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BY E. P. WALTON & SONS.
MONTPELIElt, THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 24, 1848. VOL. XLII, NO. 15. WHOLE NO. 2158. iUntcljmcm & 0tatc journal. ruiiLisnnu cvunv thuhspay morning. TtttlMS $150 cmIi In idvonce $3 00 If tiaymont ! not nude In ndrancoj Interest alwnyi charged from tho ondof the year Ipoctrw. Tor the Watchman and Journal. THE VOICE OF VERMONT. nv mus. r.uzA i. parson. 11 Retained, by the Senate and House of Rrprrstntat'ttet, that Wrmnnt wtll nut give tier coiiiitcnnnto. old, or imtent tn tho Admitilon Into the I'mlenl Union of uny nw Stnte hIkiiq Constitution tolerate Slavery J mi'l duet horeby appeal to nrh of tun litt-i Stutf to concur, In it own name, In tlili delr'llnn." ctflBi Ruoltes, October Session t IS JO, In u fair valley of the Mountain State, Where, mid grccnclarf hilli, an omernld gate, Wlnootkl, burning from hit strait defile t, Yields to lis nierfdovMirhle Mi tportivn imtlns, A dome uprise, Witdom calli her own t In that green glen eet Hummer's knell hod lung, And Autumn pipo a mournful ehorux mnj, When from that pile camv foith a thrilling tone. Sisters t )e thirteen glnrinui ilait, Tlmt rullnl in concert when the HrltUh Mars Poured blood, and death, and woe, md tram, And (liming ruin o'er jour Infant spheres And jn, fulr shilling ones, of Iitnr birth, Round to our group by rrlendihip'n sacred girth 1.1st to my voice 1 My sons that dwell On mounttiln brow, hi girdled dell, Or cast tho golden seed on harrowed plain, Or ply the plow und force the ttjigtird team, O'er flowery valts tlmt luce Connectln's stream, Or pufh the lulrn bo it o'er blue Champlaln, Are free 1 free ni the mighty breeze That shakes with ginn. uervo my trees Free ns tho springs that lo my rocLy hills And glad my smoother glades with winding rills Fico as the light that Sous from yonder sun, O'er tho ilcli coll their valiant lathers won. Their bunnct with Its rtrlpos of glory waves O'er freemens home--o'er freemen's graves And shnll thoy, for vile thrift or gain, VaAe ulitit each scorns to ee a slavo ! Or hind on human limbs a chain They would not wear, savo In the grave i Hear, sisters, hear ! 30 elder onoi, Who bear the scourge within your rones, And e who joy in Freedom's atmosphere, Like henvi'ti's fluent ether, spotless, clear U there an orb ilmt doth Incline Our comielhitud band to join? Has he a dark, unholy spot, Whcio Freedom's banner floatnlh not? Iluth the n furge upon her blight domains, Where the gold-demon wcldcth servile chains f Doth she a fiMne hold. In glen or hill, Where lion force coerces human will? Where God's own Image, an ImmurUl soul, Shrinks wither, nenth a despot's brute control ? It like yon ttlurn, all beaming bright With seven-fold ttreums of lunar light, Fncomp.tned with a g'urloui ring, All lined with every precious thing Tho senses ever knew Or like tin orient paradise, That doth tho wlldcit sketches rcalizo EVr dreaming fancy drew J Or like the Now Jerusalem, Iter wuIN of goM enfit gate n gem ; Could sho o'er mo forevermoru Tull streams of milk un 1 honey pour; Or could she make my tall proud pinef With adamantine brillinnts shine, Lustrous as when the Polor-king Waves o'er lis plumc his fronty wing : Hear each, hear ull, I will not clasp Such sister with a friendly grusp ; With my auent sho may not bring Iler leptout heart within our ring. Ry that proud bird, whoso pictured form Floats on our Aug In calm ami storm Ry that red gorn that drenched my virgin soil When patriots fell In battle's fierce turmoil Ry Alleb's menioty, ull tho hruvc, whose fame With ray eternal gilds my humble nnmo, My skiits I'll clear my hands I'll wish From blood that flecks the sluvehcrd's lash ; My free consent I will not give To !et tho inon'ler Slavory lite I will not help to give bun strength To stretch his limbs tu endless length. Join t sisters, all join in my cry, Fpeepom rortEYcal Slate rt, die! Lunenburg. BUve'ry was not vuluntnrily Instituted by tho colonies, bnt tmpoed upon them by tho purtmt country and thus tt may be considered In the light of on entailed calamity, rath er 1I1 un the r-iult of preinonitatod culpability. See the treat of Vermont. sleight of intellect what it formerly a chicvctl by sleight of hand. In our age of universal intelligence and universal education, when war and industry arc rapidly passing from the sphere of the sinews to that of iho soul, from tho bones to tho brain, it would be strange indeed if the knaves did not 'feel and follow the general impulse. Pickpockets, highway men, burglars, pirates, the time-honored professors of stealing and slabbing, are of tho past, and, like other forms of an tiquity, may bo profitably idealized and represented in novels ; but, in themselves, the) do not meet the great wants of tho age. It is a philanthropic age, in which more is thought of humun life than of human nature ; und thieves therefore For the Watchman and Journal. A SONG. BY 51 118. ELIZA 0. W. r ARSONS. 