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MAN & ST ATE JOURNA 6 BY E. P. WALTON & SONS. MONTPELIER, THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 24, 184(3. VOL. XL. NO. 15.--WIICLE NO. 2081. WAT C Hill AN & .1 OUBNAL. THUMP 91 50 bnih In Advance t $9 00 II payment I not mnde In advunco t InictcSt alwayi charged from tho end olihe jenr POETllY. HONOR TO liAUOR. rnoM the oERiMt nr MABT UuWItTi Whor'er tlio porutcroui hammer wit-Mi VliueVr con-pell 1 lie crtli lo flourish Or reain thn gulled hani'it-fioliht A ulfe amIMliV one lu nourish Whoever guulfft iho luicil laJk Or whcrotlio niiy uhreti nro turning, Tolls ut tho louin till ufterd irk. I'uod (ui liii white-haired children earning To him bo honor and renown I Ilunur to liandicruft and tilings ! To eter ftfcnt-ilrup falling down In crowded mill or lonosomo Wtljgo! All honor lo Ihe dtiMing whIii ho hold tho plow ! UoH loo awarded To htm who work with hmid und brain, And Jt.utcs ! Pus hint not uiirrgirded. Whother In chamhen close and mall, Hid irnisly lotnt'B ho Taney mnollicrB Or Pi tlio tr tide thu bumligcil tlitult, tie drnmai wrltct, or on9 fur other J Or, whether he, for wmtchoil piyt Tnnhtp thi Irish which ho ilctplftei Or, L'iarninif'i netf, puU day by diy Duncn corpi through classic ixerclici 110 aUo U a pny to care, To li I tn in said, Murvo thou or borrow t" Gr-y grown he I lines Ids rat on hair, And to llm grave pursue him furrow 1 With hard I'ompuMun and with need, Hi, like the rest, njut Mrivn untiring) And !u yoflitf children's eijr tin bnwd Maims hi trco spirits glad usiiting. Ah t( turi ft nnc to me was known t tW(th hemcnwiitd nhn his course nsccndcdj "Vet, don In dut and durknpM prone, Curtt, sordid enre, his lile alt nJed. An c xho.and with bleeding breast, Uo groaned in his tenit trial Wfnt guided him to Ion unrest, And course J to bitterness self-denial. Thus, heart sitk, wrote ho. line on lino, nli hollow check and oo of sadness While hxutliith and h'tify ino Weru flutt jrinj in the morning' gladness. The thrill un, and iiighih'gile, Tho nmring lurk Iiytnm-d joy unending Wln'u Thought il iy-1 iborcr, worn and pale, Over his weary book was bending. m Yet, though his hoart sent forth n cry, Mill trou he for thn greul ideal H Tor tlili," a.ild he, "is Tocsy, And llumiii I. lib this fierto ordeal 1" And w hen his courage left him quite. Ono thuitght kept hupu his hcrt nfivo in, 11 1 havti preorved my honor bright, Ami foi my dear one 1 urn striving I" At length lis spirit was uhdued ! The power to combat and rndcaor W it gono j oid his heroic mood Can e only fitfully, like fever. ThetUtui kins, sornellines, at nlghl Wud iet his pulses wildly beating! And hls high mil soircd tnwords thn light When night from morning was retreating. Ho lung hn lain tho turf beneath, Tiio wild winds llirouji tho gmss are sighing : fto sionu is theie, no moulding w tenth, To m irk the spot whro ho Is ling. Their faces swulVn wjrh wreplnr; foith In wife and children went God sate thcmt Young paup-r heirs to none on ilh, Hao tho poor iiamo their father gao them I All honor to tho plodding swain Tlmt hold thtt plow Ue't loo awarded lo him who work with hend and brain, And starves t Pass him not unregnidcd I To toll, til honor ond renown ! Honor to handicraft and tlllago ! To every swatdrop fulling down In crowded mill und lunelj Wll.igol MlSCELLANEOUsT Corrc.pomlence of l!io JournnI of Commerce. ANNlVHRbARY OP TUB AMHUICAN IIOAUI) OV iMISSIONS. Ni.v II a vkw, Sept. 0th, I84G. Tlio Americnn Iloird of F-jreinii Missions con vened yesterday in this city, to celchratn ils thirty seventh fiiniversary. Towards ono thousand cler gymen, it is supposed, nro in attendance, bcMrios several Inindrcd other pldlantliropists. chiefly from tho N'Tt'iprii und AI i itd lo Hinttn. The meetinjf wn opened nl 4 o'clock, I'. M., with prayer, hy the Ilev. Dr. Vates, of KinpHbnrutigh, N. Y., Chief Justicn WillianiR, of Hartford, presidmjj. After the 8ininjr of a hymn, and tho rradintr of tho minutes of the hist meeting, Rev. Dr. Ander son proposed that tho lionrd should spend a short time in devotional exercise-", previous lo this im portant business, lie said oui entlro dtpendence on Divino aid, especially apparent in Missionary efforts, rendered it peculiarly appropriate lo eeek the blessing of Heaven; and that tho preat snccoss of many of their Missions during the past year, af forded the highest encouragement to seek such blessing'. Rev. Dr Allen, of Mass., described the first meet ing of this Board, twenty fuo years aeo. when there were hut twclvo persons present, oipht of I whom were no longer living. INow the Hoard con sisted nf 2C0 corporate mcnibeis and about 500 honorary. He spoke of tho very deep interest felt in their tneelinc 15 years ago in this city by the late Reverend Dr. Proiidfit, of having met him a lune in tlio toivn hall, a little heforo the time of mcctinc, when tho Dr. w'ululeep emotion proposed to retire to nn adjoining room for prayer. At tho close of these devotional exercises, the Treasurer, Henry II ill, Ksq.. presented his Report. Rev. Dr. Huwes of lUrtl'orJ, delivered an ablo discourse in ihe evening, to a very largo and dig nified audience. Tho following is given as a summary of tho op erations of tho Iioard, during tlio year ending 31st August last! There has beon no deficiency of pecuniary re sources for conducting tho missions on their pres ent scale. Tho amount iccewed into the treasury of tho Board, for tho year ending July 3let, was $2(i2,073,55 exceeding that of any former year, except cno; and ihe expenditures for tho same pe riod were 3.