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AJTD STATE JOIJICNAL.. E. 1 WALTON AND SON, FUBLISIIERS. MONTPELIER, TUESDAY, FEBRUARY 28, 1837. VOL. XXX, NO. 22....WIIOLE NO. 1583. AST" i C CXL" i , W? r UjflUfJtllfltt QKb (SgJtOW OHnJfUf , . $2 PEtt ANNUM 51,50 INADVANCE. Krom Iho Knickcrbockcr for Fcbruary. Tlin WRECIC OF TIIE MEXICO. 'Twas in tho morning watch a chcerlcss morn Koen amote tho lilast which lioraldcd tlm day, W'hcn a stout bark, licr crow with hardship worn, I ashcd lowarJ lier port, witli nono !u point tlie way Clcar strcamcd aloft licr hntcrn's sicnal ray, But brought, alas ! no pilol's fricndly nail ; Tho frequent gust a showcr of frozcn spray Swrpt from Ihe shrouds, encascd in icy mail, And scarce tho shivering tars could raiso thc ati(T cncd sail. Tho humblo inmates oftho crowdcd bcrlhs, Thc nchcr fcw, who cosllicr couches prest, Pcrchanco wcrc drcaming of tho chccrful hoarlhs Whtrc, soon thcy hoped (or welcomo and for rcst; Pcrchnnrc of homo, and thoso who nmdo it blcstj Long had thoy scen, wilfi wcary oyo, tho suii Slnk day by day into tho landlcss west, But now tho boon thcy covctcd was won, Tho shorc thcy sought was ncat, tlicir travail well nigh I'ono. Thc matron murnuirci aofdy,in hcr skcp, Of prospcrous days, and claspcd hcr infanl boy ; Tho maldcn drcamcd of one who o'or thc dccp Wcnt to snek lnr a hoine, and in hcr joy Ilung round his ncck, too happy to bo coy j Tho husbatid dncmcd hi' tnil with richcs cronncd, Which tilled l powcr could litho not, nor dcstroyj Aerial IIopo all cytdids flultcrcd round, And bcckoncd with hcr wings to Frccdom's hallow od ground. From such blost drcams, if such wcrc their, thcy woko To all that thought can picturo cf despair; lligh o'cr tho bark tho insatiale occ.m brnkc, And ilcath was in thc paralysin air ; OI! when tho rcinnant mcrcy ueigned t aro, Ssfe from tho bilging wrcck wcrc ccr I'dc, Vhat wcrc tho pangs of thoo lcftho1 .us thero! With tossing arms thcy throngcd tho vesscl'asidc, Secking to hcayen for a d, whilo liowling scas rc plicd ! Thcy pcnshcd, on? by onc, that pitgrim crowd Tho silvcr-haired, the "ocautiful, tho young! Some wcro fmmd wrapt as in a crystal shroud Ofwavcs concalcd, that tombed llicm whcro thcy clung, Somo on the strand tho aounding bicakcrs flung Linkcd in afTcction'a agonizcd cmbraco ; 1 And to the gazcr's cyes tho warm tcars sprung, As llicy bchcld two uahcs a group of gracc hf ckcd in cach othcr's arm", and pillowcd face to fjcc ! Thcy rcst in earth iho sca's recovcrcd prey No tcmpcst' now thcir drcaniless slccp assail; Uut when to IVicnds and kindrcd far awiy, Soinc quivcriiiR hp shall tcll tho disnial talc, From many a liomc will burst tho voico of wail; Hut when it cacs, and the tcar drop lcavcs Tho chock 110 niorc, shall cratitudo nrcvail Ycarnings of lovo tonarda those boyond tho waves, AVho borc with sotcmn ri.es, tho cxilcs to thcir graves. JVew I'orfc, January, I3S7. IT SNOWS.. Sr MI'.S. UA LEi 'It snows !" crics tho school boy "hurrah!r and his snout N nngiiig ihrough parlorand hall, W'hitft Nwilt. rr ttm wtiiir rtfn fiwnllnw. lnO mit. And his piay-matcs liavo answcred his call ; lt makca tho hcart lcap but to witncs their joy Proud wralth has no pleasurcs, I trow, Liko thc rapturo that throbs in thi pulso oftho boy, Ar ho cathcn hi trcasurcs of anow ; Theh lay not thc trappinga of gold on thino heirs, AVhilo hcalth and thorichca of naturo aro thcirs. " It snows !'' s igha thc Imbccilc ' Ah !" and his hrcath Comcs hcavy, as cloggcd w'uh a wcight ; AVhile from tho pate asport of naturo in dcath, llo lurnr, (o tho hlazc nf his gralo ; And ncarcr, and ncarcr, his snfi cushioucd chair I whcclcd towr'ds Iho lifo-giving-llainc Ile drcadf the chill puft" of iho snow-burdcncd air, Lcst it withci his dohcato framo ; Ob! fmiill it tho plcaure oxistcnco cin givr, AVhcn Iho fcat wc shall dio only procs that we livo ! Itmowsl crics tho Tnvillcr "llo !" and tho wonl Has quickencd tho slrcd'g lagcing paco ; Tho wind rushcs by, but ils howl is unhcard Unk-ll tlic sharp untt in lus i,icc; For bright ihrough tho tcmpcst his own homo ap nearcu Ah, though lcagucs inlcrvcned, ho can sco ; Thcrc's iho clcar. izlowine U-arlh. and tho tablc prcpared, And his wifo iviih thcir babos at hcr knec. Tllcst thought! how it lighlens Ihf gricf-laden hour, That thoso wc lovc tlcarcst are Bato from ils powcr. "It bnnws !" cries ihe Bollc "Dcar, how lucky !" and turns From hcr mirror tn watch the flakes full ; Liko tho first roso of summcr, hcr dimplcd chcck hurns Whilc musing nn slcigh-ridc and ball : Thoro aro visions of conquc3ts, of tplendor, and , niirlh, ... Floahng ovcr cach drcar wintcr'sdav; C..tlh lin t.nasof hopc, on th.s snow-bcatcn carlh, WiHmcU.hkc Iho snow-flakcs, away Tnrn. turn thcn In Ilrnvpn. Hiii mnidpn. fnr iS hlls4. Tf-at woi'j a nuro fount no'er ononcd in this. puro Tount no cr oponcd It snnws crios thc Widow "Oh ! God," and tn r snln liavc Mifled tho voico of hcr praycr j Ils h'.'dca vo'll rcad in ln-r tcar swollrn cycs, On hcr clicck, sunk with fasiing and carc. '1 is ni"hl and hcr fathorlcss ssu fur liread Uut (4IIo givcs tho young ravcns thcir food. ' And elio trusls till hcr dark hrarlh adds liorror lo drcad, And sho lays on hcr last chin of wond. Punr sufTcrrr,'tliy sorrow that God only knows Tis a mostbitlorlot lo be poor, when it snows ! DU1NKINGI SONO. Jljn Mim'x'nf a Tcmptrante Socictu. oj tuu; by Mr Spring, at IVatcruiriri' Hall. Oome pass round Ihe pail, hoys, and glvc it no uuarter. Drink dccp, and drink cfl, and rcpltnish your jugs, Fill up.anl 111 givoyou a loast to your watcr U'lio Turncsck l'urever, that opcns iho pluv ! Thcu hcy for a bucket, a bucket, a bucket, Thcn hoy for a bucket lillod up to the brim ! Or,besl of all noliom,lcts havo il by ocvans, Wilh plcnty of room for a sink or a swim ! Lct tnpors of grape juico oxullinjly vapor, But lct us just whisper a wurd to llio elvt", Ve vtator roads, horccs, s Iks, ribands, hsuk-paper, i'lants, pouii, and inusu-, and why not ourselvci 7 Thcn hcy for a bucket, &c . -Tho vinUco thcy cry, tliink of Suain's & of Francc's The ji?t, luo hohrrns, fandangos. and jumps ; Bul Ubier's llio spring of all civilized dsnces ; "VV'e go lo & ball not in bollles, but pum.s Thcn hoy for a bucket, tc. J.ct othcra of Dorcliester quaiTit their plasute, Or honorold Mtnx wilh their ihirsty regsrd w II drink Adam's alo, and wo get it ;joI mcasuro, PrqiiilT hcavy wtlftom tho bull in thoyardi Thcn hey fora bvckel, bc. Somo Aatter gin.hrsndy, and rum.op their meriti, Circg, punch,4nd what rior, that cpljven a fessl; 'Tis lf uo tliat ihey atir np tho animal splrlls, But may not thc animal turn out a bcast 7 Tlien hcy for a liuckrl, itc. Tho man oftho ark, wha continucd onr spccicj, Ile tavcd u liy natcr hut os for the wine, Woallknow the figuro,more saJ than facctioui, Ile mado a(icr tasting tho juice ofthe vine. Thcnhcyfor k buckc&c. In wino let a lovcr rcmrt mbcr hls jcwel, And plcdgc hcr ln burnpera fill'd brimnung and ofc Hut wo can dialinguish tho kind from Iho crnel, And toat thcm in walcr, tho hnrd and Ihe tnfi, Thcn hcy for u bucket, &c. Somo cross'd in thcir passion can ncrcr o'cilcok it, Hut lako to a pistol, a knifo, or a heam ; Whilst lenipcrato awaina aro cnabled In brooh it Dy the holp of a little mcandcring stream. Thcn hoy for u bucket, &c Shouhl fortnno diminish our cath'a aum total, Dcranging our witaand our private afTaira, Thoush somo in auch casoa would flv to the bottle. Tlicrc s nolliing liko water for dronning our carcj. Xncn noy lor a uuckci, &c. Sco drinkcra of watcr, thcir wits ncvcr lacking, Uutlook at tho bibbcra of wino, thcy go tacking Liko thips that havo met a foul wind in tho ttrat'hlt. Thcn hcy for a bucket, &c. A fig tlien foi Burgundy, Claret,or Alountain, V icw scnniy giusscs inusi iimu your wisn, Hut he'a tho true topor that gocs to thc fountain, Tho drinkcr that vciily "driiika liko a fish !" l non ney lor a buckel, fitc. For the Watcliman Sl Journal. ABOL1TION1SM. I n"ain writo in haslc, and of coureo my opinions on a subjcct of so vast importancc as abotitiiinlsm or slavcry cannot bo cr.tittctl to so inucli ivciglit as thcy would, wcro thoy the rc sult of moro dclibcrato ant) carcfnl cnqniry. Uut I liavc oltcn tliousht, and liavc rcad much cvcn in cliitdtiood, on elavery. Tho subject is not, tlicrcloro, cntitcly new to mc. Withont intcnding, at this timc, to cngagc much in discussion, I aim mcrcly to stato my vicws, on all, or ncarly all, tbc controvcrtcd points in tho discuraiott, in as bricf a nianncr as poss ible, tlicrcby giving to ony ono an op porlunily of convincing me of crror, whcrevcr I may happcn to be wrong. Dut this must bc donc in a Iricndly manncr, and in a far difTer cnt spirit tliun seems to actuate a niajority of tho abnlilionist pcrioJicals of tlio day, and some of tlicir opponcnts. I will first stato whcrcin I agrte with thoab olilionistJ. 1. I belivo with them that tlattry ti an criJ ; Ihat the voluntaiui.t holding mtn in itrvitudt, as slaves, is a itn against God. It docs not sccm ncccsiary to multiply words on this point, in ordcr to bo correclly undcrstood. SufTcr mc to tcmatk, howcvcr, tliat thc above is unqucstionably tho gencrally rrccived opin ion among all classes oftnen in tlic frcostatcs. 2. I bclievo, with tlionbolitionistfl.that jnrc ry shouhl be abolished, ai soon as it can be done, wit'iout injlicting a grealer evil on the master and slave than the co'itinuance oslavtry ilself. I supposc Ihat no intclligcnt and candid aboli tionist will quarrcl with the abovc scntimcnt. It only romains to bc shown when tho period for tho abolition of slavcry has arrivcd. This is a point not now be discu&scd. 3. 