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THE FREE PRESS, BURLINGTON. FRIDAY MORNING- APRIL 13, 1860.
GEO. W. & G. G. BENEDICT,
Editors and Proprietors.
Hf-Fer trrmt tee last page.JFl
FRIDAY MOh rNG. APRIL 13 1SC0.
Tho Republicans of the Third Congres
sional District are requested to 6cnd from
each town ono Delegate, and ono additional
Delegate for each 100 votes and each frac
tional number of 50 or moro votes cast for
tho Republican Stato ticket at the last State
election, to a District Convention to be held
in "YnT : on TUESDAY tho 24TH
DAY of APRIL NEXT, for the purpose of
choosing two Delegates to tho Republican
National Convention to bo held at Chicago
On tho ICth of May next.
R. C. BENTON, ")
E. B. "WHITING, Dist.
G. G. BENEDICT,
MARSHALL CARPENTER, Com.
WM. BURBA NK,
TIIK DISTRICT CONVENTION.
The call for a Convention of tho Freemen
of the 3d Congressional District, appears in
our columns to-day. Somo explanation of
tho late appearance of the call, as well as
of tho circumstance that a different call has
appeared over the names of the Committee
in ono or two papers in the District may le
desirable It is found in the fact that the
call was first issued by tho Chairman of tho
Committco after consultation with the other
members, as to tho time and place of holding
the Convention, but without consultation as
to tho Jorm of tho Convention. A further
comparison of views disclosed the fact that a
majority of the Committee were in favor of
calling tho Convention as a delegate Conven
tion. The correspondence necessarily con
fcuincd time ; and the delay has been incrcas d
by circumstances to which wo need not at
present allude. The call is now issued in ac
cordanco with the views of the majority of
the Committee, and tho Convention will bo
held accordingly as a delegate Convention,at
IIvDEr-Ar.K, on the 24th inst.
The decision of tho Committee to call tho
District Convention as a delegate Convention,
will, wc believo, commend itself to the sound
judgment of the great majority of the Free
men of tho District. It is both right in
principle, and in accordance with precedent,
the only previous Convention for a similar
puriwso in tho District, since the organiza
tion of tho Republican Party, viz : that
held at St. Albans in 185G, to select Delegates
tj mo Philadelphia Conventi-m having been
a delegate Convention. Evidently, a mass
DiBtrict Convention, called at this time of
the year, and at a point oil from any line oi
I Li i I road, will be any thing but a Conven
tion ol the massos. A Convention of Dele
gates, proporly chosen by the several Towns,
will, we believe, be a larger gathering than n
mass Convention would bo, and will, at any
rate, represent the District at large, rather
than the immediate vicinity in which the
Convention is culled.
The several towns in Chittenden County
will be entitled to Delegates to the District
Convention under the call, respectively, as
Bolton, 2. Burlington, 5.
Charlotte, 3. Colchotter, 3.
Ktscx, 3. llincahtirgh, 3.
Huntington, 2. Jericho, 3.
Milton. 3. Richmond, 2.
Sholbimif, 2. St. George, 1.
Underbill, 3. Wcstford, 3.
Tho Town Committics in this County, are
as follows, so far as wo have their liuint.
Uolten. John Webster, John Whitooinb,
11. F. Church.
Burlington. J. A. Shedd, G. S. Blodg
ctt, S. Huntington.
Charlotte Geo. R. Pease. W. F. Dolt, P.
ColcJiester. A. A. Allon, C. F. Storrs.
Essr.r. Edward Andrews, T. W. R.
Nichols, II. N. Traey.
Jcrtcho. R. S. Blodgett, E. II. Lane, H.
Hincslurgh. E. Bissonnotte, E. W. Gibb,
J. G. Bostwick.
Huntington. Henry Judsou, L. C. Sny
der, G. L. Williams.
St. George. Smith Wright. 'finis Islmui.
Shcllmrne. J. L. Barstow. II. A. Lyon,
R. J. White.
Underhtll.-Edvrard Hanaford, Levi Fronch,
Wcstford. Gordon Jackson, Proctor
Willislon. Wni. Miller, W. L. Gale, An
Grand Isle Countv will be entitled to'dol
cgates as follows :
Alburgh 2 Grand Lie 2
Isle la Mott 1 North Hero 1
South Hero 2
Lamoille Cou.ntt as follows :
Belvidcrc 1 Johnson 4
Cambridge 2 Morristown 3
Eden 1 Stowo 4
Elmore 2 Wutorville 2
Hyde Park 3 Woleott 1
Orleans Cou.vtv, as follows :
Albany 3 Glover 2
Barton 2 Greensboro' 2
15rowniugton2 Holland 2
Charleston 2 Irasburgh 3
Coventry 2 Jay 1
Craftsbury 2 Iowoll 2
Derby 2 Morgnu 2
Newport 2 Troy 3
Salem 1 Westfiold 2
Fkanklin Countv, as follows :
Bakersfield 2 Georgia 2
St. Albans 3
Swan ton 3
ONE Or THE TWINS ATTENDED TO
The House of Representatives has taken
decisive action respecting Utah. The debate
on the polygamy bill was closed on Friday,
and all amendments being voted down (that
of. the popular sovereignty party, to cut
up the territory among the adjoining territo
ries, by a vote of 35 to 159) tho original
measure was passed by the large majority of
159 to CO. The bill not only provides severo
penalties for polygamy, but repeals tho act
of therrilorial legislature incorporating
Wcfiurch of the "Latter Day Saints"
'which conferred such power upon the church
aa in many cases to supersede the civil gov-
crnment and to make tho administration of
tho laws nearly impossible.
Mr. Etheridgo of Tennessee, who it will
be remembered voted against the repeal of
the Missouri Compromise, added something
to his fair political record during tho discus
sion of tho bill for suppressing polygamy in
Utah. He announced that he should voto
for the bill, but took pains to put it distinct
ly before tho Ilouso that the power which
authorized tho passage of this bill would also
enable Congress to interfcr with slavery in
tho territories. Some of tho Southern dem
ocrats tried very hard to bring him into a
false position upon this point, but he stood
his ground manfully, showing their incon
sistency in a light which was far too clear to
be pleasant. lie told them that the pa6sago
of this bill would ostabliih a precedent for
action against slavery. If Congress could
punish white men for having more than ono
wife in the territories, it could also establish
legal marriage between slaves in tho territo
ries, which would striko a deadly blow at
tho property value of the slave.
It is hard to. see how that point can Iw
avoided. If Congress can suppress polyga-
m in tho territories, it can suppress the oth
er "twin relic of barbarism" there also. If it
can forbid a litter day saint to be "soiled" to
more than ono wife, it can also forbid tho
saint to own a negro. Why not ?
The house of Ezra Sias, in Nowjwrt, was
burned last week with most of its contents
There was 400 insurance, which will not
quite cover the loss.
Joel B. Slack of Plymouth, lost by fire his
sugarhouse with a quantity of sugar, hog
pen with two hogs, and some farm tools, on
tlie 1st inst.
A correspondent of tho Woodstock Standard
says that in Mt. Dolly, recently, a woman,
partly intoxicated, fell down stairs with a
pail of water. Her brother, who was also
drunk, thinking she was killed, started for
her husbnnd, drove his horse a mile and a
lulfon tho wrong road, upset, and was
thrown out, breaking his collar bono and
dislocating his shoulder. His brother, on be
ing told of these misfortunes, coolly remarked
that if they would drink rum they might
take care of themselves, he should not lose
time in running after them. The woman
was not much hurt.
