Newspaper Page Text
TUESDAY, MAUCH 31, 1837.
Froiu Washington, Saturimy, March !. l'ursumt to a requlsition from Prcsidctil Jaokson, tlio new Scnatomct attheCapitollhis day ,prcient R. M. Johnson, V. T.of tlie U. S. U Prcsidcnt of the Scnale,(t cvcry memborof tlio Scnate, including (lio followlngnow mcnibcrst O. II. Sinilli of Indiana, It, M. Ynnng of II linois, Wm. Allon of Ohio, Uucl WilUama ol Malno, and Porry Smithof Connecticut. Thc oath was administcrod to tho Vicu Prcsidcnt and Scnaloti, and llio V. P. mado a very briif and modost siiccch. Corrsspondcneo of the N. Y. Dsily Express. Washington. March -lth. 1837. The Inauguratlon is ovir, iho last gun is fitod, tho crowUa aro uisperseu : anonowin my cosoy ohamber 1 havo soizcd my pen to ttil you tho slory. Tlio Inauguratlon or Coronation ovcr sca is flnTT.linir nfiiiir. in whicli Ivincs and Clucens. Pccrs, Lordj, and Ladics, with nll tho pridc and rovolry of n Coutt, appear all llio pompof wcalth and powcr, to Uiat "ho vf ry air eecms to sbtno witli jcwclry, anu wiiii Eearici anu purplc. Thcre tho noto of prcparation is heard montlm bcforc-hand, and tlie nfiair ia talkcd of as ronio nintli wondcr of tlio world I Whon I saw tho Foroign Ministers and CAor ois in tho arca of thc Senato Chambcr to-day, the brcasts of sotno of whom glittcrcd wilh . ' zHng utiiforms and po'liehcd nir 'conVriltu"T curiously wilh tho plainneas and siinplicity ol7 oround, I ivas struck more tlian cvcr wilh th.. creflt rhnnflo llicro ii in iuannCIS. and CUS- toms, and feeling, bctwccn Iho olhcr sido of the water and this. Our most distinoutshcd mcn oppcarcd in thcir pjain coats ot dark or bluo. Thcre was Clay, who had dis t in ialicd liimsclf as ajnegofiator abroad,begging of Pron liss hic usual pinch of snufT. Uivee, who had figurcd at tho Tuillcries, was buricd up in his big-armcd chajr. Duchanan who had bccn on that cxilo mission, which has bccn tho Siberia uf our Polilicians, was hnnging downhis loer ing hcad. The Tecunisch killor was in tho Vice Presidoril'fl chair. All was aa plain, as eimplo, and as unostentatious as ifa fcw of us had gotlicred togcthcr in town mccting to acltle ubout a town tax, whcn onc of tho most euguat ccrpmonies ever tnortal man ctnjaged in, was going on. and that, a wliolo peoploma king onc man thcir chicf rulor ! Thus liave wo nojv in almost cvery thing, east ofT all furms, and all tho mockcrics of falso display, trusling to ectcro and rigid Bimplicity, the whicb I bcliuvo is wcll, for it we cannot prc serve libcrty and law, without dclusiro cere inony, I do not bclieve that we can long prc sctvo llicm xcith. Tho ccrcmony of inducting Col. Johnson intotbcVico Prcsidency, was performcd in tho Senato Chambur at an carly hour. The Colonel made a short oddresp, in which hu "felt suniibloof tho honor," but it did "not rcquirc half an eyo to tcc, that tlioiCoIo'ricl was "not at liomc," nnd in a most . uncomror- ibuio oer;n, wnicu ine couiury nas givennim. Howcver excellent thc Colonolmay hav.cbcen in " injun-kitllng," it is'quUofclear,. hi---gu'n About half pastJ2!ociJJr. VanBurcn and Gen. Jackfon, snlfnded'by'lKe Senatorial Comniittea or'Arr)gemcnla,,ond tho Secre tarieaof pejisfftmcnts, arid the'dmccrs of tho Corporutiatf 0 Washiiigton, canio into tho "o'6 Qian'ber, vQn tno Scnatora a- Jie?hy had.been cscortcd to tho Capitol ojacompany of cavalry, and of infantry oN "Jrt siiiithb'Phseton made of the timbcr of General jacnson on ina itiu iiiicruiiiing uut tho J'reslocm, anu ci-rreBiuum, mu ctuua ries, the Scnatora, and tho Forcign Ministers, to tho Portico of the east front of tho Capitol, where Mr. Van Boren walkcd upon a little platfornVcrccted on tho ttcp, and read to the niultitujnj around and bclow, his Inaugural Addrcss. His voico ros eo wcak, that ho could bc hcard but a short distanco off. But the mass waited patiently until he was Uirough ; and thon aroso a fcoljlo thuut. I would do all the iusttco I could to ths approbation thcre tr.ade monifcst : but nevcr beforeon ony sim llar occasion, for such a mass, did I cver spo to little of cnlhusiasm orvivacity, and whal thero ww seemed to be awardcd to tho move monts of the "Illustrious Cbief," und not to the Prcsidcnt clect. The concourse was grcat lur"er it is eoid than in 1628, the peculiar faciliScs of travclling btinging more strangers in, but in 