Newspaper Page Text
TUESDAY, MARCH 7, 1837. From Washington. MoHDAT, Fcb. $0. Notliing or patlicular Interest in tlio Seu utc. In tho Itouso Whltnty occupieil llio wliole day ntnl was nt Inst ilischarged, thc fjroo belng cnded uiid tlio purpoao'jOf 'llic ar ly' bsing nccomplishod. Wo luvo publijhcd but liltlo ubout this busincs b disgraccful to Wioe, Pcyton, and tlio Iloitio as a wholp, and the V. B. majority in particular j nnd new wo will givo bul un oullino. Whitncy insults l'cyton, tr I'. so considercd it ; P. tlircatoncd to kill lihn, or makc u, gcntloman of liini j8t long cnongh to It 111 liim, or lomv. tliing abont n rasb, if lio (W.) continued to intull hiir. j Wiso interferes, tliinking that Whitncy was abont to drnw a wenpon tipou Poyton, and in turn gcts rcady to kill Whit noy if lio should mako any hostilc iiiovcmcnl towards l'cyton. Tlio coininittce tako up llio w.itlcr relurti Whltncy's answcr, whoapolo giscs, and Poyton also apologisca for his con duct. llcro tlio mattcr should liavo cndcd a diagrnccrul pcrsonnl quarrcl. Butno: it was tunniacil, and wc tbink Uuljr, ilmt tlio V. B, parly fcoicJ ihu dlsclosurcs tliat Wiso and l'cyton would bring out in tho cotnmittces, and licncc. in ordcr (o prcvotil llio cficcl of tlioso disclosures on tlio natton, tlicy must mako Wiso and Poyton odious, &at tho same tinic prevont thcm trom getting us littlo infor ntation from Whitncy ns possible. Whitncy, llion, must rcfuso to to;tify : lio did refuso. The committcc rcportcd tlio factto llicHousc, wliich ordcrcd Whitnoy to bo brouglit lo tho bar: ho was brought lliorc and thcn M'ise and Pcyton, not Whitney, undcrwcnt a trial ; a most partial and tinjust trial, in whicli tlio majorily rcfuscd almostovcry question, whicli, if answcrcd, wuuld lead to tho excolpation or Wiso and Poyton, or to tho injury of Wliit ncy I Of coursc, Whitncy was cxculpatcd and tlio nation is left to dcspiso tho mcanncss of party tactics, whioh liavo bccri brouglit in play to eflcct tho mconeBt of party purposcs. Thcre arc somc infcrcnscs to bo drawn from this alTairr mcmbcrs of Congrcss, or 6omo of tliem go arrned ; it is aflirmcd tliat tho thrtat or aivicc from tho Prcsidcnl tliat they ought to bc Iloustonizedi, is tho caiiEc, and Bcll witdied to prore thia to tho House, but the majorily rc fused oppcrtunity I Anothor infcrcnjo to bo drawn ia, that tio collar of party v.ill vcry Riuch dcgrado mcn, who, from their station, ought to bc at lcast respcctablc. Bct r,o moro ol Whitneyism : wo hopo that, sineo the V, 15, majorily liavo spent a wcck in txcustng Whitncy, whcn the work might havc bcon bettcr dono in ono hour, Congrcss and tho country nill spcnd no moro timo about llio man ! Toesdat, Feb. 21. In llie Scnate, abolition pctitiona wcro prc BcnteJ Ijy Mcssro. Davis and l'tcntiss. The taniTwas under conaidcration a voto of 24 to 20, on a motion to strike out certain arti clcs in the bill, is suppoard to bo indicativo uf a dctorrnination nol lo touch tho compromise. In tho House, tho resolutions for acknowl cdging tlio independcnco of Tcxas wcro laid on tl o tublc, 100 to 90. Mr. Pcyton movcd lor tcavo lo inirouucc a rcsolulion rcquinng Whitncy to answcr whcthcr Amos Kcndall was aulhor of a ccttain nnonymous lcttcr to tha Bank of Burlington rcfuscd, 97 to 8C, The navy bill paascd ihrongh tho committcc of the wholo, and llic appropriation for Ihcex- ploring cxpcdilion waB not rcduccd. Wcdnesday, Feb. 22 Little done in tho Scnato which adjourncd at 1! o'clock, P. M. to go to iho Prcsidcnl's housc and eat of tho mammoth chtcsc, woigh ing 1-100 Ibs! Tlio Housc spcnt somctimcon tho navy bill, but, at about onc o'clock, tho chtcse had drawn llic mcmbcrs liko so niany skippcrs to tho Prcsidont's, and thcro was no (juorurn! Tvvo or thrco hours wcro tpcnt meiTtctual cfforta to adjoum, call tho Housc, &c. &c. and finally a majorily of tho no ouo rum Houao of Ileprcsentativcs JWailjournand go to llic chttst-mcngtri. Tiicrsdat, Fcb. 23. In tho t'cuatc, Mr. Clay'a land bill wna la kcn up ; Mr. Clay taid thcro could bc no pur plus, if all tho mcasurcs brought forward (o Bpcnd moncy vrcre adoptcd, and ho Ihcrcforc mcrvcd to Iay tho bill upon tho tablc : agrecd to. The tarifT bill came up, and a diacusslon aroao on a motion of Mr. Davis to slrik c aalt from tho bill, whicli was onuof tlio articlea llic duty of whicli was to bc rcmovcd, in which Mcssrs. Davia, Callioun, Brown of N. Carolr na, Wricht, Rics, Benton and Stranco took part. Mr. Calhoun wasstrong against opcn ing tho tarifTquostion ancw a incasuro of tho