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Lctters of Wm. H. Harrison and Francis Crransrer. MONTPELIER, JUNE 1, 1836. The .CHAUNPl'.Y I.. KNAIU', UDITOR. MONTPELIER, JUNE 1, 1630. ANTIMASONIC MOAlINATIOiNS. EOR 1'HESinENT, WM. MEHrKY ESAfitKHSOIV Of Ohio; ICT ppointed by Mr JKrrrnsoN, Governor of tlie Terntory of liutinnj, iu 1UU1 ; 0"Uy Mr Maiiisom, t.'ominntidcr.in-Chiefof thc North N'cstern Army in 1B1S; XT By pelluw ciri.t.ss in Oliio, a Munibcr ofCongreiis in.lUlG; LT Hy the L.Kisi.ATUnr. or Omo, a Senator of iho b'mted Stntes in 11)23; and (E7 Hy Joax (l'imcv Auams, Ministcr i'lcnipo- tenlury to tho l'cjmblic of Colmnbm in 1828. U..7 iNominated by Couventions of thc I'kopi.k in l'cnnstlvania. Ohio, Maryland, New Yoik, ludi yiin, Illiuuia, Dclawarp and Vermont, Connecti cut, aml by the I.cgislatmp of Kentucky. ZScntimcnts nf Gcn. Uamson. " iacniruot but considur tho existcnce of Ma sonrv ai nli cvil, both inornl and political." " in thc excreUc of the electivc franchisc thc people pncs8 fhe means of corrccting all tlie evils which may arisc In our ynvcrnment, and that it ought tn bn used for thal purpovo." J.itter to the I'emuylvania Anlimatonic filalc Cvmmittic. " It tho excrcisc ol Uip. rcinohir and appointinp; powprjn siiiircE rrepmisonty could not I'ail to In tlie parent of mifchicfs innnitcly prcatcr than thnHe it is tlic design to cure. Correctdis orders thnt may ariso of that character by the po,wcr of thc pcoplc thcniselves.orby the amhority of thc ftatc Rovcrnincnta, and lct tho appointmentB uy thc I'residcnt bc made upou ihcgood old rulcs of Jefl'craon hoHcsty, capacity and lidelity to the Conetitution and a furthcr rpquiremcnt which I know he always made that or their being sccep. tablc to thc peoplo for whom thoy wcre immcdi ately to act.'' Letter to ThmUlnu Sltvms, I'sq. " It is the most diflicult tlihig 111 thc world for tnc to bclicve tltat a pctnplo in the poespssion of their right as freemen, would cver ue willing tn anrrendpr them and submit thrmselves to the will ofl'mastpr." " I contend thnt thc slrongcstof all govcrnments U that which is most Ireu." " Man do'ea not lcarn under oppreteion thoso nnble qnalities and feejings which nt him for the cnjnvniPiit of liberty." "To hq cstecmcd cmlnentlf izreat, It is neccs ary to bc eminently good." l.ttier to Bulivur. Neithor Masonrv, norVnn Burpnicm, nor bnth rari sticceed wilh thc Circcn Mutintain Bnys. Po Utical Jtigling will run a sliort rnrc anionf; the desccndants nf I'.than Allen. E D. llarber. Our oppnsttinn tn frppmaonry and Kxecutive usurpitinn sprinc from the s3me principlcs. W'c cannot, as consitcnt Antimasonv do any Icss than rcoist what wc depm unwarrantpd aKsuniptinns of power on tho part of thc Prnidcut. We act in nur orpnaitinn to the moasurps of thc l'xpcutip IT7" trictly nt AHtimafons. W'c aro only applj ing iloctrinrs ijur partv havp pvpr ndvocated. tn a new ease and cartyingthcm nut into prar.ticp in rclition tn a new evii, '. J). Ilarbir. I cnntont tnyaplr, on this occaeion, wilh saying thal I pnnsidr mysplf thc hnnorpd inptrnmont, rp Ipctrd by tho fripinlrt nf the present Administratmn, to carry out fj princij'tr nnd policy ; and that as ucll from inclinatinn as frnin duty, I shall, if hnn orpd with tho ehnicc of thc Americnn people, en dpavor to trpad pcncrally jn the fnntslops of I'rpsi drnt Jackinn happv iT 'l hall bo ablp tn perfert Ut7'he work whirh Jio lus so ilnrioiislvhepun.,r() Martin Van Ilurnt't Lttter to the llall. Con. FOR VICE I'HESIDE.NT, Of New York. ANTIMSO.IC PlTiwn'OUAI, TICKl'.T. . J JAI5EZ PROCTOR, Ai lurcr, . a 4 A I Dipt.No.1, DAV1D ORAWFORD, :t, TI'I'US IIUTCH1NSON, A, WM. A. ORISWOLI), 5, EDWAKD LAMH. ANTIMASONI cTrTAT P, TICK KT. rnn oovr.RNon, SILAS II. JENISON. roR i.t. aovERfcon, DAVID M. CAMR rOR TREASURER, AUGUSTINI'i CLARKE. LETTER S FROM OEN. IIARRISON AND MJt. (JRAN(JER. We rc-pnblish in nn Exlrn Slicct, nm) lny j)cforo tho imliliB tho lcttors frotn fiun lUnr.isoM nnd Mr Granoer, in rrply to tlio cnmmtinicniioiiH of tho Stnte Coinmit lec, informing thcm of tliuir rpsncctivc nrnii innlintip. Gn. Iliirrison's roply will lio luiitid to contnin n munly nnil iiiidisgniGcd avownl ofhis Kentimcnts iisnn Antiinnson, nnd Kcniihlicnn Cilizcn, oxtircEscd with nn