Newspaper Page Text
THE BDKLIXGTON FREE PRESS FRIDAY MORNING. DECEMBER 11 18G8.
IV. At C. C. BENEDICT, ECBLIXGTOX FRIDAT MORMXO. DECEMBER 11. 1663. THE WEEKLY FREE TRESS Is pabluhed every Friday morning, containing tht newa of the week from all parte, interesting correspondence from the army, and local and general intelligence. TERMS. Two Dollars per year. If paid absolutely in adranee, SI 75. Single copies fire cents. Ferrates of Adiertiiing. it, inquire at the Free Press Orricr, No. 6 College St., Burling ton, Vt GEO. YC & G. G. BENEDICT, Editors k Prorrietors Bishop Hopkins' "ruble view of Slave rs'." Tar Two Lmras. We were surprised to hear, a few days af ter our remarks, Oct. 19, on Bishop Hop kins' reply to the protest of Bishop Potter and his associates, that the Bishop charged us with treating him unfairly, by implying tbt his letter to the Philadelphia men was identical with the one written by him to the New York men, Jan. 30, 1S01 From all that we bad then seen in the Philadelphia papers we supposed there was no difference, none at least worth noticing, between them. "We find however that certain narns-nir.h I n i which were in the letter of Jan 30, 1S01, ! were left out of the one written to the Phil- ' adelpbians. How much the omission amount-"! ed to will be seen present v. I i e take the following letters from the ! Philadelphia Inparer of Sept. 2. PniLiOixrniA, April 15, 16C3. Right Reverend Sir ; Tour Tiews on the Scriptural aspect of Slavery, contained in a letter addressed by you to some gentlemen in New York, shortly before the breaking out of the war, has come to our notice, and been perused with much satis faction and profit We believe that false teachings on this subject have bad a great deal to do with bringing on the unhappy strife between the two sections of our common country, and that a lamentable degree of ignorance prevails in regard to it It is of the deepest importance to the public welfare that a sound public opinion should exist on this topic. Believing that the communication of your views, as a Christian Bishop, on the scriptural aspect of Slavery may contribute to this desirable result, we respectfully venture to beg that you will favor us with them, and permit us to make them pub lic v7e are, with great respect. Your obedient servants, G. M. VTnABTo:c, A. Beowxi.ng, Jons. Stocxtox Litteix, Samcxx Jacssox, JI. I)., CHARLES J. BlDDLE. P. -McCau. To the Right Rev. JobsHexkt JIorKi.vs, Burlington, Vt- rnr cisiior's ren.t. BntuxGTO.i, Vt., May 2, 1SS3. My Dear Sirs ; The pamphlet published in Jan nary, 1561, to which you have so kindly refer red, i; at your service, in its original form, as I have net frond in the numerous answers which It has drawn forth anr reason for rhanr-inp- mv opinion. On the contrary, those answers ' .afcn'-Vhfv. TJ coniic,ieo ,0 ,h sanction wbicb the scriptures give to the pnnei- pie of negru slavery, so long as il i- administer ed in aooonlnce with the precepts laid down by ' Aiiu-. iMicn was tne universal doctrine or i iimstian ministers, Christian lawyers and Chris tian sutesnien one hundred years ago, with a few exceptions which only proved the rule. The Constitution of the United States, as I firmly be lieve, made no concessions on tie subject which were not warranted by the Bible. And there fore, w bile I should reiotce in the adoption of any plan of gradual abolition which could be ac cepted peacefully by general consent, I cannot see mat we nave any right to interfere with the doaestie institutions of ihe South tW hf tin. I ... j 1Irc Puo(iri. ,i im mis unti introduc tion, I proceed to the v ery serious question which your friendly application has submitted for dis cussion. Your faithful servant in Christ. Jonx H. Horci.vs, Bishop of the Diocese of Vermont Here wc notieo in the fin-t place, that though the request of the Philadelphia men to Bishop Hopkins is of the same gencr.il tenor as that of the New York men, which lea to the "Bible view of slat ery" dated Jan. 30, 1S6I. there is one difference be tween the two. The laet said "We therefore respectfully ask you to favor us with your opinioD upon the scriptural au thority for slavery, and the constitutional position nf the contending parties." The clause which we have put in italics, does not appear in the Philadelphia request. Most likely it was thought that, as the times arc, the Bishop's answer would do better a. an electioneering document, if the sect sh part of it was left out. In the next place it will be noticed that in the Bishop's answer given above, he begins by telling the Philadelphia men that his "pamphlet published in Jan. 1861" is at their "semce d ifj original form," &c, (the italics are ours), thus in substance reasserting to them its opinions throughout, and giving them leave to make use of the whole if they saw tit. Proceeding then, as he says," to the very serious question which your friendly application has submit ted for discussion," he follows with the very language, paragraph for paragraph, of the letter of Jan. 30, 1861,from begining to end, leaving off only an introductory sentence, one of mere courtesy, and omitting the par agraphs in the latter part of it, written in direct answer to a request which was not repeated in the letter from Philadelphia, and of course called for 310 answer. Whether, under the circumstance, that omission makes any material change in the position of Bishop Hopkjns before the chris tian and political public, we leave every one to judge for himself. Wc add for public information, that "So. 8 of the" papers from the Society for the dif fusion of Political Knowledge President, Prof. S. F. B. Morse ; Secretary, Wm. Mc Murray ; Treorurer.Loring Andrews ; Office of the SoaetySo. 13, Park row.Xew York ; C. Mason, corresponding Secretary to whom all communications may be addressed," is entitled "Bible view of slavery," and agrees verbatim with the letter of May 2. 15S3 to the Philadelphians, cave that it Ins no introductory remarks. It is however signed "your faithful servant in Christ John H. Hopkins, Bishop of the Diocese of Vermont." It has no date. Loss or the Isaac Xewto.v. The splendid Hudson Biver Steamer Isaac Aetcton, for many years a favorite with the travelling public, was destroyed by explosion and fire on Saturday eveninc last near Yonkers. The paasenger. were at supper when an explo sion of some eort drove fire and steam into the room. Six persons are reported as scalded to death and tnurs severely. The steamer took fire, and only the providential nearness of -the steamer Daniel E. JlfiZer at the time of the disaster prevented an awful destruction of life; other craft also soon came. As it was most of the pasxengers and crew were saved. The Isaac Newton and a large freight were totally destroyed. CEO. f For the Free Presx. Should Soldiers fce allowed to Vote ! j tw a i h.Mmni to the i carrying outof the proTiaioni of the Constitution W i the atterupts to raise reenut. m res relating to Election., hare been onitLd in that , V T " Innrunent. appear, at a glance at the Law. , lively indifierent to the rights or wuh oT those which the legislature ha. seen fit to enact regn- i .ady in the field. I deem the matter of sol lating Elections. . I TotinE " of Inuch 'nT0""1" tbt " But a few line, are occupied by the Constitn-' f the State, generally deny them the privilege a ' r . I. - .1 ,., .ftVir. T'.sn!H.IiC. tion. while fifteen mi of the General Statutes I are filled with these regulations. The Constitution declares that Etptt nun 1 of the full are of twentv-one rears, havinc re- , .ided in thU State for the spice of one whole i year next before the election of representatives, j and is of a quiet and peaceable behavior, and will take the following oath or affirmation, shall be entitled to all the nrivile.