182S, tho whole air rang wilhdcaf. ening shouts, while now but a hat waved hcre and thcre: and tho opplause was eickly to the ear. The Inaugural wifs rmd a few moments be fore one o'clock. Copics wero thoncirculatcd amorig tho crowd, and by this timealso, it was on ite way to New York. I cannot say I think it a remaikablo document. It has the fault of all Van Bnren'a compositions, many words and but lcw idcas. As to thc slavcry quettion in thc District of Columbia, ho more cxplicil, but why that eubject should have becn sclccted to occupy a prominent placo in an Inaugural Mcssage, I am lcfc to conjecturc, not to know. As to tho Farewell Address accompanying the Inaugural, ii is " Old llickory" from beginning to cnd. The " Hcro" could not go to the Hormitago witb out another kick at " tho monstcr," the V. S. Bank : and thcn ogain, wo havo a homily on paper moncy, whcn during the administialion of thin old Hero. who eivcii us the Iiomilv. hU r.tasurcs havo triplcd th paper circulation of the country. Tho Parcwcll Addrcss was not read. Af. ter Mr. Van Buren had flnishud the reading of his Inaugural, Chief Justice Tanoy Hinlnl i...i io inni Uic oailis or oltico : and thcn all rctircd, iho Prcsident and cx-Presidentto the Pbaton, and the crowd to Ibcir homes, or to iho levee whicli Mr. Van Buren eavo at the White IIouso immcdiately after, whilher rnnhrit tho innumcrabte crowd. to sce tho East Room, or to shako llie new Prcsident by the hand. Tho cx-Pretidenl will, on to-morrow or ncxt ftav. IPi'nd his wav horWeward to the Hcrmi- tagi. I hope ho will not forget to leave that Currcncy Bill, which he has thrust into his hreeehoB uocket. The idea of a Prosident atoaling a bill from Congroas, thon giving the Peaple a Farewcll Address iiill ol prctr from hi breeches pockel, is not just tho thinc in this ycaf or our L.ord lOii I uui uenerai Jackson is going homo to lalltwo " monstera" Bell und Bailia Payton whoin 1,1. ivill u.t fmd it bo casv t.t thriist inln his i.rwrhn imrkrt. as tho bill re"iilnin thecur ...nou ,Iii.i "monsters" ho mtist havo In kill for the old man ncver livcd a day ol his hfe without a monster in his eye, from tho tnnohc tritd to " assassinate" Col. Bcnton, lo tho time hofoll upon tho United States Bank. God t peed him tafe rcturn, and a long lifo, but nrav hcavon "Ks mav ncver conie back to SVjnhinpton. II. Mondat, Matcli C, Spent in Execuljve busincss witli closcd ilours. Benj, P. Butttr wa noiniuatod und confiriKcd as Sccrelary of 'Wor for tho tlmo bcing. PniDAT, March 10. Daily until this day thcScnalosat witli clos cd doors, and, tho busincss being complctcd, odjourncd wilhout day. Tho old cablnct rc mains, a new Sccrctary ol War bcing appoin. tcd. Tho lollowlng aro tho principal cxtcu. tivo appointments Appointtnents by thc Prcldetit, ly and wilh tho advico and conscnt of iho Senale i Jocl H. Poinselt, of South Caroluia, to bo Sccrctory of Wor. Gcorgo M. Dallas, of Pcnnsylvanin, to be Envoy Uxtroordinary and Minlstcr I'lcnir'o tentiary to tho Court of His Mnjosty tho hm- noror ol all ino uusbibf. Hcnry AVhcalon, to be Envoy Extraordina rv nnd Minister Plcnipotcntinry at tho Oouit o'f His Mojcsty tho King of Prtissia. Wi'.liam II. Ilaywood, of North Carolina, to bc Charge d'Affaircs to tho King of Belgi- iiw. .... . , Alcco La Brancho, of Louisiana, to bo Chor"0 d'Aflaircs to the Itepublio of Tcxes. "William "V. Chew, of Pennsylvania, to bo Sccrctary ol tho Lcgalion ol tho Unilcd Slatcs to tho Court of His iMajosly tho Empcror of all tho Ilusfias. Hcman Lowry to be Marshal fur llio JJu tiict ol Vctnioul. Abraham Van Burcn to be Sccrctary under the 6th eeclion oflhe.acl to recogniiolhoacn cral Land Offico, approvcd the 4th day of Ju ly, 1836. Tnl.n r?Mrnn nf Tpnnessoo. and WiUian Smith ef Albaina, to bo Associato Juiticcs of thc Suprcmo Court or llio ueulcu oiaies. T. . Hlll Ul WilSIHlial,.,.; 1n tn Vnrot Extraordinry and Minlstcr Peni.iotontiary lo the Unitcd Mcxican Statcs. toboscntwhun. cyor v.likuuii)tances will pcrmit a renr.wal ol diplomatic intcicourse honorably with that Power. Charlcs Ellis, to bo Sccrctary of Lcgation of Iho Unilcd Statcs to thc United Mexican States. ChailcsA. Ingcrsol! of Conncrlirut, to be Sccretary of tho Lcgation of tlni Unitcd States (o tho Court of His Majcaly thc Kingof I'rus sia. CONORESS THE RESULTS. Niltllillg of