detrnnce of ftylo nnd frimknoKs of mttnnur, nJiko honornhlo to tho Jicnd nnd henrt of thn distingiiished Slntcsinan of tho West. Jt will bo pcrccived tlmt lic ftdly ntloptstlie wl.known Retolutions, whicli hnvo pnshcd the scrntinizing ordcul of two largo nnti msponic ronvcntions in Vermont, nnd rn ceived their tinrjualificd ennction. Indred, we know nnt how Gen. Hiirrison could :Jiavo expresred, in nioro cmphnlic tcrnis, Jis full coneurrcnco in tho principlee nnd I views of tliu Amiinnsonic party, tlinn ho has donc on this uccasion. Tho hrii'f Jloply of ftlr Granoer is conehcd in ncat utid nj'proprimo langlinge, wnrm from tho henrt ol'ono of tho carliest sonio cnttsc. LETTER. OF GEN. HARRISON. North Re.vd, April 25, J83G. Deaii Sir: Your lcttcr ol thc lstultimodid not rench Cincintmti ntitil towurds tho clusci of tho inotilh, nnd nt tlic tinie of tuy nhsenco. Upon nivarrivnl, it wns tlchveiod to tne, bnt ninidst so miiny iresiiiL' cnL'UL'cmcnlH ns to prccludo tho possibility of un immc- liati: roiilv. 1 hc ix'solutiuiis ndontcd hv tlif mceting of tlie Antiinusonio Mcmbiirs of tho Logislnturo of Vermont, on tho lUth of October last, nnd readopted by thc Con- vcntion wlnoii nsscmhlcil nt Alontpclicr in Febrtiary, wero nls'i received. 1 havo cnrcltilly pcrused tliesc reBoltitions, and hnvo no besitancy in nvowing my en tiro itcrorduncu with thc sentimcnis whieh thcy cont.'iin. 1 thitik it )roper nlso to tsnv that, in ftlr Hladu's sixth letter lo jIr 1I:J- lett, nml in tho biuto Journnl ptibbshcd nt iMoiitpclier on tho btli ol fllareh Inst, my oiiiiiioiis ttpon iunsonry (as oxiiressed m soveral letters to my friends of tho Antima Honic party of I'cnnsylvanin in tho coiiiko of thc lastsuinmi'r,) aro eorrectly &tntcd. Uecurring to tho icsoliitiona I thmk thcro is nonc of thcm moro nppropriato thnn thnt in which is quotcd thc jtist i e buke of tho " Father of his Cotmtry," to that most mischicvous nnd dcslnictivc prini'iple, which would sanction nstirpa lions of powcr by thc ftmctiotiaries of n Kciiulilic, uniler thc etnlc )retenno of rc- drrssing cxisting cvils ; nnil it is umong tliu mos.t striKniK ol tho cxistniL' uvidcnccs ol otir dupartnre from thctrne laitli hui'Miioih- ly mmntained liy otir niiccsior.-', that unnu- tboriscd iissiimptions of power nro bo cx- tensively reirardeel, citber with intlitli'rcnct'. ornpprobation. It scems, indeed, bardly ncccssary that tliey fcliould claiin tho mcrit of sccuring uny manifvst jiublio bcncfit. Tho ilniing nnd hardiliood of achicvement sccmsuflicicntto entitlo tbemto confidenco nnd ndmirntion ; ns if tho csscntiul qnnlity in the character of tho Chief AlRgistrato of a Rnpnblic wns tlie conrage to nssumc ro iponsibility, nnd tho operations of thc Kxccntivc lioverriinent werc but n sticces- fion of covp de main, direetcd ngniiiht tfio renl or imnginary evils whicli it may bo thotight nccessnry to crnsli. Whatever may bo tho tirctcxts for thcso niovemcnts. or howcvcr grcat their tcmpornry ndvunta- inuy uiu in oircci opposniou iu ino lnndumcntal prmcinles ol our Ciovcrnmcnt; nnd, if peisiscd in, tnust efl'ect its cntiro biibversion. In nrbitrary governmcnts it is n innttcr of little momciit by whom, or n what mnnuer, n desirnlilc cnd may bc nccom plishcd. Itnt in Rcpublics thc nttninmrnt ofno objeet, howevcriinportant, will justify n dcparturo from lcgal preM'riptions, nnd moro particnlarly thc sulistiltilion ol ouc ugent ibr nnother. Tho priucipal safegnard ol liiicrty in our nystcms ol goyernnieut is to bo louud in thc distribution of their nowi r: nnd it was the iireat obioct of their iraincrs to prcservc that distribution by n L'lnssilicatioii ot tho ngcnts who wcro to compose tho Govcrnmentp, nnd by thc e.stahli.shment of well ilcfincd boundaries to tho powcrs of tlie scveial dcpartments. iu uiuury, na weu ns in ns pracucai opern tious, our Gcueral Govcrument prcsented, tor rnany ycnrs olter it cnmo lrom tho liaudsofitH frnmets, the nppearnnco of n Hately, well trimmcd veesrl ; its propor tiiins in pcrfect Bymmctry nnd its bailabt well ndjitstcd. How prosperously it has tailrd along thc tido of timo, nnd how t-irong hnvo been tho hopes that it was to coutiniir, for nges, thiis prosperously to ptirsuo its courso, the prido of its hnppy owners, nnd