I helieve that, if it over j
should come, tho voice oT Freedom will cease
to be hcud in these halls, whatever may bo 1
the 'evils and dangers which Slavery shall
.1.!. .. I.l .11 -
pro, nice, i say mis win, out uisrespcci lor
representatives of slave Stales, and I sny it
because the riirht ot netition and of defrntn
on that subject is ctl'ectuully suppressed j
necessarily suppressed, in all thcslaveStates, ,
and bec.iuso they aro not always held in rev
ereme and respect even now in the two Hous
es of Congress and when freedom uf speech
0 i a subject of such vital inttreat shall have
ceaseii u ue lieiiru in t (ingress, then I shall
exp xt to see Slavery nut only luxuriating in
all new Territoriesbut stealthily creeping
intu even tho free Slates themselves. Fur inc.
at least, and all who think as 1 du, that III.
erty is secure just in the degree that equality j
l n- ana, an,, mat mo seeuri ly in inociiuon
requires complete miionaibililv on the part
of the Government and that doiline und ruin
follow always in the train of Shivery, this
will do no longer u land uf Freedom but a'
...ou ui uiuvrj,, .vsioir iruauare nomim-
hut impenum atuue ubi solitudinem fanunt
pacem appellant. Sir, I luyealwayssaidthat
1 should not despund, even if this Tearful
measure ahould bo effected ; nor do 1 now do- '
land of Slavery. Auferre trucidare nomim.
sponu .iiinoiigii, reasoning Horn my re
M iit luuviLtiiint, I ehuuld not have vottd lor
the Coiiiprniuiso of 1820, I have labored in
tin. very spiiit ur those who established it to
save tne landman: ul Irceuum winch it assign
I have not tpok.ii irnvereiitlv even of
...:. ui,-, .. , i -i- ... . I
iho i.omproa.iM'iii BOU, vvlncli, ue all men
know, I opiHiu'deaincttlyniid with diligence
Nevcrtheliss. I have alwavs l.ufeiiid the
Cowproiulsve of the Oonsli'tutiuti, aud have
wulilcd noollnl, I feared ll otlitis. This
vtj. a le ulin riiuiplc of tho great statis-J
m.m ol' the South, (Mr. Calhoun.) Said he,
--i aee my wuv 111 IIIC V-UIISlltUllOII , 1 C.llllllll
in iv cuiiipruiiiise. ,v cniiiproiillse IS nut ull
ai t nl" Ciiiign ss It in ly Ih; nverruli d nt uny
tiu.e. It gives us no Nciurity. Hot the Con
stitution is at tut. llisu'in, k on which
vv, can stand, und on which w cauim.tuur
fliciuls lioni Un. noii-hlavehuliling States. It I
U a firm and -Mul tumid, on ss hi. Ii we i. a
better atalid in opi,.ilioii tu liiiuitliism than .
uli the shilling s.ind or compromise. Let us elation nf Ihe true value nf Ihe feminine g.ui
Le dune w ith ciiuiiriiuiiaes, uh go back 1 dcr
. a, u u,,uu ine yonsiiiuiton. I stood
pon it " SircXun dScd sKr'y I
wis overruled then, nnd 1 have wnito.l sinco
without proposinc to abroeato anv enmnrn.
without proposing to abrogato any compro
mises. It has been no proposition of mine
now to abrogate them i but the proposition
has come from another quarter from an ad
verse one. It is about to prevail. The shift,
ing sands of Compromise are passing from
underlay feet, and they aro now, without
agency or my own, taking hold on tho fiock
ol the Constitution. It shall bo no fault oT
mine it they do not remain firm. This seems
to ine auspicious or better duysaud wisr le
gislation. Through all the darkness and
gloom or the present hour, bright stars are
breaking that Inspire mo with hopennd excite
me to perseverance. They show that tho day
or Compromises has passed forever, nnd tlnft
henceforward all great questions between
freedom nnd Slavery legitimately coming
here and none other can come shall be de
cided as they ought to be, upon their merits,
by a Tair exerciso or legislative power, and
not by bargains ur equivocal prurience it not
of doubtriil morality The House of Itepre
(cntitlvcs bus, and ulways will have, on in
arm ting mijority of members from the Fre,.
States On this occasion that llouso has not
been altogether faithless to tho interests of
tho Freo States ; for although it has taken
away the Charter or Freedom from Kansas
and Nebraska, it bus at tho same timo told
this proud body, in language which compels
acquiescence, that in submitting the question
of restoration, it would submit it not merely
to inteiested citizens, but to the suffrages id
tho alien inhabitants of tho Territories also
So tho great interests of Humanity aro after
all, thanks b to the House of Itepresenta
tius and thanks to Cod, submitted to the
voice ol human nature. Sir, I see one
more sign of hopo. Tho great support oi
Slavery in the South has benn its alliance
with tho democratic party or the North.
lly means nftlml sllisnce.it obtained paramount
influence in this Government about the year
ISliu, which Irom Hint timn to this, with hut
few mid slight interruptions, it has maintained.
