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VOL. XXArlI....W -
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EJj-The FnrKFnrm mny heobtnlned In California
of CiuulbsI'. Kimball, "Noisy Carriers," Pan
f it k i: it i: s s
BOOK "J. J03 PRINTING OFFICE
No. 6 Collcio St., Uitrltnr.tun Vt.
!"ook, PAMrntrjrs, Ilv-iomees, I'noUHVMars,
ClRCULAIls, lll.VNl.s, Hll.l.llKUis, CAUIH,.tr.,
Executed lu both Plain and Oriumentil style, with
neatness, accuracy and protul'tltu Jo.
iS2 ICW. Wi.'.-'-o'o
O. G. BENUUICT,
umuissioN'ut nin Tin. svi'atk t'F
Oice, free f'ess Room, ISurlington, I'miuvl
C. L. BENEDICT,
COMMISSION 1311 F011 TIIU STATU OF
VERMONT, IN NEW YOI?K.
Uh'UCi: 70 Hall Strut.
Life, Fire and Marine Insurance.
C. l DAVKY, A&cnt.
O'Szo, over (J. W. Allen's Apothecary store,
corner of Church .md College Mrcvts,
BUHLI.NtilO.V, .... Vt.
.March 20. d.UIy
C. F. DAVE V,
ATTOHNEY AND COUXSUI.LUlt AT LAW ANU
noLicirun ix cn.xci:uv.
Ofhco over U. V. Allen's Apothecary Store
uurncr of Church uud College streets,
IturlliiKton, ..... Voriuolil.
March 20. dAwly
Fire and Marine Insurance,
Or MARTiORU, CO.N.V. CAI'ITAL $ 3 0 0 . 0 .
Conuccticut Insurance Co.,
Of nAItTFORPj PONS . CAPITAL 12 0 0,000
NOUTII WKSTEUX IXoUltANOK CO.
ve oswkgo, x. v. capital $200,000 ;
Roger William's Insurance Co.,
or piwviDEvcr, r. i. cpitl $100,000.
I N S U K A N O E
nn amount not exceeding .10,000 dollars in ono
risk, takuu by tbo eubscribor, ad Avul
Kit tho ubJ0 OulUpduic;,
at tair ana aae
LIFE INSURANCE will ho effected In .TutnL Muck
and Mutual Insurance Companion of the first ttumU
George F. Edmuncls,
T TOKNKY AND COUXSKLI.Olt AT
SOLICITOK IN CHANCKltV,
Olllceover t'oiniuereiul Itiuil;, llurllimloli
March 10. dAwtf
PAbMKItA IIAVV. AUI),
Attorneys 6c Counsellors at Law,
orncE, xo. ,...i:.Mi'iiiK iiijck,
St. I'nul Miniifsntii.
RntTARUC.rvLMF.il, 1 WILIIUR M. II U WAIlll,
Commisiuintr fir Vt, .V.iry I'vUit .
February, 1855 illntf
S VI. 11 .-' V5tJr,:v,
JUorncy si el CoHU'rHnr iif Liw,
office o vr.n roMM:nri.t . ia.va.
Aprils, 1SS5. air
JOHN B. WHEELER,
REAL F. S TA TK A a l r,
It U II Ii I N G T O .V V. It MONT,
Particnlar attention glren tu thn purehso nral
l aloof Heal Ettate, the investigation of Land Ti.li -,
Leasing, Collecting Kenta, Iujurln, Paying Taios,
Ao. Ac, i-c.
OKDETtS RECEIVED FOK MAUItlAdE A It.
dress, Party, and rtusini-ss Copper-plati; En
Tboso who alroady hare engraved pbitcs of their
Cards, can have them neatly printed ntsbort nulice.
Efr-AprdY at tho IIEE PHEls.-i UKI'iri;, where
Spteimrnt ojvar.out I yttt can berfeen
Hooms in (liu City of New Vork.
G1 EN'ThEMEM VISITING THE CITY Or.VEW
T YORK, can find pleasant accoimnoilatU'ns nt
No. 18, West Tenth Street. Ihe locality is very
airy and hoaltliyand convonlentfurstrmigers, being
near to the Cth Avenuo Railroad, and soveral lines
of Stages! and the rooms will bo found moro
Opposite. Union Iliiilrnnil Depot,
ALBAXY-NT., TROY, X. Y.
rf 1IIIS HOUSE WIM, HE OPEN ON OR AH0U1
M the '11 of Mareli, fur tlio accumiiiod itlon ul
the pulilio. The llouie is nuiv, nielli fitted up with
all the modern improvements, und la beiogfurnUlictl
in a superior manner. The proprietor will be liuppj
to see any of his fwrincr friends; alsu, all tho.o o.
the travelling public who may faior Idin with acall,
J. W. STEARNS, Proprietor.
Marchl 17,651, dtf
mnvwivn ivir I'niin
illinium i.m Mumim,
HOOK AND NHW.S INK,
or the hkbt quality, ash at lowkst PiurKS
Orders miiy ho Adilicsscdto
fi. V. IlllNUDICT,
ff0tE - NO. J .460.
nv crnnKix rtitt.
The hum in hcirt Ium hidden trcftures,
In pecrot Kept, tu rllencc fented J
The thnuplit, tlio hopos, the dream? , tho plcaiurc;,
Whose chnrtus win broken, If reealod.
And di3miy ah In j;iiy confusion,
And nights in ruUy riot fly.
While, lot in ruine'a (ir AVcnlthV illufion,
Tho nuMiioiy id thi- pa't miy din.
Put there nto hurs of lonMy mu-lng,
Such in v cuing silence come.
When soft n Idrdi their pinions closing,
The heart tft ferllngs gather home.
Then In our soul there sccnn tn languiih,
A tender giUT lhat is notnoo ;
And thounhts thnt oneo wrung grnan of anguWli,
Now cause hut some mild tears to flowr
And ft'cting. once n strong a paion,
l'lont siiflly hack a Tided dream ;
Our own shnrp grlefi and wiM scnutions,
The tttc tif otherS fii.Teilng seem.
Oh ! ulien the hnut 1 frohty btccillng.
How lng it for that time t. be.
When through the mist of y ears icctJlng,
It woe hut live in rcvvilp.
And it can dwell on moonlight slimmer,
On evening inde and loneliness,
And ihilc the fkygn.ws dim anl dimmci,
TtcN no untold nad nl dhtitsi
Only h deeper Irnpul'e girn,
lly lonely hourand dirkcnud room.
To siolemn thoughts that soar to hcatcn,
HccMng a life and woild tn eomo.
Aliolhi r Crnn: Hurling.
'I'lirj iliill.i'n (.'ommcrcial contains n ilo
tnili'il iirrount nf tlnj cxjiloi t (if Mr. Ih'ckrr,
v:1ni Jc-'i 1 nn tlic t'.tli.i 1 1 Viri n'- I l:n
lirii', in .niti!; lln- lin nf rilit hmIhuii Iki
wcro wri'cKoil iir-nr Iht icniilvni'e
On tlio muniiri of tlio "lltli Xmciuber,
1851, the eeliuuticr (.'onJiiptnr loft tlio iort
nt' Aiiilicritburuli, boiinil Itir Torontu with n
orgo lor ten thmi s.nul buln;U cil' Corn. Tlio
iml Mew Trciii frum tli" noiitli-uit nil iliy,
n Ihmvv cp't riinnin iii'.-untiiiir. Aliont 5
o'clock, I'. M. tlin vriuil incrcnnil to u perfect
tin rrio.inc. iinJ sill tlio amwiM ,n uol'i'il
d'UMi. Tovuriirt inidniIit 11 socro
storm aroo. Tlio top nhoct unils oro Mr
vii'il nwny, and tin 1'O'it wni wui-licil from
the ilaits, tlio tlccks bwept clean of i' cry
thing, 1111 1 the U'Siel lioulil not ohi-y her
hi'lin, ami seemoJ to pcttlo into the trough
ol' tin: mm.
