VERMONT WA T
CHMAN & STATE JOURNAL;
BY E. P. WALTON & SONS.
"WATCHMAN & JOURNAL.
TERMS-SI SOenh In alliance i 9 00 If payment l not mado
in mlinnre , intercut atwiiyt charged from Ihe end of tho year.
courtship and matrimony.
A VOV.M IN TWO CANTOS.
AAKTO tllhT -CtfUKTPMlP.
Tftlrpit of f nib ; il tliini Itlienrrrty voW,
Lo! nt l In tn t, 1 nr to lovn Ditto over I
At, by tli upim iliv rurjiant br.it,
Tioniiie iflVciinn t,n h no time thnll tettif J
And nrm l.-t li Vr thu hum ft bright now,
( (i be tnni"i 'In it - i rr, '-arflit- ITT 1
V i' tduti nn l.niihn, flo'U-tinf honit rr-lgn?
i -lUi'Ttnt nu ii mi eel KittR ' wilt fhuii b mloA ?
'i 'ion Phhli I-lv jinrt (o cl r k lliy n rn li .
7 lion hIihIi imvu ull it la . ,.;M of rmrs i .t .ring j
AnH we wll lno in Holittide, nor ctro
Fit adfli', fur cnch othflf. 'o will fling
Annv nil -t tr-iw-Kdfti Bhttll Wi thM' !
Andthoi -WilM hi nn qtlfrn, nnd I tbv klnif !
tl11 0, t .! Illlt fllM tail 1 ? ttWff llM'J!' lift
- r jititl. 1 'iiunnrchi be? nnd lii'-ri 'lm day?
rMo 'ie secono MituMniv
Now, Mr I'i-iiieI", onnij for nil, I tii
1 u ill not miIi cltr.i Vftg.iTif ft nil' u ,
Hill' upon tMllF, h nt) ti.rgu cvrrj d .
nM.jjn d d((- n iitii W lf ink, I ow
Boimmjh, fflo',n, f ippoty urn! treeh - tin my,
Tear-, M'b l'mmlc, will pn gtlll mn now.
T " t wq I li'n puun.tii ft-w k
1 c.m'r ntFoM il ; Mudum, do not pi m !
In wnrtrlinu iU I thowrhi I odd n U''inrr ,
I nm! im It moat mmrnmv nilsi nn
You riao a
I. firt, n
I r.-k fT1l'
uit'i iiprm. tltn rlfiy i ( imfura .
ifi 1 "ire t hijbt1y i'iht
un'txir Tltt, nin' nn I iliv MlU!0 j
' ll..- nnnhrlnt; (lend to waken I
nil find -n no' ,
Inlilmi, but I'll mtkoDtem quiet!
NATPRE AND ART. AN 1HMGRAM.
I(t It. Moftnii. Kiq iX rrtiijnpanta Inquirer.
Vlit-n Eve, tlie fust of womuukiaJ,
A- Oiiet-n of Eden roved,
HcrDiougbti vere pure an mountain wind,
And i II whoiHW her, lnved.
Thp uanle loreomeil a lofty note,
Tim lion toed Itii mane,
A"'t e'en ilm ltnnet'i little throat
K)i()prf n flatterln? itrnia.
TIih ove th lip thenoul fraught face,
These won the fitit of men l
rl) movement ravo to life a grace,
To deck tba mother of our race
There vtctn iio buttles then I
CIVILIZATION AND ART. AN EPIGRAM
Bt J It. Chandler, IVq. Ed. U. S. G alette.
When live througli early Jilon moved,
And lutied her maiden voice.
It wii- not strange that Adam loveJ,
He'd only ' Uohion' e hoi re.'
But when ten Zt ure ibund at home,
Vnh chancu for acarco ttco men,
Not iie grace, nor ' Iinnei'n" hum,
Wil itch ihp haux lo muKe them come,
K.K li girl rnuit buttle then.
rownis TIIK SCULPTOR.
The following pnssages nro from an urticlo upon
the " Geni'tn and Sculptitrt of Powers," in tlifl last
number of the American Kcvirw :
who gazo upon the Slave and the live, seem
to go away with that benutiful emotion which long
lingers around one, lilto somo ideal form that some
times in the calm Bleep of nn early spring morning
flits over the fancy, hut cannot be forgotten : it
wakes us wo quiet ourselves nnd try lo sleep, nnd
bring back the vision ngnin. In these composi
tions, there is the Inchest stylo of the ideal and the
purest expression of imtuie. They toem like his
busts to liuve been copied from life (and they nro)
but as Air. Powers remarked, they were compos
ed from a great variety of models. Unlike other
femalo statues 1 have seen, they combine nil tliat
is beautiful in the uln.il that glows in the fancy
and ull that is cheerful and iioino-like in the fair
beings who cluster around oui ovrii firesiJwt and
livu "in our hunts. They are perfectly nude fig
uresand yet so pure is every lino, movement and
cxprc- jion about them, one feels that ho stands in
the garden, wlicro Evo ttood, among the flowers
with Angels and with God and " wns naked nnd
was not iishamcd." An impure though? cannot rise
in the bosom of the gazer, unless he bo one who is
unfit for the society of a pure woman. I think my
residence abroad has only made mo prize : moro
than ever the bright gem which ndoms the Amen-1
can woman that primitivo virtuo which recoils
from tho verv shade of impurity. And so far from
feeling any apprehension that tho exhibition of
these statues in America would havo any tendency
to introduce among our women foreign indelicacy,
characteristic of ovory country in tho world, but
our own and the British Islands at home, I am per
suaded they would bo warmly greeted by all the
enlightened nnd all the pure of both sexes, and
leave every spectator with moro exalted concep
tions of the beauty and the divinity of virtue. And
I would even venture to say, that I should bo com
pcMed to fear of every one, who, nfier seeing them,
should pronounce a different opinion, that the char
acter of the spectator was not right. They arc ns
pure as Milton's magical picture of the Garden of
Lden.and over every pure-minded person they will
exert as high and pure an influence.
I have not spoken of Mr. Powers'a jjcniug in the
other great departments of Sculpture. But he has
gone farther. Some time last year, no received n
commission for a statue of Mr. Calhoun, for the
city of Charleston, and tho model is nearly done.