-)7,C0.,2 1. Tho number ol missions is twenty-six, embra cing ninety-three Btalintij, at which oie 131 mis 8ionaries, ten of whom are physicians, fivo physi cians riot cutained, seven EcbooliuaMers, 6oven prin ters and bookbinders, and fourteen oilier mala and 175 female assistant missionaries in all, 342 labo rers tent Inrih fiom this country associated with whom, or at stations under their care, aro twenty nnlUe nienchers, find 132 other nativo helpers.fex- clue.ve ol iho native preachers of the free fcIiooIs sustained by tliu tcleral missions,) raising tin whole number of laborors at the missions, und do pendant principally on the Board for support, to 4 Li -l. Gathered by these missionaries, nnd under their pastoral care, aie sovenly-threo churches, to which havo bpcn added, during thu year now reporlod, more than l&UU members, and in which nro now embraced, not including somu hundreds of hopeful comertsm Western Asia, Ul.bl members. Thcro aro nuderthocaro of llieso missions seven seninnries for educating n.ilivo preachers and teachers, furnished with libraries and sariouskind of oppnratus adapted to their oliject. ami ombra cing487 pupils; also thirly-four boarding schools, in which aro eai male und KiJ lemnlo pupils; ma king 1,871 boardii.g pupil, brought under constant Christian instruction and infliieiico in the mission families, wiih reference to their being qualified to cxeit a grtater una more decidedly Christian in lu ence turning iheirown people; ulso (!0.ri Ireo day schools, in which aro 20,171 pupily, includiiiL' those at the Sandwich Is'ands, which nuo their cxialence and cfnciency to tho mission, and nro still sustained and guided in part hy it; making tho whole num ber of pupils muro or less under tho caro of thu inis-ious, 31,015. Connected with theso missions are fifteen prin ting establishments, having tluriy-twn presses and forty founts of lypc, and furnished fur printing ii tweniy seven lingunges. Pivo of tho missions ttio nlso provided with typo and stereoty)0 foun dries. For eleven? of the other missions printinii is executed from year to year, as their wants re quire, at presses not owned by tho Hoard; makine tho wholo Member of language, cxcluiivo of tin Engllfh, in which printing is domi lur tho missions tinny noven. Tho numberofropios of works prin tod durmg the year, including tracts, exceeds 4(i(),. 000, tnd tho wholu number of pigrs printed durim' llm year is not lessthan 40,000,000. Tlio whole number of pages printed since tho couihicncoincnl of the missions, exceeds 535,000,000. I'rom l!i o HI. I.ouU ltcvollloi CATCIIINO A (5RUUN OND. m BOLtTAinn. Linville, in Pintle counly, Ins been celebrated, sinco thn first advent of civilization in that region, for tho timnnrriagenblo quality id' several old maids, who, full of hope, had emigrnted to tho promising lands of tho West. There is, for n certainty, n de mand for girls in tho West, nnd many ardent young men nro eager to throw themselves into thn arms of beauty on certain conditions that it is youth fill beauty, H.illy Cllnlnc, ono of these old maids wo speak of, had a certain share of beauty, tint it could not well be called young nnd lender, unless you can call thirty a Under ago; but with her in crcaso of tho first o' Into lovo burning out, they increased in strength, until, with the nid of her mother, Sally resolved to have n husband, if she had to trap linn with a fish ncL lien. Ellis wnstho guilrcon Sally fixed her eyes upon, for tho very reason il would appear, that ho wns opposite to her in gcniral character, and in years in particular. Ho was joun1', and, moreover, tendor, and, besides, partook strongly of a verdant hue, ivcn to down right greenness in his preeeplion of nil things, ev en to women; while, on the contrary, Sally had grown into a knowing broivn, nnd "know all things with n learned spirit," even to tho " catching of u green one." Many efforts were mado by Sally to nttract Bon's attention, but his bashfulness was a bar to these lender essays ; nnd if shn succeeded at chinch, on Sunday, tocaich his eye fdr n moment, it was m vain bIio watched through the whole Fcrvico for u second glance it wns not to bo had. She seated herself in the pew before him, but oil to mo purpose ! ho manifested an ohstiimto adherence to his diffi dent manner, until at length sho determined to "rnrry the war into Africa," as tho politicians say, nnd resolutely onlered tho same pew ho occupied, and set herself right hangup against him. Ben turned nnlo, quivered slightly, and although brought up all standing, Micceeded in regaining his bienlh oiler the diock, but look at her ho would'nt. In vain sho held tho hymn book at him fruitless washer manojuvre of going upon her knees during nmvrr. nnd direct v runtluir him : he sin id v hx ed his eyes on a slripn in Ins pantaloons, nnd re fused to seo thu full blown chaiins before him. S.illy noted his indifference, and prow despoiato ; lien noticed her shawl tremble, and ho become at- flicted with a slight aguo too. Matters were com ing to a crisis, nnd ston they bnnged in collision, for at tho very moment lien was preparing to jump into tho next pew, S illy dropped right over upon him in n well cxicuted tainting til. Tho poor lei ow came nigh fulling out of Ins boots, ho was so frmlitcned ; but seizing her w llh a show of cour age, he hehl her up while tho women plied her with llieir salts bottles. After a few preliminary Fncczes sho revived, nnd salts, of whoso properties wo have great faith, had elicited another cure. 1 ho droi ping llowcr which hung upon our hero now, in a unco soft ns tho breathings of any instrument vou like, imolored lion to lake nor home to her ma how could lie re fuse? ho couldn't! Raising her form, which some wi iters woulil call fragile, but winch I. who wish to bo particular, Mato as weighing about one hun dred and tcventy-fivo pounds, Bon conducted her iroin llm sanctuary; anil by tins uenlc act of his head, which was aided by all tho strength of his body, ho "put Ins fuot in it '' vvlien they arrived at tho maternal mansion. Ben was about to modestly takn his leave, but Sally come the fainting manoouvro over him again, and ho was t'irccd to carry her Hi to her ma, whero she went through nnoilier reviling process; but as her eyes became lighted by consciousness tlioy lit on Bon, nnd off she went again, to his infinite terror. "What have you bin doin' to tho galr" scream ed Mrs. Chntoc, fastening tho dour nt the samo time, and seized tlio tongs. " I aim bin doin' nuthin," says Ben, "cept help in' her