1 bclicvc with tho abolitionists, or atlcast with a tnnjority, if not all, of tho most candid and intLlhgcttt, that thefree states hweno civ il powtr tcAtf n they can exert for the abolition oj slavcry ; that cach state must regulale this subject lor itstlf ; nor has any voioer been res- tfd in Congress or thcfederal government over the subject of sluvery, so as to enable them to accompllsh its abolition. Conscqurntly, ifcver slutcry ia abolished, it must bc dnna by tho fllavcliolding Matrs tlicmsclvcs. Thc powcr o( thc non slavcholding statcs cun bc only advi fory. 1. I bclirvc wilh llic abolitionists that Con grcss nlone possesses powcr to abolish slavcry in the JHslricl of Columbia. Thcy certainly can 'cxcrcifo cxclnsivc legulation in all cases whatcvcr ovcr" Iho District, and the statcs of Virginia and Alaryland by their crssion to thc Grncral Government havo lost all legielativc authorily and control ovcr the samc. It would I be prcpostcrous in thc rxtrcmota maintain that slavcry cannot bc abolished at all in that Dis trict, and il Uongrcss docs not posscss thc . powcr, it cannot bc eaid to cxist. I will ncxt state wherein I cimiof agrce witli ), abolitionists, or at lcast wilh somo of 'thcir cn,ling wriCrs and lccturcrs. " ... . .... I. l cannot liclicvc tliat all tlac liolilins is sin. O'Conncl and Garrison may slandcr tho ch..ractcr of Washington, and olhcr grcatand 1 cnod mcn, as much or as little asthcychoose; I liavc no (loubt, hut thoy actcd as good mcn should ucl in tlicir circuinstanccs. All rcltoi (ary slave holding I bclicve to be einful, and ! incapablo of jiistification. But wo must vi ,hc cas() ne it ac:ilnJv is. Tho ptescnt n..rnti .vt,rc , ,., nf ,B n. . Syf l syslein ol blavcry. I he crime n itstnlnwMc- i tion hclonss not to them ; thc rrimo of its vol tinlary continuancc may indctd b t heirs, nud 1 ain willing to admit, it is a fcaiful thing. Ho who hnlds a slavo fnrgain, merrly, is doing a fciirful wrong, but he who holds a slavo he causu tho laws of his stato will not ncnnil him to cniancipatc him, or becansc his slave is nut mcnlally nor morally qualified for frccdom, and docs all in his pnwcr lo promota tho com fort nf his sluvc and to ch vnto his charactcr, is only doing what duty rrquircs him to dn. Slavcry can only bojustilicd by ncccssily, Can any man nl ennu iiiiud, dcny that lliionu ccssity dors not somctimcs cxist 7 2. I objcct iHfofotolhsdocliiiio of'lotal & lin- mcdiate emancipatlon." Slavcry iatho cnliresub (jcction ofone pcrson to thc will ofsnolhcr. The slave may ccase to bo rcgarded as propeity that may bo hought ti sold ; thc la w may ovcn protccl him in his social rightsas a husband, a psrcnt nr a child, yet if his master msy rommnnd' his scivicrs cvcn as an npprcnticc, aud rclnin him from runntng nt largc, I know not what othcr nnmc lo call him than a slave. Crrlainly hc is not afreeman. But who scriously doubts cxccpt it he a vcry fcw crazy fnimtics that if HicHuvc6 wcrc immcdiateiy and umvcrs.illy lct Inoso from all rcstraint, and raiscd in law to tho dignity cf I'reemen dcradod as thiy aro rcprescntcd to ho by both tha ahnlitionists, and tha defcndcra nf slavcry at tho South the conscqucnccs must be diaastroui in Ihe cx trcmo7 AVImt thcn is thn rcmcdy for this grcal and alatming cvil 7 Itis no less than the msking botli tha mastcr ond tho slave, uviruilaiu m dccd and in trulh. nd in trulh. It ia making nd oblo tobefrte. Amigh- thcm bolh willing a ty rcvohition is necded at Iho Soulh, and llio ofiorls or our abolitionists aro only throvving ohstacles m llie wsy of its grogrcss. I arn aware that io doctnno pgiinat v,iich I am contcnding hns rccctitl bocn ciplaincil nwny. Tctul has hcen explaincd to mcan par tlat, and immediale to mcan gradual, but thc motto oftho Anti-Slovcty Socioty stiilrcmains liko a stuinbling bloclt in tho way. A good cause cannot nccd a motto which must bc con tradictcd in ordcr to ho sustaincd. 3. I objcct to llio cl.nm of powcr by Con grcss (o ubolieh tho domcstic slavo tradc Congrcsit, by iho constitution, has powcr to regulale and regulate does not mean abolish, any moio tlinn keep mcans to cxpunge com incrce among tho scvcral stato. fJuvcn, by thc sevcral statcs in which slavcry is pcrmit tcd, arc rcgarded by thcm as propcrly, and Congress can show no granl of powcr in thc ronitttution to abolish or dcstroy this rijht of proporty Tho objcct of thi scclion of tho constitution has no conncction with slavcry in any manncr. 4. I objcct to joinmg in any crusadc against tho Amcrican CotonizationSocicly. May not a colony of froo blacks be cstablishcd in Afri ca, and ct'cn slavery bc abolished in tho Unitcd Statcs at tha samo tiine ? Why may not thn abolitionists lct tho colonizationists cnlircly n lone 1 Tho objccts of both thcir socictirs aro in no manncr inconsistcnt wilh cach othcr. Uut tho argumcnt is, that Southcrn elavchol dcrs arc thc advocatca of colonization. And has it comc to this, that a slavcholder may not bo pcrmittcd to do right, or that whatcrer ho docs must conscquently bo wrong ? 