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Vermont watchman and State journal. (Montpelier, Vt.) 1836-1883, December 16, 1839, Image 1

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VOL. 33, NO 13-WHOLE NO. 1730.
From the A". Y. Suntlay Mtrcury.
oiii) giumes' jjou.
Mosjm. I'r'micM. My gicftt-grundfhlhcr wns
not only pcrsonully ncrpiniuted with Old Grinics
himsulf, but had nlso nn intimala ncqunbitnnce
wiih liU ilog ; tho inumory tif which 1 belk'vo our
prcsiuU dny pnct.s Imvc uniustly disrcspcctud. Al
low ino intlo something for tho good old crenturo
in thu wny of dogurul:
Old O lmco' uS'g lun lonR beon dcad,
' 'Aiul turiied agiiui lo li""'
Hc' hnd hU iby, wiih oilict dog,
Ilia cliridli.iu nanie wai Trunt.
IIn wns a kinJ and Ijitlifnl doj,
A. cvcr Irud llio grnuml j ,
IIm b'ood n'ascroscd, a l've boen (b'd,
Hy iiusiifT, cur nnd liniiud.
Wlieiiti'tT lio licard hi. innilcr'a voice,
lle ncvrr I'udcd lo lnincl ;
Hm tnil wns cnr-taiM v ry mucli, -,;
And iliiili nlralglil out beliii'.d.
Ti di-pi'iiluri wns as niltl, '
A sniTiinct' niilili'St blnc;
Hu did iio' bnrk nl riisurs by,
A' inonv ptippcdo. 1
IIr worc a ring abnut hi ncck, jr,
Comxscd ol shming brain j
And alcpt ach nighl al arime' gatc, t
Nar tufltrtins tliievct lo pass.
He nuver jnined a!l noify dog,
Wlien c'og-davs ol thrmwild;
But kcpl nway, nnd llius becamo . ,,
A dng-ftar, calin and mild.
' Bul dogs arc froil, 9 mortnfs arc, '''
A'tid Trnsl ut lnuun nmd:
Yol Griincd cndiin-d ihc dito ndihap,
Although liWhcart wa sud.
Iio cart ntoiind Ihe pnor dog's ncck
An iron salily chuin,
And b'l-Jid lnm last nnlo a post,
BocauCe Iio waa insane.
Iio growlrd and enappcd, nnd raved andfoam'd
But Grinies no tanll cbutd find ;
Uccausc, liu s.iid, hn'd not act 0,
Had bo iiis obrr mind.
Tlie ties lliat bo'ind liim fast to caith,
And aUo lo llio pgst,
"Were soon dissulved by welcomo Dcatli,
And Trust gavo'Up the ghoit.
Old Giimcs, Iiis wife, and cliildrcn all,
At lirst wcro gricved, and orty j
But alunvards agrucd, llia't Trut
Ilild snrcly gon to glory. Doo
riiE viaiT..
lnoneoftlic ficczing dnys of our cliinnto, i
vninii- nlivHicinn Imt reconllv mnrried, iiivited tii
uife to nccomimnv him on a visit to ono ol hia
You nro rntnancinir. Jnmcs: whol! vlsit a
familv witliotitnn introduction ornn invitution, or
excliangu cardsr"
"In tliis tiimiiy, my uenr rttnnniin, uicro is no
ceremonv ol cani
irds, 'uiil Juiiies, 'but. tliey vll
nnt lin Ihss iiIcmsiiI to scc voii.'
'I nevur useil to go to seo our peopie,-
Amninla, tlionglitfiilly ; 'but' continucil slie,nfter
o shon duliburaiiou, 'l'll go witli you, Jouiesnny
whfird.'- .
Tliey passcd froni tho liatulsome street or their
res'ulence to a puldic squarc, nnd crossing over
oniered a snmll nlloy, in wliich Amnndn suw n
row of houses in a niunncr that ehowcd they
wcre Tor tliB laboring clnss. Crossing tho wholo
-ruiign tliey i:nteriid ttic last linuse, nnd utthcfirst
door Dr. LcdMiti gnve a gentle rap. A comnion
wonian opnncd it, nnd welcomed liitn.
Vwo vUmn werBiinmwliatcly set out, ono with
tho hacU hrokcn oft'. tho othrrrickety nnd unstablo.
JJelbio tho (iro vcro nyo little cliildrcn scatcd .
oii.tlie.hearth, tiiakinga noiso, wliich tho attcn
dnnt (enialc vainly . umknvoied to qudl. A girl
camf,iit of asumll paiitry licdroom, und sinilcd
ns he tpoke. ,
Innlaigo rudc 011011" sat n thin fcniale. Sho
rocked hersclf inccssautly. Shu lookcd up whcn
Dr. Ledson uddrwsed her, but iifilhur ttiuiled nor
spole. Iler :onipU'xi()ii wns enlldw by illmiss,
her Iriwcr jaw liml lnllun frotu itA sockut, nnd ier
teelli cliattered with tho vaiu cndeavor tu closo
lier inoutli.
At rt'cii.'voing smno noiir'rsluncnt at tho hand of
hcr couipaiiiini, Jie tseifiiifil dvivimI.
' I iiiii glad to scc you, doctor, tliougli I had ho
tied to liuvu bqcii rt'lc;ied IViiiii my vreli:liuillie.-s
lefore noiv. 1 iio not complnii) lliougli tliu bouos
hnro 6iiiriud throilgh tho bkiu, and 1 sufler,'
elio rhivurcil and stoppiMl tiri instniit. 1 1 thought
il vitv hard whnn 1 lost my bahy last giiiiiinor :
but I set; ihat it wrjs kind; whut wnuld becoinu of
it now? 1 uiiit louve llic', young ns tlioy are, to
takt; carc of thcniselvts, and my luisbund is noii'i
Shu did imt wucp, sho wns pnst thnt luiman fecl
Ing. Atnaiidn luoked on in siltmce. She had lear
ned nioro of 1 Ib's stato froni tliis sccno tlianoliu
could liavo ncquircd froin voluiues. Shufelt now
a wher woinniiat thu ago of cightcen, tlian she
wouhl ollierwisu hnvp bccn at twenty-fivc.
It hiitigs down all our vanitius and lillle rcpi
ningn, n simctaclo ot sucli woo. Evc;i llie al
niost insensibiliiy ofthosiuk, was tnoro touching
than ordinary norrow. It gave a fucling of no
niiudi that niiltl liuve becu ouihircd bclore.
1h tliifl your sisicr?' eaM tho womun.
( ' No,' Jnnii!i, nnd Aiunnda tmiled) ns ho
replied, it is my wiln.'
' ln it your wiIh ? scm nno, slio wing eomc vivn
city. ' IIov sweut sho looks. Can sho sing ' I
would not livo nlways?'
llow oftcn hail Ainanda Hiing that carelessly
bcfore. Slieftdtawcd nnd hiimblcd now by t-vrry
syllalilu that flonicd on hcr tofl ricli tuucti i.rmiud
tlio narow apartmont
The dyiug lookcd up so thankfully, that sho
' cven lookcd piutty. A light heciio ridcivcd her
vivid cotintenanco. Sho aaid audibly, 'I hcnr
tlib ningcls singing now niound ino,' und thcii ro
japocd into a inonotiuoiis groan ol wearines.
Tho littlo,girl shoolt hands bcsceciugly ns tho
yovngcuplo'loft, nnd inasubdued voico Amanda
wuispered.'we will tnko caro of you.'
