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Vermont watchman and State journal. [volume] (Montpelier, Vt.) 1836-1883, December 06, 1836, Image 1

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, - - ---7 v'ixii.ju
SlTflCmnii &s S!(, P?wt.f
" vaeo .to v
fiCjylslatm'c of Vermont
Riporlidfur thc Wtitchman andjaurnal.
Sitrplus rcvcnuc In Sb.natr, Nov. 1-1.
On thc proposed nniciultncnt to thc rcvm-
itc bill, rcportcd hy the commiltee 011
Mr. WATSON H.n.1 I10 did not ric lo
cntet inlo n ftill invesligution, orn protrnc
ted dNcuRsmn oflhe subjuci ; lnit ilic re
porl of the coiuni'uice ol fiiiancc proposed a
coursc to lie takcn in tlie disposal of thc
people's tniiucy, so utterly nl varinnce will:
isotind policy nml tlic dictatcs ol conimnn
scnse, hc conld not pcniiit tho qncstmn to
lio tnlfci- v. itliout nijking ;i I'ew bncf re
mark.s. I liis otiui'.lion, the reporl was
a lis-me 01 snphislry nnd l.ilsu 'rcnsoniug.
proposed to plnce tlic moncy oflhe peo
ple in banks, inslcad ofplacing il in thc
lianils of tho people thcmsclves. Hu hnd
10 grcat a rcspect for Ihc lalcnts of thc
gentlemcn coniprising thc conuuittcc, to
'uliribtitc to thcin thc palernily of the rc-
; rt; he wouKl sooncr regard it as cimn
nting Irom eome pcdant o( the kcIiooIs,
tlian froni the mnliiro nnd well balanci'd
mind ofu statcsman. It was so utterly at
variatice with thc scntiincuts nnd opinioiis
orthe people, lie would rnthcr plnce it 1111
ler foot llian give it tlic sanction ol liis
Mr. CONVERSE. Mr. Presideiit, Ii
issaid by gcntlemcn that this is nn impor
tanl qucstion. I believe it, sir. It is also
said that we should rognnl tlie voice o(
otir cotiHtitucnts in ncting upon thismatter.
This I al.-:o believe. Anrt I irust, sir, no
one bows wiili morc dclerence to thc will
oftlie pcople, delibernlely cxprcssed, tlian
inyiiclf. I kuow tuo ivcll, thc intclligcncc,
the sagucity, nnd Ihe wiedom, in iiialtcrs
of this kitid, of the communily nmong
which I reeide, and whieh I havc thc hnii
or in part to repre.scnt, to disrcganl tlieir
voice, whcn deliberatcly tittvrcd. I l;nov
too well, sir, niy own wenkncss nnd (allibil
ity, to sct up niy nivn will in dilinncu of
thcir witdics and opinions. Ycs, sir, no
one regard.'i with morc vencration, tlie will ,
of tlieir conslitnents, thnn inysclf. And, rcccived at it is not to bo rcccivcil cxcopt in
sir, givc 111c opporlunily to consiill Ihem, ' part, bcfore tho scssion of tlic noxt Lugisla
and whatcvcr they diicct in this malter, I ' turc. Again tliu bifi dirocts tho Trcasurcr to
will most implicilly obey. Then, sir, I beg depositc thc moncy whcn rcccived, and. ns of-
ol Ihis Senatc to givc inc oppuriunity lo
consull my coiiRtilnciKs. Hnt pass a law
to rcceivo the iiioncv f.om thc Uniled
Slates, and providc f..r" ils salc keeping ,i j
thc SWsin of.he ncx. I,.gisl.,.nrc,-ws pro-
pou'l by this amennicnl, or in somc olhcr
similar way, nnd let us go home to our con-
slituents, and whncvcr niay have thc hon-
' , , . '
or or rcptcscn.mg thcm upon this lloor ,., ,
the next gcncral asscmhly may hc instruc-.
