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voi,. v. nro. si. MOiWPEMER, (VT.) APRIF, ff, 1SS6. WHOIJG H'O. 932. LETTER.S TO MR. HALLETT. No. G. Fr.nnuAnr, 18315. To 11. F. Hallett, Esq.: Sin: Yoti say, in your ser.oiul lcttcr, iliat yoti tako it for grantcd I havc somo systcm in tlio courso l lmvo nrioptcd, somo lilan to ninko niy principles cfl'ectivc, wliich you catl on ino to point ont; aml, atlcr charging nic witli " involving tlio anti-masons of Vermont in n labyrintli from wliich tliey liardly know how to cscnpc, (how much tliey nccd yourliclp!) you ask wliotliur we "shall not, ultimatcly, lic compclled to sacrificc otirsolves to tlio nsccndnncy of soutlicrn iiolitics, in tlio pcrson of Judgo White." Upon tlic tsup iiosiiion that sucli will lio tlio rcsult, you vcry courteously ask, what will bccoiuc of nll tho principles witli wliich 1 havc "stufful" niy pamphlct, and procccd to say, subston tially, that thcy will ucjusi ns iiiucii uiu ingcd in the clcction of Judgo White as in tlmtof Mr Van Buren. Liko tho mirso witli a rclYactory chargc.which all ordinary mcans havc failcd to subduo, you resort to lho"raw-hend and bloody bones"of White ism) to frightcn us inlo a support of Mr i Van Buren. Evcry man who venturcs to talk of a third cimdidnte, is sct down at onco as a "Whilo man," nn encmy to tho North, &c. For a ycnr post I lmvo bccn thc object of such attacks, iiisoniuch that you havc publiely dcclared that 1 had ciidcavorcd to carry my frieiuls in Ver mont for Judgo White, and that I had actually writtcti for him in thc puhlic pa pcrs. Thc pcoplc of Vermont know that this is not true, and 1 shall not, tlicrcforo, fctoj to rcfutc it. Nor shall I undcrlakc to discuss thc qucstion witli regard to tho cflcct upon niy prineiples, whieh would follow thc clcction of .ludgo While. Tho truth is, you havc altogcther mista kcn the strcngth of thc opposition to Mr Van Uuicn nori of thc Potomac; and you niay yet hcconviuccd thatthero is as much rcason for accus'uig thosc at thc South, who adlicrc to Judgo White, witli doing it, to yield an ultimatc support to a Nortliern opposition candidate, as thcrc is for accus ing the Nortliern opposition witli playing thcir gaine in'o tho hanils of tho South, by bringing out a third candidate. You should reniember, sir, that Mr Van Buren has bcen before tho puhlic us thc Prosi dent's and thc ofncc-holdcrs' candidate for moro tlian two years; and that it has bcen a part of tho system of party tnctics, to hoast of his strcngth, and to assumc, cvcrywhcrc, that ho would bc "cerlainly elccted." Even you, sir, havc hecn de ccivcd hy thi", insomuch that you havc 6uflercd thc nttractions of a 'ccrlain major ity' to win you ovcr, 'nothing loath,' to thc ctnbraces of 'the party.' No obstrtelc, morcovcr, to thc porfcct agrcement of thc party has bccn prcscntcd in tlio ncccssity of tliscussing and scttling principles. The great principle, dovotion to a party ehicf, has been long scttlcd. To fix upon thc inan who should bo thc candidate of thc party, involved as little difuciilty, for Gcn cral Jackson had carly stlllcd thal queslion. Thcrc seemcd to bo nothing to do, thcrc forc, but to cry, Van Buren and Dcnioc racy, (strango association!) and 'go aliead.' Not so, on the ollier sidc. Thcrc was no candidate, backcd hy tho iinniensc powcr and patronagc of tho Govcrnmcnt; no office-holdcrs, dcpcndcnt on cxccutivo I'avnr, to niovo in universal concert; and no iudividual to mukc n nomiualion whieh should, at once, scttle all competition. On tho othcr hund, thcrc wcrc honestdifl'cr ences of opiuion upon some points, in regard to wliich frccmcn might diHcr, and wliich there was no Exccuiivo uuthority to Ucterniinc. And thero was to bo dccidcd the difllcult qucstion, can a hody of frce mcn, who inaiiitain a distinct political or canization unon nrincii)les not nctcd on vjinlitically by ccrtuin other frccmcn, givo ejfect to principles in whieh both classcs grcc,to the cxtcnt of tmiting on a candi date for tho I'residcnr.y? Pcrcuiving this statc of things, iinwcari d pains havc bccn takcn hy the friends of tho Executive candidutc tojbster jcalousies, nnd-cxcUo disscnsions among tlioso oppos