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VERMONT WATCHMAN & ST ATE JOURNAL.
BY E. P. WALTON & SONS, MONTlELiEIi, THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 17, 184G. VOL. XL. NO. 44.-WIIOLE NO. 2083; WATCHMAN & JOURNAL. TCRMS S1E0 elilnnjranca $200 If payment Is not made In adYaruo, Interest alw) charged from tho end of tho year. POETRY. GOOD NIGHT. Good iilglil I and mny tho god of leep rress nenllv on thy brow, And on thy lip may softly erei-p The undo lint pla) then) now. All undisturbed be llijr reposo I'y vision of crlm care, And thy young liiart 10 light, that woe. May find no dwelling thurc. While rtnel guard thy downy bed Mav four of III depart. And bright-winged tace ploy round thy head! Ana nemo in my ntari. May all thy dreams ho happy themes Of Joy. uml lovo, and light, And all Ihy lifo be like thy dreams Ko, onco ng.iln good night ! Mirror, A GOOD MAN. I would walk A weary Journey, to tlio feitheit verge Or the big worm, to kiss tlint good niiin'i Who, in tl.p blaze of wisdom uml or art, rrcservel a lowly mind, and to Mi God, l ei iji.g the enid oi tm own muenem, U m u child in rhcek eimnliciiy, 11. k. White. MISCELLANEOUS. FROM SKETCHES OF TRAVELS IN PERU. 1831812. nr j. J. vo -rscriurjl. The Fair LjiMA.Nr.su. " Tlio fuirLimcin rises ot n late hour, dresses her liair with iassamino nnd orange flowcro, nml wni'.s for breakfast. Allcr this, she receives her visiters and pays her visits. Liu ring the heat of tlio day her solace is a swing in lier hammock, or a cigar. After dinner, sho visits lier Irientls ; and the day is concluded in tlio theatre, tlio gieat squire, or on the bridge. Hut few ladies employ themselves in needlework or netting, tiltho' Eonio of them are very expert in thesoarts. In so ciety such work is never introduced happy city, where woinav meet witli latlios not Uiuttinjr slock in"s! Tlio prido with which tlio ladies of P .i.t.: r . I il- Liiina ciierisu uiuir tiny ieei uuu uuruiy uu ex nnrieratod. Whether they walk, or stand, or swing in tlio liammock, or recline on the sofa, their prin cinal caro is to keep their pretty feet in viow. No praise of their virtue, their intelligence, or even their beauty, wili Hatter them so sweetly na a com mendation of their delicate feet. A great foot pa- taza inglisa" an English paw," as they say) is a horror to them. I ourt; heard the praises of a fair European Irom somo ladies m Junta ; but they end ed with the words, pero que pit ! vulgame Dois .' nance una lanch'i! but what a foot ! 'tis like a great boat!" yet tlio foot in question would hr-vo been reckoned ot a moderate size in l.urope. At a certain age, the ladies of Lima generally niako a great change in their mode of lifo. Their bloom is none, and they no longer charm : or, sa tiated wilh the pleasures of an iinchat.leried hie, they Icavo the world, devote themselves to religion, nnd become so-called " Meatus." They must at ted church twico or thrice daily ; confers, at least, once in a week : retire for penance during passion- week; send delicate luxuries to their confessor, or a calash to carry him when he is not disposed to '.valk; and m many otner ways exposo llieir sanc tity as a spectacle. This seeming piety, fur remov ed from every thing like a Eince:o devotion, is so much rnoro disgusting us it is generally accom panied by a bitter und uncharitable humor. These devout ladies having renounced all other pleasures, enjoy tho more keenly the luxury of scandal and turn their vennmed sting against their neighbors; so that the " lieatus" may be reckoned tho most dangerous class of society in Lima." Ceiio de Pasco. Tho lovo of silver has col lected, in u dreary clime, bordering on the eternal snow, the men of various nations Spaniurds, Ger mans, Englishmen, Swedes, Americans, and Ital ians. Tho beauty of tho place is subterraneous in its rich silver mines. Many a tale ot wild spec- ulation belongs to this remarkable town. Gamb- lint' is tho favorite amusement. Iho Indians em ployed in tho mines of Cerro de Pasco nro nmong the most degraded iflhab.tants of Peru. Our trav eler relates some stories of tho faculty of sccrc tiveness, us developed among these natives, who havo been made tho slaves of European rapucity. We cannot decide on the probability of these talcs; but instances as striking are recorded of the Indi ans of Mexico: Fatal Adventuhe. "The Indians havo dis covered that their silver mines have mado their con dition rather worse than better. They determine, therefore, to keep secret llieir knowledge of 6ome rich veins of silver not yet explored by Europeans. Traditions of these mines havo been handed down, it is supposed, from father to son, through centuries. Even brandy, which will open tho Indian's moiilli on any other subject, fails in this case. A few years ago, there lived, in tho large village of Hu uncuyo, the brothers Don Jose and Don Pedro Ir riarle who were among the wealthiest mine pro prietors ot Peru. As they had reason to suspect the existence of rich unexplored veins among the neighboring hills, they sent out a young man in their employ to examine tho country, and use the likeliest means ot discovery. Accordingly, ho re paired to a villaue, whero he found lodgings in the hut of un Indian shepherd from whom he conceal ed his object. In the" course of a few months, uu attachment hud grown up betw en the young adven turer and tho bhepherd's daughter; and, at last, Iho young man succeeded so far in ins object as to win I'roui the girl a promise that she would point out to him tho mouth of a rich silver mine. She directed him to follow her, at so'nn distance, on a certain day when she should go to tend her flock on tho hills ; ond to notice whero sha droppad her "mania," (a woolen shawl). There, tdto told him, ho would lind tbo entrance of the mine. The a- cent obeyed lier directions; and after somo dig ging, found