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VOL. XXXIV. NEW SERIES VOL. XII.
BUKLINGTON, VT FRIDAY MORNING, DEO. 991865. NUMBER TWENTY SEVEN 1 Poetry. For the free Press. Tlin DYISfi YEAR, Voice of the dying year ! I bear thee nunn'ring'moog the trembling pines, Thy bitter 'plaint among the trailing vines. Or, like some breaker from the moaning sea, Wailing is dismal tones tby destiny, Voice of the dying year ! I tfir theo moan in accents' sid and low, j Jrawing near the great abyss, thy woe Breaks forth like waves that chafe the fettered rock. Madly rcbonniling 'ncath the giant's stroke. Is this the end of all thy hopes, the fear Tht like a curtain fringed the op'ning year 1 The pealing chime, resounding stroke on stroke, Proclaimed thy birth, the solemn stillness broke! is this the end of thy fresh morning song, list on the miJn air was waft along ! Voice of the dying year ! Speak to my heart; unto my conscience speak. Speak to mr soul; in kindly utt'rancc break Wlate'er of wisdom sage thou may'st impart And bind thy precept on my changeful heart lmid the sighing of the wintry blast fhat at the midinght hour is hurrying past, 1 hear a plaintive wail the midnight bell With solemn tons resounds thy sad death knell, Voice of the dying year ! Amelia. Jericho, Vt Miscellany. iJiiNG. An easy nr it iz to lie. I am astonished that tbare arc so few engaged in the bizzness, and that so few fust-rate lies arc ever told. I am not prepared to sav bow mutch real sin tharc iz what iz kalled a light-coloured lie, that haz no maliss or evil result in it, but I have alwus notited that the Left ov mankind Iovo to excel in awl they undertake, and 1 can't tell how long a man would be willing to tell white lies for tun when he might be turning an honest penny for liini felf by telling black ones. Mn don't generally bckum drunkards by confining tbemsclfs stricktly tew sweet aider. Lieing is the lowest grade of im, it is more cowardly than stealing, bekause tharc iz less risk in it, it is more demoralizing than burglary, bekause tharc iz no cure for it, it is more dangerous than swarcing, be kause swareing don't hurt enny boddy elf c, it waz the fust sin committed, bekause it was the cazye. t and most natral, and it will probably be the but one committed, bekause no man ever gits so poor and degraded but what he kan tell quite a respcckabcl lie. Iicing iz scd tew lie rtinstitusbionall in turn folks, bo iz the itch constitutional!, because folks hang around wharc it iz, and won't doktor for it after they git caught by it. Finally I might az well own it I bate told a ftw very fair lies uiytelf, but i kant rcckoleckt ov one. That I feel proud ov now. Saturday Press. Josh. Billinus ItErORTS AND JtllLS IN PsoSrECT. TIlC House commutce on the judiciary hate de cided to report in favor ol so amending the conatitution as to prohibit any assumption in future of the rebel debt. Mr. Alley of Mats., chairman of tlc poet office committee, will soon offer a resolution to the effect that the government shall take possession of the telegraph lines of tiic coun try, and conduct them as it dues the postal service. Tie iiousc committee on appropriations have made a reduction or several millions from the naval appropriations ; and the committee on a bankrupt law have unani mously agreed to report the bill offered by Mr. Jcncks of Rhode Island. Ibe judiciary committee of the Iiousc baa agreed to report in favor of a constitutional amendment whicli shall provide for a repre sentation based en tho number of voters. They will not male the report, however, till after the holidays. TnE Young Axiual Max. The helpless ness of infancy appeals to all that is cbival rie and Christian in our hearts, but to dig nity it Is pre-eminently n stranger. A charming and popular writer on the whole, I cm not suro that it was not my own sell on co affirmed that a baby is a beast, and gave great offence thereby ; yet it seems to me that no unprejudiced person can observe an infant of tender weeks sprawling and squirming in the bath-tub, and not confess that it looks more like a little pink frog than anything else. And here is a Jamie, not only weeks, but months and years old, set ting his young affections on candy and din ner, and eating in general, with an appal ling intensity. It is humiliating to sec how easily ho is moved by an appeal to his appe tite. 1 blush for my race, remembering the sparkle of his eyes over a dainty dish, and the abandonment of his devotion to it, the enthusiasm with which his feet spring, and his voice rings through the house, to announeo the fact " Dinnah mo' weh-wy ! dinnah mo wch-wy !" To the naked eye, he appears to think as much ol eating as a cat, or a chicken, or a dog. Reasons and rights ho is tlow to compre hend ; but bis conscience is always open to conviction, and his will pliable to a higher law, when a stick of candy is in the case. His bread-and-butter is to him what science was to Jiewton ; and ho has been known to reply abstractedly to a question put to him in the height of his enjoyment. " Don't talk t' me now !" This is not dignity, sure ly. Is it total depravity 7 Gail Hamilton Why was Uerod's wife like a Fenian orga nization? Because she had a bead sent Iter, (Head Centre.) The Boston Journal says : "A gentleman in travelling along the coast ol Florida and Georgia found a woman who did not know what a newspaper was. She bad ttvcral children and a pipe n her mouth." Rather a capacious mouth lor a woman. Scrap". The new back-hair twist which has super seded the waterfall, in called the water wheel. Brigham Young is, indeed, a pillar of Salt Like. His ideas ot a wito is ltols. The sugar wedding thirty days after marriage is tuo newest tmng. A western nancr savi tho best wav to kill bed-bugs is to chain their bind lego to a trcp then go round in front and make mouths at pern.; "Dear Ilarrv : You osk me what sort of a came I am slaving with Jack Graham for Ular(6Ba;B hand. I have to say. in reply, it is a game or 'double or quite,' and the result is that 1 efffuieami be quits." A Western farmer, investine his accumu lations in U. S. bonds, was asked by the clerk what denomination he would have them jn, Having never heard that word used, excepting to distinguish the religious sects, he replied.- "Well, you may give me part in old sehool Presbyterian, to please the old lady, but give mo the heft on't in Free-will baptist." Boot-black bov to returned soldier i BIack vour boots, sir? make 'cm fbme !' Looking to his unpolished 'gunboat' in a contemplative way, the war worn veteran replied well ( toon i carouvouuo m in nromntlv. though.' Urchin to a comrade, near by, I say, Bill, lend us a hand won't ytri I've got an army contract. ltc $m iras GEO. V. & C. G. BENEDICT, Editrrt and Prtfritttrt. BURLIXGTOX FRIDAY MORNING DEC. 20. 