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Vol,. XXXVIII-NFAV SERIES VOL. VIII.
BUKLINGTON, FRTOAV ArORNTlSTG. JULY 20, 1S61-
P o c t r y.
oni niton its,
Wave po .iMre bilks, ye Lyonf I ecus.
To oVek pur girls for gay delight !
Tt Vrhm'-n flower if Utc blooms,
A.ir-ilm marches fill the niglHF.
Wrote but I Ik flap, whose bars toUj
Drooped boavy o'er oar eal dead,
And hmly garment f. frunw and gray,
JV -rpinn6 Ibat mjh earn heJr broad!
Keep IWK yoar tuoct, jour viols sweet,
Tbat jxmr delist from otber lands !
Boo there tie dancer's rcst'osa ftot,
The trowpet lead! our warrior bmda.
Aod o tbat wage tbo war of words
Uitii witb mystic fame and subtle power.
Go, chatter to tbe idle birds.
Or tbe lesson of the boor '
Ve subtle arts, in one stern Loot
Me all your offices combined !
Stand clofo xhilo courage draws tke lot,
The destiny of human bind !
And if that destiny bould fail,
Tbe tun ehoulJ darken in tbe sky,
Tbo eternal bloom of nature pale,
And God, and truth, and fiecdum die !
it ' ' it l, I r; t o :
I HIDAY MORN I NO, JlIA ;, 1-1.
Tut Grano Akmv or the Potomac, under
Brigadier General Irvin McDowell is moving
in four ditision with ic reserve. The c r
treme right, led by Ui indtcr General 'J 'ylcr,
i coinjtosed of faur brigades, fifteen regi
ments, with one regiment of 17. S cavalry,
ami throe batteries. The second division,
led by Brig. Gjn. Hunter, is eoniposed of
two brigades, seven regiments, with one Iwt
tallior. U.S. infantry, one regiment of U.
S. cavalry tnd two batteries. The third
division under Col. Ileintzleman, is coin
osed of three brigades, nine regiments with
one regiment cavalry and two butteries. In
Uib third brigade of this division, under Col.
Howard, is the 2nd Vt. Regiment. The
fourth division is the reserve, under Brig.
Gen. Runyon and is compost! of seven regi.
ments, all lrom New Jersey. Tiie Jifih
division, the crtrcmc Uft, under Col. Miles,
is composed of two brigades, oight regiments
with one battery.
The march of this army of 50,000 men,
lias thus fur been entirely successful. The
army commenced its march at two o'clock
TomJay afternoon, moving by four different
routes on Fairfax Court House. Gen. Tyler's
division marched by the Georgetown turn
pike : Col. Hunter's division by the Ijos
burgor CcjUreville road; Col. Jleiiitzlcinatis
division by the little Hirer turnpike; and
Col. Miles" division by the Orange & Alex
andria R. R- and old Urndtlock road.
Ujkiu all these roads the rebels hud placed
obnraetionx within a ladiusof three miles
from Fairfax Court House, the headquarters
of Gen. Jl Miham, of South Carolina, who is
styled in the orders of the rebel commander-in-chief,
"tbe commandant of the advance
guard of the Potomac." The first one met
by Gen. Tylci's division was a mile from
Vienna, where fifty large trees had lwcn
lelled across the road, and in Icrs than
twenty minutes the w hole of tbe barricade
was cleaicd away and the column moved
onward. Col. Hunter's division found three
barricades near together, the first about
three miles from Fairfax Court House. At
the third there were stationed two hundred
retel cavalry, who, without waiting to ascer
tain the strength of the advancing ioree, lied
ujn tho first ajicarance of ourBkirmishers,
firing at them one rifln shot, wbich did no
lianu. In no case did the rebels make any
stand Itefore our troops, but a soon as the
head -f the adv dicing coluiiin made its ap
pearand, retreated hastily, and in trident
confusion. AH the casualties reported at
headquarters on our aide tiro one officer and
three men slightly wundcd. Our troops
wcreThnmliir nt Centrevillo, about half way
between Fairfax Court HuueouiuI Manassas
Junction, and eighteen miles from Wash
ington. TIIU " CONTRABANDS' IN V1K
CINIA. A correspondent of the Boston Traveller
at Hampton, Va., was appointed to collect
the colored men together, enroll them, and
put them to work on the entrenchments.
He told them that they had been at work on
the entrenchments ol the pecessionists, and
that note they must work at tho Union camp
that they would he only required to do
what white men were doing that they
t-hould bo treated kindly, and no one should
be it quired to work if ho wasjunwoll, or
beyond his capacity that they would bo
furnished with soldier's rations ot foo 1
They evinced no displeasure. Their names,
a-'es. an l the names of their master.?, were
taken and thev went to work cheerfully and
"The eentrabind? arc carious as to what tbah bo
their fate, t'nc or two told uic tbat after work
ing on our cntrenchinont it would go bard with
thcci if their masters returned. One inquired
fupieiouflv wby bis uiMtcr's name was taken
down. All hope tbat, somehow or other, tboy will
foon be free, and that their fugitive matters will
nettr tcturn. They cill too by various title, as
bow, tnasa, general, Ac. The ptft or an over
seer .f nt-groes in Virginia jp certainly a now ono
for a pretty earnest .Massachusetts Kepublir.in to
occupy ,amt as y.-ur eorrespondent adJresod them,
there was one m-Efac which ho then wished bo
could deliver to tlicm, unci that was tbat tbe hour
of their cmancii-ni..n come. Indeed, in con
vcrsition witb one or jrany. I ttll them all that
they are a? lnovh ontit'e I to their freedom as I am
And will tbe Oovcrumcnt exer be to false as
to fail to protect every negro who bi6 iver fcrved
our efficcrs or men, or helped to build our defences,
tr ia any way aided our cause ? If it khall ever
be fo base and treacherous as tbat, it will deserve
tc bo a thouund times overthrown and bo forever
cursed among tho nations. Wha'cvcr nay be our
goneral duty to Ibis opprctscd race, to such as we
hara thus employed, our national faith and our
pc:sanal honor are pledged. Tbo code of a gen
tkinic, to say aithing of tbe grander law of recti
tude, at least nccesitates protection to that extent.
Yesterday I was it the lirt for the purposo of
lb-iutring whetljcr ratiuns could bo furnuneit to
t ju crgroos on acc-uut nf their wives and children
i' I c-tiS manifest .justice to provido for their
lathes wh..tn they euld not ltbur tj sujiport
xh'lc ... emplovtd. llio supgculon was cordially
re.-i undr 1 t,-. an 1 rations urdeted fur them. This
morLiiij; I inquired of csch man whither he
. a vite and chil.jjen. In some instances the
melancholy anMrir was gn ea tbat be had a wife,
bat ibe Imd bo n s. 1 J and carried off.