homo from meotin' whnr sho luk sick." " What nils you, Sally, my darter?" inquired the old ladv in a sympathetic whine ;" has this fellar bin triflm' with your feelin's, my dear?" "No, I ninl leched her!" shouted Ben. " Oh ! Benny, Be.uiy," murmured Sally, you kiuw you have, you deceiier! Ilevint you got my fceliii'd in your power so 1 can't du nulhin' with 'em, nnd when you know 'd 1 loved you so I could 'nt do 'lliout you, then didn't you persist in not tonkin' nt me, till I fainted ? you know you did." "I'll sunr," tnys Ben, " that 1 mer teched her feelins', and mnro'n that, I don't want to, so I reck on lliut'l! satisfy you, and now I'm giiin'," saying which he moved for the door. "No you don't," said Sally's maj "you aint go in' to Irille wilh my gal's feelin's in that way and then clar mil nnd leave her!" and seizing Ben bv thu collar, sho snatched bin back from tho door with one hand, while sho shook the tongs over Ins head with the other, Sally all Ihe time sobb'ug a symphony, broken now and then with the exclama tion ot " wh, you cruel crealur!" " When yon havo been ucting tills way villi the pal," said Mrs. C." why don't you behave like u gen tleman, and gin vourself up to tier as a decern hus band, lou young tellars hev no right to bo goin round tho settlement: year arter year hmkin' at tho gals and aggravalin' thur feelin's and never gitliu' married to none on 'cm. Consarn your piclurs, yuu Mian t do it with my gal, so mars an end on it Sally's bin watin' for you lung enough, so gin in ut oust. " What in tho ycarlh do you want mo to do?" inquired lieu. rnmiso to marry the gal rilo strait, or you'll ketch it," said the ungry muma, brandishing her tongs. Ben looked at Iho daughter as if taking in her dimensions she was tolerable tor tlnrlii, and ho thought she might bo induced then takiu' u step Inwards her, ho gemly placed his hand upon her arm, took n not her look ut the old lady and her big , it, longs, ami "eiri in ; "I'll hev you Sally," says Ben, " if you will only quit weeptn.' Just stop cryin' now, and dont say nulhrn more' about my deceiviu' on you 'cuu&o I did'ut, and you can hev mo whenever you con get inc. This declaration set Sally smiling through her tears, like a wi(.ow who had received a second offer, ai:d jumping up sho threw her arms round Ben's neck, antl cucoiirdged his bashlulnc?s by bestow ing upon him u fond kiss. Ho wUheu lo leave now for home, but two full grown men, cousins of Sal ly, cither by uccidont or invitation dropped in on a visit, and hearing how mailers stood, proposed fur tlio inn ol thu thing, to nave tho irurriagc straight ' ay solemnized. Ben was about to object, but the cull -ins. old ina and lotus mado thu odds lo strong against linn, lh.it lilo mutUn, ho sullrrcd film-cll to be leil to the suciific '. 'J ho Spuru of Liuvillo was culled in, Iho knot lied, thu bride kissed by tho magistiti'o and then the fjuiily attended praycisaml reined for tho night. Wo would fain slop here, but as wo urn recording tin Linnvillc history it is our duty to unflinching ly relGto tho termiintion of this match. Early the next morning, Hon went to his uwn homo, packed up his duds, pocketed his spare change, und belore tho morning sun thed its golden beau.s over the llowcr-be-gemmcd prairies of tho West, hu was fur oil iho way innards the Sunta Po trace, leaving his bndu to go to grass or any other kind of widow hood. To a fiiend whom ho nftorwards met in Mexico, ho remarked that ho hod become fully convinced that Sally had designs upon him and hoped lo mike mm a husbuud miner (also pretences. Sally per sists in wearing block for Ben, because, sho says il is becoming lo her complt xion ! ANr.cnoTi:. Jumcs 1., of England, went out of ills wuy lu hear a noted preacher. Tho clergynnn eeing tho king enter, left his text lo declaim i gal list swearing, for which (ho king was notorious. When done, Jauios thanked him for his senium, .nit asked him what connection swearin; had will, is text. Ho answered, "Sincoyour imjesty came out of your way through cuiiosity to meet mo, 1 could not, in complaisance, do less than go out ol mine to meet you," A CONSCIENTIOUS 1)00. My father had a dog or the spaniel breed, whoso name was I'onto. Now Ponlo, though decidedly ....'.t. ! 1...., l - .-IJ ....! JA ungftish in ono point, had always given evidence of bcllll? morn n-lirrinon limn tnttnv nf bin Inca nnttinn neighbors. True, ho would never lurn the "iillicr j yenrrol suggestions, bearing on tho Tariff contro cheek ;" nnd consequently, though ho had a pood versy at large. character wiih tho Peace Society, ho was scouted I And first, wo remark, tlint nono of thoso who uy tno non-ren'tents. jJut I'onto was always ten tilar ot church; and in ono instnnco ut least, gav evidence that ho went there with nil idea tlmt hon esty nnd religion had somo connection with cncli other. IIo wns safe enough in his notion, for n more hon"8t dog than ho never barked. I'onto nl wnys walked into church with the family, though ho inynrhbly look his scat on tho lower stair of tho sacrct. desk, and none but the oldest in thn congre gation remembered when his scat was vacant. 1 ought to havo remorked sjoner, that I'onto had but ono enemy in tho wide world ; and who wus tht.t but tho deacon of tho church, and our next neighbor? 1 forgot iho cause perhaps somo shin dor against I'onto in the days of his puppyhood, when it must bo confessed ho was too much addic ted lo fun to comport with u deaconish idea of pro priety. Bo that ns it may, Pontn growled at no body but Deacon Drury, and the deacon throw stones nt nothing so furiously ns nt I'onto. If oi thcr exemplified thu gulden rule towards tho other, it w-as I'onto. Ko things stood, nt a certain timo when tho par son wns called away on a long journey. But, par son or no parson, the family all went to chinch as usual the following Sabbath; nnd none with a lon ger face or mo.