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13. I VVALTON AND SON, I'UKLISIIKHS MUNTlM3LIEIt.TUKSDAY.DECEMHEUG.t83G. VnLXX'V.Nfl in wnni w N0.1571. , - - ---7 v'ixii.ju AND OVBNAL. SlTflCmnii &s S!(, P?wt.f " vaeo .to v S2 A YEAU....81.50 IN ADVANCE fiCjylslatm'c of Vermont Riporlidfur thc Wtitchman andjaurnal. Sitrplus rcvcnuc In Sb.natr, Nov. 1-1. DEDATE On thc proposed nniciultncnt to thc rcvm- itc bill, rcportcd hy the commiltee 011 finnncc....Conchulcd. Mr. WATSON H.n.1 I10 did not ric lo cntet inlo n ftill invesligution, orn protrnc ted dNcuRsmn oflhe subjuci ; lnit ilic re porl of the coiuni'uice ol fiiiancc proposed a coursc to lie takcn in tlie disposal of thc people's tniiucy, so utterly nl varinnce will: isotind policy nml tlic dictatcs ol conimnn scnse, hc conld not pcniiit tho qncstmn to lio tnlfci- v. itliout nijking ;i I'ew bncf re mark.s. I liis otiui'.lion, the reporl was a lis-me 01 snphislry nnd l.ilsu 'rcnsoniug. proposed to plnce tlic moncy oflhe peo ple in banks, inslcad ofplacing il in thc lianils of tho people thcmsclves. Hu hnd 10 grcat a rcspect for Ihc lalcnts of thc gentlemcn coniprising thc conuuittcc, to 'uliribtitc to thcin thc palernily of the rc- ; rt; he wouKl sooncr regard it as cimn nting Irom eome pcdant o( the kcIiooIs, tlian froni the mnliiro nnd well balanci'd mind ofu statcsman. It was so utterly at variatice with thc scntiincuts nnd opinioiis orthe people, lie would rnthcr plnce it 1111 ler foot llian give it tlic sanction ol liis votc. Mr. CONVERSE. Mr. Presideiit, Ii issaid by gcntlemcn that this is nn impor tanl qucstion. I believe it, sir. It is also said that we should rognnl tlie voice o( otir cotiHtitucnts in ncting upon thismatter. This I al.-:o believe. Anrt I irust, sir, no one bows wiili morc dclerence to thc will oftlie pcople, delibernlely cxprcssed, tlian inyiiclf. I kuow tuo ivcll, thc intclligcncc, the sagucity, nnd Ihe wiedom, in iiialtcrs of this kitid, of the communily nmong which I reeide, and whieh I havc thc hnii or in part to repre.scnt, to disrcganl tlieir voice, whcn deliberatcly tittvrcd. I l;nov too well, sir, niy own wenkncss nnd (allibil ity, to sct up niy nivn will in dilinncu of thcir witdics and opinions. Ycs, sir, no one regard.'i with morc vencration, tlie will , of tlieir conslitnents, thnn inysclf. And, rcccived at it is not to bo rcccivcil cxcopt in sir, givc 111c opporlunily to consiill Ihem, ' part, bcfore tho scssion of tlic noxt Lugisla and whatcvcr they diicct in this malter, I ' turc. Again tliu bifi dirocts tho Trcasurcr to will most implicilly obey. Then, sir, I beg depositc thc moncy whcn rcccived, and. ns of- ol Ihis Senatc to givc inc oppuriunity lo consull my coiiRtilnciKs. Hnt pass a law to rcceivo the iiioncv f.om thc Uniled Slates, and providc f..r" ils salc keeping ,i j thc SWsin of.he ncx. I,.gisl.,.nrc,-ws pro- pou'l by this amennicnl, or in somc olhcr similar way, nnd let us go home to our con- slituents, and whncvcr niay have thc hon- ' , , . ' or or rcptcscn.mg thcm upon this lloor ,., , the next gcncral asscmhly may hc instruc-. tcd by the people, nnd I will he bound, sir, I they will most clieciluily nnd hcni lily rcs-1 i nd to thcir wishcs. II the peoplclia'cl j the distribiilion nmong the "owiis agrrcably to the nrovisions td'the oiigiiial bill, be- licve me, sir, sueli diicctiun would hc most implicilly obcyed. Uul, cir, 1 have rccei ved no stich inslruction. So far ns I heard an opiniou expressed 011 the subjtct nmong niy coiisliluents, it wns in favor of recciv ing whal mighl lall lo this slalc in the di visiun of ihc Kiu phis rtvenuc, nnd provi ding lor its sale kceping, with what intcr esl could bc rcalizcd