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AND STATE JOIJRNALi,
JA4fc3MgTiWWTtftif E. 1 WAM'ON AND SON, PUBLISIIERS. MONTPELIER, TUESDAY, MAUCII 14, 1837. VOL. XXX, NO. 24....WIIOLE NO. 1585. PEtt ANNUM $1,50 IN ADVANCE, TIIE DAYS OF CUEATION. (From the Gcrman A'rummacW,) H dead and idtcnt waslho earth, In d fprst iiight it lay, , ho Uiernal spako Crealion word, And callcJ 10 being, Day. CAor. ' slrcamcd from on Iil4h, All reddcninjj cnd bripol, AnJ angcl's songj wcfcom'd Tho ncw-born litit. tJ spike : thc murmurin!! wators fldd, Thoy Uft ilicir deep reptisi t Wido ovi't atching hcaven's bltte vault : lio firmamcnt arosc Vhor. N" sparkles abovn llf 'ven'a glorioua Wuc, It scnds to tho earth Tho lighl and llio dcw. God snakci fif bado llio wavcs divi.le ; The earlh tiprearx licr head ; Fmra hill, from rock,tli3 guslnns streami 1 ii bubbling toirrnts sproad. CUor. Tho earth restcd nuiet, And, poised In ihe air, And heaven's bluo boaom Lay naked und baro. God fpaVc: the hills and plains put on Their robo of frcshost proen Uark forcJts in tho vallcys wave, And buddin? trces arc scrn. Ciur. Tho word of his bicalh C'othes tho fore st with lcavcs, Tlio high gifl of beatity Tlio spring-tide rccoives. God t pakc i and on tho new-drcss'd carth Soft smiicd tho glowing Snn, Thcn full of joy ho sprang alof:, His hcavriily courso to run. Chur. Loud shoutcd tho stars As Ihcy shone in tho sky, Tho Iwoon with mild atpcct Asccnded on high. Ood spako : tho watcrs tocra with lifc, Tho tcnant" oftho llood, The many color'd wingcd birdl Dart qutckly thro' tho woods. Char. Hijjh rusltcs tho caglo On ficry wings, l.ow liid in the valley Tho nightingato sings. God ipako : tho lion, stof f, and hoiso Spring frnm tho moiFtcn'd clay, 'Vlitlc ronnd 'ho brcnst of mother cirth Bcca htini, i ixl lambkins play. Cho'. Tliiy givo life to tho mountain, Vhoy stvarm 011 the plaiu, 11 it iheir eycs fix'd on eatth Muat forevcr rcniain. God sptKc: )io look'd ou carth and heavcn Witli mild and gracious eye; ln his oivn ir.iaje mtn lie madc, And gavo :nm dignity. Chor. Ho Kprings from tho dust, Tliolord of llio carth, Tho rhuir 8 of heavcn Exult at his b'trth. A'nd nnw C-eation'a work was endcd, Man r h -d his licad, ho spoke : The dtv tJt rcst hy God ordaincd, Thc Sublmth inorning brokc. TME LA'I'E ADMINISTRATION EX IMESIDENT JACKSON. No o.io of our rcaders ccttainly villsu?pect ti8 nf any admiralion (or thc administralion which lupircd on thu 3d ol Marcli instant, nor of a drirn to curry favor from thc one which has jn t commcnccd its cxistcncr1, whcn wo pay that wo puhlish tho arliclo following thesc j rcmarlu not wilhout somu fcclin"s bf rcluc-1 ...:m .u .i i . . . tanco i nor will tho author of it, wo trust, m.s- approhend Ihc naluro of tlio rcluctance. In a word, Preiidcnt Jackson, that was,i3 now Jln. drtio Jackson simply-a privato ciliien. As a man, wo dcsir'1 lo harbor no ill will tnwards himj we would givo oll crcdit for whatercr good he has performed ; nnd rxlcnd charily hbcrally ovcr liirf rrrors. Wo think now, and have thought, that moro of the odiuro, richly ! duo tho lale adminisliatio.1, b(.onScd to hisad- ' . vucrs, bVh and loiv, ihan to Andrcw Jackson mnrc, pcrnnps, In Mr. Vnn nurcr. than to , him. J.icI(9on li u bcen mnde tho tool crs; posscsjing, we bclievo, honcst nnd ....v. .. ... ,u , ,,,,-vi, gvju- drd on I y iho au.bitious nnd crafly nion aronnd him, to madnr.js his pasfions nnd prfjiuliceti hiv.. 1.P..M .,!,,!- t ,.. n, i r ., : , "-!' i" '-, niii uiiu n acon, ana ino rcsuii is jut sucn nn ono as was to bi-expected : his ndministralion i.n. .11... . has I. cen n ruhhs onc-hts coursc, as m head, has btcn raF.h, incontiRtcnl, and injuri- ous to Ihe cnuntiy. W do not supposo thut he 15 to bo fcreencd from oll odium : ho has ... . . alroady incurrcd iniicli, and thc rcnder f the iciiors 01 x tirut-y ijuiu?," it ne is nol alrcady un avowrd admircr of the lato Prosiilont. will hardly find rrason to ho so A. rtlUCtanCC lo ' incur cvcn Ihe euspicion of wishing mclessly tu inolcst Iho rcst of the " dcud lion," has cli citid tl.cso rcinntk'. At tlio samo limo we fcel that it is not mercly propcr, but ncctasary, to rccapitulato Iho courso ol tho adminUtra. tion for the last cight ycars. By so doing.tho peop'o aro but lcnrning lcsaons from past cx perienec, from which they may prnfit for thc futurc; and if tho wholo hUtory ofthat ad tninistraliou not only cvcry act in tho main parts of the drnmo, but tho hy.ploye, and the nccnes belund thc curlains could bo rcvcalcd to the pcoplo of tho Unitcd States, we bclievo they would bo taught a salulary Ireson which would lead them hercaflcr to wrcet tho dcsli nics of tho counlry Irom tho hands of hcarl lcss deniagoguoJ. We tay, thcn to "Tlitas hulus," -o on : you havc un stnull arqnain. tmce wiih tho political history of the counlry, and wo aro tonlident Ihat you mny ttao your pon to soinc good end. XI . I... nltVll l i II, IMIl T?