conscqucncc has bccn done positively, but a grcat dcal has bccn donc ncgativchj or rathcr left undonc. About ciglity ncts, pub lic and privatc, have bcen passcd not so many in numbcr, nnd probably, save thc appropriation bills, not ol so mueh import ancc, as the ucts ofa single four wceks bcs sion ofthc lcgislaturc of Vermont. About seven hukdred bills werc rcpoited and not Thc most important bili pa"s,sed1byvbotli Houees waa thc 'fj 'SOir cuiirency Biiirr i This bill was 'riot a-tfatlvi'rncasuri; hax'i .a-tfarlymcasurc, ha'5 ing rccclved cvcryjvotcb'ut fivcin tfie'Sen- pH,i uiuiciuau nvo inirus iu uic xiuuse, Va unanimity bcaring the etrongest tcsti- mony that the country ilcmandcd the mca sure. The provisions ofthc bill were very simple : thc first section rcquired the pay mcnt of all govcrnmcnt ducs in "legal cur rcncy," viz. goM or silver, or in bills ofsuch banka as rcdccmcd thcir notcs on dcmand with gold and silver, and on the pasiage of this bill issucd no notcs lcss than $5 aflcr oa, io.)?) I1U iitM.u lcaa lliail jlU- -"nTl(l after Dcc. 30, 18-11, no notcs less than $20. The second section cuts oir notC3 which thc deposite banks will not crcdit to the U. S. as cash, and authorizcs the withdrawal of the public depositcs from banlt3 which a busc thcir powcr, by rcfusing to reccivc as eash, for government ducs, bills which thcy do receive as cash in ordinary bank busi ncss. Thc third and last section providcs that land scrip nnd trcasury ccrtificatcs may bc hcreafter, ar they are now, receiv ed in paymcnt for public lands. It will at once bc sccn that the object and efli'ct was to rcpcal the notorious Treasury ordcr. This bill was defeatcd by Prcsident Jack son, and by nieans thc most reprchensiblc : he did hot use the veto two thirds of Con gres3 would have passcd the bill iu spite of it, and the Prcsident would have been in stantly thwartcd in the attempt o put his wtllabovc thcpeople's. His courbe tvas this: in thc altcrnoonof March i! hc rcccivcd the bill and scnt it, with a fcw ridiculous ques tions, to Attorncy Gcncral Butlcr. Thc Attorncy Gcncral retaincd it until 5 o'clock P. M. of March 3, to writc a rcply which any onc ofhi3 elerks' could have made in two hours ; and thc Prcsidcnt kcpt all the papcre in his posscssion until 15 minutco beforc 12 P. M., the hour at which, accor ding to his decision, the Prcsidcntial and Congressional terms wcrc at an cnd and then, on the plca of cant ofttme to act dc- finitivcly, he rctains the bill, nnd scnds thc Attornny Gencral's lcttcr to thc Sccretary ofStatc's ofTice, thcre to be filed as thc rca Bons for his conduct. Evcry man can scc, evcn if hc has but one poor jaundiccd eyc, that all this is but a piecc of Prc6idcntial humbuggery, frora thc beginning to thc cnd. The grand plca iswantof time thc ctern- al cxcusc for cvcry act of which onc choo scs not Ui takc thc rcsponeibility ; and in this instancc it was a talse n.EA. The bill was passcd by thc Scnate and printcd fivc or six wecks ngo thc Prcsidcnt undoubt cdly had a copy of it, and must have becn "The futlowing aro the questiom, Ihe cimplicity or ridiculouanuss of whicli will be rcsilily pcrceivcil by looking at ihe provisions of tho bill i "I. Will tlie prnposeil bill, ifapprored, rcpcal or allcrthe las now in force Hesignalin!! tho ciirion. cy requiroJ to be roceived in naymrnt of the pub lic ducs, for lanli or otlirrwise ? "Will It compel tlie Treaiury officrrs lo rtceivo tho noles of speeie.pajing! banlis, Imving tlie char actei'utics dcucribrd in Its first and sccond scc tions? "In what reipnct doei it diflVr from, and how lar will it chancf. Iho joint rciolution of Apnl 30, 1838?" Dcrfectlv faniilinrwillifvcry liucandword. But supposo he liud nevcr hcanl of thc IhitiK until thc 2d of Marcli, aiid that Attorncy ' Gcncral ButlcrwascilhcrBobaillyacquain- Miim to tmdcrstaild llic powcrannd tnc wor ted with legislatlon upon thc CUrrcncy, or JWng of tlmt eotnplicatcd and niccly bulanc so lav.y tlnt hc could not writc n hiodcratc- lcd macliiiw wliichconstitutca tho Amcrican Ivlonc lctli-r until 5 P. M. of March 3 governmctitr And what nrc thc icrvica Wl,v did thc Prcsidcnt kccn Uic nancrs ul. tilit was time for Congrcss to ndjourn? Whv was not Butlcr's lcttcr scnt to thc Scnate, as contalning rcasons for I'ftotngl Ihc bill, ihstcad of bcing scnt to thc bccre