from il till tlie next sessinn ol the gcncral asscnihly, whcn such disposilion could hc madc of il ns Ihc pco plc tnight then dircnt. This amendnient, sir, eoutains n pri vitiion iu nccordaticc with thcsc views. And (iir one, sir, I 11111 oppo scd to m.iking any final disposilion of the montj lne prcscn! session. Dut here por mit me to rcitrtrk, I am 1101 parlicularly in favor ol buiks heing sclcctcd as thc dc pn6liorics of ihis nioncy, should wc gcl nny ; althnngh, by the anicndmenl, they arc rc quired lo givc saii'jl'aclory Reeurily fnr Ihc same. Shoulil nny Scnatur pro)osc nny olhcr safe and propcr rcccptucle for ihc money, I, sir, would g6 for such proposi lion. I have 110 sucl.lparlialily fnr banks ns would induce mc tu jeopnnli.c onc cent oflhis tnoney by putiiug il undcr ilicirciii trol ; nor would I laki' nny maesiire to pamper thcir pride or furihcr tlieir intcr csl at thc oKpcnsc of onc singlc iiulividual 011 cnrlli. Dut, sir, it W said by gentlenicit who np posc this aincndmcnt, that this is the pco plc'ii mnney adtuit il ; and lct me ask, fir, by adoptiug t;is amendnient, whose inonc.v is it lo be i Will it not Mill bo thc pco- plcsmoncy? Who hut the pcople would liniri n nl ! 1 .. 1.. ... 1 5 11 . ii " " ,u u"",rui AUU wm a division ofil nmong ihe towns ogrceably to Pivi8li of tho originnl bi mko it 0I1V nu)l.c nnv tuoic ihc pcoiilc's moncv ? (Jcntle- incn sccin lo have enlcrlaincd straiigc no- tions on Ihis subjccl, by k ipposing llial hy dcposiiing this moncy whcrc it will be per- fcclly unfij and whcrc it will bo prodiiclive of Ihc grealcst Miimint of inlcrcRl, nnd stih ject to the un'ii.dted controtil of thc pcoplc hy Ihcir. rcprcscnlalivcs, is dcpriving the peopic of thcir moncy. To tuc, Sir, it ia elear, lliat if by adopling Ihis anictidtneiil, j'ou dcprive thc people of thcir moncy, by a d;''-!on amnng the lowns ynu cqnally dc prive Ihctr. of it. Lcl the doclrine of gen tlctncii bc cnrricd 0111, thc moncy nnist bc dividcd pcr crtpitc. Yet if thc rcasnning of grntlcmcn bc corrccl, this splendid cdi ficc in which wc eit frnm day lo dny should bc dcmolislrd, and caji man should lake liis lump of granite and carry home with hini. The vaulls of ihc trcasury should bc opcncd, and if 0 dollar i3 thcrc fonnd, it should ugain be scnt to tlie pock cls oflhe people. It h said again, sir, lliat Ihc original bill passcd Ihc other Housc by n large mnjori ly, and that should havc nn inlliicnce upon Ihc lcgislation of ihis Housc, Sir, I hopc I ncvcr ahall bc wanting in a propcr rcspccl lor tlie ilccisions of ih.i housc; I know ! thcrc h cmincnt talcnls and high atlaiu mcnts lo be found thcrc. I hopc I thall ever appiccinlc ihc candor nnd fiiirncss ..110 ' that charnclcrisc ihc dccisions of ihal house Whatcvcr votc l fcel ii niy duty 10 givc 011 liis qucstion, or whatcvcr I may fcel it my duly tu say on Ihis stibject, it will he undcr stood, 1 hopc, that l east no itnnulalinns up on the inlcgrily or candor of ihe olhcr hranch of this Lcgislalurc, or upon any in. dividnal who may difTer froii) me in opin inn. I am ccrtainly disposed most hcnrlily lo cxtcnd to othcrs the sanic charity that I claim for myscll', llial of honcsly of inten tlon. I havc nlrcady said, eir, lliat 1 am in favor of Ihis nmcndfiienl, as it piovidcd lor tho rc" ceint nnd safo kecnhi'? of ulintnu or miolit lin ilcuii.u 110m 1110 ucncrai uovcrmticiil, fllt un othcr ycar. But n?ide fiom tliis roneidura tion, I have sttong nml ineuporablo objeclions to 1 hc original bill in its prci-cn( shape, and I ".ill hcro elato fcomc nf thcm. In thc flrst placc it ia premature makiiig n final disposi. tion ofwhatwe niny ncvcr rcccivc. But if ten as rccoivcd, with. tho