tho wondcr nnd cxniuplo ofnn ndniiriiig world, necd tiot now be told. llut how difl'ercnt tho Fpectaclo Bhe now prcsentH. llcr bullast, looscned and Rhiftcd nnd arcumidated iu n siuglc jioiiit, has dc Mroycd hcr ('(ptilihrium, and ihreutetm Iut ih'striietinn. Sucli is our Govcrnment, ut this moment. If it is a practicnl Republic, wbat, it may bo nikcd, nonstitutcs a iMon nrchy ? A diNtiuguishcd bistorinn of tho last cenlury says "Tho ohvious dcfinition "of n moiiarcby senins to bo thnt of n stato "in which n mtiglo person, by whntover "namo ho may he dittinguishcd, is entrust "ed with tho cxccutiou of tho Lawn, tho "manngcmtnt of tho Revenuc, nnd tho "rominand of tho Army. liut ur.less puh "lic liberty is protcrted by intrepid nnd "vigilant gunrdians, tho uuthoriiy of bo " foriTiidablo n iMnubirnto will mioii dcgen "erato into dt'Fpotism." Which of tho tlueo powers hero laid down nsconstituting JMonnrcby, iu thooniiion of Mr. Gibbon, is not to bo foundntmmg thobc nowcxnrcised by tho Presidmt ol tho Hnitcd Statcs? Tho firt-t nnd thiid nro ohviously his, hy the grnnt of tho Constitution. Tho hecond is praclically his, by the poRfession uud cnntroitl which hv now exciT.ises iu rcgard to tho entirii revfiitio of tho eotintry. Tho power of tiBing it nt his plensiirc, couplcd with tho ndmiiiiblration of tho Lnwn, nnd tho commaiid of tho Army, eonstitutcs n mass of power evidciuly not roiilomplated iu tho Coiibtitution, nnd highly dnngerous to thulibeities of tho countiy. Tho wiso and pniriotic mun who framed tho Consti tution novor intcnded thnt tho charncter of tho Govnnitnent should dcpend upon thc i inrlinntioim of its Cliief Matiietrntcs-tliat it should bo Rcpubliciin or Monarchicnl nt his plenbiirc. If Mr Gibhon's defuiitiou is correct, nnd ifit wcro not tho ititontion of "Gibbon'I)eclineind FaJloflho Bnman Empiro. tho framer.i of the Constitution to crcnto n Moiiarcby in disguis.-, nfier conforring on tho PreBidenry tho firrt and tbird of tho noucrn euumernted hy thnt ntitbor, it tnust havo bccn their inteution tn pri'Kcrvc the Repiiblican charncter of tho (ovcrumctii hy plac.iiig tho second (tho mauugctncnt of tho rcvcnue) entirely iu othcr bands. llut the cxpcdient would bc uselnss, if thc I'res idcnt, 'in virluc of n prerogativo supposcd to attacli to him ns tho Chief Exccutivo Mngi&trate, or under tho power cxprcpsly givcn to scc tliat thc laws nro cxccutcd, could excrciso entire controul over tho ofliccrs to whom thc custody nnd dislmrsc nient of tho rovemio werc givcn by Inw. In this iudirect wuy his powcr over tlic public pui'80 Aouhl bo ns complcto ns if it wcro cominittcd to him by tho cxprcss teruis of thc Coiistitutioii ; and ho would bo tlms constitutcd, ns niiich as in tho for mer modc, that " ormidalile tnaqhlrale," , whom, iu thc opinion of Mr. Gibbon, it' would reqtiiro the greutcst intrcpidity nnd vigilancc, on tho part of tho friends of lib criy to prevent from hcrouiing adcspot. It is not n little rcmarknble thut tho powcr claimcd for tho I'residcnt over tho civil oflicers of tho Govcrnment is grcnter than thc mi'ilnry laws nllow him over thc ofli ccrs of tho nrmy. Tho Articlc of Wnr prcscribing tho mcnsuro ofobedienco of siiliordinntcfl to superiors limits it to such oiders as nro legnl ; whcrens thc prctciisiou sct ui for tho l'residcntial power, is uuliin ited obedicncc. If tho ohjcetioiinhlo nssuniptious of pow cr by tho Exccutivo nro bought to bc jus tiflcd upon tlic grouud that thcy nro ncces snry to rcmcdy cxisting cvils, or sccuro grcat publiu benefits, tho npproprinto nn swcr is to bc four.d iu tho sentimcnts of Gcneral Washington, quoted in tlie Rcsolu- viuuuim ,v iiciiiuiuii, ijliuiuil lliu IILMJIU- tiona of yom Coiivciition. "Tho hahits of thinkinirin n frco connlry," savs thc pre cminciit patriot und Htalcsmaii, "should iu spiro caution in tlioso cntriistcd with its ndmiuistration, lo confinc thcnisolvcs with in their respcctivc coiistitutional sphcres. The spirit of cncroachmcnt tcnils to con solidatc the )owcrs of all thc Dcpartments in ono, nnd thus creatc, whatever ti'o foriu of Govcrnment, n rcid dcspotisui. Any ehangc by usurpation for thc nvowcd pur pose of remcdying cvils, tliough in ono instuncc it mny bc tho instrumcnt of good, is tho ctistomnry