5. I objcct to thc lormatioii of Anti-Slavcry Socictics in the Northern Statcs ub ridiculous and unnoccssary. For what purposc arc thcy necded ' The grand systcm o(associated mor al effort is both bcautifiil and sublimc ; but the formation of unncccssary and foolish societich has only a tcndcncy to dcstroy the inll'ienco of those that arc necded. " But wlmt 1 Tcm pcrancc Societics wcro nccessary to corrcct public opinion on tho subject of tcmpcrancc, and tlicse Sociclies arc neccssary to corrcct publick opinion at thc North on tho snbjcct of slavcry." But Intempcrancc was an cvil cjtiat ing in our inidut, and Tcmpcrauci Socirties wcrc, and still aro, ncccssary to rcmovc it but slavcry cxists not among us, and public opinion at the North is already ns mucli op poscd to slavcry &s abolitionists can mulic it. An Anti-Slavcry Society in Virginia might possibly do somo good, but horc, in Vermont, it falla far bclow bcing respeetablcnmxsense. AMICUS POPULI. For thc Watchman and State Journal. 'WHAT'S IN A NAME'I WHY MUCII TO BE SUUE! Who will not ciclaim against filling a shect of papcr we mcan npon so trifling a mat tcr as that of bestowing christian tiaincs upon little babics? Vcrily wo say it is no trifling mattcr. To begin we will spcak of tho prac tice which is quito common hercabouts, and, for ought we know to tho contrary, in othcr parts ; to wit, tho giving childrcn doublc namcs, or two distinct christian namcs, and thcn invanably calling them by thc Kcond in stcad of tho first of eaid namcH, a practico which we aver to be utterly indofcnsible and highly impropcr, inasmuch as it is equivalent to inwoaucing peopic to tlie woriu unucr ine disguise of a wrong namc. It is no unusual occurrcncc aftcr social intcrcourse with a per son for yrars, to discover all at once tl at his real r.atno is difTercnt from the namc by which you liavc always known him ; and it some timcs happcns that the first knowlcdge a mer chant or lawycr has of the propcr and lawful naino of a pcrson thcy have known for a coti sidcrablc timc, is bcfore n Juslico of thc Prace, when one finds ho has cot a wrong nnmc in his hook, tho othcr in his writ. Whv cannnui Potents, whetber thcy bestow upon thcir little narscons two namcs or twenty. lct Ihat one come first in ordcr which they prefer spcaking at lcngth ? Wc would pronounce thc custom I ncre aiiuucu to ob not mcrcly improper, but j "iuiu"iiy aijuru, um wo unow ourruivia me use ofauch cxprcssions ; but as wo do not, wc shall not thus charactcnzo it. Thc custom of bestowing a Btring of namcs upon a child when one would ubundantly on swcr ivcry purposc for which christian nomos ore dcsigned, or calling thcm by thc names of distinguishcd pcrsonagcs, wo fccl no disposi tion to quarrcl with, as tho cxcccding wcak ness it Ucnotcs in tlic fond Parent, has a etron- gcr clairn upon our commiseration, than thc custom is dcserving our reprehension. Yct we cannot conscicntiously pas9 it by, uitliout dcprccaling on bihalf of tho poor childrcn, a practico wlnch will ircqucntly in altcr life cx poso them to comparisons, which, whatcvcr tbc doating parcnts may drcam lo tho contra ry, will scldom be to thcir advantagc. Would it not be moro kind and contideratc to utsig nato a child by somo namr, which, whilc it would not cxpose him to unfavorabln compar isons in cnsc ho should, by somo mischancc. disappoint thc confldent cxpcctations of his lond parcnts, would, in thocvcnt ot lus tisin to cmincncc, insurc lo him thc cnviabla honcr of adding another to tho already rxistiug list oi Mi&iinui6iieu namcs Giving childrcn thc samc christian namo as Ihcir fathcrs nr those ncar of kindrcd wliose surnnmo is tho samc, is ulso au ohicclinnablc ptaclicc. It in a mcasurc dcfcats thu object of msliliiling clinstian namcs, which was lor thc purposo of distingui'hing bctwecn thuioof llio somo surnanic. When two or moro liavc bolh Iho samc christian and surnamc, it subjccts all who ever have occasion to spcak of cilhcr, to Ihe ncccssily nf rcsorting lo such tnndo of de signalion as suggcst itself at tho moiiiont, as which John Sniilh do vou mcan 7 I mcau thc old man, or tho younjr man, or tho futhcr, or Iho son ; but moro frcqiiently some modu of 1.IMIUCI10H, originaiing in accnieniorwagpcry, adhcrcs lo the namo Ihrough lifo ; as long John, limning John, rcdhaired Jolm.clc. And if somo of Ihrse additions happen lo ho dis idcasinc or provokins. thoindividuslsto whom ihey urcspplicd, have gcni'rally to thnnk thcir aflbctinnato Parcnts, for ucccaeiong Ihe ncccs sily of on nflix orcognomcn of somo sort, lo diitiripuisli thcm fromothrrsofiho samunamo. Again wo cannot rclrain from rcmonslra ling on hchalf ol Ihe poor children against Iho practice of bestowing upon llicm christian namcs, which, either of tlicmsclvcs or in con. junction wilh ccrtain surnamcs, nro liablo to uuu up sonic luuicrous