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VERMONT WATCHMAN & STATE JOURNAL, AUGUST 5, 1847.
toatcljmon toJS lJ "nionipclicr, rrtmrsilny, August 5. UUniOCUATIC WHI TICKET. FOR GOVERNOR, HORACE EATON. FOR LIEUT. GOVERNOR, LEONARD SARGEANT. FOR TREASURER, GEORGE HOWES. FOR SENATORS. Jlcnnlngtoti Co. IIlacumi-" 1!. IImvrh.1, lllHAB M0IUt. Win ill, a in Co. Jot" Kimhju, I.nKI.- (!. Mead. HVlKflOr Co. -AttTFMAI CuillMAIt, llBir.r IIahto.i, Korkut I). Cram, llcAnnor.N II. Iliirnf. .IllllllOH Co.-- WlUIAM NaIII, J RA MWART. Orange Co. IlViiiiiirnn Co.' Catalonia Co. .Gconac V. l'mctiAtn, UilAittr.t It. OilASLULn, T.oticszo 1). IlEHmck. -l'sANnuv A. Wimoht, llonACE 1IuUK. -Jameu I. Heli., ItoBERT WhITELAW. I'ranktln Co. flEOncll: V. I'oiTf.R, I'.UPUS Hamilton, f.UCIUI It- 11 A M A !f . Kluha White. Daud HipnARu, Jr. Of It II Hi Co JSiiix Co. ELECTION, SEPT. 7. The time is at hand : bo ready, Whigs, to meet tlio enemy pud beat them. You will find the I.ocos, bragging, as usual, in advance of the election ; and yet you may rely upon it, too, that if any tiling is to bo gained by trick or manage ment, or coalition with the third party, or with Whig friends or opponents of tlio license law, (justed it happens,) they will bo up'lo'thc work, early and smart. The third party runners aro also wide awake, and doing their best to nrouso their followers, and lccttirihg them particularly against the Whigs; so Iheic is work to be dune by the Whigs tricks to be guarded agaiii3t a victory to b? achieved. Wo say a victory to be achieicd : Vermont must not falter when New Hampshire is under conviction and in the pro cess of conversion to tlio Democratic Whig faith; Vermor.ters must not diminish ought of zeal or strength when oilier states arc struggling for success, and hopeful of it. Let us rather mi courage and strengthen their zeal and hope. We' have opponents enough at home: up and. at tliein! HON. JOHN P. HALE Was complimented with a good audience here on Thursday lust, composed in about equal pro portions of ladies, whigs, locn, and third party men. Mr. Halo is a good spcakcr,-though both in manner and matter wo suspect ho hardly came up to the expectations of hia audience. Hu disclaimed being the advocate or ropresenta-! tivo of any parly, but piofesscd it to be his pur pose to uwaken and arouse men ot all parties about slavery, and so make them instrumental for 'leavening nil parlies with correct views on that subject. To this end ho argued that every man is personally responsible for slavery in the District of Columbia, hccuuao (lis representative, in common with others, ban the power of legis lating there; responsible for iho recent snlo of a mother and daughter to satisfy an execution in fayor of the United States, because the govern ment is his government ; and finally, responsible for the annexation of Texas, and tl.o whole train of mcasurco for iho extension of Slavery, be cause iho executive officers who originated these measures were lite officers. Tins was the sum of a speech of some two hours in length, and the points were enforced by happy illustrations and occasional bursts of real eloquence. Wo could not but think, hou ever, that there were notable exceptions to his rule which deserved honorable mention exceptions among the whigs of Vermont, who have labored for tho abolition -ofslavciy in the District of Columbia, and from first to last resisted tho Texas iniquity. Wc agree with John 1'. Hale that tlio men of the North who have been recreant on theso subjects your locofoco3 who have directly sustained tlx; abominations which hu denounces, and your Pharisaical third parly men Who haVp indirectly done tho same thing; wc say wo agree with Mr. Hale that they are under condemnation ; but we insist that in another quaitor ho may find men who may indeed have como short of thcirduty, but whoso skirls aro nevertheless clear of most of the abominations which called forth his do nunciaiions. TO POSTMASTERS. Wo havo been permitted by tho Post Muster of this place, says the Patriot, to examine a copy of tho late Tost Office Law and tho instructions of tho Post Master General accompanying, and find that all Postmasters in Vermont, except tho following post offices, aro entitled to Frank all letters written by themselves or receive oil let- tcrs frco addressed to themselves, not exceeding one Halt ounce in weight, viz Bellows Falls, Bennington, Df.nvillo, Derby Line, lligbgatc, Ludlow, Middlcbnry, Montpelier, Newbury, Norwich, Rutland, St. Johnsbury, Vergennes, Windsor. Bradford, llrandon, Brallleboro', Burlington, CusMcton, Chelsea, Chester, St. Albans. Springfield, West Poultnoy, W OOU310CK, josi .Masters ai mo above named otliccs aro entitled to frank all letters upon tho business of llicirolhco by endorsing thereon "Post Oflico business" in this way: 'Montpelier, Vt., V' Posl-Office Uusiness. July 22, 1817. j.f00) 3 Geo.W. Rued, P.M. fly Among Iho ncls of tho lato Legislature of New-Hampshire wo find a peddler's law moro stringent than that of this State, so far that it not only prohibits carrying good's for salo,but taking a store, or Bliop, or residence in any town for the purpose or soiling, for a less timo than ono year, without a license. Ono branch of tho third party has already twin inated Gerril Smith for President, but wo obscrvo that another branch is to havo u National Con lion next autumn to nominate thoir cundidato. Wonder when slavery will be abolished by theso men at this rate. " A house divided ogainat it. pelf'&c. 99 ARGUMENTS FOR THE WAR. For thrco or lour weeks the Patriot has been busily plying tho public with ni.nett-nine argu ments for tho War with Mexico ) a fact which nivos us unfeigned satisfaction, for two reasons : Tho first is, that this labored effort to hunt up ex cuses for tho war betrays a consciousness that tho govornmontand tlio Locofoco party aro to bo hold to on awful responsibility J and tho second Is, that the reasons themselves demonstrate the weakness and the wickedness of their cause, and cannot fail to open tho eyes or thinking men. What aro they ? Mcro after-thoughts, strung to gether by tho Now Hampshire Patriot, for effect upon the lato otcction in that state tho result being a tremendous robuko of Iho war and its authors. After-thoughts, we say: for who does not know that this war was begun without a dec laration of any sort without nolico to Mexico, or out own Congress ; withouUetting forth griev ances, and of courso without demanding redress ; in fact, begun by private orders to Gen. Taylor to advance to .tho Rio Grande, where ono of hi squadrons accidentally run into a nest of Mexi can troops