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BUTFtLTT(3-TON VT., FRIDAY SEPTEMBER 16 1659.
VOL. XXXIV MEW SERIES VOL. VI.
TUli DKIV IiUM
In hrc bell oup, at tbe ireufc of day,
Spirltling nd bright dew-drop lay:
When ru ldy morn the east o'enprcid.
The dew-drop caught the rare it bed,
And blendlnj: with tbem the fiowcreta bine,
It rivalled the gam with it delic&tc hue.
hut the rnn, when he rote, was wroth to fee
A diw-drop could thine more brightly than be:
5o be tent down a beam to tbe harebell enp,
An JranV tbe drop, in itt beauty up.
Andtucbiitbe law in Nature'i plan;
Sa'yscl to it if tbe fate Man;
Lif'' is tbe dew of the hire bell cap,
X'i Death the beam that shall drink it up.
HIISCELLA i Y .
"Who -will Mots txiz Crops 7 A corres
pondent of the Terre Haute (Ind.) Express,
writing fro.n Chicago, throws some light on
this reied question :
Hero is Lady No. 1. with ten acres of wheat
graeefullv thrown round her person twelve
bushels to tho acre. Ten times twelve are
one hundred and twenty, at eighty cents a
Lady No. 2 toddles under four tons of hay
at soven dollars and a half per ton : 4x7 50
$30. She stands erect as stiffly as I tee Nor
wegian women every day with a load of kind
ling wood on their heath.
Lady No. 3 sweeps tho path and the cir
cumjacent dog fennel with a. train in which is
exhibited one yoke of steers at $35 $70.
Lidy No. 4 is enrobed in 20 acres of corn,
forty bushels to tho acre, worth thirty cents
a bushel : S00x30$24O.
Lady No 5 has a mule colt suspended from
each car. at $15$30.
Gentleman No. 1 wears in his fob a'span of
matched bays, $300.
Gentleman No. 2 studs his shirt bosom
with three hogsheads of tobacco, and is oiled
and perfumed with sis bushels 1 onions
Gentleman No. 3 Rets fuddled on 1 cwt.
of hemp, begins dinner with dessert and
eats up to fish.
Gentleman No. 4 flourishes a cue, and
buies himself from morning until night, and
from night until morning, with bagging a
Fplfndid crop of wheat in the pockem of a
Cigar viking avd other .vachives.
Tnom.is Blanchurd of Boston, formerly a
resident of Springfield, and the builder of
nv.re than one steamboat which aftTward
f! uted on the Connecticut river, as well as
the inventor of tbe principle of turning
irregular surfaces, so successfully applied to
din making, has lately patented a machine
which turns out thirty manufactured cigirs
a minute. A Frenchman has alsr patcnt-d
one. which is reported, however, to make but
f .ru-two cigars in ten minutes. An ingeni
ous theomer upon the value of machines
like tliet-e in the way of labor-saving to tiiis
country alone, says that cigars ?an oe made
bv t ie se.-ond of tho two above mentioned
machines for one sixth the cost of those made
bv nand; and as he estimates that 900,000,
o00 cigars aro made yearly in New Yoik
city alone, he figures up a saving of millions
if d .liars. Mr Blanchard says there are
thr- inventions yet to be made, and of the
gre it'iet importance: a ship that will not
sink at sea, a cur that will not run off the
track, and a boiler that will not explode.
Tw . of these he thinks are easy enough, but
the other more difficult to bring out. Now
it seems to somo folks that there arc three
other machines, likewise of the greatest im
portance, yet to be originated ; and like the
tlire abovo named, two aro easy and one
difficult, but not it is to bo hoped abovo the
reach of Yankee skill and ingenuity, viz : a
machine for tho men that shall chew their
tobacco for them, ono for the women that
shall spank their children, and one for both
that shall do their talking. Springfield
ave the Mas with the Red Hair It re
quires great coolness, and experience to steer
a canoe down these rapids (the Sault Sto.
Marie), and a short time before our arrival
(writes a correspondent) two Americans hud
ventured to descend them without boatmen,
8nd were consequently upset. As the story
was reported to us, one of them owed his sal
tation to a singular coincidence, As tho ac
. i lent took place opposite the town, many
f tho inhabitants were attracted to the river
t watch the struggles of tho unfortunate
men, thinking any attempt at a rescue would
Suddenly, however, a person appeared
running toward the group, frantic with ex
irement; "Sivo the man with the red hair!'
h vehemently shouted: and the exertions
which were "made in consequence of his
earnest appeals proved successful and the red
haired individual, in an exhausted condition,
was safely landed. "He owes me eighteen
! .liars, said his rescuer, drawing a long
b--ath, and looking approvingly on his as
sistants. The red-haired man's friend had
n .t a creditor at the Sault, and, in default
facunpeting claim, was allowed to pay
Ins d bt to nature. 44 And I'll tell you what
it, is, stranger," 6aid the narrator of the fore
sting incident, complacently drawing a mo-r-d
therefrom, 44a man never'll know Ix-w
n-Ti'SjATV he is to society, if he don't make
his life valuable to his friends as well as to
Remarkable Relic or a Highwayman-.
When Martin Walton, tho notorious high
wayman, was dying in tho State Prison at
' ...irlestown, he made confession of his
-runes, and dictated a minute account of his
reckless career, which was recorded by tho
Wardon ol the institution. The work was
published in this city in 1S37, under the
title nf'-Virrifivrt of the Life of James Al-
' ', alias George Walton, alias Jonas Pierce,
aijasJamp.il. York, alias Burley Grove,
")" Highwayman. Being his Confession to
tbn Massachusetts State
There is now in the library of tho Athene
um a copy of this work, bound in a piece of
the skin ot tue aeceasea niguwayuian. mo
c .ver is in one piece about ten by six inches
in i7ft. It is as soft as washleather. but
iimcli whiter. It is a singular relict.
The Trouble inOrego.w The Washing
t m correspondent of the Tribune says that
'lie points of the controversy between us and
'Treat Britain, so far as " Gen. Harney's
oarse in Oregon is concerned, are stated in a
trustworthy quarter as follows: That tho
iMand of San Juan, eas: of the old recognix
el channel of Haro. has been occupied as a
s Tt of common ground by Americans, ai.d
y a party of the Hudson's Bay Company
'as now no legal existence, xnat some un
ference has arisen between tho above-named
t-irtics. and that, at the request of the Am
ricans. Gen. Harney has interpored, with a
';ill number ol troops, to decide a matter
'.it properly pertains to the jurisdiction of
- British "and American Commissioners
w on the ground, or near it, who are char-
1 with tho dutv of runrsinj the boundary
e. It is not supposed that anything like
'stilities will grow out ot this affair. But
teems that we now Ifave assumed the
-ironir iwiition usually taken by the British
have occupied a territory in dispute as a
i:e first tu.au that over shaved was a ma.n
uo was caught stealing a dead pig from tho
litilci; taken in the act, with the animal
: . rown over his bhoulder. he holding it by
'ins hind legs, and the bare rump of
L.io beast check by jowl with his face. The
proper authorities imprisoned the man. the
the mob would have hung him, but were
iatitfied when it was announced that he was
condemned to have his face shaven, and. em
el punishment, he was ever after to keep it
so himself ; his own face to bcr witness to
the world the nature of his crime. From i
A? -II .L. .1 i
this man 6prung all the smooth faces.