It displays the tamo consummate talent that ap
pears in his other works particularly the head,
v Inch I regard as finer than any he has ever exe
cuted. The attitude is erect m his right hand he
hotdf up, on n level with his eye, a scroll, on which
13 inscribed his political creed tlie folds of his
dr pcy are falling gradually around him, and the
whole expression is a fine personification of tho old
Roman Senator. But in the expression of tho faco
and firm, there is an air of majesty, I havo never
Been equalled in a full statue, and the likeness is
bs perfect as any one of hi3 busts.
But Mr. Powers will not content himself until
ho has triumphed in every field of Sculpture. Ho
is to bcrrin. as soon as Mr. Calhoun's statue is done,
a magnificent group, the subject of which I am not
now at liberty to mention, but which will consti
tute, I believe, if executed as well ns his other
works, tho most superb croup in the world. It is a
Bubiect which has never been attempted in sculp
ture or painting, and yet it illustrates tho greatest
fact in the history of tho human race. But it will
bo the work ol years.
In tho meantime, ho has trained up a largo num
r of workmen, who aro superior to any m Flor-
enco, and they nro all occupied, it is orders aw '
increasinir faster than he can oxecuto them, altlio'
his pncfs are higher than any other Sculptor can
command, The Slave has been finished and sent
to England, and two copies of it have been order
ed ( tho pneo of tho original was S3,500, but he
has S10.000 for duplicates. Tho Evo is done, and
he is varying tho model to make u duplicate, which,
while it rcuuna nil its general proportions, will bo
different in eomo of its arrangements, to make it
strictly speaking not a duplicate. Tho Fisher Boy
is commissioned. His Proserpine, a single ideal
bust, was ordered by Mr. Carey of Philadelphia,
for 500, nnd a large number of duplicates, nioitly
from foreigners, havo been ordered. Hois dosi
rous not to occupy most of his timo on busts, and
ho hoped that by raising bis price, orders, would
cease - from fjUOU ho rosotoS"'00,and his commis
sions havo increased so rapidly, it is probable ho
will soon doublo tho Bum. This will bo necessary,
for oven at this prico, ho is obliged to deny many
npphcants. Ho told mo, ho could not now make
busts oven at that prico without loss. This may
uppcar strango, but ho not unfrequcntly passes
many days upon a bust alter tho best judges sup.
poso it is done. Of all his workmen, and ho has
eomo ho pays as high ns four dollars a day, (which
in Italy is unprecedented,) ho cannot depend upon
onu ot them for tho finishing of a singlo work. It
is a singular fuct, that the first timo Mr. Powors
took a chisel in his hand, ho mado a bust ontiro,
and finished it in a stylo superior to any workman
or artist in Florence. His mechanical skill is as
extraordinary as Jus crcativo genius.
Thoro may bo many who would bo glad to pos
ecss somo work of Air. Powers, whoso means would
not justify them in tho expense of a statue 5 or even
of a bust of themsolvcs. To such, I would recom-
inend a copy of tho Proserpino, which I promise
any lady shall bo even more perfect than herself.
For ti hoidoir, thoro is nothing so beautiful, and a
more classic conception could not adorn n library
It is nn exquisite ideal female bust, resting in u
basket ol Acnntlms leaves, and it forms perhaps
the ccm of his studio.
In addilion to theso lininduonccd decisions of
European journals and connoisseurs, iho opinion
simply, firmly, frequently expressed of tho great
uanisn ocuipior, will bo ol authority Willi every
one. Tho account of Thorwnldsen's visit to his
tudio, at related by Mr. Powers, is of interest in
iwen ami important in Die respect above mentioned.
"Just before tho clay model of Eve was done, I
rerpived the honor of a visit from tho great Tlior
waldson. He was passing through Florenco on his
way to Romef He had but a short time to spend,
and this he wished to pass with his friend1!. Jlut
being strongly urged by n gentleman who had been
often at my studio, he consented to drop in for a
moment; The first intimation I hnd of his visit
was ipom-n. servant, who oatne hastily into my stu
dio' and Shhounctm that Thonvsldsen w na at Ihe
dunr nnd begged p.riiiisiioti to cotnc in. This wan
a trwng moment I could bear the gaze and the
critic ism of others with composure, but to nas the
; cruUny of hiicIi a mnn, for whom I had a greater
eiierni.oii man lor uny artist living H was no
"Presently he enmo lumbering in the Patriarch
of Sculptors! His air was confident, but not haugh
ty his chest lurgo his head grnnd and square,
but ho had a look of groat benevolence nnd intel
ligence. His long grey locks wore llonting loose
ly over his shoulders, and his walk was full of maj
esty nnd simplicity. He was tho very man I should
have taken for Thorwnldsen, had I met him on tho
desert. I had never scon any likeness of hirn
but 1 had pictured hist uucli a man.
"He uncovered his head and bowed in the most
respectful manner, and only put on his hat after my
repeated solicitations. Ho said ho wus very sorry
to disturb me, for he found mo at work. I replied.
of course, as nn humble disciple in the art might;
but what 1 said on that occasion is n matter of lit
tle importance. He cast an eye over tho studio,
and tho first thing that seemed to nrrcst his atten
tion was a bust of Mr. Webster. He examined it
with great uttonlion, nnd as lie did so he stood back
a few steps from it, and again taking ofT his hat,
he declared with surprise, ' never sow so grand a
head before' a greater compliment to tho orator, as
wns right, than to the artist for there is nothing of
mine about it. He then stood before General Jack
son, which bust ho regarded with as much atten
tion and satisfaction, apparently, as Webster's.
After examining most of the busts, I took him be
hind a screen to see tho Eve. lie examined it very
attentively, and turned it round several times on
tlie rollers, upon winch all statues, when modelling,
are placed, to be made to turn easilv. Without
spying ' by your leave, sir,' he took out a large
piece of clay from n portion of hair with his fin
gers: 'now I see the Jlcsh under it, and can trace
a connection of the parts of the shoulders.' Ho
touched tho hair in another place : 'and I get a
glimpse of this contour,' pointing it out Then
coming doi n ho made a mark on one of the knees :
'this movement should be a littlo more pronounced.'
He then appeared to have done. I told tiini I should
always feel grateful for his criticisms, and beggfd
ho would speak freely, nnd 1 never perhaps felt
moro inwurdly a desire thnn I now felt, to have him
go on. 'I have pointed out all flint seemed to mo
to detract from your stnlno 1 can see nothing else.'