and had a fight and a retreat, follow ed by the surrounding of the U. S. troops at Fort Brown, by Iho Mexicans? Tlicn the pretence was that American blood had been shed upon American soil albeit this soil had been found to bo in tho actual possession of Mexico, and Gen. Taylor had been warned that if ho march ed upon it, tlio act would bo considered as n de claration of war. Then when tho littlo band under Taylor was surrounded by ten times their number, Congress was implored to send instant succor; and succor was sent, and transformed by Executive power into an army of invasion. Who has forgotten that the cry was, that our title oxtendod to the Rio Grando and tho object of the war was to defend that title but oro the echoes of that cry had died away, the President had invaded the acknowledged soil of Mexi co, and annexed territory after territory lo tho United States by tho proclamations of Colonels and Commodores ? The next pretence, fresh in the memory of oil, was, that this war was picssud upon the heart of Mexico " tu corqucr a peaco ;" and the last semi official announcement is, that f Mexico will consent lo trept, our government will pocket all the insults and pay all the claims duo lo American citizens! Oh, how nicely do theso 90 arguments look, in tho face of tho con duct of the government. Just read them over- ponder upon these outrages of Mexican banditti and Mexican officials semi-barbarinis. all of them ; just think of the robberies they havo per petrated, and of American claims so long unsat isfied; let not ono escape your notice and a just measure of indignation : but then remember, that all those were not reasons for the war and that our oioi government is ready to forgive all those' outrages and itself pay all theso claims! For three weeks tho Locos havo been sweltering over the Patriot; and wo trust that by this lime their indignation is up to fever heat that they aro burning for a just recompense for those nino- tv-nino outrages of the wretched Mexicans for so will they begin to appreciate the character and purposes of their own government, which now proposes to forego all demands for restitu tion, and to pay all claims out of our own treas ury. Toll them that, Mr. Patriot: away with all subterfuge and blarney, and tell your readers plainly that James K. Polk will willingly pocket the insults to the American flag, and himself pay pay for tho cash, cargoes, and tobacco seized by Mexicanspay it out of Uncle Sam's poqket. Then they will understand that the war 'as not undcrt iken for theso ninety nine reasons of yours, Rut .Mr. Polk has a condition: ho will givo ui: everything, if Mexico will yield a little land. Lmd, land, land for slaveholders and slavchol- ding Senators and Members of Congress: tlicro is the cuuso and 'intended effect of this war, and if thesu cannot bo had, there is no man more earnest to stop tho war than James K. Polk. Rut when shall it be ended? and how? These aro the main questions tho only ones worth talk ng about. Wo aro in fast enough littlo mat tor h hy, for tho present ; when and how bhull wo ct out ? Will tho Patriot tell its readers that ? We copy the following synopsis of an article from the pen of the senior editor of the N. V, Journal of Commerce, lie is Locofocoish in his policy, and has hitherto encouraged this war: but sick enough of blood, ho is ready for strong measures for peace. Read : Int. That General Scott should bo immc. dialcly authorized to proclaim peace uncon ditiumlly to tho whole Mexican nation, in their own language, and send it by swift heralds thro all their Stales or provinces, assuring them that not another nggrcssivo step or movement shall bo made on Mexican soil by United States troops that not another Mexican shall ho slain or in- torlercd with jn any way by any of our troop.", except purely in self-defence. 2d. That all of tho United States forces, now on Mexican soli or in .Mexican waters, shall with the least possible delay consistent with their health and salely, bo drawn beyond all disputed bounds, savo Texas (proper.) UJ. That so far from claiming any portion of ilicir dominions (proper) by right ot conquest, or as indemnity lor tlio costs ot the war, wo ireely forcivo them all those millions they owed our citizens, which Iheir refusing or neglecting to pay was in part tho causo ol tho war being abun dantly able lo remunerate our citizens ourselves. 1th. J hat wo not only yield up freely all their towns, cities, fortresses and provincess now jn our possession, and demand no indemnification for costs of tlio war (lorced as it was upon us,) and forgivo oil former debts, and withdraw all our forces from their soil .and waters speedily, but will return lo the Mexican government all tho trophies of our victories taken from them, now in possession of our government, with all tho munitions of war or public properly taken from muni omtu mu wur cuiumuijccu. This Is how tho Journal of Commcrco would get out; and it is a plump back out from tho scrape particularly plump for a paper which takes rankas a fiiond of the administration. As to tho particulr-r modo of ending the n ur wo care but liltlo: tho mam thing i3t0 havo it ended, and the means which tho opponents or tho admiuis- tration can use aro lew and simple. Tho first and best is to tako ground against receiving any more land. Had it not been for land to curve into elavo Stules, wo should havo had no Texan an nexationno war with .Mexico; and tho moment Mr. Polk finds that tho area of slavery cannot bo enlarged, ho will stop tho war if ho can. This is the ground occupied by tho Whigs, both North and South, embodied in tho proposition submitted to the Sonato at tho last session, by Mr. Berrien, of Georcia na fn .ri'ha.1 V'.,NYnr willi Mexico ought not to bo STmnmh b' lh s Grovet,t "ith any view to a dismemberment or that Republic, or to tho ac quisition by conquest or any portion o ' her ter ritory ; that this Government? ever dis ous to maintain and preserve peaceful and friendly re lations with all no ions, and particularly with tlio neighboring Republic of Mexico, will always bo ready to enter upon negotiations with a view to torminalo tho present unhappy conflict, on terms which shall prcsorvo inviolable tho national hon. or of the Unitod States und Mexico ; that it is es pecially desirable, In order to prcbtrvo nod main- tain thoso amlcablo relations which ought always (o exist between neighboring republics, that Iho boundary of tho Stato of Texas should bo defin itely settled, and that provision bo mado by tho rcnublic of Mexico for tho nromnt and cnuitaulo adjustment of Iho just claims of our citizens