-?.1?W JACKSON, LA'I'E PUES. IDENT OF THE UNITED STATES. As you have now rctircd forcvr from pub. agos In your publio carrcr, inay ho ncilhor unintcrcjtin nor wilhout inMrnctiuti. Tho acicnco of govtrnmcn'. Iias not yct nttaincd to so grunt pcrfcctton, hut Ihat a uril'cal cxtnniri atiot, of tho wnrking of the tnncliine of stato for tho last cight ycnrs, mny advancc it a Mcp or two. It is itot, liowevor, bo much iny prc cnt purpoao to entcr mysclf intojuch an cx amtnalion, us it ia tu invito and sliiitutatc tho puhlic nt largo to lake thls officc upon iteclf. If, eir, it was ony part of your nmbitjon, in climbing to your roccnt political elofaticn, to sccuro your naino in that vehiclc wliicli id tlc signcd to travtl down to rctnoto postcrity, to wit, thc pagc of tho liiftorian, your ambition so (ar u'ill bo gratinod. Should ynu ovcrtako ono Hcrostrntu9. wlio was lookcd.for tho samo journcy somc agcs bcforo you, yoti tnay juslly uiuiiii procuuoncu ui ruim, uiasniucu ua uo un ly mcrit consiatcd in npplying tlio torch to a mcro gcwgaw tsnipto, wlicrcas yon can nspiro to tlio hitherlo unutlnincil diatinclion, of liav ing nt lcaat shakcn to ilfl loundalion, tlio niost ciantic and eplcndid Rvpublicun Edificocvet crectcd bv tho niiitcd wisdotn nnd cncrcy of tnan. And lo maintain your rolativo prc-oni-incnco yon tnay, tvithout arrogancoboastthat, no inoro than tlcrnslralus, cliti you rcccivo thc advcntitioiia nid of superior intollcctualcn dowmcnls. It would cvidcnco a wnnt of fairncsi not to ndinit tlint a conaidcrahlo portion of tho sin of your olovaiton to your lato luh ctation, ncs at tho doors ol your partian. At tho vcry commcncciiicnt of tlio adtuinistration of your immcdinto prcdoccssor, from tho putrcsccnt and tccming bcd of political profligacy, exhal cd an cdict, tho purport of which was that 'tlio preseni auminiuiruuon mu.ii oa pui uown cvcn if it was as puro os tho Angcla at tlio right hand of tho throno of Qod.' Aa, of conrse, thc welfaro of tho Nation had no part in this dcturininalion, the hie( object being to ovcr turn tho administralion o! Mr. Aiiatns, thc main inquiry was, 'who will provo tho most lit instruniont to compass so dcsirnbleati cnd.' At a rccont cnnvass for the Prcsideucv it uo- pearcd Ihat the cclat which the 'victory of iNOW'uricans" naii atiacncu lo your namc, mado you ali.ioal univcrsally acccptablc with tho 'hnrrah boys.' Artd it was bclicvcd that hy skill'olly ringing the tnultiplied changee up on that victory, and kecping up an inccssant dm about thc 'cxtravagance, tho 'pr0(i'Ill'ty' and tho 'corruption' of tho cxitin'' adminis. trat!on,you would stand tho best chanco of s'lccccding against tho Ihen incumbcnt of thc (jxccutivc chnir, of any otlier pcraon in tho na tion. It appoarcd in tho Ecqucl that your lca ditig partisans had sasaciouslr soundcd and notcd the depths and" slialtowi of thc public mind ; and the rircumstanco of their gaging thcir ncts to iuakc thcm cfTicient in the laltcr portioni only, forcibly rccals, and is curiotis Iv coincidcnt with. an ofT-hand remark ascrih ed to you uomo ycars ago, whcn, on bcingtold for tlio flrat timo Ihat your namo had bcon mcnlinnud aniong otlicrs as a candidato (or tho Prcsidency, it 19 said that you, with the hlunt, rocldcss, and charactcristic frankncsn of a sol dier, ilcclarcd that ' tho pnoplo of the Unitcd States muiit bo d' -n'd fool lo make you Prcsidcnt.' This savin" of course could on- ly havo rufercnco to that portton of tho pcoplo who toiiit for you. The contingencyon which this characlcr of tlio people of thc Unitcd Statcs was prcdicatrd actually happcned ; a constitutional majority of thcm mado you Prcsident. And now commcnccd tho mot cxtraordinary cxhibition of Fractico venuj Profcssion, that man cvcr witnesscd in his fcl low-man. And wcro it not for the fact that your prolessions nro bcforc thc world in ptib- lished lctlcrs and public documpnls ovcr your 0 wn namei anullior generation wojld oltribtitc i nm aiiogca remniKabio mcongruity bclwccn yollr wo'rj3 nn(J ac,;on9i ,0 thPma(?vni(,nce of yotir encmies, and it would bo avcn diflicult M"' J'our cotomporarics to crcditso nhnost in - "cdib,le 0 P'lcnomena. ll actually appcarsas iiiougii you commcnccd your udmimstralinn wiih a prcdctcrmination td laush-consislcncy lo