imvn tressurers of thc eevcral towns, fcc. Thc moncy, if rccciv c1 nt a,l is 10 1,0 fcccivcd iu four instalmcnts, ' Jrrent timcs during ll,c eoming xcnr. H provwion. of tlic bill, ll.cn. the T.o S cvery town (n tlio Stalo to dcposilo tho monoy. t rriiia In nnv llin lnn t nf it. it nn Amnll inti. ... , , ... . ... ani' attcnUciI with no hltlo cxpcnsc, and wlnch Wo prcvcnU.d jn grral mcasure , r(1. tBjn, lRb Mmc hc w,oc ig rcctivct! Bllt fir suppose a )01.lion of thotowngfiliml rcfllS0 t0 reccivo lhvU proprtioii upon thc tcrms sp-lcificd in tho hill, what is to lc donc with llnt? Is it to bc forccil upon thcm a- nsninEt thcir will? or is it to bo rctiirncd to thc gincral fund, and a now dixtrihutioii niado nmong such towns as nro willing to rcceivo it 1 Ccrtainly thc bill providcs for no such cnicrgcncy. But, sir, admit that tho towns will rcceivo Hieir proportion upon tho tortns sprrified in Ihis bill. What is to bc dono with it? Gcn- tlcmcn sav it must bo kcpt for tho nso of schooU ; hr.twhat is thcro' in Iho bill tvliich dirccts lliat applicalion ? Wheic is thcro any provii-ion in tho bill IhaJ dirccl3 nny fpccifio applicalion? AVhat ii thero to provont nn inuncdiato division of it ainong tho citizcns per capUel A111I how many towns, Ihinli you, sir, would not inako such a division of it? How many, lct mo nsk, whcro a mojoiity in town could not ho found to rcspond lo thc scnthiicnta promulgatcd'from this Ilall, " that ihis is thc ptoph's monty, nnd that tho pcoph want no guardianship ovcr thiir pursc elrings, givu us our sharo'' ? And lcl mc inquirc, sir, how Ihis division is to bo mado ? Aro thc fanncrs ouly to rcccivc it ; nr if il lo ho dislrihutcd inditcriininutcly aniong all clases of mcn, woincn, nnd chil (hcn thc mau of thrco scoro years and tcn as wcll as thc infant at its inoiher's breust 1 Tho bill docs not eay. Ilut doos not cvery 0110 sco that cmllcsa broilf, contcnlioris, und cvcn law.fiiits, would grow out of nny'attcnipt nt distribution ainnng Iho pnople ? Thc ipies- 111 11 of who was a 1ili7.cn of tho town would spring up in innumnrablo instunces ; anil quu3tions iho most vexiny, iutricnt.-,1 and un curtain would nrito in relnlinu to v, ho should rcccivc. Do wo not now find in r y countj in Iho Slale cpiulions of cilizeiiFhip undur 0111 paupcr laws a most Iriiitful touno of litia- ,ioI1? And would not such ipic6lions uiiilti- ply undcr any Ptlcmpt at d.s.rihution, owi. t0 ,,o ovcr varjing and shifm.g charactcr 01 a portion ot llin jiopitlntion of tho sovcral towns ? Dut, sir, it is said hy cvcry Scnntor who hna tpoltcn upon this subjfcl, that wc nro to m gard this moncy, not as a gifl lo Iho Slate, but nsnloanj nnd nllliough wo nmy ncvcr bo callcd upon for rcpayinent, still it is but tho dictato ol sound lcgislation, lo providc for piich nn cvcnt. Supposo, thcn, that Iho mnncy slionhl bo ilividcd nmong tho proplc, and in Ihocourso of n fow ycars, it should bo callcd for by iho Gcncral Govetnmciit, who, lot mo nr the ncccssity or cxpcdiency of in nslt wonld havc Iho samo to pny ? Would it Slrusling nur Scnators, and rcqticsting our uo inoso wuo rtccived il, or 111 proportion ns, inoy rcccivea it 1 No, eir, II10 mnny would rcceivo it, but tho fcw would havc it to rrpay. It could only bo raiftd by a dittct lax upon Iho pcoplc, and would bo forccd, in many in slanccsfrom Iho pockcts of thoso 1I10 ncvcr tcccivcd ono dollar ol tho moncy, nnd who ncm wcre nnd nevrr could bo bencfillcil by it. And lct nic iink ninin, is not siich a etato of Ihings (o bo anticipatcd Irom thc passiug of this hill in its prcsent ehapo ? IJut, f ir, whatcvcr migbl bo tho final detcr. minalion of Iho towns uith rcfcrcncc lo Ihc