1865. The rregrcss of Reconstruction. Proclamations and messages, and reports Irom high officials, follow each other now-i' days, with a rapidity almoet bcwildcrin: and many of tbcra of a length entirely be yond tho limits of the Emaller papers. Sec retary Seward has, by order of the President addressed dispatches to the Provisional Gov crnor and Governor elect of Georgia, similar to those directed to the same officials in Ahv bama, by which the former is relieved from dutyand tho latter ordered to enter upon the discharge of his gubernatorial functions. While Congress is laboring under the im pression that the question of reconstruction rests upon its action, and is taking its timo to consider on what terms tho rebel States shall be admitted, the President and Secre tary of State, in the Proclamation announc ing the adoption of the Constitutional amend ment, place seven of those States in the list ol States in the Union ; have fully remitted to the charge of their own citizens, or of the Governors chosen by them, the government of two of those States, and will doubtless at once take similar action with refcrenco to every seceded State that lias adopted the amendment. The question naturally occurs, if thore States are in the Union sufficiently to co-operate, and sccuro official recognition with the rest in that most important action, the amendment of the Constitution, and to bo allowed the choice o I their governors and the conduct of their own affairs, why are they not in, sufficiently to have a reprcscn t.ition in Congress 1 Are we to have States of the Union, without representation in tho National Legislature ? That seems to be possible, for Congress has the sole control ol the admission of its own members, and may decline to be crowded along any faster than it chooses, by President or Secretary. Still it would be a painful anomaly, and onj which no patriot can desire to sec continued a day longer than is necessary. General Grant's Report. Gen. Grant's report on the condition of tho Southern States, will command attention from the high position of its author, and have value from the general confidence in his sound sense and fairness. It would be more valuable, doubtless, if its conclusions were based cm longer and wider observation. A day each at Raleigh, Savannah, and Augus ta, and two days at Charleston, is not as ex tensive a tour ot im-pection as can be con ceived of. Rut doubtless Gcn.Giant has had inanv means of arriving at conclusions on the condition of the South in addition to his pcnonal observations on his late hasty tour. Two of his conclusions, at any rate, will bo icadily accepted, viz., that United States garrisons must bo maintained throughout the South, and that tho frecdmen must have friendly care and laws to protect them. We arc sorry, however, that the General did not take more timo and give the country a somewhat more explicit and detailed re port. A document from him on the condi tion of the rebel States, prepared with the clearness and care whicli marked his militaiy report, would be invaluable just cow. Gen. Howard's Retort. Gen. Howard's report of the operations of the Frctdmcn's Bureau during the past year is a lengthy document, going largely into the details of the subject Toward the close, Gen. How ard states some of the general conclusions to which he has arrived. The first is as fol ows : " That free labor, notwithstanding the sud den emancipation, and the thourands of causes of disturbance incident to the war, will prove successful ; but in order to hasten this result, every effort most be made by officers of the Government and all others concerned to secure confidence between the holders of property and the frecdmen, and to restore that confidence wh'-rcver it has been impaired. On the part of the frecdmen, they are looking for justice and privileges with perhaps too exalted notions ; yet their confidence cannot be obtained without a reasonable extension to them of the rights and privileges of free men, On the part of the pro perty holders, great complaint is made for want of security of labor, the majority seeking some compulsory process ; that is, some substitute for slavery. There arc so many examples or complete success of free labor that I bring them as an answer to sucn complaints, aim i ucucyc that the causes of complaint are due as much to the prejudice of the employer and the want of practical knowledge of any other system than as to the ignorance and suspicion of the laborer. I therefore earnestly advocate equality before the law, trusting to time and education to over come prejudice and ignorance." Gen. Howard then gives ten weighty rea sons why the Bureau, or some substitute for it, should lie continued. His fifth ought to be sufficient ot itself, viz : " Every colored man I met, of any considerable intelligence, pleaded earnestly for the continuancco f the bureau, as his only hope of justice and pri vilege correspondent to the necessities oflne new position." He further thinks that some general syBtcm of providing for the aged, infirm and lielplets negroes, beyond the scope of the present laws, ought to be established. Aid should be rendered to those who may wish to take advantage of the homestead law. Gen. Howard's sixth conclusion is as follows : " That in order to place education on a firmer basis than it now is, it would be well to devote those funds pised during the war, under the Treasury laws, lor ine renem 01 me irtcuaeo, in wenring sites and buildings lor school pur poses in the different States, to be held as United oiaics propeny, uuiu mc jiwjuc m mm shall be able to purchase the same;, school bmldinrs should not be exclusively far frecd men I for spy aid given 10 caucaic me numer ous poor white children of the Bouth will be most important, and conducive to the object our Government has in view. I mean the harmony, the elevation and prosperity of our j-cople- In dustrial schools and orphan asylums could be provided for in the same way. These funds would at best be but a meagre amount for tBch a work, yet they would give an Impulse In the locality wnere expended." Gen. Howard's report estimates that eleven millions of dollars will be necessary for the support of the Frccdmcn's Bureau for the year SCG. JIc arks the appropria tion of this amount, three millions of which are for the purchase and building of sites and edifices for schools and asylums in the South for both black and white. His report cloteiwitb the following remark: " I do not feel that the difficult problems giv en me have been solved, nor do I hope for com plete and satisfactory results in the work of this ourtau. 