scorn, nnd to show tho world by tho sclf- famo cour6o ol conduct, both your conlempt ... r . ,w u,vv. w, ndviscd ilr. Monroe cn his clcclion lo tho of- fnm which you have just rctircd, to disrc rrnn i..rig , iti .,r.iine ir. i.i. o, , 3uur annarcnuv snc i.ooimd lo owcrs. l on -ffl ', ' " zr". "n "V VCTi "i- plo, and not of a party. Now, though it is bclwccn your on i: opooscd your clcvation lo tho ofiico of chitf 'si'fate you draw a linc of disiinction Ihe ! lnosl n!,ritcl nntI invidinus, onu that has no seinuiance ol n parallcl in lliid llcpitbhc. In your appoinum'nm ro oliicc you have had ro- 1 8nrJ "-clinivrly to party disiinction. You havc swcpt tho board gcnerally of mcn who W0I1, 0t voto aml hu.ral, for you, howcvr hnneat and capable, and lilkd thtir placcs in ' niimerous inslanr.es wiih ultcrly inconipelcnt i "c:e"0- Should any partieunpfyours feil uisposcu to demur at Ihis charge, let him recal I to rocollectinn thc disclosures in rulatjon to "iu ucncrai i osi uiiice, wnoro ine rciormra 1 1'"118 'ltn rcn P'ncUin hund, wcre in- 1 n, ...in in il... .1,,... nf ! . 1 1 : .. ; 1.1 .. .luv.inii w ...v u.t.jf ui ,nic niiii t IIUIIII ,ou.ri tho oincial lrnnf.HPlinn nf llifiir rirnnrl. ment, and hang his head with shamc. You was oipos(d to tho samo pcrsons fil- ling llio i'rcsidential chair two snccesnve terms, nnd wiih a truly palriolic disinlorctlrd. ncss avericd lothn subject afler your election to that olfice in your aiiiiual meiisagcs lo Con Ijrtrss, setting forth in strong lerms yuur ob juction, and thtn, nol nnly prrinittcd your solf to bo rc-clectcd, but in addilion to your pmomil influice, brnught the powcrful cn gino of Execu'ivo palronagc tobearupnnyour own clcclion. In your first mcssngc to Congrcss you hroach and rrcommcnd thc principlo of 1 rola lion in oflicc,' and proposo Ihat the tcrm of of licc bo in general liiniled lo four )e;ir; and concludj with Ibe dtclaralion, thst ' rotnlisn contitties n lcnding principlein iho republican crccd.' Yct your praclUt, during your cight ycars of Excculivu sway, was lo respcvt this 'leailing principle' only so far as occasionlly to appoiut a favorilo parlisan to a number of oITiccs in 'rotation' each moro lucrative or''de sirnblo than tho Init. Ncither you nnr your fricnds Tor you, will prclcnd, that a faithful ndhercnt of yours, holding olTice, was in nsin. glo instnnro inpcrBcdt'd on tho principle advo cnted in llietnopmge, Thntyou ncvcr designed lo coiilinue tlio 'rotation pnnciplc' longer than for one turn ol the whecl, nobody doubts at This wa the langugec.fIt.M, Johnson Edi, of ol i. Jjrunioa you-mntie no un-tiiiction hetttccn tho , he cmploy Would he speal; or tliosc who!"1""1-"" '-"I'V"""-" y". , nntri ' iwu iariii.r, irju onc oi wuicti supporiea, anu soizcu ine wnite pcopie as mcn-steaiers and, y - - --j- I91" I llm ntlior nf u-hiplinnnn.r.l Mr Mnn. .-t if-n u;hr. u.n.,1.1 l. n .. .,.!, ....! I lllir. WlllCll- Wai lllt! re-OrC0nlZilll0ll ol lllC Coil- lartisniiH antl those 'wlio ' nnd held them in s avciv 7 bibmiuihi x c11iHc1uu1.uou1.1c17. iicicupun, this day. Dut what was (ar worsc, as though conscious that party Imtrod and pcreonal and party prcililcctions swsycu you in your rcmo vals Irom, and nominations to, ollicc,you from an eariy uay manitcsicu a DasiiiuineKS qtiitc uut of charactcr in ynu, m aslong tho 'advtco nnd conscnt' of tlio Scnuto to said nomina tions. TJut pcrhaps, afler all, it wns not bnsli fulncss; pcrhaps it was contcmpt of tlio Scn ato ; pcrhaps you thought nliat somo noisy anarcliist of your party, proclaimcd aloud, to Vit, that tho Scnato was an cxcrctccnco upon tho ConBtitulion and oii"lit to bo nulliflcd. It is, nt any ratc, mattcr of rccord that you did habitually rcfrain from enbmitting to thc Scn ato unlil nonr the ctoso of tho scssion, nomin ations to ofTiccn which you had actually fillcd during thc last rccrss nf that hody. This, sir, was tinusual, nnd though nn violation of the leller of tho Cnnstitution, it was n praclite which its framers ncvcr could havc intcndcd to niilhorizc. You did in many instanccs forbear to nom inato to important oflicee which wcro actna'lly vncant for wceks and cvcn months during thc sitting of thc Scnato, and thcn fillcd thcm im mr.dialcly on its adjou rnmcnt, under that clausc of tlio Constltution hich authorisss tho Prcs idcnt to fill vacancics during tlio rcccss'of tho Scnato. Tlus was a palpnblo cvaston ol tlio lctter, and as clcarly a violation of tho spirit ol liiat tnstrumcnt. You havo in onc inslancc, nt lcast, rrnp nointcd to tho samo ollicc-immcdiatclv on tho adjournmcnt n( tho Scnalc,an individual