new adininistralion to put tho North and the South by tha cara a stato of tlu'ngs by whicli Mr. Van Btirsn could profit, but which could do no good to tho South. Thcro wcre tcverc passagcs botwccn Culhoun and Brbwn per eonal. Mr. Van Burcn's courso hgrotoforc, was mattcr of diipu(o and liia fuluro courec, of dilTercnt conjccturcs. Bcnton said ho was glad to hcarfrom one pricst (Ilivcs) thal tho new Prcsidcnst was to go against tho TurifT and for t!io Soulhern intorcats', but, said lio, anothor priest (Buchanon of Pa.,) might givo from the tripod a diffcrtnl reipansc ! ho (Bcn. ton) said Mr. Van Buren would lic practlcalhj oppoao.l to the Tanff. Mr. Rivcs cxpUinrd, that he wuhrd not to fiircipcnt Mr. Vun Bu ren to he opposod lo a protcctivo policy, but th-ii ho wafl opposcd to " high and cxtravagsnt ilutiea j" nnd aguin said Mr. Itivcs, " the Pres idcnt tlcct is in fsvor of i taritTonly to the cx (cntrcquirod byts ntnts of tho govornmcnt, tsd in coo'otrr, -;Sf the truointarestt of the oountry." Wo should lilto to know what oan bo madc out of such discort'nnt matctlals7 It sounds somcwhat lilto tho " judiciouatarilP' policy of Qon, Jackson, which has alwoys nicanl just nolhing at all I In the Ilousr, Mr. Cambrclcng repoiti.dlho bill from tho Sennlo rcpcollng tho Trcaury or dcr, &c. with an ntnondmcnt, which was lald on llio tablc. Tho anicndnicnt aulhuiiioa tho Secretary of tho Trcainry to rofnso to rcccivc bills of banks whicli ho may dcm bad, or of lo'ubtful solvoncy. Tho onny and navy ap propriation bills wcro ordcrcd to bo cngroaacd. I'nlDAr, Pob. 21. In the Scnatc, tho chair prcicntcd n. tncino- rial from tho U. S. Bnnk, stating that llic bank was rcady lo pay ovcr tlm tnoncy belonging to govcrnmcnl, dcdncling tho ctponacs occasion cd to llio bank by tho ptotcst of tho govrrn- mcnt droft on I'rancc rcfcrrcd to thoconimil- tco on fitiaucc. Tho Sciiato rcfuscd to stril'.c salt from tho bill rcducing tlio tarifT, 23 to 15. In llie Ilnusa, Mr. Iloward, from tlio com- inilteo on forcign afl'airs, rcportcd resolutions dcclaring that llio indignity odcrcd by tho Mexican govcrnmcnl ia nmplo cauo for rctol iation, but still rcqucating tho Prcfidcnt to mako anolhcr dcmniul for rcdrcfs of grlcvan ces laid on tho tablc. Tho fortification bill was considcrcd, aud Mr. I3t.ll movcd an a tncndmont (in conitllitlco of tho wholo) divi- ding tho attrplus in tho trcasury on tho 1st of Jan. ncxt, roscrving five inillions, among tha slatca which was nccalivcd, 75 to 71. Satuiidat, Fcb. 25. In the Scnalc, llio bill lo rcduco the tarifT was considercd, and opposcd byMofra South- ard and Clay, tho lattcr of wlioni movcd lo rc commit llio bill vi h instructions to etriko out all arliclcs whicli now pay an ad valoreru du ty of 20 pcr ccnt.and upwarda ; oycs 21, nocs 25 N. II. and N. Y. Scnatora and Nilcs of Connecticut, Northern onti-tnrifl "dough-fa-cc," in the naajorily, while Black, Onlhnuu, Muorc and Prcston, Soutlicrn nien, volcd in tho mirorily, with a dctcrminnlion to nbidothc compromise. Mc6Brs. Calhoun and Knight oppofcd the bill, and it wa9 patstJ, 27 to IS. In tho IIouc, Mr. Galbraith rcportcd rcao- lulions prohibiting tlio rccciving Iho bills of the U. S. Bank for govcrntncnt ducs, until tlio bank pays governnjcnt and ceasca rciaauinp tlic bills of tho old bank but llic mcmorial of the bank bcing prorcntcd, ihc dicusaiou pcu- ding, llie whole maltcr waa laid unnn Iho ta blc. The nnuy appropriation bill waa put on ita passagc, and tho fortification bill takon up, whcn Mr. Bcll movcd tho amcndrnent (rcjcct cd in iho commiltco yctterday) for distribu ting the surptua among tho statoa, and it was AGKEEU TO, 113 to 92. Good! Apolloa Mann (tie man m ho docs small jolis for the party,) inovcd a proviso that tlm dintribulion should bo mado nccording to populalion as rrprCBcntcd in tht Jlome, of courso lcaacnin Iho share of tlio small statcs Mr. McKoon wanted also to add tho Tarff (reduction) bill ao tliat thcro could bc no surplus and so did Cambreleng. Tho Speakcr dccidcd tliat it was in ordcr, bul tho IIouso rcterstd the dc. ciatnn. 07 fn 0 1 Ii. ll.n tncnn timo Ttlr, A Mann's amcndrnent wns rejected, 121 to 72, and aftcr an unsucccssful altcmpt ofMr. Mar tin to attach llio Land bill, anothcr rute lo cat up Iho surplus, tho bill waa cngroscd 111 to 70, and HEAD TIIE T11IUD TIME AljD PASSED. So tho Scnuto or llio Prcsidcnl may have acliancctu " lake tiicreponsibility" of dcfcatin- a di.