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THE BUELINGTON FEEE PRESS FRIDAY MORNING, OCT. 28 , 1864
it Jra rm. V. X. O. C. BENEDICT, IMtert mni Prepruton, HURLINGTON FRIDAY MORNING OCTOBER, 1E64. THE WEEKLY TKEE I'KESS. Ia published every Friday morning, containing the news ol the week from all parts, interesting correspondence from the army, and local and general intelligence. TERMS. Two Doxxxrs per year if paid absolutely in advance, otherwise S2.50 per year. Single co pies G cents. For rates of Advertising, ic, inquire at the Free Press Orricr, No. 6 College St., Barling ton, Vt. GEO. W. & C. G. BENEDICT. Editors & Proprietors UNION NATIONAL TICKET. TOE MESIDENT, ABRAHAM LINCOLN. TOR VICE PRESIDENT, ANDREW JOHNSON. For Electors nt large. HON. DANIEL KELLOGG, of lirattleboro. ALBERT L. CATLIN, of Hurlington. For District Elector. First District, SENECA M. DORR, or Rutland. Second Ditrict, RYLAnD FLETCHER, of Cavendish. Third District, JAMES VV. SIMPSON, of Craftsbnry. The College Question." WHAT THE ACT OF CONGRESS REQUIRES. The Act of Congress baa many provisiors. some of them quite onerous ; but we need look only nt its fourth section, quoted in the address ; and at mainly the last half of that ; which regards thctise to be madeof the annual income derived from the fund. The language used is a remarkable example ot loose and indefinite expression so much so that we can hardly avoid a suspicion that it was made so, purposely. It cannot be interpreted truly from one or two clauses dissevered from the rest. Each phrase must have its due weight in determinine what i meant bv the whole Section lour of the art is as follows - Sec. 4. And be it further enacted. That all mo nies uenvea Irom tne sale or toe lands aforesaid by the States to which the land are apportioned. and from the sales of the land ssrip hereinbefore provided for, shall be invested in stocks of the United Suites, or of theSutrs, or some othtr safe stock, yielding not less than five per cent um upon the par value of said stocks; and that the monies so invested shall constitute a perpet u il fund, the capital of which shall remain for ever undiminished, (except so ftr as may be provided in Section 6th of this Act,) and the intertst of which shall be inviol.bly appropriated by each State which may take and claim the benefit of this Act, to the endowment, support and maintenance of at least one College, where tne leading object shall be, without excluding other scientific and classical studies, and includ ing military tactics, to teach such brauches of learning as are related to agriculture and the mechanic art, in such a manner as the Legisla tures ot the States may respectively prescribe, in order to promote the liberal and practical cuucvtion ot the industrial classes in the several pursuits and professions in life." Let us examine this in detail. 1. The phrase : "To the endowment, sap port, and maintenance,"' is of itself very broad, but it is litflitud in the 5th section of the act, which provides that 'a sum, not ex ceeding ten pcrccntuin upon the amount re ceived by any State under the provisions of thi act, may be expended for the purchase of lands fur sites or experimental (arming. whenever authorized by the respective legis latures of said States." It alio provides that "no portion of said lund, roir the inter est thereon, shall be applied, directly or in directly, under any pretence whatever, to the purchase, erection, preservation, or re pair of any building or building"." These checks on the application of the money are very decisive one". The "endowment, sup port and maintenance" of at It-ast one col' lege is confined by tliem to the use (savin; the poe-ible application ol tin "ten luTCent uru," aforesaid) of tbe entire income f.ir the payment of personal services, and the pro curement of book", limps, drawing, models. in bricl, of any objects natural and artifi cial, any kind of apparatus whatever, which can bo made serviceable for such instruction as the act contemplates. 2. Cut what of the term, "college," as used in tbe n-ction ? The term itself is a ve ry general one used to d-signatc an assem blage or organization of persons who are to co-operate for certain purposes. 31 any il lustrations will at once suggest themselves, where the object of the organization is not one of instruction. Of colleges for instruc tion there arc also many such as law colle ges, medical colleges, military colleges, com mercial colleges, colleges to teach ancient or modern languages, to teach mathematics, drawing, engineering, natural history, &c, ic. These ollegcs are sometimes found exist ing separately, sometimes, and more often, combined to a greater or less extent; and when so combined tbey are spoken of as colleges departments, schools,institutions,or by some other kindred term according to the pleasure of those who are concerned with them. The mere name carries with it no precise mean ing. The character of the organization is determined by what is to be effected by it, and not by its name. No one can suppose if in tbe section we aro considering instead of tbe word college, the word institution, semi nary, school, or tbe like, had been used, tho meaning and purpose of tbe act would have been, in a single particular, different from what itnow Is. Moreover, there is in our country nothing clearly distinctive in the use of the, terms, University and College, commonly applied to tbe higher institutions of learning; of a comprehensive sort. Of the one hundred and thirty or more of these in tbe United States, eomo are called by one name and some by another the popular names being often different from those used to designate them in their respective acts of incorporation. Yet, in the main, the purposes for which they are instituted and the powers given to them, vary very little. As to tbe extent and number of tbe branches of learning and sci ence tacght in them, that in each case is bounded only by the means which the corpo ration has at its disposal There are no bounds to knowledge. No one, younger old, baa learned so much that he cannot, jjroStably, be taught more. Tho Institution which began in days of poverty, with but an. armful of books and one or two teachers, and. perhaps, three or four pupils, as time trolling pou-cr of numbers," to use thisj fund goes on and population and means increase, in the wuy they propose. That there is no enlarges the scope of its facilities, multiplies suci- limitation as they assume, in the Act ita corps of instructors and divides their da- of Congress, we have already shown. Vie ties, and makes subordinate organizations of say now t' at to put the fund to uso in the them, so that the hundreds who attend their way tliey propose would prove a substantial labors may be the better aided, and the bene- failure. fits of the institution more widely and effec- Neither tho "Fanners and Mechanics of lively spread over the land. ' I Vennoflt;" nor