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VERMONT WATCHMAN & STATE JOURNAL, JULY 15, 1847.
iUatcljmmt & 0toic3founml. 13, l WAtMOS, Jit., KDITOlt jlfOiitjtcllcr, 'I'luirsdny, July 15. DKMOCltATIC WHIG TICKET. roa GOVERNOR, HORACE EATON. FOR LIEUT. GOVERNOR, LEONARD SARGEANT. FOR TREASURER, GEORGE HOWES. WHIG STATE CONVENTION. Pursuant to a call from tlio Whig Suto Com mittee, tho Whigg of Vermont, by their dele gates, met in Cgnvontion, at tho Methodist Chap el, in Montpelicr, on Wednesday tho 7th day of July, 1817, for the purposo of nominating Stato officers for tho year ensuing. At eleven o'clock, tho Convention was called to order by E. P. Walton, Jr., and for tho timo organlvcd by tho appointment of John L. line If, of Northfiuld, Chairman, and John W. Moore, Secretary. On motion, a committee of live was selected by tho chair to repoit officers for tho permanent organization of tho Convention. This commit- Co consisted of E. P. Walton, Jr., -E. Cleave- land, C. Carponter, Frederick Billings and. John N. Baxter. On motion, n Commiltno of ono from each Congressional District was appointed by the Chair, to prepare and present Resolutions for the consideration of tho Convention and that committoo consisted of James McM. Shatter, of Burlington j John W. Moore, of Bellows Falls: Orrin Smith, of Berlin, and Frederick Billings, of tvooaatocir. Tho committee appointed for tho purpose -of nominating olticers lor tho permanent organiza tion of tho Convention, reported tho names of tho following gentlemen as officers for tho day : For President, John L. Buck, of Washington County. For Vice Presidents, Luther Carpenter, of Or ange County; Charles Story, of Orleans Coun ty; James D. Bell, of Caledonia County, and E. 13. llcrrick, of Lamoille County. For Secretaries, John W. Moore and E. B. Whiting. Mr. Walton now gave notico of having in his possession a letter from E. P. Jowott, State Treas urer, and read to the Convention as follows : MoNTi'EMEn, July 7th, 1847. Harry Bradley, Estj., Chairman of Whig Stale Committee. Dear Sin: The office of Treasurer of the State was last year unexpectedly tendered me, and I yielded to tho solicitations of friends so far as to accept it for the present year. While grateful for tho confidence which has thus been reposed in me, I am constrained, to say, after tho experience already had, that a farther continu ance in the office would be inconsistent with a proper regard to my own business. Permit nie therefore respectfully to dcclino another nomin ation, and to request that vou will mako this de termination known to the Whig Stato Conven tion. Respectfully yours, EL1SI1A P. JEWETT, Voted, That when this Convention adjourn, it adjourn to meet tit this place, at half past two o clock in tho afternoon. On motion of Mr. arnmC 9' Burlington, voted that whon this Convention adjourn, this morning, the delegates from each County meet and ap point a Committee corresponding to its quota of State Senators; and that such Committee meet immediately after their appointment in the Lecturo room of this Church, for tho purposo of nominating to this. Convention a suitable ticket for Stato officer's. Adjourned to 1-2 past 2 o'clock, P. M. AFTERNOON. Tho Convention met at half past two o'clock, according to adjournment, and was called to or der by the President. The Committee appointed for tho purpose, through their Chairmao, Henry Stevens, reported Jor the consideration of tho Convention Iho names :f tho following gentlemen as suitable candi dates to bo supported by tho Whigs of Vermont, at the next annual election, as State officers : For Governor, HORACE EATON, of Enos liurgh. For Lieutenant Governor, LEONARD SAR GEANT, of Manchester. For Treasurer, GEORGE HOWES, of Mont pelicr. Which report was accepted and tho several nominations unanimously agreed to. The Committoo on resolutions reported the fol lowing, which report was accepted, and after ro marks by several gentlemen present, tho .resolu tions wero severally adopted : Resolved, That tho Whigs of Vermont.-still Etedfastly adhere to tho policy which they be lieve to bo essential to the welfare of tho na tion; to a sound National Currency: toaTariff producing an adequate revenue, with full Pro tection to American Industry ; to just restraints upon jjxucuiivo rower, embracing a turthcr re striction on tho exercise of tho Veto ; to a faithful administration of tho Public. with an equitable distribution of the proceeds of u among biiuiq oiaics ; 10 an Honest and eco nomical administration of tho General fi mcnt, leaving public officers perfect freedom of 1 1 . . . l . t .. .1 iU. ..1.. . C i i . ... uiuuyui mm wu ngm, ui Bunragc, uui win, suita ble restrictions against improper interference in nlnptlnna in nrn Pp.aiitnniinl ' P . . .1 , i viwiiuu. , uiiv iboiuvnuui . vi in . aiiu to an .'i3o and just measures to restrain, the cncroacli. mcnts of Slavery upon tho rights and interests f !, X.1 '.. . I! ui mui ituuiuica, hiiu tu ruuuvu our country irum mat system which is a grievous wrong to iiiu iu,, u ciusiiiug curse 10 wo Master, and tho foulest blot upon our national escutcheon. i 5. ' "i'"reauiiyuumining lhat lor C S l rrl0U m w"wh tho Tariff of MO and the Sub-lroasury havo been in operation, tho bu einess of tho country has notsufTered to tho ex tent wlncl. was justly apprehended, wo believe tho result is solely duo to tho oxlwordlnnry cumstances whicf, havo demanded our produc lions for Europe at exceedingly high prices, and bountifully supphed us with j-pecioSn return. Resolved, 1 hat by tho enlarged importations of Foreign goods under the Tariff of 1810 and tho withdrawal of iinmonso amounts of e'pecio from the Atlantic States under tho Sub-Tren,, ry act, wo are warned that tho lerritimato tnn. deucies of this system of revonuo and financn aro to stimulato foreign trade at tho expense of uur uwn, ana lodmurD Iho -currency ot Itiocoun. try; thcreforo, worenewedly declare our unconv promising opposition to tho system. Resolved, that wo accord to tho Army and Navy the merit of achlevRmnntu wMr... wm have honored the heroes of any land or timo ; and for their vigorous, daring, and highly suc- cesslul uso ot tlio scanty means allowed them for conducting tho war with Mexico, wo yield thorn honor equal to tho measure of our abhor renco of a war provoked by tho Executive with out necessity, prosecuted for tho extension of Slave Territory, and wineli its author seems to nave done Ills best to protract, by tunnelling a leader to tho enemy and attempting to supercedo tho efficient and experienced commanders of tho American Army by a raw recruit. llcsolvcd. That wlillo tho part taken bv tho Executive in originating tho war without tho Knowledge ol oonjjross. ami tlio apparent un righteous purposo for which it was undertaken, call tor eevero