. I unit -I o'clock in the inornin ot'thc lilnt,
the crew 01' the echooncr luit'ie, wliat they
suppose! to ho Ijong I'oint I..ij;ht, but it was
really tlio liht at I.onc; I'oint cut. '1 ho
Illicitly ilriltiu mow instantly obi-curcil tho
liht, anil in about halt an hour alterwanl
the cisi'l struck bottom. Although the ci
M'l was not iiiuro than two huniireil yanlfl
from tho fhore it win impossible to fnrm an
accur.itn opinion as to tho locality, boc.uif.0
oT the thickly ilriftin snow. 'I he .ca in.nleil
clear brcach ovcr the e--cl, anJ forccil the
crew into the rigging, bcre they reiiiaiiieil
from five o'clock in the morning until two in
the nttcrnuoti. lco wa. f.int making nil tlie
time. The crew then defccrictl a woman ami
two littlo boys approaching nlurig tho beach.
Tho women ami children built a fins upon
the hhore, an-1 maile signi to the F.iilori to
tavim ushoio. The pel was m great that
they cri!itfraiil to vnturc, until the cap
tain thinking the rink of ilrouiiiiig better
than almost certain death by cold and expo
Mire, 5truck out from the wreck, and by ex
traordinary clVortM nearly reached tho hnre,
I ut hii strengtn failed, and being caught by
the undeitow, he would have been cariied
out bud not tho woman come to Lis aid. She
Hceing bii critical t-ituution came to him nn
speedily iih lie) deep water would permit,
and haling walked in opto htr neck, I'oitii
natcly reaclied him, ho being utterly ex
hausted. Thu woiiuiu supported the man
and drew; him ashore, having been herself
uneral times beaten down by the lorce of the
wncs. Willi the assistance of the bovn &ho
drew him to the lire and rcuiscitnteil him.
The nuito of the schooner next struck out,
but in like manner failed to reach the shore
and sank. Tho captain supposing himself to
ho sufficiently restored, went to tho assis
tancooftho mate, but again himself gave way,
and the vvomiii again wait into tho angry
water', nut to tho utmost depth at which she
could stand, and brought thu two men shore.
The mate seemed to be lifeless, but was nt
length restored In addition to these efforts,
live several times did the woman go nut tu
the receding surge, and at each time bring an
exhausted, drowning seaman Ashore, until 7
i persons, the master, mate, und live of tbo
' - 1 i i
lien 11 eru saicu. Il .is uii-iiing nun, ituu
one man who could not swim still clung to
the rigging. During the whole night the
woman paced back and foith along the shore
renewing tho lire, encouraging tho rescued
men, giving them food and warm tea, and ad
ministering to their comfort. From timo to
timo iho would pause, and wishfully regaid
ing Iho stranded vessel, thus givu utterance
to her humanity.
'Oh, ir 1 could save that poor man, 1
should ho happy.'
When morning at last came, on tho --d,
tho storm having abated, tlio sea was less
violent. Tho master and crew being now
strengthened and invigorated bv the food and
1 fire, constructed a raft nnd reaclied their
comrade, whoso resolute spirit, though
giving way, was still sullicient to omnia him
j to retain his position in thu rigging. Thus
he too was sived, tlmucb badly frozen.
I The crew remained nt tho cabin of .Mr. S.
i liecker, nearly a week before they were ablo
( to depart.
, On tho week following this occurrence,
two American vessels were lost on tho same
I point, whoso crews weregreatly comforted by
i Mrs. Ileekcr, wlioso liusnann was still
ged in trapping. Tho crews were sheltered
"! .. '' r.i i. : ... . . e i ... i .. :
in her cabin, and tho recipients ol her l.o-ipi
table, and hnniuno Attentions and care.
Wo, tho captain and crow of the schooner
Conductor, whoso uames aro hereunto sub
scribed, do certily to thu correctness of tho
above statement :
Henry llicb't, captain.
John Jones, mate.
I .lames J . Cousins, seaman and Cook.
Jeremiah Sawyers, seaman,
John Chambers, do
, Jeroino 1). Andrews, do
John McAuley, do
deorgo Nioodoinus, do.
1 certily ne the owner of tho schooner Con
' doctor that tho above aro tho names of the
I captain and crow who wcro on hoard tho
' schooner at tho timo she wns wrecked, as
ftati-d in tlio foregoing narrative.
I Jons Mil.ron
I Wo havo simply to state, that on .Monday
evening next, Mrs. Hcckeii will bo at the j
Ann rieiiu Hotel, at tho request ol numerous
gentlemen, and that thus it convenicntoppor- .
tuniiy will b" iilfoided for ladies and gentle- ,
men to meet her. tin Mondny we will, in a
few words, givo some necessary particulars
upon tho subject. j
Mrs. Ileekcr his received a purse of jJftOO, I
raised by private sub-cription in Canada i
slto expiessed the desire that tho money 1
should be appropiiiitcd luwards the cduca- ,
tion of her children a noblo puiposo.
When Captain I'axtnn made the gift, sho
said " she would thank him il sho knew ,
how." film knew how to savo the lives of
eight perishing sailors, in six feet of water. '
Mrs Ileekcr is a large, ninsi ulinu Auman, 1
about six lei t high, weighs 200 rounds, was ,
bom in Caiiud.i, and is years old She
lives on tlio island of Long i'oint with her I
husband, and they gain their siibsistenco by ,
Converse not with a liar or u swearer, or
n man of obscene or tvniitoii language ; for
cither ho will corrupt you, or ut least it will
hazard vour icpulntiou to be ouo of thu like
making; and if it doth neither, yet it Ml
memory with such discourses that will ho
troublesome to you in alt' r timo , and thu
rctlirilS Ol the 'i Ull'lllbl .lie of lb.' p'lssugCS
which you I w lon sin i ie aid of 11. is ni
I tore, will buuiityuii tvnoii .vuur mind should
I be better employed - -.Sic Matthew Halt.
t.NtCRVVL Mauum:s. A correspondent of
the London AVicj related the fulloing atory
ofSir Charles Napier's early cxpciienco witli
" Wlien wo were lr, ing to tako Boulogno
in tlio lat war Sir 0harle8i win 11 middy.
A boat was pent Itom tho ship in which no
scrvoil, to nflix one of tlioso 'inlf rnal,' then
newly invented, to tho side of 11 Trench
ccl, nml tliii boat was coiumandcil by
young Napier. A dark night was, of course,
elected, and tho boat duly pulled to tho
ship Hhieh Irid been pointed out as tho inten
ded uclim. Tho gallant adventurers got
clow under her. nml were screwing on the
fit.il intention which was to blow her side
in and send her to tho bottom, when they
wcro hail'l in the pl.ilnes-t llnglisli, and
with sundry adjurations, lor ti it explanation
of 'what they were doing there, and they dis
colored that they had mistaken their course,
nnd were milking earnest preparations for an
Inhibiting one of hi Majesty's own ships.
"After this lucky escape they made
another attempt. Now, these 'infcrnals'
wcro worked by clockwork, which was wound
up, and sot going; and after a certain regu
lated time lired tho fuse. The terrible 111. i
chine was put into the boat, and tlio party
struck nil' for tlio Trench vessel, In luid
course cum of tho stilors addressed Mr.
Nipier '.Sir, your honor, the beggir ticks.'
'T!i, w hat's that replied tho young com
mander. 'Il'ggar ticks, sir,' mi ill Jack, pul
ling away with tlio utmost composure.