1 ct 1 firmly believe that the same just uod that conducted us to freedom, will so conti nue to direct us that we shall be able to keep ibe pledge we have made, that that freedom shall be a substantial reality." In consequence of the' remarks in Gen. Grant's late rcpoit, Gen. Howard has issued an order calling the attention of Assistant Commissioners to that report, and saying that the most thorough inspection will at once be made, and the evils complained of corrected. Timoccu Sleeping Cau. At a recent ar rangement ofthc managers of thc Rutland Road, passengers leaving New York at 0 P. M., arrive here at 7.45 A. M., and leaving here at 10 P. M., reach New York at 10.30 A. M. This is a decided improvement on the former arrangement, for passengers com' ing from New York. JIr. Hetde's Paisti.vcs. Eight paintings by C. L. llcyde were distributed by lot last week at thc office of Mr. J. R. Hickok, as follows ; "Mansfield Mountain," drawn by John lwry. " isunset, St. Albans," U. U. w ells. " Lake Cnamplain." II. A. Johnson. " Black River, Upper Canada," J. D. Hatch. " Lone Rock Point," J. A. Arthur. ' Glimpse of Winooski," 11. Austin. " Lake uuampiain,' u. n. lurt. " Effect on St. Albans Bay," F. i A. Piatt. Masonic. Thc annual session of thc Ma sonic Grand .Lodge ot crmont, will be holdcn at Rutland, on Wednesday, January 10, 1SCG. Thc following Railroads will car ry persons in attendance for fare one way : Rutland and Burlington, Vermont Valley, Vermont and Canada, Vermont Central, Sul livan, Passumpsic, Western Vermont, Rut land and Washington. R. R. Accident. A collision occurred on the -Met on tiic t. Central be tween the night Boston train and a freight train which got off the track between North field and Montticlicr. Tho result was a con siderable smashing up of cars and the disar rangement and delay of all the trains through the day. No one was much utt. Extension or the Breakwater. We arc ,lad to learn that measures are in progress to procure from Congress an extension of the breakwater in our boy. Mr. Henry Rolte, ho is giving Ins attention to the subject, informs us that an extension of 1S0O feet is ceded on the north end fully to prote ct the lumber v halves, while as mueh more will be required in time on the south end to guard the prorcd improvements about the Jutland dock and the iron works. If secur ed, it is probable these additions will be placed 2t0 or 300 feet further out into the bay than the present breakwater, thus leav ing intervals through which vessels can pass in and out. Pi.or. Baker's Concert. A select and cultivated audience, and of good number considering the inclemency of the evening, attended thc Concert Friday evening, and doubtless felt themselves well repaid for go ing aside lrom thc pleasure which all take in encouraging home talent. Miss Tcnnant has a dear ringing voice, of considerable' power, which, when by sufficient cultivation becomes perfectly truo throughout its reg ister, will bo a remarkably fine one. She was enthusiastically encored after singing thc aria "She led lam through the trackless wild," and responded with the Scotch bal lad "Down the burn," which was also hear tily applauded. Prof. Baker sang a bass so lo from the Messiah, and Russell's Maniac. and was liberally applauded. Mr. Proctor played with excellent taste and expression a piece by rtrug, and a pretty Mazurka, and response to a hearty encore, gave "thc Mocking Bird," with Hoffman's brilliant variations. Perhaps thc most noticeable featuro was the singing of the class of I C young lads and misses, who rendered some of thcVhoruscs from Faust, Martha and I Lom bard!, in a manner which did high credit ts thcincclves and their instructor. Mcsical Convention, Tho sixteenth con- cntion of thc Western crmont Musical Association is to be held at St. Albans on the 2d, 3d, 4th and 5th days of January next. Two grand Concerts arc to be gicn on the evenings of the last two days. Justin W. Moody has been appointed Postmaster at Watcrbury, in place of John F. Henry, rceigncd. The Weather. Tho tail of tho heavy snow storm, announced from Bufulo last evening, appears to havo reached us. Three or four inchesof snow fcIlThursdaynight and next morning, and runners and wheels have icld a divided control in our streets Friday. Thc wind changed Friday morning from thc South to a north-west gale ; thc mercury fell two degrees an hour during thc forenoon, tanding at 12 at noou ; and till thc cold moderates, we cannot expect much more snow. Haclxd cr. Joseph Limoge was last week brought before Justice Hollenbcck, and fined $10 and cost for illegal sales of liquor. The Ilolidnyr. Tue PuoTOCRArii Gauxiries. The Pho tograph men tell thc simple tiuth when they say there is no more acceptable present to a true friend than a good likeness of your countenance, be it plain or handsome. It is also true that there is probably not a place of its sizo that has more handsome and more convenient Photographic establishments, thin these of Burlington. Sttles' beauti ful gallery is but a step up from the side walk, and is worth a call,whether one wants a picture or not. Wc warn all visitors, however, that the attractions in the shape of a large and varied stock of photograph al bums, pictures of well known citizen bo life-like as to tempt any onoto sit down and hrn hii . f 1 1 fr1 -T L . w uu , lIVHB 01 .crmpm scenery, cartes ol notabilities such ao everybody wishes to stock his album kiwi, ana everything else in the line, wm prove wen nign irresistible, and they may prepared to ncr as well as to lock and ad mire. G. B. Davis now runs the scaciouBand handsome gallery in Union Bleiefrformeriy Charles Miller's, and with the aidotProf. Hills, keeps up fully the-'attractions of that well known establishment. The variety of styles of likenesses, from the oeautiful por celain pictures, or India ink 'imperials" down to little 'gems," 12 for a dollar, notiecablc, and the stock of albums and fancy frames and cases is not small Still another competitor, whoso gallery has its share of .sunshine, and claims it sharp nf favor, is HaJchet's, over Lyman's Store, on A - ' thc cornerlofChurch and College streets. It wiil be seen that he announces prices down to thc lowest. Ocr ITbt Goods Stokes. After all, thero arc many sensible people who 6ensibly con- eider tho be6t kind of Holiday present to be some useful or elegant article of personal apparel shawls or gloves or dress pattern Xhc not unnatural consequence is a lively season in our dry good stores, for which our merchants have prepared by laying in largo supplies of fresh and tasteful goods. A tour through them is quito an interesting expe rience about these days. Commencing at the nearest corner, we find Edward Ltmax always on hand at his old and favorite stand, tho "corner store," now a littlo fuller than ever of mojt desirable goods, selected with thc experience and caro of one who has served thc public tasto till he knows just how to. hit it. Jutt Iouk at his point lace colurs, embroidered handkerchiefs, fancy worsted work, shawls and dresa goods. Sure ly no one can fail to be suited with cither goods or prices. But wc lcaieand drop acroo) thc street diagonally into the Eek Hive, and find Mr. Peck's shelves and counters piled with rich and beautiful coods, silks and velvets, laces and shawls, carpets and oil-cloths, and tho best assortment of cloaks in the State, all reasonably priced, and worth an examination by any one who wishes to buy. Passing around the corner into Church street, wc find ourselves in Pace t Best's door-way, and would pass in were it not for thc crowd of lady cuttomers. Thc Captain knows drv goods "like a book," and his word as to Inequality of his goods is as good as his liond. The Mime is true of his part ncr. There are no better men to