When he was about leaving I told him I expected
to como to Koine during tho winter, and 1 should
esteem it a great honor if 1 could bo allowed to
take his bust. Ho Xindly condescended to say, ho
would do so with unfeigned satisfaction. Ho then
expressed very warmly fhu pleasure and the sur
prise he had felt during his visit, and wishing mo
nil Ihe success I lesircd, ho very cordially pressed
my hand and toot his leave."
I have heard Ibis visit related by a friend, who
heard n minute nccount of it from the ccntleman
who accompanied Thorwaldsen on this occasion.
Mr. powers Im8) jn this conversation, withheld the
most interesting part of thn story. I am informed
(rrom tlj0 BOtlrC(. nuujC(1 10 ,)mt 'i'liorwald-
sen felt reluctance to go to Powcrs's studio only
because ho was pressed for time j and ho gavo up
an important visit In order to make this. He had a
great desire to see 'ho works of an artist who wns
already eclipsing most sculptors of his time. Du
ring the interview, which lasted much longer than
he had intended, ho expressed tho warmest admi
ration of all Pow ers's works. But when he drove
off in his carriage ho exclaimed, with the greatest
earnestness "i can't makesuch busts and I never
saw a man that could nor do I believe ho ever had
un equal m that department af tho art I esteem
Mr. Powers not only tlie first sculptor of his ago,
but the greatest since Michael Angelo. He will
form a school of his own which will be a now era
in art." Theso sentiments lie otlcn expressed af
terwards on several occasions, particularly in Rome,
wnero no otlen rnaue use ot tho smcular uccinra-
tion, that "Mr. Powers was without a rival in mod
ern times, except Michael Angelo i that no ancient
or modern, ol any age, una ever mado such busts ;
and ho Iclieved ho would bo equally great in anj
branch of sculpture."
When Powers raised tho curtain that covered tho
Eve, ho felt that in justico to himself he ought to
say that this was his first attempt at a statue, and it
was not yet finished. Thorwaldsen ropliod "You
say, sir, it is your first statue any other man might
bo proud of it as his last."
A gentleman in New-York, who personally knew
x nomas raine, nna was repeatedly in his company
during tlie last years of his life, gave tho following
nccount of a conversation with him respecting the
" Ono evening I found Paine haranguing n coin-
l.;- v. :-i . iT i ,
puny, oi ins uisuipius, oiiiiiy greni miscniUI (1OI10
to mankind bv ilia nroduction of thn Tlihh, nr,l
Christianity. When he paused, 1 said 'Mr. Pnino.
you havo been in Scotland ; you know thoro is not
a moro rigd set ot people in tlie world than they
aro in their attachment to tho Biblo j it is their
bchool book ; their churches aro full of Bibles.
Whon a young man leaves his father's house, his
mother alwnvs, in packing his chest puts a Biblo
on tno ton ol ins domes." no said it was true. 1
continucd 1 You havebconin Spain and Portugal.
whero they've no Biblc,& there you can hire a man
to murder another who never gave Inm any ollence.
Ho ussented. ' Yon havo seen districts in Europe,
whero not a man in fifty can read, ' and vou have
been in Ireland, where thojiajprity never saw tho
Bible. Now you know it- ffh historical fact, that
in ono county of England, dr Ireland there are many
moro capital convictions In six months than thoro
nro in tho whole population of Scotland 111 twelve.
Besides, this day thero is not ono Scotchman in tho
Almshouse, State Prison, Bridewell, nor Peniten
tiary of Now York. Now thou, if tho Biblo wao
so bad a book a you represent it to be, thoso who
uso it woyld bo tho worst members of .society : but
tho contrary is tho fact ; for our prisons, almshous
es, and penitentiaries, aro filled with mon nnd wo
men, whoso ignorance or imboliof prevents them
from reading tho Biblo, It was now near ten
o'clock at night Pnlno answered not a word, but,
taking n candlo from tho table, walked up stairs,
leaving his friends and myself staring at ono an
other." Progress of Extravagance It is mentioned in
tho Now-York Mirror, that tho cost of ladies' fans
in somo of tho stores of Broadway is ono hundred
dollars. Tho editor says, ho saw a marringcabloJ
looKing young man purchase ono ior nis inicnucu,
and paid soventy-fivo dollars. Seventy-five dollars
for a fun! This exceods in oxtravaganco fifty dol
lars for a pockethandkerchief. At llimrnto it would
cost as much for n'fashionablo hello to rig herself 1
out jn ucau-Hiiiing siyio, ns it would to lit out a
steam frigato that would blow up a Mexican town
nnd kill all tho inhabitant. It is not an unmean
ing phrase to call'Bome ladies "dtar creatures."
MONTPELIER, THURSDAY, AUGUST 28, 1845.
AN APPEAL IN BEHALF OF PUBLIC ED
UCATION. Tho following should bo read by every parent in
tho btatc. It is n most graphic portrayal of tho
condition of tho uneducated:
" you oyer boo that rngged littlo straggler?"
i csi'. llolp Iim1' Bnii ,ny companion. God
help Inm I With such easy adjuration do wo lcavo
thousands and tons of thousands or human souls to
want and ignorance, doom thorn while yet wnlking
the path of guiltlessness lo nurture devils their
own ungmilcd passions. Wo mako them outcasts,
wretches; nnd then punish them in their wicked
ness, our own selfishness our own neglect. Wo
cry, " God help tho boy," nnd hang the man.
1 et n. moment. Tho child is still before us.
Can we not see around it -contending for it the
principles of good and evil ? A contest between
tho angels mid tho fiends ! Como hither, statesmen :
vou who hvo within a party circle: you who night
ly fight some miserable fight: continually strive in
somo selfish struggle for power nnd placo, consid
ering mon only ns tools, tho merest instruments of
your aggrandizement como here, in tho filthy street,
nnd look upon God's imago in its boyhood! Con
sider this little man. Aro not creatures such as
these the noblest, grandest things of earth? Have
they not solemn natures aro thoy not subtly touch
ed for the highost purposes of human life ? Como
Ilioy not into this world to grace nnd dignify it?