Wlio liku tho physician, savo indecd tlio minis
tcr, is callcd upon to eeo liiuimn nnturo in evoty
shadow of tint ? Tho rich nnd tho poor, the dcl
icnto nnd tho conrse, tho lenrucd and thu ignorant,
como bcforo liim wilhout disgnisc.
Anmndit thiiught buforo tlmt slic ovcd her hus.
Imml; but hixuryisn dend sea nlinospliere. in
wliich thu nohle pnsaioiistlcken and lio niotionless.
She clung to Jnmos' iirm ns ho rcturned limno with
n ('('cllnir of devotion to liiin. tlinu sho had ncvcr
iinagint'd buforoj nnd in tho plcnsuro ehe cxperi-
licnccd in uofteiiiiig tho liorrors ol Hcr lellow
creuturea noverlv ifho fouild uvery uny new cuuso
to rejoicoin hnving Blinicd her fortmie with nuo
wio, ii iic iiinugiu nor no innuuun u tow
wealth, had taught her that thero wuh n wny of
ciriiloying it that will awaken deliglit. Panton
Shut Ihc (locr.'-Now that eold wcnther is com
ing in good carncst and tho iiioiintainshrgin tu be
wliito with Biiow,'Wc beg lcavo lo, throw out n
Iiint io ihose who havedoors, to lieepthtm shut,
tos,io fucl, and thus if possihlo, mako thcniselvcs
cuiufortalile. Jt is uo tiifling matter when wood
is dt'iirnnd nmnoy scarco, lo warm all ctif doors
Kutifyou are resolved un narining iliocounlry nl
large, tho hetter wuy will Iks to lake your doorH
froin their liingcH to pmvent thciii from Blanitning,
by tlio rtitlu iturlliunslcrH, und lay thvm up snfciy
III yvnrm wpathcr, whcn they inny io nccdfii Ins
tb'aniers nsninst beotlca. flics and mtiskeiocs. But
il yna would kccp tho IVost wilhout nnd comforl
within, tccollcet the hoiuuly innxim of Aunt l'ru-
Tho hlndmost fhut llio door j
, )lut behiud or hnluro,
Bo mtro to tdiut llio dooT.
Mn.tDAr, Dec. '2.
Tlio Scnntu tnet, n qiioruui buing prcsont, nnd
An llinisilallv fllll llKKCinlilnL-o of iMuinhnrxfdnrt
of tho Ilouso of liuprcnentativos hoing coiivunud
ni ino uani, iiugu j. unrianil, I'.sq., (wlio
cDiitiimes to bo Olui k tintll nnothur olectioii is
nmile t;i that ollico,) roso ut lilsdclc,and said thnt,
in conl'iirinity with tho nracliro licrcioforu olwcrv
ho' wils now renily, ifit wng llio plcnsuro o( tho
llonsu, to cnll n List which ho had (ormed of
ummbois clr.ct o tho Ilouso of Representntivcs
for tho t wonty.sixth Congres!', nt tliis its first sws
No ohjcctinns bcing mndo tho Roll was eoni
innnccd, nnd thn memhers from Ihc snvenl New
England Stnti:-, nnd also thosu fioin tho .Stutu ol
Now ork, lmving answerud to their nniuesi,
Tho Ulurk next proccedod lo llio State of Now
JerHey, nnd callcd tho iinmo of Josuph F. Knn
clotph. Ilaving dnno so, ho pailsed nnd ("tated
that thcro wcro fivutof thoscats holonging to Koji
rfisuiitativesoftl'ls Mnto wliich woro r.onlcstod,
nnd, not fcelingitlobo hisduty todecido tlio qucs
tion of a right lo thom, ho wnuld, i( pucli acourso
ho npprovcd by tho Ilouse, pnss over the remain
ing iinines until tho othur .Slatcsshould havo bocn
gono thioiigh with; nftcr which howoitld siihmit
such cvidenco ns wns in his po.sscssion touching
thu rights of tho soveral ela'unants to scats froni
thnt State.
iMimy voiccs cried "Agreod! ngrccd!"
ftlr Wni. Cost Johnson objected lo hnving the
Stato passcd over inilil it wns dccidcd who wcro
hcrlliipicsontatives in lliis Congrnss.
Alr Alaxwoll, of New Jereoy, now roso nnd nd
dresscil tho Ilouso for a few tninutes; objccting
to tho couiso of pnssing ovor tho Stnto ol New
Jersey in callmg the roll. Ho ileinandcd thnt tho
cvidonces of tho tillcs to scats frnin Now Jersoy,
which wero in pnsscssion of thc Clcrk, shotild bo
read j nnd ifno flaw shoiild Iic found in tho cer
tificntcs of elcction of hiinsclfand collungues, that
they shotild bo ndmittcd to cqual rights with oth
cr tnpinbers, nono of whotu would havo highor
ptctcnsions, on tliis floor.
llio tlerk tlien statcd Iio had a ccrtifkato of
uie uovcmor ol Now Jcrscy, dcclaring Williain
Halsted (whosonainpstood next upon tho roll) to
havo been dulycleclcd a Koprescmativo froin that
Cricsof'Kead! rcadf'
The Clerk tliercuiion read Mr Hnlstcd'a cmtlfi
cate nnd thcn declnred thnt ho had m his hauils
otner puriilicntcs iii precisely tho samo fonn in fn
voroljolinu. Ayering.J. 1'. . Mnxwell, Thos.
uuii luihi.-, nmi ouaiics j. stratton.
fllr Mercer inoved for tho reading of tho law o
Noiv-Jersey on tho subjcct of CotiL'rcssional clec
JMrCayo Johnson objected to having (hc law
rnml nn.tl K ....'..I r . . . .
.w ...,, ,llu cviucucu ni iavor ot nny otlier clai
mants totho scnts had first been read.
ijlr fllercer said that tho ohjnct of his motion
had sunply been that the law und tho testimony
in tho rase misht bo prcsented logcther.
fllrCuve Johnson insisted that all tho cvidcnne
pn both sidesshould first be hnnrd : allcr which
he had noobjeciionstotlie reading ofthe law.
Mr Viinderpocl, of Now-York.
propricty of siibnntiing nll tho fncts first, timl thcn
tho Jnw which rulated totho cnsn. lln nn.i...-.
stood thnt thero was copflicting testimony in rc
lation to n right to thcso seats iti the hands of tho
Clurk ; tho testimony on ono sido had been read,
iei iiiai ii ino iiincr uo reait nlso.
Mr I ilhnghnst, ol Rhodo Island, said it would
not ninko tlio nliglttest ihfferoneo Nvliieli wns rend
lirst fince all would doubtlcss, sooncr or latcr,
ho rend ; tho order wns iminnterial. iltiuho cnll
hnd been inade for tho law of New Jersey in or
der that it might be dccidcd whut sort ol uvidcnco
could he read, from eit her pnrtv, in Coiii'iriir,v '
with tho law. It thcrcforo shotild bo uud a
onro.'in order to dctcrniino thnt point.
Mr Jcnifer, of Mnryland, s.iiil ho understcoil
the Clerk to say thatho hnd received fivo o(hei f
eertilicates in the Fanie forni with that which had j
heen jiist icad ; were thcrc any morc thnn thcso
six? 11 not, wiiy diii lin not call tlio uanics o
thn oihcr ccrtified mcmbcrs, as ho hnd th.it of Mr
Mr Itivci", of Virginin, rccomnicndcd that tlii
whole matter bc laid upnn the tahle inilil a quo
rum of the Ilouse shotild havo been nhtaincd ; theu
there would bo a Ilouso which could du some
thing ; till thcn nothing could bc done, bceiiuse
llii'io wa no Ilouso to do. He thought gentlu
meil nn both sides had belter at oncu ncquic."re in
thi rourso by gelicral consent. When ihurc wns
a Houso of KepreKcnimives, olthotigh it mighl
not yct be rcgulnrly organbed, n qucstiou could
bo put ntid dccidcd ; now no qucstion could even
bo put.
