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WATCHMAN & JOURNAL.
K. P. WALTON, JR., lIDlTOit. a , iMO&TPEJLlER, THURSDAY. NOV. 12 184a HUliKICANE IN N. YORK. Tho malls of this week bring intelligence) of n sweeping Whig Victory in tlio Empire Slntc. Tho results nro. A WHIG GOVERNOR BY 10 to 11,000 MA JORITY I " A WHIG HOUSE.-05 Whigs to JO locossofart FIVE WHIG SENATORS TO THREE LOCOS ELECTED ! and nt least TWENTY.FOOR MEMBERS OF CON GRESS OUT OF THIRTY-FOUR!!! ' Majorities '" Govr.nNon Compared. Counties. Albany Allegany Broonio Cattaragus Cayuga" Chautnuqiic Chemung Chenango Columbia Clinton .' Cortland Delawaro Dutchess Erie Essex Franklin Fulton Ai Ilnm Gcnesscc Grccno Herkimer Jefferson Livingston Leu 13 Madison Monroe Montgomery Now York Niagara Oneida Onondago Ontario Orango Orleans Oswego Otsego rulnam Q.Uff 113 Renssclucr Richmond KocUond Saratoga Schenectady Schoharie Sulivan Seneca Suffolk Sicubcn S Liwrenco Tioga Tompkins Ulster Wntron Washington Wayne Westchester Wyoming Yates Total 18-1(1. Young. Wright. 2S21 100 10 400 6118 ia2 o tn C0J 0 25 2000 301 1483 030 181). 100 122(i iiOO 0 0 1451 500 1.10 1-118 200 0 -122 mi 05 703 0 211 0 0 0 0 1S07 0 0 3S8 150 "024 204 0 0 0 10(5 50 0 15 12 12 150 1014 0 25,082 0 25 0 551 113 127 0 0 333 2122 330 0 823 0 0 373 0 0 442 300 0 308 30 0 0 1275 0 0 37 0 1842 0 558 225 3 0 0 104 0 ' 1-152 0 0 0 594 741 10 154 000 770 502 230 0 0 1029 0 425 0 0 237 0 1101 0 0 0 402 5100 0 -0310 0 520 0 O 0 821 , 0 0 512 0 843 0 350 0 750 0 250 0 IiOO 0 714 1000 0 1418 500 0 771 150 0 393 0 0 507 1S8 0 27 500 0 693 0 203 - 0 0 75 0 0 0 559 0 238 0 128 283 250 0 021 700 0 1242 1500 1489 300 0 509 0 0 221. 0 0 82 300 0 420 0 1037 0 0 0 182 0 0 244 G65 200 0 121 14,110 9,587 20,899 Young's majority, 11,272. Whig gain, 22,581.! Dist. 1 Siifl'ulk & Queens 2 Kings &. Richmond 3- City, lower Words 1 Do. East side 5 Do. West sido 0 Do. up town 7 West &. Rock 8 Dutchess & Put ' 9 Orange &. Sullivan 10 Del. & Ulster 11 Colum. & Greono 12 l(i'jselaer 13 Albany 11-Washing. & Essex Co.NflRESSMl.N ElF.CTM). Frederick W. Lord, L. Henry C. Murphy, do. Henry Nicoll, ' do. Win, B. Maclay, do. Fred. A.Tallmadge, W. David S. Jackson, ' L. WiUma-Nolson, W. g. Cornelius Vlurrcn, W. Daniel B.Kt. Juhn.W.g. bliakim bhcrnll. v. g. Peter I J. Sylvester, W. g. G. (). Reynolds, W. a.r. J. 1. Slingorland, do. do. Orlando D Kellogg, W. THE RAILROADS. In our last was noticed a rccont arrangotnont in Boston, designed to settle various conflicting inter estsor perhaps rather wo Bhould say, Interests which the public have supposed to be conflicting. Wo now givo the ollicial account of the matter, ns follows J 'For tho purpose of producing harmony among (ho Stockholders of tho several Railroads which are in process of construction between tho city of Bos- tun and Lake Cliniitlaiii, am) ol'cnabling tho respec tive ducctoas ol'said corporations to net freely, and to adopt such measures ns they may judge to bo conducive to the truo interests of their several cor porations, and whereas, nn understanding has suh- sinted or has been supposed to subsist bctweuti tho directors of iho Fitchburg and Vermont Cen tral Railroad Corporations to thu effect that tho directors of the Vermont Central Railroad company should not connect with the North ern itailrnid Corporation, without tint assent, first obtained, of tho directors of thu Fitchburg Rail road Corporation, and a like understanding to tho effect that tho Directors of the Fitchburg Railroad Company should not in any manner old or counten ance tlio construction ot tlio luitlatiu Kailroad, so called, without the assent, first obtained, of tho Di rectors of the Vermont l.cntral Railroad Company j and whereas it is deemed to bo advisable that the said corporations as such, nnd their respective boards of directors, und iheir individual stockhold ers should be perfectly frco and untrammelled by inv obligation, or honorary understanding, now ex isting, or supposed, by any persons or corporations, to exist, in relation to tho premises: therefore Resolved, That tlio Directors of the Fitchburg Railroad Company hereby agreo that the Vermont Central Railroad Company, as such, its officers and individual stockholders shall tie perfectly free and tully at liberty to net with, and reccivn aid from, and connect with the Northern Railroad Co nnaiiv (N. H.) when, where, nnd upon such terms ns the directors or Hlocunolucrs ol said Vermont Central Railroad Company may deem for their interest it being understood, that all other terms and conditions of subscription to Hie stock or tlio Vermont Central Railro.id Compin shall remain unchanged. Provided, Ifiwcvir That tho Directors of the Vermont Central Railroad Company shall also agree that the Fitchburg Railroad Company, r.s such, and tho directors nnd stockholders thercot, shall bo at liberly to subscribu towards iho con struction of tho Rullrnd Ruilroid,so called, nnd not only to agreo upon terms of connexion with thu Champlain and Connecticut River Railroad Com pany, but also to assist the enterprise in any milli ner which they may see tit. Tho foregoing preamble nnd resolution, having been submuied to the Directors of the Fitchburg Rtilroad Comp-iny, nt u meeting held by them on Friday, October 30, 1810, were unanimously adopt ed. Attest, JOHN P. WELCH, Clerk F. R. R. Co. Boston, October 30, 1840. An informal tnert ing of the Hoard of Directors of tho Vermont Ccn