Napier rushed Irom his seat and listened,
aiet found that by omo means the clockwork
had been set going, and that it might be Iho
minutes or live seconds beloro the whole
partv, boat ami all, went to pieces. So the
machine was in continently piched overboard,
und 1 believe tho attempt wan not renewed.
lui'om.M ion ot Srr.ciK, Tho overseers of
the t'astli (iarden emigrant depot keep an
account ol the inoii'y which each emigrant
1,1 rigs him. I'riuii this it u -mis tnat
tlu average anioiint which each emigrant ar
rived .since 1st August confessed he had in
his pocket (and an allowance must bo mrnlo
for a concealment of funds) was .ll 50. The
total number of emigrant arrived was lti"5.
and they confessed to 7- 0'J5 W. The Ger
mans tiring tho most money, their average
being J0U lor every ta.111, woman and child.
Dovi'TiiN Discoi i.nif.s. Mr. John H.
Greene, son ol'uii Aiuericin banker, has suc
ceeded, notwithstanding tho difficulties at
tendant on dealing iiwny the I'alaco nl'Med
inet llabora, in discovering tho celebrated
Dgyptian Calendar of which Chauipollion
could only copy tin first lines A cast
of tiiis monument was taken on the spot by
means of a pirticuliir kind of composition,
photography not reproducing It prupcily.
Dilferent ci'lossii iigures, the upper part of
which "ere only visible, have been now
cleared away ami brought to light ; one of
th en in excellent preservation sliuws the fea
tures of Kamscs 11 1 , and is about nineteen
meters high. Mr. tireeue, in clearing round
this colossus, was ablo to discover and tako
drawings ol the inscription of the pylone or
grand portal erected oetweon tlio two court?
crecieti oeiwceu inu iiiuruuiir,
also proved the existence ra
M-anito which probablv covered
anu no nas aiso proven 1110 c
lavement in gr.inito which lirolj
the wliolo court, mnl iinovc wnicli ruse a pas
sage which appears tu have led into 11 second
court. The excavations of Mr. Greene, which
have jtut completely made known onoof tho
most important edifice of l'baraonic T.gvpt.
will, by tho numerous inscriptions which
they furnish, throw Irish light on different
points of Tgyptian philology.
Wo heard a friend the other dav tell tho
following incident, which occured in II
some threo or four years ago. A Methodist
minister had justmuved his family into tho
place. As ho was pasing along the street,
very eaily one morning, ho saw a man appa
rently in great distress by the sido of the
I wav. I he luiniiter went to him, not dream
ing the man was intoxicated at that hour,
and asked him what was tho matter. The
man begged the minister to help him up,
which he did ; when be perceived the strong
smell of Honor on him, it was too late to
retreit. The man clasped bun fast, and the
minister piloted him sumo distance along tho
street, speaking kindly to him. Alter some
words il expostulation more earnest than I
usual, the man stopi
.'d, looked tho minister
in thu face, ami said,
' Aint you a minister
' What p-persiiasion ''
' Mct'djst ' Ah ' them's my sentiments, '
said he, grasping tho preacher's bund; ' I'm
' You i Mit'ihst " exclaimed tho minister,
with astonishment and irony; 'whyyouiuu
' Vo-es, but you must 'euso such things in
California.' Alia Cahfoi man.
IIvnks in Cults. Tho city of Baltimore
has lilteen banks, with an aggregato capital
Tho city or Phil.idelphiahas sixteen banks,
with an aggregate capital of less than $11,-
Tho city of New York lias fifty. two banks,
with an uggregato capital of .-J4S, -12,1)011.
Tho city of lloston has thirty-seven banks,
with an aggregate capital of il2,-IoO,000.
'I ho city of Now Orleans has eight banks,
with an aggregate capital of $14,702 fiOO.
The city of Providcnco has thirly-sevcii
i lianks, with an aggregate capital of lu,t"jri,-
The city of Charleston lias nine i inks, w ith
an aggregate capital of $10,7 37,735.
TI li rll itlord has seven banks, with
en aggregate capital of $1 1,50,000.
Mr.ui Ili'izht nf the Allniitir nnd rnrlflc
Ocrnns Interesting Disroirri nf fill.
Troni tlio Piinsrnii Star.
','" 1110 '.'"". y ; - " i apt.
I a mar. w ho. in 1 S2, . by order of Ho biur.
, .- ,. , . , - -
mane u s.-ries oi icii-is irom i .inamtl to
Chagrcs, it has been very generally believed
there existed a dilforcneu of mean level be
tween the Atlantic und l'uciflc Oceans, and
many ingenious theories havo been devised to
account for this (supposed) fact, and elabo
rate deductions in favor and against thu
practicability of a ship-canal have been drawn
Tho difference of tbo mean height of tho
two oceans wns stated to ho 3-,'i2 feet tho
racnic, ut i an im.., oeing inai muen ingner
than the Atlantic at Chagrcs.
It has been lately decided by Col. Totten,
after a series of careful tidal observations i
taken here, and in Aspinwnll, (Navy II iy,) I
and accurate lends along tho line of railroad
that tho mean height of tho two oceans, is
exactly the Mine, although, owing to tho I
difference in tbo rising of the tide at both I
places, them aro of course times when onoof
tlio oceans is luglicr it loner than the other,
hut Ihcir mean level
that is to say, their
height nt half tide, is
artlv tie- same.
now proven to bo ex-
'iVre is no doubt that Col. Lloyd's error
nros" from imperfectijit in his instruments,
and thn difficulty lie 1 ibored under in taking
a Ingo number of observations in which mis
takes nro peculiarly liabb) to occur.
Mrs. Pvni.sofiiv ai thu 1'eovttv. 'How
do von feel, Mrs Partington I' said tho
colonel, at Iho regatta, as she stood on the I
judge's bolt hiking at Iku, who was engaged
iu fishing for whiling. I feel u little de
composed,' siid she, as a perceptible blueues
gntlarcd about her mouth, liku the last
i hange of a dolphin as his life ebbs away,
n s'igbt Na-hiia at tlu stomach, that's all".'
At that instant the cry of ' il scalo' excited I
her attention, and she nus informed that u I
scitu had been caught. ' Well,' said she,
' Ih.iae, s i baps you may catch a pair of 'em,
ami they will do to skate with on the Chelsea '
creek next w inti r. A ticiiicnilous jump of,
tho boit came nigh sending the tho old lady
upon la r beam ends. ' You came nigh losing
your rqiiilibi iiiin,' ,s,jd her associate, witliu 1
smile ' don't iiiIimJ my equal Abraham,
repli. dtl lii lid;, 'only ho c.irerultbat
ima 'I "i t ' ove.lio.ird.' She hero ce ised,
as the io tr handed her forty drops of lieu
nessoy's best, to bo used as u counteraction,
and sat down lo quietly watch thu rcguttu
UU11L1NGTON, VT., FllIDAY, AUGUST
Tin: I'rcri.un Institution. Dr. Nclio
ini.ih Adams in his South Sido Viow, says
suicides 1110 unknown among tho slaves. Wo
have, however, noticed several tuiciiles of
slaves in tlio New Orleans papers. Tho fol
lowing is from tho Savannah, Ga., ltcptibh
can of Juno 11
"Ilonuim.t; TnAOttir. On Wednesday last,
aiicgro woman belonging to Mr. Henry K.
Williamson, residing about fivo miles from
(irifliu, took her two children, ono ngod about
threo and the other about six years went to
tho woods, hung the two children, nnd then
The church session of tho first Presbyte
rian church at St. Joseph, Mu., advertises in
tho (.'hrinti.111 Observer for a pastor to whom
they will pay from $u(H) to $()() per year i
but they want one who is " a southern man
in his feelings, and earn not vvhero ho was
born or educated." This is :i rare opportu
nity for sumo northern pastor who inclines
to l 11 south-side view of slavery."