disposilion of tliis monoy, docs not any ono scc lliat strong cxcitcmcnt nnd bitlcr c.on tcn lion would ariso in tho towns on Ihis dubjcct ? Somo would dcsiro lliat it ehould be kcpt lor stock.. somo in rnil mn.U n,t i.t 1. "" "1 "uiiiu iuui 11 eiioniii uo invcsteo 111 : .....:.. .1: !.! . . .. jrcts for its di-posilion, I npprchcnd, ivould bo almost as various as Iho indiviclunls who had a voico in iho malter. Thcsc, sir, aro f-omo atnong thc many rca sons why I cannot'give my voto for tho origi nal bill, notto oay anylhing of thogros partial ityaud injustico which would rcsult to tho stnall towns in ihc ncwly settlcd parts of tho Slato, owing lo tho ir incrcascd populntion sinco thc ccnsii3 of 1830. But, sir, I have nlrcady occupied tho nllcn tion of tho Scnnto too long. I am awaro, sir, thcro arc manj Scnators hcro older nnd nbler than mysclf lo discuss this importnnt snlijcct. But, tir, bo'ore I rcsumc my scat, 1 bcg to bo porinittcd to advctt for ono momcnt to thc rcmarks that havo fallcn frotn tho hon. Scna tor Irom Benninglon, in rclation to tho reporl .r .u has hecn cxlrcmely lihoral, yca, laviBh of liis rcproachcs of that reporl, nnd thc principlcs it inculcatcs. tlo has bccn plcascd to call it a mcro tissuc of falic roasoning nnd sophistical bombast ; concrived by, und emanatirpg from, a brain wholly ijnornnt of pnlilical cronomy, or linaneial lcgislation, nnd lotally at war hoth with conimnn senso and sound policy. Vca, . sir, thut Sonator has seoutcd it as being un-1 worthy thc comideralion of ralional mcn, and IU only to bo trodden in tho dust. Sir, wheu honornblo Scnators niakc such bread and bitlcr dcnunciations ngainst Iho re porl ofnn honornblo anil ablc commiltee of this housc, I for ono want thcir rcasons. I want tho vilnjs and tho whevejorcs I want ho should put liis lingcr upon tho spotsand blciu ishes worlhy of such condcmnation. I dc mandoflhal konoraWo Scnatnr (0 point mo to iho paragraph, or cvcn Ihe scnlcncc, lliat U worlhv of such unqiialifiod dcnuncialion. This, sir, ho has not yct dcigncd lo do. If, eir, hc can show ino lliat this rcport is obnox ious to tho wholcsalc chargcs broughl aainst it, I can nssuro that gcnllcman that I will hc tho first to juin hini in opposition to thc rcport nnd tho amciidmcnt; but, sii, I want somo thing morc than morc bold aiscrtion. I want f.icts rathcr than rcproachcs, and icasoning rnther than mcro cmpty dcclamatini). For nnc, sir, 1 had really si'pposed Ihis to havc bccn nn oblo rcport, distingiii'hcd alikc for thc corrcctncss of its rcaeoning, and thc justucss of its conclncions. I, sir, cxprctcd nn ablu icpoil I kncw that nn nhlo coiumilteo had thc suhjcct undcr consideration, and wcro fully compctcnt lo n Ihorough invostigation of it ; nnd I had sinccrcly supposed, that tho fondest antiaipations of tho friends of tlin, commiltee had hcon most fully rcaliicd. And sir, as I have hcloro rcmarkcd, bcforc I can conecnt to hrand that hon. committcc with Ihc cpithcts ofigi'ornncc or corruption, I must bo allowcd to call on gcntlcmcn for thcir proofs. Till then, sir, I must again bo pormittcd to pronounco this a vcry nblc rcport Sir, soino uncourlcoiis allusions havc bccn mado hy anolhcr hon. Scnnlor, lo thc Treasu rer, in conncclion with Ihis suhjcct, as though ho was decirous to havc tho conlrol of Ihis mo ncy, to gratil) his prido, or fufthcr his own inlcrcst. Sir, I must again call upon that Scn alor for his proofp. I hopo sir, I ncvcr shull bc so undiarilablo as lo impugn tho motivcs. or a8ail Iho charactcra of hon irablo mcn, without nt lcast soino thadow of ptoof; nnd whcn hon. Scmitors upon Ihis lloor, lako it up on thcmsclves to muke such sweoping chargcs ngainst