I here jr no spot, no coarser stuff in tho pauper
"'i-- juu mai inuicaics a lower nature.
ilu ,L,on mnru upon it no natural forma
tion indicating the thief in its tiny fingers no in
J.-VIUI.JIO uiaspiiomy written upon its lips. It lies
ueiore you a lair, unsullied thing, fresh from the
hand or God. Will you, without nn effort let the
grand fiend stamp his fiery biand upon it? Shall
u, in its innocence, be mndo a trading thing by mis
ery and vice? n crcnturo driven from street to
Street. IL hirrn Iimr,,. mn t i . -.--i-.!
, j niuiiiuiiuiau lur iiiuigieu
beggary und crime ? Say : what w ith its awaken-
...h v.mi, "win inLuru .- wnai lessons whereby to
pass through liro.makinganileiiiintho socialsuin?
Why, cunning will be its wisdom; hypocrisy its
m i'. iiciiurui jaw oi son-preservation.
xo this child, so nurtured, so taught, your whole
codo ot morals, nay your brief right and wrong,
aro writ m Granger figures than Egyptian hicro-
ClVpIllCS. nnd tiinn niaaoonn,! ,... Z I,
w ' " 1 JVM DUUIIIU lllll
creature never ttvight, for the heinous guilt of
knowing naught but ill! Tho good has been a
...j.u lumnij anuuieuunco is punished with
the tail. Doubtless there aro great statesmen ; wi
zards in bullion and bank paper; thmkors profound
in cotton, nnd every turn and variation of tho mar
kets abroad and at home. But thoro aro statesmen
vet to come, statesmen of noblor aims of moro
Heroic action ; teachers of tho people, vindicators
of tho universal dignity of man; apostles of tho
great social truth that L.iowledge, which is the spir
itual light of God, like his material light was made
to bless aud comTort all men. And when these
men arise and it is worse then weak, it is sinful
to despair of them the youngling poor will not bo
b.nind upon the very threshold of human lift;, and
made, per force, by want and ignorance, life's shame
and curse, f hero is nota babe lying in the public
street on lU mother's lnp-thc unconscious mendi
cant to ripen into tho criminal that is not a re
proach to tho Statu; a scandal nnd a cryiii" shame
upon men who study all politics save the politics
ol tho human heart Literary Messenger.
I'tom tho Ociman of Jcnn Paul.
. , , PARENTS.
Mothers! bo yo fathers; and fathers! bcyu mo
thers oife might say to parents. For only both
eren together make out the huu.mi species-ns from
Mars and Venus sprang Hannonia. The husband
docs it by inciting tho powers: tho wife by keep
ing up measure and harmony in them. A man,
with whom tho State, or his own genius, lifts the
balance of all energies to the benefit of a singlo
one, wil nlways bring along with him this most
powerful ono to the task of education: iho soldier
will give a military, tho poet a poetical, the clergy
man a pious education: but only tho mother will
give a human one. For woman needs to devolopo
nothing else in herself, than merely tho human bo
ing, nnd us on nn Eolian harp, no strin" ol her
soul is superior to the other, but the melody ot its
sounds emanates from and returns 10 harmony.
. THE COFFIN OF AN INFANT.
I t is a moving sight when one reflects upon tho
littlo human being concealed from sight, who pass
es from tho slumbers on Us mother's breast to tho
sleep of death ; whoso eyes aro closed upon the
ginning earth, without having beheld its parent
that with moist eyes gazes after it; who was belov
ed without loving; whoso little tonguo moulders to
dust without having spoken, as its lace, without
having smiled on our mad world. Theso severed
leaf buds of earth will already havo found somo
stalK, on which sublime Destiny engrafts them:
these flowers, which like somo earthly flowers, close
themselves to sleep in tho morning hours, wiil al
ready havo met another morning sun to open them
How much moro vain is tho love of man, than
"iit-n oocs into employ the warmost
hearts to dottroy tho best, (as only burning-glasses
am used to reduce precious stones to ashos,) and
how mauy a silent breast is nothing but thosunken
collin of some pale beloved imago!
THE BURNING COALS OF SIN.
round Imn tho burning' coals of his sin, and it is
..lt. l. i: it.. .1.11.
u7 wiuii iic uus tunvu m luu grave, umt uemnn
lllin lllirn tlirt rnllmvna I'rnm tlm onn.ln, 1.!JUJ
nnd the pillar of smoke rises us a pillar of infamy
ujfvit 4119 iu,YC nun aiuuus iiiuio ioruvcruiore.
Our Philosophers tear up the stones from thi
I'uiuuiuiik ui . lutti, it., uuuum iiiumiuuui is uoin
Larded, than because they have this man's head and
l..., ,..;.,.) ....i. :..
M1UI. IliU.i B ITlllUUIT LWOI1IU5M ill.
It ATP a wri t nvn
We exhibit with less shame tho passions of hato
HlUll UI 1UVU.
SHOULD PARENTS SCOLD.
It has nelthor reason, religion, common sense, nor
experience to recommend it, while thero are rea
sons many and mighty to justify its total and inr
mediate abolition. It sours tho tornnor of'tlm rhi
dren; so that ono thorough scolding prepares tho
way lor two or three more. It sours your tempor
provided it is sweet, which is a ciuestion if vnn urn
prono to scold ; and thus the more you scold, the
uiuru you win nuvu 10 scoiu, nnu uccause you havo
uucuiiio a crossur, uuu your cuiiurcn llKowise.
Rcoldinc ulienatos thu hearlstif vour children.
Depend upon it, thoy cannot lovo you as well uftor
you hayo berated them an thoy did beroro. You
may upproach them with firmness und decision, vou
may punish with seventy adequato to tho nature of
uieir oilenccs, and they win icoi tho tusiico of your
conduct, and lovu. you notwithstanding all. But
hey hato bcolding. It stirs up tho bad blood, while
it discloses your weakness, and lowers you in tholr
esteem. Especially at night, when thoy nro about
. . ,t r i . .i iii i. , . . .
iu retire, inuir ucaris snouiu uu meiiou and moulded
with voices of kindness, that thoy may go to their
slumbers with thoughts of lovo stealing around
their souls, and whispering peace.
Sam Slick's Idea of a Good Wife. She had'nt no
tar for music, Sain, but sho had a capital ty or
(tin, nnu ior poor loins mars mucn ucuer. XNo one
has ever seen as much dirt in my houso as a fly
could'nt brush off with his wines. Bostin' irala
may boast of their sjiinttf, and their gytars, and
their eyetalian airs, and their tars for muiic but
givo mo tho gnl, I say, that has an tye for dirt, for
a iiiu fc'm ior my mutiny.