deal with. Criming Church street, wc drop in at Eewarp Barlow's . Look at thc lace collars and rich dress goods, and the variety in ev ery line. The ladies do tell us that when you can't find just thc thing you want any where else, you can almost always find it at Barlow's. The taste, care and enterprise which he gives to his business, is thc sure guaranty of solid success. Further up the strect.wc come to tho new store of Fimer A Looms. Everything, firm, store and goods, is new and fresh and satis factory. The stand is a very convergent ono to catch business ,anl is bound to be a favorite shopping place. Don't fail to give them a call. Last but by no means least wc come to Shitu k Platt's in Union Block. JIr. Smith is just back from market, with a stock of goods bought just before thc recent rise. Here nie splcniid broadcloths, cloakings, nice cottons, substantial carpets, elegant dress goods, a rich and full variety in eveiy line. There is no need of sending to thc ci ties, now-a-days, for our merchants keep fully supplied with tho best goods, and you can buy at a better lay at home, everytime That is veritably so. But wc must hurry round. We should be glad if time and space permitted to des cribe the resources of onr Clotihnc Stores we could dilate on Colver i Turk's big store, one of thc " institutions " ofBurling- ton, where by the way a nice stock of scarfs and tics, may be found very suitable presents for young gentlemen or on A. Platt's new and tasteful and well filled store on Church Street, and would not for get Murray's good's and skill as a draper and tailor. Wc could talk about Proutt's boots and shoes, and Wuzelir . RirLir's skates and cutlery ; about the Crockert Stores, Suedd, Walkers it Wires, and S. S. Brown, side by side in Union Block, full of nice goods, and powerful competitors for public patron age ; about Peicce's groceries and sleds and willow ware, and Hart's sleds and groceries and Yankee notions, and the new grocery establishment of Lonergan & Monahan on thc wcit side of thc square, and Blodgett & Co's big stock ol stoves and tin ware, and A. C. SrEAS's neat and valuable drug store, and Suattl'ck Si Flanacan's furs, and IIc.ncer- roRD X Wainwricbt's flour and grain, and Hood's liniment, so good for frost-bite ; and our advertisers, one and all ; but our space fails us and wc forbacr. To each one of tbcm, and to the additional crowd who aro propos ing to do business on modern principles and put money in their pockets by advertising with us the coming year, for the accom modation of whose lavors we are preparing to enlarge our sheet, wc wish all success and prosperity a busy time, holidays Rnd other days, a merry Christmas and a Happy New Yeai. The lllble Society. .Vestrt. Editor t : Permit me through your columns, to address a few facts to the friends of the Bible cause in Vermont The American Bible Society is now in the fif tieth year of Its operations, having been organ ized on the second Wednesday of May, 181G. Jast as the year has opened upon us, God in his Providence has summoned us to several new endeavors of great importance and magnitude, thus crowning and honoring our humble labors in the past. We stem to be thus called upon to celebrate our JubeHee Year by undertaking tbe.followlng extraordinary enterprises : 1. Th re-supply ot the South, where a vast proportion of the people are now without Bibles and anxious to receive them, and where incis ures are inaugurated for circulating at least 1, 000,000 copies. I ' to aetata of wll0la , .a, Ie4rn. Jng f(jp thepnrposeor peming-the Inspired vr0rd before thev die. To meet the wants of the amone them, an edition of the Gospel of go John, In large print. Is just prepared. - I Having labored the past year, as army agent of the BibleSoeietr amanff the- soldiers, citizens I and frecdmen of Vitrinia and North Carolina the subscriber can testify to the interesting char. acier ana vast importance ot tnese esons, 3. The circulation of the Spanuh Scriptures" in Mexico and South America, where agents are at work and where hundreds of thousands of copies will be gladly received and read by the people. i, The printing of the new version of the Arabic Scriptures, the ;rt edition of which. together with the preparation of the electrotype plates, will cost tho Society this year from sev enty to eighty thousand dollars. The Arabia is thc spoken language of one hundred and twenty millions of people. If, after the plates are fin ished, we can print two hundred thousand cop ies annually for one hundred and twenty years, wc should just put one Bible in each fkmily ! Provided the race remains numerically the same, In six hundred years we could furnish tyBible. to each individual While called to these unusual efforts, thc or dinary work cannot safely be neglected. The Bible has been wisely pronounced the Charter cf Liberty to the world, and our recent national experience teaches us, in every possible way to develop and strengthen tho elements of free government To do it we must keep the Bible ;n the bands of the masses. It is thought important that every communl ty snouiu be canvassed and supplied once in five years. It is much mora than that since this work has been done throughout this State. At its annual meeting, the Vermont Bible Society voted to re-canvass the State. Two agents are already in the field for this purpose, and others will be employed as soon as suitable men can be found. Sister States are responding nobly to the voice of Providence calling us to cnUrged liber ality. Massachusetts Bible Society has appro priated five thousand dollars for the Arabic Scriptures. Illinois is endeavoring to make her special Jubilee Offering fifty thousand dollars. Others are making similar efforts. Wc trust Vermont will not be behind her sister States in this sublime effort A large increase of funds seems Indispensable to the discharge of our ob ligations. Thc agent can visit comparatively lew of the churches. May wc not rely upon pastors of every name, to bring the cause faithfully before their people T And will not every lover of the Bible, however humble his means, contribute bis mite, and those of a larger stewardship givo as God hath prospered f We do not ask you to turn aside other benevolent objects which the Bible has developed, but do not forget this time, honored and Heaven-honored institution in this most interesting crisis of its history. Wm. H. GILBERT, igent Am. and Vt. Bible Societies. Brattltboro. Dec. 14. lSfio. Ot Soldiers' Graves. We have received from V asbington, a list of Vermont soldiers whose remains were found on the battle fields of thc Wilderness and Spotlsylvania O.H.Vir ginia, and interred' last summer by or der of Gen. Meigs, and bead-boards set up, marked tith name, rack and regiment : A a me. JtrL Harlan k C II, ccrp 3. .Vane. Btgt Lane T, 1st serg, Mitchell Isaac, Newton J II, Ormtbury W, HtnaUoE, serg Sawtell Geo F Sanderson C It W Scott J S. Whitcomb A, Ratey David, Buskey Frank, Carpenter J W, capt. 17 4 Clark James II. 3 O 17 17 17 17 17 Cook Charles A, Cottie Henry, Cargill G C, Davis