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VOL. VI. NO. 3. ilSOiWPEIilKR (VT,) MOVEMBER 1, 1836. WBSOIiE NO. 363. Ecclion- -jYovcmbcr 8. FOR PUKSIDENT, "WM. II. IIA.RRISOX, of Olno. JVppointed hr Jons Ad.ims, and re-appointcd by Mr JnrrEHSox Governar or tliu territory of Ind- iani, in 1801. fOy Mr Mapisok, comnnndcr in chicf ofthe North Weati'rn Arinj',in 1812. D hu rci.i.mr citizlm in Ohio a mombcrof Con- Vi ' 1810. Uy tliu LtniiLAitni: of Olilo, a Senator of tho U. 3lMa lir 104U , J3v J. Q.. -da.M3, Minislcr llpntpoteiitiary to tho Rrpublic of Columbia in 16i8. "I conlctt'l Ihnt tho strnngrit ofall governinctits liVS11 Tvbich is most freo." llarmcm. iiXo iio cstccnicil cminently "rcat, it is ncccssory inbo.'ni!ni.lCJ?J,Var'i,,on- , V 'ho veoplo of tlic Unitcd Statcs: May thcy cv- ''xrlhatto prcscrva thcir tibcrtics thcy r.reiner.. , a, j ll)cir 0 riihUntf." miuulo the.. B1 0 Jlarmon. it .t,;i, visonment IV ilrbt, unilcr any "I thmk thatim,. ,t whcro fruud in allcJjt'd, is tircumstanccs.but tlu, , f UU J ..uwtion, at war wilh tho best prti,. ' V'.' and oujht to Uo.abolKlil.- -W"'",J' ..,n Gcnf Harrison has bccn onL,,.llll,f i nan, Jt humlrid meclings of lb! pcoplc t."clr pnmar) aBfcinulti-K, an'I oy statc cunventions " lu l-a .Murjland, Ohio, Vermont, Kcntucky, Uclaware, ork, Connecticut atid Alaiuc. IIo is pk-djjed T fifjrm cxntinj abuses : Ct fc'.r"""'!" thn administtMion of g"Vernmcnt. To nuinUin InVW-'" "' Osrslitution. TV-arfyol.t tl,o Ccm;::"'"?" V- tlllU lirotcct thn rreat lntcrett n. .-'nt'. riciilturc, Manufuclurfs and Commercd. I Jo dividi- tho Svhplvs Ur.vrj.tun nmom tho scv- rral ttatss : and To run bul f.ir a sisaLi; Ttnsf. Of Ihe carocr of G cn. Ilan Uon I nroil not spcak ih history ofthe Wifstis hii Iiiatory. I'or forty jears he han been iJi'nlutd wim its intcrosls, iw perils and its hopej. Unnorsally boloved in tho walka of peacc, and distinguishod by his abllity in tho councils of hii eonntry, he has been yct moro illustriotHljr dntinjTushcd in tho ficld." IlithatdM. FOR VICE PltrJSIDENT, FltAKCIS GRA.GBK, ofXow Vork. TOR F.T.ECTOIlS. JABEZ PROCTOR, SAMUEL SWIFT, DA.VID CRAWFORD, ZIMRI IIOWE, TITUS riUTCIHNSON, NVm. A. UTilSrOLi, EDWARD LAMI3. 1IARUISON STATK CONVEN'JION. Montpelier, Oct. 20, I83G. Pnrsuant to thc call from thc Slatc Com mittee. thc friends of IIAR1US0N nnd GKANGBIl ascmbled atthc Court House in Montpelier, on the 20th insl. at onc o' cloc.U, P. M. Thc Convcntion was cr.llcd to order by Hon. Milton lirown, chairrnan of tlic State Committcv, nnd orgariized by the nppoint ncnt of thc lollowing ollicer., vi : Hon. S.imucl C. Crafls, Preridcnt. Hon. Murk Kicliavus, Hon. Hcnrv I Jfincs, Gcn. Martin Flitit, Fkc Prezidents. Fcrrand V. Mcrrill, $ il " '"' On molion of Mr. Hrown, Uon. William Sladc, llon. Hiland llall, bolomon Kootc Ksqr., Hon. Milton Brown, Gcn. Martin J'lint, Hon. Ilarvey Uell, and Georgc K. Chandlcr, Esq., wero nppoitilcd a rominit tec to drafi resalutions and an addrcss to ihc pcoplc. Tlic Court IIousc belng InnilTicicnt to contain thc nicmbcrs ofthe Convcntion tm molion, thc Convcntion adjourncd to thc Brick Mceting Housc, at '1 o'elock, 1'. M. 4 o'olock, V. M. The Convcntion met pursuant t( ad joiinimnt. Jlnn. Hiland llall from the conim'tttcc to .draft rcwlutions, summittcd thc- i'ollowing, "tvbich wero adoptcd, viv. : Reselucd, Thal thc pcoplc of Vermont, from tlic carliest duwn of thcir political cx iBtencc to thc prcsent motncnt, liavo stcad lly minifc.itcd thcir decp uUnchmunl to rc publican institutions, and thcir capacity lo ;prcscrve and ilcfend thcm, a? well against thcassaults ofpretendctl friends, as Ihc opcn attacka ofncknowlcdRtl rncmius ; nnd that maw, in Novcmbcr 1&3G, thcy will not for irst timc dcpart from thcir ancicnt principlcb, but will proclaim thein from thc bitllot boscs in a voicc tliat shall ncilhcr be mistakcn, nor misundt;rstood. Haoloed, That thc pcoplc ol' Vermont view with alarm and abhorencc the oncn, acknowlcdgcd nnd tmdistfmsed cfibrts of .. r-. l... .1,-. ..... i' ivcu. j iU'.ttiuu, uy inuutia iiiw iiiuuy ui thc pcoplc, ofthe p.ttronagc ol thc govcrn mcnt, nnd of his own personnl clcctionecr ing cxcrtion, to appoint,for thc Coinitry, a successor to thc Prcsidcncy ; cfi'ort, which, if thcy rctnain unrcbultJd by thc p''ople, will e'flectiinlly convcrt