whom you had appoinlcu during its rcccss and whom that body had just rcjcclcd. It would bo ridi culous to call this a raere cvasion of tho Con slitution, it wad an outraceous violation ofthat nnco sarrcd instrumcnt. Othcrwisc tho clausc Trhich rcquircs the advico and conscnt of the Scnatc, in fillinc ccrtain ofTiccrs, isamcrc nul- lity, bccauso on your principlo a Prcsidcnt of liie unitcu statcs may tui cvcry ollico in thc gift of tho Gcncral Govcrnment, and rctain tho incumbcnts in thcirofilcea duringthe wholo tcrm of his own Excculivcship, with thc cx ccption of one day in cach ycar, without thc Scnatcs concurring in a sinclo uppointmcnt, TIIItASYBULUS. For the Watchman and Stato Journal. ANTI-SLAVERY. Missrs. Editors: Though I havc bccomc in f'cncral avcrsc to writinc for puhlic inurnals, I arn inclincd to offer somc icply to a communi- n n . .. I i cauo.i in your pper ui J euruary ii, uy - rtin icus Populi.' Tho writcr, lo borrow his own laii;uac, cxhibits "much of crude and li&Mily formcd opinion" upon the subject ofabolition. tia appcarslo bcono ol llio many wlioarodis poscd to ccnsuro Abolitionists without undcr standins their viewt and plans. Pcrhaps ab olitionists arn descrving cnough ol ccnsurc, but it is dcsirsblo Ihat tlioso wlio administer it would bo moro spccific and'instructivc, and that they would particularly inform us not on- ly what wo do and say amiss. but 'how wo minlit do and tay bcttcr. Amicus Populi cnjoin8l""tho languago bf Kindncss as well asot carncstncssandlidcnty" in epcaking ofslavcry. But what is tho lan guapool kindncss? Thc slave-holdcr is inthe nabit of soothing his conscienco with excuses and palliativcs. Do kindncss and. fideltly rc quiro ns plainly to tcll him the nature and t normity of his crime? We arc accustomcd to speak of theft and dishoncsty in scvero tcrrr.s. Do kindncss and fldclity rcquiro us to speak of slave-holding in scvercr, or in mildcr lan- Ettase ? Aboliuonifts bcltcve Ihat thc kidnap- pcr onlv bteius a wrons which tho slavvliold kt ptrptlwxlts, and that slavc-holdinc is essvn 1 tinily kidnapping continuod. Arc thcy corrcct in lliiu bclief, and if corrcct, docs truekindnojs rcquire thcm to j;)cac as thcy bclieve? Abo- lilionists regard slare-holdin" as tho sum or a ,ho wrol 8 Bnd 0UtragC3 Sliich men com- 'mit against cach othur,and h lievo it is by no lmcans tho lcss criminal for its having bccn long practiBcd. Aro they right in bclicving oo, an .bcliol? P. inform thcm what they ought to bclievo and how to speak ? Somo slave-dealcrs como into a town in .v..-..., .. .v - ...Ui. , " men. women it clu urcn. anu cnrrv hnm In n soulhcrn slave-markct, wl.crc thcy aro dispo - j scd of to tho highcst biddcr, just as blacks ate. m, :r a p fln. ...;...i .i .i... 1 - , " .2 3 L " ..." , consistcntly wiih fidelity, what tcrms would1 Pcrhaps A. P. thitiks nbolitior.ists have donc injtif tico to slavt-holdcrs hy exoggcratinj thc wrongs ofslavcry. If so, ho migbt do on im- , portant scrvico by slinwmg whcrcm and how , lar they havo cxaggcralcd Mtf. Grimke, whosc Appcal has bccn cx- teneivcly read, was a' Carolinian, brousht up in Ihc midst ofslavcry. After having "rca5 many nnli-slavery pamphlcts, papcrs-booke," , shc eays, "I atn not at all alraid to asscrt Uiat anti-slavcry publicntions havo i,ot overdrinvn thc inonstrous featurcaof slavery at all." Hor mind opprnrs remarkahly gcntle, jet the calls piovery a inonster ol iniquny." A. V't. notion of immedinto and uncomli. tional emaucipation is, to lct loosc all thc black populalion of tho South, and "sufier Ihcm to roam whrrcvcr thcy, in their folly and igno rancc, might hoppcn lo plcasc." This surtly would not bo givmg thc slavcs such Irccdom as whitu pcople enjny a frccdom regulsted by law. 'It would bo rathcr giving them up to h ccntioiincsf, Ihan giving thcm I'recdom. It would ho more like chauging Ihem from do mestic bcasls to wild bcasts, than changing Ihem from brutes to mcn. Wc ai-k for tho slavcs imnicdiato frccdom, and we ineist liiat they ought to havo it unconditlonatly, Ihat is, wilhout beiug scnt lo Cibcria, and wilhout a compctiEalioii lo tluir mastcrs. But when wo say frccdom, vo do not mean liccntiousncss. Our writer assertsthat " tho domcstic slave trado may bo abolishcd, tho scparation of fam ilica prohihilrd," &c, but tho elavo "is a tlavo slill, so long as ho is subject tti Ihu hSII of his mastcr," Ilcre A. P. doos not iecm to obscrvo tho disiinction bclwcnn slavcr" and volunlary scrvilude or apprcnticeship.' Thu solo object ofslavcry is tlio maeter'a plcauro or profit without regard to Iho slave's happi ncss. Tho