Tho tnvpntive genius of the ''small fry."
is strikingly developed, when their pecun
iary interest is concerned. A little fellow
seeing some nails the other day, triumphant
ly said to his companion: Let's put sorao
g' these nails out on tho roof till to morrow
and then they'll bo rusty then wo can
bend them up and sell them for old iron '
On Tuesday night, at a lato hour, a party
of three men, evidently "dead rabbits," en
tered the press-room of Williams and Co.,
in Spruce street, nnd in tho prcsenco of some
dozen persons attached to the press-room,
smashed the form of the Anti-Slavery Stand
ard, and made good their escape. It is sup
posed their object was to break up the forms
of Porter's Spirit of tho Times, which is
printed in the fame offico, so tiiat it could
not be issu.d next day.
Moors ik South dr.oLi.v.1. Itiuny not be
g.-nerally known that some of tho beat fam
ilies in South Carolina are Moors by descent.
Tho blooJ of the" African s.)on washes out,
but that of tho Indian and Moor, after a
half a score of venerations, shows iuelf al
most as strongly as ever. The crisp, curling
black hair, dark sad eye, long silken lashes;
and swarthy complexion, come up generation
after generation. Many of our old Huguen
ot families, down to tho present day, show
strong traces of their Moorish dee nt.
"When the Moors were driven out from
Spiin, upon the conquest of Granada, thou
sands of them took refuge in tho South of
France, carrying with tueui tho art of culti
vating the vine and of growing silk. Re
membering their bitter persecutions m Spain
they never could becoino Catholics, though
forced by their positiou to renouce Mahom
medanism and become Christian. They bo
came eventually Pro.estants, and when tho
recvocation of the Edict of N.inte took place
withdrawing toleration from tho Protest mt
religion, they were again driven to 6eek new
homes, and in large numbars emigrated to
South Carolina. Clarendon (S. C.)
The reception of ox-Governor Seymour, at
Hartford, was not intended for political el
f ct of course not but an Irishman, who
was somewhat rudely pushed baok by one of
the officials, asked : "An ye won't kill us if
wedon't fall back, will ye?" "Yes," said
the officer, "every man of you." "No, ye
wouldn't do that, sure ; you'll be after want
ing us by and by.
The New Orleans Bulhtin has a capital
squibbing articlo tin tho recent froln, whico
it attributes to tho near return of Mr. Sew
ard. The editor asks : "Will the chivalry
Bubmit to this?"
Lcnry Winter Davis of Maryland, accept
ed his renomination for Congress on Mon
day evening last, in a brilliant and excellent
speech. He raked the National Administra
tion fore and aft. He earnestly advocated a
union of the opposition throughout the coun
try, and expressed himself as follows :
'1 desire to say that the mas of Northern
men opposed to Democracy-, and styled us
the Opposition, are sounder men, and more
careful of the interests ol the Union, than
the men calling themselves Northern Demo
crats. Tho fact is that men throughout tho
Union are desirous to get rid of this Demo
cratic misrule. Past differences aro forgot
ten ; they now look calmlv on affairs, and
desiro to better their political condition.
I repeat again, our int Tests are with the
Opposition ot the North. Wo grow neither
cotton, sugar nor rice ; neither do they. We
aro interested in agricultural, commercial,
and manufacturing pursuits, and therefore
our interests aro with the North, and with
thorn alone. I will further add that Mary
land interests are sustained by the Opposi
tion par v of the North, and voted uown by
Southeru'Dcmocrats. Our policy now is to
be united on the opening of" the next Con
gress. Let us show where we stand, and
not be alarmed by any enemy in our rear. If
we put on a bold and" determined front, my
word for it, victory will ensue, and the next
Administration will be of a different com
plexion from the present one. (Cheers ")
Election in Hcntlsctox. Tho Huntin
ton Remarker reports as follows :
The elaction in this town passed off quietly
sadly boli ind his colleagues on the Senator
ticket, owing to split tickets with Appleton's
.i i - i r .u: -i.e....
name on tnem insieau oi ms. jn iuii ucux
tion I cannot but express my regret that any
Republican sho'd thus suffer himself t mar
the integrity of his ticket on account of a
local issue, or that any nominee on that
ticket should bv his position theroon thus
alienate so many who should bo his friends.
from his support.
A Si.vgclar CriARiTT. Tho OLver Smith
Fund lor tho benefit of indigent boys and
girls, indigent young women and widows,
will reach the required sum oi 5iiuu,ouu iu
October next when it will become available
for the mirnoses designated in tho will.
There will then be distrihuted, annually, to
21 bovs who have faithfully performed the
conditions of the will, $10,800; to 18 girls,
$5400; to 54 mdustnous young women lor
T..:irri:ie nortions. S270I1; to 54 indigent
and deserving widows, $2700. Northamp
Births ivBailroad Cars. On ono of the
.mum and Providence trains. Tuesday, a
iady gavo birth to twins a boy and a girl.
A physician and ins wtie, who weru on mo
train, rendered efficient service, and the
children were named on tho spot after the
Doctor and his wife.
The Ballot Law or our Fathers. Ex
tract fr. m tho Massachusetts Colony Laws,
April, 1043 .
"It is ordered by thiscjurt and the authori
ty thereof, that for tho yearly choosing of
assistants, the freemen shall use Indian corn
and beans, the Indian corn to manifest oiec-
tion, the beans contrary ; and it any free
man shall nut in more than one Indian corn
nr bean, for thechoico or refusal of any pub
lic officer, he shall forfoit for every such ot-
fense ten pounds.
Three Pt-Rsoxs over Niagara Falls. The
telegraph has stated that a boat, containing
three persons, had been carried over tho Falls
of Niagara. The Lockport Advertiser of
"Yesterday afternoon about ono o'clock,
a man by the name of Rosseau, and a Mr.
Morse and wife, started in a boat from near
the head of the Hydraulic Canal at Niagara
Falls, to cro- the river to Chippewa, when
the boat was struck by a gale and capsized.
They were observed by persons cm shore to
get on to the boat for safety. They were e wn
carried away by tho current into "the rapids,
nnd were last seen above the -Three Si6ters.'
The wind was blowing a galo at the time.
Rosseau was saved from a fate like this only
about a year ago. He is reported by the
citizens m his neighborhood to have been a
smuggler by occupation.
Barntv is actually said to have offered
Mr. Punchon, tho celebrated English Bap
tist preacher, 2,000 a year to come to
America and make a lecturing tour. Mr.