his way into a moderately deep shult, which led to u rich vein of silver. Do was busily onca 'od in breakm ' off somo specimens of the ore, vli3ii ho was surprised by the old shepherd, who congratulated him on the discovery, und offer ed his ussistunce. Alter working together for a time, they rested ;' an4 the ludian offered to tho vouiii' man u cun of chica, which ho drank. Soon ufier drinking, he felt unwell; and, as rt suspicion of beini' poisoned flushed upon his mind, ho in stantly packed the specimenof ore in his wallet, hastened buck to the village and thenco redo 'to lluancayo. He had only tuno to explain his ad venture to his oinotovers, und point out, as well us he could, the Ioculityof the mine; for ho died that niuliL Another exploring party was immediately inln llin nniirlihrirhnniL hut ivitltmlt rtllCnfJSS ! Dull, iiiw M.p... - - tho Indian und Ins family hud vanished from the place, und no traco of tho mine could bo discover ed. A Cun.m.vo Monk. The Use of a KoBAtiy, k a pr.nnin Prnnciscuii monk, a passionato gum- l.laf ltuml nt llnnnnnvo. Bv his friendly offices, ho had beconio a favorite among tho Indians, to whom i.u ntimi nniiiied wiien in want of money. Ono day, when ho had suffered .losses nt tho hazard ta bic, he bogged of nn Indian, who was his lelativo .r. 1,-ir. inm nut nf l.i-i nnvertv. Tho Indian prom isod nssiatanco on tho following evening; und ho arrived punctuully at tlio appointed time, with a bug full of silver oro for tho monk. This process wus rooeatod several times; until tho still neeuy moon .amnotlv nrnvnd flint ha inh'ht bo favored with a viow of tho soiirco from which his wants had been tin nAnn KJintlttPll. This renuest also was urutited bv thofriondlylelativo: nnd, nccordingly, on the appointed night, throo Indians camo to Iho house of the Franciscan desired that lie would allow them to bandage his oyea and nssonting, carried him a way, on their shoulders, somo miles among the mountains, i nero nicy uueu hum uumi Inm ilown a shaft of somo littlo depth and dis- . , . I 1 1 a.nin r f eilf.ni- to nun u ncu uuu bimmiy yu' v. om... When ho had amply feasted his sight, and had lulc nn urn nnourrli for his Drcsent necessities, his eye: were again bandaged, and ho was carried homo on ttic shoulders of his guides. On the road ho slily untied his rosary ; and dropped rt bead hero and there, tfiat he might have a clllu to tho mine. Arrived at homo, ho lay down to t03t, in the com fortnblo hopo of exploring the path to wealth on the following day; but, in the coiirso of about two hours, tho Indian, his relative, camo to the door, with his hands full of beads" rather" Haiti ho, as ho gave thorn the monk, "you lost your rosary on tho road !" A TAMUO DANCE IN HAYTI. A Missionary, writing from Port au Prince, May 10, 1810, to the Christian Contributor, gives tho following description of a tlaiticn dance: "I havo scaled myself by my window to de scribe a Haitien dance, which is now in lull ope ration within twenty yards of our house. It is night. About ono hundred and fifty persons havo collected in the yard, but only about a dozen darico nt a time. A small rustic lamp, hung to a Ireo in tho middle of the ring, gives a faint light; but the sky above is clear, and tho moon performs her of fice nobly, Tho dance seems to bo divided into parts of about fifteen or twenty minutes each, thus giving an opportunity for all to bear romo part, They dance to a monotonous heat of two sticks upon a soap box. At tho commencement of each turn, u new party steps into tho ling. fThoy seem to take n hind of circular movement, making a great many strange, not unfrequontly uncouth, ges tures, singing away with all their might. Now the singing hos ceased; but it is only for a mo ment, for tho women have begun to striko up an other tune ; and now two lusty follows are ham mpring away with great gleo on their soap boxes. Somo aro engaged in talking, hut tho greater part aro singing. They havo just enough tafia aboard to make their voices lively. But oh ! that shout that half-way scream ; it is not fit for earth, and much te3s for heaven. For months after wo came hero, wo were kept nwako at night by these half demon tones away in the distance, and knew not how to account for them. Occasionally, ono of the dancers became so dizzy, drunk or enchanted, that sho falls to tho ground. A part ot some of these dances aro so fur from decency as not to admit of a description. Tho drumming comes as near tho sound of n very old grist-mill grinding corn very fast 'as any thing I can think of. A great many superstitious notions aro enter tained and practicedat thoso gatherings; nndthoy pretend to have a great deal to do with tho devil. Once I went out and distributed somo tracts to the bystanders. But all labors of this kind havo to bo conducted with a groat deal of caution. I am happy to say there nro many of tho better informed and more respectable class of society who do not frequent thoso dances. INDIAN CORN. Indian Corn ii growing popular in tlieso latler days. In days gone by it was considered a very vulgar sort of grain, only fit for tho commonest peo ple to oat. But since tho falling off in tho polatoc crops, now virtues havo boon discovered in plain Indian corn, and even John Bull seems willing to fatten on it, if ho could discover how to cook it. A few days since, whilo dining at tho Exchange, wo noticed a ounlo of nowlv arrived, sandy-linired Englishmen, oonosito us scrutinizing the bill of fure. It was near the dessert, and they wore look ing nmong the custards, puddings, and pies, for something wherewith to conclude their sumptuous dinner. " What's this. Bob," said ono, "Ilindian pudding?" "Where?