cil to tho adiiijnistration, and desirous of a refbrm. This has bccn cspccially true in Verjnont, ns I could csily show. ' From idl this havo rcsulted irrpsnlution and dclay, whieh havc sccincd to thrcatcn, ntVomc time's, thc uttcr annihilation ol all liopes of druwmg out and giviug ctiect to thn full strcngth ol tho rcnl opposition ihruighout the country. In thisstato of things, whcn all secnicd dark, light suddcnly sprangup in Pen.nsvl vawa. Anti-niasonry triiiinpheil in that importaut Statc; and whalovcr your 'Bos ton masonic whigs' may eay of it, has, in that triutnph, fiirnisheil, in my opinioii, the only hopo of saving thc country from tho nisrule' wliich you onco so clearly saw nnd dcpictcd. 1 ho anji-inasons of I'cnn nylvania, witli tho vcnerablo patriot and nivrompromising anti-mason, Josr.rn Hit Nr.T.at thcir hcad, havo takcn thcir Mand, nnd takcn it at a most important criais. Thcv miglit havc dclaycd to mako a decis ion,'anil waitcd tho rcsult of a national anti-masonic convcution, but for your oflbrtg to defeat it, nnd tho ronviction tbproby forced upon thnm that, thoiigli dclaycd it would fmnlly bo dofcatcd. I'onnsvlvania, you know, would have, and justly havo, gruat weight in n milioiial cou vontion. It was what you fcared and desircd to avoid, nnd havo succccdcd in nvoiding. Ilut what you havo avoidcd in ono forin ypn havo now to incut in another. The voico 'of Pcnnsylvania anii-masonry lias bcen hcard; and hcard in cood tinic. Tho Hiiddcn nttempt of tho two opnosinc dlviBions of tho Jackson party in that State to utiitc, shows that. tlio lcadcrs fuel thc forco, nnd drcad thc efTect, of the Har lislnirir nomiuatioii. Thoso Uader3 havc, undct Ono prcssurc of common daimcr, uiiitcd; but tho rcsult of numcrous mcetiiigs of tho pcoplc, callcd to ratify that uniim has shown thut, how- cverstronc may have bccn thcir attach mcnt for (icneral Jackson, thoy aro not to bc tiaiisfcrrcd n massc to thc man ho has nominatfd for tho succcssion. Thousands of theni are prcpared to say givo us tlio pcnuine rciublicau, Wm. IIeniiy llAiiaiso.; lornslor tliis Sow Vorlc canuKlatc, we wot not what has hccomc of his rcnuhli- ranisui. W'o hear iudccd niany projcssions ot it, hut arounauic to tinil us Jrmis. Wo have ndinircd the promptitudo and cnergy of Gcncral Jackson, havo fclt gratcful for his military scrviccs, and will honor and chcrMi his original friends. 15utwe fecl little regard for tlioso who came in at tlio clcvcntii hour; who havo succccdcd iu prostrating thosc friends, nnd who havo induccd him to depart fiom tho principles wo thoiight wo wero securing inliiselcva tion, for thc iiirposc of fastcning on thc country a political syfctem wliich is some how, strangcly opcraling to subjcct thc will of thc many to the control of thc few. Thus, sir, rcason many of the original friends of Gcncral .Inckson in Pciiiisylvania, and tliis rcasoning is earrying tlieni by scorcs amlhiiiidrcds into tho ranks of Uit ner, Ant,iinasonry, and Jtcform. l'cnnsylvania is lost to your candidate; and thischangcs cssfiiitially thc stato of thc wholc qucstion. Tho friends of Mr Van 15urcn havc got to meet tho influcnco of this in other Statcs in Ohio, Indiana, Kcntucky, New Jcrscy, New Yoik, and Vermont; and you may yet sco tlio can didate of the Pennsylvania anti-masons brotight into thc Ilous'e of Ucprcsentativcs witli avotc wliich shall command rcspcct, and savc thc Nortliern opiositiou in that hody from thc nltcrnativc whieh you havc been so long striving to forcc ujion thcni. Thcro may be thoso who are so lrigjitencd by your White bug-bear as to go lor your candidate, orfor an body; but thc Pennsyl vania nnti-niasons secm not to bc thus casily nlarmcd. Strong in numbers, and yet stronger in thcir principle?, thcy havo dared thc hazard ot bringing out a third candi date, and callcd upon tho country to rally witli thcm 'to tho rcscuc' But you may ask how is it that thc anti masons of Pennsylvania have dclermincd to go for Gcncral Ilarrison? Is he an anti mason? Ilna ho not, on thc contrary, said, in thc correspondcnue wliich has bccn hcld witli him by anti-masons of that State, that bc could not sec thc propricty of making opposition