Pnnchon replied by writing simply :
"Act xiti. 10," and sending it to Barnum.
he versa reads thus " O, full of subtlety
and all mischief, thou child of the devil, wilt
... . 1 t 1.1w in mxr Hireptioil it COlirtfiOUSlV una I
rhero was somewhat ot a contest tor ne- itp,, ,,, nosition ''with- I diussed tho matter privately, admi
i rescntative, three ballotings being taken ""3J. impossible for a ,.oor wor
ere a choice was effected, when A. J. Crane . 3 " ... . . .. . ' .r . " "i. man to have a well-ordered, well-cov
was re-elected by 6 majority. The vote on the - Tu " ft l-ousehol where his children had. two
state and county tioKet averaged generally i? . v . admirable : '"ore living mothers occupying the f
13S Republican to 40 for the Democratic F,nc'PV6; ,i ' 1?'' f" , Lrdinarv dwelling On the whole, I
ticket. Mr. Chittenden I understand falls compie 'Z"?""" eludo that Polvcamv. as it was a craft on
thou not cease to pervert tho right ways of
ta T .trA 0M
fTZfY iff HPV
FRIDAY MORKIKG. SEPTEMBER 0
REPUBLICANISM IS .VEWTORK.
The political action of a great State, like
New York, is always a subject of great inter
est to tho entire nation. The late Republi
can State Convention, held at Syracuse on
tho 7th, presented the Republican pirty of
that State in a light which deserves all tho
commendation bestowed in the quotations
wo give below. The nominations were emi
nently praiseworthy, as follows :
For Judge of the Court of Appeals, Hekrv
K. Davies, of New York ; For Secretary of
State, Elias W. Leavenworth, of Onondaga;
For Comptroller, Robert Oen.viston, of Or
ange; For Treasurer, Philip Dorsueimer, of
Erie; For Attorney General, Charles G.
Myers, of St. Lawrenco ; For State Engineer
and Surveyor, Orville AV. Story, of A'lega
ny; For Canal Commissioner, Ogds.v N.
Chavin, of Albany ; For Inspector of State
Prisons, David P. Forrest, of Schenectady :
For Clerk of tho Court of Appeals, Charles
Hcgiik!, of Washington.
The Resolutions adoptod by the Conven
tion are explicit and fearless in sentiment,
and excellent in language. We quote lour
or five of them :
Resolved, That the Republican party of the
State of N'ew 'iork, in Convention assembled, re
assert their unchangeable faith in the truth, jus
tice mid practicability of tbe principles and pur
poses enunciated by the National Republican
Convention, held Ht Philadelphia, on the 17th of
Uet'ihei. That Freedom is universal and na
tional iUvery exceptional nnd local; and that
tue general government of tbe United autec, in
tho exeroiso of its powers, whether executive, le
gislative .r judicial, is bound to adhere, in sub
stance and iu form, to the genius and noble spirit
.f this immortal maxim.
Res'dvtd. That tho Territories of th United
States are tbe property of the people of the Unit
ed Matt s. That the Constitution has conferred
upon CongrosS the power tomako all needful rule?
and regulation respecting tho said Territories
And that it is the ri;.it aud duty of Congress, a
the guardian of their welfare, to prejerro them
free forever fr mall ulitical and social nuisan
ces, and particularly from the infamous and de
basing institution of douieElic sla ery.
Ilnolved, That the oounteuance and support
which has been iven to toe slave power by the
political party which calls itself tho Oeuiocratic
I'rty, has encouraged that dangerous and aggres
sive oligarchy, to put form schemes lor the enact
meut by Congress of a slave code lor the Territo
ries', and fur tne revival of the barbarous, inhu
man and detestable traffio in Atrican Slares,
against which scheme! tho Republican Party
hereby pledges itself to contend with earnest and
unrel ixing energy.
RiMolvid, That the name and hi'tory of the Re
publican Party, tho exigencies which called it
into cxi-tence, and its equitable and just r cogni
tion of tbe clai-.i s and aspiration' of all its mem
bers, whaUoever may has-e been their political or
partisan antecedents, all demonstrate t to be an
organiratiun of broad and liberal views, to whieh
every sincere opponent of tbo National Adminis
tration can attach himself on terms of perfect
equality; and that the Hopubiican Party will
heartily welcome all who may be attracted to its
ranks, without regard to former party divisions
Concerning thin, tho X. Y. Courier and
Enquirer remarks as follows :
This manly, fearless spirit, and this habit
of plain 6ech. f"rm onu of the settled char
oetcilstics of the Republican party. It is a
young party, and has the high-hearted con
fidence and directness of youth. It lias never
vet acquired the kw dissimulation and petty
chicane which are so apt insensibly to get
posi-ession of old parties, eating out their soul
and marrow, and destroying every thing liko
moral earneftness. The Republican party has
never yet learned to shrink from any just
responsibility either in word or action ; and
we trust that in this respect, it will never
outgrow its early years.
The State Convention was true to the party
in keeping strictly to its own high and broad
platform, ana seekingno unwortny com prom -
- J: . 1 . . ..f-l ..A
that it will not be properly appreciated by
the freemen of tho State.
The Albany Evening Journal says :
In the present state of parties, it is notice-
able that tho Republican party is tho only
one that dares to sneak out at its Conven
Hons. It frankly declares its principles and
purposes, while all the other organizations
in the country seek to hide theirs under am
biguous and equivocal phraseology, which
may bo interpreted to mean anything or no
thing, mis is a necexMiy o: incir existence.
They are made up of jangled elements, afraid
to louk each other in the lace, and eschewing
a iranicness w icn wouiu uu uiu siuai ioi
r I. u i a l -.
dissolution. But it is as idle to expect th it
a party can oe permanently num loemer oy
lrom a party which c.mnotagreo in what
good government consists. The Republicans
aro the only party who aro "green, as to wnat
thev want, and who aeciaro it in tne lace oi
THE JIASSACniJSKTTS STAT
The Grand Muster of the Militia of Mass
chusetts, at Concord in that State, closed on
Friday, and was the moat notable affair of
tbe kind that has occurred in New England
for many years The total number of men
in camp was 4,974, divided as follows : gov
ernor and staff, 0 ; division field nnd staff,
21; brigade field and staff, 30: artillery,
140 ; cavalry, 205; rifles, 34 9 ; infantry,
The closing daT of tho uneampment was
its best day. For the first time in the histo
ry of any State, the legislature, in i:s official
capacity, attended to review tho entire body
of troops; and, added to this unusual fea
ture, was the presence of Gen. Wool cf the
army, the governor of Rhode Island, his
6tafl, and many of tho officers of the Rhode
Island militiaj with liberal representations
rom New York, Connecticut,Yermont and
The spectators are estimated at 20,000.
The manocuvcrin;: was very fine. Col. Rog
ers of the Boston Journal, whesa battalion
was constructed on the model of the celebrat
ed New York 7th regiment, made his troops
the observed of all ob-ervers. Tho promi
nent feature in the jierformances of Thurs
day was, however, the peculiar manoouvers
of the 1st battalion of rifles, Major Ben Per
ley Poore, in what is called tho "Zouavo
drill" sending forward bodies of skirmish
ers in advance ; these skirmishers lying down
and firing ; rallying by groups of four and
executing a, bayonet exercise with tneir for
midable sabra bayonets ; rallying on the re-
: A vi ..:. i.: ,i ., ,,. nr.al
. . .