L W Gray Charles, . Haskell Moody, Hodgeman James, Our correspondent adds : These soldiers were buried in June, 1EC5, by i party sent from this eity, and are all the Ver mont soldiers whe bodies could be Identified on the Wilderness and Spottiylvania Court House battle field. The bones of the men were gath ered from the field where they fell having been exposed more thin a year. In the Wilderness, there are two cemeteries No. 1, on the Oranga Court House turnpike, about two m"les from the Wilderness Tavern One hundred and eight men are buried here. Cemetery .No. r.ison the Oram; c Court House plank road, about two and one-half miles from the junction with the pike, and contains the remains cf five hundred and thirty-four men. On the Spottsylvtnia battle ground, but few bodies were found unburicd. The cemetery there contains over seven hundred bodies. They were intend by a Mr. Sanford, a resident at Spottsylvania Court House Ministers and Churches. A young rain istcr, Rev. Mr. Dexter, Las recently taken tho pastoral charge of the Baptist Church in Windsor. Rev. T. II. Archibald has lately resigned bis charge as pastor of the Baptist Church in Mt. Holly. The St. Albans Messenger announces preaching at thc Academy Hall in that place by the Rev. Dr.Bigelow, lormerly of Kccsc- villc, N Y.. and states that this is the first step in tho execution of a long cherished pur- poso among thc BaptisU of that town thc establishment of a church. The Congregational Society in Jlonlpelier, Mr. Lord'e, are taking rjeliminary step to ward building a new house of worship, and will doubtless erect one worthy of so large and wealthy a Society. Mr. Bccchcr's Church in Brooklyn, last Sunday, took up a collection or $10,000 to wards tho $200,000 land tor Congregational extension. Another chureh in Brooklyn gavo $3,350. Thc Boston churches took up large collections, and returns tbns far re ceived givo reason to believe that the effort will be successful. Foreicn Ministers. It is reported from Washington, that the President Friday morning, nominated Lewis D. Campbell of Ohio, to be Minister Extraordinary to the Republic of Mexico, in the place of Gen. Logan, declined, and that Hon. John Bigc low, who was appointed ad interim minister to Franco, has been nominated bv the Presi dent for confirmaticn. A writer in Blackwood rays (hat when dcodIo want to speak' ot a native of Holland, they call him an Amsterdam Dutchman, but when llicj tpeajc ot me uerman race gener ally, they leave oat the Amster. THE LATE SEXA-TOIt COLL AX Tributes to nbrMemorr. The following is the continuation of Mr. Morrill's remarks in the. Bouse, in introduc ing resolutions of respect to the memory of Senator Collamer : As a judge, he was distinguished for swift- seas in the disnatch of business, for abilitvand stem impartiality, and for the perspicacity of nia opinions, as orally delivered, or as recorded in reports! While la 'office, though habitually urbane, be never forgot the gravjty and dignity ol jus judicial position, which sometimes gave the impreaiioa of hauteur not actually felt He was a ceod disciplinarian, and. therefore, occa sionally curt, aj when the time ot court .was un necessarily consumed. by illogical or irrelevant speeches, and the. unfortunate members of the bar, or partial observers, may have thought he was sour and coId,.whea he was really, to those who knew him, a.maa of. excellent .humor, and ai appreciative of merit as of demerit While he had, a full grasp, and. comprehension of the prin ciples of law, his memory never failed to supply instances m. which those principles had been il lustrated and applied. Under his administra tion, jurors had little difficulty in .the solution of nice questions of law and ftct, however intimate ly blended : and the authority of jurors under bis guidance and teachings suffered no deprecia tion, but their functions and capacity appeared to be vindicated upon every trial. In a State which has not been deficient in eminent jurists, including such men as Chipman, Chase, Van Nets, Phelps, Prentiss, and Williams in tht past, not to say anythmg.of the living, the name of Collamer it, and will be. ranked as a worthy peer. He was an upright judge. It will be remembered that the Cabinet of General Taylor, in its high order of character and ability .has rarely, if ever, been surpassed iu the history of our country, and it was. in fact, what cabinets were designed to be, the wise council of the President Among such distin guished associates it is fair to say the late Sena tor was not d waned by contrast with any. In the discharge of the practical duties of his De partment he is still remembered by official vete rans yet lingering there for his untiring devo tion and intelligent application to that business of the Government which comes to the know ledge and touches the daily accommodation of more persons thau that ef any or all other of the .executive Departments, uy hit report tt ap pears that the excess ef the revenues of the General Poet Office over the expenditures in 1819 was $100,000, but soon after it ceased to be even self-suitaining. presenting annual defi cits until the present year. While Postmaster General he organized a division in his depart ment to attend to all foreign mails, foreign post al arrangements, and ocean steamship lines. The existing postal treaty with Great Britain, at his entrance, juit agreed upon, was earned out by him, and all the details for that purpose perfected. The various subsequent internation al postal arrangements show the wisdom of such trcoties, and they are still executed in the De partment according to the original plan. The administration of the office while in the hands of Mr. Collamer met with no complaint, which is thc highest compliment this extended and ever extending Department can achieve. While in the Senate he commanded the confi dence of all its members, and the measures he Introduced were not only easily carried in the committees of which he was chairman, but when they were brought into the Senate nearly always passed without even a division. He par ticipated in all the important debates, bringing those acceptable offerings, which aid in the solu tion of subjects under discussion ; and without making any dazzling display, or aspiring to any domination, justly wielded a large influence over his fellow members. If he was not their Mentor, there was no other Senator whose counsel upon all subjects was more frequently sought, or more generously appreciated. Nature had dealt liberally with him, having given to him a fine figure as well as a full and , well-poised mind ; and in his youth the graces . of his person bespoke faver. In his age he not only spoke like a Senator, but with the mastery of a piercing eye, that "spoke audience ere toe tcngue," looked like one, and, as such, his words were accepted as wise among wUe men. Mc Woodbbidgx of Vermont. Mr. Speaker, after the remarks of my distin- g lished colleague, who has so justly analyzed the character of the late Judge Uollamer. it will not be appropriate' for me to detain