-o gracious step than Ponto. His accustomed seat was taken and when tho emigre potion rose for the early morning prayer, I'onto lose wilh tlio rest as lie had always done and slood with closed eyes n id open cars, waiting lor tho first word of supplication. To tho utter astonishment of nobody but tho sanctimonious Ponto, that word came in tho oico of Ins only cremy, tho pious dea con! It tho big biblo'had fallen on Ponto's tail, ho would not havo looked forthocauso with a more rapid glaixo than ho cast upward lo tho pulpit. He gnzr-d Ins eyes u moment on tho tnco of thu deacon, as if to bo snruof tho sacrilege; and thou, with u look of pious horror I shall never forol. and a step as rapid us the sancity of the place would nllow, ho passed out of the house, nnd took a hyc pn'.h homo across a field. From that day forth, as long ns Ponlo lived, ho could never ho flittered or exliorted loonier the church door again ; and when ever from necessity ho passed it on week days, it was with u look that said, tu all that knew him as I ditl, "If Deacon Drury prays, tho church may cuunt Ponto among tho backsliders." DURABILITY OF TIMBER IN A WET STATE. Of the durability ol timber in a wet state, tho piles of tho bridge built by the Emperor Trajan across Iho Danube, are one example. Ono of these piles was taken up and found to bo petrified to the depth of three quarters of an inch; but tho rest of the wood was little different fiom its ordina ry state, though it lias been driven more than six teen centuries. The piles under tho London bridge havo been driven about GOO years, nnd from Mr. Bann's ob servations in I7 llj,"u did not appear that thev were mateiially decayed. In Id 10 they wcro sullicicnt ly Bound to snppoit tho massive superstructure ; they aro chiefly ol Elm. In digging; away tho foundation of the Old Sa voy Palace, London, which won built (350 ycais ago, tho whole of the piles, consisting ot onk, i-lm, bench, and chesnut were found in a Btato of perfect soundness, as also was iho plunking which colored the pile head. 'Plus paragraph is taken from nn English paper." i ne couar swamps oi capo alary allord even more romarkablo proofs of thu durability of timber in a net stale. On tho Noith sido of Matirico River Creek, tho meadows und Cedar Swamps, as far up as the filmland, nre filled with buried cedars tonnuu-'to mown depth. In 1814 or '15 an attempt was made 0 sink a well curb near Dennis Creek Landing, nit after encountering much difficulty in cutting hrough a number of logs, tho workmen were at if t compelled to give up the attempt, by finding t the depth of 20 feet a compact muss of cedar ogs. Ilis a constant business near Dennis Creek to 'mine cedar shingles." This is done by probing ho soft mud of the swamps with poles for the pur ose ot discovering buried codur Umber ; and when log is found, the mud is clearbd off, the log cut ip hi proper lengths with n long ono handled saw, nd these lengths split up into shingles and carri d out of the swamp ready lar sale. This kind of .vork gives constant employment lo u larc number if hands. Tho trees uro found from lour to fiv'o eet in diameter; they lie in every piissiblo posi inn, untl some of them seem to have been buried 'or many centuries. Thus swamps of trees which lave grown to n great age, and which have been lecsying a century, are found standing in the place in which they grew, while the trunks of very aged cedars aro lying horizontally under their roots. One of these instances is thus described to us, in 1 manuscript from Dr. Beesely, of Dennis-Creek, vho hi's himself "nulled" many thousand cedar hingles, and is now engaged in tho business. 1 have in my mind a cedar sumo two and a half lect over, under n large cedar stump, six teet in di iinirtcr. Opon counting tho annual growths of tho dump, I found there were thirty of tlicui in on rich; so that ihero were 1060 in tho three from tlio entrc to tho outside of tho tree. Tho slump must bus havo been 1080 years in growing. To ull op penrunco the tree to which it belonged bus been lead for centuries, for after tho slump in these neadows decays down to the wet, there is no more decay none at least that is perceptible. Now we have 1U80 years for Ihe growth of tho btiimp, and 500 for its decay, nnd 500 for tho growth of the tree under it, fur this must have grown and fallen before tho tree to which tho stump belonged sptout cd. Wo uro thus carried back tor tlio term of per hups 2000 years, of which 1500 aro determined, beyond question, by tho growth of tho trees," Thu belter opinion is that tlieso trees havo gra dually sunk through the soft mud of the swamps, alter having attained their growth and fallen. Many, however, have decuyed in their erect posi tion, for tho sivumps uro full of slumps, etuuding us they grew. Within n short distanco of tlio mouth of Dennis Creek, and ubuut three miles from uuy growing timber, can bo seen ut low water, in tho hed of the stream, numerous cedar Anil piuu slumps, about six leet below the surlacc of the meadow, with the bark still adhering to tome, when tho mud is re moved. As ono passes up tho creek a lew miles thu stumps approach thu surface, and near tho edgo of thclivo swamps they become very numer ous. Trenton Oaz, Givi: Now Defer not thy good deeds till tho niantlo of death has covered thy form. Ten dot Isrs given to-day arc better than fifty left in thy will, it is not heuovolence to give away whul thou bust no further need of; ond no legacies will pur chase luluro felicity for tho mean und avaricious buai t. d?" A Binging-masler, while leaching his pu pils, wus visited by a brother of Iho tuneful art, Tho visitor obeetvingihat the chorister pitched tho tune vocally, sud : " Sir, do you uno a pipe?'' " No, sir," replied Semibrcvo, with admirable gravity, " I chew!" Ook Foiu-iun Uklatio.ns " Well, hang thn 'foreign relations!'" said an old lady, us bhu took up a newspaper; " every paper has something abuui our 'foreign relations.' Well, it's good enough for 'cm. I nlwnys told tho gals never tu murry uuy ol theso foreign chaps with nothing but llieir whiskers tu recommend 'em; but thuy will do it ; und now I don't due huv much f'usj thero is uuout anybody's foroigii relations. It's good enough fur 'em they shouldn't