Socc slavts come to our pickets every dav,
--vir. - escaped iroia their SUtcrs. Soma nnn-
!':i.iii;s rc atMgned to them, and they aro set
Y.rr.id ;f vi.l, i trcii, u t uplsm tait I
i-j-'u s- ueb t-i i-ay abvut tLenegroet. ihey arc
-a -.aiu feuturo ot interest here. This is oor first
liii. j.c'.lou to ,liw life ia V'trinia, and k aro
r t r .mm. n J t.. ensfront tho graveit question of
t xt fctant :bat we tua bai v. the cu.r-
fco i.a i urtca?t to meet it! Tho'anxious itudent
'Mag even's cannot fait to find in tho slavo
lety, which is now presented, objccU r-er-rctnal
Sexatk. Tuewlay was occupied chi
with a teeeh from Mr. I'reekenridgc on the
rcHjltition fur approving the action of tho
President for what he onsidcrcd his uncon
stitutional and usurping act". Ilo omitted
nil discun-ioti of the acta of tho rebels and
their plans to subvert tho Government. He
was vehemently opposed to the war.
Mr. Iin of Kansas replied sharply ; said
he sanctioned all the President hatl done,
and the pcop'c sanctioned it ; and he sanc
tioned all that is to be done. Our victorious
columns shall soon sweep treasonfrom Old
Virginia. The President suspended the writ
of habeas corpus, and he Lane only regret
ted that the corpus of Baltimore treason had
not been susjK-nded. The Kentucky remedy
for treason hemp was the thing wc wanted
Tho Naval appropriation bill was passed.
Mr. Sumner introduced bills lor the con
fiscation of traitors' piopcrty in .he rebellious
Horse Mr. ATa;hburne frm tiie com
mittee on commerce, reported a bill to make
tho southern blockade more effectual, and to
put a stop to piracy. It authorizes, during
tho present insurrection, the Secretary of
Wur to hire, purchase, or contract for vessels
necessary lor a temjiorary increase oT the
navy, and to arm them efficiently. The
temjKjrary appointments made ot acting
lieutenants, acting paymasters, acting sur
geons, masters' mute-, and the rates of pay
for tlu'se ofiic.TS as heretofore designated,
arc by this hill legalized, and the turn of
$5.l!Uii,UU0 is appropnated for tue purpose
of carrying the act into effect.
On moticn of Mr. Washournc, it was lc
forred to the committee on naval affairs.
Mr. Bingham, ficm th: committee on the
judiciary, reported a bill providing for the
suppression ol rcr-cllion and resistance to
the laws. Hie President is thereby author
ized to call out the militia for these purposes;
their continuance in service is not to extend
beyond 00 days after the commencement of
a regular session of Congress, unices the lat
ter shall otherwise direct; the militia is to
be entitled to the same pay and rations as
the regular army. I he bill passeu, under
the operation ot the previous question, al
Twenty thousand copies of the eulogies on
Senntur Douglas were ordered printed.
On motion of Mr. Edwards the following
was unanimously passed :
Rnotvctt, Tbat the thanks of this House be
presented to .Major (lencral Ocorgo It. AScClel
lan and the officers and soldiers of his command,
or the series of brilliant and decisive victories,
which, by their skill and bravery, they have
achieved over tbe rebels and traitors in arms ot.
tho battlo fields of Western Virginia.
In committee of the whole, the House
considered the bill to increase the efficiency
ol the volunteer forces of tho United States.
Mr. Burnett made an hour's speech, vin
dicating tho seceded States, and condemning
tho warlike acts of the Administration.
Mr. Holman stoke in favor of crushing
out treason, and to the effect that tho L'niein
must and shall be preserved.
Uic bill to increase tho eUieiency of enrr
volunteer forces was pawed.
Wednesday. June 17th.
ShNaTK. Mr. Pcarce, of Md., presented a
memorial from tho Police Commissioners ot
the Citv of Baltimore, now confined at Fort
Mcllenry by orderof Mai. Gcu.Biuks. They
assert tliir own ihliy to tlio lawn and to
the Constitution .-av that Marshal ICstne is
a gentleman of integrity and worts, and that
no bodv ot men arc Icr-s liable to the enarire
of unlawful combinations than the police
force of Baltimore. They ask the iritertHioi-
tion of Congress in their behalf. Tue memo
rial was referred to the Judiciary Committee.
Mr. Grimes, of Iowa, from the committee
on Naval Affairs, introduced ti bili to pro
vido for tho temporary increase of the Aavy.
Mr. root, ol t., said there was pressing
necessity Lr the jwssage of the bill, when
the privateers were untiring our commerce.
The bill authorized the Secretary of the Navy
to purchase or hire such vessels as may be
necessary, during the war, to suppress piracy
and render effectual the blockade. It appro
priates $5,000,000. Tiie bill was imaged.
Ibe resolution ol the House, in regard to
the adjournment on Friday, was taken up
ami laid on the tabic to give time for further
Hoist Hcrny May ofMd., appeared and
was qualified by taking the oath to support
Mr. Holman of Ind., introduced a resolu
tion authorizing the- select Committee here
tofore unpointed to x imiuo into tha ar
Department contracts, to extend their in
quiries in all facts and circumstances of all
contracts or agreements made or iicreaiter ro
lie made, prior to the uual report ot Uie
committee, by or with any DejKirtment of the
Government; that the c tinmittee have leave
to sit during the reces at such time and
place as they may deem necessary.
Mr. KcIlo;;g ol 111., opjHised the resolution
lie was not disposed to establish an advis
ing and controlling board, and in effect have
eight instead of one head of the department.
There was no reasou for putting the Secre
tary of War under the ban of the Commit
tee. He was opposed to a roving commit
tee. He defended the Secretary ot War.
Boscoo Conkling of N. Y., was opposed
to a roving commission.
Mr. Holman said the reMilnthn was re
ported by the direction of the committee and
had his concurrence. He argued that it
implied no censure on the administration.
Mr. Dawes of Mass.. a" a member of the
committee, although he had not consented
to serve on it, yet he would not shield or
whitewash any improper transaction,
whether of this orany other Administration,
xhc country is full of rumors of fraud and
corruption, and hence an investigation was
Mr. Van Wyck,ofXcw York, favoreS the
The resolution was then adopted yeas 81,
Mr. Vallandingham, of Ohio, offered a
proposition reviving tho tariff of Z , taxing
tho freo list 10 per cent., excepting tea,
coiicc, ana urc-arms.
Several speeches were made, when Mr.
Stevens, of Pa., remarked that the House
was running into Buncombe, and mured that
the committee rise, which was agreed to.
Mr. Vallandingham gave notice of bdls to
roiul ilc and enforce the writ of habeas cor
pus ; to secure itersejua from unreasonable
scizuic or search ; to secure tho right of the
people to bear arms for their delense ; to
prescribe the right ol quartering trooj in
prirate hour's during the time of war ; to
secure the freedom of press aud of speech.
On Thursday, Secretary Forney called the
Senate to order, and stated that he had a
note from the Vice President, esying that he
should be absent for the rest ol the session.