master's power over his slavcij unlifnitcd, uncondilional, nnd perpctual : ho may exact"whst he plcases withhold whal he plcares inflict what he pleasee, and all this ng lonu at ho nleasci-. Buttho hired setvant IIIIB. or apprcnlico has tho advantago of a rompait sccunng mulual bcnnfiis to the mattcr &. kcr- vant. In this case tho maatcr.'s power isliniit- cd both in dpgrec and duration, and dcpcnds on tho pcrformance of conditions. The Jioor slavo cndurcs oulropo nnd sc'rvos for nothing; llio hircd sc'rvant is piotcclcd and scrvcs for a rcward, Amictis Populi ihihks tho rcmcdy for the grcat wrong of alavcry must bo tlio wotk of timc. Dotibtlcss it will rcquiro timc to pcr tundo elave-holdcrs to pcrform this work ; btit supposo thcy wrc alrcady pcisuadcd, how long a timo would thoy nccd lor its pcrform ance? Tho history of cmancipalion proves that ncgrocs will woik h(t(cr forpay than thoy will fr thc whin. Supposo' thcn that slave holdcrs gcncraily should tako it Into thtir hcarts no longcr lo cxtort involuntary and un compcnsatcd jabor, but convcrt their slaves into hiicd icrvants ; how soon could the object orthoir wuhes bocllcctcd? bhouiu incy ue-i liro Ihat all injustico mijiht from Ihis momcnt i cnasc, and tho slttvcs bo protecrcJ I in thoir I like white pcople, what would hindcr tho phshmcnt of thcir desire ? fho prcs- occotn cnl laivs forbidding cmancipalion dcrivc all thcir forca from tho will of iho slavc-holdcrs, and would bccomo void at onco willioul a lor rnal rcpcal by achangc ol that will. A.P asks : " What good object can ho cf fcctcd by your labors in tho non.slavchnlding statcs?" and soon after says: "But puhlic opinicn'hcrn, cvcr sinco tho adoption of :hc fcdoral conslitulior, to say the lcast, has bccn, anJ full conlinucs to bo uccidcdly op poscd to alavcry." Wilhout disputing his as sctlion, I aek him to cxplhin how a pcople dt cliledly oppnscd to slavcry nrlJ havingthcpow crto abolish it in tho Diatrict of Cdlumbia, havc sulTcrcd its oxistcnco thcro so'long? IIow happens it that thcir rcprcscntatives in Congrcss will not cvcn licara pctition for its nbolition ? Why do they voto for "the admis- Slavcry holds tho negrocs in ignorancc; and what but tho spiril ofslavcry cxcludcanozroes from our collcgcs? What clso promptcu tlio strangcprocc'cdingsin Cantubtiryand Canaan? Call it the siiiiitof slavcry or what ydu will, facts show that Abolitionists havo something to do in tho North. It would bo questionable witdom for lccturers to go to the South, and, lcaviug sucli a spirit bchind thcm, givo South crltors a chanco to say, go home and rcform yotir own pcoplc. Dcsidcs, nro thcy not npcr ating both upon tho South and upon tho North? Already somc hundrcds ol bIcvcs havc bcen emancipatcd in conscqucnco of thcir movc mcnts, and ono slavcholdcr has becomo thc conductor of an anti-sluvcry journal. I. SMITH. Waitsfield, March 2, 1837. P. S. Tho abovc rcply was just flnished whcn Amicus Populi's cecund assay appearcd. Afler reading it, I do not think it cxpediont to offcr much more in rcply ; parlly bccauso tho writcr cmploys tidiculc'upon his subject, which I do not wishlo incct in any way, and partly forother rnasons. II is to bo rcgrctted that thc writcr hasvcnturcd tu ofllr his thoughts to thc public without bcing'bcttcr iriformcd. Pcr haps ho difi'crsfrom abolitionists onsomcpoinls ( nly ' for-want' of corrcct definition. .By a 8lavc,Aholitionisl3 mcan a "chattcl pcrsonal." Thpy bclieve Uiat all elavcs who nro compc tent to tako caro of themselvcs, should bc al lowcd to do so, undcr such legal rcstrnints on lv as aro imposcd on other people; and that tlioBe who are not competcnt should like, whito peoplo of similar capacitics, be placcd undcr rcsponsiblc guardians. A. P. pronounccs all rohmlary slavcholding-sinful. Oocs hc mcan lo condcmn all'who voluntarily hold 'appren titcs? for cvcn thc apprcnlico is a sluvc ac cording to his notion. Ho has not studied hia subject enitigh to bo cnnsistcnt. Onu momcnt licsays: " blavrry is Iho twtre subjection of ono person to the will of anolher" ; ihc noxl, ho insisls that thc umittd suDjcclion ol an ap prcntico is slavcry. It ho will ecnd to llia Book Storo of E. P. Wallon & Son, or lo somo olhcr place.furJnj's Inquiry nnd Phclp'sj Lccturcs on Slavcry and ils Uumcdy, hcwillba in bcttcr circumstanccs to bcnifitthc publio by Ins wntlo'is. 1. b. Good in Nazartth Congrtsstonal Temptr ance bocitly. At a mcvliug ol the (Jnngrcss ional Temperance Society.Tield in IhcCapitol, .. w..