tcd by the people, nnd I will he bound, sir, I
they will most clieciluily nnd hcni lily rcs-1
i nd to thcir wishcs. II the peoplclia'cl j
the distribiilion nmong the "owiis agrrcably
to the nrovisions td'the oiigiiial bill, be-
licve me, sir, sueli diicctiun would hc most
implicilly obcyed. Uul, cir, 1 have rccei
ved no stich inslruction. So far ns I heard
an opiniou expressed 011 the subjtct nmong
niy coiisliluents, it wns in favor of recciv
ing whal mighl lall lo this slalc in the di
visiun of ihc Kiu phis rtvenuc, nnd provi
ding lor its sale kceping, with what intcr
esl could bc rcalizcd from il till tlie next
sessinn ol the gcncral asscnihly, whcn such
disposilion could hc madc of il ns Ihc pco
plc tnight then dircnt. This amendnient,
sir, eoutains n pri vitiion iu nccordaticc with
thcsc views. And (iir one, sir, I 11111 oppo
scd to m.iking any final disposilion of the
montj lne prcscn! session. Dut here por
mit me to rcitrtrk, I am 1101 parlicularly
in favor ol buiks heing sclcctcd as thc dc
pn6liorics of ihis nioncy, should wc gcl nny ;
althnngh, by the anicndmenl, they arc rc
quired lo givc saii'jl'aclory Reeurily fnr Ihc
same. Shoulil nny Scnatur pro)osc nny
olhcr safe and propcr rcccptucle for ihc
money, I, sir, would g6 for such proposi
lion. I have 110 sucl.lparlialily fnr banks
ns would induce mc tu jeopnnli.c onc cent
oflhis tnoney by putiiug il undcr ilicirciii
trol ; nor would I laki' nny maesiire to
pamper thcir pride or furihcr tlieir intcr
csl at thc oKpcnsc of onc singlc iiulividual
011 cnrlli.
Dut, sir, it W said by gentlenicit who np
posc this aincndmcnt, that this is the pco
plc'ii mnney adtuit il ; and lct me ask, fir,
by adoptiug t;is amendnient, whose inonc.v
is it lo be i Will it not Mill bo thc pco-
plcsmoncy? Who hut the pcople would
liniri n nl ! 1 .. 1.. ... 1 5 11 . ii
" " ,u u"",rui AUU wm a
division ofil nmong ihe towns ogrceably to
Pivi8li of tho originnl bi mko
it 0I1V nu)l.c
nnv tuoic ihc pcoiilc's moncv ? (Jcntle-
incn sccin lo have enlcrlaincd straiigc no-
tions on Ihis subjccl, by k ipposing llial hy
dcposiiing this moncy whcrc it will be per-
fcclly unfij and whcrc it will bo prodiiclive
of Ihc grealcst Miimint of inlcrcRl, nnd stih
ject to the un'ii.dted controtil of thc pcoplc
hy Ihcir. rcprcscnlalivcs, is dcpriving the
peopic of thcir moncy. To tuc, Sir, it ia
elear, lliat if by adopling Ihis anictidtneiil,
j'ou dcprive thc people of thcir moncy, by a
d;''-!on amnng the lowns ynu cqnally dc
prive Ihctr. of it. Lcl the doclrine of gen
tlctncii bc cnrricd 0111, thc moncy nnist bc
dividcd pcr crtpitc. Yet if thc rcasnning
of grntlcmcn bc corrccl, this splendid cdi
ficc in which wc eit frnm day lo dny
should bc dcmolislrd, and caji man should
lake liis lump of granite and carry home
with hini. The vaulls of ihc trcasury
should bc opcncd, and if 0 dollar i3 thcrc
fonnd, it should ugain be scnt to tlie pock
cls oflhe people.
It h said again, sir, lliat Ihc original bill
passcd Ihc other Housc by n large mnjori
ly, and that should havc nn inlliicnce upon
Ihc lcgislation of ihis Housc, Sir, I hopc
I ncvcr ahall bc wanting in a propcr rcspccl
lor tlie ilccisions of ih.i housc; I know !
thcrc h cmincnt talcnls and high atlaiu
mcnts lo be found thcrc. I hopc I thall
ever appiccinlc ihc candor nnd fiiirncss
..110 '
that charnclcrisc ihc dccisions of ihal house
Whatcvcr votc l fcel ii niy duty 10 givc 011
liis qucstion, or whatcvcr I may fcel it my
duly tu say on Ihis stibject, it will he undcr
stood, 1 hopc, that l east no itnnulalinns up
on the inlcgrily or candor of ihe olhcr
hranch of this Lcgislalurc, or upon any in.
dividnal who may difTer froii) me in opin
inn. I am ccrtainly disposed most hcnrlily
lo cxtcnd to othcrs the sanic charity that I
claim for myscll', llial of honcsly of inten
tlon. I havc nlrcady said, eir, lliat 1 am in favor
of Ihis nmcndfiienl, as it piovidcd lor tho rc"
ceint nnd safo kecnhi'? of ulintnu or miolit lin
ilcuii.u 110m 1110 ucncrai uovcrmticiil, fllt un
othcr ycar. But n?ide fiom tliis roneidura
tion, I have sttong nml ineuporablo objeclions
to 1 hc original bill in its prci-cn( shape, and I
".ill hcro elato fcomc nf thcm. In thc flrst
placc it ia premature makiiig n final disposi.
tion ofwhatwe niny ncvcr rcccivc. But if
ten as rccoivcd, with. tho imvn tressurers of
thc eevcral towns, fcc. Thc moncy, if rccciv
c1 nt a,l is 10 1,0 fcccivcd iu four instalmcnts,
' Jrrent timcs during ll,c eoming xcnr.