on that Republic." This wo say is tho lest ground ; it is best be cause safest. If territory is annexed at all, wo shall not bo safe. Apply if you plcaso tho Wil mot proviso, and still wo shall not bo safe. A like guaranty as to Texas was in vain: llru rtior vt Texas was admitted as a slave State, and tlio North swindled out of tho freo tciritory which had been held out to bamboozlo Northern free- in. Next to no territory at all, tho Wilmot proviso is Iho best cord to bind about the land stealers. These arc peaceful weapons to use, but effective ones ; und it is to bo hoped thatlho President will feel their full furco at an early day of tho next session of Congress. If ho does not, it will bo becauso tlicro aro Locofoco dough-fa ces enough to surrender the causo ol peace ami freedom. (X The Green Mountain Freeman professes to bo gratified at tho election of Amos Tuck in Now Hampshire "tlio candidalo of tho Inde pendents and Third Parly, and also voted for by iho Whigs;" and coldly ndib that James Wil son, Whig, has succeeded in his dinrict. This coldness towards as zealous and cfl'eetivc an op ponent of slavery as New Kngland possesses, be caase he is a Whig, is characteristic. That pa per would probably rather see slavery perpetua ted forever than havo it abolished by Whigs. Rut tho Freemen is gratified at Tuck's election, forsooth and yet is compelled to own that ho was " voted for by thu Whigs." What a cutting rebuke is tliis lo iho Third Party in the fourth district, who tcould not vote for an ar.ti-slavcry Whig in tho person of Gr.o. I). Ciianiii.eii. " Gratified " is the word when Now Hampshire Whigs patriotically prefer an anti-slavery Indo dopondciit to a Locofoco ; pray tell us what word is sufficiently expressive uf indignation and shame for thoso Third Party loaders in tho Mi district, who would not elect an anti-slavery Whig in placo of a locofoco. Flvery body knows that our crops last year were immensely large, and that without a foreign demand Hour could not have ruled higher than $-1 or S-l SO a barrel. Hut instead of that, it went up to a'J and over. What caused it? The demand from abroad. And what has now caused a decline of more than $3 a barrel? Tho pros pect of good crops on tho other side. Thu' des pised loreigu market, then, is tho regulator of our own. It drives our Hour up to ifi), or lots it drop to half that rale. Kvon now tho foreian niaiHet Keeps tlio homu price 1 or l,5Uhi2hcr than it othopviso would be. J. Y. Journal of uommercc. Exactly so, and no thanks to the Polko-Bnlish Tariff. The reader will please remark that the above is not exactly from the Vt. Patriot, but from a moro honest free trade paper. (X1 A Nativo American Ticket for Stale officers was nomminatcd at Danville, on the (ith ult., as follows: for Governor, R. C. Benton, of Luneiibiirgh for Lieut. Governor, IH.niil P, Tnojirao.N of Montpelier for Treasurer, Geo. Nyi: of Irasburgh. Mr. Benton has declined, dc during himself for Gov. Eaton. Wo understand that Judge Thompson refused liberty to use his name, he being in favor of Mr. Dillingham. Judge Nyo probably follows suit wo say proba bly, becauso wo have no authority to speak for him. In Vermont, of all tho Slates, there i tho least ground for a part organization of this sort: bo causo forci 'ii' born persons aro comparatively few in iiumbeJ besides, wo believe they arc in Vermont, for the most part, good citizens, and worthy of favor rather than frowns. The Scotch are among our best as well as most ihnfiy pco pie ; and if wc aro not misinformed, tho greatest difficulty with tliom U, to make them tako upon themselves iho responsibilities and privileges ol freemen of the Slate, a difficulty arising from scruples about tho oath of allegiance. But of the Scotch, and Irish, uud French, it is safe to say, that thny need only good neighbors, good examples, good influence.-', and good schools for their children, to make them and theirs as good citizens as tho best of us. Tho fathers of the "Natives" were Saxons and Celts, and Gauls; they were of like races and blood, and capabilities, as iho multitudes now annually coming to our shores. Tho stock is good enough ; what wo want is, to prevent frauds and abuses upon theso men frauds and ubuses, which aro originated by native-born po litical tricksters and to increase tho means lor surrounding new comers with healthy and happy influences. Transplanted plants never thrive by blows nnd bruises protection and good culture aro requisite for success. Theso sentiments wo think prevail among tho best men of all parties and will bo acted upon. 05s" Some months since it wa3 announced that the President hud appointed two Catholic Priests to tho office of Chap! am in the army in Mexico but it has turned out that he had no authority to appoint theso Chaplains, and ho actually sent tliein out as spies, under tho name of Chaplains in which service, ono of them (Father Rcy) was assassinated. If tho priests wero not aware of the circumstances, (us thoy probably wero not, as they were invited as Chaplains,) the President served the in ascuivey trick, as well as transcend cd his authority. Thu following article tells ih story : Ciiai'I-ai.ns in tub Aiimv. Hon. Paul Hi own of Philadelphia, lately addressed tho fol lowing letter to Rev. W. L. McCalla, brother of Hon. J, M. McCulla, lato of Lexington, Ky., and now oi vvasii.'iiguiii. ' Dkah Sin : I cu'rheslly but rcsprcifullv re quest you to answer truly, candidly, and fully, tho tollowintr (iiii'Siions: "1st. Went you not tpcenlly un applicant for the situation of Chaplain in the American Army now in Mexico.' "2d. Hud you a personal interview with II Excellency James K. Polk on that subject? "3d. Did tho President tell you that when ho appointed two Catholic Priests, Chaplains, ho Know no had no right to mako any such appoint incut, as there was no such oifico within his loR but that he had appointed thim Cluinlains iiomi- ....II.. 11... .1 - .':n I o mimi mm men miiriit vecovic aines t 'lo theso questions, Mr. AlcCulla returned tho following laconic answer, ut tho conclusion of a long letter reflecting severely on iho Catholic Church ; which has nothing to do with Iho partic ular point under consideration, for which reason it is omitted t " My answer to your first question is, was; to your second, had i 10 your third, he did. Respectfully, yours, W, L. McCALLA." (E?8 Tlio Patriot says if believes tho Boston Post did not say Mr. Dillingham was tremen dously beaten in 1840 becauso ho was unpopu lar. Ask tho Post. iho amount collected in tho United States fur tho suffering in Iroland Is thus fur about SI00, 000. This is