reprehension, wn plcdgo him a hearty approval in every wiso mcasuro tending to " n speedy and honorablo peace." Resolved, That it is with nations as with indi viduals, better to suffer wrong than lo do wrong; that the truo policy of tho American Republic is rr.ACE, and that war should never bo resorted to except as a means of self-defence. Resolved, That wo regard Slavery as tho most dangerous clement existing in tho nation, which it would bo unwiso to strengthen or extend ; and tlicroforo that our alternative as to any territory to bo acquired from Mexico must bo Free Territory or None. Resolved, That this Convention docs hereby commend IIoiiacf. Eaton, Leonard Saiigeant, and George Howes, to tho confidence and sup port of tho Freemen of Vermont, as men who will honor tho offices to which thev have been respectively nominated. Notico having been given that Senator Upham was in town, tho Convention voted to extend to him an invitation to address them. Mr. Upham spoko for about an hour upon matters connected with tho annexation of Texas and upon tho cau ses of tho war with Mexico, Ho was listened to with marked attention, and his speech was one of great force, delivered in a most ablo and eloquent manner. Vstcd, that tho thanks of this Convention bo tendered to the President, for (lie able, impartial, and dignified manner willi which ho has presided over its deliberations; and to Senator Upham, for his sound, manly and highly interesting re marks touching tho causes and consequences of tho War, with Mexico. On motion, voted, that tho thanks of this Con vcntlon bo tendered to the Methodist Society for tho uso of their House, Voted, that tho proceedings of this Conven tion bo signed by tho President and Secretaries, and. published in all the Whig papers in tho State. On motion, the Convention adjourned without day. JOHN L. BUCK, President. ?1??;.1? Secretaries. Li. J-N ill k lilUj WASHINGTON COUNTY. Tho Whig County Convention was holdon on tho 7th, in connection with the Stato Convention Hon. Milton Brown, President, and Dr. Or rin Smith, Secretary ; when FRANKLIN A. WRIGHT tf Warren, and HORACE HOLDEN of Middlesex, wero unanimously recommended to tho freemen of iho County for Senators, and tho County Com mittco was instructed to organiso for tho cam paign by appointing committees of vigilanco in each town a list of which will bo published in due time. ALL HAIL! MOItE TRIUMPHS IN NEW IIAIUPSUIRE. We have great pleasure in announcing that tho special congressional election in Now. Hampshire has resulted in the choice of AMOS TUCK, Independent, by nearly 2000 majority, and JAMES WILSON (long Jim, and a rous- ing Whig,) by about 350. Locofocoism has lost its ascendancy, the members both in Senate and House being equally divided. THE PRESIDENT. Wo observe that friend Clarko of tho Burling. ton Free Press expresses somcsurpiizoatBecing (the names of several Whigs on tlio Invitation to President Polk to visit Vermont. It is necessa ry perhaps for us to say, that several of tho names of tho Whigs were used without their knowl edge, and some of them declined their assent to this use of them. Wo may with propriety spe cify Senator Upham as ono of theso ; who, though ready to tender to the President the civility and respect due him if ho should visit Montpelicr, would havo nothing to do with tho meeting got up here wo might say almost privately, at any rato without public notice attended by a very fow persons and headed by a federal officer. For ourself wo have to say that wo know nothing of tho meeting until after it had been holdcn, and declined an invitation to form ono of the Com. mittco to go on and tender to tho President the invitation. Still we should havo been pleased to have him visit Vermont. Politically, tlio Whigs had nothing1 to fear, in our judgment; and Ver mont had something to gain, in becoming better known to tho President and tho other functiona ries who might accompany him. Wo would have every President and every public man visit Ver mont, if wo could and would honor them all as their station or their character should deserve : and this for the good which would be effected, in correcting wrong impressions, in enlarging and liberalizing their viows, and in securing for our Stato and its citizens tho consideration which is richly deserved, but unfortunately too seldom appreciated. As Daniel Webster has recently treated tlio South and been treated by Southern men, bo would wo havo Southern men test tho North and they should not be allowed to return without improved opinions of our institutions and people. THE CROPS. Tho Weather has been exceedingly warm for a week past, tho thermometer varying on Wednes day, Thursday, Friday and Saturday, of last week, from 02 to 102, during tho hottest part of tlio days. Still, owing to tho heavy rains prcce. ding and a smart thunder shower on Sunday, vogetation seems not to have suffered from this execssivo heat, but rather has advanced with great rapidity. Corn is thriving, potatoes look bright as far as wo havo observed, and hay, whicli . I c I " ! . . , uio mniiurs uru uuginuing 10 cui, is coming In well. On thu whole, though the spring was ve ry lato, tho crops generally aro pretty woll up to tlio mark at the samo dato last season. ACCIDENTS, 6lo. Killed. Four laborers on the Central road In Burlington wero killed on Saturday by tho fal ling or a bank of earth. Ship Fever. This disease has oppeared a mong emigrants recently arrived, ot Burlington, . wmpouer, watcrbury and Roxbury, and a few deaths have occurred at Bomo of these placcs. Wo believe, however, that tho disease is confin ed to emigrant,, and that thoro is u no danger of its spreading. l.uro nir on(J ty of it is pretty good security a,altlst l0' easo at this season of tho year. Lioiitnino. During the storm of Sunday a barn belonging to Androw Cummlngs in Berlin about a mile south of this village, was struck by lightning nnd burnt, together with two shods at. tached. Fortunately haying w but commen ced and thoro wore but a few tons in tlio barn. PRESIDENTIAL. Tlio items whlch'havo como to notico tho past week nro significant, but before giving thorn wo wish to remark, for tho satisfaction of such of pur readers as aro curious upon the point, that wo now prefer John McLean of Ohio, to all others who havo been named as candidates for the support of tho Whigs ut the next election, taking into account all tho circumstances whicli bear upon tho question : and it is hardly necessary to add, that wo do not deem it wImj to plodgo an unconditional suppoit to any man, so far in ad vanco of tho usual timo for selecting tho enndi 'date. Wo aro prepared to sustain any worthy man, who comes fairly up to tho standard of Whig principles and can command tho confi denco and suppott of tho Whig party it being fully understood