to frccmasonry political, aml that ho boliovcd to makc it so, would "bc tho parcnt of niischiefs infinitcly grcater tlian thosc wliich it is its dcsign to curc?" And can anti-masons, allcr this, support him for tho Prcsidcncy? Now, sir tliis is a qucstion wliich I miglit wcll lcavcyou tosctllo with thc anti-masons of l'cnnsylvania. Thc corrcspondcncc to whieh I havc alludcd, took place with anti inasons ol that Statc. Tho Pennsylvania anti-masons aro capable of understanding tho true ground on wliich Gcncral Ilarri son has placcd himsclf in rclation to tho niasonic qucstion; and thoy do not hcsitate to regard him ns standiug in a iosition iu wliich tliey, as democratie anti-masons, can consistcnlly yield hiin thcir support. If 1 had not tlieiiiennsof thoroughly examining the. subjcct for mysclf, I should dceni it not tinsafo to follow tlie lead of an anti-inason-ry as purc, and intclligcnt, and well tried, as that of Pennsylvania. But tho corrcspondcncc is bcforo nic, and 1 will, for a monicHt cxaminc it. Gcncral Ilarrison was callcd on by tho pcrsons nddressing him, to say Whctlier ho regarded the institution of frecmasonry as "a moral and political cvil;" Whetherlio lichevcd tho cxcrciso oi tho clectivo franchiso to bo a fair undconstitu tional ineans of rcinoving siirh evih" nnd Wliether, "whcn the Chief Mngistrato of tho Union is clcctcd on anti-musonic lirinciples," it would "bo his duty to sus- taiu thosc principles in his appointmcnts to oflice." In regard to the first inquiry, ho rcnlied iu thc following dccidcd and cinpiiatic tcrnis: " I state, ns an answcr to your first nncs tion, that 1 have, in ovcry instnncc whcn applicd to, dcclared that 1 was not amason, and tliat 1 was onnosed to tlie ordu: Wlicn j wroiouio lcttcr 01 tuc utii ot iHay lust, l was miMiiiorincu as to many ot tlio oiiii gatious cutercd inlo bv masoiis. I havo siiico Kt'i.ii n part of tho cvidetico on a trial iu wliich Mr Stovens, of Gcttyshurg was a party, aiiu as, troui tlio disciosurcs tnen madc, it appcars iliat tlio olji''ations ot tlio meiulicrs of tlui ordcr, ,as uudcrstood bv a portiou of thein, aro lotally incompatihlc with their duty to the laws of their country, l CAK.NOT IIDT CONSinUUTKKr.XISThXEOl-' MASONnV AS AN EV1L, BOTH MOIIAL AKn rOMTlCAIj." In regard to using tho right of tho electivu franchiso ns n mcnns of rcmoviti2 tho cvil of frecmasonry, ho says: j cninraeo tno opioi'iunity wiiicii is nowaflbrdcd nic, of writing to ono of tho s'limo ccntlemcn to whoin mv letter of tho fiih ol Mfty was (fddrcsscd, to say that thero is nothing in that lcttcr wliich denies to tho Stnte authorities tho riuht to uirMi- gale, nud corrcc,ftny livils whieh may nriso Iroin nit associulion actmg tn sccrit, ann undrr the. ollmnlwn of secrel oalhs. EnunV ly fnr was it from my intention to say that tho Executive Mngistrato of aStuto slmiild not conform his nppointnicnts to publio oiiuion. Qw tho contrary, Ithink itishis boundcn duly to do sn." Ho adds, in tn tnihseqnont part of iho sarno lctter, in moro dircct reply to tlio question toudliing tlio right of using tlie uiucuvu iruiicuisc; i "I sav that. intho cx-crcisc of tho clcctivc franchise, tho pcoplo posscss tho mcnns of corrcctmg all thc cvus wliicu may nriso in our Govcrnmcnt; and that it ought to lc uscd for that purposc." Upon tho third subjcct of inquiry, ho rcplicd "That a President of tlio Unitcd Statcs is bound to consult tho wisecs of tho Peo jilo who may huvo clrctcd him, as far as thcy may coinportwith tho constitution nnd tho principles on wliich itis formed." In n lcttcr addrcsscd, about tlio sanie time, to Mr Stcvcns, of Pennsylvania, ho says, in rcfcrcnco to tho proposcd cxcrciso of tho Executive poiccr of thc Unitcd StaUs in tho supprcssion of masonry, that "It could not laii to lic tno parcnt oi inisclucls, mhnitcly grcater tunn tlioso wliich it is tho dcsign to curc." lio adds: "No, my dcar sir, do not lct tho General Govcrnmcnt iutcrfcro with tho domcstic conccrns of thc Statcs. Corrcct disordcrs that may nrise of that charactcr, hy the powcr of the pcoplc thcmsclvcs, or by the authority of tho State Govcrnmenls;)mn lct tho appointmcnts by tho Presldciit bc madc upon thc good old rules of Jcflcrson honcsty, capacity, aml lidclity to tho constitution; nnd n furthcr requircmcnt, whieh I know lio alwnys nindc, that of thcir bcing acce)tablc to tho Pcoplc for whoin thcy werc immcdiately to nct." On a rcvicw of thc nositions thus takcn by Gcncral Ilarrison, tlic following nppears to bc their substancc: 1. That ho rcgnrds the cxistcncc of frcclnasonr as "an cvil, both fionAL and I'OLITICAI.. 