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AJVD STATE JOURNAIi.
B. p. WALTON AND SON, l'UlSLluiiifB. 2 PEtl ANNUM SI.50INADVANCE LINES BV J. O. WIHTTIEH, . ... ... -. i i ... f . o Ooo. JWrtcr 0 Pcnnttlvama, in ial nic lageon tln subjcet oftlaticry. rmcn on rcaii111 " ri'.n..'. ...... ........... nank IjlOU lor UIU U'r.uii . 'jiic ui. ia diiii 11 1 . . n.i Uio ( :. .1.- n.l nftl... .nniinlftln. ili.pn.rnnlPfl flnil f.rn.1. ...i whpn tha mti tnuuo ucnas to ino siorm ; re bowcd at an idol polluled willi blocHl; ncn irauors 10 r rvcuum, anu nunui, nH ihn lin nfhpr hnn.ir ia low in the dust.- .Ikcn ! licn tho rccrcani norin nas lurgouon ur uus., nariK uou.inai ono armirum uiusiiikmi: ti.. ...... 11? nn upa, inai ono man us ih.-i.-uii.ii m.111 ........... Vr lliy cratfa, Alleglniny, n blast lias bocn bloivn ! ..wn su ti.fn NiiniiniiAiin.i. irifl m rmnr iinn nnnR f Libcrty swcetcncd wilh Slnvery s pain ; 0 ine mnu ui his oniiiii ui uiu cirinur v i;niiii ncro we cant ni ueinocracv nwcns on uw uni rtho rorccrn oriottcrs, nml wletdets ol wmps hero 'chivaltit' lionor mcans rca Ivno more nnn nrniirpini.nl wnmpn. nnn rnnuinir uia naor nero 1110 ivioiocn ot avcrv aitirui on niaii. nd llie words whicli lis uticrs arc uvrihtp or dicl inl.l nnn.n..t ..I. .nnn.l 1. uk.rnVa. llli. hlnlit fihp wronireJ and Ihe ouillluM is cryinc lo God: lierever a s avo in liis iimera 19 nininir ncrcver ine lain 01 1 0 urivens iwininc - nerovcr lrom Kindreu. torn ruuoiv anarr. omes ino sorrowiui wanonno oroncn 01 ncari ncrever ino snacxics 01 lyrrany uinu n.rn inn .n.i i. nnwr.i ii irmn ur.u r.n ...i. nc uonua snau uo ioocncu mc iron snaii mcit : nd ob. wi II tholanJ. whero thc freo oul of Pesm ' .... ... ; o tho pcclcd, and llio molcd, & ouicast of oartli ' 111 1 ia anu wnore a ije.iezet snirn wcnt lortn ncro ino worus 01 mo lyiiantT oi i.iomy nri i .... .11. ... ... ....... ho chrlslian and Btalcsman llicir elTort. combin'd : hcro hrat. lor tno wroncu it ino weait 01 uien kmd r:ti .1.. 11 .i. r t?....iam 1.. 1 I.l .11. t.ll IU lllli I..I.I.V UI . HbUUIII UU U. . . o, KiTHER! licr bricnus.'ai iny warnitiir, wil rccl for thc iruth. liliothciranccslralband sland casiiiiu vaiiuij'i uu. ninnj'i iuu iuu lluo ui .vroillf, vi .1 iiviniiivu, uut iiu. uuiiiu uii iiaauiji-a uiuj 1 ..I'lia.ivu uv ii u uiiiici. inc Biiuiiicnnu inc 111.111. lu cnuniin" i.'.ii;ii iiui lur iriiLii u ini?ir irnin 1 o a u uitii uum iiciiriuu vuuuianrv, iinneiiL anu irur. no, iiaicrs lo irauu, cirn in laiior Us due : 1101c lauicrs, oi uiu, sang, in couccrt tviin thino, 1 iuu uiiiiKs 01 owciara, 1110 sonos oi inc itmne hn r.nrn nf lhn nrninl in Ihn rnnen nrilm el v.. . ill thc ionfl of such nicn jiold llio lords of llio south ".Jf .... ...uii.a . "..V llin llio Ullrtlll, nicn moir latners smotcolt,pn tiionegro ugam u,ll...x.J.i UIIU VUItC, IIHU UIU KI1UI1I. Ill IUU UIOUU, hrn Ino roar ol tlio slorm waxos loud K more louu, hrrcvcr thc loolcrthe lreemnn halh prcsscd, uuiviiu i.iunin. inaigu lu uiu iuku ui llio wcslj II tho land itiweps over Bhall tretnblo bdow ! to voico of a peoplo unrisen awake ino souincoinc ureczcs snai accnen sna trrow. 'Hitncr and IJUrtyGtxlfur the ri;ht!' hciglil, It ia a remaikablo fict lliat tha first tcstimony of ougious Doay againsi uiro siavery, was inai oi a ciety of German 'b'ricnds' in Pcnnsylvania. For tho Walcliman and Journal. Messrs. EuiTORa, Will you communicatc lollowinc rcllpctions, on llio subjcet ol vprv. m in. nniiiii' iiiriiiii.n inn mptiniin r.i ur columna. I do not prcscnt mysclf aa a iilrovcrsalial, but as a young man sccking CUII..VI IIIIIJI lllllllUH , t DUjr tu f rci IIIIU1IIIU- ii, tor in tlicsc twtslmg imiea rucIi an ingtc- nt ia, in my vicw, vcry tcarcc. I'oint ino . .1. . ! .l. 1 .1. . . ..... ' uie man, ia ino prcacui uay, wnoso moiai political pcrcuplions, arc not in foiiic mcas- ? iiTi.4f rn(?li.il hv nnrtv linffi. niul I ill rimr him as wilh a dying graip. Now, Mcssrs. itors, I do not think it ni co-siry lor inc to tr.: : . i . ! . -i i.ii t uk iiot. Is slavcry an cvil ? Ycs ! says Northcrn man. Is tlicrc a remedy for it ? 