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Burlington free press. [volume] (Burlington, Vt.) 1827-1865, November 28, 1856, Image 1

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VOL. XXX-NEW SERIES, VOL. 1TI.
1JTJBLINGTON, VT., FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 28. 1850.
NUMBER TWENTY-TWO.
THE FREE PRESS.
OEO. W. it 0. 0. BENEDICT, tUitori nnd Vrcjirfttori
13" For term tre hit inge. XX
rOETIOAli.
Trom the National ro-a.
A SONO.
Interxbed 19 the Fremont Ctl.lt.
r Jons o, whittier.
Eoneith thy skies, Novombor I
Thy skies of cloud am! lain,
Around our blazing camp-fires,
We close our ranks again.
Then Bound again tho bugles,
Call Iho battle-roll anew ;
If months hare well nigh won tho field
What may not four joars Jo 1
For, God ho praled 1 'Now Knclind
Takcs-onco ruro her ancient place J
Again the Pilgrim's banner
Leads tho vanguatd of tho raes.
Then sound again tho bugle,
Call the Vntttc-ri'll anew ;
If months have wcll-r.lgli T.-nti tho field,
What may not four j cars do 1
Along tho lordly Ifudon
A shout of triumph breaks ;
The lhuplro Ftato Is ."pLiklng,
From tho ocean to tho lakes.
Thon sound aeiln tho l-uglr.
Call tho battle-roll anew ;
If months havo well nigh won tho field,
What may not four years do 1
The Northern bills ore 1.1 iring,
Tho Northern skies arc bright ;
And the fair young Wct Is turning
Her forehead to tho lie.ht I
Then round again tl c huslc,
Call tho hntMe-vdl anew ;
If months hare will nigh won tho field,
What may not four o.irj do 1
Push every outpost nearer.
I'ress naru tl.o hoi n lowers I
Another Mataklara,
And tho Matako.T Is ours I
Then sound ngain tho bugles,
Call the battle-roll anew j
If months havo well-nigh won the field,
What may not four years do I
But keep the samo old banner,
Tor nono can better ho ;
Pass on the simo old watchword :
rniHoiTAso Victory I
And sound again tho bugles.
Call tho btttle-rnll anew J
If months h ve well-nigh won tho ficlJ,
What may not four years do 1
llthao., 10th, 1856.
MISCEMiAIVY.
TUB DARNING NEEDLE.
BT runs cumstiav anorrsi.
Translated from the Swr,lih.
There was once a darning needlo that tho't
o much of herself that she fancied sho was
a sewing needle.
'Only mind you hold mo fast,' would sho
say to the finger that took hold of her, 'and
don't let mo fall on the door, or I should
never bo found again, I am so drlieato.'
'This will do,' said tho lingers, taking her
up round tho body.
'See, I como with n whole rctinuo ! said
the darning needlo, drawing a long thread
after ; only there was no knot at tho end of
the thread.
Tho finger directed tho needlo towards tho
eook'e slipper. Tho upper leather had
craoked, and it was to bo sewed together,
'This is very closo work,' said the darning
needle, '1 shall never get through I shall
break--! am breaking.'
And sure enough sho broke.
'Did I not say so !' said tho darning noo
dle : 'I am too delicato for such work !'
'The needlo will be of no further use,' said
the fingers, though the still bold it fast :
and tho cook dropped some wax on tho neo
die, and fastens'. ?:r neckerchief with it.
ThcroliJBfc a. breast-pin '.' (.aid tho
darnin;BBsiWswkie.vv that I rhould ri-o
in tho world. ' 1 ie has merit, ono is euro
to become something or other.' And tbrn
sho laughed in her sleeve for nobody ever
saw a darning needle laugh and thero sho
etuck ns proud ns though the wero sitting in
a f tngo, looking nil about her.
'Ily your leave are you made of gold
asked she of a neighboring pin. You h ive a
a very fino appearance, and a remarkable
head, only it is very small ' You must try
andgrow, for it is not everybody who has
wox dropped upon thorn. And tin darning
needlo bridled up so proudly that sho topphil
over out of tho neckerchief, nnd fill into the
sink which the cook was then cleaning out.
'Now I am going to travel,' said tho darn
ing needle, 'but it is to bo hoped I shall not
get lost ''
Hut in fact sho was lost.
'I am too genteel for thin phco !' said sho
as she lay in tho sink. 'l!ut 1 know what I
am, and that is somo little comfort.' And
the darning needlo maintained her r oud
bearing, and did not lose her good temper.
And nil sorts of thin;-s twain over her,
such as chips of wood, bitd of straw, an !
pieces of old newspapers.
'See how they sail said the darning noo
dle. 'They don't dream of what is sticking
below them, though it is 1 who am sticking
who am sitting hero' Thero goes a chip
who thinks of nothing in tho world but him
eelf a mere chip ! Thero runs n straw, nnd
how he turns and twists nliout ! Don't bo
thinking of your foolish self, or you will run
against a stono ! Thero swims a piece of n
newspaper. Its contents havo been lung sinco
forgotten, and yet ho is mightily proud. I
am sitting still nnd am patient. I know
what I am, and that I shall remain, come
what will.'
One day something lay close to her that
flittered so splendidly that tho d vrning needlo
thoughtlt must bo adianiondjbut it was mere
ly a bit of glass, only ns it shown ho brightly,
toe darding needlo spoke to it, giving herself
ont as a breast pin.
You aro a diamond, 1 presuruo!'
Something of tho kind.'
boeaoh imagined tho ther to bo very val
cable, and their conversation turned upon
he naughtiness of the world.
' I lived in a damsel's box,' said the darn
ing needle, ' and this damsel happened to bo
a cook ; she had fivo fingers on each hand ;
bat anything moro nrrogant that those fin
gers I never saw. And yot they wero onlv
there for tho express purpose of taking me
oat of the box, and putting mo back into tho
box.'
Were they, then, of high descent!' in
quired the piece of broken bottle.
'High descentl Oh, dear no'' said tho
darning needle, ' but haughty to tho lust de
gree. They were fivo brothers, all born fin
gers. They stood proudly besido each otlur,
although they wero of unequal heights ; tho
outside one, namely the thumb, was short
and thiok, and his position was besido tho
limb, and be had only ono joint, and could
only make a bow, but he said that any human
being who had lost him was not fit for tho
army. Ills next neighbor, a thorough sweet
tooth, dipped into sweet nnd sour, pointed
to the sua and moon, and formed tho letters
when they all wroto. Master Longman, tho
middle finger looked down upon all tho others.
Gold Collet, the fourth brother, wore a gold
circlet round his body, and little Potur
Spielmann did nothing at all, which ho was
very proud of, Thoy wero a set ol boasters
and such they will remain, und that is why 1
left them.'
' And now we lio horo nnd glitter,' said tho
piece of broken bottlo.
Just then more water was poured into tho
tink, which overflowed, and tlio broken glass
was earriod away by tho stream,
' So ho is off!' said tho darning noedlo. '1
am left lying hero, Jjccnuso 1 am too genteel
but that's my pride, ami a laudable one it
is.'
And sho remained proudly stuck where sho
was, indulging in mighty grand thoughts.
' 1 oould almost fancy that I wero b irn ofi
sunbeam, I am so delicato ' Audit seems as
if tho sunboams ulweys tried to find mo
under tho water, Alas 1 I am so delioato
that my own mother would not bo ablo to lind
me. If I still possessed my old eyo, which
was broken off, I think 1 should fain weep ;
but I will not becauso it is not genteel to
cry.'
Ono day a oouple ol boys in the stroct
trir paddling in the gutWr,wb.ere they turn-
!' CI '
tut,S Ulif. 1 ;
cd up old nails, pennies, nnd such things.
It wns dirty work, but tho; socmcd to delight
in it.
'La !' cried ono of them who wns pricked
by n darning needlo, 'hero's n fellow I'
'I'm not a fellow, I'm a young lady,' said
tho darning needle; hut no body heard her.
Tho wax had disappeared, nnd sho had
grown black, hut as blackness makes things
nppear slimmer, sho fancied eho wasgontccler
than ever.