H provwion. of tlic bill, ll.cn. the T.o
S cvery town (n tlio Stalo to dcposilo tho monoy.
t rriiia In nnv llin lnn t nf it. it nn Amnll inti.
... , , ... . ...
ani' attcnUciI with no hltlo cxpcnsc, and wlnch
Wo prcvcnU.d jn grral mcasure , r(1.
tBjn, lRb Mmc hc w,oc ig rcctivct!
Bllt fir suppose a )01.lion of thotowngfiliml
rcfllS0 t0 reccivo lhvU proprtioii upon thc
tcrms sp-lcificd in tho hill, what is to lc donc
with llnt? Is it to bc forccil upon thcm a-
nsninEt thcir will? or is it to bo rctiirncd to
thc gincral fund, and a now dixtrihutioii niado
nmong such towns as nro willing to rcceivo
it 1 Ccrtainly thc bill providcs for no such
But, sir, admit that tho towns will rcceivo
Hieir proportion upon tho tortns sprrified in
Ihis bill. What is to bc dono with it? Gcn-
tlcmcn sav it must bo kcpt for tho nso of
schooU ; hr.twhat is thcro' in Iho bill tvliich
dirccts lliat applicalion ? Wheic is thcro any
provii-ion in tho bill IhaJ dirccl3 nny fpccifio
applicalion? AVhat ii thero to provont nn
inuncdiato division of it ainong tho citizcns
per capUel A111I how many towns, Ihinli you,
sir, would not inako such a division of it?
How many, lct mo nsk, whcro a mojoiity in
town could not ho found to rcspond lo thc
scnthiicnta promulgatcd'from this Ilall, " that
ihis is thc ptoph's monty, nnd that tho pcoph
want no guardianship ovcr thiir pursc elrings,
givu us our sharo'' ?
And lcl mc inquirc, sir, how Ihis division is
to bo mado ? Aro thc fanncrs ouly to rcccivc
it ; nr if il lo ho dislrihutcd inditcriininutcly
aniong all clases of mcn, woincn, nnd chil
(hcn thc mau of thrco scoro years and tcn as
wcll as thc infant at its inoiher's breust 1
Tho bill docs not eay. Ilut doos not cvery
0110 sco that cmllcsa broilf, contcnlioris, und
cvcn law.fiiits, would grow out of nny'attcnipt
nt distribution ainnng Iho pnople ? Thc ipies-
111 11 of who was a 1ili7.cn of tho town would
spring up in innumnrablo instunces ; anil
quu3tions iho most vexiny, iutricnt.-,1 and un
curtain would nrito in relnlinu to v, ho should
rcccivc. Do wo not now find in r y countj
in Iho Slale cpiulions of cilizeiiFhip undur 0111
paupcr laws a most Iriiitful touno of litia-
And would not such ipic6lions uiiilti-
ply undcr any Ptlcmpt at d.s.rihution, owi.
t0 ,,o ovcr varjing and shifm.g charactcr 01
a portion ot llin jiopitlntion of tho sovcral
towns ?
Dut, sir, it is said hy cvcry Scnntor who hna
tpoltcn upon this subjfcl, that wc nro to m
gard this moncy, not as a gifl lo Iho Slate, but
nsnloanj nnd nllliough wo nmy ncvcr bo
callcd upon for rcpayinent, still it is but tho
dictato ol sound lcgislation, lo providc for piich
nn cvcnt. Supposo, thcn, that Iho mnncy
slionhl bo ilividcd nmong tho proplc, and in
Ihocourso of n fow ycars, it should bo callcd
for by iho Gcncral Govetnmciit, who, lot mo nr the ncccssity or cxpcdiency of in
nslt wonld havc Iho samo to pny ? Would it Slrusling nur Scnators, and rcqticsting our
uo inoso wuo rtccived il, or 111 proportion ns,
inoy rcccivea it 1 No, eir, II10 mnny would
rcceivo it, but tho fcw would havc it to rrpay.
It could only bo raiftd by a dittct lax upon
Iho pcoplc, and would bo forccd, in many in
slanccsfrom Iho pockcts of thoso 1I10 ncvcr
tcccivcd ono dollar ol tho moncy, nnd who
ncm wcre nnd nevrr could bo bencfillcil by
it. And lct nic iink ninin, is not siich a etato
of Ihings (o bo anticipatcd Irom thc passiug of
this hill in its prcsent ehapo ?