wenpon by which Ireo (jovcriinicius nre dcslroyed." Tlio eeutimcnts bcre cxprwsfcd wcro not' iicculinr to Gcncrnl Wnshinuton. Tbev I'nshington. They ' wcre common to tho pntriots of Virc'uiia, throughout the Rcvolutionary wnr. Atid never wcre thcy moro stendfnstly iimintniii cd than in Jhe most glooiny period of that eventful contcst. Tho pngcsof thc lamcnt cd Wirt inform us that thc dagger of a modern Mrutus had bccn prepared ready to bo used, if the titnes had given birlh to n modcru Ciusar. And from othcr historians of thalStatc wc learn that onc of thc bcst, most magnnnimous, and diyiutcrcstcd of ber sons, tho chief of hcr Exfcutive, icnrce ly cscaped impenchineiit for the excrciso of nn nuthority, upon his own respmmibil ity which had been cntnibtcd to hiniFclf iiiii! othcrs. Thc circumstanccs dcveloped in tlio investigatiou wero such as to hring oonviction to cvery niind that if evcr an Execulivo Magistrntc was nuthoriscd to assume respousibility, thnt was tho case. Tho powcr to act in it had bccn givcn to tho Governor and ('ouncil. Tho exiaencv wns pressing. Therc wns no possibiiity of nsscmhlingttic ('ouncil ; nnd heuctcd upon his own nuthority. When it is considercd how iiuicli thisuct contributed to thc gloii ous rosult of tho cnpture vf thc nrmy of Cornwall!, it may oxcite surprisc that an invebtigntion of thc subjcct by thc Legi.sla ttire should hnvc bccn tliouglit necessary : And iarticularly too, when it was publiely known that the Governor had perdonally suffercd moro by his own act than nnyother ..l;..;.l....i . .1 . iiiiiiviuuni. jiu in ino eycs oi tne puinots of those dnys, nn usurpntion ofpower, under whatever cii'cuinstauci's it might havo taken plnce, hy whutcver nppait'iit neectsity jus tificd, rcquired n delibcrntc investigatiou on tlie part of tho immediate Itcprcbcutativcs of tho people. Tho result was gloriotis to republirau firmncbs nnd iniliviilual virluc. Tlio laws wero vindicnted and tho patriot Governor clevnted in tho opiuion of his fellow citizens. ilut this did not saiisfv n uiiud bo Eeiibitivc and magiiaiiiiuous us that of Nelson. To show that lust of powcr had no operation upon his mind, he resigned tho Government and ntowcd hisdetcrmiuatiou ncver to nccept nnother oflice. I coiibider niyself fortunato to havo per souully known in my youth, nll thc distin guislied nctors in thoso sccncs; to havo listencd to tho elevated sentiuients and purely rcpublican mnxiuis whieh fell from llieirlips, nnd by whirh their conduct was nlways governcd. How refn bhing it ibjlo look baclc upon n period eo prolific of emi ncnt siatesnien who well understood, nnd invariably piactiKnd upon tho pure priuci plrs of Deniocracy l And how paiuful it is to coutrnbt tiiciu wilh tlio hcivtical dog maB of iho present day. The Dumocracy oftho period nf which I nm spcaking, und whicli was profeied nnd nclcd ou by iho lieiuys, iho Nelsons, tho lthindM, tho Lees, tho Wythes, tho Nicholusos, thtCarcye.tln! Mat.-ons,tho Cnri inglons, tlio Ilraxlons, and tlio lylersol Virginia, was componed of iincliungcalilo pnnciples; tno fiiBt of which was tho neknowledgment of tlio novo reignty of tho people, nnd tho object of nll tho n-Bt, tho preservntion aud perpctuation ofthatsovcreignty in their hands. Oftho latttr, that whicli was considcred most iin porlant was, that Dcmocracy could bo only precrved by n rigid adhcrcneo to its own prineiples. It ndmitted ofno aid fioni thoso of tho oppobito Bysteum of Governnicnt. Under no pretence, no prospect of tcmpo rnry imvantage, wcro tho principlea of xiiiniuuiniy duu mouarcny to po receivcu rh nllics. If it had been supposed thnt n purely Deiuocratic Rcpublican (Jovern mcnt was not eipial tuits owu prcscrviilion, tho ciikcs in wliieh nrbitrnry principlcs wero to ho introdticcd would hnvo bccn nnrtii'iilarly provided for. Atid it would iiavc been far better thnt it mIioiiM huvo bceu so, than to Buflrr them to bc usKiimed, nt will, by thoso to whom tho udmiuistia tion of ntliiiro wns entrutted ;- ns far better ns nny deflni'd, regulatcd syteui of nctioii is prcfurnblc to thc excrriso nf unlimitcd disrmliun. For whcu has it happened that tho puwerto assiuno has nnt been followed hy tho iissuiuptiou ? And wbcn has tho nssuuier been sntisficd with Icsm