lucn, or are rcailliv sus r j Hir01"0-1 '.C,,.,ou' l)Iarar,,r,"c' wll1,.rl,i'belonrrt'n zonernrmpal of niilliotis. or hnlh mnrtllu nnrl irrifntn nn. nn.MiFuirn.il.. I . . .... both mortlfy nnd itritate, nnd encourugc adis posilion to harbor scorct ill will towords thcir associatcs, or heget cerloin pu pcnsitics, which it is somclim nscious pro- omciimcs difllcult to Icavo bchind when thcy cjchango thcir Bchool companionB for tho society nf men. Giving childrcn long hreak.jaw namcs, or namcs difflciiU of arliculalion, i almoit invo- riably tho occasion of Ihcir rccciving nick namcs, or whatls equivalent thcrcto, acontrac tion orcurtailmcnt of thcir propcr namcs; so that tho fancy or caprico of tlipir parcnts in giving thcm namcs which a little rcflcction would hcvo told thcm that nobody would cvcr lake thc pains to nronouncc. is not onlv dis- appointcd, hut must bcar tho rcsponsibility of 11:1111111" or unviug ino woriu 10 uisiinniusn tlicir oflnpring by oflcnsivo or at lcast undcsir ablft nicknamcs ; all of which might liavo bccn prcvcntcd by hcsfowing on thcir childrcn in thc first instanco, modcst, modcratc, and caii ly spokcn namcs. It is not unfrcqticntly thc cnse tlat childrcn are indcbtcd dircctly to tho parcnts tlicmsclvcs for thcir nicknamcs, ortho contraclion of thcir propcr namcs, such as Jack, Tom, Sam, Bill, Uob, Frank, ctc. Itprobably nuvcr occurrcd to thcsc wiso and considerato parcnts, that when thcy ato hcard to call thcir own childrcn by such namcs, all fccl at liberty to do Iho samc ; and furthcrmorc it ptobably ncver oc currcd to thcsc long sightcd parcnts, that in inuulging tlicmsclvcs tn calling thcir childrcn by niiacs which pass tolcrably wcll during in fancy and hoyhood, thcy aro indellibly stamp ing juvcn'ilo and familiar appcllations upon thcir manliood. Wcro parcnts carcful to ad dress thcir childrcn on a'l occasions by their propcr namcs, and to rcquirc all thoso undcr thcir authonty to do thc samc, thcir conncx ions and acquaintanccs would vcry gcncrally folloiv thc cxuinplc, and Ihe futilc attcmpts to rcstorc propcr namcs when ycars of pubcrty j importancc of adhcring to propcr mtincs in Lsi.i.r. . addressinc cithcr childrcn or srown pcrsons is duly eslimatcd but by fcw. Thc liabit of cal ling childrcn by nicknamcs actually invitcs rudefamiliarily inintcrcourso with thcm, which thcy, vcry naturnlly, soon lcarn to rctaliatc, whcrcas tho practico of calling thcm by thcir I propcr namcs has as ccrtainiy a icnucncy to lianty. Thcrc is somcthing chcik coarsc famil of rcspcct und cousidcration in addrcssing a child by its propcr namc, which unsconscious ly strikes cvrry ono as bcing out of joint witli coarso and impropcr lutniuariiy. incsc rc marks will apply with grcatcr lorco to cascs whcro tho parlics havo arrivcd at adult agc. Who has not ohscrvcd in cascs of cithcr good humorcd or pasi-ionatc rudciiCBs, that a nick- namc, or a contraction of theproper namo of thc pcrson attackcd, is almost invariablv Biib stituted in placo of thc propcr namc itself, cvcn whcro tho assailants aro in the gcnctal prac tico of addrcssing the party by his propcr namc. Ask a lad or young man why he docs not addrcss his aeociutcs by thcir propcr names, 'O,' ho will say, 'it is to stifl'and for mal to say William, and Bcnjamin, and Isaac, ctc.' Nowilistruo this manner of addros sing playmatcs and associatcs is fclt in a small degrco to bc formal and rcrpcctful, and this is preciscly thc rcason which morc, perbaps, than any olher, cnhances the importanco of tho practice hcre advocatcd. All nbovc thc agi of carly hoyhood, must have obscrvcd and felt thc univcrsal tcndency of tho intcrcourse a mongst familiar acquaintaiicc, dcgencrating into rude, disrcspcctful, and consequcntly dis agrccablc lamiliarity, wbich is tho vcry bane of social cninymcnl amongst those, moro cs- pccially in carly life, who livo on tcrms of what is callcd intimacy ; and any chcck upon this tcndcncy, which docs not ncccssarily op cratc as a rcstraint upon a frcc, easy, and a grccablo intcrcourse, amongat intimnte associ atcs, must bo admilled to posscss high intrin sic valiic. Now at yourdoors, Fathcrs andiVfothers, or Pn's and Ma's, or Dads and Marms, or by whatcvcr othcr appcllation you tcnch your lit tle onct to distinguish you, lies the root of thc cvil wc have been bringing bcforo your cycs. It bcing contraiy to ournaturc, andatvarianco with our cstablished practice, to uso harsh worus or say hnrd Ihings on any occasion, much lcss when thero is no occasion at all, we shall thcrefore cxpress cxnctly tho tytho of what wc lecl in rclation lo Iho mallcr in lian-, by obscrving in conclusion, that the vcry fre quent rccurrcnce of beslowing upon childrcn a plurality nf christian namcs and tltendistin guishing themby the last instcad of thejirjt; of giving thcm duplicatory namcs, ornamesof which therc nlrcndy cxit oxact Jprototypcs; of