'1 hero comes an egg shell sailing along,"
said tho bojs. who now stuck tho darning
needlo through tho egg shell.
'Whito walls nnd a black dress aro becom
ing,' taiil tho darning needle, 'only I can't
sen myself! I hopo 1 shan't bo sea sick, for
then I mil afraid I should break.'
Hut sho was not sea sick, and did not break
either.
'It is a good preservative ngainsl sea sick
ness to havo a steel stomach, and to bear in
mind that ono is something tnoro than a niero
human being' My feeling ol tea sickness is
noiv over. Tim gentoclcr ono is, tho more
line can endure.' So sho said to herself
agiin.
' C'rah !' said tho egg shell, as a wagon
rolled over it.
' Mercy ! what a weight !' said tho darn
ing needle, ' 1 shall bo sea sick ! 1 shall
bri'iik 1'
Hut she did not break, though a heavy
wagin went over her ; sho liy nt full length
in tliu roi'l mid tliuro lot her Ilo.
lr no Hi.- N,-w.irk AiU rti--r.
l)inr(Tins to Moiikkn I'nxoroRTF. Platers,
Always expect In Ira akcd to pi ly in every
rump nv, no matter how large or how grave
it inny bo, nnd fool hurt if vou nre not.
II tho i:i it.it i' n to tho piano do's not enmc,
inriirt of otir lioet-sor her daughter if sho
"I lavs much now a-dtys," "and ol whnt'mnn
itl ii luro the inotriiin nt is," II tho hint is
tiken. n-ui'o the lody you nro quito out of
pv ic'ioo ; pi.iy i, ut M'ry nttlo nt any rate,
and iii'wt "without your notes."
II the list, fortunately, nro discovered in
your mull' in tho !re-iiig room, reincmlwr
now that you were trying them with Adelaide
that afternoon, nnd forgot to take them out
on nur return home.
When fairly seated nt the instrument, bo
sure to fix thii attention ol every one, bv tak
ing ten minutes nt leant to draw offvour
gloves, nrr.mgo tho light, your fan, bouquet
and pocket handkerchief.
Never consult tho tasto or musical education
of your uiidifiico. You ore there to display
your own talent", not to inquire into theirs
Commence by a dashing and extemporaneous
prelude (learned by heart from Hertz,) nnd
be sure to remark at its closo, that the piano
is a little out of tuno. It will mako your
hostess feel comfortable, and cover nny slight
discrepancies in your performance
Invariably select a piece twenty pages long,
it will give you timo to make an impression-
lteincmbef that, in tho modern school, at
tention to timo, expression and correctness
is not considered eesentiol to brilliant execu
tion. Always look extremely rnodoet nnd noncha.
lant at tho opplauso that will bo euro to fol
low. It will give your audienco an idea that
"it is nothing to what you might do if you
tried."
Trom the Drtrolt AilrecttS'r.
DAyor.n or Weari.no Hoors im a Hton
Wino. During the wind on Saturday after
noon, and w Iii lo the dust was circula'ing bo
thick that no ono could seo moro than tho
length of an eyelah in front, a lady, dressed
in tho most elegant 6tylo, in coming round
one of tho corners, was lifted off her feet by
tho forco of tho wind acting on tho great am
ount of surf.ico which sho presented to it.
The wind unfortunately did not set her down
in the same position in which sho was before
bein rokim un, l.nt timiina her gently on
ono side, it laid her endwio on tho ijownlk
where sho commenced a scries of astonishini;
(ymtioiM, rolling, over and over on tho hoopo
of tho skirts, and exhibiting a spouien or
locomotion which is not yet generally appre
ciitnl, but vvhkh may como into faeiiion,
with high winds and largo circlets of ligh
material. As tho lady thus rolled over and
over, several persons wero knocked down and
passe I met by the lady and the houps, with
out ever knowing that anything had bent
ilr'iu. J'ortuiritely (or the lady, thcduttiind
the a 'tonislnii.'nt uf tho nnonlo out of doors
p.-rmitt. d but a few to witne-s this new
I Method ol gi tting along in a stiff breczo, and
' kn ,oi' up full sail at toe iamo timo. As
v.e ciiiieni'ound a coiner, wo found tho lady
I wi'Hgud bftvvcen a lamp post nnd a hydrant,
and immediately ussi'-ted hir to an upright
instead of a recumbent position.
To 1 1 . M l. al PiieciilUt.
Ann (ir.nwiMi 1'mms imiuidicial in a Sick
J!n,,;i ,i, writing tho artielo on tho cf-ii-fts
cd' sun's rays, in this numbcr.a train of
thought was misgcstcd which brought to our
reiolloetion, the question which forms the
ho .ding of this urli. l... On tho 6amo rrin
T'l that we ricin mended tl.esunlight to bo
ii'imitteil to a patient's room, for the moral
cQ'.c of the cheerfulness which it produces,
wo should advit-o tlio introduction of every
object w hi ?h can contribute, to tho gratifica
tion of tho i-fncs or tho engagement of tho
mental faculties ; and there aro few natural
objects, ami artificial oncs.so well calculated
to promoto this end ns tho beautiful
and hvvect-scented flowers with which naturo
has so prodigally supplied us.
l!ut m their employment for this purpose,
thero nro certain precautions necessary to be
observed, arising from tho curious phenome
na attending vegeUblo life. It has been
for n long time well ascertained that during
the day, that is to say, while thero is sun
light, plants absorb carbonic acid end gire
out oxygen ; they thus tend to purify tho
utinoepliero ol a closed room during sunlight,
and contribute to tho supply of vital air.
Hut at night.Mcy give out carbonic acid and
absorb oxygen, thus not only adding to the
impurity of tho atmosphere of tho room.but
positively robbing tlio sick of a portion of
that which is so essential to their own life,
and to the correction of tho distutbanco going
on in their lungs. Plants should therefore
never be Kept in the sleeping apartment after
sundown.
A London Foo. Our readers hera hava
doubtless heard of London fogs, which are so
opaquo that foot passengors oarry lanterns,
and vehiclcs movo nt o snail's pace to avoid
collisions. Tlieso fogs ocour mainly in tho
month of November. Our lata Knglish pa
pers bring an account of one which happen
ed on tho 29th ult., and caused tho loss or at
least two lives. Tho great metropolis was
enveloped in a fog so denBO that ut 10 o'clook
in tho morning the trufBo on tho river was
stopped, nnd on the different streets and rail
ways collisions wero numerous. On the Lon
don ond South Western Uailway, a signal
man, in endeavoring to signal tho express
train, was in tho uc; of crossing tho track,
when tho engine of the train struck him on
tho lower put of tho abdomen, hurled him
over tho rails, and bis body was then forced
a distance or at least filteen yards. A man
employed near tbo Wadsworth station, in
crossing tho rails to display tho signals, not
hearing tho train approaching, wns knocked
down und cut in twain. Tlio guards or tho
different lino describe tlio fog as bcin" tlio
thickest they havo witnessed lor many years
and even nt I'utney, with tho aid of the pow
erful lamps used on tho railroad carriages
they wito unable to lind their road back to
tho station. It is reported that a clerk lost
bis lilo near Heading, from being unablo to
sco his way across tho rails, Independently
uf tho loss of Hfn, too damago done to tho
river craft by collision was considerable.
fia Wall ,n's Juurnsl.
A VAMCfcE l (WlTTA ANn CaUUTIIANS
in Wkviom-. Twenty yoars ugo a Vermont
boy natuod Ladd, left Uorinlh und engaged in
the ioa business in lloaton. This husincks took
him to Calcutta, where ho married a native
girl, and not long ago ho sent his children to
Vormont to bo cduoited, I'ho mother'alsV
visited Vermont, and to furnish milk for tho
children on tho voyago. Mm. L'idd broight'
out u t'ulciitt I IW, This uniqiio'aiiiinat i
now at tbo3jvry ataljo of Timothy Cross
in thii ilIuv,wliuo Urn ouriout una to lur.
bh n r pw 1 .
0v. c
lfo ei'j to
etrctV
Trom Cnlbum's New Month.
Scene in an Knolisii Criminal Court.