-es, of a freeman of this State." The General Statutes declare that " Every such citizen shall have a right to vote for repre sentative to the General Assembly and Justices of the Peace in the town where he shall have re sided tor the term of three mouths next preceding the day of election." There is no such restrict ion in the Constitution. The "three months " residence is not eves alluJed to, and the Legis lature has actually deprived a man of bis fran chise to whom the Constitution has granted the right if he has lived in the Sute ne whole year next before the election, unless he has resided in some town fArre monthi. The Constitution doe not determine in what a man's residence consists, nor does it declare how long a freeman must reside in a town, in order to have a right to vote there, whether it shall be a nonth or a day. The Legislature has assumed the right to eupply the i omission by affirming that ' the town, in which the family of any person shall reside, if he his one, shall be deemed the place of residence of , such person," and requires that his residence in ' a town must be of three months' duration in j order that he may enjoy the privilege of voting. J hy oo not taose wno are so me, aooui allowing . soldiers to Tote, labor to brine the State law into exact conformity with the Constitution ' Why supply those important omissions Manifestly because right and common sense demand it Again; the Constitution requires that the State officers .hall be elected by the " freemen of each town," &c. The Laos say that, tor State officers the vote may be given 41 in any town within the State," and nobody complains of the provision. Again; the Constitution requires that the bal lot shall have the name fairly vcritte n." The law says it shall be "written or printed." What right had the Legislature to allow printed votes ? I presume that our law-makers supposed it to be in harmony with the SDt'rif of the Constitu tion, though not in accordance with the letter. Xo doubt the fathers would have inserted the words " or printed " if they bad thought of it, or if they had supposed printing presses would be so numerous and accessible. At aU events, the Legislature supplied an important emmioa. Was this action constitutional? Once more; the Constitution requires the voer to " bring in" hi! vote to the " Constable." The Legislature has extended the privilege. The vote may be handed to the ' presiding officer", who may be one of the " selectmen." The Constitution allows any resident of the State of quiet and peaceable behavior" who shall take the prescribed oath, all the pnv ileges of a freeman, but the Late put the case of ch a freeman into the hands at the selr tmcn and justices, who may refuse Use freeman permis- sion to take the oath. T:,, constitution oiitn 10 declare by whom the fitaees of the candidate tr the oath sbill t determined, the LegitU- ture has supplied the craisston. If a citizen removes from the State, and re turns to it, after a year's abstaee, he mast not only take the oath, called the " freeman's oath" but also " the oath to support the eoestitutMn of the United States." A person refusing to take the latter oath, notwithstanding our Con stitution says he may, cannot, by the Law. be Trfrmitt ti eninv the nrintp-M f & frmn.n Now if the Legislature can supply omissions. and multiply the eonaitiens of full citizenship, beyond the requirements of the Constitution, why cannot the same power provide for the tak ing of the votes of absent citizens ? From what I have already quoted from the constitution, it is evident that its framers did intend that all the citizens of the State should be permitted to enjoy the full rights of freemen, and equally. The State sends some thousands of her noblest and purest freemen beyond its borders to defend the imperilled Government The men are enlisted tinder its authority, offi cered, and controlled to a great extent, by the Governor, not only while here, but while absent in the field. To all legal intents these soldiers are still resident. Their families are here, and tiry are here, legally and practically. They have no right of suffrage but as citizens resident in this Sute. If the Legislature is competent to declare that where a man's family lives, there is his residence, is it competent to declare if it were necessary, which it is not that our soldiers are residents of the State, and of the towns, and as such, to offer them an op portunity to vote, by " bringing in" their votes to " special constables," appointed for that pur pose' Whose rights are infringed by the Law 7 The Constitution describes, in part, the tiaie and method .of elections in towns. The law cannot deprive a town of its constitutional rights, but because the constitution neglected to prescribe a method of taking the votes of absent citizens, does it therefore follow that the Legis lature cannot supply the deficiency, especially since it has done this in other respects Does making provision for taking the votes of soldiers in any way, or to any extent, affect the rights of tourns 7 Does not the constitution intend that all should vote who are qualified, and is it not accordant with its whole spirit that its best citizens should be allowed the frseman's privi leges? I do not forget that the Committee on Elec tions reported against the constitutionality of a Bill providing fjr soldiers' voting, nor that a leading member of the Houao, the only man who spoke against the Bill, took the bold posi tion that any man cf cemmon cense" might know that the BUI was unconstitutional, appv rcntly forgetting that our accomplished Gover nor had recommended the matter to the Legisla ture. I am not unaware that the editor of the leading Democratic journal of the State has been "informed that the Judges will not decide the Law constitutional," the Law .which finally pawed. I presume that the Editor referred'to, did not regard that information as very bad netct. Some cf the Judges are of Democratic antecedents, and I do not know what their pres ent sympathies are, but I have been in the habit of regarding our Judges as men of enlarged and liberal spirit, of no ntrrow contracted views, cr cold sympathies. Should they, unfortunately, deprive by their decision, our brave citizen sol diers cf the right of suffrage wnieh no sine man can believes our fathers intended to deny then, I hope they will furnish such reasons for their de cision as will satisfy the judgment, if not the hearts of all of us. Judges are men. They may err. They cften do. We have little res pect for the opinions of Messrs. Woodward & Co., of Penn., nor have we forgotten the infa mous dicta of Judze Taney and his confreres, 1 upon the Dred Scott case, but the opinions of ! our able Judges will be entitled to great weight, 1 because of the really great .weight of character i which they have so richly earned. I am surprised that the Republican Press cf the State should manifest such indifference to this subject. I do sot know of but one, and that the lively and spirited Newport Aria, which hu even alluded to the natter with any haTt - Perhaps it is becaue they are aU men or common sense " and are moreover so ao- ' "i r ... 0. G VT. Con- ongruss was organs -iderablc time was si.ent before a vote was taken for Speaker m settling what names should be on the Secretary's roll be having used a discretion on the subject which the memtiers would not justify. He bad lclt off the names of the members from -Maryland, West Virginia, Oregon, Missouri and ivan sas. They were ordered to be put on the roll. The vote of Speaker was then taken and Hon. ScncvixK Coixax, of Indiana was elected, Trceiving 101 votes out of 132 Cox of Ohio received 42, and sundry mem bers from 1 to 12 each. "iYai. Mu-ti.g jx Wixooski. A rousing War Meeting was held in Winooski last evening. The Town Hall began to fill at an early hour, with ladies and gentlemen, and at the bour of opening wa6 crowded to over flowing, seats and standing room alike, while some went away from the doors unable to find admission. Prof. Hungerford presided as moderator of the meeting .and A. O. Hood was appointed Secretary. The moderator with some patriotic remarks, introduced Lieut. Uov. Underwood, who in an earnest and forcible sjn-ecb, showed the value of a ttaWc an(j fret. government of the people ; tbo duty ot fighting for such a government , ,.