taryofStatc, as an npology for rctainins it? Thc rcason is obvious: bcntupondc- stroying thc bill, and finding thc represer.t' ativcs of the pcoplc ncarly unannnous ni gainst him, his only rcsort was to put it ir) his pockct and kccp it without thcir rcacli itwaspultinghimselfabovcCongrcss; itwaj little bettcr than usunrATion the last no; of the rnsli hcad of a rccklcss ndininistra t'.on. Wc ate thankful that it is thc lasU THE LAND BILL, introduccd by Mr AVulkcr, was a pa)y mcasurc to buy Wcstcrn votcs, and ws carricd through tiic Scnate byaparty vtc. The Housc, howcver, had fcwcrsympattcs for Mr Van Buren and the 'squatlcrs,' nd the bill slccps upnn thc table, dead, dad, dcad ! ' . THE TARIFF BILL, reduciug thc tarill'and violating the cn promisc, was another party bantling, In troduccd by Mr Wrightand passcd liy iie Scnate. Vcry propcrly thc Iloitsc Iv'nt it otit by the side of its prcdccnss" 'llic twin brother, brottght forwardV Cambrc leng, was nevcr brought our)'" tnc com" inittcc ofthc wholc. THE FOUTIFIC1'101 IJH"L was another importan' mcasurc, dcriving most of itsimportancfrom tlic amcndmcnt oflcrcd by Mr. Ue and adoptcd by the Hotise, prvi(linfxol a distribution or thc SUItPLUS RFVENUE nmong thc scv- cral states in .Xin. 1838. This was defea- ted nv the Buren me.v in the Seit ate. Copment is hardly nccessary the simple frcls demonstratc that Van Burcn and hii men arc against giving up the sur- plusio the statci; but we may not foibear alluding to foriner cvcntij which cannot' bc cntirely forgotten. Two ycars pre- cfedy. rrom tho day on which thc Scnate dcjatraycu.thc la-t fortification bill, to wit, rMarcrTSd, 1835, thc thcn Whig Senatc rc- fuscdto'pass a fortification bill, on thc 'nround'that it nlaccd an immcnse sum of moncy in the hands of thc l'rctident, epec ifying gcncrally thc purposcs for which it should bc cxpended. Then thc adminis- tration prexscs wcrc loud in thcir denunci- ations ofthc aristocratic Senatc ; thcre was nolhing so odious as that samc Scnate, al though its action was to save thc moncy of thc people nnd prevent the possibility of an impiopcr use of it. Now, thc Scnate, com posed of thc fricndsof Mr Van Burcn by a der.isivc majority, has defeatcd another r. :r;vtl..u uui, ....iv iiouiiiBtiincc(i liit more aggravating : it has defeatcd Ihc bill bccausc it coutained a provision to givc the surplus, tiot to the Frciidcnt, but to thc People! Ol'coursc it would bc very con sistent fiir thc admiuistration cditors most thoroughly to denouncc thc 'aristocratic' and anti'dcmocratic Senatc now. Howcv er, anlicipating iin vcry hcavy draAs upon our columns, wc promisc to copy all thcir dcnunciations on this matter. TIIE ABOLITION PETITI0N3 Iie u)on thc table, dcad; thc Scnate nevcr dccidt'd thc prcliminary question upon thcir rcception ! Thus is thc right of pctition triflcd with frittcrcd down to almost a shadow. Congrcss has not said in so ma ny trordi it has said by its conduct We will not hcar thc voice of freemcn in behalf of the enslaved. Onc hundrcd nnd twcnty bills wcrc pas scd by thc Scnate which wcrc not passcd by the IIousc, and hundreds of bills were left unacted upon. Privatepcrsons, claim ants upon thc justice of thc nation ere the 8uflercrs, while thc office-holdcrs have bcen carefully providcd for by thc passage of the appropriation bills. We have bcen thus particular in notic- ing thc latc Congrcss bccausc bcretoforc thc lasinets or the neglipcnce of Congrcss has all bccn rhargcd to thc opposition. It so happencd that thc administration party had a majority tn both branches and thc vcsult is that io jmji'oh of Congrcss cvcr did so little as the last I The Farewelj. Auuuess. The readcr will cxcusc thc little pridc wc have in say ing that froiu thc Whig Watchuian oflicC was issucd thc first copy of A. Jackson's farewcll addrcss published in Vermont. Wc issucd itSaturday morning, March 11, thc sam day itwas published in most ofthc Boston papcrs ; and the firr.t notiee had of the existencc of thc thing by many a good Jacksoiiman, was thc ihing itsclf. Wc are really serinus in saying it is a thing, thi' likc of which may ncver be ecen again. Nothing more prupostcrous can bc imagincd, than Andrcw Jackson essutning the prcrogativc, which ncver bclonged but to one man in Amcrica, of excrcising thc paternal ofiicc of advizing and