Tho night charges wero just being concluded
nnd thero was a culprit in his place; thero
was n pollcoman in tho witness-box in hit
place; thoro was a sido arrangemont liko n
church pew, and thero Sir. Fence now ap
peared in his plnco; thero was a small tablo
in tho center, nnd n seat besido it, nnd thero
sat tho clerk in his place; thoro was a hearth
rug, and thcroon stood tho magistrato in his
place; and thero was nbout a third of tho
room parted off, and thero wero huddled tho
puhlio (nnd n very dirty publio it was upon
this occasion) in its placo.
Tho offender at tlio bar was a boy about
twelve years old, very shabby, very dirty,
very thin and sallow, nnd very stunted. Tho
policeman bearing teslimony against him wns
n jolly looking man. six feet high.
'Tho magistrato, Mr. Settleum, was a small,
spare man, rigid in his aspect, and with a
stein eyo nnd voice.
'Let mo understand you, policeaian,' said
Mr. Settleum. 'You say tins boy was beg
ging.' 'I do, your wusship. I hoard him say,
'I'oor boy, poor boy,' to a many gents and
ladies.'
'Did you notico whether ho received any
thing, policeman !'
'Yes, your wusship, ono gentleman hit
him a crack o' tho head, and bid him go
work. A lady said sho was sorry for him,
nnd gavu him this 'oro tract on 'Spiritual
Food,' winch sho said would do him moro
good than penny loaves. And nccntlcmnn,
lifter that, gavo him iu order for tho workiis.
Then comes another gentleman, nnd when ho
nays, says ho, to him, 'i'oor boy, poor boy,'
th it gentleman says, 'Hallo, hallo ! Police,
polico f and gives him in chargo. Hut that
wasn't all, jour wusship. When I, in duty,
takes him, ho resists liko a good-tin, and
kicks mo on tho shin6.'
'lias ho hurt you, policeman1' inquirod
Mr. Settleum, commiscratingly.
'He has hurt mo dreadful, your wusship,'
replied tho witness, un expression of agony
crossing his oountcnanco. 'I'vo been obliged
to bo kept up with stimulants cvtr sinco,
I'vo been so low.'
' Shocking, shocking,' murmured tho mag
istrato, clasping his palms and looking up
wards. A murmur or sympathy ran through
tho audience, and tho lump of iniquity, four
feet high, crouching nt the bar nnd screwing
his sharp dirty knuckles into tho corners of
bis eyes, commenced sobbing, and evidently
felt c'very inch of him an outcast and blot
upon creation.
The magistrato gathered himself up for an
exhibition of power.
' To what are we coming 'to what aro wo
coming!' said the worthy man. with painful
emotioh. Then, sternly, ' Hoy prisoner,
what havo you to say V
If if you pleaso your wusship,' sols
bed the culprit, ' 1 I only begged 'cos I
was hungry. I'd had no wittles, your wus
ship, for n a wholo day your wusship.'
' Why don't you apply to your relatives,
boy!' askod tho magistrate, with great as
perity. 'I I've no relatives, your wusship; no
nobody but a mother in law.'
' It's no uso asking you nny questions, I
seo,' said Mr. Settleum ; ' you'ro quito har
dened. Now, here's a boy,' continued tho
magistrato addressing tliOBe around ' a des
perate, ferocious ruffian, who has seriously
hurt that bravo man thero, (policeman X wns
immediately covered with blushes,) whoso
shin has been nobly sacrificed in tho great
causo of order. I say horo is this determined
vagabond convicted on tho clearest testimony
of begging ' Now I have called upon this
fellow for his defense, and I ask what has his
defense been' Why. has ho not had tho au
dacity to urge as his reason for begging that
he was hungry ''
Thero were whispers ot admiration in
court ; but somo man in tho corner (a car
penter out of work) exclaimed, ' And an un
common good reason, too ! for which fio was
straightway taken out by tlio officer.
' l win wnmn no tunro woraa upon him,'
continued Mr. Settleum, wrathfully. ' Four
teen days nt nnrd labor.
An OssiriEn Man. In n nuiet littlo vil-
Iago on tho Western Kescrvo in Ohio, says
me rrescou transcript, tnero lives a man
who, physiologically considered, is ccrtainlv
ono of tho wonders of tho world. His joints
nro completely ossified, turned to bone, and
lie is not capaoio ol making tlie slightest
movement, except alternately opening and
shutting two fingers of his right hand. His
body is as rigid ns iron, and it could not bo
bent forward or backward without breaking
borne of his bones. This singular process of
ossification has been going on in his system
for more than twenty years. Ho is now
nbout -10 years old, and has not had tho uso
of his limbs, so that ho could walk, since ho
was nineteen. Os-ification commenced first
in his anklo joints, gradually extending its
self through his system until ho was entirely
helpless. Sinco that timo ho has been en
tirely under his mother's care, and she
watches over him with un anxiety which only
n mother can feel. When about 20 years
old, ho becamo entirely blind from somo un
known causo, and has remained soever sinco.
At about SO, bo suffered groatly from tho
toothacho, and finally ho had his teeth all ax
tnctcd. A year or two afterwards, his
finger and toe nails all came off, and wero
supplied by others growing out from Ids
lingers and toes at right angles, and present
ing tho appearanco ol horns. What is still
moro singular with regard to his nails, if tho
end of tho nail is cut off, it will bleed freely.
Such is tho condition of this remarkable
man at tho present timo. He has been
visited by a great number of scientifio men,
from all parts of the world, but all have
failed to givo any plausible reason of the
causo of his transformation from flesh to
bone. Singular aB it may appear, although
his jiw-bono is firmly set in bis head, bo not
only talks freely, but fluently converses with
his friends and those who visit him, on all
ordinary topics or tho day , and ho shows hisn
seir well informed and of good mind. Hois
always cheerful, appears contontcd nnd hap
py, and it seems probable that ho will lira
many yean to como.
From the BalTalo Medical Journal.
Tm IloAEDiNa ScnooL Ncisancx While
our sanitary polico is engaged in inspecting
emigrant boarding-houses, the tenant houses
of the poor, nnd in ferreting out the causes
or disease in alleys and unvcntilated courts
or cities, equally fruitful sources or ill
health exist among our higher classes, pro
ducing ovils as serious and as lasting.
A few weeks ago wo wero called to sea a
young girl sufforing from general dobility,
neuralgio pains, vertigo, and headacho. She
had just returned from a boarding-school in n
neighboring city, where sho bad spent only a
month beloro her health, previously good,
failed. On inquiry we found tho routine of
tho school to bo as follows,and to be certain or
tho correctness of her account wo havo made
inquiries or others familiar with its manage
ment :
The pupils riso at fivo in tho morning.
Thoy Btudy from fivo to seven o'clock. From
seven to eight o'clock thoy havo breakfast.
From night in tho morning to two r. u, is
spent in tho school room, a period of six
hours. At two they havo dinner; and from
tlirco to five nro allowed to walk or tako
other cxerciso. From fivo to six they study
nt six have tea, and then study from seven to
nine, when they nro sent to bed.
Their diet is light ond unsubstantial, and
their nppetitcs undor such a rcgimon nro us
feeble ub tho diet.
Now, hero the day of a young, growing,
spirited school girl is divided into periods or
seven hours Tor sleep, three for meals, two
for oxcrciso and twelve for study. Ev?ry
person under full adult ago necdseightot
nine hours' sleep, und in order that sleep
should bo hcalthlul and refreshing, they re
quire at least six hunts of recreation and ao
tivo eiercibo. ho timo J or meals Js bjuTi.
cjently nmpo in tho instance hero mentioned,
but lo allow only tvv,i Jiuur's for oxorciso, and
tliatjju tho ulter noun, vvdien butt, und faiiguo
dispose them forest, is positively jhurderous,
And twolvi! hour' ttudy per dav is nt luast
live hours too mugli for any young' person.
Achjldin full, vigorous health will ac
tiuliswwrs knovvledjja iu six hgu Uuilj
y ! in (ii bxial l,i''i
than in twelve, for full health and mental
vigor are Incompatible with tho discipline wo
havo described.