thcm inln thc srf of a inonarchiardynasty, leavinglbcmbnt the orms of lihorty witliout thc substacc. Ilesoh'cd, Thnt tlic pcoplc of Vermont, opposrd, fi thcy bive tiniformly been to thc illcgal and daring nGinmptions iifpow f' bv 'bc pri'ficnt cxccutivc Chicf MagiK- lrtc ofthe Unitod Statci, and to most of Kui othT prnrnincnl nuM of hh administra llcn, c'limot witliout nn cntiie abintlon ipt of thcir f-iriwr prhiciplos, givo in lieir,odlipsion to-MwVtin Van JJnrcn, UU tioniiiieo fbr the I'rce'ulencyj whct) thcy linmv.fmm InrlvtbitnWe evidciuvo, ns weil rin bln own'dcM.irntion, (Itat thc ftrrni ob f cti nHfU adniiliistrution, 'rf clpetcd, will lio, to ' carry'out thc prtneiplcs wliich Gcn, Jaokson has heuun." llesolvcd, That in thc manifestation of tho scntimcnts nf Martin Van Burcn as dc clarcd bv llic acts of his political life, we discovcr notliinir in conitmm with thoso ol' the )Coplc of tlils statc, but on thc contrary a total disrogard fbr thcm ; and in tliu meati scrvility to thc will of a mastcr, whiclt prompfcd liitn, witliout a bltislt, toproclaini to tliu wortd that " it wns his tmflicicnt glory to scrvc unilcr sucli a cliief," wc fitid liitn to Iiave imbibcd notions truly cott- sonant to tlic lcclings ofu slavc, Lttt utter Iv (lismtstitiir to nn indcpcndcnt frccnian. wleea. inainiariin van unren, in ltis onDosition to thc dUtribution oflhcsur l)ln.s rcvuimc haa bctrayed ati tttter disre gartl to thc inlcrcsls ortbc pcoplc, deslring iitthcr to lccp the public moncy iindcr the cotitrol ofthe cxectttivf, with which to in crcnsc wt annv of nt. rccnarics and reward his favorilcs, ttian to distributc it amony thc pcoplc to whom it righlfiilly bclongs. llesolved, That thc prcsentcrisis in our Jiational alfairs r.alls loudly upon tlic friends of thc constiltttion and our common cotin try, i'or tlicir tinitod and untiring cxcttions in clcvaling to the olliccs ol' Prcsldcnt and Vico I'rcsidcnt oi'this rcpnblick, tncii whose aitn shall bc thc-coinmonwealand theconn try's good, rathcr than sclf aggraiidizctncnt or thc advanct'iiicnt of nartyr llfsoh'cd, That thc I'atriotism, Talcnts, political Honcstv and I'rivate Virlucs, of; I -t IIKNltV HAIlUISONand I-'UAN- ."is ?.rlANGEH, iustl.v cntillcthcmto thc " rucncc' and su()port of thcir fcllow citi , t 1 that tvc hai' ihcir nomination as zciis atiu ,r oi'Jjottcr days to tliis pcoplc, tho harbuig. .,, (o tjlcjr''cicctiotl 'as 't,e and look foi tvau ,k , d t, tcrnunation ol a dn. . ,. . , nu'torv. HON. I1EMAN" UEMAKKS OF LEN. On reading thc 7lh reso. 'ntion, 'sirous to Mr. A rcmarkcd, that he was u- Vfore say a word or two in rclation to it, the qucition was takcn. He had witncr. scd with pleasurc, thc growing intcrcst that was manifestcd throtigliout the country in belialfof Gcn. Ilarrfion, as a caiulidafc fbr thc first oflico in thc gift of the pcoplc. It had bccn a niisfortttnc to his friends that he liad not bccn brought into thc ficld at an carlicr day. In all candidacics for oflicc, by thc sufl'ragcs ofthe pcoplc, it was thcir pc culiar right to invcstigate thccharactcr and mcrits of tbosc who are )resentcd to thcir noticc, nnd in thc elcctionofso high nnofli ccr as thc Cliief Magistrale of tlic United K". it iw5 imtoiilv thcir right, htit it liecamc thcir impcrntivc dtity, To .tuiat.3 with tho utniost scrutiny the talents, integ rity and political Ecntimcnts of thc candi dalcs who niight bc proposed. His dcsire was that sucli lnigbt bc thc coursc in the prcsent rase. 115 wisbcd that thc history of Gcn. Harrisoti should bc wcll understooil bcforc a judgmcnt should bc pronounccd upon hini in'rcgard to his charactcr and capability to cxeoute thc duties ofan ollice so clevat'cd nnd of such vast iniportancc. Aftcr an cxamintion, with thc scvcrcst scrttliny, bc bclicved Gen. Harrison would not bc found wanling, but would bc pro nounccd cminently qualificd for thc per forniance ofall its rcquircmcnts. Gcn. Harrison has had mucb expcricncc, both in miiitary and civil lifc. Thirty-cight years of it had bccn, almost cxclusivcly, dc votcd to thc scrvicc of his country, and bc felt himsolf justified in saying, to thc entirc satisfaction ofall the Exccutivo ChicfMag- islratcs of thc Unitcd Statcs, as wcll as of; tho pcoplc, whose rights, intcrcsts and lives it had been his odicial busiiicss to protcct