-tribiilion nf tlie surpltu, if they plcasc. Bcll dcEcrvcs Ihc thanks of the country for his manouvrc in gclling Ihis amcnd. mcnt lluough, in opposilion to ihu Van Btircn Icadirs. CortcjponJonco oftho Courior & Enquircr. Washington, Ftb. 20. It wns my intentinn to liavo pruccvdtd wilh tho case ofllic Stale Bank of Illinois, bnt somo rcfcrcncn having bccn mado lo iho Washing ton Bank in ihe cxnmination on Satutday cvc, bcfore ihc Housc, I will first notico it. On that occuaion a lotter was rcad, withoul signa turc, which had bccn transmitlcd by WhiTnoy lo scvcral Banks as a rccoinniendation. The object of reading itin tho Uouno wasto cxam ine Whitncy a. lo tho fact, wliclher Mr. Kcn dall was or waa not the aulhor of tliat l Itor. Thc IIoupo prohibitcd thccnquiry, but thcre is nodoubt that Krndall was thrwritcr. This lcttcr bcars datc tho 23d July, 1835, and I prefunie is in your posscrsion. I call your attcntion to tho following rcmark, cxlrac tcd from it. "Tho Prcsidcnl and Secretary of tho Trcasury, 1 know, vicw tho snbject in Iho samo light that I do, and will hegratifitd iflho Banks will cstablish such nn agcncy, and from his talcnte, cxpcticnco and fidclily, tio appoint ment would be more acceptable to thtn, than thal of Mr IVhitney," So miich for Mr. Kcndall, as to tho Secretary oftho Truusury. Nowcompare this slatcment with Ihe lcttcr of Mr. Tancy lo Mr Ellicolt nnd Mr B. Johnson, and tho tcstimony of Mr Woodbury, bcfore thc Committcc of invcstigalion, and rcconcilc thcm if you can. Tho Bank of Burlington has transmitted lo tho Committcc, copica ofa nuinbcr of lcttcrs wriltcn to, nnd by Mr Whitncy. They urc too voluir.inous lo attcmpt Inscrting hcrc, but I will givo you two or thrce shnrt cxtracta, from which you may judgo whclhcr ihis insli tution was influcnccd by political jfctlingi, in Ihc Ironsnction of its Inisincfs, and whcthcr it did or did ,iot wish thoadniinietralion to undcr stand the fact. In a lcttcr dated Ihe 25lh of January, 1830, addrcsscd to R M Whitnoy, Ihe Ca6hicr, ppca king ofthe cxpcclaliona of Ihc wmmtinily, as to diiicounts, saya "There has bccn a dcairc on llic part of our dircctors to mcct this txpcctalion, and ihc con ifouencf has been, that a vcry sensiblt change has takcn place, politually, infaror ofthe Gov ernment, and as it is our desire to ttrcngthen thtse sentimtnts, ice feel that it is importanl to afford to ourfarmtrs and merchnnts, the com ing tprlng, a prtlhj erltnurc accominodatton ;" umi mcn iiio wasiucr procccds lo urge sn in- crease ni tlio putilic Ocpnsit. Now thii may or may tiot bctlio truo charac tcr ol "tho furmcrs and mrrcluiiitB of Ihe Green Motuitaint. On th.it mbjcct I know nolhing ; but thc pnmsraph shuwa, hoyond all doubt, two things: First, Ihat the Bank wus opcratin" politically, and wjshcd thul fact, and tho jcstHt ofits laborn, cwninunicalcd to tho administration : And leconrf, Ihat by mcana of tho public moncy, uaed in iho form ol discounls, it had mado a " senaiblc chango, politically" in Vermont, and that to "atrcngthen" this changcUlioy "ftll U importanl to ojj'vrd tht faT' mtn aild mcrchanti targe accommodattuns in the spring." Il'lhta is n Iruo dctcnplion of tho "far.ncraond merchants" of Vermont, thoy aro rathcr "n chcap kind ofcattlo." If it ia not truo, tho admintstratlon ia gullcd, and ihcso mcn aro slandcrcd. Tlio Coshier ot llio Burlington Bank undor date of tho 10th of March, 183G, writcs to Whitnoy: "Tho Mcchanics arid Furmcrs Bank ia making n movoinont tocibtaln tho poy tnent nf pensions," &c. " It wjs clmrlcrcd to tako tho place of tho branchhcrc, and is un der tho dircction of llioe who wcrc tho mona- gcrs of tho branch Ihe pamo Cashicrand oc cnpy tho wimo houac. Thote gcntltmtn hnvt nol yttforgolten their mortificnthn. it, harlng .i.i..... ..- . "...i.a .i..... iie oujmcsj oj me uovcnimzni ittncnjrom incmt nnd probably fetl no little detire loretritre their characltrs if pojiIUf." To whicli Mr. Whilnry rcplics, undcr dalo oftho 18th ol'March, 1830 "I calltd upon tho Secretary of tho trcasury, and wcnt to tho commi.ifioniT ol pcnsinns, and can assuro yoti that j ou liavo not any thing to fcar from Ihe efibrls of your ncighbor.t. Jfo olher Bank wUl he tmploved by tithtr t'cpartment, unltss com- Whocanrcad thcso short cxtracta , ithout accing, and fceling, otid knowing, thal at leaat somo of iho dcposito banks aro mcro political mathinet. To-morrow l will givo you tho o- pcn avowal of ono oftho New Yotk pttt. I he bpy n U aiftingjoti. Throucli nn ovcrsisht, no doulit, tho wrilcr oftho following, omittcd to plnco ths first pago of his loltcr in tlio cnvelopo which contained tlio scconu. Wo aro Ihctcluro