2. Tliat, "in tlic cxcrcisc of thc ehclive Jranchise, the pcoplc posscss tho ineans ol corrccting all tlic cvus wiucii may nrise in our Govcrnmcnt; nnd that t7 ought to he us(:d for thal purposc." 3. That the qucstion with regard to thc supprcssion of frecmasonry is "a domcstic conecrn of thc Statcs; thatit propcrly np pertains to tho powcr of thc pcoplc thcmsdvcs," or thc "aulhority of thc State Govcrnments;" and thatit would be dangcrous to commit it to tlic Gcncral Govcrnmcnt or any of its departmcnts; nud 1. That "apnointmcnts by the President should bo mado upon the good old rules of .lcllerson "iionesty, capaciiy, atul lidclity to thc constitution; nnd that thcy should bc acccptablo to the Pcoplc for whom thcy are immcdiately to nct." I conlcss, sir, that, on n closo cxamina- tion of this subjcct, I am disnppoiutcd. On n clancc at tlioso lctters, some timc ago, i iiasmy ramc io iuo coiiciusiun, wiikmi i j-erccivo you anu somo omcrs nave urawn, that Gcncral Ilarrison was opposcd to political anti-masonry. In this, 1 was mistakcn. Jic not oniy says tnai masonry is "a tnoral nnd nolitical cvil," but ho most clearly rccogniscs the right nnd thc dultj of thc pcoplo to corrcct it in the cxcr ciso of tho elective franchise. But, then, ho considcrs this to bo appropriately the woik of tho "pcoplc thcmsclvcs" or tho "State Govcmmcnts," and not that of thc General Govcrnmcnt. And, it was iu rela- ion to the cxcrciso of thc powcr by this latlcr aulhority only that bc niade the rcniark, so olten (potcd, that it "couid not fail to be thc parcnt v." inischiefs infinitcly grcater tlian thoso whieh it is dcsigncd to curc." Tlic unfairncss of making him uso this lnnguago with a refercnce to thc powcr ot the pcoplc to forrcct tlic cvil of trccmasonry by tho cxcrciso ol the lcctive franchise, or in rcfcrcnco to the powcr of Iho State Lcgislatures to Buppress t, is too piam to necu comment. ucnerai Ilarrison, thcrcforc, stands substantially upon tho ground whcro tno auii-niasons havo rallicd from thc bcginning; namcly, that masomy is an eril, tnoral and political, and that thc pcople may corrcct it at thc hallot-ltox. You will cxciiso nic for having thus dwtlt upon this suljcct, for I fecl concem cd, nnd it should he the conecrn of all who lovc tho causc ol anti-masonry, to vuidicaio tho anti-mnsons of Pennsylvania from the iinpuiatiou of haviug nbandoncd thcir ground in thc nomination tlioy hnvotliouht jiropcr to makc for tho Presidcucy. 'Iho nnpropricty of thc objections tirged against their noinination is rcndcrcd moro npparcnt by a compnrisou of tho ground takcn by thcir candidate, with thut ol Mr Wirt in Ie;JI. It is oliiected that tliough licneral Ilarrison asscrts, ns Mr Wirt dnl, that ma- om-y is a moral and political evil, anu rccogniscs thc jiropncty oi corrccting it by tho cxcrciso of tho clectivo franchise, and tho authority of Stato lcgislntion, yct io docs not niliiut tho propricty ol siinjec- ting it lo tho action of tho Gentral Goveni mcnt, and decms it dangcrous that it should bo mndo n test bv thc I'rcsnieiit in tno cxcrcisc of tho rcmovins and appointing jiowcr. And 'is not this substnntially tho ground tnknn bv Mr Wirt in his lcttcr nccentinL' tlio niiti-masomc nomuiBtiou iu lOJir iicar him: "I had Biipposcri (ho says in addrcssing iuo cnmniiuco oi uio couvciiuou wiiicii nomiiiatcil him) thnt thc vcry prineiplo of your union wasa war of iiidiseriinuiato prosrrijition ngainstall persous thrmighout tho Unitcd Statcs who had ovor borno tho pnmo of niason; that you would put in notninntiou no person who hed evcr bccn a masoM linnsclf, r.lul who wouhl not, morcovcr, plcdgo himsclf to bccomo a par ty to sucli n wnr of oxtermination, nud tteW the appointing power of tho odico uuder your dictatiou; who