-, v. 9 :,!, ! .r,he on; V0WIS Cu VC6,ilcn?r ,hf.S' ! c,y. H'O cl.a.r was tnkcn hy tlio Hon. i ehx Grundv. Scnator from Tcnncsocc. ono of thc 1 , , Vico Prcsidcnls. The Uov. JoUn MorMi, Sccretary of the A- on motion, iho Hon.Mr. lloar, Heprcscnla tive from Mars., Hon. Mr. Grenncll, Rcpre cenlutive from Mass., nnd tho Hon. William Wardwcll, Bcpresentative from N. Y., wcro appointcd a rommitlcc to prcparc ond rcport a list of ofHccrs for iho year cnsuing. Thn conunittco on nomination of ofTiccrs mado a rcport, whercupon thc following gen llemcn wcro appointed ofTiccrs for ihe cnsuing year : 7VfsWiii-1IIon. Fclix Grundy, Senntor from Tumit'jccc. Yict PrtsldtnlsYlon. Gidcon Tomlinton, Scnator Irom Conn. ; Ilon. W. C. Utvep, Sen ator from'Vo. ; Ilon. John Itccd, mrmbcr of Congrlsa ' from Moss. ; Ilon. Thos. Ewing, Scnutor'fromOhio; Ilon. John Tipton, Senn tor from lud. ; Uiiii. Danicl Wardcll, mcuibcr ofCeragrese from N. Y. ; Ilon. J. M. 'Waync, Judgo of Ihu Suprciiie Couit, U. S. , Hon. Samurl Prcnliss, Scnator from Vt. ; "Hon. II. L. Pinckncy, mcmbcr of Congrcss from South Carolina ; Ilon. Franklin Picrce, mrmbcr of Congress from N. II. ; Hon. Harnior Denny, mcuibcr of Congrcss from. Pa.; Hon. Abncr Hazcltine, mcmbcrul Congrcss fiom N, Y. Secrflary Lewis H. Machin, Chiif Clcrk of Iho U. S. Scnatc. 7'rfajttrfr Hon. Elisha Whiulosey, mem bcr of CongrcsB Irom Ohio. .ludilor John Shacl;ford,'Scrgeant-at-arms oftho U. S.Senatc. Exeadivt CommllltS Hon, Gco. N. Uriggi", memberofCongrees from Mass. ; Ilon. Ben- jamin fcwilt, benator Irom VPrniont; tlon. Ucorge Urcnucl, mcmuer ol Congress Irom Mass; Hon. Bcllamy'Slorer, monincrnf Con grcss from Ohio; Hon.-Wm. Sladc, mcmbcr of Congrcss from Vt. On motion, adjotirned, jhif dlt. 'Glau Ware. It prohabl.v is not gencr ally known, that glnns tnay bc tcntpcred so as'nol to be liahlc li crack whcn fillcd with Hot waler, wluch BlioU tl c coui whcn llio .... .... .. . tJ'illi8 ' Inu IL1,V"'K " cotil gradunlly iu ihc watcr. If ihe ware is to bc cxpnseil lo n grcalcr heat than boll- 'uig watcr it sliould be lcmpcrcd with oil. From Campaigns iirFlorida. OCEOLA, TIiaiNDIAN WARRlOtt. IlY M. M. COIICH. This rriricil intlivitlunl isnbout SO .ycars ofngc, 5 feut 10 inchcs liigli, ratiicr 3lcndcr llmn Blnut but elenanlly formcil of tc- markahlc llglitncss of lijtibs, yct capablc nf Mid IIcrcult'H blendfJd, tif rathcr' thc cnay pracc, tbc slcnllhlvdiep aiitl nclive sprii:' ol thc tigcr. His grnmlfathcr tvas a Scotchman, IiSb irrantltnnther antl ' moilicr wcre iuii iiiuians. jiis lauicr was n cmirFC, half brccd, and Occola ia quarlcr bluod, or onc fourth wbilc, which his corn- nlcxidn and eycs inuicatc, being mtich litrhlcr than lliosc of thc Imlians Lrcnerallv. When convcrsingon lopics agrccnblc to him coimtcnance tnanilels mnro the dispo slinn or1(. whi(c lian , red man Thleri rc is a ireat variely iu Ihc nlayorhis fcattircs. and when cxciled, liis lacc is lil up by a thousand firca of passinn, nnlmalion, and cncrgy. His nccc is Grccian at its base, and would be pcrfccil.v 'Pliidcan, but that it bectmics slighlly archcil. Thcrc are in d'lniitnhlc firmncss and wilhcring scorn in Ibe expressinn ol his rnntith though the lips are tremulous Irom thc immcnsc emo ttons which seem cvcr boiling up within him. Alioul his brnw, care and thought antl toil liave traccd their channels, antici phting on a yotilhful lacc, ihc havnc antl furrnw worlc'of timc. To lliofe who havc knnwn Occola lonu. hia famc dnes not nppear like a sun burst, litil as ,llie ripening Iruil ofearly promised ''I'oms. 'Foryea s pasthe has enmycd thc reputation of beinff the bcst ball nlavcr iitld hufitcr and Ihc most cxpert at running, wresilinji, and all oibcr activc exxercUes. At'Bucli timcs, or when nakcd, his fi,Ture, whence all stiperfluous'flesh is worn down, cxliibitcs the irtnst bcahtiful develnpmcnt of rnusclc and power. lie is aatu to be in cxhaustablc Irmn thc ball 1 play, an cxccr- cise sii violcnt that the strui'me for 'maslc ry has bcen known lo catine the 'dealli of one nfthe combalanls. Wbcn Ihis nCcurs in a (air contesl, thc survivnr is not nun i.