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Burlington free press. (Burlington, Vt.) 1827-1865, November 02, 1860, Image 1

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P o v ( r .v.
r. r the Free IVcs.'.
"Each dweller in oar glorious Statrj
Tjlkf I '"' of' 1! right, and prates
Th.it wealth i no embargo
'in L'gncsty tod common most;
Tut a! I of this is mere pretwMe,
If mwji makes the ware go."
o s..e tie girl c 3a signed by jate
To menial service hard aa4 late;
Caa ne'er a aiiaste spate O
though grace of Jauo fecrV miy be,
'Set "Him" a frightftl Ileeatr,
Mill "mMty makes the mare pro.''
Or gi to an; fmblic place :
"See the poor man with sunbn wacd fate
And brains a goodly cargo ;
A wealthy frol steps in ahead,
Fhffo neck ,-uppartsa Jump of lead;
For ' nioacj nukct the mare go."
Attend ti:c Church, aid witness there
Proud I'ivcf Mt on cu.-hiom rare,
Where no ocr man shall dare go;
For him bard scats are geod enoagb,
Aad gospel taken in ths rough,
Wiiere "money makes the mare go.
loose wealthy saiaU in Heaven woald get
Toe baeeawat for the poorer set,
Who by freight train mast there go:
rr kt the servant lire below,
Where 'twill not inurtiff them so;
While "money makes the mare g."
M s s c e II a is v
A Dute.tei Husband' Defemck or
Stiuv.-On the deck of a steamer a dny
or two sine j, a friend of ours heard a man
declaiming volubly aad noisily in defence of
the " peculiar institution " which a certain
clab of politicians would identify with the
prosperity and progress of our country. He
etoutly defended it as the principal clement
of American greatness. None of the by
standers hinted in the remotest May at tar
and feathers, it even offered the slightest
intfrrupti u to his orguuicnt, which roiled
on till it had exhausted the current state
ments in defence and laudati9n of slavery.
Our friend, who happened to be near the
rker, quietly asked, " but when it sells
husband to Maryland and the wife to
Louisiana what do you think of it then ?'' ,
The mau considered the matter a moment, :
and then briskly rejoined. Why. then J I
tmnk best ol alt ol it. 1 wish in my very j
heart they'd sell my wife five hundred miles
off, I'd be a pro-slavery man forever !"
Here is a new weapon on the " South bide'
of the " irrepressible conflict." Here is an
apology for slavery that never seems to have
occurred to Calhoun or M'Duffi'; A new
argument in behalf of slavery is a novelty
indeed. Are we to suppose that the Repu
blicans love their wives too much to long se
cretly for a diss dutjon of the matrimonial
union .' If sj, the late elections suggest a
very gratifying corollary from that fact, viz:
that a vast majority of the good people oi
the United Stit-jsara very on tented and
happy under the durance of that particular
description of lock called Ved-ocX .
Our (air countrywomen ought to take up
this matter with spirit, and look abarply
into the onjugal loyalty of every husband
who goes to the polls lor democracy or
44 fusion."' -V. Y. Com.
Ccaiors Will. The following extraordi
nary story is in circulation. An aged gen
tleman planter in one of the Southern States
lias just died, leaving fortune of SIM ,000,
which is to be disposed of according to the
provisions of his will lA'J that document is
us follows :
" I bequeath all my effects to the children
tf toy brother, on the following conditions :
Desirous- of marking my seme of the service
which my Newfoundland dog rendered ine in
saving uiy life when I was drowning, and
wjshiug al-o to provide for my housenecper,
1 appoint my said housekeeper nurse, tutor,
and mother of my dog. My natural heirs
f lull, on this account, pay to her, out of my
entire fortune, a daily sum in the folio wiug
maimer : The daily payment shall continue
o l..n a.- the dog shall live, but not one se
cond loc-ier. Dunne the first year after my
do. case, or f .r so much of it as the dog shall
lue, my housekeeper shall receive $ a day :
the -c'lrnl year she shall receive $10 a day ;
t!'. third tear $15, and 6j on, untill the
death of the dog. In the course of the month
u which the dog shall die, there shall be
paid to my liousckeejwr for every day of the
d gV existence $125. On the day of his
! dth she shall be paid per hour of the dog s
i'f". 250. In the last hour of his life she
hall receive (or every minute that he lives,
.r:-VT; and for every second of the last mi
nute, $5"M. Mv notary is charged with su
i a intending the" carrying out of my will."
This eccentric gentleman appears to have
utortained for his dog, sentiments similar
t 'Hvrou's. What the heirs will think or
1 1 we canuot say, but we shall be much
surprised if that dog lives many hours lon--r'
Supposing him to die at 59 minutes
iinl 3 ceconds after 5 o'clock on the 30th
dav of the month, the sum to be paid to the
usokeeper will be :
o davs.
at $125
y - j
i 1 hours,
at $150
at 57-5
at $300
X ai E or Satr is? Aceiculttbe. Agricul
ttiral chemistry informs us that the simplest
i mbinations through which nourishment is
e.mveved to phtnts.onMsts in acids, alkalies,
md alkaline substances. Animal chemistry
shows that free muriatic acid and kitchen
-tit form the principal constituents of the
eontents of the stomach.
In a French prize paper, by Dr. Dcsaive,
in the manifold advantages of the use of salt
in agriculture, the following results have
1,ne Keu laid down by the French veterina
ry s-urgeoo. Grogncii :
( omuiou silt serves as a preventive of the
1 tiucaution and heating of liay, which has
' n heaped up in large stacks during wet
y-'Mher. Forty quintals of hay require
it- en pounds f gait, to be strewn among it
in alt. mat- layers.
Thi ff ct i mnch 1etter 8h0V.n ; straw,
which, if intended to be used as fodder, by
hang utototen with salt water may be pre-f-erved
for a Ion? time. ; i-.
i t cattle instead ol lm .
ii'uoui: the ancients.
Leaves of trees, when put tu ditches with
vdt, may be prevented tor a long time from
I'utrefaetivc lermentation, and will even
:u ike good forage. Intelligent formers of
t:i0 Mount d'Orlyonais are in the habit of
i 'iue preserving their vine leaves as fodder
: r coats.
Fodder o( inferior oualitv, for instanoe
ti aw, or other kinds, soaked and bleached
iiy rain and sun, cured too late, or become
w"ody, may be rendered more palatable and
uiy ol digestion by being salteu. A pounu
of salt in three quarts ol water is required
i r a quintal of bad hay.
The sharp taste which the milk of cows
iually assumes in coiisetiueneo of beets,
luruips. and white cabbage being continual
ly fed to them, can be romoved by. salting
t.:ose vegetables.
In Flanders, common salt is strewn on new
and wet oats, to ba fed to tiorses, and thus
prepared, will not be dangerous to the ani
Mals. The same application may also bo
made to hay newly harvested, to prevent in
juries when it may become necessary to feed
such hay, tho moisture of which has not
been fully evaporated.
Though tho bad qualities of dusty, muddy,
i r mouldy fodder, after having been washed
and threalied, arc not entirely removed, yet,
by giving a sprinkling of salt water, they
will be diminished to a considerable degree.