This system of education takes young,
robust, romping girls nnd transforms them
to slow, languid, palo, worthless women. To
ncquiro skill on tho piano, a littlo had French,
nnd a namby-pamby knowlcdgo of a low of tho
"English branches," they sicrifico health,
energy, nil capacity for tho duties of woman
hood, and not unfroquently lifo itself.
OrSTEns. Tho Now Orleans Ticayuno
gives tho following nccount of tho manner in
which oysters nro propagated ! "During tho
summer months, tho oyitcrmcn nro engaged
in preparing for tho winter's fibbing and
supply. Tho principal fcaturo in this opera
tion is tho selection of banks or beds in End
sitnition as to sccuro a sufficient depthfay
average of a foot or two of water over them,
without much How, or danger ol its exceed
ing nt any timo Tour or fivo foot. These beds
nro generally covered with a layer of sholls,
of from a fobt to n foot and a half deep, ns
otherwise the oysters would spoil in tho mud,
Tho oysters from which tho next produce is
to ho produced nro then planted, witli tho
bingo of tho shell downwards, just deep
enough to keep them standing firm, nnd about
a span's length apart. In doins thls.no
regard is piid to tho relativo number or posi
tions of tho sexes, On theso bods they lie,
fur tho greater part or tho timo with their
shellj gating, their natural position or icst.
If a foot bo put on tho ben, or other intru
sion on them made, thoso nearest at onco
closo with a hissing noise, squirting out tho
water as they do so ; and tbo cxamplo is im
mediately followed in all directions. In a
short time, their 'spat,' us tho earliest form
of tho next breed is called, is seen Ilo iting
among them, und settling either on tho shells
of tho planted animals, or on any other ob
ject, and gradunllv developing into bunches
of oysters, winch becomo fit for eating
in six or eight months, tho beds bcin,;
then thickly covered with them."
Tim Tcnw or Lifk. Iletwecn tho years
forty and sixty, n man who has properly ro
gulatcd himself, may bo considered as in tho
prime of lifo. His matured strength of conti
tution renders him almost impon ious to tho
attacks or diseaso, and expcrieiico has given
soundness to his judgdment. His mind is
resolute, firm and equal ; all his Unctions
aro in tho highest order ; ho assumes tho
mastery over business ; builds up n compet
enco on tbo foundation ho has formed in ear
ly manhood, and passes through a period of
lire attended by many gratifications. Having
gono a year or two past sixty, ho arrives at
a critical period in the roid of existence; the
river of death flows before him, and ho re
mains at a stand-still, lint athwart this river
is a viaduct, callod " Tho turn of lifo,"
which, ir crossed in siftty leads to tho valley
of 'oldjigo,' through which the river winds, and
then flows beyond without a lioat or causeway
to effect its pissago. Tho bridgo is, however,
constructed of fragilo materials, and it depends
upon how it is trodden whether it bend or
break. Gout, apoplexy, and other bad char
acters aro also in tho vicinity to waylay tho
traveller, and thrust him from the pass ; but
let him gird up his loins, and provide himself
with a fitting 6taff, and ho may trudgo on in
safety with perfect composure To quit met
aphor, " The turn or lifo " is n turn either
into a prolonged walk, or into tho grave. Tho
system and powers having reached their ut
most expansion, now begin either to closo
liko flowers at sunset, or break down at
onco. Ono injudicious stimulant, a singlo fatal
excitement, may forco it beyond its strength;
whilst n careful supply of props, and tho
withdrawal of all that tends to forco a plant,
will sustain it in beauty nnd vigor until
night has entirely set in.
f'l'ho Scieno c of Life by a Physician
I.KTTFOl FROM Jf.snv LlND. TIlO following
'hit irum .iiaiiamo lio dse in i I to lb
W-1" IS-T''rv' "pnt llcr 11 copy of
Miss. Opie s Life, hy Miss llrightwell, will
,iu micros! ;
Dear Sir; Allow mo to thank you most
sinceerly for your very kind letter, which I
received, together with Miss. HriahtweH'fl
book, nt Plymouth. I would have instantly
sent you a fow lines, but 1 could not find
time to do so I do not know why you writo
such kind words to mo. I nm nothing in my
own eyes, and feel so deeply tho sinfulness of
my own naturo; but, nevertheless, kind words
aro very encouraging when they como from
eincero lips, and I therefore put vours into
tlio s'imo golden cakct where all other kind
words aro preserved that I havo received in
life I mean a pure bright memory of tho
soul 1 I think the book of Miss Opio very
sweet nnd intcrestin-. It docs its authoress
or, in fact, its two authoresses, great honor.
Dear Mrs. Opio, sho had to go through all
tl.o same struggles ns I as every ono of us
had to endura from tho moment that tho sin
rulnefs or our hearts stands in all its realiz.
edness before us. and tlio lovo or Christ
forces us to wish for nothing moro than ac
ceptance into tho gates of heaven ' I remem
ber to havo seen Mrs. 0 io (in her quiet
friendly dress) at tho houso of tho Lord
Bishop of Norwich ; nnd how right you are,
dear Sir, when you boliovo that anything, or
nny person known by that worthv prolato, has
tho moro value to me! Ycs.Lord(nishop)Stand
ly was moro than kind to mo.and I nover shall
forget his sweet, benevolent expression. For
give mo for venturing to writo bucIi a long
letter, nlthough I am by nn moans mighty in
your .inguagc ; but 1 hopo that tho feeling
that dictated my words will givo pardon for
my presumption to writo thus. Onco moro
dear Sir, accept my sincero thanks for your
two gifts, nnd may God bless vour labors, and
give you the power of leading many souls to
tho cloar spring of pure water.
I am, dear Sir, yours most sincerely
Jennt Goldscuvidt, (born Lind.)
Pnrr.Nix His Last. This clover wit, in
tho following squib, amusingly takes off tho
prevalent custom of giving testimonials to
everybody, upon all sorts of occasions, and
for nil sorts of things :
" On Hoard tux Steamship California, )
Panama. t
To Capt. R. M. Whiting
Dear Sir: I, tho undersigned, cabin pas
senger on board tho steamship California,
during her late trip from San Francisco, beg
to tendor you, on behalTor myseir, my hear
ty and sincere acknowledgment or your skill
as a seaman, and varied courtosy as a gentle
man. To your skill nnd forsight I attribute
entirely the favorable weather that wo havo
enjoyed, and your polite attention in inva
riably giving mo tho second joint at dinner,
your liberality in helping mo to pio a second
timo, and tho noblo hearted generosity with
which you havo at times presented mo with
ono, and even two cigars, can never bo for
gotten whilst Memory holds hsr seat.
I beg you will accopt, as a slight token of
my esteem and gratitude, a largo, silver
mounted, gutta-percha ear-trumpet, which I
shall procuro for you, with a suitable in
ecription, (aB soon ns I can borrow money
enough for tho purpose,) and that you may
long live to enjoy it, in tht noblo ship which
you oommand, is my oarnest, constant and
daily prayer.
I cannot concludo better than by a quota
tion from those beautiful linos in ' Popo's
Paradiso Lost '"
The star-spangled banner,
Oh long may It wave
O'er the land of the free,
And the home of tho brave.'
With tho highest sentiments uf gmtitndai
and estoem, I remain your sinouro friend mid
most obsequious nnd very humble servanti i
Ulo. II. Dinar,, alias 1 !
Joiwl'uiKMs.vor SqfiBon.M
' ' ' ' ' ' ! l
The rsletratod portrait punter .Htiurtoimai
(not a lady in tho etreot in ,lin,Uw, who salute'-,
od Mm with , , , , i y ,n ,
"Ali, Mr, 'Stuart, I mv juttttrtl your:
miniature, and 1 kjcsqd it, beriiiMfj j at .a,,
much Jiko you." , ,, , ..
. Anldiil it kiss you in rutucii I",- i - ,,
. ".Why. uu." . , ,, . ,
" Tbun.i' t'liidStuart ' It uami H liko uieJ
werl -V, in i r v i , TS. ' ,h v'
n era CXtlCilCLl lrolu s inn f 'I liu I f., ., a
ii-. . ... .
, r.r ... ,,.