tral Railroad Company, was held this day in Ibis city, ot which a Majority of the Board wero repre sented. It. was voted nn-inimously that this Boaid assent to Iho abovo prcamblo and resolve, adopted ibis day by tho Directors of the Fitchburg Railroad Company, and agree that the fame shall bo adopt ed by this Board nt their next meeting, to be hold en on tho 9th November next. Attest, (Signed) SAM'L II. WALLEY, JR., Clerk pi o. lem. Sullivan Road. Wo take tho following para graph fiotnlhc money article of tho Boston Post of Nov. 3d, "Tho stock for the Sulivan railroad, which con nects Iho Central road with tho Cheshire ul Bellows Falls, lias been taken, we learn, to tho amount of $350,000 or nearly the itquisitosuui for its construction." This saves tho charter and ensures tho com mencement nnd completion of the work. The rest ol the slock will of course soon be taken up. Our renders will icmenibcr that the Sullivan road is the connecting link between tho Vermont Central and Cheshire and Fitcliburgh Roads. FOURTH CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICT, I In Mnntnnlier tho volj rVI'MIrt llinu-i'i nol so I light as would nppcar from tho figures, ns many of tho freemen of the town unquestionably otcd in 8omo of tio adjoining tnwns sonio in Worcester, but probably the most in I'lainfiold. Berlin wo un derstand contributed pretty Inrgoly to tho voles in Northflold. Tho result in Montpcllor, as between Chandler nnd Peck Is very favorablo to tho former nlid i'" it is any thing like a fair index of tho District, Chandler will lead handsomely in this heat. But wo will not indulge in loo ardent anticipations. In this town in September Peck's majority over Chandler was 120 " iow H 72 CLIPS AND CLIPPINGS. 15 Clinton, Warren, .&.c. Sidney Liwrenco, L. p 10 Saratoga, &c. 17 llerk. & Monl'g. 18 l.n-ts &, St.L-iw. 19 Jefferson 20 Oneida 21 Oi.-ego &. Sho. 22 -Cneii. Broome, &e. 23 Unwego and Mad. 21 Onondago 23 C.iyuga nnd Cort. 20 Chemung, &c. 27 Wayne and Seneca 28 Monroe 29 Ontario and Li v. 30 Allegany and Sleu. 31 Chaut. and CatL 32-Erio Hugh White, W. ro-el George Petne, Hun. W. Doubtful. Joseph Mui:i:i, W.g. Timothy Jenkins.Tur. H Geo. A. Slarkwealhcr,L. Doubtful. William Ducr, W. g. Daniel Uott, W. g. IlarinanS Conger, W.g. W. T Lawrancc, W. g. John M. Ilolley, SV. g. Eiias B. Holmes, V. rc-c Robert L. Rose, W. David Rumsey, W. g. Dudley Marvin, W. .Nathan K. Hall, V 113 Gmicssco & Wyom Harvey Putnam, W. 31 Orleans nnd Niag. Wash. Hunt, W. re-clcc Senators Elected. Dist. Whig. 3. Ira Harris. 5. Nelson J. Beach. . Samuel H. P. Hall. 7. Abraham Gridley- 8. Francis H. Ruggles. Dist. Loco. 1. John Townscnd 2. Harvey R. Morris -1. 1 nomas Crook. NEW-JERSEY. The ever gallant and faithful Whigs of New Jeiscy liavn covered themselves with now honors They have swept tho State, elected 4 out ok 5 Memueiis or Co.nuukss, nnd an overwhelming majority in the Legislature. Net Whig gain, 10-15. Tho now Legislature of Now Jersey will stand as follows: Whigs. Locos Majority Senite. 12 7 I Ho. of Representatives, 40 12 31 Total 58 19 39 MASSACHUSETTS. Tho returns from tho old Bay State look well. Boston gives a W.lng mujoruy of 2972 for Govern or, und a net Whig gain from last year of 1852 Ul towns in JNorlolk County give a net wing gain of 800 j 17 towns in Bristol County givo a net W gain of 1011. Mcmbtrs of Congress. Hon. Robert C. Win- throp is re-elected in tho First District, Hon. Dan icl P. King is re-elected in tho Second Disliiet, Hon. Amos Abbott in tlio Third, Hon. John G Palfrey is chosen in tho Fourth, Hon. Georgo Ash mun in thu Sixth, Hon. John Quincy Adams in the Eighth, Hon. Arlem&s Hale in iho Ninth,) to tho 29th and 30lh Cougress,) Hon. Joseph Grinnol in the Tenth and wo have strong hope Hun. Charles Hudson is re-elected in tho Fifth, and Hun. Julius Rockwell in the Seventh. Tho probability is that tho Whigs have elected their cntiro delegation to Congress. Senate. Whigs 21, Locos 0, to far, and possibly tho SVhigs havo elected every Senator. House. Whigs 80, Locos ti, 3d Parly 2, so far. BO5 WITH ILLUSTRATIONS. Lea and Dlunclmrd, Philadelphia, nro publishing "Dealings with tlio firm ofDombey &.S011, whole sale, retail and for exportation, by Charles Dick ens," in numbers of 21 pages each, with spirited il lustrations prico 8 cants, A Convention for tho adoption of n Constitution for the State of Wisconsin is in session, and has sundry queer projects be'iiro it. On the 9th of Oc tober, Mr. Ryan, from the committee on Banks and Banking, (Ryan is a red-hot loco,) rcpoited anarli- clo prohibiting tho chartering of any bank of issue in tho state, and also prohibiting Me people from re ceiving or passing " any papur money, hank note, promissory note, bill, order, check, certificate ofde posite, or other evidence ol debt wlialover," issued by any corporation in tho state -Minder the penalty of heavy fines and imprisonment. Corporations or their agents arc also prohibited from receiving dc- posites of money, making discounts, or buying or selling bills of exchange, under like penalties! This is pure iuenfococ-m, which woulu not only make war upon corporations but upon the people in to the bargain. On the 10th, this proposition was followed up by another admirably adapted to thu establishment of genuine locofocratic principles: wc quote from the proceedings- Mr. Crawlord introduced tho following, which lays over under tho rules nil Monday : COLLECTION