- t,irea.eDed . atld tlrt. obli. tion resting upon all to aid in the work by voice and money and personal service. G. G. ltenedict, Supt. of literuiting, followed, showing that the only true eeentmy, is to fight the war through and famish the men to dose it promptly. Capt. Wm. B. Rey nolds then addressed the meeting at length, answering the various current objection" to volunteering, assuring recruits of a warm welcome from their comrades in the Seld,and describing (oreibly the sturdy and true hearted patriotism of the army. borne disturbance was created for a tew inmuttn, by a tipsy man, who u finally ejected. Otherwise the meeting was highly suecereful, and the audience, omj or tw., hundred of them standing, li-tened with a do- and earnest attention which showe. that the interest of the opie ot Uoleheslet is fully awake. Tht town has a targe quti to Gll.but a gtwtd start ha" been made and be patriotic citizens do not mean to fail of hi ling it to the last man. War Mrtixc at Colcuestis Centse. A meeting of the citizens of Colchester wv- held at tbeCentre.Thursday eve-. Thelarg. Hall was filled with ladies and gentlemen, manv ot whom stood throughout the evening fur want of seats. The meeting was oalln to order bv 1st Selectman, Dr. J. B. Small. and B. W. HayiK was chusen moderator Capt. II. C. 1 "arsons, of the 1st Yt Cavmln was then introduced and addressed the Duel ing, eloquently presenting the demands.of th. present crisis and calling for help for ou regiments in the field. He was followed b ij. G. Benedict, Supt. of Recruiting, wh urged immediate and resolute exertion, 01 the part of every citizen, to fill the quota u. the town Wc hope to hear a good accoun of Col .iter, before the 5th of January. TOW.V MlETtvC AT Hc.VTIQT0X. At town jBeetiog, Dee. 5, 1H53. a bounty ol $350 was voted to volunteers to 11 the auota of the town under tbe last call. A Tax of 1 50 cents on the dollar was votn upon tbe Grand List for the above purpose. Tbe bounty is paid when the volunteers art mustered into the C. S. service. Trie quota probably will be filled this week. We give below the programme for the Great New England Sanitary Commistion Fair, to be held in Boston next week. It will be a great occasion. We hope there will be a generous contribution of articles from Vermont. Nothing valuable or beauti ful will come amiss, and all will be for tht relief of our patriotic soldiers. The great Concert of Monday evening, on the immensr new organ of the Music Hall the most mag nificent instrument in the world will b worth a visit to Boston. NEW ENGLAND S AN IT A It Y COMMISSION I'AIR I The Great Fair for the Bexett orTHESAi taet Commission, will open at the BOSTON MUSIC 11 A LI.. On Monday, December 14, nt C P. M. The first Evening will be devoted to a CRA.VD ORGAN CONCEKT. A.VD Exhibition of the Articles on the Tnble. No articles will be sold on this evening. By this novel feature in Fairs, tbe opportunity will oe offered to see tbe rare and beautiful articles, oetore any of them have been removed. Ma. Morgan, the accomplished Organist at Grace Church, New York, has kindly voluntetr ed to preside at the Organ. No other Concert will be given during the Fair. The Hall will be splendidly decorated. Tin battle-flags of the Massachusetts regiments, at tended by a guard of honor of veteran soldiers, will be displayed above pyramid of arms. A tent, the first pitched by the Commission, will be filled by trophies from all the battle-fields of the war. A Museum of rare ad, antique curiosities will be among the attractions at tbe Hall. The display of rich and costly articles, many of tbem imported for the purpose, will surpass any thing of the kind ever exhibited in America. Ihe 1'aintmgsanrt sculpture or the BOSTON AT1IENEUM will be on Exhibition during the t air week, ror the benent or the t air. together with a fine collection of Paintings loaned for the purpose by various citizens of Boston. tickets or admission for the nrst (Moodav) evening will be sold for S2. The proceeds of this concert evening will be shared by the Sanitary tommission and tbe Urgan xund, toe ilall being furnished through the week without charge. After this, all the proceeds will be for the sole benefit of the Sanitary Commission- Any articles to be presented to the rarr may be sent to F. W. Andrews, 246 Washington etrest. "The UtSTOKtcat AVar Map," new ed ition published by Bcnj. B. RusselKBoston, is a very convenient pocket affair, showing tbe chief railroads,nvcrs,liarbors and cities of the scat of war, generally .with great distinct ness. All the places where considerable c inflicts have occurred are marked in red It is noticeable thit only out of these red spots is in the free States. Virginia is spot ted enough, and eo are three or f ur State west of her. The record of eieuts connected with tho war, which accompanies the map, is valuable. Conscrvatiim is cupperhcadim in it Sun- I .I , t j Ii : .1. T : . 1 1 - day dotbes; the devil with his hoofs in his boots and hi tail tueked in bis hrernhe ; tndifierent whiskey labelled 'extract of Sar- promenade to entrap the verdant. It is as bad an ism as the rheumatism Xaskvillt ' 1 Onion. THE PRESIDENT'S MESSAGE. ! fe&jie citiiens of the Senate and Ilo-uie Jiff . rtserdaliixs : Another year ol health and ot sufficiently abundant harvests has passd. For these and csjiecially for the improved condition ol our national affairs our renewed and prolouudeit cratitiitle to God is due. OCK TORElQX RELATION'S. - We tenuin in prace and friendship with -oreicn power.. Th- .ff.irts ot disloyal citi zens ol ihs Utiileil Slate! to involve ii" in for eign war In Mid an inexcusable inurr-ctnn bavebeeu unavailing. Hit Bnttanic Ma jesty's ccivernnient. a was justly expectl lias rxrrcisrd lis authority to prfv-nt lb. departuir of new hostile rxpntiuoa tiom British ports. The Emperor ol Fran e ha b a like ptocee ing promptly vindicated in neutrality wtiich be proclaimed at Ihe begin urn? ui toe contest. Questions o' great intricacy and Importance nave arisen out of blockade and other U-llig ervnt operations between tb- governim-nt an -everai 111 me maritime powers, but they bare o-en discussed, and, as far as was possible accommodated in a spirit ol tranknes. ji lie and mutual goodwill. It 's cpeculi) gratifying that our prize courts, by the impar tiality ol their adjudications, have coranund -d the respect and confidence of maruimr liowers. Tbe supplemental treaty between the I'nii ed States and Great Britain lor the nippres ion nl the African Slave Trade. mde on the 17ih of February last, has been duly ratified aud carried into execution. It i believed, so Tar as American ports and American citizen are concerned, that inhuman and odious tral tic bt-i teen brought to an end. I shad submit lur the consideration of tb Senate a convention for the adjustment ot possessory Claims in asiilncinn lerntnrj arisine out of tbe treaty ot the 15th of Jiine 184b. between the United Slates and Giea Britain, and which have been the source ot -ome disquiet among tb- citizens of thvt nu rapidly improving part of imr country. A novel and im-orUni que-'uon. invo'vmr the extent of the maritime jurisdiction ot cpain iu waters wdicd surrounu tne isunu o' Cuba, bas been drb .ted without ft actum: at igr ement, and it is proposed in an arnica tU- 'pirit to reler it tu arbitrament ol trierxih lowers. A convention for that purpose w 1 be submitted 10 the feaate. I bave tbuu-bt it a pmper subject for the ipproval ol ibe Senate in concur with inter sled commercial power 10 an arrangeraett lor the liquidation ot Scheldt Dues upon piiu ciples which have been berettil re adopted ' regard 10 imposts uhid nav gwjiuu in the w ers of Deninuik The loui pending eoiitro versv between tin- govenim-u: ai'd Ibat Chili, touching the -s-izu.e at -Vuni in rVr.i by Chilian officers ot a large amnuut in ire is ure Ixslongiug to citizens ol tbe l o led Sum as been brought u a clow by the w ard 01 Hi Majesty tbe King of tbe Belgians, to wbo-e arbitration tbe question war referred by Ihe parties. The question was thorough j and patiently examined by that gr-estly re SPecte-J UiaziaUAIe. Dd ilbOUe& tbe stlBD award! 1,, cla'maots may not have beeo a large a thev cxpeeied. ibere no reiHon ! distiut the wisdom ot bis Majesi.'s decist.m That decision wa- promptly complied with by Chili when intelligence in re;a d lo 11 reach, ed that eoantry Tba joint eommis4.ua under tbe wet of ie ses-.on lo carrying 10 lo effect ibe c-mveDU'j a lib Tern on ibe subject oi claitus has oe 1 organized at Luna and is eor ged 10 the buss 'ie-- inlru-led 10 It fi.mculties concerning loter-ooeanic trans if icarasua are 111 course of amicao e adjoitmeat uii rtn!ty wiib ibe principle sei font u my last annii! message. 1 have r-ceiv-.i , pre-enuuve rum tbe failed estates ot k'ah nbm and bave accr diied a minister 10 th republic. I ciueote ccurring in the progress nf mi vil 'r bave lorced upon my attention tie ertaiu slate ot lnumational question uchmc right of furei-ners in ttits eoumr. .nd ot Uoiied suiis citisem abroad. In regar lo sm roveroineubi these ngh ileal le -SI pal tlai'V defined by treaties. 