instructing a grcat people uulcsti thc advice itself is cven more prepostcrous. Where did An drcw Jackson cvcr prove himself a states man, qualified to advize any thing more than a town meetingor thc dclibcrations of n school district? VVhcro did lic cvcr atudy llic constilutioii or otorc liiniself witli legftl lorc and lcgislativc cxpericnce, to cnablu wlilch liave inadc him thc father of thc country, or warratil him in undcrtaking llic prcsumptuous taak of instructmg its pco plc? Wc do not say thero is nothing good in this paper : Ihc wriler of It has cvideiuly uimcd in somc rcspccts to imitatc thc valc dictory of Washington nd hcncc hc has ncccssarlly writtcn many a good thing; but in mainlaining throughout a studicd cfliirt to distinguish the partics of thc day, or, as wc hcard it cxprcsscd, saying vir tually "you dcmocrats arc taints, and you Whigs arc devils indraggingin thcdend bank for a parting kick; iu reiicafhig thc stalc notions about tho tarill'; iu dwelling upon tlie ultni vicws conccrning the cur rcncy, whicli all his bcst inlorn.cd friends scout as uttcrly crronpous ; and in thc ilis gusting cgotism ?t sclf'-conceit, oozing oul from almost cvcry paragraph no likcncss is to bc found to thc valedictdry of Gcorgc Washington. Again wc say, thc nddreea is n thing : thc bcst commcnl upon thc bcst parts of which is to bc found in thc conduct of onc Andrcvo Jackson l What a man is hc who l.oo o'gi.t ynara mndc decpcr inroads up on thc constitution, nnd donn mnrc for its subversion, tlmn all men bcside have donc since thc oxistcncc of that instrument to prcach thc doctrinc of a sacred regard for the Constitution l Although thc givcr of this cxccllcntndv'cc has most unforlunatcly crrcd in his practical excmphfication of his doctrinc, it is ccrtainly to bc duoircd that thc advicc will so far outweigh thc cxamplc as to coniribute matcrially to thc Belcction ofiieccsjors, to him and his, who will ex hibit a more consistpnt rcgard for consti tutional provisions. Onc tnight thhik that the loafcrs of thc ITitchen had quizzcd thc old hcro into a bc lief that, as at lcast almost a sccond Wash ington, he had a right, and thc pcoplc dc manded of him, to give advicc ; wc think, howcver, that.thisafiair, which camc likc a thunder-clap in n cloudless sky upon ihc uninitiatcd, was instigatcd by, and for thc advantagc of, bighcr game. Thc new Prcsidcnt has takcn sbelter so long undcr thc wings of thc chief that hc dare not try to go alone ; contcnt witli borrowed glory whcn Jackson was in, he is quite as wcll contcnt witli strcngth, borrowed from Jack- son's name, now thathc is out. Itis a fact that Jackson's valedictory and Van Buren s inaugural were printed in thc same pam phlet and have bcen scnt among the pco plc togcthcr: thisis the kcy which unlocks thc mystery ofthc mattcr. tfJ-Scvnral uominunicatioiis just receiv' cd, among thcm thc rcplv to 'Cepbas.' Be patient do. Tlicbanking bousc of Mcssrs Josephs, x. utely lcll to tlie grotnul also an unfinishcd bluck of fivc buildingn, no livcs lost. Therc aro 107 btudents on tho cataloguo of thc Wcstcrn Kcrcrvti'(Ohio) Collogc. B. Bathbun, Buflalo, has published an ac counl nf his aflUirs, ia whicli he states tho numbcr of persons in his cmploy at 2000 disbtireemcnts $10,000 pcr day. Tho imint,nso forgciics, ho says, wcro all committcd wilhnut his knowlcdgc, by his brother Lytnnn Itatli bun, assistcd by his two ncphcwg. Tho ship ETie, suppojcd lo bc lost, wilh all on board, has arrivcd at New Vork. Noah, tho old vcteran editor nf llio Slar, who was onco a stoul hurra-for.Jackson chap, thus Bpeaks of Jackson : "No man undcr stands prtaehing bcllcr, and praclfsfitff worto. Ho has lct us into tho mystery how to kccp thc slablo door lockcd aflcr thc slccd has bccn slolcn." Milittry Convtntion. Ou tho 8th inst. a convenlion wns holden at Castleton, compos. ed of dclcgatcs from tho sevcral rcgimcnts in Ihe 2d Brigado and sccond Division Gcn. Robinsun Hall prcsiding. A momorial to thc ncxt lcgislaturr, on the subjcct of tho niilitia law, was adoptcd, and also tha following rcs otutions : 1. Kesolvcd, That, in iho oplnlon of this mccting, a wiso and patriotic forccast impcra livcly reo,uires of ihe Lcgislaluro to adnpt proinpt and cfticirnt nicasures, by rrmunira ling those who do duty and luxing thosc who aro nnw cxcrnpt to muko Iho pcrfonnancu of duty in tho .Militia a mattornl intcrcst, pleas uri', and pride, both to llio ofiicer andxoldicr. 