SI- I 3
in i v
TnE Magical Mango. Everybody has
heard of tho Indian juggler's trick of produ
cing a young mango-trco Trom a soed which
ho takes from his bag and submits to your
examination, Tho seed is sound nnd fit for
planting. Tho juggler collects a quantity of
earth, moistens it with wntcr, nnd, taking a
Mango-stone from his bag, plants it in tho
earth ho has prepared. Over nil, ho places a
uoderato sir.ed round baskot, up in which ho
spreads his cloth or n nativo blanket. After
an interval of discordant music and incanta
tbn, tho cloth nnd basket aro removed, tho
muddy seed is taken from tho earth, and you
pbsorvo that long, slender, whito fibres, form,
injj tho root, havo suddenly shot out. Again
it u planted, and covered as before, and tho
music becomes moro discordant, nnd tho ins
cantation moro furious. At length thechnrm
s eomplcto, nnd the rcmotnl of the basket
i displays a young ami tender shoot, with two
olenitis; leaves ut its summit. Excl.itn itions
oj surprise from tho bvstanders, nnd satisfac
tion from tho bind of jugglers eomplcto tho
second net. Ai-nin all is covered up anew,
and tho c.ir-splitting luuslo goes on. Sud
denly, tho coverings nro rcmovpd.and, to tho
umizcmcnt nnd delight of all, tho first shoot
of a malign treo, with Its small, light-culored
leaves, makes its appearanco,
'Seven yenrs ago,' says a correspon
dent of Chambers' Journal, I was tho spec
tator of such a scene nt Madras, where 1 had
gone on sick leave, nnd was glad of nny
mmiscmcnt to relievo tho monotony of a
'reed confinement to tho house. I had a
shrewd suspicion that if I could examino this
tree of miraculous growth it would turnout
a very siinplo affair. Acting on this idea, 1
suldenly sci7.cd it, and, in spito of tho clamor
ol tho jugglers, Inro it off. It certainly had
ths appearance of n real mango-shoot. There
wis tho dirty stono, wet nnd discolored, with
th) earth clinging to it.
I'um its lower pirt, tho whito fibres of tlio
ru'ent root sire lined out with most natural
nrpoir.inco, whilst from tho upper side sprang
u ft rfect young shoot, six or eight inches in
heiiht, with tlio leaves in their earliest
grevth. A basin ol water solved tho myste
ry, for. on washing tho stone, I found it old
nnc drv, and split down on ono side. From
its cavity 1 took out a small bundle of grass
roots, ono end of which was tied with thread,
nut withdrew tho young shoot of tho mango
fnni tho top of tho stone. Hero
you Invo only ono part of tho nppar.ittiH of
decption. it is perfected in tho following
mainer : The mango, nn evergreen, grows in
alimst every lirgo girden in India. A con
fed vato first pulls a sufficient quantity of tho
roott of grass which nra white, long nnd fi
broin, and resemblo tho first growth of roots
from tho mango seed. Ilo ties them up, in
serts tho tie end in tlio clolt stone, nnd gives
thcmecretly with tho cloth to his chief, who
plantaa mango stono with the roots. The
moist tartli in which it is buried removes all
nrpeannces of deception. Again tho con
federal! is ready witli his progressive slips of
mango, which, at every removal or tho bas
ket, ho tontrives to placo within tbo reach of
the operator without being seen ; and tho
latter, in his manipulations whilst covering
up tho basket with the cloth, slips them into
tbo upper part or tho slit in tho mango stono.
Tlio same process may bo continued so as to
givo you tl.o fruit growing in its various
stages, but this, of course, must depend on
the trick being performed in the fruit season.
I was twenty-thtco years in Iedin, and never
met with anybody who could explain tho mo
dus operandi of this trick, though almost all
not ull ! felt satisfied that is was a trick."
The Life or a JIailrovd Hs-bin-eir, is graph
ically depicted in tbn following extract, whioh
we copy from tlio Schcnoctuly Star
Hut tho engineer, ho who guides tho train
by guiding the iron horse, and nlmost holds
t f io lives of pissengers in his hands his is
liTe ol mingled danger und pleasure. In a
littlo scvcn liy-nino npirtment. with square
IkiIcs on each side for windows, open behind,
-...! ultli tnaohincrv to look through abend.
you find him ; ho is tho " Pathfinder "
)io leads tho way in all time or danger, checks
the iron horse, or causes it to speedtahead
with tho velocity of the wind, nt will. Havo
you ever stool by the trick, of a dark night,
and watched tho coming and passing of a
train ' Away off in tho darkness you discover
a light, and you hear a noiso, and the carl Ii
trembles beneath your feet. Tho light comes
nearer you can coniparo it to nothing but
tho devil himself, with its terriblo whistle
the sp irks you imagine como froralicelzebub's
nostrils; tbo tiro underneath, that shines
clo-o to the ground, causing you to boliovo
tho devil walks on live coals. It comes closo
to you you back away nnd shudder vou
look up, and almost on the devil's back rides
the engineer perhaps tho " machine "
shrieks, and you imagine tho engineer is ap
plying spur to tbo devil's sides. A daring
fellow, tint engineer you can't help s lying
so, and you wonder wherein lies tho pleasuro
oT being nn engineer. Tint so lio does, day
after day night after night. Moonlight
evenings ho sweeps over tho country through
cities and villages through Tairy scenes in
forest and clearings ho looks through the
square holes ot his side, and enioys tho moon
light, but ho cannot stop to enjoy tho beauty
of tho scenery. Cold, rainy, muddy, dark
nights, it is the samo ; perhaps tho tracks
aro undermined, or overflown with water;
perhaps scoundrels havo placed obstructions
in tho way, or trees have been overturned
across tho track, nnd in cither case it is al
most instant death to him, at least but ho
stops not. Itight on, is tho word witli him,
nod on ho goes regardless of danger, weather,
and everything save tho well doing of his
duty. Think of him, yo who shudder through
fear in tlio cushioned scats of tho cars, and
get warm from tho firo that is kindled for
your benefit.
It may bo interesting to tho iuquiring mind
to know how the immense cables which sup
port suspension bridges, nro manufactured
and placed on tho towers which support
them. They are made on tho spot and in the
placo thoy aro to occupy. Thero is no twist
in tho strand, but each wire is stretohed
ncross independently nnd laid by tho Bido of
tho others, after which tho wholo is bound
together with small wires, at intervals of a
few inches. The four cables which support
tho bridgo at Niagara, each Bomo twelvo or
thirloen inches in diameter, are far too heavy
to bo handled by any ordinary or extraordi
nary tackle ; but being laid with each wire
pulling independently, and each stretched at
tho outset, so ns to correspond with the oth
ers, the whole difficulty is surmounted, and
tho fullest possible strength or each wire is
made me ot.
ErRorxAN Hotel Hules. Tho "Victoria
Mansion" in llrussels, contains among its
regulations, tho following :
"Tho bedrooms nro supplied with ovory
reasonable comfort clean bed linen is re
placed every two weeks. Two towels weekly
tiro allowed, and where moro linen is re
quired, it can bo bad for the mere cost or
washing. One foot bath weokly, all extra J
n frano each. Tho proprietors do not under
take to supply cnormouaquantitica of water,"
Tho Latest Irish bull wo road of, is (ho
casoof an Irish gentleman, who, in prdoi fp
raiso tho wind, whereby to, rli'eVo. bseTl
from pecuniary ombarrassipeht, Roj,tii), fifo.
insured for a largo amount, and then drown.
edhimseir. ' "v' V J.n " '
n "i
Hoi.intv prkrevts Tbo Hostoh iWt is ro'.
sponsible for the following " .Vrtifnel fliys '
ho hud two: a kiss" from his wife and'nitiStliet'
from his tbiuehter. Tbo'first' !(o i.1Ai-4 Mr i
'its ruritv.aiHl tho second lor its dfsinWsfeuV'
ness being given for'u gold hncWri"' '"' '
; . j i i ynyi y i
u ,
' An Irish lust-boy having driven a ccntlo'
luian n long stage thr-nugh- torrmitmtjf rain,
tlio gent3eiuatv laid (n PilduiAra',y(il 'hot's1
....... i , .. i. , 'i ,,.,jr.ji ... i . ,Ji . I
lyery wot
very wet
. ' : ,1 ) ni .JMii'i
TTl l!ri'1 1
ii'i.i:u, uann wiuiiiuirnuiHiurssiTriiinFr'riii
n vxiioo.oi tuo i mnosna. iviumii UrhnMliJ 'l)urdrn3 AMo,cltiit.8j Af veimon., ,
:.i .wr.-.ti of Vdnnont LawtrUt Thv. ara4heivim.lv
itl,u,,t clotuiDS. Itfiuclples.-uoraif M'timViJ' I1' Uuiivd.iitntelftwi aii4,Trrj,QriaUe.w i
.... n ....L. . ... ..