Two boys were arrested for stealing letters
from the postoilioe at Cambridgejwrt and
gave bonus for their appearance at County
Court. Tlteir names are Geo. Osgood o
Bellows Falls, and Newton Porter of Towns
hend, and their age is about 10. The Bel
lows Falls Times says they took a certain
package of letters at the post office at Cani-
bridgeport, and in one of these letters was a
draft onJRxclinnge Bank of Springfield, which
they took there and got the money on it, by
forging the name ol Mr. Sherwin of Grafton,
in whose favor the check was made.
Hon. Edward Everett, is to deliver his
lecture on the "Early days of Franklin."' be
fore the Rutland Young Men's Association,
on the evening of Monday, April 16th.
H. W. Mtinti, of Corinth, had twenty
throe dollars in gold stolan en the night of
March 29th. The thief took his pantaloons
too, but left theni a little ways off.
Mr. Shubel Buss, for some time past post
master at Quechce village, has been removed,
ami Mr. J. K. ISdgerton appointed in his
place. The Woodstock Standard says Mr.
Runs has been a faithful officer, and his re
moval is regretted by his many friends.
The firm of G. &, E. Priclmrd.of I'radford
has failed. Ilicy were doing a very heavy
business, having occupied the game Btaiul for
more than 30 yeans. Tlie Telegraph says
Urey will tirobably be able to resume bus -noes
in a few weeks, as their assets are am
ple. The Irasburgh Standard mys tlmt on the
night of March 27th, Mr. R. S. Orne was
caiied out of lied about 12 o'clock by four
persons, who seized him as soon as he came
out, drugged him out doors, threw a rope
rouud his neck in spito of his struggles, and
dragged him into an open lot near by, where
they tried to gouge out his eyes, awl other
wise injure him. He identified two of them,
named Serihner, who were nest day arrested.
There had been ill feeling between them for
On trial one of tho Seribnors proved an
alibi, und there was not sufficient evidence to
hold the other.
The authorities of St. Albans have seised
some bitters kept by L. L. Dutcher it Son,
druggists, which are made of Bourbon whis
key, and the question is to bo tried whether
thev are contraband or not.
The London Tuies on Senator Skward.
The leading article in the Ijndon Times, upon
Mr. Seward's speech, referred to in the sum
mary of foreign news by the last steamer,
opens as follows .
"In a speech delivered by Mr. Seward, in
the American Senate, on the question of the
admission of Kansas, we think that the firot
dawning of a more friendly feeling may le
discerned. Mr. Seward is, wc believe, now
taken as the representative of tho Republi
can party, and their candidate for the Presi
dency. His opinions on the great question
of the day have consequently an importance
which it is oasy to estimate. The sjeech on
tlie admission of Kansas is able, and even el
oquent ; it lias apparently been accepted by
the speaker s party as a true exposition oi
their sntiments, and lias been replied to by
his opiKineiits with an onegy which is com
plimentary to his merits.
That it will tend to boften the asperity
which still prevails is highly prohihle ; but
this effect will ii"t be produced by any want
of firmness in its tone or clearness in its
principles. Mr. Seward is no 4 trimmer.'
He is a stanch anti slavery man, and his
sjieech is tin most forcible attack on slavery
that has Iiecn made lor a long time. lut it
will tend to concord, because it avoids jus
sion and acrimony. It may be road and as
sented to by any enlightened slave owner ;
it will command the assent ol political eco
nomists, as well as the sympathy of the
plnlanUiropic and religious world.
The article closes thus :
All who arc interested in the deliverance
of the Wester i Republic from tho curse of
negro slavery will see with pleasure the cause
of freedom transferred to the guardianship ol
a great and responsible party; the policy of
which will supcrsccdc the impotent and irri
tating device of agitators. A principal cauSe
of the continual success of the Southerners
has been the dread felt by the Conservative
party of being thought to adopt the views of
the Abolitionists. Under the organization of
the Republicans, and with the moderate pro
gramme sketched by Mr. Seward, the North
may bo able, without plotting or bluster, to
roll back the tide of slave-holding aggres
sion." A Friend in Need. It is not often that
we attempt to puff any of the thousand and
one patent medicine nostrums of the day;
and we arc not going to do it now, but sim
ply to state what wcknow from actual trial,
and leave the reader to do the puffing. Dur
ing the foro part of the present winter, wc
wcro sorely nfllictol with a pain in the right
shoulder, caused, we suppose, by former
strain in working a hand printing press. It
oecame so nau mat we could sleep but little
nights, and with difficulty got our coat on or
off. AYo used various so-called remedies, but
they were no remedies to our troublesome
shoulder. At last wo tried a bottle of
Sweet's Infallible Liniment, and after three
ipphcations the plain almost entirely ileft.
and in a few days our shoulder was as free
lrom pain as it ever was. Monlpchcr ( 17.)
n K ST SESSION.
Washington, April 5.
Mr. ohcrman, from tho Committco on Wavs
and Moans, reported tho Postoflico Appropriation
Tho Ilouso then resumed tho consideration of
tho anti-Polygamy hill which wn3 passed with
verbal amendments 149ag-inst f0.
Among thoso who voted in tho negativo wcro
Messrs. Haskin, Martin,McLcrnand,Logan, Mont
gomery, Morris, Kiggs and Robinson Anti-Lo-comptnn
democrats. Messrs. Admin and Hickman
voted with tho majority, as did tho Kopnblicans
in a body. Nearly all tho illustrious sixty aro
mado up of ultra pro-slavery democrats, who fcar
od that a Wow against polygamy would rocoil on
tho poculiar institution of the South.
Mr. Lovcjoy (Hop. 111.) Tho Ilouso has been
occupied for several days in the discussion of po
lygamy. Tliojtcpubllean party, of which I am a
member, stands pledged, over sinoe JS55, so tar as
Congress has the power, to exterminate tho twin
relies of barbarism, slavery and polygamy, in the
territories of the United States. Now, sir, as wo
have administered a death-blow to one of these
twins, I propose to pay my respects to tho other
twin. I want to see both strangled and go down
tegotber as they heartily deserve. The question
presented is, whether slavery shall be extended
beyond its present liiuits.as that is the only ques
tion over which wo have cxclusivo jurisdiction;
but, sir, wheli it is proposed to extend what is
termed an institution, but what is Hot an institu
tion, but simply a practice, liko polygamy, tho
question naturally arises what is the nature, what
tho influences, and what tho dements of this prac
tice, and what will they provo to be when extend
ed, if allowed to extend? I am aware that it has
been stated on this Door that tho morality of
slavery has been settled ; that its ethics arc no
longer to be discussed ; that they wcro settled by
the stagyrito of (Ireece, and have been reaffirmed
and re-established by tho stagyritc of Ohio, who
portrayal it in gorgeous colors, liko the hues
which gather around the clouds of a summer sun
set. Wo were told that where slavcholding will
pay, there slaveholding will go. Precisely
upon tho same principle, where robbery
or piracy will pay they will go, and where
hntnsn flesh is cheaper than beeves cannibalism
will go, because it will pay. Sir, than robberies,
than piracy, than polygamy, slaveholding Is worso
moro criminal, more injurious to man, and con
sequently moro offensive to God. Slaveholding
has been justly designated as the stun of all crime.