and dcfcnd during all that long pcriod of timc. His public scrviccs bcgan as carly as 1791, and at the agc of 18 wars. He was then appointcd by Gcn. Washington to thc oflicc of Ensignin tho arniy of thc Unitcd Statcs, raiscd" for thc purposi- of de fcniling our Wcstcm fronticrs again3t tho deprcdatioti3 of thc hostilc savnges then in urms. He inimcdiately wcnt into activc scrvicc, and bcing proinotcd to thc ollice of Liciitcnant, scrvcd unilcr Gcn. Wnync, and as his nid, to the final dcfcat ol thc ludians in '9-1. Aniongst otlicr pronfs that lic acquittcd himself to'thc cntire satisliic tion, not ouly of the comniauding Gcnernl, but of thc dbicf Magistrate, Mr A relcr rcd to thc facl that hc w;is itnmcdiatcly thercaftcr, iiromoled, by Gcneral AVasli ington to tlic otlicc of Captain, and had confi.lcd to him a scparatc comuiand ofthe most iniportant iost on our fronticr. In this comniand hc was rontinticd iintil '97, whcn, having provcd himself equal lo cvc ry place lo which hc had bccn appointcd, hc wa3 takcn from thc army and placcd by thc same vencr.tteil Chicf Magntrate in thc rcsponsiblo Htalion of Sccrctary of thc North Westcrn territory, who in thc ah scnce of the Guvernnr, would becomo thc actinir Exccutivo Chicf Magistrtilo of that Govcrnnicut. His capability nnd powcrs ns a civil olTiecr bcing (horougbly kuown to the pcoplc of that part of thc Union, Mr Harrison was, by thcir sulFrnges, clectcd as thcir first dclcgate to thc CongicsiS ol the United Statcs. In this new Mtuation, ttt the agc of 20, his talcnts werc such, in thc (Slimatitm of that hody, that bc was ap pointcd chairman of a committec in rcla tion to tlic public domiin, nnd bis uhle rc ixirt on that subjcct, whieb was carricd oul liy a gcneral law rcgulating oursystetn of Lanil S ilcs, confirms, to i'c f'ullestt'xtent, thc wiHdom of that hndy in ilacing liitn at , tho hcad ol so important a coininillcc. His licxt itppointmcut to ollice, in tlic Civil Dc pirtnunt, was to that of Govcrnor of thc Indi.itiu Territory, tnadc bv tliu cldcr Ad !ms, in tfio ycar 1800. This olHcd was pontiuuod to him by nppointmqntS of thc succceding Prcsidenla, Jcficrson and Mad ison, and at the solicitation of tho Lcgislativo Imtlv ovcr whom bc nrcsidcd, unlil 1813. His c.ninciil succcss in thc tnaiiagcincnt of thc tillatrs ol tliat territory (litring tlic pc riod of 13 vears, his abili'ty and firnincss, as wcll ns jnsticc and bumanity toward the nunifcrous tribcs of ludians within that territory, attcst his supcrior powcr for thc cxecution ol that Irtist. Bcforo quit ting this oflicc for nnolhcr, for which thc exigcncics of tho country dcmandcd his scrviccs, hc was conipelled to gird on the armour of war in defcnce of thc inbabit ants ofthat territory agiinst thc rnvagcs and massacrcs ol n rulhlcss savagefoc; and his succcss in thc ir.cmornblc battlc ol 1311, nl thc Prophets town, nnd his strict commnnd to his troopa to spare the livcs of all who could be brought to ccaso from rc sistancc, evinccd, not only his powcu, but his fixcd principlcsof bumanity toan cncmy, who di3rcgarded all nilcs of civili.ed war fare. From thc carly part of thc last war to 181-1, acting as a iajor Gcneral in the ar my ofthe Unitcd Statcs, his progrcss is fa miliar to all. His forcing'lho cncmy out ol' our territoiics aftcr repeatcd cngagcments, nnd at lcnglh in 1813, tlicir signal dcfcat at the battlc ofthe Thanics, and thtis clos ing the strugglc in that scction, arc acts which, if dulv apprcciatcd, cannot fail to cstablisb his Ittlc to the charactcr ofan cf- ficient and powcrful commander. In 18M he rcsigned his commission and rctircd to privalclife. But not bcing er miltcd to rctnain in that situation, hc was, in a short time thcicaftcr, clectcd by thc voice ofthe pcojilc of Ohio, to thc oflicc of lleprcsentativc in tho Congrcss ofthe Uni tcd Statcs, nnd subscquently, by thc Lc gislaturo of that Statc, a Senator in Con grcss. Sustaining hiinsclf in thcsc olliccs w'itb grcat reputation iintil 1828, he was tbcn l'cquircd to fill thc important station 0lr ministcr Plcnipotentiary to thc Ucpuhlic of Coi'imbia, one of tho moH important niissions fi?.m our Govcrnmcnt, requiring talcnts of thc highest ordcr, and a lnind of richcst cultivation. rr. Harrison rcpaired to thc place of his , 'on, was rcceived at liiat Couft with dcstinn. Miusiastic rcspcct, and cntcrc.d marks of c.'' 0f ),ig uiission; but in n upon thc duli an(i i,ef)rc civina short timc thcreaiv' , ,y ,,f tie objocts him timc to accoinpbsn ( -, thc prc of his mission, ho was rccai'.' iom lor a sent chicf magistrate, to malit rjen,' favorcd nartizan. Sincc that pcrit.'