set down ns a glorious fact, and who doubts its being so ? Wo oxpondod just ono hundred timos as much in a slave hunt in florlda. What sort oro fuel is that? Chroiw type. Wo givo this for the facts embraced, not tho hard wurds. From tlio llutlaml tterolil, PAUL DILLINGHAM. The Spirit of tho Ago says that Paul Hilling ham Is a man worthy of tho support of tho free men ol Vermont, as his pait history proves ! ! Lot us oxamino tho character of this chivalrous Vcr mnntcrl If wo oro not mistaken, ho Is tho vilest doughface, ono of tho most time serving, sorvilo partisans, and most detcstablo hypocrite, that has ever had a residence in the State. Wo purpose lo show what he hits bicn, (no ono can tell what ho now is,) by his nets. Wo will not mention small matters, but only thoso c f sufficient impor tance to show his real ehuflling character. Not lo mention tho first act of his Congressional ca reer, vutuiL' or Mcmiity, who proved a delimiter " mo amount ol thirty or lorty thousand ; nnrany nng about Ins eonr-o upon tlio question ot mi nimi' im.in!ii"!i nl' ('oni'resa (lieMiiisn IhnV wero Locol'ocos.l who were elected bv concral ticket. ii defiance of law; nor his pettifogging speech elivtrcd upon that occasion, know n as his "hotch pot" speech. Hut first, his courso on the Tariff. J ho Spirit of tho Ago says, that in supporting Paul Dillirii'ham voil uro sunoorlimr tlio tariff of IG! Lot us sec. December 18. 181!). ho voted against suspending the rules, for tho purposo of unuwing nir. illicit lo introduce n resolution lor tho repeal of tho Tahff of '-12. On tho 31 dav f January, 1811, ho voted against a proposition lo instruct tlio committee of Ways and Moans to report a bill reducing the duties. On the same day ho voted aguinst a proposition lo icvise the tariff of MQ, and to impjso duties upon principles i reicnuo only, uu ino -nil ol January M l, he oted airnin-tt another proposition to modifv the firifT of M2. Sull further; wlion this tariff, which inposcs one diliv illinn linseed, and oimtlmr iinnn Jlax secdX was passed, Mr. 1). voted as many as lime nines m one day, (;)d July, 18-1(1,) against tho land', and for all tho propositions of (ho friends of the tariff of '12, till the p.is.-ago of iho British uin, when hu did what, by this time, nu man was mori' accuslo:i,cd to do- -dodaed. Yes. valient Mr. Dillincham! whv did nut Mr. 1'olk mvo vnu pl.ico in tho arniv under Gen. Pillow? On iho 2Uth of July, 1840, after the bill was icturned rom ma henate, with uinendinentp, ho voted to ay tlio bill upon tho tublo and asain against considering the main question ; then a second time to lay iho bill upon Iho table and nt tost he voted for Iho bill! Was Iho bill uroiig' bc- lore, and right without alteration now? Was .Mr. Dillinclinin's understand'uiL' convinced, or what was ihu price that was paid for him ? Six teen time, Mr. Any. for the taiifi' of '42. and once, (was it not accidental?) for tho Tariff nf '.if!i..i,..i r . hi. .i'i-'i t "nar. v ui uiuiiiur. mil ui mu -im uisu iti. ould not feel nroud of such a representative. Hut ho has gone over now to tlio tariff of '40, rs s unown by Ins vote on the lollowing losolution nlrodiiced by Mr. Carroll on Iho KJlh of Decern- or IBJO, respecting a duty on Tea and CoJee. Resolved, "That instead of a duty upon tea and coU'ee, tor the purpose of increasing tho rev enue, as proposed by tho Secretary ot the Treas ury in his lato annual report to Congress, the committee of Ways and Means "no directed lo report a bill repealing the act of July iiOth, 1810, and reviving tho tariff of August 30th, 1812." Mr. Dillingham voted in ihu negative. Yes, ho prefers a tax on Tea and CoQic, with tho tnrift (dunned by Ilritisli agentn, (who wero admitted into tho public rooms at Washington, with their oous, lor the purposo ol showing how much bet ter it was to buy tibroad than at home while our own "lords of tho loom" wore obliged to build a ware houso tor tho purposo ot exhibiting their oous,) to tho tanil ol '-r,', which he voted sixteen times to sustain. But Ihu Apo says to support Mr. D. is to sup port tho Wilmot Proviso in nrincinte! Wu ask. did not Paul Dillingham vote for Mr. Hale's prop osition to admit part of Texas freo as territory ? ab a matter ol principle doubtless, he did so. lint as a matter of practice ho voted for Texas and perpetual slavery in all that vast territory of which he wauls more, les, hu voted to admit II of Texas with slavory,& a constitution forever prohibiting ils abolition. Yet, ho is for tho Wilmot Proviso in principle ; but when the Proviso was rejected by the party, Paul's sympathies with tho human race all vanished am left linn in that talc of doubt in which ho eo oflcn found him self he dodged and the Three Million Hill was passed without tue proviso thereby saying wo slwuld Jao well enough to hayo Ireo territory, but it' owr southern maslirs don't choose In give It to us tree, thoy may luko it as ihoy want it he wus tdo much choked by his emotions to say un i Could all tho stripes which will be inflicted un- on tho down trodden Afiican race in all lima in como in "Ioxjs," bo applied to tho bare backs of inoso wno aro guilty ol extending slavery lliero, is incro a man in his senses who would not sav that it would not bo naked, substantial justice? is raui wiiiinguani less gm'.nj than any other man.- viu uoi inai ixoruicrn iJouehlace. horn Vermont, who voled for tho Missousi Coiimro- inise, render himself infamous ? Is Paul Dilling ham less guilty than ho ? Let thoso who "back" him answer. On the 4th of March, 1810. ho voted lo oust a Whig from his seat in Congress, who was elect ed by the voteof btudenls in Princeton CoMogo who lesidcd in tho district, who paid taxes there and never resided elsewhere. Thereby voting, Ihat while a man is obtaining an education ut home, in his own town, his rights as a freeman do not exist. Verily, Air. Dillingham, lias not ono JohnS Chipman ! expressed your sentiments ujiuii un:, Bunji-ii. itiuv uuucuiiou is me enemy of Democracy. Hut as w-3 wero trying Paul bv some of the ordinary trsls of humanity, let us examino his courso upon another subject. J he Irish Mitel mu. t his bill was introduc ed in the same Congress which had voted eighty millions of dollars fur tho Mexican war, and pro- i t . .1. iim.i. . ..p., -. . 