any body rise,-will be eager Kb to the institutions to be established un- j "itriVue the large additional sums dcr tbe 'provisions of the act, whatever name which would be needed to set up and main thcy may be called by, thtre is nothing said If ,llc,U;d d'' " or implied which requires tbem to fco kepttr answer will be, "whit is the need of distinct from other institutions of lArning. ' "tensive outlay " ' Ninrtv-nimAmt That is left entirely to the discretion ofthejof" hundred, and m.rcto,, ..f those who Legislatures ' oeeuW tntansrlves with tanning or meeiiani- 3. Hut the college provided for in the act is to have a "leading object" that is, a main purpose, which is to be kept in view by , , , ... . . those who have it in charge, or who are to perform the duties prescribed. There are certain other important matters to be attend ed to, involving much lalior and considerable cost for printing and incidental expenses, which are specified in the oth section, the labor far which must inevitably be thrown upon the persons employed in the institu tions : though, whether the pecuniary out lay could be met from the income ol tbe fund or would have to be provided fur in some other way, may be questioned. These mat ters specified in the 5th section are incidental to the reception of the fund and the use or its income, and may not be neglected ; but, they do not come within the "leading ob- ject." or Mill purpose of tbe organization. as laid do,vn in the 4th section. This "lead- ........ . ... . - ng object is to tea CO certain nrancnes ol learning, and for a certain end. This end is declared in the last clause of the section, riz. ! "in order to promote tbe liberal and practi- eal education of the industrial classes in the several pursuits and professions of life." It ! there be any doubt as to tbe breadth and character of tbe "branches of learning" in- , tended, the sjeeiSed end for which all the I instruction is to.be given will help to remove it. J The signers of tbo addrem to tbe "Farm- i ers and Mechanics of Vermont" accompany tliat address with one to the Honorable, tbe General Assembly of Vermont, in which they etidently assume that none but farmers and ' meclianiee lute a right to claim much inter est in the establishment of the institution protided for in the act, and tbe instruction therein to be given. We wonder whether they consider that tbe merchant and his clerks who work bard and steadily at their employment, the physician who wears hiiu sell out by day and night service, the law yers, the ekrgyuian, tbe teachers, the prin ters, the editors, the managers of moaied in stitutions, forwarders, ahipmeu and boat builders, in short, all who labor assiduous ly in thiir "several pursuits and iiroltwsions of life" do not tielong to the "industrial classes" at truly as those who deive in the , soil, push the ilow or swing the trail or even those who are in a situation to over sec their own farms without putting their own hands to tbe plow, and those who find as much as they can do to see that tiitir , building contracts are properly and economi- t cally carried out by tbe hand labor of ti j men whom they employ ? I The education aimed at is of no narrow and exclusive sort. A htnrai us well as practical education (if there Ic any distinc tion between them) Is intended for all, who will indnstrionsly use it. The bearing and importance of "agriculture and lutincchunie arts" is not confined to those who work on the farm or in the workshop. 4. As to the "branenesot learning related to agriculture and tbe mechanic arts," it would take a long chapter indeed to enumer ate them. In fact, if there be any branch of learning which is not in some way and de gree so related, we should be glad to know what it is. We hare never heard of it. We take it that it will be granted by all men of any enlargement of mind who will give a little careful thought to the subject, that everything which pertains to a knowledge of the four elements as they used to be called i tarth, air, fire, and water is related to agriculture and the mechanic arts it we confine these terms to refer only to inorganic nature, there is a field wide enough to occu py several teachers, liut surely, a knowl edge of vegetable nature in its endless forms and uses fortlie benefit of man, and its rela tions to our own and other binds, would not he e MHidrred as unrelated to agriculture, to say the least. For some departments of me chanic art there ir a wide opening for a knowledge ot large portions of the vegetable world to be turned to useful account. As for the animal world, so long as sheep, hor ss, 6wme, neat cattle and poultry are to he raised, sold, bought and eaten, and their hides, bones and feathers to be turned to ac count so long as fish-bills have to be passed by our Legislatures, eo long as insects destroy our wheat fields and fruits, a knowledge of the suljjccts which relate to them will also relate to agriculture and the mechanic arts, and therefore, instruction on those subjects will be in order. Furthermore, the inter change ol articles, raised or made, between different parts of the world, tbo whole range of political economy, as it is called, all come within the provisions of the section under consideration. More than that, also ; appa rently under the fear lest some Kudus important to promote a liberal and practica ble education of the industrial classes in the several pursuits and professions of life, though not obviously so at first sight and to all minds, should from carelessness or nar row views be kep out of the reach of those who attend the institutions for instruction, it is expressly said that otnec scientific and classical studies" shall not be excluded and if not excluded they are of course to be brought in. Military tactics also, are to bo brought within the range, all as far as tbe means of tho institution will allow. The signers of the Address to "the Farm- j era and Mechanics of Vermont" take the ground that the only proper and good way to meat tbe aim ol the act of Congress is to organize an institution, entirely separate and distinct from all the existing colleges of tbe State. Many others, no.doubt, think so too. Our judgment is that that wouid be neither , wise or economical ; but dircclly tho contra- rv, would tend to defeat instead of to pro- ' mote the object of the act of Congrcsj-as 1 we intend to show. tiie i-se or tub IX.ND.J Messrs. Hammond, Oolburn, Keyts and others, who address the "Farmers and Me- ' chanics of Vermont'areconfidcnt tnat a col- ' lege distinct from all others, one specially de voted to teaching "such branches as relate to agriculture and tho mechanic arts", . would be tho only thing which would meet tbe requirements of tbo Act of Congress, and would be also, tbe test way of applying the money ; and tbey appeal to the farmers and mechanics, who, they say, have "the con- j wore. ',rn a" ""3 "l'" ally on thoM.' j.artieul.ir