2. Ucsolvcd, Thal thoso individuals and members of our loginlaturo who have thus far rought to abolish the Militia syslcin of this State, conlrary to thn Conslitution, descr3 to bo hcld in ldting remcmbranco by us. 3. Rcsolvnd, Thal thc lliauks of this Con venlion be givcn to Gen. Phulps, Chairman of Iho Conmiilteo on Militnry AflUirs in IhoSen ale of Ukt sesMon, foi his uuwcaiicd exnriinnn Ir. tewo Iho Militia Act, and thal wo highly apprcciateliia inotives and lubors in to doTii". 'i. ucsoivcu, -i iiat ii is cxpcdieut that a Statc Convenlion becallcd to mcet at Mont policr on Wedncsday 0f Ihe accond wick of Iho scseion of tho nexl Lcgislaluro, and that i.x Dclegatcs from cach lUgiinontinthisBri". ade. and fivo DelegaleB atlargo bo appointed at thia time to attcnd said mecllng. The delegates were appointed. Wo inlcnd to give the meinorial a placo in our columns as soon as convenienco will allow. The Bonapartn icTolutionista at Straiburg hava been trlcd and acquitted. Dtmocracy ancUnt and moirm. Whcn I Thornas JclTerson was ir.augurotcd, ho wcnt to tlio Capitol onoot, unettcndcd cxccpt by a fcw friends. This was ancUnt dcinocracy. Whon Martln Van Burcn was Inauguraied, ho Was cscorlcd In a carriage, attcndcd by coachcs, cavatry and infantry, tho muslc nctu ally playing "Wha'll bo KINO," kc at tlio capitol honorcd with forcign ministcrs and at tachcs in court dresscs, aud finally grcetcd with tho flring ofcannon andsomo faintchcers from tho "populaet" .that is tlio tcrni uscd in dcscribing the sccno. This is modtm dcmoc. racy. This parallcl may bo run, not only in forms, but in principtes, and quito aa wido a discrcpancy will easily bo found. Sce tho nl most ovcrshadowing powcr of tho Exrcutive, claimcd and cxcrciscd tho last eight years tlio dictalion of party lcadcrs tho convcrsion of Congrcss intu hardly bcttcr llian a incrc rcgislry of tho will of o Prcsidcnt, Uc, &c. By tho woy, wo havo just sccn that Prcsident Van Buren ordcrcd iho Surgcoti Qcncrat of ihc U. S. Arrny lo aucotnpatiy .Mr. Juckson in part or all his jottrncy tothellcrinitagc : what busincss has llio Prcsidcnt to dctach an officcr of tlio governinonl on such an crrand ' Were cx-Prceidcnt Jackson to ask llioSurgron Ocn cral to aci'ompany him, and wcro Ihat ofiiccr to obtiiin Jlcavo of cbsencc fur tho purpof, probably nobudy would objcl; but wc do iu. sist that it is impropcr and nnti-dcmocratic to cndeavnr to givo tclal to any privato man by assigning to him lliu Bcrviccsf public ofli ccre. In Grcat Brilain, or Riissia, il might answcr; but in rcpublican Amcrica, Iho people aro pronc cnough to inan-worship, witlmut be- ng lcd on by Ihe I'rcmlent. Ttmpcranct Calais. On tho 15th inst. a lcmperanco mccting was holden at Calais, and an addrcss delivcrcd, after which a rcrpi'cta. blc numbcr wcro liandeomclyjontcrtaintd at tho Ttmprrance houte, rcccnlly opcncd on llic siage roau oy ucac. iortnan KiiOluo: tlitsi h'juse will bo condtictcd nlriclly ou temperance principles. A lcmperanco aocicty has nou" bocn organiscd in Galais about ciMHecn motitlii', nnd now numbcra niorc tliun onc li'in- drcd ineinbcrs. .VidJUstx. A mccling was holden at llio village on llio l.llh, and an addrcss dtlivcicci. Wc arc not apprizcd of Iho numbcr 61 llicSo- ciety. Montpefitr VHlngt. On tho Mth an adjottrn. ed mccling was holden at tbn Brick Churcli discuseions inlcrcsling and tliomuric cxccllent. Another a'djourncd mccling Titcsday cvening, March 21, half pasl G. A full and punctual attcndanco is cxpcctcd. " fourin Experlmtnt oflirlns Ih-ing with' out Ihe mfunj:" Otis, Broadcrs&. Co., Boston. By vomu mcans wo havo rcccivcd this little book before tho prcccding " Thrco Cxpcri monts." Of couro wo can speok only of the " Fourth" and, aflcr reading il, wonre bound to speak in vcry favorable terms : it is a vcry good tiiing, vtcll writtcn, aud calculatcd lo havo a favorable cffcct j so likc the cclcbrated " Tcmpcranco Tales" of Sargcanl, thal many rcadura will ascribe to him the authorship. Tcn thousand copics of it havo bccn sold al- rcady. 