While Democracy in the North has thus boon
supporting Slavery in the fcoufh, the people or
the North have been learning more profoundly
the principles or republicanism and or tree
giiteriiiiieiit. It is an extranriliinry citciiui
stincc, which you, Sir, the present occupmt or
the Chair (Mr. Stuart) I am sure will not frniti
say, tint nt this moment, when thero sncms to
bo a more complete divrcence of the Federal
Government 111 fnvor of Slavery than ever before,
the sentiment of universal Liberty n stronger
in nil the Trie States than it ever was hiloro.
1 Will' that principle tho present Democratic
' party must now come into a closer contest,
I '' Pfstioo of Democracy is fist waning ,y
rcon of the hard service which their alliance
-,il. ,l..r JU.1, k..l : I
' in that circumstance, and 111 the
mot mat inev nrc nrnugiit, oy supnortin" tho
! interests of the slave labor of the .South in the
new Territories, in onnosition toiho fren l.ilmr.
eis of the North in the new I erritoncs mid
States, Ih it they are losing, and nrc destined to
lose, by persevering in that policy, the power
w Inch they have held so firmly u'u.l so long.
That power will not come back to them ao.iui
until Hie principle established here now sliall
bo reversed, and a Constitution shall ho given,
not only to Kansas nnd Nebraska, but alo to
every oilier mtionil territory, which will not he
a tabula rasa, hut a Constitution securing rqn.il
llnivcri-.il and perpetual Freedom.
The Itcnl Mcniiintrof the .Vcbrnskn
Col Hen ton, who scents a pulitk-.il conspi
racy with a sagacity instructed by experience,
and rarely ut f ml' . ot.i..;....i -I. ...... . , .-..I..
a few remarks during Thursday's debate on
the Nebraska bill. Ho tookocc'asion tu refer
to the declaration of Mr. Sivv.vhd, uf fieorgi.i,
that, so far lis the immediate cil'cct of the hill
on the Slave Mutes is concerned, he was op
posed to it, but that he should support it as
a Southern man, on account of im ulterior
operations, a containing a principle to be as
serted in future, and which teas put into the
bill to betoine the basis of some proud move
ment in tint country. Col. IIlmia said he
wisneu to Know what these ulterior opera.
, tions were, before he wetit.inv liirtherin this
matter. He could only cone'elure what they
bo ..! (".... , ...!.... 1...
. - t . . . .
thoucht he found somethiiiL' of thcin in two
Irom tho speckled. Indians (Los lndos I'intos)
who liave him at bay in the Sierra
Second The mission of Mr. Soi'le to
Madrid also a grand movement in itself, if
rejorts be true 2,10,00(1,110(1 rnrCulm ; and
a rumpus kicked up it' the island is not got.
Here again might be found anise for the non
intervention principle; hut of that I say
nothing, because I know nothing and wish to
know something. Of the ncquisitioy it-lf 1 ,
say notinng now, uui u.u say sumein. g i
nhnit' rorfv-fniir vears nro in n .Nn-hvlllo ,
about forty-ruur years ago in a Nashville
nowsiaper, published hy Tuojivs F.sti.n, called
the Impartial Review ; in which I discussed
Cuba as the geographical appurtonanceonh
valley oftheilississimii. and eventually to I...
como It- political appurtenance; I
got with honor whenever it wn- gnl
all that faith I still remain firm. N
nut to oc
t , nnd lu
our ! no slain on the bright and spotless fnmo
left us by our lathers 1
. 1.7 - ...... , i..:..