Yon put every crime that is perpetrated upon
men into a moral crucible, and dissolve and com
bine them nil, and tho result of the amalgam is
slavcholding. I am speaking in earnest, before
God, and it is God's truth. It has the violence
of robbery, the blood of piracy, the brutal lusts of
polygamy,all combined and concentrate!! in lueii,
with aggravations that neither ono of these crimes
ovor knew or dreamed of. Now, Mr. Chairman,
the justification of slavery is placed mainly on
three grounds; tho inferiority of the enslaved
race, that the faot of enslaving men imparts Chris
tianity and civilization to them, and the guaran
ties of the constitution. We concede as n matter
of fact tho inferiority of the race, but does it fol
low that it is right to enslave a man simply be
cause he is inferior to you ? Mr. Chairman, this
is to rae a most abhorrent doctrine. It would
place the weak at the mercy of tho strong. The
theory is, that if a man is crippled, trip him up;
if he is old and weak, strike him he can't strike
back; if he is a child, deceive him. Why, sir,
this doctrine of the democrats and it is the doc
trine of devils, as well would lead the strong to
enslave the weak everywhere. It would justify
the angels in enslaving man, and. in turn, it would
justify the archangels in ensUving the angels. If
carried oat in the universe, it would ultimately
transform Jehovah himself into an infinite Jugger
naut. Mr. Lovcjoy, who had commenced his remarks
on the extreme left of the ltepublican side, had
gradually advanced into the space in front of the
Speaker's chair, and as he warmed in his subject
hebecan to gesticulate with some vehemence. In
tho midst of the remark last reported he was in
teruptedby Jlr. I'ryor, (dem., Va. ) who excitedly
called him to order, at the same time advancing
toward him with fierce gesticulation.-. He was
understood to say, prefacing the remark with
some offensive adjectives, "Keep your own side,
sir ; you shall not come over here, shaking your
fists in the face of gentlemen !"
Great confasion ensued. Members began to
rush toward the scene from all sides, shouting or
der, and others denouncing Lovejoy.
lr. I'ryor I call him to order, Sir. He shall
not shake his fists in our faces, Sir. It is bad
enough to let him stand over there and talk his
Mr. L'arksdalo (.Miss., dem) who had been in
his seat with a heavy cane in his hand, came for
. ward with the crowd, shouting and flourishing the
cane Tht-only words understood from him above
the din of the Chairman's gavul were, "Keep his
own side, the rascal."
Mr. Adrian To avoid all difficulty, I suggest
the gentleman just speak from his side ; no one
supposes be can be intimidated.
Pryor Nobody wants to intin.idate him.
Mr. Lovejoy Nobody can intimidate me, Sir.
Sit down, gentlemen ; I am safe enough.
Mr. Singleton (dem., Miss.) approached, shak
ing his fists.
Mr. Rarr (dem., N. T..) and others restrained
Mr. Harnett forced his way into the midst of
the circle around Lovejoy, and s'-iouted, "There is
a rule wbieh requires every gentleman to keep his
seat while speaking. He can speak only from his
own seat. He cannot and he shall not cross this
hall in a menacing manner towards us, as be has
done. He mast speak from his seat, and he shall
The Chairman appealed to gentlemen to enforce
order, and said he woald call the Sergcant-at-Aruis.
The young man acting as doputy of the Ser-geant-at-Anus
approached with his silver mace.
Mr. Kellogg (Hep., 111.) vociferated that his
colleague should not commit a breach of the rales,
but should have all his rights.
Tho Speaker was called in to resume his seat,
when tho Chairman reported that the Committee
rose owing to the disorder.
Finally comparative quiet was restored.
The House then again went into Committee of
Mr. Lovejoy took his stand at the Clerk's desk,
and resumed his remarks, lie spoke about North
ern Christian women, who went to the South to
prevent tho people there from retaining to barba
rism. Mr. Singleton (dem.. Miss.) said that he would
not allow such insinuations upon Southern women
to pass. If the member persisted in that course,
he (Singleton) would hold him personally account
able. Mr. Lovejoy said that, in four million of slaves,
there was not one legal bnsband or wife, father or
child ; and spoke about a Presbyterian Elder
down South, having the Gospel whipped into him
with the broad sido of a hand-saw, and of a young
g.rl in Washington being whipped until the blood
came out of her nostrils, and then sent tt the gar
ret to die. He had sworn to support tho Constitu
tion because be loved it, but ho did not intorpret it
in the way southerners did.
Mr. ltonham (dcm.,S. C.) You violate it.
.Mr. Ashmoro (dem. S. C.) And perjure your
self. Mr. Singleton And aro a negro thief into tho
Mr. linrksdale I hold no parley with a per
Mr. Lovejoy said when Daniel Webster spoko of
tbo imposition of Austria on Hungary, ho remark
ed tho earthquake and the tornado havo powor,
and tho thunder has power, but greater than these
was the powor of public opinion, and bofore this
he proposed to arraign Austria. Ho (Lovojjy)
proposed to hold up to tho retribution of public
Mnliuient slavcholding in all its atrocity and hid
eousnxss, just as gentlemen hero hadjpolygamy.
Public sentiment will lurn and scour out slavery,
and tbo proper way is by tbo action of the Slave
States themselves. Ho bad endorsed tho Helper
book because ho wanted to do it. Ho did so with
out asking the gentleman from Missouri (Clark),
or any body olsc. You shed tho blood of my brother
twenty years ago, and I am here free to speak my
mind. The Kcpublioan jiarty would spring up in
Kentucky, and the gentlemen now horc would find
themselves displaced by more moderate, and if it
were not offensive, he would add moro sensible,
men. He wanted to say in Charleston what ho
could say here.
Mr. Bonbam Yon had bettor try it !
Mr. Lovejoy 1 can go to England and thcro
discuss tho question of church and state, or any
other British institution. Iluif I go into tbo
Slavo States and talk against Slavoiy, where is my
Mr. Ilarksdale Tho meanest negro in tbo South
is your superior !
Cries of "Order !" from tho ltepublican sido.
Mr. Lovejoy, in. speaking ol John Iirown, said
ho would not curse him. Ho would pour no exe
crations upon old Join Iirown. Ho condemned
what ho (Iirown) did. Ho disapproved of his act.
Ho believed, however, that bis purpose was a good
one, and bis motives honest and truthful. John
Iirown stood head and shoulders abovo any man
hero until bo uas strangled. Any law to cnslavo
man was as an arrangement among pirates to dis
tribute tho spoils. By what right do you of tho
South get together and enact laws that I or my
child should be your slave ? Every slavo has a
right to run away in spito of your laws, and to light
himself away. Wore ho (Lovejoy) a slave, and
wcro it necessary to achieve his freedom, ho would
not hesitato to fill up tbo chasm and bridgo it over
with tho carcasses of the slain. He loved the
A Voice Wo don't lovo you.
Mr. Lovejoy So it was with the Saviour; they
didn't love him. tLauRator- Gentlemen who
talked of dissolving tho Union could no more do it
than tkoy could stop the shining of tho sun. Vir
ginia, instead of clothing herself in sheep's gray,
should clothe herself in sackcloth and ashes, on
account of slavery, and ought to drink tho wators
Mr. Martin (dem.. Va.) If you will como into
Virginia, we will hanc vou hichcr than wo did
Mr. Lovejoy No doubt about it.
Tho Committco roso, and tho House adjourned.
"Washington-, April G.
SnvATn. M. Sumner introduced a resolution
instructing tho Committee on Foreign Affairs to
inquire into tho capture of tho Mexican steamers
off Vera Cruz by tho United States Eloop-or-war
Mr. Wilson gave notice of a bill to effectually
suppress tho slavo trade.