The late Samuel .McDonald, who died re
cently at Jlilliinorc, Md., emancipated nil his
slaves by will, It is a curious question for
theologians who belioro slavery to bo a
Christian institution, how it happens thnt so
many slaveholders emancipate their slaves at
The St. Tnincosvillc, La., Chroniclo thus
coolly describes a recent slavo hunt and tho
killing of human game by tho dogs
"Two or threo days since, a gentleman of
the parish, in hunting runaway ncgron,
c.Miin upon a camp of them in the swamp on
Cat Island. Ho succeeded in arresting two
of them, but the third made light, nml upon
lit tni shot in thr. sltouhltrs, lied to a sluice,
where the ilog.i succmhd in drowning him
before assistance could arrive."
It was in viow of such atrocities tli.it i!ev.
lames A. I.you of Columbus. Miss , recently
siid in 11 sermon. "The Ireijuenev with
wl.li h -..i'.-are killed, md the lit. I. i.uen
tiou paid lo it by tint ollieei's ol tbo land, is a
trviug evil, and it is a shameful fact, that
no rich man can bo hanged for murder in tho
I'm; Iif n iti.it- m l.i eriv. Advices re
ceived per tho Ikiltic, by Mr. Coppingcr, of
the Colonisation ollice in this city, statu that
a treaty ol'amity, loiumerco and navigation
was signed on the 2'Jth May last, in London,
by Gerald It.ilston, Ks.p, as Plenipotentiary
prohar rice of the l.iberian Itopublic, and the
Chevalier do Colquehouii, Plenipotentiary of
the Ilanse.itic League Kcpubltcs of l.uheo,
Hamburg and llrcnicn. Tlio treaty is an
nounced to bo siuiilirto the one nmdo with
Great llritain. The independence of Liberia
is now acknowledged by theeightgoveriimcnts
ol' Grcut iliinln, franco, Prussia, IJelglum,
llr.i.il, Luhec, Hamburg und Bremen, and
Mr. Kalston expressed tho confident hope that
beloro many months have expired the samu
act will have been followed by two more
It is to bo regretted that our own authori
ties givo the cold shoulder to this young and
promising nation. As sien, several Kuro
iiean covnrmncnts.nll reiral or imperial havo
... . . , , , . . c I
'ckl,0'ledged and encouraged this scion of
IUL'ric.ui Itepublicanisin, whilst our govern-
'"eoi, wlncli ougnt 10 imvo oeeu tnn ioi,
scenic determined not to do anything directly
to Countenanco and promote tho welfare this
sulf governing, sol -defended and hardy off
shout from our own country. This young
llepublic would bo benefitted now by the
countenance and acknowledgment of our Hc
publie. Somo years hence, when grown into
a moro mature condition, she may spurn tho
favors which have been and are so churlishly
withheld Irom her.
And what a blessed work is there opening
to tho colored people of this conutry, who
have been raised to sou tho plan and workings
of our institutions, though not to participate
in their management. They may carry the
knowledge they have acquired to tlio land of
their fathers, and there offer tho blessings of
civ iliatiun and ol our holy religion to tho
one hundred nml sixty millions of their coun
trymen who are now under the yoke of bond
age, and in the darkness of heathenism, 'ibis
we helieve to bo their destiny their great
Wo have faith that the present
LCuturv may witness the establishment of tho
United St itcs of Western Alrica, with a
,,rili,.,lt ii,.r the ii,iilitoiln of our own
with coniini'rco, internal improvement by rail
and other roads penetrating the interior and
nil the blissings that How in the train of
Christianity, intelligence, liberty, and indus
try among men. Phil. .V. .lmincnn.
sends the follow in
Imvuination, A tourist
; rich incident to tho llos-
' Iteturning, the next morning, towards Is
land Pond, and just after passing the view
just named, I uvertook a rough man, in nn
India rubber coat, driving leisurely in Ins
wagon. Ho reined up to enter into conver
sation. ' Aro you from the lake'" he said.
' Yes.' ' Oncer place.' Very.' ' You
know, 1 s'pose,' he continued, that there
nro somo ol theso fellers travelling round thu
country, jest to writu descriptions ol what
they sue'' I told him that 1 had heard of
such rascals. Well, its strange, now,' ho
went on to say, how much they make out of
almo-t nothiii'. I've no doubt some on Yin
would write flowery like about them rocks
and that water, back a piece. If they find a
tree grow in' out of a rock, they soo somethin'
in it worth puttin' into print. Now my
imagination (Am imagination ') don't work
so, 1 can think of nothin' else whin I come
through such a spot as that behind there, but
good God, what a rough hole ''
73"l'hu Ilntisli freight steamer Ottawa,
which was sunk about two miles above
llrockvill" somo two ur threo weeks since, by
coming in collision with another steamer in
the night, bus been raised, and was brought
to thu Marino llailway at this place, ono day
last week. She was uoated by means of
barges, ono on each sido, to which sho was
secured by heavy chains and timbers. The
Ottawa was struck ut thu forward gangway
and was cut nearly to tho keel, hho had
when brought here a full load of flour in the
hold, which had been soaking for nearly threo
weeks, and yet barrels that wo saw broken
open wcro wet in but about an inch. Tho
vessel presents a sorry looking appearance,
and must mivo necn a total loss nad it not
1 been for such works as our Marino Jtailway
i Kfticn. sentinel.
A certain notable housewife had observed
that her stock of pickled walnuts was run
ning remarkably low, nod shu spoke of it to
thu cook, who alone bad access to them,
Iho cook's character was at stako j ami, un
willing to give warning, vv ith such an impu
tation on In r self-deniil, not to say honesty,
she nevertheless felt all confidence between
her mistress and beief was destroyed. Ono
lay, the jir of pickles standing as usual on
I tlii'dressi r, vvlule sue was luisHy prciiaring
' dinner, sho happened to turn suddenly round,
i nod saw a lavorito magpie, remarkaldu Tor
I bis eouieisational powers, standing by the
' jit and dipping his It'ak down into its trcas
I uro, with evident fitisfactlon Tho niys.
' tery was explained tho thief detected.
I Seiting a dish ol scalding grenfe, with w hich
sho was basting a joint, tho indignant cook
dashed ils whole contents over tho hapless
nn, vou unci you i f necn at tlio pick
1 '.iiilnuts. have, von I"
led walnuts, havo you
Poor Mag, of course was dreadfully burnt;
ii.o'! uf his feathers canto off, leaving his
lit'Ie rounl pite, which bad caught the
iliiiup.tl part ol tho volley, entirely biro
flic poor bird lest its siprits, moped about,
and never spoke for a whole icnr At length.
wren no nan pretty wen reouvcrcil, and was
liigiiinilig to ih utter again, a gentleman
c.ilb' l at thu house, who, on t iking off his
hat, exhibited a very bald bend, Iho magpie,
who happened to bu ill tbo mom, appeared
evidently struck by the i-irciiiiistiiiiin ; bis
reminiscences were powcrlully exelt. d by the
ii 1 aralice of thn geiitlein in s skull llop
plog up in tlic h ick of his chair, und I Joking
I'ini ha-tily mcr, ho suddenly exclaim, d, in
the car ol his astonished visitor
"Oh, you thiol 1 you're bocn at the pick
led walnuts, have you '"
('oiiiiiiencciiicnt ut .lllilillcbiirv College,
The Iliocilauroato Surinon was proaolied
by President I,abnrco, on Sunday afternoon,
boforo commencement. Tuesday iiftcrnoiii
Prof. Taylor I,ewis, of Now Vork University,
addressed tho l'hilomothcsian Society, Sub
jeet of discourss, The Higher Late, llcv
Ilyron Sutherland of Washington D. C. ad
dressed tho Phil.1delphi.111 Society. Subject
of discourse, Vaith in Itoil.
Order of exercises on commencement day.