This fact will be of advantage to the farmer
whenever ho mav be in want of appropriate
fodder. 1 1
By means of salt. such water as could not
otherwise be used for cattle for drinking,
will he rendered proper.
The great advantages to be dcrivod from
common salt with regard to the health of
cattle, have been clearly shown by manv ex
periments made by that learned and celebra
ted agriculturist of Alsace, M. Boussingault.
Cattle, by being led with salt, receive a soft
and gloasy skin, their digestion and appetite
are in good older, and thev increase in Qet.li
and strength. Cows thus fed yield much
milk, while those treated otherwise have dull
skins, with rough hair, exhibit less appetite,
produce a smaller amount of flosh, and yield
not only interior quantity, but also quality,
of milk.
Manure (nun cattle fed with salted fodder
it also of a better quality .
Finally, manuring with salt will banish
mosses and hurtful parasitical plants from
meadows I . S. Patent Offitr Ueport.
!UlU,I.'CTO. :
FRIDAY N'OVEMllElt 2, 180.
The iron muzle with which the jMjlitical
rulers of the slave States have fo long kept
in silence the lips of honest men among them ,
is losing its hold in some degree. Disregard
ing the howl of "abolitionism" which is
raised against every man who has a word to
say against the tyrannical dictation of these
oligarchs, or dare? to intimate that Iavery is
not, morally .socially and politically one of tho
greatest blessings on earth, they arc begin,
uing to speak out their real sentiments bold
ly in several of the slave States, and to act
politically with those who oppose the exten
sion of slavery into territory over which the
C. S. Government has control. The bold
and manly conduct of Henry Winter Dav"
of Maryland, whose decisive action on Cu s
Speaker question will not be 6oon forg n
by the true hearted men of the North, 6
not at this time stand alone by any meat.-,.
We find in the Salem (N. J.) Rational Stan
dard an account of a great republican meet
ing (in J. T. Nixon's district) just alter the
Pennsylvania election, After stirring and
effective speeches by Hon. 1) . Ullman, of N.
Y. and Hon. L. . Chittenden of Vt.,Hon.
11. W. Hon x in or Marvi.and was next in
troduced. Mr. II. said it was with no ordinary de
gree of pleasure that he congratulated the
representatives from Pennsylvania and the
people of New Jersey upon the brilliant and
signal victory which had just been achieved
over the combined forces of Locofocoism and
1'vsion iu the States of Pennsylvania, Ohio,
and Indiana. As a Marylander he rejoiced
at the opportunity afforded him to mingle
his voice with theirs in the glad, exultant
shouts which had gone up on the announce
ment of Curtin's election in Pennsylvania,
and the total rout of sham-Democracy in
Indiana and Ohio. To liiin it augural fa
vorably for the best interests of the coun try,
and presented a most cheering prospect of
entire redemption in November from the
hands of those who had enjoyed power but
to alius? it. and who were seeking a further
lease of it, but that they might still farther
pervert it.
The victory justachicved.was one over which
they might well rejoice ; it was the first de
which had been struck in the
campaign; it was to the cohorts of l usion
what Magenta was to the Austrians.
But he had left his home not with the pur
nose of joining in any celebration of victory ;
he had set out for New Jersey while the bat
tle was yet undecided on the morning of the
day on which the great engagement had taken
place ; and whilst he was glad to be a witness
and participant in their jubilant demonstra
tion, he had another object in view, and a
different duty to perform. He had been re
quested to visit New Jersey and say a word
ii,irf their candidates for Concress,
Messrs. Nixon and Pennington, m either ol
whom he recognized a friend, and he was not
the man to tay nay when such an appeal was
'undo. ,
Mk. Hoffman admitted that he had avow
ed'his" willingness to vote for John Hell, if
he could be satisfied that in so doing ho could
help to overthrow the Democracy, but not if
his vote must help cither Douglas or Breck
enridge. et now, many Bell men were
' ' fusing v ith disunion and squatter sovereign
Democrats, in opposition to the People's Par
ty ol ew Jersey in respect, to mm uk,i
mcn, as they had so shamefully dono in Penn
sylvania, Ohio and Indiana. It was in this
wav, and by such an unnatural and unholy
alliancce, that they were hoping to accom
plish the defeat of Messrs. Pennington and
Nixon." . .
"As a member of the Opposition 1 arty of
Maryland, he was there to raise his voice and
enter his protest against it ; in the name and
on behalf of the nearly or quite unanimous
voice of that Opposition iu the city and county
in which ho resided, he protested against it.
Mr. Hoffman adverted to a large meeting
held in Cumberland in February last.tn obe
dience to a call signed by 150 prominent cit
izens, in which tho politicalcourse of Mr
Pennington was spoken of in terms of most
positive commendation, and tho following
resolutions were adopted .
"Rtiohl, That Southern Slaveholders as we ate
and accustomed as wo have been an out . "
the institution of slavery, wo are nevertheless un
willinc to admit, that our feelings and views are
properly represented by those public man i who aw
scekiDC to elevate the maintenance of flavory
nm the importance of making t the rallying
"round of slaveholders in our political contest'.
" Halved, That we deplore the existing predom
inance of party rancor in our midst, mhch can
ntUhrr ik Iht 1-rtc States any patriae citizen,
capable of uncertly ttrvmg our tountry; nor in the
Slave Stales any citizen H-hi can be supp$cd to le
lieve honettly that there are such; that in our opin
ion the encouragement of such diseased Ecctiopal
vie'ws will more speedily and cettainly determine
the diraointion of our glorious confederation, than
all the political demagogues from Maine to Miss
issippi." ,
"Subsequent to the adoption ol these res
olutions, the Chairman of the meeting, in
the course of some remarks, employed this
language : .
-1 -i i.: il,ir wnB inn milCll
"llCSUlUlll, 11113 uuj iui.ii- -;-
political noltroonry men, for fear of being
lll Black Republicans or
t. their sentiments
As to
himsell he iiaU lecn uorn in uic m.
slavery tho companions of his youth were
the claves ot Ins latner s nouscuum m
grown up to manhood in their midst, and
now every baud upon his farm, and every
servant in his family was a slave, and he
feared not to say with the fathers of the Re
public, and the wisest men this country ever
produced, that "slavery was an evil ; ana
yet with this action, and theso proceedings
Iresh before the minds of the public, the
professed friends of John Bell, in New Jer
sey, were conspiring with tho Democratic
party for the defeat of Mr. PenningtoJ and
his colleagues, whose only offence consisted
in their standing where ho did "with a na
tional heart a heart large enough to take in
all this broad Union." He (Mr. II.) was
there to maintain that this course, on the
part of Mr. Bell'6 friends m New Jersey,
was nothing more nor less than an impeach
ment of the record which his (Mr. U.'s) own
peoplo had made in behalf of the - conserva
tism and nationality of ono of New Jersey's
truest and best citizens. For at tho time
these proceedings wcro had the Houso of
Representatives had been fully organized ;
bis whole course in regard to the Speaker-
ship was before them and tho country, and
the committees had been formd and an
nounced i and strange to say, that whilst tho
people of Maryland could thus talk and act,
tho friends of Mr. Bell in New Jersey had
only that afternoon met and resolved that
his (Mr. lVe) construction of committees,
and votes for Sherman were the grounds of
their consideration. No, ho did not behove
it was in consequence of anything Mr. P.
had dono beforo ho became Speaker, nor
whilst he occupied the chair ; it was because
he had stood in the way of fusion, and pre
ferred to mako his vote and his influence ef
fective in his own State as against the cor
rupt party in power in the same way that he
(Mr. II.) was disposed to do in his own
State. He denounced fusion, and said that
it was as unjust to those against whom it
was made, as it was dishonoring and damag
ing to the reputation of those who made it.