any individual, or any cluss of indi viduals, I hopo they will hcrcafter accompany thcm with thrir rcasons. DEHATE, n tui; Sk.natb of Vurmont on Mr. Gran. d's resolulion In icljlinu to I 1k; suhjcct ol' slavcry, as it oxisls in the District f.f Columbia ; the rcsolution luiving hocn so niiH'iidcd as In inscrl tho qucry, wl.c- tl.rtp cln.n..' in tl.Mt .li.trir.t iin lm nlml. ished in a constilutional manncr, and Witliout inlurv tu tho ctulavcil in bo ntl jolning Statos. Mn. Youno tnovcd lo crnso Ihc cxprcs ?ions which ho undcretood froni thfiir 7tinoclion ncccssarily involvcd Ihisdoubt one which dnl uot, in limi.ind, nt lcast, cxitt. Mk. AVaterman said, hc hopcd thc pro )ropo$cd nir.ciultncnt would not prevail. Thc rcsulution rcad very wcll in its prcsent thapc; and ns lo thc constiiutional righl ofCongrets lo Icf'is la lc upnn Ihc subjccl, Kcprcscnlativcs lo tako parl 111 a qiicMinn so JijSling in iis vcry nalurc, nnd filling Ihc country with excilemctit, he at lcast fiir one, thnught wc mighl wcll hcsilale. The qucstion wns one of grcat momcnl, nnd rcquired Ihe dccision, notof n moiucnt, but of timc, nnd of mcn wcll vcrscd in con stitulibiial law. INI n Kankev tiiid, ihc resolulion now ex pressed not only a doubt ol thc constilu. tional powcr of Congrcss lo abnlish ihc cv il of "davcry in the District ol Colitmbia, thc verv hcart of Ihis nalinn, bonsling of its frccdom, .ind ihe excellency of ils frcc intiluiions; but it went cvcn furihcr it cxprcsscd nn opinion, nn iniplicd onc, nt least, and gave it currency, that ihc aholi tion of slavcry in Ihe District of Columbia, would add to thc miscrics of Ihe slave ano Ihcr link iu ihe chain of liis bondnge, if he happcncd lo be dragging out a lilc of in voluntary servilude in a Slate adjoining to, or in thc vicinily of that district. Ile en lcrlaincd no such opinion, nnd would votc agninst any resolulion cxprcssing such opinion, as the onc now under considcra lion would, unlcsa thc amendnient prc vniled. Mn. Young said, tlic form and inleiided cn'cct of thc resolulion as first iniroduced had bccn ncuinilizcd, if not cntircly done away, by thc .riwl or fog of doubt in which Ihcamendments had envcloped il. This proposition was intcndcd lo elear tlic reso liuion ofnll mystification and doubt, nnd to makC il rumi fjlll ir. nlnln Cnnll.U uiinithnnd sobcrncss. II Ihc resolulion pnsscd wiihonl ihe amendnient hc propos cd, or something similar from othcr gcn tlemcn, hs slinuhl carc neilhcr yea nor nay abnut it; it would uot be worth the efh)it rcquired to sound Ihe one or thc olhcr. Mit. I'oiitui said, he would not agrce cntircly with the views expres.scd by thc gentleman froni Orleans, (Mr. Voung,) as he undcrslood ihc rcsolution, evcn ns nm einled. It rccogniscd slavcry as an cvil. and hnd rclcrcucc to ils nbolition ; not, how cvcr, unlcss it could be vITevU'd iu a con slilutional and lcgal niauncr. Scnatois, surely, werc nol prcparcd lo prcach insur - reclion no! Thc rcsolution as it now rcnils, conlemplatcs ihc rcmovrd of slavcry in nrcordnticc with the cousiitution and laws. Mn. IlEnAnn rcmarkcd llial, narrowcd down and nuutrnlizcd as ihc resolulion had becn by anicndmenis, if it expressed any opiniou upon ihe suhjcct ol slavcry as itcx isls in the Distriei of Columbia, llial cx pression was nvide only in the preainblc as a new Ibrm of introduction. The only re maining rcfercuco lo ihe suhjcct left in Ihc resolulion wason 1, cnlculatcd to perpelu nte douhls, nnd cngcuder dilliculties real or iniaginnry. lie was in favor of 110 insur rectionary movcmciil Ihc oonsiituliou nnd ihe laws must hc our guidc iu this ns iu evtry olhcr qucstion of national cnncem mcnl ; but will Scnators pass this re.