the Rouse laager tnaa to Mr the tribute .or love to the mem ry of my departed friend. w w w As a lawyer, as a judge, as a Representative in Congress, as Postmaster General, as Senator, he was always una w erred by private or party interests, and preserved a reputation as spotless as a child. The crowning glory of Jacob CoHamer'a char acter, was after all exhibited at home. You all recollect the sweetness of his fiee. lie seemed as Sydney Smith said of Horner, to have the ten commandments written there, tie was a devoted husband and father, a kind and gener ous neighbor, and in the highest sense of the word a Christian gentleman. And now that he has gone across the silent gulf which separates the living from the dead, the pleadings of his life are heard. It is for us to reverently listen. Let us imitate his virtucs,sa that when we are called to join our fathers it may be said of us, as it can be sa&ly said of our de parted friend, "the world is better that he lived." Mb. Grides, of Kentucky, raid : Sir, I loved Jacob Collamer. I have seen him in the social circle. I have seen him in the highest circles of the Government I had the honor to be a messmato of his when Taney and McLlean and Story and a host of other distin guished men formed, as It were, a family circle. I heard their interchange of thought and con versation. 1 had an opportunity to contrast and determine the quality of Judge CoHamer'a mind and his attainments ; and they were prominent and distinguished. He was always ready, an- ways quick to discern, to discriminate, to de nounce, to illustrate ; he was peculiarly favored in the quality of his mind for pointed, clear il lustration. I may be excused for stating a fact, for facts arc illustrative of character more than words. When I had the honor to be In Congress in the House with Judge Collamer, we had a congressional prayer meeting. I remember dis tinctly that Judge Uollamcr, as a Christian gentleman, was uniformly there and participat- 1 I - . I . , , r n. r eu in uic uevououai services. iney were ui frequent occurrence, and he used to attend, and Judge McLean, and a circle of distinguished men or the bench and Legislature or that day. I have, therefore, the right to hope and to infer, and to cheer the disconsolate and the bereaved with the annunciation, that though he has left us, and his services are no longer ours, or his kind cheer for his family circle, yet to him it was but a glorious exchange. Mb. Auet, of Massachusetts, said : I have heard some of his associates in the Senate, and scores of others remark, that he was the wisest man in that august body. And all who knew him will agree that he was, as least, among the very best and greatest of those eminent men ; and who could desire for hit fame higher praise than this ! Mb. Scmxeb. JIr. President, since Henry Clay lelt this Chamber by ihe gate of death no Senator has passed that way, crowned with the same honorable years as Mr. Collamer ; nor has any Senator passed that way, whose departure created such a blank in the public councils, un less we except Mr; Douglass. He wis our most venerable associate. ; but his place hero had not shrunk with time. He was, when we last saw blm, as Important to our debates and to our conclusions as be had ever been. He still pos sessed all those peculiar powers of argument and illustration, seasoned with a New England salt, which he had from the beginning. He was not so oil. that he was not often the life of the body. , nis fidelity assumed the form of accuracy in alt that he said or did. He spoke accurately, and he was especially, accurate with his pen. Perhaps nobody was apter in the style or lan guage of legislation. He was an excellent draughtsman, although, without doubt, too pro fessional for. a, taste not exclusively professional, Indulging" In traditional phrases and those favorite superfluities ef the lawyer, ssti and aforesaid. The. .great act of. July 13, 1861, which gave to the war for the suppression of the rebellion its first congressional sanction, and in vested the President with new powers, was draws by him. It wis he that set in motion the great ban, not yet lilted, by which the rebel Slates were' shut out from the communion ef the Union;' This is a landmark in our histo ry, and it might properly bt known by the name nf lla inthnr- (Vllimcrt'a itaintc" '-' Zfli11? J". El . w-ESS. n:" ,X Z .I - J. was historic. One of these was many years ago, shortly after he came into the Senate. Thc other was only last year. The historian and thc biographer will describe these scenes. One of tbcra is the fit subject of art The earliest of these occasions was whcn.un. der the influence of the President of "that day, backed by Jefferson Davis in the Cabinet, an il legal government was set up in a distant Terri tory, which, in defiance or the people there, proceeded to institute an infamous Black Code borrowed from slavery. The President counte nanced the illegal government and smiled upon the Black Code. The representatives of slavery in both Houses of Congress, with their northern ames.iindiUerent to human rights and greedy only of political power, sustained the President in his disregard of that fundamental principle of the Declaration of thc Independence, that " government stands on the consent of the gov erned." inc contest was unequal, un the one side was a struggling people, insulted and des poued or their rights ; on the other side was the President with all the vast powers of this Republic, with patronage less than now but very prevailing, and with a great political party which gave to mm an unhesitating support The contest reached this Chamber. Naturally it came before the Committee on Territories, where happily the good cause was represented by Jacob Collamer of Vermont The interest increased with each day, and when the commit tee reported, a scene ensued without example among us. The reports of committees are usually handed in and ordered to be printed; but now at thc call of a Senator from South Carolina the re port of the committee, whitewashing Incredible outrages, was read by the chairman at the desk or the secretary of thc Senate. The chairman r ....T or ,n.u ""HP?' a?a ucc.t0 face with the Senate. For two hours the apolo gy for that usurpation, which had fastened a Black Code upon an inoffensive people, sounded in this Chamber, while the partisans of slavery gloated over the seeming triumph. There was a hush of silence, and there was sadness also with some who saw clearly the unpardonable turpitude of thc sacrifice. JIr Collamer follow ed with a minority report, signed by himself alone, which he read at thc desk of thc Secre try. standing face to face with the Senate. Jes se D. Bright was at the time our 1'resident. but he had installed in thc chair on that momentous occasion, none other than thc most determined artificer of treason and drill sergeant of the re bellion, John Slidell.who eat behind, like Meph istopheles, locking over the shoulder of Truth, while the patriot Senator standing before grave ly unruded tha enormities which nan been per