If thero were any before him who had either
gone into it, or felt disposed to favor it, he
called upon them to renounce it and "lleo
from it as thoy would from a oitv doomed to
destruetijn by fire." He counseled them to
aisregard the stale cry of "disunion," which
had always been invoked whenever the De
mocracy lound itself hard run, und felt that
the fcceptie of power was about to slip from
their grasp. He believed that tho "chasm"
which separatcdand;dividcd the Northern and
Southern Opposition would be bridged ; that
they would unite in carrying out during the
next four years those great measures of pub
lie policy on which they were now and al
ways had Ieen agreed. Ho told them in
conclusion "to smite fearlessly tho Democrat
ic party," as tho Union would certainly sur
vive the overthrow of a thousand such
During the delivery of his ablo and elo
quent speech, Mr. Hoffman wns frequently
warmly applauded.
It certainly may be set down to the credit
of Vermont for constancy, that through
twenly-fite successive annual elections by the
Legislature, they have retained in office one
of the Judges upon the Supreme Bench. The
additional fact (which is utterly incompre
hensible and in fact incredible to politi
cians of other States,) that he has been,
throughout that time, opposed in politics to
-i predominant J 'arty in the State, makes
i ie case no les remarkable. Judge lled
leld was first elected in 1S35. In 1832 he
acceeded Judge Hoyce in the chief justice
ship. Recently it has been understood that
he had accepted a lucrative offer from the
eminent firm of law publishers, Messrs.
Little & Brown, of Boston, to prepare some
law books for the press, and that he would
not be a candidate for re-election.
The Legislature accordingly on Wednes
day elected Judge Poland in his place, a
promotion which is entirely in accordance
with the precedents, and rendered suitable
if precedents had been lacking, by Judge
Poland's eminent fitness for the place.
The election of Hon. Asahel Peck for the
vacant judgeship is, of course, gratifying to
his fellow townsmen of Burlington, and is
tho more honorable to himself, from the
fact that the three Judges last elected, in
previous years, had been taken from this
side the mountain, and that other portions of
the State on that account claimed the honor
for their own men. Judge Peck will not
be altogether new in the duties of his post.
When, in 110, the State was divided into
fonr judicial circuits, he was chosen judge of
the 3d circuit, and filled the office for eight
years with high credit. At the re-organization
of the Judiciary in 18o0, the circuit
judgeships were abolished, and Judge Peck
retired to privato practice, now again to be
honored by an elevation to the Supreme
Bench. As a sound lawyer and an impartial
jurist he has already an enviable reputation,
and his selection for this position now con
ferred upon him cannot fail to commend it
self to the favor of the bar and the people of
the State.
The Supreme Court is now of one political
complexion, the six Judges being sound
Tiie Earthquake. The Earthquake of
the 17th inst, was felt with more severity
apparently in Canada than in New-England.
Tho tjuebec Chronicle of tho lSth gives the
following account of it there :
About ten minutes beforo six o'clock yes
terday morning tho citizens of Quebec were
startled by a shaking of part of the earth's
surface, which was felt, with moro or less
violence, throughout the city end district.
The phenomenon wasj preceded by a low
sound, nreciselv eimiliar to that caused by
heavy laden wagons, and tho duration of
the principal shock is variously estimated at
from thirty to filty seconds. Immediately
after the sound the vibration of tho earth
quake commenced, and was sufficiently strong
to cause itself to bo felt even in tho largest
buildings in the city. Tho sensation is des
cribed, by those who experienced it, as
somewhat stiniliar to that felt by a passenger
in a railway car just commencing to move,
and its shock subsided gradually into an un
dulating motion, which could bo folt within
doors several seconds after it had ceased in
the streets.
We have not learned that any seriou
damage was caused, hut tho effect was suffici
ently perceptible to cause considerable alarm
and excitement. In Grant street, St. Roch's,
a quantity of stones were detached from a
chimney and deposited in the street. Window
glass was broken in considerable quantities,
house bells and door knockers rang ard
soundedjmysteriously, while crockery nnd
other light articles placed upon shelves, were
thrown down. Chimnevs and Irish walls
oscillated to and fro, to the great alarm of
pedestrians, and in a couple of instances,
piles of lumber wcro overturned. it is re
markable that tho shock was much
more violent on the low ground of the
city along tho coves, in the Lower
Town, and in St. Roch's than on tho
heights in the Upper Town, or St. John, and
St. Louis suburbs. This circumstance was
exceedingly providential, inasmuch as the
samo violence of motion which prevailed in
St. Roch's might, if felt in tho higher parts
of the city, havo disturbed a portion of tho
cliff and fortifications, andcaused a Tearful
sacrifice of human life.
On the river tho effects were scarcely less
marked. Schooners lying in tho Palais
harbor, rocked violently backward and for
ward ; while along the coves, the shipping
experienced a tremor like that produced by a
collision. . ,
Immediately outside the city the shoe
.c mti Mi more severe than within the limits.
On tho little river road, along the valley of
the St. Charles, at Beauport, Charlesbourg,
Lorettc and Lake St. Charles, it is represent
o Lot-; lwen so severe that we aro only
surprised more serious damage was not done.
At the latter placo the cattle bc-came alarm
.i in n twin t the fields bellowing loud-
(,U uUU -
But the phenomenon was not confined to
,.Hi Ehnrii A centleman from Halifax,
county of Megantic, last evening, informs us
that it was felt in that township with tho
mn svmptoms and euecte as in this ci y. A
correspondent writing from St. Cbristopno
H' Artnabaska says :-"Wehad quite a shock
of an earthquake.this morning at six o cioca,
f ' LJt nr threo minutes. Tin
" l i V. ; rocking of a cradle, or
this trill better
ratner tuu ni."-. r
describe the motion."
The Montpelier Patriot strives to keep up
tho courage of its Douglas supporters. It
says its intelligence from Illinois "is of a
character to ir spire fullest confidence that
Douglas will sweep that State cleaner than
it has been swept lately." "In Pennsyl
vania there are symptoms shown, even by
the late election, favorablo to the Democ
racy." "Wc arc not prepared to claim
Ohio for Douglas and Democracy next
month, by ten thousand majority ; but wo
are ablo to deny that the Republicans at tho
recent election, had twenty thousand ma
jority." "The majority for the most im
portant candidate, and the most popular one
in Ohio, is about eight thousand." "Ohio
is therefore doubtful." "Lincoln is in
danger if being beaten alter all."
(ietting sunbeams out of cucumbers is
nothing to getting comfort out of such talk
as that. As to that Ohio voto, tho official
statement gives the Republican majorities as
follows :
For Jvdye oj Supreme Court .
Brinkerholi, over all sorts. 13,004
For Attorney General:
Murry, over Stain baugii , dem.,
over all,
For Member of Board of Public Works :
Sargent over Barkey, (dcm.), 2-1.S40
overall, 10,054
iFrom tho Xew York fc'un.