would not, iu sliort, bcoomo tho President of vour varlu, instcad of hciugtho President of the unitcd States 1 am hannv to fiud thut this is an error, for 1 shoufd havo bcen giicvcd for my country to sco tho vise of any pnrty Ihut Khould atleet to scr.o upon tho rcius of Govcrnmcnt, and through thc agency of an automaton I'rcaxdcnt, to direct iispowcrs to tho vindictivo purposcs of party pro scription and iicrseciition." Can any ono rcad this nnd not sco that Mr Wirt wns ns little disnoscd as is Gcncr al Ilarrison to altctnpt to corrcct tlic cvil of iaeemasonry by tho cxcrciso ol tlio rcmcv ing and appointing powcr of the President of tho Unitcd Statcs? Thc truth is, it was not upon tlio ground that Jio would thus cxcrciso that powcr tliat Mr Wirt was supportcd as tho anti-masonic candidate. It was not cxpcctcd of him any moro thon it is of Gcncral Ilarrison. But ho was willing to stand fortli, in tho faco of the world, ns condoiiiuing freeinasonry, and "('" ' .inc thc right of thc pcoplc toattcmpt n corrcction of tho cvil, by tho cxcrciso of the clectivo lranclusc; and ho was cordiallv nnd tiuivcrsally supportcd as thc anti-masonic candidate. Gcncral Ilarrison docs allthi nud morc, for ho distinctly admits thc propricty of snbjccting frecmasonry to thc action of Stato lcgislntion; and yct thcrc aro those calling thcmsclvcs nnti-mn-sons, who scoffat tho idca of supporting him as an anti-masonic candidate, whilo thcy fmd no difliculiy in supporiing a can didato who stands uncommittcd by a singlo scntencc, cither against frecmasonry or in favor of tho right of corrccting tho "evil" of it at tho ballot-box, or by tho power of Stato lcgislntion. 1 am,hcre mcr, howevcr, with your asser tion that Mr Van llureii is a dccidcd anti mason. It dcmands consideration, nnd shall rcccive it in my next and concluding letter. I am, &c. W. SLADE. COKRESPONDENCE. Letter from thc Jhitimasonic Commitlec to ll'illiam H. Ilarrison. llAnnisnuno, January 20th, lf 3G. Gcn. H'm. 11. Ilarrison: DearSir, Thoro proscntativcs of thc DeinocraticAntimasonic party ofjPcnnsylvania nict in Convcution on "tho I'lth ol'Dcc. last nt this placc, nnd nominatrd you as n candidnto for President of thc Unitcd Statcs, and nppointcd tho imdcisigiicd a committce to addrcss you upon thc bubjcct, and requcst your accep tance of thc nominatiou. We forward you a copy of tho procccd -ings of thc Convcntion, in accordancc with tlic rosoluiion under whieh thc committce was nppointcd. Wo tender you our sin ccro congratulntioiiR, as wcll upon your noiiiinatioii by that Convcntion, as tho fair prospcct of your clnctiou to thc most dis tingiiishcil postin thogifl oftho Anicricnn jicoplc, nnd to wliich tho party wo havo thc honor, iu tliis instnncc to rcprcscnt, has pledged its efibrts to ndvanco you. With sentiments of grcat reiqiect, wo rciuain your follow citizcns, j. r. cox, JAMES COCIIRAN, 1JANIEL GltOVES, Coiuinittec, &c. REPLY. Ci.ncinnati, 21th Fcb. 1830. Gentlemcn : Erom soino canso uuknown to me, your lcttcr of tlio 20th of January. aiiiiouncing that "tho l!cprcsentatives of thc Democratie antimasoiiic party of Penn sylvania nssenibled in Convcntion nt llnr risburg, had noiniuatcd mo ns n cnndidato for President oftho Unitcd States," did not reaeh mo until Saturday evcning last. This inforination is given for tlio solo pur jiose of nvoiding the impiitation of disre spect to ivbody of my fellow citizcns, to whoin I am so dceply iudcbtcd, as that of thc Antiinnsotiic Convcntion, whosc dccis ion you havo uudcr thcir appointmcnt,doue mo thc honor to coinmuuicatc. No pcrsons, I presuiue, gentlemcn, know bcttcr thau yoursclves, that 1 liuil not the most distant agency m procuniig tlic nomi nation wliich you announcc, or in cfli'uting any oi the incipicnt movements whieh led to it. it wns au cionc ny tlioso wuo wcrc totally indcpendcut of any inllueiicc, thut COIIlll lic oroiigni iu iiL'ai upon iiil'iii, i:uuur by mysclf or uuy ono coiineeted with me. Tho truth is, 1 wasin a situalion whieh nflbrdcd uo inenns of iuflucnco nny where. I hnd no prcsent pntronagc, nor tho most distant prospcct of acquiriiig any. Ncces sarily oecupied with matlors having rcfcr cnco to