1 puscu io yivu mu muni pari 01 uim sum 10 suvo Iromsrarvalion one tilth part ot the Irish Nation Air. U. voted lor mo war appropriation, but ur-on iho humanity appropriation, ho at first voted against, that is, loluy it upon the tabid, while tho poor reviled U lugs voted almost unanimously to luy btead upon tho tnblo of a starving Nation! Upun a second consideration of the samo Irish Keliet Hill, when it was called up on tho hist day of his Congressional career, by a whig, and supported almost unanimously by tho Whigs run I j;iiiingiium, uiu locoioeo candidate lor liov- crnor of Vermont, dodged, while ninety of his lo cofoco brethren voled against tho bill, including all ol .ur. rows comtuentiul Iricnas. Wo expect to see such a mm in Vermont meet with tho reward ho has justly earned. But while ho voles to enslave tho Negro and votes against and dodges bills for thu relief of tho Irish ho shows no more sympathy with his own race; ho has no moro sympathy lorlanlico blood, Hum he Ins tor Meeis-Wca negro or the stuiving Irish man. So ho very patriotically votes for a resolution ol censure upun uen. i uyior und the bravo olh cers w ith hint, for tho terms of humanity in tho capitulation ut Moiilcroy our soldiers did not fight long enough thero not enough life was lost in storming thai city I And even upon tho day ol Iho buttle ol liuena Vista, f'aul Hilling ham and iho party with whom he acted in Con lmuss. wore busy at Wuihiugtou, trying to nn point u Li. Gouerul, to tuku command over Gen uruls Scott und Tuvlor. Gen. Pillow, or Paul Dillingham, perhaps, might bo appointed lo tho office. For these acts and votes, tho locofoco putty aro responsible, sinco they havo shown their confidence in him, by electing him twico to Cougrrss, and by nominating linn tor Governor, Willi ins past hisiory ueioro mem (DMr. Calhoun predicted thut tho war with Mexico would last thrco yoars and would cost ONi: HUNDRED MILLIONS OF DOL LARS. He has under estimated tho cost. (L7s'Tlio loss of tlio American urmy in Mexi co, by discuso am! iho sword, amounts lo seven thousand five hundred men. "H li oailur la plWIi than to practice." 'old maxim Illustration." Beneath its benign swoy poaco und prosperity prevail. Freed from Iho burdens and miotic ol war, our trade and inter torcourso liuvo extended through ihu world. Mind no longer tasked in devising means to ao compllsh or resist schemes of ambition, usurpw lion or collie, is dovoting itsolf to man's true iniorcsis, in uovoloping his laculties and powers. mm mu tupauuy 01 naiuro to minister lo his en joyniQiiis." Jtuxts A. W inaugural. ORLEANS COUNTY. I Pursuant to provlous notice) tho Whigs of Or leans county met in convention at Irasburgh, on the 15th of July 1817. Tho convention was cal led lo order by Gorgo Worlhinglon, jr., chairman oftho county committee. linn. D. M. Camp was appointed President, and H. F. Prentiss, Secretary. Voted that a committee of one from each town represented, bo appointed to present to tho convention tho name ol'somo person as a suitable candidate for coun ty Senator. Messrs. Story, Nye, Dickcrman, Worlhinglon, J. Bates, and Allen, were appointed a committee to report resolutions to tho Convention, who re ported the following, which, after icmarks from various members of the convention, wero unani mously adopted. lloiolved, t hai, as over, wo aio determined to lulain the well established principles of thu Whig party and wo oro moro than ever convinc- I of tho necessity of so doitiL'. fro. u all the prom inent measures of the present Administration. Jlcsoivcd, Thai protection to American Indus try and American Rights, arc principles too broad and clear to admit of compromise and in sus taining these principles, tho Whigs act in ac cordance with tho best interests ol all, by insist- g on tho doctrines ol rcace, i rccdom and Equal Rights. Fur this have wo battled, and will utile, until wu conq'icr, or the Inst square is broken up. J lie II lugs vtvtr sin inula; Rci'nlvcd, that it is Iho duly of Northern Whigs to lake mound in decided opposition in the election o! any man to Iho Presidency, who not opposed to tho further extension of slavery, d the lurthcr acquisition ol hiroign territory. Resolved, That us conservators of all the great nd valuable interests ol America, iho duty do lives on iho Whigs to guard tho bailot boxes Irom iho iraudmcnl loreigu votes so Ireely used by our opponents. This, fur tho protection ol adopted, us well as native Americans. Kcsolwd, That wp heartily concur in Iho nom inations for Stale officers, mado by iho Whig Statu Convention, and pledge our bc.t efforts in their Minport. J ho committee to present lo Iho convention some suitable person ns u candidulc for county enator, by their chairman, Judge raruer, ro- poited that they had ugrccd upon l.LISIIA Will i li, Esq., ot llrnwnington. Tho icport was unanimously adopted, and i'.li la While recommended to tho Freemen of Or- cans county lur their support at the coming elec tion. Convention then adjourned. DAVID M. CAMP, President. IIkm-.y F. Pr.n.vnss, Secretary. POLK'S NATIONAL DEBT. A correspondent (f tlie New York Tribune hows the operation of this debt to bo as follows. I lo estimates the while population of the United Stales at this date, nt 18,000,000 souls, and Air. Polk's war on Mexico, to bo ytaOOO.OOO, and represented by Treasury Notes und Certificates of Loan, which inheritance ho has awarded, to it: Stato. Percent. Amount 1. Now York, Hi $12,800,000 Pennsylvania 12 DJiOO.OOO Ohio, 12 U,GOO,000 Now Jersey, Massachu setts, Connecticut, Ver mont, Rhodo ls!und, Maine. Notv'llainnshire. Michigan, 25 20,000,000 Delaware, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Ala bama, .Missouri, Illinois, Indiana. Kentucky. Ten nessee, 03 2G,CCG,G00 Mississippi, Louisiana, Arkansas, 2 1,()G0,0GU Total, 100 SS0,!M3.333 Free States pay Gj per cent. $52,000,000. Slave States 3," percent.-S'.OOO.OOO. iNo wonder tho South do not hesltato lo roll up u heavy debt upon the country, when they pay so little of it and get all the advantage. Tho u under is, that any Northern man is so blind as to go with tliom. 