The inoney-ocracy of Now York and Phil
adelphia and tho bear-interest of tho Stock
Exchange joined for once in tho most des
perate and unnatural league aro ringing
the tocsin of panic through all their regular
and also'thcir specially chattered organs,
with a reckless extravagance which is one of
the greatest curiosities of an American po
litical contest. Hear the Herald :
Tit F. eR!513 AT HAND.
"To-day we publish another Uiatch of revolu
tionary documents, which aro of tho most tcrrihlo
import. And the terror with whiok they
are invested is enhanced by the melancholy fact
that the people of the North do not realize tho
danger which is at hand. They ate baying and
selling, and marrying and making merry, as if no
cloud darkened the horizon, and iu if no calamity
were looming up before them. So did the inhabi
tants of the hurried citiej f ilerculanetim and
Pompeii just before their destruction. They fid
dled and danced and mado merry, nnd pursued
their ordinary avocations without a thought of tho
future, when suddenly they were overwhelmed
from the crater of Vesuvius with red hot cinder?
aad scoria and lava, and have only been disinter
led from a fiery grave after the lapse of centuries.
We are on the brink of n soeial and politieil vol
cano, and we are lulled into perfect security not
withstanding the rumbling sounds beneath and
the smoke above that always proceed from fire.
Tho explosion may take place at any momont,
and yet we are apparently as unconcerned as if it
were a thousand yean ahead."
Unconcerned? nay, utterly unconscious.
Capitalists are investing their precious piles
in tho stocks of the about-to-be-exploded
United States of America, ten millions in a.
day, and half a million bonus lor the privil
ege ; while the South, as madly bent on her
reciprocal vocation of borrowing, is here in
market with her bonds, and most horrible
oi all actually selling theui ! Capital, the
most timid and sensitive thiug in all ani
mate or inanimate creation, is lulled into
profound security, and nobody suspects tho
final crah upon which we are rushing, but
the shrieking high-priest of the oracle and
to him they listen, and laugh ' It gives un
a cold sweat to think of it.
All this ia both appalling and disgusting
enough ma moral aspect, but it is good nnd
legitimate fun, in a common-sense point of
view. The head rogues know well tlio trans
parency of the farce to all business men, or
they would never dare to howl a note of it
for their very ears for they have ears, if
their employees have not. Their present
anxiety to prove to their Southern cores
pondents their extreme soundness on tho
goose, by their caterwauliug,and the sound
ness of the new York community generally,
by frightening a good many silly voters into
the pen, induces them to raise tho racket to
an uncommonly bold pitch but it is tho
old familiar performance after all, at which
actors and audience aro alike laughing unu
sually the former,of course, in their Eleeves.
It is a littlo like the dismal music of a fune
ral. The solemnities over, on tho day after
election tho old bag-pipes will strike up a
jollier strain than ever, to the regular tune
of natural glontication, anu tne way tue peo
pie nave squeicneu, utioocrgasieu mm utter
ly put to route the army of office-holders,
fossil politicians, brokers and political croak
ers, and aro marching on to their ever glori
ous nnd triumphant destiny, and any quan
tity more of the same tort.
Tne Viteran of Bunker Hdl His Journey
Horn'- Acknowledgements lloxc to Pro
long Life.
. . , i i ii i.t. i.i ,i
Acton, Me.. Oct. 23, 1SG0.
Editors of the Boston Traveller .
I will give you a brief account of my
journey home. When we arrived at Law
rence there was a large crowd at tho depot.
They requested me to hold my hat out of the
window, which I did, when "they showered
the "needful" into it, as I never oxpected to
see in my life. Then as the train moved on.
we left them amid such cheers as I never
shall forget.
At Dover, N. II., 1 received the like re
ception, and the Mayor very kindly attended
me over to Great Falls, and presented me
with a ten dollar bill.
At Great Fulls I met with the same kind
reception as at Lawrence and Dover, and the
ticket master of tho Great Falls Branch
Railroad inited me to a dinner, which I en
joyed very much.
After leaving Great Falls, I was received
with hearty cheers all the way along until I
arrived at Acton. I told them when I got
homo, tlmt "I had seen the clenhant," and I
was very clad to cot back. I am in good
health, and my friends think I am better
than when I lelt home. I am sure that I am
as well. 1 am very grateful for tho honor
done me by the invitation to visit Boston,
and the many attentions which I received
when there. I remember with special pleas
ure mv visit to Bunker Hill, attended by tho
Charlestown City Authorities, tho Military
and the Music ; also, the addresses delivered
on that occasion by the Mayor and Mr.
Frothingham. I am also greatly indebted
for tho liberal sums of money, and the many
presents I received. My thanks, which is all
I have to offer, seem but a poor return for ro
many favors.
I ought especially to mention Mrs. W.
Farnham Lee, and the company of Lineers,
and Mayor Dana of Charlestown, and Mr.
Gilmore's Conceit Band for their liberal
Though 1 am in my 105th year, I am not
past all usefulness ;1 split my own kin
dling wood and build my own tires ; 1 am
the first one up in the morning, and the first
one in bc-d at night ; I never sleep or lay
down in tho day time, but rise at 5 and re
tiro at 7, and this I continue summer and
winter. I have always been temperate, and
for over thirty years past I have not tasted a
drop of spirituous liquors or even cider. I
was never sick in my life, so as to require
the attendance of a physician.
About 25 years ago I broke my thigh, by
falling on the ice, nnd had a surgeon to set
it, but this is the only time a doctor ever at
tended me.
1 live on plain farmer's diet, drink tea
and coffee, and eat a very light supper, never
eating meat at supper. I havo no doubt it
is owing to these abstemious and regular
habits, and tho avoidaueo of medicina at all
little ailments, luat my lite baa ooen so v
I voted for General Washington for Presi
dant; and have voted at every Presidential
election since, and hope to voto at the next
election. This is the duty of cverv Christian
This Iettnr irliiMi
w. , , , .'j - .....
ten at my direction, 1 havo carefully read
anu .ijiiiroveu, ana l sign it witn my own
(Signed) Ralhi Farxiiam.
MoNTr-ELIGR, Oct. 5i, 1SC0.
Messrs. F.d.torsof the Free Prts:
I havo just come in from the
Hall of Hopresantativcs, which has been occupied
this evening by the Sons of Tompcrmco, who pro
vided asoratcr for the occasion, Rev. W. S. Balch
of Ludlow. Jlr. Balch is roally an interesting,
vigorous and effective speaker, and has given tho
honorable Legislataro, oj well as the rest of us,
a wholesomo stirring up and going over generally,
wnicn l hono may havo somo influence in
keeping our Liquor Law from being Uidoien, even
if it is not possible to put it upon any higher
ground than it now occupies. Ono practical sug
gestion of Mr. Balch may perhaps be worth
thinking about. It is this; "To mako overy cask,
package, Jtc, containing uny kind of liquor.bro't.
or found within tho State, not marked in plain
English with the name of tho person sending of
the person to whom sent, and of tho kind of li
quor by reason of that fact, contraband and lia
ble to bo spilled by tho first finder." What ob
jection to such a law by aiiy logitimato trafBcor in
liquors? And for tho illegitimate and lawless, of
course it would be ono of tho bc3t things in its
favor that it was objoctcd to by such.