only ulilo lo nublish the followinz framncnt from iho lattcr. It ovidcntly alludce to the corrcrpondcnco found bytho Invcstigating Commiltco in llic Trcasurv Dcnarlmcnt. The letler from tho fcscvcn h Ward Uank ia so eood. lliaiwe woutu not dclay itn publication lill llio wLolc ot our corrcsponucnl's lcttcr rcncliru us. uonnrr q i-nouircr. Wa$hlneton, Fth. 21. Bul Ihis lotlor, nith all its s;cop!iancy, did not npcrato ns a pccdily ua thegrcrdy ictora wiahcd. "Tho upoils of victory" did not como. No dcposils wcro maJo in iho Scvonlh Ward Bonk, nnd thercforo, in conclavo dark it was dccidcd that a aeeond doao, moro dia guatingly fulomc should boadministercd, and accordingly il was dono, aa tollows: ,Vfio York, lUlrt Utc. IS33, Wc. tho stibscribcrs. officcrs und dircctors of tlio Scvcnth Ward Bank in llio city ofNew York.iittiiii ofthe administration, and ofthe do solicit a porlion oftho fiscal patronago of Iho Unitcd Statos Trcasury, for llio Scvonth Ward Bank. Tho tcrtnsfca ihoso moat favor- nblo lo thc Governmcnt. Sifnrd, WALTEIt BOWNE, rrtsidtnt. Wm. O'Connor,' Caihier. niUECTOUS. William S. Coo, Thilip Ilarmad, Ilcnry Ogdcn, Luthcr Ilalaey, Abrahom Dally, Snm'l N. Dodgo, G. Ilnpkins, Jolm V. Grconfield, William Scott, Jna. A. Whiting, Uavid Brown, II. Erbon. On Ihis document I o(Tcr not a word of com mcnt. Tho siancrs of it will prottably tjo nlcaacd to scs it in print. I cnvv not their feclinss. AVhilo thc cao of the Collcctor ol Amboy waa undcrgoing un itivcrligatioii beforo Mr. Wiae'a coimniticc, Mr. Mann perptlrated a goodjokc. Thia is a ca?o of allcgcd fraud, aiul will appoar st lcnctli in their rcport Tho Prcsidcnl, aftcr c.xamining all tho tcs timony, dccidcd that tho Collcctor was nol nuiltv ofthe fraud. but that ho should pay ir.to the frtasury themoney which it was provcn he had in his posscasian impropcrly. Whcn the facta wcro liillv devclopcd bcfore the commit ten. Mr. Mnnn. in an undcr tonesaid to Mr Gillclt, hoth V. B. mcn,) " There is amistake in ll.it east. Cittttt. thrr' ' mittaki "- "How ?" eaid Gillett, " 1 don'l eeoit." Mann rephcd "The mistake constited n tht Vresl denrs keeptng tftts mim n opict." The St in Washington, LETTER TO THE EDITORS. Wasihnoto.v, Feb. 25. Aftcr passing through many sccncs of "threatcning blood" and farcical import, Congrcss has ut lcngth bcgan to inquircin to thc business and wants of thc nation. They havc lcft onc wcck in wliich to do their business, having spcnt thc first twclvc in prcltminary movcmcnts I Whcn thc Whigs had a majorily in thc Scnatc, Ihcy were rcproachcd and villificd by the admin istration prcsses for their slothfulncss in do ing thc public business. What will now be said, whcn thc administration hns a large majority in hoth hranchcs of the nalional lcgislatttrc ? Will thc Whigs havc to an swcr for thc sins of thc majority ? Will thc 'vials of'wrath' bc poured upon their heads? Will thc spitc and venom and rancotir ol party madncss chargc thcm ns "thc vilc of- fendcrs"? Lct thc pitiful yclpings of the "dogs of war" thro'out the country, chain- cd together with thc strong fetters of party disciplinc and governmcnt patronagc, on whosc collars arc cngravcn thc significant words "dcmocratic prcsses"- -answer. "It was your bull that gored my ox'"l No man, who is frcc from thc party drs- nnt sm thnt riib-R !,;) nntinn. n ,in the course adoptcd by thc governmcnt prcs ses und the majority of Congrcss, without feclings of mortificatinn. The dcgcncracv ofthe limcs is cnough tosicken thchcartof any freeman. Takc for examplo thc case of Itcuben M. Whitncy, who was tricd for a contcmpt ofthe Housc, aud whosc trial cndcd in a contcmptible farce.afteroccupy ing bcvcn days of thc scssion and costing thc nation fificcn thousand dollars. It was intcnded by a majority, from thc bcginning, that, guilty or not guilly, he should bc cs- cultiatcd. He wns arr.ilr.npfl. nnt rr I,;. i r i ..