1. 1'riATF.n 11V inn Pitr.sinLST ; 2. On.vTio
SiUTATouiA. J Tins j 3. Oration, Savon
arola, tho ttnli.m reformer. O. It. Giivvfs ;
4. Okation. Tlio influcnco of tho Knglish
Platonists of tho Seventeenth Century. 11. I'.
IIooki.h ; ,'1. Oration. Tho .Ksthctic its
relation to Morals. II. C. Joiin-ov ; 0.
Orvtion. Tlio power of Txpression. M. I.
Mkaij ; 7. Orvtion. Associations in Politics.
J. Tins; H. Literary Conference Practical
Kducatinn. G.S. IIoardm vn. V.. P. Iloorui,
G. S, Uoiriimvn, V.. C. JoiimjON, Speakers; ',1.
Mvstkr's Orvtion. John Howe, A. II. 10.
Dr.oBEts Covit.iiRtn ; 11, Prvvkr nv tiii;
President i 12. Uenliuction.
Tho honorary degree of A M. was conferred
upon tho following gentleman llcv. Court
ney Smith, Warrcnburgh, N. V. ; Ituv. Ste
phen C. Starks, llolloy Springs, Miss ; Kov.
lionj. V. Wile, Ploa-ant Valley, N. V. ; llcv.
S. Stephens, Mich. ; llcv. Joseph Underwood,
llardwick ; Daniel C. Brown, lloston ; Dan
iel Kimball, Stockbridge, Mass.
Tho degree of Doctor of Divinity wns con
ferred upon I'ev. Trunrin M. Past, I, niis,
Mo : I!" Ilyron Nin I'll nil. .1 .. ;
D. C I 1 d. f D'ljtnr of I, ns. 1 1 u
Hon. Curnelius I,. Alb n, halem N. V., Judge
of Supremo Court of N. Y.
Al.CMM KxtHCIsis. The oration before the
Alumni was delivered by Itev J. A. II. Stimo,
D. D., of K1l.1111a7.00, Mich. His siilject
w.ib IMucation, and pirticulirly on tin. free
dom ol tho higher schools from alliance with
The Poem, pronounced by Goo. W. Parker,
Tsq., was on 'The Good Time Coming.'
Itequesis tn .Vlldillehiiry fullcRr.
The Into Joseph T. Tairbanks, , of .-t.
Johnsbury, Vt., bequeathed Mlddlchury I ol
Iege ijlll.ilOU. A fund lor Prio Dcelamatinr,,
(ofjil.-iOl),) wiisalso bequeathed it hv II. v.
Dr Merrill, of Middlehurv.
STTiie Umvvrmtv of Vermont, for the
beauty of its location unrivalled in the h.n
moiiious contrasts of mountain. lake and rivir
sccnerv vvbich it commands ; lor the health
iness of thu region; for the thorotig'iiit-ss id'
. , , . , ,. .
,t? system ol mental d.ei
ol it. scholarship ; for
eipline, ami t:m svu "
the 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 v tune en. I
ambition ol its students ; for the able corps
of Professors ; and for its cheai ness of liv
ing, presents attractions to tl.o-e who es
teem a thorough culture, auevolution of mind
and moral principle more than a Irll'-s hi
ties and fashionable schooling attractions,
which place it in the lirst rank of Americni
Colleges. tur. Salrm llegisttr.
What is Sniil nf V:
,.r .. v..... "V....1.
j -A i oi 1 1. pj'iiii'ii-iii. i.i i ,,-, in,,. I"I'-
describing a tour in Vermont, gives the fol
lowing as the result of his inquiries and ob
servations in legard to the operation of our
Tho result of my inquiries and observation
as to tho beneficent inlliiences of the jrohihi
tory law in Vermont, was of the most cheer
ing" and gratifying character. I pis-cd
through the Stile from tlu southern extremi
ty nearly to the northern limit In all the
id.icis where I stopped, llenniiigton, Hol
land, Middlebury, Ilurlingtun Mid M. 1
b.ins, 1 put up at tho l.irgi-t public l. ni-e-,
kept my eyes wide open, and made c ireful in
quiry and'ob-ervalion. In the entire Mate I
did not sic. vni man intoxicated, and in mi'
Man take a glass of spirits. Hut sin I'
vour readers vv ill say, nil that may Ih , but
there was drinking i unughWii
in sly pi ices and by places,
public view. That soinethin;
may be done I have no doubt.
' ( ritrlii'tl.
nit out ir'i.n
of this kind
Hut w ho do.-s
not know that ruin, like murder, will out '"
If a man drinks slily, he cannot keep the
secret long. lie will talk fhttk :t foolish,
even if he walks straight. Public drinking
in Vermont is at an end, and private tippling
is carried on very cautiou'lv. and on an ex
tremely moderate scale The cons. queuccs
aro vi-iblo in the sobriety, industry, and
good morals of the people, in thu decrease uf
pauperism nnd crime, and in t!.o gun-nil
prosperity everywhere so apparent
Hut tome nf vour readi rs w ill ask.
i.i it about tho liquor agencies established by
law to furnish ardent spirits foruiedicin.il
and lawful purposes I Ho they not h'-ll 1 1 a
large extent ' I reply most eiupnatic illy,
no, and hero is thu proof. A llobiiison, Fsq.,
is tho agent for Itennington, embracing a po
pulation, which he supplies, (if four thousand
people. His average sales, as pi need hy his
hooks, is about one gallon per day. One
yuart ti day to a thousand pcoph ' How much
nearer total prohibition could they get ' The
jail of one half of the county, with a popula
tion of 1S,.W, is in lleniiington. A little
before I visited the id ice, three persons were
confined in it, but when I was there, Ihirr
was not one.
The liquor agent nt flutland supplies a po-
pulation of 7,0011 From thn 1 4th to the tlth
of this mouth, his sales, ns shown hi his
looks, amounted to faurton gij'lan. two
gillons a week to every thousand inha'd-
tants. J. II. L'opel.inil is the liquor agent
lor .vuuuienury. no sens to a pnpuiitin in
that and adjoining towns amounting to fi.fliKI.
His sales lor one iveck, ns shown by his books,
were five nations and a ijiiattir, considerably
less than one gallon per week to 1,000 inha
bitants. Middlehury is tbo shiro town of
Addison county, embracing a population of
26,2 ID, There wcro two individuals in the
jail, ono for v iolating the liquor law Troin
Juno, IS')!, to June, ISo'i, there were thir
teen commitments, ten on account ol ruin.
In llurlington nnd St. Albans, 1 found the
sumo general facts held truo There aro fn'i
in tho St. Albans jail, three on account of
rum. Ilurlingtun is a beautiful town on
Lakn Chumplain, with a popnlition exceed
ing 7,1bH In thnt pi ice I went on an ex
ploring tour to soo if I could find an iutr it
emed person. I went to ' runt c irncr," as it
bad lormeily Iiecn cillcl I paod tliroiig'i
1 ,l,at treet, Inu not a per-nu lurnich. d tnc
slightest indie ition of inol riati hi It evinces
profound ignorance, or inveterate prejudice,
or something worse, to pretend, ns t mie d.i,
that the prohibitory 1 iw s in the New Lng
Innd Stat' s have proved a failure Come mnl
see, gentlemen, and then yon w ill be s 1 1 i.
fied. Come and see what" prohibition has
done for crinont, Connecticut nml Voine,
and than bliuh lor your vituperative nbusi of
the greatest reform of tho go. It seems to
mo tliat an intelligent man who thrO'VS bis
influence, and puts lorth efforts to prevent
the triumph of this cause, assumes a b'.irful
and terrible responsibility
An lliioruious lust
Kreiu lite like Siq.eiii.r .l'urnal, Aeut 4 J
Wo underst and lhat the Cliff Jliuo has
biiown a mass oi pure copper which nns neeii
computed to contain live liuinli'i d l-ms. Tho
' hundred tons have already been taken off thu
mass. Ila-ieaie ulmut fno hundred tuns of
masses in sight beside this Thu compiuy
uiculioiit tutting a shaft through lo unot'ii'r
vein wiucn ims ni en uis. 'oicr"i, nnd s.ii'i to
bo linn h lb her than the on which t'iy h ue
hem working I lei i If'ct ol this upon thu
stock cannot but act favorably, and wo hear
that holders aro confident that pries will
reach three hundr Idollais p r shur' in I
no sellers at that
Mr, Ntlcs' Letter.