than tho wholothatisnttaiuablo? lfbutouc niiraulo ofthis kiud is to bo found iu our owu hifto ry, nnd no othcr iu tho lapsc of nges, the cxccption proves tho otherwiso tmivernal ity ol'Jtho rule. When auother such mir nclo bliull occur, wo may expcct nn cqunl ehangc in tho othcr propciisilies of tho liiiman mind. Tho niiserfchnll cease to cravo ndilition to his bourdud trcasuns,nnd in tho lauguago of tho eldcr Adnms, "the lovcr becomo content wilh tlic lirst smiles ofhis mistress." Tho present nspcot of nfTairs r.nnnot, it spcnisto tnc, bc ronteuiplatt.'d witlioutdeci and paiuful Bolicituile. Iflbo evils coin plaincd of wero coiifiued to merc mal-ail-miuistratiun, tho constitutional lemedy might bc npplied, nnd tlic cvils cured. llut thcy lio decper. Tho tendeucy of thc coursc of tho ndministrntion is tn divcrt thc niiuds of tho peoplo (in wbosc nction,upou tho thcory ol our Coiistitutioii, lestt) iho hea'ing priuciplo for politicnl disorders) from n considcrntion of tbo true nierits of quei-tionsinvolving tho public welfnrc, to that of thc moro benrings they may havo uiuu iiiu IIUUI urir. ui yur.. iuu ru..iiu werc wont, iu tlio carliest dnys of tho He- Uion tho intercbts of purly. The pcoplc nublic. to makn their npprobatiou or dis npprobation of public nieaMircs depend up on full and delilieralo invesiigationof their nicrilH. Now, liow largo n portion of our popiilnrnssemblics aro brought togethcr, to conileum or npplaud, upon niere ptuty priiiciplcs, iui(l, under their influcncc, to ndopt tneasures which hnvo bccn elscwhcre dctcrmined on by party luadcrs. It is thus thnt n Btipremc rcL'iird to varlu triumphs is I mnde to takcthc plnco of enlargcd, enliglit- i ii i i ..; i I fliuu llllll llLienu yiuivb ui uii: iiiiiuu -i-fiii-f liv mrniii. nrtfnllv eonecived and I vigorously proseeuted, is it ultemptcd to raiso tho pnpulnr fcoling lo n stato of such feverish excitcmcut as to induco the adop- safety und happincss of the eountry cnn bo lifKt Bcctircd liy coiiunittiiiR its ulTiirsto thc IIU1I UI IIITJ Ullll-I U'UUIIlllll .JJ'llllUll, tlli. lliv uncontrollcd maungemcnt oftho Icadcrs of a Uoininant party, und sniictinmug nll their suggesliniis und tni'asurcs without cxainin ation. Now whntover mny be the talents and patriotism with whicli tho leaders oftho party may be distingiiishcd, such uiilimitcd conlidenre is iu direct hostility to tho fun danienlal priuciiles of our Govcrnment. It has ucvcr exibtcd to such an cxiciit at any previous period of our history ; norhas it pievailcd iu any othcr govcrnment, with out proving 1'atal to public liberty. Our nncestors, who left us tho iuvulun blo lcgany of tlie prrscnt Constilulinn, per fectly underslooil thc sourro of thc di?.-olu-tion of all former Repulilirs, aud eudeavorcd to guard riguiust thc daugcr by cmbodyiug, in tho striicluro of tho goerumcnt, tho great coiiscrvalive )iiuciple, that public nicnsures Fhould bo brought in ronbtant rcvicw before tho iicople. llut they could go no farther. Wilh tlio peoplo res-ted iho bupremo supcrvii-oiy power the grand censjrship which could mako uud uumake build uji und dcstroy, nt pleasurc. Guid cd by thc rulcs aud pieccpts bequeathed to them by tho framers of tho Coiibtitution, tlio government would bo safo iu their hands ;hilc its ullimate dcbtriiction will bc rcndered ccrtain by n practicul mihstitution of prineiples aud inuxinis looking only to party aggraudicment, & party dnmiiialioii, And hero is thc truo souro of exifting cvils. Tlio rcmcdy will be found when tho people shall hrcuk thc tiaminclsof naity, aud tako tho inanagcmcnt of their own ntlaira into their own hands, couvinccd that in, the suppoi tof party leaders thoy do not nlways Biipport their own iuterebts ; diut profebsioiiB of patriotibtu may cloak tho most grasping felli-lincss; and "that, under tlio iiiask of Dcmocracy may bo perpctraled ull that is odious aud opiri'blvo in AriFtocrucy or Moiiurchy. It is relatcd of tho cclebrated .Madam Roland, that ns sho wns passiug to thc bcuflbld iiliderlho orders ofRobespieric, on sceing the ciiihlenis of liberty by which ubo wns siirrounilc(l7hln: excluimcil, " Oh liberty, how mnny criincs nro perpelrnted iu thy nninc." A similar apostmphc miglit bo niade to our inodern Deniocraoy, upon n