.vir. Lhairman i uiscussiioining in relation
to those rumored acquisitions of the Island
of f'llbi nnd a hnud sido of .Mexico: I onlr
call attention to them as probable indexes to
tho grand movement or which the member
Irom iicorgia gave us the rovel.ition, and
which no one has denied. According lo him,
and according tn my own lielieT, thts ,eliraiia
bill ii only an entering wedge to future
enterprises a thing iiianuractured for a par
ticular purpose a stepping stone to a grand
movement which is to ilovelofio itself in this
ejuntry of ours. I wish to know what that
movement is. 1 have n ri 'lit to know. In ni
able me to discharge my duties understand-
ingiy ; huh i respect i uny crave ine iniorma-
tion'frnm thos w Im have the conducting of
Scottish Ji'stui.- poor man, ball a ccn
( . - ' ----
tury ago or more, was iittcinpting ta violate
V1 i''uie U'x h '"Mting a door, the penalty
f"r ""' "ffl!nt'0 l,llnr5 11 of ho pounds, or,
jn fiansult of funds, thirty lashes He gave
hall tho deer tu
neighlsir,, who had the '
' meanness nitt rwaru-to complain ol hnu, in
urdtr that halfiiiusl go to tho iuforiiiei- uud
half to the king. Tha utfjndcr was couvic- i
tld and fined uccurdin 'I v. but iil.-adcd that i
. . . o-j. . t --- .-. ------ ,
" '"u "J mduo 1 a" . "'
ma 'istrati. .wo inaun ha o Iho l..sh,.s th.1'1.
j Cue poor mail was submissive. Tho luagu
Irato then Mid to the ShiiilT, "Tuk that uson,
, tl o Informer, lie him till yon tn c, and gin
him fifteen lashes, which will Ik, his hall ;
I and when King Ucorge comes over, w-e will
' gie hiiu his half. Half till the informer and
half till the King."
"Sit iMV-tlVEcciits per gal '"pxcl.iiiii
ed Airs' Partiugtmi nn looking over the pi in)
ci I lent "Why, bless mc vvbni is the world
turning to ivlieii'ihe gnls nrc vnlnnl at a. veiity
t'vo ci-iitu1" Tho old lady jnilledof her s c, -la,
Lb, threw-down her is'ii.ci, and went lulu
a brown sludv on tue want of l,ro!'r np,rc-
9, 1 86).
The llostmi I ii"ilho t'ns,.
W'1' 'l''- '
J J' ""' "",ro il"ri't!"' 'nets in the
CTS" nr H'lrns, the Fucitive. w hose seinront
Boston nnd rendition to sl.iveiy, has iiroiis"d
so Intcnso nn interest throughout tho Union.
A connected view of tho vaiious events will
however be of Interest.
On Wednesday evening, May 21th, Antho
ny Hums, a colored man, I ctween 2M nnd 2."i
years old, in the employ nf n clothes dealer,
was scied in Brattle, street, Boston, by three
hired bullies, under the orders of Watson
Freeman, United States Marshal, en it pre
tended charge of theft, nnd conveyed tu t' c
Court House, wheio he vvus visited by Mr
Suttle, who claimed him as his 1.ivp.
Tho next morning, ( I hiiis.hiy) Hums was
taken berore lion. IMvvnrd i Loring, l niied
States Commissioner, upon the Pillowing
U.MTin StlTls ul Avinclrv, MvtACIMl1l-
To the Marshal of our District of M.issa.
chusetts, or to either of his Deputies,
III the name of the Pros! lent of the Lniieil
States of Amerba. vou are hereby cniiini.ind
ed forthwith to apprehend Anthony liunis.
a negro man, alleged now-to bo in jour dis
trict, charged with being a fugitive from la
bor, and with having escaped IVoni serviie in
the Stato of Virginia, if he may bo l'.,uiei in
your precinct, and have him 'fuitbwilb lie.
fore ine, Udward li luring, one of the com
missioners or tho circuit court of the I i,it., I
States Tor the said district, then and thcie to
ati-wer to the complaint nf Charles I'. Smile
of Alexandria, in the said Slate of irgim.i,
merchant, alleging, under oath, that the .iid
Anthony Hums, mi the twenty-fourth d.ivol
March last, did, and for a long time piior
thereto had owed .service and I ibor to liim,
tho said Suttle, in the State of Virginia, un
der tho law- thereof; and that whilst held to
servico there by said Suttle, tho said li-.rns
escaped from tlie said State of Virginia into
tlio said State of Massachusetts ; nnd that
said Mums still owes service and labor to said
Suttle in the said State nf Virgin! i; and
I'mjiiig nun saiu liiirns may he restoied to
him, said Suttle, in said State of Virginh,
nnd that such further proceedings nriy then
and there bo had in the premises as aro In
law in such cases provided. Hereof fail nnf,
and make due return of this writ, with your
doings therein, beforo me.
Witness my hand andse.il.nl lioston nlore.
I said, this twenty-fourth d.iyof May, in the
i year nf our Lord, niie thuiisand eight hundred
I and iif'tv-fntir.
; i:i)V. (i. l.olflNfi. ( oiiimis,i,jir.
II. I". Parker, r-q , appenrcd as counsel lor
j Testimony was introduced supporting the
claim ol'Charles I'. Sullln to Anthony Burns,
as his slave, when I! If. Dana, ,Ir , and
C M F.lli-, Esqrs., urged a postponement.