J..M Niles late L S. Senator Irom Con
necticut has been long known ns a member of
tho old Democratic party. Ho has written a
letter 1 1 the Hartford Republican, in which
ho gives his viow s of tho pro-slavery nction of
President Pierce's Administration in very
After referring to a remark of his to this
effect, that in a journey to tho West of 1000
miles, ho had found no ono ta ilcf end tho pres
ent administration, ho continues
The idea intended to bo convoyed was, that
tho administration must ho sunk very low
with Ihe whole people, when on n tour of
four thousand miles, embracing ten states
and one t' rritnry, and conversing vvlth ull
sorts of persons, nnd hearing conversations
nmoiig otl.ers, we in no instance witnessed a
defence of the administration by a single in
dividual. We saw and conversed with several
persons, some gentlemen of distinction, whoo
position is such that they may ho regarded
as giving their support to the administra
tion i but they did not defend it and ono of
them, a distinguished editor in Ohio, seemed
lo ii'imit tn it tins administration was mo
heaviest burden his party had to sustain.
Whether tho circumstances which fell
under our observation indicated tho true,
state of public sentiment at tho West, I will
offer no opinion, as that question will soon be
decided by the elections ; and yet tho elec
tions, involving- state ns well as national is
sues, will by no means fully indicate the
public sentiment, as from tho influence off Id
political associations and party drill, thou
sands who disapprove oT every important
measure of this iiilministratiou, will vote for
candidates who, after tho election, will bo
called administration men.
That the groat states in the West, who'o
institutions aro based on tlio principles of
freedom contained in tho ordinance oi 1787,
should bo opposed to tho present administra
tion, ought not, wo should think, to surpriso
any one. All the arts and sophistry of poli
ticians, with their jargon about popular
sovereignty, cannot prevent men ol sense ami
ordinary intelligeneo from perceiving that nil
tho power and intlucnco of this administra
tion has been used to attempt to force slavery
into Kansas; 1st, by repealing tho restric
tion which excluded It in tho Missouri Com
promise. ; secondly, in appointing all the offi
cers ol the territory, iuuges, attorney, sccre-
I tary and governor as was supposed who
I 'ire "pro-slavery men ; and thirdly, in tho nd
! ministration's countenancing and upholding
the outrages perpetrated upon tho people of
I Kansas by armed bands of ruffians from Mis
souri. What is the relation of tho President to
tho territory ' Very different from what it
is to a state. If lawless disorders arise in n
state which is an independent government
in itself, with all tho organs of power it is
nut thu duty of tho President to interfere,
nor has he the power to do it, unless in ca-o
of insurrection or rebellion, and a requisition
is made upon him by tho Governor. Hut it
is very dill'crcnt in a territory, which exists
under" federal law and authority, vvhero there
are no other laws, and w hero the federal
government has exclusively jurisdiction.
Tho 1 iw organizing tho territory is not a
local act, hut tho law uf tho United States,
which the President has taken an oath to
support, yet he permits it to bo violated, and
the federal authority to bo overthrown. In
Ibis extiaoidiuary course is not tho Presi
dent making himself a party to these
outrages; and il civil disorders come, and
blood is shed, will lie not, in a moral point of
view nt least, bo responsible for it' Tho
people oT Kansas appeal to him for protection
in vain ; he cannot hear them; lie can only
hear when Striugfellow and Atchisou speak.
Tho neglect oTtho executive to enforce the
laws and repress violcnco and outrage upon
the rights and liberties of tho people of Kansas
is as much an abuso of power as tho commis
sion of positive acts of oppression. Hy oiga
ni.ing the teiritorv of Kansas, and extending
tho l.iwsoftho United States oyer it, tho gov
ernment invited settlers there, and pledged
its faith to protect them in the enjoyment of
nil those rights which the act of organization
allowed tliein, and not to do so is a breach
of faith towards the people of tho territory,
us well as a gross dereliction of duty.
Among tho charges brought against the
King of Great llritain by our ancestors, and
(tiered as reasons for revolution or sepa
ration, ono was, 'that he had abdicated gov
iruiuciit, leaving the people of tho colonics
exposed to anarchy j' and is not tho grave
charge equally applicable to our President '
Has ho nut abdicated government in Kansas,
leaving the people not only exposed to anar
, chy, but to inva-ion and oppression from a
I neighboring state. Tho astonishing fact is
( now proclaimed to tho world that slavery has
j paralyzed tho government und palsied tho
arm of power. It is now avowed, not by
words but by deeds, that the authority of
I tho government is not to bo exercised to up
I hold freedom.
Is not the federal government in its pros
t cut hands, us much of a slavo government as
that of South Carulici 1 Such is the result
' of that system, which was founded, ns is do-
, eiarcu in ine j reamoiu 10 mo constitution
to establish justice, and to secure to thu
people und their posterity the blessings of
Here are antagonisms which it would seem
must unavoidably lead to violcnco and civil
strife. Hut thu few thousand men in Kunsus
cannot defend themselves against tlio hordes
which will pour in upon them from Missouri
with caution und nil the preparations for
actual war. Aro they then to bo extcrmi-
j Uted or diivcu out ol tho territory, and Kan
j as given up to slavery, and to become a moro
appendage to Missouri I Will those, whether
' rth or outh,vvho have a proper senso of tho
I enormity of these outrages, und tho baseness
I of tho I'rcsidcnt in abdicating government in
Kaus is, permit tho men w ho have gono into
that territory under the laws and authority
uf tho government, which has abandoned and
betrayed them, to bo thus sacriliccd, and
this wicked scheme of forcing slavery into
Kansas, to bo successfully carried out ! This
is the question now to bo decided.
If it is asked, what can they do, I answer,
let tho people of the frco states nssumo such
nn attitude in relation to this lawless wicked
in ss us tho occasion demands, and tho Presi
dent will faint whether ho did in Mexico or
not beforo tho moral power of the frco and
indignant people, and come up to his first
and highest duty enjoined upon him by his
oath ol office, "to seethe laws faithfully exe
cuted." The great difficulty is, that the people
' especially iu tho Atlantic states - nro asleep.
' fliey do not seem to seo tho danger which
threatens, not only Kanias, but tho country
1 and its frco institutions. Let them nwako
i and speak and act us becomes a frco people,
1 jealous of their liberties, and who are deter
mined, at w uaiever cosi, 10 uiaiiiiniu iiieui,
and this portending storm may pnss ofT, and
tho viol ited fuitli and honor of tho govern
ment if not repaired at least be saved fruia
J. M. Na
I The riuffalo Republic, a soft shell demo
1 ci a tic paper says
i "Tho causeless, the shameful removal of
i fiov. Seeder, at tbo bidding of tho slavo
l power, is the feather that has broken the
I lack of the Democratic party of Now Vork,
and it can hear the administration no longer.