Mr. Foot, of Veimontj was elected President
pro tan. Tho Military bill being under con
sideration, efforts were made by Mr. Powell,
of Ky., and Mr. Brcckcnridge, to crippb it
by an amendment, "that the army and navy
are not to l employed to subjugate any
ouue. or reduce a territory or province, or
for t.e alolitiou of elavery." Mr. Sherman,
eii wmo, opposed the amendment. It was
in n i sort tho object to subjuga'c the States
or abolish t-Iivery. The purposo was to
maintain tl.o national honor aud uphold the
national Hag everywhere. Tfley simply
wished to maintain the Conststution. It
was only tbosa uho wished to break up the
government that desired to alter the Ojn&ti-
tut ion. no wonia n;u ai'.ow any imputa
tion if !o Usui ja his en:kiv ut
Mr. lowwh referred t! reniutk atads bv f
. . - i
Mr. Dism -n (.(inn Jk Dixon r..I . i
that be bad said i'i ca-'e the or.t ' oaiae t .
a qutbtion bawe-ei. Luion -u t Ma.ry,
believed tha; the people would say Slavery
must go down, and he still eaiJ eo.
The proposed amendment was lost Yeas
0, Nays i'-0, Mesfcrs. Iliwkinridge, Bright,
Johnson of Mo., Kennedy, Lithain, Nes
liu til, Polk, Powell and Saulsbury, casting
thoir rotes in the affirmative.
The bill waspass.-d.
In the House, Mr. Colfax, ol Ind., from
post-office committee, reported a bill that all
prejaid lettcia to soldiers, addressed to them
at a point where they are not stationed, may
whenever practicable, he scut to any other
oint u thou t lurther charge. The bill
Mr. Hickman, of Pa., front the 0 imniittee
on the Judiciary, to whom Mr. Potter's
resolution was referred directing ficm to
inquire " whether Hon. Ihnry May, of Ma
ryland, has b-en or is now holding criminal
intercjuise iviih those in armed relwllion
against the United States," reported that the
committee had not any evidence to impli
cate tho gentleman, and recommend that no
action was necessary. The Committee fur
ther say, that tho investigation oiiti rely re
lieves the President and Gen. Scott from any
suspicion of a correspondence or attempt to
corrcijiond through .Mr. May. The report
was laid on the table.
Mr. Maj-, of Md., by permission of the
House, proceeded to make a personal explan
ation. The House concurred in the Senatj amend
ments to the Navy appropriation bill.
'The consideration of the tarill bill was
resumed, and the bill was passed with slight
The House took up the Senate bill provid
ing for an inereasj ot tho standing army to
Ou motion of Mr. Blair, of Mo., from the
Military Committee, a substituto was adopt
ed, converting these regiments into volun
Rutland Covm Conventions. Two
Cjunty Conventions for the nomination of
County officers, one called as a Republican
Delegate Convention, the other as a Mass
Convention of "no party" principles, met at
Rutland on the 5th instant. After the Con
ventions were organized, on invitation, the
Republican Delegate Ctnveutiou met with
the Mass Conrention ; and the following
nominations were made : M. C. Kirs, John
Jackson, D. W. Taymb, Jor iknafors ;
A l ansox Allen, Ebexezek Fisher, for
Judges; Wm. M. Field, for Sheriff; A-i-.roze
L Bkown, Judge o Prolate for Rut
land District; Almon Warm, Judge of Pro
Me. for Fairharcn Distriil ; Jou.v Pholt,
State's Attorney; U. W. Pitts, high Batltff.
The Convention adopted resolutions like
those of the Montpelicr State dmrention,
and one to give a cordial support to the State
Ticket there nominated. Mr. Caiv, ol
the Couri'T. one of the Douglas Democratic
Statv Committee, objected to this provision,
and moved to strike it out; but the Conven
tion out voted biui and retained it. The Rut
land Ha aid pays Mr. Jackson, the nominee
for Senator, is a Democrat, nominates! in
plaee of Mb. Fwm, "f I, rh witbdrvw bin
It would .seem, frm one circumstance as
reported, tbat the " Union lor the sake of the
I'uion " was meant to be a very temporary
affair ; for after the nominations were made,
the Republican D.'legat: Convention met
again by itself, and chose a Committee for
the next year, aud gare order for its next
EttLOGiEs os Mr. Dicolas. The Wash
ington Globe of July 10th, contains tbe re
ported eulogies made in the Senate and
House of lleprcsentatives on the late Hon.
Stephhn A. Doiulas, of tbe U. S. Senate.
They are fifteen in number, and made by
Senators Trumbull of 111., McDougall of
Cal , Collamcr of Vt., Ncsmith or Oregon,
Anthony of 11. 1.; and by members ol the
House Richardson of 111., McLernand ol
111., Crittenden of Ky., Cox of Ohio, Diveu
of X. Y., Arnold of III., Walton of Vt.,
Ij-aw ol Ind., Wicklifle of Ky.. Fouke of 111
( )f course the speeches are all on the tomb.
sOonc pattern, except on a larger scale,
namely, ignoring defects, and smoothing
over faults of character, or keeping them
quite out of sight, nnd enlarging em such
intellectual and moral qua.itics of the de
ceased as will bear it. It strikes us that on
particular jtoinrs some of these eulogies are
strong very strung.
V I III CAM PA I G N 'I HU5 FA I! .
irrotu the N. Y. Eve. lVst.
The cry, ' Onward to Uichniond before
the twentieth of July!" it it should have
any c&ct or. the Comumider-in Chief,
would he likely to bring abjilt just the re
vi rse of what it is desired to produce.
General Scott has divulged but one feature
c t .- .1 : . .1. ..
ui tils plans tor uie campaign, uiai is,
the war shall 1 short. It no great disaster
happens he expects to tciminato the whole
war bclore tho month of Mav in 1802. He
may terminate it sooner; but if an important
deieat should oecur, it would need another
twelvemonth to finish the work. lo make
a war short it is not necessary to hurry into
i decisive action or to light it tut in various
little skirinishis. A disaster which is al
ways possible to the liest army would onlv
protract the fighting, and guerilla combats
aro wiiat the souui can continue au iniiuii
um. Much of what is said about meeting the
enemv at once and deciding which has the
strongest arm, or else to yield and let the
South go, might apply very well to a ring
light between two city bullies; but the pres
ent struggle is quite another alfair. Wc do
not propose to throw down tho glove to tho
Conicdratc Stnt,s, ofljr a fair nnd equal
light, nnd then give up it beaten. Wo pro
pose to compel a disobedient community to
obey the constittiti n and laws; if wc cannot
do tins in oneway wo must in another. e
do not oflei equal terms ; wo do not give
them a share in our longer puree, or an open
port to meet us on the sea, or a Ircc entry to
our liir.rkcts of produce. Wo use every ad
vantage that wc hare.