-ilit'il lor niurdcr, as in all olbr casps of taking hle. On oneocassion, Occola actcd iiRguidc lo a party of horscmen, and fin ding llini, at niartinr, tiiry proceded slowly, hc cnquired the cause. On being told tb'at It was on his account, with one nf those smiles hc ilone can givc, badc tbem to p;o cecil morc rapidly. They put spurs lo their slceds, and he, a-foot, kcpt up wiih thcmluring thc cntlrc rotit, nor did he cxhlbit Ibe slightcs syrnptoms of faliguc, ut the close ol'tbc day, but arrived at ihc point prnnosed, as carly as ihe mounled bo dy. To Ool. Gadsdcn, Biile Comniiss'roner at Ihe Treaty ol Pavne s LanJini', Ocenla rendered good service, at thc -head ol'SO or -10 warnors, postecrhimsell nearer co ihe Colonel'ii pnsition than Ihe olher 'Indians, and saying, he was morc like the white man than ihcy. Hc did not sign Ihe ircaty then and ihercmadc, nor did be rclusc so'io do. '1 hc lact is, he was ne ver asked to subscribe liis name Ihcrcto, beinrrnt that-timc but a TuRtcnuggc and of'liiife nolc. This' trea ty must not he cnnfbtiiided with thc sulise quent agrcemcni ihat Occoln finally sign ed, and into which he is said to havc plun ged his knifc, whcn rallcd on for his siL'iia ttire. The nrgociatioiH at Payr.e's Lan dinir were in the timc nl Tuckasce Kmalli- hi,or ihe Grnund Mole Warrior, Chief of Ibe Micasuky lrihe. Vt ihat dale it was not known of Powell, as Cotlnn Malher sayj ol Iloger Willianis, in his Magnolia, ih'at "ihe who'ecminlry wns snon like to bc nct on fire hy Ihc rapid motinii ofa winil rnill in thc head of this onc man." Occola actcd as ogent lor Micanope, who i is an I is nn imbecile, in rcducing into subjccllnn i ',' , " .nc.rn,J P04 ).CrX i.l and in-sunoruinaic inoe. 'lit Ins bold- . ... , - ncss nnd cneruy he always snecedetl in brinini; Ibeni in lo rcccivc punishincnt for Ihe nlltnccs commiltcu-latierly he would hcg ilii'in olf, and frnallv went ovcr to them, as onc ol their cbicfs. The U. S. oflicers, ns well as the'Indians, all lnoked lo Oceola to fccctire oflenders knowing his resolution and prrtwess. And lor this purposc, as well as to realrain Ihe Seminolcs within their limits, lie had takcn morc pains, and cndured more faligne, ihan any lonr Indi ans put togcllier. He is ol an elevnted and upright charncier, and was of kindly dis'o sition llll put in irons, hich convertcd lo II, ihe milk ol bumnn kindness in his bo som rouscd his ficry indignatinn, un quenchahle but by blood, and cxciled him lo deep-sealci!, amplc revetige. Occola's ancncv, nnd ihat of his lietiten- nnt,Tom, in Oinalhla's death, and his kil- lint Gcn. 1 hompson, willi ine riile pre scnicd him by iheGcneral, inilitale against tlio favnrable" estininie of his characleri But that all his goodly lcclings' wcre not ut. Icrly eradicaicd,isprovcd byan incident in ihe'interview with' Gen. Gaincs' commatid. On ihat nccasion, Oceola anxiously enquir- cd attcr tiieut. Junn urauain,anu on oeing infornictl ihat hc was wouiuled, sloully de- nied it. On being askctl why he was so posiiive lliat'Licut. G. Was unhurt, he re plicd lltat he had imperalively ordered'his pcople nevcr lo molcsi'lhailyoungman,nnd kncw no one 'Would dare disobcy him; none fhoultj and live-! 'It was thcn adniil lcd that Ihmiuh'onc of Ihe hrothcrs tif Gra ham hau" been wotinded, yet, Lieut. G. This Gen. Thowpson was the man wlio "put Oceola inirous, as mcnlioned above. This fact, nnd Ihe circunutance connected wiih it, are omitted in the a'jove4icconnt. ' Oceolx, or'Powell, at he was called by the Mhitri,1iad a wife ito whom ho was much allached whoso mother "as a mulatto ilavt, wlio ran wny and was adoptud by ihe'Indians, and married one of thcir chicft, Though IheTather was frec, yet a children by law in tho-South, lake Ihe iin.lit'ion if tho mother. Ocela's wife was sieied as A slave by a person claiming hcr under (he right of her molher'a former tnaster. Tho higli spiiited husband attempteit to dcrend her, but was OTerpow. ered and put in irons by Tliompion, who commandrd Ine nsriy. 1 ne urcm w inciucuvanjr ivibicu uduiu Thu traniarlmn hai bren ihs war in Flor'nla. aid tobe iho origin of bnd escapcd injtiry; at which snlm!sidn Occola nrcallyjnycd. It Hccms Ihat I'ow cll has a little dnugthcrto whom Licut. G. was vcry kind and had prcsenied wiih froflis. in which ihe yo'ing tiirl, who nrcw vcry fond of him, always insiicd on being dresscd wlicncvcr shc perccived Licut. G. (lor whom shc nflfrn lookcd oul,) coming to visit hcr. Oceola's rnotive in spafing Licut. G. wns gratittulc lor ntlcnlion to his cbild, which he alsn cnticavtircd lo repay by tcaching llm Licut. ihc Indian lan guagc,'for lit spoke a lilllc Epglish, antl U vcry inlclligcnt. I'nwell has IWo wives, as is common wiih Ibe Intlintis, but thcy nrr rarcly trigamisis. His ttco belter halvcs livc in ncrfcct hurmrt- ny, having one lable in common, but occii pyinii seperale "lodces." Thcy are boih young nnd cnmclv ; one ofihcni iu particu- lari prctiy. liiey yicld passivc olicili encc to his vigorous itilcllcc.t, und c:rpres slons wliich pjrtake thc charactcr ol liis mind. TI is words arc fcw, but appositc. At thc cnnchisitm of thc lallc. I havc skctchcd his lofiy Ir.ein aud manly bcar- ing. Ilisaddrcss