1 lu lOslailCe. lioweVi 1 . is 11 expressly stipulate at in the eveut ol c vil wt a lorergner n 4iB us Ibis country wubin the Ita-es ol th osurgerils is u be exempted from ttte tu.t bleb classes bim as a belligerent, in who ebali tre .iveriiraeDl ut his euaniry awn-, xpeet any pnvtie-r- or imatuaiB. s disuu. ' rom that character. 1 regret 10 say. bowev r. Uiat such rlaioM have herb pal torwsrd iod id some instances in behalf of foreuDe. svbo hare lived in the (Jailed Estate the great r part ot the r lives There 1 rrwsoa to b leve tbai raanj persona bom in foreign cour nes who have declared their loieotion- ! ecosoe citizens or who have been fntlv na .rauzed have erded tbe military d..iy r iured of them by deovuig the tact and toere by throw. nc ti .oo the government the burden u proof It has been toand dimeult or tmprac 1 cable to obtain this ptoo from the aai o .'Hides to the proper sources of intormatioi. i bese might be supplied by requiring e Merks ot courts whose declarauoos ot inter ti ui may be made or nAttintlizau n- etTec. ' send periodically lists 01 the Dames ol il persons natural srd. or declaring their in'et nios u become citiSfsjM. to the Secreuri . lie Interior in hose department these nui. Hi-til be arranged and printed lor general ormaliou. There is ao reason to beiv oat foreigner frequently become catiz-u- w he Gutted States lor lie sole parpo-e M evail ng duriea imposea uj the law ot Ussw nai v joaDtrirs. 10 which on becomiag natural z iere they at once acquire, sod toucb Dv- returning 10 the Called Slate, ihey still cla n ibe interposition of Uiw government a e zen As manj altetcaliooa and greui pi,-j I ices have beretolore arisen out ot tbe abn 1 is tberelorr submitted 10 yonr serious o -deration tti.t 11 might be advuuble to ri mil beyond which no ciuaea of the L'niu -latea residing abroad may claim the inlet,-.. -itioo of his govei-DDwui. Tbe right of sutl ige ha ofien beeu assumed and exerciseil ilieas, under preteoseot natural zmou. wh . aey have disavowed when drafted into 'i. military service. I submit t-.e expediency ueh an am-ndmsnt of Ibe laws as will nuk. the fiet ol v..tmg an eslopiiel azainat an plea ot exemption from military service o't from civ 1 obligations on the ground of aile giance. In common with other western powers oiir relation witn Japan bare been broa-bt inu -enon jeopard throazb tbe perverse" oppoe uoe of the hereditary ar sioeraey of the rm pire to the enlighteoed and liberal policy of be Tycoon designed to brine tbe country inu. -he society of nations. It is hoped, klihouei oot with entire confidence, that these difiica1 ties may be peacelully overcome. I a-k jotii att. mion to tbe claim ot the minister reswtin. ibere for the damages he sn-taiued in tbe de traction by fire ol tbe re-odeocr ot Ibe leg ion at Veddo. Saustactory arrangemeats have been m! wiib the emperor nt Rn.-ia which r is b lieved will resnli in effecting a continuous ln. t ieiegrajb tbroogb that empire from on 'acid" couM I recommend to your Uvorable conid ts on ibe sabjeci of an international telezrapi cross the Atlantic Ocean, and al-o of a te.e raph lieiween this eapital ami the nstionn oris alone the Atlantic e, hoard and the gmi H Mexico. Such communications estanlisbe. ith any reasonable outlay would be eeouoai eal as well as rBecllve aids lo the diplomatic uililiry and naval service. The consular system ol th- Di iled Stale, under tbe enactments of the last Conire-- begi s to be sell ust.ininz. and there is tea in to hope that It may become entirely s- "run ids increase 01 trade which win emu. ah.-never peace is restored. Our mioi'ler abroad bave been fallhfiil in lelending Amencin right. In protecting ''Omuiercial interest iir consuls bave neces sarily -iad 10 rncount-r increased labors anil esponsibilities growing out of tbe war. 1 nese mey nave met lor the most part and ilicharged with zeal and eOcienev. This ac knowledgment justly includes those consuls who residing in Morocco. Ejypt. Jnpan. Cnina ind olber Oriental countries, are charged with complex functions and extraordinary poweis. the coNnmov or thk territories. Tbe ciindition of the several organized ter ritories is generally satisfactory, although In lian disturbance in Ken- .Mexico have not een entirely suppressed. The mineral re sources of Colorado. .Nevada. Idaho. Ne Mexico and Arizona, are provtnjr far richer man Da been heretofore understood. I lav before you a communication on this subiect from tbe Governor ot New Mexico. THE ENCCrKAnEX ent or IMMIGRATION'. 1 again submit lo your consideration tbe. expediency ol establishing a sjstem for the L encouragement ol immigration. Abbntuh this source of national wealth and strength 1 again flowing with greater freedum than lor several years be.'ore the ins:irrection occur red, there i stm a great deficiency of I ibor ers in every field of industry epec ly In agriculture, and In our mines as well f "iron as ol the precious metals. While he ftruuinl for labor is thus increased here, ten- of thous ands of persons, destitute of remunerative oc cupation, are thronging our titreign cuntihres and offering 10 emigrate to the I' mu d Stales if essential but very cheap assistance can be 1 afforded tbem. It u e, 10 see ibat under ibe sharp discipline ol civi war the nation is beginning a new life. This noble rffort de inands tbe aid and onght to receive the alt-n lion anil ,llfln.m nf Ihu .nvH.nmun, liDEM.vtncATiox roa lvjcmes. Injuries unforeseen by the government and 1 . intended mav in some case bave been in- 3icdin Hi. subjects r eiiuvn or lure.n Coun.rle- I10111 at sea and 011 laud by pei-oii iu the -s-iticf of th Uuited Sules. A ti.i government xpecle tedrvss from other siw is when H.jitUr injuries are jnnicie.i oy per sons in tbir service upon ciuxns of tbe Uni ed Si'iies. we must be prepared to do justice o forrusn. rs. Il the exisiing judicial tribu nal are ma ! quale lo t IIS piirs-e apecial .ouri may ie authorized a 11b power 10 near nd decide such claim of the chancier re ferred 10. as uiay have aneu under treaties mid other pubi c law Convention lor ad justing the claims by joint commission have iieeti proposed 10 soin- governments. rtn oo .finite an-aer to tbe proposition has yet been received froji any. In the course id tbe sessiun 1 shall p ol lily have occasion to request yn to provide ndetnnuiculion to claimant- where decrees ot restiiiitioo bave been rendered and damages by admiralty 'owns, awl in Mher ea-es here ihi tMiv-ruuien. mil be veStlowledged lo b. liable in principle and where the amount f ttiat liability nas been ascertained by an in .ruied aibiiraimu. Tne proier offlc-is of Ibe treasury have deemed themselves required by tbe law ot tbe IJn ted States upon the subject to demand a ux upon the ineom- ol foreign consuls in thi eoantry. While such a demand may not in strictness be in derogation of public law or peruaps of any existing treaty between the United States and a foreign country, ibe ex pediency of so tar modifyitig the ael as 10 ex empt from ux the income of such con-nl- a are not eitizeos of the Unites! Stales, derived Irom the emoluments ol their oBice. or from property not situated in the United auies. 1 submilted to your anxious coosideiation. 1 make this snegesiion upon Ibe ground Hwl a jvnuty which ought to be reetproca'ed. ex empis our eon-uls in all 01 her c uniries Irom axation to the ex ent thn- i.idicned Ihe United Slates. I tkmk. owe hi not Pi be excep ....n ibl illiberal to international tiade and commerce. the i-tiiuc mtr. The operation ot th tre wiry during li e .a-t vear bave oeesi successfully tonducied -I'.'te euactroeut oj Congies ol national bat k g law bas proved a o il. e - ipport i!o- unite ereji:. a-iM ice j.-u-ih tei-iaiTfm eUtwD to loans bas lul y answered Hie ex eCtatMMls ol IIS ! ilorer-. .ortidlll-'tos nay be r quired 10 pertec ex -tmg I iw. In lo'chamee m Iheir principles ..rgeti-ral aru," believed 10 be need tl .s.-n-e t -e 111 ires have been in op-tat. --n 1 1 -I- "1 1 d- be Irewstiij. inrtndlnif me p, ol 'i.-ani. itid uavv. have been piouif,... ' a " -tied N i con- ler.i'ilr ! o eltsved. Were ever Wl'-Te , nt i p- i and snore ubt-raii and punciauv 1 01. 1 1 it uj) e added, il.r li n . i- 'i'i burdens incden'al to t great w ir r moie etieeriully borne. Tbe reeeipi di.ring year from all sources, iitciuditia oia'i- ami 'ti balance iu tbe Trea- iry n it- c 'nm.