refcrcnco lo tho mnny ucla of grops injus tice nnd of AriMocrntic opprcbbion which hnvo bei'ii rommitted by its prolcssed votn rics, whilolho people aro iuiiuccd toucipij esro iu thcm upou tho preloncc of their ncrcsFity to contioul thopioud Aiistocracy, aml tho iiiBiitiablo nvarico of iMonopolists who aim at tho appropriation to thcni M'lvcs, of ull tho bources of wcallh iu tho commiinity. Wo might ronlinno tho apnMropho wjth n referenco nnt only to thc wounds whieh havo been iuflictrd ou the Cnnslitulion in the namo of Dnmocincy, but to thc iiuiue rous mnnoiolies whirh havo been crcated by thoso who havo bccn lolldest in iIimhiii. ciatinns of theui. As n subMitiito fbr nn instituiion locnted in n corner of Oliio, nnd whosc vitulily wns to tcrmiuuto iu le.ss thnn two ycais, auother has bccn chartcred of n pcculiar character, with an cxtcnt of tcrni aud iufliicnco far greater. Thcro is n cmisiaut etl'ort to induco tho pcojilo to yicld their nt-scnt to incnsurcs wluch thcy do not approve, under tho false pro tenco tlmt ihov are nccessnry to efl'ootsomo ncknowledgd good, or to nvoid korn de procnjcd cvil. Thcrc is indeed scarcely n liiestiun presented lo tlicin, tliat is not iu sonio niciisuro disgiiised by a iningliiig of totally oxtruucous ninlter, or deeked in col ois suiteil lo tbo cxcitcd party feclings und prujudices which it is tbo spccial caro of tho leaders to foster. I!ut 1 havc full coulidfiico thut this stato of thingB caunot loiigcoiitinuc. Tho peoplo nru too intclli gent to bo forovcr boimd iu thc trammels of party tactics. Oneo frecd from them, thcy will cnlmly uud ileliberutely invcslignto fur tlicuisclves; uud then, ull will bo right. Alueh ol'tlie party violcnco which has been luuuifcBtcd Ibr u fovv vears nust. is, 1 thiuk. attributublo to tbo ditlereut constitution of Iho paities from what wus furmerly known iu this eouulry. It is u btriking l'aet, thut party eoniests which havo a elear nnil in tulligiblo rclation to principlcs of govcrn ment, are, usuully, iiiueh lcsa embittcrcd than thoso which huvo rcspcct merely to tho clevatiou aud support of ineii. Tho eoutebts carried on for ugcs bctwecu tlio l'nti'iciau nnd Plebiau paities in Jtouie, scl doni produccd any coinmotinn injurioiis to tho prosperity oftho state. llut iu thc later ages, when tho parties wcro urranged un der iho baiiner.sof iiidiviihials,all tho ficrccr pasbioiiH wcro culibted iu llieir conlcsts. Our own histoiy heems to warrunt this dis tiuction. Whatever niight havc bccn tho cuse with Bome iiidividual.-, I am sntisficd thnt hetwecn tho hody of Republicuns and that of Federalists, therc wcro no fcelings of bilteiiicbs. Uufortiinatcly, howcvcr, ns I ihink, fiir tho two liibt I'residencics, the aities huvo tukcu their desigiiutious us "thc friends" or "tho oppoucuts of thc Ailiiiitiistration." Euch coutaiiis u portion of tho old Fedcral party ; cuch clainis to bo Dcinocratic Rc piiblicuu, and each, in its turn, has bccn chargcd with violations oftho Cou.stitution, uud a wastel'ul oxpcuditiiio of tho public moiiuy. Now I havo no belicf iu thc ne cessity of un Executive party in thc Nalion al LegisluUirc, citber liir uny public ndvnn tago to bo derived fiom it, or for the easc, coincnience or honor of tho Exccutivo iu cuinbcut. Tho opinion of its ncccbsity must hnvo been derived from nn iiuproper uNsimilation of our govermncnt to that of Great Ilritain. Thcro it U necessnry ; for without n majority in tlio Kiug's favor in I'ai'lianicnt, to voto tho bupplics for his Army uud his Nuvy, neitbcr could bc kept up; nnd thc Throuo would fall with them. But in the Unitcd Statcs, tho Army und Nuvy bclong to the People, nnd tho i'ri'si dent has no greater intercst in them than any othcr citizen. Should be be nf opinion that thcy ought to ho iticreascd, hc will recommend it j but if tho othcr co-ordiuate brancbcs oftho govcrnment to whom is coiumittcd tbcciiaclmctitof ihc lnws,do not agrce wilh him, why should he beaggrievcd at their rcfusal ? So with othcr recommen dations tlie increaso of tho revenuc, tho ereetion of forlifications and othir mcusurcs of prcpuration for wnr. To recommend is his duty ; it isthcirs to judgeof the expedi ency of hisrecomincudatioiis. And il they disagrec, their common masters, tho peo