.'t Harrisou has been in coniparativo secIiisiO1') n praclical farmcr, in his favoritc rctrcat, at North Dcnd. Thc various ofliccs that have bccn con ferred upon liim, IhiiIi miiitary atid civilr nnd the manner he had sustaincd thcm, hayo been glanccd at to show that hc had cnjoyed the conlinucd confidence of the pcoplc, nnd of cvery administration, from the commcnccinent of the govcrnmcnt to the prcsent timc, wilh the oxceptinn cf thc last ; and no reasons wcrc cver ex)rcsscd, and none could bc implied, for a want ol the support ofthe prcsent chicf Magistrate, except that Gcneral Harrison could nevcr Mifler himself to bc degradcd to tho lcvclof a partisan politician. No othcr conclusion could with candor bc arrivcd at than that ho was a tuan of most distinguishcd talcnts, and of sound moral intcgrity. But, Mr. A. remarked, thcse qualifica tions wcre not sullicicnt lo command his votc, witliout a full knowlcdgc nnd convic tion ofthe soundncss ofthe sciitimcnts nnd opinions of thc candidate on thc prominent intcrcsts of Ihc country at tho prcsent day' Ho must be satisfied of thc Koundtiess o his principlcs in rclation to ihc coiitiiiuation of the polic.y of a tarili; protccting Ihc industry tif thc North; to the propnetyof distribuling tho surplus revcnuc iiniongst thc Slates"; of dividing, in thosatnc ivay, thc procceds ofthe salcs ofthe public lauds, or so rnuch ol'thcm ns should not bc nccd ftil for tho ordinary wants of thc govcrn mcnt ; his scntimcnts in regard to an cx pendilurc from the public tfeasury, of mon cy for nccdl'iil works of intcrual imjirovc mcnt of strictly a national charactcr; whether he would restrict lo its propcrlim its thc vcto powcr; what his scntimcnts wcrc in rclation to thc right of expunging from tho rccords of cilhcr Housc of Con grcss thcir recordcd procecdings ; St whnt his scntimcnts wcrc in rclation tonparty tcstasaqualificationfor political prcleriucni. He rcgrcttcd cxccdingly that hc had not timc to cntcr into a scparatc cxaminatioti of thc cxprcsscd opinions of Gcneral llani son on each of thcsc topics. He must be satisfied in snying, that wo havc his opin ions iiiiu Bciiiuiiciiis cieariy cxprefiscd on thcsc aud variotl3 othcr subjccls ; thcy hadJ iuuuuy givcu , uuuill uoiir Ulll OIIC COI1- struction : nnd wcn: sullicicnt to satisfv liim ofthe soundncss of his political opinin'ns on' all thcsc qucBtions; nnd tis hc firmly bc licved Gcn. Harrison would carry out th'esiS dnntl.virtiilc .....II.. I.!. !..!.....:! II viiiiiu.-iiin, uiiu ui ui.-, iiuiiiiiinir.iuoii, wouio iuficxibly kccp within the bounds of tho conslilution, nnd support thosc grcat in tcrcsts, which would t csttlt in the best good ofthe wholc uiiioii, he most hcarlilv uon currcd in the rcsohition jnst rcad, nnil hoj eil it would be unaniuiously adojitcd. llesolved, That we congrntulate our fellow cilizcns tluoiighout tho cmiiltry upon Iho ausplolous reult of our rcccnt ninte clcctionsafl'ordiiig as thcy do ihc most dccisive and cbcuring evidcnce that Vcr moiit will coulinuc to adhcrc to nnd sus tain tho Rtanil t,hc han tnkcn not only in hcr urinciplcs of national policy, but also iu rp lation tosccrct socidlics aiid nuy'nnd cvcrv omosiiion to thu miprcmncy ofthe coiisti tution aml lawsl ' llesolved, Tliat Bccrct ocictics ar.c iii- compatiblc with thc gcmus and spirit ol'n frco.goVcrnment, and that nny nttcmpt to rcinstntc or rcvtve thcm timong us, will bc mct on our part with tho most unconi promisiog opposition. Hon. William Sladc, from thc samc com mittec, nrcscntcd thc Ibllowing aiiuiiess to tlic necmcn of thc Statc ol Vermont, whiclt was rcad and unanimously adoptod, ADDRESS. To tiie FiiEoin.N of tiie State op Ver mont : Fellow Citizens : 'J'ho occiirrcnco of nny grcnt crisis in tho aflaira of n coiiimu nity justifics tho nstcuibliiig of its cili.cns to consult in rcgnnl to tliu couiinon snfcty, and conccrt tticasitrcsf'ortbo common good. To do so in tlic existing crisis iu our na tional nfi'airs is thc pttrposo which has brought