subjects on the farm nt home, or in tiie simps where they wink. I TIh-v don't need tj goto any college for that. " " , Here and there, no doubt, a farmer or me chanic of zealous mind will want to got at ' some mure recondite principles of inorganic J or organic nature than U i-1 cquuinted with, or to learn wi-nt i done in other parts of the ' world to reach results in agrieultuie or me- 1 chanieal art-, and for this end would be quite i ready to spend a few hours ar ev en di.vs in t 1 searching through liuoks not at his hand lur the information be seeks, or may he will- ' ing to give up three months of time to ut- 1 tend a course or two of lectures on some to- to which bis thoughts are spe eially di. ' ! need of a septate institution ' for th' U " W"te "" "' "I1 ' oni ficilitics of that ct can he easily t f .imished at a nuarter ot the cxiiense bv the ' 1 i"itii:i mm Aiaiuig. i.tci m?c milt. 1 will say : "As to wishing to educate my son (any fait her than he can be edui-uicd at he school or academv near by), I do not know as I wi-h to shut him up now to the lite ofn firmer, or a joimr, or a blacksmith, ir an engineer, or any thing else in particular. Perha he won't fancy it when be jpsts old i-nougo to act tor himself. I prefer to edu cate htm as a man, to have his mind gener ously enlarged and disciplined, so that be can be fitted to enter a fairly as others upon any employment or profession in life which his taste or tbe Providence of God may lead him to." .Sicli, in substance, will be the sentiment of " Farmers and Mechanics." as well as of other people ol intelligence and reflection. Many who, at fin thought, have bad some , vaie and misty conception of sonw woilir fui advantages wbieh would pertain to tbe I organisation of an independent institution for ' the benefit of farmers and mrciauues, will I find, when tbey set themselves to think sen ' ou-ly about it, tbe fancied benefits gradually lading oat of sight. Moreover, tbe sons of farmers and mechanic-, no less than the sons of other persons. . will nut lake to such a scheme. Why should I," such a one, who is anxious tor a , hoeral education, will say, " put myself into a class by myself in this way? 1 am not a Hindoo, obliged to be a farmer because my father is one. or a meebame or a lawyer or any thing else in particul r. I be is. 1 wish to start in life aa taiilv a-oi,.n-do; I wish to get a generous edm-ati n a-ot! ers do who have tbe inclination, ai. l n l aid of their friends or tueir u v n ri;i. earn their wishes into effect. WIkuII.-v, r, ., ,. cd that point on the plat; riu ol hie. I so.' II ue reauy, as well as otner-. to set, et my owl line of labor for the future " II the State n reded another ot the higher institutions of learning, and this fund were sufficient for its endowment entirely or mainly, there would be reason in using it for that purpose. But the State does not need another of the higher institutions. There is not a man tn the State believes it j to be necessary or that it would add a bene l fieial force to the cause of education to have one incorporated. It would distract attd weaken a force which is too treble now. The Legislatures of Rhode l'land and Con meticut acted sensibly therefore, when tbey applied the income from the fund at their disp-n-al- to the endowment and support of the colleges in those States. We believe they so assigned it t' at its use goes to the sup port of instructors or tbe providing of ap paratus for instruction in tbe Science of Mathematics and its applications, and in Natural Sciences, tnihracing chemistry and its application which wns all very well. Nobody could retend t .it such a use was not a comj4iAnce with the lu-t of Congress. The Legislatuic of Ver.noul could wisely make a similar use ol the lund in this State, if, since the plan to unite tbe three Colleges in one, which the Legislature of last year contemplated, has failed, and if the Legisla ture is not satirtied to have oil this fund go to one institution, the one in llii- place and is determined to repeal tl e act ot last year (as unquestional ly it has the power to do) then we say, divide the income be tween two of the colleges or if thought best between the three. It would help thi mall to do mure for the l-m fit ut liU-ral and practical education of all classes aial condi tions of men. and none could complain. For the Free Press. The College Question. .Vetsrs. Editors : Allow me a small space to offer a word or two on tbe end aimed at by Judge Hthard and the ten who address the Farmers and Mechanics of Vermont. Why they aim at that end I have nothing to say, I limit all to the end itselC That end is a University whose curriculum will be the science of Agriculture and the philosophy ef Mechanics. More than two Chairs cannot he needed, and yet here is an annual iacomi of S'MO. iJid Congress design this ' Should the Lrglature T Should the farmers and mechanics of Vermont? With such an endowment why not teach all the Natural Sciences? Will it be said that the Natural Sciences have no bearing on practical life? His not Chemistry, has not Physiology? Bat what if they had not ? Win you teach nothing that has not? Where would have been J your usefel arts to-day bad men in past ages reasoned so? Is it at this age of civilizuiva tlfat friends of society are to tarn their back npon at f tract studies? Are Mathematics and tbe learning of the chssies a mere luxury f a few of tbe wealthy class? Would " " have the pure and natural sciences neglected 7 Hoaia mey nave ttat learning, on which a thorough knowledge , - 1 e not, why not take advantage of this endowment t0 promote them? Will the University even then be all that University cught t be? Would Congress object to making this use of its endow- meat? Would saoh a University afford the proper culture far a member of Congress v And would they discourage a University that would Would the Legislature of the State? Nay, would even tbe aimers and mechanics of the State hare no braider views of the culture of their sons than this ? Or do I misacderstasd the aim of these men If I do not, then it seems to me their scheme is oo shallow too limited iu its Jscope to secure the approval of any ene. tf they do not mean this, then why repeal the law ! 