-' inquired Bob, porpintr at tho bill. "Ilindian pudding, hindian pudding," repeated tin first. " Is that hirvUan corn, do you think, that thcy'ro malting such a rumpus about at omc?" "Yes, that must bo it," concluded Bob. " My hey, then," said his friend, " lot's nvo it." Presently iho dessert was brought on, nnd our English neighbors cast their eyes anxiously over ho tablo to discover tho Ilindian pudding. But the difference between them and tho Irishman was, j that while Pat know his letters bysight, hut couldn't tci t10m by lnm0) thcy i.no,v iijn(ijan pl,J,ling by name, but they could not tell it when they saw it. At length o'fTo called a waiter. "Bring us the maizo pudding, my boy," said ho. The waiter started ho didn't know it by that name. "Ilindian corn pudding, my boy, tho Ilindian corn pudding," repca o I tno ingusnman IT. was nciorc mom in n uiiiiuiu, ihi urny uuiucu themselves modestly, at first, but notwithstanding it was " worry 'ot, it grow in lavor witu worn uir til there was none of it left in the dish. It was Iho first thov had over eaten, and it was a musing to hear their speculations on what was, to them, a rare dih. " It will do, Bob, eh ? I go with Peel for tho frco introduction of Ilindian Corn, nnd I'd ave it always done up in pudding." " It's cnnil to nlnm pudding," replied his friend, "with tho roast beef to boot. It's over barley tr boats decidedly." A fow years ago these men could havo found nothing in America fit to cat, but hunger brings people to their senses very quick. Baltimore Con- intnt. Catt. Smith's Bkaii Stout. About the year 1830 I settled at tho Lower Peach Tree, in Wil cox county, Alabama, nnd cultivated a few acres in corn nnd cotton, besides a smnll potatoo patch, and bit of cardon, as was usual in thoso days. My nearest neighbor, John (Jhnnipion, iieing Deucr on than the rest of us, had n nice gnng of hogs, and feeling a little above his neighbors on account of his wealth, and being rattier an overhearing mm, was not pirticulnr whether his stock hroko into nlhenieonle's fields or not. Mv crop wa3 too small to feed my own family and John Champion's hogs, too, sol cornplmnod to nun several times, uut got no relief. But being nt old Erasmus Culpepper's hotiso ono day I heard him say, that if a foot or an oir, or oven a piece of bear-skin was thrown down in a place whero hogs were, llioy nover would show their shc.tts t nero acain, i worn nomo nna got tho" skin of a bear which I had killed sometime before, nnd having supplied myself with some corn, I went out and saw about twenty fine year- olds marching away in my hold. 1 "tolled tnejn un." nnd cntchinir a cood runner, sowed him up in tha bear-skin nnd turned him loose. Off ho ran after tho rest, who, taking him for n bear, inn as if possessed. The last that was seen ot them was at Butsett's Creek, noar forty miles from my house, o:ily two being alive, one running from his fellow sowed up in the sum, and no trying to eaten me other tlio rest were found dead in tho road, hay. ing literally tan themselves to death. It is need less (n add that John Champion's hogs staid at home after that. A eicark Daily Mv. Women Outwitted. Tho tailor who was com missioned to clothe tho troops of tho Carlist Cluof iho Count d'Espagno, not being ublo to find at Bcrga any women who would work for him, went and complained to tno uonnt. J no uount did not givo him any answer, but immediately ordered tho nicnuo to causo puuiio uuticu iu uu given tiiroiign out the town that there would bo a grand ball. On tho day fixed, all iho women of Berga crowded to tho ball room. All on n sudden Iho Count d' Esnatrno. who had caused tho house to bo invested entered the ball-room, and havint? turned out all tho men, ordered tho women to begin sowing the cloth which tho tailor had brought. In fivo minutes the fair dancers woro at work. For threo days not ono of them was permitted to leave, and tho Count d'uspagno iook caro to givo incin tuu runciis sui diora' allowance) ITT" If vou want knowledge, read tho nowspa. persj not ono hut several; when your business presses bo diligent; when your wifo scolds hold your tongue. You'd wetter aivn it ur. What kind of per sonal service is that for which you. nro never ex pectod to bo grateful ? The ernce of a writ. A MARRIAGE BY TELEGRAPH. Tho Now York Correspondent of the Philadelphia Inquirer tolls tbo following story : " There is a story current hero nmong the ' upper ten,' which if tru?, is otioof tho most extraordinary occurrences that overtook place, and throws all tho novelists of tho present rigd entirely in tho shade. It appears that a certain young lody, tho daughter of ono of tho wealthiest merchants in Boston, had formed an attachment for n lirthdsome young man, who was a clerk in her farlhor's counting room, and had determined to havo him for better or for worse, although her farther had previously given her hand to another suitor. Tho lady's father having heard of this attach ment, feigned ignorance, but determined to break it off, nnd givo his daughter to tho gentleman ho had promised her. For this purposo ho directed tho young man to take passago in ono of tho steam ers that left new York and proceed to Englund,and transact somo business for him there. Tho lover nccordingly camo to Now York, but meantime, tho young lady got somo knowledge of her father's intentions, nnd sent a message by telegraph to that effect to her lover in Now York. Tho expedient tho two lovers resorted to for ac complishing their desire, and defeating the father's views, was novel and extraordinary. She took her stand in tho telegraph olllco in Boston, and ho did the same, w ith a magistrate, in tho office in Now York, and with tho aid of tho lightning, thoy wore mndo bone of one bone nnd flesh ot one flesh. This is certainly applying this invention to a pur poso nover contemplated by Professor Morse, and exhibits a great deal of ingenuity. A fow days 6ince, tho lady's father insisted rpon her inariiagc with tho gentleman ho had selected for her, and as might he cxpccled, ho was amazed