05 Wo aro glad to tee the following, an editorial of tho National Era : Abolition of SL,vvnnv. " Wc hold that by a proper use of the powers secured to the Slates and citizens thereof, under the constitution, slave ry may ho abolished; that tho dissolution ot the Union is jiof u necessary preliminary to emanci pation ; that thu South is not irreclaimable ; that I cmuncipation is evertb bo peaceably effected. it must bo by tho public sentiment ot the slave States, acting through individuals, through their Legislatures and courts or Justice." MR. CALHOUN. It will be seen by tlio following letter, that Mr. Calhoun has placed his foot, which, in theory, like lint of the God Terminus, never recedes, upon the non-interference of the North with the extension of Slavery. Upon lhat position he stands and intends to defend it. like Wellington thn lines of Torres Vcdras. In dclcnce or this position, he says ho defends the Constitution. So the Constitution is the masked batterv under tlio protection of which Human Slavery is to penetrate thu whole North American Continent. In such hollow mockery oftho rights or man, did our fathers frame the Constitulionr In tho sentitnent oftho iiait of the letter wo lavo italicised we agree with Mr. Calhoun. The tunc has conic when Iho question must be met. Is tho tNorth icady lor tho issuer "With Union among ourselves, says i Mr. Calhoun, "wo have nothing to fear.'1 Can their bo no Union at the Noith on the subject? Cannot the North bo ns closely cemenleJ by principle as iho South by interest? In ull probability, the question ol Tarlhcr terri torial Slavery must bo decided in tho next Con gress. We can havo no firm peaco with Mexi co till wo havo determined what territory of hers lo tanc and, wo trust, no territory till wo have (list determined whethor Slavery shall pervade it. Li Mich contingency, what courso is likoly to be elected? ThuSou'h will permit iho acquisi tion of no tciritory without Slavery tlio North should nut und may not admit Slavery with terri tory. The Soulh ivilt adhere to its determina tion. If iho Norlh should, no territory at all can be acquired and such may bo tl.o compromise of conllicting interests. But, to the letter. 7"-i- Fort Hill, Juno 27, IS 17. Dear Sm: I am in ihu recemt nf four nntn nl the 17lh inst covering the rcso ution adnntud hv a meeting oftho Whig parly of Putnam County, approving tho losolutiuns introducedjby mo in the Senato ot tho United Stutcs during ihu last ses oioii, in opposition in mu vvnmoi rroviso, and tendering tho thanks or Iho mooting fijr the stand i tool: in uciiuii oi our rights. 1 am happy lhat my resolutions and stand have met with the approbation of your meeting, nut so much on my account, ns ticcoptablo usls the approbation oi my (blldw-citizens to mo, but for a reason far more important. Cuming from u quarter of Iho Stato so respectable uud" influen tial, l nun it tis un omen thatlho Whigs of Geor gia mo prepared to do their duty in relercnco to u vital question involved in the resolutions I in troduced. I hope it is iho precursor of tho union of ull parties with ns to rnpol uu outrageous and un provoked assault on us ono thut involves our safely and that uflhu Union. Wo have tho Con stitution clearly with us. Mv resolutions have been assailed and denounced, but tho truth or .1 . ' tue principles mey usscri remains uncontested and iucnntctib!e. in defending them wo not only defend ourselves, but thu Constitution; and in defending it, tho Union itself, of which it is thu basis. Wo must not bo deceived The lime has come telun the question must be nut. It can no longer be avoided, nor, if it could, is it dciirnblc. The longer it is postponed, the more inveterate and dangerous mil become the hostile Jeelings between the slaveholding uud tion slavtholding Slalis. With union among ourselves ivo have riotlung to fear, but without it everything. The question is far ubovo tho purty questions of tho day. Ho who h not for us is against us. For your kind expression of fooling towurd me, in communicat ing the resolution, ucccpt my siucoro acknowj- odgmoni. With great respect, 1 urn, &c. J. C. CALHOUN Samuel Wales, Fvsq. from Iho Iloitnn Alia. HOW MUCH LONGER SHALL THE WAR CONTINUE ? How long do our Government mean to nro- tract and maintain a wrr of invasion, is n question now asked by men, of whom it might havo been said once, they wero or oil parlies, and in every section or tho country. How much longer will mo numimsiruiion ot James it. Folk persist in the fatal folly of seeking to eloso tho war by conquest, and bv adding (o tho mountains of wrongs against Mexico, wo havo already piled up? What have wo yet gained by tho war, bo iJo8 a triumph of our arms ? Notfiing. Our victories iim all barren. They yield us no Iruits. Our triumphs tiring us no nearer conquering a peaco man wo wero iwoivo months ago. Uur aggressions only add to tho exasperations of tho people ol Mexico. Our occupation of lior terri tory, and our scizuro of her cities, weaken and distract our own movements, but bring us no nearer, but if anything, drive us farther from tho desired object of peace. Tho administration, indeed, tell us thoy aro seeking "to conquer a peace," but thus far all they have done, us well rs all tht-y have slrivon lo do, seems lo havo placed them further and fur ther off' from their professed object. How much longer will they persist in thoir relrogado movo incuts towards a peace? How much longer shall thu treasury of our land bo wasted ? How much moio uf the host blood of Iho laud must bo pour ed out like water, to gratify this insathblo Mo loch iho desiro " to conquer a peace r" Co.v iUEU a Pkacb!! Has our government not yet hiuml out that they can never conquer a peaco ? All our armies and all our navies combined will inner bo ublo lo conquer peace wilh Mexico, Sno has told us that so long ns an American sol dier remains upon the soil of .Mexico, so long as un invader insults her dominions, though wo rav age her land, desolate her fields, burn nnd sack nor cities, and spread desolation farand wide, she win continue m resist to long as strength re mains; and siik wim, no it. i ho promises ot cacc, Iherelore, with which government stultify themselves, and seek to amuse the people, are all tutu- uuu juiiuiiuiia. I,u UIIU l.liowa I13 UCUCr than tho Uxccutivc itself, and yet tho Govern ment lliiuks to deceive the nation and to blind the eyes of the people, by its pretended hopes of peace. It persists in its seeming anticipations of peace, when bv this timo it must know full well that the lino of policy it persists in nursu- inp, makes tho hope ot peaco more remote than ever. It rejects with dlsi am tho on v course that can, by any possibility, givo us lhat peaco ii preterms so much to desire, and persists in lol lowing lhat courso which, mast of all others, will protract the war, s ell our national expenditures, destroy tho lives ot our men, waste our tieusLres, and accomplish nothing but a barren conquest, lluw much longer shall this state of things bo tolerated? How much longer will tho represen tatives oftho people in Congress assembled, con tinue to vote supplies to bo thus mado subservi ent to protracting histoid of arresting war? Uur Ftildiers do all that men can do. They defeat armies, they capture towns and cities, they march through and through the enemy's country. nut what does all this prohl us.