-ohilinn with an f"cngrallCil on ils visage, and seni out to tell tlic country and ihc world, Inat Vermont U envcloped in a f'og of doubt whethennan, whalever may be Ihe colwr ol liis skin, " is, or o righ' ought lo bc jrec1' in Ihe Cnpital ol the Americati Kepublic? M' would bc a slignia upon ihc Senalc, and a icproach upon thc intelligencc ol tlic Stnli. The rcsnliitiun permillcd, if it did not dcsign to do so, nu iiiference which did not exist cilhcr in the hcad or tlie hcart. Anolhcr branch of the suhjcct hc did not intend lo exprcss nn opinion as to ihe righl or ihe duly of instrucling ourdelagation in Congrcss upon the suhjcct of slavcry that wus ,111 important qucslion which he did nol rise to discus ; lini he wa unwilling lo pass n rcsolution, which ereatcd 11 doubt cvcn of thc constitulional righl ol Scimlnrs aiiil Hepresentaiivcs in Ciiugress, lo legis lalc upon the subjecl nt Ihcir diecrction. Mit. SiiKi.no.s said, he ciiicrtaiucd 110 doubt nf Ihe consMtutional power of Con grcss lo abolish slavcry in ihc Dislrici of Cohimhia. M11. I'oiiTi-.u movcd that thc rcsnlutinn hc laid upon tlic Inhlc wilh ihc cxprctnlion or uiuH'islatiiling that it sliould not he In keuiipngnin. Molion losl, Mu ItANKbV, with a view to lest thc scn- ( timcuu of thc Seimte upon tlie subjecl in dcbale, movcd- lo strike out oll nller thc prcnmble, and iiucrt Ihc lollowing's llcsohctl, That Congrcss posscss liie pow cr, and ought, in juslicc (0 Ihc tlnvo cnd ti sufTering humnnily, tu nbolisli sluvery in thc Distri,ct of Columbia. Mn. Sheldon said lie was in favor of thc amciidmcnt propo.cd by ihe genlleman from Windham, (Mr. Kamicy;) nml ns the objcct was lo lest thc scnsc oflhe Senulc, he thought nn onc could doubt Ihe cxpcdi- cncv ol ihc mcasure. Aside from the tre- mcndo'is moral evil of slavcry, in point of national pride, il ought lo bc abolishcd. Mr. S. said, ivc wcre n hisaing, and a by word lo ihc pcople of Europe. Who shar- cd Ihc infumy ol the traffic in hutnan flcsh, and who (he guilt nltcndanl upon hnlding mcn in bondage f It is unl, said Mr. S., coiifiucd 10 the soulh wc of (ho north come in for a hharc of both thc guilt nnd thc in famy, and the odium. Thc north and thc south, Ihc east nnd thc west, arc alikc rc- spoiisiblc for Ihe cxisicnceand continuancc ofs avcry in Ihc hcart, thc scat uf political life of this nalion. Tlie District of Colum bia is tc common propcity ol tho nalion ovcr ils terrilury, Congrcss, comprised of senalora and represcnlalivcs froni evcry Stale in thc Union, has unlimitcd cnn stitutional coulroul. If thu South say, wc will not couscnt (o loose thc profit, let hcr sharc the odium. (t is timc for the pcoplc of the north to wnsh thcir hands of tlic foul stain, and say to the world we will havc no part nor lot in ihe matlcr. Mr. Sheldon said, olhcr genllemcn mighl prefer a difler ent, and perhsps, a britcr coursc than Ihe one contemplalcd in the amcndmeul in dc bale; hut it inet his most cordial approha lion. It nppcared to him thnt any roau with a parlicle of national pride, would fecl it li'igh timc lo cleur his skirts hc was pre pared to do it so fnr as in his powcr, nnd do it promplly fearlessly. He had 110 fcarsol cxcitcmcnt in thc south no dcslrc to promotc il. Slnvery might be morc Itinn niisluH'HV llian .llioir nritTif; iv.irV n llin l)li(l-ip.l lll tjnllltll Hri llian .llioi ttif, nw II 11 wus ,n.nlln,ris of thn r.oun.rv. nml ,), ................... - .. , tnisfortunc could not too 0011 be repaircd, nor thc crimc 100 ihoroughly repenlcd of by thc removal of its causc Ihc fo'il hlul up on the nalion's honor, would not loo sud dcnly or too thnroughly he wiped aw.iy. The sooner ai'.d ihc