when sho told him she was already Iho n'ife of Mr. I!., and the manner in which the ceremony was per formed. Mr. B. followed his employer directions nnd went in tho steamer to England. Tlie merchant, I have hoard, is taking measures te contest tho va lidity ot the marriage. C?Somo ono in tlio Bunker Hill Aurora tells a story of a gentleman from Boston, recently be come a farmer in South Reading, who, having dis covered n swnrui of bees, forthwith betook himself to the city for a patent hive. After a seveio sting ing ho succeeded in getting them hived, and when his neighbors called to congratulate him upon his good fortune, his bees turned out to bo Hornets! "A Bahoain's a BAntiAiK." In the town of II , somo years ago, people used to bo in tho habit of taking hogs to fat "at halves." That is, a person who had a shoat, to save the trouble and expense of fattening, would let him out to somo one better situated for tho business, for which ho received, when fattened, one half of tho pork. Mr. B. resorted to this very common mode ot filling his pork barrel, letting out his hog to fatten to ono of his neighbors. Tho next day tho neighbor camo back with half a shoat nicely dressed. " How is this r" said B . "Oh! ho is as fat as I want him," was tho reply to his enquiry. .Yashua Tele graph. BniKo out voun Pou.Nn Cake. Among the company at a irrent fivo ilollnr hnll rrivpn nt Nr-vr. Orleans last spring in honor of somo public ovontj was a "green -un," irom llie country, who had nev er before seen any thing of tho kind upon so grand a scale, and was totally at a loss to understand the ridiculous, nowfunglcd dunces which prevailed. Paying an enormous price for a ticket, and having been fasting for some timo in anticipation of tho supper, his wholo thoughts were directed to the en joyment in that line in sloro for him. Ho strode up nnd down tho ulnnri with his hands thrust into his pantaloon pockets, accosting every waiter ho en countered with, "Boy, look hero!" :s supper most ready r" At last supper was announced, nnd in rushed our hero in advance of every body, and seating himself about tho centre of the table, began to beckon to every waiter whoso eye ho could catch, but not one, much to his indignation, approached him until after tho ladies had been seated and served, when he was asked whether ho would tnku some ham. "Ham!" exclaimed ho with most profound ns tonishment ; " do you 'sposc, sirrah, 1 can eat fivo dollars worth of ham! ISring us some of your pound cake and sich like !"Gtrmanloicn Tel. A Tah Kiln. A correspondent of tho Provi dence (R. I.) Journal gives tho following descrip tion of a Tar Kiln in Norlh Carolina. "Licht wood" is tho heurt of tho long leaved Pino which remains nfter tho tri'o has died and is denuded of its sap. It is saturated with pitch, and is nearly incorruptible. "Tho liglittvood is cut into lengths of three or four feet, and split into small pieces. A spot hav ing been selected for the purpose, the top of tho earth is removed, and the cluy or other hard pan exposed. Tho excavation is mado in a circular form, descending gradually from all points of the outside, to the centre. Outside, a pit is dug, and from tho centre n drain is cut to communicate with it. Tho wood is then put in it in layers, each loy er declining towards the centre, and layer upon layer gradually drawing it as you ascend, till the whole pile has "assumed iho sugar loaf form. Tho wliolo is then covered with turf) nnd ignited. The wood is reduced to charcoal ; and tho pitch being driven off by the process, descends into tho drain, which conveys it to tlio pit; and then it. is ladled into barrels. If 1 mistako not, twenty-five cords of wood will yield about ono hundred barrels of tar. On an nverago at this kiln, the tar is not worth more than about ono dollar per btfrrel,.iusluding the bar rel itself. Henco you may form some estimate of the value of lightwood." MisEniF.s oi Indolence. None so litilo enjoy life, and aro such burdens to themselves, as those who have nothing to do. The active only havo the true relish ot life. Ho who knows not what it is to luber, knows not what it is to enjoy. Recreution is only valuable as it unbends us. The idle Know nothing of it. It is exertion that renders rest de lightful and sloop Bwcet and undisturbed. Thus the happiness of life depends on tho regulur prose cution of somo laudablo purposo or calling, which enlarges, helps, and enlivens all our powers. Let those not in nctivo usefulness, retire to enjoy them selves. Thoy nro a burden to themselves. Cleve land Herald. ' Col. Schoulcr.tho editor of tho Lowell Courier, s v sit nn i in n aces ot interest in iMigiano, ccot land nnd Ireland. Ho writes homo familiar letters which nnnonr in his Courier. He says : "In none of tho churches in Scotland, except tho Episcopal and Catholic, is there any musical in strument used to aid tho siniring. Each church bus what is called n Presenter, whoso seat is in front o ft ho in nistcr. Do wears a irown und onnd When tho hymn is given out ho selects tho tune, and ho has small signs with tlio names of tho tunes painted on them, When ho has selected the tune, ho fixes tho sinn containing tho naino ot the so lccted tuno, on a little pedestal, so that tho con gregation can see it, nnd then thoy all rise and ho leads off, and tho wholo congregation join with l.im ll'lin.il a DAn.filliini.nl.nut tl.la mniln n( -inn. 11,111. IIWJ 13 BVllllUIIIIII UUUUb HUB luu u u.,g imr which I prefer to any other. It is less median cal and more hearty than tho Bulging of choirs. Ministers hero all wear black gowns whon in tholr pulpits and their sermons aro delivered extempo raneously, fur tho Scotch havo a great horror of written sermons," XT5 Tho Post savs a man in England has tlis covered a method of incsmorizini' horses, and an plies tho art to tho breaking of hcodstrong colts, Whilo under tho