, movements, which excited comiaeraoie at
tentton ana amusement, especially iuu pas-
sa.e of a stone wall bv the whole battalion
I 11I1U V IZ lllltu UUi WHj ciii;ii.w. . i ... w.-
MR. GREELRY OV MOU3IOX PO
LYGAMY. Mr. Greeley expresses the opinion that po
lygamy will not long endure uinong tho Mor
mons. Tho men ull like it but tho women
submit to it only becausa they fanatically
regard it as the divino com niand ; hut they
do not try or if they do try they do not
succeed to c noeal their disgust at tho rela
tion which their religion forces upon them.
Mr. Greeley says :
"Yet Polygamy is ono mn'n pillar of
tho Mormon Church. He who has two or
more wives rarely apostatizes, as he could
hardly remain hero in safety and comfort as
an apostate ana aaro not taice nis wives else
where. I have heard of but a single instance
in which a man with three wives renounced
Mormonism and left for California, where
ho experienced no difficulty ; 'for' said my
infonuant(a woman) 'he introduced his two
younger wives girls of 19 and 14 as his
daughters and married them both oil in tho
course of six weeks."
I am assured by Gentiles that there is a
largo business done here in unmarrying as
well as marrying ; some of them ussure mo
that the Church exacts a fee of 10 on tho
marriage, of each wife after the first, but
charges a still heavier fee for div rcing. I
do not know that this is true, and I suspect
my informants were no wiser in tho premises
than I am. But it certainly looks to me as
though a rich dignitary in the Church has
a freer and fuller range for the selection of
his sixth and eighth wife than a poor young
man of ordinary standing has fur choosing
his first. And'l infer that the more sharp-
sighttd youn men will not always be con
tent with tln?."
'Since the foregoing was written. 1 have
enjoyed opportunities Tor visiting Mormons,
and studying Mormonism. in the home nf
its votaries, and of discussing with tlum
what tho outside world regards as its distin
guishing feature, in tho freedom of friendly
social intercourse. In one instance, a v. ter
an apostle of tho faith, having first intro
duced to mo a worthy matron of lift) -five or
sixtv the wife of his youth, and the mother
of his grown-up sons as Mrs. l soon after m-
tiodueou a young aiu winning ady ot per
uana twenty-five summer, in tnese words:
'Here is another Mrs. T.' This lady is a re
cent emigrant from our State of m re ih.in av
erage powers of iu nd and r.iees ol person,
who came here with her brother, as a con
vert, a littlt over a year ago, ana has oeeti the
sixth wife of Mr. T. mice a few weeks alter
her arrival. (The intermediate fur wives
of Elder T. live on a farm or farms s imo
miles distant.) Tho m inner of the hushano
whs perfectly unconstrained and ofl-hatio
throughout; but 1 could not well be mistak
en in my conviction that tiolli ladies lulled
to conceal (iis-ati.-iactiun witu fieir positi m
in tho eyes of their visitor, and of the world.
Thev seemed to feel tli.it it necdel vindica
tion. Their manner toward each oilier wa-
most cordial mid sisterly sincerely so. I
doubt not but this is by no means the rule.
A Gentile friend, whose duties require him
to travel widulv over tho Territory, informs
me that he has reputedly stopped witi a
Bishop, some hundred miles south ol ttis,
w lose two wives ho had never known to
address each ot'ier, or evince the slightest
cordiality during the hours be has spent in
their sucietv. Tue Bisliop's house consists
of two rooms; and when my informant nwid
there with a Gentile Iriend, theiiishop btiiig
absent, one wife slept m the same apartment
with them rather than in fiat occupied by
her double. I presume that an extreme
o e, but the spirit which impels it i- r.o: nnt-
su..K I metthiseveninga large arty ol young
people consisting in nearly equal numbers ot
husbands and wives: but n.. ....- -
tended hvraore than one wife, and no gen
tleman admitted or implied, in our repeated
and animated discussions of Polygamy, that
he had more than one wife. And I was
sjruck by the circumstance that here, rs
heoetofjre, no woman indicated by word or
look, her approval of any argument in favor
of Polvjramv. That many women acquiesce
in it as an ordinance of God, and have been
drilled into a mechanical asent to tho logic
by which it is upheld, 1 believe: but that
there is not a woman in Utah who does not
in her heart wish that God had not ordained
it, I am confident. And quite a number of
the young men treat it in conversation as a
temporary or expeiimental arrangement,
which is to be sustained or put aside as ex
perience shall demonstrate its utility or mis-
fnet. Une old .Mormon larmer, witn wiiom
original stock of Mormonism, will be out
lived by the rout that there will lie a new
revelation, ere many years, wliereby the
Saints will bo admonished to love and cherish
the wives they already have, but not to
marry any more boyotid tho natural assign-
mcnt of ono wife to each husband.
Prodccts or the United States. The
hay and wheat crops of the present year uro
well known ; the corn is sufficiently matur
ed to form a tolerably correct estimate of it,
and the same witli the cotton crop. Tho
productions of other staples are taken lrom
the last Patent Office returns, etc, all wing
i . . . . .
--.. ;r increaso We have then the am-
(jint unJ y.llue ot t10 agricultural products
for tMe pre80nt, nearly as fo.lows :
Hay (tons) 25.000.000
Sugar (lbs.); 700,000,000
If to these we add tho coal and gom crops
both of which seem to bo classed among
unmanufactured products, we would have
nearly seventeen hundred millions of dollars,
or nearly sixtv dollars for each inhabitant of
the whole countjy, coming to us yearly from
tho bounty ot motner earin. -
A.valyzation or the Acrora. The New
n..,-.,r. T)e,;,ir-r avrf of Mr. Merriim's state-
ment that ho once obtained a small puce oj
aurora, whieh ho preserved, that it did not
think tho venerable savan could tell such
A scientifio wag, ambit ous to gathor laur
els in Merriam's domain, communicates the
following to the New York Evening Post :
Lveuratort, Highlands; N. Y., f
September 1, 1859. S
To the Editor of the Evening Post:
I recsived tho specimens of Aurora Borea
lis which you sent by Moonray's express, and
found them to correspond precisely with oth
ers which wero collected in tins iemi.
Having subjected them to chemical analysis,
1 append the result, wiucn you m u
itite to publish for the' advancement ol
1st analysis irave boreal speara ot ensiait-
zed sunbeams of pale yellow color, intensely
cold to the touch, and strong magnetic
smell. . ,
2d analysis caTO very minute spicui.t, or
ange color, apiearing under microscope as
splinters of rainbow.
- . tt - r . ...:i
Last analysis uair oi nog e uu.
This i inclusive. Mr. Moonray s dog
died a year since, and ascended to the third
nhpre. bevond the cvclo. Comi?g m con
tart with Canis Maior a terribl-i
1 which made the fur fly. In its f.H it
ennverted into si k. and coming in Con
- . . , rainbows and sulpjur of light-
-m henco jta various colors
I Ci. HUH.