have uuy !" nnd thou the old lady took uu extra pinch of snuff. Kurort ftntn llio Am'tlcnn I!olow for Sxptoinlicr. THU TARIFF QUESTION. Before- entering upon any particular observations o" tlio character, provisions nnd probable effect of tho Tariff of fRJC. t.mu Itn t,i.l,,ln.l i r... Imva so nlly discussed this subject either in tlio loriniunoto mmcs winch arn too generally regarded as infallible toxt-books of Political Economy, or in Iho ah!o debutes of tho last session of Congress, seem to us to havo contemplated directly and given sufficient weight to tho peculiarities of our Na tional condition. Wo nro ono people, but diffused overn rapidly widening urea, winch far exceeds Iho civilized portion of the Old World. Our country presents a diversity nf soil nnd climate, of capaci ties nnd products, which nil Europe combined enn not rival. It is quile common to see arguments pass unchallenged which rest on such bases ns these: Franco injures herself in refusing tlio Iron nnd Coal, Spain in rejecting tho Cottons, Russia in declining tho Woolens of Oro.it Britain; ergo, tec ought not to protect our own Iron, Coal, Cottons and Woolens! But tho logic falls short J admitted in nil its legitimate force, it would only prove tho expediency of a Frco Trade between the various scctionsi or States of our own vast empire, which nobody is disputing. Prove that n itions separated but by nn imnginnry lino, or n few hundred miles nt most, may ndvnntageously exchange products, at d yon htivo barely b. gun lo provo n like -advantage in exchanges of commodities, bulky nt least on ono side, between nations whoso shores nro thousands of miles distant. But in truth no intelligent ndvocnlo of Protcc lion contends hV anything like Iho exclusion of British Coal from Franco and of French Wincscnd Silks from Great Britain-assuming such to exist. i hu iiippuni. uiiiiimiis moo sorry jesu ot our ad versaries, livening the absurdity of attempting to grow grnp-s in INova iembla and fabricato ico in Ceylon -to make sugar at Labrador or extract sun be ams from cucumbers aro based on an entile misapprehension or culpable perversion of our views. What we do maintain, as wo havo a thous and tunes re stated, i", that sound policy dictates to each country or at least to each country so vast nou so versaiiio in ua;incny ol production ns out own tho expediency of producing within its own limits all articles requisite lo its own susucnanco and comfort so Jur as JVulure has inltrposed no ob stacle. If, for example, Nature has decreed that lho lca-plant shall fiom iih only in China and its vi cinity, unless by nn cxlraoidinary beslowment.of labor and care, then tho production of Tea ought to bo nowhere else nn object of National solicitude and protection. But provo to us that Tea will grow in parts of this cuntry us well as in the cor responding latitudes of Eastern Asia, and we would urge tho immediate imposition of n protective duiy on Tea sulficiejitly stringent to encourage our pen plu to engage in this branch of imlustry und to en able them to overcome tho difficulties anil disap pointments alway i incident to such an enterprise. Admit that our nnnual supply of tho frdgranl herb would for a time bo enhanced in cost by nearly tho amount of the duty, (the difference mainly going into the Federal Treasury,; ami wo could not doubt that tho ultimate reduction in cost consequent on production within the neighborhood of Iho consu mer would morn than compensate tho original dis advantage of Protection, looking ol tho matter merely in thu narrowest mercantile point of view, " Dear-boiiiiht and farfetched" is uo nxloni tho truth of winch but partially depends on lliu cost of transportation. Wherever A and It, producers res pectively ot unii-les desirable to each other, aro neighbors and exchungo their icspectivc surpluses directly, the cost of such exchange is usually tri fling und the product of their united lab-ir is snared between them. But place them a low hundred miles apurt, und you havo now not only tr.mporia. 'lion, but reciprocal risks oPuumtige or or,-ny ninl : Iho profits of two or three trafficking into mediates subtract fnan tho joint products of their labor befoio vuii airivout tho anion nt left for their en joymcnt. Increase this distance to thousands of miles, and place formidable barriers of mounluin nnd valley as well as more phablo water between them, and you havo greatly increased the propor tion of their joint product which must bo subtract ed to sntisf'y Iho legitimate demands of commerce. Hence the circumstance that tho naturalization of new branches ot industry has scarcely ever failed to reduco the cost to tho domestic consumers ot tho articles produced thereby. Thus, while tho whole of Europe and Western Asia lor century aftercen tury procured their Silks from India and China by slow, expensive, perilous overland journeys of car n vim!1, tho coat of n pound of Silk averaged nearly n pound of Oold, though Gold was moie valuable then thaiat present. Probably it com. a good deal inoro than this lo produce the'fu.-t pound, or the firi-t hundred pounds, of Silk grown in Europe; uiu niter tno nine cuiiureand nianuliicluro had boon thoroughly established there, tho price of tlio pro duct inevitably declined, und is now as low as in China. So with hundreds of other articles in all purls of llm world. But wo deny that tho mercantile is thn only light in which this subject should bo viewed. Suppose it were true thai our cloths und wares would for many years cost twcnly-fivo per cent, moro if mado hero than if brought trom Eegland would it there fore bo proved advantageous to buy them ibroad? We siy it would not, lor these among other reas ons: 1. Because the price of Agricultural staples is enhanced and th" productiveness of farming in creased bv tho creation of mat litis of consumption in the midst of our rural population. Does any doulit this? Let hun compare the vuluo nf u farm in Hamilton counly, Ohio, wherein is Cincinnati, with that of an equally good farm in Richland or Stark counly, in tlio northern part of