'S I TIiiil is it ? ITorn i llif. hnnn nf rlif. iiding nnd pcculiarly agravaling. Aduiiu ' It is onl.l Ihnl ll.n .11,.... I ,.C !.... . Uut wliat is llie rumcily l'liysicallotco tnoral suasionj thc fornicr will bo rcjrclcd I all : how to npply thc laller w'Uh snccofn is grand enigtna to no suivcu. i nat il can bo dono bv a rash. itnskilfut liand is rcadi- adm'tlcd. That our Soulhi'rn brcthrcn sce il miiiprpni pvi'F. nr il nr 11 11 fiiiiirpni rnn. cnccs. lrom t.ur own. is w nai cannn. no uc- d. Whclhor blavcry has had a tcndcncyto ng obout, what tce -connuivu to bc obtusc- e not dcny, nor allirni. I may bc pcnnit- fn ltni.p niv lltnifrhl linnn lhn qiiIii. pl l.nur. in iravciung H.nn a gcnucinan iroui .lafitnn Inai lr.ll nnnti llin .v n.inm rnn. cld a convcraalion wilh himnpnn thia sub I. It was cvidently an a?itatinr lonic: I ild pcrceivc an cbbing and flowing of tho iii, ivlicnever llio suliject was introduccd, u in its mildcst form. lio said wo had ri9ht to inlerf ro at thc North upon lliis iicci. i piiiimpn nn ni nnr. inan inn riirin m unin injr iiiiiiu iituij uiiu j i mthiy iiiuii iuu tject, as an American citizcn phould; and, en Iho dcclaration of " .' ual right$" llai-h-in his face, ho tvadcd it by eajing, "the cks wcro not " nuii;" tli.it ilmy did "not 1 ... l e .1 .1 Il,l.!a ...... !... I iT. t." Not so ; hc was a man of hifnrina ) ; hc had Inirolhd in Europc, was, to all iearanco a gcntlcman, and would, undoubt y, avoid crushiHg n rnail, as soon as a rlhcrn man. But hc would talk of buying I svlling liynnati beings wilh ns littlo indif- ll.l , 1. u VI.IIIU Uk UU.I.. II. I.JIUIUI D I ho did not hcaitate todi-clare that thc God naluro had " t'nrniccl the nugru raco to act ho capacily of slavcs." Now 1 Jo not i. . i i . i :..!t i.. ii lu uu iinuurniuuu us juiiiuij. ui a cni a acainst the Colonizationists," wlicnlafk at objcction such an itidividual could have pondcnta answor this, ft-y my information ? puli, who has of lato graccd your columna, ccntrato his wholo forccs upon this " all oiuing toptc." i rcjoico inai "llio iwisi- part ot csmmumtv" ire bccinnin" tn ak out upon lliie subjcet j il prumiscs rnuch u; unu. as i am an cnrmv to a i tnnati cinn, I lio'C scon, lo fco llio " (anulics nnd dctimgougca" swcpt oll, 08 willi a Lesoni of ilcstructiom. In quctying n little upon A. P'o nrticlcs, 1 wisli Iiot lo bc consiJcrcci 118 n (lis pntoiil, (ns 1 pctceivo lio Ima ulrcady a com putitor,) liut mcrcly ns ono ecckin" lor infor nintion. A. P. inl'orina us tliat"nTl volunlary slavelioldiug is einful," lliat it can "only bo jtistiHcd liy nocnnkity." Hc llicn acks tlicquca tiun, " Uan nny inan uf snno niind, dcny tliat lliis ncccsfily docs not somcliines cxist?" Now, wliat 1 want to Know i, whcllicr thcro ia anactual " nectssity" for tlio " copliimanuo" ol slavory in tho Unitcd S'alcs? " Slavory is tlio cntiro eubjcction oT'ono .pereon to tlio will of anothcr," in tlio languago of A. I From tliia indiapiitablo premifc, lic comcs to tlio'conclusioti, lliat, if tlio master moy coni mand tlie ncricca of n tlavc, " even at an ap prentict," hc U to bo callcd n slavc. Thia ia cvidently nuking slave and apprtntlce synon.i ymona term". Wliat aay you to tliia Amcri can youtliH ? Slmdcs ol Franklin, vc rcnicni ber tliec 1 Would not t omo of our moli oria tocrats liavo a " 'elll" lo retnin an apprcntico oiifftr tlmn'lio would bo disposcd to stay? I always auppotcd tlicrc tvas a stipulation bc ttvccn tlio partics; and,tliat bolli wcrcbound to aliido llio contract. I ilinll wait for ligbt on lliii point ; and thongli I sliall tnlio no cx ccptions at bei.ng called " ctnzy, u fanitic, or fuol," atill tlio argumcnt nmst bc put in a lit tle Uillcrcnt shnpt, to bo convinclng. I ncvcr know btforc, tlial tlio " crazy fanatics" tliouglit prnpcr to liavo tlio tlavcs " lct loosc from ali rcttraml. ' If I am not mislukcn, A. P. Ima ' uscd thia " man of straw" un&tnlltmanly, liut lor tlio " rcmcdy." 11 ia 110 lcss . .......... .1 .1 .1 .1. ...... mnu nff im i inn mrii.inr ini Binvn rnriannno wiljing and ablo lo bt free." IIow tlicn aro " " ; .. "u.u wo 10 maKO " cnriJlianj " liy icacinng llie uocirincs 01 unriii. v nai arc uicv uo ..... ...1.1 1 n.. .i 77" " 1 " ' . lirminhf fn Gnibrncc llns mle. tho wnrk is .Inn.. w 0 . ( ' .. . . . Dut tlio first stcp 19, to niakc a "cliristian" ol t,e ,113SC1 . for i0 tlavo is, undoubtcdly.one already eo (araa "uillling" goos. Bnt licrcis a difficulty, A. P., wc cannot prcach thia loc trinc nt thc Soulli ; it 19 loo ncar akin to tln doctrine of " Equal riglita." Wliat bhall wc ib ? for u o cannot bclicvc tho mastcr will niakc bi slave "alle lo litfree," till liciswiU ling to do .19 ho would bo dono by. IIow Bhall we go to woik to leavcn tliis lump ? If tvc cannot placo tho leavcn in tlio " mcai-ure nf meal," wliat olhcr method ia thorc, hut to placo it conliguoua to it, and lct ono particle opcratc upon anothcr till tho wholo lump ia luavcned 1 Tliat " mighty rcvolution" wliich A. P. dtclarcs, " is nteited at the South," is nm'd up in muking both maetcr and elavo " christians.'' Now as writo for informn (ion upon lliis Biibjcct, I Iiopc to hear from llie pcn ol your ablu corropondent, what nicth od ho would lake to make llicm chriatiana. A. P. spcaka of tho anti-eluvcry aocictics as bring " loolish and ridiouloua," and