uijeihcr tho Coiivcniiuii thnt now uddrcfscs yoti. Onc of tho higlicst duties devolving on yoti as liccmcn i nliout to lio perloiiiicd As citizens of a L'rcnt ltcpuhl'ic, ou nrc to cxcrciso ihc high prcrogntivcot giving your Jaclcsou, in bis first Iiiaugral adihcss, nnd voice iii the selcction of its Chicf Execti- ihu practico which iniuiciliately iollowed it. tivc Mtigistratu; and wo aro now asscniblcd "Thu rcccnt detrioiistration of pubic scnti to (lclihcralu upon tho qiicstions iuvolvod incnt" said tliu Prcsidctit in thnt addrcss in tlus clcctiou to cxcnango lrculy our vicws, nnd tu cxprcss lo vou nnd to tliu worhl, in thc spirit aud langiiai'c of frco tnun thc rosult of our deliherations. To our tipprcheiision, thcre has bccn no crisis in tho history of our nationnl govcrn mcnt, itivolviug moro tlircctly tliau the prcsent, tho priuciplcs on which out rcpuli- licnn iiiMitutions nre bascd. Tho oflico of t-mct .uagistrate oi uiu unitcii iatcs is armcd wilh grcnt powcr. Thnt power is iindcr thc control ofa singlu will j and that will possesscs tho itieans of n proinpt, cfh-; fastcn on the country, us a part of its scltlcd ! mini-.fratiou Miould Icavo nny surpliiF, thcru cient, aud dangcrotis cxercise. This dan- policy, thc very ubuscs which it wns thtis j is no ground to bopc that il would bc agaiti gcr t-xisls, not alono iu the lVesideiit's Con- pictcmlcil had been discovcrcd, nnd llitis dividcd for oiir bcnufil. jtitutioual jiowcr of excciiting tho laws, 1 piouiisc'd should ho rcformtd. Prol't'S-ious But vou imiv nsk - Uaio wo not nn im uor ui hisparticipation in thuircnnctrncnt ; ofrctrciichnicnt nud cconomv iinvo becu iticntu Natinni'il Dntnain? Aml tuav wn out unsi-uuics its iuor, icanui lorin iu tlio Ihc decisions of thc othcr branclus of the gov crnmcnt. Tliu iiidcpcndcncu of cnch braiich, fonns tho grcnt concrvntivc prin ciplu of Iho Constittitiou. l.ct cilhcr nc (jtiirc, by nny means, n control ovcr the dc llbcrations and artion of thu othcr.", uiul thc balnncc ot tliu Cotistittilioll is dcstroycd. Givo that control to tho Chicf Exccutivo .,, Iu.. ' ""h""-"", "iu w i uimifii- gtnii"-. vcriimuiitifrailiin v ilinwn t .. CHOflllCi'O . . 7, J , . , LHUIlllLft. .( lllS llllluenCC; SO t lilt t lO in t ne vortcf . 1 i i i . III tiie MiriL.X l dn,.,,),.,! , , in SC CC- ipipbtiou r.ow to ne tion of this ollicer, liicnsurcrt bball bc udoptcd mun.trntion 1111001111!; 1 of thu iieoplo ; but ivlnthcr shall bc vrescrvcd inviolute ilcpiirtnicnt ol tno govcrnincni fuan rcmiii ils jiist prcrogativcs, and inovo in its Con stitutioiuil sjihcrc, or iho wholc ho sub jectcd to the ovurshadouing ilifluciicc of n ninglo mnn ; whctbcr, iu tdiort, tho puro rtpublicanism of tho Conotitution t-linll ho ictiuucd,in its full vigor,or wbclher it blinll, iu thc insidious progrcss of usurpcd po.vcr, nnd icrvcilcd influcnce, bu crtishod nnd .cxl'uiguishcd. Thcsj aro qiicstions which forccthcm schts tipou tlic cousidcrutiou of thc pcoplu ...! 1 - c... ..I I....- t oi iuo l.' . oini.es m uiu nppiuHriiuig cicuuiu, Subordiuiilo to thcm, uio othciH, which couccrn thu policy of tho govcriiiiicnt, iu rcgnnl to tho vnrious intcrcpls to bo imnie dintely nffcctcd by hcgislnlivo nction. Such nro tho qucfiiona rrgnrdhtg Iho col lectiou, safo kccpiug, nud li-,burscmcnt of thc public rcvcnuo; thu inaiiagcmcut nud disposition of tho public lands; prolcclion lo tho industry of tho country by nn ndo (pmte tnrifl'; tho fucililating of ititorcourso and commercc by ronds uud cuuals; iho ptcservnlion of n boiiud currcucy ; nnd tlm frco aud unrcstrictcd iutcrchango of opin ions and fccliugs hctwccn tho various scc tionsoflhc country, which is ncccssary to oontiiuto us "one pooplo." Fellow citizens. Wo ask yott to como to thc t!uvis!on of thu grcat qucstion of tliu Prcsidcncy, in full viaw of nll thcsc high nnd coiiituaudiug consiilcralions. It is not n qucstiou to liu dccidcd by iinpulscs; nor to hu controllod by tho iiilliicncc of nnrtii namcs, and ihc powcr ofnaWy prrjudiee, Tho iSTEnniTY or thc Co.n'stitutiom is iiivolvx'd, Thnt Constitution it 'u your lnifiin'ss to undrr sland, to wuti'h, with clccplc.s jcnlousy, evcry tcndciicy lo its pcrvcrsion, nnd lo scu Ihat un iiiuii is ticruiiltcit lo wicld Iho miglity powcrof its Chief Excoutive iMnjris Irnlc, who lins not givcu proof that