influence, the colts understand all his conversation. This is now, as to horses, but asses havo bcon mesmerised hero tor somo time, fr"? A false friend Is liko a shadow on a dial which appears in flno weather, but vanishes at the iipproacn oi a cloud. CATTLE TRADE. Tho curious fact in swincology is nfilrmcd by a Kentucky urovor, that his hog? which weighed ono hundred nnd fifty nt starting reached nn avoragoof ono hundred und cigh'y on arriving at New York being nearly half n pound a day while on tho jour ney. On the other handj tho loss of weight or "drift," as it is called of cattle is equal to ono hundred nnd fifty pounds, which a bullock of ono thousand pounds weight at leaving homo lessens on his way to tho Atlantic butcher. This drift, or loss, it is observed, is chiefly first in tho kidney-fat and fat of entrails. It has been ascertained that n hog will set out on his journey to that bourno vvhenco no stiiVtravcllur returns, so "fat trs to have no cayity or vqclitim in his corporation. If, as ho joumoya on, you don't feed him, he lives first upon and cnu-Riiuies-liis gut fit, then his kidnoy fat, and, lastly, Ins carcass wastes away. In driving catlle, the practico is to stop (but not to food) for an hour at mid-day, when tho cattlo in less than fivo minutes all lie down to rest. A drovo of ono hundred and twenty cattlo, ns easily driven as a small number, is usually attend ed by a " maiugcr" on horseback and '.wo footmen. Ono footman goes ahead, leading an ox tho wliolo way, say eight hundred miles. Tho manager on horseback takes his station behind tho first forty hcad?-ctid tho third man on foot brings up the rear. There are stations along the wholo routo country taverns, often kept by tho owner of the adjoining farm, who thus finds a market for his own produce, and keeps at any rato a constant supply of what is needed for the drover. Wending their way through Ohio, tho farmer supplies them with that glorious plant, the prido of our country, Indian corn, ns they have feasted on it nt homo, stalk, blade, and grain altogether; but, when on their melancholy journey they touch the Pno of Pcnnsylvania,My nhcor brings forth his fragrant hay nnd corn already shucked, and finally, when they como lato enough to market, thoy are turned at night into grass lots, prepared and kept for tho purpose. The cattlo reared m tho corn regions of tho West, espechlly in Ohio and Kentucky, havo been heavily dashed with the short horn blood, by which their average weight has been incrcased, it is said, about two hundred pounds, with great improvement in their fattening properties and tho quality of tho meat. A Kentucky farmer would now bo very loth to let a bull of tho much vaunted old Bakowell breed, with his straight back and long horns nnd fut all to itself overlaying the carcass, como within a ten foot polo of his heard of cow s. Cattlo with n strong ' infusion of tho improved short horn blood, nro still esteemed to bo preferable to tho full-blood, ns being more thrifty and active. For obvious reasons, cattlo aro not so much trans ported on railroads in this country as in England, where tho distances from tho feeding place to the market aro so much shorter. Cattlo will go very well on a railroad for twelve hours together, but then tliuy must lio down which they cannot do in tho cars hkn a hog, that lets himself down nnd sleeps on tho space upon which ho stands. The charge, too, on tho railroad in our country is too high. For lame bullocks that aro sometimes sent from Harrisburg io tho Philadelphia market, they chargn half as much as it costs to drive them all tho wny 750 or 800 miles, from Kentucky to New York tho ona boing 5-8,00 the other estimated at about $10. Tho last of the Western cattlo arrivo in Now York about tho first of August, when they nro driven out of the market by the grass-fed herds of more neighboring regions. The cost of road ex penses of it drovo of one hundred head from Ken tucky is ubout $1,500. Some of the latter droves como in on grass at a lcs3 expense; but, as before intimated, the deplino or "drift" is greater than when fell on hay and corn, and tho beef not so good. Farmers' Library. Fattenino Hoos. It is good policy to com mence fattening pretty-early, for pork can bo made at less cost in mild weather than in winter. At this season weeds from tho garden and fields will aid a little, and sweet apples that havo fallen will do more service in tlTc hog-pen than under the tree, where tho worms tliat aro in them would mako their appeainnco next spring in the form of insects. Hogs nro fond of variety, nnd in August and Sep tember thcy can bo gratified at small cost. Purs lane, that now covers the ground in many gardens is greedily devoured by hogs, and who knows but this weed has ns much power to fatten ns the tops of corn havo? Charcoal should bo occasionly thrown into tho pen; brimstone should bo mixed in tho liquid food, and a little meal improves sour milk and whoy. When your sweet corn is full tho corn may ha cut up at tho roots, and tho wholo may bo cut fine with an ax. Tho cob will bo caton with the corn, and tho wliolo will prove economical food, Well fed hogs mako better manure than half fed animals, and now your haying hurry is over you lave nine to aou loam mat win muxo tlio pen smell sweeter than some kitchens that you pass bv. Muss. Ploughman. Potatoes. A correspondent informs us that a gentleman in Conwny. Franklin county, has a field of potatoes, the tops of which ho mowed off somo weeks since, to prevent tho ravages ot tho potato blicht: tho result of which has produced destruc tion morc.suro than tho blight. Tho now crop has sprouted, and thrown up its stalks, which will con sequently produco a second crop, by which tho first will bo rendered utterly useless. Tho next growth has already attained the height nf about six inches. Northampton Courier. fTr" Coleridge, who