It i3not abiolutefj requisite that we should
light a battle to gain our objects. Wc may
c.usli the rebellion by a blockade, or by
causing tho internal disorganization of tho
enemy, or by finally forcing him to surren
der. A battlo is not an end only a means
lo an end. Probably the host test of tho
skill of a general would be tho small amount
of loss by which a victory is gained. If
General Seott wanted a long war, he would
huiry the army lorward beloro it was thor
oughly drilled and equipped, and without
sufficient lood or provender, towards Rich
mond. Then any accident might causo his
retreat, break up his plaus and compel a still
further delay. We might appear to be pres
sing on, until tho end of tho summer would
shoiv ui no nearer our goal than wo were at
the begiuiiing. The true military conditions
lor a short war aro great masses of men, well
provisioned and armed and well officered,
moving on a lr.ad, comprehensive, strategi
cal plan to the attainment of their main ob
ject. Gen. Scott h-s now just about secured
these conditions, and in a shorter time than
we have any record in the history of militarv
J affaire. Tue grumblers at Washington and
, ujjewhero never consider what an immense
' affair is the material preparation for a single
liC : army, ouppose there arc now n veniy-iivc
tuousanu men in uuu uuoui. uio cij-nai, at
least thirty-seven hundred army wagons aro
to bo got ready; some at teen tnousanu nora-
os, with all their provender, tc -ts, ambu
lances, artillery, arms to at ieos-t tiie num
ber of one hundred thousand, cartridges,
powder, e.irtouchc-boses, belts, knapsacks,
uniforms, and a thousand little matters bo
sides. Many of these things have to lc
made for the purposo. The subsistence
alone of such an army is an enormous task.
If th commanding general were allowed to
treat Virginia entirely as an enemy's coun
try, the difficulties would he greatly dimin
ished, lb could forage his army, in great
part, on Virginia grain or grass; the poor
inhabitants would be obliged to feed his
soldiers, ami the immense stores ot proven
der and food he is gathering could be in part
dispensed with. But this ho cannot do.
I ho irgint ins are our former lellow-citi-zens.
Ho must treat them most kindly, and
try to win them back to allegiance to the
government. This alone makes the cam
paign a very different one from most pre
In the Crimean war how many months
was it before the armies were in full prepar
ation, though the allies had the sea as a
mentis of transit, where ono hundred miles
offer less obstacles than six miles of Virginia
Wo believe the rapidity with which the
large supplies havo accumulated at Wash
ington, aud two hundred and ten thousand
men have been put under arms by the gov
eminent in different jiarts of tho country, is
something unexampled. General Scott has
now secured the power from Congress which
was indispensable for this "short"' cam
paign, lie has succeeded, owing to the for.
illation of new regiments and the promotion
to the head of their brigades of army cap
tains and colonels, in placing around Wash
ington all his favorite and experienced young
officers who served with hitn in Mexico, and
who will now lead the spirited volunteer
rjgimcnts into Virginia. He is advancing
his columns slowly, but with the most bril
liant success, from Northwestern Virginia
on the flmk of the position at Manassas
Gap, to unite them ultimately with the
grand army a lv.mcin from tho Potomac
The victories of McClellan at Rjaring Hon
and St. George justify that part of the pro
gramme at least.
H he: her the attack on Richmond will be
inado by this army in a land march, or
whether there will lie a sudden return to the
water, and a conveyance of a large division
by York river, combining with a lorce from
fortress Monroe, it is impossible to say.
Bat thus far wc have all the conditions ot a
grand campaign fulfilled; he ivy columns of
men with adiqu it; supplies, and led by the
best brigade ont-'crs in ttie American service,
marching under a comprehensive plan tow
ards the capital and headquarters of rebel
lion. Why sliould wo grumble? Lot us
wait, and believe that the old hero of many
a campaign, now closing a glorious career,
with no motive but his country's success,
wilt bring this war to the end which all
good citizens desire, and that before another
spring our banner will float from Richmond,
Charleston and New Orleans.
Dtc.f iojt in the Case of the Vermont &
Canada Railroad. Wc learn tbat by a late
decree of Comt the lease of the Vt. & Can
ada Railroad t ti c Vt. Central Railroad
Co. I, ps bin cot.Crmcd in all its parts. Tho
cos-t of construction of the Vt. & Canada It.
R., is fixed at 1,340,500, em wbich by the
to ire of the lease an annual rent ol eight
jM-r cent is payable to tbe stockhe-Idcrs of the
Vt. r Canada K. R. By the decree the roads
arc to remain in the hands of the present re
ceivers and the ire 'ine to lie aid in liquida
tion of roii's.
The whole amount of back rents witb inter
est thereon , i to be paid before any payment
is made on the first mortgage bonds of tho
Vermont Central Railroad.
We believe the rent has not been piid for
the last six years. We understand that there
arc available means in the hands of the re
ceivers, and that the directors can order a 1
per cent, dividend, payable August 1, if
they think proper.
By a contract between the two companies,
dated July 0, 1S50, in caso the rents due to
the Vt. & Canada should fall in arrears and
remain so over four months, the Vermont &
Canada was to have tiie right to enter into
jwssession, and to run both roads, and re
ceive tbe tolls and apply them to the jay
lncnt of the rent, till tho same might be
paid. This cntract is adjudged also to lie
The possession, inauagcaieot and control
of t-ie two roads is ordered to continue in the
present receivers, Laurence Brainard, Joseph
Clark, and John Gregory Smith, "subject to
the order and discretion of the Court, with
power of removal at all times."
The Decree to which wc refer above was
issued from the Chancellor's Court (Lnks 1.
Poland. Chancellor.) on the 13th inst., and
in conformity to a manditc of the Supreme
Court, reversing a
Court ef Chancery.
former dvroo of the
Among the documents lotind at Centre
villo was a report from a lieutenant com
manding an advance pieket, to Gen. Bon
luiui, saying " The sentinels report the ene
my is approaching in a considerable body.
I shall do my duty if they come." It has
been ascertained beyond the shadow of a
doubt, that the bruv3 lieutenant command
ing faithfully performed liia " duty" by
taking to his heels the moment he saw the
" enemy approaching."
TiiuSE Arhv Wagons. Some of our Ver
mont papers speak sharply because Gov
ernor F.ukiia: ks got the army wagons
for the Third Regiment made in Con
cord, N. II., instead of employing soiiu
of the good wagon makers of our State to
furnish them. People ought to bear in
mind that the east side of our State has
always considered itself as a sort of append
age to New Hampshire; particularly, in the
matter of wagons, they have heard so long
and so often about "Concord wagons," that
they do not generally suppose wagons fit for
anything more than to go mill in, can be
made anywhere else than at Concord. Wc
presume the Governor had no thought of
acting otherwise than strictly in accordance
with public sentiment in the case.
To be serious, though there is no doubt of the
magnitude and high character of the large
Concord establishments, and that they can
turn out sojner a large number of army
wagons than any ono Vermont concern can
do ; yet, by taking timoby tho forelock, and
dividing the work up a little, wo think our
Vermont wagon makers could have met tho
want in this case, satisfaciorily to tho public
service and creditably to themselves. Wc
wish they could havo had a fair chance to
Tue Third Rigwet. Col. Cochran, of
Bellows Fall, has been appointed Major of
the 3d Regiment by the Governor.