OF DEBTS: Resolved, 'J'hutall laws lor the collection of debts shall Jorever be prohibited in this Slate. On tho 9th, Moses M. Strong (a native of Rut- lend, Vt., and sou of Muses Strong,) mads a report from tho commrteu on tho right of suffrage, rec ommending that all white nialo citizens of 21 yeirs or upwards, and all nlicns who have filed a notice of their intention to become citizens, nnd who havo lived in the stale six months nnd in tlio 'town ten days bo admitted to vote. On tho lOlli, Iho committee on internal in-prove- mcnls reported that " Internal Improvements shall forever bo encouraged by the Government of this State. But tho Lcgislaturo shall in 110 caso create, or incur a Stato Debt for that object, without at tho same time providing means for the payment there of, and tho final liquidation of the same." THE WAY MONEY GOES. The expenditures of tho U. S. Government for the quarter ending on the 30lh of Sept. last, were 514,0?8,00l 27 Receipts, 8,035,950 00 Deficiency, 5,352,7 1 1 27 At this rate, tho administration is runi.ing up a debt of 21 millions nnd a half per nnuuin, Tho above statement is official. Countv Superintendent. Tho Hon. D, Thompson of this Village has receivod tho appoint ment ot County Superintendent of Common Schools for the Comiy, in placo of Rev. W. Scott who Iich removed out of iho Stale. Wo nre requested by the Superintendent to say, that he will meet such teachers as prefer being examined by tho County Supcrintondont, at tlio School Houso on Hubbard Streel, Montpolicr Villago,on tho 21st of November or he will attend to individual examinations, atoth er times, at his houso, " Peace, too, hath its victories." Richmond En quirer. Yes.peaco hath its victoric3,rcsponds thu Wheel ing Times. Thero is tho Whig victory in Ohio. The Whig victory in Pennsylvania. Tho Whig victory in Now York. The Whig victory in Georgia. Tlio Whig victory in Maryland. Tho Whig victory in Maine. Tho Whig victory in Now Hampshire. Tho Whig victory in Florida. Yes, peace, too, hath ilt victories. Whig gain, 54 Wo add all tho returns which have been rccoiv- cdi WASHINGTON COUNTY. SEl'TKMnf'.R NoVK.Mnr.n. 9 ? E? ? I r P5 M 118 111 78 eo 3. 5 f 3. Bjrto 108 188 27 7 Berlin 150 114 2 9 3 Duxbury (i!) 42 32 2 Marhfichl 97 108 22 Middlesex I0S 112 22 1 Monlpelicr 259 385 99 2 Morelown 55 98 27 1 Nnrthfield 189 210 39 Plamfiolo 39 92 25 R.-,xbury 41 94 35 Wnterbury 100 llil 48 Woodbury 23 117 32 Worcester 42 43 25 CALEDONIA COUNTY. Ilardwick (12 133 48 2 45 72 35 Waldeu 52 80 51 f 43 00 32 LAMOILLE COUNTY. ' Elmore 19 33 29 1(1 20 '21 Stow 33 105 158 2 34 105 150 As between Messrs. Chandler nmrPeck, the ro suit is ns follows: Peck over Chandler in September, 003 " " " November, 310 P 5. s 93 188 30 3 79 17 0 (2 32 73 18 40 5 219 291 49 3 48 49 28 108 179 18 107 31 41 15 8(1 3!) 103 21 43 20 59 10 G3 17 48 Whig gnin, 317 SECOND DISTRICT. We havo returns from a few towns, nnd we think wo may state safely that the Don. Jacob Collamer, Whig, is circled by a handsome majority. fX3 The Woodstock Age, in endeavoring to mako party capital nut of the course of the Loj-is-laturc on the resolution for thanksgiving for the victory of Monterey, triumphantly asks: " Is there n human being in the Universe, who wishes to mod to consider whether he should bo thankful to God for iho safe delivering of Ins broth er, mother, or sister, flom the hands of their ene mies? We hopo not." And wo hope not, too. Had tho thanks been put upon that ground thanks that so many were sated from a horrible death in battle, wc venture to say that nobody would havo objected. As to tho Age's "mother and sisters" tho Rutland Heinld makes a good hit, thus But wo would ask, who of the Vermont Democ racy has n mothtr or sisttr 111 thoiinuy of invasion? We havo heard of no such f hint; ; but if any De mocratic " fair one" from our Slate has ventured U) cross iho liio Grande to fight the battles of our country she has assuredly hhown more spirit nnd bravery than has been Manifested by any of iho ne members of 'lie party. 77itt nro content to run.nin lioliiuil to brag and bluster nt home, and to sco thai, " thanks are properly iviuinc-d dim iticy arc still saje. (tyTlio Organ at Washington is figuring nnd estimating at a gre.it rate to satisfy Iho locos thai they will have n small "majority (18) n tho next Coimrcss. A bad ign this : men who are confi dent never show such symptoms of alarm ns this. (tJThe Amerii-nn Review for-Novcmbef came to hand in good season ; tho articles arc good, num bering over a dozen, bc-ides an interesting chapter of loreign miscellany and critical notices. Ansel Edwards, Burlington, is the agent lor Vermont. Staou Acciun.NT. Wo understand that the Woodstock sia"c heavily loaded with ecntlcmen returning from nlteudance upon tho 'Legislature here, was overturned on 1 uc-suay 01 last weelt. a short distance below Bethel. Two gentlemen had arms .broken. P. S. Wo learn that Senator Kimball of Wind ham had his arm nnd head severely bruised, though we nro oleased to learn that ho is recovering. Ho was 0110 of llioso whose arm was supposed to bo broken. Tin: ArtMSTicF. E.nuf.d. The N. O. Jefferso- nian pives iho following ns infor.i.ulion derived from Major liruham, tho bearer of despatches lioui our , Government to uenerai layior. 