that tlio most prominent and pros- sing point In tho Whig creed at this juncture is Uncompromising hostility to tho extension of Slavery. When tho Whigs of tho nation havo united upon such a man, bo ho from tho North or tho South, tho East or tho West, a civilian or a hero, wo are prepared to take r liberal course in yielding preferences on minor points of poll cy for tho common good ; and such wo cannot doubt is tho disposition which will prevail n mong tho Whigs of Vermont. The letter of Gen. Taylor to tho editor of tho Cincinnati Signal is the object of comment all round tho board. It is possiblo tho letter is n forgery ; still it is difficult to sco any sufficient rnotivo for a piece of folly liko that. Wo aro in clined to think tho letter genuine; and when Gen. Taylor says that ho shall not bo tho candi date of any parly, or yield himself to patty schemes, wo think it is to bo regarded simply ns a repetition of tho declaration expressed in this and previous letters, that ho docs not desire tlio office, and will accept it only when called to do so by a command of tho people, uttered In an un questionable lorm. Ho doubtless sees that men in cither party arc willing to use him for their own purposes to mako his reputation capital for their profit or, to play him off as a foil to pres idential aspirants; and wo can well conceive him unuiiling to havo his name used for jniy such purposes, and to havo chosen the expedient of a signal letter as a check upon such designs. It by no means follows from this declaration that he is not n Whig, or will not adopt, at least es sentially, tho Whig policy if elected: rather, it is for the presont a waiver of all specific decla rations upon this point, such as will prevent him Irom becoming the candidate of cither party to tho exclusion of tho other. But Gen. Taylor doubtless has principles of his own, and tho frank ness to express them fully beforo ho receives a vote for tho next Presidency: indeed, his appro val of tho article in tho Signal is a plcdgo to de clare himself at the proper timo. It hen ho makes such nn expression, wo think it will bo fair for freemen to decido whether ho deserves opposition or support, and not until then. In this connec tion, and for a better understanding of Gonorul Taylor's letter, we quote the article of tho Sig nal, which tho General says ho "highly approves." It will bo observed that in iho policy of an "In dependent President" tho Signal embraces an ad vance in tho Tariff sufficient to satisfy Now England and Pennsylvania, leaving tho Nation al Debt to absorb all tho funds from tho public lands n modification of tho Sub-Treasury to obviate objections a relinquishment of Execu tive vetoes and patronage and the extension of the ordinance of 1787 over all territory acquired from Mexico, (excluding Slavery,) all of which far better accords with Whig notions than any thing else, and is a pretty liberal advance for a locofoco newspaper: lot us see whether Gen. Taylor can't improve upon it. Thy article of the Signal is as follows : Trom tlio Cincinnati Sign-t!. Gen. Taylor and the Presidency. Wo perceive, in various quarters, tho nomina tion of General Zachary Taylor for the presi dency. So far as such a demonstration is the mero transport of military, enthusiasm, or the trick of political faction, it would bo unwor thy of notice ; but we think it evident that this movement of tho public mind has a much higher character, and grows out of a conviction that General Taylor has displayed an energy and wis dom of conduct, and a modesty ol demeanur, which aro as requisite to the deliberations ol n cabinet as the plan of a campaign. It is a great mistake to supposo that tho people arc blinded in their political preferences by the bare fact ol military achievement. It was tho popular im pulses and stern honesty of Androw Jackson which aroused tho sympathy and trust of tho na tion ; and wo predict that, whatever skill or suc cess may attend tho march of Gen. Scott to Mex ico, ho will never excite tho attachment or confi dence which follows the hero of Butna Vista. Wo aro not surprised, therefore, that ardent spir its aro calling for the sword of General Taylor to cut the Gordian knot of political intrigues. But it is a far differont question whether his name and lame shall bo mado an instrument of more partisan warfare. In this respect, thcro is a dis tinction, whicli wo aro confident General Taylor will be among tho first to pcrceivo and act upon, and which wu hopo to illustrate in tho few re marks that wo feel constrained to make in refer ence to existing and futuro agitation ol this sub. ject. What an enviable rank in tho eyes of tho world, and tho hearts of his countrymen, Gen. Taylor now holds! Should ho return from tho fields of tho Rio Grando and tho heights of the Sierra Madrc, with what affection and respect would ho bo greeted by men of all pirtics! Him self never a politician content in the quiet dis charge of duty and the enjoyments of domestic lifo and while- prompt to meet tho Indian foe, in prairio or everglade, and to stand by tho flag of tho country, when advanced ton foreign fron tier, yet devoted, as all accounts represent him, to that homo and family, in tho bosom of which tho intervals of his lilV, thus far, havo passed peacefully and happily wo confess that our im pressions of Gen. 1 aylor aru such, that wo should not bo surprised if ho .firmly disregarded every acclamation which connected his naino with thu presidency. Should ho do so, ho jeopards noth ing of the presont spring-tido of popular favor nay, more, ho takes instunt rank with Washing ton, as an unconscious but eloquent preacher nf political morals. How much moro enviable such a destiny for tho ovcning of his days, than to cast tho mamlo or his military famo und privato virtues over tho excesses and corruptions which disfigure tho party politics uf tho day I Ho is no friend to tho reputation of General Taylor who would thus Bcek to restrict tho applause of the wholo country to tho interested clamor of a party. Still, as a citizen of a lrco republic, General Taylor is in tho hands of tho American people ; and wo enn readily imagino a contingoucy in which it would become his duty to assent to tho domand of tho country, and assumo the respon sibilities of Dolilical life. But li must bo tho ro. quisition of Me country, not of this or that set of uiuco-secKcrs, wmcn win call turn either tromlns rank or his fireside. It must bo such a call as compolled Washington to forego tho retirement of Mount Vernon unanimous, disinterested, the voico of tho people, not tho flatteries of politi cians. Wo bolievo that it is in General Toylor's power, at this juncture of tlio national politics, to tako independent oruund, and becomo the President or tiie People I Our support of nun, or ui any otner man, snail never u pledged in advanco of a full knowledgo of tho pnnciplos and viows with which ho would assumo that ro sponsiblo station ; but wo may bo allowed, as an independent journalist, to indicato some of tho signs of tho times which point to the result just montionod. 