( M4 own trial, but fiir thc trial ol' Wiscand Pcy ton. Immcdiately aficr thecomtncncemcnt ofthe cxaminntion thc ordcr of things was rcvcrseil, and instcad of Whilncy hcingtlie ticcuscd he was Ihc accuscr itisiead ol'dc I'cnding himsclf against the chargcs of tncni- bers, incmbers werc ohliged to (kffnd thcm sclvcs against his chargcs. I sny it was theobjcct oftho majority offie Housc, nnt to try Whitncy for n contcmpt of their au- thority, but to try Wiso and l'cyton for a contcmpt of Whitncy. This was manifcst throiighout thc wholc procccdings. Ques- tions were propoundcd by Pcyton to wit- ncsses to provc this, but the House would tiot sttfl'er thcm to bo atmncrctl t Tlio af fnir ondcd, as it bcgan in stnolc. It may bc propcr hcrc to statc a fact, whicli cannot bc contruvertcd. Tliis Itcu Iwn M. Whitncy, who has licen chargcd with crimcs, which, if truc, would suhjcct bim to nn iiifnnious punishmcnt, nnd who is confined within tlio litnits orihcprisoti yard of Ihis city on tho dcbt of an honcst ercdit or this man, I sav. has liad tho cnlirc con- trol of the nublic ilcpositcs for tho last two ycara nn,i ivcs j a Bly0 0f flplcndor nnd " , inurrnifiRPiiRP. nnrillv nnrnnnfipil liv llii nrcH tiiugnificcncc, hardly surpasscd by the prcs idcnt liitnscli; This ;s a spccinicn of the corritption of this administration an cxhi bition ofwliat is mcantby "I'uttcningon the spoils." Tho procccdinirs of Congrcsft havc takan sotncwhat of a business charactcr; the Sc natc havc had nndcr conaidcration and ll!lvc P;,S30, tu ft '''J reading, last cvc ning, Wright's bill for the reduction of dutics, with various anicndmcnts. Tho Housc is cngagcd in the conaidcration of tho appropriation bill, wliich will ocetipy tho rcsiduc of the session. On Wedtiesday, tho 22il inst. the I'rcsi- dcnt had a lcvcc. At an carly hour tho mansion was fillcd. Thousands of pcoplc of all sorts und sizcs, from tlm loy ol thrcc fcct to tho vctcrnn of whitcned locks tlic rich and tlic poor tlic gcntlcrnan and tho 'loafer' tho mcn in owcr and llic mcn out of powcr Whigs nnd Van Utircn mcn tlic ladica too all crowdcd in masscs to pay their rcspccts, lor tho last timo, to tlic man, whosc tottcring I'ramo indicatcs tliat evcn 'hickory' cannot withstand the storms and tcmpcsts of age. An increascd nunibcr of pctitions fiir llic nbolition of slavery and tho slavc tradc in tlic Distrio t of Columbia, have bcen prcscn- tcd this scssion. In tlte Scnatc, ihc chair (,as dccided, that, on tho prcscntmcnt ofa PC""(" hcre must he a motion to reccive it, and if its reccption is objoctcd to by any mcmber, tho question of reccption must bc d etcrmined by a volc of Ihc Scnatc. The conscqticncc is, that whcn an abolition pc lition is ofTcrcd, it is objcctcd to by som e onc, and then a motion which precludcs ull dcbatc, is immcdiately madc nnd carricd, to lay tho motion to rcccivc on the tab!. This is, in efiect, a rcjcction ofthe pctitioti, or rathcr a relusai to reccive it, wliich secms not to bc vcry consistcnt with thc right of pctition yet this courac is sus tained by thc votcs of thc norlhem Van Uurcn mcmbcrs. Y The prospect at Washington, Brooks, llio cclebrated lctter writpr, is at Washington, and undcr date of Fcb. 22, ho says Ihat no bill will pass to distributc llic surplus ; that the bitl rc- pcaling tho trcasury circulnr ia in dangcr it may pass tho Ilouse by luo Ihirds, on tho last day of Ihe scssion, and Andrcw may pocktt it, ad movc ofT to Ihe Hcrmilage ; that the or iff is in no dangcr, cxccpt ns to thc arliclcs of coa! alid jaf( bul Penni-ylvania will not givo up coal, and hc might hai c addid that Ntw York would make wry faccs at tho snlt ; nnd finally that thcro is htllo or no prospect of pro- curing llio rccosnition of Tcxas. Tho new cabincl, he says, will etand aa follows, as all hands conccdo : Secretary of Statc Mr. Forsylh, prcscnt incumbcnt. Secretary of War Mr. Puinsclt, of S. C. Secretary of Trcasury Mr. AVoodbury, prcscnt incumbcnt. S crctary of Navy Mr. Dickinton, prcscnt incumbent. Post Mastcr Gencral Mr. Kcndall, prcscnt incumbcnt. Attorncy Gencral Mr. Butlcr, pruecnt in- cumbont. TtxasSlart-Tradc. Wo apprchcnd thal thcre is an erroncous itnpression abroad as lo thc conslittilion of Tcxas ptohibilinglho slavc tradc. Tho imprrssioii has bccn that, undcr thaf constitution, slavcs might bc brought in slavers from Africa or tho Westlndies, landrd in the Unitcd Statcs, and canied with impuni ly to Tcxas. To ohviate any d flicully oflliis sort, tho Congrcss of Tcxas has passcd a bill, n C0Py of whicli is bcfuro us, approvvd Dcc. 21 1830i providing that nny pcrron who thull MnS any a'aves iuto Tcxas, cxccpt such as wcro proviouaiy it.troduccU anu iiciu na slaves W tne u. o. contormaoiy willi us Ittwa, snall bo dccmcd guilly of piracy, snd on conviction thcrrof shall snll'wr dcath. By thc constitution and laws of Tcxas, thcn, tho fortign elave trado is placcd upon llie same footing ns ny the constituliun nnd la.ws of Ihc U. Statcs; it is mado piracy. What nnluraMaw mukcs ihc slavc-trado by xcaltr piracy, and tanctifics, or rathcr lcgalizcs, slavc-trade by land ? Connecticut, The Whigs tnet in S.nJuCon vcntion on tlic 22d nlt. to tho numbcr of two