Mr Halsted, of New Jersey, said that ho do
mnnded, ustlic Itpprescntntivo nfouo of tho sov
ereign States of tliis Uliion, tlmt his nuuie bo cull
ed. The only rcasoti the Clerk had given for not
callin it was, that thero wero certaiu titlmr cl.ti
nnnt.i to tho seats ol thoso whoso uimcs ho hnd
uientioned.biit hnd not I'atted us on tho roll of tho
Ilouse. U'ould tho Clerk say that other persous
had conieto him wilh cninmisionti iulheir IiHlids
uuder tlio liroad seal ol' llio Stato that utti'slatiou
wliielirepicACiited tho sovereignty of tho fc'jnle ii
ils most soleuin fcirm ? n form of uvidencc
kunwu lo tho usngesof tho Stato fioin the uarlicet
i uvs of ils nolilii-al exiotcnce. Would ho say
tliatr II tlio UlerK wouiii prouuco siicii cerun
rates in suppnit of tlio otlier clainiant's demantl,
Mr II. would thcn cuusent that tho qunstion
ehould Iio passedovur a" propnsed j but lio :ould
not consent increiy ncrause ceriuiu gciiiieiucii, ,
liowcver pursonally resptctublo, miht supposo
thnt they hnd valid evidt nco of their right to seats,
thnugh that ovidenco was not nccnrding to tho
laws nl New Jersey, orin confunniiy to nny do
cision ol thia Ilouse, or of nny Piirlianicninry bo
dy sincotho rcinotesingcBof our Saxon ancestors
thnt ono of tho stars in tho galaxy of ournution
al sovcreignty should be striken out whilo ho und
his collengucs stood rccrennt by, withotit liliiug
their voices m tho asicrtion of tho rights ol tho
Slutc, nnd without insisiing, ns it wns their houn
den duly to do, tlmt her benl should bo received
ns even prima facie evidcnce of tho rights of hcr
llepreentntivcs claiming In her namo.
Ho wns cntirely willing ihut uny other genllc
mcti should bo received hcro with llio sume cour
tesy ns himselfnnd his collengucs, providcd they
pioduccd evidenr.o In conforinity with tho luw
ifthcy hroiight in their hands certificaleR duly
sigued hy thoso public funclionaries whoso exprcss
und exclusive right nnd duty it wns to ccrdfy llio
elcction of Kepretcntatives. But if tliey pro
duccd no such cvideiice, whnt right had thnt
Houseto reject thu prool which was in comfnr
niitv with luw? Tho Cotistitntiotl dcchired thal
thu tiiui'f, pluci-, nnd ninnncr of holding cleclioiia
..1 I II!. ..!!. .1 !.. 1. t!... 1.., I
dimjiiiu iu jiruscrii'eti ni i:utn jiuiu y mu
l.mi.n . I f. .....I .....Il P,iiwtif.CD fnrtlf it intii
miiiiiu (IIUIUUI , Ullll lllllll vuiif,t-o lif.w
ihcirlown hands lo cxamhio into tho reculaiity
of such elcciions, tho dccisioiis of thu Stato nn
tlioritics niiiRt nf cnurso bu conclusivo nj to ttie
rights oflhoso rcturned ns elur.ted. Tho Hoiisa
of KopreHi'nlutives was tho only hoily which had
nuthority to dcciilo us to tho qiialitii'atious of its
own mcmbcrs; und Mr ll.'u posttion was, thnt
inilil such u Ilouso wus duly orguutzed, ccrtlfi
r.ntes iu tlio legul f'oriu wcro to ho received nsn
ma fiicie ovidenco of inenibersein. They rould
otilvho snl osidw by tho Itrprsseutntivcs of tho
Pcoph) of tho Uuited States in Congress nsseut-hled-nftcr
a spcaker had been choseii nnd tho
nieiiilierH swnrn. Ifllmt poaition was u uoiind
oiie, llieii who hiiro had uny right to decide tlmt
New Jersey tdiotild ho blottcd out from amnng
thu States, nnd llunianH'S ofhcr Hcpri!SOii,aiives
oinlitod on iho loll ol CongiesM? If gcntlemen
undeitooktiow to dccidu tliis questioti, imder what
officinl Bolomnlty would they act? Undur uono.
Tliey liiuj not (nkcn tho oath of oflie, r.ntl they
littd no right lo nisli to a decisiou which might
coniproiiiit nnd destroy tho inost solonin nnd pro
cious righlH of tni u. How wus Mr II. to lell who
woro eiitiiled thus to iiiiss upon his rights nnd up
on iho.o of his Stato?
Would tho Clerls dncido? Wns Mr II. to vote
on thnt qucstion ? Thu qucstion lind ulrendy been
ilceided, ntid dccidcd by n coinpoluuttrihunnl,iuid
thut decisiou iiinst stntid: it iniist stund us wcll
from llio ncccssity of tho casa ns from nil llio
Ibico of prccetlout. Iio was willing to rend thu
law, hut ho did not iusist thnt it should Iu hcnrd
hefore uny othur testimony tlio Clerk might hold
iu his hands. Thu law of Nuw Jersey rcquircd
that tho Govo-nor und Coiincil should determino
which ol tho candidates iu n Slnto elcction hnd
received tho most votes, nud should givo to such
Ijersons r.omiiiifwionsundertho great sual of thu
Stato. Thu Ciiivernor iu Coiincil hail ilceided,
nud had given such cominksiuns duly nuthuiiticii
tcil, iuii) it was of no conseipieuci), in thu argtl
mcnr, whether that ofliecr had dono right or
wrong; ifho had.louu wioug, tho Hotise, when
duly organized, had thu power to correct tho
wrong. Ho should not now toueh that point nt
nll ; it wns tuially fuiuigti to tho matter now to be
settled. Wh.'itiivcr thu decisiou nf llio Govcrnor
might liavc luuii, it iniist standas valid untilro
vorsed hy a coiiipctont trihunal. Ho would rend
thn provision of tho law:
''Sec. V. Thu Gtivornnr. or person ndininis
tering tho Giiveni'iient, shall within fivo davsnf
ter reeeiving tho list, lny tho samo hcforo a l'rivy
Coiincil, to bo bv him mimmoucd for thnt nur-
pose, nud, nficr eastitig up tho wholo nuinber of
votes trom llio scveral coiiutics lor cacli caiuli
dute, thu said Goveruor nnd Privy Coiincil shall
duturmiiio thu six pcrsons who havo tho gi'calcst
numher of voios from tho wholo Stute lor Repro
seiitntives in Congresa from thia Stato, which six
persous tho Goviirnor shall fiirlli with coniiuission,
iinder tho groit soal ofthe State, to repriiseut tliis
Stato in tho Ilouso of Ueprescntativoa of tho Uui
tod States.''
Wo bring such commission, nnd the Clcrk is
b.nmd to receivo it ns prima fueio ovidenco of our
right to sit herc. Such is tho lnn of I'arliuiuuiit.
Mr 11. hcro quotcd u law of l'urliamcnt passed
in tho 7th nud 8th vcnrs of Williain nnd Marv.
dcclaring tho mcmbcrs returnoi! by tho shcriirs
uiu snuiij iui:iiiiht.i lllllll l lirililllioill, on pcinioii,
shall oust thcn, and tliis Ius been scttlud by thu
1 n .
nouso ot uopreseiitntivcs over nml over ugnm ;
und iu confinnntion nf tliis statcmcut roferred to
tho decision by tho Ilouso at the lato spncial scss
ion iu tho caso of Messrs Clnihornc nnd Gliolson.