IJut, f ir, whatcvcr migbl bo tho final detcr.
minalion of Iho towns uith rcfcrcncc lo Ihc
disposilion of tliis monoy, docs not any ono
scc lliat strong cxcitcmcnt nnd bitlcr c.on tcn
lion would ariso in tho towns on Ihis dubjcct ?
Somo would dcsiro lliat it ehould be kcpt lor
stock.. somo in rnil mn.U n,t i.t 1.
"" "1 "uiiiu iuui 11 eiioniii uo invcsteo 111
: .....:.. .1: !.! . . ..
jrcts for its di-posilion, I npprchcnd, ivould
bo almost as various as Iho indiviclunls who
had a voico in iho malter.
Thcsc, sir, aro f-omo atnong thc many rca
sons why I cannot'give my voto for tho origi
nal bill, notto oay anylhing of thogros partial
ityaud injustico which would rcsult to tho
stnall towns in ihc ncwly settlcd parts of tho
Slato, owing lo tho ir incrcascd populntion
sinco thc ccnsii3 of 1830.
But, sir, I have nlrcady occupied tho nllcn
tion of tho Scnnto too long. I am awaro, sir,
thcro arc manj Scnators hcro older nnd nbler
than mysclf lo discuss this importnnt snlijcct.
But, tir, bo'ore I rcsumc my scat, 1 bcg to
bo porinittcd to advctt for ono momcnt to thc
rcmarks that havo fallcn frotn tho hon. Scna
tor Irom Benninglon, in rclation to tho reporl
.r .u
has hecn cxlrcmely lihoral, yca, laviBh of liis
rcproachcs of that reporl, nnd thc principlcs it
inculcatcs. tlo has bccn plcascd to call it a
mcro tissuc of falic roasoning nnd sophistical
bombast ; concrived by, und emanatirpg from,
a brain wholly ijnornnt of pnlilical cronomy,
or linaneial lcgislation, nnd lotally at war hoth
with conimnn senso and sound policy. Vca,
sir, thut Sonator has seoutcd it as being un-1
worthy thc comideralion of ralional mcn, and
IU only to bo trodden in tho dust.
Sir, wheu honornblo Scnators niakc such
bread and bitlcr dcnunciations ngainst Iho re
porl ofnn honornblo anil ablc commiltee of
this housc, I for ono want thcir rcasons. I
want tho vilnjs and tho whevejorcs I want ho
should put liis lingcr upon tho spotsand blciu
ishes worlhy of such condcmnation. I dc
mandoflhal konoraWo Scnatnr (0 point mo
to iho paragraph, or cvcn Ihe scnlcncc, lliat
U worlhv of such unqiialifiod dcnuncialion.
This, sir, ho has not yct dcigncd lo do. If,
eir, hc can show ino lliat this rcport is obnox
ious to tho wholcsalc chargcs broughl aainst
it, I can nssuro that gcnllcman that I will hc
tho first to juin hini in opposition to thc rcport
nnd tho amciidmcnt; but, sii, I want somo
thing morc than morc bold aiscrtion. I want
f.icts rathcr than rcproachcs, and icasoning
rnther than mcro cmpty dcclamatini).
For nnc, sir, 1 had really si'pposed Ihis to
havc bccn nn oblo rcport, distingiii'hcd alikc
for thc corrcctncss of its rcaeoning, and thc
justucss of its conclncions. I, sir, cxprctcd nn
ablu icpoil I kncw that nn nhlo coiumilteo
had thc suhjcct undcr consideration, and wcro
fully compctcnt lo n Ihorough invostigation of
it ; nnd I had sinccrcly supposed, that tho
fondest antiaipations of tho friends of tlin,
commiltee had hcon most fully rcaliicd. And
sir, as I have hcloro rcmarkcd, bcforc I can
conecnt to hrand that hon. committcc with Ihc
cpithcts ofigi'ornncc or corruption, I must bo
allowcd to call on gcntlcmcn for thcir proofs.
Till then, sir, I must again bo pormittcd to
pronounco this a vcry nblc rcport
Sir, soino uncourlcoiis allusions havc bccn
mado hy anolhcr hon. Scnnlor, lo thc Treasu
rer, in conncclion with Ihis suhjcct, as though
ho was decirous to havc tho conlrol of Ihis mo
ncy, to gratil) his prido, or fufthcr his own
inlcrcst. Sir, I must again call upon that Scn
alor for his proofp. I hopo sir, I ncvcr shull
bc so undiarilablo as lo impugn tho motivcs.
or a8ail Iho charactcra of hon irablo mcn,
without nt lcast soino thadow of ptoof; nnd
whcn hon. Scmitors upon Ihis lloor, lako it up
on thcmsclves to muke such sweoping chargcs
ngainst any individual, or any cluss of indi
viduals, I hopo they will hcrcafter accompany
thcm with thrir rcasons.
n tui; Sk.natb of Vurmont on Mr. Gran.
d's resolulion In icljlinu to I 1k; suhjcct
ol' slavcry, as it oxisls in the District f.f
Columbia ; the rcsolution luiving hocn
so niiH'iidcd as In inscrl tho qucry, wl.c-
tl.rtp cln.n..' in tl.Mt .li.trir.t iin lm nlml.
ished in a constilutional manncr, and
Witliout inlurv tu tho ctulavcil in bo ntl
jolning Statos.