Tho matter of chief interest at tho State Houso
io-day, has been tho election of Justices of the
Supremo Court. Some timo bofore the hour for
tho Joint Asssembly, (2J o'clock P. 11.) tho gal
leries and lobbies of tho Houso were filled and
oven crowded, his Excellency, Gov. Fiirbanki,
with members of hi3fumily,oocapjing a prominent
teat among tho spectators.
Tho election, as you have no doubt Iearned,was
rather unexpectedly harmonious, the strength of
the competitor for the vacant Judgeship against
Judge I'cck of Burlington, not being so great as
had been generally supposed. It is understood
that Judge P. will romovo to Montpelier for the
better accommodation cf tho business of this part
of the State.
A Bill of some interest for the establishment of
a system of Meteorological observatioas,was intro
duced into tho House this morning, by Mr. ltan
noy of Brattleboro'. It provides for the selec
tion of eoine Academy or College in each County in
the State where such observations shall be made,
and appropriates sixty dollars to each each Acad
emy or College with which to procure the necessa
ry instruments the iastruments to be forfeitod
to the State unless the observations are made in a
satisfactory manner. Also a Bill to pay Town
School Superintendents one dollar per day for ne
cessary service, and a reasonable sum for their an
nual report and repealing such if the law as is In
consistent therewith. Also a Bill exempting no
real estate from taxation except the Town House,
of course bringing in Parsonages, which are now
exempt, and probably some other things. One tr
two Bills in regard to fences one to appropriate
an additional thousand dollars to Mr. Mead for
his statuo of Ethan Allen, making $3000 in all
roolutlH inquiring into th expediency if
abolishing tho office of Court Auditor unite a
shower of remonstrance against setting Concord
to Calodonia Couuty, and a bill to incorporate
Newport Academy, aro among the other matters
of interest which havo been introduced into the
Iloiue to-day. Five or six Bills also wero passed,
tho most important of which, is the State Ptison
Chapol and workshop Bill.
Among the eight Senate bills introduced to-day
the most important perhaps, are those establish
ing an Agricultural Bureau, and providing that
suits in the County Courts shall not be continued
more than once vnthivt consent of parties.
Thus, with the election of Justices of the Su
preme Court, the Legislature has uudecuta pret
ty busy day, and done some business of impor
tance. t tho meeting of tho Committee this morning,
to whom was referred tho report of tho Governor':'
Message relating to Reform Schools, though it ap
peared that some few wero rather cool towards tho
mcasuro, the largo majority took high grounds in
favor of tho general measure, and a Sub Commit
tee were appointed to draft a Bill. Tho measure,
however, will meot with a strong opposition, and
I doubt whether it will pass this Session.
Montpelieb, Oet. 2f., 1860.
Per Fret Pres :
The most oamest and interesting
discussion of the session, thus far, came up this
morning in the House on the question of the third
reading of Mr. Field's Bill relating to divorce.
The Bill providos that:
A divorce from the bond of matrimony may
be granted whero cither of the parties is an habit
ual drunkard; or shall have joined any religious
sect or society which professcsj to believe the ro
tation of husband and wife unlawful; or refuses to
cohabit with inch ther, for tho space of three
It was opposed as granting divorce upon new
grounds, and grounds which were calculated to
endanger the saeredness an! importanea of the
marriage relation, and also, as likely to be attend
ed with many praotioal difficulties in its operation,
as for example, in determining what is to be re
garded as " habitual drunkonncss."
On the other hand, it was contended that it was
almost precisely the same as laws which have been
found necessary nnd expedient in Massachusetts
and New Hampshire; that in all eases contempla
ted in the Bill, the great objects of the marriage
contract were in fact nullified; and that the hap
piness and best good of the injured parties de
manded a divorce.
Several amendments were offered, but one of
material importance which provided that tho hab
itual drunkenness which should be ground for di
vorce, should hivt b'come habitual after marriage
tho significance of which, young ladios who may
be disposed to look with favor uprn the idea of
uniting themselves with rich, though immoral and
vicious men, would do well to consider. Pending
this amendment the Houso adjourned, and at this
point the subject will be resumed pribably to-morrow
forenoon. It is really a measure of much pub
lio interest, and will call out considerable further
I hardly believe it will become a law. Two
or three other bills in regard to ''Marital con
tracts" aro beforo the Legislature, and one in par
ticular which will have a special interest for "our
cousins,-' providing that no man shall marry his
" aunt's daughter or uncle's daughter," ar.d no
woman her "aunt's son or un:l'j son."
Tho bill for a Board of Agriculture provides
that it consist of tho Governor, Lieut. Governor
three persons nominated by tho Governor and
confirmed by the Senate, and three others appoint
ed annually by tho Stat9 Agricultural Society
tho Board to appoint a Socretary to keep Us rec
ords, gather and compilo statistic!, institute ex
periment! and prepare and publish an annual re
port. The Seerotary to receive $2,00 per day and
expenses while engaged in the service of the State
the wholo not to exceed S800 per annum. If
the Board deem it advisable they may hold an
annual Institute of not less than fifteen lectures
upon Agriculture, and recdve from the State for
this purpose $150. The bill will probably pass.
I believe there is not much else of special pub
lic interest. Two now Academies were incorpora
Ud to-day ia Orleans County, making tUven ia the
Cjuuty. Thera is a Bill, though, for the incorpo
ration of tho " New England Homcopathio Col
lego of Physicians and Surgeons," which I should
do wrong, I suppose, to put down as not of publio
interest. The "State Houso Question," was hint
ed at to-day, on tho introduction of a ' Resolution
to invito Prof. Gatchcl of Ohio, to address tho
members in the Representatives Hall this evening,
on political subjects " by a move to amend ; "pro.
vided tho consent of the Selectmen of Montpelier
bo obtained;" the amendment and the resolution
were both disusitfcd. The Professor is holding
forth in tho largo committoo-rooui, No. 12.
A good many visitors are getting into town.
notice the Hon. J. S. .Morrill among the new
Comers. (i .
Condensed from Walton's Daily Journal
The prominent matters of interest ia tho doings
of tho Legislature havo for tho last two days have
been sufficiently noticed in tho letters of the corres
pondents of tho Free Prett from Jlontpclier. The
account of the election of Judges by the Joint
Assembly, is given in Walton' Journal as fol
lows :
Scnato came in and a joint assembly farmed
for the election of Judges and a Reporter of the
decisions of the supreme court.
For Chief Justice, Senator Woodbridire n ,u.ina-
ated Luke P. Poland of St. Johnsbury.
iMr. UoodbnJgo said :I take the grcate.-t pleas
ure in making this nomination, as I am confident
that it will meet with the entire approval of thia
joint assembly. Sir, a rare combination if qual
ities is necessary in order to make an accomplished
judge. Thero should bo great personal integrity,
strength and scopo of mind, accuracy and quick
n ss of perception, and a just power of analysis,
and, Sir, our experience has led us to believe that
these are possessed in an eminent degree by J.udge
rolano. Ho has won credit for himself and re
flected credit on our state, and I can pay him no
higher compliment than to say that I am confident
ho will worthily fill this position, so long occupied
by that distinguished scholar and jurist, Judge
Judge Poland was elected viva voce.