01 my, will thou lovo mo when mountalniahall rlie. And veil, roll between ui their meuiureleiiB wavoa Though futff hat d-crced ui forover to part, And tho nlglit-dev to full on out leuuruto grave 1 ? 0 1 lay, will no denr-lovoJ romonihranco remain, When all ol.e of earth la luit-ldding uway, .Till tho hand I now cldp anil the lip ( now preil Mubi j ieM to tho triumph ol mighty Decay I Juttiu will I lovo tAei though ttili le the lait Mine eyea ott thy beautiful liuigu may dwell Though I breathe not thy rmmo, end I rmy not reveal The ihuughta that my foni burning boaom will awell Vet, yet, will 1 love thee and year may roll nn, Aud green In my breual thdll thy memory grow, ' Till the heart that hat uurved It In aecret, forlorn, May ahiuud In the tuinb all lit love und it woe. Lunenburg. object nnd "grand idea" nro tho same, ft operates on clergymen, lawyers, the lilcrnry nnd educated classes, who, as thoy nre learned in their own professions, and ns thoy are known under tho gener al name of intelligent men, nro apt nb nurdly to bo set up as judges of medi cine. The opinion of n clergyman or lawyer, on the treatment of a disease of which ho knows nothing, is commonly ennsidcrdd more valuable than that of a physician who has made it a special study. The folly of this would bo in stantly seen if n physician should dog malizo on theology and law. Because n man's opinion is good in somo special department of science he has made his own, people nro prone to imagino that it turo of politics. Here wo have a field ns wide as free government. The objeel of quack politicians is to gain under the forms of liberal institutions the same ob jccls which courtiers intriguo for in a des potism. Servility, trickery, fiaud, false hood, nonsense, they accordingly set to the tunc of tho Declaration of Indepen dence ; nnd try hard to make it appear that tho primal object of a freo govern ment is to reduce its citizens ton vassal age to King Quack. Each has some uni versal panacea for the cure of every mal ady of the state, nnd for the filling up of every vacuum in his own purse ; nnd to compass both objects, all of them ad the senso contrived to dodge their anal ysis, oven when thoy seemed to have cunningly driven it into its last corner. This order of metaphysics belongs to tho genteel quackery of tho intellect, end is only pntronized by people of " refin ed" minds. Tho literature of moral humbug chiefly consists of books evin cing n singular ignorance of everything but u few ethical commonplaces, which, expressed in u corresponding imbecility of stylu, nnd steeped thoroughly in n " do-mo good" sort of atmosphere, arc considered admirably qualified to direct the moral education of the young. Theso little volumes, manufactured to must contrive to make medicine do thc'hns authority on subjects of which he is work of murder, and pill the fool thoy as ignorant us other men. rrom not formerly pistolled. By this method, al-j considering this plan of distinction, a so, they may not only obtain the money I large number of the "upper ten thnu he has about his person, but likewise ! sand" and middle ten hundred thousand, what he has in the bank. It is an intcl-Jnrc daily delivered over to quacks as av lectual age, and why capture n ship an.aricious, ignorant nnd impudent, nsevcr the high seas when you can do it more 'paraded universal panaceas in newspa comfortably on 'change? why drain jpers or bullied tho unintelligent into pill blood from a man by a dagger when it , taking. Tho cemctrics, doubtless, have can be done more securely by n discount ? a story to tell of genteel as well ns vul- why knock out his brains with a cudg- gar quackery. Many persons have found el when you can bamboozle them in a a watery grave without risking n voyage bargain, or addle them with a fanaticism ? on tho ocean, and doses have been found It is an age of peace, and words must i none the less efficient from being as in thercforo perform the office of bullets, finitesimul as tho honesty of the dosers. nnd blarney do the work of bludgeons.) As a benevolent concern for the bodi And above nil, it is an age of activity , ly health is the motive of the medicine nnd enterprise, an ago of new discove- quack as it would be ungracious to sup- ries and new devellrics, an age of mag-1 pose he was actuated by any impulse nclic telegraphs and Mississippi bonds, j having its spring in tho pocket so wo and it would be indeed odd if, in the swift race