Mn. Youno tnovcd lo crnso Ihc cxprcs
?ions which ho undcretood froni thfiir
7tinoclion ncccssarily involvcd Ihisdoubt
one which dnl uot, in limi.ind, nt lcast,
Mk. AVaterman said, hc hopcd thc pro
)ropo$cd nir.ciultncnt would not prevail.
Thc rcsulution rcad very wcll in its prcsent
thapc; and ns lo thc constiiutional righl
ofCongrets lo Icf'is la lc upnn Ihc subjccl,
Kcprcscnlativcs lo tako parl 111 a qiicMinn
so JijSling in iis vcry nalurc, nnd filling
Ihc country with excilemctit, he at lcast fiir
one, thnught wc mighl wcll hcsilale.
The qucstion wns one of grcat momcnl,
nnd rcquired Ihe dccision, notof n moiucnt,
but of timc, nnd of mcn wcll vcrscd in con
stitulibiial law.
INI n Kankev tiiid, ihc resolulion now ex
pressed not only a doubt ol thc constilu.
tional powcr of Congrcss lo abnlish ihc cv
il of "davcry in the District ol Colitmbia,
thc verv hcart of Ihis nalinn, bonsling of
its frccdom, .ind ihe excellency of ils frcc
intiluiions; but it went cvcn furihcr it
cxprcsscd nn opinion, nn iniplicd onc, nt
least, and gave it currency, that ihc aholi
tion of slavcry in Ihe District of Columbia,
would add to thc miscrics of Ihe slave ano
Ihcr link iu ihe chain of liis bondnge, if he
happcncd lo be dragging out a lilc of in
voluntary servilude in a Slate adjoining to,
or in thc vicinily of that district. Ile en
lcrlaincd no such opinion, nnd would votc
agninst any resolulion cxprcssing such
opinion, as the onc now under considcra
lion would, unlcsa thc amendnient prc
vniled. Mn. Young said, tlic form and inleiided
cn'cct of thc resolulion as first iniroduced
had bccn ncuinilizcd, if not cntircly done
away, by thc .riwl or fog of doubt in which
Ihcamendments had envcloped il. This
proposition was intcndcd lo elear tlic reso
liuion ofnll mystification and doubt, nnd to
makC il rumi fjlll ir. nlnln Cnnll.U
uiinithnnd sobcrncss. II Ihc resolulion
pnsscd wiihonl ihe amendnient hc propos
cd, or something similar from othcr gcn
tlemcn, hs slinuhl carc neilhcr yea nor nay
abnut it; it would uot be worth the efh)it
rcquired to sound Ihe one or thc olhcr.
Mit. I'oiitui said, he would not agrce
cntircly with the views expres.scd by thc
gentleman froni Orleans, (Mr. Voung,) as
he undcrslood ihc rcsolution, evcn ns nm
einled. It rccogniscd slavcry as an cvil.
and hnd rclcrcucc to ils nbolition ; not, how
cvcr, unlcss it could be vITevU'd iu a con
slilutional and lcgal niauncr. Scnatois,
surely, werc nol prcparcd lo prcach insur -
reclion no! Thc rcsolution as it now
rcnils, conlemplatcs ihc rcmovrd of slavcry
in nrcordnticc with the cousiitution and
Mn. IlEnAnn rcmarkcd llial, narrowcd
down and nuutrnlizcd as ihc resolulion had
becn by anicndmenis, if it expressed any
opiniou upon ihe suhjcct ol slavcry as itcx
isls in the Distriei of Columbia, llial cx
pression was nvide only in the preainblc as
a new Ibrm of introduction. The only re
maining rcfercuco lo ihe suhjcct left in Ihc
resolulion wason 1, cnlculatcd to perpelu
nte douhls, nnd cngcuder dilliculties real or
iniaginnry. lie was in favor of 110 insur
rectionary movcmciil Ihc oonsiituliou nnd
ihe laws must hc our guidc iu this ns iu
evtry olhcr qucstion of national cnncem
mcnl ; but will Scnators pass this re.-ohilinn
with an f"cngrallCil on ils visage, and seni
out to tell tlic country and ihc world, Inat
Vermont U envcloped in a f'og of doubt
whethennan, whalever may be Ihe colwr ol
liis skin, " is, or o righ' ought lo bc jrec1'
in Ihe Cnpital ol the Americati Kepublic?