11c ar rived nt New Orleans 011 the 21st u 1 It , and was to leave there on the 22d, for the Rio tirunde: Immediately on tho arrival of Oapt. Eaton, bear er of despatches from General layior, recounting the capture of Monterey, tho President called a cabinet council, ui nicu a mimuer 01 our oiucsi military nnd naval olhcers were invited to bajir'-s cut. Tho cabinet was, considering tho iuipjBnco of the despatches received, but u short tluiu 111 session, when the following conclusions wero arriv ed at. Tho nrmstico entered into between General Tay lor nnd Ampudia is to bo put nn end to immeuiate ly, and tho lorccs under General Taylor are to fol low tho enemy ns quickly ns poss blc. For tins purpose nil the volunteers und regulars which can possibly be spared from garrisoning the posts and towns already ca'abllshed, or cupiured, are to pro ceed forthwith to augment his force ul Monterey. The volunteer regiments at tho North, called for under the fust requisition, und not then mustered into service, nro to be mustered forthwith, and pro ceed to tho Bio Grande. No other requisitions for reinforcements had t.anspired. The naval forces on the Gulf are also reported tu havo specific in itructions, resulting from this meeting ol the cubi net, sent to it. The only mforutuiion which corrid bo obtuincd. huwever, was, ihai henceforth ihcir ucts were to bo enttruly uggressive, utid prompt in execution. As to the army, General Taylor and tho other Gei. orals, at distant points, have now pusitivo in structions to puisuo u course contrary to Iho prac tice of our army herctol'oro observed, which has conclusively shown itself to havo had no tendency in shortening the war or convincing the treacher ous foe. Tho United States army henceforth is to diciato its owh terms, and call upon tho enemy lor its supplies as it advances. Wo suspect tho press is running ahead uf tho e vents of iho day. They are not merely specula ting about the movements of tho war, but confi dently chronicling what is done, or what is decided. They say, that a largo volunteer forco is immedi ately to bo called out. They go so far as to say that thesu volunteers will bo called out from tho south ; that tho north will bo slighted, &c. Wo cannot urnlertako to say what tho War Department may think it best tu do and u-htn to ucl ; but wo luzzard llltlo in saying that no decision has yet been made 110 additional volunteers havo yci been called out. Commodore Sloat, who lately commanded our squadron on tho coast of tho Pacific, arrived in Washington last evening, in Iho southern buat. Thu commodore deserves tho gratitude of his coun try, for thu energy with rthich ho has dcliarged his duty us commodore of liis squadron, and the promptitude with which ho took possession of tho ports on tho coast of California. Such officers as himself aro tho highest ornaments U the navy, Washington Union, Mr Wise, tho tcrnnnnt has nrnposod tn Govern ment to superintend (he construction of n .111';) nt war uallinn, n liunilrcil loot in iliumeter, cnpablu ot Inking up 20,000 pounds of shot ami shell, tho bnl lonnorwar to bo navigated by n five milu cablu Irom a Bhin of war. and moored direcllv over Si. Juan de Ulloathn shot and shell then nnd th're to be dumped out into the devoted ensile. Mr WUo promises to take this almost impregnoblo fortress without the loss of n mail " Ho! every day brings something now." Tho Arkansas Senator. Mr. Sevier, has discov ered thu " nub" of tho Pennsylvania 'joke.' Ho is to senu it 10 me new museum. JEU D'ESPIUT. Tho Pittsburg Advertiser has tho following nil vertiscmcnt: (LT-FOR SALT RIVER !f) Tilt i'ast nim.MrLJiAtinr. "Pit 1-1 1 J THAW?-:!" Sin ROBERT J. WALKER, Master, Is now on n voyage up Salt River, freighted with lbe DrilisliTatiffot 1810. Pniweiigors Polk, Dal las, Kane, McCundless, Wilmot, and their lullow ers, the advocntcs of Frco Trade. For passage, apply to ' POLK'S NEAR NEIGH BOR.'i ANOTHER. Strayed or Molon from tho premises of tho sub Hcrihcr on thu 34 Inst, n deep rod colmcd pony, one fore foot white and all the rest black a lino match for tho well known horso recently lost in Pennsylvania, said pony was a liltlo the uorso for wear, having been under a severe course of training for the great race in 1848. Suspicious looking gangs of Barnburners and Old Hunkers wero known to be about on the 3dinM., but whoev er will return tho horse shall he liberally rownrded, and no questions asked. SILAS WRIGHT. Allnny, Nov. 7, 1640. tt?Mt tin ns out that Bemnn is nol elected in Al abama to fill the vacancy in Vihh-ov'h Dkiri.-t 11,, lucks 30 votes of an election according to latest 11c counts. Onto. The aggregate vote for Governor in the Slnlc is for Bebb, (Whig) 117,1(11: Todd, (Loco) 115.091; Lewis, (A ol.) 10,529. Bebb over Todd 2070. The merrlinnta in llin n',tv ..C rn..!.. I.-. - -v "' ---mvu iiiitu rumen .itO.OGO dollars nnd paid it ovui to the government, for the purpose of carrying on tho war, and prom ised unequal ainouni vithiu tho next fifleen days, besi es agreeing to keep up a contribution of the sumo amount once a month. The nrinr.inal nrints ilnlpimiml in . . ; 1 - 1 ...(..1,01-111. IN(J Mexican priesthood, have, consented to rnisn two millions of dollais towards defraying the oxpoioos id' the war, by mortgaging their estates and other properly. .'? Gcntlrmnn has cent tu llm o.liir,r,,l ,1... !. burg Intelligencer, a potato weighing nine and a half pounds, nnd a turnin wuifrhin.r siini,ii. pounds. He has n cow that gives thirteen quarts ut milk at a milking (ho did not send tho cow to the editor.) This is pretty well (or Virginia.