the Slate. Tho character of tho population is not u.aterially ilill'crcut; their military nnd thrift am much alike. Yet tho Hamilton county fi'rm is worth thrice to ten tunes tho Richland rival. And why? Flour or pork is no dearer in Hamilton, but the iimnedi nto vicinity of a populous community, who con sume (Tut do not produce food, enables tho farmer hero tu secure lli'ico us great a return from each acre of ground as ho could obtain tu Richland. Ilis fields aro not mora fertile, hul ho can hern sell fruits, vegetables and other products more profita ble to htm than purk or flour for which ho could find but a capricious or no market in Ricliland. So everywhere; so will it bo wherever inanufactu--es ore extensively introduced. Yet Freo Traders Ionic only to the pncu of tuch gtcat staples as Purk, Beef, Flour, &c. und if tlieso have not advanced in pneo Ibey argue that thu laruiers havo derived no benefit from Protection ! Do Ihey not ciearly ufiirm upon insufficient and uniuluiblo promises? 2. Again Iho difi'ercnco in position between an old and a now country is never fairly considered by thoso who arguo against Protection. Wo uro' a now people, inhabiting u country us yet not. ono tenlh redeemed Irom ilia primitive wifdomess. In such u country, if rapidly increasing in population nnd improving in the arts of life, labor is generally in demand and paid higher than in older communi ties. Inlortbt also is high, and the totnptatinn of buying goods on credit and reserving availablo means to be employed, as is calculated, inmo ad vautugcously, is with difficulty resisted. Thoso of Iter peoj lo who engage in inanutaclures do ho un der two great ilisuuvautuj.cs ot imperfect experi ence, less skilful workmen higher pain, and every extraneous condition favoring their foreign rivals. I'huy ure judged by their first achievements, and he judgment is naturally iiul'uvorable. In time, if successful, all thceo conditions uro improved, but tho prejudice so created remains. Homo products aro bupposed to be rude-, dearer, less scrvicable, lung iiiierlhoy have, through persevering endeuv nrs, ct'Ufcd to bu so. Tho delict hus ceased, but its evil consequences continue. Whoever w ill con sidcr impartially tho circumstances under which iiiuuufuciurcs bavo spuing up in our midst, must wonder tather that tlioy havo so early attained such excellence than that tlioy havo not yet all achieved perfection both in excellcnco and cheapness. Show us ntiv fivo years of steady nnd efficient Protection In which they have not mado rapid advances In both respects, nnd nn argument will bo found against a iiuim-r hi. ii HiL-noy persisinnco tn Hint policy. A word on the recent chatign of policy in Groat Britain, and we pass to notice tho peculiar features of tho new Tariff. That Great Britain has reduced inojtllulles is true, but has she done so in any In stance to tho prejudice or peril of her own manu factures? Suppose there ncro no other natiuns on tho carlh but Iho United Slates and Mexico, would our country deserve any credit for liberality in re pealing her duties on Cotton fabrics? Would sho cvinco n hearty conversion lo the principle nf uni versal Free Trade? Would it be quilo fair in Iter to urgo Mexico to do likewise because of her ex ample? Now if England, after n hundred years' efficient prelection, finds herself in a condition to undersell other nations in nearly every urltclo sho produces, wo cannol consider her course fairly held up ns nn example for others. Grant that she has acted wisely, it by no means follows that others may wisely follow theirexninplo. If it bo said that her prospective freo importation of Grain is in point, wo nnswer that Great Britain can and does produce Grain about ns cheaply as any other country on tho fuco of Iho eorth. If her prices aro higher, it is becuuso of the enormous rents paid for her ara ble soil. 'I heso rents may bo reduced, but her ng ticulturo can never be really undersold. Tho bulk mess nr.d perishable nature of Grain, &c., givo an auvaniago in mo home producer equal to twenty five and. llienco to fifty and sovonty-fivo pr cent. Tho wheat-grower of central Illinois or Wisconsin must sell Ids product at twenty -fivo to fifty cents a bushel in order that it may bo taken lo England nn J sold there, in tho nbsunec of any duty whatev er, ns cheaply ns tho English wheat for which the grower received one dollar to one dollar nnd a quarter per bushel. Tho cotton-spinner in Illinois, on tho other ham!, must produce his fabric within fivo to ten per cent, of the cost in England, or ho win uo rivaieu ny uriiisn lubrics nt Ins very door, Tho fact that Grain, &lc. nre not effected by chan ges of lashions or tho appetite for novelty nnd rar ity, a3 with textile fabrics, also tends lo take their ease out ol tho same category with fabrics of Cot tot., Silk, etc. Wo wish we could make room for the searching analysis which follows of the now Tariff, tho ad valorem principle, its special regard for poor men's interests, the cfi'ect of Protection on prices, dis crimination against Home Industry, &c.&c. Way wo not hope that the reader who can readily pro- euro tho Review will be sufficiently interested to procure it and read l tic entire article ? fTTTho Baltimore Patriot thus exposes n new fraud that is to bo palmed off upon tho public, and this, under the potent name of the Secretary of tlio Treasury. 