11 would unite there two branches with Colleges having already that curriculum in the use of which Christendom hag reached its present elevated position. Let it be known that pure mathematics and the langua ges, especially when joined, as they soon will be, wjth all the natural sciences, are more and more essential to the development of the mind, the strengthening of the memory, and to the gener al cultivation of tbe whole man. Do not our academies and public schools depend on these? So enectually discouraging them then, as these men would seem to desire, leaving them to sub sift ouly on tuition bdls, (whilc-otthat there are several to be supported) endowing only the two branches in question, it is easy to sec that the real intellectual interests of society, thus slight e 1 an I rebuked, must surfer a serious blight. If, on the other hassl, you will incorporate these branches with the curriculum of any of our colleges, the results to the rising generation and future generations of tbe State, must be cheering to the heart of every literal raan.tjl.ct the law, therefore, instead of being repealed 1 carried into effect, and all sections of the State wdl have cause to rejoice. P. An Efficient Militia Si stem. .icthir the exierienee oflaet week will enlighten our legislators at Montpelier on the importance of establishing an efficient Militia System, remains to be seen. We resume that it will at least give their minds a jug on the subject ; and if once fairly start ed thrv may move on to a successful conclu sion. We do not need to repeat what wo have so often urged on this subject. Wo have never had but one opinion in regard to the pernicious consequences which must, siime time, follow from the abandonment, many ycnis :t;o, of the Militia System pre viously in force in this ami other States. That opinion for many years we haTe freely expressed on every proper occasion. If it could need any confirmation, what took place at St. Allans ami what we saw here, last week, was enough to produce that ef fect. Does any one supjsise that, if there had been an efficient Militia organization at St. Albans Wednes lay , any twenty-five men, from Canada or elsewhere, would have ventured in open da to attack and pillage the hanks, to shoot d.mn the citizi ns, to seise horses in the streets t carry off themselves and their plunder? X on can uppe it. llut they knew that the;, were armed and that the citizens were n t that tin y were organized and under tl trough command and that tbe citizens were wholly unorganized and could do nothing promptly a-rvinst them: that he fore a voluntary organization could he got up and arms bunt d up and put in order, they Would have go.si chance for a start ol an hoar or two, winch prolwhlv would carry them safely over tlx- ( nnada line re they assumed that tliey would be sale Ir m pursuit. With an efficient Mtlnia - tm. one in a 1 igh state --f r -i-lincs-. -w a in these trimhlesome times o j'.t to pr. nil everywheri . not filtit n ruin - w i.l 1 I ave elapsed from the first oat.-ry i t-.r the n h bers would h ve found fS msehe- surr aiti-i ed by Hs 'i- 200 well armed m. n a.-tmg ander officers w .o had authority to u t ;i-M ' who knew w'-u to do: who w ! ! ' .ae , captured or -' 't iownetcrv one of t . vil- Luns. And bow . iu :. letter oil would we have been if the ntti.-k had been made here instead of St.Alhaii-' There are m ire jieople here.and the dietam to the Canada ! -order is greater than it is irom St. AUatns. Si much wor.ld bare been in our favor, and not much more. Ill the Legulature t no t an Jjicimt Sti liia Law? If t!i y cannot do better, then re-enact in the gross the old law ju-t as it was 40 years ag i. It bad gnat efficiency in it, if not i.ll that was needed tor these times. It was a thousand times better than no law, or a mere shadow of a law such as there has hmu! late. V e pray our legis lators not to hi H-k nr the way ol all progress on this matti r. as they have for the last two years, by talking of the expense to be incur red to provide arui. and to pay day -wages to those oMip 1 to muster and drill for a few days in a vi ar These things were not taken into accouui formerly, and they need nut he now any in re than they were then. So far as small arms and equipments were con cerned, cu rv man had to find his own, and of serviceable quality, and he never thought of eomr laming about it. Me gave what time was necessary lor company, battalion, legi mrnt and even brig.tde drill, and never tho't of being mU lor it. any more than his fa ther Ite tore him was paid for such services. And it should lie so noic. As to armi, tbe '. i ' 'v., ninent oners to provide them. i koji montim:i,h:k. Motpbxiui, Wednesday Oct. 19, 1S61. Editors ot Free Press : The annual address before the Vermont Histo rical Society was delivered in tbe Representatiies Hall last evening by President Labaree of Mid- dltbury Cjllegc. lie spoke of some of tbe prominent features of American clvilizatioo viewed in the light of European History." In comparing the civilisations of Europe awl Amer ica, he mentioned several tests by which the comparative success of these civilizations msy be tried. From these tests he selected and ap pl.ed two, viz : securing a community of inter est, aud securing personal liberty hnl upon a permanent government. He applied these tests to the civilizations of France, England, Germa ny mid the United States, demonstrating the surxrionty of the latter. This morning in the House, Mr. Hebard of Chelsea, offered a recolatian providing for tbe printing, at the expense of the State, of five hun drcd copies of "Ir. Lsbartc's able, instructive," ic., address. Tbe House adopted the resolution bat it has still to be considered by the Senate. should the resolution Ic adopted, three hundrea copies or about that number will be distributed i among the members, and the remainder givm I to the Historical Society. i A good deal of intertst is nor felt by all the members in lbs Agricultural question The Chairman of the committee which has that sub ject in charge, (Mr. Hehard) inclines, I am con fident, to the opinion that a separate institution for an Agricultural College will lie desirable. I do not say that he has committed himself him self to that pobcy, bu he entertains a fear, that if tbe Agricultural College shall be connected with another college, and the intention of the ! general acts of Congress shall be properly and rally carried out, the Agricultural College will : ruin the other institution ! An opinion cf that sort has gained a degree of prevalence here, that is astonishing ir view of I the f.cts of the case ; but not so iu view of the 1 industiy of those who are striving to disseminate t..? op uion. There seems to be a great confu- , sion of ideas in regard to the whole matter. I do not think that all of the members who talk of this college question comprehend very clearly the distinction (if there be auT) between a Uni versity and a College, or understand the import j of the bill passed last year. The impression with some is that if there is an Agricultural College included in the colleges of a University, it must be an Agricultural Univertity, if such such a thing was ever heard of, or else the provisions of tbe act of Congress known as the Agricultural College act will not be complied with, and the State "will have to give back the money !" The action of the authorities of Massachusetts in locating their Agricultural College at Am herst, of the authorities of New York in giving their fund to the People's College, and ot other States in making a similar disposition of the fund, docs not seem to relieve