Ile nlso quotcd other preccdonts from tho "Cus
esof Disputcd Eleclions," paaeslSli, 728 and 729.
Thero wui no caso iu all tho history of tlie Houso
whero a rcgularlcgal couunission had been rujec
tcd hcforo tho Houso wus organized. And this
was accordin to all law ovcry whero. Nothing
was hetter suttled than that tho decisiou of a regu
lar trihunal, appointed by law todecido such mat
tcrs, ni'tst, when tho samo nuestion cutno un be-
lore nny other trihunal, unlcss iu cascs ol appenl,
bo received und admitcd ns rcsadjudicata, nccor
ding to tho innxim, res adjtidicata pro vcritato
nccipitur. Ho thurcforo insitcd thnt in justico to
thu laws ofNew Jersey, and tho public odicers ol
that Slate, ns wull us to tho cominissioncd mein-
uers, tho naincs ol sueh members ouglit to lio
ilacud upon thu roll. If othorgentlenicn clnimcd
thu seat, and could provc their right to it, Jct thutii
proceed rugularly by pctition.
Lut lliurn shuw, il tlioy could, that tho Goveru
or had dono wrong in grantiug such cert fieates ;
when that qucstion caum up, .Mr II. trustcd he
should bo itb'o to show that tho Govcrnor had
dono right, lle nppealcd iu tho ine.mwhiln to
all honorublc nnd high niiniled Stutna-ights nicn
not to let lliu rcgular acts of Slnto nuthority bo
woiilonly set nsiilc. Woro it lln!r own cnse,
would they nnt gallantly stnud up for tho nuthori
ty of their States?
Ar to tho othur testimony to which tho Clurk
had alluded, Mr 11. uuderslood it to consist of u
curtiticato obtnined from tho Secretarv of Stato of
New Jersey, tindcr tho seal of his ollice,
io'. undcr the broad seal of tho State. m Iavor of,
iho other candidates. But tho Secretary of Stato
v 'H not tho repurtiug or cortifying olTicer knowu
t'.i the luw ; he had uo legul nuthority to givo such
ii certificnto: it wus, iu renlity, nocurtilicntoatull.
liesidcs, it did not pretcnd to slnto nny oflicial rc
tttriis nl thu elcction, hut only tho pcr.snmd tiudor
stiiiidiug nf tho otHccr ns to thu gencrul result. A
ccrtifying oirirer could mdy legidly ocrtify to rn
cords ; hu hail no authority to curtify what miglit
ho his nwu persoiiiil npimons : nnd even if tliis
Secietary ol'rituto wcru thu nuthorized oliicer to
curtify uleutioii retiirus, the certificnto he hnd
gien was not in thu usuul form. .Mr II., liowcv
er, had un nlijei'tiou that his corlifiuate, such ns it
was, should hu read.
Mr Byiium rosu to reply to certniu statements
which had bccn inade lor fiiets, but which wero
not so. Ho knew it to hu a pructicu with many,
in nml outofiiiis Ilouso, tu usstnno fiira fuctovery
thing wliich they Ihnught proper. Thu guutlo
inun from l'ciiiisylvania (Mr Sorgoant,) with
whom it was charucturiitic, hnd nssumud for a
fuet that this w.is tho fi-sl timo that uvur thu seut
of a ineuiht.T had humi iqiiuslinnod whn hnd been
ulectcd ai'cording to tho litw.sund llicCoiisliiulion.
Did tho gcutloiiiuu uiiilcrtuko to say thut hu alonu
had tho right (ojiidgu nf what was tho law and
tho Constitiitinu iu lolutiou to this siihject? 11
the law nnd thu Constitutioii wcro no ulcar as thu
geuiliMiiaii would mako out, ho (Mr II.) prosuui d
that there would not hi a dissentiug voicu ns to
llu;se gttiitleii'en lakiug thoir seats. But this was
precisely thu fuetnt isstic, Ho tai.l that iiiilivid
uals were not elcctcd urcordiug to the law and
thu facts.
Thu gt-mlcman from renti3ylvnuia snitl they
wero ihut it wus u oluar casu ; but it wns to hu
horiiu iu ininil thnt thero weroojher gentlumen iu
tliis Ilouse who hnd uu equal right to their own
opiniuiis, nnd to tlic oxcruUo of llieir own powurs
olYoiislruction of thu laws nnd tho Constitutiou,
who suw tho matter in a vury difiercnt light.
The guntleman thought, too, that it wnuld bo a
reflcction on '.ho Govcrnor of New Jersey, tlmt it
would, bo disrespcctful o llie Stato of New Jcr
sy, to qucstion tho right of thoso iiidividuals tu
their seats, or to douht tho propricty of thuir
names buing callcd. Wero thcru not othera whosu
liitercsis nnd opir.ions woro to bo rcspected ho
sides tho Goveruor utnl his coailjutors in Now Jcr-s.-y
? Ho (Mr B.) thought that thosoveicign puo
plo of Nuw J(.Toy shuuld be huurd, nnd tlmt thoir
rights olso should bo rcspected on this floor. Il
ho understuod tlio matter corroctly, tho muiiihois
of this Ilouso wero not so uiuch tho Ueprescnta
tives of tho Exccuiiva of tho Stnto of New Jer
sey; tlioy weru cniphatically thu Itupresuiitntivcs
in part ofthe gruat sovuroign I'unplo of Novy Jer
sey. Hcro was n contcst betwccn llio l'cople nnd
thu Executivi: of Now Jersey.
Thu Pcuplu cnlled upnn this Ilouso to do jus
tico; they said that tho Goveruor had commitled
onoutrngu iipnii their feelings und rights; that
Im had heuii guiliy of n tisurpation fur which in
snmccouuiries Iio wouhl bo subjuct to high ivs
ponsihility. If the ohjeut of guutluinen was to
gut thu iinmes of thrso fivo individiitils callcd
white (ho Houso wus yet in nn an tmorganizcd
coudition, whut wns io prnvcut tho names of thu
othur fivo bciiig called? Tho Govcrnor of Nuw
Jersov hail ordured his Ueiirusentatives to be
callcd.niid hu ivnn to he hcarii; hu; llio peoplo of
ISuw Jurnoy litul nrilut'cil llielt Uiipresuiitulives io
bu called, nml thoy wcru not to Iu huurd. Tiis
wus a matter iu which tho rights of tho peoplu
wcro ut stake.
Hu considfcied all tho propositions which hnd
bcon contended for hy tho gentlumen on tho oilu-r
sidu, as imprncticuhlo. Nothing could ho dono iu
tho matlur until tho Ilouso hadadoptud Ihojiropo.
sitioii of thoguntlounn from Virghna, (Mr iUves.)
Bufore n ducMinu could bn had, it would bo no.
ct8sary to lake into coiisideration tho law of t'le
Stutu (il'Nuiv Jursey, but lliat could not ha dono
nowtbecuiiso this was tiot uu orgnnieed body.
lleru wus tho eacrcd ciurt thnt guiued us (poin-
ting to iho Constltuilon of iho Unitctl States :)
Ihit, iu dccidlng this nmtter, iho f.icts ns well ns
ho law mttstho considercd. "F.ach Houso shnll
bu tliL'judfjo ofthe clectltms, rcturiis, nnd qunli
ficatious ol its own incmhnrs, nud u nmjoriiy ot
Cnch sliull coiistituto a quoriim to do hiisinesV
(reuding.J Tho Ilouso iniist he tho judgu of tho
iijiiHs ni ns own inonineM, wns thero nny inw
to contrnveno this provision ?