sayf , that wlien slavory ia abnlishcd in Virgiula, It will not bc 'lono by Vermont. All I havo to say ahout thia is, tliat thcro arc first, and sccon dary causcs, and cffi-cts ; fiicliisllio cconomy of hunian naturo. Wc aro told that tho cur rcnt ol nnnular scntime it horu at Iho North s oppofi'd to slavcry. Wo t-hould be inclincd to think, that thore are, or liave been, at lcast, sonio breaktrs in llns current. What. is "the grand svstctn of associateil moral tffort," that' has bct'n brought lo bi-ar irpon thia subjcet, ! hero at tho North ? I ahall hopo to havo thia i cxplainrd. But it ia neccssary, aftcr thcmas-1 ler bccomea a " clirisnaii" lor somctlitng to be donc, to mako thc slavo " alle to be free." ' IIo, whu holds n slavc, bccauso hc is not nicnlally nor morally qualificd for frecdom, and docs all in hia powcr to promotc thccorr lort of his slavc, and to elevnto his characlcr, ii only doing what duty requircs him to do." For thc mastcr " to clcvato Iho chnractcr" of liis slavo would bc to make lnm feclmorc ecn tibly his nrenr whilo the wrong' was sltll in Jltctcd. Would not this bo giving vent to the intcrnal lires of that " volcano," upon thu brink of which, A. P. te'ls us, itlio South has bccn too long 1 Tcll ns,'St. Domingol how liigli a siaws cnaracier" musi o ;r(et l to enablc l.un lo npprcciato tho blessirigs of; hberlv! Let ua tupposc tho niasler be"ins , to clcvato tho cliaractcrof his slaveshy Irach- ing thcm how lo rcad and writr, anil tclling I incm inai nc iiiiciiiis hj irto iuoiii us roon us thcy are " nftit." Jucli comcs anil says " Ma?sa I Biblo say " do as youbcdoncby ;" now Ivlassa, il you bo poor niggcr, would'nt you ruddcr be frccman dan slave ? Massa I want to be free, I ABLE to be free! Mor. sa, I will bc frcu !" "Gotowork you bluck devil efif..'" .I'll lct you know whcn it is time rorjlollrs. dclibcralion of a Binn0 iudne intrucl- nu 'oler-' Now, woulc not "Jnrk" I c( by a kidnapper. and pcrhapa byhircd wit - o more lownrds romcnlins an insurroclion .,.,,,, ' ' y do more lownrds Inmcnling an insurroclion than all the anti-slavcry wrilinss togethcr, put into thc hands of tho slavcs? To lalk of'cl cvat'mg tlie characlcr" of a flavn, as such, looks a little to moliko "respeclablenonseuse." If a man was bound, and I wished to teach him the uso of hi- liniln, llie first sti p would bn to knor.lt off his fctlcrs : but, idiould I nn- urrlako lolcaili lnm liow lo wa'K, white lua foct wcro inailo fast in Ihe stocks, I shuuld bc considrrcd incoiisistcnt. Thc datn, ol mental and ninralcaparity, fnr rcr.drring Iho ilave cupablo of biins " frcc," wnuld rcst, I suppoac, rntin ly iu llio judg mcnt of tho ninstt'r ; il would bo iwpcrinient ulcr n II. Would it not bo "ond rrmioniy. for Iho South lo try the " rxpeiiment," tiefuro thc irruptinns nl lliat "roirano," upon wlucli llicy aro slccpini:? That Ihcro ie a crisi npproach ing at llie South, hig with mouicntoits coimc qucnccs, no ono can douht. The South sers tlie porlrnloua cloudapproaclung ; Ihi'j knou Ihal ihe wrong" of their fcllow lactngs ery lo Hrnvrn; Ihcy know lliat Ihe rnlio of Iho in. crcasc ol Ihelilack populatinn ovcr lliutnl llie tcnllr, will ciiablc thcm in timo, lo poscesslhe cntire Soulli ; and Ihcy know thrru is a lu. tciit ppaik, in Ihe brcaH of cvriy "imoffe of l.oil," llinugli long nnolhcicd byopprossion, luaiwiiiiinniiyuo ii nwn io njinmf, nuu niM,0ldnr can siezo npou us or any ono of our aa.crt its rights. That thc South may cecape j ren,crt,Ktftnt ,,at d.y mcans of a jury snmo thu ii.ipcndmg calan.ily is tho wieh of cvcry ; 8nvcs niI, m thcir libcrty, whilo many trtie nbolilionnt. IIc, who won hl wish lo see rtCmrn nrc s&vcd from tho blighling, soul-de. aru ahuMonof ihowrongspf Ihe blacks.up- 8ro).in rpnj,ipS 0f slavcry-grant all thi., on tho white, is not a ; chmtian in df cd nnd nn,i H.in, ,ien 7 u t10 gofdn ,, ((Ilttl jj m triilh.'' Ilo, who rcccivcs tlio harnilcasep. t ia b,(or ror,cn , nj tocscap mn ithcts of " crazy, fool, aml fanntic and still rr one ,vho is innoc'cnt to ho puniahcd" to rc docs all in his powcr to promoto llio Iruo in- lllair, drai cllcr? gia lt nol lin a maxUn tcicst of Ihnso who bcstow thcm is an abo h. . of lho Jaw in and of )iberIy ial jt js bcUer tiomct "indccd and in triith." Ifl should bo for ,Pn slavcs lo cecapo from thcir bondago undcr lho ncccssity of calhng for moro infer- ,,nn for uno frccman lu loadjudgedto Iho rt-nlmn ..nnn IIiib nlitppl I ... .11 nn. nn.nr i.. . . ... ... . . 13 . . .1 . 'II P ll . . I . n 1 'll ir.nlion upon this subjcet, I mucavor 10 bo more nriei. n MONTPELIER, THE DnUNKAUD'S WIFE. 