,,uv, . , , , , . , ,
-iVTjr-'i a
It 4 ' V" '
' i it-1 I
nURIillYOTOIV :
miDAY MOIIJJINO, NOVEMBER 28. 1638.
Hill for tho Rcllefof the SnfTcnng InKnnsns
Tho debate in tho Senato, Nov. 18th, on
the bill for tho relleT of suffering settlers in
Knnsas wns ono of unusual interest, and a
brief sketch of it must bo acccptablo to our
readers. That tho arguments may bo clearly
understood wo givo tho hill as it camo from
tho Houso. It was as follows ,
Whereas, By tho Missouri Compromise, so call
ed, of 1820, slavery was forever thereafter excluded
trom all tho territory of the United States north of
3G.30, nnd tho provisions of this compromise havo
beon sacredly observed by tho Treo States, ar.d tho
territory south of said latitude has been ndmlttcd
Into tho Union ns Slave Statos, and said compromise
was pcrA lloudy repealed in lft'it, in doflanco of tho
sentiments and interests of tho great majority of
the pooplo of the Treo States; and
Whfjikvs, All oxperieneo has demonstrated that
frco labor can never profitably co-evlst trllh slavo
labor, and Iho establishment of slavery in said ter
ritory would bo an Infringement of tho pist rlzlits
of tho 1'rco PUtos, as well ns a violation of the
priociplos of our free institutions; and
Wnr.nrAs, In tho extensive and Important 'orrl
tory of Kanas, a Legislaturo has beon choen by
Invading hordes of inhabitants from Slave h'tslcs.
In defiance of the rights of actual settlers, as has
been ascertained and determined by tho Houso of
Kepreenttlves of Congress, and law- havo beon
enacted by sill legislature, designed to secure tho
oxistenco of slavery in said territory, that nro ab
horrent to tho sentiments of an enlizhtened people,
nro a digraco to tho age, nnd ouiht never to bo
obeyed by a people worthy to ho free; and
W iirrkis, Largo binds of disorderly and armed
men nro ravaging laid territory for tbo avowed
purposo of onforclng said laws, making war upon
nil sottlers who nro opposed to slavery and who re
fuse obedience to such Infamous nnl invalid laws,
driving many of them from tho territory, burning
and detroying their proportv, threatening their
live", ond committing depredations of all kinds;
and
Wur.REAs, The Federal Oovernmcnthas omitted
to givo proper projection to tho actual settlers of
said territory, and to other persons who have gone
to sal 1 territory in g'.od faith, to make settlements
or investments therein; nnd
Whereas, Citizens of Vermont, as well ns clti
sens of other Free c'titos, are now in sail territory
with tho Intention of making such settlements or in
vetmeats, In cio thoy could receive duo protection,
who, with Iho spirit proper to free men, havo refus
ed submission to said tyrannous nnd infamous legis
lation, and aro thereforo subjected to persecution
anl sulTering, but who hive not lost their rights of
citizen'hip in tho States from which they havo tem
porarily removed; nnd
M'nERRAS, This Legislature recognize the maxim
that an injury done to one citizen is an injury done
to tho wholo body politic, as a doctrine to be ever
maintained inviolate by every people worthy to bo
great and free; and
VVuEnEAB, Tho States composing the Union are
sovoreign, retaining all the powers of sovereignty
which have not boon relinquished and conferred up
on the Federal Government, and aro bound to the
performance of nil the duties springing from such
powers, and therefore bound to afford protection to
their citizens, so far as the exercise of this duty
may not interfere with the proper action of the
Fedoral Government; and
Wukreab, This Legislature are of opinion thnt
an emergency, of vast moment to Vermont and the
Union, now exists, which makes it tho imperativo
duty of Vermont to afford protection to its citizens
who may bo in Kansas, so far as may be practicablo
and consistent with the rights and powers of the
Federal Government, and of the States;
Therffore,
It is htrrby enacted iy the General Attembly of the
Slate of Wmaof, ae Jollovu!
Seo. 1. Tbo Governor of this State Is hereby
authorized to take such measures as may bo necess
ary to ascertain tho condition of our citizens in
tho territory of Kansas, and in case he shall ascer
tain that any such citizens of Vermont are In a
condition to require tho actbn of tho Government
of this State for their protection, he is hereby nu
thorizod to correspond with tho Executives of other
Statos that may havo citizens in a like condition,
as well as with tho Exccutiro of the Federal llov
crnmcnt, and cither in concert with anj ot said
Ilvecutlves, or without such concert, to take such
measures, not Inconsistent with the just rights nnd
powers of tho Fedoral (lovcrnuient,or of any other
s-tnto, as may be Imperatively required in order to
afford the protection that is justly due from this
Stato to its citizens.
Soc. 2. Tho Governor is hereby authorized to
draw on the Stnto Treasurer, from timo to time,
for such sum orsums,not exceeding twenty thousand
dollars, as shall bo necessary to carry into effect
tho provisions of this act.
Sec. 3. This net shall tako effect from its pa.'sage.
This bill had been reported upon favorably
by tho comtnitteo of tho Senato to which it
was referred. Tho question was, shall tho
bill be engrossed and read a third time.
Mr. Oreoorv spoke in favor.and in so doing
ho tool: a general review of tho sympathy
which had been Ml in our country with
nil cflbrts for freedom instancing tho cases of
Greece, Prance and Hungary. Ho believed
wo wero bound hy our constitutional obliga
tions t furnish aid to our peoplo in Kansas,
if they wero suffering. If tho peoplo of a
slave Stato wero suffering thero, ho thought
such Stato should endeavor to relievo their
wants much moro should wo do bo, when
thoso thero wero suffering in tho sacred
causo or human liberty. As to tho extent and
degrco of tho suffering, wo wero not left in
doubt. Tho letter of Gov. Geary himself, of
Mr. lirown giving an account or tho destruc
tion of Ossawatomio by fioed'k men, nnd of
tho subsequent distresses of tho people and
a letter from a Virginian there (from all
which lettors Mr. G., read extracts) wero
abundant proof. Ho spoko of the hopes of
tho lovers of humanity and froodom nil
over tho world, from tho action of this
nation in favor of frcodom, and of
the roproaches oast upon us by tho despots of
tho Old World for our inconsistency, nnd
their declarations that dsmocratio institu
tions In the U. S. were proving to bo an en
tiro failure.