petrated. Few who were present then now re main; but none who were present then, can fail to recall the scene. The report which Mr Col lamer read belongs to thc history of thc count try. But the scene comes clearly within the domain or art. In the long lite or our departed fnend, it was his brightest and most glsrious moment, beyond anything of honor or power. whether in the Cabinet or on thc bench. For what is off.ee compared to thc priceless op portunity, uooiy etnpiojeu.oi sianuwg aa a uui trces for human rights T The other signal occasion, when he showed much of the same character and was surely in spired by the same sentiment, was during the last year, when thc illustrious President, who now sleeps in immortality, undertook, in disre gard of Congress and soMy by executive power. to institute civil governments throughout that region of the Union where civil governments had been overthrown imitating in the agencies he employed the Cromwellian system cf ruling by "major generals. ihe case of distant ana op pressed Kansas was revived. Who can forget the awakened leonine energy of the aged Senator, when, contrary to his custom, he interrupted another in dcbite to declare his judgment against the power of the President to institute ptrraanent civil governments "to last beyond tho war." The dividing line was clear. The President might exercise a temporary military power; but Congress must lay the foundations of permanent peace. This simple principle was, of course, only the corollary of that rule of Jef ferson, which has become one of the common places of our political system, asserting "the supremacy of the civil over thc military author ity." The eggs of crocodiles can produce only crocodiles, and it is not easy to see how the eggs laid by a military power can be hatched into an American State. This interjected judgment was afterward de veloped In a speech, which, for sententious wis dom and solid tense, is, perhaps, the best he ev er delivered. It is not long, but. like the Roman sword, it is effective from its very shortness. Be spoke with the authority of years, but he speke also with another peculiar authority, for it was he who drew the act of Congress which placed the rebel States under the bin. Positively, ear nestly, and most persuasively he insisted that Congress should not abdicate its control of this question. His conclusion was repeated again and again. It was for Congress, be said, to say when that state of things ezisted which would entitle the rebel States to perform theirfunctions ss integral parts of the Union. It was for Con gress to decide this question, and not for the President, except so far as thc President unites in an act of Congress by his signature. And he asked, "When will and when ought Congress to admit these States as being in their normal condition ?" To which he answers, "It is net enough that they stop their hostility and are re pentant. They should present fruits meet for repentance. They should furnish to us by their actions some evidence that the condition of loyj alty and obedience is their true condition again, and Congress must pass upon it; otherwise we have no securities. And 1 insist that thc Presi dent by making pttce with them, if you please, by surceasing military operations does not alter their status until Congress passes upon it." Then again filled with the thought, he exclaims. "ibe great essential thing now to insist upon is that Congress ihall do nothing which can in any way create a doubt about our power over the sub ject" And still pleading against executive in terference, he says, "I believe that when re-establishing the condition of peace with that peo ple, Congress, representing the United States, has power in ending this war as any other war, to get some security for the future It would be a strange thing if it were not true that this na tion in ending a civil as well as a foreign war. could close it and make peace by obtaining, if not indemnity for the past.at least some security for future peace." This was the last speech of our patriot senator. It is his last dying legacy to his country. Let all. from President to citi- izen. heed its words. The aspiration so often ex. pressed to day that he hid lived to take part in the restoration ot the rebel States is fulfilled. He lives in his declared opinions, which arc now echoed from the tomb. Porcilaix Pictures. Persons wishing to get this beautiful style of likeness, colored in the most artistic manner, can obtain them at Styles' Vermoct Gallery of Art. TnoaE Albums. Don't fail to look at the dis play of Pro tograph Albums in the window at Styles' Vermont Gallery of Art. Personal. Capt and Brevet Major Ogdcn Read, son of Recorder Read, arrived home Friday, having been honorably mustered out of the service, with his regiment, the 30th colored Infantry. This was a three years regiment, and tho men were generally anxious to be muttered out. Capt. Read has been on du ty recently at Fort Caswell, and still later as Judge Advocate of a Court Martial, at Wilmington, N. O. Hon. F. E. Woodbridgc, M. C, was in town last week, in attendance on thc Burton and Clark Arbitration. Rev. J. D. Kingsbury, lately of Winoos ki. has received a unanimous invitation to the pastorate of the 1st Congregational Church of Bradford, Mass., with a salary of fifteen hundred dollars. It is reported that that a person answer ing the description of Mr. Uubbcll, thc musing cashier of tho Missisquoi Bank, was seen in Toledo, Ohio, on Saturday last Sxmmxs Naddid. A dispatch from Mont gomery, Ala., of the lGth inst., states that Raphael J. Semmes, late commander of thc pirate steamer Alabama, was arrested on tho previous evening and forwarded immediately toward Washington. I WcmroRTH. of Illinois said : I am un- ' wlUiDS thlt thc M be unheard on this occasion ; and I hare no other apology to offer for my remarks now except that I regret that some abler man from tho West had sot deemed that the privilege devolved upon, M", I entered Congress at the same time with Judge Collamer in 1813, and I had not long, been associated with Mm before I marked hira as a man of signal ability, and destined to take, that high rank which has been so unanimously' accorded him. I concur In all the noble traits " of character which the gentlemen who have so ' eloquently preceded me have enlarged upon.' But there are some points which' they have over looked that I deem too prominent to be omitted and do justice to so great a mn,- Jj0 diitia guished himself fiir his kiadnesa and fitherW care of the new States. While he scrupulously, ,. canvassed, all our measures and opposed those which he deemed eitravamnt. -c-t h m.