House. Mr. Hickman from tho committee on
the Judiciary, mado a report on tbo President's
protest, refuting tho position of tho latter. They
say among other thing, that they cannot rofrain
from an expression of tboir deep regret that an
officer who prided bimsolf upon the fact that tho
people have thought proper to invest him with tho
most honorablo, responsible anil dignified oflico in
the world, and who declares ho feels proudly con
scious that thcro is no public act of bis life which
will not bear tho strictest scrutiny, and that ho
dofios all investigation, should forget, amid tho
surroundings of place, power anil (lattery, that bo
is but the sorvnnt of the saino people, and that ho
should shrink back in anger or terror from a sin
glo inquiry into his stewardship. This is tho first
time under the llopublic, that the Chief Magis
trate has loft a recorded admission that bo has
been made oblivious of the origin and ephemeral
character of his position by tho rovolriesof its en
joyment. To distinguish such conduct by appro
bation would bo to sanction tho kingly pcrogative,
and to proclaim that rightful rule camo by tho
grace of God, and not from the confidence of man.
The nation, always charitable in tho interpreta
tion of acts and motives, is not prepared to over
look such a delinquency. Tbo Committee take Uio
ground that the l'rcsidcnt, under the Constitu
tion, possesses neither a prhiloge nor an immuni
ty beyond the humblest eitiien, and is less favored
in this respect than Senators and representatives
in Congress. ' Unfortunately, they sav, for tlie
attempted defence of that ofticer.tbero is no chargo
made of any grade of offence calling for trial of
any kind. It is a mere inquiry that is proposed.
Mr.Covodo's resolutions do not contcmplato a
jiidgmont, and therefore thcro can be no former
trial under them.
So numerous are proof that the wiso aud great
men of our entire history entertained forebodings
of tho very opposite character to thoso which tho
President ascribes to them, that it is difficult to
resist a disposition to attribute In fincerity to tho
President to accomplish tbo purjiofe of bis protest.
The world is but a great battle-field for power,
and if universil hitory teaches auy lesson it is
this : That power is always retreating from the
many tithe few ; That executivo bead of ni
tions absorb popular rights, ami that all revolu
tions are on the part of the people, not to estab
lish thrones, but to regain that which has been
wrested from them by the throne. The citiiens of
the United States havo reason to far that which
every other nation has suffered. The Committee,
cnter'aining views herein expressed, recommend
the adoption of the following resolution :
llrsolrnl. That the House dissents from the doc
trines of the special message or the President of
tho United States, of March 2S, ls0 ; that the
extent of power contemplate.! in the adoption of
the resolutions of enquiry of March 5, lSOO, is
necessary to tbe proper discharge of constitution
al duties devolved on Congress ; that judicial de
terminations, the opinions of former Presidents,
ar.d uniform usage, sancti.-n its exercise, and that,
to abandon it, would leave tbe executive depart
ment of the government without supervision or
responsibility, and would be likely to lead to a
concentration of power in the hands ol the 1 resi
dent, dangerous to the right of a free people.
Mr. Houston said that Mr. Taylor and himself
were the minority of the Judiciary Committee,
but for want of time they had not been able to got
together to agree upon a joint report. Each had,
however, prepared a separate report, both agrec
ii g on general principles, and sustaining the Pres
ident's special message.
Mr. Hickman submitted the motion that the re
ports be printed, and that further considsratien be
postponed till to-morrow week. Adjourned.
Thk Greatest Oi ei. on record. An old
Mississ'mian furnishes the following from
the Woodvill(Miss.) Republiean:
'The famous duel in which forty or more
geutlemen were engaged in KS2, is still re
memliered in Natchez. Colonel Jim Howie
the fiirhter and inventer of the kuife which
bears his name, used to spend a greit deal of
his tune hi Natchez, lie was challenger, ny
a gentleman ol Alexandria, Ixuisiana,
whose friends t tho iiiuiiIht of twenty or
more, accompanied him to Natchez to see
fair play, knowing FSovvk- was a desperate
man, and had his own friends about him.
All parties went upon tho (Md. The com
batants took their places in the centre, sepa
rated from their friends in tho rear far
enough not to endanger them with their
lalls. IJehold the battle array thus :
"Twenty armed Ixmisiuuians fifty yards be
hind their ehum pi ;m ami his seconds and
surgeon, and opposite them, as far behind
ltowie ami hi.-- M-enndu and surgeon, twenty
armed .MiKifippians. Heboid th- heights
of Natchez thronged with spectators, and a
steomor in the river rounded to. its decks
black with jussongors, watching with a deep
intenwt the mtine. The plan of fight va to
exchange shota twice with pitols, anil t
close with kniea. Howie Iteing armed with
his own terrible weapon. At the first lire
both parties escaped. At the secoud the
Louisianian was too quick and took advant
age of ISowie, who waited the word. At
this Bowie's second cried 'foul play!' aud
shot the Louisianian dead. The second of
the latter instantly killed the slayer of his
principal Bowie drove his knife into this
man. The surgeons now crossed blades,
while, with loud hattle cries, came on the
two parties of friends, the light ol liattle in
their eyes. In a moment the whole number
were engaged in a fearful conflict. Pirks,
pistols andltnives were used with fatal ef
fect, until one party drove the other from the
field. I do not know how many were killed
and wounded in all, but it was a dreadful
slaughter. Bowie fought like a lion, but fell
covered with wounds. For months he lin
gered at the Mansion House before he fully
Eating Dirt. The New York .Yncs, a
Democratic organ candidly states the reason
why the Democratic National Convention
was ordered t be held at Charleston. It
"To gratify the South at a period when
the rest of the Union had far less need to
conciliate her than at present, Charleston,
the most ultra Southern city, was named as
the seat of the Convention, liic peculiar
propriety of the compliment was even then
acknowledged. The interests of that section
of the Union , the preservation and extension
or her i'ecl'mar instititions form the plat
form of the Democratic party, and so strong
ly is this the case that to be aught else than
a Democrat is, in a Southerner, treason to
This is tolerably explicit. How do the
Northern Democracy like this candid asser
tion of one ol their own organs, of the fact
that the preservation and extension of slavery
forms the platform of the Democratic party?
AiTEiTiNC Incident Baitism oka Dying
Girl. The Albany Ri press says :
"On Sunday morning teveral young folks
were baptized at Hev. Dr. JIagoon's church.
The first person who was baptized was a
young girl, perhaps sixteen years old, in tho
last stage of consumption. She was literally
arrayed in her "rave clothes, it bein;r under
stood that the white robe in which slic was
baptized was to be worn by her when she was
placed in her coffin. She obtained her moth
er's emission to be baptized, and then ac
quainted her pastor with her desire. Shewas
brought to the pool in the arms of her uncle,
attended by her mother, and lifted in the
arms of the pastor, who gently immersed her
head, after repeating the usual words. Tho
scene was very affecting, causing some of the
spectators to sob with emotion. She was so
far gone that it was leared tdic might expire
during the ceremony, yet after it was per
formed she expressed a wish to be brought to
the church in the afternoon, to partake of
the Lord's Supper, which was granted. After
the Supper, when in another room she sang
the Doxology, 'Praise God,' and when in her
carriage Dr. Magoon asked how she felt, she
whispered, 'I have fought agood fight."