M' would bc a slignia upon ihc Senalc, and
a icproach upon thc intelligencc ol tlic
Stnli. The rcsnliitiun permillcd, if it did
not dcsign to do so, nu iiiference which
did not exist cilhcr in the hcad or tlie hcart.
Anolhcr branch of the suhjcct hc did not
intend lo exprcss nn opinion as to ihe righl
or ihe duly of instrucling ourdelagation in
Congrcss upon the suhjcct of slavcry that
wus ,111 important qucslion which he did nol
rise to discus ; lini he wa unwilling lo
pass n rcsolution, which ereatcd 11 doubt
cvcn of thc constitulional righl ol Scimlnrs
aiiil Hepresentaiivcs in Ciiugress, lo legis
lalc upon the subjecl nt Ihcir diecrction.
Mit. SiiKi.no.s said, he ciiicrtaiucd 110
doubt nf Ihe consMtutional power of Con
grcss lo abolish slavcry in ihc Dislrici of
M11. I'oiiTi-.u movcd that thc rcsnlutinn
hc laid upon tlic Inhlc wilh ihc cxprctnlion
or uiuH'islatiiling that it sliould not he In
keuiipngnin. Molion losl,
Mu ItANKbV, with a view to lest thc scn-
( timcuu of thc Seimte upon tlie subjecl in
dcbale, movcd- lo strike out oll nller thc
prcnmble, and iiucrt Ihc lollowing's
llcsohctl, That Congrcss posscss liie pow
cr, and ought, in juslicc (0 Ihc tlnvo cnd ti
sufTering humnnily, tu nbolisli sluvery in
thc Distri,ct of Columbia.
Mn. Sheldon said lie was in favor of
thc amciidmcnt propo.cd by ihe genlleman
from Windham, (Mr. Kamicy;) nml ns the
objcct was lo lest thc scnsc oflhe Senulc,
he thought nn onc could doubt Ihe cxpcdi-
cncv ol ihc mcasure. Aside from the tre-
mcndo'is moral evil of slavcry, in point of
national pride, il ought lo bc abolishcd.
Mr. S. said, ivc wcre n hisaing, and a by
word lo ihc pcople of Europe. Who shar-
cd Ihc infumy ol the traffic in hutnan flcsh,
and who (he guilt nltcndanl upon hnlding
mcn in bondage f It is unl, said Mr. S.,
coiifiucd 10 the soulh wc of (ho north come
in for a hharc of both thc guilt nnd thc in
famy, and the odium. Thc north and thc
south, Ihc east nnd thc west, arc alikc rc-
spoiisiblc for Ihe cxisicnceand continuancc
ofs avcry in Ihc hcart, thc scat uf political
life of this nalion. Tlie District of Colum
bia is tc common propcity ol tho nalion
ovcr ils terrilury, Congrcss, comprised of
senalora and represcnlalivcs froni evcry
Stale in thc Union, has unlimitcd cnn
stitutional coulroul. If thu South say, wc
will not couscnt (o loose thc profit, let hcr
sharc the odium. (t is timc for the pcoplc
of the north to wnsh thcir hands of tlic foul
stain, and say to the world we will havc no
part nor lot in ihe matlcr. Mr. Sheldon
said, olhcr genllemcn mighl prefer a difler
ent, and perhsps, a britcr coursc than Ihe
one contemplalcd in the amcndmeul in dc
bale; hut it inet his most cordial approha
lion. It nppcared to him thnt any roau
with a parlicle of national pride, would fecl
it li'igh timc lo cleur his skirts hc was pre
pared to do it so fnr as in his powcr, nnd
do it promplly fearlessly. He had 110
fcarsol cxcitcmcnt in thc south no dcslrc
to promotc il. Slnvery might be morc
Itinn niisluH'HV llian .llioir nritTif;
iv.irV n llin l)li(l-ip.l lll tjnllltll Hri
llian .llioi
ttif, nw II
11 wus
,n.nlln,ris of thn r.oun.rv. nml ,),
................... - .. ,
tnisfortunc could not too 0011 be repaircd,
nor thc crimc 100 ihoroughly repenlcd of by
thc removal of its causc Ihc fo'il hlul up
on the nalion's honor, would not loo sud
dcnly or too thnroughly he wiped aw.iy.
The sooner ai'.d ihc more cfieclual thc bel"
ter for our counlry, and the biightcr ile fu
ture characler and prospccis.