tho interests of mv fnmily, I was unablc to mingle in tho party contcsts of thc day, nnd hnd Fiipjiosud thut my pohti cnl netion would, for thc rcsiiluo ol'iny lifc, boconflncd to tho exerciso of thnt inestiiua blo privilcgo whieh belougsto evcry citizen, and whieh I havo considcrcd n sacrcd duty ncver to ncglect. I wns thus situated wlicn I rcccivcd tho infornialion of my having bcen put in noinination for tlio Prcsidcncy, by a lurgo niunbcr oftho citizcns of your patriotic Stalc, assciublud at its capitul. Procccdings of n siinilur chaiactcr, quickly followcd iu this, us wcll ns othcr btatcs. Nothing could hnvo bcen nioro iinex .iccted to me thau thcso niovcmi'iits. And liowcver willing 1 miglit havo hecn to de clino the pretensions, whieh had been sot forth in my bchalf iu favor of cither of tlic distiugiiishcd statcsiuan, whosc claiins had previously, iu difii'rcnt States, aud din'eient ways, been suhmittcd to tho pcoplc, I did not think thnt I was callcd upon to arrcst by any puhliu dcclaration, thoso ppontuuc oiis expressions oftho people in my firsor in their primury assemblics. It wns, liowcv er, niv )iosiiivo dcti'riuinatioii lo witbdiaw mjsclf from tho contcst upon thn orcur rcnce of any circumstuucb whieh wnuld havo indicatcd Ihut eilher oftho othrr can dates could nioro succcssfully opposo thc geiitlcmmi who was siipposed to bo put in nomination, by tho iiilluenco of tho prescnt cxccutivo oftho union. A critcrinn of this kind could bo found in tho dccision oftho autluiiisonic Convcntion of Pcnnsylvaiiiii, about to bousseinblell at Hnrrisburg. Thcro wero many rcnsons for sjibni'utiug this im portant issuo to the dccision of Pcnnsvlva nia. Thoy arc to bo found in hcr singular and itnposing position iu relercnco to thc other Statcs, east, south and west, to tho great strcngth of her votc, and last but not east, to her uniform magnanimity and dis intcrcstcdncss, manifcstcd on all sncli oc casions, hy thc postpoumcut of tho nlaims ofherown citizcns, iu fuvor of thoso of othcr Statcs, whencvcr the publio good appcarcd to requiro it. llcasons cqually strong pointod out tho dccision of tho anti masonic convcntion as the ineans of asccr taining thc futuro votc of the Statc. lf thc citizcns of that party did not constitutc thc actual niajority of thc Statc, thcy wero so near so, as to rcnder tho chaucc of any opposition candidate, without thcir support, uttcrly hojielcss. For u considcrable time before thc Coiucntion mct, the manifesta tions of publio sentimcnt in favor of n dis tinguishcd statcsman of Massachusetts, wero so strong as to rcnder it vcry proba blc that ho would rcccive tho nomination. It is known to my friends hcrc, that it was my iateutiun iu that cvcnt, iuimcdiatcly to havc withdrawn from thc canvass. Theso stateincnts aro madc, gentlemcn, for tho purposc of placing iu n propcr light, tho ngcncy whieh tho patriotic body you rcprcscnt, havo had, in placing me iu the situation I now occupy bcforc tho Aincri- cau ticonlo. But for thcir nomination, 1 should not now havc bccn a candidate, nor would I ofcourse. havc roceivcd thoso evi- denccs of confidence from the citizcns of oihcr Statcs, with wliich I havo bccn lately lionorcd. If I dcclinc an attcinpt to dcscribo tho dccp sensc of gratitude wliich 1 entertain lor your coustitucnts, gentlemcn, lor tius carly, gencroiis nud decisivo movcmeiit in my favor, 1 hopo it may be attriliutcd to its true canse, my inubility to do justicc to my fcelings. But pnrmit nic to ossurethem, that should the causo wliich thcy havc cs- louseil Miccced. and tho tiowers of thc Chief Magistrato of this grcat Union, bc placcd in niy hands, I will cmlcnvor to cxecuto the duties of that liigh trust, in a manncrlo rcflect nodishonoron thosc who hy an carly dcclaration in my favor, havc becomc iu somedegrcc, responsiblcto thcir fellow citizcns for tho corrcctncss of my conduct. I havo tho honor to bc with grcat consid eration, gcntleman, your humblo scrvant, V. 11. llHllll&VJlN. J. F. Cox, James Cociiuan, and Daniel Gkoves, I'sqs. Committce of thc Anti masonic Convcntion. Wasiii.noto.n Citv, Gth Fcb. 183G. Gentlemcn : Your lctter enclosing the procecdincs at llnrrisburL', has