of progress, the rogue did not keep his natural station in the van of the movement. Humbug, therefore, expresses the method by which avarice, deceit, theft, piracy, all grades of sin and folly, may gain their objects of plunder in a legal and peaceful way. And as its essence is pretence, as it drives its trade under a cloak of seeming benevolence, patriot ism or philanthropy, it gets gratitude as well as gold from the intelligent public it bamboozles. Its relation to mankind is like the relation of lago to Othello. The former was not content with ruin ing the Moor; but his vilhiny would have wanted its finest zest, if it had not been honored with the thanks of its vic tim for making him " egregiously an ass." Tho genius of Humbug has many must suppose that philanthropy is the great source of the lies and blunders of the reforming quack. Reform is n no- i .1 . i f oie uimg in useii, anu reiormers nro n mong the noblest specimens of the spe cies : but us ull good things have n shell as well as kernel, an appearance as well as a substance, and ns everybody con distinguish appearances while few can detect substances, every good thing is liable to gross perversions. Quack phi lanthropy is the product of perverted re form, and its operations in the present ago ore among the most astounding mar vels of humbug over witnessed. Under the cover of a love for mankind, a which, when genuine, is accompanied oy a churity tor all men, it enables its disciples to glut their appetite for defa mation and detraction ; to dignify their vituperation with the name of moral drcss flatteries to the people which would i order, nnd commonly the product of min disgust the Grand Lnmn or Russia's au tocrat, and which nn experienced cour tier of a despot would have too mucin sagacity to employ. Tho written nnd spoken compositions which contain the principles, both obviom nnd latent, of gieu nypornsy ana lecbieness, uro ex ceedingly useful in converting Yankees into Pharisees. As for clothing tho soul in any armor which shull withstand the nrrnws of sin and tho shocks of tempta tion that is an object which they only modes of compassing its designs, and it courage : to set up their httlo clique of ivoulu be impossiblo to hunt its energies wordy tnnatics as tho bir (Jraclcsot wis- ittisccllcmcoua. THE From the Voting American' Magazine. LITERATURE OP HUM BUG : AN ETHICAL KXTUAVAO ANZ A. What is Humbug ? It is tho child of theft und deception, embodying tho nature ol both its parents, but so com bined ns to possess the advantages with out running tho risks of robbery. It in dicates a transference of money from tho pocket of the Gull to the pockut of the Rogue, not by presenting u pistol to tho head or placing a knile under the ribs, but by putting a pill into the mouth or a foolery into the brain. It is thus a safe sort of thievery, very much in vogue, us it suggests to the enterprising no ugly pictures of aspiring 'Jlucano poundin in a prison or gyrating fiom a gallows, Uiflioiiesiy lias found, after a fair trial that smoothing granito is a laborious kind ot muscular exertion, mid that hanging is somewhat injurious to the health, and it has accordingly hit upon a modo by which pockets cun be legally picked nud bruins blown out. Tho picturesque high way, with it romantic nccompuuiments of traveller nnd purse, of burglar and blunderbuss, huvo been declared behind tho ago, and unworthy tho advancing in telligence of the ruscul race. It has ac cordingly been abandoned for tho public street and the thronging Imunis of men, where mind can bo fuirly pitted against mind, and whero roguery enn win by within any one sphere of operation. But its most influential assault on the human head and pocket, is by a species of writ ten composition which we take the lib erty of calling its literature. This liter ature of Humbug, in some cases com pounded of brass and brains, in others wholly brazen and brainless, runs through various degrees of talent and turpitude, and runs into many departments of thought nnd action. But whether it in vades medicine, metaphysics, politics, theology, reform, trade or philanthropy, its one object is to bring all men under the despotism of King Quack ; and its one mode of procedure is to tickle the conceit or flatter the ignorance of man kind, by the declaration, inscribed in shining characters on its brazen brow EVKUY MAN HIS OWN EVERYTHING. This magnificent puerility, this ingenious non sense, is the most admirable device ever invented by craft to lure men from the old tracks of wisdom into the slavery of error and folly. Every man his own physician, his own statesman, his own priest, his own lawyer, is but another form of expression for Every man under tho dominion of the