Mit. Dell lollowed. His remnrks have
been given in a prcvious paper.
Mn. IShigc.s said he could Ree no rcasou
nblc objcclidn lo thc motion to amcnd. Hc
' hopcd
II would votc in favor ol its adop
tion. Amcntlment nuoplcil, one senalor ,"0 ootlcr proniotcu iiy an appropnation to sur
only voting in thc iiegalivc. Ncy aroutotot!iolludon rivcr or Lako Cham-
Mn. 1'or.Tnn then movcd lo add lo thejl1,aiD- Uo holievcd ho could say, without
amendment just adopled, Ihe words : coulradiclion, that no othcr scclion of tho
"whcnceer thc tame can bc done eoiuittent- slat0 V033 '"S''" capabiliiies and ro
bjviththe rightt of thc slavchotda; :mi s,ourcc! ,"mn 1,10 colln,y 1,0 l"Wnted, or
..... -.11.1 1 .. Ihal could he moro convcnienlly bencntted by
without lncrcasing tlic burthcns of thosc , .
hcld in servilude I contcmplatcd public iinprovcmcnt. Ile
Mit. 11amcy said bc was opposcd to ihis
nmeudmciil; il again hroughi up in a little
diH'erfnt form ol cxprcssicn, thc same cva-
s.un ol ihc mau. quesl.cn, which had so of-hcrclothrc m(.llIioHCed that thcgcnoral con
tcn bccn aiiempted. His objcct was 10 lciencc of the Meihodist Episcopal Church
niccl nunfully thc qucslion, and answer it ' had reccommended the disfoluhon of the
J 1 . hm.i c?..; ....1 ...;.u .1.... t 1.
yea or nny, ihat the pcople mi.ht dislinctly j- V ZZo
underslaud whethcr the Stnatc ol Vermont, nll ihc cncrgics ol that body wilh Ihe A
didordid r.ot cnlcrlnin the opinion thal n merican Dible Soclity in circulaiing Ihe
slave inarket ought longcr lo exWt at ,le ' hdy Scriplurcs. Wc arc h.ippy to stale
0 , . . , ihal, ngrccnhle (0 ihc recoomniendation of
capitat of this natinn; whethcr llmusniids ,,C C1ribrcnci-, tl.e &.)ciely has bccn dissol
of hunian heinys ihcre shall lie hcld in per- veil, and arraiigemcnls ure now in pro
peiual bondagc, liable lo be boiiglu nnd Igress to carry IhrwardUie great work, in
. .1 1 1 1 .i!...... Inccordn-cc wilh the wish of tliehighestcd
sold l.kc shcep in thcthamhlcs, or l.ve cal- ,si,Sica! l)mJv f llic lchodist Kpiscn-
tlc m Ihc markcl. If wc ndopt ihe aniend-j j)a Church. N. Y. Com. Adv.
ment now proposed by tlic grnllcmnn irom
Windsor (ftlr. I'orier,) it will iu rflVct, ac-
cording lo my understanding, said Mr.
llannoy, be saying and giving our oflicial
sanction to the opinion, lliat the owncr ofa
slave in tlie dislrict of Columbia has a right
to bold his servanl, or slave, iu bon
dnge, and ihat Congrcss docs nct posscss
Ihe righl, or the power, to give hberly lo
the caplive in chains. Was ihis the &cnti
ment of Ihc pcople of Vermont? Wns
il tlic delibcrate opinion of thcir rcprc
scnlalivcs here, or iu Ihe hu Ils of Congrcss?
He Ihought not, nml (or one nt lcast, he
was not willing lo husli lo sileucc ihe ex
prcssiou of opinion upon tho suhjcct hc
would ppcak out learli'HNiy, and with fideli
ly in Iruih and and du'y. Thc rights of
sbvc holding Slaies he would hy 110 mcans
iuvadc ihc resolulion meniis 110 such in
lliicnce or invasion it louchcd Ihc snhjcci
ofslavcry ouly as it exited in ihe Dislrict.
ovcr which ihc nuiion ns n whole, licM un-
deniable juiisdiction. Allhough we would J
couccde that thc slave Matcs liad constitu
tiomil right on thcir side, il did not of coursc
(ollow ihat they had tlic moral righl to con-
'iliue 01 .0 pcrpetualc slavcry ainong thcm
telvcs, tnucli lcssin tlic smiall portion of wi
itiinal domaln, cinbraccd in Ihc circum
scribcd limilsof the district of Columbia.