'Tho'rcodc'r has "probably hcaril of thc bcau tiful Vallcy ol Wyotnlng, srtuatcd in tho str.to of Pcnnsylvania, and through tho boaom of whicli -flowB tho uindin", calm, and eilvcry Siif miclionna. llcrc, a fcw ycara ogo, in ono of thc dilislitful ncighborhooda ol tliat fair vnle, rcsided tho young, intcllijcnt, and -vir-tuoua Franccs. Tlicrc, hcr hcarfwas soiight and won, by a young man whoao nomo was Gnv Clatk. IIu was a lipplcr. Ilcr fricnda lahnrcd hard to savo hcr from bccorninr: a tlrtmkard's wifc. But ho lind won hcr hcort and sho would not withhold from lnm she lov cd, Iho liand wliich ho implorcd and w hicli was licrs !o ucatow. Tliry alood togcthcr bcforc thc hymcncal al- tar I havo many a tiino bccn'witlnn tho vcry liouso in whicli tliat eccno occurrcd. Thcro shc frccly and fully govo hersclf unrcacrvcdly away to lnm lo wliom licr tonu, contiding luntt uurrcndcrcd licr happincss hcr life. Thcrr, wilh mcn, and hcavcn, and God, os witncssc?, ho plcdgcd to licr liis laitllful, changclcss lovoj arid'vowcd to hcr tho clicr iahing, thc prnvidcnco and thc dufcnco of liis protccting liand. Ahl littlo fhought ehc, lliat that snmo liand would by and by bo rcddcncd with licrvilnl blood! Littlo tliouglit shc that tho plightcd liand whicli shc rcccived in cx chango for licr?, would wicld agalnat hcr thc thc murdorcr's drcadful wcapon 1 No, slic knew not she tliouglit not. Hcr confiding hcart had not lcarncd tho iiiflucncc of tho in toxicating cup. Sho Euspcctcd not that Alco hol could chango thcdcvotcd lovcr to tho ma lignant dcmon. Though shc miglit have hcard that ollitrs, oncc-dcvotcd lovcra and afTcction alo husbands, had bccn lcd to ofl'cr un. in blooming sacrificc, tlicir oncc lovcd wivcs and childrcn, upon thc infcrnal altar of Intoxica- tion, yct sho could not conccive that hc, so lovcci, so loving in rcltirn, couia uo it. Anu so ihu nffccti'inatc, tho conrlding and dcvotcd hridc bccaino a drunkard's wifc. Ycars passcd away. Thcy wcic ycars of nnscry. a tatniiy ol intcrcsting childrcn grtw up around hcr. By daily lubors and midnight toilings, sho clothed, and fcd, and schooled thom and suMaincd, more or lcss, tho diuipatcd fathrr and husband. 'Twas on a spring or summpr's morning, of inc ycar 1H3I, wlnlo tlicy rcsided in tlio vtl lago uf Ithaca, N. Y., that she sprcad btforo hcr poor childrcn and hcr husband, the laat rcpast which slio cvcr Oirnlahcil thcm 'twas inc iriius ot ncr ainiost unmiugaicc: toii. rno breakfast was finislied liis angcr brokc forth shc mct from hts cycs a look eho observcd in liim a motion, causing hcr to trcmblo for ncr Ino, as shc had indccd oltmi dono heiorc. Sho llica tnwarda thc door. cssavinr. cscinn ho scizes her by tho hair nfher hcad thcro is an axo standlng in llio corncr of tho room ho scizcs that axe ho hnrls hcrto tho floor and with an arm ncrvcd by intoxication, hc gathcs ncr ncau anu ncr nccK willi a ilrnion'3 inur ucrous wanionncss oi cruciiy anu ncr limlis arc quickly quivcriMg in dcalh I Oli, what a ory lrom tlio bcholdins rhililrrn Ihcn aroB i Tho nciahbora camo, whilo yct tho dcmon. too intcnt upon tho work ol dcath to think of cs- cape, waa yct cliopping to awlul inanglmg, tliat bouy lrom wlucli lile liau alrcaily llcd I Suuh was the closing sccno with hcr who v. as thc brido and wifc of tho tippler ! Tho clo? iiitr sccno wilh him that was bridcsroom and husband, was that of the gallows, .from whciico lie wcnt into Elernity, thc impcnilent murdcrcr of hcr whom he had solemnly vowcd ' cvcr Iovc, chcriMi and pro'.cct ! Looking 'om, From thc Monlrose Spcctator. TIUAL BY JURY. Trial by juiy is thobirthright of Amcricans L.IKC an angcl ol mercy it spreads its blcss ings, whercver, iH.faithiulncss, it ia oxcrciscd. Itls, howevcr, a maltcr of rnelancholy nflee- tion, that any, even llio humblcst indiviliual. sliould be dunicd tliis boon. Yct eo it is I cilizcns of Pcnnsyltama canbo torn fromllieii famihcs, kindred, fricnds, propcrly, nnd oll IUU. id IIUUI UIIU UUUI IU lllUlll III lllt, UIIU uril ccd into ncrnctual borrdar'o wilbnut boinf ! condemned to that drcadlul punishmcnl by the vet(Iict of twcvc l.onea mch ol llicir conntry. A-claim laid lo a citizcn olthis, by a-cMizcn of n,i,, .., ,,,,,, .i' .., i . MMlci bv a gjclo jllu unon ' Jrtt cvi- dencr, nrp. 1 n Irinl hv ttlrv rnn hn rrrnnrp.l In a lanil ol "libcrty unU cqualily," llie ri"hls of , '" "uuFi ""t", ""S"' uwn wtus. propcrly aro moro sacredly guaidcd thanthoao ' cd "rving in aclion, but at the batllc-of Wa ol "life, libcrty, and Iho pursuitof happincss.'' .tcrloo, hc rcqucstcd lo be ollo.vcd to chargo A dcbt of ten dollars may occupy Iho uttcn- Wl11' 11,0 'cginxnt. In onc ol Iho clnrscs ho tion of thrce vcncrublo judgcs, a half dozen rc" morlally woundcd, and was lcft on tho lawycrs, and a jury ofthc