naming thcm aftcr cclcbrnlcd pcrsonagcs ; ol" giving thcm hard and twistical namcs, which fcw can wilh safiy venturc to pronounce at lcngth ; of giving thcm ludicrous names, such as will incvitablv brinjr upon thcm tho jokcs and gihcs of thcir school matcs; and, laslly of cnntractmg tlicir propcr namcs, orcallingliicm by nicknamcs, is an cvidcncc of such thought lcssncss, incnnsidcrotencss, weakncss, vani ty, capricious fancy, stupidity, ctc. ctc. on tho partof parcnts, as to givc ris'e toscrious doubts vthclhcr many havo not assumcd tho patcrnal offico some dozcn or scnro of ycars too eorly. SATIBICUS REFOUM t CO. liicc Pudding. If you wont a ci mmon rice pudding to rctain its flavor, do not soak it or ttiil ,1 intn ltnil wlinn llin wntpr i pnlil. AVnsll it, tin it in a bag, Icavo plcnty ol lonm for it to scll, throw it in when thc walcr boils and lct it boil about an hour and a Imlf, ThoBaltimnro Chrouiclc says tliat among Ihe members ofthe abolilion couvention rcccnt ly hcld at Harrishnrgh, wcro a good many col orcd pcrsons, Tho population oftho Hutc of Missouri has ncarly doublcd itself in lcn ycnrs. In Paris bread is two ccnts a pound, London thrcr, in Amcrica, Iho grcatcr t grnin growing country in tho world, six. Why is this 7 Wc gncss more bread is catcn in Amcrica than in Europc, comporcd wilh the populalion; aud wo olso gucss that Amcrica manufjclurcs morc grain into ardcnt spirits. Tlic pathol Irutli, is n plnin nnd n safe palli; that ol faisehood, is a perplcxiug ma.c. Falliiifr Stars. I'rnf. Arnpo, of Paris, suggesls Ihe idea, tlmt thc 1'illing sinrs, which have been witncsscd for ibree or four 1. I. I3il. .. I M .!,.,.. small hodies wbosc orliijfl sirike tbn planc ot eclipttc, lowards llie point wiiuui ine carlh occtiples beiwecn the 1 Ilh and lSih ofNovcmber: nnd that this znnu ia a new d anetnrv world iust eeirininir to be revca- leil to us. This, ccrtainiy, is a very splcn- did conceptinn TIIE PltESlDENT'S LETTER TO THE INVEST1QATINO COMMITTEE. Wasiiinoton, Jan. 2C, 1837. Sin i I rcccivrd on tho cve. of thc 24th in stant, your lcttor covcring a copy of ccrlaln rcsolutions, purporting to havo bccn adoptcd by a committco of llio IIouso of llcprcscnta tives, ofwliich you are chairman, and rfqucst that you will Iny bcforo that committco this, my rcply, which I lmstcn fo malio: It nppcars by thc published procecdings of thc Iloueo of Rcprcscntalivcs, that tho com mitlcc of which you aro chairman, wasappoin. (cd on your motion. The rcsolution ofTcrcd by you, and finally adoptcd by tho Uousc, raiscd a dircct issuc with that pntt ofmyannualmcs sagc, in which I hcld tho following languae : "Bcforo concluding this papcr, I tliink it due to tho various oxccutivc departmcnts to bcar tcstimony to the prospcrous condition, and to tho ability nnd intcgnty with which tlicy havo bccn condiictcd. It has hecn my aim (o cn forco in all of thcm a vigilant and faithful dis chargo of thc public husincss, and it is gratify ing to mo to bclicvc, that thcro is no juat cause of complaint, frorr. any quartcr, at tho manncr in which thcy liavc I'ulfillcd tho objcct of thcir creation." Your rcsolutioti !b in tho following words t " Ro3olvcd, That so much of tho Prcsidetil's Mcssagc as rclatcs to tho condition ofthe vari ous c.tccutivc departmcnts, tho ability and in tegrity with which thcy have bccn conducted, .l. i v..t.if.i .i'i i iiiu viiiuiii uuu iuiiiiiui uiBcunrgo oi uiu piiu lic business in all of llicm, and thc causcs of which thoy havo tulfillcd tho objccts of thcir ri;., i... ........i. i . i. creation, be rcfcrrcd to a sclcct cominittcc, to consist of nino members, with powcr to scnd lor pcrsons ana papcrs, and wiCi instruclions to inquiro into tho condition ofthe various cx ccutivo dcpartments, tho ability and integrity with which thcy havo bccn conducted into mu uiuuuur iu wiiiun iiiu puunu uiisiiicbs nas bccn dischargcd in nll of thcm, and into all causcs of complaint from any qtiarter, at tho manncr in which said dcpartments or thcir bu rcaus, or ofTiccs, or any of thcir afliccrs or n gcnts of cvery dcecnption whatcvcr, dircctly or indireclly connccted with thcm in any man ncr, otlicially or unollicially, in dutics perlain ing to tho public intcrcst, havo fulflllcd or fail cd to accomplish thc objccts of tlicir creation, or havo violatod thcir dutics, or have injurcd and impaircd thc public scivicc and intcrcst; aud that said committce in its inquiries may rcfer to such pcriods oftirnc as to llicm may sccm cxpcdicnt and propcr." It also appcars from tho published procecd ings oftho Housc, that this rceolutiun was ac coinpanied and supportcd hy a spccch ot con sidcrablc lcngth, in which you preferrcd many scvcro but vague chaigcs of corruptiou and abuso in thc Excculivo Departmcnts. The rcsolutions adoptcd by the cominittcc, as wcll as that adoptcd by the Housc itself, must be takcn in conncxion with your introductary