was a very awkward rider. was onco accosted by a wag, who remarked this peculiarity. ' I say, young man, did you meet a tailor on tho road r" " Yes," replied Air. C, who was never at a loss for a rejoinder, "I did ; and ho told mo if I went on a littlo further, that I should meet a goose !" Tho following lines toll truly tho story about tho wesjJter we had In our vicinity, a fow weeks ago . " Did ou eVcr know such weahtel f Peven bright burning dd)a together f Puptl'ring nights, and blotting da)S, Sultry moonbeams, sun's hot rays No one knows which way to turu him j All things either melt or burn him : nan tne weight oi an tno nation Is rljlng olf in peripiration, And eterv man, and woman, too, A. languidly they look at you, Kxclaiins, with moist aod mournful phiz, ' Dear me t how v cry hot it is t' " Qr'Thu Now York Express, of Saturday af ternoon, says: "Tho news from Luropo has had a very sudden effect on Flour and Grain. As soon as the letters were received, fresh orders appeared in tho market, lor Hour, Wheat and com. up wards of 15,000 bbls of flour havo also boon taken for shipment to England at $-1,371, ar"! "von at $1,44 for Michigan and Gencsco. This is a riso, in two days, of 25 cents. There havo been largo purchases of Wheat und Corn, at an advance ct 5 cents on tho former and U for tho latter. Tins ad vance is occasioned by tho accounts of bad weather in England, and fresh ardors for export." Tho Tribuno remarks that " monoy is easy in Wall street for good paper, and several of tho banks on tho last discount day did not have offer ings of first class paper to tho extent of their wants. Indeed, first class paper is not plenty, but of sec ond class there is more than enough, and it is sold in tho street at heavy rates. On tho best stock se curities loans aro easily negotiated at 5 per cent." Tho Now York Commercial Advertiser says: "Tho money market is gradually becoming easier and ncgociations uro effected with greater facility. Should 'confidence bo restored there is no doubt that tho tato of interest would sensibly dcclino, as tho demand for money is quite moderate, and the banks would bo ublo to expand largely if tho pros pect ot things bearing upon tho money market was sufficiently favorablo to tako away from them tho fear of consequences. , tr?" A was savs a nowsoaoer is liko a wife, bo- j causo every man ought to havo ono of hia own. MODERN DEMOCRACY. John Randolph once said : "Wo do not govern them (the people of the North) by our lilack slaves, but by their own ithile slaves. Wo know what wo aro doing. Wo,ofthe South, aro always united, from tho Ohio to Florida, and wo can always unite; but you of tho North nro beginning to divide, wo havo conquered you once, nnd wo can, and wo will do it again. Aye, sir, wo will drivo you to tho wall, and when wo havo you there once, wo mean to keep you there, and nail you down liko base money." Who nro"iV own white slavesf Northern Democrats', destitute of principles, who seek tho " Spoils of Office," and whoso oppotito for plunder is so strong, and their desire for "spoils" so great, that thoy havo been known "to rob tho Exchequer" and cmigrnto to Texas. Tlieso men aro moulded into nny form by their masters, the Slave Aristocra cy of tlio South. At the Baltimore Convention, and in Congress, thoy " Crooked tho pregnant hlngcf of the knee, That thrift might filhicfaKninff." "Northern Democrats nro guilty of that most infamous nnd rascally project of iniquity Me aii nexation oj Texas, nnd also of that almost equal ly infamous act Me repeal of the tariff q"-12 both o! which nets thoy were commanded to do by their Southern Locoloco masters, und obeyed with scarcely a murmur; nnd even thoso who murmur ed, wore severely whipped in, and "kissed tho rod" liko cowardly spaniels. Tho Democratic party havo a ponderous weight of iniquity hanging upon them. Tho leaders havo perpetrated more infamous acts, anil forced upon the country more iniquitous measures, than all tho cliques and cabals that ever infested the Western hemisphere combined together. Tho leaders of the Democracy tho men who mako and unmake "democratic creeds" at llieir will and pleasure, possess tho patriotism of Benedict Arnold, and the fidelity of Judas Iscariot. Thcy would sell llieir country for "British Gold," or betny their God lor " thirty piecis oi silver," lsoslon Alias. Arkansas. R. W. Johnson (Loco) is elected to Congress from this Stale, as tho successor of A. Yell, without opposition. In tho Stale Legislature, as usual, tho Locofocos will havo a large majority. I ho election seems to have turned on tho question ofaU. S Senator. The strife is between tho Hon. Archibald Yell and Jlr. Ashley tho pristnt incum bent, whose term expires next March. The result shows that, of tho members elected to tho Legisla ture, two-thirds aro in favor of Mr. Ashley. Being both Locofocos, wo, of course, havo but utile or no choice in tho two. Arkansas Election. Tho Littlo Rock Ga zette, of tho 17th inst., says : i torn tho present aspect of election returns, wo have great hopes that the Whigs will be able to hold tho balance in the approaching session of tho General Assembly, and ii '. -.. . .. T.i . .!, TT a Snn.ln 11 ttlOy UUIIIIUI. UlCUt il Vllll iVJ MIU W. U njl.u.v, tlipv mnv defeat tho election of both Ashley and Yell, and elect somo man more acceptable to tho people, if not more ncceptablo to tho self-styled Democracy, tnati eiuiur ui uil-ui. " Another Effect." Tlio miners, wo under stand, aro leaving the coal regions, as lust as they can gather means. A considerable number come down every day, and put themselves in a way to reach England, or Nova Scotia, where belter wa ges can bo earned. We speak now of facts, men tioned to us yesterday, by ono who knows tho move ments in these matters, nnd who fully understands and feels tho operation of tho new Tariff upon