the matter at all. Perhaps, it is said, all of them "will have to give back the money." Opinions in regard to this whole subject are, however, rapidly forming and many members will doubtless soon be com mitted to the policy which they will favor. There is a sharp contest in progress here, in reference to the office of Keportcrof thedecisions of the Supreme Court. Several candidates are in the field. The two most prominent are from Burlington. At tbe meeting of the Historical Seciety held in the Society rooms yesterday atternoon, the following officers were elected Air the ensuing year : Prttident Hon. Ililand Hall Vice PniHsntRt. P. II. White, Iter. W. II. Lord. Recording Secretary Ocorge F. Houghton. Corrtiponding Secretaries Albert D.Hager. Henry Clark. Librarian Chas. II. Heed. Treasurer Geo. B. Keel. Curators Key. John A. Hicks of Burlington, Iter. F. W. Shelton, Montpelier, Henry Clark of Poultney, Rev. Pliny II. White of Coventry, Dugakl Stewart of Middlebury. Henry Hall of U inland. Kev. John Hicks of Burlington, was elected orator for the next annual meeting and E. J. Pkelps, Esq. of Burlington substitute. .Mo.virEi.iEK, Friday, Oct. 21, 1S4I. Editor of the Fret Press : The Legislature adjourned this morning, to meet again on Monday afternoon The excitement in regard to the rebel rail in to Su Albans, has pretty much subsided. A brilliant and effective speeeb by Hon. Geo. Tbompson. delivered before the Legislature last evening is the theme of remark to-day. Tbe Agricultural College question promises to again absorb tbe attention of tbe Legislature, when it shall assemble. Tbe select committee of one from each county to whom tbe question was referred, have deemed tbe matter so important that tbey bate asked and gained tbe privilege ef holding meetings during tbe sessions of tbe House. Yesterday Mr. Ward of Westminster offered a resolution, instructing the Jwlieiary committee to inquire into tbe propriety of grant ing to the University of Vermont the opportuni ty to renew or revise tbe vote by which that in stitution united with or was merged in tbe Ver mont State University and Associate Colleges Mr. Ward stated that he ofterod this resolution brcaase it was in accordance with the desire ef a corporator of tbe University of Vermont, as expressed before tbe seieet committee. This nmrning tbe chairman of the Judiciary commit tee returned tbe resolution to the House and asked to be released from farther consideration of the subject. Petitions have alo been intro duced to allow tbe University of Vermont to re vise its vote, &c. Thus tbeiuestion is agitated and ptincbed at in every way, and by every nicaus that legislative legerdemain admits of. V C'lni'-ination of religions denominational pre judices is also brought to bear, and what the fi. tial riault will be, it is not profitable or safe to ' vrw-nl&l Atwittt There was a discussion in tbe House this morn ing in regard to tbe passat of a bill authcriiing the Governor to appoint agents and iaspectors of Army elections. Mr. Stewart of Middlebury, urged the immediate passage of tbe bill. Mr. Rounds of Chester, could not perceive that any such agents or inspectors were necessary. The bdl was finally laid on tbe table, which under the circuntstaaces was perhaps nearly equivalent to killing tbe bill. Momfbuse, Tuealay, Oct. 24. Thf Agricultural College question is aWrbieg the attention of the members to-day. The question has not yet been brought forward for discussion in either the Senate or Assembly, but the outside work to-day is mainly with reference to Ibis question. Tbe select committee having tbe sQbject in charge will probably report in fa vor of repealing the act of last year. Petitions te that effect hare been presented, and the com mittee are very strongly inclined in that direc tion. A vote was taken by the committes to re port in favor of repeal last week, but they were finally induced to grant a Airthar hearing to day, with the understanding that the meeting should 1 the last- There can hanily be a doubt in regard to the minds of the committee, bat how tbe matter will be received in the House, I do not venture to predict. Many able men from different sections of the State are here, doing what they can te influence proceedings so as to accord with their preferences, whatever they chance to be. Several amendments to the act passed ts year have been proposed. I send a copy of one introduced by Mr. Wheeler ot South Hero. An other of which I have intelligence has not yet been introduced. The conference cf representatives of Norwich and the University of Vermont whkh wis to be hell heie this afternoon ia delayed on account of the non-arrival of tht Norwich delegation as arrange-L It is now supposed that they will ar rive this evening aad thi confertace will thtn take place. TllOT. .Mr. Wheeler's bill, alludid to by our cor respondent, charters the Vermont Agricultu ral College, with the same corporators as those named for the Vermont State Univcr eity and Associate Colleges, in the act of last year provides that the corporators shall be elected every three years by the Ge neral Assembly, and that the President, Treasurer, Librarian and other officers shall 1 elected annually by the corporation, that the existing colleges may unite with the new college, as provided in the act of last year, at any time before January 1st, 1865 ; and also provides that any college that has united with the University may, if disaatis. fied with thee amendments, rescind its trans fer of its property, and resume all its rights nt any time before January 1st, 186i Ah ! Walton's Journal is informed that the Hon. T. P. Redfield, Democratic candi date for Governor, was summoned to defend the rebels or robbers at St. Johns, and to re sist the requisition for their delivery to the authorities of Vermont ; moreover that he started to comply with this reqnosl, but learned enough before the train left to in duce him to change his mind. This is a cir cumstance not alluded to by Mr. Hiram At kins in his ipeeck here Tuesday night. l'UTTSBCRon rxzrxRxo rot i Raid. A meeting was held in Platuburgb Thursday evening, and a Committee appointed to com plete an organization to protect the village against injury by invasion from Canada. 