1. Tho presidential canvass of 1818 is in utter conrusion. Among tho Whigs, a Pittsburg meet ing nominates Judge McLean, who Is alio under stood to bo a general favorito of hia party in the northwestern States ; the anti-war spirit of Now Englnnd and tho Western Rcservo indicates its preference for Senator Corwin ; tho southern and intitilln Kini r.nra rn. un ...t.:i. . ...... uki;a V;ill-IIOIl .UI UIJll, .Tlllll only requires n victory at Poroto to manifest it soil ; while, as an undercurrent, deeper and pcr- Iinn4 ktrMtimt nil is thn nlitunlt..., fnnK-m In UIUII "II, I" VltMUIHU ll,-Ulll III behalf of Henry Clay, now intensified by Iho death of his gallant son, ond which may yet do tcrmino tho sTiapo of tho conflicting elements. Tho Democrats aro equally chaotic. In tho west, Gen. Cass has many and warm friends; Mr, Cal houn, with his compact and disciplined body guard, stands ready to make his presidential for tune, nr innf Ilxit .if nllini- nonirni.la in I La ,)ub M u.Mb. ..V.-IIWUIO III IIIU UUIIIU- cratlc ranks; Silos Wright, if tho Now York re- irnran I... I ... I . .1.1 1 I , nau uut uccurruu, ivuuiu nuvu uccn promi nent in tho field, and Is still tho favorito or manv ; whilo quietly nt Lindenwold sits tho statesman or thu parly, who will probnbly never again join Iho political melee, but might provo moro availa ble in a strict party trial than many men whoso names nro rrcquen'tly heard in tho present con nexion. In llm frmiot-!il "nnfileinn n. nnm.AL.n ... WII.UU.W.I, (.1. UJII1UHI 11- sion prevails that the election will revert to tho 11. .Man T II - . - . I I. ..... "i jicprcscniniivua a rcsun greatly to DO ftnnTnrnit. ,-.1 Lnni flm nnM.I.. !.... .I... winch chooses to adjourn tho strifes of parlies and tho slrurnlcs of their leaders, whiln thn country takes breath under tho administration of an INDF.l'E.NUKNT PRESIDENT. ! A circumstance that may lead to the clec tion rr Grn. 't'nt-ln- Lnmn,r...L :., - ..J .w. , J UUWI.Ul UVWUIIIUI1UII, ill tho fact that tho prido of tlio respective parties would thus bo saved neither authorized to claim a triumph, and neither suffering the ignominy of defeat. A long intimacy between .Mr. Clay and Gen. Tiiylor reconciles tho Whigs to the ortho doxy of Iho latter, although Gen. Taylor is naid 10 j'avo voted for many years; whilo Air. 1 oik, who is, and has been, as wo uro nuthorita- livnlv infrirmn.l n.ii.j.. r iv :....i: or wish fur p. second term of service, may still bo gratified to yiold his seal to tho successful L'CnCrU Of tlin Mnvlnin !!,. i.l.n.lIRn.l a , ' " '..l.tlll (till IUCVIjr lUUIIllllU as that war is with tho success of his adminislra- MUfl. .'1. Thn ntm,.n !.t...i! I 1! howovcr, to tho principles which arc involved in overv Drcsidentml pnnvnw. 'Phn nnnntru lino beoa divided for fifteen years upon most exciting topics ; and if Gen. Taylor, immediately upon inuiiuiuiiuii us rrcsiuciu, was constrained to adopt cither extreme, tlio consequences might bo fatnl tn thn Rtmi-na, nr !;. n.l.,.;..iUiA.:n.. t. so happens, however, that tho results of Mexi can hostilities will remove many of those points of collision at least lor a few years. A debt of one hundred millions induces tho necessity of a tariff, sufficiently advanced in its rates to sat is.y Now England and Pennsylvania, nnd at tho samo time will prevent any distribution of pro ceeds of public lands. Wo cannot supposo that the Whigs will aCain urge a Bank of tho Uni tod States, and Congress will insist upon a fair tiial of tho independent treasury, removing somo of those impracticable restrictions which havo embarrassed the fiscal action of tho government, and are an uiinoyonco to individuals. So far, uiuruiuru, as uio past contests or tho respective Parties arc concnrnml nn n,1i,,ii,;0i,i, ...,.- cd oi iho leading minds of all parties, and sup ported b tllO Wiinln nnrtnl. t,t DIc, but may redound to the highest interests of Only on ono condition, however. Tim nvnn. utivo must no longer insist upon legislative influ ence. There are ouestions nnnrn.iRlnn.ir whinh tho pcop a must be allowed to settle in their own Xny, without tho interference of executive pat ronage or prerogative. Tho old political issues niaV be nostnonod nmlnr tlin nrnonnm n( n! stances; and ns Tor tho new thoso coming e- vems wmcn casl their shadows beforo let it bo Understood llint llm nnlir nntli nP onTnl.. r. i!..... (,.,,. w, ..ii.ijr jut musu who may hereafter fill ihu presidential office is to ... uiuuisbiiui-jju ui executive luncnons, and let the Ic'nsljrivi! will nf ilm anco and enactment. The American neoDlo ore about to assumo tho responsibility of framing tllO in)titllf inns nl thn P.... Inn nr. I .... ..,,.,,,.. uimut,, tv u nave no lears for tho issue, if the arena of the high ..,. ., ulv usaewuiics oi trio people and their renresentniivn Imll.-r. Tim . --. . ,IU ..Aivusiuii ovur mo continent beyond Iho Rio Grande of tho urdin ancc or 17e7 m an object too high and perma nent to bo bnflled by presidential vetoes. All that wo ask of tin incumbent of tho highest of. ice under tho constitution is to hold his hand, to bow to the will or tho people as promulgated in ieg!5.ailve .onus, and restrain the executive ac tion lit its appropriate chnnncls! Give us an honest administration or tho government, and an end to all cabals of a cabinet-all interference from tho White Ilouso-designed to sway or thwart the action of tho American poople. If such simplicity and intcsrity should guide tlio administration or Gen. Taylor, tho north and west would yield to it a warm support and a hearty approval. Wo have said all on this subject which tlio present developments or public opinion require. As other scenes unfold, we shall seek lo chroni cle ihcm with fuir and independent comment. Meanwhile, wo bido tho movement or the wat ers, holding our columns and our billot to bo disposed of according to our sense or duty as emergencies or this and all other questions arise. Another Letter from Gen. Taylor. Tho Troy Daily Post publishes tho following letter from Gen. Taylor, addressed to a citizen of Lansingburgh. There is no room wo believe, to doubt its genuineness, tho Editor of tho Post having seen tho original. Headquarters, Armv of Occupation, ? Camp ncur Monterey, May Si), 1817. ( Dear Sir: It is with much pleasure that I acknowledge the receipt of your most interest ing letter of tho 1st inst. and to which I desire to reply in terms most expressive of my thanks to you for your kind consideration for myself, and yet more so of my high appreciation of tho upright and patriotic sentiments which nro tlio principal tenor of your letter ; but 1 am burden ed with official dutiPi", and at this momont with many letters fircm distant sources, which requiro atlcntion.and will necessarily oblige 1110 to reply lo you in few lines. Tho Presidential offico presonts no induce menu to mo to Bcek its honors or responsibili ties ; Iho tranquility or privato lifo, on the con trary, is the great object or my aspirations nn tho conclusion or tlio war but I am not insen sible to tho persuasion that my services aro yet due to tho country, as tho country shall sco fil to command Ihcm; if still as a soldier I am satis fied, if in higher and moro responsible duties, I desiro not to opdoso tho manifest wish nf ilm i,. plo bui I will not be tho candidate of any par ty or clique, and should tho Nation at largo seek to plaeo me iiUho chair of Chief Magistracy, tho good of nil parties and tho Nationil eooil 1.1 1. . 