When tho rogimcnt was being sworn into
the U. S. service on Tuesday, two refused to
take tho oath, and were stripped of their
uniforms and drummed out of camp. Tho
Caledonian says " it was a humiliation they
had not counted upon, evidently, or they
never would have cut up the courage to
have tcfuscd to take the oath. Wo pity
the man whoso counu'e fails him at such a
The Springfield Republican's Washington
Correspondent, under date of July 17, writes
as follows :
Washixuto-v, D. C, Wednesday, July 17
The Senate will tain itself to death. Some
of the leading senators constantly grumble
because Gen Scott is so slow, and yet they
are in their department of the public
business altogether more slow than the ve
nerable military chieftain of whom they
complain. Besides they talk away their time,
while Scott does no such thing. He is ac
ting steadily, night and day, though there
may not have been any bloody encounters
to record within a dozen miles of Washington
for a month. But who planned tho cam
paign in western Virginia? Did Gen Mc
Clellan or (ion Patters in do it? Not at all.
They executed, but Gen Scott planned.
Walt and see tin's campaign out, gentlemen
grumblers, before you decide upon tl.e fit
ness of Uen fJjott for his ijsitiott; and of one
thing you may Ik certain Gen Scott will
not move on till ho gets ready- Upon
Richmond I mean, of course, for the cry is
"o to Richmond,'"1 as if it were a day's
march off, and very easy to bo got at. Some
one was reading to the old general the other
day a fault finding article from a New York
piper, at his request, and when the article
wis finished he r. plied, "So long as I am
Conimanier of tfic armies of the United
States, 1 shall be commander. I am fit or I
am not fit for the position, and if the country
thinks that 1 am not. I will resign. But so
long as 1 am at the head of our troops, I
shall direct their movements not nccording
lo the clamor of newspaper editors, but ac
cording to my own judgment "' I may not
have got the exact language, but 1 hare the
substance, ot what Gen Scott said. The
truth is, the general does not intend to be
scolded out ot his plan of tiie campaign by
"brigadier generals" or newspaper editors.
Who can blame bun?
Gen. McClellan is the man of the hour
and his name is in everybody's mouth. His j
successes have proved two ycry nnjiortant
things first, that the Northern troops can
fight, and second that the much boasted
Southern troops can tun! Put these two
very impoitant facts together, and the result
of the war is easily ascertained. Remember
that 1 don't predict that the rebels are al
ways going to run. By no means. 1 have
no doubt they will mako some splendid
lighting before t e war is over but still
they can run from Northern troop, and the
Northern men ran tight in tho t.iee of the
There is no possible chance that Congress
will adjoif n this week. The Senate indul
ges in so much discussion that is impossible.
The aim now is to get through by next
week, and the Senate will probably amend
the House resolution of adjournment by
striking out F.iday ol this week and insert
ing edr.esday ot next. The quicker Con
gress adjourns the better. 1 he effect ot a
short session upon the country will be ex
cellent, and something should be sacrificed
for this c fleet. It some of our Senators
must speak, let them go home and make
war speeches to their people. I am soiry to
say that one or two of tiie NVw England
delegation arc acting a little doubtfully.
That delegation is no longer unbrokcuiy
republican. Connecticut sends a couple of
democrats, and Cennecticut democracy from
time immemorial has been something which
the devil hiiuse-lt could not stomach. I
believe, however, that both the Connecticut
democrats in the Douse arc true and loyal
men; but English of New Haven lias given
some rather queer votes, lie sits next the
Ohio pest, allandigbam , and possibly is
uow and then influenced by that honorable
gentleman. These are times when men
neod watching, and he who plays into the
hands ot the rebels knowingly, no matter
how, deserves the execration of all loyal
Our Army Correspondence.
I'KOJI TUK SISCOM) ItKCIMHNT.
Is Cavf, 6 MILES S. W. or Alrtasdria. )
July 13tb, lsol. 5
Dm Tree Tbcss:
We left Washington on tbe Jtb,
aud marched to tbe boat for Alexandria. It was
a hot mltry day. Many of the men gavo out in
the S miles march, overcome with tho heat and
the unu-ually sultry air. Some companies bad as
many as 30 sick or nnable to carry their knapsacks
before we reached this place.
Vfe inarched through Alexandria, where tho
blood of the gallant Kilswoith stained tho floor of
a traitor's house. It would be hard to describe
one' feelings as he stands in tbat cwsul house
now made desolate by the fol lowers of the youth
ful hero and sees the marks of bis blood. Ho
seems to hoar a nntmn'n votrr liftrd fnt in laminta
lionr for iht dr parte i, thtn in a dtrp nnd solemn vow
thnt those precious drops nhimld bt the seal to the
"Death Warrant ok Treason," ami that those
boirs moutderinj back to dust should be the battle cry
of 1,000,000 armed mm! Speak tho names of
"Ellsmrlh and Sumpttr" in a battle with traitors,
and it will bo worth a while batulnn.
We arrircd at our present encampment about
7.30 P.M., July 9th. No sooner bad we left tbe
cars than a terrific storm of rain and wind set
in. M'o backed our baggago about half a mile,
pitched our tents, and laid down to rest. Wo
aro tho outer pot ton this route; tbo enemy aro
within four miles of us; their pickets aro some
times seen. Wo havo been out reoonnoitcring
some, and shall soon advance. Our regiment,
ml two from Maino and ono of Zouaves, will
form a brigade. Wc leavo tents, baggago and all,
next time we push on. Wo shall movo on to
1'airfax Court House in a day or two then to
Manassas Junction. Wo aro encamped on Com
modore I'orcst's farm a secessionist in tho rebel
navy. Wctake excellent care of nil his property;
not ivtn a rail from his fence has been disturbed,
though wc go about a milo for our wood. His
mansion is a very fine one, and h guarded to so-
curo it from all harm. It woul 1 bo a good plan
for Congress to declare all properly tbat belongs
to secessionists, confiscated, and sell it to pay tho
expenses of tho war. Tho Ellsworth Zouaves
are with us. AVc agree nicely. They aro truly
a fine, intelligent set cf men, and by no means
rowdies. They are the most intelligent regiment,
jaue ours, of course, that I have seen.
Hut I must close. My timo is almost entirely
taken up with the duties of tbe camp; so my let
ters must be short and hastily written.
Mr. lligclow stopptd with me Ust night. He
seems to cnjo7 himself first rate, and "only regrets
tnal he it nit a soldiir." Wc shall fill up our regi
ment to 1010 men. I want eighteen good fellows
for tbo Burlington company.
Yours as over, J. T. D.
Cakp Clermont, G miles beyond )
Alexandria, Va., July 14.
Messrs. Editors :
When our Company left Uuilington I was
told by many that they should expect to bo in
formed as to the wants and necessities of tho com
psnv. Acting on this, I writo you to lay before
on sotno of our pressing wants.
Our rations are always sufficient fcr welt, hearty
iRtn. We never fill in having plenty of salt
meat and bard bread, coffee, tea and sngar. Eu
when I say this, I dt nit say tee have means ti re-
invigorate those wvw ttrtngth his left them by sick
ness or overworking.
The fact is, men may havo enough fcod, Such as
a hearty mm can oit, bat yet of ba no good to on
whose stomach is weak. It is so with all tho
companies. My men aro the freest from sickness
of any, and if we bad dried apple?, currants,
plums, .lc, with what wo can mako from ft ur,
something could be ptovido-I for such men so that
Ihoy could relish thoir food anl gain strength.