- i l were S901. 12.i f't st and 1 1 e aggregate d 1-buts-meats ssi 7So fc.iO t.A 1- .v . lul ance un tie 1-t J ii 1 . Is j j. . .j'i iliJi O' the receipt- theie were r. c v--d n 1.-inm- $k.B49.t2 u; fiowi interna r. . n i 37 940.7eT.So : from direc lax si l0 1i.::t.T from land Jilt" 117 17 : irom m - '.avo ,s soureea iSlt. )M . Irosn loan- 774.ssj. 3il A7: maK'Ug itie aaaregale sliol I J n-4 - ill t'e d:shii-em-.1'- h'e - - 1.1 t -o service $i.t J.J 9.' . tot . 1-1 '.1- 1 I .. Jiaos f ilti 51' "! : lor ini-r.-l on 1 debt Hi 7.9 ."Iti-V . 'or in- w 11 .! . in .) fl.00 h' : for the rial v .le-, irim i;il.l5 27 : lor pavm-n- -I In ded siol lemporary iieht 111 rMi,.lju7 . uso-' 11 Wgregale S!.i 7lli. lio .o ind l-ii.og 'ti naunee .I S5.imjl l;,n ihepaimeni o t Hided tempoian d. Id h.vilu Ueeu ui ids tiom money- hor owed doling il.-- V'r "''s1 ss reg uded as mretv noiuml ptvmeir id tbe moneys hnrrowed 10 m its-m -re y b'lminal leeeipts a-m iimi am -ont jlbl Orh S35 0C stiojld theretore l.e deduc I lo. Hi trom receipts and disbiirsesaen - raw being d--i- Ibere reoiain- a- trinti re ,.!-$720 039.(139 79. an. I t e act 111, li-l.r-n-sii- i7 14 7iu Ma S leav.mr tre- naia.ic . re..d star d Toe a.-.nal r-C'-ips mil d- U m'lll- fol the b"SI q 11' If . nl : e red n-c-lp's and di-lo m-i 1 r the ,, aotui'ta: three quarters ol lire en rem fi-cal ear Ib64 will te bow in il. I' t'i- i' Hjit ol the Secretary ol theTr--sur to whic 1 'nvite your attention. It is -uRici ni 10 iere thai II IS Uol Isriit-veo that ai-in.l Is-.i -still exhibit a stale of tiie finances le avo. Me to the eowntry tnnn the rsiimtte at th rhoer herelotore snbmiued. wt-ue 1: is euBfi-l n'1 expected that at the t io ot Ihe 111 srth litsbofsemesils mmfi dssSl wil He toon v-sv eotMideffably less than has been antic paled. THE WAR PErARTKIM The report of the ,creiar. ot l 1- j laenmeoi of seat intere-t I c nsji. . 1st. the military operation nf the vsvar d--ailed io Ihe report ol ine G neral in-cb.et 2d. the orfranixition of colored ier-ons mi 'be WSJ- service , 3d tlie exchange . pris,." -r fully set rnrth in the letter o; i;n lire, ock : 4th the operations un l.-r me ict lor eo ollina and catilrut om tbe n, otia! lo r- de ailed in Ihe report ot l!-e Pr. v -t Mar-ha seweval : 5th. the fircm-si'ion ot th. sev -a lepartmeni of the iuar rna-'-i i,.'tie-.. aymisler General CMe- ! L u n- - r .. Ordnance, and ."siisir.n frene It n 1 inissared rmpooaihle in mike r , , I . -i.r: Dary ot the report. veep- i f. h- wo ' OO eXIeoded tor this pUie ill 1 'o ! I ' ent nrvwelt hv sicit, ou- rfe'ii' atten' o thetr refjorts. THi Navl PtPH.TXE.VT. Tbe duties d v n.t of the hnre ,-e dl ir uahni 'te all 1 -i - 1. i.- r - - iivssssn ilsctii.l a i' fi e' r and em- nl success. The rxas ir nio kmie ii tie, . onatuntly incr-asti m . ffi.' enn 1' in aVV ha exOH' ded et 011 -o lo .e s. lis. . a- o tar beer, imisnaail.le 'oe.tiirei -o,.... I .cat trade. Fi- 111 rei.iM- r..-- v. I at ! irv d'-part'ii'-n' 11 aii,en- 1' .' mi 1. ihi oe fhmioai.d Tesae s hre b-en e.p 11 . d si 1 the blockade wns 101 Ulled and thai tne vain, ol pre. Already ent in i-r ail- olicatiot. aroonnls to over $13,000 Oun Tbe naval force of th I'niteil -taie con -lots at this time of five hundred and enjtoy eight vessels enmpleted and in the course o eomptetstm. and of tisrs seventy-five re ir.r. clad or it 1 stored steamers Tbe events 01 t:w war five an inereed mpn'i.i rv- -. IV 111 vy. which will probwblv - xtend beyond th war itself. The armored vessels io our bat completed and in service, or which are undei contract and approachm" compl-iton are be lievev lo exceed in somber those ot auy oibe power. Itut while these may be reued upoi t.ir harbor defeose and coat service other - stealer strencih and capacitv will be nece-s y lor crtiisiag purposes and lo maintain oo iirbtful poiiioe on the ocean. Tbe chanire that bas tak'-n place m aav. vesMds and naval wariare siuce ibe ioitoiImi 100 of steam a a motive 1 ower or sbtp- .. rar. drrosBds either a -tsTrespirtidtn chaotr .a .some ol our eaisting oavt tarda, or tb -stablisbment ol new one-for the cuusimciioi, aid necesary repairs of modern naval vs.. -e.s. No inconsiderable ?nilsrr absent, de .a and mbtic injury bave been experienced otn the w.nt of such governmental establish ments The nece-iiy of such t navy yard si. tnrntbed at some suitable plac upon tbe At- antic seab.ard has. 00 repeated occasions neen lironcht to tbe attention of Congress b he Navy Department, and w again prea-nted n the report of the Secretary, which accom pwtntes this communication I think tt my dut 1 10 invite tour special attention to this sabjeci kind also lo that ol establishing a yard ano lepot lor uaval purposes upon one of tin etern rivers. A naval loree ba been c e tied on these interior waters and under man tisjidvaniages wilhin little more than twi years, exceedine in nnmber the whole nara. ioree of tbe country at Ihe commence ment of the present administration. Satisfactory and important as bare been tne per'nrinnnces of tbe heroic men of tbe navy al this interesting period. tbe are scarcely more wonderful than the sitcce-s of our mechanic and artisans in ihe production ot war vessels wbicb ba created a new form of naval power. Oar country has advantages superior to any other nation in our ressHtrces. of iron and timber wnh unexbau-tiMe quantities of fi.el in the immediate vtcnity of both, and all available in close proximity io navigable waters. Without the advantage of public works tbe resources of tbe nation bave been developed and its power displayed in the construction ot a navy ot sue magnitude wbicb bas al the very period At it eieati n rendered signal service to ine Union. The incr. a-e of the number of seamen in tbe pnbi'C service tiom seten thousand five hundred treu in Ibe sprinz ol IfeCl to about tbtriy lour thon-a. d ai the present time has beeu accomplished without st 'ial l.gislation or extraordinary houn'.ses p. iin. -ie ibat in crease. Itbaslieeo ;ofin1 i.ow.-ver that tbe operation ol the draft with tbe high lwuntes paid lor iitni le-tn.l. I- n , lo affeet llijiinouslj Itte naval service and w.il it not corrected be likely u luip.. 1 iis-Ci .'boy by detiwhmg .rjm-11 ir.iui the r pr..p-- v cation aud Inducing them 10 em- - 1 1 jiere tore re-pectlully sugge-l that (JongtesM m'gfit aid Poiti ihe unnv and naval s- vies by a de finite pro tsion ot. iD subject which would at th.- same tim be eq utable ;. irt. , uoi.iini ties mort esprciaiiji iu-ert 1 1 commecd to your r. .is.,.. i4i on - in gestions of tue e ta - Irani to tlie polic' ol ewe ikg aiiu Mining seameu. and aisu the euucatiou of cSUeis and engineers for the naval service. Toe Niv il Jtfulemy is rendering signal ser vice n pr. palm rnel-nifmeo lor Ihe tighly tesponsBile du ,es wbirh m afier Hie ih.y wl 1 be required to ierfium. In otder Hat the OHiiiiry-sboiild not be deprivJ of the prope: ipintaof ediievied oH ers. for which legal ir-.yf'i.n ba been made at tbe Nv .'school. Hie vacancies c.in-eil by II neglect or umi slon 10 make nominations frun the Btie iu Mtieniou have beeu fi.led by the secse isry of tbe Navy. The school is now more lull i and ?RnroTfi; than at any nrmer penn.1. anil I in every respect emitted to ihe layorauie considerauoh of IJoogres. hu itist oniix pi.rAirrvEvr. Dunni the past fl'eal v- ir I tie financial con- dilioo ol th- I' Office departmeut bas been j one of increastnit prosperity, and I am gran , Hed in being able to slate that tb aetuai pol- al revenue bas nearly equalled tbe entire ex- penditures. the latter amounting 10 iii.jn-i I 2064. and tbe former loSll. 