-U. Gazette. A PnoBLF.jf. Our 6ons savs Mrs. Si-ronmpvt hold themselves erect without busk or corsol. or frnmo work, or whalebone. Why should not nor daughters? , ft?" Tho National Anti-Slavery Standard es timates the number of colored persons in our nav igation service as follows: Colored men in tlio merchant service (1,000; naval I, -ICO; whaling 2, 000; internal navigation, 5,000 im.il, 15,300." Yalk Collinf. The number of students ad mitted lo tho freshman class at thu present tlmo u rnounls to ninety-i". Sickness. Tho first Reg't Tennessee Volun teers in .Mexico, numbering originally a thousand men, ns be. n reduced by sickness to i'our hundred. Bio Pumi-kin. Tho Albany Herald man has received n pumpkin that weighed 150 pounds and measured 7 feet 5 inches in circumference. ealtii or Cuicaoo. According to the as- news from EUitorrc. ARRIVAL OP THE ItOYAL MAIL STEAM ER BHU TAN N I A. 1(1 Days i.atkh iimim Eunorr. The Royal Mail Steamship Brillamua, Capt. John Hewitt, arrived nt this norl on Saturday morning. ribnut 1-1 past 5 o'clock, Irom Liverpool, Oct. 20, via Hhlifnx, bavin been 17 1-2 days on her pas sage. She had rough and tempestuous weather during Iho passage. By this steamer wo have rcreivcd our usual files of loreign papers. The dales are from London in thu evening of Iho 19th nil., anil from Liverpool to thu morning of the 20th. As the 18lh loll on Sun day, the London mills for this steamer wero not dispatched till lbe following day. Wo have recei ved letloro Iroin our regular correspondents at Lon don nnd Paris. Tho news by iho Britl.mnia is important. Cot totinpd hrrnd stuffs immediately advanced in price lifter tho receipt ol' the Cambria's news. Puces ruled nt iho latest dates, in iho Biiilsh nnd other foreign markets very high, nnd laige sales weiu mado . Tho distrrs in Iieland is increasing in severity. Food riots and agrarian outrages li.ivu occurred tu vatious towns. Meeting.) havo been held in Manchester nnd oth er towns, I'or petitioning the Government lo opun the ports for tho free ndn ission of foreign gram. Trade in the inaliulacUinug dittrluls continues very dull. In several plai.es short time is adopted. Tho quarterly return of thu revenue shows uli increase on the quarter of ubout lull a million ster ling. Money is plenty in London nt 3 per cent. The prices of iron arc fully uiainlniucd. Tho two royal marriages were solemnised nt Madiid on tho 1 0th iil. Another icvolutio"h"ary movement has occurred in Swiizo, land, which mot wiih success. In France great complaints arc mad.! of the scar city of food anil the distress of the neisanlry. In Portugal there is n political and tiiMiici.il crisis. ScAnctTV oi Food. Tho London Spectator says : Bread in the Metropolis has again risen in price uiiring thu week. In ulasgow, it n us high as in London; and, in tho provinces, prices tiro rising. It is the same abroad. At Udetsii, new wheat ob tained from 31s. to 3 Is t'd.' At D.iutzic, puces Inyo risen to 55s. to 57s. free on board. In tho U- nited States, there is n considerable advance in all kinds of grain. Tho Mark Lino Emress estimates tho f.idnre in iho potatJ crop of Western Europe at two-thirds ; in the oat and rye crops, ot one-third; a (tendency that must be supplied by Using tlio uotier Hind ol gram. J hero is even a fear that, next year, wheat crops in iy fill, from insufficient rcscivo of seed. Meanwhile, thero is a brisk con sumption lu England, as yet unchecked by raising prices, l he supply dues not appear lo be obtaina ble in those countries to which we usually look for uid. Tho Baltic, Inch has hitherto furnished us villi Ihree fourllis of our foreign supplies m vents of deficiency, is fins year yielding none. Tue Black Sea, laud its Italian entrepots.) the United St. ites, and Canada, will probably furnish abundant contributions, but not rapidly cnuugh to check prt ccs lor Some time. It is quite clear thai there is no fear of an " m imdntion" of grain. Tho home markets are hut in differently supplied, and prices ure considerably liMier. "Some of thu shipping ports on thu East cont," it is saicl, "have been visited by tho buyers fnuo France and Holland, wuicu lias no douul, as xisteil to givo nn impetus to prices; and in Lin rnlnsbire. Cambridgeshire, ac, similar qualities ol wheat to those sold two months ago, at 44s. to 45s. have this week realized 5as. to 00s. per nnarler." Tho arrnunts from Ireland do not warrant n more hopeful lone all is scarcity. An account of thu rrins in Scotland is furnished by Messrs. Robert llu'clunsoti it Co., of KirkaMnv. According lo this statement, tho wheat is of f ur quantity and in goml condition ; but the produce about one-sixth iindnr llic nvnrnno. Tlio quality ol ihc hurley is very good, but tlio yield per ncro is a lull tilth un dor the average. The oat crop has been well se- sessoi's last retorn, the propoi'y in tti it oil v nmoiints lo .l,fjt.lJ,UUO, I he tnxes on the same arc $37,000. Tho population is 14, 109. 