Wo can get no vogctables, so that sonlo of this
kind seems necessary. I ask only for the benefit
of my company, and those who bavo sons with m
will doubtless second my request that somo-.bing
be sent to us at ono. I woull suggest that maple
sugir alio form a part of tho pickage.
J. T. DltKW,
In behalf of Co. C, 2d ltegt. Vt. Vol. M.
Ho.nors to Gev. Scott. At the Com
mencement at Harvard College, on Wednes
day last, tho Honorary degree of LL.D. was
contcrrcd on Gen. Scott, and also on Gov.
Andrew, of Mass. The bestowal of the
degree on Gen. Scott was received with grcit
S.iHsfiotlnn A t. tln (immpneemoni dinner
allusions were made to the subject.
Gov. Andrew modestly expressed his regret
that Gen. Scott had not been the sole recipi
ent of the honor. President Fclton remarked
that the first pers-on on whom the college
conferred the degree was Gen. Washington,
and now the Lst is (Jen. Scott. The allu
sions to tho vetoran commander-in-chiel.
both at the dinner table ami when tho de
crees were announced in church, cilled forth
repeated and most enthusiastic cheers.
At the close ol his tame speech, ov. An
drew uiFered the following toast :
'thniral Scott You have given him a degree
at tbe North he will prercntly take several de-
. t , i . . r 1 .
grees in tno souin, wnerc, as uwwr oi
ho will teach rebels oocuicnce.
The language of the degree, translated
from the Latin, is given as follows :
" Tinficld i"cott, emumander-in-chiof, illustri
ous for military skill, for virtue, authority and
suco:ss, and equally famous for renowned states
manship, the devoted friend of peace and buman
itv, who defends and upholls, and witb his whole
heart loves tbe whole republic out of respect wo
have created and publicly proclaimed a doctor, as
well of tho law of nature and of nations, as of civil
jurisprudence, and have conferred upon him all
the privileges anil ncnors pertaining to wu
From John Jay's Speech, July t. ISO I.
How the Rebels acquired their Strength.
Let me say next a word of the means by
which a conspiracy so contemptible in its
ori"in, so destitute of moral weight aud of
twnular suriport, has attained to us present
dimensions, ousting the Federal Government
of its jurisdiction in more than half of our
national territory to the East of the Rocky
Mountains, and obtaining possession of ar
senals and navy yards and fortresses, seven
teen in number, which had cost ine .Ameri
can JieopIO IIIOrB map "even on. 'mis ui
On the 29th October, ISoO, beloro the
Presidential election, Lieut-General Scott
wrote a letter to I'resiacnt i,ucnanan in
wbich he referred to the seccss'on excitement
which the leaders of the conspiracy were
actively fanning a the South, aud remarked
that if this glorious Union were broken by
whatever line political madness might
contrive, there would lie no hopeofreuni-
tiniz the fragments, ex?ept by the laceration
and despotism of the sword; pointing out
the danger, he proceeded vt point outuii
'f rom n Knowledge ol our aotitiicrn pa
pulation." he said, "it is my solemn con
viction that there is some danger of an early
act of rashuess preliminary to secession, ri.:
the seixurc ot some or all ot ine lonowing
lKKits. Forts Jackson and Philip in the Mis-
. ... , i-
sissippi, "jclow -ew urieaiis, "" mioom
"arrisons . rort .Morgan, neiow .ioiue.
without a garrison ; rorts Pickens and
Mcltae, Pensicola harbor, With an insuffi
cient garrison for one ; 1'ort I ulaski below
Savannah, without a garrison ; Forts Moul
trie and Sumpter, Charbston harbor, the
former with an insufficient garrison, and the
titter without any ; and Fort Monroe, Hamp
ton Roads, without a sufficient garrison. In
ray opinion all these works should immedia
tely be so garrisoned as to make any at
tempt to take any oneot tnem, oy surprise
or coup dc mam, ridiculous.
"With an army faithful to its allegiance
and the navy probably equally so, and with
Federal executive lor ino next twelve
months, of firmness and moderation, which
tho country has a right to expect modera
tion being an clement of power not less
than firmness Ihcro is good reason 10 hope
that the danger or secession may lie mado to
pass away without one conflict of arms, one
execution, or ono arrest for treason.'"
tfentlemen, Lieut. General Scott knew
well, we all know, that what he recom
mended Mr. Buchanan to do. an honest exe
cutive might have done. Again and again
in the history of our country have attempts
been made to resist tho execution ot the laws,
and again and again has the Federal Govern
ment triumphant, by vindicated its supre
The first armed rebellion was mat neaued
by Shay in Massachusetts, in the winter of
I7S7. The rebels attempted to seize ine
arsenal, and were met with cannon that
killed three and wounded another ot tiicir
number, and the state militia, tinder the
command of Gen. Lincoln, routed their
forces, taking many prisoners, and peace was
cstored not by any compromise, hut oy the
enforcement of the laws.
As a Lincoln suppressed the first insurrec
tion, so will a Lincoln suppress the last.
You will readily call to mind other similar
occasions where the Federal Government by
prompt action, maintained its supremacy
First came the Whisky rebellion in Penn-
sylrania during the Administration of Wash
ington, to suppress which the President
called out fifteen thousand men from three
different states, led by their gorcrnors and
General Morgan, whom U ashmgton at first
proposed himself to accompany across the
Next President Jefferson crushed in the
bud the opening conspiracy of Aaron Burr.
President iMadison, during the war ot
1S14, when doubts wero entertained of tho
loyalty of the Hartford conrcntionists, who
wero falsely reported to be in correspondence
with the enemy, stationed Major Jessup ot
Kentucky at Hartford with a regiment to
suppress any sudden outbreak. Gen. Jack
son, about the same time in New Orleans,
proclaimed martial law in consequence of
attempts by the ciril authorities to embar
rass the necessary measures of defense.
President Jackson, in 1832, repressed by
tho arm of Gen. Scott, and amid tho hearty
applause of tho nation, the defiant nullifica
tion of South Carolina; and President Tyler,
in 1843, with the approral of shis Secretary,
Mr. John C. Calhoun, sent United States
troor8 to Rhode Island to sunnress the state
rerolution organizod by a majority of the
State, but in notation ot the existing btatc
constitution, under tho leadership of Gor.
Thomas . Dorr.
When, in 1860, Gen. Scott, in advance of
any outbreak, recommended President Bu
chanan to reinforco tho fort3 instead of re
commending active measures of interference,
such as his predecessors whom I have named
did not hesitate to tako, he simply asked of
tho President to uo what any intelligent
school-boy could see was absolutely proper
and essential and what he could accomplish
by a singlo word. Mr. Buchanan, guided by
his secretary ot War, tho traitor and thiet,
John IS. rloyd, relusea to order the rem
forccmcnt of the fortresses; all tho forts
named by Gen. Scott, excepting Fort Pick
ens, were seized by the Confederates ; and
on tho fact of their quiet possession, and the
aid and comfort thus given to the rebels by
the Federal Cabinet, was based tho accession
of the traitorous States and the formation f
the new Confederacy.