For tho first assistant Judge, Mr.GIeed nomina
ted Asa O. Aldis of .t. Albans, who was eboscn
t mi wee.
For seoond assistant judge Mr. Seymour of Ver
enncs, nominated John Pieriioint of Verseitaes,
who was elected viva voce.
For third assistant Judite, Senator Xeedham
nominated James Barrett of Woodstock, who was
elected i'ii voce.
For fourth assistant Judge, Senator Kio3 uora-
inatcd Loyal C. KelloL-e of Benson, who w.vs also
chosen viva vice.
For fifth assistant Judge, Mr. Stoddard of
Townshend, nominated Aeahol Peek of Burlington,
saying that during the time that the Judges of the
Supreme Court wero connected with the Couety
Court, Judge Peck was marked by distinguished
ability as a circuit Judge. On the return to enr
present system, Judgo Bennett, a distinguished
Judge, then of the Supremo Court, residing ia the
same towa, wns naturally and with great p. opriety
elected to the bench of the Supreme Court. Judge
reek was necessarily left out. Allow me to sar
further, Sir, that be has been too long and favora
bly known as a distinguished lawyer and man t
need any further commendation from me.
Mr. I'ltkm cf hast .Montpelier, nominated Tim
othy P. Redfield of Montpelier.
Mr. litkinaatd : air. lledfield is known to be a
man of rare natural abilities, ot large acquired
information and legal attainments, and ono pos
sessing in a treat degree those talents requisite for
a good judge, and he is therefore worthy of the
support of this joint assembly.
Mr. l ingry of v oataersdeld, said : 1 take the
bcrty of nominating Hon. Wm. Hcbard of Chel
sea, as a candidate for Judge. The counties of Or
ange and Washington, those counties that need a j
Judge, are unanimous, he was informed, in pre
senting the name of Mr. Hebard, who was so well !
known throughout the State as to need no further '
endorsement from him.
SWnulor Wbelr nominated Gilea liartinaton of
Albnrah. Mr. 1 1 Arrinjfcm, will th Sntur. la
pre-eminently a self-made man, without the prec
edents cf high birth and without the advantages
of a collejri its education. Starting in circuin
statcoe almost sufficient to discourage the
aspirations of any young man, with steadfast
vurpoie, integrity and iwrseverancc, be baa been
able to acquire eminence at the bar. To bis
calmness, composure of mind,se!f-made, self-poised,
heanites in bis person a rare combination of
qualities for a judge.
.Mr. Uickeraan ol Charleston said, bo roso to
second the nomination cf T. P. KeJfield, as judge,
and in doing so, it was not improper for him to
say that for the first twelve years of his practice
as a lawy r he resided in Orleans county, and that
daring tbe entire tune he has had an extensive
practice in that county. When he said that be is
a person pessosced of high legal attainments ami
of exalted moral character, he expressed on y the
sentiments of tboe by wtfora he is known.
Mr Gleed of Mornstown seconded the nomina
tion of Asahel Peck, saying, in doing this perhaps
I ean my nothing but what has been said already
by the gentleman from Townshend. But, sir, it
seems to me that, as Republicans, we have a duty
to perform. It is true, sir, that iu cur State the
election of Judges has never been made a question
of polities, yet there are tilings farther back than
this, and when this is so, it is required ot us to
take them into consideration. Mr. Rcdfield is
now the postniater in the town of Montpelier.
As .Mr. Gleed was going on to remark on. Mr
Kcdricld, bo was called to order by tbe Uuair.wuo
ruled that remarks on othar candidates than the
one whom the gentleman rose t second, were not
Mr (deed cxplainodthat he wished to raise tbe
qestion of eligibility in the ease of Mr Rcdfield
and concluded with n complimentary allusion to
the ohnracter of Mr Peck as a jurist aad nrn.
Mr Thomas "f ft tairlee Focondetl the nom
ination of Mr Hebard, remarking that ho did so
without any political considerations. He believed
that he was an tionet man, wnicn was an impor
tant qualification. He believed also, that be was
admitted to be a good lawyer, which was a requis
ite, i'ossessing theso quauncations, ne irusteu
that the joint dsseinbly would defer to the wishes
of Orange county and elect bim Judge.
The Chair appointed .Messrs neeier, Dioaaaru.
PitkinTand Fingrv, tellers. The ballot resulted
as follows:
Wholo number of votes, 2fu
Necessary for choice, 1 22
Asahel Peck, 1"3
Wm Holwrd. S1
T P Redfield. 2
Giles Harrington.
Paul Dillin-ham. S
Ueinan Carpenter, 1
Goo F Edmunds, 2
James Barrott, 1
B H Smalley, 1
Geo P Marsh. 1
Hon Ashael Peck was declared to be elected.
For Reporter of Decisions, Mr. Allen of Rutland
nominated Wm. G. Shaw of Burlington. No other
nomination being made ho was elected viva voce.
October 26.
Sesaie Rrpo't of Committee. Senator Wood
bridge, for committee on the judiciary, in re
sponse to resolution instructing them to enqaira
into the necessity of further legislation in regard
to circuses Ac, reported against further legisla
tion. By Senator reck, for committee on judiciary,
in regard to resolution concerning the mo of the
Biblo in our common schools, against any legis
lation on the Subject. On motion nf Senator
Ncedham, tho roport waserderod to lie aad 500
copies wera ordered to be printed.
HuCSK KipoUs of Cammillee.liy Mr. Colby
of Hartland.for the judiciary committee, in favor
of tho bill relating to divorce, the bill makes
habitual intoxication, the joining of any sect that
professes to believo that the relation of husband
and wife is unlawful, or a refusal to cohabit far
three years, suffioicnt grounds for divorce. J
The bill was supported by Messrs Field of New
fane, Colby of llartland, and Child of Hydepark,
and opposed by Messrs Myers of Jaraaeia, Gray
of Coventry, and Stoddard of Ferri!"ttrgh.
Mr Gleed of Morri?town moved to
ainnd so that tho bill would read '-or refuse
without justifiable cause to cohabit for tbe space
of three years;" which was agreed to.
Mr Robinson of Hlghgate, opposed thn passage
of the bill, Mr Pingry of Wcathersfield moved
to amend by adding to the bill tho words "No di
vorce shall ba granted on tho application cf tho
guilty party;" which was carried.
Mr Allen of Rutland moved to amend tho bill
by inserting a provision that when cither hus
band or wifo thaU become a drunkard after sarri
ago it shall be ground for granting a divorce to
tho other party.
Mr Domsoa of Iloyaltcrt called attention to
imperfections of tho bill which would lead to di
fficulties and perplexitios, and avowed hu oppo
sition to tho bill. ....
Bills Passed. To incorporate tho taiihavcn
Slato Co ; to amend tec 6 chap c s, relating to
subscriptions for railroad stock ; to amend an act
authorizing the construction of a bridgo from
Alburgh'to IsleLaMott, approved Nov 1U, 1851;
to authorize tho Troy and Greenfield Railroad
Company to purohaso the franchise, railroad and
property of the Southern Vt Railroad Co ; to in
corporate the Howo Scale Co ; in relation to pos
ting notices of tho Presidential election In each
town in the Stato ; to amend the charter of tho
Farmer' Mutual Fire Insurance Co ; ia relation
to the relief of the huane poor.