1'. S. II. II. Wcld, late editor of tlio N. E. Galaxy, is tho aulhur. " O'Conntl's .Uvtnturcs," in a rctidi.:ica of clevtn ycars in New Holland nnd llio Caro line islands : II. II. Wcld, editor, B. B.Muz zcy, Boston. nublifhcr. Many ol our rcadcra have sccn O'Conncll, who was hcre in Oclo ber last and many more would lil.o lo scc 1 iin, uller reading llic book of which hc is the hcro. Fcw men have livcd a lifo moro full of strange incidents and hair's brcadth cropcs, tf his book be Iruo; and indccd wc giiecrcd cnco to il. Thc book is not a mcrc rccilal of parsonal advcnturea : thero is tnuch informa lion to be gaincd from it, and thc rcader will lcavc it with an ardent dcfiru to know inoroof thc slrango pcoplc of Ihc Caroline Islands, a mong whom O'Conncl rnarricd and dnclt for a lons time. " Tlmt by the forelock." Tho V. B. rncn in ihc Maxsachusclls Lrgil.iluro have made a nomination to thc Prcsidcnl for a collcclor at Boston, ichtn theprtstnt incumbtnt goes out. Hon. Gco. M. Dallas, thenullifier, of Ponn 6ylvania, is lo Le etnt Minister lo Uussia. This is Uo fourth Ministct to Itusbia uilhin less llian nuie ycars; S9000 oulflt and 69000 salary pcr annuni to cach about SIO0,000or i niiMi'on lo Russia, since Jatksuli camc into ollice! Indiana. Mr. Davis (V. B.) dcclincs stan. ding a candidato for rcclcclion to Congrcfs, his district bcing for Harrison ; and Tho?. J. Evuns (Whig) runs ogali st Haiiiiean, (V. B.) and thu districl volcd for Harrifon. ' Tho Senato of New York has kickcd oiil ol doors the rctiliotis for cxtcnding the rilu of Irial by jury to negrocs claimcd as slavcu, by a vote of 17 to 8." .Vcw I'orAtr. Stvintetn is an ominoua numbcr in New York.ond wo would not hwl many tcurs lo seethese 17 Seiialors " kickcd oul" of thcir seats. Thcre is not much lovo for Ihe pcoplc nor for tho right of mcn, in lcgislators hIio would bar tip tho trial by jury by roslictions, though profcssing ncvor o strongly of dcinoc racy. " Grani: haUliie slgn cj distrcss I" Whcro is tho last Middlebury FreePrcss ? Wc wish to sco Ncd Barber'a xetthering denunctathn (!) of ono Martin Van Buren, oti account of a certain addrcs", callcd by an abolitionist wag, scrrio-augural 1 Mr. Jewcll, wo will give you txsa of tho thrte copiua of tho Froo Prow wo rcccivcd wcck btTorc last, lor tnc of your last weik'f. It is slalod in a New Orleans pipcr that thcre is nota tinglo houic of worahip in all Toxas. It iasfttd lliwo la Iroublo in the Cabinst t Washington, Mr. Fdrayfli having scnl in In reslgnation, wlilcli wus aflcnrurda wllhdrawn iLjThi- abovo is confirmcd, witli llio addi tions thatMr. Povsyth's lctlcf was addrcssci to "Mr. Van Durtn, Vrtsidtnt of the U. S,j and that it was scnt to the Qlobo ofllcc, witl an addrcss to tho pcoplo of Georgia, botl (.tiitli UJarA In Ivnn Ki.f iln .x supprcsacd I Prclly wcll for a beginning. ICpTho Baltimoro Chroniclo saya that nitluitl..lli.lt- tl.A hnvm.nl T ... ilt' "u.n.lll.lultulllL .l.u 'uiiiibii. vi uiiiiinn l. ll.n .1.. . the lsl of January was S'11,000,000. Tlm IVIiliin.., ri . -.1 .1 .l r ci . . . , . . .!!..! :r n... T-..1 ii . iiiih ii jiuvu ii uiiii jutnBU cou u rpmfl n inn cnougn in oltico iu rescnt ttus cavalter trcat- - r ., . I . ... . iiiuiii ui lliu iniiHury yuiuii;iiiuu, vrno aro reai ty tho bcst matcli fur him he has cvcr had.- We rathcr think Ihev ininlilcnnnucr tven him ,.,!. a r .1 . .i V.U'll.a. A IUIIUUIT IIITJ lillU X IUBIUI.III UIU IIUI I II.- r.l . : . . I I .. Icr much. P. S. Tha trial of Ocn. dainos is cotnplitcd, but no decision has bccn vcl givcn. Gaincs' dcfcnco is principally fillcd w!lh abusc of Scolt. It is snidlhat 30 Scnatora si"iird a rrnuest lo Prcsident V. B. lo rcscjnd llio Trcatur) Or dcr. ICPThomas Hart Bcnton, tho hcro of Chap- cl Hill, wlicrc hc sudilcnly left an Academy fnf thefl nnd nf Nashville, whcro ho Iricd to .kill Gcn. Jackhon tha botnbastlcal, bullytng, ru.nluiicti'out loarrr of tho Scnate tho fjith- ci of modcrn polilical humbuggory and the groat bank hater, who rcprcscntsntlalc whoso lagislature has just incnrporatcd afive million " inoustcr," iiino tcnlhs of the stock of which must bo taken in olhcr states has bcon nom- inated and is euppnrtcd for Prcsidcnt of tha Unilcd Slntcs by tho I'hiladclphia Dcinocral ic Hcrald, tho paper for which Bcnton is said lo have writ.cn lctters in praiso of Mmielf! Thc Wliigs of Illiudo Island havo nornina lcd u Slale Ticliel. England and Rtissi.iaro geting by tho corJ about Iho Bl.ick Soa. If black tycs follow, it will provc a gtcomy Hubjccl. For