ho lovcs it sacrcd priuciplcs inorc llinu ho lovcs himsoll' Wllo slmll bo gclcclPil lo di-chnrffo this fliigh tniht? Wlicro is thu iiiuii who bns drunk eo dccnlv into tho snirit of tho Fulh cw of tho llc public, nnd fo ihoroiighly evin ccd, by a long coursc of Hcrvicc, his illnin tcrcncd ilcvoiion lo iho imblic srood, ns lo bo worthy tho conlidenco of n nation of fi'cciuou i To dctcrvo ihat coufidcrcc, lic iiiiisI no Hoiuctlimg nioro tlinu n cumiuig politicinn. lio must liavc iiccn distinguisli cd for sci vlco of n fnr highrr grndo than cun bo found in tho inero lcadcr ofa paily. lln mit ho iiuiio fnmilinr wilh iho t'nu- Ntitutioil tlinn wilh tho .coustrucliun and muveuieiiia of Pnrty Aliirhiuory ; nnd havo lenriicd to vnluo tho ullico of (.'hicf iMngis trnlo, moro for its powcr of coiifcriing beif cfila iiiou tho cnuutrv, thnti of niitiistcring lo tho anihlilon of n I'nrty Chicf, nnd bind ing to liiHliitcrt'sis,aud drnwiiiglu histraiii, n nost of increcnnry dcpfiidnnts Bcforo unswi'iini.' tho' micktion. who is jho iii.ni, wo will Fay to you, I'ullow citizens, v.no, m our opmion, H tiu( tlio mnn, to liu MllLrftmtC. nilll lllf! .-TOVPrilllinilf ,q 111 pflnrr ' In.,.! !n idtoiliolifn In tlwi ir..t.Jl.il.l 1 It tmw I...... r. trausfoniicd froma Hepubho to a Monmchy. . " dcmonsiaitionfif pubhc scnlimcnl," is nor, prcsont nduibiimrniioii : rnd tlf it the rcnoi Thu rcccnt courseof our nntional adniin- m this muiitent, brought into dircct "cotiltcl of thu Cotniiiitti'o nu public hiiids nt tl,.! .strntion has slrongly dcvclopcd this dnn- tcilh the fnedom .- itcctions," for thc pur- lato fv&fan of Coii"rcss, niono-in-' si ie Bafcly intruted with yotirconfidenco nttbis important crisis? And hcre wo say, nt onrc Ilb is not, and cannot bc, tho nian who lins bccn " The Falher ofthe ohnoxwus mcnsures qflhepreS' cnl nimtm'sraifott," atiil plcdgcd himself to "pcrfect tchal Gen.Jaeksonhasbeun.'" To llto lcading mcnsures of this udmiiiistration, whether ncting ns " Antimafoiis," or unilcr thc distinctivo ttppcllntion of " Whlgs," wu havc bccn tiniformly opposcd. Ouropjio sition hus bccn bascdiipoiiprinciplcswlncli tlo not cliango with thu winds, or ebb and flow wilh tho tidcs. Timu and tisagu ios sess, wilh us, no powcr to snnctily cor rtiption. Tho policy which was discloscd by the tidmiiiistration sevcn yo.irs ngn, whcruby the vast Exccutivo powcr of thu govcrnmcnt wns pcrvcrtcd from its Consti tiitioual cxcrcisc, to tho purpoc of huilding up n grcnt Exccutivo Pai ly, isjust nsmiicli ttt war with our priuciplcs, iitnl just us tib liorrcnt to our fculings, now, as whcn its dcforinity wns first rcvcnlcd. Wo wcro f liockccl, aml o wcre thu grctit liody of our lcllow citizens iu Hus state nt tlio gross m cousisteticy bctwecli the pi'ofessiotiHof Gcn. "inscribcs on the li.st of exeuutivn duties, iu "charucters too lcgiblu lo be ovcrlookcd, tho 'task oi' reform, which rcipiircs, particularly, "thc corrcctioit of those abuscs thnt haio 'brought tho patronngo of ihc Fcderal "Govcrnnient into coullict with tho 1'rnc- i ilom ol ulcclions. i lius s)uke tcn. Jncit-, I sou tu thu asscmblcd Uciircscntntives of tlm , pcoplc, on thc lth of Mtirch, 1629; cndycl, ' irom tliat inomeiit to tlm prasctit, as vou, ; fellow citiens, wcll knoiv, it has bccn' the I unceasinj.' cfl'ort of his administratioii to , Iollowed by tho iulditmn oi huifdrcds to tho tuunbcr of Exccntivc otliccrs, autl millions j aud trciisuiv it wa ncqnircil, will ho pci to thc ninount of national cxpnudiltiro; mittcd lo ciijoy tlu; prnori'ds ol it.f salcs?--whilo tho vast nrrny of ofiiccis havc bccn ! aud c-pcciailv', New Eii'Jaml, whosc wcnlth cillicr bilcuccd by tlio lcur ol removnl, or ri.iulcrcd bdistiirotis pnitiznns by tho bc- ciuniuuiii oi i-j.ucuiivo lavur. xucru is iiieic is a rcntiy nnswcr. 11 ian wcll known not a Statc or Coimty iu tbuwholu compuss facl, thnt tho p'rnii'ot of rcducin" nnd "iiil ' ....i.i i : i...i. ilii.. ''...: i . i . " w.-- of L'uioii, in which "the palronajfe of ihe Fcderal (!ovcrnmenlj, Wlrich was to bc iuiviii, ui nim.li -inc iuiroiiugc nj ;.. ... .i i t to ino i-icsiiicnt s iiiair. j ncrc is not an .,..1. f n u --" ivuiishiiu, u tw.lif Mw.nnrrt iiivanliln C... .UIU I i --" ..m.i,.- I nn il .. I L ivl.t.. 1, r nou niir I ... 