Tho lact thus becomes clear as day. that
not simply all tho strength tho rebel Confed
cracy originally possessed, but its very organ
zation and existence, were due not to the rco-
plo of the South, on whom without their
sanction it was precipitated, nor to the
leaders, skillful as they may hare been, who
had neither arms nor armies to overpower
the uoverr.ment, out tncy were due to the
Federal Executive and his advisers of the
Cabinet. This fact is so interesting as a
matter ni history, it is so important to a right
understanding of tho whole subject, aud bears
so clearly upon tho question, what is our
duty as citizens, and what tho policy of our
Government, as regards the tolerance or sup
pression of this relcllion ? that you will
allow me to quote one authority upon the
point lrom among the rebels themselves.
The Baltimore Kiaininer, in an elalwrate
culoiry of Floyd, who in the extent and infa
my of his treachery certainly excelled his
lellow traitors in tho Cabinet, makes this
plain avowal : "All who have attend d to
tho developments of tho last three months
and knew aught of the movements of the
Buchanan Administration up tr the time of
Floyd's resignation, will justify -he assertion
that the Southern Confederacy would not
and could not lw in existence at this hour,
hut for the action of the lain See-iUry of
"The plan invented by Gen. Scott to stop
secession was like all campiigns devised by
him, very able in details, and nearly certain
of general success. The S luthorn states are
full of arsenals and forts, commanding their
rivers and strategic points . General Scott
desired to transfer the army of the United
States to thC forts as spedily and as quiet
ly as possible. Ine isjuthcrn estates could
not cut off communication between tho Gov
ernment and the fortresses without a great
fleet, whie.Ii they cannot build for years ; or
take them by land without one hundred
thousand men, many hundred of millions of
dollars, several camjiaigns, and many a
bloody siege, Had Scott been able to have
got these forts in the condition ho desired
them to be, the Southern Confederacy would
not now exist."
An official despatch from Gen. McDowell,
dated Fairfax Court House, July 17th, says :
"Wo haye occupied Fairfax Court House
and driven the enemy towards Conterville
"We have 1 officer and 3 men wounded.
The flight of the enemy was so precipitate
that he left in our hands beet, Hour, en
trenching tools, hospital furniture, and bag
"ae. 1 endeavored to pursue beyond Cen
trcmle, but the men were too much exhaust
ed to do so."
Several members of Cjngress who went on
to Fairfax with McDowell's column, and
returned to Washington Wednesday night,
report that the kirmishers reached Fairfax
at 11 30 Wednesday, Jand the advanced
guard cnteredthe village exactly at noon.
Trees had been felled across the road at
three noints to obstruct the march, but
they proved lecble impediments
Lr. -i. t c.:r.
milo this side of Fairfax, an embank
ment had been thrown across the road a
half mile in length, with embrasures for
lor 5 guns, and sand bags for protection,
but no guns we-e mounted. There were
no pit-falls nor masked batteries The pickets
this side of Fairfax retired Wednesday
morning about an hour before the head
of our column came in sight, leaving
the grain bags out of which their horses
were fed, and the federal troops fed the grain
to their own horses.
The rebel troops at Fairfax were drawn up
on the west side of the town at nine o'clock,
a. m., but made a precipitate retreat. The
entrance of the Federal troops into Fairfax is
said by these gentlemcu to have been inspirit
ing beyond description. The main street
was filled as far as the eye eould sec with the
soldiery marching with fixed bayonets and
loaded guns.cheering for the Union, and the
bands playing the " Star Spangled Banner."
As s on as the C000 infantry in the col
umn had pissed, the cavalry, which was in
the rear, dashed through the town on a gal
lop in chas of the confederate troops. They
followed them four miies toward Ccntcrville,
but the great heat preventing a forced march
of the infantry, they returned. It is under
stood that Centervillo is to be defended by
A few buildings were burned by the Fede
ral troops a mile beyond Fairfax, on account
of a rumor that a soldier had been fired on
The column which occupied Faiifax was
composed of two brigades, commanded by
Colonels I'orteranu uurnsiue, anu conwuueu
two battcrici of flying artillery. Tho other
olumns of the advancing army arc north
and south of Fairfax.
There must be at least 50,000 troops on
he march under Gen. McDowell, exclusiro
of his rcserres. which are still resting around
his late entrenchments.
Gen. Patterson has moved to Charlestown,
northeast of Winchester. On the cast side
of Winchester is an eminence which com
mands the place, and the north and west
sides of the town are strongly fortified. Gen.
Patterson will therefore move round to attack
th.! rebels on the east flank. Gen. 1'atter-
son Thursday morning received information
that Gen. Johnston s lorces nau reire-uwu o
miles bevond Winchester.
Tho ford at Harper's Ferry has been com
pleted, thus re-opening communication be
tween Maryland and Virginia shores at this
Point. Harper's Ferry is to-day occupied
by the federal troops.
Gen. McDowell's division Thursday occu
pied Centrcville .reaching there from Fairfax
Court House about 10 o'clock. They halted
within half a mile of the enemy s entrench
ments, and formed in line of battle expect-
in-' a conflict. The scene is represented as
grand and imposing. Instead of the smoke
of battle for which they were earnestly look
ing, they saw tho national Uag hoisted over
the town, anu a solitary man running uown
the line announcing that the enemy had fled.
The band played the " Star Spangled Ban
ner," amid the cheering ot tno ieuerai troops.
It is said that there were seven or eight
thousand Confederate troops at Ccntrcnlle.
dispatch from Gen. McDowell at fair-
fax Court House Thursday morning.says the
axe men cleared tho obstructions out of the
roads in a few minutes. "There were cxtcn-
lve breastworks at tairfax, and some of
them with embrasures revetted with sand
ba's. Extensive breastworks were also
thrown un at the lairfax R. R. station, and
on the road leading to Sangstcrs. A great deal
of work had been done by them and tho
number and size of their camps show they
have been here in great force. Their retreat
therefore must have a damaging ctti;ct upon
them. They left in such haste that they did
not draw in their pickets, who came into one
of our camns thinking as it occupied the
same place, that it was their own. The oo-
struction to the ft. n. in ine ricinuy oi me
station, including the deep cut filled with
earth, &c, can bo cleared out in a lew hours.
The Telegraph poles aro up with wires on
them. I look to having telegraph communi
cation in a very short time. Much flour,
arms, forage, tents, camp equipage, &c,
wero abandoned by them.
Tho left of Gen. McDowell's Division, un
der command of Col. Heintzelman of tho 7th
Infantry, comprising the brigades of Cols.
Franklin, Willcox and Howard, proceeded
without any difficulty, lrom Alexandna,over
tho Old rairiaxitoaa, ana reacnea oangs.i
Station, 18 miles from Alexandria Wednes
day, driving tho rebels beforo them. Col.
Wilcox reached Fairfax Station and captured
10 rebels there. When Col. Ueintzleman
reached tbo forks of tho road, 2k miles from
the station, a camp was found, with the fires
still burning, and there was every evidence
of their hasty retreat, quantitiesof iresh beef,
corn, &c, being left behind.