-' Do they bend thu spirit of the people whom thev thus' over come? Do they hold moro tciritory than what thoy occupy in person? No! Our victories and uur conquests uro all without results. Wo cun sco no nppirent approach of peace, cither by conquest or by any other means. Wo cannot oven exorcise jurisdiction in our conquered ter ritories, except hy tho point of tho bayonof. Wo sco ull this, wo painfully realize ils truth, and yet there aro some who look forward to tho capture of tho city of Mexico, as tho means of giving us some important and Ueniutu result. These expectations aro no belter founded than have been those which the samo ncrsons have. r.o doubt, founded upon our brilliant successes at Palo Alto, Monterey, Buona Vista, Ccrro Gordo, Vera Cruz, and wherever success has followed our arms. All who expect that the capture of uiu.muu win urmg us any nearer a peace, aro ueauiieu to anomer disappointment. Uur capture of that city is an event which tho Mnvin.ina nui. dently expect themselves, and for which thoir minds are, in consequence, prepared. And vet so dcterniiped aro they in their resistance, that -.vuu ii uu u:u capture oi meir capital, the nom inal government should mako terms with the conquerors, the individual Slates are prepared, indeed llioy proclaim in advance their determin ation, to disown it. Already has a coalition been furmed of tho fivo States of San Luis, Mexico, 'w.n ....... l..i: I r. ' . . ' juustu uuu uuoretara tor this pur I"".-, .niuuuy nuvu mey promulgated an ad dress to their fellow countrymen, through then . v..crfvi.-, in iuvii muy iiuiu language line this: " .Mexicans I Tho coalition has been fnrmr.,1 int to be iho echo of paltry party interests; its noble mission has no other object than to defend mo mueponueuco ot our country and tho free in stitutions hy which it is governed. Tho coalition has met, not to call to account the high dignitu- ii" uuu generais ot m3 uepuuiic, but to aid them with the private resources of the Stales, which composo it, in tho common defence of our M-iuunaiiiy ; ii iijs nut met lo causj tlivisioi.s, but to unite all minds, and to mako all .Mexicans tlx their attention on two capilul points, ' inde pendence' und 'liberty.' "In this solemn moment wc havo judged it to bo uf ihe greatest importance lo explain to tho people tho object of our meeting, and iho sacred ends which so important and delicate a mission has in view. Upon this principle tho coalition, in the name of tho States which it represents, declares to tho nation that their object is no oili er than to maintain tho independence and tho present republican tederal system; that in tho c vent tint the national representation should, hy any accident, bo unablo to exercise its func tions, or if, without any faults of its own, it thoujd appear to bo with out the requisilo liberty in its deliberation, in tho opinion of tho coalition, then tho coalition will ro assumo tho representation of tho confederate Stales, as a centre of Union fur them. Wo protest that wo will never consent to, or bo bound by, any con vention or treaty of peace, with the Norlh Amer ican enemy, ns long as ho threatens or occupies tho capital or uny other point of the Alexican Re public ; wo also will not recognize any general suspension of arms which should coniprmo all the belligerent forces or tlie nation. The mai;; objects of the coalition being lo defend inic,,un dtneo and the federal system, we protest in tho same manner that so fur from separating from tho national union, tlio Slates which it represents urc determined to uid with their niivate rcsouices tho General Government, independent of the assis tance thoy ure by law bound to give ; so that tho ono causo common to us in ils disgraces and Us perils uny be sustained, ihu national credit and liondr rb-eslablished, and all possible opposition and rcsistanco mado to every attack upon tho popular federal representative system." uui cuu we nopo lo accomplish, by arms, with a people who meet us with Biich a deter- mined spirit uf patriotic rcsistanco as this ? With their sea coast blockaded, their principal cities in an enemy's hands, und their capital expected every moment tu fUM nay, with thu cxaectatiuu thai even their national government w ill be, lur tho tune, overawed or uubvorted by foreign bay onels, do wo bee them, with a spirit worthy of ..1.1 o I II . uiu umi i,i uuiti;ii, preparing lur ucperato resis tance, mid determined to die rather than assent tu peaco on such ignominious terms. With such a determined spirit to overcome, anJ against such u people, we may wagon war fur centuries, and yet never bo able to conquer a peaco. PREGNANT QUERIES. The Now Orleans National, oftho 8lh of July, has a scries of questions to tho Secretary of Stato, that aro full or meaning. An answer to the questions can scarcely bu hoped for now, but tho opening of Congress will cnublo tho iacis to bo obtained. Tho National says: woventuru lo assert, that tho war was unnecessaiy, even lo accomplish tho most grasping Viows of iho Ad ministration, relativo to Mexican territory. Why it was begun, will bo shown in due time. To como at thu facts, wu pioposo the following quo ries to Air. Ruclianuti, which wo wish he would answer affirmatively or negativoly Tho Union should ultoud to our questions, as thuro is not more behind ihoni, than the Union can know, if it will examino all thu paper of the Secretary of Stato, relu'.ivo to our relations with Mexico, re ceived ut Washington just bcloro tho battles of the eihand Olh ol .May, 1110. Serious Questions ron Mn. Buchanan to an sweii. , 1st. Wero you not, as well as Mr. Polk, In formed by letters, that if Gen. Taylor moved his forces, and took a position opposite Matanoros, a collision would tako place, and wero not these iuiluib Hum oiii.ii u euuicu, aa you could not and did not (as subsequent events prove) discredit ' them? Have you not lltese tellers on file among the private papirs of the department oj State ? and did you not refuse last winter to givo copies of them? 2d. Wore you not shown the correspondent of Gen. Arista, with a gentleman of high stt-nd-ing in the United Slates, one who has filled an important diplomatic office in Mexico, In which Gen. Arista slated lh.it the government or tio United atales could git by treaty or purchase to tho lino or tho Rio Grande? tid, Were you not shown n nolo of General Arista's, in which ho stated lhat if tho Govern ment of the United Slates acquired titlo by pur chase or treaty to tho Rio Grande, tho provinces of Tcmaulipas, St Leon, and Zacatccas, would unite themselves mitli 7V Jdiracy of the United Slates ! Is not tho letter lliided lo ubovc, on hlo in your department? 