quack, every man his own fool, every man his own ruin. And this messenger of Humbug, proclaiming universal liberty, and breaking ull the bonds which bind the weak to the strong, will be found at last to be of that de mocracy of rascality whose sway is the most galling and remediless of tyrannies. First, let us refer to the literature of quack medicine, the most remarkable literature over spun from tho brain of Im pudence The country is flooded with quack doctors, ' italued down from heaven In a ihowor of pllti," whoso cunning of mind nnd fingers is incessantly occupied in preparing doses of death or delusion for " the most en lightened nation on tho face of the earth." They are unmntclicd for skill, with which they devclopo und stimulate the creduli ty of tho public through tho press. Their great cngino is the newspaper advertise ment. It is ncodlcss to describe tho character of this, nnd tho peculinr cx- travngnnco of falsehood it embodies. It is commonly a tissue of lies, more or less ingeniously woven, which could on ly provoko n roar of laughter from a man in health ; but it is bo managed as to strike directly nt tho volitions of the sick. Its palpable absurdity only indicates the depth of its practical cunning. Tho quuek's advertisement, indeed, is one of the most sagaciously ridiculous products of tho literature of Humbug. Tho Inst of its excellence is in its influenco. It induces tho sick to purchase tho small compact death-dealing pills it celebrates, nud no ono in the custom of visiting graveyards can fail to acknowledge its perilous efficacy, Tho humbug of medicine is of two kinds tho vulgar and tho genteel. Tho former is most universal ; but tho latter is growing fast. Tho literature of gen teel quackery is of course more Addiso nian in its diction, and moro blandly in sinuating in its style of thought, than its " rough nnd ready" companion ; but its dom ; nnd to prank out their ignorance, conceit, rancor, and unreason in the guise of universal philanthropy und pure religion. J he written and spoken com positions, in which they embody their frenzied fooleries, arc whisked and haw ked about all over the land to direct the moral and intellectual judgments of the people. Their great cry (and it may be added, their little wool) is " oppressed humanity ;" and certainly we should be inclined to echo it, if wo supposed that any largo portion of " humanity" read the windy diatribes, in which such aspir ing mediocrity asserted its phenomenal existence. Of the best of this class of pseudo reformers, charity can only say, in tho words of Bacon, that they have " small matter nnd infinite agitation of wit." Most of them nre mere repeaters of tortured commonplaces and stalo fren zies, about liberty, slavory, freo air, chains, whips, lashes, and the like, which they have caught from somo excitable gentleman laboring under nn opulcnco of clanking words and a poverty of stri king thought. Aud yet this galvanized imbecility goes under tho name of fine writing, and is deemed by somo wisea cres to be unmatched for vigor and elo quence. Such furiously verbal lovo of mankind is bad enough when it is the natural ex pression of tho boiling conceit of tho writer. But bad as it is, " worse re mains behind." This humbug philan thropy has become u trade as much ns making nostrums ; audits disinterested benevolence, in all the glories of its strain ed expression nnd strangled thought, is manufactured to order. After a man has failed in everything else, ho is apt to turn reformer, nud convert tho wealth of the quack politicians, arc too familiar to pretend to have in view, need quotation or analysis. They ovcr The literature of theological humbug suggest the image of a slippery knave, j is partly the production of fanaticism pouring praise into tho public ear while and partly that of rationalism. Both ho is quietly engaged in picking the pub-, kinds are mischievous, though perhaps lie pockets. tho former is the most deadly as the lat- There is another department of polit- teris the most debilitating. Both nre ical literature which almost equally de-1 quack medicines fur the soul ; but in the serves the honor of being stamped with .one case we have the delusion in large the broad seal of humbug. This is po bottles, in the other we have it in iutin litical abuse, which consists in using' itesmai I doses. It ought however to be fierce language having no applicability 1 considered that rationalism is commonly to its objects, and springing from no en-j the product of funuticism, on the prinei thusiasm or passion in the writer. It is pie that extremes generate their oppo denunciation on mechanical principles, sites. Bigotry has the deepest scat in and has no more heart in