Reported for the Free Press.
THE FIREMEN'S MUSTER. AT
PLATTSBCaOII. Sept. 8lh.
ihe Muster at Pittsburgh yas a perfect
success. There were present from abroad
seven Fire Companies with their engines,
and s?veral Hook and Lidder Companies and
Hose Companies, beside? parts of several oth
er Engine Companies without their tuba.
The Companies, on their arrival, were re
ceived by theFiro Department of Pittsburgh ,
and U. S. Artillery Company K, Capt. G. A.
Tho procession from the Wharf was head
ed by tho Burlington Cornet Band and tho
Artillery Company, tho Companies oeing
in the following order :
Horicon No 3, of Pittsburgh 00 men.
Their Engine is of Hunneman's inuke : 04
in. cylinder and 10 in. stroke.
Hero No. 9, of Montreal, Capt. LsPago 40
men, with Hardy's Brass Band. Engine
LePago's make; 5 in. cylinder, 14 in.
YASIGTO No. 2, of Rutland, Caj t. II. O.
Litchfield 60 men. with the Rutland
Brass Band. Hunnem.in engine, oi in.
cylinder, 16 in. stroke.
Boxer No. 3, of Burlington, Acting Capt.
G.O. Tyler 36 men. Hnnneman engine;
Gi in. cylinder, 16 in. stroke.
Seth Warner No. 2, of Waterbury. Capt.
B. 11. Dewey 65 men. Button & Blake
engine ; 9 in. cylinder, 7 in. stroke.
St. Lawrbnck No. 3, of 0;deiisburgh, Capt.
Riley Johnson 50 men. Hunnenian en
gine ; 5i in. cylinder, 15 in. Rtroko.
Oguensbcr .h No. 1, ol Ogdensburgh. Capt.
L. V. Houghton GO men, with
Olds Bind. Butt.n engine, 1 in. -ylin-der,
10 in. stroke.
PiifEVix No. 3. of Whitehall. Capt. S. L.
Staff ird GO men. with Fuller's Bind.
Button engine; 9 in. cylinder and 7 in.
The proctsion wa a very imposing spec
tacle, the companies, vith tl eir many
hued" uniforms and gaily-trimmed machines,
presenting u very unique and ploa-ing ap
pearance. Tho procession proceeded to the
Court II use Square, nnd listened U an ad
dress by G. llENRV Beckwitu (I regret I was
unaMe to hear it), which was. it is said, a
verv excellent one, and iccupied in its deliv
ery" nearly an hoifr. After the address the
sever il Compmies smght refreshment at
the hotels, in order to more bly contend for
the prizes in the afternoon.
At 2 P. M. the Companies Mumbled on
theSq'iare. Ttere w.t an xcllent CHtern
well supplied with water, and a fine p de 210
feet in height the gro 1 at the foot of it
heing about 10 feet lower than nt thecitern.
Every thing was favorable f ir "tall playing."
The following gentlemen were a; pointed
Judges to decide the results of the playing,
and we venture to say that a fairer, better, or
more honorable set of umpires could not have
been found any where.
Hon. Geo. W. Palmer V W. Ames, Jisq.
C. A. Cook. Esq. A. S. Johnson, ivsq.
Hon. P. G. Ellsworth, C. f . Norton,
P. F. Bellenger. J. M. Noyes
L. P. Foot, P. S. Palmer.
All of Pittsburgh.
They took their stand on the roof of a
building in fair view of the pole, though
semewhat below the top of it. The engines
played in the following order, which was
determined by lot.
FresT 1kiz $150. 60 Men.
Phoenix, 140 feet.
St. Lawrence, 156 "
Ogdensburgh 155 "
Washington, 1U5 "
Second I: $100. 40 Men.
Phoenix, 154 feet.
Hero, burst hose and withdrew.
Washington 1S5 feet.
Third Prize $50 30 Men.
Phiotii1 , burst air chamber.
Boxers, 150 feet.
St. Lawrence. 161 "
Seth Warner, ISO
' Washington, 174 "
After the playing was ended the different
Compuniis presented themselves at the Judges
stand. The chairman of the commute ex
pressod bis thanks to th Fire Uomraims for
the od conduct and order which had been
mani'ested during the whole day. Three
cheers were given by all firemen present. Tho
priz.tj were awarded w hich were as follows
Washington Co. No. 2 of Rutland, play
ing 195 feet, the first prize ol $150.
St. Liwrence Co. No. 3 of Ogdensburgh
piayiim 187 feet, the 2nd prize ol $100.
Sc-t i Warner, of Wateibury, playing 180
feet, 3d prize of .50.
Nearly the whole of the square was occu
pied by the Firemen, a ropo having been
drawn around to enclose the jwee necessary
and what room was left, every window, and
the top of every building which commanded
a view of tho square, and all the streets
which opened on tho square, wero blocked
up with a crowd of delighted spectators. The
number present is estim .ted all the way up
from four to seven thousand.
The engines played through 300 feet of
leading hose, drawing water through two
lengths of suction hose. The pipemen took
their stand alwut ten feot from the bottom
of tho ole, but tho stream was not thrown
through a hoop, as is usual, the one provid
ed proving too small the purpose. The day
was unusually favorable for the display.
The whole affair passed off in a most satis
factory manner! Thero certainly was no
ground of complaint either as to tho cordial
manner in which the firemen from abroad
were received and entertained, i r as to tho
decisions of tho Judge.-. The Horicons did
every thing in their power to make the mus
ter pass off pleasantly and they succeeded.
Over the door of the Horicon Engine House
we noticed the-words, "we welcome you,"
and they certainly did welcome all. The
Boxers we believe arc under obligations to
thera for aid in working their brakes, as
they were not lully represented.
T) Chief Marshal Perley l. Moore, and
his assistants W. A. Fuller and others, to
Chief Engineer E. M. Crosby, and Assistant
Engineer, L. Myera, and to all concerned ei
ther in getting up, or carrying through the
muster, the greatest credit is due.
On their arrivil home about 9, P. M. tho
Boxers marched up from the boat headed by
the Cornet Band. The Waterbury Company
took their machine to the Ethan Allen en
gine house. The Boxers came to a halt in
front of their house, and gave three cheers
for tho Cornet Band. The Waterbury Com
pany then formed in lino in front of the Bjx
er's house, and their spokesman, addressing
Capt. Tyler, returned the thanks of Seth
Warner Co. to him, and to the Boxers, for
the uniform kindness and courtesy received
at their hands during the day. The Company
then gave three cheers, with a will, for the
Boxers, a compliment returned by the Boxers
with three cheers and a " tiger " for Seth
Thus ended tho day.
oRDixATiox or ni:v. gkokge r.
An Ecclesiastical Council was convened at
Essex, on Wednesday, Sept. 7th, to ordain
Mr. Goo. F. Herrick, as a missionary to
The examination of the candidate ispokrn
of as highly satisfactory, particularly in
the account of his religious experience,
and specially in relation to his hearty and en
tire self-devotion to the work of missions.