bcen rc- ceived, with tho fornial aniiounccincnt of the honor conferrcd upon me, by plucing my namo before tho paople of the Unitcd statcs, as n candidate lor iho vicei'rcsi- dency. Pcrsonally known to but few of thoso from whoin this flatteriug dctcrniination has cinanatcd, it is rcccivcu not only as un assuianee of their confidence iu the purity of my iiitcntions, but a? cxpressivo of thcir approbation of the fcw acts of my lifo wliich havo bccn of suflicient proniincncc to invito puhlic attcntion, nnd leaves mo no choiec, cither of fccling or of duty, but to vield mysclf to thc wishcs of thoso who iiavo cxtcndcd towards mo sucli kind par tialitv. The rcccnt political contcst in rcnnsyi vanin, was vciwed by tho friends of thc siipremacy of tho laws throughout ihe Union with an intense auxicty, and her vic tory came to thcm as tho watchword for futuro and other triimiphs ; nor can I doubt that it will bc so improvcd, as to Etrengthcii thc puhlic cnnfideuco nnd per lietuato tho asccndcncy of thoso principles wliich hcr frccmcn havo so long slrugglcd to csiablish. Accopt my thunks for thc kind mnnncr j,, whieh your communication has been mnde, nnd bo assurcd of tlio prido and plcasuro with whieh I reinain, Your fellow citizen, FUANC1S GIIANGER. ToMcssrs.J.F. Cox.&o. 2Vie liiblc. As far as our 'spccics aro coiiccrncd, wo may say ono sun! ono biblo ! Shut that plorious book, blot from hiiinan memory what wo havo lcained from its iages, nnd you qucnch tho day siiring. Tho wholo world lieth in ilarkiicssi To guiliy, mis(!inble mnn, thero reniains no Havior! no hcavcii! no guido in lifc! no support iu nflliction ! no victory ovcr denth! Tho gravc bccomcs a fathomless nbyss, nnd ctcrnity sprcnds arotuid him liko tho oeean ilurk, illiinitablc, fearful ! But open now lurniu tliat bnnk, aud lo, tho sun of righ- terotisncss ariscs with hcalingin his wings; aud all nrouud us nud nuovo us, is lovc, joy, and liope. 7 he Gospel. Wero wo not falso to tho inigbty prineiplo of I.ovo Divinc, und trai tors in lcnguc with our oncniies, tho gos pel would bo our chaiiipion ngninst all ndvcrsitics, aud inainlain for us a lierpctunl fnniinunion with God. It would hcnspint of holiness nnd jicacc, tcaehing tho songs nf licavcn and tho Inbors of thc carth ihy- iiiiF nnr Ipni-s. stilliiiL' olir sifillS, lltul 80 lilll- Ititr our wholo cxisteneo hcio below, iIimi i-r.nA w'uli us" would be our inotto, nnd "always rcjoicinp" tho rcocrd of our pilgrimage. Oh, for tliis mcck and cliecrful Siirit oi mo gospei i Tho opening of tho navigntion of tho Ohlo hns mado busincss nn Ciucinunti vcry activo. Tho Gazerto of that city, of tho 2d inst, say that thcro was n jam of Btcani boats at tho whnrf, deliveri.ig aml rccciving frcight.'' Tho navigation ot tho cnnal wns cxpectcd to be opencd in a day ortwo. MB. VAN BUREN AND THE CATII OLICS. Much anxiety having bccn cxpressed to scc Mr Vnn Buren's Lctter to the Pope of Romo or, what is thc sumo thing, to Mr Cicognnni, thc Amcricnn Consul at Rome, to bc shown to tho Pope wo copy it this wcck, aud doubt not it will bc closcly scru tinized by tho puhlic. It scems that Mr Cicognani no doubt Mr Van Buren hnd arrnngcd tho matter naid a visit to thc Pope, and wrotc Mr Van Buren on uccouut ol it, who, it must bc rccollcctcd, was then Sccrctary of tho Stato Department at Washington. Tho following is Mr Vnn Burcn'd Lctter. Washington, July 20, 1830. Your letters of thc 11th of April, and 5th of May, tlio first anticipating tlio favor ablc sentiments of his lloiincss thc Pope, towards thc Government and jicople of tho Unitcd Statcs, and the last confirming your anticipations, huve bccn rcccivcd at this department, nnd subinittcd to thc President; by whom I am directcd to tender his lloiincss, through tho samc chamiel an assuranco of tho satisfaction wliich ho derivcs from this communication of tho frank and libcral opinions cntcrtained by tho Apostolic See towards tho Govern ment and thc people, and of tho policy whieh you likcwisc stato his lloiincss has adoptcd, and whieh is so worthy of the llcad of n great and Christian church, assiduously to cultivatc, in his intcrcourso with forcign nations, the relations of amity