is courlcnus and afHible, and liis smileis witchery. Like most Indians, ne Ia lond ol a jokc, the opinion ihat sava- gcs arc nltvays gravc bcmg crronenus. His shtikc of thc liand, like every tlun'g from him, lcaves a lasting impression ; atid if hcre be not a vice in his fingers, hc has a titcioHj way nl using Ihem. Uccola is greatly amhitious, aniT like olher indinns, revcngful, thc lex tnlionis heading their bloody cotlc. So that hisconducl, like Ihat of morc civllizcd mcn, is made upofmixcd mojives, ln ving jusf cnough ol thc salt of patii'it'sm lopreerve tl ecTiaraclcr Irom liie taintnf corrupiing sclfisbness. Grarlations of Color. Thc white female slaves arc mnstly in the posscssiiin of weal thy Turks. The' coticubitic slavcs in thc liouscs ol''xCgypiian' ofthe higherand mid dlc classcs arc gsncrally Ahy(.sinians, nf a 'dcep brown, or bronze complex'ion. ln llieir lcaturcs aa well as Ilicir complexions, thcy appear an'intbrniediaie race bclwccn Ihe ncgrocs arid white people; but Ihe dif fcrencc bctwecn thcm and eithcr nl thc a bovementioncd races is colisiderable. Thcy Ihemsclves, howevtr, think 'that they difTer so little from Ihc white pcople, Ihat they cannot hc pcrsuadcd to act as servanis, witli tlue obetlicnce, lo tlteir niasler's wives ; and the black (or negro) slavc-girl fcels cxaclly in the same manncr lnvards ibe Abyssirt ians, but is perfcctly willing lo serve the white ladies. Lane s Egypt. .Vuste. The Arahs follow thcir carhcla singing ; add-thc hardcr Ihey sing Ibcswift er the animals travel; if they stopthe cnrri el also stops. U'hc natives of ihCEast wci'e accusu.nicd to fcpt o(it on long voyagcs ru thc sountl ol'muBic. Plato tiupposcd that it would Fcarccly bc possible lo' chan'ge 'llt lashion ofmusic in a counlry, wnhout aller ing ihe government. Thc nationai'alr3' rr Ihc SwiiS and tlie'Scolch producca power hil impression on thc nativcsof those coun tricS Whcn" they arc at a dislancc Irom home. Solnmon says, " As vinegar upon nilre, tfo is hcthai singclh to a hcavy hcart." Mt? sic was I'conlinual sourcc nf plcasurc'fo ihe cclebraletrBocrbaavc. Luiiicr'wascx. cecdiugly dclichie'd 'wiih it; he says "I givc Ihe highest place lo mtisic ; for therc by all anger is forgolicn, ihc dcvil isdriven away, andmclahcholy, wiih tnaiiy triliula lions and evil ihotiglus, are cxpcllcd ; it is Ihe best rolacc for a snd and sarrowful mind." Treatise on Happxness. Sccnc in a schonl-rocm. " Wliatsttnlldc do you intend to pursue?" said an crutliie pcuagngue one day as Johny Kaw cntereo hisschnulrootn. "Vliy, I bhall sludy rcad, I spose, would'ni yc .'" " Yes, but you will not want' to rcad iill the limc ; are you ac- qtiointctl with figures?" " It's a piiy il an't, whcn I've ciphercd nlcan throtigji adoption." " Adoption ! whal rutc is thal .'" " Wliy, its Ihe tlouble rule of l wo, you know that twice Iwo is four, and, nccordinc (o adoption, ftofcc four is Uco." " You tnay lake voiirseat.sir. said ihe masler. " xtnj may take yourn,"' said Ihe pupil, " for its a poor rulc that won't work both ways." Pickled Ded Bugs. The Bangor Faf- mer slales Ihat a rdrong roltition of salt walcr, will killhed hugs, and ndvizeshous'c kccpers, who are to unfnrtimate as to be trouhlcd wiih ihese visitnrs, lo apply this pickle to thcir carc.isses. The samc pickle we douht not, will kill nn ox, if he is thro- ugbily immersctl in a RtifTicier.t quantily; but Ihc qticsiion is, whelher it is not about as well to serve thc hed bngs as you do the neel kil Ihem hrsl, and salt them doien aftmoards. Jlpple Treu.A horlicullurist in Bo heinia has abcautiltil plantation of (hc best sort of apple trces, which have neithcr sprungfrom secds nor grafiing. His plan is to lake shoots from thc choiscst'sorts, in scrt tbem in a pntaloc.and pltinge'botb into the grnund, leaving but an inch or two nl the Rprnut above ihe'surfa'ce. The pota (oe noiirishes thc shnoi, uhjlc it pushcs out rools, nnd the shnot pradiially springs and beeomcR a bcnuliful frce, bearing thc bcst oflruit, wilhout rcfiuirlng to be graf tcd. Intrcase of Pi'gs. Onc pair o pigs will increafc in s!x ycars to 119,169, taking ihc inrrcase at fl timcs pcr annum. A pair ol shecp in the Ra'tne'time would hebal 64. Detp SnotM. The dtpih ol snow which lcll.in Porlland diirlpgjhc mimth ,of Janu ntv Isst was ibrce fcct inches, The av- cragedcplhin Jsnuary for sevcraTye'ani past was 17 inches. Toprevcnt cditndt from Alortifuing. Sprinklc siiar on them. The Tiirks'wash fresh wouiids wiih winc, and sprinKle su- gar on them. UtMiinale ulcers may he curc d wiih sugsr dissolved in a slmhg dc- coclionol wamuricnvcs.