163.76859. leav ing a deficiency ol but I50.4!4 25. Ia 1-50 ..UV -u-,l,nn iU .mIu.1Ii.oi , mr jrai luiiueuia.cij picbcuiu,, '. -- i tbe deficiency amounted to S5.666 7lrt.49. , the iMistal receipt of that year being ti 613.722, 19 less than those of 1863. fbe decrease since 1E60 in tbe annual amount of Iransportation boa been only about 15 per cent, but the annual expenditure on account 01 Ibe same has been reduced 35 per cent It m manifest therefore that tbe l'ot OSee De panmeni may become self-sustaining in a few tears, even with the restoration ot the whole service. The international conference ol pos ul delegates irom the principal countries of Europe and America, which was called at the siiggest on ot the Postmaster General, met at Paris on the I lib ot May Iat and concluded is deliberation on the 8th of Jnne. The principles established by the Conference a liest adapted 10 facilitate posia! intercourse heiween nations, and a the basis ot future postal conventions, inaugurated a general sy um ot Uniterm international ebarees. at re duced rates of postage, asd cannot fail to pt-e duee beneficial result. THE IVTEHHJR PErAWTMsKT. I refer you to the report of ibe ecrrtary ' ' ibe Interior which is herewith laid befor -on for uselul and valuable information in -latino 10 the public laad Ind. an -tTiirs, patents, pensions and other mallei ot pul'iic mcem pertanioa to ' depr meni. ! - met pari- wiib nu practical cummanic-tion vrtween tbem. ( The quantity of land disputed of ilunpc b nrst quarter nf the trcal year was 3 "4 1 - 1 el'J acres of wuich IfilJUl a" -re were . I , . cash : I.45C.SU4 ev were lak-n np 11 ei tne homestead law. ami ibe rest wete .n- sid ut under law gran 140? binds tor mi. ..r. buuniies lor rauroads and lor olber put p-se-. 11 aiso appeaiw id.i toe sue Ol 11 1 1 aiso appeam m" oe s..e ... , n utmapt pj joaraoiee and protect a re ibecon- imiionai pr.,vi-i..n an e. .1 .11 is is largely on Ibe .ucrea-e. ,! . , u &.ir governmoM ovostlooled at maW I bat - .be Unned !-tatesi,u gnarafv he.-n a etiwiahe.l ouinlou ot siw 'I ' -s .k- rs. . . ! ... . u.i- ... i... I ,... 1 .? limit been a cherished opimou of som- i a wisei states, eo that Ihe pe p e 01 ihe f 1 I' inted Statesi lad the high-r and mo-e . n 1 otinag tuterrt in the long sePlemMit an. 1 substantial cultivation of the public land I I man iu the amount i f diiee reveni'. , 1 to be derived It ism tbe sou- of theni lbi-opiaion nasi bad a oontroilinz influenie ' I n -1 apii. ibe leifsstaiion upon the subiec' . 1 I ..ill Ua.l. .a. diMIMID 1 (way CIV as ertuell' e i j I U Is Ibe libetal measures ailopl .1 lo ! ! . io to acioai se'.tlera lur grabie 1 I'tr uies ' of 'lie ov-ifijwed ,and Willi .1 in-.r 1 :n - i. . ider io their being leciaimed an-l i i I'-'l ut lor cuKtiati jn '.be grant-lo i i. : .uj . ame- o' aliemaie -s.' ..sns . n p inp-nip a ( ii--. : teir roa.l wbieb wren roino'eio woi o tafsrs 'y ainlii l ihe j line- ra btost our distalll pisv r ion- I 1 nlrl ho received lis Blst Mgbal aod ' . oelw. Ill lUwsinsUou iu Use receol enact- ' t al. Ut-tfiaU ing biiMS leads lo ac ua. -eliirr--ibLe Ibe ttrst day ol auuary lost l.e ls-lor i Ursiii oued quantity of 1.456 514 acres ot land .are Peeii Uk'-ll Up Utnler It- p ovislolis Tbi j ! iact ami lb- amouut ot sales afford gratify u. ) evidence nf inciea-ing iMtlleissiit itpou tht i toiioic lands notw truitaadinc the great - inggie in which the i di rgb s or the naiior base tMsaa eavca;ed. and wwtcb has reajmred I so .arge a withdrawal of owr eiuxsim from I iheir acCllstoOted pUISUUs. 1 f taird ally coteur to the riscyaatas-noaiioi .1 the co-cretai o the Interior suggratiiu: a atidlficalloO ot the act io favor ot those eo I .-aged iu tie- mutuary service of tbe United slate-. doub' uol that Congress will ebrer J inly adopt siicti measures wnho.it essentially t ttaftginr the getsfral Paturs? ot the system I -svurmg io the grease practicable extent i- tseissfit I" those wbo have left tberr bomes n the oetense of the eountry I i vile joii twsaiMHi to the views ot tee Secretary as in ur propriety of raisiat; hy appropriate legas atiua a revenue trom the mineral lands n t 'e Uhned SlaP-s. The measures provpied ai the last sesssso far the removal of certain ..idiaa tribes hare heea earned into elf ci -uudry treati s have bees negotiated wind will in due thae be sabmtttvd for the consti ttsnnaf action of the Senate. They contour itp'ilattone for exiiagwihing Ihe pes.iry . zots of the India to large and valuable rod ot lands. It is bop-d lb it tbe effect r' iese treaties will re? nit in tbe establish men permaDent fneassly resattoos with such o e--e tritie as have brea hrought into fre 4. lent aod bloody eailisioa wuhoni settle netiis and emiraale. Sottod policy and nui lui-erative duty to these wards ot Ihe govern neu. demand our anxtoa and constant ai -mioa to thetr aaaterml well being, to then .itoarres in the arts ot ct vil nation, and w-ote all. to Ibat moral Iratsuat: that ander foe ble ..ngsof Diviae Provideace will coaler upo. I -ui '.be elevated and nactrfytng lahiteor-. te- Hopes aau c.HoUtMbs ol the Cbris4iA . ib. 1 -urpe-led ia my last annual mussaure tt .pnety 01 reaattdeiiug our lodian syster. -iib-eiiiien events bve satasfted in ot lis s-ity The detauls -et inrth in tbe report . fcrr!ary evince tbe urgent need t.sr t. ' .edtSle le.-t S'VS SCt (ffl. I 1 eomm ud e beo voient in' t i'io s estat -tied or pa'rooixed bv the ...v-r ment 1 is- llavtrisl 10 vcsir seaeroos and losler care. Ine atteaiiori o Coogrvsss durini; the 1 "S-OM1 Was eugasfed U. s-MDe eX'eOl Wl .1 ooisiition lor enlarging the aaier comuiu ti 00 belweeb the Mtf-tssim? river aud t ..rlheatern seabsiard. w ich propositio. .loaever. tailed for the time. Snee thei ipon a call of the greatest respeetabiiity. etioveattoo bas been held at Ch'cago upon tu. -ame subject, a Hammary of wbo-e view- .- on tamed ia a BKBsarial addressed lo : b f'reoideni and tongTe an I which I now bave the aoaor to Lay betore von -Tout interest is oae which ere long will i..rc is own way. 1 do not enteviaiu a doiil.t Wtile il is aubmiUnl em rety to ymir w -tiorp wat cab be done now. Augmentisd interest sTivea to this suSject bv the actu . I root lencemeat of wora upon the Pacidc Rai os7 under auspice so favorable to rwpiu logress and compis-isoa The ea tarred na .. na batcoues a palpable need to the pr.-a1 road. 1 iraamit tbe seeood annual report of .he . "ismi 1 sooner ,w ihe Department ol Adieu, ore. ukioc your attention to the developmen .1 that viul interest ot the ballon. THE FKOSrECr LAST TEAR. Wben Constvss assembled a year ago the war bad alre-d lasted beany twenty monib aud tberr had beeo many oobflicis ea Inii ninu and sea w.ta varying rrsults. Tbe re oellasn bad been pressed back iupi redueeo nmits, vet the tone of public leeling and opiu on at home and abroad was tar from satistae nry. With otkr signs the popular election ihen just passed indicated uneasiness amoiu .orsetves. while amid much that was cold a d neu iclo- tbe kindest words coming from Eu ope were uttered in accents ot puy thai we were too blind to surrender a hopele-s caue Jnr commerce wts sufferine greatly by a lew rmed vessels bmli upon and furnished from oreign shores, and we were threatened with -ucb additions trom the same quarter as would -aeepour trail p from tbe sa and nic oui olockaoe. We had failed to elicit Irom En lupean government anything bopeln! upon tins subject. Tbe preliminary emancipation proclamation issued in September was run ning us a-eigued period to Ihe beginning o1 the new year A month later tbe final proclamation came, tbe announcement tbai colored .men orsnitable condition wuuld be received into tbe wai ervice. Tbe policy of emancipation and ol employing; black soldiers gave to the future a new aspect -abuiit which hope and fear and touht contended in uncertain conflict. Ac Oiirdin? in our Political svatem a a mtls. ctvil administration tie cene al governm-nt ' had no lawfi-l noiser to ff-st Mm.ns.nr.nn .. any stale, and lor a I ng time it tad beeu hoped Ibat Ibe rebellion could be supprcsen without re-orttng 10 il as a military measure. Il was all the while deemed possible that to. ee-s-iiv for :t m cht come, and that if should, the crisis of the contest would then be pieeeoted. li came uud as was anticipated It was followed ty dirk and doubtful days. THE ncosrECT AT fREsEXT. Bevea months b-tving now pxsseil we are p-iin ned 10 1 ike au nuer n vo-w The rebel b .id-rs ar. 1. 1 .- j s'iii inr'ie- taca. and by the enmpletr opening or the Mississippi the count ; ! oiuai-d tiy the rebellion isuivnieu ion im uo pi.ii-iicaue' c..ri- manication between them. Tennessee and j owa-asaa aate isj . siip.u ituuy eleared or usoifietii, co troi and li.H ieiitiai citizen in eat ... own-r. .1 ,vei ami a.lyocaies ot slave -j . . ou-uiuii. cow ue- .' ruiwiBULu 111 i-eir ii-sprci- 0' ia. .uded In ' th emancipaUou proclamitlon. klaryland and Ji- I.-tlM-r ii w . , ihrw vs-tr "U . ex j aio . t slavery ia,u new frtnurir;. or.lv di.p te now as u tU bestmoi..' ol removing it within taeir owt limit til those wno wrre slave- at ihAbeginninz l,. ol the rriesin .11 iuii ode uuuuim .ooou - now in it" umieu .