it than if it i the passions, and is more widely influen procecded from Bnbbagc's calculating tial. Its compositions arc fair trans machine. Men of straw, named after scripts of the minds of those men, "who seme prominent statesmen, nro set up, i think with tlicir spleen, write with their and pommeled with the pet epithets of gall and pray with their bile ;" of men party; and no pretension is made to ni-jwho, in tho language of Bacon, " bring cety of touch or felicity of application, down the Holy Ghost in tho shape of a All individual traits arc lost sight of in a' vulture or n raven instead of in the like mass of wilderiug vituperation. Hyper-! ncss of a dove, and hang from the bark bolo is placed upon the rack, to wring ! of the Christiun church the flag of a strong epithets from its ugonies nnd con- j bark of pirates and assassins." The lit tortions, and these are used by men who'erature which proceeds from n.cnof this nre in the blandest temper in the world, ' f tamp, may bo fairly classed with the and who affix no meaning at all to the 'compositions of humbug, sounding expletives they send rattling In glancing over what we have writ over the page. Such writing requires no ten, we find wo have been making what talent, und imdeates poverty rather than 'our readers might call an immoderate opulence of languuge ; but it still is ta-1 plea for moderation, nn intemperate as ken as evidence of a great genius foilsault on intemperance. Wo also find politics, and is read with profound atten- we have said nothing which arises much tion by all whose feeble bigotry it grati-! above the dignity of commonplace. fies nnd stimulates. Why is it that what is so obviously true The most influential deception in pol-j is so obviously overlooked ? How is it itics is practised by party catch-words j that when salvation lies in palpablo axi aud cant phrases." A few captivating oms, perdition should bo sought in pal- rallying cries will often carry the day n- pable falsehoods? Why is it that th,e "Waal," said Tom, ono day, with his inimitable drawl, "I'm sure, I've shinned up and down these ladders aud ropes long enuff ; as for eating, taint to bo ex pected that ono man can cat enuff to fatten such nn alfircd skeleton ns mine. I wish I may bo darned if I don't try that shower bath you tell mo so much a bout." As Tom and I were as thick ns two such thin men could be, I volunteered to show him whero he could get one in short order. Wc accordingly started for tho United States Hotel, then called Texas. In tho basement story of this house were u largo number of bathing rooms, fitted up with hot, cold, and show er baths. The latter were temporary wooden boxes standing on end, with doors bolting on the inside, and a very capacious showering apparatus in tho top. I went in to take a warm bath, while Tom made ready for his cold ono in the next room. As the partitions wore very thin, I overheard him soliloquizing alter this lasluon "Waal, now, that upright coffin with holc3 in the bottom, and a sieve in tho top, may pass for a shower bath here, but I guess if wo had it down east, 'twouldn't bo long before we had it sot for eels 1 blast tho thing 1 Wonder how it works. Here, you Susan, Sally, what's your name ?" calling to the servant girl, "just come here, nnd show mo how the critter works. 1 don't see no shower." "Oh, my I" cried the girl; "don't you know how ? Why, 'tis easy enough ! You pull this 'cro string, and I guess you'll sco a shower, and feel it too. 1 om, who stood outside, caught hold f the string, and before the girl could interfere, gave it a tremendous pull. when down came a deluge of water, spat tering them, and swimming the carpet. " 1 here, now you see I" said the girl, udignantly gainst reason and truth. They are ad dressed to tho car rather than to tho mind, and though instantly resolved by analysis into follies though they are bubbles which break into suds nt the slightest touch of argument they aro still wonderfully effective. Thoy com monly neither express the objects nor opinions, good or bad, of the parties who use them, and depend altogether for their existence on an immunity from oxuiniu ntion ; arid yet they constantly pass from mouth to mouth ns cmbouimunts of prin ciples. It would be impossiblo to calcu late the amount of popular delusion they represent. It might not be safe to refer to those which obtain in this country. From England, however, we may cull a few instances. Sir William Grant, in opposing nn innovation, used tho words, " the wisdom of our ancestors." From his time the phrase has been the pet ex pression of tho lory party, aud lias al ways been employed as a scarecrow to reformers, whenever they attempted to overthrow some pestilent