Humanity at a Discount. Capt. Avis,
the jailor who endeared himself to the hearts
of tho humane everywhere, by mingling
some grains of humanity in his dealings
with John Brown and others, while prison
ers under his charge, is about to suffer for
his kindness of heart. Upon presenting his
bill for outlays in the matter of fuel, lights,
&c, to tho Auditor of public accounts, he
had tho mortification ol seeing the bill re
jected. Strange to say, the bills were for
expenses incurred for the benefit of the jail
guard having in charge the prisoners. Vir
ginia has tens of thousands to bestow upon
the folly of Gov. Wise, but not one cent for
necessary expenses incurred. Newark Advertiser.
CHITTENDEN COUNTY COURT.
March Term. 18C0.
Hon. Loyal C. Kellogg, presiding.
" David Fish, Atligtant Ju,tlc.
" John Work, 5
State vs. Peteh McDosnell, upon the charg'of
the Murder of J. T. McKetn.
Tho second trial of this noted caso camo on at
half past two o'clock, this afternoon. The after
noon has been spent in obtaining a Jury.
A panel of 82 Jurors had been summoned, of
whom 72 wero present.
1. Tho first ono called was H. B. Morse, of
2. Tho second was Lewis Nelson of Charlotte,
challenged by tho respondent's counsel, and cx
cusod. 3. D. W. Hazard, of Charlotto.accepted second
4. R. M. Hiakley, Wcstford, challenged by re
spondent, and excused.
5. G. AV. Ellis, Essex, challenged, and excused.
0. Ir.i Barnov, Essex, accepted third juror.
7. N. F. Holt, Charlotte, challon od, and ex
cused. 8. p. V. Higbee, Charlotte, had formed tho
opinion that respondent performed tho killing
with malicious intent ; challenged and excused.
0. P. E. Pease, Charlotte examined had read
verv little about the case, had been credibly in
formed that a man bad been killed, and that was
about all he knew about it, had formed an opin
ion and expressed it, whether or not the killing
was murder, excused for tho present.
10. Norman Bradley, Huntington, had formed
and expressed an opinion excused.
11. Silas Bcnham, Jericho, accepted fourth
12. Martin Bartlctt. Jericho, took no Burling
ton papers and cou d not say what or when ho had
road about case bad formed no opinion as to guilt
of respondent challenged peremptorily, and set
Milton Conner, William Weston of Essox, I,y-
sandor Woodwortb, J. L. I!ar.-tow, wero called in
turn, and having formed and expressed opinions,
Ainasa Isham, Shelburnc, accepted fifth juror.
E. S. .Morton, Milton, accepted sixth juror.
Cioo. Bascom, Milton, J. F. Wells, Shclburne,
and II. A. Jones, Richmond, had formed and ex
pressed opinions, and were excusod.
On tho 21st juror called, L. B. Larncd, Milton,
considerable discussion aroso between counsel. Tho
juror had formod no opinions on tho caso, but has
scruples acainst tho dtath penalty. During the
discussion tho Court odjourncd.
Tho discussion with rcfcrcnco to tho eligibility
of Mr. Lamed was continued. Tho Court decided
that an opposition to capital punishment which
would induce the juror to strive to change tho law,
if called to consider it as a legislator, but which
would still permit him to give a truo verdict on
tbe tostimony, was no bar to his sittingas a jury
man that legally Mr. Larncd is indifferent, and
may take his seat as a juror soventh juror.
L. N. Williams, Essex, Elisha Andrews, Rich
mond, David Sprague, Huntington, Giles Howe,
Richmond, Win. K. Taft, Williston, had each
formed and expressed an opinion, and were sever
H. C. Leavenworth, Charlotte, accepted Sth
C. M. Morrill, oxcusod on account of sickness in
Wm. Partch, Hinesburgh.aecoptcd 9th juror
James P. Talcott, Williston, had formed and
expressed an opinion.
Albert Leo, Jericho, accepted tenth juror.
Noah Preston, Bolton.had formed and expressed
an opinion, excused.
K. P. Herrick, Miltoo.has conscientious scruples
about tbo inlliction of capital punishment ami bad
formed and expressed an opinion as to guilt of tho
L. Johonnottt, Burlington, was on the Coroner's
A.F. Tcrrill, Underbill, accepted eleventh ju
J. S. Tubbs, Colchester, Geo. Tabor, Wastford,
Samuel P. Bliss, Jericho, bad formed and op
pressed an opinion and wore excused.
(J bo. K. llinstlell of St. Georgo, the fortieth ju
ror called, was accepted.
This completed the jury, which is composed as
Tue Jcnv. H . B. Morse, Shelburne, D. W
HnaaiU, Olmilotta. Ira Barney, Essex, Silas Ben
bam, Jerieho, Ainasn Iebam, Shelburne. K.S. Mor
ton, Milton, L. B. Lamed, Milton, H. C. Leaven
worth, Charlotte, William Partch, Hinesburg,
Albert Lee, Jericho, A. F. Terrill, Underbill, Geo.
K. Hiasdill, St. George.
Court then adjourned till afternoon.
Tho indictment wis road by the Clerk.
Tho Jury were then addressed by J. French
Ksq., for the State, who brietly recounted tho
facte which tho prosecution expected to show
ilr. Chittenden followed with a similar
recountal of tho facts expected to bo shown
for tho defense.
Mr. Johnson's Testimony.
Samuel Jon.vso.v This witness was sub
poenaed as a witness on tho former trial, but
as the olhcer was not able to find him, ho
wa not examined; but instead, his testimony
given at tlie Loroner s Inquest was introduced
by agreement betwee ncounsel. Sworn .1 went
to rat Irs Saloon about luo clock on tho own
ing of the homicide. Saw McDonnell, Bain
and Kolly there ; was there about an hour
and a half ; went into a stall with three other
men, stall was about 14 feet from respondent
and his companions, who were buying ci
gars, heard McDonnell say " suppose we go
over and sec what that fellow has to say, or
do, for himself." Bain said "no, let it go."
When we left Saloon wo went out into
Church Street, when we met 3Ir. Flanagan,
who told us of the killing and asked if wo
had seen three jiersons come out. McDonnell
did not call any one's name; don't recollect
very well what he said. Night was not very
dark, no moon that I know of. Can't tell
what time I left tho saloon, thought at the
time it was about half past eleven.
Cross Examined, Heard tho remark of
McDonnell when wo first went into tho sa
loon The stall was back from tho rest of
the room, don't know whether it was in an
other room or not ; thiuk it is in another
room now; don't know of any change of par
titions since tho occurrenco. Wo played
cards. Tom Waters and Billy Brompton
camo down streot with me, and played cards
in the saloon with Ed. Walton and me.
Saw six or eight other persons in tho
Saloon, including McDonnell, Bain and Kel
ly. Was examined before the Coroner's
Jury. Don't know as I swore then it was
20 or 25 minutes past 12 when wo went out ;
think it might have been as late as that.
Hn.Niir M. Wight, sworn. Mr. Wight's testi
mony was a statement of circumstances attending
the homicide, which ho witnessed, and did not dif
fer materially from his testimony on tbo previous
trial. Wo then published it at length, and need
not go over it again. Tho only new facts elicited
wero thoso containod in tho following portion of tho
Crosi-erammed. Saw somo
liquor in the storo that evening called it whis
key. It was in a pint bottle. It was drank there
while we wero playing cards. Saw McKcen drink
once while wo wero playing. Did not mention
this on former examination did not consider it
material. No questions were asked on that point.
First saw tho whiskey about the timo wo were
Tho testimony of this witness occupied the af
ternoon. Tinnn pay.