tho Waicl.man and Jouinsl. DiETTiSiSS II. Maf.cu 10th, 1337. TO ANDIIEW JACKSON, LATE PI'.ES IUENT OF THE UNITED STii. Your pharUuicnl prnlcsion ol 'cconntu1 ' was ono of lliu hobbics upon which you rouc iulo ofiicc. The words 'rttrcnchinciil' nnd 'rr form' wcro llio baita llint lured innny on hnn- esl bul deludrd cilizcn inlo lliu rur.k j uf your parlirar.s. You 'imito Congr n lo socirlain what ofliccs can bc di'pensod wilh, what c. pcnscs rctrcnched.' Again, 'you cannot too strongly urgo tho nccciessity of rigid ecor my.' ludecd your nunual niessngca nrc i lardcd, with dcuiagogical profusion, will .o woids and phroses, 'rcforin, 'retronchnicnt,' 'cconomy,' 'rigid cconoiny,' ctc. ctc. So much (or vuurproesji'oiu. Invour; " tiee wo bchrld a progreusivc iiiercaiio in tlie Oliiary cxpcnscs of govcrnmcnt, far bcjond that of ony fortner pcriod ofthc samc duration. Wilh yiuir multiplication of oflices, I have somo diubt? whcthcr it would be hu manu to rprnach you, awarc as 1 am that tho crealion of cvcry new oflice cnabling you not only to securc a volcr but an activeand indun- Irious parlisan, prcscntcu a tcmptatiun to'dis. penfc' with a modicum of ymir nmple prolcs sions, too puwrrfiil lo bo rosistcd by ufiy in whom rcgard for consistcncy of charactcr and the wcllare of i Iie nalion, is cnished by an in satiatilc tnirst for power. Thc lawless, proflirzale, undenied andundc niablu (quandcring of larso siims of thc pub lic trcasurc by ihc Pott OfliccDcpartment,is)a practical commcnl upon your loalhsomo prc tcnsions lo a rcgard for 'rigid cconomy,' and your sinccrily in 'urgins upon Cor.jjress thc nccoEfily of nn inllcxible dctermination not to incrcart the wanls of govcrnmcnt by profimo or uniieccssary cxpcndilurcs,' clcarly with'tn the cornprilicnsioiifl of Iho mcancsl capacity nol blindcd by thc I'aticied glarn of your mili lary cxploit. Pcriuit the liuiiihlc individuat who now ad dtcfjc you lo dctoin you at ihe Post-oflice bul u moment longcr llio Hislorian will imuale jiiii Ihcrc. Evcn had you not yourself voiun tarily and ofl'icially inlurmcil tho public that you was tp.rponsililc for ihe conduct of 'my ntiici-iu,' ihe circuinslanco of your perrrfitting Mr. Barry to rcmnin at tho hcad ot the Post Ofiicc Deparlment, for ycars after his nial practicci had bccu oflicially disclosid tn the world, and of coursc wero known toyou, con stilulcd you nn accessury iu his crimc;. For tbcso crimcs, if you have forgotteti thcm, Ire fer J ou lo the dcvclopemonts mado in ihe Post Ollice Ilcporlf of comniiltccs ul Congrcss, in tho romcoi-ilioii of Mhicli, a majority were par tiruni ol" jours. From a perusal of llicsedoc iimciils jnu will bo reiniiidcd of minicrou in alancrs of i-onlcmpt and violalion of Iho law, iu vrtmaturcly opening fealcil proposals tor coiucvmg tho mad. for iho imrpose ofmokmg Ihe nflvrs of those pcisnns hclii-vcd to bo un. Iriendly lo llio Exccutito ii.cumber.t, known lo his parlisans, Ihat tho laltcr might have an opportunily to rt-ncw, or so rcgulate Ihelr bid as to sccure thc contructis wilh on undcrslan ding, thal a splcndfi'. addilional rcmuneration -huuld be lliciia in the shape of extra allotcan. "llcrc, Mr, was a spccica of llio public ser vico whcrcin it uppearcd impossiblo that you could sbew any cxclnsire favor, bccause th law rcquired ihat staled pioponals should be handcd in until a sct day, whcn all wero lo be opcncd and Iho lowest biddera receive ths con tracls. But so delcrmincd wero you thatnone but your own parlisans should rcccive adollar ol Ino public money, that you hcsitatcd nof, ultcily tu ditrcgard and Iramplo under foot tho laws rcgulating tho Department in qucstion. Indccd laws and national boundarics, presen tcd, alike, but fccblo barrms, whcn the one chauccd tu intorsect wilh vour line ol march, or tho olhcr to crm iho patii of sotne pre-tle-tormincd purposo. The omple funds of tho Post OfTice Depsrt tnout, togcther with lsrge sumo borrowed on Us crcdit. by its nsicns.hle hcaJ, unaulhorized by law or pnccdent, bcing all squandercd, a partial dwclcsuro of his mal-administralion bccamo necesssry oivd with autpassing im pudonco, he akod Congress for more moncy to kep tho regular machinery of his Deparl ment in motion. And you, sir, in accordance with Your nnvaryinj practico of shitting all the blame from )ourown, and tbeihoulderii of