The Commissioner informed Burns that if he
desired a postponement it should bo grant. I.
Burns timidly said that he should like n j (
poncment, and the Commissioni r adjourned
the case until Put unlay morning nt oVh.ek.
A meeting was summoned at Faneuil Hill
on Friday evening by the publication nl" the
"A man kidnapped ' A niil.lic meet inn.
Faneuil Hall, will be held this evening, "l'i i
day. May 2Cth, nt 7 o'clock, to secure justice
for a man claimed as a fugitive, by n Virzinin
Hilnopi.er no. I in..iMMni.,..l in It.'.ct..,. I ..
House ' in defiance of the I.-ivvsof M,i ndni.
setts ' Shall he be pliinmd into the fb-H r,f
Virginia Slavery hy h M.isatehusctts .lu.L'e
The attendance wns large. Speeches w, re
made by H. W. Bird, John I. Swift, Wendell
Phillips and Theodore Parker. The speak
ers used strong nud violent langu ige, tend
ing to cxcito their hearers, although some of
them attempted to avoid directly adv iing an
interference with the iegnl.ii" tourse of h.di.
ci.ll proceedings. A .-eiie-of resolutions
wcro introduced by Dr s. i,. Howe, union"
which were the following
Ilisolred, That the perfidious s. imre nf
Anthony Bums, in this city, on Widnosday
evening last, on the lying pretence of having
committed a crime ng.iin-t the laws nf this
State his imprisonment as nn alleged fugi
tive slave in the Court House, under guaidol
certain slave.catchin riifli.ius and hi .,,.
tcmplated trial as a pieceof properlv ..-m .r
row limrning are outrages never l.i be sanc
tioned, or tamely submitted to
Reiolved, Th.at, (in tho language or Alger,
non Sidney,) "thai which is not just is "not
law, and that which is not law ought not to
be obeyed "
Resolved, That as the South has decreed,
in the- lato jsissagc of the Nebraska bill, that
no faith is to bo kept with freedom ; so, in
the name or the living dud, and on the part
or the North, we declare that, henceforth and
rorever, no compromises should be made with
Reohed, That nothing so well becomes
Faneuil Hall as tho most determined resist
ance to a bloody and overshadowing despot
ism. Resolied, That no man's freedom is safe
unless all men are free.
The meeting was irregulirly brought to a
close by the announcement that an attempt
was making for the rescue of the negro, and
the crowd rushed to the Court House, on
which an assault was made. The windows
were smashed by volleys of stones, the door on
tlt wrst ,i(e as i,,,ttcrcl in by blows fron,
, k j ,. k , - . , d
1 ' I 1
way, between the mob nnd the officers, in the
course of which pi-til shot; were fired on
both sides, and J. linos I! icbe Icr, a special
officer, was killed, as was first supposed by a
p. ..l shot, hut :ih it uftervvar.ln pioved. I v ,1
stab in the Unwls The mob thtu retreated,
the police niado a number of arrests, .md tl
Court llouse :i g.irrisuut 1 bv a coips of 1 .
Vest div several compauiis nf the t.ite
Infantry and Artillery held Court Squain.
w hich was surrounded by immense crowds,
and tho limit intense excitement prevailed in
the city and surrounding country, but no
further outbreak occuried
wilt uf hnbta curput was served upon
the Marshal, in older to bring Burns before.!
I Court, to which hotvercr ho piid no alien,
j tiou On Saturday the hearing commenced.
, Hichardll. Dana, nnd Charles M Ellis, ailing
I a. counsel for the fugitive.
! The hearing was continued until Wodnes
i day, M iv 31st, the troops guarding the Court
1 House, and the police promptly tupprcsaiiig
! all attempts to ire.ite disturbiuco. Evidence
I vv. i introduced on tin part of the claimant to
prove his ownership of Bums. On the other
band, it vvu s asserted by several witness, .
that Horns was in 11, is toll some vveuus pie
v iotis to the d ly spctifiud by the wariaiil tn
th.' time of his escape. The couns.il for
Ui.vns kiftad thorough!;' the evidence, found
uumcrous flaws in tlio records of the Vnginiu
Court, under which the ilaim was minU, ur.d
Mv. Dana iloicd in an iMicdingly ublo legal
iirguuii'iit. The decision nf the Cummisiiuiicr
was however ou the side ot Slavny, uud the
nun as our readeis kiun, , was ttiorteil hy a
I iii,e folic of military ui u revenue cuiter,
nnd sYippnl back to boud.ig'
Niuncruua im i.l, ills of intii-st oieuir.,1,
dlllllg tllC pi nve.li.lg. Ilistlly si le 1 I
a' iv . 1 1 1,1 1 ,1 i.'ii '. h, I, . 11 ,t lo
iiliuile Oil 1 w ie ma , at ,, (i.e. 1 v 1 1-
Suttle ti) release the mail lor the sum -.1 - I -I (
1 The oiler not being complied with wit' i 1 the
l -ir I lime, ns Mr settl. iilbged, 1;, 1 r
to tike t'i ii -ii ,im v.lt'i Ir in .i, .