Gen. Barrow of Tennessee, a Bell man,
thus describes the benefit of fusion to his
party : Thank God for tho fusion ; wo
will ,;ct somo money hv it, and that is the
only good wo havo got from the Breokenridgo
men. We will et somo money with the
Breckenridgo party a million of dollars,
perhaps ; and as there is Imrdlvan article in
m the North that i not purchasable, we will
oarry tho State of Now York."
Tbe Chicago Press and Tribune siys
" Gratifying assurances come to us every
day of the progress of the popular causa in
Illinois. If the opinions of well informed
politicians in the various counties are worth
any thing, the Republican majority in the
State cannot be lcS than lii.OOO vnts V
shall unquestionably carry both branches of
the Ijegklature and elect tho whole Stute
tiikr. nrnridfid. nliv.iva. mir frfoniU dii nnl
relax their exertions, and take care to get all
tneir voters to tfr? polls.
The Washington correspondent of the New
York Trihwne sstys it is understood that, as
the only hope of getting Breekenridge into
the Ho'.se ot R'rres-'ntfttives as a Presiden
tial candidate, orders have "one out hence to
the Statos of the North-west directing tbe
itaminrstration Democrats to rote lor the
Dougln Khrtoral Ticket.
"An Arhv or Tex Tuocsand Mb.." The
Sumter (Geo.) llcpubhccm has seen a private
letter written by a distinguished gentleman,
reporting the following sentiment uttered by
Senator Toombs
" In the event of Li.ncjl's election, he
would resign before Brcnaxuf's time was
out, come home, roue an army of ten thou
sand nun, and when he crossed the Potomac
again it wnuld be with his drawn sword. The
Senator said there were thirty Members of
Congress pledged to that position. andtaotiU
go mth him, some from every Southern State."
The N. Y. Herald of the 26th winds up an
article on the ntter failure of all democratic
calculations in the present campaign, thus
far af follows :
"Common justice to all concerned demands
that thin idea that "something may turn up"
to redi'ora New York, siiould be abandoned.
New York will vote for Lincoln, and by n
larger majority we dare say, than any other
Stat''. Line in will lie beted. There is no
use in raincimr the matter any longer. We
are call"! upon to look this thing fail in the
lac. ine et that our Union forces can
now do is t save all the odds and ends of the
election withili thfir reach, such Con
gressmen, Assembly men nnd eounty officers.
Lincoln will bo elected, und all parties con
cerned may :;s well just nuw shape their
course t that event a to wait till the day
after the election."
Aw Publications.
A Ki n tubolou Ei aoi-r.
Benedict. New York. D
By Krasuis C.
Appleton & Co
publishers, pp. jo-.
la this handsome volume, the readers of
the Vrte Press will find a not altogether new
acquaintance, some 400 pages of it being a
compilation, somewhat condensed, ot the
"Letters from Europe" which ior many
months, a jear or mor? back, formed an in
teresting and welcome k-ature in the col um ttt
of the Free Tasss. It forms the rrcorti of
a rapid journey, going and returning, ov.r
ninety degrees of longitude and sixteen 'degree.-
"f latitude in the Old World, "?
twecn Ntw York and Vienna, between Pom
peii and Edinburgh, fn m Itonlognc to Mar
seincs", from Naples to Berlin, from Lcipsic
to I'hamouni, from Geneva to Amsterdam,
from the Isle of Wight to Ghwgow. and
from Lough Neal to Dublin a "run"
throng!; five and twenty Kingdoms and Sov
ereignties, all in the most geniai, beautiful
and luxuriant time of the year. The author
says .
"Nothing wm lurthtr from my mind
when I went or when 1 returned, than pub
lishing a book of these rapid ami common
place travels. 1 wrot to my tamiiy many
hundred miles apart in several States using
the columns oi a public journal read by
them all. Letters thusi written abroad and
printed ior the common benefit, and others
written from copious notes mid full memories,
with some amplifications, have by my pub
lisher and myself been made into a bo?k."
It is not flr us, under the circumstances,
to review the book ; but we may be allowed
to copy one of the very many appreciative
notices with which it has been welcomed by
tbe Press, as a fresh and tmfy valuable ad
dition to the store of works of European
travel. The following is from the "Literary
Notices" of Harper's Magazine
A Run through Europe, by Ebastcs C.
Benedict. (Published by D. Appleton k
Co. Mr. Benedict needs no apologv.in these
days cf profuse spawning of travelers' sto
ries, for inviting the public to a share of the
enjoyment with which he has made a rapid
visit to the principal objects of intelligent
curiosity on a European tour. Ho had the
advantage of precisely knowing what he
most wished to sp ; n time was lost by fre
quent changes in the prescribed rout; of
travel ; he cherished no ambition to make
new discoveries ; he carried with him no
fastidious prejudices . with the ripe experi
ence of manhood, and a j-et nnworn youth
ful spirit, he was piepared to admire with
discrimmatioa , and the record which ha has
hero given of hi foreign experience, for
frogling, animation, lively description, and
judicious comment,has rarely been surpassed
in the bgionof books of travel, which are
annually submitted to.or rather indicted on,
a long-suffering public by the swarm of
American tourist-.
Mr. Benedict, in addition to his excellent
sketches of Parieian life, offers some forcible
ao"etiotn on the present jwlitical and so
eiaTeondition of that metropolis In spite
of tho unfavorable impressions whioh are
iisuallv received by an American traveler on
his firt visit to Paris, there is a deeper and
better life which, on the surface, appears to
he given over to utter nnd hopeles frivolty.
There is a sobriety and reality in the real
currents of Taris'ian life which do not suffer
in comparison with Loudon and New York.
Iu every large city, especially every gay c,ij
ihtl, vice and irreligion assume the m :
agreeaMe manner-", and press themselves for
ward into the ht circles and most conspic
uous place. With th" same sort of tomanc
crs and ephemeral scribbler London and
New York." F-oston and Philadelphia, would
easily furnish materials for a character as
loose as that of Paris- "do these cities
boast of a preponderating rthgious, moral,
and worthy p pul ttion which saves them
f n;m the diameter oi uiisoiuic capuais, so
the vast majority of tho inhabitants of Paris
and of France are not justly chargeable with
tho vices which have given them a bad rep
utation from tho conduct of the few. Paris,
according to tho observations of Mr. Bene
dict, ha never been in a more favorable con
dition than it now la under the rule of Na
pnleon III. So government has ever been
mere popular than tho present. The most
admirable order prevails in the city. Never
was the smootn ana easy routine which all
classes of Parisians love so much more com--pleto
than at thia moment. With plenty of
work for the trades, plenty of customers for
the shops, and plenty of amusements at the
theatres and gardens, there is no fear ot
popular outbreaks and bloody fusilades. Then
any ono that pleases may govern the French,
they have no desire to govern themsolves.
Tho Parisian coachman, with whom ,2dr,
Benedict lov&l to Iuvd an occasional quiofc
?bat, is no bad typo of tho prevailing opin
ion of the metropolis. "Tho Emperor."