1 1 1.; , to vruuiu uu iiijt ;iupi.-iiu uuc-uruuijr uim. Mnnt tninntd Anr-h nn llinsn Imi-n lm..n il.n w...- -,w .i.;ii uiu UU1- don of my replies to all who havo addressed mo uu una duuji.i.1, .Aj.iuoaiut; uiu ussurancc mat uy tho spontaneous and unanimous voico or tho peoplo alone, and from no agency of my own, can I bo withdrawn fiom tho cherished hopes of nrivato retirement and tranquility when neaci. shall return. Plcaso accept, with this my brief reply, tho warm appreciation and high consideration of Yours most sincerely, 'A. TAYLOR, Maj Gen. U. S. Army. Georoia. Tho Whigs of Georgia, held their Stato Convention at Milledgovillo on Thursday, tho 1st instant, lltn. Duncan L. Clinch of Cam don, wai nominntod as the Whig candidate for Governor. Resolution, were adopted, respond ing to tho " gcnoral and spontaneous acclamation or tho American peoplo" in favor of Gen. Tay lor for tho Presidency, ond returning thanks to tho Hon. J. C. Calhoun, for his course in tho Sen ate of the United States. Tho Loco Eocos held their Convention at Mill odgevilju. on the S8ih of Juno, and nomlnatod Geo, II', Toicns, orTalbot, ns their candidato for the ofiico or Governor. Resolutions in favor of Gen. Taylor were defeated in their Convention by Iho cllbrls of Howell Cobb, who was a mem ber or tho last Congress, and who has been re elected lo tho next. Mr. Cobb was ono or tho unforlunato souU who voted to censuru General Taylor in the House of Representatives. National Convention, GEonoiA.-.Tho Whigs orGeorgid, in their recont Stato Conven tion, passed a resolution reemmending General Taylor as u candidato for tho Proiidoncy. Tho Augusta Chronicle, one of tho ablest Whig pa pers in the btato, has nn article in favor of Gen. 'r...iA. 1.m , A ajrivi, uu. sn-jrQ , Tho Presidential nomlneo will be finally made by tho Great National Convention of the Whig party, and whon presented to tho peoplo of tho United Stales, buckling on their armor, tho Whigs, In every section, will provo their devo tion to tho country, by rallying around him as tho representative of thoso principles, upon tha suc cess or wh'.ch, thoy believe, tho prosperity or the country depends. Thai's tho doctrine, Tho Boston Whig protends to say that wo must now admit Its "assertion," vizi That Tay lor "could not get tlio voto or Massachusetts," to bo truo and it adds, "the Atlas has said it as well as tho Whig." Wo nro always sorry to differ from tho Atlas, and ir that paper has as sorted that "Gcnoral Taylor could not carry Massachusetts," wo cannot believe that tho opin. Ion was designed to bo unntialificd.JVi:tt nt,l. ford .Mercury. ino uoston wing has no authority for mak ing such a statement as our friend or tho Mer cury quotes from it. Wo have never said that General Taylor could not got the Whig voto or Massachusetts, unqualifiedly. Wo said, and wo repeat it, that neither General Taylor, nor any other man, could rtot tho voto or Alnssachueiilld. unlc.'s ho was sound on tho great principles of mo v nig party, unless no was in lavor of end ing this war, and against tho extension of slave ry. If General Taylor is for ending tho war, and is opposed to nddinir Mexican territory to tho Union, on which tp engralt tho institution or slavery, aud is ti Whig in other respects, nnd receives the nomination or tho Whig National Convention, thcro can bo no question as to how old Massachusetts would go.lioslon Atlas. Thomas Corwin. As soon as it was known on Wcdnesdnythatlhis distinguished Statesman was in town, hundreds or our citizens called to pay their respects. A largo assembly having gathered outsido or Wales' Hotel n loud call was mado for Mr. Corwin. Ilo camo out nnd spoko briufiy, alluding to tho objects of his visit to a convention of gicat moment and ho hoped, or good result to the west, and whicli united, he hoped the hcatty support or both political par ties. He then apologised for his brief remarks and retired amid' the shout of the crowd. De troit Adv. COL. BENTON. Tho Charleston Mercury is not silent under Mr. Benton's attack upon'Mr. Calhoun, nnd re pudiation of Southern interests generally It practices, on tho contrary, tho law of rcnrisal. and handles tho Missouri nBpirnnt for a Lieutenant-Generalship without mercy. i Wo givn tho spirit of Iho Mercury article on the subject : "JNo disclaimers of Mr. Benton can change his nature, or convince thoso who know him that he does not aspiro to the Presidency. Ho puts it aside now, for now it is not attainable. Tho nearest road for him to it, is tho ono round by the North thu ono ho has chosen rotation and re ciprocity : I help you this time ; and you will help me next. Wo remember well an excellent story told by Mr. M. in the Senate, of a cunning old cat, who had mado such sad havoc among the rais, that none dared to como within tho range of old Tom's fiings. Ilo was in danger of starv ing, when a happy thought struck him. He roll ed over in the meal tub, and laid himself down in the room: tlio rats wero taken in and camo in great joy to feast on the meal ; but alas, thoy themselves were the victims, and tho cat feasted on their carcasses. Again Puss grow hungry, and asain ho bedecked himself in tha meal lub. nnd laid himself down ns before; but this timo it would not do, the trick was known, nnd poor puss cheated none but Uimself. When Mr. B. rolled himself in tho Northern meal-tub, nnd went for Mr. Van Buren in 1814, when ho was going ugainst Texas, ho deceived the Slave States once; but he can't again catch us in the samo trap for Silas Wright, nor any other Wilmot Proviso or Preston King enemy or tho slave States. We know fuU'wcll who is under the meal-coat, and wo can't bo brought cither to go now for him who is a Proviso man, or hereafter for him who has never helped us or our cause, but would sell us to our adversaries for thoPresi idoncy; or, blinded by his personal jealousy or