If llio Governorof Nuw Jursey dared to contrn
veno llio riuhtsof incmburs of tliis Ilouse. let lih
nctymcet with llio conteinpt thuy merit. , lio
(Mr B ) hailhecn told llint this duhato had heen
got up licronn n mero cnteh, to pru-occupy public
ntinntion ; nud hu douhted wliothnr tho Executivo
of New Jcrscy had oveu actcd iu coiil'.innity with
uiu inw oi ius own atnie. a innjonty ol llio peo
plu of his Slnto Ihoiight that hu had not. Tho
Constitutiou, then, gavo this Ilouso tho power to
tako iho mnttn.r cntirely into its own hnndj. But
what Wns lirst tu boilouo?
Tlio Ilouso mii.it bo orgnnizn I. Tho gcntlo
inan froni l'ennsylvaiiiu had conionded Ihat now
wns tho tiuio to tnku this matter into enusidera-
tion. How? By whnin? Nnt asiep rnuld bo
taken utitil thcru wns snme nrgnni.niinu. Mr B.
thn prncueded tu vindicato thu coiirsu which tho
Clucihnil takcn. A hricf intermediatu cxplanu
triry couvur&atioti onsu'.-d botwcen Mesrs Kynuin,
oiniio, a mercer, on otlier points, and ittr Uyntiin
conuhiilud his romarks by roading an oxtruct froin
the journal in tho pusii ol Moreund Lutcher. and
which hecited in suppnrt ol his own opinions'.'
:Mr Evorott said tho Ilouso secnied to him to
bo undor grcnt cmbarrassinont, nnd ho hnrdly
know how to gct out ot it. It would bo very un
fiirtunnti) to tho Ilouso nnd the country, if they
should remnin iu this unorgnni7.cd cond'ition. Ho
dcsircd ihat thero should bo as speedy an orgnpi.
zation ns pnssihlo.
Thu ClerX foolc his scnt undor whnt was callcd
tho law of Pnrliamcnt.- It was truo thnt, by n ruo
of this Houso, not nnw ohligatory, Iho ' Cleik ro
nmiiicd so until n snccessor was nppoinied. Iio
look his seal, nnd whalevtir act ho did ho did un
dcr thi- law of Purllament. Thu usagu had bccn
thnt tho Houso should tnko tho iuitiuiory sicjn to
prndiico nn organization. No ono could douht
that this Houso had tho power of its own organi
zation. It could not bu without the power to pro
duco a perlect organizntion. The courso had
heen for tho Clerk to mako a roll, nnd, by ihc luw
of Pnrliamcnt from thu beginning of tho Goverti
mcnt to this duy, only ono qucstion was sitbinit
lcd to tho Clcrk, nnd that wns n questioti of uo
cossity; tho qucstion of ihe rcturns wa submit
tcd to him, hut noihiug clse.
He mndo out his roll from such ovidenco ns
wnscxhibited; tlr.il wns tlio only question sub
mittcd to him, but nothing clse.
He mndo out his roll from such evidcnco ns
wns exbihited ; that wns tho only question suh
mittetl to him ; and bnloro he could bo justified
in not cnleringsomo person ou tho roll, ho must
bo satisfiud thnt thcro had nnt been alognl elcction.
Tli6 qucstion is, whether tho roturn, on the faco
of it, is n logal ono? Had tho Clerk intimatcd
nny douht on this point ? Nnt nt all. Until ho
hnd dono this, his(Mr EverertV) opinion was that
thero was no qucstion hcfore the Ilouse. But
supposo this wns not dono. Ifa roturn wns pro
sentcd which, upon tho faco of it, tho Clerk
thought nnt right, wns it not his duty to inquire?
Ho might report a vacancy, or not put him on
tho roll ; but Mr E's opinion wn, that such n
roll as thn Clcrk thought proper to mako should
bo'gntio through with beforo nny qucstion wns
cntcrtaiucd. Virtn.illy, tho Clerk had passed tho
opinion that thero was no person legally rulurned
fioin tho Stato of New Jersey. It nppenred to
him (Mr E.) that, right or wrong, tho roll should
havc heen cillud through without question, nnd
that then this qucstion nf contestcd sents would
proper'y havo nnsunT lio would nlways prcsumo
iu ndvnnco that the Clerk would do his duty im
partinlly. But the qucstion of douht as to nn
eluclion, wns qno nover to bo suhmitted to tho
Clcrk ; tho only qucstion for him was, who hnd
tho legal retiirn?
Thcru must bo somo way of prncecding to nn
orgaiiizatinn, nnd tho nnly 'praetioal way suemod
lo him to bu that llio Clerk should go through tho
roll, right or wrong whatcvcr it inuy be, and then
tho housa might proceed toact, nnd were coinpc
tent to nct, by n mnjority not to decido he ques
tion whn were cntitlud tn their scuts, but to tako
tln' question mcroly on tho returns.
Alier Mr Everett concludcd
MrCraig addrcsscd thn house, hut froni apo
sition tinfuvornblo to tho Bepnrter's hearina; him.
Tho geueral ccnpn of his argument, hnwovcr,'
was that, in n casu of difliculty, nf rcal douht, in
which inetsligation was ne?esiary in" ruforcncb
to tho coutest lor so.it , such us ho maintuiued to
bo lliu iiiinstion hefnru the hoino thu nhvinus
courso fur thu houso wastu put asiduthu ense un -
tu tlmt invesugiuion roulil Iio lia l. I'rima facie
evidKiice, hu maintaiiied. wus notsiiineiout tnen-
titlu memhers tu seats iu iho houso; nud, but for
tho sako ot nrguinour, hu supposei! a casu of pul -pahlo
fniud, sanclioiiud by ull thu fornn of luw
und dciiinuded whether in such n cnse a incro
lunn of 'eurtificat-could bu cousidi.'red us civuiz
u tille to n seut, &c.
Mr Mavwull rosu iinmedintely on Mr Craig's
concluding, in order, n he said to put an cnd to
uu imfutindcd nssumptinn which had hcun ini-.lu
iu th s ilolm'c. It luis huuu assumcil, snid Iic, that
wo coniu huroniu! deinand nur scats uiion n mcro
prinvtfacit evideuco of n claim tu thom. Such,
saiil lie, is imt liui lant. l liavo nscurlaineil to my
saiisfaciinn that xot httve reetived a mnjority oftht
kgalvolts ofthe slalc ; nud, if n fair opporiuuity
negivuii, i nuiiuvi) iiiui wo rnn esiuunsli tliut laet
bcyoud tho ponsihility ofihmht.
Wo prnsunt hetu our r.ertifieatcs in duo form of
law, uutitliug us to nrrivo at Ihut stnto in whicn
wu cau estuhlish ihe fuet iiion cnnchi'ivo evi
dencu. Fur thnt purpnsu wu oomu here ciim
missioncd by thu Governorof tho Stnto of New
Jersey. In rnply to nnothur obsurvatiou which
liml been madu, that tho puoplu nnd thu Goveruor
of tho Stnto nro nt vnriauco iu rofcreiico to their
tille to seats, whero, Mr M. ns'-ied, was tho ovi
denco of that fuet? Tho Governor was thoorgan
through which thu opinion of tho peoplu of iho
pooplu of lliu Stnto is oxprcsscil ; nnd .ii'ure ho had
given tho cortificatos of elcction to tho Kcprcsen
lativcs from Now Jersey, both liuaud cvory mom
ber of tho Council, by whoso advico ho hnd in
tlmt cusu nctcd, hnd bsen nguiii clccted totho oUi-'
ccs they then lield.