Leo.varp W. Bliss, examined. Mr. Bliss' tes
timony was substantially tho same as that given
by him on the former trial. It occupied the en
Mr. Logan has been on the stand during the
afternoon for about two hours, and testified to the
same facts, substantially, in regard to the liquor,
as Mr. Wight did.
Dr. S. W. Thayer was then placed upon the
Tiie trial does not make rapid progress. The
evidence thus far is mainly a repetition of
that given on the former trial and our full
report on that occasion precludes the neces
sity of giving much space to it now. We
shall onlv renort tho neto evidence, some of
which, viz., that of Bain and Kelly, who
wcro prevented by their position as respond
ents, from being witnesses in tho caso beforo
-will bo looked for with interest.
LATEST FItOJI EUROPE.
n 1-t.n ofnimpr Niagara at Halifax, wo
havo Liverpool dates of March 24.
Sardinia has accepted tho annexation or
Tuscany as well aa the Romagna and the
dutchies, and tho Pope has dono nothing.
The trench army is rapiuiy quium v--
i oil i,r Ttnlinn nrnvinces annexed
U1I1U& uuu i
to that kingdom ; "not on account of any
coldness towarus aaruinm, uuu
independencoof Italy is irrevocably asiured,
says the Paris Constitutional.
Tho Sardinian troops are, in turn, leaving
c is Koino- npiMinind hv the French.
The French government had issued a docu-
mcnt expuwuiuK uvn.uU.uD
tion of Savoy, and disavowing the theory or
1 l....wlotrto frv Pwni'ft. which WHS
civinir uneasiness to Germany, lest some of
P " . 1.1 I.- ...... -,l.,l ,irinn in
her provinces uuiu w cuumuuw .ijfv.. ...
THE SAVOT QUESTION.
The London Times admits that tho annex
ation of Savoy to France must be quietly al
imrivl lmt nt thi R.ime timo denounces the
act as one of spoliation and wrong ; it adds
it must leave upon all minus me conviction
that there is no safety except in continued
watchfulness and preparation against the ag
gressions of a sovereign who thus seizes the
possessions of a friendly power. The opinions
of the various leading governments of Eurottc
on the Savoy question has been received by
France, and are subtiantially as follows :
Russia says so long as the right of the peo
ple to select their own rulers is not put for
ward by France, and as the present change
does not affect the balance of power in Eu
rope, what Sardinia may do with Savoy is no
business of hers. Prussia says that, as the
emperor of France formally disavows tho
doctrine of natural frontiers, the transfer of
Savoy is no business of h'-rs. Austria de
clares that she certainly does not approve of
any annexation of the kind, but as Europe
stood by when other annexations were effect
ed, she docs not sec what 6he hits to do with
The Emperor Xapolei n, in receiving the
deputation from Savoy, states that tho re
nt, inn nf.ivnv !ind Xine to France, has been
resolved on principle, the assent of Piedmont
and of tho population Had neon ouianieu,
and tho negotiations with tho powers, who
sigmd the treaty of 1815, permitted tho hopo
of a favorable examination of the question by
the greater part of them.
The Ex-Duko of Tuscany is preparing to
protest against his fate.
The agitation in Hungary continued, and
rrmtx havo been mado in Pesth .
A demonstration had token place in Rome
... .... , n ?l 1.1?
in honor ol the inrtli-day oi uarrinuiui.
Thn London 'limes has a favorable review
of Senator Seward's recent speech in the
The Chinese rebellion is gaining strength
in tho north.
For tho Frco Profs.
TIIE UMON IIIOII SCHOOL.
REfORT Or THE EXAMINING COMMITTEE.
Tbo committee who attended thn examination
of the High School last week, would say that tho
teachers appear to bo highly qualifiod for their
work, in tho theory and practico of teaching as
woll as in tho branches taught. Many of tho pu
pils also acquitted themsolves very well. But the
committco think that tho school, in general, haj
not como up to the high mark of thorough schol
arship at which Mr. Conant and hU assistants are
evidently aiming and laboring to reach. Real
improvement in schools is a thing of slow growth;
and these toaehers havo not yet had time to show
what their skill and fidelity can accomplish.
serious hindrance, tbe committee think, to the
advancement of this and other high schools arises
from the admission of many pupils who are not
sufficiently well versed in the elementary branches
belonging to the district school, and which cam
bers the ground appropriate to tbe high school.
The standard of scholarship for entering mast be
high, in order to reach a high standard of oxcel
Ienoe in the school.
The building occupied by this school is niC a!
together what it should be. The way of access to
the upper school room is excessively inconvenient.
A little change in tbe arrangement of tbe stairs
at a little expense, would materially improve it
For tbe Com.
Burlington, April 10, IStfO.
Tub Line Boats commenced their trips
Tuesday, tho America, Capt. W. II. Flagg
leaving Rouse's Point, aud the United States
Capt. Wm. Anderson, leaving Whitehall
Tuesday morning. Arrangements lor regular
connection with Railroad trains at the ends
of tho Lake and at this placo will be made
during tho weok.
Thaddevs Hyatt in Jail. The Washing
ton correspondent of tho Boston Traveller
writes as follows ;
" Mr. Hyatt is increasing his comforts in
theiail. lie has surrounded lumsell with
flowers, of which he is passionately fond, and
now has a mclodeon in his cell. lie would
have had a piano but for the difficulty of
Kettins up stairs. Ihe negro whom 1 men
tioned in a former letter, in whose behalf ho
has interested himself, to-day becomes again
a free man. But he is so attached to Mr,
Hyatt by his kindness to him, and by the
good wages he has received, that he prefers
to remain here as Mr. Hyatt's servant, rather
than ro home.
" It is now thought that as Mr. Hyatt
will not give up. and the Senate will not
back down, that when the session ends he
will be turned over to the District Attorney,
who will prosecute him under the law made
to reach Walcott's case. In this event he
can give bail ; and if found guilty, as of
course ho will be, is subject to a linoof 81,000.
and of imprisonment at the pleasure of the
court. But Hyatt, who is pluck to the
back bone, declares that ho will neither give
bail nor pay the tine, it it is imposed on him
Hence tho end of this case is not yet in sight."
The Coal Trade or Great Britain. The
total product of tho coal mines of the United
Kingdom, in 1858,13 reckoned at G5 ,003,649
tons, of which, about SO, 500,000 tons were
Of the export about 300,000 tons wero to
the United States.
The production of coal in the United States
last year, was about nine million tons, and
it only dates back to 1820, when ono ton a
day for each day in the year was the whole
Coal was used to somo extent in England
in the twelfth century, but it is littlo more
than 250 years since it camo into general uso
as tuol in London.
Termonters in Chicago. Tho Republi
cans in Chicago who hail from the Green
Mountain State, held a meeting on the 14th
ult. to make arrangements to receive the
Delegates from that State to tho National
Convention. Hon. W. T. Barron presided.
Committees were appointed to carry out the
object of the meeting.
Italian Election Returns. The follow
ing is tho voto for annexation to Sardinia :
The Duchy of Modena
Parma 88, 511
iuscany, with the exception of
32 communes not yet known 330,087
Tho votes the other way. viz., lor a separ
ate Kingdom, do not amount to 25,000. A
pretty strong majority !
What goes most against a farmer's grain ?
CULTURE OP CURRANTS.
From tho Country Gentleman.