Hc hnd desired nolhing morc nor less by
Ihc amendment he had proposed which had
becn almost unanimously adoplrd, than lo
bring Ihc qucslion lo a dcfinilc point, aml
by ihe simple answcrof yca or nay, to givo
thc opiniou of ihe Scnatc nf Vcrtnonl, on
ihc Biibject of slavcry as il cxistcd in the
nalionnl district, and no wherc clsc. The
rcsolution day afier day, and wcck after
week, had Inin upon thc tnblc : thc sub
jccl had bccn ahly nnd ihoroughly discuss-
cd m Congresa, willi tlieir lablcs groanlBjj
utider thc load ofptitions eoming up from
thc po iplc. Surely gcntlcmcn, afier nll
this, could not be unprepared for (hc final
Mn. Mcnnit.i. said Ihis was a kind of
exlra-legislation of which he v as not n
parliculnr fricnd il was no favorlle of his
hc was not scnt to the Scnale upon such
nn crruul by his coiisliluents; hut if !.c
must dccide upon it, he wishcd (or timc to
dclibcralc reflccl ; to consult authorities,
and be enablcd lo givc such nn opinion as
n Scnatnr ar.ling undcr ulh, hc should be
enab'.cd lo mainlnin and dcfend.
On motion of Mr. Converse, thc resolu
lion was laid upon the table yeas, 17.;
noes, 8 where it bleeps ; the reolutinn
having bccn superceded by the rcsolutions
Irom tlic house on tlie same suhjcct, cuncur
rcd in and pasicd hy Ihe Sennlc.
Bcmarks of Mr. Walson, on introducing liii
amendnient lo Ihc bill making appropriation
for snrvcyg of railroads.
Mr. Watsom said, lliat in propoiing the a
mendmcnt, he v.a aetuated by nri haitilily (a
tho prnxision? of Iho bill on llu tablp. T.'u
scnatc, ho said, coultl recur lo the hr., thil
arious meinnri's had kcxn prcsentftd to tir
scnatc, praing for a survcy on hotli s'ulct of
the niounlnin.and hri would ukc Hpoa himiclf
to say, lliat llioso pelilions cmbodied namcs
?( Aho. hiuh?sL;pj.e.l!i?:enco,.vu .i'ijir..3iyc'1'.
o pren. .uo amenoini lo u.e senate.
. rtll.. -:,...., 1 .1.
iject ontirtly local in its inttrcsts and tfpeot.
Tho fact was well understood, that Ihsrc ws
little idcntily or conncctioo in thc bucinees in
commcrcial rolalions ot thc scalions ef tho
ttale, dividcd b tho mountains, Hc vaa un
willing to ndmini3tcr to, or eherijh fcclingi
of local hostility, or seclional prejudices; Vut
Lo fcll ho should do injustico to Iho riglitsund
wishes ofhis constiluenls, to silently witness
an appropriatioti of iho public munifitcnco to
a local purposc, in which llioy had no interea,
and Ihc applicalion lor Ihcir own bcncOt,dc
nied and disregarded. Thcir intercft would
uopcu 1110 iiucrniuy 01 iiib siaic wouiu uc ai
pcnscd wilh n hand of cqual and cxact justuo.
Thcre is said to cxist among the Russian
girls thc following iimoceiit superstilbn.
On the Thursday prcvious lo Whil Sun
day, ihry try what is called "ihe prophelic
swi.iinung ol liie t.rit'al wreaiii." A
wrcath of flowers is'pluitcd lngeihcr and
thrown inlo ihe slream, whcn, ifihe wrealh
pvims on :hc surfjco of ihe waier, they
Vill, in the same yenr, exchauge thc niaid
en'for a nuptial siutc; hut fdiould it sinlc
ihcy nre to wnit still longcr fnr tlie happy
llepuhlican Crccd. "RepulJican Ctni
siitutions arc esiabli.dicd for tlic bcnefit of
the whole people, and all mcasures ofGov
ernmenl ought 10 bc adnpted wilh strict
rcgard to ihe grenfest gnodto the grcateit
number; the laws fdiouid lavor thc distribu
tion ofpropeity, lo ihe cnd that ihe iiumb
bcr of vcr.v rich, c Ihc number of the pior
niny lie d'.miuished ns fiir us praclicable,
eon'sistcnl wilh thc rights nl imlustry and
properly : nml ull lcgiilation iu ihis wuin
try is espccidlly bound to pay particular
rct;pcct lo Ue earnings of labor Labor be
in' thc sourcc ol'comlortaiid iudependzncc
lo lar Ihe grcatcsl purlion oflhe pcople.
Danitl WtUltr.
The Pmident's f lhalth. The cfrusion
of blood Irom Ihe IVcstdcni'd lungs has
ccased. His pliyfurinn nriw unlicipates
sdeidy rccovery. Wath, Glole.

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