All the masked batteries so much talked of
and which rendered tho leaders of our forces
extremely careful on tho forward movement,
turn out to bo nothing more than Infantry
breastworks of tho meanest stylo ot construc
tion. A fight took place "Wednesday three miles
this side of Fulton, Mo., between Colonel
McNeil with, about 600 men, and Gca. Har
ris with a forco estimated at about 1000.
Twelve cf the federals were wounded, sev
eral secessionists killed and tr hundred
tiken prisoners. The enemv were tom
The remains ol the rebel General Garnctt,
killed at St. George, will be taken to For
tress Monroe and conveyed under a 11 ig of
truce to Richmond.
When the Fourth Mass. Failed from For
ties Monroe for Boston, care had to be taken
by the authorities to prevent the carryint: of
contrabands, several of whom were smug
gled on board the vessel.
The government have decided to occupy
Fort Lafayette, in the Narrows, New York
Harbor, as a military prison for rebel and
traitorous army and navy officers captured
during the reMlion. The location is ndmi-
rably adapted for the purpose. A full com
pany oi regular infantry, in charge of two
officers, haye been quartered in Urn fnrfc. nn.l
are engaged in preparing it for the reception
of prisoners. Orders will soon be issued to
forward all officers captured by the united
States forces to this military prison.
The vowels composing the Gulf Squadron
are now stationed as follows R. R. Cuyler
at Galveston : So'ith Carolina, and armed
sehosncr Aid, at Berwick Biy; Brooklyn,
1 owhatan and .Massachusetts, at the raoutn
of the Mississippi , Mi--isjippi, St. LouiJ,
and Ilunt-viIIe, tit Mobile; Water Witch, at
Fort Pii-kens or Pensacola; the Wyandotte.
at ths Eist end of R-oa Hand ; Mohawk, at
St. Mark's; Montgomery, at Apalachicola;
Ni igara and Crusader, cruising around the
Island of Cuba for the privateer sumtcr.
Col. Bocrnstcin, at St. Louis, has an
nounced that ho will administer no more
oaths of allegiance, but keep all prisoners
confined until they can bo released without
detriment to the cause of the government.
A messenger from Col. Bocrnsiein to Col.
McNeil was arrested while on his way to
1-niton and bis lift, threatened. lie was,
however, finally released. The messenger
swallowed the dispvtches.
Bull's R'in, where the first encounter be
tween the U. S. troops and tho rebels toMc
place, is a stream running into the Oeoo
quan River, about three miles from Manassas
Junction. Here those who wer driven
back fr.tu various places between Fairfax
Court House and Ccnterviile made a stand,
and were reinforced by five regiments from
Thursday night, after the firing had
ceared, Gen. Schcnck's brigade proceeded up
tho Gainsville road with a view to flank the
position of the three ni.ro prominent bat
teries, which had opened our troops.
Tho Confederates during the battle at
Bull's Run, were altogether concealed by
the woods, ravines and intrenchmcnts, from
which tluy directed their fires.
It has been ascertained that the confed
erate troops abandoned the first battery
beyondCentrcville before the federal troops re
tired Thursdaynight. The loss on our side was
comparatively small. Some are missing and
are supposed to have straggled away or to
have been taken prisoners. Thirteen prison
ers were captured by the Federal troops, and
are now at Washington.
A desr-atch from Gen. McClellan, dated
Beverly, 10th. says one of Col. Dix'd regi
ments, the 2nd Kentucky, defeated and
drove 050 of Wisa's men out of Barbourville
on the 10th.
The California steamer Northern Light,
which leaves Aspinwall next week, is to be
convoyed by the Keystone State, fbr fear of
privateers. The Northern Light will bring
Orange Covstv Nominations. The Re
publicans of Orange County have determined
to stand by their principles and their orga
nization. They have put in nomination tbe
Republican ticket of last year, as follows :
HORATIO BROCK, t.c:,nat0
ZENAS L. UPIIAM, znMri-
L. HINCKLEY,) j j
E. L. TRACY, fJUU-M
R. FAR Nil AM, Jr. State's Attorney
AV. T. GEORGE, Sheriff.
K. D. BENNETT, High Bailiff.
JUDGES OF l'ROBATE.
P. C JONES, Randolph District.
ALEXANDER II. GILMORE, Brad
TliAffft ft VC nil rrruA nnl tfUQ IHCD. &Dll CO
jluv-c e ; -
nrnsccution of the war.
Their enemies can say nothing against them
unless it be that they deem Republicanism
not inconsistent un a uciermiueu cum w
n..t-r. fW,n t'nn Tieril.s into which
save iuu veiuunj - a - ,
it has been brought by the slaveholder
Wirrnr TIIC Ti VTTI.C TOOK PLACE. LC.
Much ignorance exists around as to the exact
locality of Gen. McClellan 's important en
gagement, which we proceed to clpar up, ks
The battle took place at what has hereto
fore Iiecn teimed in the newspapers tho
r -mrM TI ill intrenenments of the secession
ists, where ex-Captain (U.S.A.) Pegtam
was in command of some 2000 to 2500 of
what was known as ex-Major (U. S. A)
Bob Garnett's division of the army of (Jen.
Henry A Wise.
Laurel Hill is not a mere knob, but a long
ridge or rib of the Alleghanics, extending
for'at least a hundred miles im length. The
Baltimore and Ohio railroad pierces it by
means of the celebrated Kingwood Tunnel,
the longest in the world. It stretches down
in a direction a little West of South, to tho
head waters of the Kanawha, there called
the Greenbrier river. The main turnpike
leading to Staunton over which Wise's
army passed from Eastern Virginia to thus
get whipped out of their .boots runs along
Laurel Hill's base. Leadsville, Beverly and
Huttonvillo are situated on that turnpike.
Received a Kicking. On Saturday night
a tall, nondcscriptal specimen of humanity
endcred Monument Square as tho band at
tached to Col. Lylo's regiment was playing
the " Star Spangled Banner." Alter tho
tunc had been played, our hero began hiss
ing, and called for "Dixie.' A soldier
standing near, handed his gun to a comrade,
and, approaching Dixieite, gavo him an ex
cellent kickiug. Tho operation was wit
nessed by several hundred persons, who were
highiy amused at the Operation, lhxie
slnnk away from the neighborhood looking
as mean as a sheep-stealing ciz. Baltimore
It is said on authority of a gentleman from
Richmond, Thursday, that there are only
12,000 rebels at Manassas Junction, bat that
tho defences aro elaborate and extensivo.
There were, however, 150 railroad cars at
the depot, which had arrived from Richmond
Einco Sunday. On that day General Bean
regard went to Richmond, whena military
consultation was held, after yrbica.tbtt.rail
road cars were dispatched to the-Jur;.ion.
In the opinion of the gentleman who firings
this news, a retreat to Richmond has been
decided upon, where a great stand will prob
ably b made. Ix ,
Fifteen mora regiments are now being
clustered into the 17. S. service in Pennsyl
vania. A portion of these regiments will ba
sent to General Patterson's division, and tig
remainder will ho ordered to Washington.