Wo present outsolvcs hcro (said MrM.) with
crcdcntlitls ns fair as thosu of any other muinbors
ofthis hmisc. If thero ho no iiocsibility of a
douht as to tho legulity of ihesn credontials not
to gn ncyonu iucin wuy is a iiisuiicuoii io uo set
iii) betwcun tho rights onho Kopresontnlives from
Nuw Jersey, nnd thoso on this floor from nny oth
er Stnte ? y.tvo wo not tho samo right to qucstion
tho title of any other meinber heru, ns nny inem
hor here hnj to qucstion olir right? Who brings
here n higher or n prior right lo ours ? Nono :
for iny own snti3fitulioii ns a mnn and a lawyer, I
hnvn uivcstlgnted tho mntter, und us n mnn nud a
lawyer, I mn salisfied thut wo hivo tho right to
lliu seats wo deiunnd.
Sinco tho organizntion of thoGovHrumotit, thcro
novur hns heen an insiuiieo ofn innn cimlng for
wnrd with proper ovideiiru nf titlo to his soul, to
whom u sent hns bccn rufused. No procedent
can ho found. in tho history of this Govurnmcnt,
or of nny otlinc, in which ihu claim of thu regu
lurly reiurped moinhor has been rejccled. If tlio
riL'lit of ono nersiiii hnving tho luiml rettnn is
qucMioned, tho right of uiiother nnd iiuothor niny
bu quesiionutl, nnd who is to dccidu 7 Or aro
all rcgulur ovidcnccs of tillcs to seats to bo set
usido 1
Mr White, of Kontucky, noxt ohtaincd llio
lloor und inade n snecch, nf which lituo nllows tho
Iti'portur to furnish only ti briuf nud (nint abstract.
Ho bcgauby iinitosiing agninst thu authority, n
dertakcn tu bo uxnrcisud hy llio Clerk of this
houso of dulurinlnliig whnt nionihors, possesing
undouhted legal eviduucet of elecllou, aro or uro
not omitlod to stmts. Tliis (Mr W. mfd) wnsa
inost uxtrnordinary proDosition. nnd, in tlio trceul-
iar circuui9(nnces nf iho cnse, invnlved n rospon
sibility which tho Clcrk ofthe houso hnd no colnr
of rignt to assiime.
You (snitl rtlr W. nddrcssmir tho t;icrio uinlur.
tako to iloterinino whnt certlficntes of elcction you
wui reccivc, nml wliich ol tlicui you will reject.
Aro you not a candidntu fur ro elcction to thu station
whleli i ou occtmv ns nn o'.Rccr ofthis housc? And.
boiugso, do you not, in thu courso you liavo pur
sued, undertuko lo determino what ineinliers slrnll
coinposo tho Itotisofrnm which you seekn ru-clcc-
tiour uuuersucli oircuiiistanccs, (.Mr V. saiil,)
t Iic Clcrk ought not, nud cauiiut nssuiuo to dctcr
tnine who aro and who uro not nicmhcr of Iho
housc. W'uh whnt kinil nf propricty (suid ho) or
respcct for inysolf, or for tho rights of my constitu
cnts.cnii I mysell for uno innmont cotiscnt that
,yait shall diitermino whether I aui or nm nnt a
inumherof this hovtso? Sir, 1 protest ncainst
your excrciso of nny such nuthority.
iMr W. iiroiusted iiL'ainst nl t :u i ossos and
sthlletius hy wliich ihe. Iruc qiiuitinu hoforo thn
housu hnd hueu uttumntcd to bu diSL'uised. snid
thnt tho niked question for memhers to cousider
wos, wlio, ucconling to nclit, leason, nml cstnn
hshcd usnsro, nru entitled tu voto for odicers of
this house, ou thonssuiuhlago nf n nuw Coneress,
until tho houso was nri!ani.ed ? Tho uuswcr to
wlncli qucbtion wus, tlmt n cortifiuato ol elcction,
in diiu coniormity to law, liail over nud invarmbly
been held tncntitluniumhurs tu seats.
Mr. W. tiroceeiled to uuotu ol lariro fiovcrnl au-
tlioritics tosustain tliis position, which ho consid-
ereu iinpregnaiiio. Tlio lirst nuthority Iio quoteil
was from iMrByuum'sspccch iu thu caso ol Gliol
son and Clnihariio, in which thnt ccntlumnn miiin-
.! I .1 1. . .
iiiiiiuu iiiiu uiu uiiniucuio oi inc uovernor ni n
Stnto was prima facie cvidenco not to ho disputod,
ofn meinhur's titlo toa scat. Ho thcn nuntud thu
specch to thu samo offect, in thu samo nao, of ti
mcmuer f jom fllurylund, (Mr Thomnsjofthusnmu
poiuicui pariy ua ino geuiiumnii trom ioi tn unr
Ho then qttoted to tho samo cffcct n specch of
the lato Spuiker ofthis house, (Mr Polk.) Com
mentjng npon tlieso und other oxtrncts rofurred to
by him, ho said that nosunbcam could be clenrcr
tlinu tho demonstralinn that, aecordin" to ull us
ngo nnd univcrsal opinion hcretoforc, tlio legal re
turn was irr jfutalilo cvidenco of titlo to a seut.
And (suid Mr Whito, still addres.iin r the Clcrk)
you havo by your own nctsliown your own con
victiou thnt such is tho law.
When you cnmo to New Jersey you callcd the
namo of Joseph F. Randolph. And why did you
doit hut from your consciousness that he hnd, iu
tlio Governor's certificnto of elcction, a legal nnd
sufiicienttitluto nseat? Yet tho names of the
five other represcntntives from New Jersey, hnv
ing precisely siinilar curtificntus of olection, you
reject, thus settintr ot dUiunco tho law whoso in-
junctions you Imvoyoursult' recognised intho cnso
ol Alr ltamlolpli.
Afiersomo furthor ohservntious, Mr W. took
Ins seut; nud
Mr Bynum.ol North Carolina, toso annarontlv
for the purposo of replying to tho allusion mado
ny wr wtuto to ius spcecli iu lliu cnso or Clni
borno nnd Gliolson.
Tho shades of cvening had howovcr, by this timo
negnn to tuii,unii tliero was n gencrul call lorud
journnient. Tho Clerk stntcd it us his opinion thnt iu the
present stato of tliuhomo (thn roll lmving heen
only partinlly called) no question co.dd bu taken
cithcr by ycas and nays, or by tcllcrs, or by count,
nud that no decisiou could ho urrivcd nt but by
gencral constnl of tho hnuse.
By gcuernl consent. tho houso then ndjourncd,
lo mect ogaiu nt V2 o'clock to morrow.
l.v Senate, Tuesday Dac. 3.
On inntion of Mr Ilubharil, tho timi! of meeting
was fixed ut 12o'clock, M. uniil fiirlher oidorcd.
tt Tuesdav, Dec. 3.