Mr. FuaroiNT said there was no man in
tho Sonate who did not wish Kansas to bo a
Free State, and every ono was willing to do all
that his duty would allow him to do, to pro
mote it. As to the bill before the Sonate it
must bo looked at in view or act and not or
feeling. What it the bill icAal don it pro
pose ' are its provisions such that in view of
our obligations, tee can give it our sup
port '
Though tho general ooursa of remarks on
tho bill implied that ita objeot ii to furnish
food and clothing merely, to the coffering in
Kansas, it must be noticed that nothing of
that sort is said in the bill, neither could one
gather from it that any such purpose was in
view. The purport of tho bill must be de
cided by its preamble, for without that it
would be entirely indefinite ; and the pre
amble is the basis of the body or the bill, and
evidently points to something altogether h
verre from affording food ond' otMhrngi at
charitable aid to tho suffOTirig. Mr. Pier1-1
pont remarked briefly Upon tob 'paragraph of
thoTrekmblel showing- that' everything n it
jioin)! tofoj iJeprUbn of poMlM' Tights
end tost vourt'rould' understand' the lull as inn
.tendijd'to'bb applied otherwise, tlrari to 'jsrVM'
tect porsons who wero out of this State in
heir ,foltfaal rights ;Tb jquprtion .1,100
i)nvolvd,rtj,it,( of graatj moment, aul pup,,
aotsWiif wxpofil b fplloivc4byJtt6ujt,Qf,
'(ho grpntasLqarnqraiconcMyubla, - )oubyls
'vye cau aye, charity to .the u(rior at,, any
.ratwfcowifsvtvvo can da,so.,is Our o,j.I,ipsi-.J
ll ... !. .. ... r ' t
In stripeing1! aiicitian wuiqU; we.oiBk.MtJo,
ailiqii,wrntlTR,i .krtti SriijUeujptoct.fcy,
tho law ad f bo,Btakv putmd) uf the
to utrt tlia ixxver.sifi the tjato fjr tins pratec,
nisigMvjiinUM ib.fnhli)v(y wtvyli fur tha
iitalJUae)wiprvr nliateyej tiejonAflS osvu
wIpk:
tench,
(mur(Ut tUftt tfsll
8ud.jjrut, till), till) Uttt, "light Mt W h
obeyed, what has that to do with our power
in tho case ! If the Governor himself goes
out or the Stato, ho loses all authority while
out. Tho Stato could not protect him from
nny wrong to which ho might bo subjected.
Tho Unilod States Oovernmont alone can pro
tect him from any wronz done to him under
either State or Territorial laws. Vermont
cannot send her authority out of tho State.
If sho attempts to do so, sho takes at once
the most dangerous Southern ground. A
prevalent Southern doctrino is that tho in
habitants of tho Southern States have the
right to carry their rights as to property,
madoBO by fieir own State laws, with them
into tlio territories, and that the V. S. Gov
ernment is hiund to protect them thero in
tho possession and uso of thoso rights. This
doctrino tho .'forth has always rofoscd to ad
mit. IT it b granted, every territory will
become a slato territory, and in Tact every
Stato ill become a Slave State, in spite of all
that anything short of revolution can do to
hinder it. Tho Freo States can do nothing
to resist the encroachments of slavery if they
take the Southern ground. This bill, as it
now stands, goes farther on Southern ground
than oven Southern men havo dared to go ;
for it claims tint tbo Slate itself has the
right to protect thoo who go from it into
other States or territories. Ilecognizo that
principle and any slivo Wtato will gladlyiir
nuA tho money to pay all that this I ill pro
poses to uppropri ito. Comedo to them what
is involved in this bill nnd they will aBk no
more to insure Kansas as a Klavo Stato. Tho
North must repudiate, such a doctrino or it
lias no ground to stand on. It never has ta
ken that gronnd.and it is not ready to take it
now Vv'c can send men, arms nnd means of
nny sort abroad to protect thoso who aro or
havo been citizens of tho Stato ; but doing so
is rtvolvlion. neither less nor moro. Vermont
is not ready to tako that step and if sho
wero what would it avail '
So doubt wero tho Freo States to unito in
nn attempt, thoy could overturn tho National
Government. Hut no such thing is thought
or. liven on the question which was present
el in the late election, tho Freo Stato peoplo
havo shown themselves to bo far from being
united. Till they can bo so far united as to
voto together, it is idlo to 6upposo they would
bo united to fight to maintain any 6uch
ground.
The Freo States have submitted to grievous
wrongs rather than resort to force or any
kind. Hecollect tho case or Massachusetts.
Sho thought South Carolina subjected her
citizens to unconstitutional restrictions, and
under tho authority or tho State an agent
was sent to Soutli Carolina, for tho simplo
purposo or testing tho question before tho
courts. Unceremoniously ,and with indignity
ho was driven from tho Stato. Massachusetts
had no power under the constitution to get
redress for herself, and sho yielded. States
cannot mako compacts with each other, nor
with foreign powers. Ono may do tho samo
tiling as another docs, but not in tho way of
a compact to do eo.
In regard to the plan to mako Kansas a
Slavo State, tbo Southern States nro of one
mind, and tho Gen. Government is uith them.
Givo tho Southern States a preteit, and they
will act in agreement with that feeling which
now influences them. For these reasons ho
could not bupport tbo bill us it is. 1st, wo
havo no constitutional power to pass and car
ry out such b bill. 2nd, if wo had, to do so
would inevitibly doom all tho territories to
slavery.
U Kansas i) to becomo a free State, peoplo
who wish to n ako it so must go there, become
of it, and 0er make it so. Tho Stato of Vt.
cin tako no sttps to do it. if privato aid to
thoso who havo gono or who would go, is
nit eutticientjho might be willing to voto cliar
itablo aid to relievo necessities for food nnd
raiment. A question oT that sort may admit
of discussion under somo aspects, but at least
it is a question within ourselves. Whatever
differences or opinion thero may bo about
reeding the hungry and clothing tho naked,
wherever they arc, at tho public cxpenso,
thoso differences can bo settled without in
any manner affecting our public relations
with tho government of tho United States.
Mr. Hu.ntov said slavery was not intended
to bo nggrcssive,whcn tho U, S. Constitution
was formed, but had bjen, always, and always
successM, and always with help from
Northern men. Tho Southern politicians
wero ready to tako any ground, and to chango
their ground in any way, ir by so doing they
could carry their point. Tho Missouri Com
promise was constitutional enough till they
had secured nil thoy wero to havo hy it.
Then it was unconstitutional and Sjualter
Sovereignty was set up, When that was
likely to Tail them in their scheme to extend
slavery by it, they wero ready to abandon it
in its turn. The ballot box had been invaded
In Kansas, armed marauders wero at least
countenanced by tho United States Govern
ment to overpower the voters. How nro
men to stay thero1 lie understood tho bill
to mean simply to help sustain peoplo there
with food and clothing. If Kansas cannot
bo helped from being made a Slavo Stato by
forco, how is Nebraska or any other territory
to be protected from a liko fate ! Ilo
thought the question was well Btatod
by a Vermont Senator to them a
fi days npjn It is, how are wo to be kept
from being made slaves ourjriVfj .' Under
the Southern doctrino that the slave holder
can carry slaves and slavery with him, how
long will it be before he will bring then here?
As a general rule tho U. S. Government
should protect citizens, and generally it has
done it, as in tho-oases nt Algiers. In the
Koezta uie'it Jya fio'Dp'tp'iirotecjt'bpe who
had only, gjyen nolica, ,of itla 'intention to
become a citizen, In Kaocis,- our own U. S.
"Territory ,'no protection 'is given,. History
tjoeS n8t give' a caso like this, where a gov
ernment has allowed one portion oHta peoplo
t,o nttack'nml oppress tha- other. ,Any thing
which (hall bet dona, even to rood end olothe
the Kiffering'.'wilt'bo'faifa' political. Ii has'
(r berjnjgiu ,ijt yiew, anij carjno( V.5 helrej.
JIr.' HtJTON said ho 'did riot"likapream-bIes-rvyooWj;6'witlioi,t
tlris'.brie if ho cbilM,
havA,biJi"()icy iii Va Vw'og rVjteJd Lis
prefuronecj on -idstaius in-py way, if tha
niairr result could bo' Moil rod;
.1 1 J i l . v. 'i
o 'V1 W'.aWV; YVMnPPW-i,"9 OT71t ftu-
jouraoditliM further, wesidemtiim .of tho bill
kill S iVMI rtrnToronauig the consideration
rjf n','.M)rV,T,itTontTmOTCd to anterid tho
JjiUlX -BtrilifnR 9U,' all b'ort
cnn:tingpfue, wulto entitle. U'B bi anAot,
.for therelief' of tbo i4ffrir.p;'poor in Ku
hi,1 'Also to foikU'cut Wttiditt i'oTid i-Vauit
it.fc -..-...... l. n..Il. tA
If . individuals am isuffcriag in Kansas! for.
.yanrdf fbjid nrrU clpUiinj;, hnd Id dravf'ordirsi
un the, f reaanrylq aorujiin'f pot ixce'eding
UO.OUQefor moan to rliuT qivk Of JisttCH
thus aMvrtaiuidi '
Mr. Johnson would go for tho amendment
if it would not peril tho bill by sending it
back to tho Houso was ready to go for the
bill as it was, rather than run any risk on
that head.