4tll. Wero you not Informnil hv nn nvtirnso ill. roct from iho camp of Gen. Aristi.. . ihn nnv. crnrnciit ol' Mexico would receive a commission er to settle tho boundary question, but would not rcctivii a minister, and was not Air. Sidell sent off on his useless errand after you received tho express from Arista's camp? Havo you not got tho letter sent by that express in your possession, and others, subsequently written, by tho same l.n...t A...... ,V... ri.l in i.inu iiuiu ,,u uriuausr Slh. Did you not have several nrivalo int.'i. iews in Washington, with tho ."nntlnm.i sent tho express from Arista's camp, in which you thanked him in behalf oftho hinted States lor the-servicca hu had rendered tho government, and did you not as well as Mr. Polk, entirely ap prove ol his views? and did you not endeavor to detain him in Washington to avail yourself of us prcsuiieo aim miormation Olh. Did you not at the Cabiuet Council, lnv before tho members the whole correspondence, and did you not concur with Hon. Robeir, J, Walker and other members (tho Hon. J. Y. Ma son dissenting, (Atf Me time for aggressive meai- uics on mu part oi mo united States had arriv ed ; and did not the Hon. Robert J. Walker, at that meeting propose a plan to subjugate Mexico nun u siuiiuing army o ii.uuu men 1 7th. Have you not been urged by rnun in and out of power, to produce tlie letters alluded to above, lo relieve you or the charge of acting with duplicity towards Air. Polk, and of pretending ig norance of the facts contained in the correspon dence we li'ivo called for? Death ok Cai't. Fdso.n. Thn fullowiriT letter conveying the melancholy intelligence of Ihe deceuso uf u most meritorious officer, ho3 been enclosed to U3 by tho Navy Department for publication : U. S. Frigate Ramtax, Hampton Roads, July 2-', 1317. $ Sir: Tho melancholy duty devolves unon me of communicating to the department tho decease ot Captain Alvin Edson, of the marine corps, wno died ol lever on Iho 18th instant. Ilts ro mains were communicated to the deep, with ap propriate Honors. Lapt. Ldsun served under mv command on board the "Cumberland," ond was transferred to this ship. As commanding ollioerof the marines of Iho squadron, ho was associated with me in the various expeditions against the enemy, and also served with tho ar.nv durini' tho whole sios'o of Vera Cruz. Whenever opportunity offered, he was foremost in battle. He was a brave, generous, and capable officer; and while his brother officers mourn the untimely death of ono so distinguished fur noble qualities of head and heart, the public service has lost one of Us brightest ornaments. I have the honor to be, very respectfully, F. FORRES I , Captain, lion. Joii.n Y. Maso.n, Sec. of the Navy. Union. LATE FROM VERA CRUZ. Uatllc between Ihe troops under Gen. Pierce, and the Mexicans at the .Vational Bridge Defeat of the Mexicans. Two Peace Commissioners ni,nM,ll..l li.l tar..fn Advices to tho 16th inst. have been received from Vera Cruz. Gen Pierce had taken his de parture wilh V00 men. A bailie look place near tho National Bridge, between thn Americans and 400 Mexicans. Tho Mexicans were defeated with a loss ot 150 men. Gen Pierco returned to Vera Cruz for rc luforcements. Gen. Scott was still at Puebla. Generals Cadwallader and Pillow wero at Pcrote. Tho Mexicans had suffered a defeat at LaHoya. The Vermontors are under Gen. Pierce. There had been an appointment of two Com missioners by the Alexican Government to confer with Mr. Trist. SantaAnna was supposed to bo Tor peace. Col. Do llusscy was attacked by 1200 .Mexicans at Huegulla, surrounded and placed in great peril. The Col. cut his way through tho enemy with the loss or 20 men killed and 10 wounded. Magnetic Times. The Liter News rnoi Ah.xrco. Tlio Mex ican News, which wc havo hercteroro received by driblets through Ihe .Magnetic Telegraph, in a very conrused nnd unsatisfactory shape, has at last arrived by due course of mail, and seems to amount to but very littlo after all. Tho report or a skirmish between general Pcarcoand the .Mexi cans appears to have had no foundation in Tact ; and thu rumor that the Alexican government had appointed three commissioners to meet Air. Trist, seems lo bo equally groundless. Indeed, a subsequent Telegraphic report from Richmond says The mail is in this morning from Now Orleans but wc havo no confirmation of tho report ot tho appointment of Commissioners by Alexico to make peace. A gentleman who left tho city of .Mexico on the Glh and Tampico on tho 17th, stales that he had heard nothing oftho appoint ment of Commissioners on tho part or Alcxtco to meet Air. Trist. Tho .Mexican Congress was not in session, and there really was nobody to appoint Commission ers, unless Santa Anna'as3umod tho power which tho report does not pretend. i no telegraphic report further says: "Doubts as to in nnsmnri nsp- !-. :... CCrt i mow, reported capturq at Aledellin Hlh." Whin- prisoner Which means, wo presume- That Mr. Whipple, reported as lassoed, was a prisoner nt Aledellin, on tho 14th. but the rest. 711101 subc! Vf.hsium- a.nd Canada Railroad. Tho first meeting of tho Directors of tho "Vermont and Canada Railroad Company" was holden at lloston, agreeably lo notice, on the 20th ultimo, and tho Company was organized by tho election oftho Hon. John Smith ol'St. Albans, President of tho Hoard of Directors, Sfniuel II. Walloy, Jr. Treasurer, and Lawrence liruincrd, Esq. of El. Albans, uicrK pro tern. 1 no Hoard ot directors consists ol iho follow ing persons : J. V. t,D.Mo.ns, uoslon, Mass., S. S. Lewis, " " Sam'j. M. Felto.v, Charlestown, Alass., Charles Paine, Noilhficld, Vt., George Parish, Ogdensburgh, N. V., Lawrence Uhaineiio, St. Albans, Vt., John Smith, " " Tho statistics of the Nashua and Lowell Rail road shows a condition or the greatest prosperi ty. It was incorporated in 183(5. Opcnod in 1833. Length 11 miles. Cost $500,000. Vuar. llocclti- l.irniei. Net inraaio. DivlJcnJi. ISM, 3I.,.VM U3.1T70 3li,53U 8 per cent. 104, i.w uirito llilJ, 81,071) 3!m 1S4I, DI.M9 Sl'.tiH Id 15, ll'J.tSd ld-OiO 1840, 137,499 70,379 Tulal $G87,Mi 405,17a 977,030 Mrorccnt. averaging over 10 per cent, per annum. Or tho reads more recently completed and now in successful operation, may bo mentioned iho following t The Fiichburg incorporated in 1812 open ed March 5, 1815 length, 10 miles- cost, $1,. 000,000. In 18KJ, receipts were $280,(i45-ex-ponscs, $117,4 17 -net income, $109,103 divi dend, 10 per cont. The Old Colony incorporated in 1811 op ened Nov. 10, 1815 length, !17 miles cost, 1,400,000. In 1810, rccolpls wero $125,711 oxpensos, $57,230 net income, $G8,181 divi dend, c per cent. 41,078 8 ai.UII 10 64,070 I) 57,517 10