Tho sermon from Luke 2:10, was preached
in the afternoon by hi brother, Rev. John
R. Herrick of Malone N. Y-, the right hand
of fellowship was civen by his brother Rev.
William Heiriek, of Pelham, N. H.. (former
' y settled at Winoeski.) The Consecrati n
Prayer by Rev. John Wheeler, D. D.. tbe
charge by Rev. Mr. Pettin ill. Secretary of
Americ n Board, nnd the cbintr prayer by
Rev. L. H. Cobb, brother-in-law 6f the
ord lined mi-donary.
The subject of the discourse was what the
Grupel the slid tiding-! i, its reu'ts.
the way in which it was to he proclaimed.
that it- pr.cl wiution was the appropriate
work of the church, and it final s co-ss.
The fellowship wan given in a very appro
priate manner by the s euker to bis three
fold brotnor, by blood, in Christ, and in
the c' ristian ministry, the nilu-mn made
to Co-; e 3t .ii',' lie gold n mouthed early uns
sionarv at B.zmtium, tnw Constantinople.
where the oniined mission iry expects t la
bor, was jieculiarly appropriate and be au
tiful. The whole service in all its parts was
ably sustained, nnd listened to with great
pleasure and profit by those whose privilege
it was to Ik- there.
Mr. Herrick is designated by the B rd to
the American Mission, as ti teacher in BJek
Seminary. He is a graduate of the Univer-
ity of Vermont of the cLiss of 1356, and of
the lust class at Andover.
The Corn sent to tub Azores lest June,
to tho value of above $10,000, chiefly from
donations in Boston, lor tho reliel of the
arnrvin.' nonulation there, was received with
the deopest expressions of gratitude, both
from the public authorities and from the
people themselves. Official acknowledge
ments from the former wen made to the
Committee who forwarded the supplies, and
from the latter an out-burst of gratitude was
made to Charles W. Dabney, Esq., (the
American Consul through whosw repreenta-
tions the relief was sent), which wn over-
. . . s . i . r r h.ltM.
whelming. un ine mum m mi. ijc
with his family to Fayal mi the 27th of July,
he was met at the landing by an immense
throng, with bands of music and the discharge
of rockets. The Faynleusc, a newspaper oi
Fayal, says :
What was witnessed on that day a day
ever to be l-emembered by every true Fayal
eee is not easy to describe. The scenes
which took place arising from noble senti
ments and feelings were such as are rarely
mot with in life. They are seen but cannot
be told felt but not to'be expressed ; scenes
of joy intermingled with tears which start
spontaneously from the direct impulse of the
It was an edifying spectacle worthy of a
place in the memory of man. The excite
ment was intense. Tears gushed from the
eves of old and young, ruh and poor. The
cheers given to Mr D.i'mey. to his family,
and to the city of B Hfcin, camo from the lips
and sprang from tho heart. It w..s overfl .w
ing gratitude expressed every way by
inghter, bv tears, here by shouts, ther- by
people) falling on their knees. It was, in fine,
ne of th e extraordinary past-ages in the
life of a people woich has been reduced by
calamities to want, discouraeaicnt, and mis-
In tho contemplation of such scenes the
heart expands, the spirit is fl oded with in
d. finable thoughts which insensibly cany it
i..r.,rp the throne of M liestv where sits the
Creator under whom the different portions of
the irreat human race are united into ono,
thr ugh thodivino sentiment of evangelicl
Tt ton. hearinsr the call of an American
citizen, caused our hills to resound with the
echo of that feeling voice which wis raised
to nmcl.iim that in the midst of tiie ocean
was a people suffering from the cruel horrors
of famine, and that tho philanthropy of its
inhabitants should go forth to succor them.
To that voice of nitv which there was raised.
one of acknowledgment and gratitude re-
uponded. The inhabitants of tlorta, reeeiv-in"-
the Consul of the United States of Amer
ca on the 27th of July with tearful eyes,
strove to express their gratitude to that great
people and its representative, for the liberal
aid bestowed upon a uespairing population
From tho Boston Traveler.
POLITICAL.-Tn regard to political matters
in Kansas, where a violent contest is aoo.u
. .1, f.olowinrr Irnm our
commencing, wo ua.u "" o
" Wo havo an animated fight beforo us.
The notes of distant preparation already fill
the public oar. Wo havo no less than three
elections this fall. 1. The voto on the new
Constitution, on thelirst. Luesday in October.
2. The vote for choice of Territorial Delejiato,
Members of tho Territorial Legislature, and
County Officers, on tho first luesday ot rso-
vember. 3. If the Constitution is adopted,
then thero will bo a vote for State Officers,
&c, under it, early in December. This is a
pretty good programme lor a State or lrn-
tory to carry out within a period of six
months. In order to carry them, tho Re
publicans have got to work industriously
Tho Democrats have already sounded the
battle-call by taking the field against tho new
Constitution. The indications aro already
rife, and a c nviction is settling down in tho
public mind here, that not only the Kansas
Democracy, but the Administration, and the
party in Congress, tiro determined to opposo
the admission of Kansas into the Union.
Wo shall ratify the new Constitution by a
majority of 5000, nnd a determination is
found among our citizens not to make any
more Constitutions, but to insist upon the
acceptance by Congress of the present one.
A Republican Convention is called for the
12th of October next, for the purpose ot
nominating a full set of State Officers under
the W yandott instrument. Also to nominate
three -elegates to attend the National Repub-
lii?nn rTiin,in!itin flnnwnlinn in Tifl Trii
is nthpr early, hut as th -w will ho no o'.h'r
general c invention h -tore tho metitie of
t1 at Convention, it was held advisable to np
point the deleft g nt tho next meetinc of
inu ivijiiioiicnn party, ir h too early to talk
of candidates for th Presidency, hut herein
Kansis tho c'-ioiee Vi narrowed down to two
names 'hose of Wiliim H. Seward nn 1
Salmon P. Cha?. Oi' the twelve Repub 1
can pap-rs in tho Territ .ry, seven of them
have committed themselves to Seward as
th'ir choico. Of the others three have spoken
for Chnse. and tho remninine two have not
expressed themselves. Tho New York Sena
tor seems to b a general f-ivonte here. Any
co d man will suit for t'tc V.ce Presidency.
Bites or Blaii of Mifjuri are most frequently
spoken of in connection therewith."
CHAMPI.ATX VvUKY AGRICUL
The Third Annual Celebration of this Socie
ty has just transpired at Yergennes. Yester
day was the grand day of the Fair, and the
promised show of horses and cattle and flow
ers and fruit nnd fair women and sturdy
men. with the widely heralded names of
Burlingnmif ami Culver, speakers, drew
us, with a numW of our citizens, to the spot.