tho industrial interests of Pennsylvania. Phil. U. S. Gar. British mode of Annexation. Tho Advo cato of Peace for August, edited by Ehhu Burritt, contains a letter published in tho Stamford Mercu ry, England, from a private in iho victorious army, John Lum, dated the 8th of March, diviner somo account of the battles last December, on tho banks of tho Sutlei. Having spoken of the battle of tho 20th, tho writer adds " On the succeeding morn ing we commenced hanging and shooting all the prisoners, which dreadful work occupied us near ly the whole of tho day !" Wo had thought that tho PJlh century was sufficiently horrified with tho roasting of tho poor wretches in Algiers, under French barbarity ; but if tho abovo is true, it would seem that England seeks to outdo her illustrious rival. How horribly shocked tho sensibilities of tho English and French people often arc at tho cruelty and injustico ot American blavery! lios ton Post. (rTho British journals have columns of mat ter about " the christening of the infant princess." The gentlemen nppenrcd either in uniform or in full court dress tho ladies iu uniformly white cos tume of the richest silk or satins. Victoria's dress was of rich white satin of Spitalficld manufacture, striped wilh silver, and trimmed with Honiton lace. Her majesty wore u wreath of whito roses studded wilh diamonds in her hair. Her majesty also wore tho ribbon ot tho order ot tho carter, and a splendid diamond George suspended. Tho infant princess wns dressed in a rich robo of Honiton lace, over whito Satin. Tho eccno nt tha picture gallery nt iho state banquet was dazzling, A long tablo wus covered with centre pieces, vases, ice pails, all of , -tl:-.l.. :lt ,-.1 ...!.l. Sliver guilt, uriuiuiuiy iiiuiuiiiuiuu wuu wu. uuu dies in gold candelabra tho queen in Iho centre, nnd tho loyal guests occupying tho opposite scats. Her majesty's piper, after grace, mado tho circuit of the gallery, performing on his instrument. lb. Indolence. A gentleman being overtaken by a shower sought sholter from tho rain iu tho cabin of a negro tiddler. On entering he found the negro in tho only dry spot, the chimney corner, as happy ns a clam ; fiddling nway most merrily. Our trav eller tried to keep dry, put tho rain camo in from all quarters. At length said ho : "Jack why don't you fix your house?" "O. causo 'or rain so, I can't." " But why don't you fix it when it's dono ra'm- Ig t 4 11 0, when 'er don't rain 'or don't want any tixin." St. Albans, Vt. August 23. I regret to hear that, on Wednesday last, an accident uefel a sci entific party who were exploring Camel's Hump. Among tho party woro professors Torrey and Cha ppy of Iho Vermont University, and Rev. Zadoc Thompson of Burlington, author of a History of the Stato, &.c. und assistant State Geologist. As Pro. fessor Chancy and Air. Tiiompsoti were driving down tho mountain on their return, tho harness broke, the wagon was dashed to pieces, and each of tho occupants severely injured. Tho jaw of Professor Chaney was broken, and no wus oilier wiso badly bruised; whilo Mr. Thompson was so seriously hurt ho could not bo removed to his home. jv. i . iiipress. The Rat in the Statue. Wo know not whether tho fbllowini? is now to this latitude or not; it is, at nil events, worthy of rc-publicution for lis oxcellcnt moral, un application of which can bo readily made in any part oi tno wonu : Hoen Thong, tho Emporor of China, was sitting ono day in tho gardens of Pekin with his favorite counsellor. Ti Chi. Thov talked of the long clo- rics ot the Lhincso empire, irom tno ucginnnig oi t ho world to the present era: tuu excunuucu oi its laws, and tho wisdom of tho Government. "Ti Chi." said tlio Emperor. " what ia most to be feared in a government r " in my opinion, bit, rupiicu tho counsellor, "nothing is more to bo dreaded than ' t, what thoy call tho ' Hat xn the .Value.' " Tlio JCm neror not underataiiilini; tho allocorv. Ti Chi cx plained it to him. " You know, sire," said he, "it is a common practico to erect statues to tho genius of tho placo; theso statues aro of wood, Itollow within, und painted without. If a ra( gets Into ono of them, ono does not know how to get him out. Ono dares not mako uso of fire, for tear of burning iho wood; ono cannot dip it into tho water, for fear of washing off tlio colors; so that tho regard ono has for tho slafite saves tho rat that has got into it." UODEitscuno Hailhoad. Mr. James Hay ward, the gentleman who was appointed Chief Engineer of our Railroad nt tho last meeting of th0 Direc tors, passed through this villngo last SaturJay, ort his woy to Ogdensburg. IIo wntf accompanied by two assistants, and will commenco tho ro-survcv and location of tho road immediately. Wo under stand that it is his intention to organizo threo or iour uniercni panics, nnu piaco them on different points of tho routo, one party starting from Ogdens burg, ono from Potsdam, ono from Malono, &c. and tho survey and location will bo efficiently prosecu ted, nnd brought to completion as soon as possible IVfr 1 in .1 .- . 1 T , . 