Life is liko a field of blackberry nnd raspborry
bushes. 'Mean people squat down and pick tho
fruit, no matter how thoy black their fingors; while
genius, proud nnd perpendicular, strides fiercoly
on, and gets nothing but scratches and holes torn
in his trowsers.
, MORAt COURAGE.
Havo tho courngo to faco n difficulty, lest It kick
you harder than you borgaincd for. " Difficul s
like thieves, often disappear at a glance.
Havo tho courago to lcavo a convivial party nt
the proper hour for doing so, however great tho
sacrifico ; nnd to stay away from one, upon tho
slightest grounds for objection, however great tho
temptation to go.
Ilaro tho courago to do without that which you
do nqt need, however much vou may admiro it.
iravo Iho courago'lo spent your mind when it is
necessary that you should do so, nnd hold your
tonguo when it is bettor that you should bo silent
Havo tho courago to speak to a poor friend mi
seedy coat oven in tho street, and whon a rich ono
is inch. I ho effort is less than many people take
it to belaud the act is worthy n king.
Havo tho courago to odmit that you have been in
tho wroil". mwl vmi mill if, r... r .1.-
minus ot others, putting u desirable impression in
.li un iiiuuvoruuic one.
Ilavt) tho courago to adhere to the first resolu
tion when you ennnot change it for tho hotter ; nnd
lu """iiuim n iu 1110 cicvciuii nour, upon conviction.
Have tho courngo to cut the most ugreoable nc-
OUnintance vou nnssn.qa. wlinn fin nrtniMntno ..r.i. l,n.
ho lacks principle. " A friend should boar with a
lnenu'j- inhrmilios" not Ins vices.
Have tltn rntlrnrrn tn wnnr tl,i.L t,,nfa : .1HA.
,'uvil uwir, ill lllintJl,
and to insist upon your wifo and daughter's doing
Havo tho courngo to thrust your legs down bo.
tween the sheets 111 cold weather j and to shavo
every day befivo breakfast.
AN OFFER OF MARRIAGE ON MOUNT
As 1 party of pleasuro were aRccndtng Mount
Tom o few days ngo, a well dressed man, lurnished
with a fishing tncklo, accosted a lady of the party
who had .loitered behind her companions, to enjoy
Wltlimtl ilitntriinlinn t,n 1.nK..i:C..l I."!-!.
lay along tho rich valley of tho Connecticut
w mviiiiujji milium. Bam tug nsiicrman,
touching his hat
"Ucod morning, sir!" replied the lady, with a
irrmtu nf innnnn- ,ul,inl, 1.1 1 1 . ,
u'-'v iiivii uiiiu imvu uuen consid
ered perfect tit the court of Queen Elizabeth.
"It is aline morning, madam," continued the
gentleman; "I saw your bonnet at the foot of tho
hill, and I thought I should like to marry tho lady
ivlin Wnro flint hnnnnl f. l-...l. . ... ., '
and I have walked up hero to ask you if you would
iu viivi-i Hint uiu&au Biuiu wuii me.
The jdv was snmrnvlmr tnw1nr1 nt
- t t -- ..-v un viiu UUiUUl
noss of his proposition, and her first impulse was-
u nuii; uu iu uti uuiiipuinuns ; out ncr dignity
md self-possession prevailed, and sho quietly turn
:d to tho strani'er ami cniil if .. -:...... .
r.- b ,,uo a DI.I1UU3 lliU
posal to como from one who had m.ir onmi
" But I have
-" " -iW UUIU 11.) uuu
know vmi will suit m T ,i .1
house nt ihe foot of yonder hill. My wifo and 111,7
children nto dead, and I am alone. If you outln i&
tnn. vnn Klmll Imvn nil mir nrnh.i,, TC?.. .1:. r.-
j - ,, , . '"J i'i"i".iuji. 11 juu uiu uc si
you shall bo well buried. 1 havo just got n no w
sione ior me grave ot my wire, for which 1 ga- re
twenty-six dollars. I buy all my things for the u so
of tho house by the quantity. You shall bo w ell
provided for in every thing. I don't think you c an
'f'llfl t.ldl liml ennn miil nC tUn l.-.n.- 1.1
"J i mubii w. uiu 1IUI1U 11UU IIU U
command in tho fashionable circles, of tho Soutl i ;
and the "chivalry" had bended the kneo to her a c
eomplishmonts and beauty, and the learned, to tl 10
ItltullilWflCU find cllltiffltinn ni" lm. Ct.. 1.. . J
vl iijtiiu, fcJIIB 111 IU
suiled triumphant nnd unconquered every whei o,
and to be llius w.nv.lfiiil nmt nntr. ,.! :
j ...... u,,u ,,fclU(jvi.u UUU liml 11-
mony was a thing not to bo thought of for a rn 10-
iiioiu, uuu ou ouu raiscu ncr iorm 10 moro than its
usual height, and, giving additional dignity to the
inclination of her head, sho bowed "goodbyo" to.
ll.n fijl,,,... ...1.1 l,rt ,. . , . .
.no iioiini;; inuuivur, uuu icii nun to ucsiow Himself.
his riches and his crnvn slnnna nn enmn nun
Cor. of the Doslon Post.
KISSING A PRETTY COUSIN.
It is a cravo oucstinn Imp mm i in i.,'c-
tllO tCtnntlnrr linn n tirnlt,, na, !) rii7. DI..1
-tt--"0 H VUUOII1I JL 11U 1 II1IUC1-
opher ot the Richmond Star averrcth that ho ins,
on being provoked to do so and they sav, ho is the
easiest man to bo provoked within the limits of Uio
"Old Dominion." But he says that tho lips of a.
pretty cousin aro a sort of neutral ground, betwee n
u. oiti.-i o cnu u mraiigcre. n you sip, it is not bei
causo you love, not exactly because you havo ihe
ripht not UDon rrrntinrlg Ihitni. t,a ,..:!.
salisluction that you kis'j a favorite sister. It is a
son ot nocus-pocus commingling of all, into which
each feeling throws its parts, until tho concatena
lion is thrilling, peculiar, exciting, delicious, nnd
cmjjuaui-aiiy iuvvk. xnis is os near to a philo
sophical analyzation as ho can well como, ho thinks,
and then ho intimates that all the sweet prelty girls
are kissing cousins in Virginia. Tho Major says
..UJJI.-B una custom win travel fast into the other
Sstales, and become extensively fashionablo and
the Major is a man of taste.