1,1,. grci '"""" i'""V ""crs ine iis(.j, ana 1 stands ,'" ''c wulisguiscd champwn of Martin yall Jiur nj'ir me succession TJiis is tho niun, f'dlow citizens, uhom yoti nro lirged 10 Pllpport for tho highi-st of lico in tho pcoplu'a Hft; atid this is tho mnn whom wo solenm'y declare to yoti, wo cannot, nud will llot, fiippoit. Wc havo sccti him suddcnlv chatii'o from tho violcut opponcllt, 1,1 ,UX tirdcnt stipporlcr, and fui ' tiomc tlnitci'iT of Gcn Jckson. 'o havc scon It 1 1 11 worming lns wny imo ius coun dcncc breaking iipbisCnbincts proscrih ing his carly nnd honcbt friends introilu ciug to his confidence n corps of incrccna rics, and obtainiugposscssion,through thcso iiicnus, of his immcnsc iuflucucu aud powcr, to nid iu ihu cousuiiunatioii of bis deslgli of rencliiug t)ie grcnt objcct of hisniiibilion. II ucn. Jackson s lunl-aduiinislrntiou liad been tho moro icfiilt of his own iiuiictuous ! (i iing iiia nu- not cnougii tnat tlio lmmciisu pntronngo ol . I'rcsiiient s vcto uf iho Lmi.l HiU Mu 16,13 HllPI'iik llin f.ni'11 t . I.aiiU lin itillj ll-l.il.l.l n Hltll lln.i I... .1 .. ... I llie Cllri'Cln.- '"" S""-"""'-"' riiunm ,.u imi iu ; iiuii liy llic propriMllon to wllicll wo the Consih. ,U"J i v"" VI""3 ll0l"'i' "UI. Tlu, J'rcsuieut navo just ndvciicil. We nsk vou to wohil. wbcthi'rcncli,,'4'''i,ft--.Vf-'--''' t"ty .Uagtstrate ot this will tlus mntter hcforo 011 coiim nt to fivn passiotis, nud huuituul lovc of powcr, wc putilic would nnd protoclion ul a veto, could hnvo bettcr bornc it. Wo should ' which ho bns tleclnrod be would Interposo havo hnd, nt lcast, tlic consolation thut it to nny nttcnit lo wipo ihut Btain from iho sprnng, from a Miirit which had "dono thu cscutchcon ofour country. stnto Rouic scrvicc," uud might have bccn ; Aml how couics it thnt Mr. Vnn Burcn, coliccivfd in nn honcsi purposc, thougli cx- Pti nbnost evcry questioii ufiecting tho ccutcd in dctriniciit to tlic public wolfiire. ' j'ccnlinr intcrcsts of Now England,is loltnd But wo nro conipelled to rcgnrd it in n fnr , "i tho rnnks of hcr opponents, cven whilo ditl'creni tight thnn this. The cnutions cir-1 clniming hcr spcciul support? Tho nti cumipcolion which found its wny into his swrr is ohvious. Jlo thinks to carry tho Cnhitiet. iu ihc person of .lir. Vnn Burcn, nnd which should havo found nicatis to control tho veternn'.s strong passions, givo llicm n salutnry ilircctimi, nud gtiido thcm to f.'il'o rcsults, wus.omploycd iu miuisteriug to his lovn d pmiso iu" dcclaring lluit it was "tHjjititnt glory to senc undcr such a ChieJ" and in iiiouliliug his wholc ndniiu-i.-lraiion w'uli u vicw toaccomplish tho cnds ofa scllish nmbition. Tho calctilatiug nnd corrupt policy which dclibcratclv dictalcd lliis iicrvcrsion of llic cxccuiiv!! nownr. wo wonlil fuiu scn ilcfnnt. 1 cd nnd consigucd lo publio uxecration. i To givo it thu poupliir sanctiun, by olevut- ing its author to tho station ho hus Botight lo nttn'ui by it, would bo virlually tho foriu- ..r r... r. T...i .. ' uii: ui a nu,v wuiiniuuuuii, iiminii'ii ui cor- ruption, nud ilcstiucil, sooncr or lalcr lo bu tho gravo of iiubho hbcriy l!iitsupposiingihu country should cniiRout lo sauclioii this cottisc ol ndmitiialrntiun, nnd subiuit to bu rulcd by ihc Exccuiivc otancli ot tlio goveiumeut, - liavo tlio pco plo nny rcasou to bopo thnt it will givo tlicni a sjslcin of wiso nud bciiclicial laws, ns u conipciiFatiou lor tlicir Miltial suriciidcr of tho iiivilcuofi4ovcrnin" lhcinsclvcs? Wo cnrucgtly prcss tlus quu.itiou upon the nt lcntinn of tho pcoplo of Vermont, iu rulcr- cncotoiho intercsl.s which ihcy Hpecinlly (lc.iiro lo uustniu nud chcrii-b. 7iit f i.iem wm ac snje tu the hanJs oj a l an in rcn ndmnislration 'f Ainong tln'so iutcrcfis, n liiulin'g onn i, nml lins long Iihcii, thcprotftxun rfiaur.n duitrybyan ndcquate turiff. To lluit tno tcclion ji Js, now, wellj,tti,wi) that'.Vr. Vtui Biircn is opposcd. l'ccolutions intreduccil into iho llouso of Ucprcscntaiivcs utthu l.ttu Fcsioll of Congrcss byonoof his Sotltlt crn friends un iuvctcrnlo opponcnt of tha tariir,--lookiiig to the prostiation of tho protccting pystoni, wcre supportcil by neiirly cvnry one of his friends in thnt body. Thc same ground has lccn laken by him, at'jicc Ihe adjournmenl of C'mgress, in his publishcd Itllcr to Mr. H'illiams of Ktnhuy. Aml nll this hasbcciidonojn tho fuco