abuso which sprung from the folly, bigotry, or wick edness ot their ancestors, in hardly a single instance has it been properly up plied. It ever means not the wisdom but the injustice " of our ancestors." quack is taken for a seer, when his igno ranee nud knavery arc so easily seen ? Why is it that the literature of Reason is avoided and the literature of Humbug devoured? Why should men bo ascet ics in common sense, nud only gluttons and wine bibbers in folly ? The unswers to these questions should be left to those competent lrom experience to answer knowingly ; but it is to bo fenrcd that the testimony of tho bitten would bo of n Kind not to prciudice the uiter, and that from tho quack-ridden vc should have nulls rather than proscriptions of the quack-riding ; for it is an old and melancholy teaching of sardonic wisdom, that 44 tha (ilfiiure li ai groat Ot hoing ehoateil ai to cheat." JJiimocous. Fiom the Spirit of the Time.. A Yankee in a Shower Bath. his vocabulary into the moro substantial Kind reader, did you ever take a show er bath ? I mean a right cold one, and in cool weather ? If you have, you will know how to appreciate the feelings of my friend, lorn U , upon the moment Again, the cry of ' Church and King" ous occasion of his first shower bath, in represents neither religion nor loyalty ; tho city of Boston, nnd month of March, but, as generally employed, signilies, us' 18-1 Dr. Purr has ingeniously said, " n church Tom C hails from a long way "down without tho gospel and n king above the 'cast," or, as ho used himself to say, he law." Tho most bigoted opponents of , "was brought up as near to sunrise ns ho Catholic emancipation rejoiced to call could get without burning, nnd where tnemseives rutiies, tnougu rui leu oi- tho woods wero so thick tho moon fice because he could not carry emanci- couldn't riso without help." Ho stands nation. It would bo needless to miilti-' nix feet two natuiul, nnd six feet six ply instances, familiar to every student inches when ho stretches. . His breadth coin of the pocket. Ho becomes accor- of the history of parties, of the strange is not quito in proportion, although his opposition oetween tue terms oi pontics nones were gotten up lorn giant, tiud and the conduct of politicians. In se- they been fiutly covered with flesh, ho lecting a party cry, the universal custom would have been invaluablo to' Barnum.' is to invent ono which shall operate on . Tho truth is, Tom was very lean indeed, popular prejudices or desires, not ono j and this leannrss annojed him exceed which shall express tho principles and in-1 iugly. I lis clothes would bo open at tcntionsof the party leaders. The con-1 tho elbows aud knees in half the time of sequence is, that tho rank nnd file of a1 those of his fattor fellows, and Tom parly nro ulways more disappointed when) vowed to got fai, if only for tho sake of tuey triumph than when tuey inn. iu economy Moro Truth than Poetry. An old picturo represents a king sit ting in state with a label : " I govern all :" a bishop with a legend. " I nrav for all ;" a soldier with tho motto, " I fight for all;" and a farmer drawing forth reluctantly a purse with the in scription, " I pay for all." Height of Selfishness. President Polk, meeting with a volun teer who had lost a limb at Churubusco, congratulated him very eloquently upon the glory he had acquired. " Glory be hanged !" said tho patriot, " I only wish I had my arm 1" A bachelor in Detroit having adver tised for n wife to sharo his lot, an "anx ious inquirer" has solicited information as to the size of said lot. dmgly a dealer in slander and vitupera tion, makes merchandize of railing, and I regales himself on the profits of his ran-1 cor. As every man who is not n natur-j al fool, who has sufficient intelligence to be n rogue, can command tho cunning, aud shamclcssness necessary to makci him a trading hack of reform; 'tho busi ness, in theso hard times, does not lack activity. Wo do not suppose theso observations cun bo misundcistood, except by thuso whoso misconstruction is a compliment to a writer's clearncss,but wo may n s well add that our remarks aro not directed at the truo but at the mock reformer. For tho man of noble aims and generous pas sions, wo can have sufficient respect, even when his zeal hurries him beyond his judgment ; but for his counterfeit, who apes his contortions and repeats his phrases, merely to make a ravenous van ity do the work of a strong mind, or for tho kuavo who follows iu his truck mere ly for hire and salary, wo huvo just us much regard ns charity will vouchsafo to givo to u literature of humbug. This debauchery of intellocl as dis played in n carousing in words, is espe cially soon in political