those who are purer nnd nblortlian himself, lead ua into their pitfalls for his revenge." STATE PRISON. Tho committee appointed by resolution of the. General Assembly, nt its last session, "to ascer tain whether a more suitable location can bo se lected for tho Stato Prison," invite their fellow citizens having the means of information on that subject, to communicate the samo by letter addressed to 1). M. Camp, Derby, on or before the 15th day of July next, in as full and specific a manner as may bo convenient. Tho commit tee expect to meet on tho 3d day or August next, at tho Pavilion, Montpelicr Village, to consider any information thoy may then havo received and to determine upon tho expediency of visit ing such locations lor a new State Prison as may IIUVU UCl'll BUggCSlCU. D.M. CAMP. NATHAN KM I LIE Co jr. ASA LOWE, Tho abovo is published as wo find it, without dale; presuming, however, that tho 15th or the present month (being this day,) is tho timo limi ted for writing to the committee. Wo never saw the notico until the present wcelc of course too lato for any of our readers to bo apprized in sea son to writo upon the subject. Doubtless tho Committoo will bo pleased to receivo any infor mation at their meeting hero on tho 3d, and wo trust tho people of Barro will present thoir case. Tho Stato Prison has becomo a pretty heavy Stato burden, and every opportunity should bo given to tho Committee for remedying the diffi culty. FLOUR, &lo. Flour is to bo had in this villago at $7 per barrel this day. Tho Tall in prices of flour, corn, oats, &c. has been cvon more rapid than tho rise following closo upon the British market. Sinco tho locos woro prompt lo claim tho lato high pri ces as tho effect of tho Tarifl, it is fair to pre sume they will now charge tho reduction to tho samo cause. (C5 Paul Dillingham Jr. was tho locofoco can didate for Governor in 1810, when ho was run out of sight by Gov. Jonnison. On that occa sion tho Boston Post consoled tho locofocraey for their dereat by assuring them that it was oiriW lo the unpopularity oj their candidate. Sinco that period Mr. D's twisting and turning to got into Congress, as woll as whilo in, have probably ad ded nothing to his popularity, and it is expec ted that tho Post will unhesitatingly predict another defeat in September next. Mr. Clay on the Tariff. In n letter to J. A. Brairaw. Esn.. of Hartford. acknowledging tho gift of a pocket-knife cent by tho latter, Mr. Clay says: "I havo been very 'desirous lo learn tho effect upon American manufactures produced by the last Tariff. But Europo has been so occupied with supplying hcrsoir with necessary food, nnd our country has been so benefitted by tho high prico whicli all articled of subsiiicnco havo at tained, that tho competition between Foreign and Domnstio manufactures has boon much loss un equal than it otherwise would have becif. The struggle so Tarns has been between well. led and ill-led operatives; between capital diverted from tho purchase or tho raw material to tho nurchaso ot bread, and capital greatly augmented by the sale of food; and between manufacturers work ing Bhort timo and lull lime. Whether, whon Europo is no longer starving and Bhall be ogiln blessed by Providenco (as Ilione it will bo. with abundant harvests, wo shall bo ablo to sustain a succoikful competition, romains to be seen. I forvontly hope that our nianufuctures havo struck such deep und Btrong root that they will bo ablo iu strum up ana nourisn against an adverse cau ses." I)c tcjeicttn lUar. WHO COMMENCED THE WAR. Wo beliovo a largo majority of the peoplo are pretty well aatwlled by this time, who is respon sible for tho coiumonconiont of hostilities, but that no one may bo ablo to dodgo iho question on tho plea that this wholo outcry is a ' Whig lie,' wo subjoin an extract from a speech deliv ered in tho U. S. Senate, by John C. Calhoun, tho great champion of Democracy, and tho right arm of defence of Southern Slavery. What havo our good locofoco friends to say to this un equivocal testimony from ono or llieir own num ber, nnd one, too, whoso opinions receivo and aro ontitlod to greater weight than thosu or any oth er man belonging to tho party ? What now be comes of tho assertion of President Polk, reiter ated by his paity nowspapers, that 'Mexico commenced tho War ?' This nonsensical jargon ha3 been fully erposed and refuted by distin guished members ol their own party, who aro too high. minded and honorablo to shield themselves agninst tho indignation or tho people, by raising n false issue. Tho following aro extracts of speeches delivered in tho U. S. Senato nt tho last session. Wo havo never beforo published tlioui, and a few only of our readers have proba bly read them. Read what Mr. Calhoun says, Caledonian. MR. CALHOUN'S TESTIMONY. Mn. Cai.iioun then rose nnd said : I nm really obliged to tho gentleman from Tonnessoo for giving mo an opportunity lo repel a great many insinuations which 1 have seen upon this very subject, and the endeavor lofix upon mysolf nnd friends tho responsibility of which ho haj spo ken. Ho has got up nnd made a gnavo charge, that thcro was on this side of tho chamber a par ly combined together, in reference to presidential elections, who controlled all measures in refer ence to that. I havo already denied that I was any candidate for the presidency. I appeal to every friend to my friends upon this floor; up on cither sido or tho chamber, and to every one in the Stnto or South Carolina, ir my whole courso or conduct has not been this : that I would not accept tho presidency unless it comes to mo by tho voico or the American people, and then only from a sdnso or duty, and taken as nn obli gation. It is suspected lhat I will not vote for the three million bill ; and lhat because I said, when I spoke on the subject, I waited for further devel opments. Wai tho Senator ignorant that tho proposition had been mado in the other House, and probably would bo made here, lo stick tho Wilmot proviso? I put it to the Senators on both sides, who represent Southern portions of iho Union uhclher he or any of litem icill vote for the bill, ij thai amendment be appended? Bui again: Ilo spoko of the responsibility for tho ivar as arising Irom tho annexation of Texas. I did take a deep interest in that measure of an nexation, and to no act of my lifo do I revert with more entiro satisraction. Annexation at that time, according to my opinion, was u ques tion of pure necessity. I might go into this mat ter it it would not occupy tho tune or tho Sen ate. Cries or "go on." According to my view, tho timo was not propitious in ono aspect. Thcro then was a minority in favor or annexa tion. It had scarcely a single advocato in this body, and but two or three in the other body; and it appeared to bo a very hopeless task to at tempt carrying through such an important meas ure as that. Whon nominated for the office or Secretary of Slate, I put in Iho strongest remon strance which I could draw against the accep tance of it. I wrote lo my friends hero; but, be fore tho remonstrance reached them, I was unan imously appointed. I saw that Iho Administra tion was weak, and lhat a very important meas ure would be liablo to be defeated, ir an effort were not made. But circumstances made it in evitable. 