At noon, this day, tlio ineuibers clect of tho
Ilouse of Ueprfisentatives wero ngain c.illed to or
der hy Mr f! and, clerk of ho lloui'o fchu last
Congroi After wliich, he(tho clerk) sufted thnt
when tho Ilouso hnd ndjnurned yestcrday, sever
al questions wero beforo it wliich still remaiued
imducideil ; und u gciillemnn froin North Carolina,
(Mr. Bynuni) was, hy usagu, entitled to thu floor
tliis moruing. With thu purmission of that gcn
tlemau, thu clcrk said hu had now a respectfui
nppcnl lo prcsnnt to the Housc. No mnn had (elt,
or could feul, nioro profoundly than himsell, thu.
painful difliculty nf Iiis present situatioii. From
tho begimiing, ho had heen dcuply sensiblo nf the
high responsibility east tijion him hy o'rcumstan
ces, and undur whicli ho ivm oouipnlled to nct ;
und now, lnilbro God nud his country, ho nssurcd
tliosu wlinm ho was nddres.iiiig, thnt hu had had
hut otiii nhject in view, which was, to du his duty
iu thu ua-ie. lio was placed, ns uvery geutlcinan
must iierceive, in nn cntirely ucvel siliiation. All
furiuer clniuisto seuts had been presi;iiled, on pu-
titiuu, to thu Ilouso itsell ; llio clcrk had unthiug
to iln wisli tiiuui. in ttns, iio only uxeeptiuu
had heuii thu cnn nf Messrs. Mooro nud I.utchcr,
whcruthu Hnuse, froin tho nccussity nf thu cuse,
had been calleil upon to nct pruyious to llio reg
til.ir or''anizatiou ; and iu thnt inslaiico tlio cui
barrassmont wns so great that lliu casu could not
hnve becu ilcciileil iu a lortmgllt, prntialiiy. liail
not both thu ualimants, hy nitituul consuni, ngrecd
to r tiru. But hor.;, iu thu presunt cnse, ihe ovi-
duiiccs in fiivor nfthe couflictiu g claims hnd been
brniight to the clerk nresented m his o!Iico and
forced uiion him. What wus ho to do ? Was ho
to tako tlio part of thu Houso nf Keprcsontatives,
who were hy the eoiiMitutimi thu solo judges of tho
olection returns and qinlificutiou oi their own
members? Hu lell most puinf'uHy thu difliculty of
his position. Ho had most liiboriou&ly and unxi
niislv investi''iUed tho suhicct, nud hnd cumo to
lliu conclusiiin ns io tlio liui" nini ino inouu oi
presoutiug thu suhjeut itsolf, und ull thu dillicult
ipiestiuns coimectcd with it, to tho Ilouso; und
hu now very respectf dly hut curncsily nppeuled
to tlio IIuue, nnd askui!, that iu Jiis own justifiea
tiop, hu miglit be pormitted to mako u Htutoinunt
of tho grnuuds on which hu had acted thus far.
Such a thiug was not uiiprueeilentejl, und ho hop
ed permissinn would bo uccurded him.
Mr. Jnnifur, of Murylaud, nsked whether tho
Clerk hnd ducidcd to roviuw the courso he hnd
ptlrsiifd yeslerdiiy ns to calliug thu ntunes of llio
ineuibers elcct from New Jersey, nnd lonllow tho
Ilouse of Representutives to go ou with Ita organi
zntion without nny interferencu on his part?
Tho Clerk ropeated the durlnrofmn ofhis nuxi
ntis solic'uudu us to whnt his duty y ns.bilt iniiuui
ted that ho could pot dupart from tho courso hu
liad thus fur piirsucd until convinced tbat it wus
MrJenifur. If llio Clerk wishes tho Houso to
proceed in organizing ilself, let him proceed in
'calliug tho uaiucs of thuso who havo produccd
' rcgular eertilicates of thuir cluction until tomebo.
idy objccts to his tloing so. Ho stoppodyesturdny,
I ofhis own motion, after cnlliug tho nnma of ono
mombcr, and had not culled tho rcmnining names
ol tho momburs froni New Jersey, nlihoiigh noho-
ily had expresscil nny otijoctions to Ins jouig on.
Mnny crics of "luavo'' otlnn) of "objort," ro
ferrlug to'.tho rcquest of iho Clcrk to bo n lowed to
. mako n Btntcmcnt to thu Ilouso on iiiugrmimis on
which lio hnd nrocooilod.l
Mr Wisu snid ihat ho fidtit to bo duo lo tho
Clcrk, hy tho law ofusngo, that ho should bo nl
lowed lo iuaku tho proposcd stntemcnt. For ono.
Mr. W. wus very desirotis tu hcnr it; cnd his on
ly wonder wns that all other gentlemnn did not
leel llio samo dcsire. 1 Iu wantod to hcar what
tho Clurk hml tu ttdvancu us a rcasoti why ho had
not perfurmed that plain duty which, ns woll hy
law ns usago, hu was botnid lo ierfonn. Mr. W's
action in the matter might possildy be inlluencod
hy what ho should huar from tho Clerk. 'Ihu
statemoui would hnvo no nuthority it could only
hu prrsunsivo ; lut it bo hcnrd ; nud then, when
tho ceriilicntenHnd tho law weru nll rend, together
with tho Cluik's explanatlon, very possihlo thu
mimfe ol all might Uo sattaflud. lio took It tot
gramcd that tho stntctncnt would incltido nll tho
ccrtificntoson both fiidcs, ns wcll ns tho wholo law
of tho casu. Iln must ndd thal. hnd his oxnlnnii.
tion been oflV.red ynstenlay, when Iho reading of
tho ccrtlfiicnton ntid law wns cnlled for, It trould
havo been pccullarly well lltned.
Cries-of "Gootil" "Agrced! ngreed!" "Nol
Nothing but tho dehnto wcnt 'on.'
Mr Vandnrpnel said they had hcnrd mucli alKitit
tho Inw of Nuw Jersey, hut ho was hnppy to find
thut iho llonsu nlso hnd a law tho Inw ofcourte -sy
tho luw nf deccnoy tho Inw of entlciinn
ly itwiincin in dehato; nnd that the jnntincr in
which tho present dehato had thus far Jbeen etm
ductedjfiirnishfid a pledgo thnt tlio prophccles
ho'had idinost said tho wishcs of ccrtnini pcoplo
outof tho IIiiusi'. would not ho fulfilled. Ncces-
sity was ihc only nnd Iho aufliciciit jmwer lo reg-
iiiiiiu iuoir prcscui nciinu. no denieil thn t n'ey
wero in such nn impcrfect,siicli tui iucbonto st'He,
tlmt they could not uct on this raso so furi's to
nostpona it for tho tirespiit t'.ll n qnoriiiri shi "ild
hnvo bocn nbtniiKii. Thero wiw a uecuMtty in
tho fitncss of things for somo preliminnrv orgr.t. '
zation ; nnd in tnking this ground, hu was atiijxn '
ted by vury high nuthority. llo would rcmi nn
oxtract from n specch delivered by n gentleinati
from Vermont, iu thu cnso of Gliolson und Clai
borne, whicli was so much nioro lorciblcnnd cou
viric.ing than nny thing ho could say, thnt hc took
plenstiro iu prcscnting it lo Iho Ilouso. It was a
specch from Mr Evcrctt.
Mr. V. hcro rend nu extract from the specch.
Mr V.continued : it had been snid thcro wai
prima facie ovidenco here, and thnt tho Clerk muet
recoivo it, nnd pennil thtse gctitlcmen to vote up
on one of iho inost importnnt ncts tlmt could do
volvo upon tho niembcra of this body that wns to
say, tho olection of Spenkcr, whoso province it
was to a;point tho committees, who wero the or
gani or mouth.picccs of thia House. Could that
boso? If n precedent lo tlmt cfl'eet wero to ho
ostabliahed, hud gcntlemen over looked into what
must bo tho conscquenccs of it?