No fruit will more certainly grow under
adverse treatment than the cuirant or to
use the quaint phrase of our facetious friend
Brooks of Wyoming county, which will
"stand grief" better. Planted under the
fenco of a neglected and weedy garden, or
enveloped in tall grass, and never pruned,
currant bushes still continue to afford yearly
crops. But theso crops are very puny fruit
such as they are, however, they are better
than the owners deserve, who ouht to be
willin" to devote to them a small share of the
cultivation which other crops receive. For
no fruit is more improved under right man
agement than tho currant. We have known
tho berries to be increased at least ten to
twelve times in size, by pruning, manurinz,
and cultivation. Those new varieties,
tho Cherry currant, which grows five-eighths
of an inch in diameter, and the White Grape,
which is often an inch in diameter, when
both aro fairly treated, often greatly disap
point purchasers, who totally neglect them,
when they become but little larger than other
The currant is propigated by cutting. A
one-year's shoot is taken, seven or eight
inches long, cutting it off close to the old
wood, and set about two-thirds of its h-ngth
in tho earth, which is closely picked about
it. As roots aro apt to be thrown out at each
bud, all the lower ones aro taken off. It will
make a good well-rooted plant by autumn
Scarce varieties may be layered at mid-summer,
if growing rapidly, and will root tho
The bushes will grow in any good soil. It
should Iw kept rich with frequent manuring.
The ground must be kept clean and mellow,
the same as for cabbage or hill of potatoes.
The liest way, Inith for facilitating cultiva
tion, and for lictitnes of appearance, is to
allow a biiigh- stem to grow at the surface of
the ground, the branches spreading out into
a regular he-ad a lew inches up. These
branches should be kept thin by pruning, or
at regular distances, m as to admit air and
sun to the leaves and branches in every part.
If the tirowth is allowed to become dense and
thickly shaded, the fruit will lie smaller, of
inU-iior (lav r. and lees in miantity. As the
branches become old, they should be cut out,
and new and vigorous on, which have been
allowed to grw for this purpse, take their
place somewhat similar to the renewal
pruning of the grape but with this excep
tion, that while tho grapo tears on the
present year's wood from last year's shoots,
the currant bears on shoots one vear or more
older; hence the renewal should not
be so tremient. bnme skill must he ex
ercised .when shoots are left for new branches,
to leave them on the lower parts of tho bush,
in such a position as to till up regularly tho
Bushes preserved, as here described, in the
tree form, or with but a single stem at bot
tom, lose their vigor in a few years, and
should be replaced by new plants, which will
give larger fruit. But if allowed to grow in
the bush form with several stems springing
up from tho earth together, they may be
thinned out and pruned at the surface in
such a manner as to afford a continued succ
ession of new branches with roots, to take
the place of the older portions as they are
successively cut out. This, therefore, al
though not so perfect a mode as the tree
form, is well adapted to ordinary culture,
where it may prove inconvenient to make
new plantincs frequently. But successive
pruning and good and enriching cultivation
are especially necessary.
The intelligence from tho Rio Grande is
that fighting was still going on between Cor
tinas and the American forces.
On the night of the 16th, tho officers in
command of the American forces, having
previously received official information from
the officer in command at Matamoras, that
Cortinas was at the Rancho de la Mesa with
a considerable furce, crossed over and march
ed towards th it rancho. When they had
arrived within a half a mile, they surprised
a picket guard, who immediately gave the
Several shots were exclianged and two per
When our forces were at breakfast, very
near the mncho, a body of about one hun
dred and fifty Mexicans, horse and foot, made
their appearance and desired a conference,
which being granted, they stated that they
were .Mexican rsationnl Uuards.and in search
of Cortinas, but could give no information
respecting his when aboutsind that the par
ty surprised was a part of their own force,
guarding their baggage.
Although they denied all knowledge of
Cortinaa' whereabouts, the women and a boy
at the rancho, assert that he was there when
the alarm was given .and our officers aro con
vinced that their statements are true, and
believe that he escaped when the alarm was
Our forces are encamped on the other side,
about thirty-five miles abovo this city, and
intend to remain in Mexico till tney take
Cortinas, or are ordered back.
The statements of the Mexicans agree in
the main with those of our own forces. They
state that they were ordered to co-operate
with tho Americans, and were n pursuit of
Cortinas, but tlmt our troops, by taking a
different road, unfortunately fell in with
their baggage guard.
Although we have every reason to believo
that the government of Tamaulipas is anx
ious to lie rid of Cortinas, we have no idea
that they can compel tho soldiery to fight
Tub Wisconsin Legislature have formally
considered a proposition to abolish all laws
for the collection of debfc;. The mover of the
bill, Mr. Elmore, is a great wag, as is evi
dent byjthe following extract from hisjspecch
upon that subject:
Tho speaker then proceeded to reviow the pro
sent system of collecting debts. It was alia hum
bug and a cheat, a matter of technicalities and
logal shuffling. Lawyers gavo advice in order to
obtain a feo and encourage litigation. Judges
made blunders and mistakes. He had had a little
in law, but that experience was rich. Ho would
give a history of it. Tho speaker then related
how he had purchased a yoke of oxen about fifteen
years ago paid $50 for them; a few days after,
the son of tho man of whom he bought the oxen,
came to him and said tho oxen belonged to him.
He insisted on having pay over again, and com
menced suit. Suit commenced before a Justice.
The Jury didn't agreo Finally, through the
blundors of tbe bass-wood Justice of the Peace, tho
case wont against him. Ho appealed it to the
Circuit Court in Milwaukic. Thcro I lost again,
and finally I said to my lawyer: ' I will" give you
$10 to go and quoto Pennsylvania law to Judgo
Miller and get a new trial ordered.' He took the
10 and performed the duty. A now trial was
then granted, and venuo changed to AValrath
" When I went there, I met you, Jlr. Speaker,
lor the first time. Judge Irwin was then too J udge.
Any man who wanted to gain a causo in his court
had cither to go bunting with him, and let tho
Judgo claim all the g.i ie that was shot, or pat his
dog. Well, I patted tho dog; I fed tho 1 g with
crackers. The casew.is decided in my favor. When
I heard tho decision, I thought to myself that dog
has followed me long enough ; I turned round and
gavo him a kick. Tho yelp of tho dog ha I hardly
subsided cro I heard the Judge say: 'Jlr. Clerk
this judgment is set aside and a new trial granted '
Mr. Speaker, that ki-k cost me$'100! A new trial
was granted bcfi.rc II. N. Wells. 1 consented to
the admission of certain evidence in the case, at
which Wells was ('trended, and jumped upsaying:
' Damn my soul,' and walked off, abandoning the
cause. ILaughtor.l Well, tho .Jury disagreed
this time, becauso .no of tbeni, who was a member
of tho Baptist church, beard me uso iirofino l.in-
guago ono day. Uninterrupted laughter.
" lou have, no doubt, seen a suit in a Justices
Court in tho country. There is tho time spent by
jurors and hangers on, besidos other costs Each
suit costs at least $.-0, besides all tho ill-reelings
and disgust caused by i. It is all a cheat. Tho
litiganto had better -iet down and play a game of
old sledge to decide tho case. It would more
surely settle the cause justly."
U'lllVr.TnV Mtrri'na Tim IrrtltV With
Now f)r:in:iibi linvitn. K.w.n ti fifipil n fToin-
inission . ! be appointed immediately to
adjudicate the claims arising out of the
Panama riot in 1856, which were supposed to
to be greatly exaggerate! in some of the
official reports prepared for the Department
of State. The ratiticati in relieves an appre
hended difficult v with that (i tvernment.