03"- Mount Mitchel, in Noil h Carolina, is the highest land in North America, east of iho Itockv Mountains, it being 0170 feet above tlio level of I lie sc.i. ff1" A new coal mine has just been discovered at Valley Falls, It. I. The vein is four feet thick, and only 15 feet from the surface of the earth. Nor Tin: Casting Votk this time. When tho Hon. ticorgo M. Dallas went to ihe poll on Tuesday last, a wit who was standing in the vicin ity, said " Step back, gentlemen, hero comes the casting vote." Mr. Dallas himself was lorccd to smile. Philadelphia Suh, (7 Oils of all kinds ore freed from impurities, by being Mirrcd for nn hour with an equal quantity of boiling water. Some ud-l an ounce ol alum to n gallon uf oil, and boi! it with tho water. A Cure i-or Consumption Live temperately, avoid spin. nous liquors, wear flannel next to the skin, and tako every morning half a pint of new milk mixed with a wino glass ol expressed juice of green hoarbuuud. OCT"" Attention old bachelors ! who wants a "comforter."- In n list of articles to which premi ums wero awarded at iho (N. Y) Lewis County Fair is the following:" Best comforter Miss Har riet Sheldon." 05s" Jemic, why do you not bo after getting your Ino insured ?'' " An' why should I, my honey ?" "Ah, indade, thai nfle.-you're dead and goneyou may be sure of a comfoitablo subsistence lo yuur self and family." Pni.coctTV. " Would you like mo to give you n dollar?" asked a boy of a gentleman ho met in tho streel. "Certainly," was the reply. "Very well then," said tlio boy, ' do unto others as you would Ibat others would do unto you." A rooit Woman's Eloquence. The other day wo heard u ioor Irish woman describing her lovu of children. She never tired of tending thorn, she said, and whenever she heard one cry, "Air heart cried with it." Thero is infinitely mure real poetry in this simple idea, than in h ill' thu verses sent to tu for publication. London Times. JUitnr.AL or HoNirti. lie who is open without hvity; generous without waste; secret, without craft; humble without meanness ; bold, without insolence; cautious, without cowardice; regular, yet noi foicnal; unld, yet not timid ; linn, yet not lyrauical is made to pass the ordeal ot honor, Iriendship nnd virtue. Iliylonian. The Mexicans, it is said, catch a runaway soldier by tlrowing a lasso. i-cAniie paper. Very similar to tho inatmi r in which old bache lors aro taken, They are caught with a lass, oh! Lynn nens. fjy Cassius M. Clay's paper is very properly discontinued, "fur the prcseni," until tho t-dilu ceases Ins cross Jiies. Tho bullets for Slavery in Mexico, have killed tho arguments against it in tho Stato of Kentucky. py It is said that a paper is to tin started in Philadelphia to advocAto Hon. Louis McLano (loco) lb- iho Presidency. Hon John Mi-Lean and Hon. Daniel Webster havo been recom.iiended us candi dates at Whig meetings in different quarters. Tho accounts of sickness and death amongst Iho volunteers on the Rio Grandu is appilluig. Says a letter" It makes one's own heart bleed to wit ness tho sufferings of these poir lellovvs. Beds and bed (.toads mil to bo had. A blanket and iho ground servo for ft bed. If ho diesthosaniohlank ctis used for Ins couch furms his winding sheet nnd cullin every plank nnd gun box had been used up, uud tho Quuitt-rmaster told mu that ail thu money in his dcpaitmoiit would not command a coffin. You will remember I left 70 ol our sick at Mun. moras when I ascend'id thu river. I was shocked on inv return to liud thai 27 of Ihcm had died." Mr Polk should mako an excursion into that region ilHcnnlent long pntheru! npa!nt tho Grand Coun cil, nnd the eouiilei.niice nfiorded lo Iho Jesuit?, caino in n liend on the 7lh inst. Tho account giv en of the insurrection states : " On iho night oftlio 0th nil., the operatives roso en masse, nnd established barricades on tho bridg es, and on Iho 7lh tho militu attempted to carry them. Alter ntioiit vtiu cannon shots anil n must determined resistance, iho barricades wero destroy- od. Tho in-Minjente, however, entrenched them selves in thu Faubourg, nnd although the militia had bicn successful in the firs' inslancp, it was no easy matter to occupy that point. Tue mlli'ia, however, retained po-session ol tho lower lowu, the iiisur.ection being cotic;ntr.itd in the Faubourg. In thu night of the 7tli the insurgents set fire to the bridges, nnd, as the population of tho lower town win) then increased, it roso in its turn. Tho auxiliary forco of iho canton of Vaud, composed of Liberals, which arrived ubout this lime, and In great numbers, then lent its aid tu tho insurrettion, ami, as the militia were threilened on all sides.lt surrendered and nb.mdodcd the contest. Tlio crowning efliirl of thu day was tho resignation of llm Council of Stale, which event vvas followed by the occupation of the arsenal, and all public estab lishments by the insurgents, Several of Miu most respectable lamllies at Geneva have tu deplore tho los.es they havo sustained. Tho Gland Council resigned on the- morning of the 8th. On the 10th, the people, with the leaders of the insurrection, met in council. It was resolv ed that n Provisional Government of ten members should be formed, ond u new Grand Council was convoked lor Iho 25th Instant. Tho Provision il Government had issued n proclamation, entreating the citizens to preserve public order and tranquili ty. On thu 12th the ciiy was quiet, nor was thero itiy iinmediatu upprehension of further disturbance. Accounts from Geneva, of the 15th ult., stato thai eighty soldiers wero killed and wounded on I ho side ol tho late Government, and only eleven on the sido of tho pcoplo. Tho most perfect calm continued lo reign in the city. RUSSIA AND CIRCASSIA. The War in CincASSiA, A teller from Con stantinople, ol tho 2(Jth ol September, annuunces that the Porte had just received the important news , of an immense advantage gained by iho Circassi ans over the Rossi ins. Tho Iro ips of the Czar had left the fort of Asaljsock, to procure provisions ; they met with a corps of the troops of Schamyl ; ami n Her a sanguinary engagement, wero obliged to fall back to the fort By a fatal accid- nt, n lighted initcn fell into the powder magazine of the fort, and caused a terrible explosion, by which 33 Russian oincers, and soldier, were killed. Taking advantage of this circumstance, the Circas sians look possession of the fori, put tho whole gar- ruouio i ne iru. an I 'otiuy u 'mil s liil iho fart. Escape he Sciiamvi.'s Son. -One of the sons of Si-hamyl, hero ol the Caucasus, was taken prisoner some jei rs ago, when only eight years old, by tho IJ..J.U... 1.' l.