nf'rfticnlcil dcclarations by his frtaluls, that his olcciioti wns tieccBsary to Bnvo thu larilf from dcstrtictiou ! Annlhor intcrest cspecially tlear to yoti, litlie diilribntion ofthe surplus rcvenue. Tho nct of Congrcss oiilcriug thudistribution wo nrc nliout lo tccclvc, was, it is wcll knowtl, Ftrcintously opposcd by .lfr. Vnn Buren'is lcading friends in Imlh Ilntiscsof Congrcss; wliilo his own opposition to it was openty nvowcd. l!ut for tho untiring cflbrts of his opponents, tlm vast l'und tobc nowdistribtt tcil, would havc rctnaincd in tho Unnks,BU Ipcteil ns thu ilcpositories of the public inon oy, with it spccial rclcrencu to bis political iiitcrcstsj NorfiTc wo to cxpcr.t nny fulurc ilistrilnr lion if bis influcnco cun pruvcnt it. llcnr hilii in his lcttcr to .lir. Williains abovo ro- ierrcd to. " I hoiio aml hcliovu thnt thu mihlicvoir, ' " will dcmand that this wpecies of legislntion i "(a distrilmlion ofthe surpltt.-f revenuc)f.'iitll icrmiiiato wnii tliu nuien:eiicy tliat iro "duccd it, Ihat cnrly aml ijicienl eteps will "butnkeu to prcvi'iit tho coiictincnco ol'n "stato of thing.s calcuKitcd to furnish ant "EXCL-sr fi,r a n v measure ofdislribution." I'Vllow citizens of Vcrtiiont: givo lo .1nr tin Van fJiiren tlic powcr of controlling, ly iNrnJE.NcE, nud by vr.ros.lhu h'gislntion nf uougrcss, nnil il tlm extravngiuicu ol lnsnd- not oxpuct Umt thu Stn:i- by whoc blood and population nn! ooiiMitiilly drnincd to purohn-jc autl pi-oplc it? To thcsc qucstionw u.iuiiji un- jinci; ot tnc pilllllC ta:i !s. iit'ii fl- unting thc pric ' nally giving tk tm t i Ihe MnUs ui tCinrh llny ' r. i . , cs iu ine intcrot nf Mr. Vnn Burcn nml I i.,.i:.... . . .." ""icu, nnu ii-uuiiih IIIOIH S iu not i liouscs ol con- Irrnu 'I'l I. I .' j m-iu ins lotiB uccn u ."ctt ci linr- I,m , ...HI.I...I.I . . . 1 ! . ' , u I gVll 1" iuo i Tt'siui'iil vninl i nto I n I-.. i.:., ; r . . powcr iu into t'fl'tct thc policy offritUring airrn, nnd finalh dc slroiing, your righls in thc .Ya'liontii L'o- l"--.n iuo itiu-l inu veic. nr r-;ri-i' niniu. Fiiinlly ; Du thc pooplo "of llin North lc nire to nddrvya tbeir ."ouihoin brcll.Tcn on tlm subioct of slnvory? How nro ihcy lo inako thcir nppcnl ? Thioiigh what chan ncl is it lo bo convuycd to rinuthern -nr., nnd fitid i:s wny to tbWoulhnrti conscitncc? l.ct tho votc of .Ur. Van Burcn, at the Into scs.sion of Conmvts, in fnvor of u rcstriction upon the frccdomof Post oflico onuveynnce, unswcr. lo tho niati who gao that votc, tho powcr, nud li iMason nml Di.xon'a linc" would bccoinca Chincsc wnll, hcyoint which, no mci sctigor of mrrcy to tho blnck nian of tho Soulh would ovcr Dcnctrnte. Givo him tho power, and Slnvory nnd tliu slavo trado in tho very Cnpilol of tho Ho ivimi nnit ivist ny l-taTV maciii.verv, whilc ho abamluns thtir intcrests lo couit fho fnvor of thcir Southcrn nnd Wostern opponents. It is n policy worthy of tho mnn! nud, wo titist, it wi 1 incet a rcbuko which Mieh n policy ilcson-cs -n policy which woaro surc, no pnrtion ofour coun try incii moro pcrfcctly upprccintc.nnd moro hcnriily iletcpt, thnn tho pcoplo of Vermont. It is, we kuow, suid nnd grnvcly urged by somc of .lir Vnn Burcn's frionds, thnt wnutcvcr ground lio iuny liavo takcn to sccuro southcrn nud weston! sunnort, he in S,,H hern niiin, nud will tuko cnre of northcrii intctcsl.s: TLnt iu, thnt ho will lolsify his profesaions, iiindc to sccuro thu "ll""t 'f bis countrviiicn for thc highcfct iOit tu tl...t :i'. i ' nii tiiii i llowntl lldvuCarn fnr J1r Vnn ltnren cntl look nn iiitclligcut Voi inoutcr in tlio faco, nnd uriro such un mgiimcnt, wo rtinnot coinprchcnd un iiigumciit rc5iin on tho msumptiou, (pcchaps, inducd uot n very iiiconcct ( inO thnt Mr Vun Burcn hns no licd principlis of .politicnl nction, nnd cannot bu dcpi'iidcd on to rcdccin nny picilgos hu iuny ninkc. Ili t biivc w'c, alicr all, nnv icseoii to ciiictlniu such ti hopo for tlio sccuiitv of miitlu ru inii rcsts? Wo tbink not. Tlio eanio .pnrty inuchiucry now rclled on lo sccuro thw Mipport o'f tlm north in this clcclicm, will I'ouiiniiu to bo relieil on to srcnro us support (or n iccoiid ; whilo tho saimi tlNicganl of nortluiii intcrcsts will cniitiniii o bo pinciisod In icr'ijrcrsouh- oru nud wettorn finor. Awit'ltoWis, m wc ip'iy QXicct il will hc, heiTnfter. Evcry ,ke ithpat.