SenOr H-a-nndinr in w in it mi14inn (if
dispatches from the Minunon party, wh ich
btato that Gen. Robles was wounded, but
not seriously, during the last day's attaek
on Vera Cruz, Miraiin.n attributes his defeat
to the intirferi nce of t!o Ameriean forces
with his !ti'iinifM. It is now i'h:triI thnt
the Aim riean ship.' hooted no colors at first,
anu wr-p' 1 1 en lor veds belonKinjr to tue
enemy. After their colors were hoisted,
Commodore Marin ramml firmi hut resum
ed it in defence while retreating.
Mr. Hatch's report upon the practical
operation of the Reciprocity treaty with
Canada demonstrates conclusively that it
works to the serioui injury of agricultural
and other interests. Tariff have been es
tablished since it was made, in contraven
tion of iti spirit, which, in his opinion
justify its immediate abrogation. Buffalo
Rochester, Oswego, and other towns, hav
suffered from the withdrawal of trade. Th
treaty will cxpiro in 1864. uron two years
notice, unless abrogated before.
Tt is considered somewhat remarkable that
the President never protested against tb
scope of the investigation by the House until
he read the testimony given before Messrs.
Haskin's and Covode's committees. All the
cvidenco thus far which, in any way, impli
cates him with a privity to tho use of money
in elections, and the distribution of patron
age with that object, was reluctantly extorted
from his own political friends, and from
persons who enjoyed his confidence ami inti
macy. Some of them havo openly lioasted of
not telling half they knew, and others testi
fied with mental reservations. The charge
made by the Administration organs, that Mr.
Covode's committco were investigating with
out specific aim. are false. Thus far they
havo addressed themselves exclusively to the
allegations contained in the President's Pittx
burgh letter, and find them fully sustained
by the corruptions of his own Administra
tion. . . , . .
Tho correspondent of the Now York Herald
writes as follows :
The absurdity of the statement telegraphed
to tho country, that Mr. Ford, tbe House
Printer, is not willing to answer questions
rclativo to arrangements which he made with
parties before his election, is showed by th
published evidence taken before Mr. Haekin'
committee. He declares that ho madp no
promises to country editors, or to the I0M7,
beyond which is indicated in his evidno.
and he ought to have thobenefitof the fact.
Tho Presidential cauldron is boiling, and
scarcely a day pasncs that does not ehange th
fortunes of those who aro most prominent
for tho nomination at Charleston. For the
last few days Hunter stock has been very
buoyant, and it is said that nearly all the
Southern States will concentrate upon him.
Tho present week will probably place Jo.
Lano, who is looked upon favorably by the
the Administration, in the ascendancy. The
friends of Douglas arc very sanguine, and are
betting their money freely upon his nomina
tion at Charleston.
Interesting Disco verv at Rome. Attrt
from Lewis Cass, Jr., at Romo. states that
in tho course of excavations on the Palatine,
where stood tho House of Gold of the Casnrs,
a room was exposed, on tho walls of which
was found a sketch, cut or engraved with a
sharp pointed instrument, of a crucifix, to
gether with tho figure of a man in the atti
tude of prayer, standing near it. Upon the
cross was represented a human figure bearing
tho figure of an ass. Beneath the individual
at prayer, was inscribed "Alexander adores
God." Satisfactory evidence refers the date
of this representation to tho reign of Septim
ius Severus, at whoso Court were numerous
Christians. It was no doubt intended as a
burlesque on their worship. It was a cur
rent belief at that period, that the Christians
worshipped a divinity whose head was similar
to that of an ass.
Thomas "W. Dawson, editor of thejLoun
ville (Kentucky) Journal, has published his
valedictory, stating, in effect, that after is
suing that paper for more than two years ax
a moderate Douglas man, he can no longer
do so "for conscience sake." He propws
to start a straight-out Republican paper Jin
Clay county, and says :
"To carry a double face during the coming
great struggle between right and wrong, in
our opinion, would be highly criminal ;
therefore we were very glad to sell out at
tho first opportunity, "that we might have
our limbs free to fight on the side of right
at the next election ; as also that eaeh party
might have a paper to represent them."
SnKRinAN. Sheridan was one day much
annoyed by a fallow member ef the House of
Commons, who kept cryiDg out every few
minutes, "Hear! hear "' During the de
bate he took occasion to describe a political
cotemporary who wished to play the rogue,
but only had sense enough to act the fool.
"Where," exclaimed he, with great empha
sis, 'where shall we find a more foolish knave
or a more knavish fool than he ?" "Hear '
hear'" was shouted by the troiblesome
member. Sheridan turned round, and.
thanking him for the prompt reply, sat
down, amid a general roar of lnughter.
Bank Failure. A private despatch from
Ogdensburgh, April 5th, to a person of
this place, announces the failure of the Bank
of Upper Canada.
Boot it Shoe Manufacturing. Our rea
ders will observe that Mr. A. PaorTY has
extended his thriving business of the sale of
boots and shoes to the manufacture of th
same. He has been fortunate in securing
the services of Mr. W. W. IIcbbard. well
known as one of the best bootmakers in Ver
mont, and with his own careful management
and thorough business capacity, his enter
prise cannot but be a money-making one
Success to it.
New Music Stork. Our renders will have
neticed bofore this, the advertisement of
Messrs. Holmberg & Storv, who have pur
chased the Music Store of Mr. L. S. Rust,
and propose to carry on the same business
Prof. Holmberg's woll known taste and skill
in musical matters are sufheient guarantee
that the stock of music offered will be a "
selected one, and that the musical instru
ments will be of the best quality.
We understand that Mr. Story is also a
practical musician, and every way qualified
tor tho business. Wo are happy to welcome
Messrs. IIolmiierg & Stout to our advertis
ing columns, and to wish them the suat
which they merit.
Blackwood's Mtgazine. Leonard vU
Co.'t- reprint, N. Y.
The Mareh mini hereon tains a lively article
on fiord Klgin's Mission to China and Jap"
n 1857-S-9 ; a continuation of Norman Sin
clair, an autobiography; also the closing
part of tho Luck of Ladysmede. The -f"r
cign connexion" of the House of Bull; and
The Anglo-Gallican Budget are tho political
articles of the number.
A Leap-Year Wedding.' Ihe Muscatine
(Iowa) Journal is responsible for the follow
ing account :
"A marriage was recently solemnized in
this icinitv which was brought about hy
bissextile privileg s allowed Ui the fair sex
The young lady hud been visiting m the
neighbor i'H)d of her liege lord, and Ix-m
prepo-sew-d in his favor at several e.u-uil
meetings, a ldresse-1 him on the imjiorfcuit
subject nearest her heart. Of course, a"
is a sensible woman, and told her lovi in
sensible language to a sensible man. it iu'1
with the right kind of reception. Thelus'1
fill lovei was only too glad" to act upon the
hint, and ere two months had posted tV
train wero made ono flesh.
Health vs. Wealth. Dr. Stephen
Sweet of Franklin. Conn., i-63 year
He has had thr-f wiv.s and 17 . InHren
The youngest is not 1 year old. He a
hale, heart v old man, ..ml pusenL a re
markable instance of vigor us old age.
car. not for money, and has refused ma".
verv tempting off-rs to robi.- in c'VnnV
practice, with a guaranty of from 4W'UW '
$10,000 u ve-ar and all his expenses.
t inks it ould not agree with his health i o
well as In- native t-w n. He is a very u
assuming man. He thinks health is ol m
consequence than money. He is more
tensively known as a bone setter tuan j
other living man. Norwich Aurora.