1 ascertained, from sources perfectly reliable, that, at the World's Convention, tho A incrican delegation suggested to the Abolition ists or England, that now was tho lime to act. If they wished to aim a fatal blow at tlavery, it must bo at Texas : and in order to do that, Eng land must obtain tho ascendancy in Texas. I received inlormation I will notsay official but from a quarter in which there could bo no mis take, that nn interview had taken place between Lord Aberdeen and a deputation or tho World's Comention. I was then at homo in South Car olina, and immediately transmitted to tho Secre tary of Slate that information, accompanied bv the suggestion that il demanded instant atten tion. I suppose that letter and my communica tion formed one of tho reasons for tho movement then mado for annexation. What was then the condition of Texas? She was weak; nnd tho suggestion was, that Mexico would recognize iigr Independence, if SHE WOULD AGREE TO ABOLISH SLAVERY. Tho time had come, and the consequence had to be met. I ac cepted the office with all these difficu'tios before me. I said this office ij unacceptable to me. I go in with a great deal of reputation, as I judge from the manner in which I have been nomina ted nnd confirmed. 1 will experierco great dif ficulty, and may como out with much loss repu tation than 1 go iu. But I undertook it; and when I undertake a thing, I do it directly. I put it on the truo ground, lhat this movement was in tended to bring Texas under the control of Eng land, to abolish slavery there, and through that, slavery- through tiie countrv. A treaty was formed, and it shared the feto that might havo almost been expected from the weakness or tho Administration. It was defeated. Bui the Sen ator says I had stipulated in that treaty that the Rio Grando was tho boundary. Mr. Turkey. I remarked that I had never read tho treaty, but I understood that its terms went to tho Rio Grande. Mr. Calhoun. Tho Senator is just ns wrong in that as in tho wholo or his misunderstanding. No such thing, sir! Il was expressly left open. The two respectablo commissioners from Texas will bear testimony. It was oxDresslv left nnon. in order that tho boundary might bo subsequent ly established by negotiation with Mexico. I know a Senator of this body put a construction on it similar to lhat of tho Senator from Tonnes sec, and which was assailed. But as soon as the treaty was signed by tho President, 1 communi cated directly with tho Mexican Government, through our charge d'affaires, and stated that I was ready to settle all questions, and amongst others the boundary, upon liberal principles. I did not dream of this war. The immediate cause of the tear was the march irg of our J ones from the frontier Jrom Corpus Chrislito the banks of the L)elXorte(Rio Grande.) That clearly made the invasion, so called, by the President; aiul hence tho declaration, on his p .rt, that iho Tvio Grande was tho boundary. But is it an effect ol annexation ? If Gen. Tay lor had remained where hi was, there icauld be no invasion no Rio Grande as a boundary to be established by treaty and declaration or Congress. Tho fact is, and cannot bo disguised, General Arista, who commanded on tho Mexican side, said, if 1 am not greatly mistaken and if any gentleman supposes I am, by looking into tho records at tho Stato Department ho will find the fact that Arista made a communication cither by writing or through a faithful agent, (and I think it wns recently published in ono nf the Southern papers) A Senator Ves Maf ij Gen. Taylor remains on our side of the River, he (Arista) would remain on his side ; and ihoy both might 6cnd out expeditions ho to guard Indian depredations, and wo for any purposo wo thought proper. So, then, the War was made by the march to the Del Norte. That tho Presi dent buliuvod that to be our boundary, was very proper; and that invasion was lo bo repelled, wan the natural consequence. But tho great question comes up, Has the Executive a rigid to determine what our boundary is ? Il'hen we have a disputed boundary question and we have had manv does it bdona to Ihe Executive or to Con. gress to determine iif There are two ways lo do it, Una is, by, negotiation and treaty, to bo performed by tho Executive and this body, in case tho two nations agreo to negotiate. The other is, if the parly disputes tlio boundary, and will not como tu terms, for Congress to declare it to bu our boundary, und maintain it at thu haz ard of war. How long did tho boundary of Malno remain unsettled? From the acknowl edgment of indopenilonco in I78U, down lo tho limo that tho Senator from Massachusetts closed it by a treaty. 7!iil did am of Ihe 1'residenls ever think of marching troops upon the line? Thn Urixish held Fort Slanwix, bul Gtn, Washington did not make any such movement. And hero lot mo say, what just naw comes lo my mind. It may bo asked, thinking as I did, why did I not take somo steps to arrest tho march of General Taylor? In the first place, I never heard that tho march was ordered until a long timo nftcr it took place. I gut tho information from the Sen ator from Delaware, (Mr. J. M. Clayton,) who will remember what I said. said il was impossible j that such a thing could not be ; and 1 could not htlttrf. l until n,irttl In, Ihm tnl A I. (. officinlly announced, I said to my friends, the . i -. .... rn.. iu-flii-uii uc uun, x ail. UK UUOMT TO WE ARRIvS rrn. IT TH IiniMfMMn MM T A i t ... - - - - ' v n v w if iiiv l rum bo to several ccnllcincn on that Bido of iho chum !..n ir,n.i..i..i.. ir . ui.u jmiuirujimvi ji my memory nerve me, In thn Xnnntnr frnm ..v.... u.,ur,uiU ua .IIU JIIIUIIlll.il, originilly camo from him. I said to him and to nllin.ji l.nt ,Un n 1 . ! .., . mu wiug.jii uiu. mcxican questions were connected lhat we should avoid war with Lngland, rather than Mexico though both wero very undesirable; Aiif ft was lo be hoped that we could settle Oregon, bcfi.ro wo could bu called into a Mexican war. And tho reason, sir, that I did not and could not move in referenco to Gen. 1 aylor, winch otherwise I most assuredly would havo done, was, that ft was ntcissaru for me to maintain fond relations with the Executive upon the question with England, in reference to Urloon. in on'nr Hmi I n.inl.i :r .. i t- ciso some influenco in effecting a peaceful issue. ii