-.l i :n ' -i ihiiooi.ius. i iiu i.oiiuiui n.iu nun oriniaiiiiy euuea led in l ho Mililnry School, where ho was consider ed otio of iho bet pupils. Ho never spoke of his lather, and appeared lo have forgotten his birlh plnce. His comrades and professors wero ignorant of his origin, and lie was known by a name differ ent from his own. lie left lbe Military School last July ; and was sent, as Lieutenant, to the regime-, of Finland. A month back, he suddenly disap peared, leaving a Idler for Ins Colonel, in winch in' informed him of his birth; and declared that, though young, he had nev-r forgotten Ins native country, and -that lie vvas going to join Ids father and brothers. Tho news caused a great .sensation. MARSHALL AND PEYTON. "Potomac" writes lo tho Baltimore Patriot as follows : " I am credibly informed that a gentleman in this city, formerly a Member of Congress, Iris received n private kttc4jgpitn a distinguished officer in ttie army, which gives tho particulars of Ihe difficulty between Brigudier Gen. Thomas F. Marshall and Col. llahe l'liylon. It states that at a feast at Monterey, in honor of the triumph of our arm", Marshall, w hose opposition lo General Taylor was cured, and is reckoned lobe no more than an eighth very JT''i embraced tho occasion lo spotk in dis orn tenth below the average quantity. Of pola-1 respectful terms 1 1 Old Rough nnd Ready, denoun ces, llm opinion given is, that about a twentieth I CI"S' ,,IU terms of capitulation granted to' Ampudia, part of tolerably sound potatoes may ho telectcd 1 &c- whcrmjmoti Peytun struck the Brigadier in the ire on tho rise. ",'uu ,ulu caneu on mm to seicei ms menu it no de- " It is becoming a .natter of current belief." savs tlio Standard, "that within the las' few wc.-ks ihe disastrous accounts froni Ireland h ivc induced tho farmers in England to supply the markets moro sparingly than usual, by w inch means prices have been ariifii-ially enhanced. The real state of the cufo might bo placed beyond all doubt, if we had anything npprnachingto ncctimtestatistiejl returns of thu production of tho various articles of suh-d-i-tence ; but to the utter disgrace of tho Government nnd Legislature, wc arc in this respect behind al most every country." " The Commissioners of Customs have issued directions to the different ports, for returns of all the corn, grain, meal ami flour, imported into the United Kingdom during the prcsentycar; and also for thu amount exported, and to what countries, and whether of homo or foreign production." The PntcK or Grain. Wc feel moro regret than surprise nt finding that tho price of wheat continues to advance in nil the principal markets. The weekly average for tho kingdom, which was made up on Thursday last, is 50s. lOd. per q-inrter; nnd -u find that the Wakefield average for this week which will cute ihe general average of next Thursday, nnd is usually about the same in amount ns that for the whole kingdom is no less than 50s 3 1 4d per quarter. Since tho sales were made on which that return is founded, prices have been further advanced about 2s perquirter; solhat ifio average piico of the whole Kingdom is now about (,'0s per quarter. IRELAND. Destitution of the People Foon Riots AnruniAN OuTnvar.s -Supplies ok Food, itc. i I he news Irom Ircliud is important, sirnu to resent tlio insult, a cliallengo was pass ed and accepted, and the fight wag to take place at Camargo-on Iho 12th of October." "It is said that Col. MeClung, who is th cousin of Gen. Marshall, and who was severely wnpnded, hearing ol iho affair, sent word to Marshall that as soon as the latter hail finished with Peyton, if he would wail until he (Met lung) could recover, ho would givo h I in u turn himsull for htsabusuof Gcu. Taylor. The letter giving these details was writ ten just after the duel had been agreed upon." DOES THE LEOPARD CHANGE HISSPOTS. Tho Vermont Patriot is a curious genio: it seems tolaber bird "upon the one idea system.' Awhile since it was all BANK, then it was BANK REFORM! and nuw it has got hold ol FEDER ALISM, and it will ride thtl l-i the death of it, as it has rode former humbug hubbies. Wo don'i ob ject to this at all and as was once resolved m sham convention, respecting the everlasting g.io of the honorable member of lbe legislature from tho lown of Johnson, so be it m regard to the Patriot. Resolved that tho honorable editor from Johnson be porinltled lo say just one word ubout Fedeiial ism! 