more cfieclual thc bel" ter for our counlry, and the biightcr ile fu ture characler and prospccis. Mit. Dell lollowed. His remnrks have been given in a prcvious paper. Mn. IShigc.s said he could Ree no rcasou nblc objcclidn lo thc motion to amcnd. Hc ' hopcd II would votc in favor ol its adop tion. Amcntlment nuoplcil, one senalor ,"0 ootlcr proniotcu iiy an appropnation to sur only voting in thc iiegalivc. Ncy aroutotot!iolludon rivcr or Lako Cham- Mn. 1'or.Tnn then movcd lo add lo thejl1,aiD- Uo holievcd ho could say, without amendment just adopled, Ihe words : coulradiclion, that no othcr scclion of tho "whcnceer thc tame can bc done eoiuittent- slat0 V033 '"S''" capabiliiies and ro bjviththe rightt of thc slavchotda; :mi s,ourcc! ,"mn 1,10 colln,y 1,0 l"Wnted, or ..... -.11.1 1 .. Ihal could he moro convcnienlly bencntted by without lncrcasing tlic burthcns of thosc , . hcld in servilude I contcmplatcd public iinprovcmcnt. Ile Mit. 11amcy said bc was opposcd to ihis nmeudmciil; il again hroughi up in a little diH'erfnt form ol cxprcssicn, thc same cva- s.un ol ihc mau. quesl.cn, which had so of-hcrclothrc m(.llIioHCed that thcgcnoral con tcn bccn aiiempted. His objcct was 10 lciencc of the Meihodist Episcopal Church niccl nunfully thc qucslion, and answer it ' had reccommended the disfoluhon of the J 1 . hm.i c?..; ....1 ...;.u .1.... t 1. yea or nny, ihat the pcople mi.ht dislinctly j- V ZZo underslaud whethcr the Stnatc ol Vermont, nll ihc cncrgics ol that body wilh Ihe A didordid r.ot cnlcrlnin the opinion thal n merican Dible Soclity in circulaiing Ihe slave inarket ought longcr lo exWt at ,le ' hdy Scriplurcs. Wc arc h.ippy to stale 0 , . . , ihal, ngrccnhle (0 ihc recoomniendation of capitat of this natinn; whethcr llmusniids ,,C C1ribrcnci-, tl.e &.)ciely has bccn dissol of hunian heinys ihcre shall lie hcld in per- veil, and arraiigemcnls ure now in pro peiual bondagc, liable lo be boiiglu nnd Igress to carry IhrwardUie great work, in . .1 1 1 1 .i!...... Inccordn-cc wilh the wish of tliehighestcd sold l.kc shcep in thcthamhlcs, or l.ve cal- ,si,Sica! l)mJv f llic lchodist Kpiscn- tlc m Ihc markcl. If wc ndopt ihe aniend-j j)a Church. N. Y. Com. Adv. ment now proposed by tlic grnllcmnn irom Windsor (ftlr. I'orier,) it will iu rflVct, ac- cording lo my understanding, said Mr. llannoy, be saying and giving our oflicial sanction to the opinion, lliat the owncr ofa slave in tlie dislrict of Columbia has a right to bold his servanl, or slave, iu bon dnge, and ihat Congrcss docs nct posscss Ihe righl, or the power, to give hberly lo the caplive in chains. Was ihis the &cnti ment of Ihc pcople of Vermont? Wns il tlic delibcrate opinion of thcir rcprc scnlalivcs here, or iu Ihe hu Ils of Congrcss? He Ihought not, nml (or one nt lcast, he was not willing lo husli lo sileucc ihe ex prcssiou of opinion upon tho suhjcct hc would ppcak out learli'HNiy, and with fideli ly in Iruih and and du'y. Thc rights of sbvc holding Slaies he would hy 110 mcans iuvadc ihc resolulion meniis 110 such in lliicnce or invasion it louchcd Ihc snhjcci ofslavcry ouly as it exited in ihe Dislrict. ovcr which ihc nuiion ns n whole, licM un- deniable juiisdiction. Allhough we would J couccde that thc slave Matcs liad constitu tiomil right on thcir side, il did not of coursc (ollow ihat they had tlic moral righl to con- 'iliue 01 .0 pcrpetualc slavcry ainong thcm telvcs, tnucli lcssin tlic smiall portion of wi itiinal domaln, cinbraccd in Ihc circum scribcd limilsof the district of Columbia. Hc hnd desired nolhing morc nor less by Ihc amendment he had proposed which had becn almost unanimously adoplrd, than lo bring Ihc qucslion lo a dcfinilc