9.U.1 he on ,L,y, "isjuSt tho man : we need
ed but him. IIolcn.1 T,,- l.M
reins of government as well as I do to man
age ray horses We don't want a republic
wo have not Ixvn brought up to it. and
don t know how t ) mako it Kc wo havo
tried it and ulways failed." As they drovo
post the Invalides, on the chapol front.whero
somo new gate-posts had just been surround
ed with gilded eagl.s which ho had not be
fore seen, he exelaimed.with delight, "There
are our eagles come back again !" IIo pointed
to the macadamized streets about tho groat
hospital, and said, "The managers applied
to tho Emperor to macadamize the streets, to
prevent tho noise, and ho did it. IIo does
all that is asked of him." Some eav, how
ever, that the Kmperor is ready to mneadam-
!e, ot cause paving stones are eo convenient
in revolutionary barricades.
Mr. Ifenedict extended his journey to tho
principal capitals of Italy, Germany, and
Holland, on cich of which he has something
of interest to say, often furniahisg a good
deal of inforuutti-jn in a few words. His
book liud not a little of the value of a guide
book, iu its copious and accurate details,
though its utility is immeasurably enhanced
to the intelligent traveler by its namertms,
original, and suggestive comments, and in
ready appreciation of tho quaint aad eotaic
objects which every where meet the traveler.
As a substitute f.r crossing the ocean few
recent volumes of travel can compare with
1'IiO.lI MltBRIA.
The Philadelphia Ledger publishes tbe
following letter from Ex-President Roberta,
of Liberia :
" I am glad to hear of the increasing in
terest which is being manifested in the Uni
ted States, favorable to colonization, and that
among tSe colored residents of Pennsylvania
the subject of emigration to Liberia is aueh
more favoniblreceived than formerly. At
any rate, it would seem that Liberia is to be
peopled from s-inie source or other, and that,
if the colored people of the United States will
not avail themselves of the advantages of her
free institutions established for their benefit,
and where they and their children mayjenjoy,
emphatically, all the blessings of civil and
religions liberty, a wie Providenco will foster
and sustain Liberia by means of a population
supplied by Africa . You will, of course,
have heard, before this reaches yon, of tho
eaptur- f two slave ships off Conge, and
brought into thi ort, with some fourteen
hundred slaves on board.
Fortunately, the captives are iMoatlj
young persons boje and girls just saeh as
from their tender years, may be easily train
ed to habits of industry anil civilization, and
will, no doubt, readily adopt the principles of
Christianity. The Rev. Mr. Seya, United
States agent for captured Africans, m judi
ciously. I think, distributing them ia tho
families of citizens, who will attend to their
proper training. I do hope that, ha time,
they will turn out good citizens, aad will,
themselves be the means of advancing mere
rapidly the cause of civilization and Chris
tianity in this he-tthen land.
A new Hotel at St. Loots, called the Lin
dell House, is nearly completed, which will
be tbe largest hotel in the country. It will
Accommodate 1200 guests, and the boarders
ean take a walk of a mile and a half, before
breakfast, by ping through tbeeaverftl hallj,
no one of tttem twice. Messrs. Ijelandul the
Metropolitan Hotel, New York, havo leased
it lor 15 years.
The I . S. officers who hare Mr. Kooth in
charge, at Milwaukee, are determined that
he shall not escape azain. His room in the
custom house (for they are not allowel to
use the common jail) is doubly strengthened,
the windows painted to keep ont the light,
all ventilation is cot off, and even a stove or
any warmth whatever is denied tbe prisoner.
Of course no one is allowed to see him ex
cept the officers.
There was a terrible storm at Boenoo
Ayres, August 2"J and 30. Two British ves
sels in the harbor were sunk, with the lo;s
of eleven lives. Many other vessels, chfefiy
foreign, were driven ashore or otherwise
badly damaged. 'lh'' water rose so high
that there vas three It et in the cu.-:'m houso
and ft large amount of tulnabl" foreign goods,
imported for trade, was ruined . th- govern
ment refuses to be responsible for i'.. loss.
Two miles of the S:tn Fernanda railroad
track (ready for t'.e rail) wa, completely
rubbed out. Many buildings along tho wa
ter front were either washed away or gutted.
The whole town of Bjceohad to be deserted.
It was impossible to compute the loss. Tho
whole coast is strewed with wrecks.
The Troy 11 htg says Messrs. 3Ieneely, tho
bell founders, huv purchased an old brass
cannon, tedd by tho Sandwich Island Gov
ernment for "! I bras.", and brought to this
country some tune, since. It is 11 feet and
rt inches long, weighs 700 lbs., has several
Frinch and Latin inscriptior.- and buan? tbe
date ItWII.
A letter I row Wahhg: a states that the
Pofctmaster jener.il h.. adopted and ordered
a ene cent m lr-: ';:.: nvelope, which will
soon be supplied t pjetcatecu throughout
the country.
Henry HaM .n. an operative in Atwater's
iron workf. .it Birmingham. Gown., wa
pierced ti the left thigh with a red hot
iron on Uy. The bar which was go
ing through ' ' rolling mill, gruaed tho
bone, severing !' fcntoral artery, aad being
2o feot long. 1 " Vet of it passed through tho
flesh before it i nld be cut and tho short
end withdrawn !.- m the limb. Ilatton died
Monday mornitv
A libel suit was broughtlagainet the edi
tor of the Herald, in New York recently ,nnd
tbe plaiiitilf failed heetMiee ho couldn't provo
that Bennett owned the property. Who
does own it .'
Two Children Attacked by a Bear.
The following circumstance ia said to havo
occurred in the town of Forest, in Badaxe
county, AYiseonsin
Two childrenaged 0 and II, wero dig
ging ginseng, and came in contact with a
bear of large size, which seized tho younger
and mangled it in a shocking manner ; when
the father, hearing the screams ef tho child,
came to its rescue ; and found tho eider, a
girl, combating with the furious beast Iiko a
noble champion. He succeeded in driving
tiie bear away, and proceeded on hia way
home, the bear following for somo distanco,
not willing to depart without hia anticipated
Vebuoxt Mutual. The Annual Moating
of tho Vermont Mutual Fire Insuraneo Com
pany was held at Montpolior, Wednesday,
Oct 13th. Tho following gentleman are the
Directors for tbe ensuing year :
Washington Co., Daniel Baldwin, Timo
thy P. Redfield, Erastus Camp, Jamca T.
Thurston, Charles Dewey ; Orange- Co., B.
W. Bartholomew ; Bennington Co., Henry
D. Hall ; Lamoille Co., W. H. II. Sing
ham ; Windham Co., F. II. Fessende .
Chittenden Co.. Wm. G. Shaw ; Orlcact
Co.. Samuel A. Willard ; Windsor County,
Luther C. White ; .Viuison e j aivm u.
Tuden Franklin Co., William Clapp ;
Essex Co., John Dewey ; Grand Isle Co
Giles Harrington ; Rutland Co., Jlosea
Hawks ; Caledonia Co.. J. 1). Abbott.
OrricERS. Daniel Baldwin, President .
Timothy P.Redfield, Vice President ; Charles
Dewey, Secretary ; James T. Thurston,
The famous slave yacht Wanderer is at Ha
Cuba, and is reported to ba fittlm out
other adventuro to the coat at Mile
for suofiii

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