1 1 or icon Engine Co., Xo 3, are organizing as Home Guards. Correspondence of the Free Press. Letter From St. Albans. St. Albji.nj, Oct. i'l, '64. itar Free Press: The excitement in this borough has bv no means subsided. Revolvers are the most saleable articles of hardware, and rumors of all sorts of coming horrors keep prudent co- I nm not afraid logo before tbe courts of Ca nt, on .h. al,rtn.l nsrvoua neraoua in a state aada. and when the aflair is investigated, I am , r, . . . ,. ' or chronic perspiration. The rumors or to-day are that Plattsbnrg was invaded yesterday and the banks robbed by a party of raidersi andthat authentic advices have been received by Gover nor Smith that firo thousand armed and organ ized rtVls in Canada arc about to invade St. Albans and complete the devastation which the raiders left unfinished. As to the latter story it is I suppose true, that the Governor has receivel recent infurmation aa to the extent to which tbe Southern refugees in Canada are armed and organized, which has in creased the anxiety or our State authorities to get the frontier as speedily as possible into a condition of defence. To this end Lt. Col. Benton, assisted by Maj. J. L. Barstow, has been busily organizing mili tia companies in this and adjoining towns, as follow : .S"f. Albans, Cavalry Co., Cipt. J. W. Newton, nd an infantry company. Capt, L. 31. Smith. Sheldon, fity muskets, Capt. A. II. Keith. Enosburjn Falls, krtj muskets, Capt. E.S. Leach. Kail Berkshire, forty muskets, Capt. E. IL Smith. West Berkshire, forty muskets, Cpt. C. W. Searles. lliehford, sixty muskets, Capt L. II. Smith. Franklin, forty muskets, Capt. IL C. Gates. HifhfmJe, forty muskets, Capt, James Hollo way. In Alburgh a osmpany has been formed which is net as yet fully orginiz ed. The Governor has secured from the War De partment a supply of cavalry equipments, sad dles, sabres and carbines, which will be distrib uted to cavalry companies along tbe border. A good deal of anxiety is expressed here, lest the decision of the Canadian authorities may be iu favor of protecting the robbers wbieh itis felt would be equivalent at once to the opening of a bloody border warfare. I cannot learn any good grounds for such an apprehension. Judge Coursol, before whom the examination is in pro gress, is a magistrate of wide jurudietion and of high standing, and is connected by m -image with the Premier of the Canadian Government. His prompt action ami entire attitude in refer ence to the case, aSbrd no room tor doubt that bis report of the case to tbe Governor General will be in favor of the prompt rendition of the villains. The worst that eaa then be expected will be a reference tor final deeasjoa to the Horn. Government, wUeh will, probably, only delay the ends of justice. Un tbe ether band, it is feared by many that the imssdiate delivery of these men to our ao thcrities win be followed by aa attempt at res cue en the part of their numerous comrades ami sympatbisers ia Canada a contingency which will, doubtless, be duly provided against. All hands join in high praise of the decision and emaeoey with which Judge Aldia has acted in the matter. His prompt presence and action in Montreal, where he roused tbe American Vice Coosa, the Chief of Police, and Judge Coursol at midnight that night, and be aire morning secured the orders which placed tbe Canauian avifitary and police on the search for the marau ders, did more than any other one thing, proba bly, te etfeet the arrest of these that have been captured. I bate had the pleasure, to-day of taking Gen. Stanaard by tbe (left) band. Tbe General is doing well is stronger than I had even boned to find hun; has a "good stump" ef his right arm which has commenced to bead; and already begins to talk about the time when be will be fit for service again in tbe causa be has already strved so well Msy God spare bim to reap tbe tbe honors be has so nobly won. Yours, G. The St. Albans Itald. The St. Albans correspondent ot tbe Bos- , ton Journal gives the follow ing account of be raiders : j The leader of the gaag is believed to have been I connected with the outrages tried at Halifax and the attempts npon the Maine banks. Clyde and another fellow by the name of Wallace were the leaders, and in their previous visits to the town the former had stopped at the Tremont House and tbe latter at the St. Albans House. Wallace called himself Lee. "Clyde" is believed to have been Lieut. Young, and has been residing re cently at Clifton, C. IV. A note signed by one of the gang, directed to a friend in Clifton, in dicates that be has been playing between Clifton, Toronto and Montreal T: e leaders are believed to he desperate villains, while quite a number of those of the gang arej-.nexpenenced young men who have been residing in Canada West and Montreal. They were told by " Clyde " and " Wallace " that the expedition tbey were upon . would oblige Grant to make a great diversion ofbistrtors from Richmond." These young men hail probably at some time been in tbe reb el service. They were either deserters, tired of the war, or perhaps had taken the oath of alletri- aace and got into Canada, where they were pen n.less. "Clyde" had been at St. Albans several times before. He has stated that he well knew that there were no means of defence not a gun or a pistol in the village. To illustrate the character of Clyde, it is said that when at tbe Tremont House a lady in an adjoining room opened her door one day to let the smoke from her stove pass off, Clyde opened his door at the same time, and was beard reading the Bible to his companion for half an hour. The ladr re marked that tliose young men were probably theological students. This fellow, ccminr under an anas ana witb sacu artinces, boasted he was imitating thcrwan ana Sherman "carrvinc on war." In the course or their hasty retreat from St. Albans to the Canada line, they dropped bank bills and papers witb which their pockets were filled. Among them was a,"high-falutin" address to the people of Vermont, in the stve of Southern chivalry, threatening to burn alt the villages and rob tbe banks. Immediately on getting into Canada, they abandoned their horses and scattered in different directions to avoid de tection. After their arrest they boasted that they were safe, and made no secret of what they had done. They declared their intention to have been to set fire to Gov. Smith's house, on the hill, and to sack and to set fire to the village while the people were going up to quench the flames. This project was abandoned, becauso they thought the banks would be closed in the confusion, and plunder was preferred to arson. The affair was mainly planned in Canada West ana .viontrtat,aitnougn tne robbers claim to oave had confederates and advisers in the city of New York, as they boasted after their arrest. The Montreal Telegraph publishes the fol lowing letter from the leader of tho gang of robbers who visited St. Albans lait week. The impudence of the fellow is refreshing. Fsiligiisbcrg. C. E.. Saturday. Oct. 21. To Ae Editor of the Evening Telegraph : Through the columns of rouriournal. f wiili to make some statements to the nebnle of Cah. o, ieruiag luc rveem operations in ermOut,- Lrrli11" &rbe PrP0M.cf F?' town and surrounding villages, in retaliation for tie recent outrages committed in the Shenando- j Sutes.''' tUewhere ia CanIlent I am a commissioned officer of the Provision- ' al Army ot the Confederate States aad have vio- U1oBOn,oTwUh(my,nda1me coupled with the epi- , thets now applied without a knowledge on the part of the people of Canada as to who we are and hat caused our action. I wish, also, to make a few statements as fo ' how myself and party were taken. citizen: TwiTamsIn "an, vS : resreueu. .iy pocxei-oooK was laxea i rem me. end I was started tnward ihsHtiitsH Si,iki i , , . , . . ' . reached out my hands and caught the reins of my horse, when three pistols wen leveled at my head with threats to shoot the d d scoundrel dead, if he moved. Some Canadun citizens thrake up, and "k- These statements cin be proved by Canadian The Americans came into this place and even beyond it, brandishing guns and threaten.ng to kill some of us even alter we were .n the nnu-Is of the English authorities. Surely the people of Vermont must have for gotten that the people ot Canada are not in the . llnrrnie ia his infamy. muut or war, anti ruieu oj mo. .