huiulrcd, represcniing cvcry county nnd ncar- 'J cvcr ,0Hn 01 ",0 t,al0, uon yy ' w '''"8 worlli was noniinaieu lor 'jovcrnor, lau lo l Thc procccdings wero charactcrizcd by much epirit, and cncouragemcnl is hcld out that ihe sla'.e will bo rodccmcd from Vatiih thral dom. " Seeing ia bclicving," tliough. By an act of Ihc latu lcgislalnro tho stulc has bctn dividrd inlo dislricls for Ihc tlrction ol sieiii- bcrs lo Coiijirf, and Iho parly, with eharac toristic regard fur democracy, put Middlesex und New lliivcn countics inlu one dislricl, al- thousli llio dislricl thus formcdcontaliisa pop ulotion about twico oo largo as somo oftho olher districts, Tlio trutli is, ono of thcso countics is Whig " all hollow," and if it was not couplcd wilh u vcry etrong V. B. county, thc rcsult might bo that a Whigwonldboclcc ' Congrcss. Tht txpungea voict from tht aJminiitra- tion ranks. Last wcck wo nntified our rcad era that Scnator McKcan of Pcnnsylvania, a sUpporlcr of tho adininistralion, who was dc taincd from tho Scnato by sickncss whcn Bcn loti's cxpunging rciolutions wrre passcd, had dcclarcd himscl((igaf)ut tlioso resolutions. Tho prcscnt wcck wo liavo rcccivcd a copy of his lctter lo tho lcgislatuio of Pcnnsylvania on thc subjccl, in whicli ho gocs iho wholo lcnglh with Mr. Wcbstor, donouncing tho cxpungo as a dlrcct and p.ilpoblo violation ol tho con stitution. At Iho samo timo ho says he was opposcd lo thc resolutions which wcrc to bc cxpungcd, aud that lio had prcpatcd a scrics of rosolulions rescinding thcm in a conslitu tior.nl way, which ho would havc prcscutcd as substilutcs for Ihn expungo could hehme bccn prcscnt. IIo also shows that tlic Constitution of Pcnnsylvania, liko Iho Constitution ol thc U. S., rcquired tho lcgislaltiro to " kccp jour nafs ol procccdings" and that, in 1810, tho Icgiilaturu of Pcnnsylvania had dccidcd, by a voto of 78 lo 3, thnt i( could not txpunge any parlofilsjournats, cven by tinnnimoiia conscnl, Scnatnrs Mi lCuiii .iml Burli.inuu bulh vo'mg with Iho majority. Wu ro rcjoiccd lo havc llie luHimoiiy ol bamucl McKcan : lic i.i a (lcinotrat of llic old school, and his oico we trust will havc tho inlliicnce to which ll is cn-' tltled among llio deniocrncy. Wc givc thc conclnding puragraplie uf liia letler. Timo passcs away and mcn elmore ; 1ml principlca and Iriith aro ctcrnal. Aiul 1 rtill hopoltiat thosc gnod old Pcnnsylvinia"doc Irincs, asscrtcd and ncted ou in thcdays whcn llic vcncrablo Mudison commnnded thc Con slitution, and tho patriot Suydcr stood at Iho hclm ol tlio sliip 'oiiuiIranffi, may yet sur- vtvc, nnu, iikc ino coal ol liunlis, agatn bc uotiiu fafhiouublu nnd vultiablc. I wholly rcrudiatu tho sicklv idea harncd on by thoao who nssutno to bo llio kccpers of his rcputation, that tho cxitencc on tlm journala of the rcsolulion of the 2Slh of March, 183', nas larnianeu tnc cl:aractcr ol tho UhitT Ma gistratc, nnd thcrefuro it must be cxpungcd. Itisnottiuo; nnd cvcry popular dcmoiiBtra lion denica il. Ilis faino standa too firrn nnd high to nccd any nrtificial proppitig. And 1 prolest ngainsl euiimilling llic incasure ol my political failh to bc tcstcd by the anomaJoua and dcgrading slundard of tho Virgiuia cx punging resolutions, I ask pardon of Iho House fur digrcsing in a fcw subscqucnt ullu-ions lo tnallcrs having no conncxioti with tho Heusu of Bi'prescntu lives. 1 could not, wcro I dieposcd to, bo ig noront oftho currcnt insinuationa from iiu mcroiis irrcsponsiblo sourccs, to injuro mc pu lilically in public cslimatiou. 1 pcrfcctly ur.dcreland tho aiilhots of thcen "ines of dclraction set in tnolion lo drasioon tnc into a s'alo of object polit'nal scrvility, or to rcnder life unplcaeant as the ptico of indc pendcnce ond integrity. My first reepouaiblo political act was a voto givcn in 1803, to uid in bringing Simon Snydcr inlo th-j jubcrnato rial chutr. To many of ynu it is knswn, and a rccur rcnco to post cvcnts will provc, tliat 1 huvccn joyod a rcaaonablc, pcrhaps, as lamo havo complained, an unduo sharo of thc confidcncc nf cvcry dcmocratic administration fruRi thal to tho prcscnt timc. I havc fnqticntly, from a sense of duty, difTercd from my polilicul frionds in powcr, ns lo parly mcasurcs, willi kut onco Ihinking ihat llicrcby I naiiiciirriug party ptoacripliou and nnallicmu ; nml still Iojs for exprcssingan honcetdifrcteticoof opin ion aa lo llic import nnd mcaning of tho (Jon slitution. Having thus paascd on, wilhout Itnown or intcntional dcwation, for n Irrm of ncatly tlurty yeura, now, if nolhing but tinmo lation will nppcaie