spccch, which givcs a charactcr to the wholc procccding. When thus rcgarded, it is obvi ous that, by thc rcsolution of Iho IIouso, nn is suc is mado wilh tho Prcsidenl oftho U. S., os he had allcgcd in his annual mcssagc, that the heads ol the Exccutivc Dcpartments had ncr- formcd thcir ofiicial duties with ability and in tcgnty. in your spcech you dcnicu this; you chargcd thcm wilh manilold corruplions and obuses of truat. ob you had dono in formcr epecches to which you referred and you dc mandcd an invcstigation throngh Iho mcdium of a commiltcc. Ccrtain othcr members ofthe Housc. as appcars bv tho cubliahcd dcbates. united with you in thcso accusatiuns, and for llie purposc ol asccrtaimn" their truthor falsc hood, thc committec you ucmandcd was ordor cd to be raised, and you wcrc placed at its head. Tho first procecding of thc invcstiga tiug committce is lo pass a serics of rcsolu tions, which, though amcndcd in their passagc, wcrc, as unacrsioou, ir.iroauceu oyyou ; call ing on tho Prcsident and the huids of depart nients, not to nnswcrto any speciflc charsc not to givc infurmation os to any particular iraii&Hiuuii, uui u(Buiuuig mui iucy liavo uccii guilly of the cl.argcs allcgcd, calls upon thcm to fumish ciidcnce against themsclvcs. Aftcr thc rcitcrated chargcs you liavc madc, it was to have bccn cxpected ihat you would have bccn prcpared lo reducc thcm to epccifi cations, and that thc committee would thcn procccd lo invcstignte tho mattcrs allcgcd. But instcad of this, you rcsort to gcncralities cvcn more vague llian your original nccusa (ions, nnd in opcn violation of Iho constitution and of that wcll rstablished and wiso maxim, " that all men arc prcsumcd to bc innocent un til ptovcn guilly nccording to the cstablishcd rulcsoflaw." You rcqucst myscll and ihe heads ofthe dcpartments to bccomo our oivn accuscrs. And this call purports to bo foun dcd on tho aulbority of that body in which a lono, hy tlioconstitulion, thc powcr ofimpeach iug us is vcslcd I Thc heads of departmcnts may answcr such a rcqucst as Ihcy plcasc, prn- viucu int-y uo iidi wiinuraw iiicir own iimc anu ihat ofthe ofliccrs undcr thcir dircctinn from tno puDiic uiifliness 10 tne injury incrcoi. i o that butincss I shall dircct thcm to devotc j tlicmsclvcs, in prrferenco to any ilh iinronslitulional call lor information, egiil and I no nint- tcr from what snuicc il may comc, nr however nnxious Ihey may bo to inect it, For myself, 1 shall rcpcl all such attcmpts as nn invasion of tlic priuciplcs of justicc as wcll as thc con stitution and I shall cttccm it my sacred du ly to thc pcoptn oflhc U. S. to rcsist thcm as I would thc cetablishmctit of n Spanish Inqnici lion. If, nflcr all Ihe scvcro accusalions containcd in tho various spccchcs ofyouiaclf and your ansociatcs, you are iinwilliug of your own ac- tord, to bring spccific chargcs, thcu I rcqucet your commiltco to call yoursclfond ossociulcs, und cvcry othcr inembcr or Congress who has innde Iho grncral charge ofcorruption, to tcs- .tify bcforo God and our country, whethcr you or thcy know of any spccific coiruplion or a- buso of trust tn tho excculivo dcpartments, and il'so, what il is. Ifyou aro ablc to point to n-. ny caso where thore is tho slighlcEt rcason to suspcct corruplion or abuso of trust, no nbsta- clc, which I can rcmovc, shall be intcrnoscd to privent Ihe lullrst scrutiny by all lcsni mcans. Tho ofliccs ofnll Iho dcparlmcnls will beopen- cd tn you, and cvery propcr facilily furnishcd for this purposc, i . .i...t i 1 uopc, Bir, wo Minn ai lasi uavo yom cuar ges and Ihat you will procccd to investigato lliein, not liko an inquisitor, but in tho accus tomcil modn. If you cithcr will not makc specific accuBalious, or if when tnade, you at tempt to clablish them hy making frccmen ihcir own arcuaers, you will not cxpcct mo to countenanco your procecding. In tho shorl poriod which rcmaina of my olTicial duly, I shall cndeavor, as I have horetoforo cndc&v- ored, to fulfil tho obligations of that oath of r firn, hy which I cngagcd, " lo tlic bcst oi ability, to prcscrvc, prnttct, nnd dcfind f constitution of tho U. S. and for this, nntt olhcr rcasons oftho most solcmn charactci, I shall, on tho ouo hand, causo cvcry possiblr facilily consistcnt to law and justicc, lo bo givcn lo Iho invcsligution of spocific Inngjblu chargcs, nnd, on the othcr, shall rcpudiale all attcinplsj to invadc tho just righls of llio exccu livo dcpartments, and ofthe individuals com posing tha samc. If, aftcr all your clamor, you ivill moko no spccific chargos, or bring no proofofsuch as shall bu madc, you and your associatcs must bo togardcd by Iho good peo pic of tlie U. S. as Ihe authors of unfoundcd calumnios, and the public ecrvants whom you havo assailcd, will, iu tho csltmation of all honorablo mcn, stand fully acquit'cd. In the mcan timc, I cannot but cxpress my astonishmcnt that mcmhcrsof