country, for a week, i RcW- Corpoial Scot ol Iho samo rcgnnent, .. i.iu i:i. l. ...... r... ' I fwho lost n eo. asserls. that whcn thc fichl Our lcgislalors are knowin" lo lliis. Peli- hand JiPVti ' '' olcn blooi Tliis, lns com lion afler pelilion has unnounced it lo Ihrm, lradcs faid, hc was supposrd to havc dono lliat and praycd for tho passago of a law makin Jt ""f?1'1 un .r"und n,nd ,tnn"ni n.nd tnlh nrni inii fhr i1ip rrprrUn nf ihn rinhi ni i.lr.1 !niiht not hc jinamnid that ho had ilisapnonrcd bv iurv in rascs ofncrsona claimpdn fiir.iiivn t.avcs. A bill has heen introduccd in our Ilouacof Itcprescntalivcs, and clcvcn onlyof Ihe pcmbers liad moral cournga cnough, had feelings ol humanity strong cnough lo mako Ihem stand up in ile favor. A bcller fatc, liowcvcr, as wo havc rcacon lo bclicve, for Iho honur ot thia great cotnmotiwcallh, nivuils a similar hill in Iho Srnatr. Tho subjcet is of (oo much imporlnnce lobc triflcd wilh or slihtly passcd ovcr. It is a fact, pcrhaps, not gfnorally known, that white persons, thoe who havo not a drop of Africnn blood in llicir icins, nro liablo lo bo adjugcd, wilhout the privilt'go of trial by jury, Tnlo flavrry. But eaya one, by granling tho risiht of a tnal by jury, to persons ilaiiiicd as fugitivo slavcs, you jcopardizc the rights of propprty yon throw inlo Ihc woy of thc slavcholdcr a barricr to Ihe obtuiiiing'of that which as iniicli bclongs lo him as my horeo dnes lo mc. In a lcgal point i tview grant this right of propcrly 111 n IVIIntV h.inr. pi.nl llmt n ....ll.A.n .L.ia ..u.i.H j.un. iiiui m ..J.lllinill Plutu nniilRt iinrlnhlpnl,ipnntilinii nf n slnu..? Thn answcr muit be in every hcart thnt lovcs lih- crty, if not wnlully blindcd to Iho influcnre of TUESDAY, APRIL 11, 1837. slavory lct such ho tho niojim of the law, and as a conscqucnco lct trial by jury be cx tcndrd to all pcrfons claimcd as fugitivo slavcs. iMTEHrEnANCE AT AVaSHINGIOM. Wo havc scvcral timcs advcrtcd to tlio violcnt and diagraccfut sccnes, which havo bccn occasion ally cnactcd ol the canitol during'the lapt rcs sion of Congrcas, Tho cditor of Iho Pliilailel- fihia Lcdgcr, cpnccivcs that llicsc p;occcdings iavo thcir origin in intcmpcruncc. Wo hopc for thc lionor of our country that tho !lollowing skctch whicli ho gtvea ofhabits of many incm bers of Congrr.ss, ia far too highly coloitrcd but wc havo no uoubl tliat llio busmcss ol tlio nation would bo moro promptly, as wcll as satisfactorily pcrformcd, If all our lcgitlators wcro tcmptrance ricn, in woru anu uccu. " Wo say that as a body of mcn, thomcm- bcrs ol ourFcdcral IIouso ofllcpreacutotivcs arc intcmpcratc ; that more hard drinkcrs can bo tound among incm, inan among nimost anv bodv of mcn m tliis Umon, who ufTcr tho samcprctcnsions to rcapoctabillly ofcharactcr, Such habitsaro almost nccrssarily induccd by .. . . . --. I ! . 1110 mone ol iranpaoiioi; icgmiauvo uusincss ni Waahinglon, and tliis modo -would sccm to havo bccn dcviscd for tho purposo of convcrt ing thceo mcmbcrs into drunkards. Tho scs- sion bcginsat noon, which 19 hctwccn ononnd two lours o l no timo wncn au mcn oi uust- ticas dinc But aa cvcry scssion is protractcd ill tlircc. four. fivc, or latcr, naluru bccomcs cxhauslcd, and tho incnibcrsscckFomorcfrC3h mcnt, to sustain llicmsclvcs till dinncr. For tliis pnrpose tho capitat is providcd wilh two rtftclorit ), or ns -wc should callthcm, Jram shopa, wcll providcd with alcohol in all ib sliapcs. Now ran it bo supposcd that a body of mcn already mcnlally cxcited 'b political eubjocts, can drink atcoliol bcforo dinncr with out being pliysically cxcitcdr and having'p"' llns devil in thcir moutlis lo sivai nway llicir brains," can il ho sufiposed thcy can go into a dcbalc or discuifion, withotit falling intodis ordcrly violcnco? 'I'o cnndiict wilh modcro tioti unilcr such eircumstanccs, is bcyond tho ptjwrr of hiiman naturc. Wo bilicvo that thcFC rtjectorics, thcfo dram shops, grog shops, drunkard manulaclo- rics. or bv wnnicvcr oppnitirious term wo mav iustlv drscribe thcm, by whicli our capi tal is contaminatcd, aro a fcrtile sourco of tho scandalous sccnes which daily trant-pirc in our TIoupo of Ucprcsenlajivcs, nnd of the groBS ncglect of publie busincsj, for which its mcmucrs nave uccome noiorinus. Wc hclievethat if none hut ti'mpcranco mon wcro scnt lo Congrcs", no scajion would ex cccd two months, and no disracclul scenca "would bc'exhibitcd." Jl JfalioA's H'eulth. A nalion'a woallh consiats in hcr virtuo and intclligcnco. Gold nnd silvcr do not mako a pcopio rich, if thcy did Spain would bc tho -wealthicst in llie world. New England, v.illi her rocks and pinc barrcns, is thc most wcalthy spot upon ll. lul, u( oucl Jlm,i!on, A