my cucniica, lct Iho bluw corae. I am tirciiarcd for tho woust. aud on ly rcgrct that 1 can point lo so many namcB, sf ni"tier merit, wno have mucli sooner sunK un der Ihc baneful fn.cts of Ihis syitcmatizcd os- Iracism. Thc public rccords. as cilcd nbovc. show clcatlv, thnt, aiting nnder official oalh Iwenty- oiie ycnrs ago, l ucclarcu ngtiinat Iho doetrmu of expumilion. I must now bc conlcnt witli tlio niiiiuon of Ihe Houso as lo my sincerily, when 1 dcclai-e umi cvcry tonpuiurnuou wnien i liavo octn n blc lo bcalow on tho subj'ct siticc, has confir- meo mo stronger in llio corrcctncss ot Ihat opinion. Under thcsc circumslancca I ask llio Houso of Hepreaentnlivcs. wbal was tuv duty as a Scnator? I anewcr for tnyrelf. If my hcalth had pcrmiltcd, I would have bccn lakcii to the Senalo Chnniber on tho night of tho 16th of January, bnd would havo ofTcrcd my proposilion, rcvcmng Ihc rcfolution ofthe 28lh of March, 183-1: ond if this hail bcen re jected, 1 would thcn, as one of Iho most im- paraltvo and corisricntious dutics of my life, havc voteil naintt ihn cxpunging rctulutiun, ficcly awariling to others, who havo tlioitjht and nctcd diflerenlly, what 1 claim for mysclf, viz: honcsty of piirposr. I dcclsro lo ynu, gcntlemcn ol thc Ilouo of llcprcscnlalives, Ihat I could not vote for Ihat rcsolulion, with out having, in my own'csiimalion, committed a flsgrant infraction of Iho Consliiiilion of my country, n clcar violation of Ihu oalh I had la. kcn lo snpport it, nnd must slnnd, cvrr allcr, bcfore God und my on o consciencc, guii.tt nf dcliberatc moral reriJURT. SAMUEL McKEA.N. Washington, Fcb. 10, ld:i7. ICPThe Prfsidttit ia ill, and will nol, it i3 eaid, lcave Washington on thc day ofinuugu. ralion. IIo is lo tako lodgings nt Blair's hou'c, cdilor of Ihc Globe. An nppropriate finalo to such un ndininislration ! Anolhcr rc port is Ihat Alcxnndcr Kvcrctt is to cdil a new popcr, which la lo supplant Iho Glohc. Tho Nalional lnlolligenccr mcntions ihc cmancipnlion of 115 slavca rrcently ; QO by John Smith of SusscxCo. Virgiuia, with funds to clothc them, pay their pasaagc to Africa, and maintain thrtn pnn ycar; 7 or S by J. Clcveland of Loudon Co. Vu., with Iwu yea.'j wag.-s to uasist thcm ; nnd 48 by Mrs. Tum ban or Augualn, Georgia, wilh St0.0"0 for Ihcircoinfortablo sctllcment. Tlielntilligcnccr adds that thcre arc hundrvds of olhcrs uuiting for funds to carry thcm lo Africa. Thcre has bcen anolhcr butllc nith thc In diaus in Florida Capl. Mcllon, U. S, Arniy, killcd; Ll. McLaughlin nnd 11 prnalts uoun ded, Il is not certain, thi'ti, that Ihe Scinin ole war is at an i'nd, Tho lcgiilaluro of New Ilumpshiro hns ir. Ually abolishcd capilal piifiiahtnent, by pas. sing au act lcaung it dicrclionary wilh thc Judgo j (o infliet punikhmcnt by doath or im priunmcnt for capilal ofTVnces. Ilon. Rual Williams hai bccn clrcted U.S. Senalor for Maine, Congrcss dtscrlbedbyamtmber, Th Ilon Josepli M. White of Florida has vr t n a lcttcr to his conslituontr, announcing that ho ahafl wilhdraw from thal body. The oprning paragrnph of his lctlar conlain a bricf dc icription of tho Amcrican Congrcss as tt is, under tho powers that bc n dcscriplion do gradin cnough, and yct we fcar too truo ; " At tho cnd of two rrifitiths and a half wo find ouistdvcs wilh light hiindrtd hills on Ihc calcndar, (having disposcd of only fivo-,) in tho midst of n discussioti of slnvcry in iho nhMrnct, and sbolilioti in particulnr, which is to be Buccccded by a question of the contti mncy of witncsfcs siinimoncd bcforo ti com tiiiltco to lcstily conccrnlng tho corruptton of Ihe Excciit.vc Uepattinciits. 1 hnve noiabocn hcro twclvc ycnrs, nnd 1 sny wlihsniccrily that I havu ncvcr sirvcd in a Congrcss so detcrto rstcd in morals nnd polilica as ihc precnt, wilh somo hnnornblo exccpflons. Thcto is no topic which cnliMs qcncrjl intcrcst, and no fceling which scrnis lo protnpl llictn lo aclion nf nny sort, oxrrpt Ihe moJt dcgrading of ull tmptilscs party sfirit, ui.d tho stiiuulous of faclion." China, Il cftns ftom Iho following arliclo in Iho N. Y. Evcning Stnr, Ihat thc Chtncso governmcnt has pubiiidird a dccrec ngnmsl tho Micsiotinrirs scnt lo lli.it country .