- satLsficl that the citllens orermnt ami not j wjn founJ to be the violatr f j cn.-yiiaa an,l EogEsh law. S..m. n, I hope, will be sent to investigate I this hreaeb of neutrality, and awjj'l to these American citizens doing armed duty in C.ina-Ia. the just merit of their transgression. j Hoping yeu will give this a publication, I re- , main yours respectfully, BENNETT II. YOUNG, First Lieutenant Prevision! Army Confederate States of America. How niar vvn Caiobt. A oirres p. ind ent ol the Boston Post thus narrates the pursuit and capture of the raiders by Capt. Conger's party. The raiders had considerably the start, and being well mounted on the horns they had stolen, tbey gained on their pursuer.. After getting a few miles out the party sep dinerrnt directions Two of the party were overtaken near SiaVCity in II tr Majesty's ninio, about twenty- two miles from this place. Their OOI s, s had given out, and on seeing tni ir pursuers they took to tbe woods, but thry were soon arrested. Capt. Conger's party then kept on towards Sun bridge. Four more of tlie party leit their horses at Slab City and hired a man to carry them to Famnam, paying bim thir ty dollars in gold. On arriving at Stanhridge they concluded to step there, and tbe man on returning borne met Capt. Congor, and on being in formed of the raid he returned to Stanhridge and pointed out tbe boose where the men were. Tbe services of a resident otfeer were procured and three of tbrm -vera arrested while in bed. One of tbeui was tbe leader ot the gang. Tbe fourth man was arrested in the street shortly after. A haversack filled with hank bilk was secured, beside several revolvers. This af ternoon another man was picked np in tbe woods near Slab City, making seven in all. Capt. Conger and several of his party re turned here this afternoon, leaving quite a large number to push on to Farnbsun, to which place tbe remainder of tbe gang were known to have made their way. The Canadian I'rc.i on the Ilnld. fhe tone of tbe Canadian i'rtss, on the bt. Albans Raid, is in tbe main highly sat isfactory. We believe that no paper as yet takes the ground that tbe robbers sre enti tled to proteetion. Tr.e Montreal Herald of the 21st says : That those men will meet with say wide sym pathy here is what we do not behv. Sack an offence, cowardly and urcenoa ia h own na ture, but also in respect to tbe peopl. among whom ite peeper rvtors have enjoyed aa asylum ,trt-ac herons and nngrateful, will, we are very sure, excite among lanaatatts in general nomiag hat abborrenca. We hope that oar people have by this time ntScTf-ut experience of tbe necessi ty of letting all such persons vuderstand that we oan have no sympathy with, nor irmit any excuses tar, acts of hostuity setting oat from oar territory or seeking shelter here from the punishment of Monies after they have been The Toronto Globe of tbe same date says H'hatever slight exeuis night he offered for the Lake Erie pirates is entirety inapplicable to this St .1 loans ease. The object stmt rob bery, not of the American yoreraaseat but of the pricate indiriduals,and it was accompani ed Ly the more heinous crime of attempted mur der. We are not told who the popetiatora are. but it is aa ascertained tact that tbey took re fuge on oar soil after committing the deed. Some of tbem have been arrvrsted in Canada, at which we sincerely rejoice, since it will serve to show that Canadians have no sympathy with the rob beries aad murders which Southern sympathizers seem to consider legitimate proceedings, if tbe I sunVrers are residents of tbe North. ! H'e cannot hetpthinkma that these repeated I outrages on our frontier are designed to embroil Britain unth the United States. The people uf tbe Province, in whatever oUrection their sym I pathies may go in the American quarrel, are in the determination to act in a fair and friendly spirit towards our neighbors, and to prevent, as tar as in us lies, attacks upon th-m by persons who claim tbe shelter of our lag. Tb. Montreal Evening Telegraph, a strong sympathizer with the rebels, says : We repeat that the act was not one of war but of brigandage. Tbe party were not in uniform and acted not as belligerent v but as robbers. It would have been a grave breach of British neu trality for an exnedition to have been flitted out from Canada, if such was tbe case, frr purely 1 'fh ' P1" L fo" tbe destruction of an arsenal, aavy yard, canal or other government or public property; bat tbe party it tbey proceeded so their watt as a military expedition in uniform would he entitled to be treated as belligerents. Hat going in plain clothes to do robbers' work, tbey are by inter national law, only robbers, ami as inch will no doubt be surrendered under the Exmditional Treaty. No one can doubt our sympathy for the Confederate cause; but sympathy does not imply shotting our eyes to the true character of the brigandage at St. Albans. Even tbe Montreal Gazette says : It is tbe first duty of tbe government aad the people of Canada to see that the right of asylum which their sod atiords is not thus betrayed aad violated. To surprise a peaceful town and shoot down people in the streets, committing at tbe same time robbery, is not rivilized war; it is that of savages. The svme may be said of lay ing waste a country which cannot be held by a regular army, but o.ic will not justify tbe other in tbe eyes of the ejvii.jed world. Civilized war consists in killing, or atti mpting to kill, men with arms in hands; any ether kind is simply ' murder, calling for the UBivitl exsratisn of ' mankind. A telegraph from Quebec to the Toronto Globe says . The government are determined tc us every possible means in their power to put a stop lo these violations of Canada bcpitihlT. They feel indignant at the advantage taken of our po sition to injure the subjects of a friendly nation, and if the opportunity be given, an example will be furnished likely to prevent similar attempts in the future. The St. Albans' Itnldrrs. The Montreal Witness says : Two of the St. Allans" raiders are stated to have crossed from Longueil to Montreal in a canoe after dark, on Saturday night. They were being pursued, and had, it was supposed, sohil 50,000 with them " A man, probably one of the two referred to, was arrested by tho city police in the suburbs of Montreal Mon day evening with $10,000 in Franklin coun ty bills on his person. The examination at St. John's is conducted with closed doors, only the counsel and reporters being admit ted, it is understood, however, that an ajs plication on the part of the prisoners' coun sel -tn chan-re the venue tn Afrmttvsit vh.ni the outside pressure in favor of the 'raiders , ouId bo stronger, was refused by Judge Coursol ; and that the thirteen prisoners Icn IU"T 'acntified as actors in the raid. A despatch to the Timet savs : he notorious George N. Sandc'rs i, here, nnSing tne sc ol the rebels. Ho says they belong to the first families of Kentucky . . . , , , , .... ' and -rB-c-"-J belonged to John Morgan's Tories. This raid he asserts is only tne first Png expedition, soon to take-place into the frontier States. Had to y i ies . um ;.c Vn.iwn hr.