compositions. The subject is a tender ono, but no essay on tha lileruturo of humbug would bo coin pleto which omitted to notico tho litern- obtuin their votes, pledges have been giv en which cannot bo redeemed. When people wish foolishly, politicians hnvo no resource but to promise recklessly. These promises, whether directly expres sed or only implied, consliluto u rich de partment of the literature of deception. It would bo well if quacks limited their effort to the perversion of medi cine, reform und civil government. Such a comparative abstinence in wickedness, however, would bo foreign to the wide ranging genius of dishonesty. It accord ingly flaunts ns bravely iu philosophy, morals and religion, as in uny other de partment of its activity. In Motnphys ics it gains a reputation for profundity by untangling u minute thread ot mean ing in a mesh of technical terms. Ma ny who huvo ventured to fellow tho truil of populur momphysio thought, in order to hunt down tho atom of sense it is said to contain, huvo uhvays found that Somo kind friend recommended tho Gymnasium as likely to bo bciioficial, nnd Tom forthwith enrolled himself at Sheridan's. It was there I first mot him, and n right good fellow, with plenty of fun nnd wit in him, ho proved to bo, in spile of his unpromising exterior. Among the gymnasts, Dr. was conspicuous, not only for his skill in ull athletic feats, but also for his beautiful, compact form, and superabundant mus cle. When ho "peeled,'' his urins and cIicbI looked smooth ns a woman's, and yet as muscular ns those of n "pocket Hercules." How our friend Tom enviod the Doc tor I Many questions did ho put to him about regimen, exercise, Ac, and their effects in producing flesh upon tho hu man frame. The Doctor attributed this redundancy to plouty of exercise, plenty to cut, and abovo all, to the daily uso of tho showtr bath, Yes, 1 see now," replied Tom very coolly. All this amused me considerably, but had a presentiment that tho fun was not finished. Tom adjourned to the room on the other side of mine, and the girl to wip- ng up the carpet, before I om had got ten ready to enter his bath, I was out of mine, and nearly dressed. All had been still in his room for several minutes, ex cept an occasional muttering of discon nected sentences, such as "Wonder what there is about tins to fatten a man. Never heard Noah was very fat, and ho took one for forty days Mighty small place to stuft my carcase nto. Guess there isn't much danger of ho water s coming up high enufl to drown mo. Wonder if 'twill fall any thing as that blasted shower did down to Bath, last summer," etc. I heard him, after stepping into his closet, shut tho door, which he carefully bolted ; and tho next minute there came a crashing ilam-bnng on tho floor, that made the house shake, followed by the most terrifiic screams and shouts of "Oh I Oh ! Oh ! Lord ! ' Oh! Oh I Thunder and lightning I Murder! Fire! Water Let me out I 1 in drowning '. l or God s sake, help I" and ending by calling on me most vociferously. Iu an instant, not only I but every ser vnnt and all others within hearing, male and female, were in tho room. Although he had not ceased shouting, nothing was to be seen of Tom, but in the centre of the floor lay the shower-bath, door downwards, und tho whole nfl'air abso lutely jumping from Tom's superhuman efforts to relievo himself. Wo rolled it over, the door flew open, nnd out tum bled the most astonishing mass of arms, legs, and body, ever presented to the as tonished gazo of human eyes. Ono moment was given to nstonish mont, the women scampered, and then mortal risibles could stand it no longer. Wo rolled on the floor in little short of convulsions. Tom raised himself up, too happy in his fancied escape to bo ve ry angry at us, but still evidontly trying to assume somo dignity. Dignity from such a figure, iu such n plight! I We roared louder than ever, and Tom, find ing it was of no use, joined in tho cho rus, until wo were compelled to stop from sheer exhaustion. Ho then having hustled on n part of his garments answered our repeated inquiries of "How it happened ?" "Why, you sco, when I got in that infernal man-trap there, I bolted tho door, and then it took me somo time to screw up my courage. I know it was all-Rrtd cold, and so I thought I would bring down the shower a little nt a time. Waal, you seo, I pulled tho string con saru it kinder softly, about an inch tu once. 1 had my shoulders drawn up my head down, my eyes nnd teeth shut, and guve it another little pull, when ker chouse ! camo a hull ocean of ice-water, right slap on mr head, taking away my bieath, and fuirly quackling mo. I mado one jump for tho door, but the plaguy thing was bolted, nnd over went