- ChrhHitnthj In Chtna. Thn Inlo Chmcsa dccrec by Trcnruri'r Lcu and Judgc Vnn, is iifd ngniri't tlic 'pnnding nf chrii-tian books aud tmssioiiutiqs in tliat kinztloin, is a quecr document. Thc way it spells ihc namos of Chtisliin ndvcnlurcrs lo Ihotetnpiroisa "cau lion." Thus: I.o-Matnni, Gui Kicn-Sau, t'n-Bin hcron, Lam-yuo-Van, Ni-cn-lnm, ICiiie-u-1 li. Chrislian missionarics whuin by ihese npprllntivcs, wo iinnginn, lb' ir nearcst rclnlives could nnt recognize. Think of their bcing buticd in n strango land vwl'i such llngo on Ihcir gravo sloncst What anliquarinn could tdcntify thcm 1 Thn dccrec tjircatuns dcalh to all in this woth. Il says nlo : To sprcad iho Clirifliiii ulision of F.n ropc is h ilrcoivu thn pcoplc. That rcligion is, in fncl, iho rtiin of morals nnd of tho hu niun hrnrt, nnd it i.i on that accnunt that atall liines it has becn prohibitid, nnd ntcordtng to tho instructions thnt our onecslors havo Irnns. millcd to u, Ihn past is Ihe rulo oflho futurc." Gulzlafl's Inbors, it is ptcsutued, aro at an cnd. Shipwrecks. On thc 25lh Dec latt, ihcro wero no less than fivo large vcsscls and ncar ly a dozcn coaslcrs wrcckcd on Iho coast of France, ncar Hnvrej nnd atnnng thcm, it is rcportcd, was the packet ship Eric, of N. Y lost, with all hands and Iwo pnssengers thero bcing only two on bnard. Tho New York papors do nnt rrcdit thc loss of the Erie. Wo havc ul.'o noliccd uccounts of vcsscls lotncar New Yoik, and thi3 rcminds us of the fact that on tho oceosion of thc loss of Ihe Mcxi co tnucli blumo was attnchcd to Iho pilota, and mcmor'ula wcrc scnt lo ihe N. Y. I.gilaturo to altor thc p'tlnt laws. Theso mcnmrials wsrc reccivcd a bill h reportod adding five pilols nnly 1 ihn monopnty is in too much favor wilh tho timocrat7c legislaUro tho pilot influsncf in Iho lobby is too powcrful and tho Gi i lots at New York would be hardly bctlcrlhan so many lcgahzcd pirales, so fnr as the loss cf properly nnd lilc urc cnnecrned, wcro it nnt that AVw Jersey has undcrtaken to ofliird n supply of pilots for .Vfiic Vorlt bound vcsseU 1 New Yotk has alegilatuopcthapsrnorc com plctcly in thc hands of onc party, ond that thn (so callcd) ijmocrajic parly, than ha any olh er statc; yct no whcro nro tlioso soullcsa things, callcd monopelits in tho flcmocralic slang of Vermont, so much in vogue. They havc banking monopolics cnnal monopolies rail-road monopolies a pilut monopoly and finally a monopoly of ofiiccrs, or rathcr of oflieo holdcrs. A paragraph from Ihc New Yotker illustratcs thc N. Y. svstera to a charm "Tho Surplus Rcvcnuc is to be lonrcd out lo the Peophi by two Loan Commissioncrs in ench county. Thif ia wrong. Ilwillmakcn political job ofthe wholo husines", nnd im poso a lieuvy tux somcwh.'rp. Why is it ihat New York alono of all ihc Slalcs reqnircs ro much machincry so many spccial ofiiccrs ? Half the lucrative business must U& Hnnn hv Commiaioncrs, or Inspcclor", or nppointrrl Auclionefrs. Why nnl appoint barbers ; IT we mutt be shavcd gencrally ' By Authorit), why cxtmpt our chins !" ICPThe Middlebury Frec Preis camo to hand last wcck, the (ira! timp for a monlh or o; nnd wc pcrccivo from it that Mr. Barber has bccn haminering away upon our slato banks. It is a fact, commcndablc to Ve rmrptit banks, that thcrn is not a statc in tho Union whose banks etand so high in rcputation and havu so much of tho confidcncc of moneyed mcn,nsdntho banks of this stntc. Never ihcli'ss, It is not impoasiblc that tbero may bu nmelhing abont somo of thcm whicli ihe pro plc tniilit desire to have difl'ctont ; thcre may be soiiietliing " rotten iu Demr.aik ;" aud, if so, it is highly proper that llio banks bc cxam incd, and cvcry rcinedy dcairablc, ba applied. In this wo will go ilh tho Frcc Press ; but wo cannot cee thc justico or the propricty of animodverjions which may havc a lcndency l biing itpnu all nliko that odiuin whicli bclongs only to tho.'c which may bo guilly. In all Ihat wc havo secn, cilhcr in Iho rcporla ol J. S. Pettibonc, or iu tho columns of the anti-bank nswspapers, ihcre i not a circumslanco which accms lo ui so rupiclionsiblu ss tho courso ol onc of tho dopositc banks. We rcfertheFrco Prcss and nur readcrs to prcccding columns for an cxplanalion, Will Ihe Frec Trcss unilo with us in coudcmning tho bank of Burling ton 7 The Boston nnd Providcnro rail roadcorpo ralion have bccn compellcd lo pay Thos. P. Brown $7000 nnd costs for an injury occasion cd on Ihcir rnad. Whcn Ihe nuvy bill was up on Thurfday, in Congress, un itcm r S 100,000 for comple ting nnd laiinrhini! Ihe ship of war Pcnnsjlva tiiu was sliicketi out and tho same sum sp prnpriated in lieu llicrrol for buildingsix small vcssels, from 10 tn 10 guns. This is miscta blo cconomy i thc Pennsylvania has coit nalf a million, and the longer she lics on tho stocks Iho worso shc is : why, ihen, not launch her now, if e vcr 7 If morc small vesi.U r wan led, lct them bc built.