'I he Patriot is very desirous to have some body shdw him tun difference between keueral ism in 1813, and fluei-alism m 1810. Wc were nol quilo old enough to know what the general character of lederalism vvas at that early day, but our friend may gather its history Irom thu speech es uud writings of its prominent I'dvocates, .Messrs. Van Buren, Buchanan, Woodbury, Willais, Hub bard, Wull, Walker, Polk, his father and g.undfa thor, Cushman, Bancroft, Keml-Ie, Vail, Broadhojd, Gilpin, Rush, Taney, or of any ot iho host of Tory l'lio pen- i oIliee-huMcrs, under Gun Jackson, or Martin Van . I. I I....... T.'.l I .I..V. nle aro sufferim dreadfully, and tho country is in n Buren. It thero ho any dillert-nco in t..oe men, most alarming slate. " wetakoil tjieir aou causes it : ihey are some 33 Th Limerick Chrnnicln of tl.n lilih nit .li.ia iho ' years older now than in 1812, and a litilt- iooio following piiuful announcements, illustrative of tho condition of this roiintry : " Such is the panic in the fin lilies of country gentlemen, and tho fear of. popular commotion and violence, that several this week sent into Limerick their pi He and rivatc pa pers, for security fro.ua multitude excited by w'ant. Several sail boats, with com, from both sides of the Shannon, werr- stopped on iheir passage to this market. In tho District of Doonass, eight acres of turnips wero dug up nnd taken away by the coun try people, lo satisfy, ihey said, their iininodi.itu wants, in thu absence of potatoes. Three hundred sacks ol corn were turned oil' by tho country peo ple, near Bird Hill, nnd ihe owners uere obliged to sell tho grain at tho neighboring mills. At New port tho mob wi old have plundered eight carts la den wiih flour, from Roekvale nulls on their wuy to Limerick, but for tho sub-Inspector Lewis, who remonstrated with them, when thoy siifi'oied the carls to pmci o I. A muilituilu of destitute people assembled ut ('hire, and m irched into Emus, threat ening to stop tlio transit of com to market, and pre vent tho shipment of grain or llour, unless their ne cessities were relieved. In evidenco ol tho suffering state of tho people, and its consequences in the west of Ireland, the Gnlway Vindicaior contains tho following: Every moment is adding to tho itueuso excitement ol the famishing laboring population uf ibis town and its vicinity. The people ure literally perishing lor the want of any thing with which lo prucuru thu ueces saries of life." The Very Rev. J. Mcllalc, writing from Holly mom, County of Mayo, drawn tho following picture of tho condition of tnat country ; Deaths, I icgret to say innumerable, from starvation, and us diro'ul effects, plunder, robberies, and open attacks on properly, aro occurring every day: tho bonds uf ru dely are almost dissolved. Parliaino.it has made ample provisions for obviating these uiipirallod e villi, and yet iluy nro sulfered to continue.' In many districts tho pcashulry are turbulent, complaining ot want and dilatuiiuesson the part ol the Government officers. Agrarian outrages wero litqueut in Tipperary. Robbery of anus was be coming very prevalent. Kuckilo notices, threat threatening equally lliose who gave uud those who took low wagos,wero posted on many of the chapels. SWITZERLAND, A.notiifu Revolution. A mccossful revohi tiun hui overmrned the Governuieni of Gunc. Tue liuctured wuh the real blue-light essuuse. In 1813 they weru federalists in 1810 they are the same improved by age, and with their present leader, Col. Polk, mid his Secrelury, Sir Robert support ed and encouraged by iho wicked negro drivers, cut ton 'ords, and sugar (tellers, sut.iined by the doughfaces and Tory p esses of the North, they venture to openly declare themselves British Free Traders! and limy impudently ubuso the Whigs for opposing their wicked war upon tho ludiisliy und prosperity of tlio country, as welt as fur conquest iiml extension und perpetuity of slavery. Hcltous Palls Guzrfte. Mon ani Murder in Morris Co., Nf.w Jer sey. Wo learu this inoniing, that during tho o lection at Rockway, Morns county, yesterday af ternoon, a bevy ol souio twenty Irishmen, recently naturalized, piraded the streets with clubs, grossly instilling Iho Whigs, and finally involving them selves in a tight. During thu melee, one ol their number vvas injured, uud Dr. Jackson, (a member of the Democratic pirly) who cimo up to minister lo him, was assailed under tho cry thai it was a coii.tahle, and very seriously beaten. The mob desistod on being informed uf their mistake, but the imctor was taken homo in u stato ot insensi bility mid so remained when our infuriuanl lelt. Tlio mob afterwards assailed a young man by the iiauio ot Peer, who was dreadfully beaten. The citizens meantime had armed themselves with firo arms and oilier weapons, and drove out murderers, who tied to the neighboring mountains. Young Peer vvas taken up in u stale of insensibibibty, und carried to ins home, about two miles distant, whero be expired in 15 minutes. Two of Ihe ring lead ers wero arrested and aro in custody. Tlio officers were in senrch ol lbe rest, mustorall of whom will doubtless be taken. We learn that tho mob had been prelly freely treated in tho Morning. .Veic ur (VV. J.) Miertiser, An Oi.ii Veteran or 103 Years. Palous Stone, a ritlemau of the Revolution, died in Phila delphia, on Thursday night, aged 103 years and 10 days. Ho vvas with Washington in ovcry cam paign, uud witnessed tho bailies of Bunker Hill, Trenton, Germtiitowii, Red Bank, and others, yet he escaped through all without receiving a wound. Ho lius u pension from Government. He has been able to walk about until within a low months.