1 iih Two Tariffs. Tho Washington Union is engaged in publishing what it calls a "compar nttvo stn'cuieui" of the duties Ipvied under the tar iff of IS 12 and Iho tariff of 184(5. More than ten columns of that paper are filled with this statement, which is signed by air. It. J. Walker, ns Secretary of the Treasury, thus giving it his official sanction. Wo havo locked over this statement, nnd must ex press, not only astonishment, but our deep regret, that Mr. Walker should have loaned himself lo such n fraudulent attempt to mislead nnd deceive iho people, ns is niiuifestly mado in the i-tatemcnt to which be has given his sanction. Wo would not undertake tn say, that Mr. Walker was aware that bis comparative statement was untrue, in rela tion lo almost every article in llio manufacture of which iho homo laborer was intended to bo pro tected but il ho is ignorant of this fact, lie Ins I given to tho public n must conclusive evidence of his uiililness lor tho station which ho holds so that ho is in the horns of llio dilemma, in which his choice is between admitting Ins igunrauco-ur plea ding guilty of an attempt tn deceive. Let any man, at all acquainted wilh tlio cost in foreign! countries of similar articles manufactured in ibis, on which n specific duty was laid by tho tariff of 1842, look ut what Mr. Walker has set down as tho ml valorem duty on such articles under that tur llt" und ho will see, nt a glance, the deception at tempted. For instance, ho will find articles of "men's bods and bootees," on which, under the tariff of 1812, a duty of 1,25 per pair was charged, set down as being subject to only a duty of 31 1-2 per cent., us it such boots and bootees cost $ 1 1(32-3 per pair in Germany, whence the principal impor- la. ions nr lliotn come, hnlnrn Hip tir-t nt IKl'M 'rim truth is that llmv dn lint mat in nriiiiiiitr nnn.lin fri thai sum and that instead of $1,25 per pair being only a duty of 31 1-2 per cent ad valorem, it is near ono hundred percent. Tho samo misrepre sentation is made in the statonieni in regard lo the ud valorem duty imposed by tho tariff of 1812 on shoes and pumps ot all kinds; and, as far us we can decide, from r casual examination ol it, on nil articles charged with a specihe duty under the ncl of 1842. Yet the nltempt to deceive, by this comparison of tho two tariffs, is too bold to bo succesiful wilh any ono; nnd Mr. Walker ought to bo ashamed that his name has been given to it. But tlio dis grace of the thing, so far as tho administration is concerned, docs not stop hero. They baio set up, through theirorgan", tlieelaiui tor the tariffof 16-10, that it is u icvcnuc tariff; and that no article is charged with a duty in It, so high as tn prohibit its importation. Now, it is notorious tffevcry one, and lo none morn ihan to Mr. Wulker, tint, previous to t tie passage ofth elariff of '42, common eecars were imported into this country from Germany, in great quantities, fo tli.it tho manufacturers hero wore al most driveu out of the market und lltat sinco tlio passage ot that act, imposing n duty of forty cents per pound on segurs, none havo been imported from Germany. And vet this comparative sta temei.t re 'uies tho specific duty of forty cents per pound ol the act ot le U, to an udvalorcui duty of twenty; eight and n iraclinu per cent, whilst the duty nn posed by tho tariff of 1810, is fony per cent, ill is making tho row act moro proniniiory inuu tno uiu, wltiUt Air. Walkernnd its advocates declaro that It was passed to encourage, not to prevent, importa tions! To bo sure, tho statement that a duly of forty cents per pound is only a duty of twenty eight percent, ad vulorem on common segars, is iintruo; but Mr. Wulker having stated it as a fact, is not at liberty to plead its untruth, when the chargo is madu agniust his tariff that It is more prohibitory than is that of 1842 n chargo which lie could not udmit without involving himself, and nil who supported his lat 11, in thn most disgraceful imposition ever attempted to bo prnctiscd upon tho people ot tho country, tint an. walker, nor any of the supporters ol Air. Polk's administration, may bopo that tho chociu.ikcrd, tuilois, scgar makers, or any other of tho American mechanics, whoso business has beon attacked by this tariff of 18 10, will bo misled by tlio " comparative statement' which has been put torth m tho olliciai organ un der tho sanction of tho Tieasury Department. No ono understands Iho operations of tl o tariff of '42, no ono enjoys mure of its good results, than do these mechanics. -l hoy win detect, nt a glance, ihe misstatements in this comparison, as ihey will not bo the less wiling to visit their iiidiguutiun upon the authors of tho now tnritl', becauso they huvn attemoted to siinnort It bv untruth, This comparison ot tho two land's, of 1812 and '4(1, tins ev idently been prepared with much labor and great "it. It is tho muit barefaced attempt to deceivo that wo remember to havo ever been made, by even Locofocos. Its falsehoods, htiwever, will bo exposed, and tbe consequences 1 1 them visited nnnii thn himd of Mr. Wulker. unless ho shall bo ibic lo clear himself from tho responsibility ofj haviiigsanctiuiied it unucrstiiiidingiy. wo ire cu rious lo seo how he will attempt to escape that re sponsisilily und "pauso torn rep'y." t , The Baltimore Sun crodits this cnii-ofiicinl ro port of tho Secretary of tho Treasury, published in tho Union, because Mr. Wulkor's name is attach ud to it. Tho Sun says: " It cun hardly bo supposed thai on ofneor of tho 'fnvcrnnipntww hazard his reputation. In n ...V.i t & ' iness man, manufacturer and mechanic Wd promptly detect the fallrxy l.Jiii h.dlvjdukl case" orTny? P Co MkA'" 1 ' ,'n "Pinion or most farmers, that corn cobs were of little or no value, nnd they havo generally thrown then, aside ns of no liso except for manure. Tho experienen or some who have formerly fed corn nnd mcnl.nnd tho anticipated scarcity or liny, have led nearly nil of our corn growers to turn their cobs into food for their stock. To show something of the extent to which it has been (ised here, the followifig will givo yon some data to judge f'r.m. Ono mill in this town has, within the Inst thrco inonlhs, ground moro than 50CO bushels of cobs, besides n largo quantity of com in the ear. This fact, I th-nk. proves quite conclusively that cob meal is valuable as nn nrncleor fin-d for stock. Indeed the opinion winch is expressed by those who have used il, is altogether in lis Tavour. When they get out their corn, it is not threshed entirely clean f somo Ihrea' n fifteen bushels nro left on the cobs. They aro kept clean as posiblo till ground into meal. Cat lie, horses, sheep, and hogs, cat it readily without adding any other grain. When fed jo cattle, "in addition