nJ vl.jr ii it so? It is bccause df thcir intclligcnce nnd virlup. Hcncc, if you would mako a nation wcallhy, mako hcr intclligenl and virtiious. Thcso aro enduring richcs. Ntxcburyporl llrrald. Thc incrcase oftravolling, consrqucnt on tho cstablishment of rail roads is inormous. An Englis.h papcr says that l-eforc Iho O'tahlisli mrn' of fie Lccib nnd Selby rond, Ihc nuinbcr of passcngcrs bclwccn tho two towns -was 15,000 a yea. ; sinco (1 cn it has brcn 103, 300 biing an incrcano of nearly scvcn to oiio. Spfciifaloi'. Somcpcrsons orc vcry for.d of attnbuting to Iho land spcctilalors Iho cauac ol tlio prcscnt scarcily ot moncy. I liis lias nodniibt had its cfll'tt, but all llio paymrnts t for lota.n"(1 landsdunng tho last ycar will not ,n our judgment equal thc amount paid fordry Soods ,n 11,0 c"' of N 1 ork 111 ,,,rco "'onths! Sufety of riilrcads. Thc laat ar.nual rcport l - 0r tho Worcester rail road, say?, that sinco ; the first opening of tho road ncarly thrcc ycars sincc llierchavu bccn traneportvd on llie road ncarly 3(IU,UUU paffcngcrsj and lliat ilunng Iho wl'olc pcriod, no passcnger on tho road lias by any uccidcnt or negligcncr, sustaincd any pcrsonal injury. Ittgard for chiracttr ufter dealh. -Scrgcant Wicr, ol Iho Scots Greyp, was paymastcr of iWBS ""cbcd for tlio woundcd and slain, tho i1)ody of Scrgcant Wicr troj found icitA Afs name wrilten on his forebtad. wlh his oxcn 1 wilh llie moiiry ol'lhe Iroop. GW to Knttci- "''' Dstruction op Paintings. Yrstcrday aAvrnoon, bctwccn 3 nnd -t o'clock, a firc broko out in an uppcr room of thc building in Bar clay strrct, ncar Brondwoy, occupicd as tho Acadcmy of Fine Arls. Tho roof and thlrd (tory wcro cnlircly dcstroycd, togcther with a nunrbcrol valuable paintings. Among thcm wero Ilembrant's painlin" of lho Dcwitl Fnm- ily, valucd ot $3,000; Nlcrri I's painling of (Jlirisl's aenny tn uie garucn ; uutuo's paint ing of Judilh wilh thc iicad ol Holafornis, val ucd at S2.000; Dominichinn's painling nf Iho miraculous drnugnt of lislics, vnlurd ut S00, toncthcl with several othcrs. Vnluc. iu Iho accruEatc, obout 1C.00O. Tho paintings of "Adam and Evo" wcro saved by culling thcm from tho Iramcs. A". V. Jour. Com., Jlarch 1-1. An lHCOMHOSTliit.E Paint hns brcn diacov crcd which will resist ihe aclion ol firc. Tho cditor ol Iho Noihair.plnn Courirr say : " Coming out of Ihe Capilol at Washington nno day, wo noticcd a largc erowd in tho low rr part of tlio yard, whilo flanics woro sjiooting np from the midst of it. Upon cxam'nalion, we jonnd it was a firc, cncloscd by tho walls nf a miniaturo building about 4 ft. high ond 3 ft. long, painled rcd inside and out, in iinila lion ol'abrick oJificc. It was filled wilh eha vings and thcn firo npplicd to them, Tho flamcs burst from lho windows ond lho confla "ralioti wcnt on for nenrly an hour lho ma- terials bting rcplcniehcd as fast as Ihcy burnt out, to kccp Iho firo. Whcn it finally subsi iled. tho walla of tlio lillle huiluinz wcro un- scalhrd, ond no part whicli wo eaw wna in thc slisiitcat ucgrco ctmr'cu." VOL. XXX, A TOPElt'S ADDRESS TO H1S COM- I'ANIONS. Thc fullowing ia an atlmirable pnrody on Urutus1 Addrcss to the Iloman.', nfier hc liail murdcrcil Ctcsar: "Tbpera, Drunltards, and Swiggcrs : Ilcar mc lorymir own suke, and lay a siiIl" your glasscs lliat you tnay thc fcet'ler hear ; belicvc mc for your wclfore, nnd have rcspect tn your wclfarc tliat you may uel'cvc ; censurc wc your sober mo menls, ond bc sobcr, lliat ycm may bc thc Ijclter jiulgc. If tlicrc tic anmnd lliis lablc auy dear lovcr ofanlcnt spirits, to hira I say tlint Slinn'sluve ofardcnt spirils was no lcss 1)131) liis. II thcn that tovcrdcmanil wliy Slinyn rosc agninst ardcnt spirila, tliis is my nnstvcr; not that 1 lovcd ardent spirits lcss, but lliat I lovcd liealtlt and n sound'coiistilulion more. Had you rallicr that ardcnl spirits wcre riiling to dtc n ru itiei'. knavc, llian tliat ardent fipirits wcre conlcmncil, to livc a stoul, liardy, Itonest ycoman? As ardcnl spirits wcre plcasant l tastcillhcm; as thcy wcre cxhileratingl sippcu thcm ; as thcy Tccruilcii rny spir its I drank thcm; but as thcy wcre r.iinmis, I pprncd tliem. Tlicrc are laslcs for thcir nleasinlncss, sips lor Iheir exliilcratinns" drams for theirreculing powcr.s; hanishmcnt and dctcstation lor thcir rtiinous lcndcncy. Who is hcre ?o brutal as would bc a drunkard? If nny frulph liiccup rccl lor him havc I offen ded. Who is hcre so fimlish as ivould Hic a swigijcr? II any, brawl for him I havc offended. Who is herc so mad as will not mind liis heallli ? II any, lct f"vcr spcok liis burtiing ragc lorliim havc I oflendcd. Ipause fora rcply. (Nnne answcr.) Thcn in iiie havc I nflcndcil. I