- l.i. been considered a very liberal man to us, and 1" could mention many works of western Improve ment that stand out as nnnnraent- ofhU inor. and foresight Judge Collamer was an economical man, and carefully investigated evrrr eliim ihit brought before Congress, and those of his fellow-members who had. not examined them never haI any fears in fullowinf him if ha nnlv inr. ed them that he had carefully examined the matter. He looked as I do upon economy, as one of the beat safeguards of our Government, and as one of the essential requisites of a statesman. He thought that nn man ihonU Im more liberal of the public money than he was of his own. He viewed economy in public affairs as nothing more nor less than atrict honesty. The same tterhsg economy which characterized hira in the legislative department he nraeticnl in tfca . he tolerated no extravagance, and when I have ""un uepiriiueni. as l osunaster ueneral said this. I need not say his Department was tainted with no corruption. And if the history vi iuc i uai umce uepanmenc is ever written, his administration will be noted as econnniMl. cheap, and honest, and he will stand equal to. u noi azTau in uus respect, or the purest men who have ever adorned the national Post Office. As to his ability I have only to auote my own ease to show what effect he was eamhl nf wwu. ... nwo cteu prcjouiccu against his views. I was here during the last inauguration ceremonies, and when I came here i had not thc views that I now havo with refer ence to the reconstruction of the States. I had a conversation with one of the ablest men in this country upon that subject, and I might auu, wun a gentleman now occupying what I consider the highest position in this Republic His views and mine at parting did not exactly coincide. His last words were, " I would like to csve you read the late speech of Senator Col lamer, if you have not done so." As Ihad not. he took particular pains to send to his own li brary and got for me the only copy he had, which he prized very highly, and trusted to his goou lortunc to get another. To that speech I owe the convictions which have dictated the not which I have cast upon this floor. That speech convinced me, and I know no other way for a public man to rote than in accordance with his convictions, leaving the consequences, not to the dictation of selfish organizers of poli tical parties, but to that Creator to whom a man is as much responsible for his official as for bis private acts. l he gentleman from riew lork Mr. Kay- monuj nas ioiu us mat judge touuner wss conservative. Until those words, I had not made up my mind to address tho House on this occasion. I deemed it my duty then to define Judge CoUamer's conservatism. He was for preserving his Government, and he was for des troying everything that stood in the way of commending that Government to the protection and blessing or divine frovidence. He was a conservative of the right and a radical destruc tive of the wrong. The gentleman from New x one might have said or him that he was ara dical conservative. He knew no expediency, he xnew no policy, as against the equality of all mankind before tho law ; and that is the sense in which an immense majority of this iloise can be called conservatives. The gentleman from Kentucky Mr. Griderl spoke ol Mr. Collamer as a conscientiously reli gious man, and he might hive added that his religion was of that kind which made him be lieve and carry into actual practice the "belief that men should be as equal before the bar of his country as they were before the bar of God. Judge Collamer met the black man on earth as he knew he would meet him in heaven. TIHRTV SIXTH CONGRESS. nssr session. WAiHixaio.v, Dec. 18. House: Resolutions were introduced against all manner of aristocracy: for the distribution among the states or surplus arms; to ask the President why Jeff. Davis has not been tried; about elective franchise as a special feature of State rights, (tabled;) calling for information on Mexican relations; that District Court Clerks shall not be relatives of the Judges; asking about obstructions to free transit through Bilti morc; t) extend the oath of allegiance to all persons elected or appointed under United States laws, (adopted;) asking for detail of the num ber of soldiers from each State; for a general hatbor improvement bill; to observe the obse quies or memory of the late President, (Senate bill concurred in-,) appiopriating 825,000 to .Mrs Lincoln ; a bill extending suffrage in the District of Columbia; concurring with the Sec retary of the Treasury in his views on currency restriction ; about registry of Amarican vessels conveyed to British owners; against polygamy. &The session was closed by a long speech from .Mr Stevens of Penn., on the question of recon struction, taking thc ground that the late rebel States are not in the Union and must come in as territories. WAsmsGTOS, Dec, 10. Senate Bills were introduced for the defence of the Northeastern frontier; to authorize tho establishment ef a branch of the frecdmen s bu reau in each of the former Slave States. The President's message on reconstruction was read and was compared by Senator Sumner to Pierce's white-washing message on Kansas. .Messrs. Cowan and Doolittle defended the President from the imputation. House Certificates of election of members from Louisiana and one from Virginia were re ferred to the committee of fifteen. The election committee were directed to inquire into the right of Sir Harris of Maryland, to a seat as a member. The biU to regulate railroad transportation between the States, known as the New York and Washington Air Line bill, was passed, after a sharp discussion, 02 to 02. The joint resolution to amend thc Constitution so as to prohibit the assumption or payment of rebel debts by any State, was adopted. WAsniscTO.v. Dec 20. House A resolution that Jeff Davis should be tried and punished for treason, and for inhu manity to starved prisoners, was ordered to be printed. JIr Stevens presented thc petition of Judge Warmouth asking to be admitted to the House as a delegate from the territory ot Louisiana, and purporting to be signed by 19,000 voters. A resolution calling on Gen. Howard for infor mation concerning the restoration to rebel own ers of lands assigned to the freed men , and by what autherity the property once vested In the United States under confiscation, was thus taken from the United States and bestowed en con quered enemies, was aboptcd. "Przttv Waiter Girl CnuRcn." In the F ench Episcopal Church (Do I'&prit) in Twenty-second street, New York, the con tributions of the members are collected by young ladies, in accordance with a custom which exists in France. A portion of the congregation has taken exception to the pro-, cceding and threaten to cause considerable, trouble. Thc rector, Dr. Vcrrtns, is pretty freely denounced for permitting what, in this country, is certainly an innovation ; and some people more witty than reverential, have gone so far as to call the edifice the "Pretty Waiter Girl Church." A LrciD Creed. X sect in Berlin, Prus sia, called "Cogitants," have for a motto : 'Our knowledge is our faith ; onr dignity 1 is our morality ; our worship is lite, and oux religion it our secret J' A lew of their doctrines and practices arc as follows : ? "Neither thclt nor fraud can be punish ed with imprisonment Women are to have " a part in the church government' Only tbo lower part of tho coffin should be buried in. the earth."