to hay, a marked difference ih their condi tion and appearnnco is seen from those fed on hay without t:io meal. Somo feeders mix it with oilier grain, roots, &c, with mar' ed profit and success. I When fed with oil-cake it is found to onswer nn excellent purpose, and it takes up all oil without -- VlllllllULUf. Extensivki.y Laiii Out. A plain old father bid a son much given to thb vanitn s.of tho toilet, and on coming homo in a new fashioned greatcoat, with something loss than a score of capes, was as ked what kind of thatching bo had got on his shoul ders. ' . "Capes only enpes, father." "So, so!" said the old man, parsing his hand over them. "Cape Haltcrus, Capo Henlopen, I suppose ; nnd here," clapping bis bund on his son's head, " is the Light House." "Ma," said an inquisitive little girl,4 "wHl rich and poor people hvo together when they go up to heaven ?" " Yes, my dear, they will bo nil ulifte there." "Then, ma, why don't rich and poor christians associate together hero?" Tho mother did not answer. " How seldom it happens," remarked one friend to another, "that we find editors bred to the busi ness." "Quito as soldom," replied the other, "that wo find tho business bread lo llio editors." How to avoid Wm.NKU s asp Nr.vr.ri to onofr Uor.v. I saw tho lady ol thu house; nnd much as I liked master, I dont know but 1 like mistress more. Such n dear, kind-hearted creature, and so good-looking; ono of tho sort that would never look old, or grow ugly, even if sho lived to the ngo of Methuselah. And her fondness for her old man is quilo delightful. Nono of your "my dearing" or " my loving" nonsense, or anxiety nbout every thing ho likes to cat und drink disagreeing with bun; bul good, downright, honest, hearty Hffection, which w-as beautifully displayed in tho happy smilo with which she regarded thu old fellow, und wit nessed how truly beseemed to be enjoy in, hnustdf. Tint's what I would recommend ull wives to do, who wish lo preserve their pood looks. Woman'e beauty depends so much upon expression, .tlmt,' if that bo spoiled, farewell to all' h'or charms; and winch milling tends more to bring about lhan a countenance soured with imaginary cares, instead of being lighted up with thanklulncss lor innumer able blessings. That's what makes half tho wo men wither away into wrinkles so early in life whilst nothing renders beamy so lasting us that placid look nf pure benevolence, which emanates from the heart full of thankfulness tu Gud, affec tion for those nearest and dearest to hiin,-and good will lowaius an mankind ! lilucKwood's .Magazine. Nioiit in Aiiahia. Those who have seen no; thing but tho inky skies of our own land, saysjlie" New-York Organ, can scurcely imagine how'beau tiful aro tho nights in Arubin. The innumerable hosts of stars appear, not as if sparkling on-tho concave surface of the heavens, but floating at dif ferent nnd immeasurable distances through tho in finite ether. The milky way hangs like n luminous wreath across the heavens, and the moon far moro resplendent than sho appears in our climate, " rolls through tho bright blue depths." Here how im pressively aro demonstrated tho being, power, and majesty of the great Creator. "Thn heavens de clare the glory of God," no less than they "sho nis. nanuy-worhv o - Groutv. Poor fool! grunt uwny who Cores? If Colo could paint you as you look, grouty and mopish, we'll bo bound to say you would never loso your self respect again. Wo can put up with a man of quick passions, who can call another a liar ono moment und heps Ins pardon the next, when ho Ins cooled oft'; but, luing us, if we do not detest a grouty, hoggish disposition. No one can get n decent answer from you not even your uld mother or your pretty Mveathoart. Away with such a dis position, or tako-n trip to Botany Bay, where you can live and make mouths ut those who would not suffer by you who havo thu disposition to return like favors. We find the following lloating about tho groat sea of nowspaperdoin : "Misthcr! Alisthor! what havo you done?" said a littlo shaver with protruding eyes, to a green-horn who had just been t) mg his linrso to a spruce pole, us he thought, in the street. "Done!" said tho fellow, "what do mean? I hain't done iiolhin' us 1 kuos on." "Why yifh you have, llnr; you've hitched your both to tho Magnetic Telegraph, nnd you'll bo in Bothton in leth than two minutes if vou dou'i luok .... ,, uuu The man untied his horso with nervous anxiety, and jumping into his wagon, drove hastily down the street. SyjirATiir. An American lady who had been very sick i' Marseilles, received tho attentions of miny of the French as well as the English ladies who wero residents of the place. On her recovery sho was asked hy a friend which of the two ex pressed the most sympathy, tho French or tho Eng lish ladies, to which she replied ' Tho French la dies brought mo flowers all day ; but the English ladies sat up with mo all night." fX8" Two Yankees took lodgings fur. ton days at a tavern in Lancoster county, and fared sumptu ously, drinking to or llirco bottles of wine daily. Tho last day a dispulo arose about tho speed of their horses they at last agreed lo enter on iho " profitable contest." The landlord wns apiointed judgo, each being the rider of his own horse. When they wero mounted, the judge, liko tbo-o at the Olympic games, gave the word, one, two, THREE, und GO. On (hoy went, und have nei ther been seen or heard of since; leaving the land lord fully compensated by having had the honor to bo the judge. CfT" Coquetry is tho vico of a small mind of a mind whoso frivolous vanity obscures Us vision fo overy thing open, honest and honurable. A Little Tonuuf.. A man, arrested a few days sinco in Now.Urleaus for flogging his wife, asked a friend to enter bail for him. Tho friend a Idress ed tho bunch ill this strain: " I'll go his bail right off, ifynur honi r will bind over his wife; but so long us bho has a chance lo talk, an ungcl couldn't keep tho peace in Iho samo house with her." fjy- A good book and a good wife aro tha two beet companions in tho world.