ii, uu,, ui.uii uuiurwisc, i certainly would havo movod that the march bo arrested, and the war averted. could slate some fads in relation to Oregon, bul lam not at liberty. I might do so. But I forbear. I thank Iho Senate for tho kind ness with which it has now heard me. Mr. Clayton's Testimony confirm ing Mr. Calhoun's. I? his lato speech in tho Senato, Hon. Jonx M. Olatton thus corroborates the remurkablo statement of Mr. Calhoun with rcgord to Iho origin or the war with Mexico: "On that point, Mr. President, I desiro to say a word. During tho debate on tho Oregon ques tion, as it is commonly called, in 1810, and some time, as 1 think, in tho month or February of that year, I learned, from sources to which it is not necessary now to revert, but upon which I felt that I could rely, that our Gorerrnnwit had given orders to Gen. Taylor to break up his en campment at Corpus Christi, and mart, on the Rio Grande. The instant I heard that, and was satisfied of Us tritth-thepublic at the time having no means of knowing the fad I was alarmed at the apprcoension o a war with Mexico ; and it is true, as the honorablo Senator from South Caro lina has said, thai I did meet him hero in tho Senate chamber, and, in tho course or a confi dential privato conversation, I did give him tho information I then possessed. I told him, sir, that 1 believed, unless some speedy action wero taken either by himself or some other distin guished gentleman who could arrest thu down ward tendency of things arising from that order, wo should be plunged into a war beforo wo could possibly save ourselves. At that time, all men who were acquainted with passing events and tho position of our public affairs, were alike anx ious tu avoid a war with England, if it could bo avoided consistently with ttio honor and inter ests of tho country. All our efforts wero devo toil to the consideration or the best manner by which wc could, in tho exercise of the prudence and judgment which God has given us, avert from our country so great a calamity as a war with England upon the question of boundiry. It was in thoso circumstances that I received the infor mation and communicated it to the honorablo Senator from South" Carolina. His first exclam ation was, " It cannot bo so! It is impossible!" precisely as ho has related it in the courso of this debate. I assured him it was beyond all doubt. "Then," laid he, when I urged thatsomo measure be taken, " what can be done ?" I as a Whig, could not move in the matter, and I urged that, unless the honorablo Senator from S. C. and hi friends, or some other strong division of the gentlemen on tho other side of the chamber, would move in tho matter, wo on tho Whig sido should be utterly powerless. The honorable gentleman was at that lime, as he has very properly stated, devoted to the samo greal object which 1 confess absorbed my own mind and the minds or those around me the prevention ol a war with England; and he declined to move, lest his usetuluess on lhat great question should be in any degree contracted. In the course ora short time alter that Mr. Calhoun. The first conversation was in January, when you announced thejact; and the second was in February. Mr. Clay ion. Yes, ihe Senator is right. Mr. President, 1 felt exonerated from all responsibil ity in the matter." " On the 21lh or April, and between the hour? ol twelve and one o'clock on that day, I was talk ing with my friend from Kentucky behind me, (Mr. Morehead,) and said I had no doubt that we wero then at war with Mexico, and I 'Jdcd 'I believe we havo had a fight,' Sportively we laid a small vmger on the matter, and it turned out afterwards, (or I made a minute of it, that I won tho bet by about four hours, for Thornton's dragoons wero cut up about four o'clock in tho morning or tho same day. Well, these events recalled and impressed upon my mind the great fact, that, whilo the House or Congress remain ed in ignorance, and those who knew could not move, the President of tho United States was ordering the army of tho United States upon tho Rio Grande, nnd taking u step of which the in evitable consequence proved to bo tear." " At tho time war was declared, I denounced it as the ad of the President of Ihe United Slates, but I avoweJ myself, then, and I havo eversince avowed myself willing to voto supplies for the war. I believe that Ihe war was brought on by this thing or marching the army, without neces sity, from Corpus Christi to tlio Rio Grundo; done, too, whilo Congress was in session, with out ono word bciug communicated as to the in tention of tlio President of the United Suites, either to tho Senate or the House, or to any Com mittee uf either house of Congress, or, as far as I have been ablo to judge, to any member of cither house of Congress. Under these circum stances, Mr. President, the responsibility of the war will probably rest mi Aim trAo ought to bear ft." FROM THE BRAZOS. The steamer James L. Day has arrived at N. Orleans, having sailed from Brazos, 26th June. There was nn prospect of Gen. Taylor advanc ing on San Louis Polos.. Cant. Bankhcad and company havo arrived at Monterey from China. They roporttho death of Lieut. Malian, who was wounded in a duel with the late Lieut. Mumford. So both aro now dead. A Mexican beiim dispatched by Cod!. Bank hcad to Caniargo, with a communication for Col. Belknap, was captured by forty Moxicans and sentenced to bo shot. No nniicaiance vet or Gen. Urrca. nllhotirrh tho Texas Rangers are in pursuit of him, Tho Rangers have captured two Mexican robbers. They shot ono ot them. Thn Mexicans are said to bo organizing small guerilla parties. Tho Massachusetts rcirtmcnt had not reached Mont erey at last accounts. It is rumored that they havo been ordered to Vera Cruz. LATER FROM MEXICO. New York, Friday, July 9th, 8 I-i! o'clock, P. M. J Dates from llm r.itv nf Mnvinn tn thn IQiii nf June have been received. Not a word is said about Santa Anna's Dictatorship, ond nothing mentioned about 30,000 troops boing gathered at tho Capital. Gen. Valencia commands at San Luis. All is confusion at the capital. A tetticoat OrricER. Mr, Henley of Indi ana, a locofoco Member or Congress, was among the Northern dough-foccs who, in defending an nexation, utterly scouted the idea of war with Mexico. Among other things ho declared that in the event of such a war, ho would, "at the head of luff a dozen old women armed with broomsticks, whip everything that Moxico could bring into the field." But warenme, and tho valiunt Mr. Henley did not go to Mexico. In stead of that, ho has taken tho slump as a can didato for ro-election, and at a recent gMhcring for his benefit, iho boys presented him with a wooden sword, inscribed "iWiy Wallop, 1st Lt, of Ihe Iltnley Guarii." Tho locos of Indiana are fools enough to bo mad about tho joke. ,