-wi" i j - ., ,- 1 . . . . . ... I,. .,f arrets about on- hail ti which .ujibi-r aciuany -si ,tr actually o-ar g tedjub!ead - oor in.m'tbe ariutltt the ranks thus civlu; vantage 01 i.iaiug o imieu woor irom .os, .o - snrzeut cause soi suppljmz the pi-.- whKii olberwn-e mut Uv tilled by so mnuy wmte men. slir as tested 11 i-uiftieuit 10 say tbev ate nol a good soiu.eis as any. .No -ri- yuejosurreviioo or ituueuc- 10 crueiijjjjs iuaie.i me uiea-uves o. ruia... em-aiicipallon sitisT arming the blacks. These measures have been uni'h discussed in foreign coonine. and coaierupotary with sucbd sriiMion loe luaeui public seutiment there is much improved. At borne tbe same measures bave beeu lutly dacus-ed. supported, cmici-e.! and denoun ced, and the anuual elecnous foliow.ng are b.gbly encouragtug to ibuse whose uEcial duly it la to bear tbe -ountry through im ureal trial. Thus we have the new ircki-B-Kig. The crisis bich threatened to divide tue friends ot the Union is pa-t tue niouttx or Rcoo.sTcrcnoN. Looktog now to the present and tutrue and retcrrnce to a resumption of the natioaal authority witbln the States wherein that au thority has been suspended, I bare tbouzbi hi to Issue a proclamation, a copy ot wbicb is herewith trausm tied. On examination l tb s proclamation it will appear as is believed that bulbing is attempted beyond wbal is justified by Ibe U nsntution. True, the lorm ol an oath ts given, but no man is coerced to take il Tbe mau is only prooi-ed a pardon 10 case he voluntarily takes Ibe oath. Tbe con suiuion authorize the rxrcutiie tu gra.it or withhold the pardon at 1.1s own absolute dp cietiuu, uhd thu includes Ihe poaer to graul on lerms, as h tully esublubed i,v judicial and other authorities. j 1. i also provided that 11 iu any ol Ibe Sutks- I named a Male guveinment shall be in the mode prescribed set up. such itoverotneu. I. all be recugu zed and guaranteed By Ibe Lulled 5 tales, and that under 11 Ibe stale shall on the coostiluiiouai conditions be pro tected against invasion and d 'Uiestic violence Ibe uuusuiul ooal obHgAIAOU of Ibe UolteU ' Hairs o guaraslee to every Stale in tbt Cnion a republican lorm 01 government aau I u protect the Sute in tue cases stated i ex . pool and lull. tfait way leader the benefits of this provta 1 most uai; ui a aiate government set up m tn partteu.ar w.y ? Thu section ol tbe couttlu ton coulemplaVS a case wueleio li.e esrmeb ariihia a state lanstattle to repabliean govern 'neu 111 the Luion may be iov levtMe for ti. ippoai'e aud bsistlie eiemeut eXlernal lo or ! et. o aiu Ihe Stale, aud soci ale ufecsei. ' t e ia-.- a in which we -te now dealo.g to g-iaraaiee snvd peoteet a re or 1 1 piiiuuetauiig purr iiuaa iae very e. u1e.1i Urainsi wnose bast 1 uly aad nolttacr .11 to few prrstecSed, is s.Ifsply absttld. 1 here m isi ha a test, by hteh la ssspaaair .he opposing eiemeaui so as 10 build ouiy , . ui ine -o.ina. aud that lest m a smfieiearuy ueiai one whrM aaerpta as suaad whurvei a.., maar a sworn zaaaoiuaitoa of has Usrafte, .n,o. jb-s ; bat if 11 ssr proper 10 resjuirr 1- a ,e-t . adaiiasiou to toe po.iucal hoay ap alt. ot a legvauee lo the C..u.-ti'11'ioo ol Ua 1 niufd sup? and to the Uuiob nnder n. wby alter toe .is. aad proclstostion- iu retard to -..v. iv 1 hear taws and prortsmalions. we euacteo aiut aau. lw tb bar tbe Bsarpo-e at ato lua in tiss -upfsr e.-.u ol uas reb--t.ttsa. 10 ;ive iiHsai iheir lawiea. edect Ukrrr had la he 1 .. piroae ur lueti aUaiakraaaor. la my Btag ' laenl tuey uave a uied aud w Ml lurkber aid ' ue caa-s ur wb.ch Uiey were ateBded. io no alHkti. on them woud uol ooiy be 10 re .mquisb a .ever wl poaer. but would also u a cruei awl o-stoondiug breach ot latta. Tim swot rir povcx navi-r 1 may and al this point itat wh le 1 rs-maic 11 my present posrtioa, 1 ahail not attempt u retract or aMidily the eaiaacapaiiiaa prudama .011. Bur ajail 1 retotm ui Slavery any per son wbo is tree by tbe terms ol thai procia ni nasi or ot aay of ihe acts at (Jooare-.-r .r these asd other reasoa. it is inoau. best .hat the ai.pporl 01 tav-e aeasares shall br iieluded to the oath, aad it Jseliefed the auacauve awy la a tally cUsm it la Mara tor pa-doa and restoratioo ot lafsrsled rtzhis which he boa clear coastiiutiuaal poaer u, withhold a together or graot upon the lersa he shall deem wisest lor ihe ( ublic iuterest. It shook: be abserved also ibat this part be oath is subject to tbe raodiiyiag aad abro .lalia-g power of legislation and supreme jad. cull dedskin. The proposed acquiesoeoce of tbe natlooa exeiwuve ia any reasonable s-mporary stale rraagrmeit for tbe freed people is made rub tba view 01 possibly modi'yiag tb 000 iuswo aad desl tutioo which must at brsi attead all classes by total revolution of laeo. throughout whole states It ts hoped that tht oread deeply adtcted people in those stales aay be somewhat more ready 10 pve up in i-au-e of their stSictHW. if to this extent th' vital matter be felt to themselves while av power of the oatienal executive to preveo aa abuse it abridged by ibe propositiea. THK IHXIBCATI WEANS OV A t ItMtA TION . The ssggestioD in ibe pri-cUmation as b aa.ntaiunif the polmcat frame work of th. -tabs- oa what is called recmstractwn, is mad a Ibe hope that it may ds goaid witha laa-er ot harm. It will save: taWr aad av. .real cooluskav Bat why aay proeaaulo iaw uuoc lbs. Miearci ? Tais quesitasa la bese iui aoatucua views taai Ue stei iiigbi be de.ayed or taken lava S'soa u s umss aiabj tbeeUimiiais lor resiisaptlbo ar asuly tor artioo. bat retaaia aactive app,. ea'.iy for watd of a rallying point, or plan o-ti n. Wtit shall A adopt tne plan of R. ainer than ll that at A. And it 4. and B .-u d aairee kow CM they ktMW (ml that t neial goVs.raai.-li4 kef e will reject the nT By the .rHasaarsn, a plan s pi . -i,:el wbteh may ts- aanepaed oy las-m .s liy lug pu.at aava which Ussy arc as-ured 1 dtaace will i...; be ti-j atnf bear This taat . nt tbem lo ac'l sssHUT UsUS las ottMrWl- ... -d. Tbe ubjeciioas la a prvatattHe pr.. inaiiwi of p an by the aatloaa! exacaui OOSL-I- lb th. daUget Ol CUUkTBlltabi IB pOlll 0 .i..d be more safely left to future develoa. laeuts t are has beea takes to so shape, the bp nut- meat as u avoid esasfewrns-tTseat Ivou, the source, say 10? taut n certaia terrnseerUu cla-ses will ae ptrii-aoed. with rrchts ressaerd ii w a i said that other etass or other term aril never oeHCladed. S tyaig that ri'euatnL. . o 1 wilt be accepted d pfWHMibrd IB a apeci .ssd'wt. i. tu not said they will uevei be ac epled .a aay olber way. The .-u tet nasrol by Mate actio lor emancipation ui eora. of the State not tticinded 111 the eavattcipa isoa pioetamtiton are matter ol prtvoaao grotulaUoil. aud wh.-e 1 do hot repeat m fa. 'an what I bar hereto.ore so earnest iy urged upon Ibis siiliyect oiy general views and feet iocs remain unctrurgeU. and 1 tral Coee-re-s will naui no lair opputttuttfy ot aidms ibe-e japoTiaat steps to tbe great coaammatisn in the midst of other cares boaever important We must not lose sight ol the tact tiat tbs war nwer suit our main reliance To tba. oinrsf alone can we look for a la roe 10 siw c.iotdebce 10 people ib tbe onatesp-d reciwos that tne insurgent poaer will .to' tirain over ran tbem. Until that eutti lence saail be e- aMt.fced. little cad be dune any a here 1 .1 what is called recoosiructioa. Lence. our cuiefest care must still be d-ieced u Ue ai my and uavy. wbo have thus far borne tbei uararr part so uobly aud so we I. ami it m..y oe esteemed tortunate that in giviuz ih greatest etliciency to these indispensable anu we do also honorably recogntz- the gallam ii-n from commander to sentinel who com piwe them aod t whom more than to other ibe world must stand indebted ftr tbe bom' f freedom, disenthralled, regenerated anu perpetuated. ABKAI1AV LINCOLN. Dec. E, 1BC3. Tbe following proclamation is appended tu tbe message : PROCLA31ATIsX. Wkrrias. la and by Ihe Cnnstiiution of tbt United Slates, il is provided that the i'resi dent shall have power to crant reprieve, aou pardons fur offenses against tbe United Stales exoept in cases ot impeachment ; and Whereat. A rebellion now exists whereby tbe loyal stale governments of s-verai Slate nave for a long time b en subverted au. many persons have committed, and are now guilty of, treason ajabsl Ibe United States ind irAneoa, With reference to said rebellion and treason laws have een enacted by Con aresa declaring torteiiures and confiscation " property and liberation of slaves all upoi erms and conditions therein stated, and alu declaring that the President was thereby authorized at any time theres ter by proclain ation to extend to persons who may have par ic paled in the existing rebellion in any sta or part thereof, pardon and amnesty with sum exception and at such times and on sue coo'l'Mon a be may deem expedient lor tbe public welfare ; and Wfareat. Tbe congressional declaration for limited and conditional patdoo accords with well established judicial expositions of the pardoning power; and HTlsrea. With ivieience to said rebellion ihe President of the Uu.led aUt several proclamations with provisions ia re gara 10 ine liberal oa or slate ; and I HTJxtas. 