I The load may bo dropped nnd tho party may
recuperate, hot it can only be done by pul
licly discarding a burden which has been of five persons, to bo apsiinted anuiiilly by s,n jug of one or two days in making the pas
dis.istrouly carried for threo long and weary tho (ieucral Congregational Convention of . ..,. ,,, . . , ',
vears. Itwil! not be done, wo rear ; if not, Vermont Hc.idcs these bequests, ho gave '!?. our tho aierogo timo now occup.cJ by
let tho consequences fall where tl ey belon-. i whatever might remain of his estate, after Lurope.in steamers, is confidently counted
One thing is certain, and that is, that the
noi them politician who indeutitics himself
with tho present administration, and either
approves or acquiesces in its concessions to
t'io lave p 'Wer, never need look, even du
ring a hf time, for a resurrection "
Krotn thi busion J-eirrnl J
Allien and Haiv Corr.istoNnrNrn Tho
following conespondencu l.'tW'U the Secre
tary ol' ono of tho Know-Noising Councils
anil Hon, J. W. Foster, Preside it of the
Statu Council, is particularly ru-v. Tho
letter ol Mr. Secretary Johnson is in the best
stylo nf Know-Nothing literature. Wo havo
not felt ut liberty to alter a klter or a com
ma of this interesting dociitiunl. The letter
oT Mr. Foster is manly nnd outspoken, nnd
must hnvo fallen like n b inb-shell into tho
camp of the Hunker Know-Nothings of
" Council 105 :"
North Cnrt.nsroRti, Aug fith,, .1.1,,
Sir,, Your communication of Juno nine
teen requesting council., 10.1.. lo send u re
i resentativo to lloston 1 1 attend a Special
Meeting of tho State council to be hidden at
Mcioniau Hall Tremont l'"iuple for tho pur
pose of hearing tho Deport of Our National
representatives is received Hut did not arrvo
in Srtisi,n tohenctei! upon consequently coun
cil 101 was not represent, d Seccond your
c-mmnnic.itioti of July Sixteen requesting
council 101 to send a l legate lo Springf-eld
to attend tho ii"Xt quarterly Session to bo
holdi-n at tlauiden Hull Aug tlieSeveuth with
the accompanying lllauks are received duly
considi'ied and diseuss-d Alter which it was
Voted that the ecretaiy be instructed to re.
turn thu communication with the accoinpanv
ing Blanks and rosp"rtfully inform John W.
roster that council 101 do not ri-eognlzu bini
as President of Mass Mate council for tho
reason ol Mass Delenali on retiting Ilefiro the
National council h id elos'd its s.ioiH.
GHOHGi:, A JOHNSON Secy
To Hon John W Tosin;
of ririmfield Mass
Moxson, August 11, Is"-,-,
Sir I have received .vour letter of Aug.
Cth, informing mo of the vote of thu Council
(No. 10.1) not to send delegites to the
Springfield meeting, and of the vote that they
do not recognize me as President of tho Mas.
s.ichusotts State Council, for the reason that
tho Massachusetts delegates retired beforo
tho National Council had closed its session.
lie pleased to communicate my protniitid
respects to tho Council of which you aro
Secretary, nnd inform then that I hive no
apology to offer for my course at Philader
pliia. I should re-enact my part in that
scene, to-morrow, if I weruagii.i called upon
to participate in a similar proceeding, with
out refer nco to the ni inner in which my
nets mi 'lit be regarded by Council 101. We I
endeavored to represent on that oct asiou the
manly and liberty loving sentiment of the
great mass of the people ol Mass icliiisetts,
and not of a miserable faction, who profess to
bo so intensely national, union-saving and I
patriotic, that they would b-ne th- in-ti-tution"
to tho Providence ol God and the'
tender mercies of tho slaveholdir. I
If I rightly interpret the votoof Council
10.1, tho member- are diss ttislied because wo I
did not acquiesce in tho slaveholders' plat- '
lonn, winch required us to r"e.,gni.o the ex
isting legislation on the subj .ct of slavery as
mill and conclusive
while It sanctions the reoenl nf llm Micurl
Prohibition, a time honored compact of thir- I .v,uno geiuiemin once Knew someining
ty-l'oiir years' standing, requires us to regard of Austri m persecution toward the Christian
tho Fugitive Slave A..t ns a great nation tl Mission iry; but in Turkey ho has liborcd
compact over and above ordinaiy acts ol" f jr lr "not , w, b J molw.taton but
legislation, and therelore nut to Is- modiliud . . r
and repeaied. If these aro the sentiments of lw-'tivu encouragement.
Council JO.i, I commend tledr course in
refusing to send d'degaUs, and in refusing to
recognize John V. Foster us I'resi lent. I
trust that tho full glory of this patriotic net
will ho awarded you. Vour delegates would
have found no sympathy with the mass ol the
delegates to that convention. II 'tween them
there would have been u gulf so wide and so
d"op that no bridge could have spanned it,
no f '1 1 1 in in e t sounded it.
There is an inconsiderable portion of tho
American party in Massachusetts who be
lieve that slavery is a divine institution, and
that it docs not become poor, we ik fallible
mortals to question the ways of providcnco,
or seek tu solve its mysteries They condemn
all agitation of the subject, and propose to
leave its control to the slave States. 'I hey ;
would suffer it to invade the territories, once
consecrated to freedom, and reign triumphant
in the national councils. In these feelings, '
I infer, your Council largely p irticipates ;
but from the bull; of the org imitation, its
members will derive no svmii.ithy. I'hi- is
to bo loiind only in tho ranks of the pro-
siaiery, ininitcr, rn'ree iiemocracv . aim tin
sooner they enroll themselves tnnler its bun
nor tnc butter.
I t"ll you iu all frankness, Mr Johnson, I
am nut one of thoae w ho look upon .Mason
and Dixon's line as the Jordan, beyond
which lies the promised land, flowing with
something better than milk and honev I tell
you, iu all frankness, that I have no regrets to all my spare svmpathies and superfluous af
urgo that 1 was birn nearer tho Northern , lection. What a greatful relief from tho
i.e.ir iiuiii ine ooiiiiiern ciun. iion nas en-
dowed mo with a vision sufficiently keen to
see thu " North star," to which tlio eyes of
so many of the oppressed are turned, without
the aid uf a telescope. I vvuitld rather be tho
half-faiiiished wolf, free to roam tiio plains,
than tho slcek-h.iircd and well-fed dog, con
tent to wear tho collar, and proud of this
badgo of his servitude. Vour Council can
inuku tho application.
It is unnecessary, .Mr. Johnson, for us to
protract this correspondence. Council 105
can pursue its course; I certainly shall pur
I am, with great respect,
Vour obedient scrvaut,
J. W. FOsl'ER.
Gro. A. Jenssov, Esq., Scc'y. Council 105,
North Chelmsford, Mass,
II vnr.vsCor.i'tsf'ASr.. Jack son A. Vail, L'q.
of ilontpelier, n lawver of considerable noto
riety , was recently discharged from the Ins.ino
Asylum iu this village, although nut consid
ered in his right mind by the Superintendent.
He immediately went to 'Judge iiedtield, Chief
Justice nf tho Superior Court, and demanded
writs ol llat'ias Corpus si that he could lib
erate from tho Asylum sixteen patients who
were not insane, and of course were unjustly
detained there. The Judge advised him to try
one case first, by selecting tho strongest one
of snnity iu tho institution. Mr. Vail reluc
tantly consented, and on Mturday last had
ono uf tho patients by tho namo of Shepard,
brought beloro tho Judge at Windsor, alleg
ing that his client had never been insaue, was
unjustly placed in tho Asylum and wrongfully
detained thcro. The patient ui.iiiilestisl uch
evident ay inptoms ofins.inity during the trill,
that Judge Itedlield remanded him luck to the
Asylum, as tho proper place for such u per
son A short time alter tbo trial, Mr. ail,
with a cunning sometimes peculiar to insane
persons us well as lawyers, managed so that
his client could effect bis escape nnd thus
temporarily procured his liberation Itrat.