ple, must detcrmino betwceu them. As it rcgards the increaso of oflircrs and of pcrquisites for tlie purpo.se of enabling tlio I'residcnt to reward partizaus, I cnn pcrccivo no ncccssity for it ; nnd if thc views 1 hnve takcn of the subjcct be correct, ho will hnvo no lcgitimnte oceusiou for them. He will alwnysfind friends enough in citber hntiso of Congress lo give u faircxplanation ofhis vicusj aud forlherebt, he must look for couHolation furniiy trifliug inoi lifinition ho mny oxpcricuco from buving thcm op poscd, to thc iipprobution of tl.o peoplo. As the Represcntntivcs of tbo Antima sonic Convention of Vermont, I bcg lcao to otrer Ihcir Conuniltee, through you, my grateful arknonlrdgmcnlB for the distin giiishcd honor thcy havo conferrcd upon mc, by selceting mo as their candidate for the Prcsidciicy. Thepuro Republicnn sen timcnts whicli thev profess, und huvo pro iniilgntcd in their Rcsoliitious, nt onco eu lighlencd and libcrul, rnlianco tho gratifica tlon which I fecl an this occasion, uud all'onl thc most induhitublc proof thnt the present iiihnliitauts of tho Green Mountain Statc liold fnat to tho t'ailli of their oncestors to lliosc clorious liriuciples, to tho viudica- lion and establibbment of which thcy so largely contributed. Wilh great cousiderntion nnd rcspcct, 1 am, Sir, Yuur hunible servant, W. II. HARRISON. C. L. KrfArp, Esq., Of the Jhitimusonic islate Committec of lrermont. LETTER OF MR. GltANGER. Wasiiinoto.n, Mnrch 31, 1K3G. Sir: Your Iciter informing mo thut tho Stato Convention reeently nssembled ut Montpelier, had placed nie in uomiuation for tlio ollico of Vicc l'rebideut, wns recei ved a few days i-inec. (ii-atifyiug us huvo bceu tho biinilnr ex prcBsions ot publiu confulenro mnuifcbted tiiwnrds ino by oiher Statcs, thoro hns bern no ono which has cxcitcd a prouder feeling of grntitudo than tbo testimouial cmanatiiig from that portion of tny fellow-eitizens whom you reprcsent. Duriug tho vnriotis politicnl coliflictH which havo agitated iho iiation, tliey havo been found truo to thoso prineiples which noearly dibtinguished tho iiunlv B.ins of tho Green Mounluins, nnd which huvo idwais plneed them nmong tbo mobt cllicient suppoilci H of tho Supremaey oftho Laws and oftho CoiiMllution of our Countrv. Fiecmen who so well tinder staiid nut only tho theory, but tho pructicnl benefits of our rcpublicim instiiutioiif, need not to bo reniindcd of tho iiieaus by which olono such iuslitulions run bo pre perved ', nnd wo havo nmjilo usnuranee in tho pust, tliat tho Citizeus of Vermont, nro nlways imprcesed wilh tlio imporiatit polit. ical trutli, that ctcrnal vigilnnco is not only tho tiricc, but the g arantec of frcedom. With my bighcst estecm, be pleuscd to uccept thnnks for tho maiiuer of your commumcntiou. Your obcdicnt Borvant, F. GRANGER. C. 1. Knapp, Esq. VAN HUREN CON.SIbTENCY. Some prctcnd lo say, tlmt Mr Van Ilaron liaa been consiatcnt in his oppoai'iou to men und inuasiire. Lct us' inqilirc into ll.it) mat tur. llislury has nut rccordrd thc fact that lio over exprcssed an opinion conccrning Wasli. injjlon or Jcfl'nrsoii. Wlinn did he opposo Aludieon nad tlic war ? During tlic licat ol Iho contcst, nlicn nll tlie ginnt-likc powcrs of Mudison wcre nt work to npstay his eufFering cmintry wlnlc tliu capUui ol tlie nation wns in (laines white tlie liayunct of tlic cnaniy waa picrcing the hcarts of our Viouien and cluldrcn uhilu liis llculs wcru blockuiling our porla nnd wlnle liia hordcs ofmurderous sav agas wuru tulding to the powcrs of Juckion uud of Hurrison on the frunticis ! That va the liiuu that tlic moiltrn sumhine patriot, Van Buren opposed Mudison and tliu war 1 When did lie itupporl Madison aad tho war 7 Ylien tho iflbriii of the former wcro crowncd with succcos when the deadly ronflict liad tcrmin alcd, and hright nnil glorious and honorabls piat-e had sclllpd upon tliu land when tho iuidjiiig iiamcs of Madison and Monroe, of 1'prry, ol McDonougli and of Dccnlur, of Jnckson, of IlarrUon, nf Urown, of Hiplcy, of Stoll, of Gaines and ol MuComb, lillcd cvcry iuoiilh, ai:d wcro waftcd upou cvcry brccze whcu the pulpit und tliu f'uruni scnt fortli their dccp coulcd cluquviicu in ineniory of tlic departcd brave uhcn cilief, tovvns, uud liainlits, blazcd