Congress should call for infurmation os to tho namcs of pcrsons to whom contingcnt monoys aro pnd, and iho objccts oftlioso paymcnts, when thero aro six standingcommitlecs, undcr tho scvcnty-scvenlh liilc of tho IIuusc of UcpreHCiitaiivcs, whosn spccial dnticfl arc to cxatninc annually into all tho dctails of thceo cxpcnditurcs, in cach of tho cxccutivo dcpartments, Tho liko remark is ap,)licab!e to komn othcr branches of the in formation sought hy you; nmplo dctails in rc spcct to which arc found in rcporls laid bcforo Congress, and now on your filcs, nnd lo which I rccommcnd you lo have rccourse. very respcctfully yours, ANDIIEW JACKSON. Tho Hon. Hcsht A. Wise, Cliairiiian ol tho Invrstigating Commiltcc in thc ubuscs and frauds of tho Exccutivc Dcpartments char gcd. Righls of Colorcd .Men in Au Vark. l lic lioiisi ol Asscminy i)l tins htatc on Saturdav laiit, hy a vulc nl 74 tn 23 dcuieil tlic polilinn or25 colorcd men in lroy (or . such un cxtcnsion of tlic Right of suffragc as would enable them to voie. Al presunt only those colorcd men arc preniiiled lo volc who own rcal prc.pcrly lo tlie amouni of $250, and liavc reaided ihrca ycars tvilli- in the htate. 1 he Albany tvening Jour nal alluding to thc dcbalc on thc putiliun says : 'lt wasconlcnued by llinse wlio suslaincii thc motion lo rejcct, ihat tlic pciiiion revi vcd llie excitcment ; that ils objcct wasngi- tation and titrmoil ; and that ils consc qtience would be nnarchy aml distinion. Un tlie otiier, it was urged tliat lluspeli tion had no relatiun to, or cntincctinn witli llie question ol Slavery or Abolition; that it came from free, iliouah colored citizens ; tliat it ivas n question ol'local poliey wilh which otherStatesltad no riijbl to inicrfcre, th.in this Siatc has lo interfore with llie domcstic polic.y of tboie olhcr Statcs; and tliat this pciiiion should bc rcccived and trcaled in the Kanic tnanner that olhcr peli tions were received and trenled.' Wc trust Ihat thu friends ol llie colored man nnd ol'equal riplils will ti.se all noiia blemcaures for the accomplishment of thc nbjcclofllic peliiioners. The question of the rifibts of our own colored citizens is entirely distinct from that of tbc ab olition of slavery al the South, and it is to bc latnentcd tlmt the two subjccts shouhl bc ho connccted as tn injure those for whom, as all adniit, we have a right lo legislalc. Tc believe that thoiifands of our most discreet citizens who disapprovc tbc mensurcs ol tbc abolitionists, afc still in favor of extending to the colred residents of our own State all the rigbts and privi It'fies of frcc white men. 1 ii our vicw thcy are farbellercnlitl'ed In thc right of suflraf'e llian a large class ol those who now cnjny it. In Massachupr eversincc thc ndoption of hei- constitiin colored men have been cniillcd not onK vote, but to bold ollicc and cnjoy cver cr privilege of white mcn, and v.c bavc . hcard ihat an cxperiencc ofhiiv ycnrs 1 shown that that ancient nnd well-regtilnte commnnwealth has ever sustaincd Irom llns cause anv dclrimcnl. jV. York Obseiver. Two mcn baving Kone to Bleep on a lime-kiln, ncar Philadclphia, were found dead the next morning. A Hint. A little salt sprinkled over thc icc nn stonc steps or brick side-walks, will soi'n loosen il, so that it may he eacily dc lached wilbout llie nccessity ol choppin,': it wilh axes or shovels. Thus much labor and conseqtient expense may bc saved aud tbcKtepsand sidc-walks ivill not bc in jurcd by removing the ice. Host. JMcr.Jl. The licensing board of the city nf Ban- g0r, (ftle.; Iiave comc tn ihe Ceiermination Mo aTnnl 0y morc licenses fo.-the salu of ardcnt spirits. Hobinson, who was tried at Netv York, for ihe tnurder of Ilelen Jewcit, has been appointcd a lietilcnant in the Tcxan army. A Frcnch writcr says that "thcmodest deportment of ibnse ivbo arc truly wisc, when conlrasled wiili llie nssuming air of the ignornnl, may be compared to thc lit ferent nppi'nronrcs ol rvhe.it, which, white its ear is empty, hnlds up its head proudly, butas soon ns il is flllcd with grain, beniN modestly down, and willidraws frotn ob-scrvation. In tlie United Stalcs tlie rale of increacc is such as to doublc the populalion in 22 ycars. In ItuiRia, the period of dotihling is42; in England, 52 ; in Sivedcn, 100; aud in Krancc, 125 ycars. DtsTANcn or the EAitTit. It is calcula 11 ihat tlie carlh is 0,754,000 nii'rs neiirer to thc sun in the fclioriest day, iban in tlie longesl. False Itcporf. Many of tlic distant pa pers are circulalinir a stairment thntthe U. Stalcs Arsrnnlnt Wnlerlown in lhi Sime, has bccn ilesiroycit liy fire, with 70,000 siand nfnrins, at n loss nf a millions ot ilol lars. The rrport is entirely uufntindcd. Jioston Weekly JJcssenger. The Hubbarton Mceting Hotise which was tately hurnt, and supmised tn le tlie work of un incendinry, took fire from aBlies plwcd undr r thc ilovc in a wooden box.