liave dinc no more lo nrdciit ppirits llian you should io to-Slin- POWEIt OF THE IMAGINATION. An honcst New Encland rnrmer Rlarteil onc vcrycold ilav in the winlcr, wilh liis slcil and oxcn into thc Inrest.a halfa mile from home, lor thc pnrpose ol cliopping a ln.iil ofwoml. IIu vinjr lallcn a trcr, he drovc the lcain alnngside, and commenccd chnpping il up. Whcn byanunlucky liit hc brmiglit the whole bit ofthc axe pcross UU lool, w'rtli a s'ulelong strdkc. The im mcnse gaslt so srtarmed'him as nenTly lo dc prive him of MrenKth. Hc felt thc warm blood ffilisiK liis shoe. With creat UJfll- culty he succedcd in rolling himiself on the sded ani! startcd the oxcn lor home. As soon as hc reached thc door, hc cnllnl ea- gerly Tot hclp. His terrified wife and dnughter with nmcli eflort, lified him into ihe housc, as he wasunable tn helphimsclf, sjying his fiiot was nearly severed from the lejj. His wile liastily pTcpaTed Fdrcs oin?.., nnd rcmoveil tho snoe and snck, C3r pculing to see a desperalC'Wound, whcn lol thc skin was uut even hrn'ken. Before po ing out in thc morning be had wrapped liis fcet in redlhnncl, to prolect Ihem from thc cold-; the gasli lnid this open lo liis vieiv, and hc though t it flcsli and blood. His rcasou not corrccling thcmislakc, pain and loss ofpnwrr which nttrnds a rcal wound lollowed. Man oltcn suflersmorc lrom im aginary cvils, than from rcaloncs. The Dkatu Waltz. A Frenclt papcr rclatrs a singulnr and slartling inculent. At a hall reccntly given at Purt Louis, ncar Loricnt, whilc a young lady was walizing, she felt the haiul by whidi she was fiiippnrlcd hecome slouc cold, and on loukini! hilo the face of hcr parlner, found his fi-atures dcadly pale -aTid IwrriWy t;on tracicd. She faintcd at llie sight, and ll'll to the ground, whilst llie cavalicr droppcil byhersidc. The ladv was taken up and rocovercd, but thc life of tbe genriemnli was extiirr.l. She maintains lito was dcad hcveral seconds beore she knew it, a ml lliat she made one turn rottnil thc roum wilh liim aficr be was a corpsc. He was a mar- ricJ man wilh several chiklren, anil his j wjc waB al ,e hall. Oriqinai. anecdote. "You nrc an ex ccllcnl pnckcr,"Raid a mason lo a farmer. 'W hv so ! "You havccontnved to nnck thrce bushcls ol ryc intoa Iwobushel bag. PrjMrctNs. It has hecn reccntly slalcd lliat lliis nulriciiiii.s vcgeiable, thc pump kin, was brought fnm ihc Medeleranean lo lh;s country. That thc sccd was first nlanlrd in the lnwn of Howley, in Uassa- chtiMUts; thnt it wa scven ycars bcforc il camc tn naiurtty, and that II was a iong lime heforc i, was cnltivaled with suocess elsewhcrc. How marry yankees, lrom thai hour to this, Jmvc gormandiFe.i pnmpVin pics, in uticr ignorance ofthe simplc lact, nnd ourfclvcs among the resl. The Snrincficld Repiblican stntcs Ihe Silk Company atWorthampton are Manu- luc.iurmg at inc laieoi wiu pcr uay, vet cannotsupply thcdemaniK Acompany has bccn incorpnralcd lu raise and ttianufacturc ihc snme article in West Springfield. The Earl nfDalhnusiJ, who was Gov crnor of Lnwer Canadn for nbout seven ycar", dicd at Dalhousic Cnsile, Scoiland, durinir the last week in Jnnuary. He was ntic ol tho Dukc ol Wellinglon'smost valu cd MiijurGeneralsof Spain, and altcrwards Onvcrtinr in Iiulia. Thc BrtiBscls Otaerver of lhcl3lh Febru ary sl.iies ihal on Englisb gcntlcman, re siditig iiiiliatT.iiy, percelvlng that n horsc, wliicn hc lind )urchased at a very high pricc, was rallicr short-siiihlcil, had a pa'ir ol vcry cli'gtint speclacles madc lor Ihe nni mal, with which bc'tnay be Ircq'icntly scon nn ihc Boulevard du Bfgtnt. A duel with ftnnll swnrds kitdly touk plnce in Paris, bctwccn two wcll kno'wn ju riscotisulls ol Ihc Law rchool, on accuuut of n passiiuc o( thc Pnnuects. 1 he nne who conlendnl ihe paesago in Ihc tlucslion otight to bo concludcd by a semic wouinlrd in ihc arm. Hijadvcra icoton was craarv main- taincd Ihal il should bc a cnlnn, und quiv teil i in supp'irt of liii opinion the tcxt of. Trtbnniut. NO. 28...WHOLE NO. 1589. FAItMEttS' WORK. should hc surveved. ond Ihpir delccts rcctrfied, heforc cattlearc pcTmitteA lo wandcr ovcr thc larm. "A stiicii h timcsavcs nine," is on cxprcssivc adage, particularly applicable tn ihc rnaMng and mending fcnccs.. If cattla 'or 'abeep arc once nccustorncd to 'low or instfulcient fefl ccs, tbey 'wrfl bardly Lc rcstrainctl by tlinsc ol thc bcst quality. It has bccn pracriscd by sfrrrfc Tirmcrii lo make lcncing post vcry durablc by (hc fol lowing proccss: They bore a hofc wilh an inch nugcr In lliat part of the posl, whicls whcn set will bc tust above tbe surlacc oT the carfh, with such a slopc os "will'carry it doivnward two or inrce incncs. i iicy tlicn fill