Supposn a gcntlcmim presented himsolf hnro,
for oxamplo, with n fnrged certificnto-n ccrtificote
wincli lio ciniineil to hnvo received from a Govern
or, whodicd beforo tho elcction hnd taken plnce, or
heloro tho nropcrniithentic reliims hnd been re
ceived, nnd that he were to come here nnd claim
to bo inscribed upon ihe roll, was ho to be pcmilt
ted to iio so ' Surely not. And did not tho docirina
for' which soine gnntlcmeii contended cnrry thctn
to tliis oxtrcme ? Ho put it to theircnndor to say.
The gentlenian from V'cnnont (Mr. Everett) hnd
contended in tho extract ho (JWr. V.) had read
ihat iho Houso might even go to ihe leneth of np-'
pointing a committee. Thu Inws ol NewJwoy
declared that tho persnns reeeiving tho greatest
nuinber of votos from thu wholo Mnto not purt,
hut tho wholo Rtnto-(not oxcludiiig Millville nml
South Amboy) should ho the pcrons choscn to
represent the peoplo ol Now Jcrscv. Wull ; tho
Govcrnor hnd snid, hero is a certificuto bascd up
on a record of tho returns mndo lo ino of all the
votes from tho whole stnte. Now, tho opponent
party stepped in nnd snid, "Thero is no such rc
eonl, wodcny its existence.and wo bring thu nc
tiittl record for you." What wasthc proper course?
An iiispection nf the record. Was there nnt then,
n innnifeht dist.nction betwurn this nnd ordinary
cases of conlesled.elections ? Hc did not know
that hu would, at ull cveuts beforo thu Speak-r
wnselected, go to tho extcnt of cxnmining the uv
idencc. It might bo very inconveuient if not im
prncticnble. Mr Vanderpocl procccdcd to say that thcso
wero briclly tho nrguments which had occurred to
him in answer to the teclmicnl nml lonnal ohjec-
tinn whicli hail baan raUoil hnrn nirninai tlm riirlita
of iho gcptlemen chnseu bv tho ninjurity of tho
vrktna nl'lltn nnniiln AfATn... T . . .
u.wa w. u.u .u.tw ui .11,-1, cmuy,
But higlier consideraunns thau thesa hnd indn.
ced him to tako ihu course he had nlrcady indic.i
tod thu cnurse of rcsistinir tho clniins of thcsa
generous (ho intended nn personnl oflence) thcso
Kenerous pretenders to come hcro merely becausa
they exbihited thoir boml. Wcro tho inembersnf
this body to be'eo -blmdud hy foim ns to retiiler
themselvea iucompclent to nnt llio pnrt of lionoru
lilu and upriglit men ?. Let it nnt ho promulgnted
to the world thnt Iho Ammcaii Congress is so im
potent so tramuielled hy form so denf to tho
dictntes of truth nnd justico thnt thu voico of llio
soveieign peoplu of ono nf thu states of tho iiniun
should bo ilrowned or prostrated hy the 'smnll,
uiiserable, and sqtteakiug notes of inorc techui-
cnlity. ,
Mr. Popo snid that thoi House prcsented tho
most cxtranrdinary spectnclu thnt he had evor
secn orreadofin any rivilized cmintry. Tlm
iloctrine ndvanced Jy the gentlemnn who hail
just tuken his seat(Mr Viuidcrpoel) was tnore cx
trnordiiinry than ho (Mr. P.) had evor heard in
nny rupresentniivu body. Whnt wivj ii? That
gciulemeti cnming hero clnthed u'ith n wrilti'll
ilulegatiuu of power to roprescnt llio stnto of Nuw
Jersey in thu Congress ot thu Uuitcd States should
ho drivcn nway, nud that unothcrsct tif guntlunien,
on thuir own nssumption, on their own declnrn
tion, should ho entitled to bo ndmittcd. Whnt
saiii the Constitutiou of tho United States? By
thnt instriiinent wu wcro n Confeduration ofstatcs,
lmving u Gcuernl Governmont for eertain purpo
ses, and tho severul states being rcprescnted in
Congress. How was this body nrguuized ? By
tho Cniistittlliou, enclt Slnto was lclt Ireu to pro
viile I'orthu elcction ofihosu who should repre
sent its iuterests iu Congress, iiuli;.s Cnngrcss, for
special reusnns thouiht propor tn iuterfere. llo
nihlresjed himself asthu gemleinuii from Mnssn
chusctts (Mr, Cushing) hud done, ruther to tho
meiuhcrs.whn rnme hero clothcd with tlio uu.
thority of Inw thnn to tho Clerk.; nnd ho ohfcctcil
to the Clcrk iDtrodiicing nny thiug hcro elther iti
tho shcpo of nn argument, n protest, nu cxptanu-
tion, ora viudicution.
Mr. P. was morlified to fitid so niuch diflerenca
nf ouinion nmniifr centlcmi'ii whn profL'ssed to ba
un tlio whigsidu? Mr. P. hero nlludcd, in n. jn
coso iiianuer, totho difliculty which had been cx
pericuced by h'uiHolf nnd nthers in .seeuriiiL' seats.
owing to tho uriconstitutionnl ntimher of thoso
clniined. Noiv Jersey ha I nppropriatcd to her
sulfoluvenscatH sho ns entitled tu only six ; und
ho insisted, beforo going I'urihcr, thnt fivo of tho
memhers froin thatstutoat n'l uvonts should niarcli
nut. Thoy could not nll bo ciitithd to remain
hcro. Ho IihiI ohservcd that ono distinguislied
goutlemnn had been puslicd utiintn u oorner, atnl
that tlireo moinlwrs of nnother ileleijation had
lieen puslicd nenrly into thu firc. Williout inteu
diug pcrsonal disrcsperl, ho would sny Ihnt fivo
of iho guntlcmen from New Jersey wero certiiinly
iutrnders, und thnt they lind no UuViuessherc.
llow wcro tho memhers nsseuihlcd here, nnd
by whnt nuthority did they come? By tho nu
thority ofihoir rospcctivu States. Thi question
hcro raiscd was to bo first dccidcd by the mem
hers not bv tho Clerk, nor any othur trihunal
but by tho itoprosentntivos from tho States. Ho
hcggod the gantlemen to puuso nnd rcflect. Ho
wns hero by tho authority delugnted tu him ihrough
th Exeotilivo nrgun ol'iho Stnte, whethor thnt bo
it Goveruor, a Secrolnry, or hnlfn dozen ShcrifTs
fur cnch stato prescribeil tho ntanuer in whicli tho
credentinls, or cerlificato, nr commisslon should
bo pruparod. Thcro wns n political luw whicli
rcguluted tho action of indopondeiit coininim'uica
Hnd natinns a Inw wbieh existed hcforu thu l&un
datioa of civihzed society ; nnd Ihnt wns, ihnt full
fnith und credtt ahould ho given to thu Exccutivo
orgau of avery indopeudent cominitnitv, no mat
ter how organized. When, theref'oie, Kcntiicky
jold ihii flouso und nntiou, through thu rcgular
coiistitutod orgou, that shu had clrctcd tliirteen
incmbers lo roprescnt her ou this floor, the niouii
hcrs from Mnssachitsetunnd South Uurolitm, and
Virgiula and ull tho other States, wero bound IQ.
irivu full crudit to thnt dulucntion, imti, iu the ex
crciso of puwor conforred by thu ConMitution,
it shotild bo found thnt thoy wcro not properly in
possession ofihoir souts.
Thu Constitutiou hnd wisely providcd that, m
in high jrarty tlrnreti great it!u8ticu mighl it ttm

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