queiitly it vvu . i I t!,.it no s i.n
It noins that the Cuunui'hi.i , r w i-,
posed to nlbw to t'm intrjilm Hon
ovideiico nnd nrgnnvnt ly ci.H.s l, ns
as us lie supposed the law to nil j,v l.im
None or the indecent hnstu wnl seen w I b h
has chnrnetriizod some of tlio Ni vv York
cases. We have not yet received a nt.it mnt
of the grounds on which he placed his decis
ion. n::nt , r nourc ,m ':i.ow.
A Mr A'Pim. ii'-oveied in n lwrr
court . l.'dld of i II. (. (., In ponns.lv-ni.il.
for a hurt received by him in jumping from
a train vvbi. h was pas-ing by (thour.li with
diminished speed) a stntion where he wished
to stop. It a penred that it was from acci
dent that the train did not stop 1 he Su
preme court reversed the deciiun.
fiiiv, ,, tn n annually T.200,.
OtMI.'iOfl lb-., of fw or which ai,Olli).uno lbs
are consumed i , OrMt Britain.
Titf insy Ciimtnon l oiin.il, nt o
spoti.it meeting held on Tuesday I i .f, adopted
a lesoliition in r.tvor of lo tiling .'!('n.(ii
the lb. no Northern B.iilma.l
-Ilvitiii- lln,nvnn, tho plastic specimen
or.N'.ii tbein dough who now enjoys the bid
distinction of being one of the three New
l;"Kl.'d ' i who voted fur the Nebraska
a I kiiii ination, hen a member of tho N. II.
Senate, in l.s.(, advocated nnd voted for a
resolution, .,is,.i unanitnoit-lv. thnt we
are in fiivnr of the passage of u law by Cjii
giess, for, in prohibiting sarrri in New
Mexico nnd California, nnd in nil other terri
tories now acquired by the United Statis-, in
which shivery does not exist at tho time or
A smvi! vesvel was recently round,
eapsirod, on Lake . Michigan, w ith writing on
the bottom, and tho names or those who had I
(.lung to the wreck until Impound endurance
were both ovh.tiislod. The following touch
ing words were a part of the wilting
" Whoever finds this boat. .1. Miller, ma-,
tor. (n word illegible) intelligeii.-e to my
wife lIMJnml 12 dollars anil .Ml c. nts l.ishe."l
to thi- boat. II. S. Biishnell, Duo. i, I.m
Co., Illii. ,is.'
A roRRrsroNPExr of the Norfolk fl-arn
complains of ie insuppoit I'de and growing
insolence d'oor neoroes," ns evidenced bvlivo
vehielcs w ith them h.-iv ing been " driven ra
pidly ti rough the street-," in a single day.
The Fditoi uspomls by titing a city Ordi
nance ngnnst this queer iiD'cnce, and cnlling
the attention of the Watchmen and Coii'ta.
hies to tho subject.
The H.tnoriuvnf the Steamboat S-cre-
t.iry, in Califuruia not lung since, occasioned
the death of fourteen poisons', and thr"riuiis
injury of six others, nmuiig whom was Mr.
E. II. Snyder, (.on of Mr. Jonathan Snyder
of the east part of this town) who had a leg
broken. Tnebo.it wis racing with another
ste.irub.jiit and the engineer had fastened down
tho safety v iho.
i'ut. .-sji.vi j. Pol hits disappeared fiuiii
the S indwiil, 1 laivlfland tho Hoar luf Health,
officially nnnuunces the cessation of its func
tions in consequence.
Mr. Cmyiov, tho leading member of
theenmtuittee on foreign relation", it is said,
is or opinion that war with Spiin will com
mence within ninety dav- Tin- war. t.m.
bnbly, will begin, if nt .ill, I y t'c blockade of
Cub i, and by letting loos') the tilliliii.ter-- on
the Man 1 I'M- will cut ull' the Hour trade
with Spai.., vvlin.ii is very profitable and im
irtant. nn 1 the sugar, (oll'.-e. and fruit Undo
with our Atlantic const.
flit t uiTEK ship I'liiii r: .,,.1 made
the run nut fr mi New Vol L to in IV, m. iseo
in is-1 davs This j., the quick- st li ip ever
made between the two poits, lien tin even the
s line v ess- l 's j lev ions rciuarkable voyage, of
r-9 days and l? bonis duuilioii, which, until
the last trip noticed nljovo, was the sw ifiest
Tut cvi rvts' of n merchant esd un-
I i-iding at Constantinople, feared lul.a'c n
part id hi- cargo cxposisl during the night.