Ihe holc with satt, which, we are tolo wfll preserVdhe tmibcr frtfm decay a vcry long rrme. In mnklng fcnccs of posls nnd rails, fv'hioh in many part ol ihc countrv arc hcst.it is ndvisedby Mr. Prcstonol Siockporf, Peno. to set the-posts ivitli thc top parls in thc ground, and he asserls that thcy will in that nosition, last Ibrec ot fiiur 'tfrnes as long'as when thcy are sct wilh tlift biftt ends down. He advices nlso, in making fcnccs, always to iplnce the rails wilh Ihe hcart ride "P:... . i lie ticst timbcr lor ram, according to Dnctor Dcanc, is rcd ccdar. If the loiver cnds ofthe nosls arc ecorcli- cd beforc thcy arc put into thc 'ground, thcy wl 'last the longcr. &n-p rcccom' mcnd soaking tb'trm in fiea water to kccp ihem from rotting. The posls bhould hc sct at lest two fccl in tbe ground. Srnne larmcrs cut Iheir pos'ts bo "long, ond mor tise them !n such a manner, that ihey can turn thcm uoside down, whcn the lowct cnds bccomcs rotlcn. -t A writerol thc Gcncpscc larmeV, ki'vcIi thc IbllowiniT directions i'or"Planiing Posts for Garden t ences, &c." Inptcad olfilling Ihc holes trp tvlili the earlh rcmoved in ditrging thcm, 1 rcconn- mcnd lilling in aroimd tlicjiimtsivilh leacti cd nslies inslead of ihc earlh, nnd topping off wilh fivc or aix iitchcs ol unlcachcd aslr es abovc ihc surlace ofthc ground. A German adventue in AnysstNtA.- A leltcr frirmCairo, in Egypt, dalcd Sep lembcr 22d, gi'vcs 'a'n trfterest'mg nnt'rcc of n voyage niade lo Abyssinia, by:a;Gcrman missionary by thc nome ol Gobat. He haS already passcd several ycuTS in AhvKsinia, whcrehelivcd on ii foot'ing ol iniimacy with Bcveral princes nf Uic connlry, nnd c-njoycd grcat considcra tion atnong tlie pco ptc. The AbysshiiaVis 'ofiered tohame him theii patriarch, al a moincnt when all com munications wilh the Egyplians, from mong whom thcy invariaUe chose llicir ja uiibite putrlarcl), -was tnterrtrpted by ilte war betwcen ihc pachas "ol ScKinaar anrl Dotignla. Gobdt told llrem he wished first to go and marry in his own countrv; lliat hc would then rclurn wilh his w'fe, and wiflingly contcnt to plnce himself al ths hcad ofthe proieslant church, providcd the people cmbraccd lliat religinn. He lcft Cairo in August last, arcompnm'ed 1iy h'rt wife, to ri'lurn lo Abyssinia. 'This man is in a condil'ron to 'exercise tlie crcalest in- fluctrce-over tlie civilization ol Af-ica, pro vmea circumsiancc coniiuue as tavorablc as thcv have hilherto bern. Reso'urces c Maiirc. Thcy are ilius summcd up by Dr. Jackson, Stalc GeoW gUt, in his rccent lcclurcs at Augurta : 1. Waler power uncqualled in cxtent, bcsidcs bcing on rivcrswocssible from thf ocean. 2. Granite incxhansliblc, ihc lest butld ingTna'lcrial in thc World. 3. Slalc ennugh lo supply the Union. 4. Pinc timlicr in Vast T)uaniily. 5. Lead cxtent yet unkirow7t G. Iron in many j)1aces voluc tiot ytX known. C'oai in grcat abuitdancc oli bordercj probably withm limits nl llie Slalc. 8. Limc enotigh to supb'.y tbe coniincnU 9. Supcrior materials for glass, for tlsf finest as well as tbe cnarscst qualilies. 1. Vast (brcsts ol Iremkwk supplyini tbe niaterials lor lanrtingleathcr, to the val ucofmany mitlions nf dollars jtnrly. 11. A soil and clirnate wcll ada'ptcd to the rearing of fine wooled shccp, whnse loddcr in vinter shoUld be hay, pnlaloes& turnips ; rocky liills oHiinling the bct pns- lurage in tnc summer. K3"Lct Vermont takc ihc hinl, and haYt n survcy. ImpressMeNT. Wc learn from the New York Star that nn account has hecn rcceivcd of four A merican seamen baving bccn impresscd nt Gibraller from a merchatu vesscl, by a Orilish sloop of war. The American Con sul on npplrcation to Ihc Govemor for rc drcss lound that he could not ihicrfcrc in ihc matlcr. The Consul immcdtalcly tcM over word to Tangier?, (Morccco) wherc oh Americin frigate was at nnch'or, vhich immediately crosscd to thc Bay ol Gibral ler nnd took two oftlni mon from the Britiuh slonp of Wir, and llie othcr Iwo could not bo found. Jltlns. Ouring ihe lato (rost in Londolv, 193 persons mct wilh scrious incidcnt from thc slippcry slalc nf thc pavemcnts. 01 the$C 93 werc lemalcs. Among thc ' Whole, 7 cascs tcrminated fatnlly, anil 09 wcre the rcsultol inlnxication. ltoftid Ttevenge. A murdcr was cortt milled in Upson" county, (Georgia,) 36th l,,cb, upon a Mr. Smiint, by thrcc mcn namcd Whitci who wcre his brothcrs-in-law, and who, being dfcsatisficd with ihe tnnrriane of Iheir sisler, pursUcd Smnoi, knncked him down, wilh h club and bcat out his brains. Thcy arc in cuslndy. "Educnlion is a hetlcr safeguartl for lib crly, ihatt a slandingarmy. II We rftrcncll mc wogcs oi tnc Fcnooimasier, we musi rnife Ihc wngcsoflhc rceruilingpcrgciil."' Ed. Evcrett