ith ilhiminalions iu hon or of Iho viclors and thc victory when the ehoiil of Arneiican (runipli rcut tlic otch of Heave.'i, nnd found n hearty responso iu cveiy paliiul boroin bcnrath tho siin tlicn, and not till llicn, a fuiut and pt.erilo toicc al Kindcr liouk wns licard lo ccho back, "litirrn lor Mud ison and Ihc war!" When did lic tupport DeWill Clinton ? At the tinie ho Ihou&ux Clintun had thi'iiower of proinoling him to ul fice, aud when Mr C'lintmi's friends nciniinatcd him for tho Presidcncy in opposilion lo Mr Madison then Mr Vun Burcn suppoited him with all his might. Whcu did hc opposu DoWitt Clinlon? When hc thought Clin ton no longcr able to promotc him; and just as that great man wus cmUavoring lo coru suminatu his vat Intcrnal Iinprovcment fyi trni, Mr Van Burcn caincoiit againsltiiin and tlie Eriu C'unul ; and he inniuluint-d the moi t deadly opposilion iintil the dialh of Mr Clin ton, whe.i, in tho plenilude ofhis consuminatn hypotriBy, lie had the liardiliood to prctend je grtt at lus euddcn ilca'.li. AVhcn did he op pose Ardrrw Jackson? Throughout tliu wholo of the l'residcntial contcst nhcnGen. Jacknon was first a candidate, Van Iiuien op posid him, and tiuvcllcd hoth North and South, inaking specclics in favor of Craivford, und denouncingAdams and Juckson? When hc found that thc voico nl the poplo was for him, that Cruwford could not bo clcctcd, and that Clinton, h'i3 inucli drcadcd rival, was cead then it was he came opcnly out, itnounccd his loimer friends, and shoulcd for the hero of New Oilcani. When did hc support Iha Rank of lliu United Statcs ? rrnm his carli. csl induction into offlcc, hc was tlio wurin nd oc.tto of that inslitiitinn. Hc niacd a peli lou, and wrote privatu lctters lo iho Pretidcut of Iho Bank, ur;;ing him to locnte a branch al Albany. At all timcs audon all orcusious, lio n the fripr.d of thut nnd cvcry olher Bank. When did he oppose tho Bank ? Afler Gcn. Jackson had vclotd ils new thnrtcr bill, nnd hc fuiind hc inuil dcnuuncc Ihc Bank, or clso losplho influcnce of the Prrsidcnt to help him inlo a highcr officc Ihen it was, and not till then, thal lio dcclarcd "uucompromising hoa tilily to the Unitcd Statcs Bank." Let the friends of Mr Van Burcn look upon this picturr, and llien exaiuinu history and if tliey find us guilly of onc mistatcmenl, then wc will acknnwhdgc thal Marlin Van Buren ii foiuijtnil, and that all tlie rvst of tho world i.rjin crror. .ViJ Tlmt), From the llmanclpator Middklury, Vi. Jlpril 18, 183G. Dcnr Sir: Tho cnuso of nholition isgoing on rnpidly in Vermont, cspccially iu this vicinity. Tho Middlebury Anti-Slavcry Socicty, which last Juno cnnsisted oftwen ty or thirty memhcrs now numbers over two hundred, nnd thcrc nro manv on tho cvo of ticitiug, who hnvc sotue liesitancy. A little moro iuformaiiou on tho subject will bring them into our ranks. Freedom is iiidigcuous to our soil. Every usurpn tion of liunian rights is abhorrcnt to our feelings. Vcrniont has sufl'ercd no deteri oration in tho prineiples of humanity, lib erty, or patriotism, siuce the dnys of hcr Allen, hcr Chittenden, nnd ber Wnrncr. Sho cver has been, uud evcr will bo tbo sumo inflxiblo oppoticnt to opprcssion, tho Knmc frieud to our Union, the samo close ndhcrent to virtue, justicc, honor, aud right sho hati cver been. Hero civil nnd religioua liberty cannot ho supprcsscd by violenco aud mnbs. Indeed, bo ohnoxious to iho bpirit oftho Btutoaro theso latter things,thal whcrovcr they hnvo iu tho lcast niuilo their nppcarauco they havo rcsultcd in disgraco upon tho nctors. A burst of indignation wns at oncc expresscd from ono extrcmily of tliu btatc to tlio othcr, last fall, nt the ri otous procccdiugH atnn Anti-Slavcry mcet ing nt Montpelier. For his disgruccful conduct in this atruir, tho priucipal nctor wnr tiimed out of ollicc us 1'rciidem of Montpelier Bank. Yours truly, JONATHArJ A. ALt.t.'. Anotiuu IIarruon siNNr.n DurLiirD. Tho Le lloy Gnzctle, a whig paper horeloforo zcalnusly t uppoiling Mr. Wclutcr for Presi drnt, has passid intn the hanils nl'Kufm Rob cruon, Unp who gocs warmly for Hsrrison nnd Grnnger. Mr. Robcittou is a man ol do cidrd Inlrnl and sourid principlps. IIu ttprt. sented old Gentse two yer in tho Asserjq blj. floiiy t. Journtl.