The Fair Grounds lie almost half way be
tween the Depot ami the City, and ur spa
cious and convenient. A prominent object
on entering is
The front of this building was taMefiillv
decorated with wreaths of evergreens, dis
posed in festoons ami arches so a to form a
sort of a srothic entrance, exceedingly ple.i
ine in eff -er and showing evidently the hand
iwork and taste of tho Vergennes ladies, for
no in m. ore mimittpeof men. would have un
dertaken the task of thus r.;.;';ing a really
ornamental ami attriotivp object of the
end of a rouh buird b ilding. Tt bore on
tln front t'ie wonN fin letters of evprreen)
" FI-r.il H.tll." The tlNpiy ol fl .wers by
F. J. .Meeeh of Sh'dburn, was the most
attraetirs portion of the exhibition within.
It included numerous and uncommonly tine
specimens of G 'r.wiiums. German Asters.
P.ilox, Verbenas Stocks, Rhododendrons.
S ilpigrossisuwi dahlia, tastefully arranged in
ims. There were Ik qnets nis by Frances
C. Roberts, Mis-s Nellie E. Pierpoint, Mrs.
Jacobs and others. A collection of lichens,
arranged upon ma- in an ornamental design
and interspersed with the red berries of the
mountain A-h. was an ohjectof great interest
and beuuu, above which hungafl ir.il chan
delier, to speak, swung by chainsol flowers
and bearing a vase of flowers. Toere were
several other 8 rul designs of less elaborate
ness and Iwuty. The hull was decorated
with the usual array of Paintings, most oi
them of very moderate meiit, Hairwork,
Aiillinery, B dquilts, &c. As worthy ol
special notice w- mention a b.-autifully em
broidered raglan, if that is the name of it.
of white merino, covered with ricli needle
work embroidery in silk, exhibit! hy Anna
S. Bishop : the beautiful sword presented bv
the State of New York to Maj. General
bantael Strong of the V t. Volunteers " as a
memorial' in the words of the inscription
upon it, ' of the sense entertained by that
State of Lis services nd thi.se of his brave
mountaineers at th hattle of Pittsburgh ;',
a collection of P.iot gr.iphs, including the
lamiliar faces of the Barliujton Cornet Band,
exhibited hy A. F. Styles : and a magnifi
cent pair of sutler, which once crowned n
sta of ten' and which oore the followiug
In memory of our Father, our lands they did
Cat down tbe Urge trees and killed the large deer.
This animtl was killed br Theoohila .Mtddle-
breok and Kluathaa Beach Beerf of Ferrislxirgh,
was but scantily filled. The drought, whieh
lias lieennd is.excessire in that region, has
interfered sadly with the growth of vegeta
bles and fruit, and there was but a small
display of either of these. A number of loaves
of home mado bread showed that tho kitchen
as well as the field has its share of the atten
tion of the Society .and there was the custom
ury display of fanning tools, washing ma
chines, wagons, mowers, Ilime's Scales, &c.
Wa observed a fair show of poultry by
Sd. Allen, (who exhibited a number of va
rieties.) J.hn Killy. W. F. Wilson and W.
W. Sherman. In other parts of tho ground
Mr. K. P. Kidder, exhibited his bees and
sold hi- hivesand books, and wax figures and
big snakes aVeJ attention, and auctioneers
and soapmun drew their respect ve crowd.
The show of Cattle was hardly as large
as mig t have been expected, in a better
season. It was, however, of gxd averago
merit. There were a lew good Bulls, in-
eluding a fine one of Devon blood, exhibited
by Jonathan Smith, and about twenty yoke
of oxen, among which wo noted a splendid
pair, ueight41S5 lbs., exhibited by Geo. S.
Chase, another fine yoke by S. .Y'ilinut, and
a small hut perfectly matched and well
shaped pa.rof4 your olds, by 'us Slnith-
At 10 A. M. the horses wro exhibited, a.ch
class passing twio "round the track. The
entries wereef "itched horses 34 pair, in-
, , . -oiue. beautiful spans ; thirteen
stal''J"3 yeani llnul over s,x 4 years
Id stallions ; eleven 3 years old do., twenty
two 2 years old and under, eight geldings
and mares 3 years old, a number of 2 years
old do., and ninety single driving horses, a
goodly show. No famous horses wore pre
sent. Four stallions entitled respectively
the Frot horse, the Bates horso or Shooting
Star : thoTredn horso and the Graham horso,
were allowed to go round at speed the
Frost horse coming in ahead in the respect
able time of 2.53.
The speaking in the afternoon attracted a
great crowd, Tho elevated gallery was
crowded with ladies and gentlemen, and un
extensive audience on foot surrounded the
stand. Probably not less than four or five
thousand persons were presant. It had been
nlready passed from mouth to mouth that
Mr. Burlingame was not on hand, leaving
Judge Culver to do all the speaking, a
rumor which proved to be Jtrue. At two
o'clock, Mr. Culver took tho stand :
SPEECH or HON. E. D. CCLVER.
Mr. Culver commenced by saying that it
gave him great pleasure to address such an
audience, in the valley, whore, farther back
than ho could remember, ho first saw day
light. Heretofore his returns to the State
of his birth had been periodical, once in four
cpfirs. durinr the rvoliticil campaigns. This
was a different phase of life. These delegates
had evidently been chosen in the primary
meetings ot tho dairy ana tne -wneaiHeia
meetintrs in which there must have been a
decided prevalence of woaain's righto doc
trine, or the ladies would not Have Dee al
lowed tbn tt rarV the cnvr.tion. Affr
-oTtplimenMn? H2hl-.1V KviViliori. tbo
r a -ker entered into tbe (snH.rnTir muer of
' ii disponr?. lie remarked that tbe nU
fion of tbo e irtb to mn wa tnt f rnrnt
o child. Mun is t'-" nerertion of Eir'b
fruit ind the enl tiration of thfi toil i hU
firt neee;r and firt dutr. Agriculture,
which furnishes the raw material for mnn
lfiieture1' iwl comm"c. lin at the fonn
dation of the whol. industrial nvstem, ivrd Is
the heaven appoinl roeatinn of two-thirds
of t'ie rac;. Mr. Culver proved bv the eta
tatitic of production that tarmino: i a
profitnhlp puruit thn)U?hniit th" cmtrr,
Vermont not excepted. Bat. thoujh lying nt
the foundation of the other brinche of in
dustry, Agriculture i not independent of
them. In the pnperity of each branch all
the rest ar? interested, and zreat iniustirs
has been dnno bv asking protection for agri
culture while denyinrj it to ManuCie
ture. or ric rersn. The speaker illustrated
graphically and forcibly the ennnectim be
tween Arnculturo and Mnnnwetiire nnd
Commerce, by depietine a man pJaeed rw-
ed and with no tooN but hi- -'and.-, in tn
centre of a f -rm to cultivate it. Thf various
trades called one bv nnJ into play in fornwh-
in-4 mm cionei una implements were t''ei
ed on, and it wa- shown thut m aettin v
man to work most syst im-.tietlly un 1 eeon
omica'l v. tin; ihon of a myn id of -nn in
an interwoven netwirk of trade and
callings are hrouu'H int operation.