point, aml by ihe simple answcrof yca or nay, to givo thc opiniou of ihe Scnatc nf Vcrtnonl, on ihc Biibject of slavcry as il cxistcd in the nalionnl district, and no wherc clsc. The rcsolution day afier day, and wcck after week, had Inin upon thc tnblc : thc sub jccl had bccn ahly nnd ihoroughly discuss- cd m Congresa, willi tlieir lablcs groanlBjj utider thc load ofptitions eoming up from thc po iplc. Surely gcntlcmcn, afier nll this, could not be unprepared for (hc final qucslion. Mn. Mcnnit.i. said Ihis was a kind of exlra-legislation of which he v as not n parliculnr fricnd il was no favorlle of his hc was not scnt to the Scnale upon such nn crruul by his coiisliluents; hut if !.c must dccide upon it, he wishcd (or timc to dclibcralc reflccl ; to consult authorities, and be enablcd lo givc such nn opinion as n Scnatnr ar.ling undcr ulh, hc should be enab'.cd lo mainlnin and dcfend. On motion of Mr. Converse, thc resolu lion was laid upon the table yeas, 17.; noes, 8 where it bleeps ; the reolutinn having bccn superceded by the rcsolutions Irom tlic house on tlie same suhjcct, cuncur rcd in and pasicd hy Ihe Sennlc. Bcmarks of Mr. Walson, on introducing liii amendnient lo Ihc bill making appropriation for snrvcyg of railroads. Mr. Watsom said, lliat in propoiing the a mendmcnt, he v.a aetuated by nri haitilily (a tho prnxision? of Iho bill on llu tablp. T.'u scnatc, ho said, coultl recur lo the hr., thil arious meinnri's had kcxn prcsentftd to tir scnatc, praing for a survcy on hotli s'ulct of the niounlnin.and hri would ukc Hpoa himiclf to say, lliat llioso pelilions cmbodied namcs ?( Aho. hiuh?sL;pj.e.l!i?:enco,.vu .i'ijir..3iyc'1'. o pren. .uo amenoini lo u.e senate. . rtll.. -:,...., 1 .1. iject ontirtly local in its inttrcsts and tfpeot. Tho fact was well understood, that Ihsrc ws little idcntily or conncctioo in thc bucinees in commcrcial rolalions ot thc scalions ef tho ttale, dividcd b tho mountains, Hc vaa un willing to ndmini3tcr to, or eherijh fcclingi of local hostility, or seclional prejudices; Vut Lo fcll ho should do injustico to Iho riglitsund wishes ofhis constiluenls, to silently witness an appropriatioti of iho public munifitcnco to a local purposc, in which llioy had no interea, and Ihc applicalion lor Ihcir own bcncOt,dc nied and disregarded. Thcir intercft would uopcu 1110 iiucrniuy 01 iiib siaic wouiu uc ai pcnscd wilh n hand of cqual and cxact justuo. Thcre is said to cxist among the Russian girls thc following iimoceiit superstilbn. On the Thursday prcvious lo Whil Sun day, ihry try what is called "ihe prophelic swi.iinung ol liie t.rit'al wreaiii." A wrcath of flowers is'pluitcd lngeihcr and thrown inlo ihe slream, whcn, ifihe wrealh pvims on :hc surfjco of ihe waier, they Vill, in the same yenr, exchauge thc niaid en'for a nuptial siutc; hut fdiould it sinlc ihcy nre to wnit still longcr fnr tlie happy ohangc. llepuhlican Crccd. "RepulJican Ctni siitutions arc esiabli.dicd for tlic bcnefit of the whole people, and all mcasures ofGov ernmenl ought 10 bc adnpted wilh strict rcgard to ihe grenfest gnodto the grcateit number; the laws fdiouid lavor thc distribu tion ofpropeity, lo ihe cnd that ihe iiumb bcr of vcr.v rich, c Ihc number of the pior niny lie d'.miuished ns fiir us praclicable, eon'sistcnl wilh thc rights nl imlustry and properly : nml ull lcgiilation iu ihis wuin try is espccidlly bound to pay particular rct;pcct lo Ue earnings of labor Labor be in' thc sourcc ol'comlortaiid iudependzncc lo lar Ihe grcatcsl purlion oflhe pcople. Danitl WtUltr. The Pmident's f lhalth. The cfrusion of blood Irom Ihe IVcstdcni'd lungs has ccased. His pliyfurinn nriw unlicipates sdeidy rccovery. Wath, Glole.