T II W., in the Congrtgatmnahst, states
tho legacies left for public purposes hy tho
late Joseph P. Fairbanks, (of this place) as
The principal of them vrere as follows
ten thousand dollars to eonstituto a fund,
tho interest of which is to be applied in aid
of pious young men of Vermont, needing as.
sistance, in a course of aducation for tho
Christian ministry , ten thousand dollars to
constitute n fund, tho interest of which is to
ho nnnnmri.lted to tho sulinort ofnoer minis.
tors, who, by reason of ngo or infirmity, arc
unable to labor longer in their profession ;
and ten thousand dollars to Middlehurv Col- :
lege. Appropriations from tho fund iu aid '
poor ministers nro limited to those who
havo preached at least live years in Ibis
State, und preference is to be given to thotc
who have preiched in the State fur a long
time. This fund, and that in aid of young
men nreiiarinc for tho ministry, are to be
invested, and tho avails disbursed by a lio.ird
thu payment of specific devises, in equal
shares to mo .uiierieaii r.o c.mu,, oocieiy,
the American and loreign Christian I nion,
tho Vermont Domestic Missionary Society!
and tho merican Hoard ef ( ominissioners
for Foreign Missions " OnWoiit.'i
VOL. 10, NO. 8,
Iter. F. II. Higboo was ordained (it lht'iol
on tho fsth inst., Sermon by Prof. Calvin
Peas", of the University oT Vermont
Camp Meetings are to bo held nt Kockin
hnm. beginning on tho 27tli of August,
and closing on the following Saturday, nnd
at llrookfield.boginning Sept. lOtli., and clos
ing on Saturday morning, Spt. loth.
Tho Now Haven Itegister mentions tho cssn
ofti gentleman who has acquired a collegiate
and theological education, with tho view to
qualify himself Tor tho post of missiomry
ea-captain Mr. C. Ihrrett, a gradunte of
the class or Ml in Yale College, has just
completed his course of study in theology,
nml is now nbout to tako command of ono nf
our finest vessels, having for several years
followed the occupation nf a sailor. Ho hopes
in hi' capacity to effect nn equal amount of
good among seirnen.as ifbo hid gone a cler
ical mission iry to foreign binds.
A Methodist Conference has lately been
organied in the Sindvvicli Islands, in con
nexion with onoof the Omcral Conferences
in this country.
TI e lirt llvptist church in Ohio w is orga
nized at Columbia, in March, 1700. Tho
firt snrni'iu preached in Ohio, on "tho Sib
bath, was deliiered by Dr. Samuel Jones,
I clnphin to thu army of Gvt. Wnvn, in
j K's'J Th first li-iptist church in Indiana
. was constituted in 17, by Hey, TV. McCoy,
j The lir-t Iltptist church in Kentucky was
formo'l at Nolynn. Hardin county, in 17"2.
I The New York Methodi't Kpiseopil Con
1 ference have adopted a resolution adverso to
the pnotieo of reading s-rmons in tho pulpit
I They disipprovo oTitns an injurious1 innora-
tion on apostolic Methodist usige.
From the N. Orleans Christian Advocate, it
appears that tho M.K Church. South, embra-
ces conferences, 1942 traveling preachers,
1.10 superannuated poachers, 4.139 local
preichers. 42,111 white mombeis, 101,531
colored members, 3757 Indian members, mak
ing a tot si of mini-ters and members of CMS,
,103, being an increase over last year of 23,932.
Missions in Tcrket. A lew days sinco,
says on-i of the editors of tho Independent,
we inquired of tho son of an American Mis
sioniry. just arrived from Constantinople,
If Itussi i should take Const intinoplo, how
long could your father remain there at his
work ' ' Not a day," was the instant raply
That answer is a truo exponent of tho res
pective attitudes of Itussia and Turkey to
wards the Missionary work. The father of
Tho most singular conversion tint has ro.
cently occurred is that of a Protestant lady
at it. Louis, who, with seven children, has
joined the Hebrew congrcgution.
The number of public itions circulated last
year by the London Religious Tract Society
was 2s,'Jo,p,n, showing an increase of near
ly one million, and making the cntiro issuo
of the society, in 1 12 languages and dialects,
from the Country Gentleman.
The I'oultry Vurd,
It is nowaoout four years since, when
a most exquisite state ofverduncy, and !
fill ignoraueeof it. in ul! ite practical details,
we commenced farming. Some of our early
eMieliciieu was vltv ftlnnaimr. nnil bv voos
loavo Mr Lditor, "l n ill detail somo of It.
it was vv itti considerable pleasure I content
I plated the idea of living in tho country, and
, the new pursuits that would open beforo me
i 'Iho pjultry department, I assumed as my
charge What a beautiful and ladylike em
' ployment, tho caro ol chickens seemed to rao.
What an abundant outlet it would afford for
tedium ot my leisure liuurs. How 1 inenni
to make them love me, nnd how they should
thrive under my caro. Hut I had not reck
oned on th" numerous casualties uuj diseases
which chicken-kind aro heir to. 1 soon
found that the pip and the gapo were among
pin a mm noi crv iioeiieai necessities
I..I.. i I 'I'l... . i .
ol their babvboo'l. Iho first year I met
with but very indifferent success ; tho hens
would not lay ; the eggs would not hatch;
the chickens would tint thrive. I watched
over them with all the solicitude of a mater
nal hen. I set tho eggs by the moon, and
dieted the chickens on assahetida and onions;
but it was of no use. However, timo and ex
perience have brought me wisdom, and I now
think that 1 am competent to take tho da
groeof.M. D. in all matters pertaining to
lowls, and equal to thomost complicated cas
of hen sickness.
Shortly after wo moved to our present res
idence, I was very much pleased by the
promise of u pair of Shanghai fowls. Now
or the personal appearance of Shanghais
was iu complete ignorance. 1 had read of
the largo prices which they commanded, and
bad heard the magnificent crow of a neigh
boring cock, but further than this I know
nothing. Thu day that I expected them to
arrive, I was iu a high state of excitement.
lleforo the wagon was in sight that carried
them, clear and shrill us a burst of martial
music, rose on the air a most sonorous crow
What a noble fellow he must be, I thought ,
what a grace and ornament to thotioultry
yard ' I he shock that my sensibilities re"
ccived, when that unique production was
pi iced before them, was tremendous. The
lieu was decent and matronly looking, hut to
tho cock, I can't do justice Tho fiuiily
made a great deal of sport of them, but I
said not a word. Hut when tho peculiar
idiosyncrasy of tho matchless pair developed
itseli, bon 6hall I point the depths of my
shame and mortification. Nests were an in
stitution iu the social economy of fowls,
which tlio hen ignored nnd repudiated alto
gether , they were a sort of nonsense which
she did not psitrouize at all, but she would
persist in sitting upon tho roost and drop
ping down her eggs with a most frantic dis
regard of all precedents This little eccen
tricity of loirs, of course wns not indulged in
without inflicting some injury to tho eggs
As for tho rooster, he was good for nothing
but to crow, and made himself a perfect nui
smce He would march into the kitchen
with all the gravity of a judge, and without
any apparent effort, reach a piece of bread
off tho table, and then with the same imper
turbable serenity inarch out again with his
The subject is a perfect Inspiration te me
I could dilato endlessly on thu theme , but
1 l,,lt "f
gard for your patience I forbear. L
ftoTos vn I't'RorEiN STEivtsitir Company
The plan of establishing a lino of steam
ships between lloston and Liverpool, direct,
is meeting with favor in lloston. The route
from lloston to Liverpool direct will ho
shorter than thnt pursued hy tho Cunarders,
i via Halifax, or tlm Collins steamers, the
mi It is proposed to build three steamers,
nt an expenso of about $500,000 each. The
,.. . ,
capital stock is to bo $1,500,000, in shares
of $500 each, payablo in one year, provided
th" whole subscription is raited