Good Effects of Frequent Bathing. Tho im
portance of this subject, to which wo have frequent
ly alluded, is well set forth by tho Now York Ag
ricultural Journal, as follows :
" Wo write in the full persuasion that bathing s
too generally neglected iu this country, either from
want of thought upon its importance, or want of
convenience for its enjoyment; but with little ex
ertion bucIi convenience might bo provided, when
ever thero is a good pump, or yet bettor, whore a
copious spring of water can be found. The facili
ties should not only bo afforded, but those who
havo charge of famillies. should mako it a noint rn
see that they aro availed of, by every member of
his household under his control. Ask tho la
boring man, him who labors with mind or body, and
who u accustomed to being daily, or frequently re
freshed with the shower or plunging bath, what
would induce him to forego it ? Rising in tho
morning exhuusled and languid from the effects of
oppressive heat, ho comes out from his bath invig
orated and capable of thinking so much closer, and
working with so much moro ulertness and satislac
tion that nS Would much sooner relinquish one meal
a day than to givo up his bath. Ho only, who ha
bitually enjoys it can estimate the privation, whon
no means aro to bo had for tho indulgence,
Those who havo most studied tho art of preserv
ing heahh, dwell upon cleanliness of the person, as
next in importance to bo considered, after thu air
A Beautiful Thought. Mrs. Child, in ono of
her late pleasant fictions, has this truly poetic sen
timent: "Two souls that aro sufficient to each other
sentiments, affections, passions, thoughts, all blend
ing in love's harmony aro earth's most perfect
medium of heaven. Through them tho angola
coine and go continually, on missions of lovo to all
tho lower forms of croation. It is tho halo of thoso
heavenly visitors that veils tho earth to such a gol
don glory, nnd makes every littlo flower smile iu
blessings upon lovors."
There aro men who uso their friends as they do
their clothoo, which thoy leave off when thoy huve
7in .7f...'.- An nvnlin nnn nnna, .Bn II ...1. .
UWVta -.Ml IC. 4.11 bAVUUIIgW fUW UdJD, ' 1Y11VI1
a man is too poor to keep a cow or takn u nowspa-
jiur, nu eiiuuiu nui Keep uiuiu lkoii iiireo or lour
dogs, or livo or six cats."
A whimsical comparison being mado between a
clock and a woman, Charles Fox observed that ho
thought tho simile bad" For," said he, " a clock
serves to point out tho hours, and a woman to mako
us lorgct mom."
It is said that bleeding a imitiallv blind horso at
tho noso will rcstoro him to sight So much for tho
horso, To open a vtan's eye you must bleed him
in the pocket.
VOL. XXXIX, NO.
ROT IN THE POTATO.
We ore aotry to lay tint tlila di.caio In, mulo It. apptitanco
In Hill tlcinlly lliln jcntl wo trust alt tlie )lienomon nlll t,0
carefully ntnerrcil, eipcclellj rfliero anjf particular cipcrlment
lis teen tried, and tho rciutti prepared for publication. It li only
lj a full knowledge oiTaeti, and perhaps a long lerica of cipor
mentj, that tho dtieaio can ho undcratood, nnd a romodjr devil
ed, Tlio following article from the fait Albany Cullirator, writ
ten by V. Ilocon of Main., I. leatonablo 1
Last fall, wo ventured an opinion on tho causo of
tho diseaso which ns yet wo havo found no cause
to relinquish, but on tho contrary, from tho facts
wo have collected nnd observations we havo made,
wo havo become moro tenacious of its correctness.
Il wns simolv this, that from somo cause which we
did lint then nnd cannot now defino (o nnrmvri ant.
isfiction, tho potatoo vine was attacked with a rust
similar to that wo frequently sco on tho straw of ryo
and whca.t That in tho case of tho potatoe, it first
showed itself in a very small blotch on tho side of
the stalk, when tho latter, nt tho particular point of
diseaso, becamo dry nnd hard ns though it had
reached its maturity. Tho death of tho ton nf tho
stalk of course soon follows, but tho lower part re
mains green for a while. Tho conjecluro, (it was
mero conjecture) we threw out, was this, whether
tho sap which was now stopped by the dryness of
the stalk in its usual channel of circulation, and, of
coursfj, prevented from passing into the leaf, its nat
ural 1 aboratory for preparation to return to the tu
ner .anu mini ns accustomed service in giving it
nourishment, did not necessarily return premature
ly, a.nd either from execs of quantity, or bringing
back aoine quality which had better been given to
the i winds, induce the disease in the tubers ? Our
ovn potatoes were too far gone to experiment much
u pon, when wo, surprised with tho novelty of the
ction, hit upon a single plan to adopt It appear
ed to us, however, as soon as wo saw how tho mis-
chief was progressing, that mowing tho lops was
tlie host and perhaps tho only elliciont method to
pursue. A neighbor, whoso crop was smitten long
auer our own, irieu mis experiment, by mowing a
bout half a field, as soon as tho tops exhibited any
symptoms of the disorder, and tho result was satis
factory and cheering. Whero tho tops wore so cut,
no appearance of tho rot was ever discovered, and
tho pr-tiit'ics gave nil tho evidence of maturity
which citcumstances of the case could possibly ad
mit of, while the oihe. part of tho field suffered as
nuch from the rot ns nny in tho vicinity. Here,
thun, is one instnncc in favor of our theory.
Other experiments were tried, of which wo shall
cito but one or two. In ono case, a farmer dug a
very few hills when tho vines first showed symp
toms of disease, and carefully buried them and let
them remain until the usual timo of difrtrinir. when
they wore taken out all sound, while the most of
his crop had sullered essentially. Thero can bo
no doubt wo think, that when potatoes arc dug so
early as the rot carno laBt year, but that they must
be put in small bodies and kepi cool and sxoluded
from tho atmosphere. Their tendency to heat, and
thus become heavy and insipid, warrants us in that
conclusion, and so wo infer that tho lotting them
remain in hills with tho tops taken off, until the
usual time of digging, is a much cheaper and bet
ter w-ay than to dig and put in cellars, or on floors
Another course of proceeding which has como
undir our observation was adopted by some Irish
men, who had known this enemy to their favorite
esculent " in the old country," and which it may
not be useless to mention. When they saw the
crop smitten, thoy dug it immediately, and piled
the potntoos on the surface of tho ground, taking
care to guard them from sunshine until the job was
completed, when they covered tho pile entirely with
clnj . The result wns probably as thoy bad known
it lo bo aforetime. Their crop was saved and their
potatoes of good quality. Tho clay, undoubtedly
acted as a twofold agent, kept them cool and ex
cluded tho atmosphere and storms.