It will ii jt rain," sud aMusslemun Hut
.I....I ....1 .i ' ....i. .
suuiuuuo, iii,i sit.-, ii uii-iii. vii, never
fear." replied the Turk, "there is not a
christian within evn miles."
Wovnrrtit'L firoLooicvL Discovery-
A fossil frog has been discovered in the Wa
bash bottom several feet below the surface,
vv ith hall a dozen strata of mud above him . to
the formation of which, a ending lo well
establiohedgeologic.il principles, u s.riodot'
ti. Pi ii I year-, each, may be attributed. When
this astounding iinte-Aihimic fo--il was
brought lo light, all the live frogs gathered
around it and exclaimed, " Pentoti u h ' Vcn
totnith ' Og ' lluiniug ' Enoel ' A''imeUch '
Ihilah ' Ani'il'1, ' Amnlil. ' thus expressing
their utt. r di-'ieliet in the Mosaic history
I'lieologi.uis will have to diei love this uw
fact ill sciuiee, bol'ore they can go along i
I irrr Jlaut. (1ml.) .rprcav.
'n;i.ilv corrcsi-jnileiit of the Jjuc-
nal of C.iinniei.e, is responsible for the fol
lowing aaid to be a genuine lull rendered by
a colored man to one of the clergy, mr ser
Bishoii lode Cup, Dr
To Ba.isif...!.! i.n Ml
To Agi ttinuiiiiiiom, HO 2.i
This negro would mike a good iiiodnin i.
porter. He has an ear Translated into our
dialect would n ad Hum
Bi buii to .1 ioo Dr
T'i b n In.rse half. 1 day, Jtlcls
T . r"tting orhllil Imtue. 2i "
Till Nlw Yobk Day I) ,ok has the fal-
lowing advirliseuient for Ihe South vvfsti tn t
Wanlid. A gentlemanly, mild, well in. I
formed tiaclur. to superintend the niintil j
and mor il ciillur of the juvenile members of
a pious, highly respect lblt uud wealthy 1
southern Family . lu one who ii-pm a lo iho
iiletsiiig ol another and a bettor world, tin
situation presents peculiar advantages , ult
rv liberal Address M. F. W , lute of Louis
The F.idtoB of tin Pittsburgh Post
his turned tvpe-sotter lln first effort ap
peared under ilia editorial head a fivv days
ago, and will be found beloa lie will, iio
doubt, be -'ons of them," nnn ol taes
' a NeW priNteli
this i our tirtt anari at ivpesettiug we
presume lh.it ii vviTl show tiiat we can learn
we are elf-fun;?1' too We
Want no help, we will have it n.'At without
: . - ni ... i ..5-.. i ...
alum". a aq iv") iimi-ii iiuiuivnriun,
we dun t luieinl to try it eveiy day ; nut wo
will let the qiiiiti'ia kuovv that wo uie one 03
talk ab.mi tKc .vrt of qriuting ' U if
just it. utti.v us lulling ull' a Log,"
It i repoitcd that a dandy Ulclv up.
ienr. it in Livva, with legs so attcuu iU',1 thnt
the uiitli.rili hud liiui uiroted lesaiiisi' be
had no "v isil lu iiiwiu
nl ui urt.
Il ..s done when it vino R'guii. it was
1 , 11 1 11 1, w is I, tit d.ioe, a .1 vit it waall I
v 1 o 11 -!'-'. I S ,;, ' it w.i.
it HI 01 , .,1 , .- 1 V 1 l 1- ! .'
f 1 I ' tl,,' :,s,,i ,-otlll- s-tl I'll t'i Dilllll
It v. , D i ,1 11 w 1 . 1 ,.11'!. ii vv 1-
D", 1 n I 11 1 , ,v . --' 1I1 .Lin ui 1 v , r ,1 w .sit 'I
D.oo, o , ,, ,, , ,. I..,, ! 1 , 1 ' ,1. ,l,ion
vol. , no. .v.
acj incr irr u j,.
From the New Enuland I'm.
Ii mil n s Orchnids.