tho hull machino kcrslau on tho floor 1 Then 1 got frightened und thought I was drown ing Buro enuff. May bo 1 didn't sing out, but twarn't no uso. I filed the ma chino so full I couldn't stir enuff only to knock all tho skin off my knees and el bows. Just thou you camo and let me out. and vou know all tha rest. Plaguo- ation tako tho shower-bath ! I wouldn't tako anothor if 'twas to mako mo as fat as Daniel Lambert." Nor has poor Tom to this day, but ro- mains a pertcct walvin liunon on a mam moth scale, OIL OF BIRCH. We do not mean that peculiar oil of birch which pedagogues sometimes find it necessary to apply to the backs of un ruly urchins, in order to render them supple and obedient to the " powers that bo ;" but wo mean tho genuine oil of birch, obtnined chemically from tho bark by a distillation of it. Birches of different kinds arc very abundant in Maine. Why may not the oil be used as tho Russians use it, in tho tanning of leather? and why may it not bo obtain ed in quantities1 sufficient to make it quite an nrticle of export from the state to those places where a demand for it may exist ? In Russia, as we have before said, it is used for the purpose of tanning leather, especially smaller hides as well ns sheep skins, goat skins, calf-skins and the like. The peculiar aromatic smell which this oil imparts to the leather, is very picas ant, and has the effect to keep out moths and other destructive insects tlmt oftentimes prey upon the paper and books in largo libraries. It is well known that the pyroligneous acid, tormed by the distillation of wood, is often used in tanning, its astringent and antiseptic properties making it a good article for that purpose. 1 he Russians have a very clumsy modo of obtaining this oil which is thus described by an author writing upon the subject : 1 hey fill large pots with the thm, whitish paper-like external bark of tho birch tree, carefully separated from the coarse bark, closing the mouth of the pot with a wooden bung, pierced with several holes ; and then turning it over and luting it with clay to the mouth of another ot the same size. A hole being dug in the ground the empty pot is bu ried in it, aud a fire is lighted round and over the pot containing tho bark, which is continued for some hours, according to the size of the pot. When the appa ratus is cooled und unluted, the lower pot contains the brown oil, mixed with pyroligneous tar and swimming on an acid liquor. In- some places iron pots arc used for this purpose, and the bark is hindered from falling into the lower pot by a plate of iron, pierced with holes. One hundred pounds of bark yield ubout sixty pounds of oil. The same writer states that the oil is used in Russia for currying leather, to which it gives a peculiar odor, and a power of resisting moisture far beyond any other dressing. It seems to us to have arisen from ob serving that tho thin, paper-like leaves of birch bark remained after the coarse part of the bark and' the timber of fal len trees had rotted. Wo arc inclined' to think that tho whole of the bark that is, tho inner as well us tho outer might be used for this purpose, as well as the outside only. The best mode of obtaining it is to have a regularly built iron still mado large enough to have a hundred pounds or more put in. Tim-being, connected with a condensing worm, would pass off the oil in a much more neat and effec tual way than is that used by the Rus sians. Jtfe. Farmer. How to color Yarn, a beautiful, permanent Cinnamon. Our better half says wo must tell tho readers of the Farmer the following modo of coloring yarn n beautiful Cinnamon, that will not fiide. For thirty-six single skeins of woollen ynrn, weighing say nine pounds, take half a bushel of tho inner bark of the common- black alder, and half a bushel of hemlock bark, such as is ground up for tanning ; put theso into an iron kettle containing four pnils ful of water, and steep for twenty-four hours. The bark could be handled bet tor if put in bags before steeping. Tako out the bags when steeped tho abovo time ; then put into tho liquor one quart of good soft soap, and stir it well. Tho yarn is now to bo put into tho dyo nnd kept there one day, keeping tho liquor scalding, but not boiling hot. Thon wring it out, and immediately uftor wringing dip it into a painful of woak yc wring it out again and hang it up to dry. After it is thoroughly dried, rinso it in hot suds and cleanse it well, You will then have a clear, bright, per manent, cinnamon color to your yarn.-r-ibid. A Frenoh DlsQQYory. Fires iu chimneys in Franco have re cently been prevented by placing threo frames of wiro-work ono foot nbov csxh other, near tho base of tho chlmvrf , no flame will puss thon),