Tacitus says, early marriage, makes us immortal.
It is tho soul and chief prop of empires. That man
who resolves to live without woman, und the wo
man who resolves lo livo without man, are enemies
to the community in which they dwell, injurious to
themselves, deslructivo to tho whole world, apos
tates from nature, and rebels ngaiti3t heaven and
" Pm glad lo see you." There aro more lies con
tained in these few words, than iu all the written
speeches of n law shop, and yet the expression is
on the tip end of almost every ono's tongue. Take
nn instance : Madam has pickles or sausages to
make, nnd is up to her cars in pots and kettles,
when Mrs. Somebody enters with her six littlo ones,
all dressed off as neat as if thoy had just been for
six months imprisoned in a band-box. "Bless mo I
I'm extremely glad to soo you !" It's a whapper
it's a downright lie. In her heart sho wishes her
nnd all her breed to tho
we'd liko to have
said it. Whon wo hear a person say, " do call again
and seo mo," it sounds so much like, "John, show
the gentleman the way out" Thero is no such
thing as politeness. To bo what tho fashionablo
world term polito, wo must necessarily bo hypocrit
Inal nni.A ....... ..i : r. i.i...
vui. .nu wuv V!iwiuiii;iiaiii; ui Bluuuriiy la U1U111-
ness, and a sincere man will never havo the back
Attention I Mothers and Nurses! An English
pajiui ivcb we luiiuiviiiir recipe to quici cross ua
bics and cure crvinsr ouicklv :
A quietus for cross buhics.'tiy tho way wo do
not moan knocking their brains out against the bed
post, nor any thing of tho sort Nor do wo mean
giving thoin paregoric, Daffy's elixir, Dalby's car-
uiuiiaiivu, umuit urup or any ouier poison. The
only requisito to quiet tho squulling, squealing,
miserable little wretch of a baby, is that it shall
possess a. nose, in mo midst ot its screaming,
press your finger gently and repeatedly across tho
cartilage of that useful organ, and in less than two
minutes it will be asleep. The eastern paper, from
whence this important discovery is derived, says in
one minute, but we allow two, to prevent nny dis
appointment Hints to the Ladies. Stair carpets should always
have a slip of paper put under them, nt and over
Iho odge of every stair, which is thu nart where
they first wear out, in ordor to lessen tho friction of
me carpots ngamst the boards beneath. The strips
sliou Id bo within nn inch or two-as long ns the car
pet is wide, and about four or five inches in breadth
bo as to lie a distance from each stair. This sitn-
plo plan, so easy of execution, will, wo know. nro.
servo a stair carpet half as long again as it would
last without tho strips of paper.
Honor is a namo that chances color. Ilkn tho
Indian boast, according to the light it is viowed in:
now it is courago, now it is rank, now it is riches,
now it is fino raiment or a swaggering air once it
IVic Kiss. A lover razed in tho eves of his mis
tress until elm blushed. Ho pressed her hand to
his hoatt and said, " My looks have planted roses
on thy chock. Ho who sows tho seed should reap
rurni'j) Flu. The Western Farmer & Garden.
cr says that repeated and varied experiments hnvo
proved, thut half an ounce of sulphur mixed with a
pouna oi turnip aeeu, win compictoly prevent tho
iu(ive vi iim iiy.
Delicate Conwlimeid. A Vfllinrr Indtr lintiirr nil-
dressed by a ccntleman much older Omn herself.
observed to lnni, tho only objection bIio had to a
nninti will, lti, .1... i.l.:i!... -i- l.t-
.....v.. ,,, uo uiu pruuuuiiiiy ui mo uiuy
before her, and leaving her to feel tho sorrows of
widowhebd. To which ho mado tho followinir In-
gonious nml delicate roplyt "blessed is tho man
that hath a virtuous wifn. tor tho numborof his ilnvu
shall bo doubled."
Wisft rrirl.1 wnnlil will lntrnra III. nt-m-lttlni- lli.nn
, b--" "w.m ..... ' i MJ I'lMtlllVlUK IIIUDU
virtues which securo admiration whon all personal
vuaruia navo laiiGii.
42.--WHOLE NO. 2028,
A WORD 'OF ADVICE TO THE WHIGS.
Tho returns from thn West nml Hnnfh. nf l !..
elections which took place there last week, aro be-
Binning to como in. thus far, iney look as well
as we anticipated j nnd yet wo do not believe that
,y.liav,e nioro than hold our own, if we havo done
that. Wo ahall know in a day or two. The Whigs
went into this contest under many disadvantage!.
Tho late defeat in the Presidential contest dis
heartened many ; tho action of tho "Liberty par
ty" in Indiana, has caused tho election of a " dem
ocratic" member of Congress or two, and has, with
out doubt, lost us tho Legislature, nnd with it a U.
S. Senator. In tho Louisville and Loxington dis
tricts, in Kentucky, both strongly Whig, tho party
styling itself Native American, ran men for Con
gress, and wo prcsumo has drawn off a hundred or
two votes from tho Whigs, and if either Thomas
son or Garret Davis is defeated, and Loco Focos
eiccicn, mis new move lias contributed its sharo of
tho work. Thus WO BOO that I.ihertv men in Imfi.
anin, elect, in effect, Tunas and pro-slavery men to
congress, anu uie nauvo party do tho same in
Kentucky. When will men understand that in
1) mon is strength ? All that the radical, anti-Tariff,
pro-slavory and Texas party desire, is to keep
up these divisions. So long as-thcy exist, they are
smo of victory. Wo have no doubt, it admits of
no doubt, that it tho true conservative portion or
tho people, the friends of a protective Tariff, of lib
erty secured by law, tho enemies of annexation,
and of frauds at elections nnd tho ballot box, would
but concentrato their efforts, unito as one man a
gainst tho common enemy, they would rout him at
every election, and hold the government in their
own hand; but so long as every faction must have
its own candidates iu the field, and keep up a con
tinual cross fire, so long will wo suffer defeat
Thero is no party in tho country that can compare
with tho Whig party, either as regards men or
measures. Thoy are anti-slavery, so far as tho
consfitutionnnd laws of tho country will admit of
it ; thoy aro opposed to all fraudulent voting, and
in favor of bringing the greatest amount of intelli
gence and virtuo to boar upon the ballot box, with
out any of the narrow-mindedness, intolerant big
otry, and sweeping denunciation of men on account
of their birth place or their religion, which charac
terizes tho action of tho new faction, which claim
f - themselves all tho native blood in the country.