A troo h.fi to itself need, littl
in,' 1 Jo not say t' nt pruning i
cs.-ary. b,.t I say tlist, in I
troes, nnturi' sho'ul.I bo sttidp i
ten on" Procures lre.s fur e.r,
Ing, l is inquiry should he, mt i t t
their diameter at the hasn' nr . '
tire roots 'nt what di.tiiicebnvf t . n
flom each nth' r In tho purser' ' n i
been thtir expo.tire In winds'- e ' ey
been once or twice trai.splaiite.i. , . ,
well I lied with fibrous rot v
'""A" I n grown in nrdinnrv " r n
they n fori ed growth hv stiiiitil . i
I will not insult the" coinnm i
mnn, by suing what answer -
to these questions Notre r. k
should bo planted in nnorchai.i i
ed and grow n enough M -tnnd al. a
all winds throw it aside as u-e',
Trjcs properly planted rerun. -during
the first "few years, t'i i".
balane. ,1 top, I iking out somen' ' ' r
otbnr limh Affr this tlio ru. n . d
is very tridir,,j-ron u -it ti s n
t!i owhnary i.f.' ol mans Hutu, t,,.
w.ild we i,.u-t take things as t.
r.ot ..-I they slioiihl be, or Wool I
wiHi proper early attention an 1 ,'i'tur 1
a far n practicable, remedy evi's- Ir ad ,
TI, lno-t common oiror in priitu . h t i
nlng out the whole interior or e o-iil ,r
tion ofa tree to -let in t'i" -nn.' t'lus , .ir
one-halfof tlio beiiring brniicbes, 1. avr .
hiked limb, producing Iruit only nt t 'v.. 1
beyond the reach of anything far r ' a . a
riieoon, without the ni.j'of bng 1 1 1 1 i-s. le-s.
eiiin.g tlio qtnntity of fruit and in ,,i,, i
quality Aptdcs protected bv i i s ...c
much better, larger and fairer. "('.er g i n
as nature designed,) than when grown , t
ends of long branches, expos d to tn "un in
July and August. In the coul, mois un 1
cloudy atmosphere some of uur Am 'ric.an
apples require tho trees to ba trained ta a
wall to lipen their fruit; but the eonrso
taught anj practiced hy the best English cul-
tivatuis is for their climate, not f .r ens
A tree proprrly trained for them in a lew
years miy be ruined by the hot suns and "old
winters of New England
Trees require differing training, d-rer, 1 g
on varieties A coure to perfect the Nir'ti
ern Spy or Newton Pippin, is wr, g f, r
I'hode Island d'reening and north.rn van -ties
When i dd trees nr.; grafted, a diff. rent cjir,
of thinning ut is necessary, an, 1 1 general, y
during the ur"t fBW years i"t is aev.,, y ti
cut out many uf the grafts. It is .ji liti," n o
to prune old trees standing on worn m s,,i s
(as is the case with most of our old us ' ard)
without first cultivating, manuring nn I sn
i plving alkalies, of which the soil l,..s be '-one
I exhausted . but ns thi- article is nlr a iv .piito
j too hag, I shall siy nothing of cultivati m
1 When a tree throws out sprouts on its
! branchis, it isa sure indication ol ,
und the natural remedy is to leave 'ho -t
to form new limbs nnd gradually r in m ti.o
Jio oraiicues. li mis uono wr'i t flMt
sprout', it will bo necessary- to leave vrv b vr,
and cut out old branches 'accordingly ' t),J
decyed tro.. which h.ivj been out , 'y n.
glocted, when filled with vigorous sb , ,i a
in a r..w vears hare entire n-vv t j s. 1 i
-irviiig the strongest in proper 1 1', 's'uiil
cutting out all the old limbs. Th - cv ry
man understands -lioiild be cut c! t , '
glowing limbs, and so us tu In. il ivr,:. t,t
covered vvith s me compositi n '1 I
i .... ... ,.t. i, .. .... x..r... ... ,c ,, x
with hiiekdust, and applied when warn w ,
a brush, ni.il'tit.g wax jr On n . '
solved in alchol, i- lu1 le to pjcl ofl jn ,.i n
The time fur general pruning in New E
lind i.- in June or eirly in Jul) . vtt, r tue firt
srowth. 'Ihe sap is then rapidly f.rm 1, nnd
descenls from the leaves ithat ali .res'i i i ,
commence closing ianueli.it. ly. Ltrged'al
and dying li'nbs m iybe cut thrnigli t- iua
nur. nnd tej tnnUr or Ootn'j. r, u' cor r 1
with composition Ml winter j rum is
bad February, March nnd A j , , I ir , ie
tvurai three mo'i'! i t'i ,,..rf. , mi,, ,
tie, s ..,. -uoi, nrter n-ends, flows fnm ti.