-,r. t,.n1 r t,:. .ir..- . ,, .... aumr ue wouia , have prevented it it w.. ,..j . , rn,ttS " " WM "ducted on too mtU ,tIe- - ... ' Tuasxsoiri.sG. Thursday VoverrVr imSatiusettsMdNcwUanrlure. Proclamation for Thnnl.51tIllt By th. P eudeat of ike V; .iinerica. a raocLAiiaTios It has piensed Almighty God i.. , national lifr another year. 4cfr..i . His guardian care against unfr . i abroad, and voochsanns; to us i , many and signal victories ovr ' . . is of our own juuiisinjtU. , It hjn-k , oar Heavenly Pataerto fcroras -t. r . in th4rliones.v4esir soldiers ia i ft,, our sailorson ilic rivers and -e - w hoslth. lie ha largely ji.thw, population m,v iinncip.taiB a- ! -io, while he h..s 'of-ened t u- i.-w . wealth, and has crowned t!a- M-r workiug men iu every departrr - -with abundant reward. M r . v -Iwm pleased to aaimate and int r and hearts with fortitude cour 1 , lion sutficient tor tbe reat :r.; -into which we have been l'ou ', herence as a nation to the iaa aad humanity; and t aflWd i hofies of an ultimate and Si ,.t : from all owr daagers and allt.. , Now, thevefcee, I, Abraham l.n.. I dent of tbe United States, do j.rov , i set apart the la- Iharadi.y in N, . as a day wbieh 1 desire to r ohss-r-r. ' fellow citizens, wbetevT they un.y ; day of thanksgiving ami prn-r 1 God. the beneficent ereati r " i r,j verse; ami I do further rv -on! i cittaeas, aforesaid, that on th it ,. reverently buavble lUMn-lv.K ' from tDexweotfer up pen-ient an I and supplications to the (treat lii- -for a return ot the u-stioiah!e I.I,--: -union and harmony throutiniit t,, it has pleased Hint to asuzn as a I, for ourselves ami wir pustertv t. In testimony whereof I hav- her.ur hand, and caused the seal ei ti.? ! to be affixed. Done at the City ? H'.i.h tltth dan ot tretahtr, . ' Lord, one thoitsnnit .i iixty-f'nr, and nt' r.. ; the United States the A BRA II WI I I , By tbe President; Wm. H. SBwaBC, of State. Fug PassawTaTioN. 1 1 . Voaing Men's Deiu'a'ratic As . i plaee, was well liiiaal Tuesday the occasion of the pres. ntati t al flag to tbe association. Mr. i junior editor of tbe Sentinel, m -sentation address, offering t.'.- ' . from "tbe conservative L nion-1 -of tbe place, and averred that were inscribed the names of !' Pendleton the flag lit ing in tiie audience had to take it : - . Mr. M. Novo. President ot f e -in reply read aa ar propriate . . and then thr cheers wire 'n i dies, and torse more for '.' . .' candi'latea. Hiram Atkins of Montpe!i-r. . trodueed to the audience, and -r three quarters ..f an hour V room enough for n abetrae' which wee uicith niasie u; of the Demoera. y, and ni usi demand the Repi'blieangi.i t;. Butler, liix aud others. li - -reason why the liemocrwts 'ad -say about their opp neiits, -.r ! a tbe ret that ihy c uldn': i latter with wont' he didn'' . didn't want to reach tlicu w else. He said the .M. Aihai.s r ed for Al Libcolu. Mr. , as one ot the leaders ot the 1. in r- . ty may have given him hett't -than others to know the fet-in -. . those scoundrels, hut the genera, in., in St. Albans is tnat thry coc r- i Clellan and Jeff Tmv i-. There was no music the --Mo1 1. , Club" tailing to appear. Ihe .-h-iir:. nouncvd that the U-autifui flsj -t ed would "be hung ir.m higii i no u next day. After whien the ru-vting udjouri. I MBUDvunTcas 1st vuaovr livun .r stnuborg. Va.. A-t. 1.;. s i Sditor Burlington Fret Press. Murltuyto i. fi. Dear Sir : I have tbelosed harewitu. a c tht rxolatioos mad. by tbe offio.r. th.s mst, .xpna.ing in a slight degrw 0 e 1 - respect they bad for their gall. i t .-..nm i, was idled in battle on the .Ua :iitai,t -Frank Ray. He was mortallr w. ui, U 1 . 10 A. AL, Sunday, and brthl los ,a. . . the night following. When wouuim oenrageoasiy leading his squadron. ,:. a i which tbe regiment made against tl.i Mount i 'live, ( wh r occurred a gsnera. meat between our G.a. Coaler aa t Gen. Resxr't cavalry). He live.! the complete defeat oftheaoemr, a in bated to by his own soldierly e l . . time of service would avnnml . . - ter. Itis death haicastadeepgloi.i a-r' -tire regiment, one which even ihe t '. starting for "home" this wt.k eanr.. i ! i In grat baste. Truly veurs. C. r fi.TI -Lieut, an 1 A j l.tl' ' Chairman uf IsHSf 1t Vt. Cavalrv. -Xear Mount iHive, Vs., Oct. !' .-M v Waaaus, Our fellow soldier and c mrt Capt. Frank Ray. fell mortally woun; i desire of tbe utberrs of his regitucut r c some expression ot' their feelings in relat- n - his untimely death as well as to itier ti. sympathies to his relatives aud fr.ends, Th. fore. Resolved, Ut. That iu this great loss w cogaize the dispensatiog hand of Him on w wedeziend for support and consolation, an "doeth all things, well." Besotted, -. That during the thrc and in the trying circumstan-'t - m hi " have been associated with Capt. frank hi have ever found him a genial friend, a trv riot aad gallant soldier, and that wh.U -joke is the brightness nw record a- a -we most deeply tod that his suuden deal Iuss a loss to as and to the country immediate relatives aad fi-.ls. Htsaleed, 3rd. That we extend to i stives ear deepest sympathies, m ih' i" hour ef bereavement. Capt W. G. Cumasrsgs, Adjt. C. D. Gat.s. Lieut. C AV. Morse. C'cmnii; J CastMuiE AUo.s Vt. Taoorv lb lowing casnahies occurred among oar 1 troops in the battle of Cedar Creek are in addition to those puhhehc-l is last issue . Killed. Lieut. O RLee, lltb; i 5 "' ti, 11th; Wm Sheldon. L. 11th; Gcrsv CampbeU, G, 11th; In II Tompkins, II. ' Sergeant Badger, K, 4th; Corporal Came. 4th; Wm Chapman, E. 6th; Corporal H Vroody, K, Sd; Corporal Burnham, I, 4th. M C , 4th. Dxatu or Mauus Cotthill. We pained to hear, last iiturday. o, ,1c dv. " of .Ma Ion Cottri I. Esu., whit- at Kansas Citv. Mo., the ;d inst , alier -i . . - -, illness of several weeks, ilr. Clttiu had been for so mai-.v one of tho most worthy citizens ol M''!1' ier. and was so widely and favoraMv kw"1 the Slate, that the" tidings of his ces'c tricnds.-rWeman.