: .s surprising to us that the Whig party has
beer ' i to do so well, to hold their own, and, in
Bomo o" Iho States oven to gain, undtr the adverse;
circnip' ,.'occs in which thoy havo been plared. It
shows tl,nt it has a life-giving energy in its mon
and its principles, which, in tlie end, will and must
bo triumphant Tho overwhelming majorities
which the Loco Focos will have in tho next Con-
f'ress will causo them to carry measures with a
ligh hand. Tho Tariff will be attacked and ite
protective fentecs annihilated -t the Sub-treasury,
with the " specie clause,"' will be revived; the Tex
as outrage will bo consummated, at tho expense of
n broken Constitution ; the plunder of California
will bo planned ; tho work of proscription will go
on, which will, with tho Sub-Treasury, sow tho
seeds for a largo crop of public plunderers and de
faulters ; and by the time that a now election for
President will- arrive, tho peoplo will bo ripe for a
change, nnd will call upon tho Whigs to restoro
the country to its wonteil prosperity, as they did in
18 10. All tho Whigs havo now to do, is to remain
firm, keep their ranks serried, and shut their ears to
every cry or division aud all will end well. The
Whigs of Massachusetts, in particular, should bo
true to their standard ; thev have a noble Common
wealth, whoso good nam is in their keeping, nnd
thy will, as in times past, bo truo to their trust
In u few weeks a Convention of Whig Delegates,
from all parts of tho Stato, will assomblo in Fa
neuil Hall, the cradle of American liberty, which
will awaken anew tho true Whig fire, and when
tho day of election comes, Massachusetts will loom
up, ns she did last fall, in tho midst of defeat abroad,
truo to herself, truo to her history, and true to the
principles of civil liberty, as in the days of the
Revolution. Loiccll Courier.
THE PROGRESS OF THE STATE SURVEY.
This commendable undertaking is being attend
ed with results which wo anticipated. Thus far,
great and important discoveries have been made,
and it is beyond question that Vermont, in mineral
wealth, is among tlie first of the New England"
States. From gentlemen connected with the sur
vey it is ascertained that upwards of twenty forma
tions have'boen examined. Most of the limestone
which has fallen under their observation consists
of a petrified mass of shells and corals, all of sub
marine origin. Considerable nuantities of iron ore
have been found, together with a small quantity of
Tho purple and green slato stone of Hubbardton
nnd Fairhaven havo bcen oxamined, and found to
be of excellent quality for roofing and writiug slates.
Being free from grit or any hard nodules, thoy aro
pinned, with great facility, and from the case of
transportation to markot aro probably afforded at a.
Tho region lying west of tho mountains is re
garded as a vast deposit, extonding through moro
than two-thirds of the lenctli of tho State, consist
ing of marble, lime;, immense quantities of brown
iron ore, ochre, manganese, and white clay, from
which tho finest porcelain may be manufactured.
It is conjectured, from tlie great quantities of
marine shells found, that a great portion of tho
western part of tho State, together with tho bed of
tho Lake, at no remoto period, formed the bottom
of a deep bay, opening into tlie Gulf of St Law
rence. Middlcbury Galazy.
'Twas twilight Sealed nt tho door of a moss
covered cottage, was the pridoof tho village love
ly Phoebe. Her finely moulded form her exquis
ite and voluptuous bust her classic and beautiful
chisseled features her sweet lips teeth of pearly
whiteness and such eyes! two drops of liquid
azuro set in snow ! all combined, 'twas enough to
melt tho heart of an anchorite!
Beside this angel, knelt a youth, whose cheek,
pale as ashes, told the tale ho was in lova! "Tell
me,"Baid he in trembling accents "Tell me this
night my fate. Keen me m agony no longer. Tell
mo what sacrifico I shall underco for vou vou. mv.
soul's Idol I Command me to perform a nilerimacsr
around this earth onburning coals and it shall be
dono. Any thing any thing but cast tno not ofT,
Plam a dagger iu my heart, out keep me in sus
pense no loncerl Say, lovely Phoebe will vou
will vou it imii!?" He tremblod his heart throb.
bed sho saw ho was ready to swoon a crimson
flush mantled her check-
Like tl4 rich luniet 'ooath Italic', iky.
Sho took his hand in her tiny fincers nut bar
smiling lips to his ear?, and whispered
" Obcd, I shan't be nothin' else .'"
Tho latest advices from the River of Platte, re
port that the combined fleets of England, France,
and Brazil, were obout blockading the port of Bu
enous Ayrcs. Thirty-two eail ol British and French
men of war wero assembled in the river, with moro
than 50,000 troops on board.
A cunning wag. day before yesterday, carried a
bout a basket of thermometers, neatly packed in
ice, crying his wares as he went, with most provok
ing coolness, " Here's your nice, fresh thermome
ters ! all froezy I warranted not to go above freez
ing point hero thoy go I" N. Y. Tribunt.
1'eias.l is renorteil from Teim tlmt tl, r,
nlo at Austin nro cauciiRinrr for niJmioainn n t.
U. . . . " a vm w mo
mon of the United States, not as a State, but as
tWA Hlntna tn tin flltM.ln.l 1... I. , 1, 1 ' ' t
tfif. wostnrii mnmliA. 1a nn A.1I..1 A...II- U'Ul
ject of out-numbering tho Atlantic States In tho
SJnnn.n a ll.nr.r.iHi . t. ,:i. I : l 1 .
mv....v, iiiuivi.iq iv uu Biiueuiijr rtroiiiou. t
A good book and a good woman are excellent
.1.1 .. .1 . . b . . .1, Aft, 1,1, f
unuga to moae wuo Know now to muw i
there are many who judge them both only by their
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