11 1 now destr-d by some per- t -00s beteiufore eitsad jn ,,d rehellhm to 1 resume iheir at-etr s I uited S.ates i and o t. ..iauzutate. ivaa Male vovemmenis Miin an lur Jicirre .ectivp states - there lore I, AURAHAU LINCOLN, rresld-nt of the I Lmted atates, do proclaim, declare and make 0 peisuSs .no Lave d r t: -. '..0.1 pllHeipaled in tl.e ex : l( i , - I Um 4u l don ujlnegf cr.i, i , L ifcl(rtrilii) ,A ltwa Tnmu,.u ut a,.,, ih-A,,, rwpeny exe-ptJM to sUv e- i i m L." 1 I 1 iii 1 Sqi scept as iu perewer extV., ,,, rxcrpV ni c- wbere rtghas ol tb.rd partie. loive n.ierven-il aiwl upon the conditio CteT ten petsou shall take ann -utsr . . an oath, aud Ue-ttcelor ward keep and , laill savld tsatb IliSlojalstsaiei wuaat walk m, be legwer.d t.r perisBiaeiit preservatior ;. -umii h or uie lenor a ad efleci loifowm!; t. wit : I do solemnly swear 10 the pre -0. 1 Almighty God. Ihai 1 will beocelor t, u in..) -uppoit. protect and deiend toe c,.,. tuuusi id Hon United -Stairs aud uV tnino tn- .-ssasss vkereunler. aaai thai 1 will ln mauuei aiiinV by and faithfully suppor: d. acts oi ijoiigresa pov,ed dunng tue i-ii,., t reliellioii wiib reference to slavery as , and as tar as sm unsLaVd or declared , b deci-ion 01 the duprem- Court. S . me G.d. Tbe iiersona excepted Ir.im tbe brseC ihe foregusog usovittoas are al wn. . shall bave been civil or diplomatic oSrs-. nzenls of Use -tcalird conlrderate g .. ment. all wbo bavieti judicial siations tbe Un ted States to aid tbe rebellion al are or shall bave been military or tut. officers ot the so called contedeiaie g ts meot above Ibe rank of Colonel iu the or ol Lieutenant in the nary, all who lettsesi. tn Congress 10 aid the rebellion. Ai. w resigned coawiH-torw in the army o- bvv the United Stale, and after wants a'd d'-v rebellioo . aad all who have eagaged n any way 10 ireatiog co.ored persons or w persoeis in charge of such orbetw,. iLai. .aw lully as prisoners of war. and which persoo, may have been found 10 the United sum ervice as soldiers, seamen or in any 01 in capacity And I de farther prae aim, drelaie aa i make kbnan ibat whenever in n. of the tales nt Arko-a Texas, Lonisian JJ.s.,. ippi. TeapesH-s, AiahwaM. Gevrgai, Florida SHub Carolina nd North Carotin, a n .01 - of persons hot less tl.au one tenth in number of tbe votes cast in such stale a' ue p Ht-r; 1ml elect oa of the ynr ol our L..U 1n.ii Each having token the oa b atir a... trot bavrstg since violated tt -. qualified voter dunaii ihe eievt.,,,, 1 , ,'" re atols' exisung immediately b-i. .re .- - ailed ad of ere-sion and exel .d -.ir -. ers. shall re esoumsw s umir goie:-iC-ahich shail he rebtiolicao. aou 1. uj a -. .intravening said oaiii s.ich sbai t- j 1 ed as the true ..Tern mem ot w sra l) .tir atair hai. teci-ne inv.rouur 1 1. or.i - thecon- l'iil!..nai ur.,vt-i..n ab,.'. o-. .t eiy stale iu this Loi..u a r-pubiieaa orra guvernment ab'l sball proiert e,4 ti . v -agMio-t invas.on ou appik-attoo 1 :r, . -oire or toe executive ahea tne ie.sla;. Caiuiol Ur tonvvtted. agaiuat ilooe-. c . lence " An-l 1 di farther asrnelaiai. declare auae aouab that an ptusuooa ati.c a. adopted ny -Uch State gover'.me'.. . r IO Ibe free.! people ot sO-b Mate wh '1 -CawraauiiZ- a. id utxlarr their perni. .- '. d m p'ov i- i-.r toe.r ediioati... 1. 1 . mav ,et h-- c .sistept as a temp 11 ap. tr a menu with rbtr prwaent r')ua.tnin s.n' I last, iaudtess ani boassi Clasi abieeted to by the aawioaml exe. Aad 11 St ssnigeated as aot impr.p-r tla' couciBWs9 a tyat atate ssjivcrnroeu' 'n a"v Statar tbr aame ot ibe alale, ihe iMjunUory - suAsdivisHius. the eaasuiuuou and tne z-u-i a cod u 4 lav- aa bsstore lie rebellion oe ma taiBfd ani'fect onty to loe tmodificsu iu- on i--aearsoary i 'be coadaiiitra- aeieiuo- or- - a ed. assd auc.i utbeis u aay n.t com aim said com! t".ti- and wh cb aaat be ileemei ' pedieoi by t 10-e tormtcg the uo 2 tie . o. meat. To avoi i un-uisderslaodliur it may be prip inn say 1 1 t this pioe amatHO - ... -resales 1 Susie isitverumenis. bos ao reterv -.. Stale wherein loyal Stale governus- -have ail tue while been maiataiard- And lor trie -ame reason u may be prnp--1.. lurlhevaay that wbetber asrmtoeis seo .. oagress fruta any c-ta shall be adm lied v -eais coBSUtaWoaaily rests exclus.veiy a , tbr re-pective Hou-e.. and hot to any ex -wth Ue Lxecutive Ahd s.iii tun per. ibat tho. proclamation m . rd to present the people ui the -ia -- wh-rein the national authoii.y bas o-e - -eadd and".oylataiegov-ruments haw brr: subverts! a mode in aud by wb.c iir ..a opal authority abd loyal slate goveruzii. a way be reestabllsbed within said slate- . ' I rv of them. And while the mode pies-o -0 1. "he best thw executive can suggesi. wm 1 ussent impriMoioai. 11 taust aot be iinor sioed that ao otaer possible mode would b acceptable. Gives under ay baad at the city of Wstt Inr1 "D. tbe eighth day of December A It IS3 and ol the ltvdeperidence ol be Un i-c Stale of America the eihtv-eigblfi ABRAHAM LIVOLX By the f'reswjent : Wsi II. Srwaap er-e tary of State. In view at tbe certainty that the rebels are again and for good driven out of East Tennesee, tho PreoUeat has issued the fol lowing : Exrxcnvx Mapssos, ( iVasbisQTOs, Dec 7. ) Reliable iafjrmation being received that tat insurgent farce is retTeaBBg from East Tennes see under circumstances rrnderiBC. it prvta.' that she Union farces cannot hertafur be : lodged from that irafawtant poettioc, an 1 es teeming this to be of things of natiooa. anre, I recemmend that all loyal ertiietv do -t receipt af mfaraatian, assemble at their places warship and render sptcaal laoaaage aad gra-. tude ta Almighty God far this great advance ment af the national caase- (Stgned) A. LINCOLN Vermont Itiem. AbraiBMD on the Rutland Raur -named Piiarrey was kflstd new Gassetts -s ttnn Salu relay eveatni. heinj; kwickfl nil roof of a freight car by a covered bridge Dennis Clark, mail carrier between Ben ntnglno asd Xorlfc Bettngton, fell between two cars on Motiday evenin; of last weet and was fasdly hurt. Ira, son of James Warden of Pew ham. war killed last week Wedtsesday in hu tator saw-mill. He was sJooe, and it is suptws1 that in shifting the "trig" under tbe iJgthe trig was struck by the moving saw. tnr ing it upwards and striking him under tie chin, causing his death almost instantly Byron Oik of Bellows Falls, brasetnan on tho Vt. Valley road, was caught between two cars at Brattleboro a week ago Friday and only saved from being crushed u death by the exertions of the conductor who tsappeo- ed to be standing near. Levi Thompson ol Pownal while walking acAss his bed-room one night stumbled over a chair, and broke several ribs. A house at Saxton'e River, occupied by J VT. Severance was burned awhile eioct with everything in it, tho family being aws7 at the time. The citizens made up a h somc sum of money to help replace the loss The barn of J. W. Church ta Westmins ter was burned Sot. 23th. with two cows, yoke of oxen, seven tons of hay, and other thiols. Eev. Mr. Swain, pastor of the Bap0-" church at Factory Point for five years put closed bis connection on the" 22d Nov. Tbe First National bank of Bennington bas been organized with a capital of SI"" ' OO). Dxath or Maj. Jartis. A private des patch informs at of tbe death of May Chars Jams of the 9th Vt. Volunteers, hot rr bcls. Major JarvU waa a noble inan n4 ai excellent oScer. lie was son of u " Consul Jains of WeathersJcld, and a gr duate of the University of Vermsnt Ula" of 1S39. Ilia body tai been brought on t his friends. The repot .f the rcoipture of Ihe Mexicans is no dotiU fal Li-.i.nta reosirnl from Havana, says nothinj: awot It, and there i no orgs izt d .Mexican lorec stimeient ioi tute.