llcsli wounds lua.lo by etittin ' I r i- s
p .isuiung ano Killing the oark, aii.l
ml i riming i s thon done it k v ,v
I nnt aware that winter or e.nl.
pruning is advocated by many vciv nit
men, but in a conntrv iv here'ev ei v w.
thermoiuet r falls from in to 2l ,1
zero, it i- far Utter to let trees aV
ono win iuiic one s.j treated (and t is c o
done) see it ngain in August, wi'i t e
black and de.nl bark on limbs and bo s
caused by flow of sap, an 1 mark its pr ,gress
a l'i w years, he mi,.t he satisfied it may ' as
well to cut a tree at the root, and rem ,v it
i ntiro, as to cut oQ" one-fourth of us . i in
I tin winter nr early m th,
t . doour.ii h
Burlington, Vt , March, 1?54.
SlRSNor. St'psRsriTio.N Thp Narwidi
(Ct.) Courier relates a strange anj aim, it in
credible t lie ofs'ipcr-tnion recently ense'ed nt
JcvtetlCtty is tint vicinity. About e gut jeirs
ago, HoRvcr It av, of (inswohl, di- d oi cjii
sumption. Since tint linie tw-o onus ch drci,
crow n up people, have died orihe sa ne disease
the last one dying some two years since. N ,t
long ngo the saino fatal disease seu-'d up u
another son w hereupon it vvas deteriiiincd lo
evhiime the bodies of the two broiher- m-eaily
dcid and Anni them, be aiue the dead iter mp.
poitdto feed upon the living ; and so long as
Ihe dead" body in the grave remained a a slitu
of decomposition, either who'ly or in pa", iua
surviving members otthe family mu-l cont.iiu.)
j to furnish the sustenance on which ratd-id
I body fed. Aclimr under the infiuenio .if ' a
strange and blind superstition, the faun v and
I fi lends id' the deceased proceeded t , ' ,e
ml ground at Jeweit Cnv on the 'b i , .
up the bodies of ihe dcceiseil br it
, burned thcin on the sput.
' 'Your old Kentucky hoine "you p ..ir
yui"snid Mrs P irlington, a she i" -mold
cup out ul il.e windo.v awny
Ihe no Imght tn csich the note -s of -., s
individual w as singing, in a dis,n . v,
nor dwellini.' "I in to my nea 1
ihere, where join friends could t ike M'-'r
and do for v ni. Il H a titnble thin? '
distress awuy nil' aiiiong stranurrs p
where you ami aoqu noted wuli ipy . '
I don't thin',' it !o s well for a n oi '
up h w hole neighborhood at iiinlni.. iw.
sorriia.-.' She saw bun ilisnpiieir .a i,
lerwards in .i shop with i rcdcuiliui.
and with ihe remark that she gucs-cif '
rcniur had I'ono into gel souielhin.' '
vingila hisciauru'' with, she shin
I wind, w and 111 live iniuuies by ,
mantel clock that ticked sleepily 111
ber he had fjrootten sll about ts
I horn'. Post.
IV II 1 ,0
Sviini Lvn. A negro boy being ben bv ''is
master lo borrow a pound of lard tr. i
b.ir, thus delivered hi." n'ossigc
'Msn. T'honison, nisssa sent ..y ' 'o
horry or beg 11 j oiind of hog tiller ' .i i.e
BOi ile old sow up in de pt n, fa in,' !i , e
to kit her day before yesterday, an ' 1 c
ovi r week' furc last, and pay ull j .-u is"
Anoiiii.h." Maaaa sajs, km v 11 p v .
hill r" Y'otir tnaater Is in a treat Inn' 1
not goinjf 10 run aw ay." " No. but I ?- " -,,i
..-a-a'j g'vnw to tJti away lic.el."
ry FAVCMMV-.Ta have I'oen u;a 'c vi(,in 1 ie
priipertio of t'"' v iter 1'' Suit la' I .1 ,
for nrcteruni meat, bv Mr. St.n s w m d
1 ids .issoiiatoii. A l.it'i-,0 pinv of i'rib - if
was siianeniled Iroui a cord and i'...i.u 1 1 n
the lake for over 12 hours, when r. w .
to lie tnleraldv well cuivd. I ft 1 t'
th. meat they wis' ol to be us r .
1 m kid into oarrcia wituoui any .r
evi r. ai 1 the vis-. I vvu I'd
w-.it , V lint' r 1 ir .0 J.ii
oe .-s ,r- I'll' 1 tn .it 1 :,' 1
so ...o nlt.i hi' c -itsiaii'lv exp
111 - '
salt lor pre