and good will, and sedulously to abstain from nll inteifcrencc in their occnsional difiicultics with cach ollier, exccpt with the benign vicw of ejfccting reconciliutions be twecn thtm. You will accordingly seclc nn enrly opportunity to makc known to the Pope in tcrms and mnnncr best suitcd to theoccasion thc light in whieh the President views the communication rcferrcd to, and likcwisc you will assuro him that tho Presiilcnt reeiprocatcs in their full cxtcnt, and spirit, thc fricndly and libcral sentiments cntcr tained by his Holiness towards the Gov crnmcnt of tho Apostolic see, and tho pcople of tho statcs, of tho Church; and it is tlie Prcsident's wish that you should, upon thc samc occasion ofler his congratu latious to thc lloly Faihcr, upon his rcccnt succcssions to thc Tiara, not from any hcrcditary claini on his part', but from n prcpondcrating influcnco whieh a just cstimatiou of his talentsnnd privatc virtues naturally had upon tho cnligjitened coun cils by whieh that higli distinction was conferred; nnd wliich ofl'ords the pledge tliat his pontificatc will bc n wisc and bcnificent one. You will tako carc likcwise, to assuro his lloiincss, in rcfercuce to the patemal solicitudc whieh bc cxpresses in behalf of thc Roman Catholics of the Unitcd States, that all our citizcns professing that roli gion, stand upon thc sanie clevated ground whieh citizensofall other rcligiousdenom inations occupy, in regard to the rights of consciencc, that of perfect libcrty, contrn distinguislied from toleration; "that thcy enjoy an cntire cxemption from coercion iu evcry possiblo shapc, upon the scorc of religious faith, and thnt tliey are frcc in coiniiion with their fellow-citizcns of all other sccts to adlicrc to, or adoptthe crecds and practicc tho worship best adapted to their reason, or prcjudiccs; und that thero cxisls a perfect unity of faith in thc Unitcd Statcs ainongst rcliL'ionists of all nrofess- ious, as to tho wisilom and policy of thnt cardinal fuaturo of all our constitiuious and forms of government, thosc of tho Unitcd Stirtes aud scparato statcs of tho Union, by whieh this incstiniablc right is formaly rccognizcd, and the enjoyment of it invio lably sccured. M. VAN BUREN. Sucli isthe charaeter of Mr Van Buren's Lctter, written cxprcssly for tho eyc of tho Pope and to win his favor. It is a dis gracc to our National charaeter that nny Anicricau in ofTieo should hnvc written sucli a Lcttcr and no one but Mr Van Buren would havo written sucli a one. Its truckliiig subscrviency its sycopliantic fawnings tlie abject spirit it displays in a word, thc total want of Anicricnn fecling and Ameriean dignity, with wliich it is chnractcrizcd in cvery linc, niurk it ns iho prodiiction of Mr Van Uurm, and ot him only. Lct evcry eyc whieh rests upon tliis Le'tcr scan it closelv. "His Holiness the Pope!"--uHis Holiu'ess,""Holy Fath er," &c. &c, are pretly exprcssions for an Ameriean Secrctary of Stato to uso by way of llattcring tlio Pope of Romo! But wiih him dignity wns nothing; self-rcspcct wns nothing ho wislied to sccuro tho good will cf thn Pope, and thro' him tho support nud votcs of thn Romnn Catholics in this country; and to do this, lio was willing to stoop to flattcr, with tho fulsoiuc, sickcning panrgyrio, sueh ns would do grndo tlio charaeter of any Ameriean, thut most piiissnnt personnge! If tlie peoplo Inok into tho uiuttcr iu time, nnd nct as thcy should do, nll will bo wcll; but if thoy do not if thoy slumher on, fccling safo, it will not bo long, os things now go, before our clcctions aml our Governmeut will bo wholly at tho mcrcy of Foreigncrs, nnd no man ullowrd to douht the "infullibility of tho Pope" but at tho hazard of his lifo. Pitlsburg Timts. Thero is nothing so easy as to bo wiso forothcrs; a spccics of prodignllty, by tho by for sucli wisdoni is wholly wastcd. Marringo is liko monoy secm to want it, and you ncver i;ct it. Alas, for tho vnniiy of hnman enjoyment 1 wo grow wcary of cven our owu pcrfcc- tion. Attcntion is nlwavs pleasnnt In ncqunin tanccs till wo tiro of them. Tho history ofinost lives inaybo briefly coniprchcnded under throo Iicads olir follicn, our fnults, and our m sfortunes.