1 . ..... . ...v.muu ju un experienced engineer, anil ,v(.cn'"or l' routo as a pionr in tho cnterpriso ot 18J1, when the project or connecting Boston with tho great Western Lakes, by railroad, was first agitated in that city. Tho stockholders-can therefore placo every confiilenc.n in dim o,- in ono would tho consummation of tho project in which ho was so ardently enlisted' fifteen years ago, bo more gratifying. Northern Cabinet. No'riTIIEnN ItAlLrtOAD'. Tho (rrndinn- nf thin road between Concord and Franklin, 17 miles, is rapidly approaching to completion, and it is expect ed that it will bo opened to that placo as" scon, if ooi ociore, tno nrsiot January. Ueyond i-ranklin, throughout tho remainder of tbo lino to Lebanon, a largo number of men are employed in tho grading, which is also rapidly progressing. Impositions upon Volunteehs. Comnl'alnfs aro hourly mado to us, by returned volunteers, of acts of injustice, not to say imposition, of which thoy nro mado tho victims. A volunteer informed us, yesterday, that tlio' charge which- tho cn'ptafn ffiakes against eacli man in tlio company to which ho belonged, for clothing, is $39 1)7. Tho credit which uie U. States rnymaster Has to each man is 635: that is; for clothing $21', and for two months pay 14. Thus each man, without drawing as much during tho campaign as would pay for a quid of to bacco, finds himself on his return $4 97 in debt to his captain, instead of having a cent to rcceivo for his arduous service. Ho further says, for ho and others havo mado inquiry, that tho retail price of tho clothing with which they were served is' $18. New-Orleans Delia. Good. When wo sco a man kick a horso, says tho Boston Sun, we say at once, that ho never need to co.i.o to court our'dnughter, for he should not have her if ho were worth a million. Prettt Goon; A discontented man was quite' too much in the habit of reminding his second rib what an excellent manager his first wife was. Outof all patience, in turn, ho was confronted with tho remark, that no one regretted her death' more than she did. A Good Anecdote, old on new. Wo are told that tho following conversation was overheard nmong "the volunteers on tho Rio Grande:" Scene, Night Two volunteers wrapped in blan kets, and half buried in mud. Volunteer fs "Jim. h6w cartio you to bo a volunteer T' Volun teer 2d, "Why Rob, you sec I havo no wife to enro a red cent for me, and so I volunteered and besides, like war. Now toll mo how you came hero?" Volunteer 1st " Why, the fact is, you know, III havo got a wife, and so I came out hero because I like peace!" Hereupon both' volunteers' turned over in thefr blankets, got a new plastering of mud, and went to sleep. To Preserve Potatoes. The following very simple method has been discovered by accident r , A person at Annabcrg had a quantity of charcoal in his cellar, which ho removed for the purposo of depositing a large heap of potatoes in its place, omitting to sweep up tho dust at the botlotn. At the end of tho spring, when thoy generally begin' to sprout, lie found that not one ot these potatoes had germinated, and that, on being dressed, they retained all their original flavor. Wit. John Foster, the essayest, on being told' that the Emperor Alexander was a pious man, said, "Yes, very pious;-no doubt he said grace before ho swallowed Poland." On being shown somo worsted work, in which red was the predominant tint, ho said it was red with the blood of murdered Time. r Aro you happy? Make others so. Aro you ..w... Distribute to tho poor. Aro you contented? Cheer tho lono pathway of youi1 neighbors. In no other way can you subservo tho designs of ydu being and pass through life w-ith true feelings and real felicity. Anecdote op Decatur. At the close of tho war with Algiers, when the preliminaries of peace' were argued, tho Dcy insisted that tho United Stntes ought to pay them some tribute (as usual) if nothing more than a quanity ol gunpowder. Lorn. Decatur replied, he did not doubt but his govern ment would willingly let him have tbo powder, "but" ho added, "you must take balls with it." CArooRAPiir It is said that when a cat's tail is pinched between a donr and tho post, sho utters thn yowels a e i o tt, and finally dwelling on to till released, when the sound terminates on y short Buryino an Attornet. An Irish attorney. who died poor, was buried by a shilling subscrip tion. Somo ono asked Curran for his shilling. " For what ?" ho exclaimed. " To bury an attor ney." "Here, tako this pound note, and bury twenty of them at a shilling a head." Back Aoain. Tho packet ship Shenandoah: says tho Philadelphia U. S. Gazette, sailed from' rHliaueipnia,yesiuruuy, tuning iiumc over auu steer- ago passengers, tno greater part ot whom aro artisans, who return to their native country, in tho full impression that better wage's will be there had ' andcr tho Tariff bill of 1840, during tho coming year, than in this country, sufficiently so to war rant all the extra expense, with tho certainty ot employment. All this, of course, comes from tho calculation that tho manufacturing for this coun try will be dono in Europe. M'en liko those abovo noticed, understand tno current, ot uusiness, ana watch welt ita settings. Rainbow at Nioht. A lunar rainbow appear ed on Monday night, between 10 and 1 1 o'clock, stretching over an immense space from north-east to south-east. Tho phenomenon continued" beau tifully luminous and perfect upwards of an hour before it vanished; Halifax Recorder. Staoe Accident. A staco with ton passengers was unset in desenndintr a hill near Glenn's Fulls,- on Saturday last. Mrs. Judgo Fine of Ogdensburg, had her hand an aim badly broken and' crushed, nnd othorwiso severely wounded. A daughter of Judge Fino wns nlso a good deal hurt. Mr. Clark of Ogdensburg, had his shoulder dislocated. For this calamity, and for sovcrnl others, a drunken dri ver is responsible. Mb. Eve. Jour, HonniBLK TrUtiEDY at Louisville, Kr. On tho night of the 20th ult. Geo. W. Barlow, while intoxicated, shot his wife dead witli a pistol. Bar low had been a drunkard foranumbor of years, and is said to havo not bcon sober during tho past four weeks. The new Custom-House at Boston. This edifico is now nearly completed. Not a splinter of wood is to bo round in tno wuoio caince ; an is Quincy gnuiito and iron, with mnrblo floors, &c. The roof nnd domo nro formed of solid granito blocks overlapping ono another. Ammt U. Young is ino Architect weBumc who built tho Vermont Stato House. (IT" In a party a fow ovonings since, it wasnsk ed, " Why is a iroman unliko a looking glass T It was answered, " Becauso tho first speaks without refecting, and tho eocond refects without speaking. 9