Mr. Culver went on to show the
social a-lvantaeres of A'zrieoltnrtl pur
suit. An intelligent VireitiMn. Mr. Rives,
bud mentioned as an important fiiet
that Agriculture prospers mnst in tiie freest
eonimunitie. Mr. RIv had illustrated his
nnsii-ion by a cnrnpfinson "f diff -rent parts
f Eurof. B it it wisi'-f n"vrv to 20
ont of this countrv to find proof of He state
ment. Mr. Culver then, in an "lob'rite
eomparis-in, enntmsh-d the statistics of Yt
ginin. w;th thoje of N"w Enrlind. TH"
two regions are nhont equal in z seil
carted on an rqunlitv. exept thnt Virginia
ha the advantages nf .1 deep rich soil, lmg
ind uefiil summers -ind short, winters. ho
"normons advance i-f New England berind
Virginia, in everv branch of human indns.
trv and their results, was shown bv numer
als eititi ns of th" statistics. In two or
'bre things nnlv dws Vtr-ri ia exeel. viz:
in tn'viepoand in slaves nei'her of which tin we
r-aisf in Nuw England. Tn one other rmtip
eolar. Virginia excN. She turns nnt 7.(100
one in seven of her free popnlati n who
einno rend or write, while New EnIind
furnishes but one in 204 sue!.. THes diets.
'e s h-nWed. proved Mr. Rives' statem-nt.
Tt is dsn true th-it .-Wienltiireehprishes a ,Te
for freedom. Freedom's citadels are nnt in
'bose s ires of the hodv P-difie rbe cities
f Mr. Culver imd uibtedlv did not allude here
to tbe citv or Vergennes, ; butnmnnc tbo
frank, s-lf-reliant Imnst yeomanry of tbo
r""imfrv tbe people who can snv and think
and do for a living what tey plf,s-who are
ill peers tboii!h none are marq iiss. all po
trieians. thous'i. t'ank Heivn. th tallest
nan an n tbem eamot t aee bek bis pl
;2re thr"' ''neriti ms without running it
ino 'i lapston" or a eo n bin.
The -.dvantie n Asneiil'unil pursuits as
jiving ir nsth to horn" asoei:in. to fa
mily aff'Ctinn. and to maternal inflaenee. nnd
in tiervinc to creat deeds in defense of home,
wh"n it is end nc,red. wero flircibly url.
The srviker enlarged on 'be enciur.i-r -ment
to Firmer in the increasod attention
iven to th" culture of the sii- by men of
scimee bv statemen nnd by invnUirs. He
mentioned 'he f tct. determined hy seSence.
that on an avemce tbr" dollars worth of
rertili7.ins elements nr removed eaeh year
from the soil hy the crops, making it neces
sary in orter t keep it up, to return
to it three dollars worth of m-noro per
ner" yenrlv and h bill V"rtnint?r Iwnro
of tbatexhnnstion of theoiI. whieh has taken
place po widely nt the South, and whieh is
tlrendy no'iceuhle in the southern Vermont.
Ho allii'lml to Mr. Morrill's Airieulfiiril
Colhvje Bill, as one that must yet triumph.
fL rle-eri'wd tbe immense improvement in
I'Trienltiiral implements and modes ( fiim-
iiijr. r-eallinc the old anil discarded tools and
methods, in a tvle that immensely amused
the older portion of the aiidi- pce.
The two err nt evils which beset the firra-
ers' with in V"rmont, were nxt touched on.
viz the fickleness of help, and the tP'dVncy
of the voune to mictp to other ports of the
country. For the fitt evil he could susc-st
hut two remedies the one (already extensively
applied) in the use of labor-savins machinery
to as jrat an ex'ent as possmie. ior tne a-si-taneeof
woman as well as man. In this
connexion he mentioned the fact, obtained
from a candid and careful ries nf experi
ments conducted in New- York, that with a
first class tncinf mirhin' the work f 13
hours and 31 minutes with the n-edl-. is
performed in 1 hour and 5 minutes, leaving
tbe housekeeper or s.-imtres orr 1honrs for
other pursuits The other remedy is. in some
rlan yet to be devised, for transferrins to the
country, where they are needed Cir help. t';o
shiftless and surplus poor popul itinn of the pi
ties. The second evil, he Feemed tr. think,
wool 1 not exist if tho sons and d iiiiihters of
theState ribtlv valued theadvantairesof th' ir
Green Mountain homes and considered the
fact that but one in seventeen nttains riicpps.
in California, and one in seven in the cities;
but it doet exist, and tbo remedy must ho in
inpreasin'' the lov of hnm: This is to ho
d me first by not over wnrking the hiv and
gins iv point t which the attention of
many a parent should be directed. Allow
iuvenile recreations. If the daughters love
music, set them a ptann; have they a relish
for dancin". let thpm dan-eat home, m the
parlor under the parent eve. It will be an
antidote to the ballroom with its fevered ex
citements and Jet them cultivate innne nt
games. W)fe lining theso considerations
on pirent-s, Mr. Culver did not omit an in
jo ct'mn to the young, to respect tho con
scientious scruples of their parents, and to
render that obedience which is right in the
sight of God. Sioindly. the homestead
must be mado pleasant. T o farmer must
not he forever getting ready to live. Let him
mak2 his homo attractive and his children
will not, as they now do, start for the cities,
as the young partridge docs for the woods,
with the shell on its hick.
In closing, the speaker depleted font epochs
ef American history, tho coming nf tho
Spaniards in 1492. tho arrival of the Pilgrims
in 1G20, the straggle for liberty in 1776,
and the prosperity and power of 1859 in an
oloquentand stirring peroration, in which the
American eaglo was duly stroked and spread
and the fact aund intly enforced that we
live in an ago of progress.
Tho speech was enlivened throughout by
the abnndanco of anecdote and illustration,
and the lively humor, which is characteristic
of Judge Culver's public efforts, nnd it held
tho audience att ntive and interested for two
hours. At its close Gen. Grandey explained
that the announcement of Mr. Burlingamo
had bajn m td3 after a pisitiva assurance, in
a letter, which he road, that ho would ba
presenf. Another mtss-ivo, received too lata
fir any alt5ration of tha public announce
ments, had informed them that ho couw not
be with them ; for the rean, apparently,
that tho gentl -man purred to attmd the
great Maswhnstts Winter at inconi. .
Grandey suhmitted that Mr.Cnlver had fully
mado goo'l r"tn nis own anu .n.
eun pl-wo, a point which he put to vote,
and wniau w,v ronutun "j -a j
and threq eheera for J udga Culver.
J. S. Adams. Eq., ot tjuningi".
next called to the stand but he declined to
tit: a u v&iiuu t.nw ""v -
mako a -peeeh, and cl -sod with
two. after which tho aud.enco gradually dis-
P The procaines of the day pas. ed off with
dno order under the direction ofGn .Grandey,
Chlf Marshal, and Mr. A." Barnef ajaoU
1. u QTervwnero nrosent.ana wnoso
energy and efficiency wero pArticularly noti.
.m The Svsietv appears to 00
with spirit and ta5t. and wilfdoabtle con
tinue- to lecaw it wara or