Mr. Hotce, would go for the amendment.
Probably nine-tenths of the pooplo of tho
State wero ready to furnish aid to tho suffer
ing there. Such things lind been done and
could bo done. Tho proposal to protectant
tho hill provides, is a proposal to do that
which is boyond any powers possessed by tho
State,
.Mr. IloTCiiKiss was willing to go for the
amendment iftho bilfwould thereby bo made
acccptablo to tho Senators generally. He
thought however that the bill ui it camo from
tho llouso was not open to nil tbo Abactions
which had been urged, for thero was a saving
clauso in it, that nothing should bo dono
under it contrary to our constitutional obli
gations, Mr. I'.vnr.nwoon spoko in favor of the
amendment. If tho bill was amended n9 pro
posed ho could go for it, otherwise not Ho
reviewed briefly tho steps which led to tlio
pasting or tho Kansas-Nebraska, bill und the
repeal of tho .Missouri Compromise had no
doubt the intention to do it dated an f.irtnck
as then lmission of Cilifornii as a free vto.
Tho samo southern men who bitterly opr .-ed
tint admission wero tho chief actor-1 in 'lie
iniquitous measure of tho repeil af r -s ud.
Ho believed the wholo power or the A 1 min
istration was exTtcl to help make Kansas a
Slave Statu. Ilo would therefore ho r, -Jy to
go to any extreme, within our proper powers
ot action, to frustrato thoso attompt-.
Hut the bill, as it now etands.Lakes tlio very
ground which will enablo them to succeed
tho nullifying doctrine of tho South Tho
preamble of tho bill must 1)3 taken t deter
mine what is meant by the protection sp 'ken
or in tho bill it is a protection by fire, to
freo men from unjust imprisonment and from
a violation oT their political rights Fudiind
raiment wo can givo to tho suffering, but
protection is out of our power. The implica
tion that Vermont bos citizens in Kansas is
fallacious. Ono cannot bo a citizen of Ver
mont and a citizen of Kansas at tho same
timo. Vermont has no power outside of her
own borders. Tho doctrino oi tho bill is
dangerous in tho extreme, and if carried out
it would destroy the government. As n gene
ral rule,c!mritable contributions by tho State
rjre objectionable. Extraordinary cases can
only justify them. Ho considered this one of
that kind.
Tho amendments proposed by Mr. Pierpont
were adopted without a dissenting voice.
When tho question was taken on tho passage
of tho bill, Mr. Cahoon said he could not
vote for it, becauso he believed it wus going
beyond the proper power of tho General As
sembly to vote money from tho treasury for
such a purposo.
Mr. Reynolds or Grand Isle, said a few
words also against it ; but ho seemed to us
to misapprehend tho purport of tho bill cs
amended, for his remarks were chie2y
directed against the dangerous step of send
ing men at tho public oxpense to eettlo in
Kansas.
Tho bill passed tho Senato, as stated yes
terday, ayes 2j, noes 2, was returned to
tho Houso.and paosed the House 110 to 84
TnE New f.NCLWD Ulood. Tho Philadel
phia Lodger shows in tlh; following p ira
graph, that tho New Kngland sentiment,
when onco instilled into a community, is liko
tho vv cstininster catechism, never'rooted ut
oneo there, it is thero forever. Speaking r
tho election ho renurks
IJy referring to the voto it will bo seen that i' e
States vfhhh voted for Fremont are, l . i; al
terms tho N'ew Iceland ones and their c ' u
Wherever tho strietlv Vankec blood f(,r i '
bulk of tho population, the " no mere slavo ?' i"
doctrine has cin led ever) thins Leforo it 1 ,a
New Kngland proper, even the staunchc-t De'n at.
io Mates, even New Ilampniro una C, i.-h " ut,
whero tho Stato rights party has heen p.. u, &
long, went for I reojunt. So In Now , iho
Western and other counties, which wero i ,ri v
settled hy New Kn-linler, h-ivo ovcii.rno t ,e
flu lsun Ilivcr counties and the city of ,ct Y rk.
In our own State, ilralford, Tiegi, an I other coun
ties, the seats of tlio Connecticut ii-crvi', and ortg.
inally, thcretore, cidutiized lrom CjuUlCi ' the
linj-tnties lor Kretuout have been on ,-m is, In
Ohio nnd Illinoi, the population of tlie X tthern
counties, tho hulk of whioh went from Xcw Unglau J,
carried thoso two Mates for I'remont against the
anti-rrcmont lecling of tho uthern counties,
which wero originally settled frura the Middle
States, doing still further Westward we fiud the
samo fact evcrywhcio nuticeable. In every Ccci
tnonwealth whero Xow Ilngland luuloi of thuc.ht
prevail, Fremont has carried tho day, as ho has 1, it
It in thoso Free States whero Pennsylvmians havs
been the colonists, and where, consequently, Penn
sylvania modes of thinking aro In the ascenla&t
Loss or run Stevsier Scterior. The De
troit papers contain full accounts of tho loss
of this vessel on Liko Superior, in tho eala
on tho 29th ult. She was running for Grand
Island, to escape from tho storm, when her
rudder parted and sho was .rendered unman
ageable. Soon swinging around into tho
trough of the sea, her tires wero put out and
she drifted ashore at Green Island. Tho an
chors were cast, but the water being very
deep they did not take hold soon enough to
prevent her from striking. Forty-two par
sons aro known to be lost . sixteen were
saved.
Tho N. Y. Tribuno comments severely on
the owners for suffering a vessel so unsea wor
thy and unsubstantial as tho Superior, to
leave port at a timo of year when severe gales
are always to be expected. And tbat she
was not staunch enough is shown by the fsot
that the third sea that struck her, after pm
grounded, broko her to pieces.
rrom Ihe-Cbkas Txibune.
Losses on the Lkis. The disasters on
the Lakes this season far exceed in numbir
and fatality thosaof anj pat season. Wrecks,
founderingB.burnings anil collisions have bean
recorded, and tlio tad details have filled many
columns of our paper.
Tho following carefully prepared UbU of
vessels which iavo been .totally lost my he
ef interest. It is incomplete, and tiero are
several which have, no doubt proved a tofajl
wreck wjii,cb we know not of,
Steamers British Empire ana Queen, by
collision, the Niagara, by fire; th Oity of
Hamilton, ashore; tbo Mazeppa, sunk; ths
Supericr, wrecked.
Propellers Louisville, Fnleori and Tinto,
by fire; Cnynhoga, Sandusky nnd St. Joseph,
ashore; Toledo and J W ISrOOkS, foundered
and gono to piece". "
Tut;'s Dorr Hnd lTadley, sunk,
lings F V. Clark, A L. Cobb, Ellen Gil
mour, asborci Und tho Ellen Parker uud Ne
braska, by collision.
Schooners Wyandotte, Hival, Nile, Pratt,
St. Anthony, Home, Magnolia, Yankee, Geu
Taylor, Kuropo, Happy Go Lucky, Hamlet, J.
W, Hoss, J K, Shaw.Sobastopol, HranU, Geo
Davis, Forwarder, Forest Queen, Industry1.
Orion, Alma, Ketchum, ,r, P. Hale, Pilgrm,
Telegraph, S, A. Greene, sink: making
in all a total of ti ti .ners, 8 prd'
pollers, 2 tugs, 5 trigs hnd 27 Schooners',
which iave proved a total loss.
The above enumeration does nbt idcltids
tho largd number 'of v'rssots whicn hate'euf
fercd material damage duringtho severojrsif
which have provailcd. Tholofcsttf life ha
lalto been gro.it, ftn4,tavcJ-oI ycfcsuls luvp.dU
appearod, nnd nover burn heard front. Aty
thcJowcat oalouLifiou,- there ut liavo bjqn
.tvvoihundred Hvfs lost , during, t! present
navigation iensou. The lorn of property has
beers immense, but Vo hove, nt ptOMUit, pQ
tattoo of fts.'citainky tlio amount,.

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